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Sleep Medicine

Khomkrip Longlalerng, Nuntigar Sonsuwan, Sureeporn Uthaikhup, Warunee Kumsaiyai, Patraporn Sitilertpisan, Patrinee Traisathit, Sainatee Pratanaphon
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a comorbid condition with obesity that can produce deleterious effects on children's health and well-being. Unfortunately, valid instruments for screening OSA in obese Thai children are limited. This study aimed to translate and cross-culturally adapt, from English to Thai, the Sleep-Related Breathing Disordered-Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (SRBD-PSQ) and to determine its psychometric properties. METHODS: The SRBD-PSQ was translated into Thai and cross-culturally adapted...
October 4, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Jacob Young, Calan Savoy, Louis A Schmidt, Saroj Saigal, Ryan J Van Lieshout
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between parent-reported child sleep walking or talking, nightmares, and trouble sleeping at age eight and psychiatric problems in adulthood (age 30-35) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) survivors and matched normal birth weight (NBW; >2500 g) control participants. METHODS: At age eight, parents of ELBW survivors and NBW control participants completed sleep items on the Child Behavior Checklist assessing the presence of sleep walking/talking, nightmares, or trouble sleeping...
September 29, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Kasey Li, Stacey Quo, Christian Guilleminault
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the results of an outpatient surgical procedure known as endoscopically-assisted surgical expansion (EASE) in expanding the maxilla to treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adolescent and adults. METHODS: Thirty-three patients (18 males), aged 15-61 years, underwent EASE of the maxilla. All patients completed pre- and post-operative clinical evaluations, polysomnography, questionnaires (Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS] and Nasal Obstruction Septoplasty Questionnaire [NOSE]) as well as cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)...
September 29, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Pierrick J Arnal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2018: Sleep Medicine
A Perciaccante, A Coralli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2018: Sleep Medicine
A Iranzo, A Stefani, B Högl, Joan Santamaria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Vinícius Ramos-Machado, Ana Marice Ladeia, Rozana Dos Santos Teixeira, Tatiane da Anunciação Ferreira, Regina Terse-Ramos
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess sleep characteristics in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) to investigate the possible association between sleep-related disorders and parameters of endothelial function. METHODS: Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) and endothelial function variables (flow-mediated dilatation using brachial artery ultrasound, cytokines) were compared in children with SCA and healthy children aged 6-18 years. RESULTS: Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) median (IQR) values were 10...
September 25, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Emily Gogo, Rachel M van Sluijs, Trevor Cheung, Chloe Gaskell, Liam Jones, Nisreen A Alwan, Catherine M Hill
OBJECTIVE: Childhood sleep-related rhythmic movement disorder (RMD) (ie, sleep-related repetitive movements involving large muscle groups) can impair sleep quality, cause local injury, and disturb household members. Previous parental reports indicate prevalence rates in children under three years of age between 5.5 and 67%. We studied the prevalence of RMD with objective home videosomnography. METHODS: Parents of 707 children having their one-year routine health check (357 male), 740 children having their two-year health check (395 male), and 17 children of unknown age (nine male), were asked if their child showed sleep-related rhythmic movements...
September 25, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Yaping Liu, Jihui Zhang, Shirley Xin Li, Ngan Yin Chan, Mandy Wai Man Yu, Siu Ping Lam, Joey Wing Yan Chan, Albert Martin Li, Yun Kwok Wing
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence and correlates of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) among Hong Kong children and adolescents. We investigated the potential roles of sex and puberty in modulating the occurrence of EDS. METHODS: A total of 10,086 students (male, 48.1%) aged 6-18 (mean ± SD: 12.3 ± 3.2) years old participated in this cross-sectional survey. EDS was defined by a total score >18 on the Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale. Sociodemographic characteristics, time in bed, chronotypes, sleep problems, emotional and behavioral difficulties, mental health, and pubertal stages were assessed...
September 24, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Haoxiang Yang, Li Wang, Xin Li, Kun Wang, Yue Hou, Xiating Zhang, Zheng Chen, Chunyan Liu, Chunli Yin, Siqi Wu, Qian Huang, Yicong Lin, Yan Bao, Yuanyuan Chen, Yuping Wang
In spite of the relatively high incidence rate, the etiology and pathogenesis of restless legs syndrome (RLS) are still unclear. Long-term drug treatments fail to achieve satisfying curative effects, which is reflected by rebound and augmentation of related symptoms. An electrophysiological endophenotype experiment was done to investigate the mechanism of somatosensory disorder among RLS patients. Together with 15 normal subjects as the control group, with comparable ages and genders to the RLS patients, 15 primitive RLS patients were scanned by Magnetoencephalography (MEG) under natural conditions; furthermore, the somatosensory evoked magnetic field (SEF) with single and paired stimuli, was also measured...
