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Sleep Medicine Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089414/acupressure-effect-on-sleep-quality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Alexander Waits, You-Ren Tang, Hao-Min Cheng, Chen-Jei Tai, Li-Yin Chien
Acupressure is a non-invasive treatment in which pressure is applied to specific body points. Following public health concerns about poor sleep quality and increasing interest in alternative treatments, a systematic review and a meta-analysis were designed to evaluate the effects of acupressure on the quality of sleep. Ten English (PubMed, CENTRAL, CINAHL etc.) and five Chinese (CNKI, WANFANG etc.) databases were searched and the validity of the eligible studies was critically appraised. Thirty-two eligible randomized controlled trials of moderate to high quality which employed polysomnography, actigraphy, or self-assessment sleep quality tools were included...
December 22, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162920/how-does-general-anaesthesia-affect-the-circadian-clock
#2
REVIEW
Raewyn C Poulsen, Guy R Warman, Jamie Sleigh, Nicola M Ludin, James F Cheeseman
: Post-operative patients experience sleep disturbances. Animal studies demonstrate that general anaesthesia (GA) can disrupt circadian rhythms and cause changes in the molecular clock, indicating that anaesthesia contributes to post-operative circadian disruption. Here we review the effect of anaesthesia on the circadian clock and its rhythms in order to summarise current findings outline commonalities between studies and propose mechanisms by which effects may be mediated. KEY POINTS: 1) GA has strong effects on the main neurotransmitter systems linked with circadian control (Gamma aminobutyric acid/N-methyl-D-aspartate (GABA/NMDA)) and may act by interfering with light-entrainment of the clock...
December 18, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117120/critical-review-cpap-and-weight-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-cardiovascular-co-morbidities
#3
REVIEW
David W Hudgel
The cardiovascular co-morbidities of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are similar to those of obesity. Cardiovascular co-morbidities often are the cause of adverse outcomes in overweight/obese OSA patients. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy resolves the symptoms of OSA, but may, or may not lead to improvement of a given cardiovascular co-morbidity. The impact of CPAP on cardiovascular risk variables, adverse cardiovascular events in overweight/obese OSA patients has been evaluated primarily in prospective, uncontrolled cohort studies...
December 18, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110857/phenotypic-approaches-to-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-new-pathways-for-targeted-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Danny J Eckert
People develop obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) for different reasons. The ability to understand these reasons, easily identify them in individual patients, and develop therapies that target one or more of these reasons are the keys to unlocking new approaches for the treatment of OSA. In line with this approach, recent advances in OSA pathogenesis using upper airway and respiratory phenotyping techniques have identified four key causes of OSA. A narrow or collapsible upper airway ('impaired anatomy') is the primary cause...
December 18, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159487/the-use-of-pulse-transit-time-in-pediatric-sleep-studies-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Laurelle A Smith, Patrick J Dawes, Barbara C Galland
As a surrogate measure of blood pressure, pulse transit time (PTT) is commonly used in studies investigating arterial function and respiratory sleep disturbance. A systematic search of the literature was conducted with the aim of reviewing the usefulness of the technique within pediatric sleep studies. All studies that used PTT as a diagnostic tool during sleep in infants, children or adolescents were considered. The search yielded 425 articles, of which 21 full-text articles met inclusion criteria, the majority reporting on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
November 30, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169105/current-evidence-on-prevalence-and-clinical-outcomes-of-co-morbid-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Md Shajedur R Shawon, Jennifer L Perret, Chamara V Senaratna, Caroline Lodge, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize the evidence on prevalence, polysomnographic findings and clinical outcomes of co-morbid obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - known as the "overlap syndrome". We systematically searched PubMed on 1 December 2015 using appropriate medical subject headings (MeSH) and text words to capture prevalence studies and comparative studies of any observational design examining the clinical outcomes in patients with co-existent COPD and OSA...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082167/continued-growth-a-new-metric-same-high-quality
