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Sleep Medicine Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815038/phenotypes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-definition-examples-and-evolution-of-approaches
#1
REVIEW
Andrey V Zinchuk, Mark J Gentry, John Concato, Henry K Yaggi
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder and the apnea hypopnea index alone can not capture the diverse spectrum of the condition. Enhanced phenotyping can improve prognostication, patient selection for clinical trials, understanding of mechanisms, and personalized treatments. In OSA, multiple condition characteristics have been termed "phenotypes." To help classify patients into relevant prognostic and therapeutic categories, an OSA phenotype can be operationally defined as: "A category of patients with OSA distinguished from others by a single or combination of disease features, in relation to clinically meaningful attributes (symptoms, response to therapy, health outcomes, quality of life)...
October 12, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818085/school-based-sleep-education-programs-a-knowledge-to-action-perspective-regarding-barriers-proposed-solutions-and-future-directions
#2
REVIEW
Reut Gruber
Sleep is associated with an array of physical and mental health outcomes that are essential for healthy adjustment in children. Unfortunately, transfer of this knowledge into action has been slow and largely ineffective. There are only 15 published school-based sleep health promotion programs, and findings are mixed in terms of their impact on sleep behavior, knowledge and health outcomes. This paper applies a knowledge-to-action (KTA) framework to assess the strengths and weaknesses of such programs and to identify strategies that can be used to enhance the translation of empirical evidence in pediatric sleep to effective action...
October 11, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765468/memory-consolidation-in-sleep-disorders
#3
Nicola Cellini
In recent years sleep-related memory consolidation has become a central topic in the sleep research field. Several studies have shown that in healthy individuals sleep promotes memory consolidation. Notwithstanding this, the consequences of sleep disorders on offline memory consolidation remain poorly investigated. Research studies indicate that patients with insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and narcolepsy often exhibit sleep-related impairment in the consolidation of declarative and procedural information...
September 25, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751677/napping-a-public-health-issue-from-epidemiological-to-laboratory-studies
#4
Brice Faraut, Thomas Andrillon, Marie-Françoise Vecchierini, Damien Leger
Sleep specialists have proposed measures to counteract the negative short- and long-term consequences of sleep debt, and some have suggested the nap as a potential and powerful "public health tool". Here, we address this countermeasure aspect of napping viewed as an action against sleep deprivation rather than an action associated with poor health. We review the physiological functions that have been associated positively with napping in both public health and clinical settings (sleep-related accidents, work and school, and cardiovascular risk) and in laboratory-based studies with potential public health issues (cognitive performance, stress, immune function and pain sensitivity)...
September 13, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717664/objective-measures-of-sleep-quality-have-not-declined-over-the-last-50%C3%A2-years
#5
Shawn D Youngstedt, Eric E Goff, Alexandria M Reynolds, Nidha Khan, Mihyun Jeong, Girardin Jean-Louis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720507/a-pill-at-bedtime-and-your-heart-is-fine-bedtime-hypertension-chronotherapy-an-opportune-and-advantageous-inexpensive-treatment-strategy
#6
Roberto Manfredini, Fabio Fabbian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866454/chinese-medicines-with-sedative-hypnotic-effects-and-their-active-components
#7
REVIEW
Man-Man Shi, Jin-Hua Piao, Xi-Lin Xu, Liang Zhu, Li Yang, Fu-Lan Lin, Jian Chen, Jian-Guo Jiang
The main pharmacological effects of sedative agents are sedation, hypnosis, antianxiety, and antidepression. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history of clinical experience in treating insomnia. This review focuses mainly on the role of active ingredients from TCM in the treatment of insomnia. Single herbs and their active ingredients from TCM with hypnotic effects are summarized through reviewing the relevant literature published in the past 20 y. The active ingredients are divided into alkaloids, terpenoids, and volatile oils, flavonoids, lignanoids and coumarins, saponins, and others...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26740164/infant-sleep-interventions-methodological-and-conceptual-issues
#8
EDITORIAL
Avi Sadeh, Jodi A Mindell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26740163/response-to-smrv-d-15-564-not-yet-time-to-throw-the-baby-out-with-the-bathwater-a-paradigm-shift-is-premature
#9
LETTER
Liora Kempler, Louise Sharpe, Delwyn J Bartlett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26740162/high-level-evidence-does-not-support-first-wave-behavioural-approaches-to-parent-infant-sleep
#10
LETTER
Pamela S Douglas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26706755/suicide-and-sleep-is-it-a-bad-thing-to-be-awake-when-reason-sleeps
#11
REVIEW
Michael L Perlis, Michael A Grandner, Subhajit Chakravorty, Rebecca A Bernert, Gregory K Brown, Michael E Thase
Suicide is the second leading cause of death, worldwide, for those between the ages of 24 and 44 y old. In 2013, more than 41,000 suicides occurred in the United States. These statistics underscore the need to 1) understand why people die by suicide and 2) identify risk factors that are potentially modifiable. While it has been posited that sleep disturbance may represent one such factor, systematic research in this arena did not begin until the 2000s. Since that time, sleep disturbance has been reliably identified as a risk factor for suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and suicide...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26683701/sleep-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
REVIEW
Jonas S Quist, Anders Sjödin, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mads F Hjorth
