journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obstetrics and Gynecology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112672/diagnosis-of-cervical-precancers-by-endocervical-curettage-at-colposcopy-of-women-with-abnormal-cervical-cytology
#1
Angela Hui-Chia Liu, Joan Walker, Julia C Gage, Michael A Gold, Rosemary Zuna, S Terence Dunn, Mark Schiffman, Nicolas Wentzensen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of routine endocervical curettage (ECC) for diagnosing high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 or worse and additional precancers not otherwise detected by ectocervical biopsies. METHODS: In a secondary analysis of the Biopsy Study, a cross-sectional study conducted between 2009 and 2012 at the University of Oklahoma Health and Sciences Center that found an incremental increase in detection of cervical precancers by multiple biopsies at colposcopy, ECC was performed in most women aged 30 years or older...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112671/travel-characteristics-and-pretravel-health-care-among-pregnant-or-breastfeeding-u-s-women-preparing-for-international-travel
#2
Stefan H F Hagmann, Sowmya R Rao, Regina C LaRocque, Stefanie Erskine, Emily S Jentes, Allison T Walker, Elizabeth D Barnett, Lin H Chen, Davidson H Hamer, Edward T Ryan
OBJECTIVE: To study characteristics and preventive interventions of adult pregnant and breastfeeding travelers seeking pretravel health care in the United States. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed data (2009-2014) of pregnant and breastfeeding travelers seen at U.S. travel clinics participating in Global TravEpiNet. Nonpregnant, nonbreastfeeding adult female travelers of childbearing age were used for comparison. We evaluated the prescription of malaria chemoprophylaxis and antibiotics for this population as well as the administration of three travel-related vaccines: hepatitis A, typhoid, and yellow fever...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112670/connect-the-dots-december-2017
#3
Erica Davenport, Ahizechukwu Eke, Erica A Heilman, Nancy C Chescheir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112669/prediction-is-very-difficult-especially-if-it-is-about-the-future
#4
William A Grobman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112668/what-is-new-in-recurrent-miscarriage-best-articles-from-the-past-year
#5
Keith A Hansen
This month we focus on current research in recurrent miscarriage. Dr. Hansen discusses five recent publications, which are concluded with a "bottom line" that is a take-home message. A complete reference for each can be found on Box 1 on this page along with direct links to abstracts.
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112667/pica-in-pregnancy-an-unusual-presentation
#6
Katharine E Epler, Arand Pierce, Valerie J Rappaport
BACKGROUND: Pica is common in pregnancy and is often felt to be benign. The following case of severe pica presenting without anemia is unusual in its presentation, laboratory findings, and treatment. CASE: A 31-year-old multiparous woman at 37 0/7 weeks of gestation presented with esophagitis and gastritis secondary to laundry detergent consumption. She had borderline anemia (hemoglobin of 11 g/dL and hematocrit of 37%, mean corpuscular volume 80%) but was severely iron-deficient (serum ferritin 7 micrograms/dL)...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112666/disparities-in-chronic-conditions-among-women-hospitalized-for-delivery-in-the-united-states-2005-2014
#7
Lindsay K Admon, Tyler N A Winkelman, Michelle H Moniz, Matthew M Davis, Michele Heisler, Vanessa K Dalton
OBJECTIVE: To estimate trends in the prevalence and socioeconomic distribution of chronic conditions among women hospitalized for obstetric delivery in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective, serial cross-sectional analysis was conducted using 2005-2014 data from the National Inpatient Sample. We estimated the prevalence of eight common, chronic conditions, each associated with obstetric morbidity and mortality, among all childbearing women and then across socioeconomic predictors of obstetric outcomes...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112665/long-term-risk-of-a-seizure-disorder-after-eclampsia
#8
Kara A Nerenberg, Alison L Park, Simone N Vigod, Gustavo Saposnik, Howard Berger, Michelle A Hladunewich, Shital Gandhi, Candice K Silversides, Joel G Ray
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence rate and relative risk of a seizure disorder after eclampsia. METHODS: We evaluated 1,565,733 births in a retrospective data linkage cohort study in Ontario, Canada, from April 1, 2002, to March 31, 2014. We included females aged 15-50 years and excluded patients with epilepsy, conditions predisposing to seizure, and those who died within 30 days of the delivery discharge date. The exposure was defined as a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, namely 1) eclampsia, 2) preeclampsia, or 3) gestational hypertension...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112664/placental-alpha-microglobulin-1-compared-with-fetal-fibronectin-to-predict-preterm-delivery-in-symptomatic-women
