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Journal of Surgical Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891617/signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-resectable-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-has-rare-surgical-value
#1
Jianfei Fu, Lunpo Wu, Mengjie Jiang, Yinuo Tan, Dan Li, Fei Chen, Ting Jiang, Jinlin Du
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is a uniquely separated subgroup in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The aims are to investigate the value of resection in patients with resectable metastatic signet ring cell colorectal cancer. METHODS: Patients with mCRC who underwent resection in Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database during 1998-2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier and COX models were used to analyze the differences in the survival...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885685/gastric-and-small-intestine-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-do-outcomes-differ
#2
Katherine Giuliano, Neeraja Nagarajan, Joseph Canner, Alireza Najafian, Christopher Wolfgang, Eric Schneider, Christian Meyer, Anne Marie Lennon, Fabian M Johnston, Nita Ahuja
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Previous literature has suggested that small intestine GISTs are more aggressive than gastric GISTs. Our primary objective was to compare the outcomes of gastric and small intestine GISTs in the decade after approval of imatinib for treatment. METHODS: The SEER database was queried for cases of gastric and small intestine GIST between the years 2002 and 2012, using the ICD-O-3 histology code 8936...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885679/clinical-auditing-as-an-instrument-for-quality-improvement-in-breast-cancer-care-in-the-netherlands-the-national-nabon-breast-cancer-audit
#3
Annelotte C M van Bommel, Pauline E R Spronk, Marie-Jeanne T F D Vrancken Peeters, Agnes Jager, Marc Lobbes, John H Maduro, Marc A M Mureau, Kay Schreuder, Carolien H Smorenburg, Janneke Verloop, Pieter J Westenend, Michel W J M Wouters, Sabine Siesling, Vivianne C G Tjan-Heijnen, Thijs van Dalen
BACKGROUND: In 2011, the NABON Breast Cancer Audit (NBCA) was instituted as a nation-wide audit to address quality of breast cancer care and guideline adherence in the Netherlands. The development of the NBCA and the results of 4 years of auditing are described. METHODS: Clinical and pathological characteristics of patients diagnosed with invasive breast cancer or in situ carcinoma (DCIS) and information regarding diagnosis and treatment are collected in all hospitals (n = 92) in the Netherlands...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885675/intratissue-lymphovenous-communications-in-the-mechanism-of-action-of-vascularized-lymph-node-transfer
#4
María Miranda Garcés, Gemma Pons, Rosa Mirapeix, Jaume Masià
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT) as a surgical treatment for cancer-related lymphedema has shown beneficial effects. The mechanism of action of this procedure involves lymphangiogenesis and lymphovenous communications (LVC) within the lymph nodes. We propose intratissue LVC as an additional element responsible for drainage of lymph to blood in the flap and examine this hypothesis in the current study. METHODS: This prospective study determined the passage of lymph to the venous system via intratissue LVC in 26 free flaps used for breast reconstruction...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878821/liver-transplantation-for-fibrolamellar-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-national-perspective
#5
Leonardo Garcia Atienza, Jonathan Berger, Xiaonan Mei, Malay B Shah, Michael F Daily, Alla Grigorian, Roberto Gedaly
BACKGROUND: Fibrolamellar Hepatocellular Carcinoma (FL-HCC) is a rare primary liver tumor that usually presents in younger patients without underlying liver disease. METHODS: We queried the United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) database between October 1988 and January 2013 to evaluate outcomes in patients with FL-HCC undergoing liver transplantation in the United States compared to patients with conventional Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC). RESULTS: Sixty-three patients were identified (57% female, mean age 30 years)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878811/adjuvant-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-gastric-cancer-at-risk-for-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Paul L Feingold, Mei Li M Kwong, Jeremy L Davis, Udo Rudloff
