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Paediatrics & Child Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601612/erratum-screen-time-and-young-children-promoting-health-and-development-in-a-digital-world
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/pch/pxx123.][This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/pch/pxx123.].
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480901/erratum-screening-for-disruptive-behaviour-problems-in-preschool-children-in-primary-health-care-settings
#2
Alice Charach, Stacey Ageranioti Bélanger, John D McLennan, Mary Kay Nixon
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/pch/pxx128.][This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/pch/pxx128.].
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479287/les-infestations-par-les-poux-de-t%C3%A3%C2%AAte-une-mise-%C3%A3-jour-clinique
#3
Carl Cummings, Jane C Finlay, Noni E MacDonald
Les infestations par les poux de tête ( Pediculus humanus capitis ) ne constituent ni un risque sanitaire primaire ni un vecteur de maladie, mais représentent plutôt un problème de société au coût impor- tant. Pour diagnostiquer une infestation, il faut déceler un pou vivant. Même si les pyréthines et la perméthrine demeurent les traitements de première intention au Canada, la solution de myristate d'isopropyle et de ST-cyclométhicone et la diméticone peuvent être envisagées en deuxième intention après un échec thérapeutique démontré...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479286/head-lice-infestations-a-clinical-update
#4
Carl Cummings, Jane C Finlay, Noni E MacDonald
Head lice ( Pediculus humanus capitis ) infestations are not a primary health hazard or a vector for disease, but they are a societal problem with substantial costs. Diagnosis of head lice infestation requires the detection of a living louse. Although pyrethrins and permethrin remain first-line treatments in Canada, isopropyl myristate/ST-cyclomethicone solution and dimeticone can be considered as second-line therapies when there is evidence of treatment failure.
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479285/les-recommandations-relatives-aux-vaccins-antigrippaux-administr%C3%A3-s-aux-enfants-et-aux-adolescents-pour-la-saison-2017-2018
#5
Dorothy L Moore
La Société canadienne de pédiatrie continue d'encourager la vaccination antigrippale annuelle de TOUS les enfants et les adolescents, dès l'âge de six mois. Les recommandations du Comité consultatif national de l'immunisation (CCNI) pour la saison 2017-2018 n'ont pas subi de changements importants par rapport à la saison précédente. Le CCNI a analysé toutes les données sur l'efficacité du vaccin vivant atténué contre l'influenza (VVAI) sur le marché et conclut qu'elles en appuient l'utilisation au Canada, même si les États-Unis ne le recommandent pas en raison de doutes quant à son efficacité...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479284/vaccine-recommendations-for-children-and-youth-for-the-2017-2018-influenza-season
#6
Dorothy L Moore
The Canadian Paediatric Society continues to encourage annual influenza vaccination for ALL children and youth ≥6 months of age. Recommendations from the National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) for the 2017/2018 influenza season are not substantially changed from those of last season. NACI has conducted a review of all available vaccine effectiveness data concerning live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) and concludes that current evidence supports the continued use of LAIV in Canada, although use is not currently recommended in the USA because of concern about efficacy...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479283/mise-%C3%A3-jour-sur-la-vaccination-contre-la-m%C3%A3-ningococcie-invasive-chez-les-enfants-et-les-adolescents-canadiens
#7
Joan L Robinson
La méningococcie invasive (MI) est une maladie grave qui est souvent à l'origine d'un sepsis fulminant ou d'une méningite. Au Canada, elle est surtout attribuable aux sérogroupes B et C. Des programmes de vaccination systématique contre le méningocoque du sérogroupe C sont prévus à l'âge de 12 mois, et dans certaines régions sociosanitaires, le calendrier comprend l'administration de doses supplémentaires aux enfants plus jeunes. Les adolescents reçoivent systématiquement une dose de rappel du vaccin contre le sérogroupe C ou d'un vaccin quadrivalent (sérogroupes A, C, W et Y)...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479282/update-on-invasive-meningococcal-vaccination-for-canadian-children-and-youth
#8
Joan L Robinson
Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is serious, often resulting in fulminant sepsis or meningitis. IMD in Canada is primarily attributable to serogroups B and C. There are routine programs for serogroup C vaccine at 12 months of age, with some jurisdictions routinely providing additional earlier doses. Adolescents routinely receive a booster dose of serogroup C vaccine or of a quadrivalent (serogroups A, C, W and Y) vaccine. Serogroup B vaccines are not recommended for routine use pending further data on the efficacy and duration of protection from the available vaccine...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479281/les-communications-interculturelles-des-outils-pour-travailler-aupr%C3%A3-s-des-familles-et-des-enfants
#9
Tehseen Ladha, Mohammad Zubairi, Andrea Hunter, Tobey Audcent, Julie Johnstone
Pour prodiguer de bons soins, il est crucial de communiquer de manière efficace avec les patients et leur famille. Le présent point de pratique traite de l'importance d'une communication transculturelle efficace. Les auteurs exposent le concept de compétence culturelle, ainsi que celui du modèle LEARN (acronyme anglais des mots écouter, expliquer, reconnaître, recommander et négocier), pour faciliter la communication transculturelle. Trois scénarios démontrent les difficultés de la communication transculturelle et l'application efficace du modèle LEARN...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479280/cross-cultural-communication-tools-for-working-with-families-and-children
#10
Tehseen Ladha, Mohammad Zubairi, Andrea Hunter, Tobey Audcent, Julie Johnstone
The ability to communicate effectively with patients and families is paramount for good patient care. This practice point reviews the importance of communicating effectively in cross-cultural encounters. The concept of cultural competence is introduced, along with the LEARN (Listen, Explain, Acknowledge, Recommend, Negotiate) model for cross-cultural communication. Three vignettes, one each in Indigenous, global, and newcomer child health, are used to illustrate challenges in cross-cultural communication and effective application of the LEARN model...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479279/rapid-response-systems-for-paediatrics-suggestions-for-optimal-organization-and-training
