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Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314757/implementation-of-a-resident-handling-programme-and-low-back-pain-in-elder-care-workers
#1
EDITORIAL
Andreas Holtermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314756/predicting-occupational-asthma-and-rhinitis-in-bakery-workers-referred-for-clinical-evaluation
#2
Badri Sadat Jonaid, Jos Rooyackers, Erik Stigter, Lützen Portengen, Esmeralda Krop, Dick Heederik
BACKGROUND: Occupational allergic diseases are a major problem in some workplaces like in the baking industry. Diagnostic rules have been used in surveillance but not yet in the occupational respiratory clinic. OBJECTIVE: To develop diagnostic models predicting baker's asthma and rhinitis among bakery workers at high risk of sensitisation to bakery allergens referred to a specialised clinic. METHODS: As part of a medical surveillance programme, clinical evaluation was performed on 436 referred Dutch bakery workers at high risk for sensitisation to bakery allergens...
March 17, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298417/organisational-justice-protects-against-the-negative-effect-of-workplace-violence-on-teachers-sleep-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#3
Kia Gluschkoff, Marko Elovainio, Taina Hintsa, Jaana Pentti, Paula Salo, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the longitudinal association of workplace violence with disturbed sleep and the moderating role of organisational justice (ie, the extent to which employees are treated with fairness) in teaching. METHODS: We identified 4988 teachers participating in the Finnish Public Sector study who reported encountering violence at work. Disturbed sleep was measured in three waves with 2-year intervals: the wave preceding exposure to violence, the wave of exposure and the wave following the exposure...
March 15, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298416/trajectories-of-multisite-musculoskeletal-pain-and-implications-for-prevention
#4
EDITORIAL
David Coggon, Georgia Ntani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280054/occupational-lifting-and-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-a-follow-up-study-of-swedish-conscripts
#5
Andrea Farioli, David Kriebel, Stefano Mattioli, Katarina Kjellberg, Tomas Hemmingsson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between occupational lifting and the risk of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) using data from a large population of men. METHODS: We used data from a national cohort of 49 321 Swedish men conscripted for compulsory military service in 1969-1970. We collected information on surgically treated RRD from the National Patient Register and we followed up the cohort between 1991 and 2009 at ages 40-60 years. Exposure to occupational lifting was assessed by applying a job exposure matrix to occupational data from the 1990 census...
March 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270447/specific-inhalation-challenge-the-relationship-between-response-clinical-variables-and-lung-function
#6
Chunshao Hu, Maria-Jesus Cruz, Iñigo Ojanguren, Miquel de Homdedeu, Francisco-Javier Gonzalez-Barcala, Xavier Munoz
INTRODUCTION: The specific inhalation challenge (SIC) is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of occupational asthma (OA). However, its use is not standardised, and the intensity of exposure is regulated empirically. The aim of this study was to identify clinical variables and/or pulmonary function variables able to predict the scale of patients' response to SIC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients who underwent SIC at our centre between 2005 and 2013 were studied...
March 7, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270446/external-cause-mortality-among-21-609-norwegian-male-military-peacekeepers-deployed-to-lebanon-between-1978-and-1998
#7
Leif Aage Strand, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Elin Anita Fadum, Einar Kristian Borud
OBJECTIVE: To investigate external-cause mortality among 21 609 Norwegian male military peacekeepers deployed to Lebanon during 1978-1998. METHODS: The cohort was followed from the 1st day of deployment through 2013, and mortality during deployment and post discharge was assessed using SMRs calculated from national rates in Norway. Poisson regression was used to see the effect of high-conflict versus low-conflict exposure. RESULTS: For the total cohort, external-cause mortality was within expected values during deployment (SMR=0...
