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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935666/non-occupational-exposure-to-asbestos-and-risk-of-pleural-mesothelioma-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Gary M Marsh, Alexander S Riordan, Kara A Keeton, Stacey M Benson
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an updated literature review and meta-analysis of studies of pleural malignant mesothelioma (PMM) risk among persons exposed to asbestos non-occupationally (household and neighbourhood). METHODS: We performed a literature search for articles available in the National Center for Biotechnology Information's PubMed database published between 1967 and 2016. Meta-analyses were conducted to calculate pooled PMM risk estimates, stratifying for household or neighbourhood exposure to asbestos and/or predominant asbestos fibre type (chrysotile, amphibole or mixed)...
September 21, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899966/factors-associated-with-work-productivity-among-people-with-copd-birmingham-copd-cohort
#2
Kiran K Rai, Peymané Adab, Jon G Ayres, W Stanley Siebert, Steven S Sadhra, Alice J Sitch, David A Fitzmaurice, Rachel E Jordan
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are more likely to take time off work (absenteeism) and report poor performance at work (presenteeism) compared to those without COPD. Little is known about the modifiable factors associated with these work productivity outcomes. AIM: To assess the factors associated with work productivity among COPD patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a subsample (those in paid employment) of the Birmingham COPD Cohort study...
September 12, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899965/economic-evaluation-of-occupational-health-services-necessary-challenging-and-promising
#3
LETTER
Jeroen Luyten, Jonas Steel, Lode Godderis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899964/the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-coast-guard-cohort-study
#4
Jennifer Rusiecki, Melannie Alexander, Erica G Schwartz, Li Wang, Laura Weems, John Barrett, Kate Christenbury, David Johndrow, Renée H Funk, Lawrence S Engel
OBJECTIVES: Long-term studies of oil spill responders are urgently needed as oil spills continue to occur. To this end, we established the prospective Deepwater Horizon (DWH) Oil Spill Coast Guard Cohort study. METHODS: DWH oil spill responders (n=8696) and non-responders (n=44 823) who were members of the US Coast Guard (20 April-17 December 2010) were included. This cohort uses both prospective, objective health data from military medical encounters and cross-sectional survey data...
September 12, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882991/artificial-stone-associated-silicosis-a-rapidly-emerging-occupational-lung-disease
#5
Ryan F Hoy, Timothy Baird, Gary Hammerschlag, David Hart, Anthony R Johnson, Paul King, Michael Putt, Deborah H Yates
INTRODUCTION: Artificial stone is an increasingly popular material used to fabricate kitchen and bathroom benchtops. Cutting and grinding artificial stone is associated with generation of very high levels of respirable crystalline silica, and the frequency of cases of severe silicosis associated with this exposure is rapidly increasing. AIM: To report the characteristics of a clinical series of Australian workers with artificial stone-associated silicosis. METHODS: Respiratory physicians voluntarily reported cases of artificial stone-associated silicosis identified in their clinical practices...
September 7, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866609/estimation-of-the-global-burden-of-mesothelioma-deaths-from-incomplete-national-mortality-data
#6
Chimed-Ochir Odgerel, Ken Takahashi, Tom Sorahan, Tim Driscoll, Christina Fitzmaurice, Makoto Yoko-O, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth, Sugio Furuya, Fumihiro Tanaka, Seichi Horie, Nico van Zandwijk, Jukka Takala
BACKGROUND: Mesothelioma is increasingly recognised as a global health issue and the assessment of its global burden is warranted. OBJECTIVES: To descriptively analyse national mortality data and to use reported and estimated data to calculate the global burden of mesothelioma deaths. METHODS: For the study period of 1994 to 2014, we grouped 230 countries into 59 countries with quality mesothelioma mortality data suitable to be used for reference rates, 45 countries with poor quality data and 126 countries with no data, based on the availability of data in the WHO Mortality Database...
September 2, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855344/internet-based-stress-management-for-distressed-managers-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Robert Persson Asplund, Jesper Dagöö, Ida Fjellström, Linnea Niemi, Katja Hansson, Forough Zeraati, Masha Ziuzina, Anna Geraedts, Brjánn Ljótsson, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomised controlled trial (RCT) was to evaluate the efficacy of a guided internet-based stress management intervention (iSMI) among distressed managers compared with a attention control group (AC) with full access to treatment-as-usual. METHOD: A total sample of 117 distressed managers, mainly employed in the healthcare, IT, communication and educational sector, were randomised to either iSMI (n=59) or an AC group (n=58). The iSMI consisted of eight modules including cognitive behavioural stress management and positive management techniques...
