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Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30516287/social-determinants-of-health-and-adverse-maternal-and-birth-outcomes-in-adolescent-pregnancies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Sana Amjad, Isaiah MacDonald, Thane Chambers, Alvaro Osornio-Vargas, Sujata Chandra, Don Voaklander, Maria B Ospina
BACKGROUND: Adverse outcomes in adolescent pregnancies have been attributed to both biological immaturity and social determinants of health (SDOH). The present systematic review evaluated the evidence on the association between SDOH and adverse maternal and birth outcomes in adolescent mothers. METHODS: Comprehensive literature searches were conducted to identify observational studies evaluating the relationship between SDOH and adverse adolescent pregnancy outcomes...
December 5, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30485470/are-selection-criteria-for-healthy-pregnancies-responsible-for-the-gap-between-fetal-growth-in-the-french-national-elfe-birth-cohort-and-the-intergrowth-21st-fetal-growth-standards
#2
Barbara Heude, Morgane Le Guern, Anne Forhan, Pauline Scherdel, Manik Kadawathagedara, Marie-Noëlle Dufourg, Corinne Bois, Marie Cheminat, François Goffinet, Jérémie Botton, Marie-Aline Charles, Jennifer Zeitlin
BACKGROUND: The Intergrowth-21st (IG) project proposed prescriptive fetal growth standards for global use based on ultrasound measurements from a multicounty study of low-risk pregnancies selected using strict criteria. We examined whether the IG standards are appropriate for fetal growth monitoring in France and whether potential differences could be due to IG criteria for "healthy" pregnancies. METHOD: We analysed data on femur length and abdominal circumference at the second and/or the third recommended ultrasound examination from 14 607 singleton pregnancies from the Elfe national birth cohort...
November 28, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353935/short-interpregnancy-intervals-and-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-high-resource-settings-an-updated-systematic-review
#3
Katherine A Ahrens, Heidi Nelson, Reva L Stidd, Susan Moskosky, Jennifer A Hutcheon
BACKGROUND: This systematic review summarises association between short interpregnancy intervals and adverse perinatal health outcomes in high-resource settings to inform recommendations for healthy birth spacing for the United States. METHODS: Five databases and a previous systematic review were searched for relevant articles published between 1966 and 1 May 2017. We included studies meeting the following criteria: (a) reporting of perinatal health outcomes after a short interpregnancy interval since last livebirth; (b) conducted within a high-resource setting; and (c) estimates were adjusted for maternal age and at least one socio-economic factor...
October 24, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346060/birth-spacing-in-the-united-states-towards-evidence-based-recommendations
#4
EDITORIAL
Katherine A Ahrens, Jennifer A Hutcheon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328636/associations-between-maternal-obesity-and-severe-maternal-morbidity-findings-from-the-french-epimoms-population-based-study
#5
Ayesha Siddiqui, Elie Azria, Elizabeth A Howell, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is increasing. There is growing evidence of its effect on severe maternal morbidity. We assessed prepregnancy obesity as an independent risk factor for severe maternal morbidity by timing and cause. METHODS: We designed a case-control analysis within the EPIMOMS prospective population-based study conducted in six French regions in 2012-2013 (182 309 women who delivered at ≥22 weeks). Cases were all women who experienced severe maternal morbidity during pregnancy to 42 days postpartum as per a multicriteria definition derived by national expert consensus (n = 2540, severe maternal morbidity prevalence 1...
October 17, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30326141/short-interpregnancy-interval-and-poor-fetal-growth-evaluating-the-role-of-pregnancy-intention
#6
Jessica Liauw, Geir W Jacobsen, Tricia L Larose, Jennifer A Hutcheon
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that short interpregnancy interval (the interval between delivery and estimated last menstrual period of a subsequent pregnancy) is associated with small for gestational age birth. It is controversial if this association is causal, as few studies have accounted for likely confounding factors such as unintended pregnancy. We examined the association between interpregnancy interval and infant birthweight, adjusting for pregnancy intention and other socio-economic and obstetrical risk factors...
October 16, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320453/examining-interpregnancy-intervals-and-maternal-and-perinatal-health-outcomes-using-u-s-vital-records-important-considerations-for-analysis-and-interpretation
#7
Marie E Thoma, Dane A De Silva, Marian F MacDorman
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies use birth certificate data to examine the association between interpregnancy interval (IPI) and maternal and perinatal health outcomes. Substantive changes from the latest birth certificate revision have implications for examining this relationship. METHODS: We provide an overview of the National Vital Statistics System and recent changes to the national birth certificate data file, which have implications for assessing IPI and perinatal health outcomes...
