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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Mette Schou Nissen, Zara Ann Stokholm, Mette Skovgaard Christensen, Vivi Schlünssen, Jesper Medom Vestergaard, Inge Brosbøl Iversen, Henrik Albert Kolstad
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal adenocarcinoma is a rare disease expected to have rare causes and potential for strong risk factors as reflected by the strong association with occupational wood dust exposure. High level styrene exposure is a rare and suspected carcinogen, and this study examines the exposure-response relation between occupational styrene exposure, sinonasal adenocarcinoma and other subtypes. METHODS: We followed 73 092 styrene-exposed workers from 1968 to 2011 and identified sinonasal cancers in the Danish Cancer Registry...
March 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Sheryl Magzamen, Assaf P Oron, Emily R Locke, Vincent S Fan
BACKGROUND: Studies have linked ambient air pollution to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) healthcare encounters. However, the association between air quality and rescue medication use is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the role of air pollution exposure for increased short-acting beta-2-agonist (SABA) use in patients with COPD through use of remote monitoring technology. METHODS: Participants received a portable electronic inhaler sensor to record the date, time and location for SABA use over a 3-month period...
March 13, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Ewan Carr, Maria Fleischmann, Marcel Goldberg, Diana Kuh, Emily T Murray, Mai Stafford, Stephen Stansfeld, Jussi Vahtera, Baowen Xue, Paola Zaninotto, Marie Zins, Jenny Head
OBJECTIVES: Past studies have identified socioeconomic inequalities in the timing and route of labour market exit at older ages. However, few studies have compared these trends cross-nationally and existing evidence focuses on specific institutional outcomes (such as disability pension and sickness absence) in Nordic countries. We examined differences by education level and occupational grade in the risks of work exit and health-related work exit. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal data were drawn from seven studies (n=99 164)...
March 12, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Cathryn Tonne, Otavio T Ranzani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Graham Byrnes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jack T Dennerlein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Julianne Meisner, Manali V Vora, Mackenzie S Fuller, Amanda I Phipps, Peter M Rabinowitz
OBJECTIVE: Women in veterinary occupations are routinely exposed to potential reproductive hazards, yet research into their birth outcomes is limited. We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of the association between maternal veterinary occupation and adverse birth outcomes. METHODS: Using Washington State birth certificate, fetal death certificate and hospital discharge data from 1992 to 2014, we compared birth outcomes of mothers in veterinary professions (n=2662) with those in mothers in dental professions (n=10 653) and other employed mothers (n=8082)...
February 24, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Orianne Dumas, Raphäelle Varraso, Krislyn M Boggs, Alexis Descatha, Paul K Henneberger, Catherine Quinot, Frank E Speizer, Jan-Paul Zock, Nicole Le Moual, Carlos A Camargo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between occupational exposure to disinfectants/antiseptics used for hand hygiene and asthma control in nurses. METHODS: In 2014, we invited female nurses with asthma drawn from the Nurses' Health Study II to complete two supplemental questionnaires on their occupation and asthma (cross-sectional study, response rate: 80%). Among 4055 nurses (mean age: 59 years) with physician-diagnosed asthma and asthma medication use in the past year, we examined asthma control, as defined by the Asthma Control Test (ACT)...
February 23, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Diana A van der Plaat, Kim de Jong, Maaike de Vries, Cleo C van Diemen, Ivana Nedeljković, Najaf Amin, Hans Kromhout, Roel Vermeulen, Dirkje S Postma, Cornelia M van Duijn, H Marike Boezen, Judith M Vonk
OBJECTIVES: Occupational pesticide exposure is associated with a wide range of diseases, including lung diseases, but it is largely unknown how pesticides influence airway disease pathogenesis. A potential mechanism might be through epigenetic mechanisms, like DNA methylation. Therefore, we assessed associations between occupational exposure to pesticides and genome-wide DNA methylation sites. METHODS: 1561 subjects of LifeLines were included with either no (n=1392), low (n=108) or high (n=61) exposure to any type of pesticides (estimated based on current or last held job)...
February 19, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Chris M Barber, David Fishwick, Martin J Seed, Melanie Carder, Martie van Tongeren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Eelco Kuijpers, Anjoeka Pronk, Robert Kleemann, Jelle Vlaanderen, Qing Lan, Nathaniel Rothman, Debra Silverman, Peter Hoet, Lode Godderis, Roel Vermeulen
OBJECTIVES: The increase in production of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) has led to growing concerns about health risks. In this study, we assessed the association between occupational exposure to MWCNTs and cardiovascular biomarkers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 22 workers of a company commercially producing MWCNTs (subdivided into lab personnel with low or high exposure and operators), and a gender and age-matched unexposed population (n=42)...
