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Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335203/effects-of-prenatal-marijuana-exposure-on-neuropsychological-outcomes-in-children-aged-1-11-years-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Saida R Sharapova, Elyse Phillips, Karen Sirocco, Jennifer W Kaminski, Rebecca T Leeb, Italia Rolle
BACKGROUND: Normalisation of medicinal and recreational marijuana use has increased the importance of fully understanding effects of marijuana use on individual-and population-level health, including prenatal exposure effects on child development. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to examine the long-term effects of prenatal marijuana exposure on neuropsychological function in children aged 1-11 years. METHODS: Primary research publications were searched from Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, CINAHL EbscoHost, Cochrane Library, Global Health and ERIC (1980-2018)...
October 18, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328636/associations-between-maternal-obesity-and-severe-maternal-morbidity-findings-from-the-french-epimoms-population-based-study
#2
Ayesha Siddiqui, Elie Azria, Elizabeth A Howell, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is increasing. There is growing evidence of its effect on severe maternal morbidity. We assessed prepregnancy obesity as an independent risk factor for severe maternal morbidity by timing and cause. METHODS: We designed a case-control analysis within the EPIMOMS prospective population-based study conducted in six French regions in 2012-2013 (182 309 women who delivered at ≥22 weeks). Cases were all women who experienced severe maternal morbidity during pregnancy to 42 days postpartum as per a multicriteria definition derived by national expert consensus (n = 2540, severe maternal morbidity prevalence 1...
October 17, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326141/short-interpregnancy-interval-and-poor-fetal-growth-evaluating-the-role-of-pregnancy-intention
#3
Jessica Liauw, Geir W Jacobsen, Tricia L Larose, Jennifer A Hutcheon
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that short interpregnancy interval (the interval between delivery and estimated last menstrual period of a subsequent pregnancy) is associated with small for gestational age birth. It is controversial if this association is causal, as few studies have accounted for likely confounding factors such as unintended pregnancy. We examined the association between interpregnancy interval and infant birthweight, adjusting for pregnancy intention and other socio-economic and obstetrical risk factors...
October 16, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320453/examining-interpregnancy-intervals-and-maternal-and-perinatal-health-outcomes-using-u-s-vital-records-important-considerations-for-analysis-and-interpretation
#4
Marie E Thoma, Dane A De Silva, Marian F MacDorman
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies use birth certificate data to examine the association between interpregnancy interval (IPI) and maternal and perinatal health outcomes. Substantive changes from the latest birth certificate revision have implications for examining this relationship. METHODS: We provide an overview of the National Vital Statistics System and recent changes to the national birth certificate data file, which have implications for assessing IPI and perinatal health outcomes...
October 15, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311958/good-practices-for-the-design-analysis-and-interpretation-of-observational-studies-on-birth-spacing-and-perinatal-health-outcomes
#5
Jennifer A Hutcheon, Susan Moskosky, Cande V Ananth, Olga Basso, Peter A Briss, Cynthia D Ferré, Brittni N Frederiksen, Sam Harper, Sonia Hernández-Díaz, Ashley H Hirai, Russell S Kirby, Mark A Klebanoff, Laura Lindberg, Sunni L Mumford, Heidi D Nelson, Robert W Platt, Lauren M Rossen, Alison M Stuebe, Marie E Thoma, Catherine J Vladutiu, Katherine A Ahrens
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses of observational studies have shown that women with a shorter interpregnancy interval (the time from delivery to start of a subsequent pregnancy) are more likely to experience adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm delivery or small for gestational age birth, than women who space their births further apart. However, the studies used to inform these estimates have methodological shortcomings. METHODS: In this commentary, we summarise the discussions of an expert workgroup describing good practices for the design, analysis, and interpretation of observational studies of interpregnancy interval and adverse perinatal health outcomes...