September 22, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Pedro Sudbrack-Oliveira, Lucas Lima Najar, Nancy Foldvary-Schaefer, Marleide da Mota Gomes
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether sleep architecture differs in subgroups of adults with epilepsy or in adults with epilepsy compared to control populations. METHODS: We completed a systematic review of papers published in two databases up to May 2018, with adults with epilepsy who have undergone either two consecutive nights of in-laboratory polysomnography (PSG) or one night of ambulatory PSG. Our review followed the PRISMA statements and guidelines and the protocol was registered in the PROSPERO platform prior to initiation of the review process (record CRD42018084009)...
September 21, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Silvia Miano, Ninfa Amato, Giuseppe Foderaro, Valdo Pezzoli, Gian Paolo Ramelli, Lorenzo Toffolet, Mauro Manconi
OBJECTIVE: A case-control study was performed to test the hypothesis that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have chronic sleep deprivation and may be classified into specific sleep-related phenotypes. METHODS: Thirty outpatients with ADHD (nine females, mean age 10.1 ± 2.1 years) were recruited consecutively, and given a comprehensive sleep assessment, including blood exams, sleep questionnaires, laboratory video-polysomnographic recordings (v-PSG), multiple sleep latency tests, and one-week actigraphy...
September 20, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Shanna L Burke, Tianyan Hu, Christine E Spadola, Tan Li, Mitra Naseh, Aaron Burgess, Tamara Cadet
OBJECTIVE: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is associated with increased memory problems although the ability to complete daily life activities remains relatively intact. This study examined: (1) if sleep disturbance increased the hazard of MCI; (2) if APOE e4 carriers with sleep disturbance experience an increased risk of MCI; and, (3) if prescription sleep medications provide a protective effect against MCI. We hypothesized that sleep disturbance increases the hazard of MCI, this relationship is stronger among APOE e4 carriers reporting a sleep disturbance...
September 20, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Jun Kyu Mun, Su Jung Choi, Mi-Ri Kang, Seung Bong Hong, Eun Yeon Joo
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate the relationship between a low libido and objective sleep parameters as well as mood disturbances in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA). METHODS: We enrolled 436 untreated patients who were newly diagnosed with OSA (all male, mean age 42.8 years). Patients completed the Symptom checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI), and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)...
September 20, 2018: Sleep Medicine
C Capittini, A De Silvestri, M Terzaghi, V Scotti, C Rebuffi, A Pasi, R Manni, M Martinetti, C Tinelli
STUDY OBJECTIVES: we performed a meta-analysis to assess the usefulness of HLA testing for Narcolepsy diagnosis in four major ethnical groups: Asians, Afro-Americans, Amerindians and Caucasians. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus and Cochrane databases were searched for articles in English and French published before October 2017 on HLA class II alleles in Narcolepsy. We included case-control studies, cross-sectional and retrospective cohort studies with patients diagnosed following the International classifications of sleep disorders (1990-2012) and ethnically matched controls...
September 20, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Mandeep Rana, Mugdha Mohanty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Efrat Magidov, Hanna Hayat, Omer Sharon, Fani Andelman, Shlomit Katzav, Peretz Lavie, Riva Tauman, Yuval Nir
BACKGROUND: REM sleep (REMS) is considered vital for supporting well-being and normal cognition. However, it remains unclear if and how decreases in REMS impair cognitive abilities. Rare case studies of patients with REMS abolishment due to pontine lesions remain sporadic, and formal evaluation of cognitive status is lacking. In 1984, Lavie and colleagues described the case of Y.C. - a man with a pontine lesion and near-total absence of REMS who led a normal life. Here, we set out to re-evaluate this individual's REMS status 30 years after the original report, and formally assess his cognitive abilities...
September 19, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Rosa M A Martins, Joana R A Oliveira, Catarina C G Salgado, Bárbara L S Marques, Lia C F Oliveira, Graça R Oliveira, Teresa S Rodrigues, Rosário T Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbances are frequent in infants. Early development of sleep routines has a positive effect on sleep quality. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of maternal education on the development of infants' sleep habits (SHs). METHODS: This was an experimental, longitudinal study. Postnatal mothers were allocated into two groups: to receive (intervention group, IG), or not receive (control group, CG) information on sleep hygiene. Individual 15-min sessions were provided and a leaflet was handed to the IG...
September 18, 2018: Sleep Medicine
F Irsel Tezer, Abidin Erdal, Sadiye Gumusyayla, Arzu Ceylan Has, Rahsan Gocmen, Kader K Oguz
OBJECTIVE: The distinctive clinical finding of Type 1 narcolepsy compared to Type 2 is the presence of cataplexy. Several neuroimaging studies have also reported abnormalities in narcolepsy patients with or without cataplexy. However, there are conflicting results to differentiate them. In this study, we aimed to clarify the white matter changes in narcolepsy patients both with and without cataplexy and compared them with healthy adults to evaluate microstructural differences in the brain...
September 18, 2018: Sleep Medicine
William C Orr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2018: Sleep Medicine
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