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Lancet Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319013/obituary-patrick-sissons
#1
Tony Kirby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298254/tuberculosis-is-changing
#2
Timothy M Walker, Ana Louisa Gibertoni Cruz, Tim E Peto, E Grace Smith, Hanif Esmail, Derrick W Crook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291722/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tuberculosis-in-hard-to-reach-populations-in-countries-of-low-and-medium-tuberculosis-incidence-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Charlotte C Heuvelings, Sophia G de Vries, Patrick F Greve, Benjamin J Visser, Sabine Bélard, Saskia Janssen, Anne L Cremers, René Spijker, Beth Shaw, Ruaraidh A Hill, Alimuddin Zumla, Andreas Sandgren, Marieke J van der Werf, Martin P Grobusch
Tuberculosis is over-represented in hard-to-reach (underserved) populations in high-income countries of low tuberculosis incidence. The mainstay of tuberculosis care is early detection of active tuberculosis (case finding), contact tracing, and treatment completion. We did a systematic review with a scoping component of relevant studies published between 1990 and 2015 to update and extend previous National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) reviews on the effectiveness of interventions for identifying and managing tuberculosis in hard-to-reach populations...
March 10, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291721/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-uptake-of-tuberculosis-diagnostic-and-treatment-services-by-hard-to-reach-populations-in-countries-of-low-and-medium-tuberculosis-incidence-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-literature
#4
REVIEW
Sophia G de Vries, Anne L Cremers, Charlotte C Heuvelings, Patrick F Greve, Benjamin J Visser, Sabine Bélard, Saskia Janssen, René Spijker, Beth Shaw, Ruaraidh A Hill, Alimuddin Zumla, Marieke J van der Werf, Andreas Sandgren, Martin P Grobusch
Tuberculosis disproportionately affects hard-to-reach populations, such as homeless people, migrants, refugees, prisoners, or drug users. These people often face challenges in accessing quality health care. We did a systematic review of the qualitative literature to identify barriers and facilitators to the uptake of tuberculosis diagnostic and treatment services by people from hard-to-reach populations in all European Union (EU), European Economic Area, EU candidate, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries...
March 10, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291720/congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-pregnancy-and-the-neonate-consensus-recommendations-for-prevention-diagnosis-and-therapy
#5
REVIEW
William D Rawlinson, Suresh B Boppana, Karen B Fowler, David W Kimberlin, Tiziana Lazzarotto, Sophie Alain, Kate Daly, Sara Doutré, Laura Gibson, Michelle L Giles, Janelle Greenlee, Stuart T Hamilton, Gail J Harrison, Lisa Hui, Cheryl A Jones, Pamela Palasanthiran, Mark R Schleiss, Antonia W Shand, Wendy J van Zuylen
Congenital cytomegalovirus is the most frequent, yet under-recognised, infectious cause of newborn malformation in developed countries. Despite its clinical and public health importance, questions remain regarding the best diagnostic methods for identifying maternal and neonatal infection, and regarding optimal prevention and therapeutic strategies for infected mothers and neonates. The absence of guidelines impairs global efforts to decrease the effect of congenital cytomegalovirus. Data in the literature suggest that congenital cytomegalovirus infection remains a research priority, but data are yet to be translated into clinical practice...
March 10, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268067/application-of-the-third-international-consensus-definitions-for-sepsis-sepsis-3-classification-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#6
John P Donnelly, Monika M Safford, Nathan I Shapiro, John W Baddley, Henry E Wang
BACKGROUND: The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3) present clinical criteria for the classification of patients with sepsis. We investigated incidence and long-term outcomes of patients diagnosed with these classifications, which are currently unknown. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis using data from 30 239 participants from the USA who were aged at least 45 years and enrolled in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort...
March 3, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268066/using-sepsis-3-to-identify-infected-patients-with-high-mortality-risk
#7
Jordan A Kempker, Greg S Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262600/implementation-research-on-hiv-adherence-interventions-no-time-to-wait
#8
Jane M Simoni, Frances M Aunon, Christopher G Kemp, Bryan A Kutner, Megan K Ramaiya, Jennifer Velloza, Joyce P Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262599/one-health-strategies-for-rabies-control-in-rural-areas-of-china
#9
LETTER
Jimin Tan, Ruyi Wang, Senlin Ji, Shuo Su, Jiyong Zhou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262598/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-nurse-delivered-intervention-to-improve-adherence-to-treatment-for-hiv-a-pragmatic-multicentre-open-label-randomised-clinical-trial
#10
Marijn de Bruin, Edwin J M Oberjé, Wolfgang Viechtbauer, Hans-Erik Nobel, Mickaël Hiligsmann, Cees van Nieuwkoop, Jan Veenstra, Frank J Pijnappel, Frank P Kroon, Laura van Zonneveld, Paul H P Groeneveld, Marjolein van Broekhuizen, Silvia M A A Evers, Jan M Prins
BACKGROUND: No high-quality trials have provided evidence of effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of HIV treatment adherence intervention strategies. We therefore examined the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Adherence Improving self-Management Strategy (AIMS) compared with treatment as usual. METHODS: We did a pragmatic, multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial in seven HIV clinics at academic and non-academic hospitals in the Netherlands...
