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Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360034/ages-and-stages-questionnaire-at-3-years-for-predicting-iq-at-5-6-years
#1
Marie-Laure Charkaluk, Jessica Rousseau, Johanna Calderon, Jonathan Y Bernard, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Monique Kaminski
OBJECTIVES: To assess the predictive value of the 36-month Ages & Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) score for IQ score at age 5 to 6 years in the general population and to identify factors associated with IQ <85 once the ASQ score is taken into account. METHODS: Data were collected from 939 children enrolled in a population-based prospective cohort study. Developmental outcomes at 36 months were assessed via the ASQ and at 5 to 6 years via the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence...
March 30, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356336/near-infrared-fluorescence-lymphatic-imaging-of-a-toddler-with-congenital-lymphedema
#2
Matthew R Greives, Melissa B Aldrich, Eva M Sevick-Muraca, John C Rasmussen
Primary lymphedema in the pediatric population remains poorly diagnosed and misunderstood due to a lack of information on the causation and underlying anatomy of the lymphatic system. Consequently, therapeutic protocols for pediatric patients remain sparse and with little evidence to support them. In an effort to better understand the causation of primary pediatric lymphedema and to better inform clinical care, we report the use of near-infrared fluorescence lymphatic imaging on the extremities of an alert, 21-month-old boy who presented with unilateral right arm and hand lymphedema at birth...
March 29, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356335/childhood-adiposity-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adulthood
#3
Yinkun Yan, Dongqing Hou, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Junting Liu, Hong Cheng, Youfa Wang, Jie Mi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of childhood adiposity and change in adiposity status from childhood to adulthood with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and abnormal liver enzyme levels in adulthood. METHODS: Data were obtained from a population-based cohort of children aged 6 to 18 years started in 1987. From 2010 to 2014, 1350 subjects (aged 28-45 years) from the original cohort were followed. Childhood overweight and obesity were defined using BMI and subscapular skinfold thickness, respectively...
March 29, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351847/differentiating-between-postural-tachycardia-syndrome-and-vasovagal-syncope
#4
Jeffrey B Anderson, Martha W Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351846/postural-heart-rate-changes-in-young-patients-with-vasovagal-syncope
#5
Marvin S Medow, Sana Merchant, Melissa Suggs, Courtney Terilli, Breige O'Donnell-Smith, Julian M Stewart
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recurrent postural vasovagal syncope (VVS) is caused by transient cerebral hypoperfusion from episodic hypotension and bradycardia; diagnosis is made by medical history. VVS contrasts with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS), defined by chronic daily symptoms of orthostatic intolerance with excessive upright tachycardia without hypotension. POTS has recently been conflated with VVS when excessive tachycardia is succeeded by hypotension during tilt testing. We hypothesize that excessive tachycardia preceding hypotension and bradycardia is part of the vasovagal response during tilt testing of patients with VVS...
March 28, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348203/breastfeeding-what-do-we-know-and-where-do-we-go-from-here
#6
Lydia Furman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348202/parent-physician-partnership-at-the-edge-of-viability
#7
Eric Ruthford, Miri Ruthford, Mark L Hudak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348201/tobacco-product-use-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adolescents
#8
Hongying Dai
OBJECTIVES: Sexual minority youth face health disparities and a high risk of substance abuse. This study sought to fully characterize the disparity of tobacco use and risk factors in this high-risk subpopulation. METHODS: Using data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, the current use of various tobacco products (cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, cigars, and e-cigarettes) was compared according to sex and distinct sexual identities (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and unsure)...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348200/breastfeeding-cognitive-and-noncognitive-development-in-early-childhood-a-population-study
#9
Lisa-Christine Girard, Orla Doyle, Richard E Tremblay
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is mixed evidence from correlational studies that breastfeeding impacts children's development. Propensity score matching with large samples can be an effective tool to remove potential bias from observed confounders in correlational studies. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of breastfeeding on children's cognitive and noncognitive development at 3 and 5 years of age. METHODS: Participants included ∼8000 families from the Growing Up in Ireland longitudinal infant cohort, who were identified from the Child Benefit Register and randomly selected to participate...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348199/needs-of-kinship-care-families-and-pediatric-practice
#10
David Rubin, Sarah H Springer, Sarah Zlotnik, Christina D Kang-Yi
As many as 3% of children in the United States live in kinship care arrangements with caregivers who are relatives but not the biological parents of the child. A growing body of evidence suggests that children who cannot live with their biological parents fare better, overall, when living with extended family than with nonrelated foster parents. Acknowledging this, federal laws and public policies increasingly favor kinship care over nonrelative foster care when children are unable to live with their biological parents...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341800/variability-in-very-preterm-stillbirth-and-in-hospital-mortality-across-europe
#11
Elizabeth S Draper, Bradley N Manktelow, Marina Cuttini, Rolf F Maier, Alan C Fenton, Patrick Van Reempts, Anna-Karin Bonamy, Jan Mazela, Klaus Bᴓrch, Corinne Koopman-Esseboom, Heili Varendi, Henrique Barros, Jennifer J Zeitlin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Stillbirth and in-hospital mortality rates associated with very preterm births (VPT) vary widely across Europe. International comparisons are complicated by a lack of standardized data collection and differences in definitions, registration, and reporting. This study aims to determine what proportion of the variation in stillbirth and in-hospital VPT mortality rates persists after adjusting for population demographics, case-mix, and timing of death. METHODS: Standardized data collection for a geographically defined prospective cohort of VPTs (22(+0)-31(+6) weeks gestation) across 16 regions in Europe...
