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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698178/occupational-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-risk-of-disability-pension-prospective-data-from-the-hunt-study-norway
#1
Marius Steiro Fimland, Gunnhild Vie, Andreas Holtermann, Steinar Krokstad, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate the association between occupational physical activity (OPA) and disability pension due to musculoskeletal cause, mental cause or any cause. We also examined the combined association of OPA and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with disability pension. METHODS: A population-based cohort study in Norway on 32 362 persons aged 20-65 years with questionnaire data on OPA and LTPA that were followed up for incident disability pension through the National Insurance Database...
July 11, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689174/construct-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-revised-upper-extremity-work-demands-uewd-r-scale
#2
Miriam A Cavalini, Redmar J Berduszek, Corry K van der Sluis
BACKGROUND: The revised Upper Extremity Work Demand (UEWD-R) Scale is a six-item self-report questionnaire to measure the workload of the upper limbs. UEWD-R consists of a force/posture scale and a repetition scale. Psychometric properties are unknown so far. PURPOSE: Assess the construct validity and the test-retest reliability of UEWD-R. METHOD: Participants from different levels of physical work demands (based on the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) categories) were included...
July 8, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663305/application-of-linear-mixed-effects-model-with-lasso-to-identify-metal-components-associated-with-cardiac-autonomic-responses-among-welders-a-repeated-measures-study
#3
Jinming Zhang, Jennifer M Cavallari, Shona C Fang, Marc G Weisskopf, Xihong Lin, Murray A Mittleman, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Environmental and occupational exposure to metals is ubiquitous worldwide, and understanding the hazardous metal components in this complex mixture is essential for environmental and occupational regulations. OBJECTIVE: To identify hazardous components from metal mixtures that are associated with alterations in cardiac autonomic responses. METHODS: Urinary concentrations of 16 types of metals were examined and 'acceleration capacity' (AC) and 'deceleration capacity' (DC), indicators of cardiac autonomic effects, were quantified from ECG recordings among 54 welders...
June 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652381/oxidative-dna-damage-during-night-shift-work
#4
Parveen Bhatti, Dana K Mirick, Timothy W Randolph, Jicheng Gong, Diana Taibi Buchanan, Junfeng Jim Zhang, Scott Davis
OBJECTIVES: We previously reported that compared with night sleep, day sleep among shift workers was associated with reduced urinary excretion of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), potentially reflecting a reduced ability to repair 8-OH-dG lesions in DNA. We identified the absence of melatonin during day sleep as the likely causative factor. We now investigate whether night work is also associated with reduced urinary excretion of 8-OH-dG. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, 50 shift workers with the largest negative differences in night work versus night sleep circulating melatonin levels (measured as 6-sulfatoxymelatonin in urine) were selected from among the 223 shift workers included in our previous study...
June 26, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630378/randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-a-blue-enriched-light-intervention-to-improve-alertness-and-performance-in-night-shift-workers
#5
Tracey L Sletten, Suzanne Ftouni, Christian L Nicholas, Michelle Magee, Ronald R Grunstein, Sally Ferguson, David J Kennaway, Darren O'Brien, Steven W Lockley, Shantha M W Rajaratnam
OBJECTIVES: Night workers often experience high levels of sleepiness due to misalignment of the sleep-wake cycle from the circadian pacemaker, in addition to acute and chronic sleep loss. Exposure to light, in particular short wavelength light, can improve alertness and neurobehavioural performance. This randomised controlled trial examined the efficacy of blue-enriched polychromatic light to improve alertness and neurobehavioural performance in night workers. DESIGN: Participants were 71 night shift workers (42 males; 32...
June 19, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611192/does-job-predict-exposure-to-magnetic-fields
#6
LETTER
Tom Sorahan, John Swanson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611191/is-aircraft-noise-exposure-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-hypertension-results-from-a-cohort-study-in-athens-greece
#7
Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Konstantinos Koutentakis, Ifigeneia Papageorgiou, Maria-Iosifina Kasdagli, Alexandros S Haralabidis, Panayota Sourtzi, Evangelia Samoli, Danny Houthuijs, Wim Swart, Anna L Hansell, Klea Katsouyanni
BACKGROUND: We followed up, in 2013, the subjects who lived near the Athens International Airport and had participated in the cross-sectional multicountry HYENA study in 2004-2006. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of exposure to aircraft and road traffic noise with the incidence of hypertension and other cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: From the 780 individuals who participated in the cross-sectional study, 537 were still living in the same area and 420 accepted to participate in the follow-up...
