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Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30535273/evaluating-the-medial-longitudinal-arch-of-the-foot-correlations-reliability-and-accuracy-in-people-with-a-low-arch
#1
Juan C Zuil-Escobar, Carmen B Martínez-Cepa, Jose A Martín-Urrialde, Antonia Gómez-Conesa
Background: The medial longitudinal arch of the foot is a variable structure, and a decrease in its height could affect several functions and increase the risk of injuries in the lower limbs. There are many different techniques for evaluating it. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlations of the Navicular Drop Test, several footprint parameters, and the Foot Posture Index-6 in people with a low medial longitudinal arch. Intrarater reliability and interrater reliability were also estimated...
December 7, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30508203/prehabilitation-the-emperor-s-new-clothes-or-a-new-arena-for-physical-therapists
#2
Mari Lundberg, Kristin R Archer, Caroline Larsson, Elisabeth Rydwik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 3, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496531/author-response
#3
Jasper D Bier, Wendy G M Scholten-Peeters, J Bart Staal, Jan Pool, Maurits W van Tulder, Emmylou Beekman, Jesper Knoop, Guus Meerhoff, Arianne P Verhagen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496536/the-effect-of-body-weight-support-on-energy-expenditure-in-an-individual-with-high-level-lower-extremity-amputation
#4
Carol A Miller, Dawn M Hayes, Bailey E Brooks, Katie Y Sloan, Phillip G Sloan
Background: High-level lower extremity amputation (HLLEA) has significant impact on an individual's ability to ambulate and maintain cardiovascular fitness for extended periods of time. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether body weight support (BWS) would improve energy efficiency in an individual with HLLEA in order to achieve appropriate target cardiovascular intensity for aerobic training. Design: This is an exploratory single-subject study...
November 28, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496522/clinical-reasoning-in-physical-therapy-a-concept-analysis
#5
Karen Huhn, Sarah J Gilliland, Lisa L Black, Susan F Wainwright, Nicole Christensen
Background: Physical Therapy, along with most health professions, struggles to describe clinical reasoning, despite it being a vital skill in effective patient care. This lack of a unified conceptualization of clinical reasoning leads to variable and inconsistent teaching, assessment, and research. Objective: The objective was to conceptualize a broad description of physical therapists' clinical reasoning grounded in the published literature and to unify our understanding for future work related to teaching, assessment, and research...
November 28, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30476281/cardiopulmonary-responses-during-clinical-and-laboratory-gait-assessment-in-people-with-chronic-stroke
#6
Jane L Woodward, Mark Connolly, Patrick W Hennessy, Carey L Holleran, Gordhan B Mahtani, Gabrielle Brazg, Meghan Fahey, Kameswari Maganti, T George Hornby
Background: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is a common clinical assessment used to evaluate locomotor function in patients after stroke. Previous work suggests the 6MWT can estimate peak metabolic capacity (VO2peak) without cardiorespiratory assessments during graded exercise tests (GXTs) which may assist with exercise prescription. However, selected research also indicated increased heart rates (HRs) during 6MWTs beyond levels considered safe without GXTs. Objective: The goal of this study was to examine cardiorespiratory responses during 6MWTs and GXTs in individuals with chronic stroke and their associations with demographic or clinical characteristics...
November 26, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30476228/low-level-laser-therapy-and-electrotherapy-for-neck-pain-clinical-practice-guideline-for-physical-therapy-assessment-and-treatment-in-patients-with-nonspecific-neck-pain-bier-jd-scholten-peeters-wgm-staal-jb-et-al-phys-ther-2018-98-162-171
#7
ÉrikaPatrícia Rampazo da Silva, James W Bellew, Carlos Eduardo Pinfildi, Ricardo Luís Salvaterra Guerra, Richard Eloin Liebano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30351428/does-altering-sitting-posture-have-a-direct-effect-on-clinical-shoulder-tests-in-individuals-with-shoulder-pain-and-rotator-cuff-degenerative-tears
#8
Asaf Weisman, Youssef Masharawi
Background: Posture variations have been repeatedly linked to shoulder kinematics, strength, range of motion, and rotator cuff diseases. However,  no study has yet examined its possible link with shoulder pain provocation and pain levels during clinical shoulder tests. Objectives: The objective was to examine whether changing posture while sitting modifies pain provocation and pain level during performance of 3 clinical shoulder tests in subjects with shoulder pain and rotator cuff degenerative tears (RCDT)...
