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Lancet Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729167/protection-against-cholera-from-killed-whole-cell-oral-cholera-vaccines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Qifang Bi, Eva Ferreras, Lorenzo Pezzoli, Dominique Legros, Louise C Ivers, Kashmira Date, Firdausi Qadri, Laura Digilio, David A Sack, Mohammad Ali, Justin Lessler, Francisco J Luquero, Andrew S Azman
BACKGROUND: Killed whole-cell oral cholera vaccines (kOCVs) are becoming a standard cholera control and prevention tool. However, vaccine efficacy and direct effectiveness estimates have varied, with differences in study design, location, follow-up duration, and vaccine composition posing challenges for public health decision making. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to generate average estimates of kOCV efficacy and direct effectiveness from the available literature. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Review Library on July 9, 2016, and ISI Web of Science on July 11, 2016, for randomised controlled trials and observational studies that reported estimates of direct protection against medically attended confirmed cholera conferred by kOCVs...
July 17, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729166/oral-cholera-vaccines-exploring-the-farrago-of-evidence
#2
Suman Kanungo, Pranab Chatterjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729165/corrections
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 17, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716677/incidence-of-active-tuberculosis-in-individuals-with-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-rural-china-follow-up-results-of-a-population-based-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Lei Gao, Xiangwei Li, Jianmin Liu, Xinhua Wang, Wei Lu, Liqiong Bai, Henan Xin, Haoran Zhang, Hengjing Li, Zongde Zhang, Yu Ma, Mufei Li, Boxuan Feng, Jiang Du, Hongtao Sui, Rong Zhao, Haoxiang Su, Shouguo Pan, Ling Guan, Fei Shen, Jian He, Shumin Yang, Hongyan Si, Xu Cheng, Zuhui Xu, Yunhong Tan, Tianzhu Chen, Weiguo Xu, Hong Peng, Zhijian Wang, Tao Zhu, Xiaoyou Chen, Xinhua Zhou, Xueling Guan, Qi Jin
BACKGROUND: The management of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is a new priority action for the WHO End Tuberculosis (TB) Strategy. However, national guidelines on latent tuberculosis infection testing and treatment have not yet been developed in China. Here, we present the results from the 2-year follow-up of a study that aimed to track the development of active disease in individuals with latent tuberculosis infection, identify priority populations for latent infection management, and explore the most suitable latent infection diagnostic approach...
July 14, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716676/latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-rural-china-who-will-develop-tuberculosis
#5
Jean-Pierre Zellweger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711587/mycobacterium-chimaera-unraveling-a-mystery-through-genomics
#6
Jennifer L Gardy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711586/achieving-safe-effective-and-durable-zika-virus-vaccines-lessons-from-dengue
#7
REVIEW
Scott B Halstead
Newly proposed candidate Zika virus vaccines might or might not succeed in raising safe, effective, and durable protection against human Zika virus infections or syndromes. Analyses of a clinically tested and licensed dengue vaccine that failed to protect seronegative individuals from breakthrough or enhanced dengue infections suggest that poor T-cell immunity might have contributed to protection failure. Because of the similarity of Zika and dengue viruses, an analogous unwanted outcome might occur with some Zika virus vaccine designs...
July 12, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711585/global-outbreak-of-severe-mycobacterium-chimaera-disease-after-cardiac-surgery-a-molecular-epidemiological-study
#8
Jakko van Ingen, Thomas A Kohl, Katharina Kranzer, Barbara Hasse, Peter M Keller, Anna Katarzyna Szafrańska, Doris Hillemann, Meera Chand, Peter Werner Schreiber, Rami Sommerstein, Christoph Berger, Michele Genoni, Christian Rüegg, Nicolas Troillet, Andreas F Widmer, Sören L Becker, Mathias Herrmann, Tim Eckmanns, Sebastian Haller, Christiane Höller, Sylvia B Debast, Maurice J Wolfhagen, Joost Hopman, Jan Kluytmans, Merel Langelaar, Daan W Notermans, Jaap Ten Oever, Peter van den Barselaar, Alexander B A Vonk, Margreet C Vos, Nada Ahmed, Timothy Brown, Derrick Crook, Theresa Lamagni, Nick Phin, E Grace Smith, Maria Zambon, Annerose Serr, Tim Götting, Winfried Ebner, Alexander Thürmer, Christian Utpatel, Cathrin Spröer, Boyke Bunk, Ulrich Nübel, Guido V Bloemberg, Erik C Böttger, Stefan Niemann, Dirk Wagner, Hugo Sax
BACKGROUND: Since 2013, over 100 cases of Mycobacterium chimaera prosthetic valve endocarditis and disseminated disease were notified in Europe and the USA, linked to contaminated heater-cooler units (HCUs) used during cardiac surgery. We did a molecular epidemiological investigation to establish the source of these patients' disease. METHODS: We included 24 M chimaera isolates from 21 cardiac surgery-related patients in Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK, 218 M chimaera isolates from various types of HCUs in hospitals, from LivaNova (formerly Sorin; London, UK) and Maquet (Rastatt, Germany) brand HCU production sites, and unrelated environmental sources and patients, as well as eight Mycobacterium intracellulare isolates...
