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Journal of Surgical Research

Lucas Castro-Alves, Mark C Kendall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Louise S van Galen, Daisy Vedder, Tom Boeije, Wilma Jansen, Nieke E Mullaart-Jansen, Donald L van der Peet, Ralph K L So, Prabath W B Nanayakkara
BACKGROUND: Although unscheduled readmissions are increasingly being used as a quality indicator, only few readmission studies have focused on surgical patient populations. METHODS: An observational study "CURIOS@" was performed at three centers in the Netherlands. Readmitted patients and treating doctors were surveyed to assess the discharge process during index admission and their opinion on predictability and preventability of the readmission. Risk factors associated with predictability and preventability as judged by patients and their doctor were identified...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Steven E Raper, Rebecca L Hoffman, Gregory J Jurkovich, Rachel R Kelz
The experiences of life are what shape us. This article relays stories of adversity and resiliency as experienced and told by members of our own surgical community at the Academic Surgical Congress in Las Vegas, NV in February 2017. We aim to express in words the lessons of each experience so that others can learn about life and leadership.
February 19, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Diana García Sáez, Paul Lezberg, Andre R Simon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
An P Jairam, Michael Wilson, Ewout W Steyerberg, Johannes Jeekel, Johannes F Lange
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Mandee Hahamoff, Nachi Gupta, Derly Munoz, Bernard T Lee, Pamela Clevenger, Christiana Shaw, Lisa Spiguel, Dhruv Singhal
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is one of the most significant survivorship issues in breast cancer management. Presently, there is no cure for BCRL. The single greatest risk factor for developing BCRL is an axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Lymphatic Microsurgical Preventative Healing Approach (LYMPHA) is a surgical procedure to reduce the risk of lymphedema in patients undergoing an ALND. We present our single institution results after offering LYMPHA in the context of an established lymphedema surveillance program...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Dina S Itum, Sarah C Oltmann, Michael A Choti, Hannah G Piper
BACKGROUND: Parental leave is linked to health benefits for both child and parent. It is unclear whether surgeons at academic centers have access to paid parental leave. The aim of this study was to determine parental leave policies at the top academic medical centers in the United States to identify trends among institutions. METHODS: The top academic medical centers were identified (US News & World Report 2016). Institutional websites were reviewed, or human resource departments were contacted to determine parental leave policies...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Mathieu C Raillard, Shannon M Axiak Flammer, Claudia Spadavecchia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Karim Hamaoui, Sally Gowers, Bynvant Sandhu, Natalie Vallant, Terry Cook, Martyn Boutelle, Daniel Casanova, Vassilios Papalois
BACKGROUND: Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) is increasingly being used for extended criteria kidney grafts. Pancreatic HMP is challenging because physiologically the pancreas is a low-flow organ susceptible to edema. We report the successful development of preclinical HMP models using porcine pancreases, as well as human pancreases unsuitable for clinical transplantation. METHODS: Ten porcine pancreases were used in the development of these perfusion models...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Chunyi Kan, Anding Liu, Haoshu Fang, Olaf Dirsch, Uta Dahmen, Michael Boettcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Jason M Weissler, Martin J Carney, Fabiola A Enriquez, Charles A Messa, Robyn Broach, Marilyn M Shapira, Frances K Barg, John P Fischer
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic mesh placement (PMP) at the time of open abdominal surgery has gained momentum over the last decade. However, there remains an identifiable gap in the literature regarding patient-reported outcomes and qualitative metrics. In effort to gauge the population's understanding or familiarity with PMP, this study provides an educational framework and uses crowdsourcing as a novel means to assess perception among the general population. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted among the general public to elicit perspectives on PMP...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Julie L Holihan, Deepa Cherla, Katherine J Blair, Steven S Chua, Joseph P Hasapes, Eduardo J Matta, Kaustubh G Shiralkar, Venkateswar R Surabhi, Varaha S Tammisetti, Tien C Ko, Mike K Liang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that agreement between readers of computed tomography (CT) scans for the diagnosis of a ventral hernia (VH) is poor (32% agreement, κ = 0.21). Recommendations were developed by surgeons and radiologists after determining common reasons for disagreement among CT reviewers; however, the long-term effect of adoption of these recommendations has not been assessed. The aim of this quality improvement (QI) project was to determine whether the incorporation of recommendations developed by surgeons and radiologists improves agreement among reviewers of CT scans in diagnosing a VH...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Emmanuel Gabriel, Rupen Shah, Kristopher Attwood, Moshim Kukar, Steven Hochwald
