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Pediatric Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511810/the-case-for-an-epilepsy-and-clinical-neurophysiology-match
#1
Jorge Vidaurre, Julia Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502634/at-home-in-america-one-foreign-medical-graduate-s-view
#2
Jay Desai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511812/acute-management-of-symptomatic-subependymal-giant-cell-astrocytoma-with-everolimus
#3
Monica S Arroyo, Darcy A Krueger, Eileen Broomall, Charles B Stevenson, David N Franz
BACKGROUND: Subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGA) are slow-growing tumors, which can cause obstructive hydrocephalus in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). These tumors require routine surveillance with magnetic resonance imaging. Current consensus guidelines recommend treatment of asymptomatic SEGAs with an mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor because these medications have demonstrated efficacy and safety in multiple prospective clinical trials. For symptomatic SEGAs, standard therapy typically involves surgical resection of the tumor to relieve mass effect and resolve hydrocephalus...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506505/the-utility-of-surveillance-electroencephalography-to-guide-early-antiepileptic-drug-therapy-in-infants-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#4
Robyn Whitney, Saber Jan, Maria Zak, Bláthnaid McCoy
BACKGROUND: Seizures are a common early presentation in infants with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and can be preceded by electrographic changes on electroencephalography (EEG) before clinical seizure onset. A limited number of studies have addressed the initial EEG findings in TSC and the outcome of early treatment with antiepileptic medication prior to clinical seizure onset. METHODS: We describe two infants with tuberous sclerosis complex whose surveillance EEG showed focal seizures that were not previously recognized by caregivers...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483398/frontotemporal-degeneration-in-a-child
#5
Tyler Terrill, Juan M Pascual
BACKGROUND: There is a predilection for the frontal and temporal lobes in certain cases of dementia in the adult, leading to the syndrome of frontotemporal dementia. However, this syndrome has seemed to elude the developing brain until now. METHODS AND RESULTS: We describe an example of apparently selective neurodegeneration of the frontal and temporal regions during development associated with some of the clinical, magnetic resonance imaging, and fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) scan features of canonical frontotemporal dementia in the adult...
April 12, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465134/filling-in-the-gaps-of-mitochondrial-disease-in-children
#6
EDITORIAL
Steven G Pavlakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511811/autoimmune-voltage-gated-potassium-channelopathy-presenting-with-catecholamine-excess
#7
K Amy Stepp, Christin Folker, Marie Tanzer, Jennifer Hayman, Thomas Reynolds, Leah Mallory
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune voltage-gated potassium channelopathies have been associated with a range of neurological presenting symptoms, including central, peripheral, and autonomic dysfunction. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: We describe a 12-year-old boy who presented with nine months of pain, anxiety, and 30-pound weight loss. He was admitted for failure to thrive, then noted to be persistently hypertensive and tachycardic. Plasma metanephrines and urine metanephrines and catecholamines were elevated...
April 8, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465135/in%C3%A2-vivo-demonstration-of-traumatic-rupture-of-the-bridging-veins-in-abusive-head-trauma
#8
Giulio Zuccoli, Abdullah S Khan, Ashok Panigrahy, Mandeep S Tamber
OBJECTIVE: In victims of abusive head trauma, bridging vein thrombosis is a common finding on magnetic resonance imaging. We aimed to evaluate the utility of high-resolution coronal susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) in depicting bridging vein thrombosis as well as to verify the morphology of the bridging vein thrombosis on axial SWI. We additionally analyzed the correlations between bridging vein thrombosis or bridging vein deformation and other magnetic resonance imaging findings that often occur in association with abusive head trauma...
April 8, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506503/extended-clinical-spectrum-of-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-in-children-a-case-series
#9
Ajay Goenka, Vivek Jain, Hiroki Nariai, Alfred Spiro, Mitchell Steinschneider
OBJECTIVE: There is a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations in children with anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antibody encephalitis from two different health care settings. METHODS: We describe our experience with 13 patients (median age, 7 years; range, 5 months to 19 years) presenting to tertiary referral centers in India and the United States. RESULTS: Initial manifestations were neurological (seizures or movement disorders) in eight patients, and psychiatric (e...
April 5, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449981/recessive-afg3l2-mutation-causes-progressive-microcephaly-early-onset-seizures-spasticity-and-basal-ganglia-involvement
#10
Alaa Eskandrani, Amal AlHashem, El-Sayed Ali, Saad AlShahwan, Kalthoum Tlili, Khaled Hundallah, Brahim Tabarki
BACKGROUND: Mutations in AFG3L2, a gene encoding a subunit of the mitochondrial m-AAA protease, cause spinocerebellar ataxia type 28 and recessive spastic ataxia type 5. Neuroimaging shows cerebellar atrophy. METHODS: Retrospective review of the patient charts including their clinical evaluation and molecular genetic, neurodiagnostic, and neuroradiological investigations. RESULTS: We describe five members of a large consanguineous family with a severe mitochondrial phenotype in the form of regression of the developmental milestones in the first year of life, refractory epilepsy, progressive microcephaly, increased blood lactate, basal ganglia involvement, and premature death...