#7
EDITORIAL
Michael V Vitiello, Jean Krieger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090821/qualitative-studies-of-insomnia-current-state-of-knowledge-in-the-field
#8
REVIEW
Taís Araújo, Denise C Jarrin, Yvan Leanza, Annie Vallières, Charles M Morin
Despite its high prevalence and burden, insomnia is often trivialized, under-diagnosed, and under-treated in practice. Little information is available on the subjective experience and perceived consequences of insomnia, help-seeking behaviors, and treatment preferences. The use of qualitative approaches (e.g., ethnography, phenomenology, grounded theory) may help gain a better understanding of this sleep disorder. The present paper summarizes the evidence derived from insomnia studies using a qualitative research methodology (e...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26996255/candidate-mechanisms-underlying-the-association-between-sleep-wake-disruptions-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
REVIEW
Jonathan Cedernaes, Ricardo S Osorio, Andrew W Varga, Korey Kam, Helgi B Schiöth, Christian Benedict
During wakefulness, extracellular levels of metabolites in the brain increase. These include amyloid beta (Aβ), which contributes to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Counterbalancing their accumulation in the brain, sleep facilitates the removal of these metabolites from the extracellular space by convective flow of the interstitial fluid from the para-arterial to the para-venous space. However, when the sleep-wake cycle is disrupted (characterized by increased brain levels of the wake-promoting neuropeptide orexin and increased neural activity), the central nervous system (CNS) clearance of extracellular metabolites is diminished...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26899742/sleep-and-emotion-regulation-an-organizing-integrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Cara A Palmer, Candice A Alfano
A growing body of research suggests that disrupted sleep is a robust risk and maintenance factor for a range of psychiatric conditions. One explanatory mechanism linking sleep and psychological health is emotion regulation. However, numerous components embedded within this construct create both conceptual and empirical challenges to the study of emotion regulation. These challenges are reflected in most sleep-emotion research by way of poor delineation of constructs and insufficient distinction among emotional processes...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26899133/coffee-caffeine-and-sleep-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiological-studies-and-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
REVIEW
Ian Clark, Hans Peter Landolt
Caffeine is the most widely consumed psychoactive substance in the world. It is readily available in coffee and other foods and beverages, and is used to mitigate sleepiness, enhance performance, and treat apnea in premature infants. This review systematically explores evidence from epidemiological studies and randomized controlled trials as to whether coffee and caffeine have deleterious effects on sleep. Caffeine typically prolonged sleep latency, reduced total sleep time and sleep efficiency, and worsened perceived sleep quality...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26883161/sleep-propensity-in-psychiatric-hypersomnolence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-multiple-sleep-latency-test-findings
#12
REVIEW
David T Plante
Hypersomnolence plays a sizeable role in the course and morbidity of psychiatric disorders. Current sleep medicine nosology is reliant on the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) to segregate hypersomnolence associated with psychiatric disorders from other central nervous system causes. However, the evidence base regarding sleep propensity in psychiatric hypersomnolence as measured by the MSLT has not been systematically evaluated, which is vital to clarify the utility and validity of current nosological schema...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865102/pharmacotherapy-for-residual-excessive-sleepiness-and-cognition-in-cpap-treated-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Ariane B C C Avellar, Luciane B C Carvalho, Gilmar F Prado, Lucila B F Prado
Pharmacotherapy has been used as an adjunct to CPAP for treatment of residual excessive sleepiness in patients with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). However, no studies with a high level of evidence have been conducted to support this practice and confirm its effectiveness. We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize and quantify the effects of pharmacological treatment in adults with OSAS who experience residual excessive sleepiness despite adequate CPAP use. We reviewed clinical trials that compared medications to placebo and evaluated the outcomes residual excessive sleepiness, cognition, and quality of life, as well as treatment effectiveness and safety...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717664/objective-measures-of-sleep-quality-have-not-declined-over-the-last-50%C3%A2-years