BACKGROUND: Esophagectomy is a major surgical procedure associated with high rates of morbidity. The purpose of this study was to determine if the immediate first postesophagectomy chest X-ray (pCXR) is associated with morbidity or mortality. METHODS: This was a single-institution analysis of patients undergoing esophagectomy, 2005-2015. A pCXR was routinely performed. A pCXR score was developed based on the number of objective abnormal findings. A statistical analysis was performed using patient/tumor variables and the pCXR score to derive adjusted odds ratios (ORs) on short-term outcomes...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Hope E Arnold, Katherine J Baxter, Heather L Short, Curtis Travers, Amina Bhatia, Megan M Durham, Mehul V Raval
BACKGROUND: Our goal is to determine short- and long-term outcomes of simple gastroschisis (SG) and complicated gastroschisis (CG) patients including quality of life (QoL) measures, surgical reoperation rates, and residual gastrointestinal symptom burden. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients who underwent surgical repair of gastroschisis between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2012, was performed at a quaternary children's hospital. Parent telephone surveys were conducted to collect information on subsequent operations and current health status as well as to assess QoL using two validated tools...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Audrey S Kulaylat, Katelin A Mirkin, Frances J Puleo, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Evangelos Messaris
BACKGROUND: Robotic approaches for colorectal surgery have been growing in popularity as experience with the new technology develops, but are frequently associated with longer operative time. It is unclear whether prolonged operative duration in robotic cases translates to increased morbidity. This study aims to compare the outcomes of non-emergent laparoscopic and robotic colon resections. METHODS: Patients undergoing non-emergent laparoscopic (LC) or robotic (RC) colon resections were identified in National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (2013-2015)...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Kiavash R Koko, Brian D McCauley, John P Gaughan, Marc W Fromer, Ryan S Nolan, Ashleigh L Hagaman, Spencer A Brown, Joshua P Hazelton
BACKGROUND: Spectral analysis of continuous blood pressure and heart rate variability provides a quantitative assessment of autonomic response to hemorrhage. This may reveal markers of mortality as well as endpoints of resuscitation. METHODS: Fourteen male Yorkshire pigs, ranging in weight from 33 to 36 kg, were included in the analysis. All pigs underwent laparotomy and then sustained a standardized retrohepatic inferior vena cava injury. Animals were then allowed to progress to class 3 hemorrhagic shock and where then treated with abdominal sponge packing followed by 6 h of crystalloid resuscitation...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Zi Wang, Xiaoye Li, Jinqiang Shen, Dan Tian, Qiuyi Ji, Limin Xia, Qianzhou Lv
BACKGROUND: Circulating microRNAs (miRs) may act as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for cardiovascular events in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery patients. This study measured changes in cardiac- and muscle-related miRs and cardiac and inflammatory biomarkers in acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing CABG surgery as well as investigated the correlations between these indicators. METHODS: Creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), cardiac troponin T (cTnT), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL-10, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and tumor necrosis factor-α were measured, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to determine the plasma levels of miR-1, miR-133a, miR-208a, and miR-499 before and after surgery in 27 acute coronary syndrome patients...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Masahiro Zenitani, Takashi Nojiri, Hiroshi Hosoda, Toru Kimura, Shuichiro Uehara, Mikiya Miyazato, Hiroomi Okuyama, Kenji Kangawa
BACKGROUND: Some chemotherapeutic agents have been reported to promote lung metastasis. However, there have been no reports regarding chemotherapy-induced liver metastasis. We hypothesized that chemotherapy might also enhance liver metastasis. The present study aimed to create a chemotherapy-enhanced liver metastasis mouse model and investigate its mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice were pretreated with cisplatin, vincristine, or saline by intraperitoneal injection...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Tobias Zingg, Bishwajit Bhattacharya, Linda L Maerz
Acid-base disorders are frequently present in critically ill patients. Metabolic acidosis is associated with increased mortality, but it is unclear whether as a marker of the severity of the disease process or as a direct effector. The understanding of the metabolic component of acid-base derangements has evolved over time, and several theories and models for precise quantification and interpretation have been postulated during the last century. Unmeasured anions are the footprints of dissociated fixed acids and may be responsible for a significant component of metabolic acidosis...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Emma C Hamilton, Charles C Miller, Michael Joseph, Winston W Huh, Andrea A Hayes-Jordan, Mary T Austin
BACKGROUND: Staging retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) for paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is recommended for all patients aged ≥10 y. The purpose of this study was to evaluate adherence with surgical resection guidelines for RPLND in patients with paratesticular RMS as a measure for surgical quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with paratesticular RMS were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database from 1973 to 2012...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
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