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Journal of Surgical Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212600/lymph-node-metastases-in-splenic-flexure-colon-cancer-is-subtotal-colectomy-warranted
#1
Gilles Manceau, Arnaud Mori, Armelle Bardier, Jeremy Augustin, Sylvie Breton, Jean-Christophe Vaillant, Mehdi Karoui
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Tumors of the splenic flexure (TSF) can be associated with metastatic lymph nodes (LN) along the left colic pedicle, but also along the superior mesenteric vessels. We aimed to detail the anatomical distribution of metastatic LNs in patients undergoing elective subtotal colectomy for TSF. METHOD: Between 2000 and 2016, 65 patients were included. At pathological analysis, LNs were classified into two groups: locoregional LN (along the left colic artery) and distant LN (along the middle colic, right colic, and ileocolic arteries)...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212598/nipple-sparing-mastectomy-and-breast-reconstruction-with-a-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flap-using-thoracodorsal-recipient-vessels-and-a-low-lateral-incision
#2
Olivia A Ho, Lin Yi-Ling, Marco Pappalardo, Ming-Huei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Nipple-sparing mastectomy poses challenges in providing esthetically-pleasing immediate autologous breast reconstruction. This study was to investigate the outcomes of nipple-sparing mastectomy with breast reconstruction using free abdominal flaps between two different recipient sites. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2016, 79 patients who underwent nipple-sparing mastectomy with autologous breast reconstruction using thoracodorsal (TD) vessels in 30 cases or internal mammary (IM) vessels in 49 cases were investigated...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212597/introducing-fluorescence-guided-surgery-into-orthopedic-oncology-a-systematic-review-of-candidate-protein-targets-for-ewing-sarcoma
#3
Sarah E Bosma, Pieter Baa van Driel, Pancras Cw Hogendoorn, Pd Sander Dijkstra, Cornelis Fm Sier
Ewing sarcoma (ES), an aggressive bone and soft-tissue tumor, is treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery. Intra-operative distinction between healthy and tumorous tissue is of paramount importance but challenging, especially after chemotherapy and at complex anatomical locations. Near infrared (NIR) fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) is able to facilitate the determination of tumor boundaries intra-operatively, improving complete resection and therefore survival. This review evaluates potential ES-specific proteins from the literature as targets for NIR FGS...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212595/pancreaticoduodenectomy-and-metastasectomy-for-metastatic-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#4
Akhil Chawla, Richelle T Williams, Nicholas Sich, Thomas Clancy, Jiping Wang, Stanley Ashley, Christopher Pezzi, Richard Swanson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Various treatment options exist for patients with metastatic pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs). Surgical resection with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) typically reserved for patients with limited disease. Definitive data are lacking to support either the resection of primary PNET in the metastatic setting or for surgical debulking of metastatic lesions. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of the National Cancer Database (NCDB) using the pancreatic cancer Participant User File...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208206/the-role-of-oral-oil-administration-in-displaying-the-chylous-tubes-and-preventing-chylous-leakage-in-laparoscopic-para-aortic-lymphadenectomy
#5
Guan-Nan Zhou, Wei-Juan Xin, Xiao-Qing Li, Xu-Yin Zhang, Ke-Qin Hua, Jing-Xin Ding
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed to investigate the possibility of preoperative oral oil administration in displaying the chylous tubes and preventing chylous leakage in laparoscopic para-aortic lymphadenectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective nonrandomized study, of the 30 patients with gynecological malignancies who had indications for laparoscopic para-aortic lymphadenectomy up to renal vessels, 15 were administered preoperative oral oil (oil a administration) (control group) at our hospital between September 2017 and June 2018...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206937/safety-and-efficacy-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-containing-bevacizumab-and-interval-debulking-surgery-for-advanced-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-a-feasibility-study
#6
Shinichi Komiyama, Tsuyoki Kugimiya, Kaneyuki Kubushiro
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The optimum treatment strategy for patients with unresectable advanced epithelial ovarian cancer is controversial. This study examined bevacizumab combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC; paclitaxel plus carboplatin), followed by interval debulking surgery (IDS), for these patients. METHODS: In a prospective nonrandomized study, newly diagnosed patients received four cycles of NAC (three cycles combined with bevacizumab), followed by IDS...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196579/the-effect-of-preoperative-treatments-on-lymph-node-counts-after-total-gastrectomy-in-esophagogastric-adenocarcinoma
#7
Ziyu Li, Shuangxi Li, Zhaode Bu, Lianhai Zhang, Xiaojiang Wu, Fei Shan, Yongning Jia, Xin Ji, Jiafu Ji
