journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632892/maternal-overweight-and-obesity-and-genital-anomalies-in-male-offspring-a-population-based-swedish-cohort-study
#1
Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen, Morten Søndergaard Lindhard, Tine Brink Henriksen, Jørn Olsen, Yongfu Yu, Sven Cnattingius
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese pregnant women face higher risk of several critical birth outcomes, including an overall increased risk of congenital abnormalities. Only few studies have focused on associations between maternal overweight and the genital anomalies in boys, cryptorchidism and hypospadias, and results are inconclusive. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study and assessed the associations between maternal body mass index (BMI) in early pregnancy and occurrence of cryptorchidism and hypospadias...
June 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621463/can-the-apgar-score-be-used-for-international-comparisons-of-newborn-health
#2
Ayesha Siddiqui, Marina Cuttini, Rachel Wood, Petr Velebil, Marie Delnord, Irisa Zile, Henrique Barros, Mika Gissler, Ashna D Hindori-Mohangoo, Béatrice Blondel, Jennifer Zeitlin
BACKGROUND: The Apgar score has been shown to be predictive of neonatal mortality in clinical and population studies, but has not been used for international comparisons. We examined population-level distributions in Apgar scores and associations with neonatal mortality in Europe. METHODS: Aggregate data on the 5 minute Apgar score for live births and neonatal mortality rates from countries participating in the Euro-Peristat project in 2004 and 2010 were analysed...
June 16, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618044/rising-trend-in-non-indicated-caesarean-deliveries-can-the-trend-be-reversed
#3
Fernando Althabe, José M Belizán
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617973/hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-preconception-period-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-rural-china-a-nationwide-study
#4
Qiongjie Zhou, Xiaotian Li, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Shikun Zhang, Ganesh Acharya
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection during pregnancy is associated with perinatal complications and poor maternal and fetal outcomes. There is a lack of reports on HBV infection screening, prophylaxis, and/or treatment in preconception period among women planning a pregnancy. This study is to investigate the prevalence and demographic characteristics of HBV infection among rural women of reproductive age planning pregnancy within 6 months, in different geographical regions of China...
June 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617970/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-neural-tube-defects-a-tale-of-two-policies
#5
Babak Khoshnood, Nathalie Lelong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590597/height-at-ages-7-13-years-in-relation-to-developing-type-2-diabetes-throughout-adult-life
#6
Lise G Bjerregaard, Britt W Jensen, Jennifer L Baker
BACKGROUND: Short adults have an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Although adult height results from childhood growth, the effects of height and growth trajectories during childhood are sparsely investigated. We investigated sex-specific associations between childhood height, growth and adult type 2 diabetes, including potential influences of birthweight and childhood body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We followed 292 827 individuals, born 1930-83, from the Copenhagen School Health Records Register in national registers for type 2 diabetes (11 548 men; 7472 women)...
June 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590549/association-between-breast-feeding-and-paediatric-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Cecilia Ponce-Garcia, Ivonne Angelica Hernandez, Paul Major, Carlos Flores-Mir
BACKGROUND: Breast feeding has been suggested as a potential protective factor against childhood snoring and sleep disordered breathing (SDB). SDB can have major health consequences. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise the available literature concerning any potential association between infant feeding methods and SDB in young children. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched. All searches were inclusive until August 5, 2016. Two authors independently reviewed potentially relevant articles for eligibility...
June 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590511/variation-in-maternal-co-morbidities-and-obstetric-interventions-across-area-level-socio-economic-status-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Kamala Adhikari Dahal, Shahirose Premji, Alka B Patel, Tyler Williamson, Mingkai Peng, Amy Metcalfe
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies indicate a significant association between area-level socio-economic status (SES) and adverse maternal health outcomes; however, the impact of area-level SES on maternal co-morbidities and obstetric interventions has not been examined. OBJECTIVE: To examine the variation in maternal co-morbidities and obstetric interventions across area-level SES. METHODS: This study used data from the Discharge Abstract Database that comprised birth data in Alberta between 2005-2007 (n = 120 285)...
June 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561897/temperature-and-preeclampsia-is-the-association-valid
#9
Rupa Basu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543169/gestational-weight-gain-in-the-first-two-pregnancies-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-the-second-pregnancy
#10
Maya Tabet, Lorie M Harper, Louise H Flick, Jen Jen Chang
BACKGROUND: Gestational Weight Gain (GWG) below or above the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, it remains unknown whether the risk of adverse outcomes is affected by GWG in a previous pregnancy. We examined associations between GWG in the index (second) pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes, including preterm delivery and small for gestational age (SGA), while taking into consideration GWG in the first pregnancy. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study (n = 210 564), using the Missouri maternally-linked birth registry (1989-2005), we used multivariable Poisson regression with robust error variance stratified by prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) to evaluate associations between GWG in the index pregnancy and a composite indicator of GWG in the first and second pregnancies and our outcomes of interest, after controlling for sociodemographic and pregnancy-related confounders...
May 24, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493508/apgar-score-components-at-5-minutes-risks-and-prediction-of-neonatal-mortality
#11
Sven Cnattingius, Mikael Norman, Fredrik Granath, Gunnar Petersson, Olof Stephansson, Thomas Frisell
BACKGROUND: The Apgar score consists of five components: heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and colour. Although the Apgar score has been used for 60 years, the specific contribution of the Apgar score components with respect to risks and prediction of neonatal mortality remains unknown. Likewise, the value of reduced scores (including less than five Apgar score components) has rarely been investigated. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study of 148 765 liveborn singleton infants in Sweden 2008-2013, we investigated components of Apgar score at 5 min with respect to relative risks and prediction (using ROC curves, sensitivity, and positive predictive values) of neonatal mortality...