#9
Deborah A Wing, Sina Haeri, Angela C Silber, Cheryl K Roth, Carl P Weiner, Nelson C Echebiri, Albert Franco, Lanissa M Pappas, John D Yeast, Angelle A Brebnor, J Gerald Quirk, Aisling M Murphy, Louise C Laurent, Nancy T Field, Mary E Norton
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rapid bedside test for placental α microglobulin-1 with the instrumented fetal fibronectin test for prediction of imminent spontaneous preterm delivery among women with symptoms of preterm labor. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study on pregnant women with signs or symptoms suggestive of preterm labor between 24 and 35 weeks of gestation with intact membranes and cervical dilatation less than 3 cm. Participants were prospectively enrolled at 15 U...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112663/training-physicians-in-advocacy-why-it-matters
#10
Sarp Aksel, Megan L Evans, Thomas M Gellhaus
At a time in our country's history when state and federal legislative regulations on medical practice and access to services are at an all-time high, effective physician advocacy in women's health is crucial to the evolution of our profession and the provision of quality and equitable patient care. Inclusion of specific advocacy training programs in residency and beyond should be considered a priority. Ensuring a unified set of goals for advocacy training is important to training the next generation of competent and skilled physician advocates for leadership in academia and professional organizations...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112662/perioperative-complications-of-cesarean-delivery-myomectomy-a-meta-analysis
#11
Vasilios Pergialiotis, Ilias Sinanidis, Ioannis-Evangelos Louloudis, Theodoros Vichos, Despina N Perrea, Stergios K Doumouchtsis
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of myomectomy during cesarean delivery with intraoperative and perioperative maternal morbidity. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE (1966-2017), Scopus (2004-2017), ClinicalTrials.gov (2008-2017), EMBASE (1980-2017), and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials CENTRAL (1999-2017) databases. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: We selected all observational studies that reported outcomes on patients undergoing myomectomy at the time of cesarean delivery...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112661/role-of-insurance-coverage-in-contraceptive-use-after-abortion
#12
M Antonia Biggs, Diana Taylor, Ushma D Upadhyay
OBJECTIVE: To assess postaspiration abortion contraceptive use and the role of insurance coverage for abortion in a state that covers abortion and contraception for low-income women. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a previously published prospective study to assess the safety of abortion provision. From 2007 through 2013, women seeking first-trimester aspiration abortion were recruited at 25 clinical facilities within four Planned Parenthood affiliates and Kaiser Permanente of Northern California...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112660/opioid-prescribing-patterns-patient-use-and-postoperative-pain-after-hysterectomy-for-benign-indications
#13
Sawsan As-Sanie, Sara R Till, Erika L Mowers, Courtney S Lim, Bethany D Skinner, Laura Fritsch, Alex Tsodikov, Vanessa K Dalton, Daniel J Clauw, Chad M Brummett
OBJECTIVE: To quantify physician prescribing patterns and patient opioid use in the 2 weeks after hysterectomy at an academic institution and to determine whether patient factors predict postsurgical opioid use and pain recovery. METHODS: We conducted a prospective quality initiative study by recruiting all English-speaking patients undergoing hysterectomy for benign, nonobstetric indications at a university hospital between August 2015 and December 2015, excluding those with major medical morbidities or substance abuse...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112659/tissue-extraction-techniques-for-leiomyomas-and-uteri-during-minimally-invasive-surgery
#14
Matthew T Siedhoff, Sarah L Cohen
Fragmented tissue extraction (morcellation) of uterine and leiomyoma tissue in gynecologic surgery has been performed for decades, but recent years have seen a vast expansion of techniques to address risks associated with tissue dispersion. Use of power, or electromechanical, morcellation has largely been replaced by manual morcellation with a scalpel. Morcellation can take place through a laparoscopic incision, a minilaparotomy incision, or through a colpotomy. Containment systems are now available for both power and manual morcellation, allowing tissue fragmentation to take place within an enclosed specimen bag...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112658/adding-azithromycin-to-cephalosporin-for-cesarean-delivery-infection-prophylaxis-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#15
Ashley E Skeith, Brenda Niu, Amy M Valent, Methodius G Tuuli, Aaron B Caughey
