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Sleep Medicine Reviews

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625480/adherence-to-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-among-minority-populations-in-the-us-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Douglas M Wallace, Natasha J Williams, Amy M Sawyer, Girardin Jean-Louis, Mark S Aloia, Dorice L Vieira, William K Wohlgemuth
Minority individuals in the United States (US) have an increased prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) compared to their white/Caucasian counterparts. In general, adherence to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is poor and some studies suggest that PAP use among minority individuals is inferior to that of whites. However, there has not been a review of the evidence that addresses racial-ethnic disparities for PAP adherence in the treatment of OSA, and no review has systematically examined the contributing factors to poor adherence among minority individuals compared to whites...
April 13, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599983/validity-of-the-berlin-questionnaire-in-detecting-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Chamara V Senaratna, Jennifer L Perret, Melanie C Matheson, Caroline J Lodge, Adrian J Lowe, Raisa Cassim, Melissa A Russell, John A Burgess, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
We aimed to systematically review the Berlin questionnaire as a screening tool for obstructive sleep apnea. We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases, reviewed articles reporting the Berlin questionnaire's diagnostic utility as measured against type-1 polysomnography, and performed meta-analyses where possible. Thirty five eligible articles showed that the Berlin questionnaire's diagnostic utility varied by study population, definition of hypopnea used, and apnea-hypopnea index threshold used...
April 8, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559087/not-only-limbs-in-atypical-restless-legs-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Alessandra Turrini, Alberto Raggi, Giovanna Calandra-Buonaura, Paolo Martinelli, Raffaele Ferri, Federica Provini
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) typically affects the limbs, but the involvement of other body parts has also been reported. In this essay, we critically review all literature reports of atypical RLS cases with unusual localizations. Applying the updated diagnostic criteria of the International restless legs syndrome study group (IRLSSG), which also consider symptoms localized outside of the lower limbs, a few of these atypical cases reported in the previous literature resulted in a definitive diagnosis of RLS...
April 4, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554719/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-placebo-versus-no-treatment-for-insomnia-symptoms
#4
REVIEW
Valerie Yeung, Louise Sharpe, Nick Glozier, Maree L Hackett, Ben Colagiuri
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the size of the placebo effect for insomnia symptoms when comparing placebo treatment with no treatment. PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and CINAHL databases were systematically searched for studies allocating participants with insomnia symptoms (diagnosed or self-reported) to receive a placebo that they were led to believe was an active treatment or to a no treatment control group. Thirteen independent studies (n = 566) met inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis indicated a reliable placebo effect whereby placebo treatment led to improved perceived sleep onset latency (SOL; Hedges g = 0...
April 3, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495359/gender-differences-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-insomnia-and-restless-legs-syndrome-in-adults-what-do-we-know-a-clinical-update
#5
REVIEW
Jenny Theorell-Haglöw, Christopher B Miller, Delwyn J Bartlett, Brendon J Yee, Hannah D Openshaw, Ronald R Grunstein
Research in sleep medicine over the last decades has involved a broad variety of sleep disorders in both men and women. Gender differences have been identified in sleep physiology as well as in the three most common sleep disorders: obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), insomnia and restless legs syndrome (RLS). However, research on gender differences in sleep medicine appears limited. This clinical review aims to give an updated overview of gender differences, in relation to prevalence, clinical presentation, treatment and quality of life in OSA, insomnia and RLS...