June 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601814/hearing-loss-associated-with-repeated-mri-acquisition-procedure-related-acoustic-noise-exposure-an-occupational-cohort-study
#8
Suzan Bongers, Pauline Slottje, Hans Kromhout
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of repeated exposure to MRI-related acoustic noise during image acquisition procedures (scans) on hearing. METHODS: A retrospective occupational cohort study was performed among workers of an MRI manufacturing facility (n=474). Longitudinal audiometry data from the facility's medical surveillance scheme collected from 1973 to 2010 were analysed by studying the association of cumulative exposure to MRI-related acoustic noise from voluntary (multiple) MRI scans and the hearing threshold of the volunteer...
June 10, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600451/interactions-between-occupational-exposure-to-extremely-low-frequency-magnetic-fields-and-chemicals-for-brain-tumour-risk-in-the-interocc-study
#9
Michelle C Turner, Geza Benke, Joseph D Bowman, Jordi Figuerola, Sarah Fleming, Martine Hours, Laurel Kincl, Daniel Krewski, Dave McLean, Marie-Elise Parent, Lesley Richardson, Siegal Sadetzki, Klaus Schlaefer, Brigitte Schlehofer, Joachim Schüz, Jack Siemiatycki, Martie van Tongeren, Elisabeth Cardis
OBJECTIVES: In absence of clear evidence regarding possible effects of occupational chemical exposures on brain tumour aetiology, it is worthwhile to explore the hypothesis that such exposures might act on brain tumour risk in interaction with occupational exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF). METHODS: INTEROCC is a seven-country (Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Israel, New Zealand and UK), population-based, case-control study, based on the larger INTERPHONE study...
June 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546321/inguinal-hernia-repair-among-men-in-relation-to-occupational-mechanical-exposures-and-lifestyle-factors-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Marie Vestergaard Vad, Poul Frost, Jacob Rosenberg, Johan Hviid Andersen, Susanne Wulff Svendsen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate exposure-response relationships between occupational mechanical exposures and first-time lateral and medial inguinal hernia repair and effects of lifestyle factors. To estimate if occupational mechanical exposures advance the repairs. METHODS: This longitudinal study was based on a cohort of men aged 18-65 years with questionnaire data from the Musculoskeletal Research Database at the Danish Ramazzini Centre. We estimated occupational mechanical exposures using a job exposure matrix...
May 25, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546320/a-cohort-mortality-study-of-lead-exposed-workers-in-the-usa-finland-and-the-uk
#11
Kyle Steenland, Vaughn Barry, Ahti Anttila, Markku Sallmén, Damien McElvenny, A C Todd, Kurt Straif
OBJECTIVES: To investigate further whether inorganic lead is a carcinogen among adults, or associated with increased blood pressure and kidney damage, via a large mortality study. METHODS: We conducted internal analyses via Cox regression of mortality in three cohorts of lead-exposed workers with blood lead (BL) data (USA, Finland, UK), including over 88 000 workers and over 14 000 deaths. Our exposure metric was maximum BL. We also conducted external analyses using country-specific background rates...
May 25, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546319/effect-on-return-to-work-or-education-of-individual-placement-and-support-modified-for-people-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-results-of-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#12
Lone Hellström, Per Bech, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft, Jane Lindschou, Lene Falgaard Eplov
OBJECTIVES: The effect of Individual Placement and Support (IPS) on return to work or education among people with mood or anxiety disorders is unclear, while IPS increases return to work for people with severe mental illness. We examined the effect of IPS modified for people with mood and anxiety disorders (IPS-MA) on return to work and education compared with services as usual (SAU). METHODS: In a randomised clinical superiority trial, 326 participants with mood and anxiety disorders were centrally randomised to IPS-MA, consisting of individual mentor support and career counselling (n=162) or SAU (n=164)...
May 25, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526715/cancer-incidence-in-female-laboratory-employees-extended-follow-up-of-a-swedish-cohort-study
#13
Per Gustavsson, Tomas Andersson, Annika Gustavsson, Christina Reuterwall
OBJECTIVES: Work in chemical laboratories is associated with exposure to chemicals, of which some are known or suspected carcinogens. A cohort study of laboratory workers in Stockholm followed until 1992 showed an excess of hematolymphatic malignancies in chemical laboratories and an excess of breast cancer among women working for more than 10 years in such laboratories. The follow-up of this cohort has now been extended by 20 years. METHODS: The cohort comprised 2245 female laboratory workers who are employed for >1 year from 1950 to 1989...
