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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438788/associations-between-persistent-organic-pollutants-type-2-diabetes-diabetic-nephropathy-and-mortality
#1
Brian A Grice, Robert G Nelson, Desmond E Williams, William C Knowler, Clinton Mason, Robert L Hanson, Kai McKeever Bullard, Meda E Pavkov
OBJECTIVE: Relationships were examined between persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and incident type 2 diabetes, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and mortality. METHODS: In a nested case-control study, 300 persons without diabetes had baseline examinations between 1969 and 1974; 149 developed diabetes (cases) and 151 remained non-diabetic (controls) during 8.0 and 23.1 years of follow-up, respectively. POPs were measured at baseline. ORs for diabetes were computed by logistic regression analysis...
April 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438787/mortality-from-cancer-and-other-causes-among-italian-chrysotile-asbestos-miners
#2
Enrico Pira, Canzio Romano, Francesca Donato, Claudio Pelucchi, Carlo La Vecchia, Paolo Boffetta
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term mortality of a cohort of Italian asbestos miners. METHODS: The cohort included 1056 men employed in a chrysotile mine between 1930 and 1990, who were followed up during 1946-2014, for a total of 37 471 person-years of observation. Expected deaths and SMRs were computed using national and local (after 1980, when available) reference. RESULTS: A total of 294 (27.8%) subjects were alive and at the end of follow-up, 722 (68...
April 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416643/can-serum-cytokine-profile-discriminate-irritant-induced-and-allergen-induced-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study-in-workers-mostly-exposed-to-laboratory-animals
#3
Muriel Lemaire, Anne Oppliger, Philipp Hotz, Jean-Christophe Renauld, Julia Braun, Marion Maggi, Fabio Barresi, Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier, François Huaux, Holger Dressel
BACKGROUND: In workers exposed mostly to laboratory animals (LA), symptoms may be due to irritants or allergens. Correct aetiological diagnosis is important for health surveillance. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to test whether work-related (WR) allergen-induced symptoms are associated with a cytokine profile distinct from that due to irritants. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study (n=114), WR respiratory and/or skin symptoms were assessed through a standardised clinical examination and sensitisation to rat and/or mouse allergen determined by serum immunoglobulin E...
April 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416642/estimating-the-burden-of-occupational-cancer-assessing-bias-and-uncertainty
#4
Sally Hutchings, Lesley Rushton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to estimate credibility intervals for the British occupational cancer burden to account for bias uncertainty, using a method adapted from Greenland's Monte Carlo sensitivity analysis. METHODS: The attributable fraction (AF) methodology used for our cancer burden estimates requires risk estimates and population proportions exposed for each agent/cancer pair. Sources of bias operating on AF estimator components include non-portability of risk estimates, inadequate models, inaccurate data including unknown cancer latency and employment turnover and compromises in using the available estimators...
April 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408656/is-job-rotation-effective-for-prevention-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-sick-leave
#5
EDITORIAL
Charlotte Diana Nørregaard Rasmussen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408655/military-small-arms-fire-in-association-with-acute-decrements-in-lung-function
#6
Anne Katrine Borander, Øyvind Albert Voie, Kjetil Longva, Tor Erik Danielsen, Svein Grahnstedt, Leiv Sandvik, Johny Kongerud, Liv Ingunn Bjoner Sikkeland
OBJECTIVE: After introduction of unleaded ammunition, Norwegian Armed Forces received reports of acute respiratory symptoms in soldiers after exposure to fumes from firing the standard weapon, HK416. The aim of the present study was to examine lung function before and after exposure to fumes from HK416 in a double-blinded standardised study design using three different types of ammunition. METHODS: Fifty-four healthy, non-smoking male volunteers (19-62 years) fired the weapons for 60 min with either leaded, unleaded or 'modified' unleaded ammunition...
April 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408654/radiographic-disease-progression-in-contemporary-us-coal-miners-with-progressive-massive-fibrosis
#7
A Scott Laney, David John Blackley, Cara N Halldin
INTRODUCTION: Among contemporary US coal miners, there has been an increase in the prevalence and severity of pneumoconiosis, including its advanced form progressive massive fibrosis (PMF). We examine radiographic progression in Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) participants. METHODS: CWHSP participants with a final determination of PMF during 1 January 2000-1 October 2016 with at least one prior radiograph in the system were included. We characterised demographics, participation and progression patterns...