March 27, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187954/heart-rate-variability-in-insomnia-patients-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Kirsty L Dodds, Christopher B Miller, Simon D Kyle, Nathaniel S Marshall, Christopher J Gordon
Heart rate variability (HRV) is an objective marker that provides insight into autonomic nervous system dynamics. There is conflicting evidence regarding the presence of HRV impairment in insomnia patients. Web-based databases were used to systematically search the literature for all studies that compared the HRV of insomnia patients to controls or reported the HRV of insomnia patients before and after an intervention. 22 relevant papers were identified. Study characteristics were summarised, HRV measures were extracted and a risk of bias assessment for each study was performed...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185811/actigraphic-features-of-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Franco De Crescenzo, Alexis Economou, Ann L Sharpley, Aynur Gormez, Digby J Quested
Sleep disruptions represent a core feature of bipolar disorders and have been widely studied through the use of actigraphy, which is an objective measure of motor activity and sleep. Finding objective outcomes, which reliably measure sleep in bipolar disorders, is essential in developing better therapies and improving follow-up monitoring strategies. Our aim is to understand the role of actigraphy as an objective measure of sleep in bipolar disorder. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis on studies using actigraphy to detect changes in activity and sleep patterns in bipolar patients versus healthy controls...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720507/a-pill-at-bedtime-and-your-heart-is-fine-bedtime-hypertension-chronotherapy-an-opportune-and-advantageous-inexpensive-treatment-strategy
#8
EDITORIAL
Roberto Manfredini, Fabio Fabbian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321864/the-effects-of-second-generation-antipsychotic-drugs-on-sleep-variables-in-healthy-subjects-and-patients-with-schizophrenia
#9
REVIEW
Jaime M Monti, Pablo Torterolo, Seithikurippu R Pandi Perumal
Insomnia is a common feature in schizophrenia, and is characterized by an increase of sleep latency (SL), as well as reductions in total sleep time (TST) and sleep efficiency (SE). Regarding sleep architecture, non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) sleep, slow wave sleep (SWS) and rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep latency are decreased, whereas REM sleep tends to remain unchanged. According to polysomnographic studies, clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine and ziprasidone administration increased TST and/or SE in healthy subjects...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27076261/circadian-mechanisms-of-24-hour-blood-pressure-regulation-and-patterning
#10
REVIEW
Michael H Smolensky, Ramón C Hermida, Francesco Portaluppi
In most persons, blood pressure (BP) rises slowly during late sleep, increases rapidly upon morning awakening and commencement of diurnal activity, exhibits two - morning and afternoon/early evening - daytime peaks, shows a minor midday nadir, and undergoes a decline during nighttime sleep by 10-20% in systolic BP and somewhat lesser amount in diastolic BP relative to wake-time means. Nyctohemeral cycles of ambient temperature, light, noise and behaviorally driven temporal patterns in food, liquid, salt, and stimulant consumption, mental/emotional stress, posture, and physical activity intensity plus circadian rhythms of wake/sleep, pineal gland melatonin synthesis, autonomic and central nervous, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal, hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone, renal hemodynamic, endothelial, vasoactive peptide, and opioid systems constitute the key regulators and determinants of the BP 24 h profile...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169105/current-evidence-on-prevalence-and-clinical-outcomes-of-co-morbid-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Md Shajedur R Shawon, Jennifer L Perret, Chamara V Senaratna, Caroline Lodge, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize the evidence on prevalence, polysomnographic findings and clinical outcomes of co-morbid obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - known as the "overlap syndrome". We systematically searched PubMed on 1 December 2015 using appropriate medical subject headings (MeSH) and text words to capture prevalence studies and comparative studies of any observational design examining the clinical outcomes in patients with co-existent COPD and OSA...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450292/reply-to-sleep-mortality-and-beyond-a-magician-can-t-pull-more-from-the-hat-than-has-been-put-in-earlier
#12
LETTER
Chang Xu, Xiang-Yu Meng, Tong-Zu Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450291/sleep-mortality-and-beyond-a-magician-can-t-pull-more-from-the-hat-than-has-been-put-in-earlier
#13
LETTER
Thomas C Erren, Peter Morfeld, Russel J Reiter, Inga P Westermann, J Valérie Groß
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27318520/unobtrusive-sleep-state-measurements-in-preterm-infants-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Jan Werth, Louis Atallah, Peter Andriessen, Xi Long, Elly Zwartkruis-Pelgrim, Ronald M Aarts
