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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779004/cancer-incidence-among-merchant-seafarers-an-extended-follow-up-of-a-danish-cohort
#1
Kajsa Ugelvig Petersen, Julie Volk, Linda Kaerlev, Henrik Lyngbeck Hansen, Johnni Hansen
OBJECTIVES: While maritime safety generally has improved dramatically over the last century, modern seafarers are still faced with numerous occupational hazards potentially affecting their risk of chronic diseases such as cancer. The aim of this study is to offer updated information on the incidence of specific cancers among both male and female seafarers. METHODS: Using records from the Danish Seafarer Registry, all seafarers employed on Danish ships during 1986-1999 were identified, resulting in a cohort of 33 084 men and 11 209 women...
May 19, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777039/time-dependent-effect-of-intensity-of-smoking-and-of-occupational-exposure-to-asbestos-on-the-risk-of-lung-cancer-results-from-the-icare-case-control-study
#2
Emilie Lévêque, Aude Lacourt, Danièle Luce, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Pascal Guénel, Isabelle Stücker, Karen Leffondré
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impact of intensity of both smoking and occupational exposure to asbestos on the risk of lung cancer throughout the whole exposure history. METHODS: Data on 2026 male cases and 2610 male controls came from the French ICARE (Investigation of occupational and environmental causes of respiratory cancers) population-based, case-control study. Lifetime smoking history and occupational history were collected from standardised questionnaires and face-to-face interviews...
May 18, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769352/identifying-occupational-carcinogens-an-update-from-the-iarc-monographs
#3
REVIEW
Dana Loomis, Neela Guha, Amy L Hall, Kurt Straif
The recognition of occupational carcinogens is important for primary prevention, compensation and surveillance of exposed workers, as well as identifying causes of cancer in the general population. This study updates previously published lists of known occupational carcinogens while providing additional information on cancer type, exposure scenarios and routes, and discussing trends in the identification of carcinogens over time. Data were extracted from International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs covering the years 1971-2017, using specific criteria to ensure occupational relevance and provide high confidence in the causality of observed exposure-disease associations...
May 16, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764994/associations-between-occupational-exposure-to-benzene-toluene-and-xylene-and-risk-of-lung-cancer-in-montr%C3%A3-al
#4
Hunter Warden, Harriet Richardson, Lesley Richardson, Jack Siemiatycki, Vikki Ho
BACKGROUND: Benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) are aromatic hydrocarbons with inconclusive evidence of lung carcinogenicity. The aim of this research was to assess the associations between occupational exposures to BTX agents and lung cancer. METHODS: In a population-based case-control study of lung cancer, occupational histories were obtained and exposures were assessed by experts. Unconditional multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate ORs and 95% CIs, among men, between various metrics of occupational exposure to BTX and lung cancer, while adjusting for established and possible risk factors...
May 15, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760173/dual-impact-of-organisational-change-on-subsequent-exit-from-work-unit-and-sickness-absence-a-longitudinal-study-among-public-healthcare-employees
#5
Johan Høy Jensen, Esben Meulengracht Flachs, Janne Skakon, Naja Hulvej Rod, Jens Peter Bonde
OBJECTIVES: We investigated work-unit exit, total and long-term sickness absence following organisational change among public healthcare employees. METHODS: The study population comprised employees from the Capital Region of Denmark (n=14 388). Data on reorganisation at the work-unit level (merger, demerger, relocation, change of management, employee layoff or budget cut) between July and December 2013 were obtained via surveys distributed to the managers of each work unit...
May 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760172/development-of-a-bar-code-based-exposure-assessment-method-to-evaluate-occupational-exposure-to-disinfectants-and-cleaning-products-a-pilot-study
#6
Catherine Quinot, Sylvie Amsellem-Dubourget, Sofia Temam, Etienne Sevin, Christine Barreto, Arzu Tackin, Jérémy Félicité, Sarah Lyon-Caen, Valérie Siroux, Raphaële Girard, Alexis Descatha, Nicole Le Moual, Orianne Dumas
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare workers are highly exposed to various types of disinfectants and cleaning products. Assessment of exposure to these products remains a challenge. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of a method, based on a smartphone application and bar codes, to improve occupational exposure assessment among hospital/cleaning workers in epidemiological studies. METHODS: A database of disinfectants and cleaning products used in French hospitals, including their names, bar codes and composition, was developed using several sources: ProdHyBase (a database of disinfectants managed by hospital hygiene experts), and specific regulatory agencies and industrial websites...
