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Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317139/mortality-after-inpatient-treatment-for-severe-pneumonia-in-children-a-cohort-study
#1
Moses M Ngari, Greg Fegan, Martha K Mwangome, Mwanajuma J Ngama, Neema Mturi, John Anthony Gerard Scott, Evasius Bauni, David James Nokes, James A Berkley
BACKGROUND: Although pneumonia is a leading cause of inpatient mortality, deaths may also occur after discharge from hospital. However, prior studies have been small, in selected groups or did not fully evaluate risk factors, particularly malnutrition and HIV. We determined 1-year post-discharge mortality and risk factors among children diagnosed with severe pneumonia. METHODS: A cohort study of children aged 1-59 months admitted to Kilifi County Hospital with severe pneumonia (2007-12)...
March 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317131/association-of-shorter-height-with-increased-risk-of-ischaemic-placental-disease
#2
Kohei Ogawa, Naho Morisaki, Shigeru Saito, Shoji Sato, Takeo Fujiwara, Haruhiko Sago
BACKGROUND: Although adult height is inversely related with the risk of chronic disease, the association between maternal height and ischaemic placental disease remains unclear. METHODS: We used the national, multicentre Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology perinatal database to assess the risk of preeclampsia, placental abruption, and small for gestational age (SGA) births (birthweight < 10th percentile), which together constitute the syndrome 'ischaemic placental disease', in relation to self-reported height in 218 412 women with no underlying diseases before pregnancy, who delivered singletons in 2005-11...
March 20, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221677/cardiovascular-disease-in-relation-to-placental-abruption-a%C3%A2-population-based-cohort-study-from-denmark
#3
Cande V Ananth, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Michelle A Williams, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CVD) complications stemming from vascular dysfunction have been widely explored in the setting of preeclampsia. However, the impact of abruption, a strong indicator of microvascular disturbance, on the risk of CVD mortality and morbidity remains poorly characterised. METHODS: We designed a cohort analysis of 828 289 women who delivered singletons in Denmark between 1978 and 2010. We linked the National Patient Registry and the Registry of Causes of Death to the Danish Birth Registry to ascertain CVD events...
February 21, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231397/maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-offspring
#4
LETTER
Yue-Lan Qin, Si-Yuan Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231396/response-to-letter-re-maternal-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-the-offspring
#5
LETTER
Kelly D Getz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218407/chronic-hypertension-in-women-after-perinatal-exposure-to-preeclampsia-being-born-small-for-gestational-age-or-preterm
#6
Linda Lindström, Rolv Skjaerven, Eva Bergman, Maria Lundgren, Kari Klungsøyr, Sven Cnattingius, Anna-Karin Wikström
BACKGROUND: There is an established association between adverse events during perinatal life and chronic hypertension in adult life. However, disadvantageous conditions often co-exist in the same pregnancy. We investigated single and joint perinatal exposure to preeclampsia, being born small for gestational age (SGA) or preterm and subsequent risk of chronic hypertension. METHODS: The study population consisted of 731 008 primiparous women from Norway and Sweden registered in the Medical Birth Registers, both as infants and as first time mothers between 1967-2009 (Norway) and 1973-2010 (Sweden)...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205255/effect-of-postnatal-hiv-treatment-on-clinical-mastitis-and-breast-inflammation-in-hiv-infected-breast-feeding-women
#7
Sabrina Zadrozny, Daniel Westreich, Michael G Hudgens, Charles Chasela, Denise J Jamieson, Francis Martinson, Chifundo Zimba, Gerald Tegha, Irving Hoffman, William C Miller, Brian W Pence, Caroline C King, Athena P Kourtis, Wezi Msungama, Charles van der Horst
BACKGROUND: The relationship between mastitis and antiretroviral therapy among HIV-positive, breast-feeding women is unclear. METHODS: In the Breastfeeding, Antiretrovirals, and Nutrition (BAN) study, conducted in Lilongwe, Malawi, 2369 mother-infant pairs were randomized to a nutritional supplement group and to one of three treatment groups: maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART), infant nevirapine (NVP) or standard of care for 24 weeks of exclusive breast-feeding and 4 weeks of weaning...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195653/duration-of-second-stage-of-labour-at-term-and-pushing-time-risk-factors-for-postpartum-haemorrhage
#8
Emelie Looft, Marija Simic, Mia Ahlberg, Jonathan M Snowden, Yvonne W Cheng, Olof Stephansson
BACKGROUND: Prolonged labour is associated with increased risk of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), but the role of active pushing time and the relation with management during labour remains poorly understood. METHODS: A population-based cohort study from electronic medical record data in the Stockholm-Gotland Region, Sweden. We included 57 267 primiparous women with singleton, term gestation, livebirths delivered vaginally in cephalic presentation in 2008-14. We performed multivariable Poisson regression to estimate the association between length of second stage, pushing time, and PPH (estimated blood loss >500 mL during delivery), adjusting for maternal, delivery, and fetal characteristics as potential confounders...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181680/early-term-deliveries-and-the-risk-of-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-the-offspring
#9
Asnat Walfisch, Tamar Wainstock, Ofer Beharier, Daniella Landau, Eyal Sheiner
BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery may affect the development of the upper airways resulting in a higher risk of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). We investigated whether children born at early term (37-38 6/7 weeks' gestation) are at an increased risk for childhood OSA as compared with those born later. METHODS: In this population-based cohort analysis all singleton deliveries occurring between 1991-2013 at a single regional tertiary medical centre were included. Gestational age upon delivery was sub-divided into: early preterm (<33 6/7 weeks' gestation), late preterm (34-36 6/7), early term, full term (39-40 6/7), late term (41-41 6/7), and post term (>42 0/7)...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181676/risks-of-preterm-delivery-and-small-for-gestational-age-infants-effects-of-nondaily-and-low-intensity-daily-smoking-during-pregnancy
