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Kenneth W Altman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Laryngoscope
Christopher W Noel, Caitlin McMullen, Christopher Yao, Eric Monteiro, David P Goldstein, Antoine Eskander, John R de Almeida
OBJECTIVES: The Fragility Index (FI) is a novel tool for evaluating the robustness of statistically significant findings in a randomized control trial (RCT). It measures the number of events upon which statistical significance depends. We sought to calculate the FI scores for RCTs in the head and neck cancer literature where surgery was a primary intervention. DATA SOURCES: Potential articles were identified in PubMed (MEDLINE), Embase, and Cochrane without publication date restrictions...
April 23, 2018: Laryngoscope
Dennis T H Cheng, Kathy Y S Lee, Anil T Ahuja, Michael C F Tong
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Ultrasonography is an emerging clinical tool to study the dysfunction of swallowing muscles. This was the first sonographic study to assess the relationship between suprahyoid muscle contraction, hyoid bone displacement, and penetration-aspiration status (PAS) during swallowing in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients treated with radiotherapy (RT). The study also aimed to establish reliability data for the sonographic technique described. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
Robert J Morrison, Hassan B Nasser, Khaled N Kashlan, David A Zopf, Derek J Milner, Colleen L Flanangan, Matthew B Wheeler, Glenn E Green, Scott J Hollister
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Reconstruction of craniofacial cartilagenous defects are among the most challenging surgical procedures in facial plastic surgery. Bioengineered craniofacial cartilage holds immense potential to surpass current reconstructive options, but limitations to clinical translation exist. We endeavored to determine the viability of utilizing adipose-derived stem cell-chondrocyte co-culture and three-dimensional (3D) printing to produce 3D bioscaffolds for cartilage tissue engineering...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
Sepideh Mohajeri, Chi Lai, Bibianna Purgina, Dakheelallah Almutairi, Tabassom Baghai, Jim Dimitroulakos, Shaun Kilty
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Tenuous evidence has supported the hypothesis that sinonasal inverted papilloma (SNIP) arise from human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. To clarify the role of HPV in SNIP, all known HPV sub-types were evaluated by employing a robust polymerase chain reaction-based method in a wide variety of SNIPs from a single institution. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective surgical specimen tumor sample analysis. METHODS: HPV positivity among SNIP samples and those with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) were compared...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
Martinus M van Veen, Joseph R Dusseldorp, Tessa A Hadlock
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the long-term effect and treatment stability of selective neurectomy for refractory periocular synkinesis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients treated with highly selective neurectomy for refractory periocular synkinesis between August 2009 and August 2015. Primary outcome was time to recommencing treatment for periocular synkinesis. Palpebral fissure width was measured preoperatively, postoperatively, and at long-term ( > 2...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
Joe Walter Kutz, Andrew K Johnson, Cameron C Wick
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe the presentation, surgical findings, and outcomes in patients with spontaneous temporal bone cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulas and encephaloceles. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients treated for a spontaneous temporal bone CSF fistula and/or encephalocele over a 10-year period was performed. Data recorded included demographic information, presenting signs and symptoms, radiographic and laboratory studies, surgical approach, materials used for repair, surgical complications, and successful closure of the CSF fistula...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
Chi Zhang, Jiajia Wang, Adriana Chou, Ting Gong, Erin E Devine, Jack J Jiang
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising treatment modality for laryngeal dysplasia, early-stage carcinoma, and papilloma, and was reported to have the ability to preserve laryngeal function and voice quality without clinical fibrotic response. We aimed to investigate the mechanism behind the antifibrotic effects of PDT on primary human vocal fold fibroblasts (VFFs) in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro analysis from one human donor. METHODS: Cell viability of VFFs in response to varying doses of PDT was investigated by the Cell Counting Kit-8 method...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
C Blake Simpson, Kathleen M Tibbetts, Michael J Loochtan, Laura M Dominguez
OBJECTIVES: Neurogenic cough is believed to result from a sensory neuropathy involving the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN). We present our outcomes for the treatment of neurogenic cough with localized blockade of the internal branch of the SLN. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent in-office percutaneous SLN block for treatment of neurogenic cough between 2015 and 2017 was conducted. Patient demographics, indications for injection, and response to treatment were recorded and analyzed...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
Macario Camacho, Lauren K Reckley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
Tyler A Janz, P Ryan Camilon, Shaun A Nguyen, Jessica R Levi, Eric J Lentsch
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To examine the evolving changes in management of pediatric mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the parotid gland. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a large population database. METHODS: Pediatric patients in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database were included from 1973 to 2014 based on a diagnosis of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the parotid gland using the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, Third Edition codes: C07...