April 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404791/the-effect-of-organic-dust-exposure-on-long-term-change-in-lung-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Anneli Cs Bolund, Martin R Miller, Torben Sigsgaard, Vivi Schlünssen
Lung function is a predictor of morbidity and mortality, and the chronic nature of lung function decline allows for preventive initiatives. Proinflammatory constituents of organic dust are considered a possible cause of compromised respiratory health. The aim of this systematic review was to reveal the impact of organic dust exposure on long-term change in lung function. The literature search was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria...
April 12, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391246/influence-of-obesity-and-physical-workload-on-disability-benefits-among-construction-workers-followed-up-for-37-years
#9
Suzan J W Robroek, Bengt Järvholm, Allard J van der Beek, Karin I Proper, Jens Wahlström, Alex Burdorf
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to investigate the relation between obesity and labour force exit via diagnosis-specific disability benefits, and whether physical workload modifies this association. METHODS: A longitudinal analysis was performed among 3 28 743 Swedish construction workers in the age of 15-65 years. Body weight and height were measured at a health examination and enriched with register information on disability benefits up to 37 years later...
April 8, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391245/mortality-and-cancer-incidence-among-male-volunteer-australian-firefighters
#10
Deborah C Glass, Anthony Del Monaco, Sabine Pircher, Stephen Vander Hoorn, Malcolm R Sim
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate mortality and cancer incidence of Australian male volunteer firefighters and of subgroups of firefighters by duration of service, era of first service and the number and type of incidents attended. METHODS: Participating fire agencies supplied records of individual volunteer firefighters, including incidents attended. The cohort was linked to the Australian National Death Index and Australian Cancer Database. standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) and standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) for cancer were calculated...
April 8, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356332/occupational-exposure-and-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-a-prospective-cohort
#11
Tom Koeman, Pauline Slottje, Leo J Schouten, Susan Peters, Anke Huss, Jan H Veldink, Hans Kromhout, Piet A van den Brandt, Roel Vermeulen
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively study suspected occupational risk factors for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: For this case-cohort analysis within the prospective Netherlands Cohort Study, 58 279 men and 62 573 women aged 55-69 years at enrolment in 1986 were followed up for 17.3 years on ALS mortality. Information on occupational history and potential confounders were collected at baseline through a self-administered questionnaire and entered for a random subcohort (2092 men and 2074 women) and ALS deaths (76 men and 60 women)...
March 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343162/mesothelin-promoter-variants-are-associated-with-increased-soluble-mesothelin-related-peptide-levels-in-asbestos-exposed-individuals
#12
Chiara De Santi, Perla Pucci, Alessandra Bonotti, Ombretta Melaiu, Monica Cipollini, Roberto Silvestri, Veronika Vymetalkova, Elisa Barone, Elisa Paolicchi, Alda Corrado, Irene Lepori, Irene Dell'Anno, Lucia Pellè, Pavel Vodicka, Luciano Mutti, Rudy Foddis, Alfonso Cristaudo, Federica Gemignani, Stefano Landi
BACKGROUND: Soluble mesothelin-related peptide (SMRP) is a promising diagnostic biomarker for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), but various confounders hinder its usefulness in surveillance programmes. We previously showed that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within the 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of the mesothelin (MSLN) gene could affect the levels of SMRP. OBJECTIVES: To focus on SNPs located within MSLN promoter as possible critical genetic variables in determining SMRP levels...
March 25, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341697/risk-factors-for-persistence-of-lower-respiratory-symptoms-among-community-members-exposed-to-the-2001-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks
#13
Hannah T Jordan, Stephen M Friedman, Joan Reibman, Roberta M Goldring, Sara A Miller Archie, Felix Ortega, Howard Alper, Yongzhao Shao, Carey B Maslow, James E Cone, Mark R Farfel, Kenneth I Berger
OBJECTIVES: We studied the course of lower respiratory symptoms (LRS; cough, wheeze or dyspnoea) among community members exposed to the 9/11/2001 World Trade Center (WTC) attacks during a period of 12-13 years following the attacks, and evaluated risk factors for LRS persistence, including peripheral airway dysfunction and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Non-smoking adult participants in a case-control study of post-9/11-onset LRS (exam 1, 2008-2010) were recruited for follow-up (exam 2, 2013-2014)...
