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Pediatric Blood & Cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449403/effects-of-malnutrition-on-treatment-related-morbidity-and-survival-of-children-with-cancer-in-nicaragua
#1
Allison K Pribnow, Roberta Ortiz, Luis Fulgencio Báez, Luvy Mendieta, Sandra Luna-Fineman
BACKGROUND: Most children with cancer live in resource-limited countries where malnutrition is often prevalent. We identified the relationship between malnutrition and treatment-related morbidity (TRM), abandonment of therapy, and survival of children with cancer in Nicaragua to better inform targeted nutritional interventions. PROCEDURE: We conducted a retrospective review of patients aged 6 months to 18 years with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), Wilms tumor, Hodgkin lymphoma, or Burkitt lymphoma (BL) who were treated between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2007 at Children's Hospital Manuel de Jesus Rivera in Managua, Nicaragua...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449393/a-phase-1-study-of-the-c-met-inhibitor-tivantinib-arq197-in-children-with-relapsed-or-refractory-solid-tumors-a-children-s-oncology-group-study-phase-1-and-pilot-consortium-trial-advl1111
#2
James I Geller, John P Perentesis, Xiaowei Liu, Charles G Minard, Rachel A Kudgus, Joel M Reid, Elizabeth Fox, Susan M Blaney, Brenda J Weigel
BACKGROUND: The c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase is dysregulated in many pediatric cancers. Tivantinib is an oral small molecule that inhibits the c-Met receptor tyrosine kinase. A phase 1 and pharmacokinetic (PK) trial evaluating tivantinib was conducted in children with relapsed/refractory solid tumors. METHODS: Oral tivantinib capsules were administered twice daily with food, continuously in 28-day cycles. Dose levels 170, 200, and 240 mg/m(2) /dose were evaluated using a rolling-six design (Part A)...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449314/characterization-of-the-anti-cd22-targeted-therapy-moxetumomab-pasudotox-for-b-cell-precursor-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#3
Ichiko Kinjyo, Ksenia Matlawska-Wasowska, Xiaoru Chen, Noel R Monks, Patricia Burke, Stuart S Winter, Bridget S Wilson
Moxetumomab pasudotox is a second-generation recombinant immunotoxin against CD22 on B-cell lineages. Antileukemic activity has been demonstrated in children with chemotherapy-refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL), with variable responses. Here, we report in vitro and in vivo evaluation of moxetumomab pasudotox treatment of human cell lines and patient-derived cells as a preliminary study to understand characteristics of sensitivity to treatment. Binding, internalization, and apoptosis were evaluated using fluorescently tagged moxetumomab pasudotox...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449306/malignant-ovarian-germ-cell-tumors-in-pediatric-patients-the-aieop-associazione-italiana-ematologia-oncologia-pediatrica-study
#4
M Terenziani, G Bisogno, R Boldrini, G Cecchetto, M Conte, L Boschetti, M D De Pasquale, D Biasoni, A Inserra, F Siracusa, M E Basso, F De Leonardis, D Di Pinto, F Barretta, F Spreafico, P D'Angelo
OBJECTIVE: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCT) carry an excellent prognosis, and the treatment aims to achieve results with the least possible treatment-related morbidity. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of pediatric patients with MOGCT. METHODS: Patients were treated according to their stage: surgery and surveillance for stage I; a modified bleomycin-etoposide-cisplatin (BEP) regimen for stages II (three cycles), III, and IV (three cycles) with surgery on residual disease...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449267/evaluation-of-the-utility-of-99m-tc-mdp-bone-scintigraphy-versus-mibg-scintigraphy-and-cross-sectional-imaging-for-staging-patients-with-neuroblastoma
#5
Jean-Marc Gauguet, Tamara Pace-Emerson, Frederick D Grant, Suzanne Shusterman, Steven G DuBois, A Lindsay Frazier, Stephan D Voss
PURPOSE: Accurate staging of neuroblastoma requires multiple imaging examinations. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative contribution of (99m) Tc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) bone scintigraphy (bone scan) versus metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy (MIBG scan) for accurate staging of neuroblastoma. METHODS: A medical record search by the identified patients with neuroblastoma from 1993 to 2012 who underwent both MIBG and bone scan for disease staging...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449209/the-frequency-of-qtc-prolongation-among-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients-receiving-methadone-for-cancer-pain
#6
Kevin Madden, Minjeong Park, Diane Liu, Eduardo Bruera
