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Occupational Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351632/presenteeism-in-academic-employees-occupational-and-individual-factors
#1
G Kinman, S Wray
Background: There is growing evidence that presenteeism can be damaging for individuals and organizations. It is, therefore, important to identify the prevalence of working while sick in different working environments and the factors that contribute to such behaviour. Aims: To examine the prevalence of self-reported presenteeism in academic staff working in UK universities and colleges and the extent to which job demands, control, support and work engagement are risk factors...
January 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351624/takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-associated-with-work-place-bullying
#2
Halla Malik, Nadarajah Kangaharan, Ian Agahari
Background: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a condition of transient left ventricular dysfunction precipitated by acute physical or emotional stress. The pathogenesis of TC is not well understood, but it is known to predominantly affect postmenopausal women in the context of physical or emotional triggers. Aims: To describe a case of TC with an association to a never previously described work place stressor of bullying. Case Report: A 48-year-old female lawyer developed acute chest pain after experiencing significant emotional distress at a workplace meeting...
January 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351620/correlates-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-older-colorado-firefighters
#3
K Li, E Ochoa, T Lipsey, T Nelson
Background: It has been documented that cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in on-duty firefighters and little is known about the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Aims: To estimate the probability of 10-year ASCVD risk and its association with per cent body fat (%BF), metabolic syndrome (MetS) and physical fitness in Colorado firefighters. Methods: Ten-year ASCVD risk was calculated using the newly developed pooled cohort equations in firefighters...
January 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304215/the-role-of-hardiness-in-the-bullying-mental-health-relationship
#4
I Reknes, A Harris, S Einarsen
Background: Workplace bullying has consistently been found to predict mental health problems among those affected. However, less attention has been given to personal dispositions as possible moderators in this relationship. Aims: To investigate the moderating role of individual hardiness in the relationship between exposure to bullying behaviours and symptoms of anxiety and depression, respectively, assuming that high hardiness, being an individual stress resilience factor, acts as a buffer in these relationships...
January 3, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301005/value-of-work-for-employees-with-a-chronic-disease
#5
M Vooijs, M C J Leensen, J L Hoving, H Wind, M H W Frings-Dresen
Background: Most people with a chronic disease value participation in work. Knowledge is limited, however, as to what extent employees with a chronic disease value participating in work, and the main reasons for this. Limited research is available on which specific factors contribute to the perceived value of work. Aims: To evaluate main reasons for, and the extent to which employees with a chronic disease value participation in work, and factors which motivate or demotivate employees in work...
December 29, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309698/burdens-on-emergency-responders-after-a-terrorist-attack-in-berlin
#6
U Wesemann, P Zimmermann, M Mahnke, O Butler, S Polk, G Willmund
Background: Terrorist attacks induce various responses in emergency responders. Addressing this range of responses in individual workers is of central interest. Aims: To assess the gender- and occupation-specific effects of a terrorist attack, particularly in emergency responders. Methods: This was a pilot study. Emergency responders present during the 2016 terrorist attack at Breitscheidplatz in Berlin were asked to participate. Measures for crisis management had been previously implemented...
December 22, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281066/serum-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate-psychosocial-factors-and-musculoskeletal-pain-in-workers
#7
A Marinelli, A Prodi, G Pesel, F Ronchese, M Bovenzi, C Negro, F Larese Filon
Background: The serum level of dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEA-S) has been suggested as a biological marker of stress. Aims: To assess the association between serum DHEA-S, psychosocial factors and musculoskeletal (MS) pain in university workers. Methods: The study population included voluntary workers at the scientific departments of the University of Trieste (Italy) who underwent periodical health surveillance from January 2011 to June 2012...
December 21, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267959/gender-differences-in-limited-duty-time-for-lower-limb-injury
#8
K K Holsteen, Y S Choi, S A Bedno, D A Nelson, L M Kurina
Background: Among active-duty military personnel, lower limb musculoskeletal injuries and related conditions (injuries) frequently arise as unintended consequences of physical training. These injuries are particularly common among women. The practical impact of such injuries on temporary military occupational disability has not been estimated with precision on a large scale. Aims: To determine the proportion of service time compromised by limited duty days attributable to lower limb injuries, characterize the time affected by these limitations in terms of specific lower limb region and compare the limited duty time between male and female soldiers...
December 18, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202204/cost-effectiveness-of-yoga-for-managing-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-the-workplace
#9
N Hartfiel, G Clarke, J Havenhand, C Phillips, R T Edwards
Background: Back pain and musculoskeletal conditions negatively affect the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of employees and generate substantial costs to employers. Aims: To assess the cost-effectiveness of yoga for managing musculoskeletal conditions. Methods: A randomized controlled trial evaluated an 8-week yoga programme, with a 6-month follow-up, for National Health Service (NHS) employees. Effectiveness in managing musculoskeletal conditions was assessed using repeated-measures generalized linear modelling for the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ) and the Keele STarT Back Screening Tool...
