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Sleep Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129579/epidemiology-of-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-both-study-design-and-measurement-tool-count
#1
EDITORIAL
Jihui Zhang, Shirley Xin Li, Siu Ping Lam, Yun-Kwok Wing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108852/facing-the-future-a-call-for-higher-education-in-sleep-technology
#2
Laura A Linley
The American Association of Sleep Technologists (AAST) is the national membership organization representing sleep technologists. The Board of Directors of the AAST recognizes that changes in the workforce will result in an increased need for technologists with a higher level of education. In order to meet the needs of members, the AAST has: (1) convened a summit of stakeholders to discuss the changing landscape for sleep technologists; (2) hosted an educational task force to provide ongoing communication and support; and (3) commissioned a survey of members, educators and employers to better define educational gaps and opportunities for sleep technologists...
September 28, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982540/prognosis-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-special-reference-to-comorbidities-and-treatment-of-positive-airway-pressure
#3
LETTER
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031764/combined-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study-in-patients-with-idiopathic-restless-legs-syndrome
#4
Yaoyao Zhuo, Yuncheng Wu, Yanhong Xu, Lunbo Lu, Ting Li, Xifu Wang, Kangan Li
OBJECTIVE: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disorder characterized by an urge to move the legs along with paraesthesia deep within them. In this study, we aimed to use diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and regional homogeneity (ReHo) to investigate the changes in regional spontaneous brain activity change for RLS patients against age- and gender-matched normal control (NC) subjects. METHODS: A total of 35 RLS patients and 27 age- and gender-matched NC subjects were recruited for group comparison research that used DTI and ReHo techniques...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031763/correlation-between-the-epworth-sleepiness-scale-and-the-maintenance-of-wakefulness-test-in-patients-with-narcolepsy-participating-in-two-clinical-trials-of-sodium-oxybate
#5
Milton Erman, Helene Emsellem, Jed Black, Fannie Mori, Geert Mayer
BACKGROUND: In evaluating pathologic sleepiness, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) assesses subjective sleep propensity; the Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT) is an objective measure of the ability to stay awake. This analysis evaluated the strength of the correlation between ESS and MWT with regard to absolute values in scores. METHODS: Data were analyzed separately from the intent-to-treat populations of two eight-week clinical trials of sodium oxybate for the treatment of narcolepsy, SXB-15 and SXB-22...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031762/sleep-and-cognitive-performance-cross-sectional-associations-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-uk-biobank
#6
Simon D Kyle, Claire E Sexton, Bernd Feige, Annemarie I Luik, Jacqueline Lane, Richa Saxena, Simon G Anderson, David A Bechtold, William Dixon, Max A Little, David Ray, Dieter Riemann, Colin A Espie, Martin K Rutter, Kai Spiegelhalder
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between insomnia symptoms and cognitive performance is unclear, particularly at the population level. We conducted the largest examination of this association to date through analysis of the UK Biobank, a large population-based sample of adults aged 40-69 years. We also sought to determine associations between cognitive performance and self-reported chronotype, sleep medication use and sleep duration. METHODS: This cross-sectional, population-based study involved 477,529 participants, comprising 133,314 patients with frequent insomnia symptoms (age: 57...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031761/reduced-p300-amplitude-during-a-visuospatial-attention-task-in-idiopathic-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder
#7
Jung-Ick Byun, Byeong Uk Lee, Minah Kim, Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Jung-Ah Lim, Jangsup Moon, Soon-Tae Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Kon Chu, Man-Ho Kim, Min Hee Jeong, Kwang Su Cha, Jeong Woo Choi, Kyung Hwan Kim, Sang Kun Lee, Ki-Young Jung
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (IRBD) patients are prone to cognitive deficits, which include attention, executive, and visuospatial dysfunctions. Even patients with normal cognition may exhibit subclinical electrophysiological dysfunction. This study aimed to evaluate visuospatial attention processing in IRBD patients with normal cognition and to compare their findings with those of age- and sex-matched healthy controls. METHODS: We recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) and performance measures during a variant of the Posner task in 14 IRBD patients and 14 control subjects...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031760/impact-of-diagnosing-and-treating-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-healthcare-utilization
#8
Robert J Walter, Scott I Hagedorn, Christopher J Lettieri
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) contributes to an increased risk for multiple co-morbidities and decreased quality of life. As a result, OSA patients may have higher usage of healthcare resources which can be mitigated with effective treatment. This study evaluates changes in healthcare utilization (HCU) following the initiation of therapy for OSA. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of newly diagnosed OSA patients. To assess total HCU, we incorporated the sum total of outpatient clinic encounters, laboratory tests, and medication prescriptions into a composite HCU score...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031759/periodic-neck-myoclonus-during-sleep
#9
L Pérez-Carbonell, C Silva, C Gaig, M Carreño, J Santamaria, A Iranzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031758/the-association-of-mothers-and-fathers-insomnia-symptoms-with-school-aged-children-s-sleep-assessed-by-parent-report-and-in-home-sleep-electroencephalography
#10
Natalie Urfer-Maurer, Rebekka Weidmann, Serge Brand, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Alexander Grob, Peter Weber, Sakari Lemola
OBJECTIVE: Sleep plays an essential role for children's well-being. Because children's sleep is associated with parental sleep patterns, it must be considered in the family context. As a first aim of the present study, we test whether parental insomnia symptoms are related to children's in-home sleep-electroencephalography (EEG). Second, we examine the association between parental insomnia symptoms and maternal and paternal perception of children's sleep using actor-partner interdependence models...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031757/what-predicts-inattention-in-adolescents-an-experience-sampling-study-comparing-chronotype-subjective-and-objective-sleep-parameters