February 10, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Wa Mwenga Walasa, Renee N Carey, Si Si, Lin Fritschi, Jane S Heyworth, Renae C Fernandez, Terry Boyle
OBJECTIVE: Research indicates that shiftwork may be associated with increased risks of adverse health outcomes, including some cancers. However, the evidence of an association between shiftwork and colorectal cancer risk is limited and inconclusive. Further, while several possible pathways through which shiftwork might result in cancer have been proposed, few studies have taken these factors into account. We investigated the association between two types of shiftwork (graveyard shiftwork and early-morning shiftwork) and six mechanistic shiftwork variables (including light at night and phase shift) and the risk of colorectal cancer among females in an Australian population-based case-control study...
February 3, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Beyene Negatu, Roel Vermeulen, Yalemtshay Mekonnen, Hans Kromhout
OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence of acute pesticide poisoning (APP) and its association with neurobehavioural symptoms in Ethiopian pesticide applicators. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey among 256 pesticide applicators from small-scale irrigated farms, a large-scale open farm and large-scale greenhouses. APP was ascertained using a modified WHO case definition, and neurobehavioural symptoms were collected with a standardised questionnaire (Q16). Exposure to pesticides was estimated using detailed exposure algorithms specifically developed for Ethiopian farms...
February 1, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Alexis Descatha, Yves Roquelaure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Johanna Pekkala, Ossi Rahkonen, Olli Pietiläinen, Eero Lahelma, Jenni Blomgren
OBJECTIVES: Those in lower occupational classes have an increased risk of sickness absence due to musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs), but studies examining the associations simultaneously across specified diagnostic groups within MSDs are lacking. We examined occupational class differences in the occurrence and length of long-term sickness absence due to different musculoskeletal diagnoses. METHODS: A 70% random sample of employed Finns aged 25-64 years old at the end of 2013 was linked to data on sickness absence of over 10 working days obtained from The Social Insurance Institution of Finland and occupational class from Statistics Finland...
January 30, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Allison Milner, Katrina Witt, Anthony D LaMontagne, Isabelle Niedhammer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Julie Elbæk Pedersen, Kajsa Ugelvig Petersen, Niels Erik Ebbehøj, Jens Peter Bonde, Johnni Hansen
OBJECTIVES: Firefighters are exposed to multiple cardiovascular hazards, but few epidemiological studies have addressed their cardiovascular morbidity. The objective of this study was therefore to examine the incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in Danish firefighters. METHODS: We used individual historical employment records on 11.691 male Danish firefighters supplied by trade unions and fire agencies. The Supplementary Pension Fund Register was used to establish two occupational reference groups (a random sample from the male employed population and military employees)...
January 26, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
André Buscariolli, Anne Kouvonen, Lauri Kokkinen, Jaana I Halonen, Aki Koskinen, Ari Väänänen
OBJECTIVES: To examine antidepressant use among male and female human service professionals. METHODS: A random sample of individuals between 25 years and 54 years of age (n=752 683; 49.2% women; mean age 39.5 years). Information about each individual's filled antidepressant prescriptions from 1995 to 2014 was provided by the Social Insurance Institution. First, antidepressant use in five broad human service categories was compared with that in all other occupations grouped together, separately for men and women...
January 26, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Régis Colin, Michel Grzebyk, Pascal Wild, Guy Hédelin, Ève Bourgkard
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between occupational exposure to metalworking fluids (MWFs) in the steel-producing industry and bladder cancer incidence. METHODS: A nested case-control study on bladder cancer was set up in a cohort of workers from six French steel-producing factories. Three controls were randomly selected for each incident bladder cancer case diagnosed from 2006 to 2012. Controls were matched to cases on age at diagnosis and counter-matched on a surrogate measure of exposure to MWFs derived from a job-exposure matrix...
January 26, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kati Karhula, Aki Koskinen, Anneli Ojajärvi, Annina Ropponen, Sampsa Puttonen, Mika Kivimäki, Mikko Härmä
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether changes in objective working hour characteristics are associated with parallel changes in work-life conflict (WLC) among hospital employees. METHODS: Survey responses from three waves of the Finnish Public Sector study (2008, 2012 and 2015) were combined with payroll data from 91 days preceding the surveys (n=2 482, 93% women). Time-dependent fixed effects regression models adjusted for marital status, number of children and stressfulness of the life situation were used to investigate whether changes in working hour characteristics were associated with parallel change in WLC...
January 24, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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