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Occupational Medicine

S Basu, J Poole, G Frost, D Fox
Background: Bioaerosol exposure occurs in several industries including green waste recycling, poultry farming, grain, animal feed and cotton production. Whilst several studies have investigated exposure and health effects in compost workers, the best questions to ask about health are uncertain. Aims: This study aimed to develop a questionnaire to assess health symptoms in compost workers. Methods: A 46-item questionnaire to ascertain possible symptoms of occupational illness related to bioaerosol exposure in a cohort of UK industrial compost workers and delivery in an interviewer-led format...
June 30, 2018: Occupational Medicine
K A Østby, A Mykletun, W Nilsen
Background: Although it is well documented that non-medical factors, like educational level, are associated with sick leave and disability pensioning, the role of personality has only been studied to a limited degree. Aims: To examine how normal personality traits (as measured by 'The Big Five') are associated with long-term sick leave and disability pensioning. Methods: In 2008, a sample of Norwegian women participating in the population-based Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) study were assessed for personality traits...
June 28, 2018: Occupational Medicine
W S Journeay, T Pauley, M Kowgier, M Devlin
Background: Factors impacting on return to work (RTW) after lower extremity amputation are important in occupational rehabilitation. Aims: Our objective was to compare RTW in patients who had traumatic work-related amputation with amputations from other causes. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with participants employed at the time of amputation and at least 1 year post-discharge from amputee rehabilitation. The primary outcome measure was RTW...
June 27, 2018: Occupational Medicine
M Neto, M J Chambel, V S Carvalho
Background: The promotion and maintenance of workers' mental health is an increasingly important issue, both for employers and society. Previous research has shown that job characteristics (i.e. demands, control and support) are significantly associated with employees' mental well-being. However, changes in work characteristics have given rise to the emergence of new job demands, leading to work-family life conflict. Aims: To investigate the association between work-family life conflict and employee mental well-being...
June 25, 2018: Occupational Medicine
D Budd, D L Holness, R House
Background: Hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) is a chronic occupational disease affecting workers exposed to hand-transmitted vibration. However, limited information exists on task-related disability experienced by workers with HAVS. Aims: This study was conducted to characterize the impact of HAVS on task-related disability and daily life activities. Methods: A retrospective chart review was undertaken of difficulty in carrying out activities reported by workers with HAVS who had been assessed in an Occupational Medicine clinic in 2015...
June 23, 2018: Occupational Medicine
M Telle-Lamberton, S Faye, F Pontin, L Bensefa-Colas, C de Clavière, M Le Barbier, G Lasfargues
Background: Notifications of work-related mental disorders (WRMDs) are increasing while little data are available on trends by industrial sector. Aims: To assess WRMD notifications and trends from 2001 to 2011 by industrial sector using data collected by the French National Network for Occupational Disease Vigilance and Prevention (RNV3P) network. Methods: We calculated standardized notification ratios (SNRs) per sector. To analyse trends over time, we used odds ratios, analysed by logistic regression, including time as a discrete variable or as a continuous variable...
June 22, 2018: Occupational Medicine
J M Ravalier
Background: Social workers help to maintain and improve the lives of children, their families and adult service users in the UK. However, while engagement is shown to be an important determinant of both patient and employee outcomes in related health care professions, the influence of engagement has not been demonstrated in social workers. Aims: To investigate the influence of employee engagement on perceived stress, turnover intentions, job satisfaction and presenteeism...
June 21, 2018: Occupational Medicine
J Kobza, J S Pastuszka, E Bragoszewska
Background: Dental care professionals are exposed to aerosols from the oral cavity of patients containing several pathogenic microorganisms. Bioaerosols generated during dental treatment are a potential hazard to dental staff, and there have been growing concerns about their role in transmission of various airborne infections and about reducing the risk of contamination. Aims: To investigate qualitatively and quantitatively the bacterial and fungal aerosols before and during clinical sessions in two dental offices compared with controls...
June 20, 2018: Occupational Medicine
L Aarhus, E Stranden, K-C Nordby, E Einarsdottir, R Olsen, B Ruud, R Bast-Pettersen
Background: Vibration-induced white finger (VWF) is often assessed using the Stockholm Workshop Scale (SWS) and cold challenge plethysmography. However, long-term longitudinal studies using both methods are scarce. Aims: To study the long-term course and prognostic factors of VWF assessed with the SWS and photoplethysmography (PPG), and to examine the effects of lifestyle on PPG score, regardless of VWF status. Methods: Forty male construction workers were examined with a test battery and clinical examination in 1994 and 2016/17...
