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Occupational Medicine

N Tehrani
Background: Working with victims and offenders of child abuse can impact on the health and well-being of police officers and staff. Aims: To identify the effects of tenure, work ability, gender and a personal experience of child abuse on symptoms of anxiety, depression and primary and secondary trauma in child abuse investigators (CAIs). Methods: Screening questionnaires were sent to police officers and staff. The officers and staff worked in child protection in seven police forces...
March 13, 2018: Occupational Medicine
M M Marques, E Alves, C Queirós, P Norton, A Henriques
Background: A high level of burnout has been described in health professionals. However, literature regarding other hospital employees is scarce. Aims: To assess the prevalence of burnout in different professional groups of hospital staff and how the professional category is associated with levels of burnout. Methods: Employees of a University Hospital in Portugal completed a self-administered online questionnaire in 2014-2015. We used the Portuguese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey and scored three dimensions of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, personal accomplishment) as low, average or high...
March 13, 2018: Occupational Medicine
F L Chan, R House, I Kudla, J C Lipszyc, N Rajaram, S M Tarlo
Background: 3D printers emit potentially hazardous ultrafine particles and volatile organic compounds. Workers using 3D printing technologies may be at risk of respiratory illness from occupational exposure. Aims: To assess whether 3D printing is associated with health effects in occupational users. Methods: This was a preliminary survey. Workers in 17 companies using 3D printing, including commercial prototyping businesses, educational institutions and public libraries, in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada, were asked to complete survey questionnaires concerning demographic, occupational and health information...
March 10, 2018: Occupational Medicine
E R Waclawski, P Noone
Background: The majority of liver transplant recipients survive long term after the procedure. Aim: To assess if this positive outcome is associated with improved employment post-transplant. Methods: A systematic review of publications between 2001 and 2016 was performed. A standard procedure was used to search for suitable publications from two databases (PubMed and EMBASE). Duplicates were removed and abstracts screened by both authors for possible inclusion...
March 9, 2018: Occupational Medicine
K K Rai, P Adab, J G Ayres, R E Jordan
Background: Several studies have assessed the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) on work ability and work productivity; however, this relationship is poorly understood. Aims: To undertake a systematic review to assess the effects of COPD on employment, absenteeism and presenteeism. Methods: A comprehensive search using CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library was conducted to include epidemiological studies from 1937 to August 2017...
March 8, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Galia Zacay, Fabienne Hershkowitz Sikron, Anthony David Heymann
Background: Many physicians treat themselves despite established guidelines against such practice. Aims: To examine whether general practitioners (GPs) are satisfied with their personal primary care and how this could be improved. Methods: We sent a questionnaire to GPs in Israel. We examined the gap between preference to use formal medical care and use in practice, satisfaction with physicians' primary healthcare, self-prescribing and ways to improve physician access to care...
March 5, 2018: Occupational Medicine
T Ishimaru, K Wada, S Arphorn, D R Smith
Background: Although stigma and discrimination by nurses against patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) have been reported, potential determinants of nurses' willingness to care for these patients have not been well studied in Thailand. Aims: To identify factors associated with Thai nurses' willingness to care for patients infected with HIV or HCV. Methods: Multivariable logistic regression analysis of data from a questionnaire completed by nurses at a large hospital in Bangkok, Thailand...
March 5, 2018: Occupational Medicine
S Iwasaki, Y Deguchi, K Inoue
Background: Work-related stressors are associated with low sleep quality. However, few studies have reported an association between role stressors and sleep quality. Aims: To elucidate the association between role stressors (including role conflict and ambiguity) and sleep quality. Methods: Cross-sectional study of daytime workers whose sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Work-related stressors, including role stressors, were assessed using the Generic Job Stress Questionnaire (GJSQ)...
March 1, 2018: Occupational Medicine
S Massey
Background: Studies on work-leave rotation pattern and work place injuries among offshore oil and gas workers have been few and limited to a 2- or 3-week rotation schedule. Aims: To examine incidence of workplace injury in relation to the duration of time into work rotation for extended work schedules up to 24 weeks. Methods: Six-year injury data on four offshore installations were extracted. Data were analysed for incidence of injury over time and relative risk using linear trend lines and regression...