Sleep is important for the development of preterm infants. During sleep, neural connections are formed and the development of brain regions is triggered. In general, various rudimentary sleep states can be identified in the preterm infant, namely active sleep (AS), quiet sleep (QS) and intermediate sleep (IS). As the infant develops, sleep states change in length and organization, with these changes as important indicators of brain development. As a result, several methods have been deployed to distinguish between the different preterm infant sleep states, among which polysomnography (PSG) is the most frequently used...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107752/parent-child-bed-sharing-the-good-the-bad-and-the-burden-of-evidence
#15
REVIEW
Viara R Mileva-Seitz, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Chiara Battaini, Maartje P C M Luijk
The practice of parent and child sharing a sleeping surface, or 'bed-sharing', is one of the most controversial topics in parenting research. The lay literature has popularized and polarized this debate, offering on one hand claims of dangers, and on the other, of benefits - both physical and psychological - associated with bed-sharing. To address the scientific evidence behind such claims, we systematically reviewed 659 published papers (peer-reviewed, editorial pieces, and commentaries) on the topic of parent-child bed-sharing...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107751/daytime-sleepiness-versus-fatigue-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-on-the-epworth-sleepiness-scale-as-an-assessment-tool
#16
REVIEW
Roland F J Popp, Anna K Fierlbeck, Helge Knüttel, Nicole König, Rainer Rupprecht, Robert Weissert, Thomas C Wetter
Fatigue is a frequent and distressing symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). In contrast, sleepiness, characterized by difficulties to stay awake and alert during the day, seems to be less prevalent in MS; however, exact studies are lacking. In addition, there is a semantic confusion of the concepts of "fatigue" and "sleepiness", which are often used interchangeably. We conducted a systematic review of studies using the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) for the assessment of daytime sleepiness in patients with MS...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27067616/sleep-duration-and-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-a-flexible-non-linear-meta-regression-of-40-prospective-cohort-studies
#17
REVIEW
Tong-Zu Liu, Chang Xu, Matteo Rota, Hui Cai, Chao Zhang, Ming-Jun Shi, Rui-Xia Yuan, Hong Weng, Xiang-Yu Meng, Joey S W Kwong, Xin Sun
Approximately 27-37% of the general population experience prolonged sleep duration and 12-16% report shortened sleep duration. However, prolonged or shortened sleep duration may be associated with serious health problems. A comprehensive, flexible, non-linear meta-regression with restricted cubic spline (RCS) was used to investigate the dose-response relationship between sleep duration and all-cause mortality in adults. Medline (Ovid), Embase, EBSCOhost-PsycINFO, and EBSCOhost-CINAHL Plus databases, reference lists of relevant review articles, and included studies were searched up to Nov...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061476/sleep-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-polysomnographic-findings-in-case-control-studies
#18
REVIEW
Man-Sum Chan, Ka-Fai Chung, Kam-Ping Yung, Wing-Fai Yeung
Polysomnographic studies have been performed to examine the sleep abnormalities in schizophrenia, but the results are inconsistent. An updated systematic review, meta-analysis, and moderator analysis was conducted. Major databases were searched without language restriction from 1968 to January 2014. Data were analyzed using the random-effects model and summarized using the Hedges's g. Thirty-one studies with 574 patients and 515 healthy controls were evaluated. Limited by the number of studies and a lack of patient-level data, moderator analysis was restricted to medication status, duration of medication withdrawal, and illness duration...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039223/effects-of-sleep-manipulation-on-cognitive-functioning-of-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Eduard J de Bruin, Chris van Run, Janneke Staaks, Anne Marie Meijer
Adolescents are considered to be at risk for deteriorated cognitive functioning due to insufficient sleep. This systematic review examined the effects of experimental sleep manipulation on adolescent cognitive functioning. Sleep manipulations consisted of total or partial sleep restriction, sleep extension, and sleep improvement. Only articles written in English, with participants' mean age between 10 and 19 y, using objective sleep measures and cognitive performance as outcomes were included. Based on these criteria 16 articles were included...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013458/questionnaires-that-screen-for-multiple-sleep-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Karen J Klingman, Carla R Jungquist, Michael L Perlis
The goal of this review was to identify, describe, and evaluate the existing multiple sleep disorders screening questionnaires for their comprehensiveness, brevity, and psychometric quality. A systematic review was conducted using Medline/PubMed, cumulative index to nursing & allied health literature, health and psychosocial instruments and the "grey literature". Search terms were "sleep disorders, screening, questionnaires, and psychometrics". The scope of the search was limited to English language articles for adult age groups from 1989 through 2015...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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