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Resuscitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634050/was-capnographic-waveform-the-gold-standard-to-confirm-the-endotracheal-intubation-we-need-more-proofs
#1
LETTER
Jing Wang, Hui Gong, Yansong Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634049/training-individuals-with-speech-and-hearing-impairment-in-basic-life-support-a-pilot-study
#2
LETTER
Ramesh Unnikrishnan, Abraham Samuel Babu, Venkataraja Aithal, Handadattu M Krishna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629995/intraosseous-compared-to-intravenous-drug-resuscitation-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#3
Bryan A Feinstein, Benjamin A Stubbs, Tom Rea, Peter J Kudenchuk
AIMS: Although the intraosseous (IO) route is increasingly used for vascular access in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), little is known about its comparative effectiveness relative to intravenous (IV) access. We evaluated clinical outcomes following OHCA comparing drug administration via IO versus IV routes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated Emergency Medical Services (EMS)-treated adults with atraumatic OHCA in a large metropolitan EMS system between 9/1/2012-12/31/2014...
June 16, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625865/reply-to-theilen-et-al-2017-economic-evaluations-of-clinician-training-make-your-research-meaningful-to-decision-makers
#4
LETTER
Jonathan Foo, Stephen Maloney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624592/post-anoxic-quantitative-mri-changes-may-predict-emergence-from-coma-and-functional-outcomes-at-discharge
#5
Alexandra S Reynolds, Xiaotao Guo, Elizabeth Matthews, Daniel Brodie, Leroy E Rabbani, David J Roh, Soojin Park, Jan Claassen, Mitchell S V Elkind, Binsheng Zhao, Sachin Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Traditional predictors of neurological prognosis after cardiac arrest are unreliable after targeted temperature management. Absence of pupillary reflexes remains a reliable predictor of poor outcome. Diffusion-weighted imaging has emerged as a potential predictor of recovery, and here we compare imaging characteristics to pupillary exam. METHODS: We identified 69 patients who had MRIs within seven days of arrest and used a semi-automated algorithm to perform quantitative volumetric analysis of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) sequences at various thresholds...
June 15, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624594/variability-in-the-initiation-of-resuscitation-attempts-by-emergency-medical-services-personnel-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#6
Steven C Brooks, Robert H Schmicker, Sheldon Cheskes, James Christenson, Alan Craig, Mohamud Daya, Peter J Kudenchuk, Graham Nichol, Dana Zive, Laurie J Morrison
BACKGROUND: Some patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) assessed by emergency medical services (EMS) do not receive attempts at resuscitation on the basis of perceived futility. AIMS: 1) To measure variability in the initiation of resuscitation attempts in EMS-assessed OHCA patients across EMS agencies, 2) to evaluate the association between selected EMS agency characteristics and the proportion of patients receiving resuscitation attempts, and 3) to evaluate the association between proportion receiving resuscitation attempts and survival...
June 14, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624593/double-sequential-defibrillation-therapy-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests-the-london-experience
#7
Amber C Emmerson, Mark Whitbread, Rachael T Fothergill
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in treatment for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), a subgroup of patients remain in refractory ventricular fibrillation (RVF) during resuscitation. Recent evidence suggests that double sequential defibrillation (DSD), where two shocks are delivered to the patient in quick succession, may provide an effective therapy for RVF. This study describes the characteristics and survival outcomes of OHCA patients treated by ambulance clinicians using a local DSD protocol in an attempt to resolve RVF...
June 14, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619694/reply-to-alternative-effects-of-transportation-time-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrests
#8
LETTER
Guillaume Geri, Steve Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599999/-tell-me-exactly-what-s-happened-when-linguistic-choices-affect-the-efficiency-of-emergency-calls-for-cardiac-arrest
#9
Marine Riou, Stephen Ball, Teresa A Williams, Austin Whiteside, Kay L O'Halloran, Janet Bray, Gavin D Perkins, Karen Smith, Peter Cameron, Daniel M Fatovich, Madoka Inoue, Paul Bailey, Deon Brink, Judith Finn
BACKGROUND: Clear and efficient communication between emergency caller and call-taker is crucial to timely ambulance dispatch. We aimed to explore the impact of linguistic variation in the delivery of the prompt "okay, tell me exactly what happened" on the way callers describe the emergency in the Medical Priority Dispatch System(®). METHODS: We analysed 188 emergency calls for cases of paramedic-confirmed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We investigated the linguistic features of the prompt "okay, tell me exactly what happened" in relation to the format (report vs...
June 12, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596083/organ-donation-in-cardiac-arrest-patients-treated-with-extracorporeal-cpr-a-single-centre-observational-study
#10
Maria Chiara Casadio, Anna Coppo, Alessia Vargiolu, Jacopo Villa, Matteo Rota, Leonello Avalli, Giuseppe Citerio
AIM OF THE STUDY: In a consecutive cohort of cardiac arrest (CA) treated with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (eCPR), we describe the incidence of brain death (BD), the eligibility for organ donation and the short-term follow-up of the transplanted organs. METHODS: All refractory in- and out-of-hospital CA admitted to our Cardiac Intensive Care Unit between January 2011 and September 2016 treated with eCPR were enrolled in the study. RESULTS: 112 CA patients received eCPR...
