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Paediatrics & Child Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046273/treating-and-reducing-anxiety-and-pain-in-the-paediatric-emergency-department-time-for-action-the-trapped-quality-improvement-collaborative
#1
Evelyne D Trottier, Samina Ali, Jennifer Thull-Freedman, Garth Meckler, Antonia Stang, Robert Porter, Mathieu Blanchet, Alexander Sasha Dubrovsky, April Kam, Raagini Jain, Tania Principi, Gary Joubert, Sylvie Le May, Melissa Chan, Gina Neto, Maryse Lagacé, Jocelyn Gravel
Background/Objectives: In 2013, the TRAPPED-1 survey reported inconsistent availability of pain and distress management strategies across all 15 Canadian paediatric emergency department (PEDs). The objective of the TRAPPED-2 study was to utilize a procedural pain quality improvement collaborative (QIC) and evaluate the number of newly introduced pain and distress-reducing strategies in Canadian PEDs over a 2-year period. Methods: A QIC was created to increase implementation of new strategies, through collaborative information sharing among PEDs...
August 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046272/the-effect-of-child-hunger-on-educational-attainment-and-early-childbearing-outcomes-in-a-longitudinal-population-sample-of-canadian-youth
#2
Lynn McIntyre, Cynthia Kwok, Scott B Patten
Purpose: Early childhood experiences of poverty are associated with adverse developmental outcomes that have impli cations for individual and population health. Low educational attainment and early childbearing are two such important outcomes that can perpetuate childhood poverty into adulthood. Child hunger, or severe food insecurity, is an extreme manifestation of household food insecurity that is associated with the stressful experience of deep family poverty. Life-course theories suggest that childhood experiences of hunger could have adverse effects in the developmental pathway...
August 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046271/thank-you-for-believing-in-me
#3
Heather Dean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046270/water-precautions-for-prevention-of-infection-in-children-with-ventilation-tubes-grommets
#4
Gordon Tsang, Adrian L James
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046269/exploring-the-transition-into-practice-of-general-paediatricians-from-a-canadian-residency-program
#5
Melissa Chan, Michael A van Manen
Background: Paediatric training programs are committed to graduating paediatricians able to function independently in professional practice. The focus of this study was to gain understanding of a training program's strengths and deficiencies, while also exploring new methods to aid in transitioning trainees into practice. Method: Using the CanMEDS framework, semi-structured focus groups were conducted with recently graduated paediatricians. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis...
August 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046268/redesign-of-the-autism-spectrum-screening-and-diagnostic-process-for-children-aged-12-to-36-months
#6
REVIEW
Jean-François Lemay, Meridith Yohemas, Shauna Langenberger
Diagnosing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is challenging, resource-intense and time-consuming due to clinical and etiologic heterogeneity. With the rapid increase in prevalence of ASD, higher demand for diagnostic assessment often means long waitlists for families, and limited access to specialized intervention and support. In 2013, the Alberta Children's Hospital-Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnostic Clinic (ACH-ASDC) experienced a significant waitlist in the 12 to 36 months' population. A Quality Improvement Project was started in 2014; one program aim was to create an efficient, sustainable and evidence-based ASD diagnostic evaluation process...
August 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046267/a-15-year-old-girl-with-intractable-vomiting
#7
EDITORIAL
Deema Couchman, Megan E Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046266/an-unusual-case-of-hypovolemic-shock-in-a-neonate
#8
EDITORIAL
Mallory L Downie, Sohail Cheema, Douglas M Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039811/re-pound-cm-blair-b-energy-and-sports-drinks-in-children-and-adolescents-paediatr-child-health-2017-22-7-406-10
#9
Peter D Wong, Ashna Bowry, Rosemary G Moodie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039810/re-pound-cm-blair-b-energy-and-sports-drinks-in-children-and-adolescents-paediatr-child-health-2017-22-7-406-10
#10
Catherine M Pound, Becky Blair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038535/golden-hour-management-practices-for-infants-32-weeks-gestational-age-in-canada
#11
Vibhuti Shah, Kate Hodgson, Mary Seshia, Michael Dunn, Georg M Schmölzer
Objectives: To determine 'Golden Hour' resuscitation and stabilization practices for infants <32 weeks gestational age in Canadian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Methods: A survey was distributed to investigators of the Evidence-based Practice for Improving Quality study within the Canadian Neonatal Network in June 2014. The questionnaire was designed to obtain information on antenatal counselling, resuscitation environment, resuscitation and management practices, including respiratory and nutritional practices in the first hour of life...
