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G Gulati, M R Bennett, K Abulaban, H Song, X Zhang, Q Ma, S V Brodsky, T Nadasdy, C Haffner, K Wiley, S P Ardoin, P Devarajan, J Ying, B H Rovin, H I Brunner
Objectives The renal activity index for lupus (RAIL) score was developed in children with lupus nephritis as a weighted sum of six urine biomarkers (UBMs) (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, monocyte chemotactic protein 1, ceruloplasmin, adiponectin, hemopexin and kidney injury molecule 1) measured in a random urine sample. We aimed at prospectively validating the RAIL in adults with lupus nephritis. Methods Urine from 79 adults was collected at the time of kidney biopsy to assay the RAIL UBMs. Using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, we evaluated the accuracy of the RAIL to discriminate high lupus nephritis activity status (National Institutes of Health activity index (NIH-AI) score >10), from low/moderate lupus nephritis activity status (NIH-AI score ≤10)...
August 2017: Lupus
P Vashisht, K Borghoff, J R O'Dell, M Hearth-Holmes
Background Belimumab is a monoclonal antibody that reduces B lymphocyte survival by blocking the binding of soluble human B lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS) to its B cell receptors. The utility of belimumab for management of resistant systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) skin manifestations has not been reported. We present our experience of using this novel molecule for the successful management of cutaneous lupus at our center. Methods We studied five patients with significant SLE skin manifestations. All patients met 1997 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) SLE criteria and had failed multiple medications to control their skin disease...
July 2017: Lupus
A N Kiani, P Aukrust, T Ueland, I Hollan, E Barr, L S Magder, M Petri
Introduction Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor family. It has recently been demonstrated that OPG is produced by a variety of tissues, including the cardiovascular system (heart, arteries, veins), lung, kidney, immune tissues, and bone. The OPG-RANKL signaling pathway is strongly related to vascular calcification. We determined the association of this biomarker with subclinical atherosclerosis in systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). Methods We measured OPG and markers of subclinical atherosclerosis (coronary artery calcium (CAC), carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) carotid plaque) in 166 SLE patients (91% female, 64% Caucasian, 31% African American, 5% others, mean age 45 years)...
July 2017: Lupus
A Watad, M Quaresma, S Brown, J W Cohen Tervaert, I Rodríguez-Pint, R Cervera, C Perricone, Y Shoenfeld
Autoimmune/inflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA) has been widely described in many studies conducted thus far. The syndrome incorporates five immune-mediated conditions, all associated with previous exposure to various agents such as vaccines, silicone implants and several others. The emergence of ASIA syndrome is associated with individual genetic predisposition, for instance those carrying HLA-DRB1*01 or HLA-DRB4 and results from exposure to external or endogenous factors triggering autoimmunity...
June 2017: Lupus
A Hammad, S Yahia, W Laimon, S M Hamed, A Shouma, N M Shalaby, D Abdel-Hady, R Ghanem, R M El-Farahaty, S R El-Bassiony, E M Hammad
Introduction Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is crucial in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus through angiotensin II which regulates vascular tone and endothelial functions. Objectives To study the frequency of ACE insertion/deletion (I/D) gene polymorphism in Egyptian children with systemic lupus erythematosus and its possible relation to the renal pathology in cases with lupus nephritis. Subjects and methods The frequency of ACE gene insertion/deletion polymorphism genotypes was determined in 78 Egyptian children with systemic lupus erythematosus and compared to a matched group of 140 healthy controls using polymerase chain reaction...
June 2017: Lupus
X-J Zhou, M Chen, S-X Wang, F-D Zhou, M-H Zhao
Background Microvascular manifestations of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome in the kidneys include acute renal failure, thrombotic microangiopathy and hypertension. Therapy has been largely empiric. Case report A 49-year-old Chinese man presented with anuric acute renal failure without abundant proteinuria and heavy haematuria, but markedly low levels of urinary sodium, potassium and chlorine upon admission. On day 1 of hospitalization, his thrombocytopenia, anaemia and renal failure showed rapid progression...
June 2017: Lupus
N Glesse, P Vianna, L M G Paim, M C C Matte, A K K Aguiar, P L Palhano, O A Monticielo, C V Brenol, R M Xavier, J A B Chies
Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease marked by the disruption of the immune homeostasis. Patients exhibit a wide range of clinical manifestations, and environmental and genetic factors are involved in SLE pathogenesis. Evidence suggests that abnormalities in the cellular and molecular events that coordinate apoptosis may favour the generation of autoantigens involved in autoimmunity. In this way, the apoptotic deregulation may be affected by polymorphic variants in apoptotic-related genes...
June 2017: Lupus
H Nakamura, O Amengual, T Horita, M Kato, K Oku, T Bohgaki, S Yasuda, T Atsumi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Lupus
M Quintana Codina, L Creus Vila, G Melé Ninot, M Redonnet Salleras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Lupus
T Ogura, A Hirata, N Hayashi, S Takenaka, H Ito, K Mizushina, Y Fujisawa, M Imamura, N Yamashita, S Nakahashi, R Kujime, H Kameda
Although both systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may lead to joint deformity, SLE arthritis is typically non-erosive and often accompanied by Jaccoud's deformity. Therefore, we examined characteristics of joint and tendon lesions in patients with SLE and RA by ultrasonography. Fifteen treatment-naïve SLE patients and 40 treatment-naïve RA patients with joint symptoms were included in this study. The hand joints and related tendons were ultrasonographically examined using grey-scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD)...