June 12, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610964/don-t-wait-for-the-weight
#11
EDITORIAL
Jessica C Fowler, Charlotte Z Woods-Hill, Peter A Meaney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 10, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606717/erc-research-net-the-network-for-sudden-cardiac-arrest-and-resuscitation-research-in-europe
#12
LETTER
Bernd W Böttiger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606716/the-relation-between-given-volume-and-heart-rate-during-newborn-resuscitation
#13
J E Linde, J Schulz, J M Perlman, K Øymar, L Blacy, H Kidanto, H L Ersdal
BACKGROUND: During delivery room resuscitation of depressed newborns, provision of appropriate tidal volume (TV) with establishment of functional residual capacity (FRC) is essential for circulatory recovery. Effective positive pressure ventilation (PPV) is associated with a rapid increase in heart rate (HR). The relationship between delivery of TV and HR responses remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The study objectives were to determine (1) the relationship between a given TV during initial PPV and HR responses of depressed newborns, and (2) the optimal delivered TV associated with a rapid increase in HR...
June 9, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602955/etiological-diagnoses-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-survivors-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-unit-insights-from-a-french-registry
#14
Guillaume Geri, Olivier Passouant, Florence Dumas, Wulfran Bougouin, Benoit Champigneulle, Michel Arnaout, Jonathan Chelly, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Olivier Varenne, Lucie Guillemet, Frederic Pène, Victor Waldmann, Jean-Paul Mira, Eloi Marijon, Alain Cariou
BACKGROUND: Respective proportions of final etiologies are disparate in cohorts of cardiac arrest patients, depending on examined population and diagnostic algorithms. In particular, prevalence and characteristics of sudden unexplained death syndrome (SUDS) are debated. We aimed at describing etiologies in a large cohort of aborted out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients, in order to assess prevalence and outcome of SUDS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from our prospective registry of successfully resuscitated OHCA patients admitted to a cardiac arrest centre between January 2002 and December 2014...
June 8, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602695/-presumed-cardiac-arrest-in-children-and-young-adults-a-misnomer
#15
Katherine S Allan, Laurie J Morrison, Arnold Pinter, Jack V Tu, Paul Dorian
AIM: To use a novel methodology to assess the incidence and specific causes of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) within a young urban cohort. METHODS: All EMS attended OHCA patients in a large urban area, between 2009 and 2012, aged 2-45 years, treated or untreated, who died or survived, and that were designated as "no obvious cause" etiology by trained data abstractors were included. Using multisource (medical and coroner) records, an expert panel adjudicated the causes of the OHCAs as: confirmed cardiac causes, confirmed non- cardiac causes, and other causes...
June 7, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602694/prolonged-targeted-temperature-management-compromises-thrombin-generation-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#16
Anni Nørgaard Jeppesen, Anne-Mette Hvas, Christophe Henri Valdemar Duez, Anders Morten Grejs, Susanne Ilkjær, Hans Kirkegaard
AIM: To investigate whether prolonged compared with standard duration of targeted temperature management (TTM) compromises coagulation. METHODS: Comatose survivors after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (n=82) were randomised to standard (24hours) or prolonged (48hours) duration of TTM at 33±1°C. Blood samples were drawn 22, 46 and 70hours after attaining the target temperature. Samples were analysed for rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM(®) (EXTEM(®), INTEM(®), FIBTEM(®) and HEPTEM(®))) and thrombin generation using the Calibrated Automated Thrombogram(®) assay...
June 7, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591558/validation-of-a-new-proposal-to-avoid-donor-resuscitation-in-controlled-donation-after-circulatory-death-with-normothermic-regional-perfusion
#17
Jose Miguel Perez-Villares, Juan José Rubio, Francisco Del Río, Eduardo Miñambres
AIM: The use of abdominal normothermic regional perfusion (nRP) and premortem interventions in controlled donation after circulatory death (cDCD) may represent a significant advance to increase the number and quality of grafts recovered in cDCD. The main limitation for the widespread acceptance of nRP in cDCD is the concerns of restoring circulation to the brain once death has been declared should the thoracic aorta not be adequately blocked. METHODS: We describe and validate a specific methodology to ensure an appropriate blocking of the thoracic aorta in a multicenter study using this technique...
June 4, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583859/detection-and-quantification-of-gasping-during-resuscitation-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#18
Martha Wolfskeil, Maxim Vanwulpen, Christophe Duchatelet, Koenraad G Monsieurs, Said Hachimi-Idrissi
AIM: To detect and quantify gasping during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients and to investigate whether gasping is associated with increased return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study in patients resuscitated and mechanically or manually ventilated for OHCA by emergency physicians of Ghent University Hospital. After intubation, pressure catheters were inserted in the endotracheal tube (ETT) and pressures were measured at the proximal and distal ends of the ETT...
June 3, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583860/effectiveness-of-different-compression-to-ventilation-methods-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Huda M Ashoor, Erin Lillie, Wasifa Zarin, Ba' Pham, Paul A Khan, Vera Nincic, Fatemeh Yazdi, Marco Ghassemi, John Ivory, Roberta Cardoso, Gavin D Perkins, Allan R de Caen, Andrea C Tricco
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of different compression-to-ventilation methods during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients with cardiac arrest. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from inception until January 2016. We included experimental, quasi-experimental, and observational studies that compared different chest compression-to-ventilation ratios during CPR for all patients and assessed at least one of the following outcomes: favourable neurological outcomes, survival, return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), and quality of life...
June 2, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579373/post-rosc-pulse-oximetry-derived-perfusion-index-and-thirty-days-survival-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-new-insights-from-the-pavia-care-pavia-cardiac-arrest-registry
#20
LETTER
Simone Savastano, Enrico Baldi, Simone Molinari, Fabrizio Canevari, Valentina Corazza, Elisa Cacciatore, Aurora I Danza, Maurizio Raimondi, Luigi Oltrona Visconti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Resuscitation
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