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Radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465334/association-of-mucoid-degeneration-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-at-mr-imaging-with-medial-tibiofemoral-osteoarthritis-progression-at-radiography-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#1
Robert M Kwee, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Frank W Roemer, Bashir A Zikria, David J Hunter, Ali Guermazi, Shadpour Demehri
Purpose To determine whether anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) mucoid degeneration in participants with or at risk for osteoarthritis is associated with longitudinal risk of radiographic progression of medial tibiofemoral compartment joint space loss (JSL). Materials and Methods Baseline demographic, clinical, radiographic, and Magnetic Resonance (MR) Imaging Osteoarthritis Knee Score (MOAKS) data were evaluated in 600 participants from the Osteoarthritis Initiative database. Two blinded musculoskeletal radiologists independently evaluated baseline MR images for ACL mucoid degeneration...
February 21, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465333/us-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-for-thyroid-malignancy-diagnostic-performance-of-seven-society-guidelines-applied-to-2000-thyroid-nodules
#2
Eun Ju Ha, Dong Gyu Na, Jung Hwan Baek, Jin Yong Sung, Ji-Hoon Kim, So Young Kang
Purpose To compare the diagnostic performance of ultrasonography (US)-based fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) criteria from seven international societies in the detection of thyroid malignancy. Materials and Methods This study included a total of 2000 consecutive thyroid nodules (≥1 cm) in 1802 patients with final diagnoses from January 2010 to May 2011. US features of the thyroid nodules were retrospectively reviewed and were classified according to the categories defined by the seven international society guidelines...
February 21, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461172/radiomics-based-on-adapted-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-helps-to-clarify-most-mammographic-findings-suspicious-for-cancer
#3
Sebastian Bickelhaupt, Paul Ferdinand Jaeger, Frederik Bernd Laun, Wolfgang Lederer, Heidi Daniel, Tristan Anselm Kuder, Lorenz Wuesthof, Daniel Paech, David Bonekamp, Alexander Radbruch, Stefan Delorme, Heinz-Peter Schlemmer, Franziska Hildegard Steudle, Klaus Hermann Maier-Hein
Purpose To evaluate a radiomics model of Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) 4 and 5 breast lesions extracted from breast-tissue-optimized kurtosis magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for lesion characterization by using a sensitivity threshold similar to that of biopsy. Materials and Methods This institutional study included 222 women at two independent study sites (site 1: training set of 95 patients; mean age ± standard deviation, 58.6 years ± 6.6; 61 malignant and 34 benign lesions; site 2: independent test set of 127 patients; mean age, 58...
February 20, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457964/liver-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-patient-outcomes-for-category-4-and-5-nodules
#4
Sang Hyun Choi, Jae Ho Byun, Young-Suk Lim, So Jung Lee, So Yeon Kim, Hyung Jin Won, Yong Moon Shin, Pyo-Nyun Kim
Purpose To determine the outcomes after initial therapy in patients with chronic liver disease and retrospectively assigned Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS; version 2014) category 4 (LR-4) and 5 (LR-5) nodules at gadoxetate disodium-enhanced MR imaging. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, 260 patients with a single LR-4 (n = 132) or LR-5 (n = 128) nodule who were assigned a LI-RADS category were included. Patients were identified between January 2012 and December 2012, and were initially treated by resection, liver transplant, radiofrequency ablation (RFA), or transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) according to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging system...
February 19, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457963/3-t-mr-imaging-of-proximal-femur-microarchitecture-in-subjects-with-and-without-fragility-fracture-and-nonosteoporotic-proximal-femur-bone-mineral-density
#5
Gregory Chang, Chamith S Rajapakse, Cheng Chen, Arakua Welbeck, Kenneth Egol, Ravinder R Regatte, Punam K Saha, Stephen Honig
Purpose To determine if 3-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of proximal femur microarchitecture can allow discrimination of subjects with and without fragility fracture who do not have osteoporotic proximal femur bone mineral density (BMD). Materials and Methods Sixty postmenopausal women (30 with and 30 without fragility fracture) who had BMD T scores of greater than -2.5 in the hip were recruited. All subjects underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry to assess BMD and 3-T MR imaging of the same hip to assess bone microarchitecture...
