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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217927/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollutants-from-multiple-sources-and-mortality-in-an-industrial-area-a-cohort-study
#1
Lisa Bauleo, Simone Bucci, Chiara Antonucci, Roberto Sozzi, Marina Davoli, Francesco Forastiere, Carla Ancona
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Residents near industrial areas are exposed to several toxins from various sources and the assessment of the health effects is difficult. The area of Civitavecchia (Italy) has several sources of environmental contamination with potential health effects. We evaluated the association between exposure to pollutants from multiple sources and mortality in a cohort of people living in the area. METHODS: All residents of the area in 1996 were enrolled (from municipal registers) and followed until 2013...
September 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217926/concerning-the-plausibility-of-the-findings-reported-in-prenatal-exposure-to-glycol-ethers-and-cryptorchidism-and-hypospadias-a-nested-case-control-study-by-kelsey-et-al-authors-response
#2
LETTER
Charline Warembourg, Luc Multigner, Ronan Garlantézec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217925/plausibility-of-the-findings-reported-in-prenatal-exposure-to-glycol-ethers-and-cryptorchidism-and-hypospadias-a-nested-case-control-study-by-warembourg-et-al
#3
LETTER
Karen Smet, Jeffrey Kelsey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217924/interaction-of-heat-shock-protein-70-hsp70-polymorphisms-and-occupational-hazards-increases-the-risk-of-hypertension-in-coke-oven-workers
#4
Jin-Ping Jp Zheng, Yi Lyu, Rui-Fang Li, Feng-Jie Tian, Jian-Bing Mu
OBJECTIVES: The interaction between genetic, epigenetic inheritance and environmental factors determines susceptibility to hypertension. Previous epidemiology studies have shown that coke oven workers who are frequently exposed to various occupational hazards have remarkable increase in the risk for hypertension. Among many genetic variants identified in hypertension, heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) was found to play important roles in the pathogenesis of hypertension and associated diseases...
September 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209210/response-to-the-epidemiology-of-malignant-mesothelioma-in-women-gender-differences-and-modalities-of-asbestos-exposure-by-marinaccio-et-al
#5
LETTER
Murray Martin Finkelstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209209/letter-concerning-response-to-the-epidemiology-of-malignant-mesothelioma-in-women-gender-differences-and-modalities-of-asbestos-exposure-by-marinaccio-et-al
#6
LETTER
Alessandro Marinaccio, Marisa Corfiati, Alessandra Binazzi, Davide Di Marzio, Alberto Scarselli, Pierpaolo Ferrante, Michela Bonafede, Marina Verardo, Dario Mirabelli, Valerio Gennaro, Carolina Mensi, Gert Schallemberg, Guido Mazzoleni, Enzo Merler, Paolo Girardi, Corrado Negro, Flavia D'Agostin, Antonio Romanelli, Elisabetta Chellini, Stefano Silvestri, Cristiana Pascucci, Roberto Calisti, Fabrizio Stracci, Elisa Romeo, Valeria Ascoli, Luana Trafficante, Francesco Carrozza, Italo Angelillo, Domenica Cavone, Gabriella Cauzillo, Federico Tallarigo, Rosario Tumino, Massimo Melis, Sergio Iavicoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194272/working-life-expectancy-in-good-and-poor-self-perceived-health-among-dutch-workers-aged-55-65-years-with-a-chronic-disease-over-the-period-1992-2016
#7
Astrid de Wind, Maaike van der Noordt, Dorly J H Deeg, Cecile R L Boot
OBJECTIVES: Several governments have taken measures to encourage prolonged working. It is therefore likely that older adults with a chronic disease are required to work longer in poor self-perceived health (SPH) than before. This study examines to what extent working life expectancy (WLE) in good and poor SPH changed between 1992 and 2016 in workers with a chronic disease from age 55 years onwards. METHODS: Three cohorts (1992, 2002 and 2012) of workers with a chronic disease aged 55-65 years were selected from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam with a 3-year follow-up each (n=705)...
September 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194271/the-association-of-household-fine-particulate-matter-and-kerosene-with-tuberculosis-in-women-and-children-in-pune-india
#8
Jessica L Elf, Aarti Kinikar, Sandhya Khadse, Vidya Mave, Nishi Suryavanshi, Nikhil Gupte, Vaishali Kulkarni, Sunita Patekar, Priyanka Raichur, Mandar Paradkar, Vandana Kulkarni, Neeta Pradhan, Patrick N Breysse, Amita Gupta, Jonathan E Golub
OBJECTIVES: Household air pollution (HAP) is a risk factor for respiratory disease, however has yet to be definitively associated with tuberculosis (TB). We aimed to assess the association between HAP and TB. METHODS: A matched case-control study was conducted among adult women and children patients with TB and healthy controls matched on geography, age and sex. HAP was assessed using questionnaires for pollution sources and 24-hour household concentrations of particulate matter <2...
