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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522130/primary-hyperparathyroidism-hypercalciuria-and-bone-recovery-after-parathyroidectomy
#1
Inga-Lena Nilsson, Sophie Norenstedt, Jan Zedenius, Ylva Pernow, Robert Bränström
BACKGROUND: In primary hyperparathyroidism, successful parathyroidectomy leads to improved bone mineral density in the majority of cases. Our aim was to further explore the relationship between hypercalciuria, kidney function, and bone recovery after parathyroidectomy. METHODS: Bone mineral density, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and 24-hour urinary calcium were analyzed before and one year after parathyroidectomy in a cohort of 150 primary hyperparathyroidism patients (119 women; median age 60 [range 30-80] years) taking part in a clinical trial...
May 15, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522129/provision-of-prehospital-emergency-medical-services-in-punjab-pakistan-case-study-of-a-public-sector-provider
#2
Veena M Sriram, Rizwan Naseer, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: The availability and quality of emergency medical services in low- and middle-income countries, including Pakistan, are extremely limited. New models for prehospital emergency medical services provision have recently emerged across multiple sectors, and research on these models is urgently needed to inform current and future emergency medical services systems in low-resource settings. The objective of this case study was to provide a comprehensive description of the organizational structure and service delivery model of a public sector provider in the Punjab Province of Pakistan, Rescue 1122, with a focus on operations in Lahore...
May 15, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511842/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-regarding-quantitative-study-of-voice-dysfunction-after-thyroidectomy
#3
LETTER
James C Lee, Simon Grodski, Meei Yeung, Jonathan Serpell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504112/potential-impact-of-a-volume-pledge-on-spatial-access-a-population-level-analysis-of-patients-undergoing-pancreatectomy
#4
Zhi Ven Fong, Andrew P Loehrer, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo, Yanik J Bababekov, Ginger Jin, Cristina R Ferrone, Andrew L Warshaw, Lara N Traeger, Matthew M Hutter, Keith D Lillemoe, David C Chang
BACKGROUND: A minimum-volume policy restricting hospitals not meeting the threshold from performing complex operation may increase travel burden and decrease spatial access to operation. We aim to identify vulnerable populations that would be sensitive to an added travel burden. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the database of the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development for patients undergoing pancreatectomy from 2005 to 2014...
May 11, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487044/regional-variation-in-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-decreasing-disparities-with-multimodality-therapy
#5
Gyulnara G Kasumova, Mariam F Eskander, Susanna W L de Geus, Mario Matiotti Neto, Omidreza Tabatabaie, Sing Chau Ng, Rebecca A Miksad, Anand Mahadevan, James R Rodrigue, Jennifer F Tseng
BACKGROUND: Survival in pancreatic cancer remains poor with curative potential dependent on operative resection. We reviewed national adherence to practice guidelines to evaluate regional variation in the treatment and survival of patients with pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Retrospective cohort review of adults with pancreatic adenocarcinoma using the National Cancer Data Base from 2006 to 2013. Overall survival was compared by the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards models...
May 6, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487043/epidemiology-of-road-traffic-injury-patients-presenting-to-a-tertiary-hospital-in-hyderabad-india
#6
Isaac W Howley, Shivam Gupta, Shailaja Tetali, Lakshmi K Josyula, Shirin Wadhwaniya, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Mohan Rao, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries kill more people in India than in any other country in the world, and these numbers are rising with increasing population density and motorization. Official statistics regarding road traffic injuries are likely subject to underreporting. This study presents results of a surveillance program based at a public tertiary hospital in Hyderabad, India. METHODS: All consenting patients who presented to the casualty ward after a road traffic injury over a 9-month period were enrolled...
May 6, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483163/changing-state-of-pediatric-injuries-in-south-africa-an-analysis-of-surveillance-data-from-a-pediatric-emergency-department-from-2007-to-2011
#7
Hadley K H Wesson, Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Patricia Mtambeka, Dorothy Schulman, Chiedza Mavengere, Alastair John Ward Millar, Adnan A Hyder, Arjan Bastiaan van As
BACKGROUND: Pediatric injuries are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Data to characterize the cause and risk factors associated with childhood injuries in low- and middle-income countries are very scarce. The aim of this study is to describe the cause of pediatric injuries and their possible changes between 2007 and 2011 using hospital-based data in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Data from injured children <13 years of age who presented to the Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital's emergency department in 2007 and 2011 were captured in Childsafe South Africa's trauma surveillance system...
May 5, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464986/unnecessary-histologic-examination-of-stapler-doughnuts-at-low-anterior-resection-for-rectal-cancer-is-it-just-a-blame-game
#8
LETTER
Eleftherios Spartalis, Demetrios Moris, Antonios Athanasiou, Stylianos Kykalos, Dimitrios Dimitroulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464985/why-training-in-nontechnical-skills-is-essential
#9
EDITORIAL
Douglas S Smink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442133/hybrid-transgastric-appendectomy-is-feasible-but-does-not-offer-advantages-compared-with-laparoscopic-appendectomy-results-from-the-transgastric-appendectomy-study
#10
Markus B Schoenberg, Richard Magdeburg, Peter Kienle, Stefan Post, Paul P Eisser, Georg Kähler
BACKGROUND: Very few transgastric procedures, the original objective of natural orifice translumenal surgery, have been reported in the international Natural Orifice Translumenal Surgery registers. In addition, most cases were controlled mainly by laparoscopy. To show the feasibility of hybrid transgastric appendectomy and to compare results with laparoscopic a prospective, nonrandomized study was conducted. METHODS: From October 2010 to May 2013, patients with acute appendicitis were screened...
