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Sleep Medicine Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784534/presynaptic-dopaminergic-neuroimaging-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Matteo Bauckneht, Andrea Chincarini, Fabrizio De Carli, Michele Terzaghi, Silvia Morbelli, Flavio Nobili, Dario Arnaldi
The presence of polysomnography-confirmed REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is the stronger risk factor for having prodromal Parkinson disease (PD), followed by abnormal presynaptic dopaminergic radionuclide neuroimaging. Aim of the review is to conduct a meta-analysis of literature data regarding presynaptic dopaminergic neuroimaging in RBD. A literature search was conducted, resulting in 16 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Clinical and neuroimaging data were extracted. The studies are heterogeneous, especially for neuroimaging methodology...
April 22, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759892/the-marginalisation-of-dreams-in-clinical-psychological-practice
#2
REVIEW
Linda Leonard, Drew Dawson
The longstanding human interest in dreams has led to a significant body of psychological and philosophical discourse, including research. Recently, however, dreams have been relegated to the periphery of clinical psychological practice. This is potentially problematic as clients continue to bring dreams to therapy and many psychologists lack the confidence or competence to respond effectively to dream material. Building on the structural, professional and research cultures surrounding psychology using a cultural-historical activity theory framework, we argue the marginalisation of dreams is due to cultural-historical factors...
April 22, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759891/the-putative-role-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-the-pathophysiology-of-sleep-dysfunction-across-neuropsychiatric-disorders-focus-on-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-bipolar-disorder-and-multiple-sclerosis
#3
REVIEW
Gerwyn Morris, Brendon Stubbs, Cristiano A Köhler, Ken Walder, Anastasiya Slyepchenko, Michael Berk, André F Carvalho
Sleep and circadian abnormalities are prevalent and burdensome manifestations of diverse neuro-immune diseases, and may aggravate the course of several neuropsychiatric disorders. The underlying pathophysiology of sleep abnormalities across neuropsychiatric disorders remains unclear, and may involve the inter-play of several clinical variables and mechanistic pathways. In this review, we propose a heuristic framework in which reciprocal interactions of immune, oxidative and nitrosative stress, and mitochondrial pathways may drive sleep abnormalities across potentially neuroprogressive disorders...
April 4, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764710/a-systematic-review-to-explore-the-feasibility-of-a-behavioural-sleep-intervention-for-insomnia-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-transdiagnostic-approach
#4
REVIEW
Gabrielle Rigney, Nicole S Ali, Penny V Corkum, Cary A Brown, Evelyn Constantin, Roger Godbout, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Osman Ipsiroglu, Graham J Reid, Sarah Shea, Isabel M Smith, Hendrik F M Van der Loos, Shelly K Weiss
Children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) are at high risk for sleep problems, especially insomnia. It is currently not known whether behavioural sleep interventions developed for typically developing (TD) children are effective for children with NDD, and if interventions need to be modified for each diagnostic group. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate commonalities, trends in outcomes, and the methodological quality of parent-delivered behavioural sleep interventions for children with NDD, specifically Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Cerebral Palsy, and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder...
March 31, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680177/individual-vulnerability-to-insomnia-excessive-sleepiness-and-shift-work-disorder-amongst-healthcare-shift-workers-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Lauren A Booker, Michelle Magee, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Tracey L Sletten, Mark E Howard
Shift workers often experience reduced sleep quality, duration and/or excessive sleepiness due to the imposed conflict between work and their circadian system. About 20-30% of shift workers experience prominent insomnia symptoms and excessive daytime sleepiness consistent with the circadian rhythm sleep disorder known as shift work disorder. Individual factors may influence this vulnerability to shift work disorder or sleep-related impairment associated with shift work. This paper was registered with Prospero and was conducted using recommended standards for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
March 27, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678398/altered-ultradian-cortisol-rhythmicity-as-a-potential-neurobiologic-substrate-for-chronic-insomnia
#6
REVIEW
Ivan Vargas, Alexandros N Vgontzas, James L Abelson, Rose T Faghih, Knashawn H Morales, Michael L Perlis
Chronic insomnia is highly prevalent and associated with significant morbidity (i.e., confers risk for multiple psychiatric and medical disorders, such as depression and hypertension). Therefore, it is essential to identify factors that perpetuate this disorder. One candidate factor in the neurobiology of chronic insomnia is hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis dysregulation, and in particular, alterations in circadian cortisol rhythmicity. Cortisol secretory patterns, however, fluctuate with both a circadian and an ultradian rhythm (i...
