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Occupational Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535248/effects-of-work-family-conflict-and-job-insecurity-on-psychological-distress
#1
M Mutambudzi, Z Javed, S Kaul, J Prochaska, M K Peek
Background: Work-family conflict (WFC) and job insecurity are important determinants of workers' mental health. Aims: To examine the relationship between WFC and psychological distress, and the co-occurring effects of WFC and job insecurity on distress in US working adults. Methods: This study used cross-sectional data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults aged 18-64 years. The 2010 NHIS included occupational data from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sponsored Occupational Health Supplement...
May 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535246/designing-smartphone-mental-health-applications-for-emergency-service-workers
#2
M Deady, D Peters, H Lang, R Calvo, N Glozier, H Christensen, S B Harvey
Background: Emergency service workers are often exposed to trauma and have increased risk of a range of mental health (MH) conditions. Smartphone applications have the potential to provide this group with effective psychological interventions; however, little is known about the acceptability and preferences regarding such initiatives. Aims: To describe the preferences and opinions of emergency service workers regarding the use of smartphone MH applications and to examine the impact of age on these preferences...
May 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525588/diving-and-long-term-cardiovascular-health
#3
K Åsmul, Å Irgens, M Grønning, A Møllerløkken
Background: Short-term cardiovascular effects from ambient pressure exposure are known. However, long-term cardiovascular effects from diving in humans have been less studied. Aims: To examine possible long-term cardiovascular health effects from occupational diving. Methods: We compared the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in former divers to non-divers. We obtained data on male former divers with a certificate valid for professional diving after 1980, from the Norwegian Diver 2011 project, and matched data on the general male population from the HUNT3 Survey...
May 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521065/eelab-an-innovative-educational-resource-in-occupational-medicine
#4
A Y Zhou, J Dodman, L Hussey, D Sen, C Rayner, N Zarin, R Agius
Background: Postgraduate education, training and clinical governance in occupational medicine (OM) require easily accessible yet rigorous, research and evidence-based tools based on actual clinical practice. Aims: To develop and evaluate an online resource helping physicians develop their OM skills using their own cases of work-related ill-health (WRIH). Methods: WRIH data reported by general practitioners (GPs) to The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network were used to identify common OM clinical problems, their reported causes and management...
May 17, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510762/physician-burnout-work-engagement-and-the-quality-of-patient-care
#5
A Loerbroks, J Glaser, P Vu-Eickmann, P Angerer
Background: Research suggests that burnout in physicians is associated with poorer patient care, but evidence is inconclusive. More recently, the concept of work engagement has emerged (i.e. the beneficial counterpart of burnout) and has been associated with better care. Evidence remains markedly sparse however. Aims: To examine the associations of burnout and work engagement with physicians' self-perceived quality of care. Methods: We drew on cross-sectional data from physicians in Germany...
May 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498976/low-back-pain-among-taxi-drivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
M Wang, J Yu, N Liu, Z Liu, X Wei, F Yan, S Yu
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common occupational problem for drivers all over the world. However, few epidemiological studies have investigated LBP among taxi drivers. Aims: To investigate the prevalence of LBP and associated work-related factors among Chinese taxi drivers. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was administered to all participants. Using cluster sampling, questionnaires were collected from taxi drivers of three major taxi companies in Jinan, China...
May 11, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486690/rhabdomyolysis-with-acute-tubular-necrosis-following-occupational-inhalation-of-thinners
#7
D Ngajilo, R Ehrlich
Thinners are mixtures of organic solvents commonly containing toluene, xylene, acetone, hexane, benzene and methyl isobutyl ketone. This report describes a case of rhabdomyolysis with acute tubular necrosis and renal failure, most likely attributable to toluene, following occupational exposure to thinners while cleaning a steel water tank. These adverse health effects have previously been reported following acute poisoning or intentional inhalation by drug abusers, but rarely in the occupational setting. Poor working conditions, lack of health and safety training and delayed treatment contributed to the onset and severity of the patient's complications...
May 9, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486680/temporary-work-and-depressive-symptoms-in-south-korean-workers
#8
W Kim, T H Kim, T-H Lee, Y J Ju, S Y Chun, E-C Park
Background: In many countries, including South Korea, labour market changes have led to an increase in unstable, temporary jobs. There is evidence that workers in such jobs may experience poorer mental health than those in more stable employment. Aims: To investigate the association between temporary employment and depressive symptoms in South Korean workers. Methods: We analysed data from the 2010-2014 Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS)...
May 9, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486642/suicide-in-scottish-military-veterans-a-30-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
B P Bergman, D F Mackay, D J Smith, J P Pell
Background: Although reassuring data on suicide risk in UK veterans of the 1982 Falklands conflict and 1991 Gulf conflict have been published, there have been few studies on long-term overall suicide risk in UK veterans. Aims: To examine the risk of suicide in a broad population-based cohort of veterans in Scotland, irrespect ive of length of service or exposure to conflict, in comparison with people having no record of military service. Methods: A retrospective 30-year cohort study of 56205 veterans born 1945-85 and 172741 matched non-veterans, using Cox proportional hazard models to compare the risk of suicide and fatal self-harm overall, by sex, birth cohort, length of service and year of recruitment...
May 9, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482092/the-influence-of-zero-hours-contracts-on-care-worker-well-being
#10
J M Ravalier, A R Fidalgo, R Morton, L Russell
Background: Care workers have an important social role which is set to expand with the increasing age of the UK population. However, the majority of care workers are employed on zero-hours contracts. Aims: Firstly, to investigate the relationship between working conditions and employee outcomes such as engagement and general mental well-being in a sample of UK care workers and management. Secondly, to assess whether the use of zero-hours contracts affects employee well-being...
