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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913579/risk-factors-for-leptospirosis-seropositivity-in-slaughterhouse-workers-in-western-kenya
#1
Elizabeth Anne Jessie Cook, William Anson de Glanville, Lian Francesca Thomas, Samuel Kariuki, Barend Mark de Clare Bronsvoort, Eric Maurice Fèvre
OBJECTIVES: Leptospirosis has been documented in slaughterhouse workers around the world. Risk factors include smoking and drinking at work, and performing tasks such as cleaning offal. This paper examined risk factors for leptospirosis seropositivity in slaughterhouse workers in western Kenya. METHODS: The study was conducted between May 2011 and October 2012. Questionnaires were used to collect information from workers on demographic data, health and hygiene practices in the slaughterhouse...
December 2, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884936/constances-a-general-prospective-population-based-cohort-for-occupational-and-environmental-epidemiology-cohort-profile
#2
Marcel Goldberg, Matthieu Carton, Alexis Descatha, Annette Leclerc, Yves Roquelaure, Gaëlle Santin, Marie Zins
: WHY THE COHORT WAS SET UP?: CONSTANCES is a general-purpose cohort with a focus on occupational and environmental factors. COHORT PARTICIPANTS: CONSTANCES was designed as a randomly selected sample of French adults aged 18-69 years at inception; 200 000 participants will be included. DATA COLLECTION PHASES: At enrolment, the participants are invited to complete questionnaires and to attend a health screening centre (HSC) for a health examination...
November 24, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881468/elevated-ambient-temperatures-and-risk-of-neural-tube-defects
#3
Nathalie Auger, William D Fraser, Laura Arbour, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Tom Kosatsky
OBJECTIVES: The association between ambient heat and neural tube defects has received limited attention, despite imminent climate warming this century. We sought to determine the relationship between elevated outdoor temperatures during neurogenesis and risk of neural tube defects. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective cohort study of 887 710 fetuses between 3 and 4 weeks postconception from the months of April through September for 1988-2012 in Quebec, Canada...
November 22, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879351/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-and-its-relationship-with-occupation-and-sex-from-objective-evaluation-to-patients-care
#4
LETTER
Daniele Coraci, Marina A Bellavia, LisaD Hobson-Webb, Valter Santilli, Luca Padua
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879350/response-to-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-and-its-relationship-with-occupation-and-sex-from-objective-evaluation-to-patients-care-by-coraci-et-al
#5
LETTER
Thomas Heilskov-Hansen, Sigurd Mikkelsen, Jane Frølund Thomsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872151/non-occupational-physical-activity-levels-of-shift-workers-compared-with-non-shift-workers
#6
Bette Loef, Gerben Hulsegge, G C Wanda Wendel-Vos, W M Monique Verschuren, Roel C H Vermeulen, Marije F Bakker, Allard J van der Beek, Karin I Proper
OBJECTIVES: Lack of physical activity (PA) has been hypothesised as an underlying mechanism in the adverse health effects of shift work. Therefore, our aim was to compare non-occupational PA levels between shift workers and non-shift workers. Furthermore, exposure-response relationships for frequency of night shifts and years of shift work regarding non-occupational PA levels were studied. METHODS: Data of 5980 non-shift workers and 532 shift workers from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Netherlands (EPIC-NL) were used in these cross-sectional analyses...
November 21, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864434/occupational-causes-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-where-to-from-here
#7
Neil Pearce, Hans Kromhout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 18, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864433/effect-of-occupational-physical-activities-on-vertebral-dimensions-in-midlife-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#8
Petteri Oura, Markus Paananen, Jaakko Niinimäki, Juha Auvinen, Leena Ala-Mursula, Juho-Antti Junno, Jaro Karppinen
OBJECTIVES: The vertebral cross-sectional area (CSA) is a major determinant of vertebral strength. Since leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is known to affect vertebral CSA, we hypothesised that engagement in physical activity at work might have similar effects on vertebral size. We aimed to examine the association between various adulthood occupational physical activities (OPA) and vertebral CSA, and to evaluate the association between OPA intensity and vertebral CSA. METHODS: We used the prospective population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966...
November 18, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864432/underemployment-and-mental-health-comparing-fixed-effects-and-random-effects-regression-approaches-in-an-australian-working-population-cohort
#9
Allison Milner, Anthony D LaMontagne
OBJECTIVES: Underemployment occurs when workers are available for more hours of work than offered. It is a serious problem in many Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, and particularly in Australia, where it affects about 8% of the employed population. This paper seeks to answer the question: does an increase in underemployment have an influence on mental health? METHODS: The current paper uses data from an Australian cohort of working people (2001-2013) to investigate both within-person and between-person differences in mental health associated with being underemployed compared with being fully employed...
November 18, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852645/assessment-of-occupational-exposure-to-pesticides-in-a-pooled-analysis-of-agricultural-cohorts-within-the-agricoh-consortium-authors-response
#10
LETTER
Maartje Brouwer, Leah Schinasi, Laura E Beane Freeman, Isabelle Baldi, Pierre Lebailly, Gilles Ferro, Karl-Christian Nordby, Joachim Schüz, Maria E Leon, Hans Kromhout
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852644/focusing-on-the-biological-night-towards-an-epidemiological-measure-of-circadian-disruption
#11
EDITORIAL
T C Erren, J V Groß, L Fritschi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919060/estimation-of-quantitative-levels-of-diesel-exhaust-exposure-and-the-health-impact-in-the-contemporary-australian-mining-industry
#12
Susan Peters, Nicholas de Klerk, Alison Reid, Lin Fritschi, Aw Bill Musk, Roel Vermeulen
OBJECTIVES: To estimate quantitative levels of exposure to diesel exhaust expressed by elemental carbon (EC) in the contemporary mining industry and to describe the excess risk of lung cancer that may result from those levels. METHODS: EC exposure has been monitored in Western Australian miners since 2003. Mixed-effects models were used to estimate EC levels for five surface and five underground occupation groups (as a fixed effect) and specific jobs within each group (as a random effect)...
