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Journal of Surgical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732685/the-three-paradigm-shifts-of-the-1980s-and-the-aas
#1
Michael Zinner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711371/extubation-to-high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-critically-ill-surgical-patients
#2
Navpreet K Dhillon, Eric J T Smith, Ara Ko, Megan Y Harada, Danielle Polevoi, Richard Liang, Galinos Barmparas, Eric J Ley
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is increasingly used to reduce reintubations in patients with respiratory failure. Benefits include providing positive end expiratory pressure, reducing anatomical dead space, and decreasing work of breathing. We sought to compare outcomes of critically ill surgical patients extubated to HFNC versus conventional therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted in the surgical intensive care unit of an academic center during August 2015 to February 2016...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711370/assessing-the-risk-of-hypercalcemic-crisis-in-patients-with-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#3
Andrew J Lowell, Norah M Bushman, Xing Wang, Yue Ma, Susan C Pitt, Rebecca S Sippel, David F Schneider, Reese W Randle
BACKGROUND: Hypercalcemic crisis (HC) is a potentially life-threatening manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). This study aimed to identify patients with PHPT at greatest risk for developing HC. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with a preoperative calcium of at least 12 mg/dL undergoing initial parathyroidectomy for PHPT from 11/2000 to 03/2016. We compared those with HC, defined as needing hospitalization for hypercalcemia, to those without HC...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711369/predicting-failure-to-rescue-after-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-in-elderly-patients
#4
Caitlin W Hicks, Anna O'Kelly, Tammam Obeid, Satinderjit Locham, Mahmoud B Malas
BACKGROUND: We aim to describe trends in failure to rescue (FTR) among elderly patients undergoing elective open aortic aneurysm repair (OAR) and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients aged ≥80 y recorded in the Vascular Quality Initiative database (2002-2014) undergoing nonruptured infrarenal AAA repair were included. Primary outcome was FTR, defined as percentage of deaths in patients who had a complication within 30 d of surgery...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711368/the-safety-and-feasibility-of-early-discharge-following-ileostomy-reversal-a-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-analysis
#5
Arash Azin, Emily Le Souder, David Urbach, Allan Okrainec, Sami A Chadi, Fayez Quereshy, Timothy D Jackson, Ahmad Elnahas
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare 30-day clinical outcomes following routine ileostomy reversal between patients that underwent early discharge (<24 h) and standard discharge (postoperative day [POD] 2 or 3). METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted between 2005 and 2014 using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program data set. All patients undergoing ileostomy reversal who were discharged on POD 0 or 1 (early discharge group [EDG]) versus POD 2 or 3 (standard discharge group [SDG]) were identified...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711367/optimization-of-a-multigene-biochip-for-detection-of-relapsed-and-early-relapsed-colorectal-cancer
#6
Yu-Tang Chang, Yung-Sung Yeh, Cheng-Jen Ma, Ching-Wen Huang, Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Ming-Yii Huang, Tian-Lu Cheng, Jaw-Yuan Wang
BACKGROUND: With the recent development of molecular markers, strategies for identifying patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) having a high risk of postoperative early relapse (within 1 y) and relapse have been improved. We previously constructed a multigene biochip with 19 candidate genes. The objective of the present study was to optimize a multigene biochip for detecting the risk of postoperative early relapse and relapse in patients with CRC. METHODS: We included 357 patients with stage I-III CRC who underwent curative resection at a single institution between June 2010 and May 2015...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684110/the-association-for-academic-surgeons-2001-2010-a-decade-of-inclusiveness
#7
Daniel I Chu, Herbert Chen
The Association for Academic Surgery (AAS) was established to inspire and develop academic surgeons. Since its founding in 1966, each decade has been marked by continued growth and innovations. The era of 2001-2010 was a decade notable for its focus on inclusiveness and diversity. In those ten years, the AAS grew its membership from all surgical backgrounds, established defining programs that remain today, and invested substantially in international outreach. In this article, we review these historical highlights and will demonstrate that the AAS remains the most important home for the young academic surgeon...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676224/pediatric-non-fatal-drowning-events-do-they-warrant-trauma-team-activation
#8
LETTER
Jonathon Webber, Andrew C Schmidt, Justin R Sempsrott, David Szpilman, Ana Catarina Queiroga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666527/pediatric-near-drowning-events-do-they-warrant-trauma-team-activation
#9
LETTER
Pranit N Chotai, Lisa Manning, Benjamin Eithun, Joshua C Ross, James W Eubanks, Chad Hamner, Ankush Gosain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602225/erratum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688670/editorial-2017-update
#11
EDITORIAL
Scott A LeMaire
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688669/silver-containing-dressing-for-surgical-site-infection-in-clean-and-clean-contaminated-operations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
REVIEW
Hui-Zi Li, Lei Zhang, Jia-Xi Chen, Yang Zheng, Xiang-Nan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Silver-containing dressings for the prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs) remained controversial, and accumulating evidence was lacking, so a meta-analysis was conducted to systematically assess the effectiveness and safety of silver-containing dressings for clean and clean-contaminated surgical incisions. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched from the inception to February 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which explored silver-containing dressings for the prevention of SSIs in clean and clean-contaminated operations...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688668/infectious-outcomes-of-gastroschisis-patients-with-intraoperative-hypothermia