March 7, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259842/is-beryllium-induced-lung-cancer-caused-only-by-soluble-forms-and-high-exposure-levels
#8
Mary K Schubauer-Berigan, James R Couch, James A Deddens
OBJECTIVES: The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recently proposed a permissible exposure limit of 0.2 µg/m(3) for beryllium, based partly on extrapolated estimates of lung cancer risk from a pooled occupational cohort. The purpose of the present analysis was to evaluate whether cohort members exposed at lower levels to mainly insoluble forms of beryllium exhibit increased risk of lung cancer. METHODS: We conducted Cox proportional hazards regression analyses among 75 lung cancer cases in age-based risk sets within two lower exposure plants in the pooled cohort followed from 1940 to 2005...
March 4, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250047/effectiveness-of-job-rotation-for-preventing-work-related-musculoskeletal-diseases-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Maria Luiza Caires Comper, Jack Tigh Dennerlein, Gabriela Dos Santos Evangelista, Patricia Rodrigues da Silva, Rosimeire Simprini Padula
OBJECTIVE: Job rotation is an organisational strategy widely used on assembly lines in manufacturing industries to mitigate workers' exposure so as to prevent musculoskeletal disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of job rotation for reducing working hours lost due to sick leave resulting from musculoskeletal diseases. METHODS: The design consisted of a 1-year cluster randomised controlled trial with a blinded assessor. Production sectors of the textile industry were randomised to intervention and control groups...
March 1, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250046/behavioural-disorders-in-6-year-old-children-and-pyrethroid-insecticide-exposure-the-pelagie-mother-child-cohort
#10
Jean-François Viel, Florence Rouget, Charline Warembourg, Christine Monfort, Gwendolina Limon, Sylvaine Cordier, Cécile Chevrier
OBJECTIVE: The potential impact of environmental exposure to pyrethroid insecticides on child neurodevelopment has only just started to receive attention despite their widespread use. We investigated the associations between prenatal and childhood exposure to pyrethroid insecticides and behavioural skills in 6-year-olds. METHODS: The PELAGIE cohort enrolled 3421 pregnant women from Brittany, France between 2002 and 2006. 428 mothers were randomly selected for the study when their children turned 6, and 287 (67%) agreed to participate...
March 1, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232635/comparison-of-competency-priorities-between-uk-occupational-physicians-and-occupational-health-nurses
#11
Drushca Lalloo, Evangelia Demou, Marisa Stevenson, Mairi Gaffney, Ewan Beaton Macdonald
OBJECTIVES: The competencies required of occupational physicians (OPs) and occupational health nurses (OHNs) separately have been studied in various countries but little research has made direct comparisons between these two key occupational health (OH) professional groups. The aim of this study was to compare current competency priorities between UK OPs and OHNs. METHODS: A modified Delphi study conducted among professional organisations and networks of UK OPs and OHNs...
February 23, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202579/occupational-exposure-to-pesticides-and-other-biocides-and-risk-of-thyroid-cancer
#12
Fanhua Zeng, Catherine Lerro, Jérôme Lavoué, Huang Huang, Jack Siemiatycki, Nan Zhao, Shuangge Ma, Nicole C Deziel, Melissa C Friesen, Robert Udelsman, Yawei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To assess the associations between occupational exposure to biocides and pesticides and risk of thyroid cancer. METHODS: Using data from a population-based case-control study involving 462 incident thyroid cancer cases and 498 controls in Connecticut collected in 2010-2011, we examined the association with occupational exposure to biocides and pesticides through a job-exposure matrix. We used unconditional logistic regression models to estimate OR and 95% CI, adjusting for potential confounders...
February 15, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196834/congenital-anomalies-an-under-evaluated-risk-of-climate-change
#13
EDITORIAL
Payam Dadvand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167499/occupational-factors-and-markers-of-ovarian-reserve-and-response-among-women-at-a-fertility-centre
#14
Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Irene Souter, Paige L Williams, Jennifer B Ford, Russ Hauser, Jorge E Chavarro, Audrey J Gaskins
OBJECTIVES: To explore whether work schedules and physically demanding work were associated with markers of ovarian reserve and response. METHODS: This analysis included women (n=473 and n=313 for ovarian reserve and ovarian response analysis, respectively) enrolled in a prospective cohort study of couples presenting to an academic fertility centre (2004-2015). Information on occupational factors was collected on a take-home questionnaire, and reproductive outcomes were abstracted from electronic medical records...