March 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314757/implementation-of-a-resident-handling-programme-and-low-back-pain-in-elder-care-workers
#14
EDITORIAL
Andreas Holtermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314756/predicting-occupational-asthma-and-rhinitis-in-bakery-workers-referred-for-clinical-evaluation
#15
Badri Sadat Jonaid, Jos Rooyackers, Erik Stigter, Lützen Portengen, Esmeralda Krop, Dick Heederik
BACKGROUND: Occupational allergic diseases are a major problem in some workplaces like in the baking industry. Diagnostic rules have been used in surveillance but not yet in the occupational respiratory clinic. OBJECTIVE: To develop diagnostic models predicting baker's asthma and rhinitis among bakery workers at high risk of sensitisation to bakery allergens referred to a specialised clinic. METHODS: As part of a medical surveillance programme, clinical evaluation was performed on 436 referred Dutch bakery workers at high risk for sensitisation to bakery allergens...
March 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298417/organisational-justice-protects-against-the-negative-effect-of-workplace-violence-on-teachers-sleep-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#16
Kia Gluschkoff, Marko Elovainio, Taina Hintsa, Jaana Pentti, Paula Salo, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the longitudinal association of workplace violence with disturbed sleep and the moderating role of organisational justice (ie, the extent to which employees are treated with fairness) in teaching. METHODS: We identified 4988 teachers participating in the Finnish Public Sector study who reported encountering violence at work. Disturbed sleep was measured in three waves with 2-year intervals: the wave preceding exposure to violence, the wave of exposure and the wave following the exposure...
March 15, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298416/trajectories-of-multisite-musculoskeletal-pain-and-implications-for-prevention
#17
EDITORIAL
David Coggon, Georgia Ntani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280054/occupational-lifting-and-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-a-follow-up-study-of-swedish-conscripts
#18
Andrea Farioli, David Kriebel, Stefano Mattioli, Katarina Kjellberg, Tomas Hemmingsson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between occupational lifting and the risk of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) using data from a large population of men. METHODS: We used data from a national cohort of 49 321 Swedish men conscripted for compulsory military service in 1969-1970. We collected information on surgically treated RRD from the National Patient Register and we followed up the cohort between 1991 and 2009 at ages 40-60 years. Exposure to occupational lifting was assessed by applying a job exposure matrix to occupational data from the 1990 census...
March 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270447/specific-inhalation-challenge-the-relationship-between-response-clinical-variables-and-lung-function
#19
Chunshao Hu, Maria-Jesus Cruz, Iñigo Ojanguren, Miquel de Homdedeu, Francisco-Javier Gonzalez-Barcala, Xavier Munoz
INTRODUCTION: The specific inhalation challenge (SIC) is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of occupational asthma (OA). However, its use is not standardised, and the intensity of exposure is regulated empirically. The aim of this study was to identify clinical variables and/or pulmonary function variables able to predict the scale of patients' response to SIC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients who underwent SIC at our centre between 2005 and 2013 were studied...
March 7, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270446/external-cause-mortality-among-21-609-norwegian-male-military-peacekeepers-deployed-to-lebanon-between-1978-and-1998
#20
Leif Aage Strand, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Elin Anita Fadum, Einar Kristian Borud
OBJECTIVE: To investigate external-cause mortality among 21 609 Norwegian male military peacekeepers deployed to Lebanon during 1978-1998. METHODS: The cohort was followed from the 1st day of deployment through 2013, and mortality during deployment and post discharge was assessed using SMRs calculated from national rates in Norway. Poisson regression was used to see the effect of high-conflict versus low-conflict exposure. RESULTS: For the total cohort, external-cause mortality was within expected values during deployment (SMR=0...
March 7, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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