March 27, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678399/light-treatment-in-depression-an-antique-treatment-with-new-insights
#7
LETTER
Pierre A Geoffroy, Carmen M Schroder, Patrice Bourgin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628334/consolidative-mechanisms-of-emotional-processing-in-rem-sleep-and-ptsd
#8
REVIEW
Anthony L A Murkar, Joseph De Koninck
Research suggests sleep plays a role in the consolidation of recently acquired memories for long-term storage. rapid eye movement (REM) sleep has been shown to play a complex role in emotional-memory processing, and may be involved in subsequent waking-day emotional reactivity and amygdala responsivity. Interaction of the hippocampus and basolateral amygdala with the medial-prefrontal cortex is associated with sleep-dependent learning and emotional memory processing. REM is also implicated in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is characterized by sleep disturbance, heightened reactivity to fearful stimuli, and nightmares...
March 15, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628335/dental-and-skeletal-changes-associated-with-long-term-oral-appliance-use-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Takafumi Araie, Kentaro Okuno, Hitomi Ono Minagi, Takayoshi Sakai
An oral appliance (OA) is an effective treatment option for patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but dental and skeletal changes have been detected by many studies after long-term OA use. Better understanding of the long-term side effects may decrease discontinuation of OA use and assist clinicians to make informed decisions. Accordingly, a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the dental and skeletal changes associated with OAs designed to advance the mandible. The quality of the studies was determined by using the risk of bias assessment tool for non-randomized studies (RoBANS), and 12 studies were included in the meta-analysis...
March 1, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395986/sleep-and-plasticity-waking-from-a-fevered-dream
#10
EDITORIAL
Marcos G Frank, Julie Seibt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126903/the-influence-of-sleep-on-human-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-hpa-axis-reactivity-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Jens H van Dalfsen, C Rob Markus
Inadequate sleep is highly prevalent and known to decline both physical- and mental health. Literature suggests that altered functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis might underlie this association. This assumption is mainly based on changes in basal neuroendocrine activity and it is of equal importance to elucidate whether sleep may also influence HPA stress responsiveness. The present review provides a complete outline of recent human studies that have investigated how different aspects of sleep influence cortisol reactivity to laboratory stress...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097092/cranial-base-length-in-pediatric-populations-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Sahar Abtahi, Ashley Phuong, Paul W Major, Carlos Flores-Mir
The aim of this study was to review the existing literature on the association between cranial base length (CBL) and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children. Searches were carried out using Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index. Modified NIH (National Institute of Health) quality assessment tool was used to assess risk of bias. Grading of recommendations, assessment, development and evaluation (GRADE) was used to summarize the quality of evidence. Six articles met the inclusion criteria. Two studies (n = 57) showed shorter CBL in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056416/the-mechanisms-of-action-underlying-the-efficacy-of-psychological-nightmare-treatments-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-analysis-of-discussed-hypotheses
#13
REVIEW
Andréanne Rousseau, Geneviève Belleville
Studies of psychotherapeutic treatments for nightmares have yielded support for their effectiveness. However, no consensus exists to explain how they work. This study combines a systematic review with a qualitative thematic analysis to identify and categorize the existing proposed mechanisms of action (MAs) of nightmare treatments. The systematic review allowed for a great number of scholarly publications on supported psychological treatments for nightmares to be identified. Characteristics of the study and citations regarding potential MAs were extracted using a standardized coding grid...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033051/genetics-of-restless-legs-syndrome-an-update
#14
REVIEW
Félix J Jiménez-Jiménez, Hortensia Alonso-Navarro, Elena García-Martín, José A G Agúndez
A major role of genetic factors in the risk of developing restless legs syndrome (RLS) is supported by the high frequency of positive family history of RLS in patients affected with this disease, and the higher concordance rates in monozygotic twins compared with dizygotic ones in twin studies. In this review we have focused on those reports describing inheritance patterns of RLS, genetic anticipation, the results of studies performed on positivity of family history of RLS, twin studies, linkage studies in familial RLS, genome-wide association studies (GWAS), exome sequencing studies, and case-control association studies on candidate genes in RLS...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974427/insomnia-disorder-in-adolescence-diagnosis-impact-and-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Massimiliano de Zambotti, Aimee Goldstone, Ian M Colrain, Fiona C Baker
