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Sleep Medicine Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082167/continued-growth-a-new-metric-same-high-quality
#1
EDITORIAL
Michael V Vitiello, Jean Krieger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089414/acupressure-effect-on-sleep-quality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Alexander Waits, You-Ren Tang, Hao-Min Cheng, Chen-Jei Tai, Li-Yin Chien
Acupressure is a non-invasive treatment in which pressure is applied to specific body points. Following public health concerns about poor sleep quality and increasing interest in alternative treatments, a systematic review and a meta-analysis were designed to evaluate the effects of acupressure on the quality of sleep. Ten English (PubMed, CENTRAL, CINAHL etc.) and five Chinese (CNKI, WANFANG etc.) databases were searched and the validity of the eligible studies was critically appraised. Thirty-two eligible randomized controlled trials of moderate to high quality which employed polysomnography, actigraphy, or self-assessment sleep quality tools were included...
December 22, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089189/exploring-the-brain-bases-of-dreaming-commentary-on-beyond-the-neuropsychology-of-dreaming-insights-into-the-neural-basis-of-dreaming-with-new-techniques-of-sleep-recording-and-analysis-sleep-medicine-reviews
#3
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012784/positional-modification-techniques-for-supine-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Hayley Barnes, Bradley A Edwards, Simon A Joosten, Matthew T Naughton, Garun S Hamilton, Eli Dabscheck
This review aimed to determine the effectiveness of positional modification techniques in preventing supine sleep, sleep-disordered breathing and other clinically important outcomes in patients with supine obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Randomized controlled trials comparing positional modification techniques with any other therapy or placebo were included. Electronic searches of databases including CENTRAL, MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, and Web of Science up to April 2016 were performed. Meta-analysis was undertaken where possible...
November 18, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007402/performance-of-screening-questionnaires-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Visasiri Tantrakul, Pawin Numthavaj, Christian Guilleminault, Mark McEvoy, Panyu Panburana, Win Khaing, John Attia, Ammarin Thakkinstian
This review aims to evaluate the performance of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening questionnaires during pregnancy. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed using MEDLINE Scopus, CINAHL, and the Cochrane library. A bivariate meta-analysis was applied for pooling of diagnostic parameters. Six of the total 4719 articles met the inclusion criteria. The Berlin questionnaire (BQ, N = 604) and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS, N = 420) were the most frequently used screening tools during pregnancy...
November 15, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082168/idiopathic-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-neurodegenerative-risk-to-tell-or-not-to-tell-to-the-patient-how-to-minimize-the-risk
#6
REVIEW
Dario Arnaldi, Elena Antelmi, Erik K St Louis, Ronald B Postuma, Isabelle Arnulf
Most people with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) have an underlying synucleinopathy, mainly Parkinson's disease (PD) or dementia with Lewy bodies, with median conversion time of 4-9 y from iRBD diagnosis and of 11-16 y from symptom onset. Subtle signs and imaging tests indicate concomitant neurodegeneration in widespread brain areas. Risk factor studies suggest that iRBD patients may have prior head injury, occupational farming, pesticide exposure, low education level and possibly more frequent family history of dream-enactment behavior (but not of PD), plus unexpected risk factors (smoking, ischemic heart disease and inhaled corticosteroid use)...
November 10, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939642/exercise-interventions-to-improve-sleep-in-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Joanie Mercier, Josée Savard, Paquito Bernard
Exercise leads to several positive outcomes in oncology. However, the question as to whether exercise is a valuable option for improving patients' sleep, which is frequently disturbed in cancer patients, remains unanswered. The aims of this study were to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and non-randomized clinical trials that have investigated the effect of exercise on sleep outcomes, assessed subjectively and objectively. Relevant studies, published before May 2016, were traced through a systematic search of PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, SportDiscus and Cochrane library databases...
November 10, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919588/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-berlin-questionnaire-stop-bang-stop-and-epworth-sleepiness-scale-in-detecting-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-bivariate-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Hsiao-Yean Chiu, Pin-Yuan Chen, Li-Pang Chuang, Ning-Hung Chen, Yu-Kang Tu, Yu-Jung Hsieh, Yu-Chi Wang, Christian Guilleminault
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder; however, it remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. Although screening tools such as the Berlin questionnaire (BQ), STOP-BANG questionnaire (SBQ), STOP questionnaire (STOP), and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) are widely used for OSA, the findings regarding their diagnostic accuracy are controversial. Therefore, this meta-analysis investigated and compared the summary sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) among the BQ, SBQ, STOP, and ESS according to the severity of OSA...