April 5, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495146/neonatal-vein-of-labb%C3%A3-infarction-size-is-associated-with-long-term-language-outcomes
#11
Kristen L Benninger, Lynne Ruess, Laurel A Slaughter, Nathalie L Maitre, Jerome A Rusin
BACKGROUND: The vein of Labbé is a superficial cortical vein, which drains the lateral surface of the temporal lobe. Thrombosis of the vein of Labbé can occur in the neonatal period. The developmental outcomes of infants who had vein of Labbé thrombosis are unknown as few studies of outcomes exist. METHODS: We completed a retrospective review of infants born ≥34 weeks of gestation, diagnosed with vein of Labbé thrombosis, and/or infarction on neuroimaging during the first 30 days of life...
April 1, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483397/short-term-outcome-of-intravenous-methylprednisolone-pulse-therapy-in-patients-with-infantile-spasms
#12
Hye-Ryun Yeh, Min-Jee Kim, Tae-Sung Ko, Mi-Sun Yum, Su-Jeong You
BACKGROUND: Many studies advocate hormonal treatments including high-dose oral prednisolone as an effective treatment for epileptic spasms. However, little is known about the effects of intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy on infantile spasms. We investigated the short-term response to intravenous methylprednisolone pulse therapy for the treatment of infantile spasms. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed infantile spasms and hypsarrhythmia on electroencephalography (EEG) at two tertiary centers in Korea were included...
March 31, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476521/distinctive-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-neonatal-nonketotic-hyperglycinemia
#13
Christopher J Butler, Marcus Likeman, Andrew A Mallick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457568/child-neurology-training-for-pediatricians
#14
Dara V F Albert, Donald L Gilbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449982/cerebral-developmental-venous-anomaly-does-it-prevent-stroke-in-acute-sinus-thrombosis
#15
Ajay Goenka, William Gomes, Jules C Beal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449983/universal-head-ultrasound-screening-in-full-term-neonates-a-retrospective-analysis-of-6771-infants
#16
Elisa Ballardini, Anna Tarocco, Chiara Rosignoli, Alessandro Baldan, Caterina Borgna-Pignatti, Giampaolo Garani
BACKGROUND: Full-term neonates may have asymptomatic cranial injuries at birth and head ultrasound screening could be useful for early diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and type of intracranial abnormalities and the usefulness of head ultrasound screening in these infants. METHODS: A head ultrasound screening was performed on all full-term neonates (gestational age between 37 and 42 weeks), born at Sant'Anna University Hospital of Ferrara, Italy, from June 1, 2008 through May 31, 2013...
March 30, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479124/opsoclonus-myoclonus-syndrome-a-new-era-of-improved-prognosis
#17
Armine Galstyan, Colin Wilbur, Kathryn Selby, Juliette Hukin
BACKGROUND: Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome is an autoimmune neurological disorder characterized by opsoclonus, myoclonus, ataxia, and behavioral changes. Although long-term outcomes have historically been poor, including motor and cognitive disabilities, the advent of new and more aggressive immunotherapy regimens may be improving prognosis in opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all children diagnosed with opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome at BC Children's Hospital from 2000 to 2010...
March 27, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424147/treatment-of-leukoencephalopathy-with-calcifications-and-cysts-with-bevacizumab
#18
Alex J Fay, Allison A King, Joshua S Shimony, Yanick J Crow, Jan E Brunstrom-Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Leukoencephalopathy with calcifications and cysts is a rare, autosomal recessive cerebral microangiopathy that causes progressive white matter disease, calcifications, and cysts within the brain. It is typically associated with slowly progressive psychomotor regression, seizures, and movement disorders. Although leukoencephalopathy with calcifications and cysts affects only the central nervous system, it demonstrates remarkable neuropathologic and radiologic overlap with Coats plus, a disorder of small vessels of the brain, eyes, gastrointestinal tract, and bone...
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412018/diffuse-carotid-arteriosclerosis-and-stroke-in-a-patient-with-schimke-immuno-osseous-dysplasia
#19
Debopam Samanta, Raghu Ramakrishnaiah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408151/progressive-fatal-neurological%C3%A2-decline-in-an-adolescent
#20
Howard S Jacobs, E Steve Roach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
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