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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937532/prevalence-risk-factors-and-characteristics-of-the-adding-on-phenomenon-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-after-correction-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Mingyuan Yang, Yuechao Zhao, Xin Yin, Ziqiang Chen, Changwei Yang, Li Li, Ming Li
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis OBJECTIVE.: To discuss the prevalence, risk factors and characteristics of the 'adding-on' phenomenon in idiopathic scoliosis (IS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There are controversies on the prevalence and risk factors of the 'adding-on' phenomenon. In addition, there is no comprehensive study to describe the characteristics of 'adding-on' in IS patients. METHODS: We performed a systematic online search using PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library and China WeiPu Library to identify eligible studies...
September 20, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922281/systematic-changes-in-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-database-over-the-years-can-affect-comorbidity-indices-such-as-the-modified-frailty-index-and-modified-charlson-comorbidity-index-for-lumbar-fusion-studies
#2
Blake N Shultz, Taylor D Ottesen, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Patawut Bovonratwet, Ryan P McLynn, Jonathan J Cui, Jonathan N Grauer
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of changes in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database over the years on the calculation of the modified Frailty Index (mFI) and the modified Charlson Comorbidity Index (mCCI) for posterior lumbar fusion studies. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Multiple studies have utilized the mFI and/or mCCI and showed them to be predictors of adverse postoperative outcomes...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922280/time-demand-and-radiation-dose-in-3d-fluoroscopy-based-navigation-assisted-3d-fluoroscopy-controlled-pedicle-screw-instrumentations
#3
Horst Balling
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective single-center cohort study to record additional time requirements and radiation dose in navigation-assisted O-arm-controlled pedicle screw (PS) instrumentations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate amount of extra-time and radiation dose for navigation-assisted PS instrumentations of the thoracolumbosacral spine using O-arm 3D-real-time-navigation (O3DN) compared to non-navigated spinal procedures (NNSP) with a single C-arm and postoperative computed tomography (CT) scan for controlling PS positions...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922279/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-farsi-version-of-nih-task-force-s-recommended-multidimensional-minimal-dataset-for-research-on-chronic-low-back-pain
#4
Pardis Noormohammadpour, Bahareh Tavana, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mehdi Zeinalizadeh, Babak Mirzashahi, Mohsen Rostami, Ramin Kordi
STUDY DESIGN: Translation and cultural adaptation of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Task Force's minimal dataset. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate validity and reliability of the Farsi version of NIH Task Force's recommended multidimensional minimal dataset for research on chronic low back pain (CLBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Considering the high cost of CLBP and its increasing prevalence, NIH Pain Consortium developed research standards (including recommendations for definitions, a minimum dataset, and outcomes' report) for studies regarding CLBP...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922278/defining-the-critical-elements-for-the-most-common-procedures-in-spine-surgery-a-consensus-of-orthopaedic-and-neurosurgical-surgeons
#5
Joseph L Laratta, Samuel Cohen-Tanugi, Jamal N Shillingford, Joseph M Lombardi, Lawrence G Lenke, K Daniel Riew, Ronald A Lehman, Steven C Ludwig
STUDY DESIGN: Survey. OBJECTIVE: To define the critical elements of common spine surgeries. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite significant relevance to the field of spine surgery, the term "critical element" of surgery has not been clearly defined. Every surgical procedure involves numerous steps, each with its own potential for complications and harm to the patient. Despite its crucial role in surgical training, billing, and the ethicality of concurrent surgery, the term "critical element" of surgery has not been defined...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922277/percutaneous-posterior-trans-articular-atlantoaxial-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-odontoid-fractures-in-the-elderly-a-prospective-study
#6
Mohamed Alhashash, Mootaz Shousha, Hany Gendy, Ahmed Samir Barakat, Heinrich Boehm
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study of 20 multimorbid patients older than 65 years undergoing minimally invasive surgical treatment for odontoid fracture. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the results of percutaneous transarticular atlantoaxial screw fixation as a new minimally invasive treatment modality in this high risk group of patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Odontoid fractures are a common injury pattern in the elderly. These fractures typically present significant challenges as geriatric patients often have multiple comorbidities that may adversely affect fracture management...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922276/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-after-posterior-lumbar-spinal-surgery
#7
Jia-Ming Liu, Hui-Lin Deng, Xuan-Yin Chen, Yang Zhou, Dong Yang, Man-Sheng Duan, Shan-Hu Huang, Zhi-Li Liu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the independent risk factors for postoperative SSI after posterior lumbar spinal surgery based on the perioperative factors analysis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the most common complications after spinal surgery. Previous studies have identified different risk factors for postoperative SSI following lumbar spinal surgery...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922275/indications-for-ct-angiography-of-the-vertebral-arteries-after-trauma
#8
Joseph P Drain, Douglas S Weinberg, James S Ramey, Timothy A Moore, Heather A Vallier
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this project is to identify factors that predict vertebral artery injury (VAI) in an effort to assess risks and benefits of computed tomography angiography (CT-A) of the neck in the trauma setting. We seek to develop guidelines for practitioners to stratify patients at medium/high risk of VAI from those who are at low risk. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: VAI and blunt carotid injury (BCI) together comprise blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI)...
