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Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425589/national-rates-of-uterine-rupture-are-not-associated-with-rates-of-previous-caesarean-delivery-results-from-the-nordic-obstetric-surveillance-study
#1
Lotte B Colmorn, Jens Langhoff-Roos, Maija Jakobsson, Anna-Maija Tapper, Mika Gissler, Pelle G Lindqvist, Karin Källen, Karin Gottvall, Kari Klungsøyr, Per Bøhrdahl, Ragnhild I Bjarnadóttir, Lone Krebs
BACKGROUND: Previous caesarean delivery and intended mode of delivery after caesarean are well-known individual risk factors for uterine rupture. We examined if different national rates of uterine rupture are associated with differences in national rates of previous caesarean delivery and intended mode of delivery after a previous caesarean delivery. METHODS: This study is an ecological study based on data from a retrospective cohort in the Nordic countries. Data on uterine rupture were collected prospectively in each country as part of the Nordic obstetric surveillance study and included 91% of all Nordic deliveries...
April 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418622/newborn-length-of-stay-and-risk-of-readmission
#2
Katie Harron, Ruth Gilbert, David Cromwell, Sam Oddie, Jan van der Meulen
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the association between newborn length of hospital stay (LOS) and risk of readmission is conflicting. We compared methods for modelling this relationship, by gestational age, using population-level hospital data on births in England between 2005-14. METHODS: The association between LOS and unplanned readmission within 30 days of postnatal discharge was explored using four approaches: (i) modelling hospital-level LOS and readmission rates; (ii) comparing trends over time in LOS and readmission; (iii) modelling individual LOS and adjusted risk of readmission; and (iv) instrumental variable analyses (hospital-level mean LOS and number of births on the same day)...
April 18, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403509/uterine-rupture-what-we-can-learn-from-an-ecological-study
#3
Eyal Sheiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402584/pregnancy-complications-and-women-s-long-term-health-challenges-for-research-and-care
#4
Catherine Deneux-Tharaux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387423/african-children-with-severe-pneumonia-remain-at-high-risk-for-death-even-after-discharge
#5
Geert Tom Heikens, Mark J Manary, Indi Trehan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387420/short-maternal-stature-and-increased-risk-of-ischaemic-placental-disease-is-the-association-driven-by-unmeasured-confounding
#6
Katheryne L Downes, Cande V Ananth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386955/adult-pre-pregnancy-weight-change-and-risk-of-developing-hypertensive-disorders-in-pregnancy
#7
Akilew A Adane, Gita D Mishra, Leigh R Tooth
BACKGROUND: While the association of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) is well documented, little is known about the relationship between pre-pregnancy weight change and HDP. We examined the impact of adult pre-pregnancy weight change on the development of HDP. METHODS: We included 2914 women, surveyed about every three years since 1996, from the 1973-78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
April 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370345/accuracy-of-birth-certificate-data-for-classifying-preterm-birth
#8
Molly J Stout, George A Macones, Methodius G Tuuli
BACKGROUND: Classifying preterm birth as spontaneous or indicated is critical both for clinical care and research, yet the accuracy of classification based on different data sources is unclear. We examined the accuracy of preterm birth classification as spontaneous or indicated based on birth certificate data. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 123 birth certificates from preterm births in Missouri. Correct classification of spontaneous or indicated preterm birth subtype was based on multi-provider (RN, MFM Fellow, MFM attending) consensus after full medical record review...
April 3, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328031/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-antepartum-complications-a-novel-risk-factor-for-gestational-diabetes-and-preeclampsia
#9
Jonathan G Shaw, Steven M Asch, Jodie G Katon, Kate A Shaw, Rachel Kimerling, Susan M Frayne, Ciaran S Phibbs
BACKGROUND: Prior work shows that Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) predicts an increased risk of preterm birth, but the causal pathway(s) are uncertain. We evaluate the associations between PTSD and antepartum complications to explore how PTSD's pathophysiology impacts pregnancy. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis of all Veterans Health Administration (VA)-covered deliveries from 2000-12 used the data of VA clinical and administration. Mothers with current PTSD were identified using the ICD-9 diagnostic codes (i...
March 22, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317139/mortality-after-inpatient-treatment-for-severe-pneumonia-in-children-a-cohort-study
#10
Moses M Ngari, Greg Fegan, Martha K Mwangome, Mwanajuma J Ngama, Neema Mturi, John Anthony Gerard Scott, Evasius Bauni, David James Nokes, James A Berkley
BACKGROUND: Although pneumonia is a leading cause of inpatient mortality, deaths may also occur after discharge from hospital. However, prior studies have been small, in selected groups or did not fully evaluate risk factors, particularly malnutrition and HIV. We determined 1-year post-discharge mortality and risk factors among children diagnosed with severe pneumonia. METHODS: A cohort study of children aged 1-59 months admitted to Kilifi County Hospital with severe pneumonia (2007-12)...
March 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317131/association-of-shorter-height-with-increased-risk-of-ischaemic-placental-disease
#11
Kohei Ogawa, Naho Morisaki, Shigeru Saito, Shoji Sato, Takeo Fujiwara, Haruhiko Sago
BACKGROUND: Although adult height is inversely related with the risk of chronic disease, the association between maternal height and ischaemic placental disease remains unclear. METHODS: We used the national, multicentre Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology perinatal database to assess the risk of preeclampsia, placental abruption, and small for gestational age (SGA) births (birthweight < 10th percentile), which together constitute the syndrome 'ischaemic placental disease', in relation to self-reported height in 218 412 women with no underlying diseases before pregnancy, who delivered singletons in 2005-11...