October 12, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311955/short-interpregnancy-intervals-and-adverse-maternal-outcomes-in-high-resource-settings-an-updated-systematic-review
#6
Jennifer A Hutcheon, Heidi D Nelson, Reva Stidd, Susan Moskosky, Katherine A Ahrens
BACKGROUND: Currently, no federal guidelines provide recommendations on healthy birth spacing for women in the United States. This systematic review summarises associations between short interpregnancy intervals and adverse maternal outcomes to inform the development of birth spacing recommendations for the United States. METHODS: PubMed/Medline, POPLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and a previous systematic review were searched to identify relevant articles published from 1 January 2006 and 1 May 2017...
October 12, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307630/bariatric-surgery-and-birth-defects-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Renata H Benjamin, Sarah Littlejohn, Laura E Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Bariatric procedures are on the rise. The risk of birth defects in pregnancies following such procedures may be increased (eg, due to nutrient deficiencies) or decreased (eg, due to decreased maternal body mass index, BMI). METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review of the association between bariatric surgery and birth defects using Ovid MEDLINE and PubMed (1946-2017). Information was abstracted on study design, exposures, outcomes, covariates and estimates of association...
October 11, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307628/modifiable-life-style-factors-and-risk-for-incident-endometriosis
#8
Rachael Hemmert, Karen C Schliep, Sydney Willis, Charles Matthew Peterson, Germaine Buck Louis, Kristina Allen-Brady, Sara E Simonsen, Joseph B Stanford, Jiyoung Byun, Ken R Smith
BACKGROUND: Caffeine, alcohol, smoking and physical activity are known to alter sex steroid synthesis, which may affect hormone-dependent gynaecologic disease risk, such as endometriosis; however, few studies have assessed life style factors prior to endometriosis diagnosis. METHODS: Four hundred and seventy three women, ages 18-44 years, underwent laparoscopy or laparotomy, regardless of clinical indication, at 14 clinic sites, 2007-2009. Women with prior surgically confirmed endometriosis were excluded...
October 11, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307620/timing-of-puberty-in-boys-and-girls-a-population-based-study
#9
Nis Brix, Andreas Ernst, Lea Lykke Braskhøj Lauridsen, Erik Parner, Henrik Støvring, Jørn Olsen, Tine Brink Henriksen, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen
BACKGROUND: A secular trend towards earlier puberty has been observed in girls, while a similar trend has been more uncertain in boys. We estimated current ages at pubertal development in both boys and girls. METHODS: In this population-based cohort study, 14 759 of 22 439 invited boys and girls born from 2000 to 2003 in the Danish National Birth Cohort gave half-yearly self-reported information on puberty from the age of 11.5 years and throughout puberty. This late start of follow-up limits the estimation of age at onset of puberty but not later pubertal milestones...
October 11, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300948/report-of-the-office-of-population-affairs-expert-work-group-meeting-on-short-birth-spacing-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-methodological-quality-of-existing-studies-and-future-directions-for-research
#10
Katherine A Ahrens, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Cande V Ananth, Olga Basso, Peter A Briss, Cynthia D Ferré, Brittni N Frederiksen, Sam Harper, Sonia Hernández-Díaz, Ashley H Hirai, Russell S Kirby, Mark A Klebanoff, Laura Lindberg, Sunni L Mumford, Heidi D Nelson, Robert W Platt, Lauren M Rossen, Alison M Stuebe, Marie E Thoma, Catherine J Vladutiu, Susan Moskosky
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that women wait at least 24 months after a livebirth before attempting a subsequent pregnancy to reduce the risk of adverse maternal, perinatal, and infant health outcomes. However, the applicability of the WHO recommendations for women in the United States is unclear, as breast feeding, nutrition, maternal age at first birth, and total fertility rate differs substantially between the United States and the low- and middle-resource countries upon which most of the evidence is based...