May 19, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515054/longitudinal-decline-in-lung-function-among-older-construction-workers
#14
John M Dement, Laura S Welch, Knut Ringen, Kim Cranford, Patricia Quinn
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposures to vapours, gasses, dusts and fumes (VGDF) and chest X-ray abnormalities by the International Labour Office (ILO) classification system are associated with reduced lung function, with the majority of published studies being cross-sectional. We examined the effects of VGDF exposures, as well as ILO parenchymal changes, pleural plaque and diffuse pleural thickening (DPT) on reduction in lung function in a longitudinal study. METHODS: Chest radiographs and spirometry for 3150 ageing construction workers enrolled in a medical screening programme with a baseline and at least one follow-up examination were studied...
May 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501798/dose-time-response-association-between-occupational-asbestos-exposure-and-pleural-mesothelioma
#15
Aude Lacourt, Emilie Lévêque, Elie Guichard, Anabelle Gilg Soit Ilg, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre, Karen Leffondré
OBJECTIVES: Early occupational exposure to asbestos has been shown to be associated with an increased risk of pleural mesothelioma (PM), which suggests that the timing of exposure might play a role in the dose-response relationship. However, none studies has evaluated the relative impact of increasing the annual intensity of occupational exposure to asbestos at each time of the whole exposure history. Yet such evaluation would allow the comparison of the risks of PM associated with different longitudinal profiles of occupational exposure to asbestos...
May 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490663/quantitative-estimated-exposure-to-vinyl-chloride-and-risk-of-angiosarcoma-of-the-liver-and-hepatocellular-cancer-in-the-us-industry-wide-vinyl-chloride-cohort-mortality-update-through-2013
#16
Kenneth A Mundt, Linda D Dell, Lori Crawford, Alexa E Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate mortality risks of angiosarcoma of the liver (ASL), primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and other cancers among 9951 men employed between 1942 and 1972 at 35 US vinyl chloride (VC) or polyvinyl chloride plants followed for mortality through 31 December 2013. METHODS: SMR and time-dependent Cox proportional hazards analyses were used to evaluate mortality risks by cumulative VC exposure. RESULTS: Liver cancer mortality was elevated (SMR=2...
May 10, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490662/occupational-exposure-to-endotoxins-and-lung-cancer-risk-results-of-the-icare-study
#17
Soumaya Ben Khedher, Monica Neri, Florence Guida, Mireille Matrat, Sylvie Cenée, Marie Sanchez, Gwenn Menvielle, Florence Molinié, Danièle Luce, Isabelle Stücker
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of occupational exposure to endotoxins in lung cancer in a French population-based case-control study (ICARE (Investigation of occupational and environmental causes of respiratory cancers)). METHODS: Detailed information was collected on the occupational history and smoking habits from 2926 patients with histologically confirmed lung cancer and 3555 matched controls. We evaluated each subject's endotoxin exposure after cross referencing International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) codes (for job tasks) and Nomenclature d'Activités Françaises (NAF) codes (for activity sectors)...
May 10, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490661/surgery-for-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-in-relation-to-occupational-exposures-lifestyle-factors-and-diabetes-mellitus-a-nationwide-nested-case-control-study
#18
Annett Dalbøge, Poul Frost, Johan Hviid Andersen, Susanne Wulff Svendsen
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the risk of surgery for subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) in relation to occupational exposures, lifestyle factors and diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study nested in a register-based cohort study of the Danish working population. For each of 3000 first-time cases of surgery for SIS, two age-matched and sex-matched controls were drawn. Cases and controls received a questionnaire on job history and other factors...
May 10, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483972/work-disability-prevention-should-we-focus-on-high-body-weights-or-heavy-physical-workload
#19
EDITORIAL
Cameron A Mustard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483971/association-of-household-cleaning-agents-and-disinfectants-with-asthma-in-young-german-adults
#20
Tobias Weinmann, Jessica Gerlich, Sabine Heinrich, Dennis Nowak, Erika von Mutius, Christian Vogelberg, Jon Genuneit, Stefanie Lanzinger, Saba Al-Khadra, Tina Lohse, Irina Motoc, Viola Walter, Katja Radon
OBJECTIVES: We scrutinised the association of private use of household sprays and disinfectants with asthma incidence in young adults in the transition from school to working life. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2009,2051 young adults aged 19-24 years living in two major German cities took part in the Study on Occupational Allergy Risks II. Self-reported exposure to household sprays and disinfectants was characterised according to a composite score for frequency of use as no use (score=0), low use (score between 1 and the median), medium use (score between the median and the 90th percentile) and high use (score above the 90th percentile)...
May 8, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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