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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28784838/childhood-adversity-adult-socioeconomic-status-and-risk-of-work-disability-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Jaana I Halonen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Jaana Pentti, Marianna Virtanen, Jenni Ervasti, Tuula Oksanen, Tea Lallukka
OBJECTIVES: To examine the combined effects of childhood adversities and low adult socioeconomic status (SES) on the risk of future work disability. METHODS: Included were 34 384 employed Finnish Public Sector study participants who responded to questions about childhood adversities (none vs any adversity, eg, parental divorce or financial difficulties) in 2008, and whose adult SES in 2008 was available. We categorised exposure into four groups: neither (reference), childhood adversity only, low SES only or both...
August 7, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780568/biomass-smoke-exposure-as-an-occupational-risk-cross-sectional-study-of-respiratory-health-of-women-working-as-street-cooks-in-nigeria
#2
Olayemi Fehintola Awopeju, Benoit Nemery, Olusegun Tope Afolabi, Katrien Poels, Jeroen Vanoirbeek, Daniel Osagbemworhue Obaseki, Olufemi Olanisun Adewole, Hervé Anicet Lawin, William Vollmer, Gregory Efosa Erhabor
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about respiratory health of women who are occupationally exposed to biomass smoke outside their homes. This study reports the exposure and respiratory health of street cooks in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. METHODS: We assessed exposure to biomass smoke by questionnaire in 188 street cooks and 197 control women and by personal diffusive samplers to quantify volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in a subsample of the women. Respiratory symptoms were assessed by a standardised questionnaire, and pulmonary function was assessed by spirometry before and after bronchodilation...
August 5, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780567/association-between-childhood-health-socioeconomic-and-school-related-factors-and-effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-a-25-year-follow-up-study
#3
Shuo Wang, Kristy Sanderson, Alison Venn, Terence Dwyer, Seana Gall
OBJECTIVES: Stress pathways can have origins in childhood, but few early predictors have been explored in relation to adult job stress. This study examined whether childhood school, health or socioeconomic factors were associated with adult job stress. METHODS: Data came from the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health study that began in 1985 with children aged 7-15 years who reported effortreward imbalance (ERI) scales at ages 31-41 years. Linear regression assessed the association between childhood factors and adult ERI adjusted for age and socioeconomic position (SEP) in childhood and adulthood...
August 5, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780566/effect-of-reduced-use-of-organic-solvents-on-disability-pension-in-painters
#4
Bengt Järvholm, Alex Burdorf
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the decreased use of paints based on organic solvents has caused a decreased risk for neuropsychiatric disorders in painters by studying their incidence in disability pensions. METHODS: The incidence of disability pension in Swedish painters who had participated in health examinations between 1971 and 1993 was studied through linkage with Swedish registers of disability pension over 1971-2010 and compared with the incidence in other construction workers as woodworkers, concrete workers and platers...
August 5, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775133/italian-pool-of-asbestos-workers-cohorts-mortality-trends-of-asbestos-related-neoplasms-after-long-time-since-first-exposure
#5
Daniela Ferrante, Elisabetta Chellini, Enzo Merler, Venere Pavone, Stefano Silvestri, Lucia Miligi, Giuseppe Gorini, Vittoria Bressan, Paolo Girardi, Laura Ancona, Elisa Romeo, Ferdinando Luberto, Orietta Sala, Corrado Scarnato, Simona Menegozzo, Enrico Oddone, Sara Tunesi, Patrizia Perticaroli, Aldo Pettinari, Francesco Cuccaro, Stefano Mattioli, Antonio Baldassarre, Francesco Barone-Adesi, Tiziana Cena, Patrizia Legittimo, Alessandro Marinaccio, Dario Mirabelli, Marina Musti, Roberta Pirastu, Alessandra Ranucci, Corrado Magnani
OBJECTIVE: Asbestos is a known human carcinogen, with evidence for malignant mesothelioma (MM), cancers of lung, ovary, larynx and possibly other organs. MM rates are predicted to increase with a power of time since first exposure (TSFE), but the possible long-term attenuation of the trend is debated. The asbestos ban enforced in Italy in 1992 gives an opportunity to measure long-term cancer risk in formerly exposed workers. METHODS: Pool of 43 previously studied Italian asbestos cohorts (asbestos cement, rolling stock, shipbuilding), with mortality follow-up updated to 2010...
August 3, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775132/shift-work-that-involves-circadian-disruption-and-breast-cancer-a-first-application-of-chronobiological-theory-and-the-consequent-challenges
#6
Lin Fritschi, J Valérie Groß, Ursula Wild, Jane S Heyworth, Deborah C Glass, Thomas C Erren
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified shift work involving circadian disruption (CD) as probably carcinogenic to humans. Circadian disruption could be conceptualised as the overlap of activity, such as work, with an individual's biological night. The latter can be approximated from a worker's chronotype (or morning/evening preference). Few previous studies have taken chronotype into account when assessing CD caused by shift work. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that women working during their biological night would be at increased risk of breast cancer...