November 15, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919063/predictors-of-low-back-pain-in-nursing-home-workers-after-implementation-of-a-safe-resident-handling-programme
#13
Judith E Gold, Laura Punnett, Rebecca J Gore
OBJECTIVES: Healthcare workers have high rates of low back pain (LBP) related to handling patients. A large chain of nursing homes experienced reduced biomechanical load, compensation claims and costs following implementation of a safe resident handling programme (SRHP). The aim of this study was to examine whether LBP similarly declined and whether it was associated with relevant self-reported occupational exposures or personal health factors. METHODS: Worker surveys were conducted on multiple occasions beginning with the week of first SRHP introduction (baseline)...
November 10, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827302/short-rest-between-shift-intervals-increases-the-risk-of-sick-leave-a-prospective-registry-study
#14
Øystein Vedaa, Ståle Pallesen, Siri Waage, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Børge Sivertsen, Eilin Erevik, Erling Svensen, Anette Harris
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to use objective registry data to prospectively investigate the effects of quick returns (QR, <11 hours of rest between shifts) and night shifts on sick leave. METHODS: A total of 1538 nurses (response rate =41.5%) answered questionnaires on demographics and personality and provided consent to link this information to registry data on shift work and sick leave from employers' records. A multilevel negative binomial model was used to investigate the predictive effect of exposure to night shifts and QR every month for 1 year, on sick leave the following month...
November 8, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821675/lung-cancer-mortality-among-vermont-granite-workers-factors-influencing-exposure-response-evaluation
#15
Pamela M Vacek, Peter W Callas
OBJECTIVE: To understand why 2 studies relating crystalline silica exposure to lung-cancer mortality in Vermont granite workers yielded conflicting results. METHODS: Data used in the 2 studies were linked to identify discrepancies. Mortality data and employment histories from the earlier study were revised based on data obtained in the later study. SMR were computed and Poisson regressions corresponding to those in the earlier study were performed using the original and revised data...
November 7, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821674/residual-fibre-lung-burden-among-patients-with-pleural-mesothelioma-who-have-been-occupationally-exposed-to-asbestos
#16
Enzo Merler, Anna Somigliana, Paolo Girardi, Pietro Gino Barbieri
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the lungs asbestos fibres concentration in participants with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) who have been occupationally exposed. METHODS: The lung samples were obtained from pleuropneumonectomies or autopsies of 271 male MPMs. The lung samples were examined through scanning electron microscopy. Retrospective assessment was used to assess for asbestos exposure. This study includes 248 MPMs with an occupational exposure defined as either 'definite' or 'probable' or 'possible'...
November 7, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815432/work-related-physical-exposure-and-low-back-pain
#17
Annette Leclerc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815431/leukaemia-mortality-and-low-dose-ionising-radiation-in-the-wismut-uranium-miner-cohort-1946-2013
#18
Michaela Kreuzer, Christina Sobotzki, Nora Fenske, James W Marsh, Maria Schnelzer
OBJECTIVES: To examine the risk of death from leukaemia in relation to occupational chronic low-level external and internal radiation exposure in a cohort of 58 972 former German uranium miners with mortality follow-up from 1946 to 2013. METHODS: The red bone marrow (RBM) dose from low-linear energy transfer (LET) (mainly external γ-radiation) and high-LET (mainly radon gas) radiation was estimated based on a job-exposure matrix and biokinetic/dosimetric models...
November 4, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815430/shift-work-job-strain-and-changes-in-the-body-mass-index-among-women-a-prospective-study
#19
Kaori Fujishiro, Eileen Lividoti Hibert, Eva Schernhammer, Janet W Rich-Edwards
OBJECTIVES: The effects of job strain and shift work on weight gain have not been studied jointly. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies on shift work and weight gain have reported different results. This study examines potential effect modification by job strain on the link between shift work and weight gain, and concurrent and delayed effects of shift work on weight gain. METHODS: Data came from 52 622 women who participated in the Nurses' Health Study II, a prospective cohort study...
November 4, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815429/developmental-pathways-of-multisite-musculoskeletal-pain-what-is-the-influence-of-physical-and-psychosocial-working-conditions
#20
Subas Neupane, Päivi Leino-Arjas, Clas-Håkan Nygård, Jodi Oakman, Pekka Virtanen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the developmental pathways of multisite musculoskeletal pain (MSP) and the effect of physical and psychosocial working conditions on the development of MSP trajectories. METHODS: The study was conducted among food industry workers (N=868) using a longitudinal design. Surveys were conducted every 2 years from 2003 to 2009. The questionnaire covered MSP, physical and psychosocial working conditions (physical strain, environmental factors, repetitive movements, awkward postures; mental strain, team support, leadership, possibility to influence) and work ability...
November 4, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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