June 2017: Lupus
R F Ashman, N Singh, P S Lenert
MRL-Fas (lpr/lpr) mice represent an excellent animal model for studying non-malignant lymphoproliferation, regeneration and systemic autoimmunity. Retro-transposon insertion into the second intron of the pro-apoptotic Fas gene appears to be responsible for both lymphoproliferation and autoimmunity, while other genes are more likely to contribute to the regenerative healing characteristic of this mouse strain. Previous studies have shown that neonatal thymectomy can halt the development of abnormal lymphoproliferation...
June 2017: Lupus
P Corzo, T C Salman-Monte, V Torrente-Segarra, L Polino, S Mojal, J Carbonell-Abelló
Objective To describe long-term clinical and serological outcome in all systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) domains in SLE patients with hand arthralgia (HA) and joint ultrasound (JUS) inflammatory abnormalities, and to compare them with asymptomatic SLE patients with normal JUS. Methods SLE patients with HA who presented JUS inflammatory abnormalities ('cases') and SLE patients without HA who did not exhibit JUS abnormalities at baseline ('controls') were included. All SLE clinical and serological domain involvement data were collected...
June 2017: Lupus
Sau Mei Tse, Chi Chiu Mok
Objectives The objective of this paper is to study the time trend and risk factors of avascular bone necrosis (AVN) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Between 1999 and 2014, patients who fulfilled the ACR criteria for SLE and developed symptomatic AVN were identified from our cohort database and compared with those without AVN, matched for age, sex and SLE duration. The standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of AVN in different SLE age groups were calculated from data derived from our hospital registry and population census...
June 2017: Lupus
A P Anandarajah, M Luc, C T Ritchlin
Objectives The objective of this study was to calculate the direct and indirect costs of admission for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, identify the population at risk and investigate potential reasons for admission. Methods We conducted a financial analysis of all admissions for SLE to Strong Memorial Hospital between 1 July 2013 and 30 June 2015. Patient and financial records for admissions with a SLE diagnosis for the above period were retrieved. The total cost of admissions was used as a measure of direct costs and the length of stay used to assess indirect costs...
June 2017: Lupus
H Langkilde, A Voss, N Heegaard, H Laustrup
Background Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with presence of autoantibodies and characteristic multi-organ involvement. Relatives of SLE patients have an increased risk of autoantibody production and autoimmune diseases. Methods In 2001, 226 first degree relatives (FDRs) of a population-based cohort of SLE patients were examined for the prevalence of autoantibodies and self-reported health complaints. In 2013, 143 FDRs were re-investigated and deceased's medical records were examined...
June 2017: Lupus
A Carbonella, G Mancano, E Gremese, F S Alkuraya, N Patel, F Gurrieri, G Ferraccioli
We describe the third family in the world, after Arabian and Turkish ones, displaying an autosomal recessive autoimmune disease (AID), mimicking systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), with unusual manifestations due to a homozygous frame-shift variant in DNASE1L3. SLE is a complex AID characterized by multiple organ involvement. Genetic risk variants identified account for only 15% of SLE heritability. Rare Mendelian forms have been reported, including DNASE1L3-related SLE. Through specific genetic tests we identified a homozygous 2 bp-deletion c...
June 2017: Lupus
A Riveros Frutos, I Casas, I Rúa-Figueroa, F J López-Longo, J Calvo-Alén, M Galindo, A Fernández-Nebro, J M Pego-Reigosa, A Olivé Marqués
Objective The objective of this study was to describe the demographic, clinical, and immunological manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in male patients. Methods A cross-sectional, multicenter study was carried out of 3651 patients (353 men, 9.7%, and 3298 women, 90.2%) diagnosed with SLE, included in the Spanish Rheumatology Society SLE Registry (RELESSER). Results Mean ages (18-92 years) of symptom onset were 37 (SD 17) years (men) and 32 (SD 14) years (women). Male/female ratio was 1/9. Age of onset of symptoms and age at diagnosis were higher in men than in women ( p < 0...
June 2017: Lupus
C H Feldman, J Liu, S Feldman, D H Solomon, S C Kim
Objective Prior studies suggest an increased risk of cervical cancer among women with systemic lupus erythematosus. However, the relationship with immunosuppressive drugs is not well studied in US nationwide cohorts. We compared the risk of high-grade cervical dysplasia and cervical cancer among women with systemic lupus erythematosus who started immunosuppressive drugs versus hydroxychloroquine. Methods We identified systemic lupus erythematosus patients initiating immunosuppressive drugs or hydroxychloroquine using claims data from two US commercial health plans and Medicaid (2000-2012)...
June 2017: Lupus
T Dassouki, F B Benatti, A J Pinto, H Roschel, F R Lima, K Augusto, S Pasoto, R M R Pereira, B Gualano, A L de Sá Pinto
Objective The objectives of this paper are to objectively measure habitual physical activity levels in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) with mild disease activity and to determine to which extent it may be associated with physical capacity and function and clinical features. Methods In this cross-sectional study, 29 women with pSS were objectively assessed for habitual physical activity levels (using accelerometry) and compared with 20 healthy women (CTRL) frequency-matched for physical activity levels, age, body mass index, and body fat percentage with regard to physical capacity and function, fatigue, depression, pain, and health-related quality of life...
June 2017: Lupus
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