February 19, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436946/what-patients-want-to-know-about-imaging-examinations-a-multiinstitutional-u-s-survey-in-adult-and-pediatric-teaching-hospitals-on-patient-preferences-for-receiving-information-before-radiologic-examinations
#6
Jay K Pahade, Andrew T Trout, Bin Zhang, Pradeep Bhambhvani, Victorine V Muse, Lisa R Delaney, Evan J Zucker, Pari V Pandharipande, James A Brink, Marilyn J Goske
Purpose To identify what information patients and parents or caregivers found useful before an imaging examination, from whom they preferred to receive information, and how those preferences related to patient-specific variables including demographics and prior radiologic examinations. Materials and Methods A 24-item survey was distributed at three pediatric and three adult hospitals between January and May 2015. The χ 2 or Fisher exact test (categorical variables) and one-way analysis of variance or two-sample t test (continuous variables) were used for comparisons...
February 13, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431574/dynamic-diffuse-optical-tomography-for-monitoring-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#7
Jacqueline E Gunther, Emerson A Lim, Hyun K Kim, Molly Flexman, Mirella Altoé, Jessica A Campbell, Hanina Hibshoosh, Katherine D Crew, Kevin Kalinsky, Dawn L Hershman, Andreas H Hielscher
Purpose To identify dynamic optical imaging features that associate with the degree of pathologic response in patients with breast cancer during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). Materials and Methods Of 40 patients with breast cancer who participated in a longitudinal study between June 2011 and March 2016, 34 completed the study. There were 13 patients who obtained a pathologic complete response (pCR) and 21 patients who did not obtain a pCR. Imaging data from six subjects were excluded from the study because either the patients dropped out of the study before it was finished or there was an instrumentation malfunction...
February 12, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401041/perivascular-epicardial-fat-stranding-at-coronary-ct-angiography-a-marker-of-acute-plaque-rupture-and-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection
#8
Sandeep Hedgire, Vinit Baliyan, Evan J Zucker, Daniel O Bittner, Pedro Staziaki, Richard A P Takx, Jan-Erik Scholtz, Nandini Meyersohn, Udo Hoffmann, Brian Ghoshhajra
Purpose To evaluate the frequency and implications of perivascular fat stranding on coronary computed tomography (CT) angiograms obtained for suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Materials and Methods This retrospective registry study was approved by the institutional review board. The authors reviewed the medical records and images of 1403 consecutive patients (796 men, 607 women; mean age, 52.8 years) who underwent coronary CT angiography at the emergency department from February 2012 to March 2016. Fat attenuation, length and number of circumferential quadrants of the affected segment, and attenuation values in the unaffected epicardial and subcutaneous fat were measured...
February 5, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401040/imaging-follow-up-of-low-risk-incidental-pancreas-and-kidney-findings-effects-of-patient-age-and-comorbidity-on-projected-life-expectancy
#9
Tiana J Raphel, Davis T Weaver, Lincoln L Berland, Brian R Herts, Alec J Megibow, Amy B Knudsen, Pari V Pandharipande
Purpose To determine the effects of patient age and comorbidity level on life expectancy (LE) benefits associated with imaging follow-up of Bosniak IIF renal cysts and pancreatic side-branch (SB) intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs). Materials and Methods A decision-analytic Markov model to evaluate LE benefits was developed. Hypothetical cohorts with varied age (60-80 years) and comorbidities (none, mild, moderate, or severe) were evaluated. For each finding, LE projections from two strategies were compared: imaging follow-up and no imaging follow-up...
February 5, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393821/diagnosis-of-prostate-cancer-with-noninvasive-estimation-of-prostate-tissue-composition-by-using-hybrid-multidimensional-mr-imaging-a-feasibility-study
#10
Aritrick Chatterjee, Roger M Bourne, Shiyang Wang, Ajit Devaraj, Alexander J Gallan, Tatjana Antic, Gregory S Karczmar, Aytekin Oto
Purpose To evaluate whether compartmental analysis by using hybrid multidimensional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can be used to diagnose prostate cancer and determine its aggressiveness. Materials and Methods Twenty-two patients with prostate cancer underwent preoperative 3.0-T MR imaging. Axial images were obtained with hybrid multidimensional MR imaging by using all combinations of echo times (47, 75, 100 msec) and b values of 0, 750, 1500 sec/mm2, resulting in a 3 × 3 array of data associated with each voxel...
