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Pediatric Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424147/treatment-of-leukoencephalopathy-with-calcifications-and-cysts-with-bevacizumab
#1
Alex J Fay, Allison A King, Joshua S Shimony, Yanick J Crow, Jan E Brunstrom-Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Leukoencephalopathy with calcifications and cysts is a rare, autosomal recessive cerebral microangiopathy that causes progressive white matter disease, calcifications, and cysts within the brain. It is typically associated with slowly progressive psychomotor regression, seizures, and movement disorders. Although leukoencephalopathy with calcifications and cysts affects only the central nervous system, it demonstrates remarkable neuropathologic and radiologic overlap with Coats plus, a disorder of small vessels of the brain, eyes, gastrointestinal tract, and bone...
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412018/diffuse-carotid-arteriosclerosis-and-stroke-in-a-patient-with-schimke-immuno-osseous-dysplasia
#2
Debopam Samanta, Raghu Ramakrishnaiah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408151/progressive-fatal-neurological%C3%A2-decline-in-an-adolescent
#3
Howard S Jacobs, E Steve Roach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366625/proximal-upper-limb-jerking-important-clinical-sign-to-diagnose-epilepsy-with-myoclonic-absences
#4
Rajesh Shankar Iyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377039/novel-presentation-of-rosai-dorfman-histiocytosis-with-a-prolonged-course-of-cranial-and-peripheral-neuropathies
#5
Richa Tripathi, Fatema Serajee, Huiyuan Jiang, A H M Mahbubul Huq
BACKGROUND: Rosai-Dorfman disease is a form of histiocytosis affecting the systemic lymph nodes. Intracranial Rosai-Dorfman disease is rare and presents with extra-parenchymal or intraparenchymal proliferative mass lesions. Cranial neuropathy has not been reported in Rosai-Dorfman disease except when caused by mass effect by an adjacent lesion. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: We describe a girl with Rosai-Dorfman disease who presented with peripheral and multiple cranial neuropathies...
March 8, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372868/fetal-imaging-other-infectious-diseases-screening-of-fetus-with-zika-virus-infection-and-the-need-for-long-term-follow-up
#6
LETTER
Juan E Garcia-Robledo, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366626/a-rare-cause-of-quadriparesis
#7
Nidheesh Cheeyancheri Chencheri, Pawan Subhash Kashyape
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389055/primary-amebic-meningoencephalitis-in-children-a-report-of%C3%A2-two-fatal-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Robert C Stowe, Davut Pehlivan, Katie E Friederich, Michael A Lopez, Shannon M DiCarlo, Varina L Boerwinkle
BACKGROUND: Primary amebic meningoencephalitis is a rare, almost uniformly fatal disease of cerebral invasion by Naegleria fowleri, occurring most commonly after swimming in warm fresh water in summer months. Treatment using the experimental medication miltefosine demonstrated improved survival and favorable neurocognitive outcome in a 2013 North American patient. Little has been described regarding electrographic recordings of such patients, and little is known to compare known pediatric cases of survival...
February 22, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372869/a-pediatric-case-of-reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-with-similar-radiographic%C3%A2-findings-to-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome
#9
Tomoya Kamide, Taishi Tsutsui, Kouichi Misaki, Hiroki Sano, Masanao Mohri, Naoyuki Uchiyama, Mitsutoshi Nakada
BACKGROUND: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome occurs predominantly in middle-aged women. Only nine pediatric cases of this syndrome have been reported. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: We present a ten-year-old boy with reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome with radiographic findings similar to those of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). He presented with a thunderclap headache without a neurological deficit. Brain magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed multifocal narrowing of the cerebral arteries, whereas magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with diffusion-weighted imaging and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery demonstrated hyperintense lesions in the occipital lobes and the left cerebellum...
