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Journal of Vascular Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807385/external-validation-of-a-5-year-survival-prediction-model-after-elective-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#1
Randall R DeMartino, Ying Huang, Jay Mandrekar, Philip P Goodney, Gustavo S Oderich, Manju Kalra, Thomas C Bower, Jack L Cronenwett, Peter Gloviczki
OBJECTIVE: The benefit of prophylactic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is based on the risk of rupture exceeding the risk of death from other comorbidities. The purpose of this study was to validate a 5-year survival prediction model for patients undergoing elective repair of asymptomatic AAA <6.5 cm to assist in optimal selection of patients. METHODS: All patients undergoing elective repair for asymptomatic AAA <6.5 cm (open or endovascular) from 2002 to 2011 were identified from a single institutional database (validation group)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807384/external-validation-of-vascular-study-group-of-new-england-risk-predictive-model-of-mortality-after-elective-abdominal-aorta-aneurysm-repair-in-the-vascular-quality-initiative-and-comparison-against-established-models
#2
Mohammad H Eslami, Denis V Rybin, Gheorghe Doros, Jeffrey J Siracuse, Alik Farber
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to externally validate a recently reported Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) risk predictive model of postoperative mortality after elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and to compare its predictive ability across different patients' risk categories and against the established risk predictive models using the Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) AAA sample. METHODS: The VQI AAA database (2010-2015) was queried for patients who underwent elective AAA repair...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807383/prediction-of-major-cardiac-events-after-vascular-surgery
#3
Danielle M Gualandro, Christian Puelacher, Giovanna LuratiBuse, Gisela B Llobet, Pai C Yu, Francisco A Cardozo, Noemi Glarner, Andres Zimmerli, Jaqueline Espinola, Sydney Corbière, Daniela Calderaro, Andre C Marques, Ivan B Casella, Nelson de Luccia, Mucio T Oliveira, Andreas Lampart, Daniel Bolliger, Luzius Steiner, Manfred Seeberger, Christoph Kindler, Stefan Osswald, Lorenz Gürke, Bruno Caramelli, Christian Mueller
OBJECTIVE: Predicting cardiac events is essential to provide patients with the best medical care and to assess the risk-benefit ratio of surgical procedures. The aim of our study was to evaluate the performance of the Revised Cardiac Risk Index (Lee) and the Vascular Study Group of New England Cardiac Risk Index (VSG) scores for the prediction of major cardiac events in unselected patients undergoing arterial surgery and to determine whether the inclusion of additional risk factors improved their accuracy...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807382/association-between-statin-therapy-and-amputation-free-survival-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia-in-the-critisch-registry
#4
Konstantinos Stavroulakis, Matthias Borowski, Giovanni Torsello, Theodosios Bisdas
OBJECTIVE: Secondary prevention in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) is crucial for the reduction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Nonetheless, current recommendations are extrapolated from other high-risk populations because of the lack of CLI-dedicated trials. The aim of this explorative study was to evaluate the association of statin therapy with the outcomes of CLI patients. METHODS: The First-Line Treatments in Patients With Critical Limb Ischemia (CRITISCH) registry is a prospective multicenter registry analyzing the effectiveness of all available treatment strategies in 1200 CLI patients...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807381/postoperative-initial-2-day-blood-pressure-management-facilitates-the-shrinkage-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-after-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-by-reducing-the-incidence-of-type-ii-endoleak
#5
Shuhei Miura, Yoshihiko Kurimoto, Kosuke Ujihira, Yutaka Iba, Ryushi Maruyama, Akira Yamada, Masanori Nojima, Katsuhiko Nakanishi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of initial 2-day blood pressure management (BPM) after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the incidence of subsequent type II endoleak (T2E) and shrinkage of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac diameter. METHODS: We reviewed 136 patients who underwent EVAR for atherosclerotic AAA between July 2008 and July 2014 with one of three stent grafts (Excluder [W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz], Powerlink [Endologix Inc, Irvine, Calif], and Endurant [Medtronic Vascular, Santa Rosa, Calif])...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800839/outcomes-of-intervention-for-cephalic-arch-stenosis-in-brachiocephalic-arteriovenous-fistulas
#6
Mark G Davies, Taylor D Hicks, George M Haidar, Hosam F El-Sayed
BACKGROUND: Development of recalcitrant stenotic lesions of the cephalic arch is a significant cause of dysfunction of brachiocephalic access arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). Endovascular and surgical therapy can be used to treat cephalic arch stenosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of endovascular and surgical interventions for cephalic arch stenosis. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients during a 16-year period with a compromised but not occluded brachiocephalic AVF due to cephalic arch stenosis was undertaken...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780975/short-term-and-long-term-results-of-endovascular-and-open-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-in-germany