The evidence for a link between sleep and cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents is accumulating; however, the literature has not yet been reviewed. Seventy-five studies investigating associations between sleep variables and measures of abdominal adiposity, glucose homeostasis, blood lipids, blood pressure (BP), and inflammatory markers were included in the present review. The current evidence indicates that inadequate sleep may play a role in cardiometabolic risk at a later age for children and adolescents...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26624228/psoriasis-and-sleep-disorders-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Madhulika A Gupta, Fiona C Simpson, Aditya K Gupta
Psoriasis is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disorder which manifests as dermatologic lesions, and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in about 30% of cases. Psoriasis is associated with multiple comorbidities including metabolic syndrome, hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular events, obesity and psychiatric disorders, which can all affect the course of sleep disorders. A systematic review of the literature on the relationship between psoriasis, PsA, and formal sleep disorders identified 33 studies. There is an increased prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with 36%-81...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606319/the-effects-of-light-therapy-on-sleep-problems-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Annette van Maanen, Anne Marie Meijer, Kristiaan B van der Heijden, Frans J Oort
Although bright light therapy seems a promising treatment for sleep problems, research shows inconclusive results. This meta-analysis is the first to systematically review the effect of light therapy on sleep problems in general and on specific types of sleep problems in particular (circadian rhythm sleep disorders, insomnia, sleep problems related to Alzheimer's disease and dementia). Fifty-three studies with a total of 1154 participants were included. Overall effects and effects on separate circadian and sleep outcomes were examined...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606318/screening-and-assessment-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-primary-care
#15
REVIEW
Jennifer N Miller, Ann M Berger
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder and contributes to increased morbidity and compromised cardiovascular outcomes. Sleep disorders are common but rarely reported and addressed by primary health providers. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine task force (2015) released quality measures for the care of adult patients with OSA; the first outcome is improved detection and categorization of OSA symptoms and severity to promote assessment and diagnosis of the disorder...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606317/the-k-complex-as-a-special-reactive-sleep-slow-wave-a-theoretical-update
#16
REVIEW
Péter Halász
We aimed to integrate new data about K-complex (KC) physiology and relate KC to other low-frequency waves observed in slow wave sleep. KC can be considered a 'prototype' of reactive sleep slow waves. Similarly to slow waves, KCs feature up- and down-states, they are subject to homeostatic regulation but they are also associated with sensory activation. As a part of the continuum of reactive sleep slow waves, the study of the KC may offer a better understanding of how slow waves are activated by the sensory system...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26599679/idiopathic-hypersomnia
#17
REVIEW
Michel Billiard, Karel Sonka
Idiopathic hypersomnia continues to evolve from the concept of "sleep drunkenness" introduced by Bedrich Roth in Prague in 1956 and the description of idiopathic hypersomnia with two forms, polysymptomatic and monosymptomatic, by the same Bedrich Roth in 1976. The diagnostic criteria of idiopathic hypersomnia have varied with the successive revisions of the International classifications of sleep disorders, including the recent 3rd edition. No epidemiological studies have been conducted so far. Disease onset occurs most often during adolescence or young adulthood...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26555938/do-psychosocial-sleep-interventions-improve-infant-sleep-or-maternal-mood-in-the-postnatal-period-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Liora Kempler, Louise Sharpe, Christopher B Miller, Delwyn J Bartlett
Sleep complaints are common amongst mothers of infants and insufficient, inefficient or fragmented sleep is associated with postnatal depression. The aim of this review is to determine whether psychosocial sleep-focused interventions offered in the perinatal period improve infant sleep or maternal mood. We searched PubMed, PsycInfo, EMBASE and CINAHL with no date restriction. We reviewed 1097 articles, resulting in nine papers (n = 1,656) that fit the eligibility criteria for inclusion in the analyses. The primary outcome was infant sleep, defined as maternal reports of infant nocturnal total sleep time and number of night-time wakes...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26551999/abcs-of-sleeping-a-review-of-the-evidence-behind-pediatric-sleep-practice-recommendations
#19
REVIEW
Stephanie L Allen, Melissa D Howlett, J Aimée Coulombe, Penny V Corkum
The ABCs of SLEEPING mnemonic was developed to serve as an organizing framework for common pediatric sleep recommendations. The mnemonic stands for 1) age appropriate bedtimes and wake-times with consistency, 2) schedules and routines, 3) location, 4) exercise and diet, 5) no electronics in the bedroom or before bed, 6) positivity 7) independence when falling asleep and 8) needs of child met during the day, 9) equal great sleep. This review examines the empirical evidence behind the practices and recommendations captured by the ABCs of SLEEPING mnemonic for children aged 1 to 12...
October 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692973/waking-up-is-the-hardest-thing-i-do-all-day-sleep-inertia-and-sleep-drunkenness
#20
Lynn M Trotti
The transition from sleep to wake is marked by sleep inertia, a distinct state that is measurably different from wakefulness and manifests as performance impairments and sleepiness. Although the precise substrate of sleep inertia is unknown, electroencephalographic, evoked potential, and neuroimaging studies suggest the persistence of some features of sleep beyond the point of awakening. Forced desynchrony studies have demonstrated that sleep inertia impacts cognition differently than do homeostatic and circadian drives and that sleep inertia is most intense during awakenings from the biological night...
September 4, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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