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Lancet Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30639586/correction-to-lancet-infect-dis-2018-published-online-dec-14-https-doi-org-10-1016-s1473-3099-18-30541-3
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30635255/mumps-in-a-highly-vaccinated-marshallese-community-in-arkansas-usa-an-outbreak-report
#2
Virgie S Fields, Haytham Safi, Catherine Waters, Jennifer Dillaha, Lucy Capelle, Sheldon Riklon, J Gary Wheeler, Dirk T Haselow
BACKGROUND: During 2000-15, Arkansas Department of Health, Little Rock, AR, USA, investigated between one and six cases of mumps each year. From Aug 5, 2016, to Aug 5, 2017, the department received notification of more than 4000 suspected mumps cases in the second largest outbreak in the USA in the past 30 years. METHODS: Arkansas Department of Health investigated all reported cases of mumps to ascertain exposure, travel, and vaccination histories and identify close contacts...
January 8, 2019: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30635254/pneumococcal-vaccines-in-nepal
#3
Fiona M Russell, Kim Mulholland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30635253/mumps-outbreaks-in-ethnic-subpopulations-what-can-we-learn
#4
Darren W Westphal, Asha C Bowen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30635252/comparison-of-two-schedules-of-two-dose-priming-with-the-ten-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-nepalese-children-an-open-label-randomised-non-inferiority-controlled-trial
#5
Rama Kandasamy, Meeru Gurung, Stephen Thorson, Ly-Mee Yu, Ushma Galal, Merryn Voysey, Sarah Kelly, Brian Wahl, Guy Berbers, Kier Finnegan, Imran Ansari, Krishna Paudel, David R Murdoch, Katherine L O'Brien, Dominic F Kelly, David Goldblatt, Shrijana Shrestha, Andrew J Pollard
BACKGROUND: Nepalese infants receive ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) with a 1 month interval between priming doses for programmatic reasons. We aimed to investigate whether immune responses to PCV10 serotypes were non-inferior if the second priming dose of PCV10 was delivered at a 1 month interval as opposed to a 2 month interval. METHODS: We did an open-label, randomised, parallel group trial in healthy Nepalese infants aged 40-60 days at Patan Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal...
January 8, 2019: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30558996/the-changing-epidemiology-of-mumps-in-a-high-vaccination-era
#6
Helen S Marshall, Stanley Plotkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30558995/socioeconomic-disparities-associated-with-29-common-infectious-diseases-in-sweden-2005-14-an-individually-matched-case-control-study
#7
Alessandro Pini, Magnus Stenbeck, Ilias Galanis, Henrik Kallberg, Kostas Danis, Anders Tegnell, Anders Wallensten
BACKGROUND: Although the association between low socioeconomic status and non-communicable diseases is well established, the effect of socioeconomic factors on many infectious diseases is less clear, particularly in high-income countries. We examined the associations between socioeconomic characteristics and 29 infections in Sweden. METHODS: We did an individually matched case-control study in Sweden. We defined a case as a person aged 18-65 years who was notified with one of 29 infections between 2005 and 2014, in Sweden...
December 14, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30558994/a-protracted-mumps-outbreak-in-western-australia-despite-high-vaccine-coverage-a-population-based-surveillance-study
#8
Darren W Westphal, Ashley Eastwood, Avram Levy, Jane Davies, Clare Huppatz, Marisa Gilles, Heather Lyttle, Stephanie A Williams, Gary K Dowse
BACKGROUND: In 2007-08, a genotype J mumps outbreak occurred among Aboriginal people in northern Western Australia, despite high vaccine coverage. In March, 2015, a second protracted mumps outbreak occurred in northern Western Australia and spread widely across rural areas of the state. This time the outbreak was caused by a genotype G virus and again primarily affected Aboriginal people. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of this outbreak. METHODS: In this population-based surveillance study, we analysed statutory notifications and public health case follow-up data from the Western Australia Notifiable Infectious Diseases Database and vaccination information from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register...
December 14, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30558993/socioeconomic-disparities-and-infection-it-s-complicated
#9
Katherine B Gibney, Karin Leder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554997/spatially-targeted-screening-to-reduce-tuberculosis-transmission-in-high-incidence-settings
#10
REVIEW
Patrick G T Cudahy, Jason R Andrews, Alyssa Bilinski, David W Dowdy, Barun Mathema, Nicolas A Menzies, Joshua A Salomon, Sourya Shrestha, Ted Cohen
As the leading infectious cause of death worldwide and the primary proximal cause of death in individuals living with HIV, tuberculosis remains a global concern. Existing tuberculosis control strategies that rely on passive case-finding appear insufficient to achieve targets for reductions in tuberculosis incidence and mortality. Active case-finding strategies aim to detect infectious individuals earlier in their infectious period to reduce onward transmission and improve treatment outcomes. Empirical studies of active case-finding have produced mixed results and determining how to direct active screening to those most at risk remains a topic of intense research...
