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Sleep Medicine Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001806/the-effect-of-surgical-weight-loss-on-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ai-Ming Wong, Hayley N Barnes, Simon A Joosten, Shane A Landry, Eli Dabscheck, Darren R Mansfield, Shyamali C Dharmage, Chamara V Senaratna, Bradley A Edwards, Garun S Hamilton
This review aimed to examine the relationship between surgical weight loss and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) severity (i.e., apnoea-hypopnoea index [AHI]), and how this relationship is altered by the various respiratory events scoring (RES) criteria used to derive the AHI. A systematic search of the literature was performed up to December 2017. Before-and-after studies were considered due to a paucity of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) available to be reviewed in isolation. Primary outcomes included pre- and post-surgery AHI and body mass index (BMI)...
June 19, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017492/the-impact-of-alcohol-on-breathing-parameters-during-sleep-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Bhanu Prakash Kolla, Moein Foroughi, Farzane Saeidifard, Subhajit Chakravorty, Zhen Wang, Meghna P Mansukhani
Alcohol, a muscle relaxant, can potentially worsen obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but the literature on the effects of alcohol on OSA is conflicting. This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examined the impact of alcohol on breathing parameters during sleep. Ovid Medline, Embase and PsycINFO databases were queried through November 1, 2017 for studies that reported objective measures of breathing during sleep, prior to and after alcohol administration. Weighted mean differences (WMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and mean oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2)...
June 11, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887256/the-cognitive-treatment-components-and-therapies-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Markus Jansson-Fröjmark, Annika Norell-Clarke
Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, there has been an increased focus on developing and testing cognitive components and therapies for insomnia disorder. The aim of the current review was thus to describe and review the efficacy of cognitive components and therapies for insomnia. A systematic review was conducted on 32 studies (N = 1455 subjects) identified through database searches. Criteria for inclusion required that each study constituted a report of outcome from a cognitive component or therapy, that the study had a group protocol, adult participants with diagnosed insomnia or undiagnosed insomnia symptoms or reported poor sleep, and that the study was published until and including 2016 in English...
June 7, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001805/consequences-of-short-sleep-duration-on-the-dietary-intake-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-metanalysis
#4
REVIEW
Francisca V Córdova, Salesa Barja, Pablo E Brockmann
During the last years, a decline in the amount of hours of sleep has been observed in children. Sleep deficiency has been linked to an increase in calories, snacks, and fat intake. The objective of this study was to review the evidence between sleep duration and eating habits in children. We performed an electronic search in MEDLINE, The Cochrane Central Register, BIREME, EMBASE, LILACS, and Epistemonikos. Study selection criteria was: children aged 2-18 yrs within studies that aimed to associate sleep duration and eating habits...
June 6, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929840/a-review-of-the-associations-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-possible-mechanisms-of-disease
#5
REVIEW
Jennifer E Dominguez, Ashraf S Habib, Andrew D Krystal
Obesity is prevalent among pregnant women in the United States; 15-20% of obese pregnant women have obstructive sleep apnea. The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea increases along with body mass index, age and in the presence of other co-morbidities. Untreated obstructive sleep apnea in women is associated with a range of cardiovascular, pulmonary and metabolic co-morbidities; recent studies suggest that women with obstructive sleep apnea in pregnancy may be at significantly greater risk of entering pregnancy with chronic hypertension and/or of developing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: gestational hypertension; preeclampsia; or eclampsia...
May 28, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887257/short-and-sweet-a-commentary-on-short-sleep-duration-and-hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy
#6
EDITORIAL
Kathryn A Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887255/comments-on-complementary-and-alternative-therapies-for-restless-legs-syndrome-an-evidence-based-systematic-review
#7
LETTER
Mohammad Alwardat, Tommaso Schirinzi, Giulia Di Lazzaro, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Antonio Pisani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886027/response-to-comments-on-complementary-and-alternative-therapies-for-restless-legs-syndrome-an-evidence-based-systematic-review-by-mohammad-alwardat
#8
LETTER
Xiao-Min Xu, Yang Liu, Shi-Yu Jia, Mei-Xue Dong, Du Cao, You-Dong Wei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754933/sleep-duration-and-sleep-quality-in-people-with-and-without-intellectual-disability-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Andrew D R Surtees, Chris Oliver, Chris A Jones, David L Evans, Caroline Richards
This study provides the first meta-analysis of the purported differences in sleep time and sleep quality between people with and without intellectual disabilities. Twenty-one papers were identified that compared sleep time and/or sleep quality in people with and without intellectual disabilities. The meta-analysis of sleep time revealed that people with an intellectual disability slept for 18 min less, on average, than people without an intellectual disability. This significant difference was limited to those studies that tested groups of people with an identified genetic syndrome or developmental disorder...
August 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477582/sleeping-well-and-staying-in-rhythm-to-stave-off-dementia
#10
EDITORIAL
Roneil G Malkani, Phyllis C Zee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402512/paradoxical-insomnia-and-subjective-objective-sleep-discrepancy-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Leeba Rezaie, Aaron D Fobian, William Vaughn McCall, Habibolah Khazaie
Paradoxical insomnia is characterized by discrepancy between subjective and objective assessments of sleep and is challenging to diagnosis and treat. Typically, polysomnographic (PSG) findings show significantly longer total sleep time than patients' report of sleep, and the difference between subjective and PSG sleep is greater than that seen in other insomnia subtypes. Subjective-objective sleep discrepancy may also present in different clinical pictures, as marked discrepancies between patients' perception of sleep and objective findings are common in a variety of medical, sleep and psychiatric disorders...
