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Sleep Medicine Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918314/empirical-research-evaluating-the-effects-of-non-traditional-approaches-to-enhancing-sleep-in-typical-and-clinical-children-and%C3%A2-young-people
#1
REVIEW
Karyn G France, Laurie K McLay, Jolene E Hunter, Madeline L S France
This paper examines the effects of non-traditional (non-behavioural and non-prescription pharmaceutical) approaches to sleep in children and young people (0-18 y). A systematic search identified 79 studies that met inclusion criteria. Seventeen percent of the studies were rated as having a conclusive level of evidence, forty-two percent with preponderant evidence and forty-one percent with only suggestive evidence. There were promising indications, with certain populations only, for aromatherapy, ketogenic diets, an elimination diet (few foods diet), elimination of cow's milk, avoidance of caffeine, tryptophan with adenosine and uridine, omega-3 and omega-6, valerian, music, osteopathic manipulation and white noise...
July 29, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890166/history-and-strategic-initiatives-of-the-new-world-sleep-society
#2
EDITORIAL
Clete A Kushida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919335/the-effect-of-resistance-exercise-on-sleep-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#3
REVIEW
Ana Kovacevic, Yorgi Mavros, Jennifer J Heisz, Maria A Fiatarone Singh
Impaired sleep quality and quantity are associated with future morbidity and mortality. Exercise may be an effective non-pharmacological intervention to improve sleep, however, little is known on the effect of resistance exercise. Thus, we performed a systematic review of the literature to determine the acute and chronic effects of resistance exercise on sleep quantity and quality. Thirteen studies were included. Chronic resistance exercise improves all aspects of sleep, with the greatest benefit for sleep quality...
July 19, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918315/does-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-insomnia-improve-cognitive-performance-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#4
REVIEW
Vanessa Herbert, Simon D Kyle, Daniel Pratt
Individuals with insomnia report difficulties pertaining to their cognitive functioning. Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is associated with robust, long-term improvements in sleep parameters, however less is known about the impact of CBT-I on the daytime correlates of the disorder. A systematic review and narrative synthesis was conducted in order to summarise and evaluate the evidence regarding the impact of CBT-I on cognitive functioning. Reference databases were searched and studies were included if they assessed cognitive performance as an outcome of CBT-I, using either self-report questionnaires or cognitive tests...
July 12, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890168/sleep-disturbances-increase-the-risk-of-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Le Shi, Si-Jing Chen, Meng-Ying Ma, Yan-Ping Bao, Ying Han, Yu-Mei Wang, Jie Shi, Michael V Vitiello, Lin Lu
Sleep disturbances and dementia are two common and significant health problems in older adults. Investigations suggest that sleep disturbances might increase the risk of dementia. The aim of the present study was to systematically review and meta-analyze the predictive roles of overall sleep disturbances, their subtypes (e.g., insomnia, sleep disordered breathing [SDB]), and other sleep problems (e.g., excessive daytime sleepiness, sleep-related movement disorder, circadian rhythm sleep disorder, and nonspecific sleep problems) in incident all-cause dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia subtypes...
July 6, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890167/long-sleep-duration-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#6
REVIEW
Maki Jike, Osamu Itani, Norio Watanabe, Daniel J Buysse, Yoshitaka Kaneita
We examined the dose-response relationship between long sleep duration and health outcomes including mortality and the incidence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, coronary heart diseases, obesity, depression and dyslipidemia. We collected data from 5,134,036 participants from 137 prospective cohort studies. For the independent variable, we categorized participants at baseline as having long sleep duration or normal sleep duration. Risk ratios (RRs) for mortality and incident health conditions during follow-up were calculated through meta-analyses of adjusted data from individual studies...
