journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sleep Medicine Reviews

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153862/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-in-sleep-regulation
#1
REVIEW
Matthew D Rockstrom, Liangyu Chen, Ping Taishi, Joseph T Nguyen, Cody M Gibbons, Sigrid C Veasey, James M Krueger
This review details tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) biology and its role in sleep, and describes how TNF medications influence sleep/wake activity. Substantial evidence from healthy young animals indicates acute enhancement or inhibition of endogenous brain TNF respectively promotes and inhibits sleep. In contrast, the role of TNF in sleep in most human studies involves pathological conditions associated with chronic elevations of systemic TNF and disrupted sleep. Normalization of TNF levels in such patients improves sleep...
November 16, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126903/the-influence-of-sleep-on-human-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-hpa-axis-reactivity-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Jens H van Dalfsen, C Rob Markus
Inadequate sleep is highly prevalent and known to decline both physical- and mental health. Literature suggests that altered functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis might underlie this association. This assumption is mainly based on changes in basal neuroendocrine activity and it is of equal importance to elucidate whether sleep may also influence HPA stress responsiveness. The present review provides a complete outline of recent human studies that have investigated how different aspects of sleep influence cortisol reactivity to laboratory stress...
October 18, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054694/the-resilient-brain-and-the-guardians-of-sleep-new-perspectives-on-old-assumptions
#3
REVIEW
Liborio Parrino, Anna Elisabetta Vaudano
Resilience is the capacity of a system, enterprise or a person to maintain its core purpose and integrity in the face of dramatically changed circumstances. In human physiology, resilience is the capacity of adaptively overcoming stress and adversity while maintaining normal psychological and physical functioning. In this review, we investigate the resilient strategies of sleep. First, we discuss the concept of brain resilience, highlighting the modular structure of small-world networking, neuronal plasticity and critical brain behavior...
October 17, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128160/prone-sleeping-position-in-infancy-implications-for-cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-function
#4
REVIEW
Kelsee L Shepherd, Stephanie R Yiallourou, Rosemary S C Horne, Flora Y Wong
Advances in neonatal care have improved the survival rates of preterm infants, however, the likelihood of brain injury and neurodevelopmental disability remains a significant problem. Whilst the etiology of preterm brain injury is complex, impairments in the cardio- and cerebro-vascular function have been implicated. During infancy, sleep is vital for brain development. However, instabilities in cardio- and cerebro-vascular function are most marked during sleep. Sleeping position is an important part of a safe sleeping environment...
October 13, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103944/short-sleep-duration-and-hyperglycemia-in-pregnancy-aggregate-and-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Sirimon Reutrakul, Thunyarat Anothaisintawee, Sharon J Herring, Bilgay Izci Balserak, Isabelle Marc, Ammarin Thakkinstian
Short sleep duration has been linked to maternal hyperglycemia. Systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to evaluate the relationship between sleep duration and hyperglycemia in pregnancy or gestational diabetes (GDM). MEDLINE and Scopus were searched until July 2017. Studies that assessed sleep duration and had objective measurements of hyperglycemia during pregnancy were eligible. Aggregate data were available from eight studies, n = 17,308 (seven with self-reported and one with objectively measured sleep duration)...
October 5, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079340/sleep-on-your-memory-traces-how-sleep-effects-can-be-explained-by-act-in-a-functional-memory-model
#6
REVIEW
Mélaine Cherdieu, Rémy Versace, Amandine E Rey, Guillaume T Vallet, Stéphanie Mazza
Numerous studies have explored the effect of sleep on memory. It is well known that a period of sleep, compared to a similar period of wakefulness, protects memories from interference, improves performance, and might also reorganize memory traces in a way that encourages creativity and rule extraction. It is assumed that these benefits come from the reactivation of brain networks, mainly involving the hippocampal structure, as well as from their synchronization with neocortical networks during sleep, thereby underpinning sleep-dependent memory consolidation and reorganization...