April 23, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438335/an-unusual-case-of-mediastinal-paraganglioma-and-pituitary-adenoma
#11
Luis Gorospe, Alberto Cabañero-Sánchez, Gemma María Muñoz-Molina, Rubén Eduardo Pacios-Blanco, Almudena Ureña Vacas, Ernesto García-Santana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438334/understanding-patterns-of-injury-in-kenya-analysis-of-a-trauma-registry-data-from-a-national-referral-hospital
#12
Isaac M Botchey, Yuen Wai Hung, Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Hassan Saidi, Fatima Paruk, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Injuries contribute to a substantial proportion of the burden of disease in Kenya. Trauma registries can be a very useful source of data to understand patterns of injuries and serve to provide information about potential improvements in the care of injured patients. In Kenya, health facility-based injury data has been largely administrative. Our aim was to develop and implement a prospective trauma registry at the largest trauma hospital in Kenya, the Kenyatta National Hospital, and to understand the nature of injuries presenting to the hospital, their treatment and care, and their outcomes...
April 21, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438333/can-postoperative-process-of-care-utilization-or-complication-rates-explain-the-volume-cost-relationship-for-cancer-surgery
#13
Vivian Ho, Marah N Short, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND: Past studies identify an association between provider volume and outcomes, but less is known about the volume-cost relationship for cancer surgery. We analyze the volume-cost relationship for 6 cancer operations and explore whether it is influenced by the occurrence of complications and/or utilization of processes of care. METHODS: Medicare hospital and inpatient claims for the years 2005 through 2009 were analyzed for 6 cancer resections: colectomy, rectal resection, pulmonary lobectomy, pneumonectomy, esophagectomy, and pancreatic resection...
April 21, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434557/outcomes-of-parenchyma-preserving-hepatectomy-and-right-hepatectomy-for-solitary-small-colorectal-liver-metastasis-a-livermetsurvey-study
#14
Isamu Hosokawa, Marc-Antoine Allard, Darius F Mirza, Gernot Kaiser, Eduardo Barroso, Réal Lapointe, Christophe Laurent, Alessandro Ferrero, Masaru Miyazaki, René Adam
BACKGROUND: Occasionally, right hepatectomy, rather than parenchyma-preserving hepatectomy, has been performed for solitary small colorectal liver metastasis. The relative oncologic benefits of parenchyma-preserving hepatectomy and right hepatectomy are unclear. This study compared the outcomes of patients with solitary small colorectal liver metastasis in the right liver who underwent parenchyma-preserving hepatectomy and those who underwent right hepatectomy. METHODS: The study population consisted of a multicentric cohort of 21,072 patients operated for colorectal liver metastasis between 2000 and 2015 whose data were collected in the LiverMetSurvey registry...
April 20, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433250/public-private-implementation-of-integrated-emergency-response-services-case-study-of-gvk-emergency-management-and-research-institute-in-karnataka-india
#15
Veena M Sriram, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services are important to the functioning of health systems, but these services tend to be neglected in low- and middle-income countries, such as India. In recent years, several models of pre-hospital emergency medical services have emerged in India. Research on these models holds important lessons for existing and future emergency medical service programs in low- and middle-income countries. Our objective was to provide a comprehensive description of the organizational structure and service delivery model of a public-private partnership in the southern Indian state of Karnataka, GVK Emergency Management and Research Institute, with a particular focus on its operations in Bengaluru...
April 19, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433249/multicenter-analysis-of-impact-of-anastomotic-leakage-on-long-term-oncologic-outcomes-after-curative-resection-of-colon-cancer
#16
Saori Goto, Suguru Hasegawa, Koya Hida, Ryuji Uozumi, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Toshiaki Watanabe, Kenichi Sugihara, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: In rectal cancer, anastomotic leakage was reported to have a negative impact on both short- and long-term outcomes. However, there is limited data on the impact of anastomotic leakage on oncologic outcomes in patients with colon cancer. We aimed to evaluate the impact of anastomotic leakage on disease recurrence and long-term survival after curative resection of colon cancer. METHODS: This multicenter, retrospective cohort study of 4,919 consecutive patients utilized data from the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum...
April 19, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431802/threshold-of-number-of-rib-fractures-in-elderly-blunt-trauma-a-simple-or-complex-matter-of-numbers
#17
LETTER
Yalim Dikmen, Pablo Bayoumy Delis, Antonio M Esquinas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431801/reply-to-letter-to-the-editor
#18
LETTER
Jörg Kaiser, Markus W Büchler, Thilo Hackert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416244/response-to-comment-on-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-is-safe-and-feasible-in-the-early-postoperative-period-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#19
LETTER
Matthew Kroh, Gautam Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413066/temporary-portal-vein-embolization-is%C3%A2-as%C3%A2-efficient-as-permanent-portal-vein%C3%A2-embolization-in-mice
#20
Andrea Wirsching, Emmanuel Melloul, Ksenia Lezhnina, Anton A Buzdin, Omolara O Ogunshola, Pieter Borger, Pierre-Alain Clavien, Mickaël Lesurtel
BACKGROUND: Temporary portal vein embolization may be a safe alternative to permanent portal vein embolization. Such a new approach could be applied in living-related liver transplantation to increase graft volume before procurement. The impact of temporary portal vein embolization on occluded liver after recanalization, however, has never been assessed. Using a mouse model of temporary portal vein embolization, we investigated (1) the efficiency of temporary portal vein embolization in inducing nonoccluded liver hypertrophy and (2) the regeneration potential and functional recovery of embolized liver after recanalization...
April 13, 2017: Surgery
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