July 5, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365447/suvorexant-for-the-treatment-of-primary-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Akira Kuriyama, Hiromitsu Tabata
Suvorexant is a dual orexin receptor agonist and is currently approved for the treatment of insomnia in the United States and Japan. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of suvorexant for the treatment of primary insomnia. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials, contacted a relevant pharmaceutical company, and accessed websites of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) for published and unpublished data...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089189/exploring-the-brain-bases-of-dreaming-commentary-on-beyond-the-neuropsychology-of-dreaming-insights-into-the-neural-basis-of-dreaming-with-new-techniques-of-sleep-recording-and-analysis-sleep-medicine-reviews
#8
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884450/rhythmic-movement-disorder-in-childhood-an-integrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Amy R M Gwyther, Arthur S Walters, Catherine M Hill
Rhythmic movement disorder consists of repetitive stereotypic movements, such as head banging or body rocking, that recur every second or so and may last from a few minutes to hours, usually prior to sleep onset. This review of childhood rhythmic movement disorder highlights the lack of systematic research into core aspects of the condition, relying heavily on small case series or case reports. Interpretation is further limited by almost universal failure to confirm the core diagnostic criteria (C) of the International classification of sleep disorders (III), namely that the rhythmic movements should have clinical consequences...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863901/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-on-disorders-of-sleep-and-wakefulness-in-parkinson-s-disease-from-2005-to-2015
#10
REVIEW
Lama M Chahine, Amy W Amara, Aleksandar Videnovic
Sleep disorders are among the most common non-motor manifestations in Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a significant negative impact on quality of life. While sleep disorders in PD share most characteristics with those that occur in the general population, there are several considerations specific to this patient population regarding diagnosis, management, and implications. The available research on these disorders is expanding rapidly, but many questions remain unanswered. We thus conducted a systematic review of the literature published from 2005 to 2015 on the following disorders of sleep and wakefulness in PD: REM sleep behavior disorder, insomnia, nocturia, restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movements, sleep disordered breathing, excessive daytime sleepiness, and circadian rhythm disorders...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815038/phenotypes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-definition-examples-and-evolution-of-approaches
#11
REVIEW
Andrey V Zinchuk, Mark J Gentry, John Concato, Henry K Yaggi
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder and the apnea hypopnea index alone can not capture the diverse spectrum of the condition. Enhanced phenotyping can improve prognostication, patient selection for clinical trials, understanding of mechanisms, and personalized treatments. In OSA, multiple condition characteristics have been termed "phenotypes." To help classify patients into relevant prognostic and therapeutic categories, an OSA phenotype can be operationally defined as: "A category of patients with OSA distinguished from others by a single or combination of disease features, in relation to clinically meaningful attributes (symptoms, response to therapy, health outcomes, quality of life)...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765468/memory-consolidation-in-sleep-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Nicola Cellini
In recent years sleep-related memory consolidation has become a central topic in the sleep research field. Several studies have shown that in healthy individuals sleep promotes memory consolidation. Notwithstanding this, the consequences of sleep disorders on offline memory consolidation remain poorly investigated. Research studies indicate that patients with insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and narcolepsy often exhibit sleep-related impairment in the consolidation of declarative and procedural information...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751677/napping-a-public-health-issue-from-epidemiological-to-laboratory-studies
#13
REVIEW
Brice Faraut, Thomas Andrillon, Marie-Françoise Vecchierini, Damien Leger
Sleep specialists have proposed measures to counteract the negative short- and long-term consequences of sleep debt, and some have suggested the nap as a potential and powerful "public health tool". Here, we address this countermeasure aspect of napping viewed as an action against sleep deprivation rather than an action associated with poor health. We review the physiological functions that have been associated positively with napping in both public health and clinical settings (sleep-related accidents, work and school, and cardiovascular risk) and in laboratory-based studies with potential public health issues (cognitive performance, stress, immune function and pain sensitivity)...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692973/waking-up-is-the-hardest-thing-i-do-all-day-sleep-inertia-and-sleep-drunkenness
#14
REVIEW
Lynn M Trotti
The transition from sleep to wake is marked by sleep inertia, a distinct state that is measurably different from wakefulness and manifests as performance impairments and sleepiness. Although the precise substrate of sleep inertia is unknown, electroencephalographic, evoked potential, and neuroimaging studies suggest the persistence of some features of sleep beyond the point of awakening. Forced desynchrony studies have demonstrated that sleep inertia impacts cognition differently than do homeostatic and circadian drives and that sleep inertia is most intense during awakenings from the biological night...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641662/ventricular-assist-devices-and-sleep-disordered-breathing
#15
REVIEW
Bindu Akkanti, Richard J Castriotta, Pavani Sayana, Emmanuel Nunez, Indranee Rajapreyar, Sachin Kumar, Sriram Nathan, Ruckshanda Majid
Congestive heart failure is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States, and left ventricular assist devices have revolutionized treatment of end-stage heart failure. Given that sleep apnea results in significant morbidity in these patients with advanced heart failure, practicing sleep physicians need to have an understanding of left ventricular assist devices. In this review, we summarize what is known about ventricular assist devices as they relate to sleep medicine.
