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Sleep Medicine Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410810/to-screen-or-not-to-screen-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-that-is-the-question
#1
EDITORIAL
Chris D Turnbull, John R Stradling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410811/long-term-non-invasive-ventilation-therapies-in-children-a-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
Maria L Castro-Codesal, Kristie Dehaan, Robin Featherstone, Prabhjot K Bedi, Carmen Martinez Carrasco, Sherri L Katz, Elaine Y Chan, Glenda N Bendiak, Fernanda R Almeida, Deborah L Olmstead, Rochelle Young, Vicki Woolf, Karen A Waters, Colin Sullivan, Lisa Hartling, Joanna E MacLean
Long-term non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is a common modality of breathing support used for a range of sleep and respiratory disorders. The aim of this scoping review was to provide a summary of the literature relevant to long-term NIV use in children. We used systematic methodology to identify 11,581 studies with final inclusion of 289. We identified 76 terms referring to NIV; the most common term was NIV (22%). Study design characteristics were most often single center (84%), observational (63%), and retrospective (54%)...
March 2, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364998/is-a-gut-full-of-bad-bugs-driving-metabolic-disease-in-shift-workers
#3
EDITORIAL
Craig L Phillips, Maria Comas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392168/cognitive-and-behavioral-therapies-in-the-treatment-of-insomnia-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Annemieke van Straten, Tanja van der Zweerde, Annet Kleiboer, Pim Cuijpers, Charles M Morin, Jaap Lancee
Insomnia is a major public health problem considering its high prevalence, impact on daily life, co-morbidity with other disorders and societal costs. Cognitive behavioral treatment for insomnia (CBTI) is currently considered to be the preferred treatment. However, no meta-analysis exists of all studies using at least one component of CBTI for insomnia, which also uses modern techniques to pool data and to analyze subgroups of patients. We included 87 randomized controlled trials, comparing 118 treatments (3724 patients) to non-treated controls (2579 patients)...
February 9, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363448/trauma-associated-sleep-disorder-a-parasomnia-induced-by-trauma
#5
REVIEW
Vincent Mysliwiec, Matthew S Brock, Jennifer L Creamer, Brian M O'Reilly, Anne Germain, Bernard J Roth
Nightmares and disruptive nocturnal behaviors that develop after traumatic experiences have long been recognized as having different clinical characteristics that overlap with other established parasomnia diagnoses. The inciting experience is typically in the setting of extreme traumatic stress coupled with periods of sleep disruption and/or deprivation. The limited number of laboratory documented cases and symptomatic overlap with rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have contributed to difficulties in identifying what is a unique parasomnia...
January 30, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392169/nonlinear-dynamical-analysis-of-sleep-electroencephalography-using-fractal-and-entropy-approaches
#6
REVIEW
Yan Ma, Wenbin Shi, Chung-Kang Peng, Albert C Yang
The analysis of electroencephalography (EEG) recordings has attracted increasing interest in recent decades and provides the pivotal scientific tool for researchers to quantitatively study brain activity during sleep, and has extended our knowledge of the fundamental mechanisms of sleep physiology. Conventional EEG analyses are mostly based on Fourier transform technique which assumes linearity and stationarity of the signal being analyzed. However, due to the complex and dynamical characteristics of EEG, nonlinear approaches are more appropriate for assessing the intrinsic dynamics of EEG and exploring the physiological mechanisms of brain activity during sleep...
January 29, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363449/medication-induced-sleepwalking-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Helen M Stallman, Mark Kohler, Jason White
Medications that trigger sleepwalking may inadvertently put the patient at risk of injury to themselves and/or others, and contribute to poor treatment adherence. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to identify drugs that may increase the risk of sleepwalking. A search of CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, and ScienceDirect was conducted with the keywords 'sleepwalking' OR 'somnambulism'. Of the original 83 sourced papers, 62 met the inclusion criteria and were subsequently included for review...
January 29, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187954/heart-rate-variability-in-insomnia-patients-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Kirsty L Dodds, Christopher B Miller, Simon D Kyle, Nathaniel S Marshall, Christopher J Gordon
Heart rate variability (HRV) is an objective marker that provides insight into autonomic nervous system dynamics. There is conflicting evidence regarding the presence of HRV impairment in insomnia patients. Web-based databases were used to systematically search the literature for all studies that compared the HRV of insomnia patients to controls or reported the HRV of insomnia patients before and after an intervention. 22 relevant papers were identified. Study characteristics were summarised, HRV measures were extracted and a risk of bias assessment for each study was performed...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185811/actigraphic-features-of-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Franco De Crescenzo, Alexis Economou, Ann L Sharpley, Aynur Gormez, Digby J Quested
Sleep disruptions represent a core feature of bipolar disorders and have been widely studied through the use of actigraphy, which is an objective measure of motor activity and sleep. Finding objective outcomes, which reliably measure sleep in bipolar disorders, is essential in developing better therapies and improving follow-up monitoring strategies. Our aim is to understand the role of actigraphy as an objective measure of sleep in bipolar disorder. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis on studies using actigraphy to detect changes in activity and sleep patterns in bipolar patients versus healthy controls...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27076261/circadian-mechanisms-of-24-hour-blood-pressure-regulation-and-patterning
#10
REVIEW
Michael H Smolensky, Ramón C Hermida, Francesco Portaluppi
