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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133598/half-lives-of-pfos-pfhxs-and-pfoa-after-end-of-exposure-to-contaminated-drinking-water
#1
Ying Li, Tony Fletcher, Daniel Mucs, Kristin Scott, Christian H Lindh, Pia Tallving, Kristina Jakobsson
BACKGROUND: Municipal drinking water contaminated with perfluorinated alkyl acids had been distributed to one-third of households in Ronneby, Sweden. The source was firefighting foam used in a nearby airfield since the mid-1980s. Clean water was provided from 16 December 2013. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of decline in serum perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and their corresponding half-lives...
November 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133597/occupational-exposure-to-asbestos-and-risk-of-cholangiocarcinoma-a-population-based-case-control-study-in-four-nordic-countries
#2
Andrea Farioli, Kurt Straif, Giovanni Brandi, Stefania Curti, Kristina Kjaerheim, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Pär Sparen, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elisabete Weiderpass, Guido Biasco, Francesco Saverio Violante, Stefano Mattioli, Eero Pukkala
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between occupational exposure to asbestos and the risk of cholangiocarcinoma (CC). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study nested in the Nordic Occupational Cancer (NOCCA) cohort. We studied 1458 intrahepatic CC (ICC) and 3972 extrahepatic CC (ECC) cases occurring among subjects born in 1920 or later in Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden. Each case was individually matched by birth year, gender and country to five population controls...
November 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133596/exposure-to-ambient-fine-particulate-matter-and-semen-quality-in-taiwan
#3
Xiang Qian Lao, Zilong Zhang, Alexis Kh Lau, Ta-Chien Chan, Yuan Chieh Chuang, Jimmy Chan, Changqing Lin, Cui Guo, Wun Kai Jiang, Tony Tam, Gerard Hoek, Haidong Kan, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Ly-Yun Chang
OBJECTIVES: Environmental exposure to chemicals has been considered a potential factor contributing to deteriorated semen quality. However, previous literature on exposure to air pollution and semen quality is inconsistent. We therefore investigated the health effects of short-term and long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on semen quality in Taiwanese men from the general population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 6475 male participants aged 15-49 years who participated in a standard medical examination programme in Taiwan between 2001 and 2014...
November 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127103/old-adversaries-in-new-places
#4
EDITORIAL
Paul K Henneberger, David N Weissman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122924/reply-to-pleural-abnormalities-in-the-framingham-heart-study-prevalence-and-ct-image-features-by-araki-et-al
#5
LETTER
Tetsuro Araki, Gary M Hunninghake, David C Christiani, Hiroto Hatabu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089391/correction-of-odds-ratios-in-case-control-studies-for-exposure-misclassification-with-partial-knowledge-of-the-degree-of-agreement-among-experts-who-assessed-exposures
#6
Igor Burstyn, Paul Gustafson, Javier Pintos, Jérôme Lavoué, Jack Siemiatycki
OBJECTIVES: Estimates of association between exposures and diseases are often distorted by error in exposure classification. When the validity of exposure assessment is known, this can be used to adjust these estimates. When exposure is assessed by experts, even if validity is not known, we sometimes have information about interrater reliability. We present a Bayesian method for translating the knowledge of interrater reliability, which is often available, into knowledge about validity, which is often needed but not directly available, and applying this to correct odds ratios (OR)...
October 31, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089390/circulatory-disease-in-french-nuclear-fuel-cycle-workers-chronically-exposed-to-uranium-a-nested-case-control-study
#7
Sergey Zhivin, Irina Guseva Canu, Estelle Davesne, Eric Blanchardon, Jérôme-Philippe Garsi, Eric Samson, Christine Niogret, Lydia B Zablotska, Dominique Laurier
OBJECTIVES: There is growing evidence of an association between low-dose external γ-radiation and circulatory system diseases (CSDs), yet sparse data exist about an association with chronic internal uranium exposure and the role of non-radiation risk factors. We conducted a nested case-control study of French AREVA NC Pierrelatte nuclear workers employed between 1960 and 2005 to estimate CSD risks adjusting for major CSD risk factors (smoking, blood pressure, body mass index, total cholesterol and glycaemia) and external γ-radiation dose...
