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Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909255/news-from-the-foundation-for-physical-therapy
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909254/musculoskeletal-impairments-are-often-unrecognized-and-underappreciated-complications-from-diabetes
#2
Michael J Mueller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909253/the-revolving-hospital-door
#3
EDITORIAL
Alan M Jette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515944/mymoves-program-feasibility-and-acceptability-study-of-a-remotely-delivered-self-management-program-for-increasing-physical-activity-among-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury-living-in-the-community
#4
Taryn M Jones, Blake F Dear, Julia M Hush, Nickolai Titov, Catherine M Dean
BACKGROUND: People living with acquired brain injury (ABI) are more likely to be physically inactive and highly sedentary and, therefore, to have increased risks of morbidity and mortality. However, many adults with ABI experience barriers to participation in effective physical activity interventions. Remotely delivered self-management programs focused on teaching patients how to improve and maintain their physical activity levels have the potential to improve the overall health of adults with ABI...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417166/predictors-of-reduced-frequency-of-physical-activity-3-months-after-injury-findings-from-the-prospective-outcomes-of-injury-study
#5
Helen Harcombe, Ari Samaranayaka, Sarah Derrett
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. Incurring an injury has been identified as a barrier to physical activity. However, it is not known which factors, if any, are associated with reduced activity among general injury populations. OBJECTIVE: The 2 study objectives were: (1) to investigate changes in physical activity frequency from before an injury to 3 months after the injury and (2) to examine the association of preinjury, injury-related, and postinjury factors with reduced physical activity frequency in participants with a range of injury types...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417165/reliability-and-validity-of-force-platform-measures-of-balance-impairment-in-individuals-with-parkinson-disease
#6
Cathy C Harro, Alicia Marquis, Natasha Piper, Chris Burdis
BACKGROUND: Complex movement and balance impairments in people with Parkinson disease (PD) contribute to high fall risk. Comprehensive balance assessment is warranted to identify intrinsic fall risk factors and direct interventions. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of 3 balance measures of a force platform (FP) system in people with PD. METHODS: Forty-two community-dwelling individuals with idiopathic PD completed the testing protocol...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340195/measurement-properties-of-instruments-for-measuring-of-lymphedema-systematic-review
#7
Janine T Hidding, Peter B Viehoff, Carien H G Beurskens, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Philip J van der Wees
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema is a common complication of cancer treatment, resulting in swelling and subjective symptoms. Reliable and valid measurement of this side effect of medical treatment is important. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide best evidence regarding which measurement instruments are most appropriate in measuring lymphedema in its different stages. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed and Web of Science databases were used, and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340194/case-series-of-a-knowledge-translation-intervention-to-increase-upper-limb-exercise-in-stroke-rehabilitation
#8
Louise A Connell, Naoimh E McMahon, Sarah F Tyson, Caroline L Watkins, Janice J Eng
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Current approaches to upper limb rehabilitation are not sufficient to drive neural reorganization and maximize recovery after stroke. To address this evidence-practice gap, a knowledge translation intervention using the Behaviour Change Wheel was developed. The intervention involves collaboratively working with stroke therapy teams to change their practice and increase therapy intensity by therapists prescribing supplementary self-directed arm exercise. The purposes of this case series are: (1) to provide an illustrative example of how a research-informed process changed clinical practice and (2) to report on staff members' and patients' perceptions of the utility of the developed intervention...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313241/effects-of-locomotor-exercise-intensity-on-gait-performance-in-individuals-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Kristan A Leech, Catherine R Kinnaird, Carey L Holleran, Jennifer Kahn, T George Hornby
BACKGROUND: High-intensity stepping practice may be a critical component to improve gait following motor incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). However, such practice is discouraged by traditional theories of rehabilitation that suggest high-intensity locomotor exercise degrades gait performance. Accordingly, such training is thought to reinforce abnormal movement patterns, although evidence to support this notion is limited. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were: (1) to evaluate the effects of short-term manipulations in locomotor intensity on gait performance in people with iSCI and (2) to evaluate potential detrimental effects of high-intensity locomotor training on walking performance...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313240/effectiveness-of-rehabilitation-interventions-to-improve-gait-speed-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Noelle G Moreau, Amy Winter Bodkin, Kristie Bjornson, Amy Hobbs, Mallary Soileau, Kay Lahasky
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have decreased gait speeds, which can negatively affect their community participation and quality of life. However, evidence for effective rehabilitation interventions to improve gait speed remains unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of interventions for improving gait speed in ambulatory children with CP. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, and PEDro were searched from inception through April 2014...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313239/education-research-in-physical-therapy-visions-of-the-possible
#11
Gail M Jensen, Terrence Nordstrom, Richard L Segal, Christine McCallum, Cecilia Graham, Bruce Greenfield