May 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743185/lung-cancer-mortality-and-exposure-to-synthetic-metalworking-fluid-and-biocides-controlling-for-the-healthy-worker-survivor-effect
#7
Erika Garcia, Sally Picciotto, Andreas M Neophytou, Patrick T Bradshaw, John R Balmes, Ellen A Eisen
OBJECTIVES: Synthetic metalworking fluids (MWFs), widely used to cool and lubricate industrial machining and grinding operations, have been linked with increased risk of several cancers. Estimates of their relation with lung cancer, however, are inconsistent. Controlling for the healthy worker survivor effect, we examined the relations between lung cancer mortality and exposure to synthetic MWF, as well as to biocides added to water-based fluids to control microbial growth, in a cohort of autoworkers...
May 9, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735751/job-strain-and-loss-of-healthy-life-years-between-ages-50-and-75-by-sex-and-occupational-position-analyses-of-64-934-individuals-from-four-prospective-cohort-studies
#8
Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Hugo Westerlund, Holendro S Chungkham, Jussi Vahtera, Naja H Rod, Kristina Alexanderson, Marcel Goldberg, Mika Kivimäki, Sari Stenholm, Loretta G Platts, Marie Zins, Jenny Head
OBJECTIVES: Poor psychosocial working conditions increase the likelihood of various types of morbidity and may substantially limit quality of life and possibilities to remain in paid work. To date, however, no studies to our knowledge have quantified the extent to which poor psychosocial working conditions reduce healthy or chronic disease-free life expectancy, which was the focus of this study. METHODS: Data were derived from four cohorts with repeat data: the Finnish Public Sector Study (Finland), GAZEL (France), the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (Sweden) and Whitehall II (UK)...
May 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735750/systematic-review-of-fit-note-use-for-workers-in-the-uk
#9
Sarah Dorrington, Emmert Roberts, Arnstein Mykletun, Stephani Hatch, Ira Madan, Matthew Hotopf
OBJECTIVES: The fit note, introduced in England, Wales and Scotland in 2010, was designed to change radically the sickness certification process from advising individuals on their inability to work to advising them on what they could do if work could be adapted. Our review aimed to evaluate the following: (1) Is the 'maybe fit' for work option being selected for patients? (2) Are work solutions being recommended? (3) Has the fit note increased return to work? (4) Has the fit note reduced the length of sickness absence? We considered the way in which outcomes vary according to patient demographics including type of health problem...
May 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735749/examining-lung-cancer-risks-across-different-industries-and-occupations-in-ontario-canada-the-establishment-of-the-occupational-disease-surveillance-system
#10
James K H Jung, Saul G Feinstein, Luis Palma Lazgare, Jill S Macleod, Victoria H Arrandale, Christopher B McLeod, Alice Peter, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: The Occupational Disease Surveillance System (ODSS) was established in Ontario, Canada by linking a cohort of workers with data created from Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) claims to administrative health databases. The aim of this study was to use ODSS to identify high-risk industry and occupation groups for lung cancer in Ontario. METHODS: Workers in the WSIB lost time claims database were linked to the Ontario Cancer Registry using subjects' health insurance numbers, name, sex, birthdate and death date (if applicable)...
May 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735748/greater-coordination-and-harmonisation-of-european-occupational-cohorts-is-needed
#11
EDITORIAL
Michelle C Turner, Ingrid Sivesind Mehlum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735747/occupational-exposures-and-cancer-a-review-of-agents-and-relative-risk-estimates
#12
Claire Marant Micallef, Kevin David Shield, Isabelle Baldi, Barbara Charbotel, Béatrice Fervers, Anabelle Gilg Soit Ilg, Pascal Guénel, Ann Olsson, Lesley Rushton, Sally J Hutchings, Kurt Straif, Isabelle Soerjomataram
OBJECTIVES: The contribution of occupational exposures to the cancer burden can be estimated using population-attributable fractions, which is of great importance for policy making. This paper reviews occupational carcinogens, and presents the most relevant risk relations to cancer in high-income countries using France as an example, to provide a framework for national estimation of cancer burden attributable to occupational exposure. METHODS: Occupational exposures that should be included in cancer burden studies were evaluated using multiple criteria: classified as carcinogenic or probably carcinogenic by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs volumes 1-114, being a primary occupational exposure, historical and current presence of the exposure in France and the availability of exposure and risk relation data...
May 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720482/work-history-and-radioprotection-practices-in-relation-to-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-us-radiologic-technologists-performing-nuclear-medicine-procedures
#13
Marie Odile Bernier, Michele M Doody, Miriam E Van Dyke, Daphné Villoing, Bruce H Alexander, Martha S Linet, Cari M Kitahara
INTRODUCTION: Technologists working in nuclear medicine (NM) are exposed to higher radiation doses than most other occupationally exposed populations. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of cancer in NM technologists in relation to work history, procedures performed and radioprotection practices. METHODS: From the US Radiologic Technologists cohort study, 72 755 radiologic technologists who completed a 2003-2005 questionnaire were followed for cancer mortality through 31 December 2012 and for cancer incidence through completion of a questionnaire in 2012-2013...