September 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902106/fine-tuning-the-predictive-model-for-proximal-junctional-failure-in-surgically-treated-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity
#9
Mitsuru Yagi, Nobuyuki Fujita, Eijiro Okada, Osahiko Tsuji, Narihito Nagoshi, Takashi Asazuma, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
STUDY DESIGN: Multi-center retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To validate and improve the predictive model for proximal junctional failure (PJF) with or without the bone mineral density (BMD) score. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PJF is a serious complication of surgery for adult spinal deformity (ADS). A predictive model for PJF was recently reported that has good accuracy, but does not include BMD, a known PJF risk factor, as a variable. METHODS: We included 145 surgically treated ASD patients who were older than 50 at the time of surgery and had been followed up for at least 2 years...
September 8, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902105/clinical-effectiveness-of-intra-articular-pulsed-radiofrequency-compared-to-intra-articular-corticosteroid-injection-for-management-of-atlanto-occipital-joint-pain-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#10
So Min Shin, Sang Gyu Kwak, Dong Gyu Lee, Min Cheol Chang
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized controlled pilot study OBJECTIVE.: We aimed to assess the effectiveness of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) stimulation on the atlanto-occipital (AO) joint in patients with chronic joint pain. Additionally, we compared the effects of AO intra-articular (IA) PRF and AO IA corticosteroid. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: IA injection of corticosteroids into the AO joint is widely used for the management of head and upper cervical pain, and its effectiveness has been shown in previous studies...
September 8, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902104/a-replication-study-for-the-association-of-rs11190870-with-curve-severity-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-japanese
#11
Yohei Takahashi, Ikuyo Kou, Yoji Ogura, Atsushi Miyake, Kazuki Takeda, Masahiro Nakajima, Shohei Minami, Noriaki Kawakami, Koki Uno, Manabu Ito, Ikuho Yonezawa, Takashi Kaito, Haruhisa Yanagida, Kei Watanabe, Hiroshi Taneichi, Katsumi Harimaya, Yuki Taniguchi, Toshiaki Kotani, Taichi Tsuji, Teppei Suzuki, Hideki Sudo, Nobuyuki Fujita, Mitsuru Yagi, Kazuhiro Chiba, Katsuki Kono, Tsuyoshi Sakuma, Tsutomu Akazawa, Kotaro Nishida, Kenichiro Kakutani, Hideki Shigematsu, Takahiro Iida, Satoshi Demura, Naobumi Hosogane, Eijiro Okada, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe, Shiro Ikegawa
STUDY DESIGN: Case-only study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to confirm the association of rs11190870 with AIS severity in Japanese patients with AIS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although the association of rs11190870 with AIS susceptibility is replicated in multiple ethnics, the association of rs11190870 with curve severity is controversial. Since the previous studies are of small, we performed a replication study using far larger number of patients than previous studies...
