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Occupational Medicine

P J H Beliveau, D Boulos, M A Zamorski
Background: Combat operations in Southwest Asia have exposed millions of military personnel to risk of mental disorders and physical injuries, including traumatic brain injury (TBI). The contribution of specific disorders to disability is, however, uncertain. Aims: To estimate the contributions of mental and physical health conditions to disability in military personnel. Methods: The sample consisted of military personnel who participated in the cross-sectional 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey...
May 19, 2018: Occupational Medicine
P M Hulls, A Money, R M Agius, F de Vocht
Background: In the UK in 2015/16, 1.3 million workers self-reported a work-related illness (WRI) of which an estimated 41% were due to musculoskeletal disorders (incidence rate 550 cases per 100000 people) and 37% were related to stress, anxiety and depression. Little is known about the incidence of WRIs in radiographers. Aims: To analyse the medically reported incidence of WRIs among radiographers in the UK between 1989 and 2015. Methods: Incident cases reported by physicians to The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network through its specialist schemes from 1989 to 2015 were analysed, using the Labour Force Survey as denominator where appropriate...
May 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Arun Chind
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Occupational Medicine
D Carlsson, J Wahlström, L Burström, M Hagberg, R Lundström, H Pettersson, T Nilsson
Background: Raynaud's phenomenon and neurosensory symptoms are common after hand-arm vibration exposure. Knowledge of early signs of vibration injuries is needed. Aims: To investigate the risk of developing Raynaud's phenomenon and paraesthesia in relation to sensation of cold hands in a cohort of male employees at an engineering plant. Methods: We followed a cohort of male manual and office workers at an engineering plant in Sweden for 21 years...
May 10, 2018: Occupational Medicine
D Kelly, F Shorthouse, V Roffi, C Tack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Occupational Medicine
K M Burke, A J Wright, V Parsons, I Madan
Background: Nurses are at high risk of hand dermatitis. Regular hand moisturizing can prevent dermatitis, but nurses' use of hand moisturizers is suboptimal. Aims: To establish (i) what beliefs about hand dermatitis and hand moisturizer use are associated with hand moisturizer use by nurses at home and at work and (ii) if hand moisturizer use behaviours in nurses are associated with the prevalence of hand dermatitis. Methods: We used a questionnaire to investigate nurses' knowledge, beliefs and behaviours regarding hand dermatitis and use of hand moisturizers...
May 7, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Paul Grime, Damien McElvenny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Occupational Medicine
K A Østby, A Mykletun, W Nilsen
Background: In many western countries, women have a much higher rate of sickness absence than men. To what degree the gender differences in sickness absence are caused by gender differences in health is largely unknown. Aims: To assess to what degree the gender gap in sickness absence can be explained by health factors and work- and family-related stressors. Methods: Norwegian parents participating in the Tracking Opportunities and Problems (TOPP) study were asked about sickness absence and a range of factors possibly contributing to gender differences in sickness absence, including somatic and mental health, sleep problems, job control/demands, work-home conflicts, parent-child conflicts and stressful life events...
April 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Occupational Medicine
A Krakov, N Kabaha, J Azuri, S Moshe
Background: Information technologies offer new ways to engage with patients regarding their health, but no studies have been done in occupational health services (OHS). Aims: To examine the advantages and disadvantages of providing written and oral medical information to patients in OHS. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data were retrieved from patients visiting four different OHS during 2014-15 for a fitness for work evaluation. We built a semi-quantitative satisfaction questionnaire, with responses ranging on a Likert scale of 1-5 from very dissatisfied (1) to very satisfied (5)...
April 14, 2018: Occupational Medicine
E Bruno, G Somma, C Russo, D Porozaj, A Pietroiusti, M Alessandrini, A Magrini
Background: Workers in pathology and anatomy laboratories may be exposed to formaldehyde. An evaluation of the early effects of this substance is, therefore, paramount. This preliminary study was conducted to evaluate if nasal cytology could be used as a tool to detect changes in nasal mucosa in workers exposed to formaldehyde. Aims: To assess whether nasal cytology was able to reveal any alteration of nasal mucosa in workers exposed to formaldehyde compared to unexposed subjects, and to ascertain whether a specific pattern of alterations correlated with years of exposure in order to evaluate long-term occupational exposure effects...
