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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30642568/frontline-the-ebola-response-in-the-lead-up-to-dr-congo-s-presidential-elections
#1
Fiston Mahamba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2019: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30638909/carbohydrate-quality-and-human-health-a-series-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#2
Andrew Reynolds, Jim Mann, John Cummings, Nicola Winter, Evelyn Mete, Lisa Te Morenga
BACKGROUND: Previous systematic reviews and meta-analyses explaining the relationship between carbohydrate quality and health have usually examined a single marker and a limited number of clinical outcomes. We aimed to more precisely quantify the predictive potential of several markers, to determine which markers are most useful, and to establish an evidence base for quantitative recommendations for intakes of dietary fibre. METHODS: We did a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective studies published from database inception to April 30, 2017, and randomised controlled trials published from database inception to Feb 28, 2018, which reported on indicators of carbohydrate quality and non-communicable disease incidence, mortality, and risk factors...
January 10, 2019: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30638908/carbohydrate-and-human-health-is-it-all-about-quality
#3
Edward S Chambers, Claire S Byrne, Gary Frost
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30638641/sudan-s-threatened-health-and-humanitarian-crisis
#4
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2019: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30635141/enteral-lactoferrin-supplementation-for-very-preterm-infants-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Infections acquired in hospital are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in very preterm infants. Several small trials have suggested that supplementing the enteral diet of very preterm infants with lactoferrin, an antimicrobial protein processed from cow's milk, prevents infections and associated complications. The aim of this large randomised controlled trial was to collect data to enhance the validity and applicability of the evidence from previous trials to inform practice...
January 8, 2019: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30635140/does-bovine-lactoferrin-prevent-late-onset-neonatal-sepsis
#6
Lex W Doyle, Jeanie L Y Cheong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2019: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30581040/zhang-s-guideline-to-assess-labour-progression
#7
Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin, Declan Devane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30581039/the-frequency-of-intrapartum-caesarean-section-use-with-the-who-partograph-versus-zhang-s-guideline-in-the-labour-progression-study-laps-a-multicentre-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Stine Bernitz, Rebecka Dalbye, Jun Zhang, Torbjørn M Eggebø, Kathrine F Frøslie, Inge Christoffer Olsen, Ellen Blix, Pål Øian
BACKGROUND: There is an ongoing debate concerning which guidelines and monitoring tools are most beneficial for assessing labour progression, to help prevent use of intrapartum caesarean section (ICS). The WHO partograph has been used for decades with the assumption of a linear labour progression; however, in 2010, Zhang introduced a new guideline suggesting a more dynamic labour progression. We aimed to investigate whether the frequency of ICS use differed when adhering to the WHO partograph versus Zhang's guideline for labour progression...
December 20, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30581038/rina-agustina-tracking-nutrition-and-child-health
#9
John Zarocostas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30581037/a-new-health-index-for-england-the-chief-medical-officer-s-2018-annual-report
#10
Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Orla Murphy, Sally C Davies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30579611/universal-health-coverage-in-indonesia-concept-progress-and-challenges
#11
REVIEW
Rina Agustina, Teguh Dartanto, Ratna Sitompul, Kun A Susiloretni, Suparmi, Endang L Achadi, Akmal Taher, Fadila Wirawan, Saleha Sungkar, Pratiwi Sudarmono, Anuraj H Shankar, Hasbullah Thabrany
Indonesia is a rapidly growing middle-income country with 262 million inhabitants from more than 300 ethnic and 730 language groups spread over 17 744 islands, and presents unique challenges for health systems and universal health coverage (UHC). From 1960 to 2001, the centralised health system of Indonesia made gains as medical care infrastructure grew from virtually no primary health centres to 20 900 centres. Life expectancy improved from 48 to 69 years, infant mortality decreased from 76 deaths per 1000 livebirths to 23 per 1000, and the total fertility rate decreased from 5·61 to 2·11...