August 3, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775131/blood-lead-levels-iron-metabolism-gene-polymorphisms-and-homocysteine-a-gene-environment-interaction-study
#7
Kyoung-Nam Kim, Mee-Ri Lee, Youn-Hee Lim, Yun-Chul Hong
OBJECTIVES: Homocysteine has been causally associated with various adverse health outcomes. Evidence supporting the relationship between lead and homocysteine levels has been accumulating, but most prior studies have not focused on the interaction with genetic polymorphisms. METHODS: From a community-based prospective cohort, we analysed 386 participants (aged 41-71 years) with information regarding blood lead and plasma homocysteine levels. Blood lead levels were measured between 2001 and 2003, and plasma homocysteine levels were measured in 2007...
August 3, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775130/occupational-pesticide-exposure-and-subclinical-hypothyroidism-among-male-pesticide-applicators
#8
Catherine C Lerro, Laura E Beane Freeman, Curt T DellaValle, Muhammad G Kibriya, Briseis Aschebrook-Kilfoy, Farzana Jasmine, Stella Koutros, Christine G Parks, Dale P Sandler, Michael C R Alavanja, Jonathan N Hofmann, Mary H Ward
OBJECTIVES: Animal studies suggest that exposure to pesticides may alter thyroid function; however, few epidemiologic studies have examined this association. We evaluated the relationship between individual pesticides and thyroid function in 679 men enrolled in a substudy of the Agricultural Health Study, a cohort of licensed pesticide applicators. METHODS: Self-reported lifetime pesticide use was obtained at cohort enrolment (1993-1997). Intensity-weighted lifetime days were computed for 33 pesticides, which adjusts cumulative days of pesticide use for factors that modify exposure (eg, use of personal protective equipment)...
August 3, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756417/the-combined-effects-of-job-demand-and-control-effort-reward-imbalance-and-work-family-conflicts-on-the-risk-of-major-depressive-episode-a-4-year-longitudinal-study
#9
Yeshambel T Nigatu, JianLi Wang
PURPOSE: Work-related psychosocial factors may precipitate the onset of depression. In occupational mental health research, there are three widely used theoretical models, namely, job demand and control (JD-C), effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and work-family conflicts (WFC). However, the interaction between these models and their combined effect on the risk of major depression in the workplace is largely unknown. The aim of this study is to examine the longitudinal combined effects of JD-C, ERI and WFC on the risk of major depression in the working population...
July 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756416/the-economic-burden-of-lung-cancer-and-mesothelioma-due-to-occupational-and-para-occupational-asbestos-exposure
#10
Emile Tompa, Christina Kalcevich, Chris McLeod, Martin Lebeau, Chaojie Song, Kim McLeod, Joanne Kim, Paul A Demers
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the economic burden of lung cancer and mesothelioma due to occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure in Canada. METHODS: We estimate the lifetime cost of newly diagnosed lung cancer and mesothelioma cases associated with occupational and para-occupational asbestos exposure for calendar year 2011 based on the societal perspective. The key cost components considered are healthcare costs, productivity and output costs, and quality of life costs...
July 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756415/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-return-to-work-intervention-for-patients-on-sick-leave-due-to-common-mental-disorders-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Sigrid Salomonsson, Fredrik Santoft, Elin Lindsäter, Kersti Ejeby, Brjánn Ljótsson, Lars-Göran Öst, Martin Ingvar, Mats Lekander, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
OBJECTIVES: Common mental disorders (CMDs) cause great individual suffering and long-term sick leave. Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) effectively treats CMDs, but sick leave is not reduced to the same extent as psychiatric symptoms. Research results regarding return-to-work interventions (RTW-Is) and their effect on sick leave are inconclusive. The aim of this study was to evaluate CBT, a RTW-I and combined CBT and RTW-I (COMBO) for primary care patients on sick leave due to CMDs...
July 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756414/work-related-risk-factors-for-specific-shoulder-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Henk F van der Molen, Chiara Foresti, Joost G Daams, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, P Paul F M Kuijer
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to examine which work-related risk factors are associated with specific soft tissue shoulder disorders. We searched the electronic databases of Medline and Embase for articles published between 2009 and 24 March 2016 and included the references of a systematic review performed for the period before 2009. Primary cross-sectional and longitudinal studies were included when outcome data were described in terms of clinically assessed soft tissue shoulder disorders and at least two levels of work-related exposure were mentioned (exposed vs less or non-exposed)...
July 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756413/migration-and-work-in-postwar-australia-mortality-profile-comparisons-between-australian-and-italian-workers-exposed-to-blue-asbestos-at-wittenoom
#13
Alison Reid, Enzo Merler, Susan Peters, Nimashi Jayasinghe, Vittoria Bressan, Peter Franklin, Fraser Brims, Nicholas H de Klerk, Arthur W Musk
OBJECTIVES: Three hundred and thirty thousand Italians arrived in Australia between 1945 and 1966, many on assisted passage schemes where the worker agreed to a 2-year unskilled employment contract. Italians were the largest of 52 migrant groups employed at the Wittenoom blue asbestos mining and milling operation. We compare mortality from asbestos-related diseases among Italian and Australian workers employed at Wittenoom. METHODS: A cohort of 6500 male workers was established from employment records and followed up at state and national mortality and cancer registries...