September 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30185443/lung-cancer-risk-and-occupational-exposures-in-crop-farming-results-from-the-agriculture-and-cancer-agrican-cohort
#9
Mathilde Boulanger, Séverine Tual, Clémentine Lemarchand, Anne-Valérie Guizard, Patricia Delafosse, Elisabeth Marcotullio, Romain Pons, Clément Piel, Camille Pouchieu, Isabelle Baldi, Bénédicte Clin, Pierre Lebailly
OBJECTIVES: Farmers are considered at lower risk of lung cancer. However, specific tasks can expose them to hazardous air contaminants such as pesticides, diesel exhaust and mineral dust. This study aimed to assess the associations between various crops and related tasks and the risk of lung cancer, overall and by histological subtypes. METHODS: AGRIculture and CANcer is a prospective French cohort of individuals affiliated to the agricultural health insurance scheme...
September 5, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173144/neglected-exposure-route-cobalt-on-skin-and-its-associations-with-urinary-cobalt-levels
#10
Jolinde Kettelarij, Klara Midander, Carola Lidén, Matteo Bottai, Anneli Julander
OBJECTIVES: Cobalt (Co) exposure is associated with adverse health effects including skin sensitisation, asthma and interstitial lung fibrosis. Exposure to Co in industrial settings is often assessed using air samples or biomonitoring in urine. Skin exposure is rarely measured. Aim of this study was to quantify and compare the importance of Co skin exposure and respiratory exposure in determining urinary Co concentrations. METHODS: Co skin exposure was measured in 76 hard metal workers by acid wipe sampling before and at the end of work shifts...
September 1, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173143/job-exposure-matrices-addressing-lifestyle-to-be-applied-in-register-based-occupational-health-studies
#11
Sesilje Bondo Petersen, Esben Meulengracht Flachs, Eva Irene Bossano Prescott, Anne Tjønneland, Merete Osler, Ingelise Andersen, Knud Juel, Esben Budz-Jørgensen, Henrik A Kolstad, Vivi Schlünssen, Jens Peter Bonde
OBJECTIVES: Information about lifestyle factors in register-based occupational health studies is often not available. The objective of this study was therefore to develop gender, age and calendar-time specific job-exposure matrices (JEMs) addressing five selected lifestyle characteristics across job groups as a tool for lifestyle adjustment in register-based studies. METHODS: We combined and harmonised questionnaire and interview data on lifestyle from several Danish surveys in the time period 1981-2013 for 264 054 employees registered with a DISCO-88 code (the Danish version of International Standard Classification of Occupations ( ISCO)-88) in a nationwide register-based Danish Occupational Cohort...
September 1, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30158318/are-children-more-vulnerable-to-mesothelioma-than-adults-a-comparison-of-mesothelioma-risk-among-children-and-adults-exposed-non-occupationally-to-blue-asbestos-at-wittenoom
#12
Alison Reid, Peter Franklin, Geoffrey Berry, Susan Peters, Nita Sodhi-Berry, Fraser Brims, Arthur William Musk, Nicholas H de Klerk
OBJECTIVES: The presence of asbestos in public buildings is a legacy of past asbestos use in many developed countries. Of particular concern is the amount and current condition in schools and the vulnerability of children to mesothelioma. Our aim was to compare the risk of mesothelioma between those exposed to blue asbestos as children and as adults at Wittenoom. METHODS: Public sources were used to establish the Wittenoom residents' cohort. Mesothelioma incidence rates per 100 000 person-years at risk were derived for those first exposed to asbestos at Wittenoom as children (<15 years) or adults separately...
August 29, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30158317/gender-differences-in-injuries-attributed-to-workplace-violence-in-ontario-2002-2015
#13
Cynthia Chen, Peter M Smith, Cameron Mustard
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to compare trends in the incidence of injury resulting from workplace violence for men and women at the population level over the period 2002-2015 among working-age adults in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Administrative records of injury resulting from workplace violence were obtained from two population-based data sources in Ontario: 21 228 lost-time workers' compensation claims (2002-2015) and 13 245 records of non-scheduled emergency department visits (2004-2014), where the main problem was attributed to a workplace violence event...