November 5, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865102/pharmacotherapy-for-residual-excessive-sleepiness-and-cognition-in-cpap-treated-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Ariane B C C Avellar, Luciane B C Carvalho, Gilmar F Prado, Lucila B F Prado
Pharmacotherapy has been used as an adjunct to CPAP for treatment of residual excessive sleepiness in patients with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). However, no studies with a high level of evidence have been conducted to support this practice and confirm its effectiveness. We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize and quantify the effects of pharmacological treatment in adults with OSAS who experience residual excessive sleepiness despite adequate CPAP use. We reviewed clinical trials that compared medications to placebo and evaluated the outcomes residual excessive sleepiness, cognition, and quality of life, as well as treatment effectiveness and safety...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717664/objective-measures-of-sleep-quality-have-not-declined-over-the-last-50%C3%A2-years
#10
LETTER
Shawn D Youngstedt, Eric E Goff, Alexandria M Reynolds, Nidha Khan, Mihyun Jeong, Girardin Jean-Louis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26921735/validity-and-reliability-of-sleep-time-questionnaires-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Marcus V Nascimento-Ferreira, Tatiana S Collese, Augusto César F de Moraes, Tara Rendo-Urteaga, Luis A Moreno, Heráclito B Carvalho
Sleep duration has been associated with several health outcomes in children and adolescents. As an extensive number of questionnaires are currently used to investigate sleep schedule or sleep time, we performed a systematic review of criterion validation of sleep time questionnaires for children and adolescents, considering accelerometers as the reference method. We found a strong correlation between questionnaires and accelerometers for weeknights and a moderate correlation for weekend nights. When considering only studies performing a reliability assessment of the used questionnaires, a significant increase in the correlations for both weeknights and weekend nights was observed...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26895484/understanding-ecbt-i-knowing-is-half-the-battle
#12
EDITORIAL
Jason C Ong, Megan R Crawford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26874067/health-economics-of-insomnia-treatments-the-return-on-investment-for-a-good-night-s-sleep
#13
REVIEW
Emerson M Wickwire, Fadia T Shaya, Steven M Scharf
Chronic insomnia is the most common sleep disorder among adults and is associated with a wide range of negative outcomes. This article reviews the economic consequences of the disorder and the cost effectiveness of insomnia treatments. First, the total costs of insomnia are reviewed; in aggregate these costs exceed $100 billion USD per year, with the majority being spent on indirect costs such as poorer workplace performance, increased health care utilization, and increased accident risk. Next, the deleterious impact of insomnia on quality of life and the impact of treatment on quality of life are briefly considered...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26874066/sleep-disorders-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-an-integrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Ana Luíza P A Lélis, Maria Vera L M Cardoso, Wendy A Hall
Sleep disorders are more prevalent in children with cerebral palsy. The review aimed to identify and synthesize information about the nature of sleep disorders and their related factors in children with cerebral palsy. We performed an electronic search by using the search terms sleep/child*, and sleep/cerebral palsy in the following databases: Latin American literature on health sciences, SCOPUS, medical publications, cumulative index to nursing and allied health literature, psycinfo, worldcat, web of science, and the Cochrane library...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26803484/synaptic-plasticity-model-of-therapeutic-sleep-deprivation-in-major-depression
#15
REVIEW
Elias Wolf, Marion Kuhn, Claus Normann, Florian Mainberger, Jonathan G Maier, Sarah Maywald, Aliza Bredl, Stefan Klöppel, Knut Biber, Dietrich van Calker, Dieter Riemann, Annette Sterr, Christoph Nissen
Therapeutic sleep deprivation (SD) is a rapid acting treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). Within hours, SD leads to a dramatic decrease in depressive symptoms in 50-60% of patients with MDD. Scientifically, therapeutic SD presents a unique paradigm to study the neurobiology of MDD. Yet, up to now, the neurobiological basis of the antidepressant effect, which is most likely different from today's first-line treatments, is not sufficiently understood. This article puts the idea forward that sleep/wake-dependent shifts in synaptic plasticity, i...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26802824/the-effect-of-meditative-movement-on-sleep-quality-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Fang Wang, Othelia Eun-Kyoung Lee, Fan Feng, Michael V Vitiello, Weidong Wang, Herbert Benson, Gregory L Fricchione, John W Denninger
The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and assess evidence related to the efficacy of meditative movement (MM) on sleep quality. We conducted a comprehensive review of relevant studies drawn from English and Chinese databases. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting outcomes of the effects of MM (tai chi, qi gong, and yoga) on sleep quality were taken into consideration. Twenty-seven RCTs fulfilled our inclusion criteria and formed the basis for this review. Due to clinical heterogeneity, no meta-analysis was performed...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26802823/a-new-view-of-dream-enactment-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Mark S Blumberg, Alan M Plumeau
Patients with REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) exhibit increased muscle tone and exaggerated myoclonic twitching during REM sleep. In addition, violent movements of the limbs, and complex behaviors that can sometimes appear to involve the enactment of dreams, are associated with RBD. These behaviors are widely thought to result from a dysfunction involving atonia-producing neural circuitry in the brainstem, thereby unmasking cortically generated dreams. Here we scrutinize the assumptions that led to this interpretation of RBD...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773412/prediction-of-oral-appliance-treatment-outcomes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Kentaro Okuno, Benjamin T Pliska, Mona Hamoda, Alan A Lowe, Fernanda R Almeida
While oral appliances (OA) have demonstrated good efficacy in patients ranging from mild to severe levels of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), this form of treatment is not completely effective in all patients. As a successful treatment response is not dependent solely on apnea hypopnea index severity, the prediction of OA treatment efficacy is of key importance for efficient disease management. This systematic review aims to investigate the accuracy of a variety of clinical and experimental tests for predicting OA treatment outcomes in OSA...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26687279/sleep-disturbances-compared-to-traditional-risk-factors-for-diabetes-development-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Thunyarat Anothaisintawee, Sirimon Reutrakul, Eve Van Cauter, Ammarin Thakkinstian
Sleep disturbances [short (<6 h) and long (>8 h) sleeping time, insomnia (initiating or maintaining sleep), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and abnormal sleep timing] have been associated with increased diabetes risk but the effect size relative to that of traditional risk factors is unknown. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the risk associated with sleep disturbances to traditional risk factors. Studies were identified from Medline and Scopus. Cohort studies measuring the association between sleep disturbances and incident diabetes were eligible...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26615572/efficacy-of-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Robert Zachariae, Marlene S Lyby, Lee M Ritterband, Mia S O'Toole
Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) has been shown efficacious, but the challenge remains to make it available and accessible in order to meet population needs. Delivering CBT-I over the internet (eCBT-I) may be one method to overcome this challenge. The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the efficacy of eCBT-I and the moderating influence of various study characteristics. Two researchers independently searched key electronic databases (1991 to June 2015), selected eligible publications, extracted data, and evaluated methodological quality...
December 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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