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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Iselin Rynning, Volker M Arlt, Kristyna Vrbova, Jiří Neča, Pavel Rossner, Jiri Klema, Bente Ulvestad, Elisabeth Petersen, Øivind Skare, Aage Haugen, David H Phillips, Miroslav Machala, Jan Topinka, Steen Mollerup
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the biological impact of occupational exposure to diesel exhaust (DE) including DE particles (DEP) from heavy-duty diesel-powered equipment in Norwegian tunnel finishing workers (TFW). METHODS: TFW (n=69) and referents (n=69) were investigated for bulky DNA adducts (by 32 P-postlabelling) and expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) (by small RNA sequencing) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), as well as circulating free arachidonic acid (AA) and eicosanoid profiles in plasma (by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry)...
November 13, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Christopher Michael Barber, David Fishwick, Melanie Carder, Martie van Tongeren
OBJECTIVE: To document the demographic risk factors of workers reported to have silicosis in the UK. METHODS: All cases of silicosis reported to the Surveillance of Work-related and Occupational Respiratory Disease (SWORD) scheme between January 1996 and December 2017 were classified into one of eight industry categories, and one of five age groups. In addition, to investigate whether there had been any temporal change, mean age and range at diagnosis was plotted for each year...
November 10, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Laura S Welch, John M Dement, Kim Cranford, Janet Shorter, Patricia S Quinn, David K Madtes, Knut Ringen
OBJECTIVE: The US National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) recommends two pathways for eligibility for Early Lung Cancer Detection (ELCD) programmes. Option 2 includes individuals with occupational exposures to lung carcinogens, in combination with a lesser requirement on smoking. Our objective was to determine if this algorithm resulted in a similar prevalence of lung cancer as has been found using smoking risk alone, and if so to present an approach for lung cancer screening in high-risk worker populations...
November 10, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Steven Ronsmans, Lynn Decoster, Stephan Keirsbilck, Eric K Verbeken, Benoit Nemery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Mary R Rooney, Pamela L Lutsey, Parveen Bhatti, Anna Prizment
OBJECTIVE: To test cross-sectional associations between urinary concentrations of 2,5-dichlorophenol (2,5-DCP) and 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, lung disease, thyroid problems and liver conditions. METHODS: Logistic regression was used to evaluate associations of urinary concentrations of 2,5-DCP and 2,4-DCP with prevalence of various medical conditions among 3617 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants from 2007-2008 and 2009-2010...
October 30, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Lijun Bai, Xulai Zhang, Yanwu Zhang, Qiang Cheng, Jun Duan, Jiaojiao Gao, Zihan Xu, Heng Zhang, Shusi Wang, Hong Su
OBJECTIVES: Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder affecting more than 21 million people worldwide. Short-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ) has been associated with hospital admissions (HAs) for mental disorders, but no study has evaluated the specific association of NO2 and schizophrenia. Additionally, the shape of the concentration-response (C-R) curve has not yet been assessed at present. This study aims to investigate the relationship between short-term exposure to NO2 and HAs for schizophrenia in Hefei, from 2014 to 2016...
October 26, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Anna Pulakka, Tuija Leskinen, Annemarie Koster, Jaana Pentti, Jussi Vahtera, Sari Stenholm
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity is associated with the ageing workers' ability to work and predicts working beyond retirement age. To better understand physical activity behaviour in this growing population group, we aimed at characterising 24-hour physical activity patterns among ageing workers, and to describe the association between occupational category and total, occupational and leisure-time physical activities. METHODS: We included 878 workers (mean age 62...
October 23, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Barbara Putman, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Ankura Singh, Charles B Hall, Theresa Schwartz, Mayris P Webber, Hillel W Cohen, David J Prezant, Claus Bachert, Michael D Weiden
OBJECTIVES: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has high socioeconomic burden but underexplored risk factors. The collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC) towers on 11 September 2001 (9/11) caused dust and smoke exposure, leading to paranasal sinus inflammation and CRS. We aim to determine which job tasks are risk factors for CRS in WTC-exposed Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY) firefighters and emergency medical services (EMS) workers. METHODS: This cohort study included a 16-year follow-up of 11 926 WTC-exposed FDNY rescue/recovery workers with data on demographics, WTC exposure, job tasks and first post-9/11 complete blood counts...
October 18, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Subas Neupane, Clas-Håkan Nygård, K C Prakash, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Monika E von Bonsdorff, Jorma Seitsamo, Taina Rantanen, Juhani Ilmarinen, Päivi Leino-Arjas
OBJECTIVES: We studied the developmental trajectories of multisite musculoskeletal pain (MSP) to learn whether pain in midlife persists to old age, and whether pain trajectories associate with midlife work or lifestyle exposures or retirement from work. METHODS: Municipal employees aged 44-58 years were studied in 1981 (n=6257) with follow-ups in 1985, 1992, 1997 and 2009. Pain in the neck, low back, and upper and lower limbs was assessed in each survey. Trajectories of the number (0-4) of pain sites were defined using growth mixture modelling (n=3093)...
