Read by QxMD icon Read


Brent R Collett, Erin R Wallace, Deborah Kartin, Michael L Cunningham, Matthew L Speltz
: media-1vid110.1542/5972296741001PEDS-VA_2018-2373 Video Abstract BACKGROUND: Studies have revealed an association between positional plagiocephaly and/or brachycephaly (PPB) and development, although little is known about long-term outcomes. We examined cognition and academic achievement in children with and without PPB, testing the hypothesis that children who had PPB as infants would score lower than controls. METHODS: We enrolled 187 school-aged children with a history of PPB and 149 controls...
January 11, 2019: Pediatrics
Roberta Esteves Vieira de Castro, Carolina da Cunha Sousa, Maria Clara de Magalhães-Barbosa, Arnaldo Prata-Barbosa, Elie Cheniaux
Ranitidine is a histamine-2 blocker commonly prescribed in PICUs for the prophylaxis of gastrointestinal bleeding and stress ulcers. However, it can be associated to central nervous system side effects, such as delirium, in adults. We present the first case of a child presenting delirium possibly caused by anticholinergic toxidrome secondary to the use of ranitidine, resolving after drug discontinuation. With this case report, we reinforce that a wide variety of clinical conditions can trigger delirium and that the best therapeutic approach is to minimize risk factors...
January 11, 2019: Pediatrics
Angell Shi, Abhaya Kulkarni, Kenneth W Feldman, Avery Weiss, Emily A McCourt, Susan Schloff, Michael Partington, Brian Forbes, Brooke E Geddie, Karin Bierbrauer, Paul H Phillips, David L Rogers, Waleed Abed Alnabi, Gil Binenbaum, Alex V Levin
OBJECTIVES: Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) has been suggested in legal settings as an alternative cause of retinal hemorrhages (RHs) in young children who may have sustained abusive head trauma. We assessed the prevalence and characteristics of RHs in children with increased ICP. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multicenter study of children <4 years old with newly diagnosed increased ICP as determined by using direct measurement and/or clinical criteria...
January 10, 2019: Pediatrics
Rana Chakraborty, Mobeen H Rathore, Benard P Dreyer, Fernando Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Pediatrics
Paul L Hebert, Jodie G Katon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2019: Pediatrics
Daniel S Tawfik, Jeffrey B Gould, Jochen Profit
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Administrative databases may allow true population-based studies and quality improvement endeavors, but the accuracy of billing codes for capturing key risk factors and outcomes needs to be assessed. We sought to describe the performance of a statewide administrative database and the clinical database from the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative (CPQCC). METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study linked key perinatal risk factors and outcomes from the 133-unit CPQCC database to relevant billing codes from administrative maternal and newborn inpatient discharge records, for 50 631 infants born from 2006 to 2012...
January 9, 2019: Pediatrics
Rakesh D Mistry, Larissa S May, Michael S Pulia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Pediatrics
Nicole M Poole, Daniel J Shapiro, Katherine E Fleming-Dutra, Lauri A Hicks, Adam L Hersh, Matthew P Kronman
: media-1vid110.1542/5972296744001PEDS-VA_2018-1056 Video Abstract OBJECTIVES: To characterize and compare ambulatory antibiotic prescribing for children in US pediatric and nonpediatric emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective study of patients aged 0 to 17 years discharged from EDs in the United States was conducted by using the 2009-2014 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey ED data. We estimated the proportion of ED visits resulting in antibiotic prescriptions, stratified by antibiotic spectrum, class, diagnosis, and ED type ("pediatric" defined as >75% of visits by patients aged 0-17 years, versus "nonpediatric")...
January 8, 2019: Pediatrics
Jessie R Chung, Brendan Flannery, Christopher S Ambrose, Rodolfo E Bégué, Herve Caspard, Laurie DeMarcus, Ashley L Fowlkes, Geeta Kersellius, Andrea Steffens, Alicia M Fry
BACKGROUND: Researchers in observational studies of vaccine effectiveness (VE) in which they compared quadrivalent live attenuated vaccine (LAIV4) and inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) among children and adolescents have shown inconsistent results, and the studies have been limited by small samples. METHODS: We combined data from 5 US studies from 2013-2014 through 2015-2016 to compare the VE of LAIV4 and IIV against medically attended, laboratory-confirmed influenza among patients aged 2 to 17 years by influenza season, subtype, age group, and prior vaccination status...
January 7, 2019: Pediatrics
Pedro A Piedra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2019: Pediatrics
Roee L Astor, Robert Urman, Jessica L Barrington-Trimis, Kiros Berhane, Jane Steinberg, Michael Cousineau, Adam M Leventhal, Jennifer B Unger, Tess Cruz, Mary Ann Pentz, Jonathan M Samet, Rob McConnell
BACKGROUND: Restricting youth access to tobacco is a central feature of US tobacco regulatory policy, but impact of local tobacco retail licensing (TRL) regulation on cigarette smoking rates remains uncertain. Effects of TRL on other tobacco product use and use as adolescents reach the age to legally purchase tobacco products has not been investigated. METHODS: Prevalences of ever and past 30-day cigarette, electronic cigarette (e-cigarette), cigar, and hookah use were assessed in a survey of a cohort of 1553 11th- and 12th-grade adolescents (mean age: 17...