February 20, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325641/spectrum-of-nondystrophic-skeletal-muscle-channelopathies-in-children
#10
Fouad Al-Ghamdi, Basil T Darras, Partha S Ghosh
BACKGROUND: The nondystrophic skeletal muscle channelopathies are a group of disorders caused by mutations of various voltage-gated ion channel genes, including nondystrophic myotonia and periodic paralysis. METHODS: We identified patients with a diagnosis of muscle channelopathy from our neuromuscular database in a tertiary care pediatric center from 2005 to 2015. We then performed a retrospective review of their medical records for demographic characteristics, clinical features, investigations, treatment, and follow-up...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279525/-ivy-sign-and-moyamoya-disease-in-a-child-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#11
Sarah Novara, Sumit Singh, Salman Rashid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363511/risk-factors-for-malnutrition-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-botswana
#12
Allison Johnson, Claudia Gambrah-Sampaney, Esha Khurana, James Baier, Esther Baranov, Baphaleng Monokwane, David R Bearden
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy in low-resource settings are at high risk of malnutrition, which further increases their risk of poor health outcomes. However, there are few available data on specific risk factors for malnutrition among children with cerebral palsy in the developing world. METHODS: We performed a case-control study among children with cerebral palsy receiving care at a tertiary care hospital in Gaborone, Botswana. Children with cerebral palsy and malnutrition were identified according to World Health Organization growth curves and compared with subjects with cerebral palsy without malnutrition...
February 14, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286009/pediatric-multiple-sclerosis-presenting-as-area-postrema-syndrome
#13
Sara Vila-Bedmar, Fernando Ostos-Moliz, Ana Camacho-Salas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320567/gender-differences-in-concussion-and-postinjury-cognitive-findings-in-an-older-and-younger-pediatric-population
#14
Sarah Tanveer, Nassim Zecavati, Elizabeth Bronson Delasobera, Temitayo Oyefunmike Oyegbile
BACKGROUND: Studies have documented gender differences associated with concussion. The purpose of this study was to determine if these gender differences are also noted within a pediatric population. METHODS: This prospective study analyzed 1971 patients who had completed preconcussion and postconcussion neuropsychological testing within the Washington, DC, area. RESULTS: Our results showed that children and adolescents with concussion exhibit gender differences with respect to risk factors, recovery, and symptomatology...
February 9, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390778/a-preterm-newborn-with-the-barrel-syndrome
#15
Bárbara Muñoz Amat, Sara Vázquez Román, Carmen Gallego Herrero, Noemí Núñez-Enamorado, Óscar Toldos González, Carmen R Pallás Alonso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330790/outcomes-of-diagnostic-exome-sequencing-in-patients-with-diagnosed-or-suspected-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
Mari Rossi, Dima El-Khechen, Mary Helen Black, Kelly D Farwell Hagman, Sha Tang, Zöe Powis
BACKGROUND: Exome sequencing has recently been proved to be a successful diagnostic method for complex neurodevelopmental disorders. However, the diagnostic yield of exome sequencing for autism spectrum disorders has not been extensively evaluated in large cohorts to date. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed diagnostic exome sequencing in a cohort of 163 individuals with autism spectrum disorder (66.3%) or autistic features (33.7%). RESULTS: The diagnostic yield observed in patients in our cohort was 25...
February 8, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347601/scoliosis-in-rett-syndrome-progression-comorbidities-and-predictors
#17
John T Killian, Jane B Lane, Hye-Seung Lee, Steve A Skinner, Walter E Kaufmann, Daniel G Glaze, Jeffrey L Neul, Alan K Percy
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis is prominent in Rett syndrome (RTT). Following the prior report from the US Natural History Study, the onset and progression of severe scoliosis (≥40° Cobb angle) and surgery were examined regarding functional capabilities and specific genotypes, addressing the hypothesis that abnormal muscle tone, poor oral feeding, puberty, and delays or absence of sitting balance and ambulation may be responsible for greater risk in RTT. METHODS: The multicenter RTT Natural History Study gathered longitudinal data for classic RTT, including mutation type, scoliosis, muscle tone, sitting, ambulation, hand function, and feeding...
February 7, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262551/abnormal-fluid-attenuated-inversion-recovery-signal-in-the-internal-capsule-a-novel-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-finding-in-a-child-with-acute-flaccid-myelitis
#18
Naila Makhani, Amit Mahajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259512/simultaneous-mouth-opening-facilitates-funduscopy-in-young-children
#19
LETTER
Imad T Jarjour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259511/an-increase-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-b-cell-activating-factor-level-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-viral-encephalitis
#20
LETTER
Mitsuo Motobayashi, Tetsuhiro Fukuyama, Jiu Okuno-Yuguchi, Takahiro Shioiri, Sachiko Nagaharu, Rokuro Hagimoto, Tatsuya Kinoshita, Yuji Inaba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
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