October 22, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339213/identification-of-signs-and-symptoms-of-axillary-web-syndrome-and-breast-seroma-during-a-course-of-physical-therapy-seven-months-post-lumpectomy-a-case-report
#9
Tamar Jacob, Jillian Bracha
Background and Purpose: Axillary web syndrome (AWS) and seroma are common and function-limiting side effects after breast cancer treatments. Studies of AWS and seroma are rare, and there are no guidelines for physical therapy in these cases. Case Description: After left breast lumpectomy due to invasive ductal carcinoma, a 65-year-old female patient underwent intraoperative radiation therapy and whole breast radiation. Seven months later, during treatment for breast swelling, AWS and breast seroma were identified by a physical therapist certified in lymphedema treatment...
October 18, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329143/optimization-of-movement-a-dynamical-systems-approach-to-movement-systems-as-emergent-phenomena
#10
Andrew A Guccione, Brian T Neville, Steven Z George
For over 30 years, the physical therapy profession has openly pursued the concept of diagnosis.1,2 More recently, the attention on diagnosis has shifted to postulation of a "movement system" as the unique and overarching construct of the profession's body of knowledge and the foundation of physical therapist practice as such practice seeks to optimize movement as movement is related to health.3,4 The term "movement system" has been defined as "represent(ing) the collection of systems (cardiovascular, pulmonary, endocrine, integumentary, nervous, and musculoskeletal) that interact to move the body or its component parts...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329137/preoperative-quadriceps-muscle-strength-and-functional-ability-predict-performance-based-outcomes-6-months-after-total-knee
#11
Niveditha Devasenapathy, Ralph Maddison, Rajesh Malhotra, Sanjay Zodepy, Saket Sharma, Daniel L Belavy
Background: One-third of individuals report limitations in activities of daily living even 6 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Moderate-quality evidence exists for several sociodemographic and clinical predictors of patient-reported outcome measures of perceived functionality. Objectively measured performance-based measures (PBMs) provide a less subjective approach to informing patient treatment after TKA; however, there is a dearth of information on predictors of functionally relevant PBMs...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329136/adherence-to-a-long-term-physical-activity-and-exercise-program-after-stroke-applied-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Mari Gunnes, Birgitta Langhammer, Inger-Lise Aamot, Stian Lydersen, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Bent Indredavik, Kristine H Reneflot, Walburga Schroeter, Torunn Askim
Background: Persistent physical activity is important to maintain motor function across all stages after stroke. Objective: The objective was to investigate adherence to an 18-month physical activity and exercise program. Design: The design was a prospective, longitudinal study including participants with stroke randomly allocated to the intervention-arm of a randomized controlled trial. Methods: The intervention consisted of individualized monthly coaching by a physical therapist who motivated participants to adhere to 30 minutes of daily physical activity and 45 minutes of weekly exercise over 18 months...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329126/improving-physical-activity-through-adjunct-telerehabilitation-following-total-knee
#13
Paul W Kline, Edward L Melanson, William J Sullivan, Patrick J Blatchford, Matthew J Miller, Jennifer E Stevens-Lapsley, Cory L Christiansen
Background: Physical activity remains low and nearly unchanged from pre-operative levels following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and is a proposed problem underlying long-term functional limitations, secondary health problems, and higher healthcare costs after TKA. Objective: The objective is to determine whether a telehealth-based physical activity behavior-change intervention improves physical activity behavior and functional outcomes after TKA. Design: The design is a two-arm, parallel, assessor-blinded, RCT with baseline, mid-intervention, post-intervention, and 6-month follow-up assessments...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329121/program-level-factors-influencing-positive-graduate-outcomes-of-physical-therapy-residency-programs
#14
Gregory W Hartley, Kathryn E Roach, Kendra L Harrington, Stephanie McNally
Background: Physical therapist clinical residency programs vary widely in administrative structure, instructional characteristics, and program design. The impact of program-level factors on resident outcomes such as graduation and board certification are unknown. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of program-level factors on participant outcomes of physical therapist residency programs. Design: This was a retrospective cohort study using data from accredited programs from 2010 to 2013...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329119/description-of-the-services-activities-and-interventions-within-school-based-physical-therapist-practices-across-the-united-states
