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Sleep Medicine Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248293/a-heartfelt-goodbye-and-a-continuing-mission
#1
EDITORIAL
Michael V Vitiello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174558/anesthesia-and-sleep-apnea
#2
REVIEW
Renaud Tamisier, Fanny Fabre, Fergal O'Donoghue, Patrick Lévy, Jean-François Payen, Jean-Louis Pépin
Due to its low rate of diagnosis, in the general population over half of those experiencing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are unaware that they have the condition. However, any acute medical event may exacerbate OSA and could have serious health consequences. In this context the management of the perioperative period, from anesthesia through the surgery itself and into the postoperative period, is more problematic for patients with sleep disordered breathing than for others. There is prolific literature in this area although large randomized trials are few due to the high sample size needed and possible ethical difficulties of withholding OSA treatment in the perioperative period...
November 21, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233612/association-between-long-sleep-duration-and-increased-risk-of-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-a-review-of-possible-mechanisms
#3
REVIEW
Xiao Tan, Colin D Chapman, Jonathan Cedernaes, Christian Benedict
For the last two decades research has revealed an alarming association between short sleep duration and metabolic disorders. In tandem, the hormonal, behavioral, and genetic mechanisms underlying this relationship have been extensively investigated and reviewed. However, emerging evidence is revealing that excessive sleep duration has remarkably similar deleterious effects. Unfortunately, to date there has been little attention to what drives this connection. This narrative review therefore aims to summarize existing epidemiological findings, experimental work, and most importantly putative molecular and behavioral mechanisms connecting excessive sleep duration with both obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus...
November 20, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153862/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-in-sleep-regulation
#4
REVIEW
Matthew D Rockstrom, Liangyu Chen, Ping Taishi, Joseph T Nguyen, Cody M Gibbons, Sigrid C Veasey, James M Krueger
This review details tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) biology and its role in sleep, and describes how TNF medications influence sleep/wake activity. Substantial evidence from healthy young animals indicates acute enhancement or inhibition of endogenous brain TNF respectively promotes and inhibits sleep. In contrast, the role of TNF in sleep in most human studies involves pathological conditions associated with chronic elevations of systemic TNF and disrupted sleep. Normalization of TNF levels in such patients improves sleep...
November 16, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248294/phenotyping-of-per3-variants-reveals-widespread-effects-on-circadian-preference-sleep-regulation-and-health
#5
REVIEW
Simon N Archer, Christina Schmidt, Gilles Vandewalle, Derk-Jan Dijk
Period3 (Per3) is one of the most robustly rhythmic genes in humans and animals. It plays a significant role in temporal organisation in peripheral tissues. The effects of PER3 variants on many phenotypes have been investigated in targeted and genome-wide studies. PER3 variants, especially the human variable number tandem repeat (VNTR), associate with diurnal preference, mental disorders, non-visual responses to light, brain and cognitive responses to sleep loss/circadian misalignment. Introducing the VNTR into mice alters responses to sleep loss and expression of sleep homeostasis-related genes...
November 6, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195725/benefits-of-a-bedtime-routine-in-young-children-sleep-development-and-beyond
#6
REVIEW
Jodi A Mindell, Ariel A Williamson
This paper presents a conceptual model and reviews the empirical evidence to support a nightly bedtime routine as a key factor in the promotion of not only healthy sleep, but also of broad development and wellbeing in early childhood. A bedtime routine embodies the characteristics of nurturing care and early child stimulation, which are deemed to be essential for positive outcomes, especially for at-risk children. Furthermore, common, adaptive components of a bedtime routine can contribute to an array of positive developmental outcomes beyond improved sleep, inclusive of language development, literacy, child emotional and behavioral regulation, parent-child attachment, and family functioning, among other outcomes...
November 6, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195726/cardiovascular-effects-of-oral-appliance-therapy-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Grietje E de Vries, Peter J Wijkstra, Ewout J Houwerzijl, Huib A M Kerstjens, Aarnoud Hoekema
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This study systematically reviews the effects of oral appliance therapy (OAT) on a broad spectrum of cardiovascular outcomes. A literature search was performed up to December 31st 2016. Twenty-five relevant full-text articles were retrieved. Sixteen articles were considered methodologically sufficient, including 11 randomized controlled trials. Pooled data of the RCTs showed significant reductions in daytime systolic and diastolic blood pressure compared to baseline, but no significant reductions in heart rate, except for daytime heart rate when compared to inactive/placebo OAT...