February 2, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390197/advanced-recurrent-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treatment-with-sorafenib-alone-or-in-combination-with-transarterial-chemoembolization-and-radiofrequency-ablation
#11
Zhenwei Peng, Shuling Chen, Mengchao Wei, Manxia Lin, Chunlin Jiang, Jie Mei, Bin Li, Yu Wang, Jiaping Li, Xiaoyan Xie, Minshan Chen, Guojun Qian, Ming Kuang
Purpose To retrospectively investigate the safety and efficacy of sorafenib combined with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) (hereafter, TACE-RFA) in the treatment of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (rHCC) with portal vein tumor thrombosis, extrahepatic metastases (advanced hepatocellular carcinoma), or both after initial hepatectomy. Materials and Methods The study was centrally approved by the ethics committee of three tertiary medical centers in China. From January 2010 to January 2015, 207 consecutive patients with advanced rHCC after initial hepatectomy received sorafenib combined with TACE-RFA (combination group, n = 106) or sorafenib alone (sorafenib group, n = 101) at the three medical centers...
February 1, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390196/diagnostic-performance-and-interreader-agreement-of-a-standardized-mr-imaging-approach-in-the-prediction-of-small-renal-mass-histology
#12
Fernando U Kay, Noah E Canvasser, Yin Xi, Daniella F Pinho, Daniel N Costa, Alberto Diaz de Leon, Gaurav Khatri, John R Leyendecker, Takeshi Yokoo, Aaron H Lay, Nicholas Kavoussi, Ersin Koseoglu, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Ivan Pedrosa
Purpose To assess the diagnostic performance and interreader agreement of a standardized diagnostic algorithm in determining the histologic type of small (≤4 cm) renal masses (SRMs) with multiparametric magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Materials and Methods This single-center retrospective HIPAA-compliant institutional review board-approved study included 103 patients with 109 SRMs resected between December 2011 and July 2015. The requirement for informed consent was waived. Presurgical renal MR images were reviewed by seven radiologists with diverse experience...
February 1, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390195/a-u-s-multicenter-study-of-recorded-occupational-radiation-badge-doses-in-nuclear-medicine
#13
Daphnée Villoing, R Craig Yoder, Christopher Passmore, Marie-Odile Bernier, Cari M Kitahara
Purpose To summarize occupational badge doses recorded for a sample of U.S. nuclear medicine technologists. Materials and Methods Nine large U.S. medical institutions identified 208 former and current nuclear medicine technologists certified after 1979 and linked these individuals to historic badge dose records maintained by a commercial dosimetry company (Landauer), yielding a total of 2618 annual dose records. The distributions of annual and cumulative occupational doses were described by using summary statistics...
February 1, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388904/breast-mr-imaging-before-surgery-outcomes-in-patients-with-invasive-lobular-carcinoma-by-using-propensity-score-matching
#14
Su Min Ha, Eun Young Chae, Joo Hee Cha, Hak Hee Kim, Hee Jung Shin, Woo Jung Choi
Purpose To investigate the association between preoperative breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and surgical outcomes in patients with invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC) by using propensity score matching to decide whether MR examination is beneficial in the ILC subtype of breast cancer. Materials and Methods The authors identified 603 patients with ILC who underwent surgery between January 2005 and December 2016. Of the 603 patients, 369 (61.2%) underwent MR imaging. The authors calculated the MR detection rate of additional lesions that were occult at mammography and ultrasonography and analyzed any alterations in surgical management...
January 31, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388903/in-vivo-pet-assay-of-tumor-glutamine-flux-and-metabolism-in-human-trial-of-18f-2s-4r-4-fluoroglutamine
#15
Mark P S Dunphy, James J Harding, Sriram Venneti, Hanwen Zhang, Eva M Burnazi, Jacqueline Bromberg, Antonio M Omuro, James J Hsieh, Ingo K Mellinghoff, Kevin Staton, Christina Pressl, Bradley J Beattie, Pat B Zanzonico, John F Gerecitano, David P Kelsen, Wolfgang Weber, Serge K Lyashchenko, Hank F Kung, Jason S Lewis
Purpose To assess the clinical safety, pharmacokinetics, and tumor imaging characteristics of fluorine 18-(2S,4R)-4-fluoroglutamine (FGln), a glutamine analog radiologic imaging agent. Materials and Methods This study was approved by the institutional review board and conducted under a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved Investigational New Drug application in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. All patients provided written informed consent...