May 2, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712724/residential-proximity-to-livestock-farms-is-associated-with-a-lower-prevalence-of-atopy
#14
Floor Borlée, C Joris Yzermans, Esmeralda J M Krop, Catharina B M Maassen, François G Schellevis, Dick J J Heederik, Lidwien A M Smit
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to farm environments during childhood and adult life seems to reduce the risk of atopic sensitisation. Most studies have been conducted among farmers, but people living in rural areas may have similar protective effects for atopy. This study aims to investigate the association between residential proximity to livestock farms and atopy among non-farming adults living in a rural area in the Netherlands. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 2443 adults (20-72 years)...
April 30, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705772/burden-of-lung-cancer-attributable-to-occupational-diesel-engine-exhaust-exposure-in-canada
#15
Joanne Kim, Cheryl E Peters, Victoria H Arrandale, France Labrèche, Calvin B Ge, Christopher B McLeod, Chaojie Song, Jérôme Lavoué, Hugh W Davies, Anne-Marie Nicol, Manisha Pahwa, Paul A Demers
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the population attributable fraction (PAF) and number of incident and fatal lung cancers in Canada from occupational exposure to diesel engine exhaust (DEE). METHODS: DEE exposure prevalence and level estimates were used with Canadian Census and Labour Force Survey data to model the exposed population across the risk exposure period (REP, 1961-2001). Relative risks of lung cancer were calculated based on a meta-regression selected from the literature...
April 28, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680806/gender-and-health-in-occupational-epidemiology
#16
Allison Milner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674487/metals-in-urine-in-relation-to-the-prevalence-of-pre-diabetes-diabetes-and-atherosclerosis-in-rural-india
#17
Ganesan Velmurugan, Krishnan Swaminathan, Ganesh Veerasekar, Jonathan Q Purnell, Sundaresan Mohanraj, Mani Dhivakar, Anil Kumar Avula, Mathew Cherian, Nalla G Palaniswami, Thomas Alexander, Thalappil Pradeep
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases are growing burdens in rural communities worldwide. We have observed a high prevalence of diabetes among rural farming communities in India and sought to evaluate the association of non-traditional risk factors, such as metals, with diabetes and other cardiometabolic risk factors in this community. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements, chemistries and carotid intima-media thickness were determined in 865 participants of the Kovai Medical Center and Hospital-Nallampatti Non-Communicable Disease Study-I (KMCH-NNCD-I, 2015), a cross-sectional study conducted in a farming village in South India...
April 19, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674486/physical-work-exposure-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-and-risk-of-insomnia-longitudinal-data-from-the-hunt-study-norway
#18
Eivind Schjelderup Skarpsno, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Trond Sand, Knut Hagen, Paul Jarle Mork
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate (i) the association of physical work demands and work-related physical fatigue with risk of insomnia symptoms and (ii) if these associations are influenced by chronic musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: Prospective study on a working population of 8563 women and 7598 men participating in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (Norway) who reported no insomnia at baseline in 1995-1997. Occurrence of insomnia symptoms was assessed at follow-up in 2006-2008...
April 19, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669820/cancer-mortality-in-an-international-cohort-of-reinforced-plastics-workers-exposed-to-styrene-a-reanalysis
#19
Dana Loomis, Neela Guha, Manolis Kogevinas, Vincenzo Fontana, Valerio Gennaro, Henrik A Kolstad, Damien Martin McElvenny, Markku Sallmén, Rodolfo Saracci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the carcinogenicity of styrene by reanalysing data from a previous international cohort study of workers in the reinforced plastics industry. METHODS: Mortality from cancers of prior interest was analysed with more detailed consideration of exposure-response relations and an updated classification of leukaemias and lymphomas in data from a previous international cohort study of 37 021 reinforced plastics workers exposed to airborne styrene...
April 17, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650699/update-of-an-occupational-asthma-specific-job-exposure-matrix-to-assess-exposure-to-30-specific-agents
#20
Nicole Le Moual, Jan-Paul Zock, Orianne Dumas, Theodore Lytras, Eva Andersson, Linnéa Lillienberg, Vivi Schlünssen, Geza Benke, Hans Kromhout
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to update an asthmagen job exposure matrix (JEM) developed in the late 1990s. Main reasons were: the number of suspected and recognised asthmagens has since tripled; understanding of the aetiological role of irritants in asthma and methodological insights in application of JEMs have emerged in the period. METHODS: For each agent of the new occupational asthma-specific JEM (OAsJEM), a working group of three experts out of eight evaluated exposure for each International Standard Classification of Occupations, 1988 (ISCO-88) job code into three categories: 'high' (high probability of exposure and moderate-to-high intensity), 'medium' (low-to-moderate probability or low intensity) and 'unexposed'...
April 12, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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