October 26, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169861/prevalence-of-restless-legs-syndrome-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Si-Jing Chen, Le Shi, Yan-Ping Bao, Ye-Kun Sun, Xiao Lin, Jian-Yu Que, Michael V Vitiello, Yu-Xin Zhou, Yong-Qing Wang, Lin Lu
Pregnant women are more likely to be affected by restless legs syndrome (RLS) than the general population. Restless legs syndrome during pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Currently unknown is the worldwide and regional prevalence of RLS in pregnant women. We performed a meta-analysis to provide a full profile of the prevalence of RLS during pregnancy. A systematic search of the PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases was performed to identify studies that were published up to April 2017, followed by random-effects meta-analyses...
October 25, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363449/medication-induced-sleepwalking-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Helen M Stallman, Mark Kohler, Jason White
Medications that trigger sleepwalking may inadvertently put the patient at risk of injury to themselves and/or others, and contribute to poor treatment adherence. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature to identify drugs that may increase the risk of sleepwalking. A search of CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, and ScienceDirect was conducted with the keywords 'sleepwalking' OR 'somnambulism'. Of the original 83 sourced papers, 62 met the inclusion criteria and were subsequently included for review...
February 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117120/critical-review-cpap-and-weight-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-cardiovascular-co-morbidities
#10
REVIEW
David W Hudgel
The cardiovascular co-morbidities of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are similar to those of obesity. Cardiovascular co-morbidities often are the cause of adverse outcomes in overweight/obese OSA patients. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy resolves the symptoms of OSA, but may, or may not lead to improvement of a given cardiovascular co-morbidity. The impact of CPAP on cardiovascular risk variables, adverse cardiovascular events in overweight/obese OSA patients has been evaluated primarily in prospective, uncontrolled cohort studies...
February 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599983/validity-of-the-berlin-questionnaire-in-detecting-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Chamara V Senaratna, Jennifer L Perret, Melanie C Matheson, Caroline J Lodge, Adrian J Lowe, Raisa Cassim, Melissa A Russell, John A Burgess, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
We aimed to systematically review the Berlin questionnaire as a screening tool for obstructive sleep apnea. We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases, reviewed articles reporting the Berlin questionnaire's diagnostic utility as measured against type-1 polysomnography, and performed meta-analyses where possible. Thirty five eligible articles showed that the Berlin questionnaire's diagnostic utility varied by study population, definition of hypopnea used, and apnea-hypopnea index threshold used...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410810/to-screen-or-not-to-screen-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-that-is-the-question
#12
EDITORIAL
Chris D Turnbull, John R Stradling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385478/quantitative-electroencephalogram-measures-in-adult-obstructive-sleep-apnea-potential-biomarkers-of-neurobehavioural-functioning
#13
REVIEW
Angela L D'Rozario, Nathan E Cross, Andrew Vakulin, Delwyn J Bartlett, Keith K H Wong, David Wang, Ronald R Grunstein
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) results in significantly impaired cognitive functioning and increased daytime sleepiness in some patients leading to increased risk of motor vehicle and workplace accidents and reduced productivity. Clinicians often face difficulty in identifying which patients are at risk of neurobehavioural dysfunction due to wide inter-individual variability, and disparity between symptoms and conventional metrics of disease severity such as the apnea hypopnea index. Quantitative electroencephalogram (EEG) measures are determinants of awake neurobehavioural function in healthy subjects...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28082168/idiopathic-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-neurodegenerative-risk-to-tell-or-not-to-tell-to-the-patient-how-to-minimize-the-risk
#14
REVIEW
Dario Arnaldi, Elena Antelmi, Erik K St Louis, Ronald B Postuma, Isabelle Arnulf