INTRODUCTION: A prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval in pediatric patients is defined as ≥470 msec. Methadone can cause a prolonged QTc interval that can lead to ventricular arrhythmias. The risk of methadone-induced prolongation of the QTc interval in children and young adults is unknown. The purpose of the study was to determine the frequency of QTc prolongation among pediatric and young adult patients with cancer pain on methadone treatment. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data for all patients on methadone during the study period...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449196/double-trouble-complement-mediated-thrombotic-microangiopathy-in-patients-with-hemoglobinopathies-after-stem-cell-transplantation
#7
Sonata Jodele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440051/targeting-ntrk-fusions-for-the-treatment-of-congenital-mesoblastic-nephroma
#8
LETTER
Theodore W Laetsch, Ramamoorthy Nagasubramanian, Michela Casanova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440018/clear-cell-sarcoma-of-kidney-involving-a-horseshoe-kidney-and-harboring-egfr-internal-tandem-duplication
#9
Teresa Santiago, Michael R Clay, Elizabeth Azzato, Scott Newman, Israel Fernandez-Pineda, Kim E Nichols, Jinghui Zhang, James R Downing, Andrew Davidoff, Rachel C Brennan, David W Ellison
Clear cell sarcoma of kidney (CCSK) is a rare renal malignancy, previously unreported in horseshoe kidney (HSK). B-cell lymphoma 6 corepressor (BCOR) gene internal tandem duplication (ITD) was identified as a recurrent somatic alteration in approximately 85% of CCSKs. This and the YWHAE-NUTM2B/E fusion, the second most common recurrent molecular alteration in CCSK (10%), are considered to be mutually exclusive. However, there is a subset of CCSKs that do not harbor either the BCOR-ITD or YWHAE-NUTM2 translocation and lack known molecular alterations...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440015/hypertriglyceridemia-during-asparaginase-treatment-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-correlates-with-antithrombin-activity-in-adolescents
#10
Lisa Persson, Arja Harila-Saari, Ida Hed Myrberg, Mats Heyman, Anna Nilsson, Susanna Ranta
BACKGROUND: Asparaginase (ASP) is a cornerstone in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). It is also known for its ability to cause side effects, such as allergy and pancreatitis, as well as lipid and coagulation disturbances. The most important laboratory abnormalities are hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) and low antithrombin (AT). HTG is usually considered to be transient and benign in children with ALL, whereas low AT activity predisposes to thrombosis. Studies on the incidence and significance of HTG in children with ALL are scarce, and their findings have not always been congruent...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440012/image-defined-risk-factors-in-unresectable-neuroblastoma-siopen-study-on-incidence-chemotherapy-induced-variation-and-impact-on-surgical-outcomes
#11
Stefano Avanzini, Luca Pio, Giovanni Erminio, Claudio Granata, Keith Holmes, Marion Gambart, Piero Buffa, Victoria Castel, Dominique Valteau Couanet, Alberto Garaventa, Angela Pistorio, Giovanni Cecchetto, Giuseppe Martucciello, Girolamo Mattioli, Sabine Sarnacki
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of image-defined risk factor (IDRF) modification after chemotherapy on surgical outcomes, event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS) among patients enrolled in the European Unresectable Neuroblastoma (EUNB) study. METHODS: IDRFs were assigned according to the corresponding surgical risk factors list reported in the database. Surgical outcomes, EFS, and OS were related to IDRF modification with chemotherapy. The predictive value of preoperative IDRF for surgical outcomes was analyzed...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439970/dasatinib-associated-follicular-lymphoid-hyperplasia-first-pediatric-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
LETTER
Emilie Bouquet, Anne Jourdain, Marie-Christine Machet, Frédérique Beau-Salinas, Annie-Pierre Jonville-Béra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439949/weight-gain-and-supplemental-o2-risk-factors-during-the-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-admission-in-pediatric-patients
#13
Courtney M Rowan, Mara E Nitu, Elizabeth A S Moser, Nancy L Swigonski, Jamie L Renbarger
BACKGROUND: Respiratory failure in the pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipient is the leading cause for admission to the intensive care unit and carries a high mortality rate. The objective of this study is to investigate the association of clinical risk factors with the development of respiratory failure in the pediatric allogeneic HCT recipient. PROCEDURES: This is a single-center, retrospective review of allogeneic pediatric HCT from 2008 to 2014...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436607/visual-complaints-in-intracranial-germinomas
#14
Didier Frappaz, Claire Pedone, Philippe Thiesse, Alexandru Szathmari, Cécile Faure Conter, Carmine Mottolese, Christian Carrie
OBJECTIVE: Patients with brain tumors often report having visual complaints. This may be due to increased intracranial pressure, compression/invasion of the optic pathway or diplopia. We assessed the incidence and the etiology of visual symptoms in patients with intracranial germinoma tumors (ICGTs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: We performed a blinded retrospective review of the clinical charts and the initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 28 patients with ICGT...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436606/early-and-late-adverse-effects-of-radioiodine-for-pediatric-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#15