Insomnia disorder is very common in adolescents; it is particularly manifest in older adolescents and girls, with a prevalence comparable to that of other major psychiatric disorders (e.g., depressive disorders). However, insomnia disorder in adolescence is poorly characterized, under-recognized, under-diagnosed, and under-treated, and the reason for the female preponderance for insomnia that emerges after puberty is largely unknown. Insomnia disorder goes beyond an individual complaint of poor sleep or a sleep state misperception, and there is emerging evidence supporting the association of insomnia symptoms in adolescents with alterations in several bio-systems including functional cortical alterations and systemic inflammation...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919335/the-effect-of-resistance-exercise-on-sleep-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Ana Kovacevic, Yorgi Mavros, Jennifer J Heisz, Maria A Fiatarone Singh
Impaired sleep quality and quantity are associated with future morbidity and mortality. Exercise may be an effective non-pharmacological intervention to improve sleep, however, little is known on the effect of resistance exercise. Thus, we performed a systematic review of the literature to determine the acute and chronic effects of resistance exercise on sleep quantity and quality. Thirteen studies were included. Chronic resistance exercise improves all aspects of sleep, with the greatest benefit for sleep quality...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890167/long-sleep-duration-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#17
REVIEW
Maki Jike, Osamu Itani, Norio Watanabe, Daniel J Buysse, Yoshitaka Kaneita
We examined the dose-response relationship between long sleep duration and health outcomes including mortality and the incidence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, coronary heart diseases, obesity, depression and dyslipidemia. We collected data from 5,134,036 participants from 137 prospective cohort studies. For the independent variable, we categorized participants at baseline as having long sleep duration or normal sleep duration. Risk ratios (RRs) for mortality and incident health conditions during follow-up were calculated through meta-analyses of adjusted data from individual studies...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153763/prevalence-of-adenoid-hypertrophy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Lara Pereira, John Monyror, Fabiana T Almeida, Fernanda R Almeida, Eliete Guerra, Carlos Flores-Mir, Camila Pachêco-Pereira
The purpose of our review was to synthesize the existing literature about the prevalence of adenoid hypertrophy (AH) in children and adolescents confirmed by the reference standard - the nasoendoscopy (NE). Six electronic databases and partial grey literature were searched. Studies were included if they reported the prevalence of AH confirmed via NE. Studies involving participants with associated comorbidities and/or fully diagnosed sleep apnea in their sample were excluded. The MAStARI tool assessed the potential risk of bias (RoB) among the studies, while the GRADE approach determined the level of evidence...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107469/diseases-of-the-retina-and-the-optic-nerve-associated-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
REVIEW
Marielle Mentek, Florent Aptel, Diane Godin-Ribuot, Renaud Tamisier, Jean-Louis Pepin, Christophe Chiquet
Many associations between ocular disorders and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have been studied, such as nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, glaucoma, papilledema, retinal vein occlusion, eyelid hyperlaxity, lower-eyelid ectropion and recurrent corneal erosions. The objective of this review is to synthetize the possible vascular disorders of the retina and the optic nerve associated with sleep apnea patients and to discuss the underlying pathophysiological hypotheses. Main mechanisms involved in the ocular complications of OSA are related to intermittent hypoxia, sympathetic system activation, oxidant stress, and deleterious effects of endothelin 1...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886918/complementary-and-alternative-therapies-for-restless-legs-syndrome-an-evidence-based-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Xiao-Min Xu, Yang Liu, Shi-Yu Jia, Mei-Xue Dong, Du Cao, You-Dong Wei
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is defined as an irresistible urge to move the legs, which is usually accompanied by paresthesias or dysesthesias at least twice weekly, and affects 2%-4% of adults in Europe and North America. This systematic review assesses the current complementary and alternative options for RLS and the potential benefits of those treatments on sleep quality, mood disorder, and quality of life. A systematic search of the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases was conducted. Eighteen studies met the inclusion criterion, which included the use of the international RLS study group criteria...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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