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the effects of preoperative treatments on lymph nodes (LNs) counts after total gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy in esophagogastric adenocarcinoma. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for 446 patients with locally advanced esophagogastric adenocarcinoma. The patients were divided into three groups: surgery first (SF), preoperative chemotherapy (PCT), and preoperative chemoradiotherapy (PCRT). Clinical-pathological data were analyzed...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196571/narca-a-novel-prognostic-scoring-system-using-neutrophil-albumin-ratio-and-ca19-9-to-predict-overall-survival-in-palliative-pancreatic-cancer
#8
Samuel J Tingle, George R Severs, Michael Goodfellow, John A Moir, Steven A White
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several serum based-markers and ratios have been investigated for their prognostic value in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). This cohort study aimed to combine these into a novel prognostic scoring system. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 145 patients with unresectable histologically-confirmed PDAC. Based on the existing literature the following markers were investigated: neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), neutrophil-albumin ratio (NAR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), fibrinogen, and Ca19-9...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196567/radiation-therapy-damages-external-anal-sphincter-and-perineal-muscle-floor
#9
LETTER
Federica Domati, Luca R Bonetti, Valeria Barresi, Maurizio Zizzo, Antonio Manenti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196565/effect-of-mapping-biopsy-on-surgical-management-of-cholangiocarcinoma
#10
Siyuan Yao, Kojiro Taura, Yukihiro Okuda, Yuzo Kodama, Norimitsu Uza, Naoki Gouda, Sachiko Minamiguchi, Hideaki Okajima, Toshimi Kaido, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: The effect of endoscopic transpapillary mapping biopsy (MB) on decision-making of surgical indications, selecting surgical procedures, or operative outcomes remains unclear. METHODS: Two-hundred and thirty-four patients with cholangiocarcinoma who were evaluated for surgical resection from 2007 to 2017 were reviewed. MB was performed in 80 patients who underwent tumor resection. We examined how MB affected operative indications or modified surgical procedures...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196563/assessing-tools-for-management-of-noncolorectal-nonneuroendocrine-liver-metastases-external-validation-of-a-prognostic-model
#11
Melanie E Tsang, Alyson L Mahar, Guillaume Martel, Sean P Cleary, Sulaiman Nanji, Jean-François Ouellet, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro, Alice C Wei, Julie Hallet
INTRODUCTION: Selection criteria and benefits for resection of noncolorectal, nonneuroendocrine liver metastases (NCNNELM) remain debated. A prognostic score was developed by the Association Française de Chirurgie (AFC) for patient selection, but not validated. We performed a geographic external validation of this score. METHODS: Patients with resected NCNNELM from six institutions (2000-2014) were assigned risk groups based on the AFC score. Discrimination was evaluated by visually inspecting separation of overall survival (OS) curves among risk categories...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196562/malignant-granular-cell-tumor-clinical-features-and-long-term-survival
#12
Ambria S Moten, Huaqing Zhao, Hong Wu, Jeffrey M Farma
BACKGROUND: Malignant granular cell tumor GCT (mGCT) has not been well described. We sought to investigate associations between tumor characteristics, treatments and survival. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with mGCT years 1995-2014 were identified using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database. Descriptive statistics regarding tumor and treatment characteristics were calculated. Chi-square tests determined associations between tumor location and features...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196558/surrogate-indicators-of-quality-are-associated-with-survival-following-surgical-treatment-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
David Roife, Juan A Santamaria-Barria, Lillian S Kao, Tien C Ko, Curtis J Wray
INTRODUCTION: Quality/core measures have been collected for over 10 years. Studies have demonstrated hospital performance is related to postoperative outcomes. We hypothesize that hospital quality measures are associated with long-term survival following surgical resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was queried for all HCC cases. Individual hospitals were deidentified. Quality markers were defined as hospital-specific median length of stay (LOS), 30-day mortality rate and readmit rate...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196557/ec-ic-bypass-for-cerebral-revascularization-following-skull-base-tumor-resection-current-practices-and-innovations
#14
REVIEW
Erik M Wolfswinkel, Mark J Landau, Kristine Ravina, Niels C Kokot, Jonathan J Russin, Joseph N Carey
Complex skull base tumors can involve critical vessels of the head and neck. To achieve a gross total resection, vessel sacrifice may be necessary. In cases where vessel sacrifice will cause symptomatic cerebral ischemia, surgical revascularization is required. The purpose of this paper is to review cerebral revascularization for skull base tumors, the indications for these procedures, outcomes, advances, and future directions.