#11
Adam Cheng, Angelo Mikrogianakis
Resuscitation and cardiac arrest events in the paediatric population are rare occurrences. Improving outcomes from such events continues to be a difficult challenge. Rapid response systems and teams have been integrated into many hospitals in an effort to facilitate early identification and management of patients at risk for clinical deterioration. Optimizing education in the form of team training is a major component of successful team performance. Simulation-based team training, is a key educational supplement for existing standardized resuscitation courses...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479278/the-prevention-of-firearm-injuries-in-canadian-youth
#12
Katherine Austin, Margo Lane
Firearm injuries are a significant and preventable cause of death in Canadian youth. Adolescent and young adult males are disproportionately affected; however, firearm-related deaths occur in youth of all ages. Canada's rate of firearm ownership is lower than that of the USA, but high compared with other upper-income countries. The availability of firearms to youth is an important factor in adolescent suicide, unintentional firearm deaths, gang homicide and school shootings. Guns should not be kept in homes or environments where children and adolescents live or play...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479277/intranasal-influenza-vaccine-why-does-canada-have-different-recommendations-from-the-usa-on-its-use
#13
Theresa W S Tam
Canada and the USA differ in their recommendations for the use of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV). The Canadian National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) continues to recommend LAIV as one of the influenza vaccines available for use in children 2 to 17 years of age. The US Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) made an interim recommendation against the use of LAIV for the 2016 to 2017 influenza season in response to low LAIV effectiveness observed in the USA during the 2013 to 2014 to 2015 to 2016 seasons...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479276/the-path-to-paediatric-donation-after-circulatory-determination-of-death-guidelines
#14
Matthew J Weiss
Recently, Canada became the first country to publish paediatric specific guidelines for the practice of donation after circulatory death (pDCD). These guidelines, endorsed by the Canadian Paediatric Society, were created in response to the fact that pDCD in Canada was largely undeveloped even in tertiary care centres, and no national guidelines addressed the practice in children. This article explains what pDCD is and how these recommendations were developed.
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479275/the-canadian-neuromuscular-disease-registry-connecting-patients-to-national-and-international-research-opportunities
#15
Yi Wei, Anna McCormick, Alex MacKenzie, Erin O'Ferrall, Shannon Venance, Jean K Mah, Kathryn Selby, Hugh J McMillan, Garth Smith, Maryam Oskoui, Gillian Hogan, Laura McAdam, Gracia Mabaya, Victoria Hodgkinson, Josh Lounsberry, Lawrence Korngut, Craig Campbell
Introduction: Patient registries serve an important role in rare disease research, particularly for the recruitment and planning of clinical trials. The Canadian Neuromuscular Disease Registry was established with the primary objective of improving the future for neuromuscular (NM) patients through the enablement and support of research into potential treatments. Methods: In this report, we discuss design and utilization of the Canadian Neuromuscular Disease Registry with special reference to the paediatric cohort currently enrolled in the registry...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479274/use-and-perceived-effectiveness-of-complementary-health-approaches-in-children
#16
Amitha Kalaichandran, Nick Barrowman, Jason Chan, Karine Toupin-April, Sunita Vohra, Roger Zemek
Background and Objectives: Up to one-half of children may use complementary health approaches (CHA). However, current prevalence in North America, variables associated with CHA use and caregiver perceptions of effectiveness are unclear. We aimed to determine the self-reported use of CHA during the previous 12 months in paediatric patients, demographic variables associated with CHA use and perceptions around effectiveness of CHA. Methods: A cross-sectional survey study of patients aged between 28 days and 18 years who presented to a large paediatric emergency department was conducted between December 2014 and July 2015...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479273/literacy-promotion-by-health-care-professionals-a-comprehensive-biomedical-and-psychosocial-approach
#17
REVIEW
Gabriella Jacob, Lee Ford-Jones, Peter D Wong, Dena Warman, Maureen W Lovett
Literacy is the ability to read, write and understand print. Proficiency in literacy is fundamental to social inclusion and strongly linked to health outcomes. Thus, improving literacy is important for lifelong health promotion. Poverty, inadequate hearing, speech and vision and learning disabilities may challenge literacy development. In our review, we explore these topics and suggest recommendations to: Mitigate the Effects of Poverty, Access Comprehensive Medical Assessments, Promote Early Childhood Education and Advocate for Early Intervention and Remediation Programs...
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479272/a-17-year-old-girl-with-fever-and-lymphadenopathy
#18
EDITORIAL
Laura Wheaton, Angela Punnett, Jillian M Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479271/medical-publishing-in-2018
#19
EDITORIAL
Joan L Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601064/screen-time-and-young-children-promoting-health-and-development-in-a-digital-world
#20
(no author information available yet)
The digital landscape is evolving more quickly than research on the effects of screen media on the development, learning and family life of young children. This statement examines the potential benefits and risks of screen media in children younger than 5 years, focusing on developmental, psychosocial and physical health. Evidence-based guidance to optimize and support children's early media experiences involves four principles: minimizing, mitigating, mindfully using and modelling healthy use of screens. Knowing how young children learn and develop informs best practice strategies for health care providers...
November 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
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