Most people with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) have an underlying synucleinopathy, mainly Parkinson's disease (PD) or dementia with Lewy bodies, with median conversion time of 4-9 y from iRBD diagnosis and of 11-16 y from symptom onset. Subtle signs and imaging tests indicate concomitant neurodegeneration in widespread brain areas. Risk factor studies suggest that iRBD patients may have prior head injury, occupational farming, pesticide exposure, low education level and possibly more frequent family history of dream-enactment behavior (but not of PD), plus unexpected risk factors (smoking, ischemic heart disease and inhaled corticosteroid use)...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919588/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-berlin-questionnaire-stop-bang-stop-and-epworth-sleepiness-scale-in-detecting-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-bivariate-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Hsiao-Yean Chiu, Pin-Yuan Chen, Li-Pang Chuang, Ning-Hung Chen, Yu-Kang Tu, Yu-Jung Hsieh, Yu-Chi Wang, Christian Guilleminault
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder; however, it remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. Although screening tools such as the Berlin questionnaire (BQ), STOP-BANG questionnaire (SBQ), STOP questionnaire (STOP), and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) are widely used for OSA, the findings regarding their diagnostic accuracy are controversial. Therefore, this meta-analysis investigated and compared the summary sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) among the BQ, SBQ, STOP, and ESS according to the severity of OSA...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126903/the-influence-of-sleep-on-human-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-hpa-axis-reactivity-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Jens H van Dalfsen, C Rob Markus
Inadequate sleep is highly prevalent and known to decline both physical- and mental health. Literature suggests that altered functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis might underlie this association. This assumption is mainly based on changes in basal neuroendocrine activity and it is of equal importance to elucidate whether sleep may also influence HPA stress responsiveness. The present review provides a complete outline of recent human studies that have investigated how different aspects of sleep influence cortisol reactivity to laboratory stress...
October 18, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054694/the-resilient-brain-and-the-guardians-of-sleep-new-perspectives-on-old-assumptions
#17
REVIEW
Liborio Parrino, Anna Elisabetta Vaudano
Resilience is the capacity of a system, enterprise or a person to maintain its core purpose and integrity in the face of dramatically changed circumstances. In human physiology, resilience is the capacity of adaptively overcoming stress and adversity while maintaining normal psychological and physical functioning. In this review, we investigate the resilient strategies of sleep. First, we discuss the concept of brain resilience, highlighting the modular structure of small-world networking, neuronal plasticity and critical brain behavior...
October 17, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128160/prone-sleeping-position-in-infancy-implications-for-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-function
#18
REVIEW
Kelsee L Shepherd, Stephanie R Yiallourou, Rosemary S C Horne, Flora Y Wong
Advances in neonatal care have improved the survival rates of preterm infants, however, the likelihood of brain injury and neurodevelopmental disability remains a significant problem. Whilst the etiology of preterm brain injury is complex, impairments in the cardio- and cerebro-vascular function have been implicated. During infancy, sleep is vital for brain development. However, instabilities in cardio- and cerebro-vascular function are most marked during sleep. Sleeping position is an important part of a safe sleeping environment...
October 13, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103944/short-sleep-duration-and-hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy-aggregate-and-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Sirimon Reutrakul, Thunyarat Anothaisintawee, Sharon J Herring, Bilgay Izci Balserak, Isabelle Marc, Ammarin Thakkinstian
Short sleep duration has been linked to maternal hyperglycemia. Systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the relationship between sleep duration and hyperglycemia in pregnancy or gestational diabetes (GDM). MEDLINE and Scopus were searched until July 2017. Studies that assessed sleep duration and had objective measurements of hyperglycemia during pregnancy were eligible. Aggregate data were available from eight studies, n = 17,308 (seven with self-reported and one with objectively measured sleep duration)...
October 5, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365447/suvorexant-for-the-treatment-of-primary-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Akira Kuriyama, Hiromitsu Tabata
Suvorexant is a dual orexin receptor agonist and is currently approved for the treatment of insomnia in the United States and Japan. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of suvorexant for the treatment of primary insomnia. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials, contacted a relevant pharmaceutical company, and accessed websites of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) for published and unpublished data...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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