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cost-effectiveness of adding azithromycin to standard cephalosporin regimens of cesarean delivery prophylaxis by considering the maternal outcomes in the current and potential subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness model was created using TreeAge to compare the outcomes of using azithromycin-cephalosporin with cephalosporin alone in a theoretical cohort of 700,000 women, the approximate number of nonelective cesarean deliveries annually in the United States that occur during labor or after membrane rupture...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112657/placental-complications-associated-with-psychostimulant-use-in-pregnancy
#16
Jacqueline M Cohen, Sonia Hernández-Díaz, Brian T Bateman, Yoonyoung Park, Rishi J Desai, Kathryn J Gray, Elisabetta Patorno, Helen Mogun, Krista F Huybrechts
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether psychostimulants used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are associated with risk of adverse placental-associated pregnancy outcomes including preeclampsia, placental abruption, growth restriction, and preterm birth. METHODS: We designed a population-based cohort study in which we examined a cohort of pregnant women and their liveborn neonates enrolled in Medicaid from 2000 to 2010. Women who received amphetamine-dextroamphetamine or methylphenidate monotherapy in the first half of pregnancy were compared with unexposed women...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112656/interpregnancy-interval-after-pregnancy-loss-and-risk-of-repeat-miscarriage
#17
Alexandra C Sundermann, Katherine E Hartmann, Sarah H Jones, Eric S Torstenson, Digna R Velez Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether interpregnancy interval length after a pregnancy loss is associated with risk of repeat miscarriage. METHODS: This analysis includes pregnant women participating in the Right From the Start (2000-2012) community-based prospective cohort study whose most recent pregnancy before enrollment ended in miscarriage. Interpregnancy interval was defined as the time between a prior miscarriage and the last menstrual period of the study pregnancy...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112655/multiparous-ewe-as-a-model-for-teaching-vaginal-hysterectomy-techniques
#18
Yohan Kerbage, Michel Cosson, Thomas Hubert, Géraldine Giraudet
BACKGROUND: Despite being linked to improving patient outcomes and limiting costs, the use of vaginal hysterectomy is on the wane. Although a combination of reasons might explain this trend, one cause is a lack of practical training. An appropriate teaching model must therefore be devised. Currently, only low-fidelity simulators exist. Ewes provide an appropriate model for pelvic anatomy and are well-suited for testing vaginal mesh properties. This article sets out a vaginal hysterectomy procedure for use as an education and training model...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112654/within-family-analysis-of-interpregnancy-interval-and-adverse-birth-outcomes
#19
Quetzal A Class, Martin E Rickert, Anna S Oberg, Ayesha C Sujan, Catarina Almqvist, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Brian M DʼOnofrio
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations among interpregnancy interval, the duration from the preceding birth to the conception of the next-born index child, and adverse birth outcomes using designs that adjust for measured and unmeasured factors. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we used population-based Swedish registries from 1973 to 2009 to estimate the associations between interpregnancy interval (referent 18-23 months) and adverse birth outcomes (ie, preterm birth [less than 37 weeks of gestation], low birth weight [LBW; less than 2,500 g], small for gestational age [SGA; greater than 2 SDs below average weight for gestational age])...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112653/long-term-results-for-expectant-management-of-ultrasonographically-diagnosed-benign-ovarian-teratomas
#20
M Angela Pascual, Betlem Graupera, Cristina Pedrero, Ignacio Rodriguez, Silvia Ajossa, Stefano Guerriero, Juan Luis Alcázar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the natural history of ultrasonographically diagnosed benign ovarian teratomas in asymptomatic women. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational cohort study of 408 women (mean age 36.6 years, range 14-81 years) diagnosed as having an ovarian teratoma by transvaginal ultrasonography (except eight who only had a transabdominal study done) between January 2003 and December 2013 at a single tertiary care institution. Six hundred thirteen women were diagnosed with ovarian teratoma of whom 205 were promptly treated surgically, leaving 408 patients followed conservatively with follow-up scans at 3 and 6 months from diagnosis and then yearly...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
journal
journal
20204
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"