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Pediatric Emergency Care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441246/x-ray-imaging-analysis-of-intrathecal-baclofen-pumps-for-pediatric-emergency-medicine
#1
Brianna Nicole Carr, Thomas Sernas, Catherine A Mazzola
Intrathecal baclofen therapy has become increasingly popular because of its effectiveness in treating spasticity in pediatric patients. The device implanted into each patient is structurally similar. However, x-ray imaging can give the appearance of missing or extraneous objects on or near the intrathecal baclofen device. The composition of the material used in making the catheters is transparent on x-ray images. In addition, the connection port between the pump and catheter resembles the shape of a needle...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441245/what-to-expect-when-thrombocytopenic-children-present-with-domestic-head-injury
#2
Anselm Chi-Wai Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441244/zika-virus-infection
#3
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441243/emergency-point-of-care-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-retained-soft-tissue-foreign-bodies-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#4
Terry Varshney, Charisse W Kwan, Jason W Fischer, Alyssa Abo
The presence of a foreign body (FB), its depth and size, is often indeterminate by clinical examination. Conventional imaging such as a radiograph can fail to visualize soft tissue FBs. We present 2 cases where point-of-care ultrasound was used to detect previously unidentified FBs.
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441242/identifying-undiagnosed-pediatric-mental-illness-in-the-emergency-department
#5
La Vonne A Downey, Leslie S Zun
BACKGROUND: It is well known that pediatric psychiatric patients frequent emergency department (ED), but the number of patients with undiagnosed psychiatric illness presenting to an ED is not well known. Identification and referral of these patients may provide an opportunity for improved patient care. The primary study objective was to identify a tool that can screen for unsuspected psychiatric illness in pediatric patients who present to the ED with non-psychiatric-related complaints...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441241/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department-epidemiology-and-treatment
#6
Michelle Solomon, Lisa Tuchman, Katie Hayes, Gia Badolato, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: Most adolescent cases of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are diagnosed in the emergency department (ED). An important step to prevent PID-related morbidity among this high-risk population is to quantify prevalence and microbial patterns and identify testing and treatment gaps. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional study of all visits by adolescents to an urban children's ED with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnosis of PID in 2012...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441240/emergency-department-management-of-bronchiolitis-in-the-united-states
#7
Constance Gong, Terri Byczkowski, Constance McAneney, Monika K Goyal, Todd A Florin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine differences between general and pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) in adherence to the American Academy of Pediatrics bronchiolitis management guidelines. METHODS: We conducted a nationally representative study of ED visits by infants younger than 24 months with bronchiolitis from 2002 to 2011 using the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. Diagnostic testing (complete blood counts, radiographs) and medication use (albuterol, corticosteroids, antibiotics and intravenous fluids) in general emergency departments (GEDs) were compared with those in PEDs before and after 2006 American Academy of Pediatrics guideline publication...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441239/traumatic-abdominal-wall-hernia-in-children-by-handlebar-injury-when-to-suspect-scan-and-call-the-surgeon
#8
Victoria Elisa Rinaldi, Mirko Bertozzi, Elisa Magrini, Sara Riccioni, Giuseppe Di Cara, Antonino Appignani
Traumatic abdominal wall hernias (TAWHs) can be defined as a herniation through disrupted musculature and fascia associated with blunt trauma. They are seen in approximately 1% of patients with blunt abdominal trauma. Data on TAWH in the pediatric population are very limited and principally based on case reports and a few case series. Past reports have indicated that the presence of the "handlebar sign" confers an increased risk of internal injury. Concomitant internal injuries are reported with an incidence between 25% and 70%, and occult hernias may also occur and are usually detected only by abdominal computed tomography scan and ultrasonography...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26760831/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-the-pediatric-population-in-hong-kong-a-10-year-review-at-a-university-hospital
#9
Alex Kwok-Keung Law, Man-Ho Ng, Kam Lun Hon, Colin A Graham
AIM: To describe the epidemiology and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in a Hong Kong (HK) pediatric population and to identify factors associated with favorable outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective case note review of patients younger than 18 years who presented to the emergency department of Prince of Wales Hospital, HK with cardiac arrest from 2003 to 2013. Patients were classified as infants (<1 year), children (1-11 years) and adolescents (12-18 years)...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419021/clinical-toxicity-of-acute-overdoses-with-l-thyroxin-in-children
#10
Ayse Betul Ergul, Yasemin Altuner Torun, Mahmut Can Serbetci, Alper Ozcan, Veysel Nijat Bas
OBJECTIVES: L-Thyroxine ingestion is rarely seen in children; here, we report our experience of it. This study describes the clinical characteristics and laboratory findings of acute L-thyroxine ingestion in children. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients treated for L-thyroxine ingestion at Kayseri Teaching Hospital between September 2013 and September 2016. Clinical characteristics and laboratory findings are described. Ethical approval was not obtained because the study was retrospective...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419020/education-in-the-waiting-room-description-of-a-pediatric-emergency-department-educational-initiative
#11
Sarah Reid, Gina Neto, Sandy Tse, Ken J Farion, Ariyan Marvizi, Lauren Smith, Chantalle Clarkin, Kristina Rohde, Katherine Moreau
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand parents' awareness of and reactions to a slide presentation based waiting-room educational initiative. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study at a Canadian tertiary-care pediatric emergency department (ED) with an annual census of 68,000 visits. An anonymous parental survey was developed de novo, and parents were asked to complete the survey during their low-acuity ED visit over a 2-week study period...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419019/complexities-of-consent-ethics-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#12
Naomi Dreisinger, Nathan Zapolsky
Informed consent is a communicative process of sharing information with patients, which helps assure their understanding of the information provided and asks for their permission to proceed. Informed consent allows a patient or a patient's family to use his or her own value system to determine the need for a particular procedure or test. Asking a patient for permission to treat requires the provider to respect the patient's autonomy through allowing him or her to be an active part of the decision-making process...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419018/diagnosis-of-a-posterior-fracture-dislocation-of-the-medial-clavicle-in-an-adolescent-with-point-of-care-ultrasound
#13
Brunhild M Halm, Lindsey T Chaudoin
We report a case of an adolescent patient with medial clavicular tenderness after a fall on the lateral left shoulder. Initial radiographs did not reveal a fracture or dislocation. Point-of-care ultrasound was used to diagnose a posterior clavicular fracture dislocation.