April 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
Bin Hu, Jingying Ye, Guoping Yin, Yuhuan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the influential factors on the morphological changes of upper airway caused by mouth opening (MO). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients were enrolled. Anthropometric and demographic data, Friedman tongue position (FTP), and tonsil scores were recorded. Overnight polysomnography and upper airway computed tomography scans under two conditions (mouth closed [MC] and MO) were acquired...
April 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
Giannicola Iannella, Diletta Angeletti, Alessandra Manno, Benedetta Pasquariello, Massimo Re, Giuseppe Magliulo
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of the present study was to show our preliminary results regarding the endoscopic ear surgery application in malleostapedotomy surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: Six patients (four females and two males) who underwent endoscopic ear surgery as revision surgery for otosclerosis were enrolled in this study. For endoscopic malleostapedotomy surgery, rigid angled endoscopes at 0 ° and 30 ° with a length of 14 cm and an outer diameter of 3 and 4 mm were used...
April 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
John A Stafford, Charles A Moore, Jonathan R Mark
The influenza A virus has accounted for the majority of influenza infections in the 2017 to 2018 flu season, with the typical clinical presentation including fever, myalgias, malaise, and nonproductive cough. Notably this season, we have recognized a cluster of influenza A cases presenting as severe neck and facial swelling, with the subsequent diagnosis of sialadenitis. Whereas previous authors have demonstrated isolated case reports of sialadenitis associated with influenza A infection, herein we describe the clinical history, laboratory values, and radiographic findings of four patients presenting to our institution in January 2018 with acute sialadenitis and influenza A infection...
April 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
John D Cramer, Abhita Reddy, Robert L Ferris, Umamaheswar Duvvuri, Sandeep Samant
OBJECTIVE: For the first time in 30 years, the eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Staging Manual offers major changes in the staging of oral cavity cancer. We evaluated the predictive ability of the new staging system for oral cavity cancer to validate these changes and hypothesized that the new system would improve prognostic accuracy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma in the National Cancer Data Base from 2009 to 2013 and applied the seventh and eighth edition staging AJCC staging systems to all patients...
April 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
Norbert V Kang, Walid Sabbagh, Greg O'Toole, Michael Silberberg
An absent or poorly defined antihelix often plays a central role in the perception of the prominent ear. A wide variety of otoplasty techniques have been described over the last 50 years that aim to reshape, create, or enhance the definition of the antihelix, which can, in turn, help to reduce the prominence of an ear. In addition to conventional suture and cartilage-scoring techniques, a permanent implantable clip system (Earfold® ) has recently become available that is placed using a minimally invasive approach performed under local anesthesia...
April 15, 2018: Laryngoscope
Evangelia Katsoulakis, Jonathan E Leeman, Benjamin H Lok, Weiji Shi, Zhigang Zhang, Jillian C Tsai, Sean M McBride, Eric J Sherman, Marc Cohen, Richard Wong, Ian Ganly, Nancy Y Lee, Nadeem Riaz
OBJECTIVE: Early-stage oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) represents a heterogeneous group of patients, and locoregional recurrence rates are as high as 25% with surgery alone. Radiotherapy (RT) is typically reserved as part of salvage multimodality therapy after salvage surgery because it is generally thought that there is no significant detriment to salvage therapy. Our aim was to examine outcomes for recurrent OCSCC treated with salvage surgery and radiation and compare them to outcomes for patients treated with adjuvant postoperative RT upfront...
April 10, 2018: Laryngoscope
Florence Othieno, Rodney J Schlosser, Kristina A Storck, Nicholas R Rowan, Timothy L Smith, Zachary M Soler
OBJECTIVE: The goals of this study were to assess retronasal olfaction in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and describe clinical factors that influence retronasal olfaction. This study sought to investigate the influence of retronasal olfaction on patient-perceived outcomes and examine the relationship between retronasal and orthonasal olfaction. METHODS: Retronasal olfactory function was tested using odorized powders in the oral cavity, whereas Sniffin' Sticks test (Burghart Instruments, Wedel, Germany) were used to assess orthonasal function prospectively in 69 adult CRS patients...
April 10, 2018: Laryngoscope
Jerome R Lechien, Petros D Karkos, Bernard Harmegnies, Sven Saussez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2018: Laryngoscope
David Chen, Christopher J Britt, Wojciech Mydlarz, Shaun C Desai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2018: Laryngoscope
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