August 30, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851757/psychosocial-job-stressors-and-suicidality-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Allison Milner, Katrina Witt, Anthony D LaMontagne, Isabelle Niedhammer
OBJECTIVES: Job stressors are known determinants of common mental disorders. Over the past 10 years, there has been evidence that job stressors may also be risk factors for suicidality. The current paper sought to examine this topic through the first comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to date. METHODS: We used a three-tier search strategy of seven electronic databases. Studies were included if they reported on a job stressor or job-related stress as an exposure and suicide ideation, self-harm, suicide attempt or suicide as an outcome...
August 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847906/immunological-effects-among-workers-who-handle-engineered-nanoparticles
#9
Deborah Catherine Glass, Mahjabeen Mazhar, Sue Xiang, Pamela Dean, Pamela Simpson, Brian Priestly, Magdalena Plebanski, Michael Abramson, Malcolm Ross Sim, Martine Dennekamp
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure of workers handling engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) may result in increased inflammation and changes in lung function. METHODS: A prospective panel study compared changes in several markers of inflammation for ENP handling and non-ENP handling control workers. Nanoparticle exposure was measured during ENP handling and for controls. Lung function, fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO), C-reactive protein (CRP), blood cell counts and several serum cytokines were measured at baseline, at the end of the shift and at the end of the working week...
August 28, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835395/long-term-prognosis-for-neck-shoulder-pain-and-disorders-a-14-year-follow-up-study
#10
Emma Lise Thorlund Jakobsen, Karin Biering, Anette Kærgaard, Annett Dalbøge, Johan Hviid Andersen
OBJECTIVES: The long-term prognosis for neck-shoulder pain and disorders and the impact of shoulder exposure among former sewing machine operators were investigated in a 14-year follow-up study. METHODS: Information on neck-shoulder pain and disorders was collected by questionnaire and clinical examination at baseline in 243 female sewing machine operators and by questionnaire 14 years later. During follow-up, information on comorbidity and job exposures was obtained from registers and by linking register-based D-ISCO 88 codes with a job exposure matrix...
August 23, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835394/sleep-duration-as-a-mediator-between-an-alternating-day-and-night-shift-work-schedule-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-female-hospital-employees
#11
Jill Korsiak, Joan Tranmer, Andrew Day, Kristan J Aronson
OBJECTIVES: The main objective was to determine whether sleep duration on work shifts mediates the relationship between a current alternating day and night shift work schedule and metabolic syndrome among female hospital employees. The secondary objective was to assess whether cumulative lifetime shift work exposure was associated with metabolic syndrome. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of 294 female hospital employees, sleep duration was measured with the ActiGraph GT3X+...
August 23, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835393/high-exposure-to-endotoxin-in-farming-is-associated-with-less-new-onset-pollen-sensitisation
#12
Grethe Elholm, Vivi Schlünssen, Gert Doekes, Ioannis Basinas, Anneli Clea Skjelmose Bolund, Charlotte Hjort, Pernille Milvang Grønager, Øyvind Omland, Torben Sigsgaard
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about risk factors for new onset and loss of atopic sensitisation in adulthood. The aim is to examine the longitudinal effect of quantitatively assessed endotoxin exposures on changes in specific allergen sensitisation in young adults. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 1113 young Danish farmers and rural controls, with a mean age of 19 years at baseline. Sensitisation to birch pollen, grass pollen, cat dander and house dust mite was measured by specific IgE levels in serum samples from baseline and at 15 years' follow-up...
August 23, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827279/leaving-the-labour-market-later-in-life-how-does-it-impact-on-mechanisms-for-health
#13
Elise Whitley, Frank Popham
OBJECTIVES: Negative associations between non-employment and health among older people are well established and are potentially important for successful ageing. However, opportunities to improve health through re-employment or extending working lives are limited as later-life exits from employment are often unwanted and permanent. We aim to establish a greater understanding of the psychosocial mechanisms underlying non-employment and health associations in older people to identify modifiable pathways through which the negative impact of non-employment can be ameliorated...
August 21, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823988/response-to-dose-time-response-association-between-occupational-asbestos-exposure-and-pleural-mesothelioma-by-lacourt-et-al
#14
LETTER
Paolo Boffetta, Enrico Pira, Canzio Romano, Francesco Saverio Violante, Andrea Farioli, Carlo Zocchetti, Carlo La Vecchia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823987/surgery-for-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-in-relation-to-intensities-of-occupational-mechanical-exposures-across-10-year-exposure-time-windows
#15
Annett Dalbøge, Poul Frost, Johan Hviid Andersen, Susanne Wulff Svendsen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify intensities of occupational mechanical exposures (force, arm elevation and repetition) that do not entail an increased risk of surgery for subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) even after prolonged durations of exposure. Additionally, we wanted to evaluate if exposure to hand-arm vibration (HAV) is an independent risk factor. METHODS: We used data from a register-based cohort study of the entire Danish working population (n=2 374 403)...