October 15, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311958/good-practices-for-the-design-analysis-and-interpretation-of-observational-studies-on-birth-spacing-and-perinatal-health-outcomes
#8
Jennifer A Hutcheon, Susan Moskosky, Cande V Ananth, Olga Basso, Peter A Briss, Cynthia D Ferré, Brittni N Frederiksen, Sam Harper, Sonia Hernández-Díaz, Ashley H Hirai, Russell S Kirby, Mark A Klebanoff, Laura Lindberg, Sunni L Mumford, Heidi D Nelson, Robert W Platt, Lauren M Rossen, Alison M Stuebe, Marie E Thoma, Catherine J Vladutiu, Katherine A Ahrens
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses of observational studies have shown that women with a shorter interpregnancy interval (the time from delivery to start of a subsequent pregnancy) are more likely to experience adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm delivery or small for gestational age birth, than women who space their births further apart. However, the studies used to inform these estimates have methodological shortcomings. METHODS: In this commentary, we summarise the discussions of an expert workgroup describing good practices for the design, analysis, and interpretation of observational studies of interpregnancy interval and adverse perinatal health outcomes...
October 12, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30311955/short-interpregnancy-intervals-and-adverse-maternal-outcomes-in-high-resource-settings-an-updated-systematic-review
#9
Jennifer A Hutcheon, Heidi D Nelson, Reva Stidd, Susan Moskosky, Katherine A Ahrens
BACKGROUND: Currently, no federal guidelines provide recommendations on healthy birth spacing for women in the United States. This systematic review summarises associations between short interpregnancy intervals and adverse maternal outcomes to inform the development of birth spacing recommendations for the United States. METHODS: PubMed/Medline, POPLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and a previous systematic review were searched to identify relevant articles published from 1 January 2006 and 1 May 2017...
October 12, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307628/modifiable-life-style-factors-and-risk-for-incident-endometriosis
#10
Rachael Hemmert, Karen C Schliep, Sydney Willis, Charles Matthew Peterson, Germaine Buck Louis, Kristina Allen-Brady, Sara E Simonsen, Joseph B Stanford, Jiyoung Byun, Ken R Smith
BACKGROUND: Caffeine, alcohol, smoking and physical activity are known to alter sex steroid synthesis, which may affect hormone-dependent gynaecologic disease risk, such as endometriosis; however, few studies have assessed life style factors prior to endometriosis diagnosis. METHODS: Four hundred and seventy three women, ages 18-44 years, underwent laparoscopy or laparotomy, regardless of clinical indication, at 14 clinic sites, 2007-2009. Women with prior surgically confirmed endometriosis were excluded...
October 11, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307620/timing-of-puberty-in-boys-and-girls-a-population-based-study
#11
Nis Brix, Andreas Ernst, Lea Lykke Braskhøj Lauridsen, Erik Parner, Henrik Støvring, Jørn Olsen, Tine Brink Henriksen, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen
BACKGROUND: A secular trend towards earlier puberty has been observed in girls, while a similar trend has been more uncertain in boys. We estimated current ages at pubertal development in both boys and girls. METHODS: In this population-based cohort study, 14 759 of 22 439 invited boys and girls born from 2000 to 2003 in the Danish National Birth Cohort gave half-yearly self-reported information on puberty from the age of 11.5 years and throughout puberty. This late start of follow-up limits the estimation of age at onset of puberty but not later pubertal milestones...
October 11, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300948/report-of-the-office-of-population-affairs-expert-work-group-meeting-on-short-birth-spacing-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-methodological-quality-of-existing-studies-and-future-directions-for-research
#12
Katherine A Ahrens, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Cande V Ananth, Olga Basso, Peter A Briss, Cynthia D Ferré, Brittni N Frederiksen, Sam Harper, Sonia Hernández-Díaz, Ashley H Hirai, Russell S Kirby, Mark A Klebanoff, Laura Lindberg, Sunni L Mumford, Heidi D Nelson, Robert W Platt, Lauren M Rossen, Alison M Stuebe, Marie E Thoma, Catherine J Vladutiu, Susan Moskosky
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that women wait at least 24 months after a livebirth before attempting a subsequent pregnancy to reduce the risk of adverse maternal, perinatal, and infant health outcomes. However, the applicability of the WHO recommendations for women in the United States is unclear, as breast feeding, nutrition, maternal age at first birth, and total fertility rate differs substantially between the United States and the low- and middle-resource countries upon which most of the evidence is based...
October 9, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30485481/call-for-papers-for-upcoming-themed-issue-on-maternal-health
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30466188/the-international-childhood-cancer-cohort-consortium-i4c-a-research-platform-of-prospective-cohorts-for-studying-the-aetiology-of-childhood-cancers
#14
Gabriella Tikellis, Terence Dwyer, Ora Paltiel, Gary S Phillips, Stanley Lemeshow, Jean Golding, Kate Northstone, Andy Boyd, Sjurdur Olsen, Akram Ghantous, Zdenko Herceg, Mary H Ward, Siri E Håberg, Per Magnus, Jørn Olsen, Marin Ström, Somdat Mahabir, Rena R Jones, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Jacqueline Clavel, Marie Aline Charles, Edwin Trevathan, Zhengmin Min Qian, Milena M Maule, Xiu Qiu, Yun-Chul Hong, Silvia Brandelise, Eve Roman, Melissa Wake, Jian-Rong He, Martha S Linet
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer is a rare but leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Established risk factors, accounting for <10% of incidence, have been identified primarily from case-control studies. However, recall, selection and other potential biases impact interpretations particularly, for modest associations. A consortium of pregnancy and birth cohorts (I4C) was established to utilise prospective, pre-diagnostic exposure assessments and biological samples. METHODS: Eligibility criteria, follow-up methods and identification of paediatric cancer cases are described for cohorts currently participating or planning future participation...