April 14, 2018: Occupational Medicine
D van Doorn, N Richardson, A Storey, A Osborne, C Cunningham, C Blake, J McNamara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Occupational Medicine
P Cocco, R Agius
Background: The fraction of ill-health overall attributable to occupational conditions has not been extensively evaluated, thus contributing to the perception of a lesser relevance of education and research in occupational health in respect to other fields of medical research and practice. Aims: To assess the relevance of work-related conditions on the aetiology of human ill-health in different health domains. Methods: We extracted the risk estimates associated with heritability and with occupational risk factors for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), major depressive disorder (MDD) and long QT syndrome (LQTS) from 13 published international reports...
April 12, 2018: Occupational Medicine
D Kelly, F Shorthouse, V Roffi, C Tack
Background: Work-related upper limb disorders (WRULDs) are a syndrome of symptoms affecting the upper quadrant of the body and are a significant cause of pain, disability and sickness absence among workers. Exercise therapy is considered to be a clinical and cost-effective strategy in WRULD management. Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise therapy for WRULDs in sedentary workers. Methods: This review follows an a priori protocol to maintain internal validity describing essential procedures to be followed (e...
April 11, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Y Rottenberg, A G E M de Boer
Background: Employment may confound the risk of a cancer diagnosis in both directions. We hypothesized that a higher baseline rate of employment among cancer patients may explain the lack of association between a cancer diagnosis and later unemployment in many studies. Aims: To assess the unemployment rate among cancer patients before diagnosis compared with a matched cancer-free control group. Methods: Using data from the Israeli National Central Bureau of Statistics 1995 census (persons aged between 15 and 60 years old), the Israeli Tax Authority database and the Israel Cancer Registry, cancer patients (diagnosed between the years 2000 and 2007 and alive at 2011) were compared with matched cancer-free controls...
April 4, 2018: Occupational Medicine
E Brooks, S R Early, M H Gendel, L Miller, D C Gundersen
Background: The need to keep physicians healthy and in practice is critical as demand for doctors grows faster than the supply. Workplace wellness programmes can improve employee health and retain skilled workers. Aims: To broaden our understanding about ways to help doctors coping with mental health problems and to develop population-informed workplace wellness recommendations for physician populations. Methods: Researchers surveyed physicians to document potential warning signs and prevention strategies...
March 27, 2018: Occupational Medicine
D J Hatch, G Freude, P Martus, U Rose, G Müller, G G Potter
Background: The ageing of the US labour force highlights the need to examine older adults' physical and psychological ability to work, under varying levels of occupational burnout. Aims: To examine how age and burnout interact in predicting physical and psychological work ability. Methods: Using a cohort of actively working nurses, we assessed factors on the Work Ability Index at 12-month follow-up and determined how these were related to age and exhaustion-related burnout at baseline...
March 26, 2018: Occupational Medicine
M Kelly, J Wills
Background: There is evidence that the prevalence of overweight and obesity among nurses is increasing. As well as the impact on health, the costs associated with obesity include workplace injury, lost productivity and sickness absence. Finding ways to address obesity in nurses may be a challenge because of the barriers they face in leading a healthy lifestyle. Aims: To identify the available evidence for interventions to address obesity in nurses. Methods: Databases searched included CINAHL, SCOPUS (which encompasses the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews), PsycINFO, MEDLINE and British Nursing Index...
March 22, 2018: Occupational Medicine
C Coole, F Nouri, M Narayanasamy, P Baker, S Khan, A Drummond
Background: Workplaces are key stakeholders in work and health but little is known about the methods used to recruit workplace representatives (WRs), including managers, occupational health advisers and colleagues, to externally funded healthcare research studies. Aims: To detail the strategies used in recruiting WRs from three areas of the UK to a qualitative study concerning their experience of employees undergoing hip or knee replacement, to compare the strategies and inform recruitment methods for future studies...
March 20, 2018: Occupational Medicine
A Edet, S Turner
Background: The Mantoux method of tuberculin skin testing has been used in tuberculosis (TB) screening of healthcare workers (HCWs) in the UK National Health Service (NHS) for many years. More recently, there have been problems with the supply of the Mantoux test solution presenting a challenge to its continued use. Aims: To review results of Mantoux testing and determine factors associated with positive Mantoux result, i.e. tuberculin reactivity, in NHS HCWs, with a view to streamlining the TB screening process...
March 20, 2018: Occupational Medicine
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