#15
Lynn M Jeffries, Sarah Westcott McCoy, Susan K Effgen, Lisa A Chiarello, Alejandro G Villasante Tezanos
Background: Students with disabilities receive school-based physical therapy services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. A paucity of research exists regarding therapy services in schools. Objective: This study explored the school-based service that students received and what activities and interventions physical therapists implemented and determined if services differed based on the student's functional gross motor ability and age...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329118/work-related-upper-limb-symptoms-in-hand-intensive-health-care-occupations-a-cross-sectional-study-with-a-health-and-safety-perspective
#16
Birgit A Greiner, Sheilah Nolan, Dervla A M Hogan
Background: Research with physical therapists reveals high rates of work-related musculoskeletal injuries, especially low back pain, with early career onset. Less focus has been given to upper limb disorder (ULD) in these professionals who are frequently performing repetitive arm/hand and precision finger motions during work. Objective: The objective was to estimate prevalence of body-site-specific upper limb (UL) symptoms and diagnosed ULD in Irish chartered physiotherapists, physical therapists, and athletic therapists, with adjustment for leisure time injury, and document first onset of specific UL symptoms...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329114/long-term-survivorship-care-after-cancer-treatment-a-new-emphasis-on-the-role-of-rehabilitation-services
#17
Nicole L Stout, Julie K Silver, Catherine M Alfano, Kirsten K Ness, Laura S Gilchrist
In May of 2018, the National Cancer Policy Forum (NCPF) of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) released a report titled:  Long-Term Survivorship Care After Cancer Treatment: Proceedings of Workshop. NCPF published reports have historically played a significant role in driving policy and payment model changes in oncology care, in addition to elevating awareness regarding the needs of individuals with cancer. The current report provides a specific set of recommendations for improving symptom management and rehabilitation that suggest the integration of rehabilitation services at the point of cancer diagnosis and throughout the continuum of cancer care to effectively screen for and manage the anticipated functional morbidity associated with cancer treatment...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30329105/predictors-of-success-for-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#18
Marian Wiegersma, Chantal M C R Panman, Liesbeth C Hesselink, Alec G A Malmberg, Marjolein Y Berger, Boudewijn J Kollen, Janny H Dekker
Background: Although the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training in women with prolapse has been demonstrated in several studies, there seem to be subgroups of responders and nonresponders. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify factors that predict treatment success in women receiving pelvic floor muscle training for prolapse. Design: The design was a secondary analysis of data from 2 randomized controlled trials comparing conservative prolapse treatments...
October 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289500/self-measured-arm-circumference-in-women-with-breast-cancer-is-reliable-and-valid
#19
Bolette S Rafn, Margaret L McNeely, Pat G Camp, Julie Midtgaard, Kristin L Campbell
Background: Prospective surveillance by physical therapists enables early detection and treatment of breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL). Strategies to increase access to prospective surveillance could reduce the burden of BCRL on patients and the health system. One potential solution is self-managed surveillance that does not require in-person assessment by a specialized physical therapist. Objective: The objective was to develop and test the reliability and validity of a written and video-supported protocol for women with breast cancer to self-measure arm circumference...
October 4, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247715/video-game-based-exercises-for-older-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-gameback
#20
Joshua R Zadro, Debra Shirley, Milena Simic, Seyed J Mousavi, Dragana Ceprnja, Katherine Maka, Jennie Sung, Paulo Ferreira
Background: Video game technology increases adherence to home exercise and could support self-management for older people with chronic low back pain (LBP). Objectives: The objective was to investigate the effects of home-based video game exercises on pain self-efficacy and care seeking in older people with chronic LBP. Design: The study was a randomized controlled trial. Setting: The setting was a community and waiting list...
September 20, 2018: Physical Therapy
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