October 9, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300919/an-application-of-data-mining-to-identify-potential-risk-factors-for-anophthalmia-and-microphthalmia
#11
Kari A Weber, Wei Yang, Suzan L Carmichael, Philip J Lupo, Stephanie Dukhovny, Mahsa M Yazdy, Angela E Lin, Carla M Van Bennekom, Allen A Mitchell, Gary M Shaw
BACKGROUND: We examined a large number of variables to generate new hypotheses regarding a wider range of risk factors for anophthalmia/microphthalmia using data mining. METHODS: Data were from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multicentre, case-control study from 10 centres in the United States. There were 134 cases of "isolated" and 87 "nonisolated" (with other major birth defects) of anophthalmia/microphthalmia and 11 052 nonmalformed controls with delivery dates October 1997-December 2011...
October 9, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266042/caesarean-delivery-childhood-asthma-and-effect-modification-by-sex-an-observational-study-and-meta-analysis
#12
Audrey Flak Pennington, Matthew J Strickland, Mitchel Klein, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Craig Hansen, Lyndsey A Darrow
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies indicate caesarean delivery is associated with childhood asthma. Sex-specific associations were reported in four of these studies, and in all four studies, the estimated association between caesarean delivery and asthma was of greater magnitude among girls, although most report a lack of evidence of multiplicative interaction. METHODS: We assessed potential effect modification by sex, on the additive and multiplicative scales, of the association between caesarean delivery and asthma by ages 2 through 6 in up to 17 075 racially diverse children from a retrospective birth cohort, the Kaiser Air Pollution and Pediatric Asthma (KAPPA) Study...
September 28, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266041/associations-of-snoring-frequency-and-intensity-in-pregnancy-with-time-to-delivery
#13
Galit Levi Dunietz, Kerby Shedden, Enrique F Schisterman, Lynda D Lisabeth, Marjorie C Treadwell, Louise M O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, little is known about the association of SDB with timing of delivery. We examined the association of snoring frequency, a key SDB marker, and snoring intensity, a correlate of SDB severity, with time-to-delivery among a cohort of pregnant women. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 1483 third trimester pregnant women were recruited from the University of Michigan prenatal clinics...
September 28, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211449/the-society-for-pediatric-and-perinatal-epidemiologic-research-31st-annual-meeting-summary
#14
Olga Basso, Courtney Lynch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326161/call-for-papers-for-upcoming-themed-issue-on-maternal-health
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300448/persistent-inaccuracies-in-completion-of-medical-certificates-of-stillbirth-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Lucy E Higgins, Alexander E P Heazell, Melissa K Whitworth
BACKGROUND: The UK Medical Certificate of Stillbirth (MCS) records information relevant to the cause of stillbirth of infants ≥24 weeks' gestation. A cross-sectional audit demonstrated widespread inaccuracies in MCS completion in 2009 in North West England. A repeat study was conducted to assess whether practice had improved following introduction of a regional care pathway. METHODS: 266 MCS issued in 14 North West England obstetric units during 2015 were studied retrospectively...
September 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266045/second-hand-smoke-exposure-and-orofacial-clefts
#17
Judith Rankin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266043/stillbirth-we-can-do-better
#18
Robert M Silver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211454/childhood-hearing-loss-and-established-risk-factors-what-is-the-contribution-of-tobacco-exposure-prenatally-or-after-birth
#19
Howard J Hoffman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170336/vaccine-preventable-severe-morbidity-and-mortality-caused-by-meningococcus-and-pneumococcus-a-population-based-study-in-france
#20
Fleur Lorton, Martin Chalumeau, Rémy Assathiany, Alain Martinot, Marie Bucchia, Jean-Michel Roué, Pierre Bourgoin, Julie Chantreuil, Gérald Boussicault, Théophile Gaillot, Jean-Pascal Saulnier, Jocelyne Caillon, Corinne Levy, Robert Cohen, Christèle Gras-Le Guen, Elise Launay
BACKGROUND: In a context of suboptimal vaccination coverage and increasing vaccine hesitancy, we aimed to study morbidity and mortality in children related to missing or incomplete meningococcal C and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational, population-based study from 2009 to 2014 in a French administrative area that included all children from age 1 month to 16 years who died before admission or were admitted to an intensive care unit for a community-onset bacterial infection...
September 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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