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Grv Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Lupus
M Prütz Petersen, S Möller, A Bygum, A Voss, M Bliddal
Objectives The objectives of this paper are to describe the epidemiology of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) and its subtypes in Denmark, and to investigate the probability of receiving a subsequent diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the related time course. Methods A nationwide registry-based cohort study was conducted in Denmark based on data from the Danish National Patient Registry from 1998 to 2013 using International Classification of Diseases, Revision 10. Results We identified 2380 patients with CLE...
August 2018: Lupus
I Parodis, F Söder, F Faustini, Z Kasza, I Samuelsson, A Zickert, E Svenungsson, R F van Vollenhoven, V Malmström, F Wermeling, I Gunnarsson
Objective Rituximab-mediated late-onset neutropenia (LON) has been described in various diseases. We investigated its occurrence, consequences and contributing factors in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Rituximab-treated patients from the Karolinska University Hospital ( n = 107) were surveyed. LON was defined as an absolute neutrophil count <1500 cells/μl, occurring four weeks to two years following rituximab treatment, or later during sustained B-cell depletion. Serum levels of B-cell-related cytokines and growth factors of the myeloid lineage were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
August 2018: Lupus
B Chacko, M Formby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Lupus
K Tselios, D D Gladman, P Harvey, J Su, M B Urowitz
Background Severe brady-arrhythmias, requiring a permanent pacemaker (PPM), have been sparsely reported in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of such arrhythmias in a defined lupus cohort. Patients and methods The database of the Toronto Lupus Clinic ( n = 1366) was searched for patients who received a PPM. Demographic, clinical, immunological and therapeutic variables along with electrocardiographic (ECG) and echocardiographic findings (based on the last available test prior to PPM) were analyzed...
August 2018: Lupus
S J Wiseman, M E Bastin, E N Amft, J F F Belch, S H Ralston, J M Wardlaw
Objective To investigate brain structural connectivity in relation to cognitive abilities and systemic damage in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Structural and diffusion MRI data were acquired from 47 patients with SLE. Brains were segmented into 85 cortical and subcortical regions and combined with whole brain tractography to generate structural connectomes using graph theory. Global cognitive abilities were assessed using a composite variable g, derived from the first principal component of three common clinical screening tests of neurological function...
July 2018: Lupus
F Tamirou, N Costedoat-Chalumeau, G Medkouri, E Daugas, E Hachulla, N Jourde-Chiche, A Karras, V le Guern, V Gnemmi, M Jadoul, F A Houssiau
Objective To study the influence of Maghrebian ethnicity on lupus nephritis. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the files of a cohort of 194 patients with proliferative lupus nephritis followed in seven lupus centres belonging to three groups: Europeans living in Belgium/France (E; n = 111); Maghrebians living in Europe, in casu Belgium/France (ME; n = 43); and Maghrebians living in Morocco (MM; n = 40). Baseline presentation was compared between these three groups but complete long-term outcome data were available only for E and ME patients...
July 2018: Lupus
J C Ramirez-Sandoval, H Chavez-Chavez, M Wagner, O Vega-Vega, L E Morales-Buenrostro, R Correa-Rotter
Kidney transplant for patients with lupus nephritis (LN) has satisfactory outcomes in studies with short-term or mid-term follow up. Nevertheless, information about long-term outcomes is scarce. We performed a retrospective matched-pair cohort study in 74 LN recipients compared with 148 non-LN controls matched by age, sex, immunosuppressive treatment, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matches, and transplant period in order to evaluate long-term outcomes of kidney transplant in LN recipients. Matched pairs were predominantly females (83%), median age at transplant surgery of 32 years (interquartile range 23-38 years), and 66% received a graft from a living related donor...
July 2018: Lupus
P S Matusik, P T Matusik, P K Stein
Aim The aim of this review was to summarize current knowledge about the scientific findings and potential clinical utility of heart rate variability measures in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Methods PubMed, Embase and Scopus databases were searched for the terms associated with systemic lupus erythematosus and heart rate variability, including controlled vocabulary, when appropriate. Articles published in English and available in full text were considered. Finally, 11 publications were selected, according to the systematic review protocol and were analyzed...
July 2018: Lupus
J C Chang, A M Knight, R Xiao, L M Mercer-Rosa, P F Weiss
Objectives There are no guidelines on the use of echocardiography to detect cardiac manifestations of childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We quantify the prevalence of acute cardiac disease in youth with SLE, describe echocardiogram utilization at SLE diagnosis, and compare regional echocardiogram use with incident cardiac diagnoses. Methods Using the Clinformatics® DataMart (OptumInsight, Eden Prairie, MN) de-identified United States administrative database from 2000 to 2013, we identified youth ages 5-24 years with new-onset SLE (≥3 ICD-9 SLE codes 710...
July 2018: Lupus
G Y Ahn, D Kim, S Won, S T Song, H-J Jeong, I-W Sohn, S Lee, Y B Joo, S-C Bae
Objective The objective of this paper is to identify the prevalence, risk factors, and impact on mortality of neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE). Methods Patients from the Hanyang BAE lupus cohort were registered and followed from 1998 to 2015. NPSLE was defined using American College of Rheumatology (ACR) case definitions and Ainiala criteria. Demographics, autoantibodies, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI), and Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinic (SLICC)/ACR Damage Index were collected at baseline and then annually...