December 19, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30579610/thailand-s-commitment-to-global-cooperation-on-ncds-acting-together-now
#12
Prayut Chan-O-Cha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30558872/antibiotic-allergy
#13
REVIEW
Kimberly G Blumenthal, Jonny G Peter, Jason A Trubiano, Elizabeth J Phillips
Antibiotics are the commonest cause of life-threatening immune-mediated drug reactions that are considered off-target, including anaphylaxis, and organ-specific and severe cutaneous adverse reactions. However, many antibiotic reactions documented as allergies were unknown or not remembered by the patient, cutaneous reactions unrelated to drug hypersensitivity, drug-infection interactions, or drug intolerances. Although such reactions pose negligible risk to patients, they currently represent a global threat to public health...
December 14, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554786/fibroblast-growth-factor-21-for-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
#14
Vincent W S Wong, Leon A Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554785/maternal-mortality-ratios-in-2852-chinese-counties-1996-2015-and-achievement-of-millennium-development-goal-5-in-china-a-subnational-analysis-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#15
Juan Liang, Xiaohong Li, Chuyun Kang, Yanping Wang, Xie Rachel Kulikoff, Matthew M Coates, Marie Ng, Shusheng Luo, Yi Mu, Xiaodong Wang, Rong Zhou, Xinghui Liu, Yali Zhang, Yubo Zhou, Maigeng Zhou, Qi Li, Zheng Liu, Li Dai, Mingrong Li, Yiyi Zhang, Kui Deng, Xinying Zeng, Changfei Deng, Ling Yi, Jun Zhu, Christopher J L Murray, Haidong Wang
BACKGROUND: As one of only a handful of countries that have achieved both Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5, China has substantially lowered maternal mortality in the past two decades. Little is known, however, about the levels and trends of maternal mortality at the county level in China. METHODS: Using a national registration system of maternal mortality at the county level, we estimated the maternal mortality ratios for 2852 counties in China between 1996 and 2015...
December 13, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554784/realising-equity-in-maternal-health-china-s-successes-and-challenges
#16
Yan Guo, Yangmu Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30554783/pegbelfermin-bms-986036-a-pegylated-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-analogue-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-2a-trial
#17
Arun Sanyal, Edgar D Charles, Brent A Neuschwander-Tetri, Rohit Loomba, Stephen A Harrison, Manal F Abdelmalek, Eric J Lawitz, Dina Halegoua-DeMarzio, Sudeep Kundu, Stephanie Noviello, Yi Luo, Rose Christian
BACKGROUND: Pegbelfermin (BMS-986036), a PEGylated human fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) analogue, has previously been shown to improve markers of metabolism and liver fibrosis in obese patients with type 2 diabetes. In this phase 2a study, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of pegbelfermin in patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. METHODS: In this multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase 2a study, we recruited adults (aged 21-75 years) with a body-mass index of at least 25 kg/m2 , biopsy-confirmed non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (fibrosis stage 1-3), and a hepatic fat fraction of at least 10% when assessed by magnetic resonance imaging-proton density fat fraction...
December 13, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553500/world-leaders-adopt-first-global-pact-on-migration
#18
Jocalyn Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553499/toward-improved-evaluations-of-laws-against-drink-driving
#19
Etienne Blais, Pierre Maurice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30553498/an-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-lowering-blood-alcohol-concentration-limits-for-drivers-on-the-rates-of-road-traffic-accidents-and-alcohol-consumption-a-natural-experiment
#20
Houra Haghpanahan, Jim Lewsey, Daniel F Mackay, Emma McIntosh, Jill Pell, Andy Jones, Niamh Fitzgerald, Mark Robinson
BACKGROUND: Drink driving is an important risk factor for road traffic accidents (RTAs), which cause high levels of morbidity and mortality globally. Lowering the permitted blood alcohol concentration (BAC) for drivers is a common public health intervention that is enacted in countries and jurisdictions across the world. In Scotland, on Dec 5, 2014, the BAC limit for drivers was reduced from 0·08 g/dL to 0·05 g/dL. We therefore aimed to evaluate the effects of this change on RTAs and alcohol consumption...
December 12, 2018: Lancet
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