September 30, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097092/cranial-base-length-in-pediatric-populations-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Sahar Abtahi, Ashley Phuong, Paul W Major, Carlos Flores-Mir
The aim of this study was to review the existing literature on the association between cranial base length (CBL) and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children. Searches were carried out using Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index. Modified NIH (National Institute of Health) quality assessment tool was used to assess risk of bias. Grading of recommendations, assessment, development and evaluation (GRADE) was used to summarize the quality of evidence. Six articles met the inclusion criteria. Two studies (n = 57) showed shorter CBL in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)...
September 29, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103945/central-sympathetic-nervous-system-reinforcement-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#8
REVIEW
Magdalena Wszedybyl-Winklewska, Jacek Wolf, Arkadiusz Szarmach, Pawel J Winklewski, Edyta Szurowska, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
The available studies on cerebrovascular reactivity and cerebral oxygenation in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients brought conflicting results, yet the overall evidence suggests that resting state cerebral perfusion is diminished in these patients. Interestingly, in a group of healthy professional breath-hold divers who are exercising very long apnoeas - episodes corresponding to the ones observed in patients with OSA - demonstrated that cerebral oxygenation may remain stable at the expense of extreme sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation...
September 9, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029984/sleep-sleep-apnea-and-atrial-fibrillation-questions-and-answers
#9
REVIEW
Younghoon Kwon, Ryan J Koene, Alan D Johnson, Gen-Min Lin, John D Ferguson
Sleep apnea (SA) is a common sleep disorder increasingly recognized as a risk for cardiovascular disease. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. An increasing number of investigations in recent years have linked SA to AF. In this review, we aim to provide a critical overview of the existing evidence in a question and answer format by addressing the following: What is the prevalent association between the two conditions (separating nocturnally detected AF episodes from AF as a prevalent condition)? Is SA a risk factor for incident AF? Is SA a risk factor for recurrence of AF following cardioversion/catheter-based ablation? What is the association between SA and AF in patients with heart failure? Are there signature electrocardiographic markers of AF found in patients with SA? Are there electrophysiology-based studies supporting the link between SA and AF? What other sleep characteristics (beyond SA) are found in patients with AF? What is the impact of SA treatment on AF? What is the effect of AF treatment on sleep? Finally, we address unsolved questions and suggest future directions to enhance our understanding of the AF-SA relationship...
September 4, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056416/the-mechanisms-of-action-underlying-the-efficacy-of-psychological-nightmare-treatments-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-analysis-of-discussed-hypotheses
#10
REVIEW
Andréanne Rousseau, Geneviève Belleville
Studies of psychotherapeutic treatments for nightmares have yielded support for their effectiveness. However, no consensus exists to explain how they work. This study combines a systematic review with a qualitative thematic analysis to identify and categorize the existing proposed mechanisms of action (MAs) of nightmare treatments. The systematic review allowed for a great number of scholarly publications on supported psychological treatments for nightmares to be identified. Characteristics of the study and citations regarding potential MAs were extracted using a standardized coding grid...
September 1, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033051/genetics-of-restless-legs-syndrome-an-update
#11
REVIEW
Félix J Jiménez-Jiménez, Hortensia Alonso-Navarro, Elena García-Martín, José A G Agúndez
A major role of genetic factors in the risk of developing restless legs syndrome (RLS) is supported by the high frequency of positive family history of RLS in patients affected with this disease, and the higher concordance rates in monozygotic twins compared with dizygotic ones in twin studies. In this review we have focused on those reports describing inheritance patterns of RLS, genetic anticipation, the results of studies performed on positivity of family history of RLS, twin studies, linkage studies in familial RLS, genome-wide association studies (GWAS), exome sequencing studies, and case-control association studies on candidate genes in RLS...