February 6, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108676/can-work-make-you-mentally-ill-a-systematic-meta-review-of-work-related-risk-factors-for-common-mental-health-problems
#15
REVIEW
Samuel B Harvey, Matthew Modini, Sadhbh Joyce, Josie S Milligan-Saville, Leona Tan, Arnstein Mykletun, Richard A Bryant, Helen Christensen, Philip B Mitchell
It has been suggested that certain types of work may increase the risk of common mental disorders, but the exact nature of the relationship has been contentious. The aim of this paper is to conduct the first comprehensive systematic meta-review of the evidence linking work to the development of common mental health problems, specifically depression, anxiety and/or work-related stress and to consider how the risk factors identified may relate to each other. MEDLINE, PsychInfo, Embase, the Cochrane Collaboration and grey literature databases were systematically searched for review articles that examined work-based risk factors for common mental health problems...
January 20, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093503/work-and-health-in-latin-america-results-from-the-working-conditions-surveys-of-colombia-argentina-chile-central-america-and-uruguay
#16
Pamela Merino-Salazar, Lucía Artazcoz, Cecilia Cornelio, María José Itatí Iñiguez, Marianela Rojas, David Martínez-Iñigo, Alejandra Vives, Lorena Funcasta, Fernando G Benavides
OBJECTIVE: To describe working and employment conditions, and health status between non-agricultural employees with a written contract from Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Central America and Uruguay. METHODS: We compared data from the first working condition surveys (WCS) of Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Central America and Uruguay. For comparative purposes, we selected a subsample of 15 241 non-agricultural employees aged 18-64 years and working with a written contract...
January 16, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093502/heat-strain-volume-depletion-and-kidney-function-in-california-agricultural-workers
#17
Sally Moyce, Diane Mitchell, Tracey Armitage, Daniel Tancredi, Jill Joseph, Marc Schenker
BACKGROUND: Agricultural work can expose workers to increased risk of heat strain and volume depletion due to repeated exposures to high ambient temperatures, arduous physical exertion and limited rehydration. These risk factors may result in acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: We estimated AKI cumulative incidence in a convenience sample of 283 agricultural workers based on elevations of serum creatinine between preshift and postshift blood samples. Heat strain was assessed based on changes in core body temperature and heart rate...
January 16, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069971/importance-of-updating-old-cohorts-for-new-findings
#18
Harri Vainio, Elisabete Weiderpass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069970/lung-cancer-risk-in-welders-and-foundry-workers-with-a-history-of-heavy-smoking-in-the-usa-the-national-lung-screening-trial
#19
Jason Y Y Wong, Bryan A Bassig, Wei Jie Seow, Wei Hu, Bu-Tian Ji, Aaron Blair, Debra T Silverman, Qing Lan
OBJECTIVES: Foundry work is a risk factor for lung cancer; however, the association with welding is unclear, as smoking is common among metalworkers and may mask the relationship. We evaluated whether history of welding and foundry work, independently and jointly, and employment duration were associated with lung cancer risk in heavy smokers. METHODS: We analysed data from the National Lung Screening Trial, a prospective randomised trial of 53 454 heavy smokers (>30 pack-years) in the USA...
January 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069969/assessment-of-the-healthy-worker-survivor-effect-in-cancer-studies-of-the-united-autoworkers-general-motors-cohort
#20
Erika Garcia, Sally Picciotto, Sadie Costello, Patrick T Bradshaw, Ellen A Eisen
OBJECTIVE: The healthy worker survivor effect (HWSE) can affect the validity of occupational studies when data are analysed incorrectly. HWSE depends on three underlying conditions: (1) leaving work predicts future exposure, (2) leaving work is associated with disease outcome and (3) prior exposure increases probability of leaving work. If all these conditions are satisfied, then employment status is a time-varying confounder affected by prior exposure, and standard regression will produce bias...
January 9, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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