February 28, 2018: Occupational Medicine
A van Schaaijk, K Nieuwenhuijsen, M H W Frings-Dresen, J K Sluiter
Background: Work ability (WA) and work functioning (WF) instruments can be useful in occupational health practice. The reproducibility of both instruments is important to their relevance for daily practice. Clinimetrics concerns the methodological and statistical quality of instruments and their performance in practice. Aims: To assess the reproducibility of WA and WF instruments. Methods: Dutch workers completed a questionnaire containing WA questions and the WF questionnaire twice with a 7-day interval between...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
N Golob, D Grenc, M Brvar
Background: Carbon monoxide is the leading cause of mortality from unintentional poisoning in Slovenia. It has been shown that carbon monoxide levels can rise in wood pellet storerooms because of chemical degradation of pellets, even at room temperature. We present a case of lethal carbon monoxide poisoning with first responder carbon monoxide exposure. Aims: To highlight the dangers rescuers face during interventions in pellet storerooms and the need for preventive precautions...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
D van Doorn, N Richardson, A Storey, A Osborne, C Cunningham, C Blake, J McNamara
Background: Irish farmers represent a 'high-risk' group for non-communicable diseases, which, arguably, pose a greater occupational health challenge for farmers. To date, there has been little exploration of the farming characteristics associated with farmers' poor health outcomes. Aims: To examine the relationship between farming and male farmers' self-reported health outcomes and to compare the study findings to national health studies to explore which factors specifically are associated with Irish farmers' poorer health outcomes relative to the general population...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
J M Ravalier, J Walsh
Background: The UK education sector has among the highest level of stress sickness absence of all occupations. However, investigations of psychosocial working conditions which contribute to stress, including behaviour of students and parents, has not been conducted. Aims: To investigate the psychosocial working conditions and prevalence of negative parental and student behaviour in a large sample of school teachers and college lecturers based in England. In addition, to assess the influence of working conditions, student behaviour and parental behaviour on perceived stress...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
B Zack, V Arrandale, D L Holness
Background: Contact dermatitis is a common and preventable work-related disease. Skin-specific training may be effective for preventing occupational contact dermatitis, but little information is available regarding actual workplace training and its effectiveness. Aims: To describe workplace skin-specific training among workers with suspected contact dermatitis. Methods: Patch test patients being assessed for suspected contact dermatitis at an occupational health clinic in Toronto, Canada, completed a questionnaire on training experiences, workplace characteristics, exposures and skin protection practices...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
J Sumner, E Robinson, L Bradshaw, L Lewis, N Warren, C Young, D Fishwick
Background: Lung function measured at work is used to make important employment decisions. Improving its quality will reduce misclassification and allow more accurate longitudinal interpretation over time. Aims: To assess the amount by which lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 second [FEV1] and forced vital capacity [FVC]) values will be underestimated if recommended spirometry testing guidance is not followed. Methods: Lung function was measured in a population of workers...
February 12, 2018: Occupational Medicine
B Netterstrøm, Å M Hansen, D Isaacson, A M Simonsen, P Weihe
Background: Fishing in distant waters for months may induce physiological stress. Aims: To assess the physiological stress reactions in fishermen working for 2-3 months continuously in 6-h shifts on trawlers in the Barents Sea. Methods: The crew of five trawlers fishing in the Barents Sea from January to April 2004 were invited to participate. In the week before and 5-7 days after the trip, the following measures were collected: salivary cortisol four times a day, 24-h urinary cortisol, blood pressure, heart rate, serum cholesterol, serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL-cholesterol), HbA1c (glycosylated haemoglobin) and weight...
February 10, 2018: Occupational Medicine
J Hermansson, J Hallqvist, B Karlsson, A Knutsson, K Gillander Gådin
Background: Shift work has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, there is a need for more studies to determine whether there is an interaction between shift work and other risk factors of CVD, thereby increasing the risk of CVD in shift workers. Aims: To discern whether shift work and parental mortality from myocardial infarction (MI) or sudden cardiac death (SCD) interact to increase the risk of MI in men. Methods: A case-control dataset was used to assess interaction between shift work and parental history of CVD, using death from MI or SCD, or death before age 65, on an additive scale...
February 10, 2018: Occupational Medicine
E J Callander
Background: Among older workers, chronic disease is known to be a key reason for early retirement. Aims: To determine whether chronic health conditions act as a barrier to young Australians (aged 15-29) participating in the labour force. Methods: Multiple logistic regression analysis to assess the adjusted odds ratio of people with different chronic health conditions being out of the labour force compared to those with no chronic conditions...
February 5, 2018: Occupational Medicine
M B Nielsen, J Gjerstad, M Frone
Background: There is a lack of published data on the association between alcohol consumption and health and well-being in working populations. Aims: To determine how levels of alcohol consumption are associated with psychological distress, somatic complaints, sleep and job satisfaction in the Norwegian workforce. Methods: Survey questionnaire data from a probability sample comprising Norwegian employees. The association between alcohol consumption and health and well-being was assessed using analysis of covariance...
February 5, 2018: Occupational Medicine
E Demou, M Hanson, A Bakhshi, M Kennedy, E B Macdonald
Background: Working Health Service Scotland (WHSS) supports the self-employed and employees of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Scotland with a health condition affecting their ability to work, who are either absent or at risk of becoming absent due to it. Aims: To evaluate the impact on health and work outcomes of WHSS clients over a 4-year period. Methods: Data were collected at enrolment, entry, discharge and follow-up at 3 and 6 months after discharge...
January 30, 2018: Occupational Medicine
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