#7
Christian-Alexander Behrendt, Art Sedrakyan, Henrik Christian Rieß, Franziska Heidemann, Tilo Kölbel, Jörg Petersen, Eike Sebastian Debus
BACKGROUND: Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has emerged as a standard of care for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. However, real-world evidence to compare this technology to open aortic repair (OAR) is limited. Major gaps exist related to long-term outcomes of therapies worldwide. METHODS: Health insurance claims data of Germany's third largest insurance provider, DAK-Gesundheit, were used to determine outcomes after interventions for intact AAA (iAAA) and ruptured AAA (rAAA)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760584/the-endothelial-cell-secretome-as-a-novel-treatment-to-prime-adipose-derived-stem-cells-for-improved-wound-healing-in-diabetes
#8
Marc W Fromer, Shaohua Chang, Ashleigh L R Hagaman, Kiavash R Koko, Ryan S Nolan, Ping Zhang, Spencer A Brown, Jeffrey P Carpenter, Francis J Caputo
BACKGROUND: Chronic wounds are a common surgical problem exacerbated by diabetes and ischemia. Although adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have shown promise as a wound healing therapy, their function and proliferation are hindered in diabetes. This study examines the ability of the human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) secretome to reverse the deleterious effects of high glucose concentrations on ASCs through priming, thereby enhancing their ability to participate in angiogenesis and wound healing...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760583/discussion
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760582/improved-outcomes-with-proximal-radial-cephalic-arteriovenous-fistulas-compared-with-brachial-cephalic-arteriovenous-fistulas
#10
Dean J Arnaoutakis, Elise P Deroo, Patrick McGlynn, Maxwell D Coll, Michael Belkin, Dirk M Hentschel, C Keith Ozaki
BACKGROUND: Brachial-cephalic arteriovenous fistulas (BCFs) are associated with high-flow volumes, leading to potential risks such as arm swelling, steal syndrome, pseudoaneurysm (due to a pressurized access), and cephalic arch stenosis. We hypothesized that a proximal radial-cephalic fistula (prRCF) configuration mitigates these risks because a lower flow state is created. Furthermore, we also hypothesized that despite these lower flows, patencies (primary, primary assisted, secondary) are sustained...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760581/any-nonadherence-to-instructions-for-use-predicts-graft-related-adverse-events-in-patients-undergoing-elective-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#11
Christine R Herman, Philippe Charbonneau, Kiattisak Hongku, Luc Dubois, Sajjid Hossain, Kevin Lee, Oren K Steinmetz
BACKGROUND: A variety of devices exist for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Device-specific instructions for use (IFU) detail anatomic constraints to application and deployment of devices and are developed from rigorous bench testing. Nonadherence to IFU occurs frequently to avoid open surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine if IFU violations are associated with increased risk of graft-related adverse events (GRAEs) during follow-up. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective observational study included patients undergoing elective endovascular repair for abdominal aneurysmal disease with three different devices...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756047/effectiveness-of-surgical-interventions-for-thoracic-aortic-aneurysms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Mouaz Alsawas, Feras Zaiem, Laura Larrea-Mantilla, Jehad Almasri, Patricia J Erwin, Gilbert R Upchurch, M Hassan Murad
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and open repair in patients with descending thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAAs). METHODS: PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, EBSCO Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Scopus were searched from each database's inception to January 29, 2016. We selected studies that compared the two approaches in adults with TAAs and reported 30-day mortality or procedure complications...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756046/a-preoperative-risk-score-for-transfusion-in-infrarenal-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-to-avoid-type-and-cross
#13
Thomas F X O'Donnell, Katie E Shean, Sarah E Deery, Thomas C F Bodewes, Mark C Wyers, Kerry L O'Brien, Robina Matyal, Marc L Schermerhorn
OBJECTIVE: Preoperative type and cross are often routinely ordered before elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), but the cost of this practice is high, and transfusion is rare. We therefore aimed to stratify patients by their risk of transfusion to identify a cohort in whom a type and screen would be sufficient. METHODS: We queried the targeted vascular module of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) for all elective EVARs from 2011 to 2015...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756045/increasing-use-of-endovascular-therapy-in-pediatric-arterial-trauma
#14
Bernardino C Branco, Bindi Naik-Mathuria, Miguel Montero-Baker, Ramyar Gilani, Charles A West, Joseph L Mills, Jayer Chung