July 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038534/a-qualitative-study-of-the-language-of-satisfaction-in-children-with-pain
#12
Tara McGrath, Samina Ali, Nadia Dow, Sarah Aziz, Molly Pilarski, Amy L Drendel
Background: Measures of satisfaction are essential to understanding patient experience, in general, and particularly with pain management. Objectives: (A) To identify the words children commonly use to communicate satisfaction, in general, and for pain management and (B) to determine if this vocabulary matches their caregivers. Methods: A study of child-caregiver pairs seen at a paediatric emergency department (PED) from July to November 2014 was conducted...
July 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038533/antibiotic-exposure-and-development-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-very-preterm-neonates
#13
Rana Esmaeilizand, Prakesh S Shah, Mary Seshia, Wendy Yee, Eugene W Yoon, Kimberly Dow
Objective: To examine the association between the duration of antibiotic exposure and development of stage 2 or 3 necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in very preterm neonates. Study Design: A retrospective case-control study was conducted from Canadian Neonatal Network data for preterm neonates born before 29 weeks' gestation and admitted 2010 through 2013. Efforts were made to match each NEC case to two controls for gestational age, birth weight (±100 g) and sex. Results: A total of 224 cases and 447 controls were identified...
July 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038532/a-linear-band-of-erythematous-flat-topped-papules-on-the-forearm
#14
Alexander K C Leung, Benjamin Barankin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038531/e-cigarettes-a-new-hazard-for-children-and-adolescents
#15
Sarah A Richmond, Ian Pike, Jonathon L Maguire, Alison Macpherson
Objectives: Electronic cigarettes and fluid (e-cigarettes, e-fluid) are hazardous materials that when inhaled or ingested may pose significant health risks to children and adolescents. The objective of this work was to explore the spectrum of injury related to e-cigarette exposure among Canadian children and adolescents. Methods: A one-time survey was sent to all paediatricians in Canada. Information was collected on children and adolescents who presented with e-cigarette exposure (inhalation and ingestion cases) in the previous 12 months...
July 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038530/promoting-the-strengths-and-resilience-of-an-indigenous-community-through-photovoice
#16
Melissa Tremblay, Lola Baydala, Randy Littlechild, Elaine Chiu, Troy Janzen
In the face of negative media attention, community members and Elders from the First Nation community of Maskwacis identified the importance of promoting community strengths and reframing perceptions of their community. Two research questions were addressed: (1) How do youth in Maskwacis view their community strengths? and (2) To what extent can photographs be used as a tool for reframing perceptions of an Indigenous community? A community-based participatory research approach was used for the current photovoice project, through which two Elders and eleven youth were engaged...
July 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038529/fever-prophylaxis-can-reduce-vaccine-responses-a-caution
#17
David Scheifele, Brian Ward
Prophylactic administration of antipyretic/analgesic drugs, started at the time of immunization and repeated 6 and 12 hours later, is sometimes undertaken to reduce postimmunization fever and irritability in infants. Two recent studies showed that such prophylaxis can reduce immune responses to some infant vaccines, warranting judicious use. In contrast, implementing treatment 6 hours or more after immunization had no effect on vaccine responses and would reduce drug exposure of asymptomatic infants.
July 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038528/a-17-year-old-girl-with-facial-edema-and-weakness
#18
EDITORIAL
Rachel Deschamps, Julie Couture, Aristides Hadjinicolaou, Claire M A LeBlanc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988188/la-prise-de-d%C3%A3-cision-entourant-l%C3%A2-alimentation-par-sonde-de-gastrostomie-chez-les-enfants-ayant-une-atteinte-neurologique-engager-un-dialogue-efficace-avec-les-familles
#19
Sanjay Mahant, Eyal Cohen, Katherine E Nelson, Peter Rosenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988187/l%C3%A2-immunisation-de-l%C3%A2-enfant-immunod%C3%A3-prim%C3%A3-les-principes-fondamentaux
#20
Dorothy L Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
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