May 11, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474743/increases-in-caesarean-delivery-rates-and-change-of-perinatal-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-hospital-level-analysis-of-two-who-surveys
#12
Yanjun Zhao, Jun Zhang, Javier Zamora, Joshua Peter Vogel, João P Souza, Kapila Jayaratne, Togoobaatar Ganchimeg, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Bernardo Hernandez, Olufemi T Oladapo, Maria R Torloni, Naho Morisaki, Rintaro Mori, Cynthia Pileggi-Castro, Özge Tunçalp, Xiaoming Shen, Ana Pilar Betrán
BACKGROUND: Maternal and neonatal outcomes have improved substantially. During the same period, the caesarean delivery rate soared. The aim of this analysis was to determine whether an increase in caesarean rate was associated with an improvement in perinatal outcome at an institutional level in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: The WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health (WHOGS) and the WHO Multi-Country Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health (WHOMCS) were two multi-country, facility-based, cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2004-08 and 2010-11, respectively...
May 5, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464249/prevalence-of-neural-tube-defects-and-the-impact-of-prenatal-diagnosis-in-three-districts-of-beijing-china
#13
Lei Jin, Lei Jin, Jingru Yu, Yanjun Xu, Hui Liu, Aiguo Ren
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to explore the prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) in three districts of Beijing, and to evaluate the impact of prenatal diagnosis on the prevalence. METHODS: Data were collected between 2006 and 2012 from the Beijing Birth Defects Surveillance System. P13 and P28 represent the prevalence of NTDs diagnosed from 13 weeks and 28 weeks of gestation, respectively, to 7 days after delivery. Populations were classified as household (permanent) and non-household (non-permanent) because differences exist in access to health care, education, and income, among others...
May 2, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464248/ambient-temperature-and-risk-of-preeclampsia-biased-association
#14
Nathalie Auger, Jack Siemiatycki, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Jessica Healy-Profitós, Tom Kosatsky
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is associated with conception during warm months and delivery during cold months. We sought to determine whether season of conception and shorter gestation bias the associations. METHODS: We used hospital discharge summaries to identify 65 273 pregnancies with and 1 825 438 without preeclampsia in Quebec, Canada between 1989 and 2012. We obtained data on mean temperature for the month following conception and the month before hospital admission...
May 2, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418622/newborn-length-of-stay-and-risk-of-readmission
#15
Katie Harron, Ruth Gilbert, David Cromwell, Sam Oddie, Jan van der Meulen
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the association between newborn length of hospital stay (LOS) and risk of readmission is conflicting. We compared methods for modelling this relationship, by gestational age, using population-level hospital data on births in England between 2005-14. METHODS: The association between LOS and unplanned readmission within 30 days of postnatal discharge was explored using four approaches: (i) modelling hospital-level LOS and readmission rates; (ii) comparing trends over time in LOS and readmission; (iii) modelling individual LOS and adjusted risk of readmission; and (iv) instrumental variable analyses (hospital-level mean LOS and number of births on the same day)...
April 18, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386955/adult-pre-pregnancy-weight-change-and-risk-of-developing-hypertensive-disorders-in-pregnancy
#16
Akilew A Adane, Gita D Mishra, Leigh R Tooth
BACKGROUND: While the association of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) is well documented, little is known about the relationship between pre-pregnancy weight change and HDP. We examined the impact of adult pre-pregnancy weight change on the development of HDP. METHODS: We included 2914 women, surveyed about every three years since 1996, from the 1973-78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health...
April 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370345/accuracy-of-birth-certificate-data-for-classifying-preterm-birth
#17
Molly J Stout, George A Macones, Methodius G Tuuli
BACKGROUND: Classifying preterm birth as spontaneous or indicated is critical both for clinical care and research, yet the accuracy of classification based on different data sources is unclear. We examined the accuracy of preterm birth classification as spontaneous or indicated based on birth certificate data. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 123 birth certificates from preterm births in Missouri. Correct classification of spontaneous or indicated preterm birth subtype was based on multi-provider (RN, MFM Fellow, MFM attending) consensus after full medical record review...
April 3, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444992/effects-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-pregnancy-among-us-military-veterans-lessons-for-research-on-stress-and-racial-disparities
#18
COMMENT
Dawn P Misra, Carmen Giurgescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425589/national-rates-of-uterine-rupture-are-not-associated-with-rates-of-previous-caesarean-delivery-results-from-the-nordic-obstetric-surveillance-study
#19
Lotte B Colmorn, Jens Langhoff-Roos, Maija Jakobsson, Anna-Maija Tapper, Mika Gissler, Pelle G Lindqvist, Karin Källen, Karin Gottvall, Kari Klungsøyr, Per Bøhrdahl, Ragnhild I Bjarnadóttir, Lone Krebs
BACKGROUND: Previous caesarean delivery and intended mode of delivery after caesarean are well-known individual risk factors for uterine rupture. We examined if different national rates of uterine rupture are associated with differences in national rates of previous caesarean delivery and intended mode of delivery after a previous caesarean delivery. METHODS: This study is an ecological study based on data from a retrospective cohort in the Nordic countries. Data on uterine rupture were collected prospectively in each country as part of the Nordic obstetric surveillance study and included 91% of all Nordic deliveries...
May 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403509/uterine-rupture-what-we-can-learn-from-an-ecological-study
#20
COMMENT
Eyal Sheiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
journal
journal
20213
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"