BACKGROUND: Endovascular therapy has been increasingly used for critically injured adults. However, little is known about the epidemiology and outcomes of endovascularly managed arterial injuries in children. We therefore aimed to evaluate recent trends in the endovascular management of pediatric arterial injuries and its association with early survival. METHODS: An 8-year analysis of the National Trauma Databank (2007-2014) was performed to extract all pediatric trauma patients (aged ≤16 years) with arterial injuries...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756044/association-between-arterial-stiffness-and-peripheral-artery-disease-as-measured-by-radial-artery-tonometry
#15
Greg J Zahner, Magdalena A Gruendl, Kimberly A Spaulding, Melinda S Schaller, Nancy K Hills, Warren J Gasper, S Marlene Grenon
OBJECTIVE: Arterial stiffness and peripheral artery disease (PAD) are both associated with an elevated risk of major adverse cardiac events; however, the association between arterial stiffness and PAD is less well characterized. The goal of this study was to examine the association between parameters of radial artery tonometry, a noninvasive measure of arterial stiffness, and PAD. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 134 vascular surgery outpatients (controls, 33; PAD, 101) using arterial applanation tonometry...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756043/impact-of-angiosome-and-non-angiosome-targeted-peroneal-bypass-on-limb-salvage-and-healing-in-patients-with-chronic-limb-threatening-ischemia
#16
Jean-Baptiste Ricco, Mauro Gargiulo, Andrea Stella, Mohammad Abualhin, Enrico Gallitto, Mathieu Desvergnes, Romain Belmonte, Fabrice Schneider
BACKGROUND: Direct (DIR) or indirect (IND) revascularization of pedal angiosomes in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) has an unclear impact on limb salvage and healing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of DIR and IND revascularization in patients with a peroneal bypass and tissue loss. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of a prospectively maintained database in two European university centers from 2004 to 2015. We extracted from this database all patients with CLTI and tissue loss who had received a bypass to the peroneal artery...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754361/descending-thoracic-aortic-mural-thrombus-presentation-and-treatment-strategies
#17
REVIEW
Karol Meyermann, Jose Trani, Francis J Caputo, Joseph V Lombardi
BACKGROUND: Thoracic aortic mural thrombus (TAMT) of the descending aorta is rare but can result in dramatic embolic events. Early treatment is therefore crucial; however, there is not a consensus on ideal initial treatment. METHODS: A review of the literature using PubMed was conducted, and all relevant publications describing descending TAMT of the past 15 years were reviewed. Variables included for this analysis were presentation, initial treatment strategy employed, outcome measures of thrombus resolution or regression, recurrence of symptomatic emboli, and mortality...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736121/potential-of-circulatory-procalcitonin-as-a-biomarker-reflecting-inflammation-among-south-indian-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#18
Dhamodharan Umapathy, Sireesh Dornadula, Arvind Rajagopalan, Narayana Murthy, Vairamani Mariappanadar, Rajesh Kesavan, Ramkumar Kunka Mohanram
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), the major complication associated with diabetes mellitus, has been shown to precede amputation in up to 90% of cases. Recent data reveal that procalcitonin (PCT) is a valid marker for the diagnosis of bacterial infections compared with traditional markers like white blood cell count, C-reactive protein levels, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in DFU patients. Furthermore, cytokines are proposed to act as modulators and mediators for the expression and release of PCT into the circulation...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736120/aneurysmal-degeneration-of-type-b-aortic-dissections-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Marissa Famularo, Karol Meyermann, Joseph V Lombardi
BACKGROUND: Promising results of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in patients with complicated type B aortic dissection (TBAD) have been well documented. However, whereas early results have led many to hypothesize a benefit of TEVAR in uncomplicated patients, the natural history of TEVAR after the treatment of TBAD has yet to mature. In this review, we evaluated the available data to investigate whether longer term TEVAR warrants enthusiasm for all comers with TBAD. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed searching specifically for studies assessing medium- and long-term outcomes after TEVAR for the treatment of TBAD...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733096/brachial-vein-transposition-is-a-promising-ultimate-upper-limb-autologous-arteriovenous-angioaccess-despite-its-many-pitfalls
#20
Lamisse Karam, Marek Rawa, Richard Shoenfeld, Pierre Bourquelot
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the possibility of using the brachial veins despite their deep location, small caliber, and thin wall. METHODS: There were 64 patients without superficial veins who were eligible for two-stage brachial vein transposition (BrVT); 54 patients were on hemodialysis, 9 patients had sickle cell disease, and 1 patient had long-term parenteral nutrition. Preoperative imaging was performed with color duplex ultrasound as well as venography for suspected central vein stenosis...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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