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419017/the-evaluation-of-trauma-care-the-comparison-of-2-high-level-pediatric-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states-and-turkey
#14
Alkan Bal, Michael Cooper, Amanda Lee, Murat Anil, Halim Hennes
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to compare the outcomes of pediatric trauma patients with motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) and motor vehicle versus pedestrian crashes (MPCs) at a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States and a pediatric trauma center in Turkey. METHODS: The medical records of all pediatric MVC and MPC subjects presenting to the emergency departments (EDs) of a level 3 hospital in Turkey (Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital [ITTRH]) and a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States (Children's Medical Center Dallas [CMCD]) over a 1-year period were reviewed...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419016/an-evaluation-of-a-new-debriefing-framework-reflect
#15
Lauren E Zinns, Paul C Mullan, Karen J O╩╝Connell, Leticia M Ryan, Angela T Wratney
BACKGROUND: Postresuscitation debriefing (PRD) is recommended by the American Heart Association guidelines but is infrequently performed. Prior studies have identified barriers for pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellows including lack of a standardized curriculum. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to create and assess the feasibility of a time-limited, structured PRD framework entitled REFLECT: Review the event, Encourage team participation, Focused feedback, Listen to each other, Emphasize key points, Communicate clearly, and Transform the future...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419015/an-unanticipated-complication-of-atopic-dermatitis
#16
Megan E MacGillivray, Loretta Fiorillo
An infant with a history of atopic dermatitis presented to the emergency department on 5 occasions with flulike symptoms. Eventually, this child presented with signs of infection and increased intracranial pressure: fever, bulging anterior fontanel, and leukocytosis. A computed tomography scan identified a large frontal lobe brain abscess. The abscess was surgically drained; culture was positive for Staphylococcus aureus. The initial source of the infected brain abscess was explored. Ultimately, it was thought to be secondary to impetiginized atopic dermatitis, an unusual but serious consequence of a common skin condition...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398942/acute-on-chronic-anterolateral-tibiofibular-joint-dislocation-in-a-child
#17
Jeewanjit S Gill, Amal Al-Shibli, Victor Istasy, Rodrick Lim
Tibiofibular joint injury in children is an uncommon injury. It is usually associated with acute injuries in sports that involve aggressive twisting of the knee, such as soccer and snowboarding. We present a case of a 17-year-old male adolescent who sustained an acute dislocation of the anterolateral tibiofibular joint with routine ambulation, who had a chronic history of subluxation. To our knowledge, this has not been previously reported. The diagnosis requires a high level of awareness and suspicion, and plain radiographs may aid in the diagnosis especially if contralateral comparison views are obtained...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398941/the-season-of-hoverboards-a-case-series-of-fractures
#18
Chester J Donnally, Charles M Lawrie, Augustus J Rush, Avi C Baitner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the types of pediatric orthopedic extremity fractures that are sustained as a result of hoverboard (self-balancing, self-propelling, 2-wheeled boards) use. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all orthopedic consultations from the emergency department at our institution from December 1 to 31, 2015. Data was collected on the injury mechanism, fracture location, management, and patient characteristics including sex, age, and hand dominance...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398940/pediatric-dog-bite-prevention-are-we-barking-up-the-wrong-tree-or-just-not-barking-loud-enough
#19
Michael R Bykowski, Sameer Shakir, Sanjay Naran, Darren M Smith, Jesse A Goldstein, Lorelei Grunwaldt, Richard A Saladino, Joseph E Losee
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were (1) to evaluate dog bite-related injuries and associated medical documentation and (2) to compare these results with a study of dog bites from the same institution 10 years prior. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from a pediatric emergency department from July 2007 to July 2011 for patients treated for dog bites. These data were then compared with data from the same institution from 10 years prior. RESULTS: A total of 1017 bite injuries were treated (average, 254...
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398939/acute-unilateral-vision-loss-in-a-female-adolescent-due-to-ocular-bartonellosis
#20
Douglas S Nassif
Acute worsening of visual acuity with optic disc edema is commonly assumed to be due to idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Bartonella henselae is an unusual cause to abrupt vision loss that is associated with optic disc edema and exudative macular stars seen on examination. It is an important cause to be aware of because it responds very well to antibiotic treatment. We present a case of a female adolescent with unilateral vision loss cause by cat-scratch neuroretinitis.
April 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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