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Occupational Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637219/preventing-occupational-injury-among-police-officers-does-motivation-matter
#1
D K C Chan, D Webb, R M Ryan, T C W Tang, S X Yang, N Ntoumanis, M S Hagger
Background: Injury prevention is an important issue for police officers, but the effectiveness of prevention initiatives is dependent on officers' motivation toward, and adherence to, recommended health and safety guidelines. Aims: To understand effects of police officers' motivation to prevent occupational injury on beliefs about safety and adherence to injury prevention behaviours. Methods: Full-time police officers completed a survey comprising validated psychometric scales to assess autonomous, controlled and amotivated forms of motivation (Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire), behavioural adherence (Self-reported Treatment Adherence Scale) and beliefs (Safety Attitude Questionnaire) with respect to injury prevention behaviours...
June 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633372/farmer-suicides-a-qualitative-study-from-australia
#2
M Perceval, K Kõlves, P Reddy, D De Leo
Background: Farmers in Australia, in general, have poorer health outcomes, including higher rates of suicide. Aims: To investigate risk and protective factors and attitudes towards suicide and help-seeking among farmers living and working in New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. Methods: A qualitative study in which three farming sites were selected in each state to represent an area with a suicide rate equal to, below and above the state average...
June 14, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582584/systematic-review-hand-activity-and-ultrasound-of-the-median-nerve
#3
R Jaeschke, K Thoirs, G Bain, N Massy-Westropp
Background: Ultrasound is an established method of viewing the median nerve in the carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). There is some evidence to suggest that immediate changes may occur in the median nerve before and after hand activity. The evidence for the validity and reliability of ultrasound for testing acute changes in the median nerve has not been systematically reviewed to date. Aims: To evaluate the evidence for visible change in ultrasound appearance of the median nerve after hand activity...
June 3, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575463/impact-of-working-hours-on-sleep-and-mental-health
#4
P Afonso, M Fonseca, J F Pires
Background: The number of hours people are required to work has a pervasive influence on both physical and mental health. Excessive working hours can also negatively affect sleep quality. The impact at work of mental health problems can have serious consequences for individuals' as well as for organizations' productivity. Aims: To evaluate differences in sleep quality and anxiety and depression symptoms between longer working hours group (LWHG) and regular working hours group (RWHG)...
June 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575306/job-characteristics-and-mental-health-for-older-workers
#5
V J C Mc Carthy, J Cronly, I J Perry
Background: Adverse job characteristics have been linked with increased incidence of depression and anxiety in working populations. However, the association between job characteristics and mental health, in an older working population while controlling for personality traits, is less well known. Aims: To examine the association between job characteristics (job demands and job control) and mental health (depression and anxiety) for older workers while controlling for personality traits...
June 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535248/effects-of-work-family-conflict-and-job-insecurity-on-psychological-distress
#6
M Mutambudzi, Z Javed, S Kaul, J Prochaska, M K Peek
Background: Work-family conflict (WFC) and job insecurity are important determinants of workers' mental health. Aims: To examine the relationship between WFC and psychological distress, and the co-occurring effects of WFC and job insecurity on distress in US working adults. Methods: This study used cross-sectional data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults aged 18-64 years. The 2010 NHIS included occupational data from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sponsored Occupational Health Supplement...
May 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535246/designing-smartphone-mental-health-applications-for-emergency-service-workers
#7
M Deady, D Peters, H Lang, R Calvo, N Glozier, H Christensen, S B Harvey
Background: Emergency service workers are often exposed to trauma and have increased risk of a range of mental health (MH) conditions. Smartphone applications have the potential to provide this group with effective psychological interventions; however, little is known about the acceptability and preferences regarding such initiatives. Aims: To describe the preferences and opinions of emergency service workers regarding the use of smartphone MH applications and to examine the impact of age on these preferences...
May 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525588/diving-and-long-term-cardiovascular-health
#8
K Åsmul, Å Irgens, M Grønning, A Møllerløkken
Background: Short-term cardiovascular effects from ambient pressure exposure are known. However, long-term cardiovascular effects from diving in humans have been less studied. Aims: To examine possible long-term cardiovascular health effects from occupational diving. Methods: We compared the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in former divers to non-divers. We obtained data on male former divers with a certificate valid for professional diving after 1980, from the Norwegian Diver 2011 project, and matched data on the general male population from the HUNT3 Survey...
