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Sleep Medicine Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30177248/how-does-sleep-restriction-therapy-for-insomnia-work-a-systematic-review-of-mechanistic-evidence-and-the-introduction-of-the-triple-r-model
#1
REVIEW
Leonie F Maurer, Colin A Espie, Simon D Kyle
For over 30 y sleep restriction therapy (SRT) has been used to treat insomnia but we know very little about how this therapy exerts its effects. When SRT was first described, it was hypothesised to treat insomnia by addressing four key factors: strengthening homeostatic sleep pressure, inhibiting perpetuating practices (excessive time in bed), attenuating hyperarousal and tightening regulatory control of sleep by the endogenous circadian pacemaker. We conducted a systematic literature review in search of evidence for these putative mechanisms-of-action...
August 31, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30177247/climate-change-and-sleep-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-conceptual-framework
#2
REVIEW
Daniel I Rifkin, Michael W Long, Melissa J Perry
From disaster related stress causing insomnia, to poor air quality causing sleep related breathing problems, climate change poses a potentially serious threat to human sleep. We conducted a systematic review evaluating the relationship between climate change and human sleep in the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases from 1980 through 2017 following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Inclusion criteria included epidemiologic studies published in English that reported observational population data on human sleep and its relationship to climate change, temperature, extreme weather events and climate related disasters (e...
August 4, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30177246/targeting-volume-overload-and-overnight-rostral-fluid-shift-a-new-perspective-to-treat-sleep-apnea
#3
REVIEW
Elisa Perger, Etienne-Marie Jutant, Stefania Redolfi
Sleep apnea is a common condition associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Continuous positive airway pressure and oral appliances are efficient for treating sleep apnea; however, they are often poorly tolerated. Therefore, alternative therapies are needed. Overnight rostral fluid shift has been implicated in the pathogenesis of sleep apnea, particularly in conditions associated with fluid overload. Fluid shift predisposes to both obstructive and central sleep apnea, with the type of sleep apnea being related to whether the fluid shifts from the legs into the neck or chest, respectively...
August 4, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093362/associations-between-sleep-duration-and-suicidality-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Hsiao-Yean Chiu, Hsin-Chien Lee, Pin-Yuan Chen, Ying-Fan Lai, Yu-Kang Tu
Sleep duration has received considerable attention as a potential risk factor of suicidality in youths; however, evidence on the dose-response association between sleep duration and suicidality has not been synthesized. This meta-analysis examined linear and nonlinear dose-response relationships between sleep duration and the risk of suicidality in adolescents and explored potential moderators of the associations. Electronic databases, namely EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I Wanfang Data (Chinese database), and the China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, were searched from their inception to April 18, 2017...
July 10, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093361/a-lack-of-consistent-brain-alterations-in-insomnia-disorder-an-activation-likelihood-estimation-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Masoud Tahmasian, Khadijeh Noori, Fateme Samea, Mojtaba Zarei, Kai Spiegelhalder, Simon B Eickhoff, Eus Van Someren, Habibolah Khazaie, Claudia R Eickhoff
Insomnia disorder is a prevalent sleep disorder, which affects about 10% of general population. However, its neural mechanisms are poorly understood. Recently, several structural and functional neuroimaging studies have been conducted in patients with insomnia disorder, but these studies have yielded diverse findings. Here, we aimed to identify consistent patterns of abnormal brain alterations in insomnia disorder by performing a quantitative coordinate-based meta-analysis. Following the preferred reporting for systematic reviews and meta-analyses statement, we searched PubMed database and used reference tracking and finally retrieved 19 eligible studies (six task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging, eight resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, three voxel-based morphometry, and two positron emission tomography)...
July 10, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093360/sleep-disturbances-and-their-impact-in-pediatric-cystic-fibrosis
#6
REVIEW
Aarti Shakkottai, Louise M O'Brien, Samya Z Nasr, Ronald D Chervin
Cystic fibrosis is a chronic, life-shortening illness that affects multiple systems and results in frequent respiratory infections, chronic cough, fat malabsorption and malnutrition. Poor sleep is often reported by patients with cystic fibrosis. Although objective data to explain these complaints have been limited, they do show poor sleep efficiency and frequent arousals. Abnormalities in gas exchange are also observed during sleep in patients with cystic fibrosis. The potential impact of these abnormalities in sleep on health and quality of life remains largely unstudied...
