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Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789445/thermal-effect-of-a-woolen-cap-in-low-birth-weight-infants-during-kangaroo-care
#1
Francesco Cavallin, Giulia Segafredo, Damiano Pizzol, William Massavon, Marta Lusiani, Olivier Wingi, Manuela De Vivo, Liviana Da Dalt, Chiara Boscardin, Fabio Manenti, Giovanni Putoto, Daniele Trevisanuto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: World Health Organization guidelines recommend covering the head during kangaroo mother care (KMC), but the effect of a cap on neonatal thermal control during KMC remains to be defined. Our objective was to assess the effectiveness and safety of a woolen cap in maintaining low birth weight infants (LBWIs) in normal thermal range during KMC. METHODS: Three hundred LBWI candidates for KMC in 3 African hospitals were randomly assigned to KMC with (CAP group) or without (NOCAP group) a woolen cap in a 1:1 ratio during the first week after birth...
May 22, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789444/short-term-seizure-outcomes-in-childhood-epilepsy
#2
Kari Modalsli Aaberg, Inger Johanne Bakken, Morten I Lossius, Camilla Lund Søraas, Kamath K Tallur, Camilla Stoltenberg, Richard Chin, Pål Surén
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Seizure freedom is the optimal response to antiepileptic treatment. In previous studies, it has been shown that between 61% and 71% of children with epilepsy achieve seizure freedom, whereas 7% to 20% have drug-resistant epilepsy. The definition of drug resistance has not been consistent across studies, and there is a lack of contemporary population-based data. We used data from a large nationwide child cohort to provide such information, implementing the current standard definition of drug resistance...
May 22, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784757/improving-screening-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-is-it-time-for-something-new
#3
Sarabeth Broder-Fingert, Emily Feinberg, Michael Silverstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784756/clinical-features-of-children-with-autism-who-passed-18-month-screening
#4
Roald A Øien, Synnve Schjølberg, Fred R Volkmar, Frederick Shic, Domenic V Cicchetti, Anders Nordahl-Hansen, Nina Stenberg, Mady Hornig, Alexandra Havdahl, Anne-Siri Øyen, Pamela Ventola, Ezra S Susser, Martin R Eisemann, Katarzyna Chawarska
OBJECTIVES: We compared sex-stratified developmental and temperamental profiles at 18 months in children screening negative for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) but later receiving diagnoses of ASD (false-negative group) versus those without later ASD diagnoses (true-negative group). METHODS: We included 68 197 screen-negative cases from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (49.1% girls). Children were screened by using the 6 critical items of the M-CHAT at 18 months...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784755/intergenerational-associations-of-parent-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-child-health-outcomes
#5
Félice Lê-Scherban, Xi Wang, Kathryn H Boyle-Steed, Lee M Pachter
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) robustly predict future morbidity and mortality. Researchers are just beginning to investigate intergenerational effects. We hypothesize there are intergenerational associations between parent ACE exposure and worse child health, health behaviors, and health care access and use. METHODS: We linked data from 2 population-based cross-sectional telephone surveys in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that were used to ask parents about their past exposure to ACEs and their child's health, respectively...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784754/pediatric-adhd-medication-exposures-reported-to-us-poison-control-centers
#6
Samantha A King, Marcel J Casavant, Henry A Spiller, Nichole L Hodges, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
: media-1vid110.1542/5754332180001PEDS-VA_2017-3872 Video Abstract OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics and trends of exposures to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications among individuals 0 to 19 years old reported to US poison control centers. METHODS: National Poison Data System data from 2000 through 2014 were retrospectively analyzed to examine pediatric ADHD medication exposures. RESULTS: From 2000 through 2014, there were 156 365 exposures reported to US poison control centers related to ADHD medications...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776980/free-tax-services-in-pediatric-clinics
#7
Lucy E Marcil, Michael K Hole, Larissa M Wenren, Megan S Schuler, Barry S Zuckerman, Robert J Vinci
OBJECTIVES: The earned income tax credit (EITC), refundable monies for America's working poor, is associated with improved child health. Yet, 20% of eligible families do not receive it. We provided free tax preparation services in clinics serving low-income families and assessed use, financial impact, and accuracy. METHODS: Free tax preparation services ("StreetCred") were available at 4 clinics in Boston in 2016 and 2017. We surveyed a convenience sample of clients ( n = 244) about experiences with StreetCred and previous tax services and of nonparticipants ( n = 100; 69% response rate) and clinic staff ( n = 41; 48% response rate) about acceptability and feasibility...