August 31, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410810/to-screen-or-not-to-screen-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-that-is-the-question
#12
EDITORIAL
Chris D Turnbull, John R Stradling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919588/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-berlin-questionnaire-stop-bang-stop-and-epworth-sleepiness-scale-in-detecting-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-bivariate-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Hsiao-Yean Chiu, Pin-Yuan Chen, Li-Pang Chuang, Ning-Hung Chen, Yu-Kang Tu, Yu-Jung Hsieh, Yu-Chi Wang, Christian Guilleminault
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder; however, it remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. Although screening tools such as the Berlin questionnaire (BQ), STOP-BANG questionnaire (SBQ), STOP questionnaire (STOP), and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) are widely used for OSA, the findings regarding their diagnostic accuracy are controversial. Therefore, this meta-analysis investigated and compared the summary sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) among the BQ, SBQ, STOP, and ESS according to the severity of OSA...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365447/suvorexant-for-the-treatment-of-primary-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Akira Kuriyama, Hiromitsu Tabata
Suvorexant is a dual orexin receptor agonist and is currently approved for the treatment of insomnia in the United States and Japan. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of suvorexant for the treatment of primary insomnia. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials, contacted a relevant pharmaceutical company, and accessed websites of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) for published and unpublished data...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089189/exploring-the-brain-bases-of-dreaming-commentary-on-beyond-the-neuropsychology-of-dreaming-insights-into-the-neural-basis-of-dreaming-with-new-techniques-of-sleep-recording-and-analysis-sleep-medicine-reviews
#15
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884450/rhythmic-movement-disorder-in-childhood-an-integrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Amy R M Gwyther, Arthur S Walters, Catherine M Hill
Rhythmic movement disorder consists of repetitive stereotypic movements, such as head banging or body rocking, that recur every second or so and may last from a few minutes to hours, usually prior to sleep onset. This review of childhood rhythmic movement disorder highlights the lack of systematic research into core aspects of the condition, relying heavily on small case series or case reports. Interpretation is further limited by almost universal failure to confirm the core diagnostic criteria (C) of the International classification of sleep disorders (III), namely that the rhythmic movements should have clinical consequences...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863901/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-on-disorders-of-sleep-and-wakefulness-in-parkinson-s-disease-from-2005-to-2015
#17
REVIEW
Lama M Chahine, Amy W Amara, Aleksandar Videnovic
Sleep disorders are among the most common non-motor manifestations in Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a significant negative impact on quality of life. While sleep disorders in PD share most characteristics with those that occur in the general population, there are several considerations specific to this patient population regarding diagnosis, management, and implications. The available research on these disorders is expanding rapidly, but many questions remain unanswered. We thus conducted a systematic review of the literature published from 2005 to 2015 on the following disorders of sleep and wakefulness in PD: REM sleep behavior disorder, insomnia, nocturia, restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movements, sleep disordered breathing, excessive daytime sleepiness, and circadian rhythm disorders...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815038/phenotypes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-definition-examples-and-evolution-of-approaches
#18
REVIEW
Andrey V Zinchuk, Mark J Gentry, John Concato, Henry K Yaggi
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a complex and heterogeneous disorder and the apnea hypopnea index alone can not capture the diverse spectrum of the condition. Enhanced phenotyping can improve prognostication, patient selection for clinical trials, understanding of mechanisms, and personalized treatments. In OSA, multiple condition characteristics have been termed "phenotypes." To help classify patients into relevant prognostic and therapeutic categories, an OSA phenotype can be operationally defined as: "A category of patients with OSA distinguished from others by a single or combination of disease features, in relation to clinically meaningful attributes (symptoms, response to therapy, health outcomes, quality of life)...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765468/memory-consolidation-in-sleep-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Nicola Cellini
In recent years sleep-related memory consolidation has become a central topic in the sleep research field. Several studies have shown that in healthy individuals sleep promotes memory consolidation. Notwithstanding this, the consequences of sleep disorders on offline memory consolidation remain poorly investigated. Research studies indicate that patients with insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and narcolepsy often exhibit sleep-related impairment in the consolidation of declarative and procedural information...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751677/napping-a-public-health-issue-from-epidemiological-to-laboratory-studies
#20
REVIEW
Brice Faraut, Thomas Andrillon, Marie-Françoise Vecchierini, Damien Leger
Sleep specialists have proposed measures to counteract the negative short- and long-term consequences of sleep debt, and some have suggested the nap as a potential and powerful "public health tool". Here, we address this countermeasure aspect of napping viewed as an action against sleep deprivation rather than an action associated with poor health. We review the physiological functions that have been associated positively with napping in both public health and clinical settings (sleep-related accidents, work and school, and cardiovascular risk) and in laboratory-based studies with potential public health issues (cognitive performance, stress, immune function and pain sensitivity)...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
journal
journal
20243
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"