#13
Rachel M Landisch, Roxanne L Massoumi, Melissa Christensen, Amy J Wagner
BACKGROUND: Perioperative hypothermia decreases nutrient and oxygen delivery to tissues and, in adult studies, increases the risk of infectious complications (ICs). Gastroschisis (GS) places newborns at risk for hypothermia by nature of exposed viscera and excessive heat loss. Although hypothermia is a known cause of mortality in GS, the rate of ICs in this at-risk cohort has not yet been delineated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed at our single tertiary-referral hospital, evaluating patient and operative characteristics of all GS infants who underwent operative closure...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688667/clinical-utility-of-the-additional-use-of-blue-dye-for-indocyanine-green-for-sentinel-node-biopsy-in-breast-cancer
#14
Yinan Ji, Ningbin Luo, Yi Jiang, Qiuyun Li, Wei Wei, Huawei Yang, Jianlun Liu
BACKGROUND: Indocyanine green (ICG) is widely used as a tracer in sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) of patients with breast cancer. Whether SLNB performance can be improved by supplementing ICG with methylene blue dye remains controversial. This study compared the performance of SLNB when ICG was used alone or with blue dye. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with T1-3 primary breast cancer at our hospital were recruited into our study and randomized to undergo SLNB with ICG alone (n = 62) or with the combination of ICG and blue dye (n = 65)...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688666/a-simple-and-improved-method-to-determine-cell-viability-in-burn-injured-tissue
#15
Angela L F Gibson, Shalini Shatadal
BACKGROUND: Cell viability is paramount to wound healing in burn injury. Current methods to determine depth of burn injury in the research setting are based on the subjective visualization of cell viability using hematoxylin and eosin staining. The purpose of this study was to develop a simplified method of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) staining to identify viable cells in frozen sections of human burn tissue that can be used in the research setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After surgical excision, human burn tissue was processed for histologic evaluation...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688665/b-cells-in-tertiary-lymphoid-structures-are-associated-with-favorable-prognosis-in-gastric-cancer
#16
Chie Sakimura, Hiroaki Tanaka, Takahiro Okuno, Soichiro Hiramatsu, Kazuya Muguruma, Kosei Hirakawa, Hideki Wanibuchi, Masaichi Ohira
BACKGROUND: The role of tumor-infiltrating B cells in the tumor microenvironment is still unclear. Recent studies have reported that B cells and tertiary lymphoid structures (TLSs) that contain B cell follicles correlate with the favorable prognosis of cancer patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between tumor-infiltrating B cells and clinicopathological features in gastric cancer. METHODS: Tumor blocks were obtained from 226 patients with stage Ib to stage IV gastric cancer...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688664/a-novel-flight-surgeon-training-model-at-a-joint-military-and-civilian-surgical-residency-program
#17
Erik S DeSoucy, Scott A Zakaluzny, Joseph M Galante
BACKGROUND: Graduating military preliminary interns are often required to fill flight surgeon billets. General surgery preliminary interns get experience evaluating surgical and trauma patients, but receive very little training in primary care and flight medicine. At a joint military and civilian training program, we developed a supplemental curriculum to help transition our interns into flight medicine. METHODS: From 2013 to 2016, we developed a lecture series focused on aerospace medicine, primary care, and specialty topics including dermatology, ophthalmology, orthopedics, pediatrics, psychiatry, and women's health...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688663/comparing-traditional-and-novel-injury-scoring-systems-in-a-us-level-i-trauma-center-an-opportunity-for-improved-injury-surveillance-in%C3%A2-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
Adam D Laytin, Rochelle A Dicker, Martin Gerdin, Nobhojit Roy, Bhakti Sarang, Vineet Kumar, Catherine Juillard
BACKGROUND: In most low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the resources to accurately quantify injury severity using traditional injury scoring systems are limited. Novel injury scoring systems appear to have adequate discrimination for mortality in LMIC contexts, but they have not been rigorously compared where traditional injury scores can be accurately calculated. To determine whether novel injury scoring systems perform as well as traditional ones in a HIC with complete and comprehensive data collection...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688662/improving-resident-well-being-and-clinical-learning-environment-through-academic-initiatives
#19
Nathaniel Lee, Nital Appelbaum, Michael Amendola, Kelley Dodson, Brian Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Organizational effects on job satisfaction, burnout, work-life balance, and perceived support have not been studied in the context of the clinical learning environment. We evaluated the relationship between academic resources and resident well-being, the clinical learning environment, and in-service examination performance of surgical residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Residents of general surgery and surgical specialty programs were recruited from March 2016 through June 2016 across the Southeast, Mid-Atlantic, and Northeast regions...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688661/use-of-axillary-lymph-node-dissection-alnd-in-patients-with-micrometastatic-breast-cancer
#20
Madison Collins, Cristina O'Donoghue, Weihong Sun, Jun-Min Zhou, Zhenjun Ma, Christine Laronga, Marie Catherine Lee
BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is the current prognostic tool for clinically node-negative breast cancer patients. If the SLN reveals macrometastasis, axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is recommended. However, the use of ALND in patients with micrometastasis is debated. The objective of this study was to assess the utilization of ALND in the treatment of micrometastatic breast cancer. METHODS: An IRB approved, retrospective study of a pooled dataset of breast cancer patients with micrometastatic disease on SLN biopsy was performed...
July 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
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