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Pediatric Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325641/spectrum-of-nondystrophic-skeletal-muscle-channelopathies-in-children
#1
Fouad Al-Ghamdi, Basil T Darras, Partha S Ghosh
BACKGROUND: The nondystrophic skeletal muscle channelopathies are a group of disorders caused by mutations of various voltage-gated ion channel genes, including nondystrophic myotonia and periodic paralysis. METHODS: We identified patients with a diagnosis of muscle channelopathy from our neuromuscular database in a tertiary care pediatric center from 2005 to 2015. We then performed a retrospective review of their medical records for demographic characteristics, clinical features, investigations, treatment, and follow-up...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279525/-ivy-sign-and-moyamoya-disease-in-a-child-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#2
Sarah Novara, Sumit Singh, Salman Rashid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286009/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-presenting-as-area-postrema-syndrome
#3
Sara Vila-Bedmar, Fernando Ostos-Moliz, Ana Camacho-Salas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320567/gender-differences-in-concussion-and-postinjury-cognitive-findings-in-an-older-and-younger-pediatric-population
#4
Sarah Tanveer, Nassim Zecavati, Elizabeth Bronson Delasobera, Temitayo Oyefunmike Oyegbile
BACKGROUND: Studies have documented gender differences associated with concussion. The purpose of this study was to determine if these gender differences are also noted within a pediatric population. METHODS: This prospective study analyzed 1971 patients who had completed preconcussion and postconcussion neuropsychological testing within the Washington, DC, area. RESULTS: Our results showed that children and adolescents with concussion exhibit gender differences with respect to risk factors, recovery, and symptomatology...
February 9, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330790/outcomes-of-diagnostic-exome-sequencing-in-patients-with-diagnosed-or-suspected-autism-spectrum-disorders
#5
Mari Rossi, Dima El-Khechen, Mary Helen Black, Kelly D Farwell Hagman, Sha Tang, Zöe Powis
BACKGROUND: Exome sequencing has recently been proved to be a successful diagnostic method for complex neurodevelopmental disorders. However, the diagnostic yield of exome sequencing for autism spectrum disorders has not been extensively evaluated in large cohorts to date. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed diagnostic exome sequencing in a cohort of 163 individuals with autism spectrum disorder (66.3%) or autistic features (33.7%). RESULTS: The diagnostic yield observed in patients in our cohort was 25...
February 8, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262551/abnormal-fluid-attenuated-inversion-recovery-signal-in-the-internal-capsule-a-novel-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-finding-in-a-child-with-acute-flaccid-myelitis
#6
Naila Makhani, Amit Mahajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259512/simultaneous-mouth-opening-facilitates-funduscopy-in-young-children
#7
LETTER
Imad T Jarjour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259511/an-increase-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-b-cell-activating-factor-level-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-viral-encephalitis
#8
LETTER
Mitsuo Motobayashi, Tetsuhiro Fukuyama, Jiu Okuno-Yuguchi, Takahiro Shioiri, Sachiko Nagaharu, Rokuro Hagimoto, Tatsuya Kinoshita, Yuji Inaba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286008/compound-heterozygous-variants-in-robo1-cause-a-neurodevelopmental-disorder-with-absence-of-transverse-pontine-fibers-and-thinning-of-the-anterior-commissure-and-corpus-callosum
#9
Sonia F Calloni, Julie S Cohen, Avner Meoded, Jane Juusola, Fabio M Triulzi, Thierry A G M Huisman, Andrea Poretti, Ali Fatemi
BACKGROUND: Axonal guidance disorders are characterized by white matter tracts with an anomalous course, failure to cross the midline, or presence of anomalous white matter tracts. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a suitable noninvasive, in vivo neuroimaging tool to study axonal guidance disorders. We describe a novel disorder in a boy with compound heterozygous variants in the ROBO1 gene. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: The child was referred at age 13 months because of developmental delay...
February 2, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242084/understanding-death-in-children-with-epilepsy
#10
REVIEW
Elizabeth J Donner, Peter Camfield, Linda Brooks, Jeffrey Buchhalter, Carol Camfield, Tobias Loddenkemper, Elaine Wirrell
Death in children with epilepsy is profoundly disturbing, with lasting effects on the family, community, and health care providers. The overall risk of death for children with epilepsy is about ten times that of the general population. However, the risk of premature death for children without associated neurological comorbidities is similar to that of the general population, and most deaths are related to the cause of the epilepsy or associated neurologic disability, not seizures. The most common cause of seizure-related death in children with epilepsy is sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP)...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236515/false-localization-with-subdural-electroencephalography-due-to-gyrus-overlap
#11
Alvin Y Chan, Paul E Youssef, Sean M Lew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233667/in-memoriam-bruce-o-berg-md-1931-to-2016
#12
EDITORIAL
Kenneth F Swaiman, Donna M Ferriero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262550/pathways-for-neuroimaging-of-neonatal-stroke
#13
REVIEW
Sarah Lee, David M Mirsky, Lauren A Beslow, Catherine Amlie-Lefond, Amy R Danehy, Laura Lehman, Nicholas V Stence, Arastoo Vossough, Max Wintermark, Michael J Rivkin
PURPOSE: To provide consensus-based, suggested imaging protocols to facilitate the accurate and timely diagnosis of a neonate with symptoms concerning for stroke. METHODS: The Writing Group, an international collaboration of pediatric neurologists and neuroradiologists with expertise in perinatal and childhood stroke, participated in a series of pediatric stroke neuroimaging symposia. These discussions, in conjunction with extensive literature review, led to a consensus for imaging protocols to guide practitioners in the diagnosis of neonatal stroke subtypes as defined by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Common Data Elements...