August 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395985/feeling-validated-yet-a-scoping-review-of-the-use-of-consumer-targeted-wearable-and-mobile-technology-to-measure-and-improve-sleep
#12
REVIEW
Kelly Glazer Baron, Jennifer Duffecy, Mark A Berendsen, Ivy Cheung Mason, Emily G Lattie, Natalie C Manalo
The objectives of this review were to evaluate the use of consumer-targeted wearable and mobile sleep monitoring technology, identify gaps in the literature and determine the potential for use in behavioral interventions. We undertook a scoping review of studies conducted in adult populations using consumer-targeted wearable technology or mobile devices designed to measure and/or improve sleep. After screening for inclusion/exclusion criteria, data were extracted from the articles by two co-authors. Articles included in the search were using wearable or mobile technology to estimate or evaluate sleep, published in English and conducted in adult populations...
August 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248294/phenotyping-of-per3-variants-reveals-widespread-effects-on-circadian-preference-sleep-regulation-and-health
#13
REVIEW
Simon N Archer, Christina Schmidt, Gilles Vandewalle, Derk-Jan Dijk
Period3 (Per3) is one of the most robustly rhythmic genes in humans and animals. It plays a significant role in temporal organisation in peripheral tissues. The effects of PER3 variants on many phenotypes have been investigated in targeted and genome-wide studies. PER3 variants, especially the human variable number tandem repeat (VNTR), associate with diurnal preference, mental disorders, non-visual responses to light, brain and cognitive responses to sleep loss/circadian misalignment. Introducing the VNTR into mice alters responses to sleep loss and expression of sleep homeostasis-related genes...
August 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153862/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-in-sleep-regulation
#14
REVIEW
Matthew D Rockstrom, Liangyu Chen, Ping Taishi, Joseph T Nguyen, Cody M Gibbons, Sigrid C Veasey, James M Krueger
This review details tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) biology and its role in sleep, and describes how TNF medications influence sleep/wake activity. Substantial evidence from healthy young animals indicates acute enhancement or inhibition of endogenous brain TNF respectively promotes and inhibits sleep. In contrast, the role of TNF in sleep in most human studies involves pathological conditions associated with chronic elevations of systemic TNF and disrupted sleep. Normalization of TNF levels in such patients improves sleep...
August 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395986/sleep-and-plasticity-waking-from-a-fevered-dream
#15
EDITORIAL
Marcos G Frank, Julie Seibt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128160/prone-sleeping-position-in-infancy-implications-for-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-function
#16
REVIEW
Kelsee L Shepherd, Stephanie R Yiallourou, Rosemary S C Horne, Flora Y Wong
Advances in neonatal care have improved the survival rates of preterm infants, however, the likelihood of brain injury and neurodevelopmental disability remains a significant problem. Whilst the etiology of preterm brain injury is complex, impairments in the cardio- and cerebro-vascular function have been implicated. During infancy, sleep is vital for brain development. However, instabilities in cardio- and cerebro-vascular function are most marked during sleep. Sleeping position is an important part of a safe sleeping environment...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126903/the-influence-of-sleep-on-human-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-hpa-axis-reactivity-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Jens H van Dalfsen, C Rob Markus
Inadequate sleep is highly prevalent and known to decline both physical- and mental health. Literature suggests that altered functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis might underlie this association. This assumption is mainly based on changes in basal neuroendocrine activity and it is of equal importance to elucidate whether sleep may also influence HPA stress responsiveness. The present review provides a complete outline of recent human studies that have investigated how different aspects of sleep influence cortisol reactivity to laboratory stress...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103945/central-sympathetic-nervous-system-reinforcement-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#18
REVIEW
Magdalena Wszedybyl-Winklewska, Jacek Wolf, Arkadiusz Szarmach, Pawel J Winklewski, Edyta Szurowska, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
The available studies on cerebrovascular reactivity and cerebral oxygenation in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients brought conflicting results, yet the overall evidence suggests that resting state cerebral perfusion is diminished in these patients. Interestingly, in a group of healthy professional breath-hold divers who are exercising very long apnoeas - episodes corresponding to the ones observed in patients with OSA - demonstrated that cerebral oxygenation may remain stable at the expense of extreme sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097092/cranial-base-length-in-pediatric-populations-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Sahar Abtahi, Ashley Phuong, Paul W Major, Carlos Flores-Mir
The aim of this study was to review the existing literature on the association between cranial base length (CBL) and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children. Searches were carried out using Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index. Modified NIH (National Institute of Health) quality assessment tool was used to assess risk of bias. Grading of recommendations, assessment, development and evaluation (GRADE) was used to summarize the quality of evidence. Six articles met the inclusion criteria. Two studies (n = 57) showed shorter CBL in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079340/sleep-on-your-memory-traces-how-sleep-effects-can-be-explained-by-act-in-a-functional-memory-model
#20
REVIEW
Mélaine Cherdieu, Rémy Versace, Amandine E Rey, Guillaume T Vallet, Stéphanie Mazza
Numerous studies have explored the effect of sleep on memory. It is well known that a period of sleep, compared to a similar period of wakefulness, protects memories from interference, improves performance, and might also reorganize memory traces in a way that encourages creativity and rule extraction. It is assumed that these benefits come from the reactivation of brain networks, mainly involving the hippocampal structure, as well as from their synchronization with neocortical networks during sleep, thereby underpinning sleep-dependent memory consolidation and reorganization...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
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