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196556/testicular-tumours-discovered-during-infertility-workup-are-predominantly-benign-and-could-initially-be-managed-by-sparing-surgery
#15
Samuel Lagabrielle, Xavier Durand, Stéphane Droupy, Vincent Izard, François Marcelli, Eric Huyghe, Jean-Marie Ferriere, Ludovic Ferretti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the pathological features and recurrence of incidental testis tumours treated by partial orchiectomy in a population of infertile men. METHODS: We retrospectively pooled, from four andrology referral centres, 32 patients diagnosed with testis mass during regular infertility workup. Patients included had an impaired sperm analysis and testis sparing surgery was performed to prevent secondary azoospermia or androgen therapy. RESULTS: Mean age was 36 (IQR, 32 to 37)...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196555/readmission-after-lung-surgery
#16
LETTER
Mark C Kendall, Lucas J Castro-Alves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196551/analysis-of-clinical-outcomes-of-upper-and-lower-extremity-reconstructions-in-patients-with-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#17
Trishul Kapoor, Joseph Banuelos, Kian Adabi, Steven L Moran, Oscar J Manrique
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary amputations have been the standard of treatment for extremity soft tissue sarcomas. However, over the last few decades, this mode of treatment has been increasingly replaced by limb-sparing procedures.1 Our goal is to report the clinical outcomes of upper and lower extremity reconstructions in patients with a history of soft-tissue sarcoma. METHODS: A retrospective review of 178 patients with a history of soft-tissue sarcoma who underwent upper or lower extremity reconstructions was conducted...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196539/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-an-independent-predictor-of-outcome-for-patients-undergoing-definitive-resection-for-stage-iv-melanoma
#18
Stefanos Kanatsios, Melbourne Melanoma Project, Connie S N Li Wai Suen, Jonathan Simon Cebon, David E Gyorki
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis of survival rates and determine prognostic indicators for patients who underwent definitive surgical resection of stage IV melanoma. METHODS: Patients included were those who underwent complete resection of metastatic melanoma. Data was analyzed using IBM SPSS 2.0. Survival estimates were derived from Kaplan-Meier, log-rank, and Breslow tests. RESULTS: The study population (n = 95) consisted of 60 males and 35 females...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196537/readmission-after-pulmonary-resection-for-lung-cancer
#19
LETTER
Florencio Quero-Valenzuela, Inmaculada Piedra-Fernández, Francisco Hernández-Escobar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196535/cd90-expression-in-human-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-is-associated-with-lymph-node-metastasis-and-poor-prognosis
#20
Ryoya Yamaoka, Takamichi Ishii, Takayuki Kawai, Kentaro Yasuchika, Yuya Miyauchi, Hidenobu Kojima, Hokahiro Katayama, Satoshi Ogiso, Ken Fukumitsu, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the second most common primary liver cancer. However, its prognosis remains poor. Expression of cluster of differentiation 90 (CD90) has been identified as an indicator of poor prognosis in many cancers. Here, we examined the importance of CD90 expression in ICC. METHODS: We performed immunohistological assays for CD90 in human ICC surgical specimens and assessed its relationship with clinicopathological findings and prognosis...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
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