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Physical Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605558/overcoming-ignorance-and-ineptitude-in-21st-century-rehabilitation
#1
Alan M Jette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605541/an-essential-component-of-integrated-health-care
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605533/the-promise-of-assistive-technology-to-enhance-work-participation
#3
Alan M Jette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605484/infants-born-preterm-demonstrate-impaired-exploration-of-their-bodies-and-surfaces-throughout-the-first-two-years-of-life
#4
Iryna Babik, James Cole Galloway, Michele A Lobo
Background.: Non-object-oriented exploratory behaviors infants perform with their bodies and surfaces have been proposed to be key precursors of infants' object exploration, early learning, and future cognitive development. Little is known about the developmental trajectories of these behaviors, especially for infants born preterm. Objective.: The purpose of the study was to longitudinally compare non-object-oriented exploratory behaviors performed by full-term and preterm infants...
June 12, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605481/measurement-properties-of-short-lower-extremity-functional-exercise-tests-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-systematic-review
#5
Kylie N Johnston, Adrian J Potter, Anna Phillips
Background: An increasing variety of short functional exercise tests are reported in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Systematic review of the psychometric properties of these exercise tests is indicated. Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the reliability, validity and responsiveness of short (less than 6 minutes duration) lower extremity functional exercise tests in people with COPD. Data Sources: Five databases were searched: MEDLINE, EmBASE, Scopus, AMED and CINAHL...
June 12, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586468/national-study-of-excellence-and-innovation-in-physical-therapist-education-part-2-a-call-to-reform
#6
Gail M Jensen, Terrence Nordstrom, Elizabeth Mostrom, Laurita M Hack, Janet Gwyer
This perspectives shares recommendations that draw from (1) the National Study of Excellence and Innovation in Physical Therapist Education research findings and a conceptual model of excellence in physical therapist education, (2) the Carnegie Foundation's Preparation for the Professions Program (PPP), and (3) research in the learning sciences. The 30 recommendations are linked to the dimensions described in the conceptual model for excellence in physical therapist education: Culture of Excellence, Praxis of Learning, and Organizational Structures and Resources...
June 6, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586430/national-study-of-excellence-and-innovation-in-physical-therapist-education-part-1-design-method-and-results
#7
Gail M Jensen, Terrence Nordstrom, Elizabeth Mostrom, Laurita M Hack, Janet Gwyer
Background.: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching commissioned the Preparation for the Professions Program, a qualitative study of professional education in 5 professions: medicine, nursing, law, engineering and clergy. These studies identified curricular structures, instructional practices, assessment approaches and environmental characteristics that support the preparation of professionals and led to educational reforms. The physical therapy profession has not had any in-depth, national investigation of physical therapist education since the Catherine Worthingham studies conducted more than 50 years ago...
June 6, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789472/vcu-marquette-challenge-raises-more-than-330-000-for-the-foundation
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789471/sleep-health-promotion-practical-information-for-physical-therapists
#9
Catherine F Siengsukon, Mayis Al-Dughmi, Suzanne Stevens
Sleep disturbances occur in one third of the US population, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control has deemed insufficient sleep to be a public health problem. Knowledge about sleep and skills to screen sleep disorders and to promote sleep health have been recommended for physical therapists. Furthermore, in survey studies, physical therapists overwhelmingly agree that sleep is important for health and poor sleep impairs function. Sleep is critical for the proper functioning of the body, including immune function, tissue healing, pain modulation, cardiovascular health, cognitive function, and learning and memory...
August 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789470/impact-of-inflammation-and-anti-inflammatory-modalities-on-skeletal-muscle-healing-from-fundamental-research-to-the-clinic
#10
Elise Duchesne, Sébastien S Dufresne, Nicolas A Dumont
Anti-inflammatory modalities are commonly used for the treatment of various musculoskeletal injuries. Although inflammation was originally believed to interfere with skeletal muscle regeneration, several recent studies have highlighted the beneficial effects of inflammatory cells on muscle healing. This discrepancy is attributable to an evolving understanding of the complex inflammatory process. To better appreciate the paradoxical roles of inflammation, clinicians must have a better comprehension of the fundamental mechanisms regulating the inflammatory response...
August 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789469/early-intensive-leg-training-to-enhance-walking-in-children-with-perinatal-stroke-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Caitlin Hurd, Donna Livingstone, Kelly Brunton, Michelle Teves, Ephrem Zewdie, Allison Smith, Patrick Ciechanski, Monica A Gorassini, Adam Kirton, Man-Joe Watt, John Andersen, Jerome Yager, Jaynie F Yang
Background: Development of motor pathways is modulated by activity in these pathways, when they are maturing (ie, critical period). Perinatal stroke injures motor pathways, including the corticospinal tracts, reducing their activity and impairing motor function. Current intervention for the lower limb emphasizes passive approaches (stretching, braces, botulinum toxin injections). The study hypothesis was that intensive, early, child-initiated activity during the critical period will enhance connectivity of motor pathways to the legs and improve motor function...
