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Physical Therapy

Asaf Weisman, John Quintner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
Mia Erickson, Marisa Birkmeier, Melissa Booth, Laurita M Hack, Julie Hartmann, Debbie A Ingram, Janet M Jackson-Coty, Vicki L LaFay, Emma Wheeler, Shawne Soper
Background: In 2015, the American Council for Academic Physical Therapy (ACAPT) developed 3 strategic initiative panels to address integrated clinical education, student readiness, and common terminology for physical therapist clinical education. Objective: The purpose of this paper is to describe the results of the work from the common terminology panel. Design: This was a descriptive, consensus-based study. Methods: Using a consensus process and data that were collected from a review of literature, a document analysis of core and historical professional documents, focus group discussions, and an online open-comment period, panel members developed a glossary for physical therapist clinical education...
June 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
Andy C M Chan, Deborah A Jehu, Marco Y C Pang
Background: Individuals with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) often experience pain and reduced balance control, which may predispose them to greater fall risk. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and circumstance of falls and fall-related risk factors within a 6-month follow-up period in individuals after TKA. Design: This study was a prospective cohort study. Methods: Knee proprioception, the Balance Systems Evaluation Test, knee pain, knee extension and flexion muscle strength, knee range of motion, and balance confidence were evaluated in 134 individuals (39 men, 95 women; mean age = 66...
June 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
Michael J Mueller, Christopher J Sorensen, Janet B McGill, B Ruth Clark, Catherine E Lang, Ling Chen, Kathryn L Bohnert, Mary K Hastings
Background: People with diabetes are at high risk for shoulder pain, limited joint mobility, and adhesive capsulitis. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a shoulder movement intervention (ShoMo) compared to a wellness intervention on the primary outcomes of active shoulder flexion and reported Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) measured after intervention and 9 months later. Design: The design was a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial...
June 11, 2018: Physical Therapy
Jon Cornwall, James M Elliott, David M Walton, Peter G Osmotherly
Clinical genomics, involving the examination of an individual's genetic material, is becoming more frequently used in healthcare. Increasingly, genomic testing is providing information that is relevant to clinical management and decision-making. Some healthcare professions, such as medicine and nursing, are integrating clinical genomics competencies into their educational frameworks to enable practitioners to work safely with patients and families who have had or require genomic testing. The uptake of clinical genomics within healthcare is of interest to physical therapist practice worldwide because of a growing direct-to-consumer accessibility to testing and the potential for such information to influence patient care as some genetic variants have been linked to many common conditions...
June 8, 2018: Physical Therapy
Ziádee Cambier, Jill S Boissonnault, Scott J Hetzel, Margaret M Plack
Background: A recent survey found that 84% of physical therapist, physical therapist assistant, and student respondents experienced inappropriate patient sexual behavior (IPSB) over their careers and 47% over the prior 12 months. Prevalence data justify consideration of how to address IPSB. Objective: The objective was to determine how physical therapist clinicians (used here to mean physical therapists, physical therapist assistants, and students) address IPSB and examine strategy impact...
June 8, 2018: Physical Therapy
Kendra Liljenquist, Margaret E O'Neil, Kristie F Bjornson
Background: Many young adults with cerebral palsy (CP) face limited participation in activities, including employment and independent living. Physical therapy during the transition period can help to support participation through promotion of self-care, ambulation, and functional mobility. Thus, ensuring appropriate access to physical therapy services for young people who can benefit from them before, during, and after transition is imperative. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify factors contributing to the utilization of physical therapy services for youth with CP both during and after secondary school...
June 8, 2018: Physical Therapy
Olinda Habib Perez, Robin E Green, George Mochizuki
Background: Balance impairments after traumatic brain injury (TBI) are common and persist after injury. Postural asymmetries in balance have been reported, but not quantified, across recovery. Objective: The objective of this study was to characterize balance recovery after moderate to severe TBI, with a focus on postural asymmetry. Design: A secondary analysis of prospectively collected data was used in this study. Methods: Data were from 45 participants with moderate to severe TBI...
June 6, 2018: Physical Therapy
Corelien J J Kloek, Daniël Bossen, Peter M Spreeuwenberg, Joost Dekker, Dinny H de Bakker, Cindy Veenhof
Background: Integrating physical therapy sessions and an online application (e-Exercise) might support people with hip osteoarthritis (OA), knee OA, or both (hip/knee OA) in taking an active role in the management of their chronic condition and may reduce the number of physical therapy sessions. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the short- and long-term effectiveness of e-Exercise compared to usual physical therapy in people with hip/knee OA...
May 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
Daniel J Goble, Harsimran S Baweja
Background: Postural sway is routinely assessed because increased postural sway is associated with poorer performance of activities of daily living, higher rates of residential care, and increased risk of falling. Force plate technology is one of the most sensitive and objective means of assessing postural sway in the clinic. Objective: The aim of this study was to provide the first set of normative data for the BTrackS Balance Test (BBT) of postural sway. Design: The design was descriptive and population based...