October 31, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074554/parental-occupational-exposures-and-the-risk-of-childhood-sporadic-retinoblastoma-a-report-from-the-children-s-oncology-group
#8
Negar Omidakhsh, Greta R Bunin, Arupa Ganguly, Beate Ritz, Nola Kennedy, Ondine S von Ehrenstein, Niklas Krause, Julia E Heck
OBJECTIVES: We examined associations between parental occupational chemical exposures up to 10 years before conception and the risk of sporadic retinoblastoma among offspring. METHODS: In our multicentre study on non-familial retinoblastoma, parents of 187 unilateral and 95 bilateral cases and 155 friend controls were interviewed by telephone. Exposure information was collected retroactively through a detailed occupational questionnaire that asked fathers to report every job held in the 10 years before conception, and mothers 1 month before and during the index pregnancy...
October 26, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074553/systematic-review-of-universal-and-targeted-workplace-interventions-for-depression
#9
REVIEW
Wan Mohd Azam Wan Mohd Yunus, Peter Musiat, June S L Brown
Depression is increasingly being recognised as a significant mental health problem in the workplace contributing to productivity loss and economic burden to organisations. This paper reviews recently published randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of universal and targeted interventions to reduce depression in the workplace. Studies were identified through searches of EMBASE, MEDLINE/PubMed, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES Full Text, and Global Health and Social Policy and Practice databases. Studies were included if they included an RCT of a workplace intervention for employees targeting depression as the primary outcome...
October 26, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074552/occupational-exposures-and-mammographic-density-in-spanish-women
#10
Virginia Lope, Javier García-Pérez, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Ana María Pedraza-Flechas, Juan Alguacil, Mª Carmen González-Galarzo, Miguel Angel Alba, Rudolf van der Haar, Rosa Ana Cortés-Barragán, Carmen Pedraz-Pingarrón, Pilar Moreo, Carmen Santamariña, María Ederra, Carmen Vidal, Dolores Salas-Trejo, Carmen Sánchez-Contador, Rafael Llobet, Marina Pollán
OBJECTIVES: The association between occupational exposures and mammographic density (MD), a marker of breast cancer risk, has not been previously explored. Our objective was to investigate the influence of occupational exposure to chemical, physical and microbiological agents on MD in adult women. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional study based on 1476 female workers aged 45-65 years from seven Spanish breast cancer screening programmes. Occupational history was surveyed by trained staff...
October 26, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066612/a-systematic-review-of-health-promotion-intervention-studies-in-the-police-force-study-characteristics-intervention-design-and-impacts-on-health
#11
REVIEW
Freya MacMillan, Diana Karamacoska, Aymen El Masri, Kate A McBride, Genevieve Z Steiner, Amelia Cook, Gregory S Kolt, Nerida Klupp, Emma S George
To systematically review studies of health promotion intervention in the police force. Four databases were searched for articles reporting on prepost single and multigroup studies in police officers and trainees. Data were extracted and bias assessed to evaluate study characteristics, intervention design and the impact of interventions on health. Database searching identified 25 articles reporting on 21 studies relevant to the aims of this review. Few studies (n=3) were of long duration (≥6 months). Nine of 21 studies evaluated structured physical activity and/or diet programmes only, 5 studies used education and behaviour change support-only interventions, 5 combined structured programmes with education and behaviour change support, and 2 studies used computer prompts to minimise sedentary behaviour...
October 24, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061909/dose-time-response-association-between-occupational-asbestos-exposure-and-pleural-mesothelioma-authors-response
#12
LETTER
Aude Lacourt, Emilie Leveque, Marcel Goldberg, Karen Leffondre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055889/pleural-abnormalities-in-the-framingham-heart-study-prevalence-and-ct-image-features-by-araki-et-al
#13
LETTER
Alfred Franzblau, Vinicius C Antao, Germania Pinheiro, Theodore Larson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055888/prenatal-exposure-to-glycol-ethers-and-cryptorchidism-and-hypospadias-a-nested-case-control-study
#14
Charline Warembourg, Jérémie Botton, Nathalie Lelong, Florence Rouget, Babak Khoshnood, Florent Le Gléau, Christine Monfort, Laurence Labat, Fabrice Pierre, Barbara Heude, Rémy Slama, Luc Multigner, Marie-Aline Charles, Sylvaine Cordier, Ronan Garlantézec
OBJECTIVES: Glycol ethers (GE) are oxygenated solvents frequently found in occupational and consumer products. Some of them are well-known testicular and developmental animal toxicants. This study aims to evaluate the risk of male genital anomalies in association with prenatal exposure to GE using urinary biomarkers of exposure. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study nested in two joint mother-child cohorts (5303 pregnant women). Cases of cryptorchidism and hypospadias were identified at birth and confirmed during a 2-year follow-up period (n=14 cryptorchidism and n=15 hypospadias)...