#14
LETTER
Shawn D Youngstedt, Eric E Goff, Alexandria M Reynolds, Nidha Khan, Mihyun Jeong, Girardin Jean-Louis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26921735/validity-and-reliability-of-sleep-time-questionnaires-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Marcus V Nascimento-Ferreira, Tatiana S Collese, Augusto César F de Moraes, Tara Rendo-Urteaga, Luis A Moreno, Heráclito B Carvalho
Sleep duration has been associated with several health outcomes in children and adolescents. As an extensive number of questionnaires are currently used to investigate sleep schedule or sleep time, we performed a systematic review of criterion validation of sleep time questionnaires for children and adolescents, considering accelerometers as the reference method. We found a strong correlation between questionnaires and accelerometers for weeknights and a moderate correlation for weekend nights. When considering only studies performing a reliability assessment of the used questionnaires, a significant increase in the correlations for both weeknights and weekend nights was observed...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895484/understanding-ecbt-i-knowing-is-half-the-battle
#16
EDITORIAL
Jason C Ong, Megan R Crawford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26874067/health-economics-of-insomnia-treatments-the-return-on-investment-for-a-good-night-s-sleep
#17
REVIEW
Emerson M Wickwire, Fadia T Shaya, Steven M Scharf
Chronic insomnia is the most common sleep disorder among adults and is associated with a wide range of negative outcomes. This article reviews the economic consequences of the disorder and the cost effectiveness of insomnia treatments. First, the total costs of insomnia are reviewed; in aggregate these costs exceed $100 billion USD per year, with the majority being spent on indirect costs such as poorer workplace performance, increased health care utilization, and increased accident risk. Next, the deleterious impact of insomnia on quality of life and the impact of treatment on quality of life are briefly considered...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26874066/sleep-disorders-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-an-integrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Ana Luíza P A Lélis, Maria Vera L M Cardoso, Wendy A Hall
Sleep disorders are more prevalent in children with cerebral palsy. The review aimed to identify and synthesize information about the nature of sleep disorders and their related factors in children with cerebral palsy. We performed an electronic search by using the search terms sleep/child*, and sleep/cerebral palsy in the following databases: Latin American literature on health sciences, SCOPUS, medical publications, cumulative index to nursing and allied health literature, psycinfo, worldcat, web of science, and the Cochrane library...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26803484/synaptic-plasticity-model-of-therapeutic-sleep-deprivation-in-major-depression
#19
REVIEW
Elias Wolf, Marion Kuhn, Claus Normann, Florian Mainberger, Jonathan G Maier, Sarah Maywald, Aliza Bredl, Stefan Klöppel, Knut Biber, Dietrich van Calker, Dieter Riemann, Annette Sterr, Christoph Nissen
Therapeutic sleep deprivation (SD) is a rapid acting treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). Within hours, SD leads to a dramatic decrease in depressive symptoms in 50-60% of patients with MDD. Scientifically, therapeutic SD presents a unique paradigm to study the neurobiology of MDD. Yet, up to now, the neurobiological basis of the antidepressant effect, which is most likely different from today's first-line treatments, is not sufficiently understood. This article puts the idea forward that sleep/wake-dependent shifts in synaptic plasticity, i...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26802824/the-effect-of-meditative-movement-on-sleep-quality-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Fang Wang, Othelia Eun-Kyoung Lee, Fan Feng, Michael V Vitiello, Weidong Wang, Herbert Benson, Gregory L Fricchione, John W Denninger
The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and assess evidence related to the efficacy of meditative movement (MM) on sleep quality. We conducted a comprehensive review of relevant studies drawn from English and Chinese databases. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting outcomes of the effects of MM (tai chi, qi gong, and yoga) on sleep quality were taken into consideration. Twenty-seven RCTs fulfilled our inclusion criteria and formed the basis for this review. Due to clinical heterogeneity, no meta-analysis was performed...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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