January 26, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254555/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-arterial-ischemic-stroke-in-children-the-canadian-pediatric-ischemic-stroke-registry
#14
Gabrielle A deVeber, Adam Kirton, Frances A Booth, Jerome Y Yager, Elaine C Wirrell, Ellen Wood, Michael Shevell, Ann-Marie Surmava, Patricia McCusker, M Patricia Massicotte, Daune MacGregor, E Athen MacDonald, Brandon Meaney, Simon Levin, Bernard G Lemieux, Lawrence Jardine, Peter Humphreys, Michèle David, Anthony K C Chan, David J Buckley, Bruce H Bjornson
BACKGROUND: Pediatric arterial ischemic stroke remains incompletely understood. Population-based epidemiological data inform clinical trial design but are scant in this condition. We aimed to determine age-specific epidemiological characteristics of arterial ischemic stroke in neonates (birth to 28 days) and older children (29 days to 18 years). METHODS: We conducted a 16-year, prospective, national population-based study, the Canadian Pediatric Ischemic Stroke Registry, across all 16 Canadian acute care children's hospitals...
January 26, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274641/pathways-for-neuroimaging-of-childhood-stroke
#15
REVIEW
David M Mirsky, Lauren A Beslow, Catherine Amlie-Lefond, Pradeep Krishnan, Suzanne Laughlin, Sarah Lee, Laura Lehman, Mubeen Rafay, Dennis Shaw, Michael J Rivkin, Max Wintermark
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to aid practitioners in choosing appropriate neuroimaging for children who present with symptoms that could be caused by stroke. METHODS: The Writing Group members participated in one or more pediatric stroke neuroimaging symposiums hosted by the Stroke Imaging Laboratory for Children housed at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Through collaboration, literature review, and discussion among child neurologists with expertise diagnosing and treating childhood stroke and pediatric neuroradiologists and neuroradiologists with expertise in pediatric neurovascular disease, suggested imaging protocols are presented for children with suspected stroke syndromes including arterial ischemic stroke, cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, and hemorrhagic stroke...
January 25, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274640/clinical-predictors-of-attention-and-executive-functioning-outcomes-in-children-after-perinatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#16
Danielle D Bosenbark, Lauren Krivitzky, Rebecca Ichord, Arastoo Vossough, Aashim Bhatia, Laura E Jastrzab, Lori Billinghurst
BACKGROUND: Children with perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAIS) are at risk for later neurocognitive and behavioral deficits, yet the clinical predictors of these outcomes are understudied. We examined the influence of clinical and infarct characteristics on attention and executive functioning in children following PAIS. METHODS: Forty children born at term (≥37 weeks' gestation) with PAIS (28 with neonatal arterial ischemic stroke and 12 with presumed PAIS) underwent a comprehensive neuropsychological battery at age three to 16 years (median age 7...
January 25, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259513/harnessing-neuroimaging-capability-in-pediatric-stroke-proceedings-of-the-stroke-imaging-laboratory-for-children%C3%A2-workshop
#17
REVIEW
Nomazulu Dlamini, Max Wintermark, Heather Fullerton, Stephen Strother, Wayne Lee, Bruce Bjornson, Kristin P Guilliams, Steven Miller, Adam Kirton, Christopher G Filippi, Alexandra Linds, Rand Askalan, Gabrielle deVeber
On June 5, 2015 the International Pediatric Stroke Study and the Stroke Imaging Laboratory for Children cohosted a unique workshop focused on developing neuroimaging research in pediatric stroke. Pediatric neurologists, neuroradiologists, interventional neuroradiologists, physicists, nurse practitioners, neuropsychologists, and imaging research scientists from around the world attended this one-day meeting. Our objectives were to (1) establish a group of experts to collaborate in advancing pediatric neuroimaging for stroke, (2) develop consensus clinical and research magnetic resonance imaging protocols for pediatric stroke patients, and (3) develop imaging-based research strategies in pediatric ischemic stroke...
January 25, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233666/endovascular-therapy-in-pediatric-stroke-utilization-patient-characteristics-and-outcomes
#18
Jenny L Wilson, Carl O Eriksson, Cydni N Williams
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite strong evidence for endovascular therapy in adults with acute arterial ischemic stroke, limited data exist in children. We aimed to describe endovascular therapy utilization and explore outcomes in a national sample of pediatric arterial ischemic stroke. METHODS: We queried the 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database for children aged greater than 28 days to 20 years with the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes for arterial ischemic stroke and evaluated groups based on the procedure code for endovascular therapy...
January 25, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222955/analysis-of-serum-cytokine-profiles-in-childhood-onset-ocular-myasthenia-gravis
#19
LETTER
Mitsuo Motobayashi, Takafumi Nishimura, Yozo Nakazawa, Yuji Inaba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237248/the-potential-for-advanced-magnetic-resonance-neuroimaging-techniques-in-pediatric-stroke-research
#20
REVIEW
Trish Domi, Arastoo Vossough, Nicholas V Stence, Ryan J Felling, Jackie Leung, Pradeep Krishnan, Christopher G Watson, P Ellen Grant, Andrea Kassner
BACKGROUND: This article was written to provide clinicians and researchers with an overview of a number of advanced neuroimaging techniques in an effort to promote increased utility and the design of future studies using advanced neuroimaging in childhood stroke. The current capabilities of advanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques provide the opportunity to build on our knowledge of the consequences of stroke on the developing brain. These capabilities include providing information about the physiology, metabolism, structure, and function of the brain that are not routinely evaluated in the clinical setting...
January 24, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
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