May 18, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776979/ethical-challenges-raised-by-opennotes-for-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients
#8
Fabienne C Bourgeois, Catherine M DesRoches, Sigall K Bell
Sharing clinic notes online with patients and parents may yield many potential benefits to patients and providers alike, but the unprecedented transparency and accessibility to notes afforded by patient portals has also raised a number of unique ethical and legal concerns. As the movement toward transparent notes (OpenNotes) grows, clinicians and health care organizations caring for pediatric and adolescent patients wrestle with how to document confidential and sensitive information, including issues such as reproductive health, misattributed paternity, or provider and parent disagreements...
May 18, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773665/hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-and-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-from-e-cigarette-use
#9
Casey G Sommerfeld, Daniel J Weiner, Andrew Nowalk, Allyson Larkin
Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, or "vaping," is gaining widespread popularity as an alternative to conventional cigarettes among adolescents. Little is known of the health risks of e-cigarette use, especially in children and adolescents. We present a Case Report of a previously healthy 18-year-old woman who presented with dyspnea, cough, and pleuritic chest pain after e-cigarette use. She developed respiratory failure with hypoxia and was intubated, and ultimately met diagnostic criteria for acute respiratory distress syndrome...
May 17, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773664/cognitive-development-and-quality-of-life-associated-with-bpd-in-10-year-olds-born-preterm
#10
Sudhir Sriram, Michael D Schreiber, Michael E Msall, Karl C K Kuban, Robert M Joseph, T Michael O' Shea, Elizabeth N Allred, Alan Leviton
OBJECTIVES: To compare neurocognitive, language, executive function, academic achievement, neurologic and behavioral outcomes, and quality of life at age 10 years in children born extremely preterm who developed bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) to children who did not develop BPD. METHODS: The Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns study population included 863 children born extremely preterm whose BPD status before discharge was known had an IQ (Differential Ability Scales II [DAS II]) assessment at 10 years...
May 17, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769243/hospitalization-for-suicide-ideation-or-attempt-2008-2015
#11
Gregory Plemmons, Matthew Hall, Stephanie Doupnik, James Gay, Charlotte Brown, Whitney Browning, Robert Casey, Katherine Freundlich, David P Johnson, Carrie Lind, Kris Rehm, Susan Thomas, Derek Williams
OBJECTIVES: Suicide ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SAs) have been reported as increasing among US children over the last decade. We examined trends in emergency and inpatient encounters for SI and SA at US children's hospitals from 2008 to 2015. METHODS: We used retrospective analysis of administrative billing data from the Pediatric Health Information System database. RESULTS: There were 115 856 SI and SA encounters during the study period...
May 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769242/implementing-parental-tobacco-dependence-treatment-within-bronchiolitis-qi-collaboratives
#12
Susan C Walley, Grant M Mussman, Michele Lossius, Kristin A Shadman, Lauren Destino, Matthew Garber, Shawn L Ralston
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to implement systematic tobacco dependence interventions for parents and/or caregivers as secondary aims within 2 multisite quality improvement (QI) collaboratives for bronchiolitis. We hypothesized that iterative improvements in tobacco dependence intervention strategies would result in improvement in outcomes between collaboratives. METHODS: This study involved 2 separate yearlong, multisite QI collaboratives that were focused on care provided to inpatients with a primary diagnosis of bronchiolitis...
