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Occupational Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431005/occupational-asthma-caused-by-acrylic-compounds-from-shield-surveillance-1989-2014
#1
G I Walters, A S Robertson, V C Moore, P S Burge
Background: Acrylic monomers (acrylates), methacrylates and cyanoacrylates all cause asthma by respiratory sensitization. Occupational inhalation exposures occur across a variety of industries including health care and dental work, beauty, laboratory science, assembly and plastic moulding. Aims: To examine notifications of occupational asthma caused by acrylic compounds from a UK-based regional surveillance scheme, in order to highlight prevalent exposures and trends in presentation...
April 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419354/work-organization-sleep-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-long-haul-truck-drivers
#2
M K Lemke, Y Apostolopoulos, A Hege, L Wideman, S Sönmez
Background: The work organization of long-haul truck drivers in the USA contains factors that have been shown to degrade sleep. In combination, these factors generate elevated cardiometabolic risk by inducing components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, the prevalence and severity of MetS and the degree to which such factors differentially influence MetS among these drivers are unknown. Aims: To determine the prevalence and severity of MetS among US long-haul truck drivers and to determine the predictive value of demographic, work organization and sleep variables in MetS diagnosis and severity...
April 17, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398532/biopsy-proven-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-caused-by-a-fluorocarbon-waterproofing-spray
#3
G I Walters, S Trotter, B Sinha, Z Richmond, P S Burge
We present the case of a 35-year-old male who developed a chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) following inhalational exposure to a fluorocarbon waterproofing aerosol spray, caused by his work for an upholstery and soft furnishings retailer. This is the first case report from inhalational fluorocarbon exposure with histological evidence of chronic HP. This is then discussed in the context of previous reports of interstitial lung disease and lung injury, caused by similar occupational and non-occupational exposures...
April 8, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371932/mixed-contact-methods-to-improve-response-to-a-postal-questionnaire
#4
D Weston, V Parsons, G Ntani, L Rushton, I Madan
Background: Postal questionnaires remain an important method of collecting data in trials. However, a high non-response rate can lead to biases, which may undermine the validity of the study. Aims: To assess a simple method of trying to improve response rates in an occupational health trial evaluating an intervention to prevent hand dermatitis in nurses. Methods: The trial employed questionnaires at t = 0, t = 1 month and t = 12 months. The t = 1 month questionnaire was posted to study participants (student and intensive care nurses) together with a free postage reply envelope...
March 24, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340191/cardiac-health-and-fitness-of-colorado-male-female-firefighters
#5
K Li, T Lipsey, H J Leach, T L Nelson
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is documented as the leading cause of mortality in on-duty firefighters. Aims: To examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components, cardiorespiratory fitness levels and the association between them in firefighters in Colorado, USA. Methods: This study included male and female Colorado firefighters. MetS was identified where three or more metabolic abnormalities were present, using Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines...
March 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340051/protective-factors-for-work-ability-in-preschool-teachers
#6
I Sottimano, S Viotti, G Guidetti, D Converso
Background: Work ability (WA) describes the physical and intellectual resources on which individuals can rely to respond to work demands. While several studies have investigated the protective role of work-related psychosocial factors on WA, only a few have examined differences across age cohorts. Moreover, few studies have investigated WA in the educational context and most of those did not consider preschool teachers. Aims: To examine the role of psychosocial factors (support from colleagues, support from supervisors, work meaning, reward, skill discretion and autonomy) in sustaining WA among preschool teachers in different age cohorts...
March 8, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339972/factors-associated-with-sickness-absence-among-employees-with-chronic-conditions
#7
L Meng, K T Robinson, M L Smith
Background: The growing prevalence of chronic conditions in the ageing workforce has been shown to have a negative impact in terms of optimal work performance and quality of life. It is therefore important to understand the factors associated with sickness absence due to health problems. Aims: To examine the socio-demographics, health status indicators, barriers to self-care and social support associated with working adults missing work because of chronic conditions...
March 8, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339829/perceived-office-environments-and-occupational-physical-activity-in-office-based-workers
#8
A Sawyer, L Smith, M Ucci, R Jones, A Marmot, A Fisher
Background: Individuals in office-based occupations have low levels of physical activity but there is little research into the socio-ecological correlates of workplace activity. Aims: To identify factors contributing to office-based workers' perceptions of the office environment and explore cross-sectional relationships between these factors and occupational physical activity. Methods: Participants in the Active Buildings study reported perceptions of their office environment using the Movement at Work Survey...
March 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339739/unabated-occupational-risk-in-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-pulmonary-fibrosis
#9
V K Holden, S J Kligerman, T G Hastings, S E Hines
Background: This case highlights the importance of considering hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) in the differential diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD) and of obtaining an occupational history so that remediable risk factors may be identified and managed. Aims: To report a case of a chicken sexer with severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who developed progressively worsening dyspnoea and restrictive lung disease associated with pulmonary fibrosis. Methods: Clinical investigation included physical examination, occupational history, pulmonary function tests (PFTs), chest imaging and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), as well as serological tests including standard IgE bird feather mixture and local IgG precipitin preparation to chicken excrement...
February 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339702/subclinical-chronic-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-resulting-from-phosphine-poisoning
#10
E Szymczyk, M Wiszniewska, J Walusiak-Skorupa, J D Kasprzak, P Lipiec
We present a case of a 32-year-old male crew member of a cargo ship, accidentally exposed to phosphine, a fumigating substance. He and other crew members developed increasing fatigue and digestive disorders 24 h later; two died from acute pulmonary oedema. The patient was admitted to hospital, where bilateral pneumonia, acute nephritis, hepatopathy, electrolyte imbalance and leucopenia were diagnosed. He was discharged from hospital 3 weeks later. He was examined 4 months later for possible chronic consequences of acute phosphine poisoning, which included echocardiography showing normal heart size and cardiac function...
February 21, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207074/prediction-of-long-term-and-frequent-sickness-absence-using-company-data
#11
C R L Boot, A van Drongelen, I Wolbers, H Hlobil, A J van der Beek, T Smid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204750/smoking-status-and-physical-fitness-during-initial-military-training
#12
A G Siddall, J L J Bilzon, D Thompson, J Greeves, R Izard, K A Stokes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204714/long-term-epidemiological-observation-of-asbestos-related-diseases-in-poland-1970-2015
#13
B Świątkowska, N Szeszenia-Dąbrowska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204712/systematic-review-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-construction-workers
#14
H Borup, L Kirkeskov, D J A Hanskov, C Brauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204665/not-tb-proof-latent-tuberculosis-in-kuala-lumpur-hospital-health-care-workers
#15
M Munisamy, K Krishnan, G Selvaratnam, A Panza, S Pongpanich, M Jimba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187224/what-factors-influenced-trainees-to-choose-occupational-medicine
#16
A Y Zhou, I Aston, R M Agius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187220/the-need-for-social-work-services-in-occupational-medicine
#17
S Moshe, T Cinamon, O Zack, N Segal, G Chodick, A Krakov, M Tal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164235/sedentary-behaviour-in-nhs-staff-implications-for-organizations
#18
K Mackenzie, S Till, S Basu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160465/measuring-the-preparedness-of-military-medical-personnel-for-short-notice-operations
#19
D W Lamb, N Jones, C Gibson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158818/return-to-work-after-occupational-injury-and-upper-limb-amputation
#20
M Craig, W Hill, K Englehart, A Adisesh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Occupational Medicine
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