Education research has been labeled the "hardest science" of all, given the challenges of teaching and learning in an environment encompassing a mixture of social interactions, events, and problems coupled with a persistent belief that education depends more on common sense than on disciplined knowledge and skill. The American Educational Research Association specifies that education research-as a scientific field of study-examines teaching and learning processes that shape educational outcomes across settings and that a learning process takes place throughout a person's life...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277497/use-of-perturbation-based-gait-training-in-a-virtual-environment-to-address-mediolateral-instability-in-an-individual-with-unilateral-transfemoral-amputation
#12
Riley C Sheehan, Christopher A Rábago, Jonathan H Rylander, Jonathan B Dingwell, Jason M Wilken
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Roughly 50% of individuals with lower limb amputation report a fear of falling and fall at least once a year. Perturbation-based gait training and the use of virtual environments have been shown independently to be effective at improving walking stability in patient populations. An intervention was developed combining the strengths of the 2 paradigms utilizing continuous, walking surface angle oscillations within a virtual environment. This case report describes walking function and mediolateral stability outcomes of an individual with a unilateral transfemoral amputation following a novel perturbation-based gait training intervention in a virtual environment...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256070/application-of-intervention-mapping-to-the-development-of-a-complex-physical-therapist-intervention
#13
Taryn M Jones, Blake F Dear, Julia M Hush, Nickolai Titov, Catherine M Dean
BACKGROUND: Physical therapist interventions, such as those designed to change physical activity behavior, are often complex and multifaceted. In order to facilitate rigorous evaluation and implementation of these complex interventions into clinical practice, the development process must be comprehensive, systematic, and transparent, with a sound theoretical basis. Intervention Mapping is designed to guide an iterative and problem-focused approach to the development of complex interventions...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256069/physical-therapist-led-ambulatory-rehabilitation-for-patients-receiving-centrimag-short-term-ventricular-assist-device-support-retrospective-case-series
#14
Laura McGarrigle, Jennifer Caunt
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Short-term ventricular assist device (VAD) support is used in the intensive care unit (ICU) to support individuals in end-stage heart failure prior to heart transplantation or implantation of a long-term left VAD. The literature investigating the feasibility, safety, and content of rehabilitation for this patient group is lacking. This report retrospectively describes the rehabilitation strategy, safety measures used, and nature of any adverse events and, therefore, the feasibility of this practice...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27174255/effect-of-virtual-reality-training-on-balance-and-gait-ability-in-patients-with-stroke-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Ilona J M de Rooij, Ingrid G L van de Port, Jan-Willem G Meijer
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) training is considered to be a promising novel therapy for balance and gait recovery in patients with stroke. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review with meta-analysis to investigate whether balance or gait training using VR is more effective than conventional balance or gait training in patients with stroke. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was carried out in the databases PubMed, Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Library up to December 1, 2015...
December 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803294/on-benka-wall%C3%A3-n-m-sorjonen-k-l%C3%A3-fgren-n-franz%C3%A3-n-e-structural-validity-of-the-mini-balance-evaluation-systems-test-mini-bestest-in-people-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-disease-phys-ther-2016-96-1799-1806
#16
LETTER
Andrea Giordano, Franco Franchignoni, Elisabetta Bravini, Giorgio Ferriero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803293/physical-therapist-student-loan-debt
#17
Diane U Jette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803292/meeting-the-challenge-of-the-high-need-high-cost-population
#18
EDITORIAL
Alan M Jette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277496/the-2015-nepal-earthquake-s-lessons-learned-from-the-disability-and-rehabilitation-sector-s-preparation-for-and-response-to-natural-disasters
#19
Michel D Landry, Phillip S Sheppard, Kit Leung, Chiara Retis, Edwin C Salvador, Sudha R Raman
The frequency of natural disasters appears to be mounting at an alarming rate, and the degree to which people are surviving such traumatic events also is increasing. Postdisaster survival often triggers increases in population and individual disability-related outcomes in the form of impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions, all of which have an important impact on the individual, his or her family, and their community. The increase in postdisaster disability-related outcomes has provided a rationale for the increased role of the disability and rehabilitation sector's involvement in emergency response, including physical therapists...
November 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231271/measurement-properties-of-the-quebec-back-pain-disability-scale-in-patients-with-nonspecific-low-back-pain-systematic-review
#20
Caroline M Speksnijder, Tjarco Koppenaal, J André Knottnerus, Mark Spigt, J Bart Staal, Caroline B Terwee
BACKGROUND: The Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale (QBPDS) has been translated into different languages, and several studies on its measurement properties have been done. PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to critically appraise and compare the measurement properties, when possible, of all language versions of the QBPDS by systematically reviewing the methodological quality and results of the available studies. METHOD: Bibliographic databases (PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) were searched for articles with the key words "Quebec," "back," "pain," and "disability" in combination with a methodological search filter for finding studies on measurement properties concerning the development or evaluation of the measurement properties of the QBPDS in patients with nonspecific low back pain...
May 26, 2016: Physical Therapy
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