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Lancet Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784457/the-dynamic-role-of-dengue-cross-reactive-immunity-changing-the-approach-to-defining-vaccine-safety-and-efficacy
#1
REVIEW
Kathryn B Anderson, Timothy P Endy, Stephen J Thomas
Dengue virus infections cause a substantial public health burden in tropical and subtropical regions. A single dengue vaccine has been approved by regulatory authorities in 19 countries, but concerns regarding vaccine safety in people who are dengue naive at the time of immunisation has introduced uncertainty into the vaccine's future. As other dengue vaccines complete or enter large-scale efficacy trials, we argue that foundational work by Sabin, historic epidemiological observations of dengue outbreaks, and prospective cohort studies in Asia and the Americas indicate that modifications must be made to the methods of assessing dengue vaccines...
May 18, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779917/antimicrobial-resistance-among-migrants-in-europe-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Laura B Nellums, Hayley Thompson, Alison Holmes, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Jonathan A Otter, Marie Norredam, Jon S Friedland, Sally Hargreaves
BACKGROUND: Rates of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are rising globally and there is concern that increased migration is contributing to the burden of antibiotic resistance in Europe. However, the effect of migration on the burden of AMR in Europe has not yet been comprehensively examined. Therefore, we did a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify and synthesise data for AMR carriage or infection in migrants to Europe to examine differences in patterns of AMR across migrant groups and in different settings...
May 17, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779916/out-of-the-frying-pan-and-into-the-fire
#3
Marc Mendelson, Davidson H Hamer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778396/how-effective-are-approaches-to-migrant-screening-for-infectious-diseases-in-europe-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Farah Seedat, Sally Hargreaves, Laura B Nellums, Jing Ouyang, Michael Brown, Jon S Friedland
Rates of migration to Europe, and within Europe, have increased in recent years, with considerable implications for health systems. Migrants in Europe face a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis, HIV, and hepatitis B and C, yet experience a large number of barriers to accessing statutory health care on arrival. A better understanding of how to deliver effective and cost-effective screening, vaccination, and health services to this group is now crucial. We did a systematic review to document and assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of approaches used for infectious diseases screening, and to explore facilitators and barriers experienced by migrants to accessing screening programmes...
May 16, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776807/public-health-surveillance-of-multidrug-resistant-clones-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-europe-a-genomic-survey
#5
Simon R Harris, Michelle J Cole, Gianfranco Spiteri, Leonor Sánchez-Busó, Daniel Golparian, Susanne Jacobsson, Richard Goater, Khalil Abudahab, Corin A Yeats, Beatrice Bercot, Maria José Borrego, Brendan Crowley, Paola Stefanelli, Francesco Tripodo, Raquel Abad, David M Aanensen, Magnus Unemo
BACKGROUND: Traditional methods for molecular epidemiology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae are suboptimal. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) offers ideal resolution to describe population dynamics and to predict and infer transmission of antimicrobial resistance, and can enhance infection control through linkage with epidemiological data. We used WGS, in conjunction with linked epidemiological and phenotypic data, to describe the gonococcal population in 20 European countries. We aimed to detail changes in phenotypic antimicrobial resistance levels (and the reasons for these changes) and strain distribution (with a focus on antimicrobial resistance strains in risk groups), and to predict antimicrobial resistance from WGS data...
May 15, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776806/resistant-gonorrhoea-east-meets-west
#6
Peter A Rice, Xiao-Hong Su
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754745/the-unusually-diverse-mortality-patterns-in-the-pacific-region-during-the-1918-21-influenza-pandemic-reflections-at-the-pandemic-s-centenary
#7
REVIEW
G Dennis Shanks, Nick Wilson, Rebecca Kippen, John F Brundage
The 1918-21 influenza pandemic was the most lethal natural event in recent history. In the Pacific region, the pandemic's effects varied greatly across different populations and settings. In this region, the pandemic's lethal effects extended over 3 years, from November, 1918, in New Zealand to as late as July, 1921, in New Caledonia. Although a single virus strain probably affected all the islands, mortality varied from less than 0·1% in Tasmania, to 22% in Western Samoa. The varied expressions of the pandemic across the islands reflected the nature and timing of past influenza epidemics, degrees of social isolation, ethnicity and sex-related effects, and the likelihood of exposures to pathogenic respiratory bacteria during influenza illnesses...
May 10, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752131/effectiveness-of-the-dtpa-hbv-ipv-hib-vaccine-against-invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-disease-in-the-netherlands-2003-16-a-case-control-study
#8
Susana Monge, Susan Jm Hahné, Hester E de Melker, Elisabeth Am Sanders, Arie van der Ende, Mirjam J Knol
BACKGROUND: In 2016, an increase in invasive Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) disease was reported in the Netherlands in children younger than 5 years, which coincided with the introduction of the hexavalent diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis-hepatitis B virus-inactivated polio virus/Hib vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib) from 2011 onwards. We aimed to estimate the effectiveness of the hexavalent vaccine to assess whether this increase could be explained by decreasing effectiveness...