October 15, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Julie Elbæk Pedersen, Kajsa Ugelvig Petersen, Niels Erik Ebbehøj, Jens Peter Bonde, Johnni Hansen
OBJECTIVE: Firefighters are exposed to numerous respiratory hazards, but large studies on the risk of pulmonary disease are scarce. The objective of this study was to examine incidence of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a nationwide cohort of Danish firefighters. METHODS: We used individual historical employment records on 11 968 Danish male firefighters primarily supplied by trade unions and fire agencies. Furthermore, we used the Supplementary Pension Fund Register to form an occupational reference group consisting of military employees...
October 15, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Liming Dong, William W Eaton, Adam P Spira, Jacqueline Agnew, Pamela J Surkan, Ramin Mojtabai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between job strain and subsequent cognitive change over approximately 11 years, using data from the population-based Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area follow-up study. METHODS: The sample ranged from 555 to 563 participants, depending on the outcome, who reported psychosocial characteristics corresponding to the full-time job they held at baseline (1993-1996). Overall cognitive performance was measured by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and verbal memory was measured by the ImmediateWord Recall Task and Delayed Word Recall Task at baseline and follow-up (2004-2005)...
October 15, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Henk F van der Molen, Carel Tj Hulshof, P Paul Fm Kuijer
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of occupational diseases (ODs) through estimations of population attributable fractions (PAFs) in a national context. METHODS: PAFs were calculated for eight prevalent ODs using existing data on the prevalence of exposure to risk factors at work and the strength of their association with diseases based on systematic reviews. Six systematic reviews with meta-analyses and two overview papers were selected. All addressed the relationship between occupational exposure to work-related risk factors for these eight prevalent ODs...
October 8, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Damien Martin McElvenny, William Mueller, Peter Ritchie, John W Cherrie, Mira Hidajat, Andrew J Darnton, Raymond M Agius, Frank de Vocht
BACKGROUND: The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined there is sufficient evidence that working in the rubber manufacturing industry increases the risk of cancers of the stomach, lung, bladder and leukaemia and lymphoma. OBJECTIVES: To examine mortality patterns of a prospective cohort of men from the rubber and cable manufacturing industries in Great Britain. METHODS: SMRs were calculated for males aged 35+ years at start of follow-up in 1967-2015 using the population of England and Wales as the external comparator...
September 29, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kathleen G Dobson, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Cameron A Mustard, Peter M Smith
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the number of latent smoking trajectories among Canadians employed in the workforce over a 16-year period, and if latent trajectories in dimensions of the physical and psychosocial work environment were associated with specific smoking trajectories. METHODS: We studied 5461 employed adults from the longitudinal Canadian National Population Health Survey. Daily cigarette consumption was measured biannually from 1994 to 2010...
September 29, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
J Valérie Groß, Lin Fritschi, Thomas C Erren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Lisa Bauleo, Simone Bucci, Chiara Antonucci, Roberto Sozzi, Marina Davoli, Francesco Forastiere, Carla Ancona
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Residents near industrial areas are exposed to several toxins from various sources and the assessment of the health effects is difficult. The area of Civitavecchia (Italy) has several sources of environmental contamination with potential health effects. We evaluated the association between exposure to pollutants from multiple sources and mortality in a cohort of people living in the area. METHODS: All residents of the area in 1996 were enrolled (from municipal registers) and followed until 2013...
September 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Charline Warembourg, Luc Multigner, Ronan Garlantézec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Karen Smet, Jeffrey Kelsey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jessica L Elf, Aarti Kinikar, Sandhya Khadse, Vidya Mave, Nishi Suryavanshi, Nikhil Gupte, Vaishali Kulkarni, Sunita Patekar, Priyanka Raichur, Mandar Paradkar, Vandana Kulkarni, Neeta Pradhan, Patrick N Breysse, Amita Gupta, Jonathan E Golub
OBJECTIVES: Household air pollution (HAP) is a risk factor for respiratory disease, however has yet to be definitively associated with tuberculosis (TB). We aimed to assess the association between HAP and TB. METHODS: A matched case-control study was conducted among adult women and children patients with TB and healthy controls matched on geography, age and sex. HAP was assessed using questionnaires for pollution sources and 24-hour household concentrations of particulate matter <2...
September 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Mathilde Boulanger, Séverine Tual, Clémentine Lemarchand, Anne-Valérie Guizard, Patricia Delafosse, Elisabeth Marcotullio, Romain Pons, Clément Piel, Camille Pouchieu, Isabelle Baldi, Bénédicte Clin, Pierre Lebailly
OBJECTIVES: Farmers are considered at lower risk of lung cancer. However, specific tasks can expose them to hazardous air contaminants such as pesticides, diesel exhaust and mineral dust. This study aimed to assess the associations between various crops and related tasks and the risk of lung cancer, overall and by histological subtypes. METHODS: AGRIculture and CANcer is a prospective French cohort of individuals affiliated to the agricultural health insurance scheme...
September 5, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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