March 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341799/use-of-traumatic-brain-injury-prediction-rules-with-clinical-decision-support
#12
Peter S Dayan, Dustin W Ballard, Eric Tham, Jeff M Hoffman, Marguerite Swietlik, Sara J Deakyne, Evaline A Alessandrini, Leah Tzimenatos, Lalit Bajaj, David R Vinson, Dustin G Mark, Steve R Offerman, Uli K Chettipally, Marilyn D Paterno, Molly H Schaeffer, Jun Wang, T Charles Casper, Howard S Goldberg, Robert W Grundmeier, Nathan Kuppermann
OBJECTIVES: We determined whether implementing the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) traumatic brain injury (TBI) prediction rules and providing risks of clinically important TBIs (ciTBIs) with computerized clinical decision support (CDS) reduces computed tomography (CT) use for children with minor head trauma. METHODS: Nonrandomized trial with concurrent controls at 5 pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) and 8 general EDs (GEDs) between November 2011 and June 2014...
March 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336577/fruit-juice-and-child-health
#13
Steven A Abrams, Stephen R Daniels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336576/fruit-juice-and-change-in-bmi-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Brandon J Auerbach, Fred M Wolf, Abigail Hikida, Petra Vallila-Buchman, Alyson Littman, Douglas Thompson, Diana Louden, Daniel R Taber, James Krieger
CONTEXT: Whether 100% fruit juice consumption causes weight gain in children remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between 100% fruit juice consumption and change in BMI or BMI z score in children. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane databases. STUDY SELECTION: Longitudinal studies examining the association of 100% fruit juice and change in BMI measures were included. DATA EXTRACTION: Two independent reviewers extracted data using a predesigned data collection form...
March 23, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330972/fatal-cerebral-edema-with-status-epilepticus-in-children-with-dravet-syndrome-report-of-5-cases
#15
Kenneth A Myers, Jacinta M McMahon, Simone A Mandelstam, Mark T Mackay, Renate M Kalnins, Richard J Leventer, Ingrid E Scheffer
Dravet syndrome (DS) is a well-recognized developmental and epileptic encephalopathy associated with SCN1A mutations and 15% mortality by 20 years. Although over half of cases succumb to sudden unexpected death in epilepsy, the cause of death in the remainder is poorly defined. We describe the clinical, radiologic, and pathologic characteristics of a cohort of children with DS and SCN1A mutations who developed fatal cerebral edema causing mass effect after fever-associated status epilepticus. Cases were identified from a review of children with DS enrolled in the Epilepsy Genetics Research Program at The University of Melbourne, Austin Health, who died after fever-associated status epilepticus...
March 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330971/the-gift-of-feedback-child-hcahps
#16
Kerry L Rosen, Steven Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330970/variation-in-family-experience-of-pediatric-inpatient-care-as-measured-by-child-hcahps
#17
Sara L Toomey, Marc N Elliott, Alan M Zaslavsky, David J Klein, Sifon Ndon, Shannon Hardy, Melody Wu, Mark A Schuster
BACKGROUND: Making national comparisons of family experience of inpatient pediatric care has been limited by the lack of a publicly available survey. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services commissioned development of the Child Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Survey to address this gap. Using Child Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Survey, we measured performance of hospitals in a national field test...
March 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325811/a-theoretical-and-practical-approach-to-defining-adequate-oxygenation-in-the-preterm-newborn
#18
REVIEW
Chad C Andersen, Nicolette A Hodyl, Haresh M Kirpalani, Michael J Stark
John Scott Haldane recognized that the administration of supplemental oxygen required titration in the individual. Although he made this observation in adults, it is equally applicable to the preterm newborn. But how, in practice, can the oxygen requirements in the preterm newborn be determined to avoid the consequences of too little and too much oxygen? Unfortunately, the current generation of oxygen saturation trials in preterm newborns guides saturation thresholds rather than individual oxygen requirements...
March 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320870/clinical-considerations-related-to-the-behavioral-manifestations-of-child-maltreatment
#19
Robert D Sege, Lisa Amaya-Jackson
Children who have suffered early abuse or neglect may later present with significant health and behavior problems that may persist long after the abusive or neglectful environment has been remediated. Neurobiological research suggests that early maltreatment may result in an altered psychological and physiologic response to stressful stimuli, a response that deleteriously affects the child's subsequent development. Pediatricians can assist caregivers by helping them recognize the abused or neglected child's emotional and behavioral responses associated with child maltreatment and guide them in the use of positive parenting strategies, referring the children and families to evidence-based therapeutic treatment and mobilizing available community resources...
March 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320869/prescription-opioid-exposures-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states-2000-2015
#20
Jakob D Allen, Marcel J Casavant, Henry A Spiller, Thiphalak Chounthirath, Nichole L Hodges, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study analyzes and compares exposures to prescription opioids among children and adolescents younger than 20 years old in the United States. METHODS: Data from the National Poison Data System for 2000 through 2015 were analyzed. RESULTS: Poison control centers received reports of 188 468 prescription opioid exposures among children aged <20 years old from 2000 through 2015. The annual number and rate of exposures increased early in the study period, but declined after 2009, except for buprenorphine exposures, which increased during the last 3 study years...
March 20, 2017: Pediatrics
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