#10
Van T Tong, Lucinda J England, Karilynn M Rockhill, Denise V D'Angelo
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the effects of nondaily smoking or low-intensity daily smoking and infant outcomes. We examined the associations between preterm delivery and small for gestational age (SGA) infants in relation to both nondaily and daily smoking. METHODS: We used population-based data on women who delivered live singleton infants using the 2009-11 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System. Women's smoking status in the last 3 months of pregnancy was categorised as nonsmokers, quitters, nondaily smokers (<1 cigarette/day), and daily smokers...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140478/maternal-interpersonal-trauma-and-child-social-emotional-development-an-intergenerational-effect
#11
Alonzo T Folger, Karen T Putnam, Frank W Putnam, James L Peugh, Emily A Eismann, Ting Sa, Robert A Shapiro, Judith B Van Ginkel, Robert T Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that maternal interpersonal trauma can adversely affect offspring health, but little is known about potential transmission pathways. We investigated whether interpersonal trauma exposure had direct and indirect associations with offspring social-emotional development at 12-months of age in an at-risk, home visited population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of 1172 mother-child dyads who participated in a multi-site, early childhood home visiting program...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140471/use-of-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-and-birth-outcomes-in-women-conceiving-through-in-vitro-fertilization
#12
Xu Xiong, Richard P Dickey, Pierre Buekens, Jeffrey G Shaffer, Gabriella Pridjian
BACKGROUND: Despite questionable evidence of benefits over conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) use has markedly increased in recent decades among couples without male factor infertility. We assessed the frequency of ICSI use and its effect on birth outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in 141 030 women conceiving through IVF using 2006-2010 data from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART)...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124497/maternal-preeclampsia-and-odds-of-childhood-cancers-in-offspring-a-california-statewide-case-control-study
#13
Xiaoqing Xu, Beate Ritz, Myles Cockburn, Christina Lombardi, Julia E Heck
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a major cause of adverse effects on fetal health. We examined associations between fetal exposure to preeclampsia and subsequent odds of childhood cancers. METHODS: We obtained childhood cancer cases (n = 13 669) diagnosed at 5 years old or younger between 1988 and 2012 from the California Cancer Registry and linked them to birth certificates. Controls (n = 271 383) were randomly selected from all California births and frequency matched to cases by birth year...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075023/classifying-gestational-weight-gain-trajectories-using-the-sitar-growth-model
#14
Corinne A Riddell, Robert W Platt, Lisa M Bodnar, Jennifer A Hutcheon
BACKGROUND: Gestational weight gain is often characterized by the total amount of weight gained during pregnancy, however, the pattern of gain may be an important determinant of health outcomes. The SITAR (Super Imposition by Translation And Rotation) model has been used to describe childhood growth trajectories and has appeal because of the biological interpretability of its parameters. The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of applying this model to gestational weight gain trajectories...
March 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029701/paediatric-and-perinatal-epidemiology-where-we-stand-and-where-are-we-headed
#15
EDITORIAL
Cande V Ananth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029700/association-between-caesarean-delivery-and-childhood-asthma-in-india-and-vietnam
#16
Tina Lavin, Peter Franklin, David B Preen
BACKGROUND: While there is evidence of an association between caesarean birth and increased asthma in children in high-income countries, it is unknown whether this association exists in low-to-middle-income countries (LMICs). We investigated whether children born through caesarean in India and Vietnam are at increased risk of caregiver-reported asthma by 8 years of age. METHODS: Data from an ongoing multi-national longitudinal cohort study (the Young Lives Study) in two LMICs (India n = 2026; Vietnam n = 2000) were used...
January 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029699/early-and-later-gestation-outcomes-competing-risks-across-the-pregnancy-continuum
#17
K S Joseph
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029698/preventing-ectopic-pregnancy-and-its-complications-what-next
#18
Marian Knight
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981584/maternal-smoking-status-in-successive-pregnancies-and-risk-of-having-a-small-for-gestational-age-infant
#19
Liv G Kvalvik, Kjell Haug, Kari Klungsøyr, Nils-Halvdan Morken, Lisa A DeRoo, Rolv Skjaerven
BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy is linked to having a small for gestational age (SGA) baby. We estimated SGA risk among women who smoked persistently, quit smoking or started smoking during their first two pregnancies. METHODS: Data from the population-based Medical Birth Registry of Norway was used to evaluate self-reported smoking at the beginning and end of two successive pregnancies among 118 355 Nordic women giving birth 1999-2014. Relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) of SGA in the second pregnancy were estimated using adjusted generalised linear models with non-smokers during both pregnancies serving as referent category...
January 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943386/early-onset-preeclampsia-in-lupus-pregnancy
#20
Julia F Simard, Elizabeth V Arkema, Cathina Nguyen, Elisabet Svenungsson, Anna-Karin Wikström, Kristin Palmsten, Jane E Salmon
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease that occurs during childbearing years and has been associated with preeclampsia. However, little is known about preeclampsia of early onset, which is associated with severe adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: Using national population-based Swedish registers we identified women with SLE (≥2 visits with corresponding ICD codes) and a sample without SLE who gave birth to singleton infants 2001-12...
January 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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