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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232635/comparison-of-competency-priorities-between-uk-occupational-physicians-and-occupational-health-nurses
#1
Drushca Lalloo, Evangelia Demou, Marisa Stevenson, Mairi Gaffney, Ewan Beaton Macdonald
OBJECTIVES: The competencies required of occupational physicians (OPs) and occupational health nurses (OHNs) separately have been studied in various countries but little research has made direct comparisons between these two key occupational health (OH) professional groups. The aim of this study was to compare current competency priorities between UK OPs and OHNs. METHODS: A modified Delphi study conducted among professional organisations and networks of UK OPs and OHNs...
February 23, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202579/occupational-exposure-to-pesticides-and-other-biocides-and-risk-of-thyroid-cancer
#2
Fanhua Zeng, Catherine Lerro, Jérôme Lavoué, Huang Huang, Jack Siemiatycki, Nan Zhao, Shuangge Ma, Nicole C Deziel, Melissa C Friesen, Robert Udelsman, Yawei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To assess the associations between occupational exposure to biocides and pesticides and risk of thyroid cancer. METHODS: Using data from a population-based case-control study involving 462 incident thyroid cancer cases and 498 controls in Connecticut collected in 2010-2011, we examined the association with occupational exposure to biocides and pesticides through a job-exposure matrix. We used unconditional logistic regression models to estimate OR and 95% CI, adjusting for potential confounders...
February 15, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196834/congenital-anomalies-an-under-evaluated-risk-of-climate-change
#3
EDITORIAL
Payam Dadvand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167499/occupational-factors-and-markers-of-ovarian-reserve-and-response-among-women-at-a-fertility-centre
#4
Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Irene Souter, Paige L Williams, Jennifer B Ford, Russ Hauser, Jorge E Chavarro, Audrey J Gaskins
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether work schedules and physically demanding work were associated with markers of ovarian reserve and response. METHODS: This analysis included women (n=473 and n=313 for ovarian reserve and ovarian response analysis, respectively) enrolled in a prospective cohort study of couples presenting to an academic fertility centre (2004-2015). Information on occupational factors was collected on a take-home questionnaire, and reproductive outcomes were abstracted from electronic medical records...
February 6, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108676/can-work-make-you-mentally-ill-a-systematic-meta-review-of-work-related-risk-factors-for-common-mental-health-problems
#5
REVIEW
Samuel B Harvey, Matthew Modini, Sadhbh Joyce, Josie S Milligan-Saville, Leona Tan, Arnstein Mykletun, Richard A Bryant, Helen Christensen, Philip B Mitchell
It has been suggested that certain types of work may increase the risk of common mental disorders, but the exact nature of the relationship has been contentious. The aim of this paper is to conduct the first comprehensive systematic meta-review of the evidence linking work to the development of common mental health problems, specifically depression, anxiety and/or work-related stress and to consider how the risk factors identified may relate to each other. MEDLINE, PsychInfo, Embase, the Cochrane Collaboration and grey literature databases were systematically searched for review articles that examined work-based risk factors for common mental health problems...
January 20, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093503/work-and-health-in-latin-america-results-from-the-working-conditions-surveys-of-colombia-argentina-chile-central-america-and-uruguay
#6
Pamela Merino-Salazar, Lucía Artazcoz, Cecilia Cornelio, María José Itatí Iñiguez, Marianela Rojas, David Martínez-Iñigo, Alejandra Vives, Lorena Funcasta, Fernando G Benavides
OBJECTIVE: To describe working and employment conditions, and health status between non-agricultural employees with a written contract from Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Central America and Uruguay. METHODS: We compared data from the first working condition surveys (WCS) of Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Central America and Uruguay. For comparative purposes, we selected a subsample of 15 241 non-agricultural employees aged 18-64 years and working with a written contract...