May 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521065/eelab-an-innovative-educational-resource-in-occupational-medicine
#9
A Y Zhou, J Dodman, L Hussey, D Sen, C Rayner, N Zarin, R Agius
Background: Postgraduate education, training and clinical governance in occupational medicine (OM) require easily accessible yet rigorous, research and evidence-based tools based on actual clinical practice. Aims: To develop and evaluate an online resource helping physicians develop their OM skills using their own cases of work-related ill-health (WRIH). Methods: WRIH data reported by general practitioners (GPs) to The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network were used to identify common OM clinical problems, their reported causes and management...
May 17, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510762/physician-burnout-work-engagement-and-the-quality-of-patient-care
#10
A Loerbroks, J Glaser, P Vu-Eickmann, P Angerer
Background: Research suggests that burnout in physicians is associated with poorer patient care, but evidence is inconclusive. More recently, the concept of work engagement has emerged (i.e. the beneficial counterpart of burnout) and has been associated with better care. Evidence remains markedly sparse however. Aims: To examine the associations of burnout and work engagement with physicians' self-perceived quality of care. Methods: We drew on cross-sectional data from physicians in Germany...
May 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486690/rhabdomyolysis-with-acute-tubular-necrosis-following-occupational-inhalation-of-thinners
#11
D Ngajilo, R Ehrlich
Thinners are mixtures of organic solvents commonly containing toluene, xylene, acetone, hexane, benzene and methyl isobutyl ketone. This report describes a case of rhabdomyolysis with acute tubular necrosis and renal failure, most likely attributable to toluene, following occupational exposure to thinners while cleaning a steel water tank. These adverse health effects have previously been reported following acute poisoning or intentional inhalation by drug abusers, but rarely in the occupational setting. Poor working conditions, lack of health and safety training and delayed treatment contributed to the onset and severity of the patient's complications...
May 9, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486680/temporary-work-and-depressive-symptoms-in-south-korean-workers
#12
W Kim, T H Kim, T-H Lee, Y J Ju, S Y Chun, E-C Park
Background: In many countries, including South Korea, labour market changes have led to an increase in unstable, temporary jobs. There is evidence that workers in such jobs may experience poorer mental health than those in more stable employment. Aims: To investigate the association between temporary employment and depressive symptoms in South Korean workers. Methods: We analysed data from the 2010-2014 Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS)...
May 9, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486642/suicide-in-scottish-military-veterans-a-30-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
B P Bergman, D F Mackay, D J Smith, J P Pell
Background: Although reassuring data on suicide risk in UK veterans of the 1982 Falklands conflict and 1991 Gulf conflict have been published, there have been few studies on long-term overall suicide risk in UK veterans. Aims: To examine the risk of suicide in a broad population-based cohort of veterans in Scotland, irrespect ive of length of service or exposure to conflict, in comparison with people having no record of military service. Methods: A retrospective 30-year cohort study of 56205 veterans born 1945-85 and 172741 matched non-veterans, using Cox proportional hazard models to compare the risk of suicide and fatal self-harm overall, by sex, birth cohort, length of service and year of recruitment...
May 9, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482092/the-influence-of-zero-hours-contracts-on-care-worker-well-being
#14
J M Ravalier, A R Fidalgo, R Morton, L Russell
Background: Care workers have an important social role which is set to expand with the increasing age of the UK population. However, the majority of care workers are employed on zero-hours contracts. Aims: Firstly, to investigate the relationship between working conditions and employee outcomes such as engagement and general mental well-being in a sample of UK care workers and management. Secondly, to assess whether the use of zero-hours contracts affects employee well-being...
May 7, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472414/evidence-based-review-on-temporomandibular-disorders-among-musicians
#15
M K A van Selms, J Ahlberg, F Lobbezoo, C M Visscher
Background: Playing a musical instrument that loads the masticatory system has frequently been linked to temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Previous literature reviews on this topic do not conform to the current standards of evidence-based medicine. Aims: To investigate the effects of playing a musical instrument (i.e. violin/viola and wind instruments) or singing on the presence of TMDs, based on evidence derived from observational studies. Methods: Databases of Medline, Web of Science and Google Scholar were searched using MeSH and other relevant terms...
May 3, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575504/reply
#16
Carl Reynolds, Stephanie Macneill, John Williams, Neville Hodges, Michael Campbell, Anthony Newman Taylor, Paul Cullinan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575503/reply
#17
Richard Holleyman, Simon Vann Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575502/charles-turner-thackrah-1795-1833-the-father-of-occupational-medicine
#18
Bill Mathie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575501/well-being-apps
#19
Nikki Cordell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575500/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-miners-with-special-reference-to-smoking
#20
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
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