November 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30461044/diagnosing-atopic-dermatitis-in-infancy-questionnaire-reports-vs-criteria-based-assessment
#15
Christoffer Dharma, Diana L Lefebvre, Maxwell M Tran, Zihang Lu, Wendy Y W Lou, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Piush J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Theo J Moraes, Meghan B Azad, Malcolm R Sears
BACKGROUND: Persisting atopic dermatitis (AD) is known to be associated with more serious allergic diseases at later ages; however, making an accurate diagnosis during infancy is challenging. We assessed the diagnostic performance of questionnaire-based AD measures with criteria-based in-person clinical assessments at age 1 year and evaluated the ability of these diagnostic methods to predict asthma, allergic rhinitis and food allergies at age 5 years. METHODS: Data relate to 3014 children participating in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study who were directly observed in a clinical assessment by an experienced healthcare professional using the UK Working Party criteria...
November 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30346025/improving-but-could-do-better-trends-in-gestation-specific-stillbirth-in-australia-1994-2015
#16
Lisa Hilder, Vicki Flenady, David Ellwood, Natasha Donnolley, Georgina M Chambers
BACKGROUND: Stillbirth remains a public health concern in high-income countries. Over the past 20 years, stillbirth rates globally have shown little improvement and large disparities. The overall stillbirth rate, which measures risk among births at all gestations, masks diverging trends at different gestations. This study investigates trends over time in gestation-specific risk of stillbirth in Australia. METHODS: Analytical epidemiological study using nationally reported gestational age data for births in Australia, 1994-2015...
November 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335203/effects-of-prenatal-marijuana-exposure-on-neuropsychological-outcomes-in-children-aged-1-11-years-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Saida R Sharapova, Elyse Phillips, Karen Sirocco, Jennifer W Kaminski, Rebecca T Leeb, Italia Rolle
BACKGROUND: Normalisation of medicinal and recreational marijuana use has increased the importance of fully understanding effects of marijuana use on individual-and population-level health, including prenatal exposure effects on child development. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to examine the long-term effects of prenatal marijuana exposure on neuropsychological function in children aged 1-11 years. METHODS: Primary research publications were searched from Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, CINAHL EbscoHost, Cochrane Library, Global Health and ERIC (1980-2018)...
November 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307630/bariatric-surgery-and-birth-defects-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Renata H Benjamin, Sarah Littlejohn, Laura E Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Bariatric procedures are on the rise. The risk of birth defects in pregnancies following such procedures may be increased (eg, due to nutrient deficiencies) or decreased (eg, due to decreased maternal body mass index, BMI). METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review of the association between bariatric surgery and birth defects using Ovid MEDLINE and PubMed (1946-2017). Information was abstracted on study design, exposures, outcomes, covariates and estimates of association...
November 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300919/an-application-of-data-mining-to-identify-potential-risk-factors-for-anophthalmia-and-microphthalmia
#19
Kari A Weber, Wei Yang, Suzan L Carmichael, Philip J Lupo, Stephanie Dukhovny, Mahsa M Yazdy, Angela E Lin, Carla M Van Bennekom, Allen A Mitchell, Gary M Shaw
BACKGROUND: We examined a large number of variables to generate new hypotheses regarding a wider range of risk factors for anophthalmia/microphthalmia using data mining. METHODS: Data were from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multicentre, case-control study from 10 centres in the United States. There were 134 cases of "isolated" and 87 "nonisolated" (with other major birth defects) of anophthalmia/microphthalmia and 11 052 nonmalformed controls with delivery dates October 1997-December 2011...
November 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266042/caesarean-delivery-childhood-asthma-and-effect-modification-by-sex-an-observational-study-and-meta-analysis
#20
Audrey Flak Pennington, Matthew J Strickland, Mitchel Klein, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Craig Hansen, Lyndsey A Darrow
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies indicate caesarean delivery is associated with childhood asthma. Sex-specific associations were reported in four of these studies, and in all four studies, the estimated association between caesarean delivery and asthma was of greater magnitude among girls, although most report a lack of evidence of multiplicative interaction. METHODS: We assessed potential effect modification by sex, on the additive and multiplicative scales, of the association between caesarean delivery and asthma by ages 2 through 6 in up to 17 075 racially diverse children from a retrospective birth cohort, the Kaiser Air Pollution and Pediatric Asthma (KAPPA) Study...
November 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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