July 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698178/occupational-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-risk-of-disability-pension-prospective-data-from-the-hunt-study-norway
#14
Marius Steiro Fimland, Gunnhild Vie, Andreas Holtermann, Steinar Krokstad, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively investigate the association between occupational physical activity (OPA) and disability pension due to musculoskeletal cause, mental cause or any cause. We also examined the combined association of OPA and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with disability pension. METHODS: A population-based cohort study in Norway on 32 362 persons aged 20-65 years with questionnaire data on OPA and LTPA that were followed up for incident disability pension through the National Insurance Database...
July 11, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689174/construct-validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-revised-upper-extremity-work-demands-uewd-r-scale
#15
Miriam A Cavalini, Redmar J Berduszek, Corry K van der Sluis
BACKGROUND: The revised Upper Extremity Work Demand (UEWD-R) Scale is a six-item self-report questionnaire to measure the workload of the upper limbs. UEWD-R consists of a force/posture scale and a repetition scale. Psychometric properties are unknown so far. PURPOSE: Assess the construct validity and the test-retest reliability of UEWD-R. METHOD: Participants from different levels of physical work demands (based on the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) categories) were included...
July 8, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663305/application-of-linear-mixed-effects-model-with-lasso-to-identify-metal-components-associated-with-cardiac-autonomic-responses-among-welders-a-repeated-measures-study
#16
Jinming Zhang, Jennifer M Cavallari, Shona C Fang, Marc G Weisskopf, Xihong Lin, Murray A Mittleman, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Environmental and occupational exposure to metals is ubiquitous worldwide, and understanding the hazardous metal components in this complex mixture is essential for environmental and occupational regulations. OBJECTIVE: To identify hazardous components from metal mixtures that are associated with alterations in cardiac autonomic responses. METHODS: Urinary concentrations of 16 types of metals were examined and 'acceleration capacity' (AC) and 'deceleration capacity' (DC), indicators of cardiac autonomic effects, were quantified from ECG recordings among 54 welders...
June 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652381/oxidative-dna-damage-during-night-shift-work
#17
Parveen Bhatti, Dana K Mirick, Timothy W Randolph, Jicheng Gong, Diana Taibi Buchanan, Junfeng Jim Zhang, Scott Davis
OBJECTIVES: We previously reported that compared with night sleep, day sleep among shift workers was associated with reduced urinary excretion of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), potentially reflecting a reduced ability to repair 8-OH-dG lesions in DNA. We identified the absence of melatonin during day sleep as the likely causative factor. We now investigate whether night work is also associated with reduced urinary excretion of 8-OH-dG. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, 50 shift workers with the largest negative differences in night work versus night sleep circulating melatonin levels (measured as 6-sulfatoxymelatonin in urine) were selected from among the 223 shift workers included in our previous study...
June 26, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630378/randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-a-blue-enriched-light-intervention-to-improve-alertness-and-performance-in-night-shift-workers
#18
Tracey L Sletten, Suzanne Ftouni, Christian L Nicholas, Michelle Magee, Ronald R Grunstein, Sally Ferguson, David J Kennaway, Darren O'Brien, Steven W Lockley, Shantha M W Rajaratnam
OBJECTIVES: Night workers often experience high levels of sleepiness due to misalignment of the sleep-wake cycle from the circadian pacemaker, in addition to acute and chronic sleep loss. Exposure to light, in particular short wavelength light, can improve alertness and neurobehavioural performance. This randomised controlled trial examined the efficacy of blue-enriched polychromatic light to improve alertness and neurobehavioural performance in night workers. DESIGN: Participants were 71 night shift workers (42 males; 32...
June 19, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611192/does-job-predict-exposure-to-magnetic-fields
#19
LETTER
Tom Sorahan, John Swanson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611191/is-aircraft-noise-exposure-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-hypertension-results-from-a-cohort-study-in-athens-greece
#20
Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Konstantinos Koutentakis, Ifigeneia Papageorgiou, Maria-Iosifina Kasdagli, Alexandros S Haralabidis, Panayota Sourtzi, Evangelia Samoli, Danny Houthuijs, Wim Swart, Anna L Hansell, Klea Katsouyanni
BACKGROUND: We followed up, in 2013, the subjects who lived near the Athens International Airport and had participated in the cross-sectional multicountry HYENA study in 2004-2006. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of exposure to aircraft and road traffic noise with the incidence of hypertension and other cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: From the 780 individuals who participated in the cross-sectional study, 537 were still living in the same area and 420 accepted to participate in the follow-up...
June 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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