October 21, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055887/response-to-does-job-predict-exposure-to-magnetic-fields-by-sorahan-and-swanson
#15
LETTER
Roel Vermeulen, Tom Koeman, Hans Kromhout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055886/impact-of-considering-non-occupational-radiation-exposure-on-the-association-between-occupational-dose-and-solid-cancer-among-french-nuclear-workers
#16
Lucie Fournier, Enora Cléro, Eric Samson, Sylvaine Caër-Lorho, Dominique Laurier, Klervi Leuraud
OBJECTIVES: The French nuclear worker cohort allows for the assessment of cancer risk associated with occupational radiation exposure, but workers are also exposed to medical and environmental radiation which can be of the same order of magnitude. This study aims to examine the impact of non-occupational radiation exposures on the dose-risk analysis between occupational radiation exposure and cancer mortality. METHODS: The cohort included workers employed before 1995 for at least one year by CEA, AREVA NC or EDF and badge-monitored for external radiation exposure...
October 21, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055885/industrial-hog-farming-is-associated-with-altered-circulating-immunological-markers
#17
Jonathan N Hofmann, Meredith S Shiels, Melissa C Friesen, Troy J Kemp, Anil K Chaturvedi, Charles F Lynch, Christine G Parks, Ligia A Pinto, Allan Hildesheim, Michael C R Alavanja, Laura E Beane Freeman
OBJECTIVES: The previously observed inverse association between hog farming and risk of lung cancer in the Agricultural Health Study (AHS) has been attributed to endotoxin exposure, the levels of which are particularly high in industrial hog confinement facilities. We conducted an investigation to explore the potential biological mechanisms underlying this association, as well as other immunological changes associated with hog farming. METHODS: Serum immune marker levels were measured using a multiplexed bead-based assay in 61 active hog farmers and 61 controls matched on age, phlebotomy date and raising cattle...
October 21, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055884/long-term-follow-up-for-cancer-incidence-in-a-cohort-of-danish-firefighters
#18
Kajsa Kirstine Ugelvig Petersen, Julie Elbaek Pedersen, Jens Peter Bonde, Niels Erik Ebbehoej, Johnni Hansen
OBJECTIVES: To examine cancer incidence among Danish firefighters using several employment-related exposure subgroups. METHODS: A historical cohort of 9061 male Danish firefighters was established from collected personnel and membership records from employers and trade unions. Using the unique Danish personal identification number, information on additional previous employment, cancer and vital status was linked to members of the cohort from the Supplementary Pension Fund Register, the Danish Cancer Registry and the Danish Civil Registration System...
October 21, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042407/can-favourable-psychosocial-working-conditions-in-midlife-moderate-the-risk-of-work-exit-for-chronically-ill-workers-a-20-year-follow-up-of-the-whitehall-ii-study
#19
Maria Fleischmann, Ewan Carr, Stephen A Stansfeld, Baowen Xue, Jenny Head
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if favourable psychosocial working conditions can reduce the risk of work exit and specifically for workers with chronic disease. METHODS: Men and women (32%) aged 35-55, working and having no chronic disease at baseline of the Whitehall II study of London-based civil servants were selected (n=9040). We observed participants' exit from work through retirement, health-related exit and unemployment, new diagnosis of chronic disease (ie, coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke and cancer) and their psychosocial working conditions in midlife...
October 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030397/poor-health-as-a-potential-risk-factor-for-job-loss-due-to-automation-the-case-of-norway
#20
Philipp Hessel, Solveig Christiansen, Vegard Skirbekk
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to quantify the extent to which health characteristics of workers are related to the potential risk of experiencing job displacement due to automation. METHODS: Linking the 2015 Norwegian Statistics on Income and Living Conditions survey (n=6393) with predicted probabilities of automation by occupation, we used Kruskal-Wallis tests and multivariate generalised linear models to assess the association between long-standing illnesses and risk of job automation...
October 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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