January 16, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093502/heat-strain-volume-depletion-and-kidney-function-in-california-agricultural-workers
#7
Sally Moyce, Diane Mitchell, Tracey Armitage, Daniel Tancredi, Jill Joseph, Marc Schenker
BACKGROUND: Agricultural work can expose workers to increased risk of heat strain and volume depletion due to repeated exposures to high ambient temperatures, arduous physical exertion and limited rehydration. These risk factors may result in acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: We estimated AKI cumulative incidence in a convenience sample of 283 agricultural workers based on elevations of serum creatinine between preshift and postshift blood samples. Heat strain was assessed based on changes in core body temperature and heart rate...
January 16, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069971/importance-of-updating-old-cohorts-for-new-findings
#8
Harri Vainio, Elisabete Weiderpass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069970/lung-cancer-risk-in-welders-and-foundry-workers-with-a-history-of-heavy-smoking-in-the-usa-the-national-lung-screening-trial
#9
Jason Y Y Wong, Bryan A Bassig, Wei Jie Seow, Wei Hu, Bu-Tian Ji, Aaron Blair, Debra T Silverman, Qing Lan
OBJECTIVES: Foundry work is a risk factor for lung cancer; however, the association with welding is unclear, as smoking is common among metalworkers and may mask the relationship. We evaluated whether history of welding and foundry work, independently and jointly, and employment duration were associated with lung cancer risk in heavy smokers. METHODS: We analysed data from the National Lung Screening Trial, a prospective randomised trial of 53 454 heavy smokers (>30 pack-years) in the USA...
January 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069969/assessment-of-the-healthy-worker-survivor-effect-in-cancer-studies-of-the-united-autoworkers-general-motors-cohort
#10
Erika Garcia, Sally Picciotto, Sadie Costello, Patrick T Bradshaw, Ellen A Eisen
OBJECTIVE: The healthy worker survivor effect (HWSE) can affect the validity of occupational studies when data are analysed incorrectly. HWSE depends on three underlying conditions: (1) leaving work predicts future exposure, (2) leaving work is associated with disease outcome and (3) prior exposure increases probability of leaving work. If all these conditions are satisfied, then employment status is a time-varying confounder affected by prior exposure, and standard regression will produce bias...
January 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069968/diesel-exhaust-causes-lung-cancer-now-what
#11
Debra T Silverman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062834/prenatal-no2-exposure-and-ultrasound-measures-of-foetal-growth-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-wuhan-china
#12
Weiye Wang, Chunrong Zhong, Li Huang, Xuezhen Zhou, Renjuan Chen, Jiangyue Wu, Xiating Li, Ting Xiong, Chaoqun Liu, Mei Xiao, Xuefeng Yang, Liping Hao, Nianhong Yang, Sheng Wei
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between prenatal nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure and foetal growth in a prospective cohort of 1001 Chinese women. METHODS: The maternal NO2 exposure levels were estimated using land-use regression models based on home address. The biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC), femur length (FL) and estimated foetal weight (EFW) were evaluated via ultrasonography. The multiple linear regression model was used to adjust for confounders, and the mixed-effect model was used to assess longitudinal effect...
January 6, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062833/cancer-incidence-in-cohorts-of-workers-in-the-rubber-manufacturing-industry-first-employed-since-1975-in-the-uk-and-sweden
#13
M Boniol, A Koechlin, T Sorahan, K Jakobsson, P Boyle
OBJECTIVES: Increased cancer risks have been reported among workers in the rubber manufacturing industry employed before the 1960s, but it is unclear for workers hired subsequently. The present study focused on cancer incidence among rubber workers first employed after 1975 in Sweden and the UK. METHODS: Two cohorts of rubber workers employed for at least 1 year were analysed. Standardised incidence ratios (SIRs), based on country-specific and period-specific incidence rates, were analysed for all cancers combined (except non-melanoma skin), bladder, lung, stomach cancer, leukaemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma...