July 12, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701274/challenges-in-responses-to-syphilis-epidemic
#9
Xiang-Sheng Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701273/turning-the-spotlight-on-sexually-transmitted-infections
#10
Marco De Ambrogi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701272/sexually-transmitted-infections-challenges-ahead
#11
REVIEW
Magnus Unemo, Catriona S Bradshaw, Jane S Hocking, Henry J C de Vries, Suzanna C Francis, David Mabey, Jeanne M Marrazzo, Gerard J B Sonder, Jane R Schwebke, Elske Hoornenborg, Rosanna W Peeling, Susan S Philip, Nicola Low, Christopher K Fairley
WHO estimated that nearly 1 million people become infected every day with any of four curable sexually transmitted infections (STIs): chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, and trichomoniasis. Despite their high global incidence, STIs remain a neglected area of research. In this Commission, we have prioritised five areas that represent particular challenges in STI treatment and control. Chlamydia remains the most commonly diagnosed bacterial STI in high-income countries despite widespread testing recommendations, sensitive and specific non-invasive testing techniques, and cheap effective therapy...
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701271/health-systems-and-the-new-strategy-against-sexually-transmitted-infections
#12
Jeffrey D Klausner, Nathalie Broutet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701270/mycoplasma-genitalium-yet-another-challenging-sti
#13
Jørgen Skov Jensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693856/innovative-tools-and-approaches-to-end-the-transmission-of-mycobacterium-leprae
#14
REVIEW
Peter Steinmann, Steven G Reed, Fareed Mirza, T Déirdre Hollingsworth, Jan Hendrik Richardus
Leprosy control has seen little innovation and only limited progress in the past decade. However, research on the disease has increased and important innovations are underway. Here, we comment on efforts to develop tools and approaches to detect leprosy and to stop the transmission of Mycobacterium leprae, the causative bacillus of the disease. The tracing and screening of contacts of known patients with leprosy promises to strengthen early diagnosis, while preventive chemotherapy will reduce the risk of contacts developing the disease by 50-60% within 2 years of administration...
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693855/high-population-immunity-reduces-poliovirus-community-transmission
#15
Julie Garon, Roland W Sutter, Walter Orenstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693854/community-transmission-of-type-2-poliovirus-after-cessation-of-trivalent-oral-polio-vaccine-in-bangladesh-an-open-label-cluster-randomised-trial-and-modelling-study
#16
Mami Taniuchi, Michael Famulare, Khalequ Zaman, Md Jashim Uddin, Alexander M Upfill-Brown, Tahmina Ahmed, Parimalendu Saha, Rashidul Haque, Ananda S Bandyopadhyay, John F Modlin, James A Platts-Mills, Eric R Houpt, Mohammed Yunus, William A Petri
BACKGROUND: Trivalent oral polio vaccine (tOPV) was replaced worldwide from April, 2016, by bivalent types 1 and 3 oral polio vaccine (bOPV) and one dose of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) where available. The risk of transmission of type 2 poliovirus or Sabin 2 virus on re-introduction or resurgence of type 2 poliovirus after this switch is not understood completely. We aimed to assess the risk of Sabin 2 transmission after a polio vaccination campaign with a monovalent type 2 oral polio vaccine (mOPV2)...
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693853/multidrug-therapy-for-leprosy-a-game-changer-on-the-path-to-elimination
#17
REVIEW
Cairns S Smith, Ann Aerts, Paul Saunderson, Joseph Kawuma, Etsuko Kita, Marcos Virmond
Leprosy is present in more than 100 countries, where it remains a major cause of peripheral neuropathy and disability. Attempts to eliminate the disease have faced various obstacles, including characteristics of the causative bacillus Mycobacterium leprae: the long incubation period, limited knowledge about its mode of transmission, and its poor growth on culture media. Fortunately, the leprosy bacillus is sensitive to several antibiotics. The first antibiotic to be widely used for leprosy treatment was dapsone in the 1950s, which had to be taken over several years and was associated with increasing bacterial resistance...
July 7, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689703/to-the-g20-incentivising-antibacterial-research-and-development
#18
Christine Årdal, Enrico Baraldi, Francesco Ciabuschi, Kevin Outterson, John H Rex, Laura J V Piddock, David Findlay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648943/corrections
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645862/seroprevalence-and-susceptibility-to-hepatitis-a-in-the-european-union-and-european-economic-area-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Paloma Carrillo-Santisteve, Lara Tavoschi, Ettore Severi, Sandro Bonfigli, Michael Edelstein, Emma Byström, Pierluigi Lopalco
Most of the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) is considered a region of very low hepatitis A virus (HAV) endemicity; however, geographical differences exist. We did a systematic review with the aim of describing seroprevalence and susceptibility in the general population or special groups in the EU and EEA. We searched databases and public health national institutes websites for HAV seroprevalence records published between Jan 1, 1975, and June 30, 2014, with no language restrictions. An updated search was done on Aug 10, 2016...
June 20, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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