May 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
Rachel Dennett, Hilary Gunn, Jennifer A Freeman
Background: Supporting people with multiple sclerosis (MS) to achieve and maintain recommended levels of physical activity is important but challenging. Web-based interventions are increasingly being used to deliver targeted exercise programs and promote physical activity. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically review current evidence regarding the effectiveness and user experience of web-based interventions in increasing physical activity in people with MS...
May 15, 2018: Physical Therapy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Physical Therapy
Edwin J van Adrichem, Rienk Dekker, Wim P Krijnen, Erik A M Verschuuren, Pieter U Dijkstra, Cees P van der Schans
Background: Short-term survival after solid-organ transplantation has substantially improved, and the focus has shifted to long-term survival, including the role of physical activity (PA). Knowledge about PA and sedentary time in recipients of solid-organ transplantation is limited, and identification of the levels and associated factors is necessary for intervention development. Objective: The objectives of this study were to investigate the level of PA and sedentary time in recipients of solid-organ transplantation and to identify factors associated with these behaviors...
May 10, 2018: Physical Therapy
Nicholas Wendel, Chelsea E Macpherson, Karoline Webber, Kathryn Hendron, DeAngelis Tamara, Colon-Semenza Cristina, Terry Ellis
Background: Wearable, consumer-grade activity trackers have become widely available as a means of monitoring physical activity in the form of step counts. However, step counts may not be accurate in persons with Parkinson disease (PD) due to atypical gait characteristics. Objective: This study aimed to investigate the accuracy of 4 consumer-grade activity trackers in individuals with PD while ambulating during continuous and discontinuous walking tasks. Design: This study used a cross-sectional design...
April 30, 2018: Physical Therapy
Maura D Iversen, Todd A Schwartz, Johan von Heideken, Leigh F Callahan, Yvonne M Golightly, Adam Goode, Carla Hill, Kim Huffman, Ami Pathak, Jennifer Cooke, Kelli D Allen
Background: Physical therapy is essential for conservative management of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (sxKOA). However, physical therapy utilization data are limited for KOA. Objective: The purpose of this study is to identify correlates of physical therapy utilization among adults with sxKOA. Design: The design consisted of secondary analysis using baseline data from a RCT of 350 adults with physician-diagnosed sxKOA. Methods: Patients completed baseline surveys regarding demographics, pain, function, medical history, and prior physical therapy utilization for sxKOA...
April 26, 2018: Physical Therapy
Richard K Shields, Shauna Dudley-Javoroski, Kelly J Sass, Marcie Becker
Background: Identifying excellence in physical therapist academic environments is complicated by the lack of nationally available benchmarking data. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare a physical therapist academic environment to another health care profession (medicine) academic environment using the Association of American Medical Colleges Graduation Questionnaire (GQ) survey. Design: The design consisted of longitudinal benchmarking...
April 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
Adam P Goode, Pengshend Ni, Alan Jette, G Kelley Fitzgerald
Background: Pragmatic studies have gained popularity, thus emphasizing the need for patient-reported outcomes (PRO) to be integrated into electronic health records. Objective: This study describes the development of a customized short form from the Boston University Osteoarthritis Functional Assessment PRO (BU-OA-PRO) for a specific pragmatic clinical trial. Methods: A Functional Pain Short Form was created from an existing item bank of deidentified data in the BU-OA-PRO...
April 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
Tara L FitzGerald, Amanda K L Kwong, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Jennifer L McGinley, Lex W Doyle, Alicia J Spittle
Background: The World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health framework, Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY), provides a valuable method of conceptualizing the multidomain difficulties experienced by children born very preterm (VP). Reviews investigating motor outcomes at preschool age across ICF-CY domains are lacking. Purpose: The purpose of this review is to identify and compare motor outcomes of 3- to 6-year-old children born VP and children born full term (FT) within the ICF-CY framework...
April 18, 2018: Physical Therapy
Pat G Camp, Walden Cheung
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a complex intervention that has been shown to improve exercise capacity and quality of life, reduce dyspnea, and decrease the risk of exacerbations and hospitalization. Although the evidence for PR is strong, the translation of this evidence into clinical practice remains a challenge, and important gaps in care exist. To date, most research in PR has focused on questions related to treatment efficacy. Less attention has been paid to confirming whether the strong evidence base of PR has been effectively translated to this complex clinical setting...
April 9, 2018: Physical Therapy
Tal Krasovsky, Patrice L Weiss, Rachel Kizony
Background: Texting while walking (TeWW) has become common among people of all ages, and mobile phone use during gait is increasingly associated with pedestrian injury. Although dual-task walking performance is known to decline with age, data regarding the effect of age on dual-task performance in ecological settings are limited. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of age, environment (indoors/outdoors), and mixed reality (merging of real and virtual environments) on TeWW performance...
April 6, 2018: Physical Therapy
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