March 2, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259562/30-year-trends-in-admission-rates-for-encephalitis-in-children-in-england-and-effect-of-improved-diagnostics-and-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccination-a-population-based-observational-study
#11
Mildred A Iro, Manish Sadarangani, Raphael Goldacre, Alecia Nickless, Andrew J Pollard, Michael J Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Encephalitis is a serious neurological disorder, yet data on admission rates for all-cause childhood encephalitis in England are scarce. We aimed to estimate admission rates for childhood encephalitis in England over 33 years (1979-2011), to describe trends in admission rates, and to observe how these rates have varied with the introduction of vaccines and improved diagnostics. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis of hospital admission statistics for encephalitis for individuals aged 0-19 years using national data from the Hospital Inpatient Enquiry (HIPE, 1979-85) and Hospital Episode Statistics (HES, 1990-2011)...
March 1, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259561/what-is-changing-and-what-is-not-in-childhood-encephalitis
#12
Ronny Wickström
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258817/characteristics-and-survival-of-patients-with-ebola-virus-infection-malaria-or-both-in-sierra-leone-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Matthew Waxman, Adam R Aluisio, Soham Rege, Adam C Levine
BACKGROUND: The 2014-15 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic strained health systems in west Africa already overburdened with other diseases, including malaria. Because EVD and malaria can be difficult to distinguish clinically, and rapid testing was not available in many Ebola Treatment Units (ETUs), guidelines recommended empirical malaria treatment. Little is known, however, about the prevalence and characteristics of patients entering an ETU who were infected with malaria parasites, either alone or concurrently with Ebola virus...
February 28, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258816/ebola-virus-and-malaria-parasite-positivity-a-febrile-illness-quagmire
#14
Moses B F Massaquoi, Stephen B Kennedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256310/asymptomatic-infection-and-unrecognised-ebola-virus-disease-in-ebola-affected-households-in-sierra-leone-a-cross-sectional-study-using-a-new-non-invasive-assay-for-antibodies-to-ebola-virus
#15
Judith R Glynn, Hilary Bower, Sembia Johnson, Catherine F Houlihan, Carla Montesano, Janet T Scott, Malcolm G Semple, Mohammed S Bangura, Alie Joshua Kamara, Osman Kamara, Saidu H Mansaray, Daniel Sesay, Cecilia Turay, Steven Dicks, Raoul E Guetiya Wadoum, Vittorio Colizzi, Francesco Checchi, Dhan Samuel, Richard S Tedder
BACKGROUND: The frequency of asymptomatic infection with Ebola virus is unclear: previous estimates vary and there is no standard test. Asymptomatic infection with Ebola virus could contribute to population immunity, reducing spread. If people with asymptomatic infection are infectious it could explain re-emergences of Ebola virus disease (EVD) without known contact. METHODS: We validated a new oral fluid anti-glycoprotein IgG capture assay among survivors from Kerry Town Ebola Treatment Centre and controls from communities unaffected by EVD in Sierra Leone...
February 27, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256309/asymptomatic-ebola-virus-infections-myth-or-reality
#16
Jens H Kuhn, Sina Bavari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238602/a-new-way-to-prevent-urinary-tract-infections
#17
Florian M E Wagenlehner, Kurt G Naber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238601/safety-immunogenicity-and-preliminary-clinical-efficacy-of-a-vaccine-against-extraintestinal-pathogenic-escherichia-coli-in-women-with-a-history-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infection-a-randomised-single-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-1b-trial
#18
Angela Huttner, Christoph Hatz, Germie van den Dobbelsteen, Darren Abbanat, Alena Hornacek, Rahel Frölich, Anita M Dreyer, Patricia Martin, Todd Davies, Kellen Fae, Ingrid van den Nieuwenhof, Stefan Thoelen, Serge de Vallière, Anette Kuhn, Enos Bernasconi, Volker Viereck, Tilemachos Kavvadias, Kerstin Kling, Gloria Ryu, Tanja Hülder, Sabine Gröger, David Scheiner, Cristina Alaimo, Stephan Harbarth, Jan Poolman, Veronica Gambillara Fonck
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli infections are increasing worldwide in community and hospital settings. The E coli O-antigen is a promising vaccine target. We aimed to assess the safety and immunogenicity of a bioconjugate vaccine containing the O-antigens of four E coli serotypes (ExPEC4V). METHODS: In this multicentre phase 1b, first-in-human, single-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned (1:1) healthy adult women with a history of recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) to receive a single injection of either intramuscular ExPEC4V or placebo...
February 23, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233632/helminths-in-organ-transplantation
#19
REVIEW
Andrew J R Cooper, Shamik Dholakia, Celia V Holland, Peter J Friend
With transplantation becoming an increasingly routine form of treatment for diverse populations, and with international travel becoming ever more accessible and affordable, the danger of transplantation-mediated helminth infections, exacerbated by coincident immunosuppression, must be considered. In this Review, we attempt to catalogue all clinically-relevant helminthiases that have been reported to coincide with transplantation, whether by transplantation-mediated transmission, reactivation of latent infections in an immunosuppressed context, or possible de-novo infection during the immunosuppressed peritransplant period...
February 20, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216245/laminar-airflow-and-surgical-site-infections-the-evidence-is-blowing-in-the-wind
#20
Robert A Weinstein, Marc J M Bonten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
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