Domenico Albano, Francesco Bertagna, Maria Beatrice Panarotto, Raffaele Giubbini
BACKGROUND: Radioiodine-131 (I131) therapy for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is generally a safe and effective treatment, but it has some potential side effects, which have been well described in adults but less analyzed in children. Our aim was to describe early and late adverse events of radioactive I131 in pediatric patients. METHODS: All consecutive patients ≤18 years treated for DTC in the period 1980-2015 were retrospectively analyzed for early and late side effects of radioiodine...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436595/isolated-intracerebral-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-with-multifocal-lesions
#16
LETTER
Julia Velz, Marian Christoph Neidert, Oliver Bozinov, Michael Grotzer, Daniel Kirschenbaum, Elisabeth J Rushing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436593/results-for-patients-with-sarcoma-not-otherwise-specified-and-other-diagnoses-than-ewing-sarcoma-treated-according-to-the-euro-ewing-99-trial
#17
Judith Amalie Frank, Andreas Ranft, Michael Paulussen, Heribert Juergens, Jarmila Kruseova, Sebastian Bauer, Felix Niggli, Peter Reichardt, Uta Dirksen
BACKGROUND: Euro-EWING 99 trial of the European Ewing tumor Working Initiative of National Groups (EE99) was an international phase III study in patients with Ewing sarcoma. The German Society of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology (GPOH) data center registered and followed patients with other diagnoses than Ewing sarcoma who were treated according to the EE99 protocol in an additional non-Ewing database. PROCEDURE: Data of 27 patients with other diagnoses than Ewing sarcoma treated according to the EE99 protocol were analyzed...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436582/phase-i-study-of-bortezomib-in-combination-with-irinotecan-in-patients-with-relapsed-refractory-high-risk-neuroblastoma
#18
Rajen Mody, Lili Zhao, Gregory Anthony Yanik, Valerie Opipari
PURPOSE: Prognosis for relapsed/refractory high-risk neuroblastoma (HR-NBL) remains poor. Bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, has shown preclinical activity against NBL as a single agent and in combination with cytotoxic chemotherapy including irinotecan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighteen HR-NBL patients with primary refractory (n = 8) or relapsed (n = 10) disease were enrolled in a Phase I study using modified Time To Event Continual Reassessment Method. Bortezomib (1...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436581/pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-with-t-1-19-tcf3-pbx1-in-taiwan
#19
Hsiu-Ju Yen, Shih-Hsiang Chen, Tsung-Yen Chang, Chao-Ping Yang, Dong-Tsamn Lin, Iou-Jih Hung, Kai-Hsin Lin, Jiann-Shiuh Chen, Chih-Cheng Hsiao, Tai-Tsung Chang, Te-Kao Chang, Ching-Tien Peng, Ming-Tsan Lin, Tang-Her Jaing, Hsi-Che Liu, Shiann-Tarng Jou, Meng-Yao Lu, Chao-Neng Cheng, Jiunn-Ming Sheen, Shyh-Shin Chiou, Giun-Yi Hung, Kang-Hsi Wu, Ting-Chi Yeh, Shih-Chung Wang, Rong-Long Chen, Hsiu-Hao Chang, Yung-Li Yang, Shu-Huey Chen, Shin-Nan Cheng, Yu-Hsiang Chang, Bow-Wen Chen, Yuh-Lin Hsieh, Fang-Liang Huang, Wan-Ling Ho, Jinn-Li Wang, Chia-Yau Chang, Yu-Hua Chao, Pei-Chin Lin, Yu-Chieh Chen, Yu-Mei Liao, Tung-Huei Lin, Lee-Yung Shih, Der-Cherng Liang
BACKGROUND: In childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), t(1;19)(q23;p13.3) with TCF3-PBX1 fusion is one of the most frequent translocations. Historically, it has been associated with poor prognosis. Intensive treatment, however, has improved its outcome. We determined the outcome of children with this genotype treated with contemporary intensive chemotherapy in Taiwan. PROCEDURE: In Taiwan Pediatric Oncology Group 2002 ALL studies, genotypes were determined by cytogenetic analysis and/or reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436579/infection-related-mortality-in-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-children-with-cancer
#20
Rochelle R Smits-Seemann, Jacob Pettit, Hongyan Li, Anne C Kirchhoff, Mark N Fluchel
BACKGROUND: Hispanic children with cancer experience poorer survival than their White counterparts. Infection is a known cause of cancer-related mortality; however, little is known about the risk of infection-related death among Hispanic children with cancer. We examine the association of Hispanic ethnicity with infection-related mortality and life-threatening events among children with cancer. PROCEDURE: For a cohort of all pediatric cancer patients diagnosed from 1986 to 2012 and treated at a single tertiary care center, we obtained national death records to determine all-cause mortality and infection-related mortality, as well as intensive care unit (ICU) admissions as a surrogate for life-threatening events...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
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