May 7, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472414/evidence-based-review-on-temporomandibular-disorders-among-musicians
#11
M K A van Selms, J Ahlberg, F Lobbezoo, C M Visscher
Background: Playing a musical instrument that loads the masticatory system has frequently been linked to temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Previous literature reviews on this topic do not conform to the current standards of evidence-based medicine. Aims: To investigate the effects of playing a musical instrument (i.e. violin/viola and wind instruments) or singing on the presence of TMDs, based on evidence derived from observational studies. Methods: Databases of Medline, Web of Science and Google Scholar were searched using MeSH and other relevant terms...
May 3, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431005/occupational-asthma-caused-by-acrylic-compounds-from-shield-surveillance-1989-2014
#12
G I Walters, A S Robertson, V C Moore, P S Burge
Background: Acrylic monomers (acrylates), methacrylates and cyanoacrylates all cause asthma by respiratory sensitization. Occupational inhalation exposures occur across a variety of industries including health care and dental work, beauty, laboratory science, assembly and plastic moulding. Aims: To examine notifications of occupational asthma caused by acrylic compounds from a UK-based regional surveillance scheme, in order to highlight prevalent exposures and trends in presentation...
April 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419354/work-organization-sleep-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-long-haul-truck-drivers
#13
M K Lemke, Y Apostolopoulos, A Hege, L Wideman, S Sönmez
Background: The work organization of long-haul truck drivers in the USA contains factors that have been shown to degrade sleep. In combination, these factors generate elevated cardiometabolic risk by inducing components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, the prevalence and severity of MetS and the degree to which such factors differentially influence MetS among these drivers are unknown. Aims: To determine the prevalence and severity of MetS among US long-haul truck drivers and to determine the predictive value of demographic, work organization and sleep variables in MetS diagnosis and severity...
April 17, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398532/biopsy-proven-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis-caused-by-a-fluorocarbon-waterproofing-spray
#14
G I Walters, S Trotter, B Sinha, Z Richmond, P S Burge
We present the case of a 35-year-old male who developed a chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) following inhalational exposure to a fluorocarbon waterproofing aerosol spray, caused by his work for an upholstery and soft furnishings retailer. This is the first case report from inhalational fluorocarbon exposure with histological evidence of chronic HP. This is then discussed in the context of previous reports of interstitial lung disease and lung injury, caused by similar occupational and non-occupational exposures...
April 8, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371932/mixed-contact-methods-to-improve-response-to-a-postal-questionnaire
#15
D Weston, V Parsons, G Ntani, L Rushton, I Madan
Background: Postal questionnaires remain an important method of collecting data in trials. However, a high non-response rate can lead to biases, which may undermine the validity of the study. Aims: To assess a simple method of trying to improve response rates in an occupational health trial evaluating an intervention to prevent hand dermatitis in nurses. Methods: The trial employed questionnaires at t = 0, t = 1 month and t = 12 months. The t = 1 month questionnaire was posted to study participants (student and intensive care nurses) together with a free postage reply envelope...
March 24, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340191/cardiac-health-and-fitness-of-colorado-male-female-firefighters
#16
K Li, T Lipsey, H J Leach, T L Nelson
Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is documented as the leading cause of mortality in on-duty firefighters. Aims: To examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components, cardiorespiratory fitness levels and the association between them in firefighters in Colorado, USA. Methods: This study included male and female Colorado firefighters. MetS was identified where three or more metabolic abnormalities were present, using Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines...
March 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340051/protective-factors-for-work-ability-in-preschool-teachers
#17
I Sottimano, S Viotti, G Guidetti, D Converso
Background: Work ability (WA) describes the physical and intellectual resources on which individuals can rely to respond to work demands. While several studies have investigated the protective role of work-related psychosocial factors on WA, only a few have examined differences across age cohorts. Moreover, few studies have investigated WA in the educational context and most of those did not consider preschool teachers. Aims: To examine the role of psychosocial factors (support from colleagues, support from supervisors, work meaning, reward, skill discretion and autonomy) in sustaining WA among preschool teachers in different age cohorts...
March 8, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339972/factors-associated-with-sickness-absence-among-employees-with-chronic-conditions
#18
L Meng, K T Robinson, M L Smith
Background: The growing prevalence of chronic conditions in the ageing workforce has been shown to have a negative impact in terms of optimal work performance and quality of life. It is therefore important to understand the factors associated with sickness absence due to health problems. Aims: To examine the socio-demographics, health status indicators, barriers to self-care and social support associated with working adults missing work because of chronic conditions...
March 8, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339829/perceived-office-environments-and-occupational-physical-activity-in-office-based-workers
#19
A Sawyer, L Smith, M Ucci, R Jones, A Marmot, A Fisher
Background: Individuals in office-based occupations have low levels of physical activity but there is little research into the socio-ecological correlates of workplace activity. Aims: To identify factors contributing to office-based workers' perceptions of the office environment and explore cross-sectional relationships between these factors and occupational physical activity. Methods: Participants in the Active Buildings study reported perceptions of their office environment using the Movement at Work Survey...
March 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380625/response-to-the-stockholm-workshop-scale-30-years-on-is-it-still-fit-for-purpose
#20
Ian J Lawson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
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