January 6, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062832/frailty-prefrailty-and-employment-outcomes-in-health-and-employment-after-fifty-heaf-study
#14
Keith T Palmer, Stefania D'Angelo, E Clare Harris, Cathy Linaker, Catharine R Gale, Maria Evandrou, Holly Syddall, Tjeerd van Staa, Cyrus Cooper, Avan Aihie Sayer, David Coggon, Karen Walker-Bone
OBJECTIVES: Demographic changes are requiring people to work longer. No previous studies, however, have focused on whether the 'frailty' phenotype (which predicts adverse events in the elderly) is associated with employment difficulties. To provide information, we assessed associations in the Health and Employment After Fifty Study, a population-based cohort of 50-65-year olds. METHODS: Subjects, who were recruited from 24 English general practices, completed a baseline questionnaire on 'prefrailty' and 'frailty' (adapted Fried criteria) and several work outcomes, including health-related job loss (HRJL), prolonged sickness absence (>20 days vs less, past 12 months), having to cut down substantially at work and difficulty coping with work's demands...
January 6, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039200/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-construction-workers-in-the-united-states-from-1992-to-2014
#15
Xuanwen Wang, Xiuwen Sue Dong, Sang D Choi, John Dement
OBJECTIVES: Examine trends and patterns of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among construction workers in the USA, with an emphasis on older workers. METHODS: WMSDs were identified from the 1992-2014 Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), and employment was estimated from the Current Population Survey (CPS). Risk of WMSDs was measured by number of WMSDs per 10 000 full-time equivalent workers and stratified by major demographic and employment subgroups...
December 30, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039199/occupational-allergy-to-fruit-flies-drosophila-melanogaster-in-laboratory-workers
#16
Meinir Jones, Sue Blair, Stephanie MacNeill, Jennifer Welch, Alice Hole, Peter Baxter, Paul Cullinan
OBJECTIVES: Drosophila melanogaster (the 'fruit fly') is commonly used in genetic research, but there is only one report of IgE-associated allergy in exposed workers. 4 newly identified cases prompted us to examine the extent of this problem in a university laboratory. Our aim in this study is to determine the prevalence and determinants of sensitisation to fruit flies in a population of exposed workers. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we surveyed 286 employees working in a department carrying out research involving D...
December 30, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007760/predictive-value-of-work-related-self-efficacy-change-on-rtw-for-employees-with-common-mental-disorders
#17
Suzanne E Lagerveld, Veerle Brenninkmeijer, Roland W B Blonk, Jos Twisk, Wilmar B Schaufeli
To improve interventions that aim to promote return to work (RTW) of workers with common mental disorders (CMD), insight into modifiable predictors of RTW is needed. This study tested the predictive value of self-efficacy change for RTW in addition to preintervention levels of self-efficacy. RTW self-efficacy was measured 5 times within 9 months among 168 clients of a mental healthcare organisation who were on sick leave due to CMD. Self-efficacy parameters were modelled with multilevel analyses and added as predictors into a Cox regression analysis...
December 22, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003478/injury-at-work-and-migrant-workers-a-priority-for-a-global-agenda-in-occupational-health
#18
Emily Q Ahonen, Fernando G Benavides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986842/effect-of-occupational-exposure-to-lead-on-new-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-diseases
#19
Adam Prokopowicz, Andrzej Sobczak, Magdalena Szuła-Chraplewska, Marzena Zaciera, Jolanta Kurek, Izabela Szołtysek-Bołdys
OBJECTIVE: The cardiovascular effects of lead are caused primarily through an effect on blood pressure but are not just limited to an increased risk of hypertension. The aim of our study was to determine to what extent chronic exposure to lead affects new risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) development, such as biomarkers of inflammation (C reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen) and biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction (homocysteine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and L-homoarginine)...
December 16, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974496/end-stage-renal-disease-after-occupational-lead-exposure-20%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up
#20
Marie Evans, Andrea Discacciati, Abdul Rashid Quershi, Agneta Åkesson, Carl-Gustaf Elinder
OBJECTIVES: Whether low-level exposure to lead may give rise to chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is debated. In this study, we aimed to specifically investigate if low-level occupational exposure to lead was associated with increased incidence of ESRD. METHODS: The incidence of starting renal replacement therapy as a result of ESRD was examined in a cohort of10 303 lead-workers who had controlled blood lead concentrations due to a compulsory occupational health surveillance programme in Sweden during the time period 1977-1990...
December 14, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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