June 19, 2018: Occupational Medicine
J Oates, J Jones, N Drey
Background: Staff well-being is vital to the functioning of the UK National Health Service (NHS). Mental health nurses (MHNs) with personal experience of mental illness can offer a professionally and personally informed insight into the occupational health (OH) service offered by their employer. Aims: To investigate MHNs' views of OH provision in the NHS, based on their personal experience. Methods: A qualitative interview study using a purposive sample of MHNs with personal experience of mental illness...
June 16, 2018: Occupational Medicine
A Marchand, M-E Blanc, N Beauregard
Background: Despite mounting evidence on the association between work stress and burnout, there is limited knowledge about the extent to which workers' age and gender are associated with burnout. Aims: To evaluate the relationship between age, gender and their interaction with burnout in a sample of Canadian workers. Methods: Data were collected in 2009-12 from a sample of 2073 Canadian workers from 63 workplaces in the province of Quebec...
June 15, 2018: Occupational Medicine
P Farrand, A Jeffs, T Bloomfield, N Greenberg, E Watkins, E Mullan
Background: Despite developments in mental health services for armed forces veterans and family members, barriers to access associated with poor levels of acceptability regarding service provision remain. Adapting a Step 2 mental health service based on low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) interventions to represent a familiar context and meet the needs of the armed forces veteran community may serve to enhance acceptability and reduce help-seeking barriers. Aims: To examine acceptability of a Step 2 low-intensity CBT mental health service adapted for armed forces veterans and family members provided by a UK Armed Forces charity...
June 15, 2018: Occupational Medicine
T Yamauchi, T Sasaki, T Yoshikawa, S Matsumoto, M Takahashi
Background: Mental disorders and suicide resulting from overwork or work-related stress have become major occupational health issues worldwide, particularly in Asian countries. However, no studies have reported incidence rates of mental disorders and suicide by sex, age group and industry, using a national database containing all cases involving compensation in Asian countries. Aims: The present study examined incidence rates of occupational mental disorders and suicide by sex, age group and industry using a database containing all cases involving compensation for mental disorders and suicide in Japan over a 5-year period...
June 12, 2018: Occupational Medicine
C Nwankwo
Background: Poor knowledge and practice of waste management among hospital cleaners is a significant occupational and public health risk which could be improved by better training. Aims: To assess private hospital cleaners' knowledge and practice of hospital waste management and the association with training. Methods: A cross-sectional study using an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire was undertaken. The questionnaire was designed to record demographics, assess knowledge and assess self-reported practice and training by private hospital cleaners in Etiosa in Nigeria...
June 9, 2018: Occupational Medicine
P Gendron, C Lajoie, L Laurencelle, F Trudeau
Background: Female firefighters are in the minority in the Québec firefighter population and worldwide. To our knowledge, no study has focused on cardiovascular risk factors in female firefighters, and further research in this area is needed to evaluate and reduce the risk of on-duty sudden cardiac death. Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in female firefighters in Québec. Methods: A cross-sectional study using an online questionnaire to evaluate lifestyle and CVD risk factors and symptoms...
May 28, 2018: Occupational Medicine
P M Hulls, A Money, R M Agius, F de Vocht
Background: In the UK in 2015/16, 1.3 million workers self-reported a work-related illness (WRI) of which an estimated 41% were due to musculoskeletal disorders (incidence rate 550 cases per 100000 people) and 37% were related to stress, anxiety and depression. Little is known about the incidence of WRIs in radiographers. Aims: To analyse the medically reported incidence of WRIs among radiographers in the UK between 1989 and 2015. Methods: Incident cases reported by physicians to The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network through its specialist schemes from 1989 to 2015 were analysed, using the Labour Force Survey as denominator where appropriate...
May 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Arun Chind
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Occupational Medicine
D Kelly, F Shorthouse, V Roffi, C Tack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Occupational Medicine
P J H Beliveau, D Boulos, M A Zamorski
Background: Combat operations in Southwest Asia have exposed millions of military personnel to risk of mental disorders and physical injuries, including traumatic brain injury (TBI). The contribution of specific disorders to disability is, however, uncertain. Aims: To estimate the contributions of mental and physical health conditions to disability in military personnel. Methods: The sample consisted of military personnel who participated in the cross-sectional 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey...
June 20, 2018: Occupational Medicine
D Carlsson, J Wahlström, L Burström, M Hagberg, R Lundström, H Pettersson, T Nilsson
Background: Raynaud's phenomenon and neurosensory symptoms are common after hand-arm vibration exposure. Knowledge of early signs of vibration injuries is needed. Aims: To investigate the risk of developing Raynaud's phenomenon and paraesthesia in relation to sensation of cold hands in a cohort of male employees at an engineering plant. Methods: We followed a cohort of male manual and office workers at an engineering plant in Sweden for 21 years...
June 20, 2018: Occupational Medicine
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