August 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789468/torque-current-and-discomfort-during-3-types-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-of-tibialis-anterior
#12
Matheus J Wiest, Austin J Bergquist, David F Collins
Background: The benefits of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for rehabilitation depend on the capacity to generate functionally relevant torque with minimal fatigability and discomfort. Traditionally, NMES is delivered either over a muscle belly (mNMES) or a nerve trunk (nNMES). Recently, a technique that minimizes contraction fatigability by alternating pulses between the mNMES and nNMES sites, termed "interleaved" NMES (iNMES), was developed. However, discomfort and the ability to generate large torque during iNMES have not been explored adequately...
August 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789467/the-efficacy-of-pressure-ulcer-treatment-with-cathodal-and-cathodal-anodal-high-voltage-monophasic-pulsed-current-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Anna Polak, Luther C Kloth, Edward Blaszczak, Jakub Taradaj, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szoltysik, Tomasz Ickowicz, Ewa Hordynska, Andrzej Franek, Cezary Kucio
Background: Studies show that anode and cathode electrical stimulation (ES) promotes the healing of wounds, but specific protocols for both electrodes are not available. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of cathodal versus cathodal+anodal ES in the treatment of Category II-IV pressure ulcers (PrUs). Design: Prospective, randomized, controlled, clinical study. Setting: Three nursing and care centers. Patients: Sixty-three participants with PrUs were randomly formed into a cathodal ES group (CG: N = 23; mean age of 79...
August 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789466/development-and-evaluation-of-an-implementation-strategy-for-collecting-data-in-a-national-registry-and-the-use-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-physical-therapist-practices-quality-improvement-study
#14
Guus A Meerhoff, Simone A van Dulmen, Marjo J M Maas, Karin Heijblom, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Philip J Van der Wees
Background: In 2013, the Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy launched the program "Quality in Motion." This program aims to collect data from electronic health record systems in a registry that is fed back to physical therapists, facilitating quality improvement. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the development of an implementation strategy for the program and to evaluate the feasibility of building a registry and implementing patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in physical therapist practices...
August 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789465/effectiveness-of-mckenzie-method-based-self-management-approach-for-the-secondary-prevention-of-a-recurrence-of-low-back-pain-safe-trial-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Tarcisio F de Campos, Chris G Maher, Helen A Clare, Tatiane M da Silva, Mark J Hancock
Background: Although many people recover quickly from an episode of low back pain (LBP), recurrence is very common. There is limited evidence on effective prevention strategies for recurrences of LBP. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a McKenzie method-based self-management approach in the secondary prevention of LBP. Design: This will be a pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Setting: Participants will be recruited from the community and primary care, with the intervention delivered in a number of physical therapist practices in Sydney, Australia...
August 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605475/protecting-against-bias-in-ptj
#16
Alan M Jette
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444350/reliability-validity-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-four-step-stair-climb-power-test-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#17
Meng Ni, Lorna G Brown, Danielle Lawler, Jonathan F Bean
Background.: Stair climb power is an important clinical measure of lower-extremity power. The stair climb power test (SCPT) was validated by requiring individuals to climb a full flight of stairs. A four-step SCPT (4SCPT) would be more clinically feasible and easier to perform, yet its reliability and validity is unknown. Objective.: To evaluate reliability, validity, and minimal detectable change of 4SCPT among community-dwelling older adults. Design...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444348/how-physically-active-are-people-following-stroke-systematic-review-and-quantitative-synthesis
#18
Natalie A Fini, Anne E Holland, Jenny Keating, Jacinta Simek, Julie Bernhardt
Background: : Mobility limitations are common following stroke and frequently lead to poor participation in physical activity (PA). Purpose: : To describe PA across the various stages following stroke (acute, subacute and chronic). Data Sources: : Searches were conducted in five databases. Study Selection: : Eligible studies included participants with stroke whose PA was quantitatively measured for at least four hours in a single session...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444338/aquatic-exercise-for-the-treatment-of-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis
#19
Marcia R Franco, Priscilla K Morelhão, Augusto Cesinando, Rafael Z Pinto
Highlights the findings and application of Cochrane reviews and other evidence pertinent to the practice of physical therapy. The Cochrane library is a respected source of reliable evidence related to health care. Cochrane systematic reviews explore the evidence for and against the effectiveness and appropriateness of interventions-medications, surgery, education, nutrition, exercise-and the evidence for and against the use of diagnostic tests for specific conditions. Cochrane reviews are designed to facilitate the decisions of clinicians, patients, and others in health care by providing a careful review and interpretation of research studies published in the scientific literature...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444320/complex-skill-training-transfers-to-improved-performance-and-control-of-simpler-tasks-after-stroke
#20
Shailesh S Kantak, Nazaneen Zahedi, Robert McGrath
Background: Given limited therapy time, it is important to practice tasks that optimize transfer to other tasks that cannot be practiced during therapy. However, little is known about how tasks can be selected for practice to optimize generalization. Objective: One dimension of task selection is the complexity of the task. The purpose of the current study was to test if learning of a complex motor skill with the paretic arm would transfer to simpler unpracticed goal-directed reaching task...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
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