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Pediatric Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625466/first-pediatric-patient-with-neuromyelitis-optica-and-sj%C3%A3-gren%C3%A2-syndrome-successfully-treated-with-tocilizumab
#1
LETTER
Achille Marino, Sona Narula, Melissa A Lerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619376/early-imaging-and-adverse-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-asphyxiated-newborns-treated-with-hypothermia
#2
Fatema Al Amrani, Saskia Kwan, Guillaume Gilbert, Christine Saint-Martin, Michael Shevell, Pia Wintermark
BACKGROUND: Brain injury can be identified as early as day two of life in asphyxiated newborns treated with hypothermia, when using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, it remains unclear whether these diffusion changes can predict future neurodevelopment. This study aimed to determine whether abnormal early diffusion changes in newborns treated with hypothermia are associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcome at age two years. METHODS: Asphyxiated newborns treated with hypothermia were enrolled prospectively...
May 19, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619377/cumulative-incidence-of-seizures-and-epilepsy-in-ten-year-old-children-born-before-28%C3%A2-weeks-gestation
#3
Laurie M Douglass, Timothy C Heeren, Carl E Stafstrom, William DeBassio, Elizabeth N Allred, Alan Leviton, T Michael O'Shea, Deborah Hirtz, Julie Rollins, Karl Kuban
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the incidence of seizures and epilepsy in the first decade of life among children born extremely premature (less than 28 weeks' gestation). METHOD: In a prospective, multicenter, observational study, 889 of 966 eligible children born in 2002 to 2004 were evaluated at two and ten years for neurological morbidity. Complementing questionnaire data to determine a history of seizures, all caregivers were interviewed retrospectively for postneonatal seizures using a validated seizure screen followed by a structured clinical interview by a pediatric epileptologist...
May 18, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619375/a-case-of-progressive-leg-weakness
#4
Arpita Lakhotia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583703/in-reply-death-in-pediatric-mitochondrial-disorders
#5
LETTER
Soyong Eom, Young-Mock Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601240/first-episode-of-hemiplegic-migraine
#6
Stephanie Ahrens, Adam Ostendorf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549653/a-persistent-mendosal-suture-presenting-with-bathrocephaly
#7
Luke G F Smith, Lance S Governale, Eric A Sribnick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633931/dyspigmentation-of-skin-as-a-clue-to-the-diagnosis-of-dystonia
#8
Abhijit Dutta, Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Sagar Basu, Rajesh Kumar Mandal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583702/barriers-to-genetic-testing-for-pediatric-medicaid-beneficiaries-with-epilepsy
#9
Eric J Kutscher, Sucheta M Joshi, Anup D Patel, Baria Hafeez, Zachary M Grinspan
BACKGROUND: Children with public insurance (Medicaid) have increased barriers to specialty care in the United States. For children with epilepsy, the relationship between public insurance and barriers to genetic testing is understudied. METHODS: We surveyed a sample of US child neurology clinicians. We performed quantitative and qualitative analysis of responses. RESULTS: There were 302 responses (of 1982 surveyed; response rate 15%) from clinicians from 46 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, including board-certified child neurologists (82%), resident physicians (6%), nurses (3%), and nurse practitioners (3%)...
April 20, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554492/cerebellar-disease-mimicking-cerebrotendinous-xanthomatosis-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#10
Bianca M L Stelten, Marjo S van der Knaap, Ron A Wevers, Aad Verrips
BACKGROUND: This report highlights the differential diagnosis of predominant cerebellar white matter abnormalities with dentate nuclei involvement. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: We describe two individuals with Langerhans cell histiocytosis in whom the diagnosis of cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis was initially considered. The clinical picture consisted of a progressive cerebellar syndrome with typical magnetic resonance imaging abnormalities. In both individuals, the cerebellar syndrome preceded the diagnosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549652/the-fault-in-their-stars-accumulating-astrocytic-inclusions-associated-with-clusters-of-epileptic-spasms-in-children-with-global-developmental-delay
#11
Robyn Whitney, Sameer AlMehmadi, Bláthnaid McCoy, Ivanna Yau, Ayako Ochi, Hiroshi Otsubo, Shelly K Weiss, James Rutka, Lili-Naz Hazrati, O Carter Snead, Cristina Go
BACKGROUND: The presence of cerebral astrocytic inclusions recently has been described in a subset of children with early-onset refractory epilepsy, with or without structural brain malformations, and varying degrees of developmental delay. METHODS: We describe two new individuals with epilepsy with astrocytic inclusions and suggest that in some children this disorder may represent a unique hemispheric epilepsy. We review previously reported individuals with epilepsy with astrocytic inclusions...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449981/recessive-afg3l2-mutation-causes-progressive-microcephaly-early-onset-seizures-spasticity-and-basal-ganglia-involvement
#12
Alaa Eskandrani, Amal AlHashem, El-Sayed Ali, Saad AlShahwan, Kalthoum Tlili, Khaled Hundallah, Brahim Tabarki
BACKGROUND: Mutations in AFG3L2, a gene encoding a subunit of the mitochondrial m-AAA protease, cause spinocerebellar ataxia type 28 and recessive spastic ataxia type 5. Neuroimaging shows cerebellar atrophy. METHODS: Retrospective review of the patient charts including their clinical evaluation and molecular genetic, neurodiagnostic, and neuroradiological investigations. RESULTS: We describe five members of a large consanguineous family with a severe mitochondrial phenotype in the form of regression of the developmental milestones in the first year of life, refractory epilepsy, progressive microcephaly, increased blood lactate, basal ganglia involvement, and premature death...