#11
Timo Hennig, Katarina Krkovic, Tania M Lincoln
OBJECTIVE: Many adolescents sleep insufficiently, which may negatively affect their functioning during the day. To improve sleep interventions, we need a better understanding of the specific sleep-related parameters that predict poor functioning. We investigated to which extent subjective and objective parameters of sleep in the preceding night (state parameters) and the trait variable chronotype predict daytime inattention as an indicator of poor functioning. METHODS: We conducted an experience-sampling study over one week with 61 adolescents (30 girls, 31 boys; mean age = 15...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031756/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-pregnancy-is-associated-with-adverse-maternal-outcomes-a-national-cohort
#12
Ghada Bourjeily, Valery A Danilack, Margaret H Bublitz, Heather Lipkind, Janet Muri, Donna Caldwell, Iris Tong, Karen Rosene-Montella
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy and the obesity epidemic impacting women of reproductive age appear to predispose women to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in pregnancy. The aim of this study is to examine the association between OSA and adverse maternal outcomes in a national cohort. METHODS: The National Perinatal Information Center in the US was used to identify women with a delivery discharge diagnosis of OSA from 2010 to 2014. We used the International Classification of Diseases, ninth Revision to classify OSA diagnosis and maternal outcomes...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031755/allocating-provider-resources-to-diagnose-and-treat-restless-legs-syndrome-a-cost-utility-analysis
#13
William V Padula, Charles E Phelps, Dane Moran, Christopher Earley
OBJECTIVES: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder that is frequently misdiagnosed, resulting in delays in proper treatment. The objective of this study was to analyze the cost-utility of training primary care providers (PCP) in early and accurate diagnosis of RLS. METHODS: We used a Markov model to compare two strategies: one where PCPs received training to diagnose RLS (informed care) and one where PCPs did not receive training (standard care)...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031754/predictors-of-insomnia-onset-in-adolescents-in-japan
#14
Mikiko Tokiya, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Osamu Itani, Maki Jike, Takashi Ohida
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to clarify the incidence rate and predictive factors of insomnia in Japanese junior and senior high school students. METHODS: We conducted a baseline survey on first year junior and senior high school students (seventh and 10th graders) throughout the nation. A follow-up survey was then conducted two years later. For both surveys, we used self-administered questionnaires inquiring about sleep, mental health status, lifestyle, participation in club activities, and study hours...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031753/the-short-and-long-of-adolescent-sleep-the-unique-impact-of-day-length
#15
Kate Bartel, Annette van Maanen, Jamie Cassoff, Oddgeir Friborg, Anne Marie Meijer, Frans Oort, Paul Williamson, Reut Gruber, Bärbel Knäuper, Michael Gradisar
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Variation in day length is proposed to impact sleep, yet it is unknown whether this is above the influence of behavioural factors. Day length, sleep hygiene, and parent-set bedtime were simultaneously explored, to investigate the relative importance of each on adolescents' sleep. METHODS: An online survey was distributed in four countries at varying latitudes/longitudes (Australia, The Netherlands, Canada, Norway). RESULTS: Overall, 711 (242 male; age M = 15...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031752/sleep-and-slow-wave-activity-in-depressed-adolescent-boys-a-preliminary-study
#16
Olena Santangeli, Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, Jussi Virkkala, Anu E Castaneda, Mauri Marttunen, Tiina Paunio, Anna S Urrila
OBJECTIVE: Adolescence is a vulnerable period of life that is characterized by increasing incidence of depression. Sleep disturbance is one of the diagnostic symptoms of depressive disorder. Adolescence is also characterized by dramatic maturational changes in sleep and its regulation. The goal of this study was to assess sleep macroarchitecture and slow-wave activity (SWA) in depressed adolescent boys. METHODS: Eight non-medicated adolescent boys meeting the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria for depressive disorder and 10 age-matched healthy controls (average age 16...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031751/phasic-activity-and-the-importance-of-irregular-breathing
#17
Panagis Drakatos, Brian D Kent, Adam Birdseye, Sakina Dastagir, Sean Higgins, Adrian J Williams, Guy Leschziner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031750/the-urge-to-move-and-breathe-the-impact-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-treatment-in-patients-with-previously-diagnosed-clinically-significant-restless-legs-syndrome
#18
Cristiana Silva, Ana Rita Peralta, Carla Bentes
OBJECTIVE: The association between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has seldom been reported. There is one study reporting improvement of RLS symptoms severity in patients naive of treatment after initiation of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for OSAS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the OSAS treatment in patients with previously diagnosed, clinically significant RLS in a usual clinical setting. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of RLS patients from a sleep clinic with a concomitant or subsequent diagnosis of OSAS...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031749/vagal-nerve-stimulator-induced-chin-electromyography-artifact
#19
Pradeep C Bollu, Sivaraman Manjamalai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031748/association-of-sleep-duration-and-incidence-of-diabetes-modified-by-tea-consumption-a-report-from-the-shanghai-men-s-health-study
#20
Fei Dai, Hui Cai, Honglan Li, Gong Yang, Bu-Tian Ji, Wei Zheng, Yong-Bing Xiang, Xiao-Ou Shu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between sleep duration and the incidence of diabetes stratified by sleep-related factors among Chinese men. METHODS: This study included 34,825 men who provided information on sleep-related questions in the Shanghai Men's Health Study, a population-based cohort study conducted in Shanghai, China from 2002 to 2011. Participants were excluded who had a history of diabetes or who were diagnosed with diabetes within 2 years of recruitment...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
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