January 7, 2019: Pediatrics
Susanne W Duvall, Olivia Lindly, Katharine Zuckerman, Michael E Msall, Melissa Weddle
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at risk for self-injurious behaviors that can be difficult to treat in the context of co-occurring low IQ and adaptive skills. Increased prevalence and decriminalization of cannabis in some states have led to more frequent questions for pediatricians about the use of cannabis for difficult-to-treat developmental and behavioral conditions. What do we know about the possible benefits and risks of cannabis use in children with ASD? How should the clinician respond to a parent who expresses interest in cannabis to manage behavior in a child with ASD? Ethical analysis that includes harm reduction, health concerns, and information sharing will be discussed...
January 4, 2019: Pediatrics
Gretchen Bandoli, Claire D Coles, Julie A Kable, Wladimir Wertelecki, Lyubov Yevtushok, Natalya Zymak-Zakutnya, Alan Wells, Irina V Granovska, Alla O Pashtepa, Christina D Chambers
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have had inconsistent findings regarding the quantity and frequency of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) that lead to deficits in growth and neurodevelopment. This may be due to imprecise methods of exposure classification. Our objective in this study was to employ longitudinal trajectory modeling of maternal drinking patterns associated with infant growth or neurodevelopmental deficits to a homogenous sample of mothers and infants. METHODS: From a sample of 471 pregnant women prospectively enrolled in a longitudinal study in the Ukraine, we performed a longitudinal cluster analysis of drinking patterns across gestation...
January 4, 2019: Pediatrics
Laila F Ibrahim, Sandy M Hopper, Susan Donath, Bennett Salvin, Franz E Babl, Penelope A Bryant
: media-1vid110.1542/5972298232001PEDS-VA_2018-1420 Video Abstract BACKGROUND: The evidence is unclear about the optimal route of treatment for children with cellulitis, specifically how to assess the risk of moderate-to-severe cellulitis requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics. We aimed to derive and validate a cellulitis risk assessment scoring system to guide providers as to which patients require IV antibiotics. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of children presenting to the emergency department aged 6 months to 18 years diagnosed with cellulitis from January 2014 to August 2017...
January 3, 2019: Pediatrics
Max G Bronstein, Richard J Pan, Mark Dant, Bertrand Lubin
In 2016, the EveryLife Foundation for Rare Diseases, in partnership with Dr Pan, who is a pediatrician and state senator in California, launched legislation to advance and expand newborn screening. Researchers have shown that newborn screening can be cost-effective and can greatly improve health outcomes for patients with rare diseases. However, adding additional diseases in newborn screening is a long process, requiring legislative approval in addition to new state funding. Such process delays can lead to protracted diagnostic odysseys for patients, especially those with rare diseases...
January 3, 2019: Pediatrics
Venkatakrishna Kakkilaya, Ihab Jubran, Vaishali Mashruwala, Emma Ramon, Valerie N Simcik, Marjory Marshall, L Steven Brown, Mambarambath A Jaleel, Vishal S Kapadia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Avoidance of delivery room intubation (DRI) reduces death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm neonates. Our objective with this quality improvement project was to decrease DRI rates by improving face mask positive pressure ventilation (Fm-PPV) among infants born ≤29 weeks' gestation. METHODS: Key drivers of change were identified from a retrospective review of resuscitation records. A resuscitation bundle to optimize Fm-PPV including the use of a small round mask and end-tidal CO2 detectors, increasing peak inspiratory pressure when indicated, and debriefing after each intubation were implemented in consecutive plan-do-study-act cycles...
January 2, 2019: Pediatrics
Sharon Levy
The current epidemic of opioid addiction has arguably been the most recalcitrant in the nation's history and the first to involve substantial numbers of adolescents. The country has embarked on a public health response, including increasing access to addiction treatment. However, the treatment infrastructure, which was initially created in the 1970s, is ill equipped for meeting the needs of adolescents and young adults, who are often cared for in pediatric primary care. In this article, I review the development of the current treatment system, examine shortfalls in regard to youth-specific needs, and propose suggestions for addressing the current crisis while simultaneously preparing to address future epidemics of addiction by enabling pediatricians to better manage substance use disorders in primary care...
January 2, 2019: Pediatrics
Colleen A Hughes Driscoll, Nicola Pereira, Richard Lichenstein
In-hospital neonatal falls are increasingly recognized as a postpartum safety risk, with maternal fatigue contributing to these events. Recommendations to support rooming-in may increase success with breastfeeding; however, this practice may also be associated with maternal fatigue. We report a cluster of in-hospital neonatal falls associated with a hospital program to improve breastfeeding, which included rooming-in practices. Metrics related to breastfeeding were prospectively collected by chart audit or patient survey while ongoing efforts to improve breastfeeding occurred (September 2015-August 2017)...
December 28, 2018: Pediatrics
Grace Carlock, S Taylor Fischer, Mary Ellen Lynch, Nancy L Potter, Claire D Coles, Michael P Epstein, Jennifer G Mulle, Julie A Kable, Catherine E Barrett, Shannan M Edwards, Elizabeth Wilson, Judith L Fridovich-Keil
: media-1vid110.1542/5849572227001PEDS-VA_2018-2516 Video Abstract OBJECTIVES: For decades, infants with Duarte galactosemia (DG) have been identified by newborn screening (NBS), but whether they should be treated with dietary restrictions of galactose has remained unknown. To clarify, we conducted a study of dietary and developmental outcomes in 206 children with DG (case patients) and 144 controls, all of whom were 6 to 12 years old. METHODS: We recruited case patients from states where they were identified by NBS; unaffected siblings served as controls...
December 28, 2018: Pediatrics
Lewis R First, Alex R Kemper, Kate Larson, Joseph Puskarz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2018: Pediatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"