December 13, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554996/transmission-of-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-hiv-endemic-settings
#11
REVIEW
Palwasha Y Khan, Tom A Yates, Muhammad Osman, Robin M Warren, Yuri van der Heijden, Nesri Padayatchi, Edward A Nardell, David Moore, Barun Mathema, Neel Gandhi, Vegard Eldholm, Keertan Dheda, Anneke C Hesseling, Valerie Mizrahi, Roxana Rustomjee, Alexander Pym
The emergence and expansion of the multidrug-resistant tuberculosis epidemic is a threat to the global control of tuberculosis. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis is the result of the selection of resistance-conferring mutations during inadequate antituberculosis treatment. However, HIV has a profound effect on the natural history of tuberculosis, manifesting in an increased rate of disease progression, leading to increased transmission and amplification of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Interventions specific to HIV-endemic areas are urgently needed to block tuberculosis transmission...
December 13, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554995/advances-in-the-understanding-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-transmission-in-hiv-endemic-settings
#12
REVIEW
Julian S Peters, Jason R Andrews, Mark Hatherill, Sabine Hermans, Leonardo Martinez, Erwin Schurr, Yuri van der Heijden, Robin Wood, Roxana Rustomjee, Bavesh D Kana
Tuberculosis claims more human lives than any other infectious disease. This alarming epidemic has fuelled the development of novel antimicrobials and diagnostics. However, public health interventions that interrupt transmission have been slow to emerge, particularly in HIV-endemic settings. Transmission of tuberculosis is complex, involving various environmental, bacteriological, and host factors, among which concomitant HIV infection is important. Preventing person-to-person spread is central to halting the epidemic and, consequently, tuberculosis transmission is now being studied with renewed interest...
December 13, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554994/understanding-tuberculosis-transmission-might-be-the-gamechanger-we-need
#13
Onisillos Sekkides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553695/the-efficacy-effectiveness-and-immunogenicity-of-influenza-vaccines-in-africa-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Benjamin B Lindsey, Edwin P Armitage, Beate Kampmann, Thushan I de Silva
The burden of influenza in Africa is substantial and underappreciated. Although surveillance has increased, the medical community's understanding of seasonal influenza vaccine performance remains limited. We did a systematic review, using PRISMA guidelines (PROSPERO CRD42017058107), on the efficacy, effectiveness, and immunogenicity of influenza vaccines in populations within Africa with the aim of identifying key data gaps to help direct future research. We searched Embase, MEDLINE, Global Health database, and Web of Science for published studies from database inception to May 9, 2018...
December 12, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551872/epidemic-preparedness-why-is-there-a-need-to-accelerate-the-development-of-diagnostics
#15
REVIEW
Rosanna W Peeling, Maurine Murtagh, Piero L Olliaro
Global epidemics of infectious diseases are increasing in frequency and severity. Diagnostics are needed for rapid identification of the cause of the epidemic to facilitate effective control and prevention. Lessons learned from the recent Ebola virus and Zika virus epidemics are that delay in developing the right diagnostic for the right population at the right time has been a costly barrier to disease control and prevention. We believe that it is possible to accelerate and optimise diagnostic development through a five-pronged strategy: by doing a global landscape analysis of diagnostic availability worldwide; through strategic partnerships for accelerating test development, in particular with vaccine companies to identify novel diagnostic targets; by creating and sharing repositories of data, reagents, and well characterised specimens for advancing the development process; by involving key public and private stakeholders, including appropriate regulatory bodies and policy makers, to ensure rapid access for researchers to diagnostics; and last, by fostering an enabling environment for research and access to diagnostics in the countries that need them...
December 11, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30545717/correction-to-lancet-infect-dis-2018-18-1097-107
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 10, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30529212/maternal-immunisation-to-improve-the-health-of-hiv-exposed-infants
#17
REVIEW
Angela M Bengtson, Alan M Sanfilippo, Brenna L Hughes, David A Savitz
HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) infants are at an increased risk of many infectious diseases that can contribute to the high mortality seen among HEU children. Maternal immunisation could be a promising strategy to reduce infections in HEU infants. However, very little research has explored the effect of HIV on the immunogenicity and effectiveness of vaccines given during pregnancy. We review the available evidence on maternal immunisation among women living with HIV (WLWH) for all vaccines recommended, considered, or being investigated for routine or risk-based use during pregnancy...
December 7, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30528116/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-outbreak-in-south-africa
#18
LETTER
Nazir A Ismail, Kerrigan McCarthy, Francesca Conradie, Wendy Stevens, Norbert Ndjeka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30528115/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-outbreak-in-south-africa-authors-reply
#19
LETTER
Ndivhuho A Makhado, Maphoshane Nchabeleng, Philip Supply, Bouke C de Jong, Emmanuel André
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522835/be-aware-new-metrics-for-paediatric-antibiotic-stewardship
#20
Adrian J Brink, Marc Mendelson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 3, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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