In most persons, blood pressure (BP) rises slowly during late sleep, increases rapidly upon morning awakening and commencement of diurnal activity, exhibits two - morning and afternoon/early evening - daytime peaks, shows a minor midday nadir, and undergoes a decline during nighttime sleep by 10-20% in systolic BP and somewhat lesser amount in diastolic BP relative to wake-time means. Nyctohemeral cycles of ambient temperature, light, noise and behaviorally driven temporal patterns in food, liquid, salt, and stimulant consumption, mental/emotional stress, posture, and physical activity intensity plus circadian rhythms of wake/sleep, pineal gland melatonin synthesis, autonomic and central nervous, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal, hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone, renal hemodynamic, endothelial, vasoactive peptide, and opioid systems constitute the key regulators and determinants of the BP 24 h profile...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169105/current-evidence-on-prevalence-and-clinical-outcomes-of-co-morbid-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Md Shajedur R Shawon, Jennifer L Perret, Chamara V Senaratna, Caroline Lodge, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize the evidence on prevalence, polysomnographic findings and clinical outcomes of co-morbid obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - known as the "overlap syndrome". We systematically searched PubMed on 1 December 2015 using appropriate medical subject headings (MeSH) and text words to capture prevalence studies and comparative studies of any observational design examining the clinical outcomes in patients with co-existent COPD and OSA...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450292/reply-to-sleep-mortality-and-beyond-a-magician-can-t-pull-more-from-the-hat-than-has-been-put-in-earlier
#12
LETTER
Chang Xu, Xiang-Yu Meng, Tong-Zu Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450291/sleep-mortality-and-beyond-a-magician-can-t-pull-more-from-the-hat-than-has-been-put-in-earlier
#13
LETTER
Thomas C Erren, Peter Morfeld, Russel J Reiter, Inga P Westermann, J Valérie Groß
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318520/unobtrusive-sleep-state-measurements-in-preterm-infants-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Jan Werth, Louis Atallah, Peter Andriessen, Xi Long, Elly Zwartkruis-Pelgrim, Ronald M Aarts
Sleep is important for the development of preterm infants. During sleep, neural connections are formed and the development of brain regions is triggered. In general, various rudimentary sleep states can be identified in the preterm infant, namely active sleep (AS), quiet sleep (QS) and intermediate sleep (IS). As the infant develops, sleep states change in length and organization, with these changes as important indicators of brain development. As a result, several methods have been deployed to distinguish between the different preterm infant sleep states, among which polysomnography (PSG) is the most frequently used...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107752/parent-child-bed-sharing-the-good-the-bad-and-the-burden-of-evidence
#15
REVIEW
Viara R Mileva-Seitz, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Chiara Battaini, Maartje P C M Luijk
The practice of parent and child sharing a sleeping surface, or 'bed-sharing', is one of the most controversial topics in parenting research. The lay literature has popularized and polarized this debate, offering on one hand claims of dangers, and on the other, of benefits - both physical and psychological - associated with bed-sharing. To address the scientific evidence behind such claims, we systematically reviewed 659 published papers (peer-reviewed, editorial pieces, and commentaries) on the topic of parent-child bed-sharing...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107751/daytime-sleepiness-versus-fatigue-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-on-the-epworth-sleepiness-scale-as-an-assessment-tool
#16
REVIEW
Roland F J Popp, Anna K Fierlbeck, Helge Knüttel, Nicole König, Rainer Rupprecht, Robert Weissert, Thomas C Wetter
Fatigue is a frequent and distressing symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). In contrast, sleepiness, characterized by difficulties to stay awake and alert during the day, seems to be less prevalent in MS; however, exact studies are lacking. In addition, there is a semantic confusion of the concepts of "fatigue" and "sleepiness", which are often used interchangeably. We conducted a systematic review of studies using the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) for the assessment of daytime sleepiness in patients with MS...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061476/sleep-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-polysomnographic-findings-in-case-control-studies
#17
REVIEW
Man-Sum Chan, Ka-Fai Chung, Kam-Ping Yung, Wing-Fai Yeung
Polysomnographic studies have been performed to examine the sleep abnormalities in schizophrenia, but the results are inconsistent. An updated systematic review, meta-analysis, and moderator analysis was conducted. Major databases were searched without language restriction from 1968 to January 2014. Data were analyzed using the random-effects model and summarized using the Hedges's g. Thirty-one studies with 574 patients and 515 healthy controls were evaluated. Limited by the number of studies and a lack of patient-level data, moderator analysis was restricted to medication status, duration of medication withdrawal, and illness duration...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039223/effects-of-sleep-manipulation-on-cognitive-functioning-of-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Eduard J de Bruin, Chris van Run, Janneke Staaks, Anne Marie Meijer
Adolescents are considered to be at risk for deteriorated cognitive functioning due to insufficient sleep. This systematic review examined the effects of experimental sleep manipulation on adolescent cognitive functioning. Sleep manipulations consisted of total or partial sleep restriction, sleep extension, and sleep improvement. Only articles written in English, with participants' mean age between 10 and 19 y, using objective sleep measures and cognitive performance as outcomes were included. Based on these criteria 16 articles were included...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013458/questionnaires-that-screen-for-multiple-sleep-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Karen J Klingman, Carla R Jungquist, Michael L Perlis
The goal of this review was to identify, describe, and evaluate the existing multiple sleep disorders screening questionnaires for their comprehensiveness, brevity, and psychometric quality. A systematic review was conducted using Medline/PubMed, cumulative index to nursing & allied health literature, health and psychosocial instruments and the "grey literature". Search terms were "sleep disorders, screening, questionnaires, and psychometrics". The scope of the search was limited to English language articles for adult age groups from 1989 through 2015...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082167/continued-growth-a-new-metric-same-high-quality
#20
EDITORIAL
Michael V Vitiello, Jean Krieger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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