March 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221677/cardiovascular-disease-in-relation-to-placental-abruption-a%C3%A2-population-based-cohort-study-from-denmark
#12
Cande V Ananth, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Michelle A Williams, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CVD) complications stemming from vascular dysfunction have been widely explored in the setting of preeclampsia. However, the impact of abruption, a strong indicator of microvascular disturbance, on the risk of CVD mortality and morbidity remains poorly characterised. METHODS: We designed a cohort analysis of 828 289 women who delivered singletons in Denmark between 1978 and 2010. We linked the National Patient Registry and the Registry of Causes of Death to the Danish Birth Registry to ascertain CVD events...
February 21, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444992/effects-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-pregnancy-among-us-military-veterans-lessons-for-research-on-stress-and-racial-disparities
#13
Dawn P Misra, Carmen Giurgescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231397/maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-offspring
#14
LETTER
Yue-Lan Qin, Si-Yuan Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231396/response-to-letter-re-maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-offspring
#15
LETTER
Kelly D Getz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218407/chronic-hypertension-in-women-after-perinatal-exposure-to-preeclampsia-being-born-small-for-gestational-age-or-preterm
#16
Linda Lindström, Rolv Skjaerven, Eva Bergman, Maria Lundgren, Kari Klungsøyr, Sven Cnattingius, Anna-Karin Wikström
BACKGROUND: There is an established association between adverse events during perinatal life and chronic hypertension in adult life. However, disadvantageous conditions often co-exist in the same pregnancy. We investigated single and joint perinatal exposure to preeclampsia, being born small for gestational age (SGA) or preterm and subsequent risk of chronic hypertension. METHODS: The study population consisted of 731 008 primiparous women from Norway and Sweden registered in the Medical Birth Registers, both as infants and as first time mothers between 1967-2009 (Norway) and 1973-2010 (Sweden)...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205255/effect-of-postnatal-hiv-treatment-on-clinical-mastitis-and-breast-inflammation-in-hiv-infected-breast-feeding-women
#17
Sabrina Zadrozny, Daniel Westreich, Michael G Hudgens, Charles Chasela, Denise J Jamieson, Francis Martinson, Chifundo Zimba, Gerald Tegha, Irving Hoffman, William C Miller, Brian W Pence, Caroline C King, Athena P Kourtis, Wezi Msungama, Charles van der Horst
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mastitis and antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive, breast-feeding women is unclear. METHODS: In the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition (BAN) study, conducted in Lilongwe, Malawi, 2369 mother-infant pairs were randomized to a nutritional supplement group and to one of three treatment groups: maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART), infant nevirapine (NVP) or standard of care for 24 weeks of exclusive breast-feeding and 4 weeks of weaning...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195653/duration-of-second-stage-of-labour-at-term-and-pushing-time-risk-factors-for-postpartum-haemorrhage
#18
Emelie Looft, Marija Simic, Mia Ahlberg, Jonathan M Snowden, Yvonne W Cheng, Olof Stephansson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged labour is associated with increased risk of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), but the role of active pushing time and the relation with management during labour remains poorly understood. METHODS: A population-based cohort study from electronic medical record data in the Stockholm-Gotland Region, Sweden. We included 57 267 primiparous women with singleton, term gestation, livebirths delivered vaginally in cephalic presentation in 2008-14. We performed multivariable Poisson regression to estimate the association between length of second stage, pushing time, and PPH (estimated blood loss >500 mL during delivery), adjusting for maternal, delivery, and fetal characteristics as potential confounders...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181680/early-term-deliveries-and-the-risk-of-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-the-offspring
#19
Asnat Walfisch, Tamar Wainstock, Ofer Beharier, Daniella Landau, Eyal Sheiner
BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery may affect the development of the upper airways resulting in a higher risk of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). We investigated whether children born at early term (37-38 6/7 weeks' gestation) are at an increased risk for childhood OSA as compared with those born later. METHODS: In this population-based cohort analysis all singleton deliveries occurring between 1991-2013 at a single regional tertiary medical centre were included. Gestational age upon delivery was sub-divided into: early preterm (<33 6/7 weeks' gestation), late preterm (34-36 6/7), early term, full term (39-40 6/7), late term (41-41 6/7), and post term (>42 0/7)...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181676/risks-of-preterm-delivery-and-small-for-gestational-age-infants-effects-of-nondaily-and-low-intensity-daily-smoking-during-pregnancy
#20
Van T Tong, Lucinda J England, Karilynn M Rockhill, Denise V D'Angelo
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the effects of nondaily smoking or low-intensity daily smoking and infant outcomes. We examined the associations between preterm delivery and small for gestational age (SGA) infants in relation to both nondaily and daily smoking. METHODS: We used population-based data on women who delivered live singleton infants using the 2009-11 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. Women's smoking status in the last 3 months of pregnancy was categorised as nonsmokers, quitters, nondaily smokers (<1 cigarette/day), and daily smokers...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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