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Pediatric Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222955/analysis-of-serum-cytokine-profiles-in-childhood-onset-ocular-myasthenia-gravis
#1
LETTER
Mitsuo Motobayashi, Takafumi Nishimura, Yozo Nakazawa, Yuji Inaba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216032/obstructive-hydrocephalus-in-pyridoxine-dependent-epilepsy-an-uncommon-complication
#2
LETTER
Renu Suthar, Shiv S Saini, Jitendra K Sahu, Pratibha Singhi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188074/complications-during-ketogenic-diet-initiation-prevalence-treatment-and-influence-on-seizure-outcomes
#3
Abigail Lin, Zahava Turner, Sarah C Doerrer, Anthony Stanfield, Eric H Kossoff
BACKGROUND: Many centers still admit children for several days to start the ketogenic diet. The exact incidence of adverse effects during the admission and their potential later impact on seizure reduction has not been widely studied. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of children with intractable epilepsy electively admitted for ketogenic diet initiation at our institution from 2011 to 2016. Charts were reviewed for adverse effects during the admission period and then examined for seizure reduction and compliance at three months...
January 16, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173990/acute-disseminated-encephalomyelitis-a-gray-distinction
#4
Amal Abu Libdeh, Howard P Goodkin, Denia Ramirez-Montealegre, J Nicholas Brenton
BACKGROUND: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an immune-mediated, inflammatory acquired demyelinating syndrome predominantly affecting the white matter of the central nervous system. METHODS: We describe a three-year-old boy whose clinical presentation was suspicious for ADEM but whose initial imaging abnormalities were confined to the deep gray matter (without evidence of white matter involvement). His clinical course was fluctuating and repeat imaging one week after presentation demonstrated interval development of characteristic white matter lesions...
January 12, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209245/seeing-wisely-imaging-recommendations-for-suspected-childhood-stroke
#5
EDITORIAL
E Steve Roach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162860/a-wrinkle-in-the-time-of-mitochondrial-medicine
#6
Jaime-Dawn E Twanow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214164/alternating-upper-limb-monoplegia-due-to-atp1a3-mutation
#7
Cécile Delorme, Elodie Hainque, Emmanuel Roze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216033/safety-of-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Corey H Allen, Benzi M Kluger, Isabelle Buard
BACKGROUND: Data and best practice recommendations for transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) use in adults are largely available. Although there are fewer data in pediatric populations and no published guidelines, its practice in children continues to grow. METHODS: We performed a literature search through PubMed to review all TMS studies from 1985 to 2016 involving children and documented any adverse events. Crude risks were calculated per session. RESULTS: Following data screening we identified 42 single-pulse and/or paired-pulse TMS studies involving 639 healthy children, 482 children with central nervous system disorders, and 84 children with epilepsy...
January 4, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214165/agenesis-of-the-corpus-callosum-and-aicardi-syndrome-a%C3%A2-neuroimaging-and-clinical-comparison
#9
T Govil-Dalela, A Kumar, R Agarwal, H T Chugani
BACKGROUND: Agenesis of the corpus callosum can occur in individuals with epilepsy, either in isolation or as part of various neurological conditions, such as Aicardi syndrome. In this study, we evaluated the clinical and neuroradiological differences between children with nonsyndromic agenesis of the corpus callosum and those with Aicardi syndrome. METHODS: We evaluated 31 children with epilepsy and agenesis of the corpus callosum (11 males, 20 females), 14 of whom had Aicardi syndrome (all females)...
January 4, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160964/association-between-the-20210g-a-prothrombin-gene-polymorphism-and-arterial-ischemic-stroke-in-children-and-young-adults-two-meta-analyses-of-3586-cases-and-6440-control-subjects-in-total
#10
Beata Sarecka-Hujar, Ilona Kopyta, Michal Skrzypek, Joanna Sordyl
BACKGROUND: Previous data have shown that the 20210G>A polymorphism of the Factor II gene is related to an increased prothrombin level, which may in turn lead to a procoagulant state. The heterogeneous and multifactorial character of arterial ischemic stroke often results in contradictory reports describing the association between the 20210G>A polymorphism and arterial ischemic stroke in different populations. We performed a meta-analysis of available data addressing the relation between the FII 20210G>A polymorphism and arterial ischemic stroke, both in young adults and children...