April 5, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449983/universal-head-ultrasound-screening-in-full-term-neonates-a-retrospective-analysis-of-6771-infants
#13
Elisa Ballardini, Anna Tarocco, Chiara Rosignoli, Alessandro Baldan, Caterina Borgna-Pignatti, Giampaolo Garani
BACKGROUND: Full-term neonates may have asymptomatic cranial injuries at birth and head ultrasound screening could be useful for early diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and type of intracranial abnormalities and the usefulness of head ultrasound screening in these infants. METHODS: A head ultrasound screening was performed on all full-term neonates (gestational age between 37 and 42 weeks), born at Sant'Anna University Hospital of Ferrara, Italy, from June 1, 2008 through May 31, 2013...
March 30, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624145/self-induction-in-photosensitive-children-with-dravet-syndrome
#14
LETTER
Dorothee G A Kasteleijn-Nolst Trenite
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571730/serum-neuronal-biomarkers-in-neonates-with-congenital-heart-disease-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#15
Erin Trakas, Yuliya Domnina, Ashok Panigrahy, Tracy Baust, Patrick M Callahan, Victor O Morell, Ricardo Munoz, Michael J Bell, Joan Sanchez-de-Toledo
BACKGROUND: Newborns with congenital heart disease have associated brain damage that affects short-and long-term neurodevelopment. Several neuronal biomarkers exist that could predict brain damage. We investigated the pattern of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and s100B levels after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery in neonates with congenital heart disease. METHODS: We completed a prospective observational study of neonates with congenital heart disease who were undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery...
July 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558955/seizures-in-preterm-neonates-a-multicenter-observational-cohort-study
#16
Hannah C Glass, Renée A Shellhaas, Tammy N Tsuchida, Taeun Chang, Courtney J Wusthoff, Catherine J Chu, M Roberta Cilio, Sonia L Bonifacio, Shavonne L Massey, Nicholas S Abend, Janet S Soul
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize seizures among preterm neonates enrolled in the Neonatal Seizure Registry, a prospective cohort of consecutive neonates with seizures at seven pediatric centers that follow the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society's neonatal electroencephalography monitoring guideline. STUDY DESIGN: Of 611 enrolled neonates with seizures, 92 (15%) were born preterm. Seizure characteristics were evaluated by gestational age at birth for extremely preterm (<28 weeks, N = 18), very preterm (28 to <32 weeks, N = 18), and moderate to late preterm (32 to <37 weeks, N = 56) and compared with term neonates...
July 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549654/congenital-heart-defects-and-measures-of-prenatal-brain-growth-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Thommy Hansen, Tine Brink Henriksen, Cathrine Carlsen Bach, Niels Bjerregård Matthiesen
BACKGROUND: We summarize the evidence for an association between congenital heart defects and prenatal brain growth through a systematic literature review. Congenital heart defects are among the most common malformations, affecting approximately six per 1000 live births. The association between congenital heart defects and long-term neurodevelopmental disorders is well established. Increasing evidence suggests an association between impaired prenatal brain growth and neurodevelopmental disorders in children with congenital heart defects...
July 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533141/common-and-distinctive-patterns-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-children-with-benign-epilepsy-syndromes
#18
Dazhi Cheng, Xiuxian Yan, Zhijie Gao, Keming Xu, Xinlin Zhou, Qian Chen
BACKGROUND: Childhood absence epilepsy and benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes are the most common forms of benign epilepsy syndromes. Although cognitive dysfunctions occur in children with both childhood absence epilepsy and benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes, the similarity between their patterns of underlying cognitive impairments is not well understood. To describe these patterns, we examined multiple cognitive functions in children with childhood absence epilepsy and benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes...
July 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511812/acute-management-of-symptomatic-subependymal-giant-cell-astrocytoma-with-everolimus
#19
Monica S Arroyo, Darcy A Krueger, Eileen Broomall, Charles B Stevenson, David N Franz
BACKGROUND: Subependymal giant cell astrocytomas (SEGA) are slow-growing tumors, which can cause obstructive hydrocephalus in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). These tumors require routine surveillance with magnetic resonance imaging. Current consensus guidelines recommend treatment of asymptomatic SEGAs with an mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor because these medications have demonstrated efficacy and safety in multiple prospective clinical trials. For symptomatic SEGAs, standard therapy typically involves surgical resection of the tumor to relieve mass effect and resolve hydrocephalus...
July 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511811/autoimmune-voltage-gated-potassium-channelopathy-presenting-with-catecholamine-excess
#20
K Amy Stepp, Christin Folker, Marie Tanzer, Jennifer Hayman, Thomas Reynolds, Leah Mallory
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune voltage-gated potassium channelopathies have been associated with a range of neurological presenting symptoms, including central, peripheral, and autonomic dysfunction. PATIENT DESCRIPTION: We describe a 12-year-old boy who presented with nine months of pain, anxiety, and 30-pound weight loss. He was admitted for failure to thrive, then noted to be persistently hypertensive and tachycardic. Plasma metanephrines and urine metanephrines and catecholamines were elevated...
July 2017: Pediatric Neurology
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