August 20, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819019/retrospectively-assessed-physical-work-environment-during-working-life-and-risk-of-sickness-absence-and-labour-market-exit-among-older-workers
#16
Emil Sundstrup, Åse Marie Hansen, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Otto Melchior Poulsen, Thomas Clausen, Reiner Rugulies, Anne Møller, Lars L Andersen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prospective association between retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and prospectively assessed sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers. METHODS: Using Cox regression analyses we estimated the 4-year to 6-year prospective risk of register-based long-term sickness absence (LTSA), disability pension, early retirement and unemployment from exposure to different physical work environmental factors during working life among 5076 older workers (age 49-63 at baseline) from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank cohort...
August 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780567/association-between-childhood-health-socioeconomic-and-school-related-factors-and-effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-a-25-year-follow-up-study
#17
Shuo Wang, Kristy Sanderson, Alison Venn, Terence Dwyer, Seana Gall
OBJECTIVES: Stress pathways can have origins in childhood, but few early predictors have been explored in relation to adult job stress. This study examined whether childhood school, health or socioeconomic factors were associated with adult job stress. METHODS: Data came from the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health study that began in 1985 with children aged 7-15 years who reported effortreward imbalance (ERI) scales at ages 31-41 years. Linear regression assessed the association between childhood factors and adult ERI adjusted for age and socioeconomic position (SEP) in childhood and adulthood...
August 5, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780566/effect-of-reduced-use-of-organic-solvents-on-disability-pension-in-painters
#18
Bengt Järvholm, Alex Burdorf
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the decreased use of paints based on organic solvents has caused a decreased risk for neuropsychiatric disorders in painters by studying their incidence in disability pensions. METHODS: The incidence of disability pension in Swedish painters who had participated in health examinations between 1971 and 1993 was studied through linkage with Swedish registers of disability pension over 1971-2010 and compared with the incidence in other construction workers as woodworkers, concrete workers and platers...
August 5, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775133/italian-pool-of-asbestos-workers-cohorts-mortality-trends-of-asbestos-related-neoplasms-after-long-time-since-first-exposure
#19
Daniela Ferrante, Elisabetta Chellini, Enzo Merler, Venere Pavone, Stefano Silvestri, Lucia Miligi, Giuseppe Gorini, Vittoria Bressan, Paolo Girardi, Laura Ancona, Elisa Romeo, Ferdinando Luberto, Orietta Sala, Corrado Scarnato, Simona Menegozzo, Enrico Oddone, Sara Tunesi, Patrizia Perticaroli, Aldo Pettinari, Francesco Cuccaro, Stefano Mattioli, Antonio Baldassarre, Francesco Barone-Adesi, Tiziana Cena, Patrizia Legittimo, Alessandro Marinaccio, Dario Mirabelli, Marina Musti, Roberta Pirastu, Alessandra Ranucci, Corrado Magnani
OBJECTIVE: Asbestos is a known human carcinogen, with evidence for malignant mesothelioma (MM), cancers of lung, ovary, larynx and possibly other organs. MM rates are predicted to increase with a power of time since first exposure (TSFE), but the possible long-term attenuation of the trend is debated. The asbestos ban enforced in Italy in 1992 gives an opportunity to measure long-term cancer risk in formerly exposed workers. METHODS: Pool of 43 previously studied Italian asbestos cohorts (asbestos cement, rolling stock, shipbuilding), with mortality follow-up updated to 2010...
August 3, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775132/shift-work-that-involves-circadian-disruption-and-breast-cancer-a-first-application-of-chronobiological-theory-and-the-consequent-challenges
#20
Lin Fritschi, J Valérie Groß, Ursula Wild, Jane S Heyworth, Deborah C Glass, Thomas C Erren
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified shift work involving circadian disruption (CD) as probably carcinogenic to humans. Circadian disruption could be conceptualised as the overlap of activity, such as work, with an individual's biological night. The latter can be approximated from a worker's chronotype (or morning/evening preference). Few previous studies have taken chronotype into account when assessing CD caused by shift work. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that women working during their biological night would be at increased risk of breast cancer...
August 3, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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