May 8, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752130/hib-combination-vaccines-efficient-and-effective
#9
Cheryl Cohen, Anne von Gottberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709349/corrections
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709348/malaria-summit-london-2018
#11
John McConnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685458/prevalence-of-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-and-imputed-burden-in-south-africa-a-national-and-sub-national-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Nazir Ahmed Ismail, Lindiwe Mvusi, Ananta Nanoo, Andries Dreyer, Shaheed V Omar, Sanni Babatunde, Thabo Molebatsi, Martie van der Walt, Adeboye Adelekan, Varough Deyde, Chikwe Ihekweazu, Shabir A Madhi
BACKGROUND: Globally, per-capita, South Africa reports a disproportionately high number of cases of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis. We sought to estimate the prevalence of resistance to tuberculosis drugs in newly diagnosed and retreated patients with tuberculosis provincially and nationally, and compared these with the 2001-02 estimates. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was done between June 15, 2012-June 14, 2014, using population proportionate randomised cluster sampling in the nine provinces in South Africa...
April 20, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685457/drug-resistant-tuberculosis-the-rise-of-the-monos
#13
Ebrahim Variava, Neil Martinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681518/urban-transmission-of-tuberculosis-in-china
#14
Peter M Keller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681517/internal-migration-and-transmission-dynamics-of-tuberculosis-in-shanghai-china-an-epidemiological-spatial-genomic-analysis
#15
Chongguang Yang, Liping Lu, Joshua L Warren, Jie Wu, Qi Jiang, Tianyu Zuo, Mingyu Gan, Mei Liu, Qingyun Liu, Kathryn DeRiemer, Jianjun Hong, Xin Shen, Caroline Colijn, Xiaoqin Guo, Qian Gao, Ted Cohen
BACKGROUND: Massive internal migration from rural to urban areas poses new challenges for tuberculosis control in China. We aimed to combine genomic, spatial, and epidemiological data to describe the dynamics of tuberculosis in an urban setting with large numbers of migrants. METHODS: We did a population-based study of culture-positive Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Songjiang, Shanghai. We used whole-genome sequencing to discriminate apparent genetic clusters of M tuberculosis sharing identical variable-number-tandem-repeat (VNTR) patterns, and analysed the relations between proximity of residence and the risk of genomically clustered M tuberculosis...
April 19, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680581/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-risk-factors-and-determinants-of-primary-household-and-nosocomial-transmission
#16
REVIEW
David S Hui, Esam I Azhar, Yae-Jean Kim, Ziad A Memish, Myoung-Don Oh, Alimuddin Zumla
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a lethal zoonosis that causes death in 35·7% of cases. As of Feb 28, 2018, 2182 cases of MERS-CoV infection (with 779 deaths) in 27 countries were reported to WHO worldwide, with most being reported in Saudi Arabia (1807 cases with 705 deaths). MERS-CoV features prominently in the WHO blueprint list of priority pathogens that threaten global health security. Although primary transmission of MERS-CoV to human beings is linked to exposure to dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius), the exact mode by which MERS-CoV infection is acquired remains undefined...
April 18, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673736/soil-transmitted-helminth-treatment-multiple-drug-regimens
#17
Simon J Brooker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673735/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-triple-drug-therapy-with-albendazole-pyrantel-pamoate-and-oxantel-pamoate-compared-with-albendazole-plus-oxantel-pamoate-pyrantel-pamoate-plus-oxantel-pamoate-and-mebendazole-plus-pyrantel-pamoate-and-oxantel-pamoate-against-hookworm
#18
Wendelin Moser, Somphou Sayasone, Syda Xayavong, Bangon Bounheuang, Maxim Puchkov, Jörg Huwyler, Jan Hattendorf, Jennifer Keiser
BACKGROUND: Albendazole and mebendazole are commonly used to control hookworm, but have shortcomings in their efficacy profiles. We assessed whether triple drug therapy (TDT) with albendazole, pyrantel pamoate, and oxantel pamoate was more effective than the co-administration of two drugs for the treatment of hookworm infections. METHODS: A randomised, single-blind trial was done from Sept 27 until Nov 17, 2017, in Laos. Children (6-15 years) from six schools were invited to participate...
April 16, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673734/the-one-health-stewardship-of-colistin-as-an-antibiotic-of-last-resort-for-human-health-in-south-africa
#19
REVIEW
Marc Mendelson, Adrian Brink, Joey Gouws, Nontombi Mbelle, Vinny Naidoo, Troy Pople, Natalie Schellack, Moritz van Vuuren, Helen Rees
Increasing reliance on antibiotics of last resort to treat the rising numbers of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections in people has focused attention on how shared-use antibiotics are managed and regulated across human and animal health. Discussions at international and national levels have intensified since the identification of new plasmid-mediated genes for colistin resistance in 2016, first in China and subsequently in many other countries, removing the last line of defense against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections with carbapenem resistance...
April 16, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653698/progression-from-latent-infection-to-active-disease-in-dynamic-tuberculosis-transmission-models-a-systematic-review-of-the-validity-of-modelling-assumptions
#20
REVIEW
Nicolas A Menzies, Emory Wolf, David Connors, Meghan Bellerose, Alyssa N Sbarra, Ted Cohen, Andrew N Hill, Reza Yaesoubi, Kara Galer, Peter J White, Ibrahim Abubakar, Joshua A Salomon
Mathematical modelling is commonly used to evaluate infectious disease control policy and is influential in shaping policy and budgets. Mathematical models necessarily make assumptions about disease natural history and, if these assumptions are not valid, the results of these studies can be biased. We did a systematic review of published tuberculosis transmission models to assess the validity of assumptions about progression to active disease after initial infection (PROSPERO ID CRD42016030009). We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Biosis, and Cochrane Library, and included studies from the earliest available date (Jan 1, 1962) to Aug 31, 2017...
April 10, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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