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Journal of Surgical Oncology

James S Lin, Juan E Santiago-Torres, Joshua S Everhart, Nicole E Zayan, Joel L Mayerson, Thomas J Scharschmidt
BACKGROUND: Malignant hip lesions can be managed operatively by intramedullary (IM) nail fixation and hemiarthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 86 patients who underwent hemiarthroplasty (n = 22) or IM nail fixation (n = 64) for prophylactic treatment of impending pathologic fracture due to malignant lesions of the hip. Cox proportional hazards and logistic regression modeling were performed to determine risk of death, fixation failure, pain relief, and return to ambulation without gait aids...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Isabelle Veys, Florin-Catalin Pop, Sophie Vankerckhove, Romain Barbieux, Marie Chintinne, Michel Moreau, Jean-Marie Nogaret, Denis Larsimont, Vincent Donckier, Pierre Bourgeois, Gabriel Liberale
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: No intraoperative imaging techniques exist for detecting tumor nodules or tumor scar tissues in patients treated with upfront or interval cytoreductive surgery (CS) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). The aims of this study were to evaluate the role of indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence imaging (FI) for the detection of peritoneal metastases (PM) and evaluate whether it can be used to detect remnant tumor cells in scar tissue. METHODS: Patients with PM from ovarian cancer admitted for CS were included...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Koji Matsuo, Kwong-Kwok Wong, Christina Fotopoulou, Erin A Blake, Sharon E Robertson, Tanja Pejovic, Marina Frimer, Vishakha Pardeshi, Wei Hu, Jong-Sun Choi, Charlotte C Sun, Abby M Richmond, Jenna Z Marcus, Maren A M Hilliard, Sayedamin Mostofizadeh, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia, Eman Abdulfatah, Miriam D Post, Mian M K Shahzad, Rouzan G Karabakhtsian, Rouba Ali-Fehmi, Hani Gabra, Lynda D Roman, Anil K Sood, David M Gershenson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To examine association of lympho-vascular space invasion (LVSI) with clinico-pathological factors and to evaluate survival of women with low-grade serous ovarian carcinoma containing areas of LVSI. METHODS: This is a multicenter retrospective study examining consecutive cases of surgically treated stage I-IV low-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (n = 178). Archived histopathology slides for the ovarian tumors were reviewed, and LVSI was scored as present or absent...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Ines E Tinhofer, Stefan Meng, Johannes Steinbacher, Julia Roka-Palkovits, Eva Györi, Lukas F Reissig, Ming-Huei Cheng, Wolfgang J Weninger, Chieh-Han J Tzou
BACKGROUND: One promising surgical treatment of lymphedema is the VLNT. Lymph nodes can be harvested from different locations; inguinal, axillary, and supraclavicular ones are used most often. The aim of our study was to assess the surgical anatomy of the lateral thoracic artery lymph node flap. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 16 lymph node flaps from nine cadavers were dissected. Flap markings were made between the anterior and posterior axillary line in dimensions of 10 × 5 cm...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Alexander C Hollis, Lauren M Quinn, James Hodson, Emily Evans, James Plowright, Ruksana Begum, Harriet Mitchell, Mike T Hallissey, John L Whiting, Ewen A Griffiths
AIMS: We investigated the prognostic value of tumor length measurements acquired both from pre-operative imaging and post-operative pathology in esophageal cancer. METHODS: Tumor lengths were examined retrospectively for 389 esophagectomy patients with respect to Endoscopy, EUS (Endoscopic Ultrasound), CT and PET-CT, and pathology. Correlations between the measurements on the different approaches were assessed, and associations between tumor length and survival were analyzed...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Alyson L Mahar, Carolyn Compton, Susan Halabi, Kenneth R Hess, Martin R Weiser, Patti A Groome
Integrating diverse types of prognostic information into accurate, individualized estimates of outcome in colorectal cancer is challenging. Significant heterogeneity in colorectal cancer prognostication tool quality exists. Methodology is incompletely or inadequately reported. Evaluations of the internal or external validity of the prognostic model are rarely performed. Prognostication tools are important devices for patient management, but tool reliability is compromised by poor quality. Guidance for future development of prognostication tools in colorectal cancer is needed...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Atsushi Yoshida, Naoki Hayashi, Koyu Suzuki, Masafumi Takimoto, Seigo Nakamura, Hideko Yamauchi