January 4, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129933/schwartz-jampel-syndrome
#11
Natasha Mathur, Partha S Ghosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162859/everolimus-alleviates-obstructive-hydrocephalus-due-to-subependymal-giant-cell-astrocytomas
#12
Romina Moavero, Andrea Carai, Angela Mastronuzzi, Sara Marciano, Federica Graziola, Federico Vigevano, Paolo Curatolo
BACKGROUND: Subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGAs) are low-grade tumors affecting up to 20% of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Early neurosurgical resection has been the only standard treatment until few years ago when a better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of TSC led to the use of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors. Surgical resection of SEGAs is still considered as the first line treatment in individuals with symptomatic hydrocephalus and intratumoral hemorrhage...
January 3, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160965/fetal-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-fetus-with-zika-virus-infection
#13
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110771/gait-characteristics-in-adolescents-with-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Alon Kalron, Lior Frid, Shay Menascu
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis is a progressive autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. A presentation of multiple sclerosis before age18 years has traditionally been thought to be rare. However, during the past decade, more cases have been reported. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: We examined gait characteristics in 24 adolescents with multiple sclerosis (12 girls, 12 boys). Mean disease duration was 20.4 (S.D. = 24.9) months and mean age was 15.5 (S.D. = 1...
December 22, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065826/scn2a-p-ala263val-variant-a-phenotype-of-neonatal-seizures-followed-by-paroxysmal-ataxia-in-toddlers
#15
Kathleen Mary Gorman, Mary Dolores King
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065823/kcnq2-mutation-explains-the-etiology-of-chloral-hydrate-responsive-ohtahara-syndrome
#16
LETTER
Katalin Štěrbová, Petra Laššuthová, Ivana Perníková, Michal Beran, Jana Neupauerová, Pavel Kršek, Pavel Seeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159432/large-vessel-vasculopathy-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-of-infarct-topography-and-focal-atrophy
#17
Kristin P Guilliams, Melanie E Fields, Dustin K Ragan, Yasheng Chen, Cihat Eldeniz, Monica L Hulbert, Michael M Binkley, James N Rhodes, Joshua S Shimony, Robert C McKinstry, Katie D Vo, Hongyu An, Jin-Moo Lee, Andria L Ford
BACKGROUND: Large-vessel vasculopathy (LVV) increases stroke risk in pediatric sickle cell disease beyond the baseline elevated stroke risk in this vulnerable population. The mechanisms underlying this added risk and its unique impact on the developing brain are not established. METHODS: We analyzed magnetic resonance imaging and angiography scans of 66 children with sickle cell disease and infarcts by infarct density heatmaps and Jacobian determinants, a metric utilized to delineate focal volume change, to investigate if infarct location, volume, frequency, and cerebral atrophy differed among hemispheres with and without LVV...
December 7, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034604/leukoencephalopathy-with-6p25-deletion
#18
LETTER
Galen N Breningstall, Richard Patterson, Betsy Hirsch, Bridget Doyle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094168/clinical-epidemiology-and-treatment-of-febrile-and-afebrile-convulsions-with-mild-gastroenteritis-a-multicenter-study
#19
Yousuke Higuchi, Toshihide Kubo, Toshiharu Mitsuhashi, Naoko Nakamura, Ichiro Yokota, Osamu Komiyama, Isamu Kamimaki, Shigenori Yamamoto, Yasushi Uchida, Kyoko Watanabe, Hironori Yamashita, Shigeki Tanaka, Kosei Iguchi, Ryouji Ichimi, Shinichiro Miyagawa, Toshimitsu Takayanagi, Hiroshi Koga, Akinori Shukuya, Akiko Saito, Keizo Horibe
BACKGROUND: We investigated features and responses to treatment in patients with febrile and afebrile convulsions with mild gastroenteritis and characterized convulsions with rotavirus and norovirus gastroenteritis. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational study to evaluate patients with febrile and afebrile convulsions with mild gastroenteritis who were hospitalized between November 2011 and March 2014 at 13 facilities in the National Hospital Organization...
February 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094167/seizures-and-antiseizure-medications-are-important-to-parents-of-newborns-with-seizures
#20
Elizabeth Hill, Hannah Cranley Glass, Kelli Kelley, Marty Barnes, Stephanie Rau, Linda S Franck, Renée A Shellhaas
BACKGROUND: Neonatal seizures and antiseizure medications both have potentially serious consequences on the developing brain. As such, optimal treatment of neonatal seizures remains unclear. Moreover, little is known about parental experiences, concerns, or unanswered questions. We conducted an online survey to assess parental perspectives regarding neonatal seizures and their management, along with their suggestions for specific high priority research topics. METHODS: Parents whose children had neonatal seizures were recruited through social media support groups to complete an online survey...
February 2017: Pediatric Neurology
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