July 2018: Lupus
C Rondaan, C C van Leer, S van Assen, H Bootsma, K de Leeuw, S Arends, N A Bos, J Westra
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are at high risk of herpes zoster. Previously, we found increased immunoglobulin (Ig)G levels against varicella-zoster virus (VZV) in SLE patients compared to controls, while antibody levels against diphtheria and cellular immunity to VZV were decreased. We aimed to test our hypothesis that increased VZV-IgG levels in SLE result from subclinical VZV reactivations, caused by stress because of lupus disease activity or immunosuppressive drug use. Methods Antibody levels to VZV (IgG, IgA, IgM), total IgG and VZV-DNA were longitudinally determined in the serum of 34 SLE patients, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and polymerase chain reaction...
July 2018: Lupus
D Li, H M Madhoun, W N Roberts, W Jarjour
Introduction Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex disease that is associated with significant mortality and an increased risk of hospitalization. Several validated instruments are available to measure disease activity in SLE patients. However, these instruments were not designed to screen for SLE patients at an increased risk of hospitalization. These instruments also fail to incorporate some data that are easily obtainable from electronic health records, such as the frequency of missed outpatient appointments...
July 2018: Lupus
K Ichinose, S Sato, Y Kitajima, Y Horai, K Fujikawa, M Umeda, S Fukui, A Nishino, T Koga, S Y Kawashiri, N Iwamoto, M Tamai, H Nakamura, T Origuchi, I Yasuhi, H Masuzaki, A Kawakami
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) involves multiple organ systems and primarily affects women during their reproductive years. Pregnancy in a woman with SLE may lead to higher rates of disease flares. Little is known regarding which medications are safe to maintain remission and/or treat flares throughout such pregnancies. Here we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of tacrolimus (TAC) in the pregnancy outcomes of SLE patients. We studied the 54 deliveries of 40 SLE patients over an eight-year period from 2008 to 2016...
July 2018: Lupus
W D Abdul Kadir, A Jamil, S Sazliyana Shaharir, N Md Nor, A H Abdul Gafor
Objective The objective of this paper is to determine photoprotection awareness, knowledge, practices, and its relationship with disease activity and damage in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods A cross-sectional study was performed. Data were acquired from in-person interviews and medical records. Results A total of 199 (89.6%) females and 23 (10.4%) males were recruited. Median age was 39.00 (interquartile range (IQR) 18) years, disease duration 12.12 (IQR 8) years, Fitzpatrick skin phototype III 119 (53...
July 2018: Lupus
N McCormick, C A Marra, M Sadatsafavi, J A Aviña-Zubieta
Objective We estimated the incremental (extra) direct medical costs of a population-based cohort of newly diagnosed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) for five years before and after diagnosis, and the impact of sex and socioeconomic status (SES) on pre-index costs for SLE. Methods We identified all adults newly diagnosed with SLE over 2001-2010 in British Columbia, Canada, and obtained a sample of non-SLE individuals from the general population, matched on sex, age, and calendar-year of study entry. We captured costs for all outpatient encounters, hospitalisations, and dispensed medications each year...
July 2018: Lupus
B Jakiela, J Kosałka, H Plutecka, A S Węgrzyn, S Bazan-Socha, M Sanak, J Musiał
Introduction Renal involvement is one of the most serious manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus, but non-invasive assessment of inflammatory response in kidneys is challenging. In this study we aimed to validate markers of active lupus nephritis (LN) using urine immune profiling. Methods Urine and serum cytokines (17-plex array) and urine mRNA expression (∼40 immune and glomerular injury genes) were measured in LN patients with active disease ( n = 17) during remission ( n = 16) and in healthy subjects ( n = 18)...
July 2018: Lupus
J Tanwani, K Tselios, D D Gladman, J Su, M B Urowitz
Background Lupus myocarditis (LM) is reported in 3-9% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) but limited evidence exists regarding optimal treatment and prognosis. This study aims to describe LM in a defined lupus cohort as compared with the existing literature. Patients and methods Patients with LM were identified from the University of Toronto Lupus Clinic database. Diagnosis was based on clinical manifestations and electrocardiographic, imaging, and biochemical criteria. Demographic, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic variables and outcomes were collected in a standardized data retrieval form...
July 2018: Lupus
F D Flores-Silva, O Longoria-Lozano, D Aguirre-Villarreal, H Sentíes-Madrid, F Vega-Boada, E Díaz de León-Sánchez, S Murra-Antón, S Morales-Moreno, L Quintanilla-González, H Fragoso-Loyo, P Guraieb-Chaín, J Higuera-Calleja, J Ceballos-Ceballos, I Treviño-Frenk, A González-Duarte, L Dávila-Maldonado, C Cantú-Brito, S I Valdés-Ferrer
Background and objective Acute transverse myelitis (TM) is an infrequent neurological complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Short-term outcome varies widely between cohorts. Little is known about the epidemiology and long-term functional outcome of TM associated to SLE. Methods Patients with SLE and acute TM were identified during hospital admission, visits to the Emergency Room or the Neurology Outpatient Clinic. We evaluated ambispectively those patients with SLE presenting with clinical myelopathy and corroborated with spinal MRI...
July 2018: Lupus
B Sunkara, D Roofeh, S Silver, T LeBleu Pearson, M Ettel, W J McCune
A 29-year-old woman with a 1.5 year history of photosensitive skin lesions on her hands presented with a malar rash, bullous lesions on her hands, and was diagnosed with subacute lupus erythematosus after serologies revealed a positive antinuclear antibody test (1:2560), and antibodies to Ro/SSA and dsDNA. Hydroxychloroquine (400 mg/day) was prescribed and the patient developed severe drug-induced liver injury. Biopsy of her bullous skin lesions was consistent with porphyria cutanea tarda, as were her serological and urinary exams...
July 2018: Lupus
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