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess change in HER2 status after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in patients with primary breast cancer and the prognostic impact of such changes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study comprised 588 patients with a non-pathologic complete response who received anthracycline and/or taxane-based regimens in NAC setting. HER2 status was assessed before NAC and in residual invasive tumor of the surgical specimens. The associations between the change in HER2 status and clinicopathological factors were assessed...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Shonan Sho, Colin M Court, Paul Winograd, Marcia M Russell, James S Tomlinson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately 20-40% of stage II/III colorectal cancer (CRC) patients develop relapse. Clinicopathological factors alone are limited in detecting these patients, resulting in potential under/over-treatment. We sought to identify a prognostic tumor mutational profile that could predict CRC recurrence. METHODS: Whole-exome sequencing data were obtained for 207 patients with stage II/III CRC from The Cancer Genome Atlas. Mutational landscape in relapse-free versus relapsed cohort was compared using Fisher's exact test, followed by multivariate Cox regression to identify genes associated with cancer recurrence...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
David P J van Dijk, Victor van Woerden, Hamit Cakir, Marcel den Dulk, Steven W M Olde Damink, Cornelis H C Dejong
The enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program has reduced postoperative morbidity and duration of hospital stay but not mortality in patients undergoing hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgery. Many HPB patients suffer from cancer cachexia, a syndrome of severe weight and muscle loss. This may affect outcomes of HPB surgery even within an ERAS program. A tailored ERAS approach may be essential in further improving outcome in this vulnerable patient category.
August 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Frederick L Greene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Caitlin R Patten, Kendall Walsh, Terry Sarantou, Lejla Hadzikadic-Gusic, Meghan R Forster, Myra Robinson, Richard L White
INTRODUCTION: Prior to the "no ink on tumor" SSO/ASTRO consensus guideline, approximately 20% of women with stage I/II breast cancers undergoing breast conservation surgery at our institution underwent margin re-excision. On May 20, 2013, our institution changed the definition of negative margins from 2 mm to "no ink on tumor." METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients who had surgery at our institution with clinical stage I/II breast cancers between June 1, 2011 and May 1, 2015...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Satoshi Murata, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Naitoh, Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Sachiko Kaida, Tomoharu Shimizu, Hisanori Shiomi, Shigeyuki Naka, Tohru Tani, Masaji Tani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We conducted a dose-finding study for 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) administered with cisplatin (CDDP) and mitomycin C (MMC) to find an improved regimen for hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for advanced gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: The appropriate HIPEC regimen previously determined in vitro was 5-FU (200 µg/mL), MMC (2 µg/mL), and CDDP (10 µg/mL) at hyperthermic conditions (42°C) for 30 min. This was a clinical study to determine the recommended dose of 5-FU in combination with MMC and CDDP at 42°C for 30 min and to evaluate HIPEC safety in patients at high risk of developing peritoneal metastases following GC surgery...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Hyeoseong Hwang, Seho Park, Ja Seung Koo, Hyung Seok Park, Seung Il Kim, Young Up Cho, Byeong-Woo Park, Jung Hyun Yoon, Min Jung Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim
OBJECTIVES: To investigate predictors of occult nipple-areolar complex (NAC) involvement in patients with carcinoma in situ (CIS) and to validate an online probability calculator (CancerMath; METHODS: Mastectomized patients with CIS (n = 104) were retrospectively selected. Clinicopathology and preoperative mammography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were analyzed. RESULTS: Histopathological NAC-positivity was confirmed in 20 (19...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Babette E Becherer, Parisa Kamali, Marek A Paul, Winona Wu, Daniel A Curiel, Hinne A Rakhorst, Bernard Lee, Samuel J Lin, Kari J Kansal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Autologous breast reconstruction (BR) can be a stressful life event. Therefore, women undergoing mastectomy and autologous BR are required to have sufficient coping mechanisms. Although mental health problems are widespread, information regarding the prevalence of psychiatric diagnosis among these patients is scarce. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed using data from a large tertiary teaching hospital and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Saori Goto, Koya Hida, Kenji Kawada, Ryosuke Okamura, Suguru Hasegawa, Takahisa Kyogoku, Shuichi Ota, Yukito Adachi, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak (AL) is a serious complication of low anterior resection (LAR). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of transanal tube placement for prevention of AL. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study enrolled 328 consecutive patients who underwent LAR for rectal cancer at participating hospitals from 2009 to 2014. Multivariate logistic regression was used to adjust for confounding factors. RESULTS: A transanal tube was placed in 205 patients (TA group) and not placed in 123 patients (non-TA group)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Rui Mao, Weirong Shi, Donglai Chen, Xier Maimaiti Kadeer, Mu Li, Ke Fei, Chang Chen
We herein detail a novel method of skeletal navigation for localizing small solitary pulmonary nodules of 8-30 mm size and at a distance of less than 15 mm from visceral pleura. Thirty-four lesions found in 29 patients were successfully localized. All 34 target nodules first underwent wedge resections, and there were no cases of technical failure of the present method. This technique incurs no additional cost and complications as caused by other localization approaches. Additionally, this approach provides a backup method in cases of mark displacement...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Brian S Chu, Wima Koffi, Richard S Hoehn, Audrey Ertel, Shimul A Shah, Syed A Ahmad, Jeffrey J Sussman, Heather B Neuman, Daniel E Abbott
BACKGROUND: Completion lymph node dissection (CLND) is recommended for melanoma patients with positive sentinel lymph node biopsies (SLNB); however, 50% do not undergo CLND. We sought to determine CLND trends over time, and factors contributing to variability. METHODS: The NCDB was queried for patients undergoing wide local excision (WLE), with or without SLNB and CLND. Cohorts were created based on demographic/socioeconomic variables and era of treatment (Era 1: 2003-07, Era 2: 2008-12)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Xiao-Dong Chen, Chen-Chen Mao, Wei-Teng Zhang, Ji Lin, Rui-Sen Wu, Feng-Min Zhang, Xiang-Wei Sun, Chu-Huai Chi, Xian Shen, Peng-Fei Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between obesity and postsurgical gastroparesis syndrome (PGS), and to construct a scoring system and a risk model to identify patients at high risk. METHODS: A total of 634 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical characteristics were evaluated via receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Logistic analysis was performed to determine the independent predictive indicators of PGS...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Georgios Antonios Margonis, Stefan Buettner, Nikolaos Andreatos, Kazunari Sasaki, Manijeh Zargham Pour, Ammar Deshwar, Jane Wang, Mounes Aliyari Ghasebeh, Christos Damaskos, Neda Rezaee, Timothy M Pawlik, Christopher L Wolfgang, Ihab R Kamel, Matthew J Weiss
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While preoperative treatment is frequently administered to CRLM patients, the impact of chemotherapy, with or without bevacizumab, on liver regeneration remains controversial. METHODS: The early and late regeneration indexes were defined as the relative increase in liver volume (RLV) within 2 and 9 months from surgery. Regeneration rates of the preoperative treatment groups were compared. RESULTS: Preoperative chemotherapy details and volumetric data were available for 185 patients; 78 (42...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Jack P Silva, Richard A Gorman, Nicholas G Berger, Susan Tsai, Kathleen K Christians, Callisia N Clarke, Harveshp Mogal, T Clark Gamblin
INTRODUCTION: Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) has a valuable role in postoperative surveillance for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence. The utility of pretreatment or baseline AFP remains controversial. The present study hypothesized that elevated baseline AFP levels are associated with worse overall survival in HCC patients. METHODS: Adult HCC patients were identified using the National Cancer Database (2004-2013). Patients were stratified according to baseline AFP measurements into the following groups: Negative (<20), Borderline (20-199), Elevated (200-1999), and Highly Elevated (>2000)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
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