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569701/beyond-the-neuropsychology-of-dreaming-insights-into-the-neural-basis-of-dreaming-with-new-techniques-of-sleep-recording-and-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Carlo Cipolli, Michele Ferrara, Luigi De Gennaro, Giuseppe Plazzi
Recent advances in electrophysiological [e.g., surface high-density electroencephalographic (hd-EEG) and intracranial recordings], video-polysomnography (video-PSG), transcranial stimulation and neuroimaging techniques allow more in-depth and more accurate investigation of the neural correlates of dreaming in healthy individuals and in patients with brain-damage, neurodegenerative diseases, sleep disorders or parasomnias. Convergent evidence provided by studies using these techniques in healthy subjects has led to a reformulation of several unresolved issues of dream generation and recall [such as the inter- and intra-individual differences in dream recall and the predictivity of specific EEG rhythms, such as theta in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, for dream recall] within more comprehensive models of human consciousness and its variations across sleep/wake states than the traditional models, which were largely based on the neurophysiology of REM sleep in animals...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553441/positive-affect-and-sleep-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Anthony D Ong, Sara Kim, Sarah Young, Andrew Steptoe
A sizeable literature has implicated sleep in the phenomenological experience of various mood disorders, vulnerability to psychopathology, and overall poor psychological functioning. By contrast, positive affective states (e.g., joy, happiness, vigor, positive mood) that may contribute to sleep have been understudied. This systematic review integrates findings from cross-sectional, longitudinal, ambulatory, and experimental studies that investigate the association between positive affect and sleep. A comprehensive search for all available research on the topic was performed in three electronic bibliographic databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL)...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818086/intraindividual-variability-of-sleep-wake-patterns-in-relation-to-child-and-adolescent-functioning-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Stephen P Becker, Craig A Sidol, Tori R Van Dyk, Jeffery N Epstein, Dean W Beebe
Substantial research attention has been devoted to understanding the importance and impact of sleep in children and adolescents. Traditionally, this has focused on mean sleep variables (e.g., a child's "typical" or average sleep duration), yet research increasingly suggests that intraindividual variability (IIV) of sleep/wake patterns (sometimes referred to as sleep variability or night-to-night variability) regularly occurs and may have implications for adjustment. A systematic search of five electronic databases identified 52 empirical studies published between 2000 and 2015 that examined correlates of sleep IIV in children and adolescents, with a recent increase in the publication rate of such studies...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818084/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-energy-balance-regulation-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Ari Shechter
Obesity and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have a reciprocal relationship. Sleep disruptions characteristic of OSA may promote behavioral, metabolic, and/or hormonal changes favoring weight gain and/or difficulty losing weight. The regulation of energy balance (EB), i.e., the relationship between energy intake (EI) and energy expenditure (EE), is complex and multi-factorial, involving food intake, hormonal regulation of hunger/satiety/appetite, and EE via metabolism and physical activity (PA). The current systematic review describes the literature on how OSA affects EB-related parameters...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568340/prevalence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-the-general-population-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Chamara V Senaratna, Jennifer L Perret, Caroline J Lodge, Adrian J Lowe, Brittany E Campbell, Melanie C Matheson, Garun S Hamilton, Shyamali C Dharmage
With this systematic review we aimed to determine the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults in the general population and how it varied between population sub-groups. Twenty-four studies out of 3807 found by systematically searching PubMed and Embase databases were included in this review. Substantial methodological heterogeneity in population prevalence studies has caused a wide variation in the reported prevalence, which, in general, is high. At ≥5 events/h apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), the overall population prevalence ranged from 9% to 38% and was higher in men...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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