November 30, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165697/lifting-and-pregnancy-outcomes-feasibility-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
E Kwegyir-Afful, J Verbeek, L Aziato, J D Seffah, K Vehviläinen-Julkunen, K Räsänen
Background: The highest incidence of preterm birth (18%) occurs in Africa but the causes are largely unknown. Some studies have reported adverse effects of maternal physical exertion on birth outcomes. A randomized controlled trial (RCT) is proposed to determine the effectiveness of an intervention reducing lifting and carrying in pregnant women in reducing preterm birth and low birthweight. Aims: To test the feasibility and acceptability of the proposed lift-less intervention RCT...
November 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165675/work-ability-effort-reward-imbalance-and-disability-pension-claims
#11
J Wienert, K Spanier, F M Radoschewski, M Bethge
Background: Effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and self-rated work ability are known independent correlates and predictors of intended disability pension claims. However, little research has focused on the interrelationship between the three and whether self-rated work ability mediates the relationship between ERI and intended disability pension claims. Aims: To investigate whether self-rated work ability mediates the association between ERI and intended disability pension claims...
November 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165609/effects-of-cognitive-loading-and-force-on-upper-trapezius-fatigue
#12
C Deeney, L W O'Sullivan
Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are particularly common in the shoulder/neck region for some tasks that involve low force exertions, for example computer work. It has been demonstrated that muscle activity may be stimulated by cognitively demanding tasks. There is a lack of studies on the relationship between qualitative levels of cognitive loading, level of muscle activity, and muscle fatigue. Aims: To investigate the effects of quantitative levels of cognitive loading on conduction velocity changes and isometric endurance times for the upper trapezius...
November 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165601/associations-between-perceived-leadership-and-presenteeism-in-an-industrial-population
#13
Kimmo J Vänni, Subas Neupane, Clas-Håkan Nygård
Background: Presenteeism has received increasing attention in occupational health research but the evidence for its association with perceived leadership is scant. Aims: To assess the association of perceived leadership and presenteeism among industrial workers. Methods: Survey responses from employees on perceived leadership were linked to the personnel register of a food industry company. The Presenteeism Scale method was used to determine the presenteeism percentage...
November 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165600/missed-opportunities-to-identify-occupational-asthma-in-acute-secondary-care
#14
P R Ellis, G I Walters
Background: Occupational asthma (OA) accounts for one in six cases of new-onset adult asthma. Despite this it remains under-recognized in the UK. Delayed and missed diagnoses of OA lead to poor health outcomes for workers at significant cost to the UK economy. The burden of occupational aetiology on hospital admissions with asthma is not known. Aims: To measure how frequently medical professionals consider occupational aetiology in patients presenting to secondary care with acute asthma symptoms...
November 18, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155960/occupational-medicine-specialist-referral-triggers-mixed-methods-analysis-of-teleconsult-cases
#15
J L Eaton, A Mohammad, D C Mohr, D J Brustein, S R Kirkhorn
Background: Qualitative analyses can yield critical lessons for learning organizations in healthcare. Few studies have applied these techniques in the field of occupational and environmental medicine (OEM). Aims: To describe the characteristics of complex cases referred for OEM subspecialty evaluation and variation by referring provider's training. Methods: Using a mixed methods approach, we conducted a content analysis of clinical cases submitted to a national OEM teleconsult service...
November 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155948/predictors-of-fatigue-and-work-ability-in-cancer-survivors
#16
P van Muijen, S F A Duijts, K Bonefaas-Groenewoud, A J van der Beek, J R Anema
Background: Workers diagnosed with cancer are at risk for job loss or work disability. Aims: To determine predictors of fatigue and work ability at 36 months after diagnosis in a population of cancer survivors. Methods: Individuals diagnosed with cancer and who applied for work disability benefit at 24 months of sick leave were surveyed at the time of application and again 12 months later. Fatigue was measured using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness-Fatigue scale questionnaire and work ability was measured using the work ability index...
November 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126176/hand-arm-vibration-in-orthopaedic-surgery-a-neglected-risk
#17
F Mahmood, K B Ferguson, J Clarke, K Hill, E B Macdonald, D J M Macdonald
Background: Hand-arm vibration syndrome is an occupational disease caused by exposure to hand-arm transmitted vibration. The Health and Safety Executive has set limits for vibration exposure, including an exposure action value (EAV), where steps should be taken to reduce exposure, and an exposure limit value (ELV), beyond which vibrating equipment must not be used for the rest of the working day. Aims: To measure hand-arm transmitted vibration among orthopaedic surgeons, who routinely use hand-operated saws...
November 6, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301057/hydrogen-cyanide-an-update
#18
David Gidlow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301056/doctors-and-mental-health
#19
Clare Gerada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211910/bringing-together-occupational-and-environmental-medicine-specialists-development-of-the-international-occupational-medicine-society-collaborative-iomsc
#20
Richard Heron, Ronald Loeppke, Peter Connaughton, Paulo Antonio de Paiva Rebelo, Herman Spanjaard, Barry Eisenberg, Hilary Todd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2017: Occupational Medicine
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