July 6, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149931/the-impact-of-ethnicity-on-the-prevalence-and-severity-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#7
REVIEW
Khin Hnin, Sutapa Mukherjee, Nick A Antic, Peter Catcheside, Ching Li Chai-Coetzer, Doug McEvoy, Andrew Vakulin
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder associated with multiple adverse health consequences and its prevalence is increasing in parallel with rising obesity trends. Early support for ethnic differences in OSA prevalence and severity has been derived from studies of relatively homogenous ethnic groups. However, between-study comparisons are problematic given differing methodologies. Recent large inter-ethnic studies examining different ethnic populations using standardized protocols support the notion that Chinese have an increased OSA prevalence and severity compared to those of European descent...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149930/devices-for-home-detection-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Fábio Mendonça, Sheikh Shanawaz Mostafa, Antonio G Ravelo-García, Fernando Morgado-Dias, Thomas Penzel
One of the most common sleep-related disorders is obstructive sleep apnea, characterized by a reduction of airflow while breathing during sleep and cause significant health problems. This disorder is mainly diagnosed in sleep labs with polysomnography, involving high costs and stress for the patient. To address this situation multiple systems have been proposed to conduct the examination and analysis in the patient's home, using sensors to detect physiological signals that are examined by algorithms. The objective of this research is to review publications that show the performance of different devices for ambulatory diagnosis of sleep apnea...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30149929/reply-to-mortazavi-s-commentary-on-the-review-article-revisiting-the-alerting-effect-of-light-a-systematic-review
#9
LETTER
Qunyan Xu, Cathryne P Lang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30097172/what-should-we-tell-our-worried-patients-with-insomnia-about-blood-pressure
#10
EDITORIAL
Julio Fernandez-Mendoza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934128/sleep-duration-and-risk-taking-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Michelle A Short, Nathan Weber
Risk-taking is associated with increased morbidity and mortality among adolescents, with insufficient sleep a potential factor contributing to heightened risk-taking propensity in this age group. A systematic review of the evidence examining the relationship between sleep duration and risk-taking in adolescents was conducted using PsycINFO, PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and CINAHL databases. These searches identified 26 studies including 579,380 participants, 24 of which were appropriate for meta-analysis. Pooled results indicated that insufficient sleep was associated with 1...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910107/maternal-sleep-during-pregnancy-and-poor-fetal-outcomes-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-with-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Jane Warland, Jillian Dorrian, Janna L Morrison, Louise M O'Brien
There is a wealth of evidence to say that sleep impacts maternal health during pregnancy, however, little has been published on fetal health and maternal sleep. This scoping review summarises current literature on maternal sleep including sleep disordered breathing, sleep quality, sleep duration and supine sleep position, as these relate to fetal outcomes specifically birth weight, growth, preterm birth and stillbirth. An overall interpretation of the studies evaluated shows that events occurring during maternal sleep such as obstructive sleep apnea, sleep disruption and sleep position may have a negative effect on the fetus resulting in altered growth, gestational length and even death...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784534/presynaptic-dopaminergic-neuroimaging-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Matteo Bauckneht, Andrea Chincarini, Fabrizio De Carli, Michele Terzaghi, Silvia Morbelli, Flavio Nobili, Dario Arnaldi
The presence of polysomnography-confirmed REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is the stronger risk factor for having prodromal Parkinson disease (PD), followed by abnormal presynaptic dopaminergic radionuclide neuroimaging. Aim of the review is to conduct a meta-analysis of literature data regarding presynaptic dopaminergic neuroimaging in RBD. A literature search was conducted, resulting in 16 papers that met the inclusion criteria. Clinical and neuroimaging data were extracted. The studies are heterogeneous, especially for neuroimaging methodology...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764710/a-systematic-review-to-explore-the-feasibility-of-a-behavioural-sleep-intervention-for-insomnia-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-transdiagnostic-approach
#14
REVIEW
Gabrielle Rigney, Nicole S Ali, Penny V Corkum, Cary A Brown, Evelyn Constantin, Roger Godbout, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Osman Ipsiroglu, Graham J Reid, Sarah Shea, Isabel M Smith, Hendrik F M Van der Loos, Shelly K Weiss
Children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) are at high risk for sleep problems, especially insomnia. It is currently not known whether behavioural sleep interventions developed for typically developing (TD) children are effective for children with NDD, and if interventions need to be modified for each diagnostic group. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate commonalities, trends in outcomes, and the methodological quality of parent-delivered behavioural sleep interventions for children with NDD, specifically Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Cerebral Palsy, and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759891/the-putative-role-of-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-the-pathophysiology-of-sleep-dysfunction-across-neuropsychiatric-disorders-focus-on-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-bipolar-disorder-and-multiple-sclerosis