August 29, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30154215/secular-trends-in-work-disability-and-its-relationship-to-musculoskeletal-pain-and-mental-health-a-time-trend-analysis-using-five-cross-sectional-surveys-2002-2010-in-the-general-population
#14
Gwenllian Wynne-Jones, Ying Chen, Peter Croft, George Peat, Ross Wilkie, Kelvin Jordan, Ingemar F Petersson
OBJECTIVES: International evidence suggests that rates of inability to work because of illness can change over time. We hypothesised that one reason for this is that the link between inability to work and common illnesses, such as musculoskeletal pain and mental illness, may also change over time. We have investigated this in a study based in one UK district. METHODS: Five population surveys (spanning 2002-2010) of working-age people aged >50 years and ≤65 years were used...
August 28, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30154214/sinonasal-cancer-and-exposure-to-styrene
#15
LETTER
E Clare Harris, Karen Walker-Bone, Georgia Ntani, David Coggon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121583/current-research-priorities-for-uk-occupational-physicians-and-occupational-health-researchers-a-modified-delphi-study
#16
Drushca Lalloo, Evangelia Demou, Julia Smedley, Ira Madan, Kaveh Asanati, Ewan Beaton Macdonald
OBJECTIVES: Studies identifying national occupational health (OH) research priorities have been conducted in several countries to establish where OH research should be focused and where funding should be targeted. However, the UK findings are now over 20 years old, and OH practice is continuously evolving. The aim of this study was to identify current research priorities for UK occupational physicians (OPs) and occupational health researchers (OHRs). METHODS: Current research priorities in OH were identified using a modified Delphi technique...
August 18, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121582/pooled-study-of-occupational-exposure-to-aromatic-hydrocarbon-solvents-and-risk-of-multiple-myeloma
#17
Anneclaire J De Roos, John Spinelli, Elizabeth B Brown, Djordje Atanackovic, Dalsu Baris, Leslie Bernstein, Parveen Bhatti, Nicola J Camp, Brian C Chiu, Jacqueline Clavel, Wendy Cozen, Silvia De Sanjosé, James A Dosman, Jonathan N Hofmann, John R McLaughlin, Lucia Miligi, Alain Monnereau, Laurent Orsi, Mark P Purdue, Leah H Schinasi, Guido J Tricot, Sophia S Wang, Yawei Zhang, Brenda M Birmann, Pierluigi Cocco
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between occupational exposure to aromatic hydrocarbon solvents and risk of multiple myeloma (MM) in a large, consortium-based study. METHODS: We pooled data on 2854 cases and 10 743 controls from nine studies participating in the InterLymph consortium. Occupational exposures to benzene, toluene and xylene were assigned by a job-exposure matrix, coupled with 'correction' of exposure probability by self-reported or expert-assessed exposure from the individual studies...
August 18, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30032102/association-between-benzene-and-congenital-anomalies-in-oklahoma-1997-2009
#18
Amanda E Janitz, Hanh Dung Dao, Janis E Campbell, Julie A Stoner, Jennifer D Peck
OBJECTIVES: Although the most common cause of death in infants, little is known about the aetiology of congenital anomalies. Recent studies have increasingly focused on environmental exposures, including benzene. While benzene is known to affect the central nervous system, the effects on the developing fetus are unclear. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate the association between ambient benzene exposure and the prevalence of congenital anomalies among 628 121 singleton births in Oklahoma from 1997 to 2009...
July 21, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213820/correction-incident-cts-in-a-large-pooled-cohort-study-associations-obtained-by-a-job-exposure-matrix-versus-associations-obtained-from-observed-exposures
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30126872/effects-of-office-workstation-type-on-physical-activity-and-stress
#20
Casey M Lindberg, Karthik Srinivasan, Brian Gilligan, Javad Razjouyan, Hyoki Lee, Bijan Najafi, Kelli J Canada, Matthias R Mehl, Faiz Currim, Sudha Ram, Melissa M Lunden, Judith H Heerwagen, Kevin Kampschroer, Esther M Sternberg
OBJECTIVE: Office environments have been causally linked to workplace-related illnesses and stress, yet little is known about how office workstation type is linked to objective metrics of physical activity and stress. We aimed to explore these associations among office workers in US federal office buildings. METHODS: We conducted a wearable, sensor-based, observational study of 231 workers in four office buildings. Outcome variables included workers' physiological stress response, physical activity and perceived stress...
October 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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