September 8, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885298/increasing-body-mass-index-is-associated-with-worse-perioperative-outcomes-and-higher-costs-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#12
Raj M Amin, Micheal Raad, Amit Jain, Kevin P Sandhu, Steven M Frank, Khaled M Kebaish
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of obesity with outcomes and costs of adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Increasing body mass index is a risk factor for complications after nondeformity spine surgery, but its effect on ASD surgery is unknown. METHODS: We reviewed records of 244 ASD patients who underwent spinal arthrodesis of ≥5 levels from 2010-2014 and categorized them by World Health Organization body mass index (BMI) groups: < 30, nonobese (64%); 30-34...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885297/spinal-surgeons-opinions-on-pre-and-postoperative-rehabilitation-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-a-survey-based-study-in-the-netherlands-and-sweden
#13
Reni M A van Erp, Jetse Jelsma, Ivan P J Huijnen, Mari Lundberg, Paul C Willems, Rob J E M Smeets
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey in the Netherlands and Sweden. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Dutch and Swedish spinal surgeons' opinions on spinal fusion pre- and postoperative rehabilitation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar spinal fusion surgery is increasingly provided in patients with chronic low back pain. No guidelines however exist for pre- and postoperative rehabilitation and it is unknown what opinions spinal surgeons currently have about pre- and postoperative rehabilitation...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885296/a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-assessing-the-effects-of-applying-a-force-to-c5-by-a-mechanically-assisted-instrument-mai-on-referred-pain-to-the-shoulder
#14
George M Hardas, George Ac Murrell
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of applying a force to C5 of the spine by a mechanically assisted instrument (MAI) in patients with referred shoulder pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Manipulating C5 of the spine is a chiropractic treatment for referred shoulder pain, there are no clinical trials evaluating its efficacy. Outcome measures were patient ranked questionnaires and independent examiner findings...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885295/morphometric-analysis-of-rat-spinal-cord-angioarchitecture-by-phase-contrast-radiography-from-2d-to-3d-visualization
#15
Tianding Wu, Yong Cao, Shuangfei Ni, Zixiang Luo, Liyuan Jiang, Hongbin Lu, Jianzhong Hu
STUDY DESIGN: An advanced imaging of vasculature with synchrotron radiation X-ray in a rat model. OBJECTIVE: To develop the potential for quantitative assessment of vessel network from 2D to 3D visualization by synchrotron radiation X-ray phase contrast tomography (XPCT) in rat spinal cord model. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Investigation of microvasculature contributes to the understanding of pathological development of spinal cord injury...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885294/point-of-view-response-risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-after-posterior-lumbar-spinal-surgery
#16
Barrett Boody, Alexander R Vaccaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885293/surgeon-reimbursement-relative-to-hospital-payments-for-spinal-fusion-trends-from-10-year-medicare-analysis
#17
Nikhil Jain, Frank M Phillips, Adam L Shimer, Safdar N Khan
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, economic analysis OBJECTIVE.: To analyze the trend in hospital charge and payment adjusted to corresponding surgeon charge and payment for cervical and lumbar fusions in a Medicare sample population from 2005-2014. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies have reported trends and variation in hospital charges and payments for spinal fusion, but none have incorporated surgeon data in analysis. Knowledge of the fiscal relationship between hospitals and surgeons over time will be important for stakeholders as we move toward bundled payments...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885292/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-anterior-arch-fracture-of-the-atlas-following-c1-laminectomy-without-fusion
#18
Takayoshi Shimizu, Bungo Otsuki, Shunsuke Fujibayashi, Shinji Kumamoto, Yasukazu Hijikata, Yu Shimizu, Mitsuru Takemoto, Masato Ota, Hideo Ito, Shuichi Matsuda
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective multi-center study OBJECTIVE.: To identify the incidence of anterior arch fracture (AAF) of the atlas following C1 (first cervical vertebra) laminectomy without fusion, and its risk factors. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: C1 laminectomy without fusion is a widely accepted surgical procedure performed to decompress the spinal cord that is compromised at the C1/C2 level, but without instability. Several case series have reported spontaneous AAF following this procedure...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885291/how-common-is-the-ponticulus-posticus-a-ct-based-analysis-of-2-917-patients
#19
Ahmed Saleh, Jilian Gruber, Wajeeh Bakhsh, Paul T Rubery, Addisu Mesfin
STUDY DESIGN: A CT study of the morphology of the C1 vertebra OBJECTIVE.: is to determine the prevalence of PP by analyzing CT scans performed on a large, diverse population in the northeast United States. This study also proposes a CT based classification system both to aid in unifying the description of PP, and to aid in future research. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The prevalence of ponticulus posticus (PP) varies from 5%-68% in published studies. There may be geographic variation in the prevalence of PP...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885290/spinal-gout-without-spinal-symptom-in-a-junior-school-student-a-case-report
#20
Danbin Wu, Jiajian Ma, Songsong Li, Jinwei Zhao, Ling Li
STUDY DESIGN: Case report OBJECTIVES.: We report a case of a 16-year-old boy with intermittent and migratory polyarthralgia, who made a diagnostic dilemma. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal involvement without spinal symptom in gout seems to be rare. However, the relationship of spinal gout to symptoms is poorly understood. METHODS: Description of the case report. RESULTS: Laboratory findings can't explain his symptoms, however, a computed tomography of the pelvis revealed the presence of space-occupying lesion involving the left side of spine at L5-S1level, and the later biopsy revealed that was a urate crystal, which help us make the diagnosis of spinal gout...
September 6, 2017: Spine
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