January 31, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381871/diffusion-properties-and-3d-architecture-of-human-lower-leg-muscles-assessed-with-ultra-high-field-strength-diffusion-tensor-mr-imaging-and-tractography-reproducibility-and-sensitivity-to-sex-difference-and-intramuscular-variability
#16
Alexandre Fouré, Augustin C Ogier, Arnaud Le Troter, Christophe Vilmen, Thorsten Feiweier, Maxime Guye, Julien Gondin, Pierre Besson, David Bendahan
Purpose To demonstrate the reproducibility of the diffusion properties and three-dimensional structural organization measurements of the lower leg muscles by using diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) assessed with ultra-high-field-strength (7.0-T) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and tractography of skeletal muscle fibers. On the basis of robust statistical mapping analyses, this study also aimed at determining the sensitivity of the measurements to sex difference and intramuscular variability. Materials and Methods All examinations were performed with ethical review board approval; written informed consent was obtained from all volunteers...
January 30, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381870/robotically-assisted-sonic-therapy-as-a-noninvasive-nonthermal-ablation-modality-proof-of-concept-in-a-porcine-liver-model
#17
Amanda R Smolock, Mircea M Cristescu, Eli Vlaisavljevich, Annette Gendron-Fitzpatrick, Chelsey Green, Jonathan Cannata, Timothy J Ziemlewicz, Fred T Lee
Purpose To determine the feasibility of creating a clinically relevant hepatic ablation (ie, an ablation zone capable of treating a 2-cm liver tumor) by using robotically assisted sonic therapy (RAST), a noninvasive and nonthermal focused ultrasound therapy based on histotripsy. Materials and Methods This study was approved by the institutional animal use and care committee. Ten female pigs were treated with RAST in a single session with a prescribed 3-cm spherical treatment region and immediately underwent abdominal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging...
January 30, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381109/natural-language-based-machine-learning-models-for-the-annotation-of-clinical-radiology-reports
#18
John Zech, Margaret Pain, Joseph Titano, Marcus Badgeley, Javin Schefflein, Andres Su, Anthony Costa, Joshua Bederson, Joseph Lehar, Eric Karl Oermann
Purpose To compare different methods for generating features from radiology reports and to develop a method to automatically identify findings in these reports. Materials and Methods In this study, 96 303 head computed tomography (CT) reports were obtained. The linguistic complexity of these reports was compared with that of alternative corpora. Head CT reports were preprocessed, and machine-analyzable features were constructed by using bag-of-words (BOW), word embedding, and Latent Dirichlet allocation-based approaches...
January 30, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378151/what-happens-after-a-diagnosis-of-high-risk-breast-lesion-at-stereotactic-vacuum-assisted-biopsy-an-observational-study-of-postdiagnosis-management-and-imaging-adherence
#19
Yiming Gao, Marissa Albert, Leng Leng Young Lin, Alana A Lewin, James S Babb, Samantha L Heller, Linda Moy
Purpose To assess adherence with annual or biennial screening mammography after a diagnosis of high-risk lesion(s) at stereotactic biopsy with or without surgical excision and to identify clinical factors that may affect screening adherence after a high-risk diagnosis. Materials and Methods This institutional review board-approved HIPAA-compliant retrospective study included 208 patients who underwent stereotactic biopsy between January 2012 and December 2014 that revealed a high-risk lesion. Whether the patient underwent surgical excision and/or follow-up mammography was documented...
January 29, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369753/the-incidental-splenic-mass-at-ct-does-it-need-further-work-up-an-observational-study
#20
Bettina Siewert, Noam Z Millo, Kamaldeep Sahi, Robert G Sheiman, Olga R Brook, Maryellen R M Sun, Robert A Kane
Purpose To evaluate whether an incidentally noted splenic mass at abdominal computed tomography (CT) requires further imaging work-up. Materials and Methods In this institutional review board-approved HIPAA-compliant retrospective study, a search of a CT database was performed for patients with splenic masses at CT examinations of the abdomen and chest from 2002 to 2008. Patients were divided into three groups: group 1, patients with a history of malignancy; group 2, patients with symptoms such as weight loss, fever, or pain related to the left upper quadrant and epigastrium; and group 3, patients with incidental findings...
January 24, 2018: Radiology
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