May 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765010/13-things-pediatricians-should-know-and-do-about-13-reasons-why
#13
Margot Zarin-Pass, Phillip Plager, Michael B Pitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765009/parent-provider-communication-of-hpv-vaccine-hesitancy
#14
Laura A Shay, Austin S Baldwin, Andrea C Betts, Emily G Marks, Robin T Higashi, Richard L Street, Donna Persaud, Jasmin A Tiro
: media-1vid110.1542/5754332185001PEDS-VA_2017-2312 Video Abstract OBJECTIVES: To prevent human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers, providers must effectively communicate with HPV vaccine-hesitant parents. Here, we developed a typology characterizing parent-provider communication around HPV vaccine hesitancy. METHODS: We audio-recorded 43 visits with unvaccinated adolescents at 6 pediatric clinics in Dallas, Texas in which parents were undecided about HPV vaccination. We qualitatively coded how parents verbally expressed hesitancy (assertive response, asking a question, or expressing concern) and whether providers responded with acquiescence (agree to defer vaccination) and/or persistence (continue discussion)...
May 15, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765008/housing-assistance-and-child-health-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Natalie Slopen, Andrew Fenelon, Sandra Newman, Michel Boudreaux
CONTEXT: Given a large and consistent literature revealing a link between housing and health, publicly supported housing assistance programs might play an important role in promoting the health of disadvantaged children. OBJECTIVE: To summarize and evaluate research in which authors examine housing assistance and child health. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and PAIS (1990-2017). STUDY SELECTION: Eligible studies were required to contain assessments of public housing, multifamily housing, or vouchers in relation to a health outcome in children (ages 0-21); we excluded neighborhood mobility interventions...
May 15, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759987/parental-desensitization-to-gun-violence-in-pg-13-movies
#16
Daniel Romer, Patrick E Jamieson, Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Robert Lull, Azeez Adebimpe
: media-1vid110.1542/5745216462001PEDS-VA_2017-3491 Video Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess effects of justified versus unjustified screen violence on parents' willingness to allow children to view films that contain extensive gun violence. METHODS: A national US sample of 610 parents with at least 1 child between ages 6 and 17 was randomly assigned to view a series of four 90-second video clips from popular films depicting violent gun use under either justified or unjustified conditions...
May 14, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759986/trends-in-cannabis-and-cigarette-use-among-parents-with-children-at-home-2002-to-2015
#17
Renee D Goodwin, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Samantha Santoscoy, Nina Bakoyiannis, Deborah S Hasin, Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore, Melanie M Wall
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated trends in cannabis use among parents with children at home in the United States and estimated changes in prevalence of any cannabis use and daily cannabis use among parents who identified as cigarette smokers and nonsmokers with children in the home from 2002 to 2015. METHODS: The National Survey on Drug Use and Health is an annual, nationally representative, cross-sectional study conducted in the United States. Using logistic regression models, associations between cigarette smoking and any past-month and daily past-month cannabis use among parents with children in the home from 2002 to 2015 were estimated...
May 14, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752289/interventions-to-reduce-over-utilized-tests-and-treatments-in-bronchiolitis
#18
Amy Tyler, Paige Krack, Leigh Anne Bakel, Kimberly O'Hara, Douglas Scudamore, Irina Topoz, Julia Freeman, Angela Moss, Renee Allen, Angela Swanson, Lalit Bajaj
OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics published bronchiolitis clinical practice guidelines in 2014 recommending against the routine use of bronchodilators, chest radiographs, or respiratory viral testing in children with a clinical diagnosis of bronchiolitis. Our aim in this project was to align care with the American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guidelines by decreasing the overuse of these interventions. METHODS: This study included patients who were admitted to a non-ICU setting with a primary or secondary diagnosis of bronchiolitis...
May 11, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748192/sexual-risk-outcomes-of-an-emotion-regulation-intervention-for-at-risk-early-adolescents
#19
Christopher D Houck, David H Barker, Wendy Hadley, Maya Menefee, Larry K Brown
OBJECTIVE: With this study, we examined the efficacy of a health intervention program that was focused on emotion regulation (ER) skills in reducing sexual risk behaviors among early adolescents with suspected mental health symptoms. METHODS: Seventh grade adolescents with suspected mental health symptoms participated in a 6-week, after-school sexual risk prevention trial in which a counterbalanced, within-school design comparing an ER focused program to a time- and attention-matched comparison group was used...
May 10, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748191/new-skills-to-reduce-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-young-adolescents
#20
Carol A Ford, James Jaccard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Pediatrics
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