#15
REVIEW
Gerwyn Morris, Brendon Stubbs, Cristiano A Köhler, Ken Walder, Anastasiya Slyepchenko, Michael Berk, André F Carvalho
Sleep and circadian abnormalities are prevalent and burdensome manifestations of diverse neuro-immune diseases, and may aggravate the course of several neuropsychiatric disorders. The underlying pathophysiology of sleep abnormalities across neuropsychiatric disorders remains unclear, and may involve the inter-play of several clinical variables and mechanistic pathways. In this review, we propose a heuristic framework in which reciprocal interactions of immune, oxidative and nitrosative stress, and mitochondrial pathways may drive sleep abnormalities across potentially neuroprogressive disorders...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680177/individual-vulnerability-to-insomnia-excessive-sleepiness-and-shift-work-disorder-amongst-healthcare-shift-workers-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Lauren A Booker, Michelle Magee, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Tracey L Sletten, Mark E Howard
Shift workers often experience reduced sleep quality, duration and/or excessive sleepiness due to the imposed conflict between work and their circadian system. About 20-30% of shift workers experience prominent insomnia symptoms and excessive daytime sleepiness consistent with the circadian rhythm sleep disorder known as shift work disorder. Individual factors may influence this vulnerability to shift work disorder or sleep-related impairment associated with shift work. This paper was registered with Prospero and was conducted using recommended standards for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678398/altered-ultradian-cortisol-rhythmicity-as-a-potential-neurobiologic-substrate-for-chronic-insomnia
#17
REVIEW
Ivan Vargas, Alexandros N Vgontzas, James L Abelson, Rose T Faghih, Knashawn H Morales, Michael L Perlis
Chronic insomnia is highly prevalent and associated with significant morbidity (i.e., confers risk for multiple psychiatric and medical disorders, such as depression and hypertension). Therefore, it is essential to identify factors that perpetuate this disorder. One candidate factor in the neurobiology of chronic insomnia is hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis dysregulation, and in particular, alterations in circadian cortisol rhythmicity. Cortisol secretory patterns, however, fluctuate with both a circadian and an ultradian rhythm (i...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628335/dental-and-skeletal-changes-associated-with-long-term-oral-appliance-use-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Takafumi Araie, Kentaro Okuno, Hitomi Ono Minagi, Takayoshi Sakai
An oral appliance (OA) is an effective treatment option for patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but dental and skeletal changes have been detected by many studies after long-term OA use. Better understanding of the long-term side effects may decrease discontinuation of OA use and assist clinicians to make informed decisions. Accordingly, a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the dental and skeletal changes associated with OAs designed to advance the mandible. The quality of the studies was determined by using the risk of bias assessment tool for non-randomized studies (RoBANS), and 12 studies were included in the meta-analysis...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628334/consolidative-mechanisms-of-emotional-processing-in-rem-sleep-and-ptsd
#19
REVIEW
Anthony L A Murkar, Joseph De Koninck
Research suggests sleep plays a role in the consolidation of recently acquired memories for long-term storage. rapid eye movement (REM) sleep has been shown to play a complex role in emotional-memory processing, and may be involved in subsequent waking-day emotional reactivity and amygdala responsivity. Interaction of the hippocampus and basolateral amygdala with the medial-prefrontal cortex is associated with sleep-dependent learning and emotional memory processing. REM is also implicated in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which is characterized by sleep disturbance, heightened reactivity to fearful stimuli, and nightmares...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627276/a-review-on-drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-technique-grading-systems-and-controversies
#20
REVIEW
Matt Lechner, Dominic Wilkins, Bhik Kotecha
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) comprises a spectrum of disorders, ranging from simple snoring to severe obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), with a significant burden to health care systems in high income countries. If left untreated, OSA has significant cumulative, long-term health consequences. In the 1990s drug induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) has been developed to become a primary tool in the diagnosis and management of OSA. It allows meticulous endoscopic evaluation of the airway and identifies areas of collapse, thereby informing both on the selection of surgical techniques, where efficacy depends entirely on success at relieving obstruction at a certain level and on the usefulness of conservative measures, such as mandibular advancement splints...
October 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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