The peritoneal surface is a frequent site of recurrence following surgery for gastric cancer. A systematic review and random effect analysis was undertaken to analyze current literature regarding the role of adjuvant intraperitoneal chemotherapy in gastric cancer. While pooled analysis supports the use of adjuvant IP chemotherapy in resectable gastric cancer, maximal benefit occured with intra-operative delivery, and possibly the use of MMC. J. Surg. Oncol. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
November 23, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859312/nomogram-for-predicting-central-node-metastasis-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#7
Seo Ki Kim, Young Jun Chai, Inhye Park, Jung-Woo Woo, Jun Ho Lee, Kyu Eun Lee, Jun-Ho Choe, Jung-Han Kim, Jee Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: There was a difficulty for detecting Central lymph node metastasis (CLNM) in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to design a nomogram for predicting CLNM. METHODS: A total of 10,763 PTC patients who underwent total thyroidectomy with central neck dissection (CND) in Samsung Medical Center were randomly assigned to the training set (n = 7,535) and to the internal validation set (n = 3,228). And, a total of 2,514 PTC patients who underwent total thyroidectomy with CND at Seoul National University Hospital were assigned to the external validation set...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859280/molecular-key-to-understand-the-gastric-cancer-biology-in-elderly-patients-the-role-of-microsatellite-instability
#8
Karol Polom, Daniele Marrelli, Giandomenico Roviello, Valeria Pascale, Costantino Voglino, Henry Rho, Mario Marini, Raffaele Macchiarelli, Franco Roviello
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Microsatellite instability (MSI) in gastric cancer (GC) is associated with older age. We present the clinicopathological results of younger and older patients with MSI GC. METHODS: We analyzed 472 patients with GC. MSI analysis was done on fresh frozen tissue using five quasimonomorphic mononucleotide repeats: NR-21, NR-24, NR-27, BAT-25, and BAR-26. Clinical and pathological analysis was performed for different age groups. RESULTS: We observed better survival in elderly MSI GC patients compared to younger patients...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859276/urological-complications-after-cystectomy-as-part-of-pelvic-exenteration-are-higher-than-that-after-cystectomy-for-primary-bladder-malignancy
#9
Kilian G M Brown, Michael J Solomon, Edward R Latif, Cherry E Koh, Arthur Vasilaras, David Eisinger, Paul Sved
BACKGROUND: Total cystectomy and subsequent reconstruction of the urinary tract may be required for primary malignancy of the bladder, or in the context of multi-visceral resection for more advanced pelvic tumors. Complications following urinary diversion are a major source of morbidity, particularly in pelvic exenteration (PE) patients. METHODS: All patients who underwent radical cystectomy alone or during PE at a single tertiary referral centre between 2008 and 2014 were reviewed...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859275/are-perioperative-allogeneic-blood-transfusions-associated-with-90-days-infection-after-operative-treatment-for-bone-metastases
#10
Nuno Rui Paulino Pereira, David W G Langerhuizen, Stein J Janssen, Francis J Hornicek, Marco L Ferrone, Mitchel B Harris, Joseph H Schwab
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We assessed whether allogeneic blood transfusions were associated with infection-within 90 days-after surgery for bone metastatic disease. Furthermore, we assessed other risk factors associated with infection. METHODS: We included 1,266 patients surgically treated for a bone metastasis at two hospitals between 2002 and 2013. Blood transfusions within 7 days before and after surgery were considered perioperative. RESULTS: We found no independent association between exposure to blood transfusion and infection (odds ratio [OR] 1...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859263/post-chemotherapy-retroperitoneal-teratoma-in-nonseminomatous-germ-cell-tumors-do-predictive-factors-exist-results-from-a-national-multicenter-study
#11
Marie Dusaud, Bernard Malavaud, Younes Bayoud, Philippe Sebe, Jean Luc Hoepffner, Laurent Salomon, Alain Houlgatte, Géraldine Pignot, Jérome Rigaud, Aude Fléchon, Christian Pfister, Morgan Rouprêt, Michel Soulié, Arnaud Méjean, Xavier Durand
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To identify predictive preoperative factors of the presence of teratoma in retroperitoneal lymph node dissection specimens. METHODS: We performed a 20 years multicenter retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for residual masses after chemotherapy (PC-RPLND). Patients had undergone PC-RPLND after chemotherapy for advanced testicular cancer. The histologic components of the primary tumor were compared with those of the residual masses using logistic regression...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861915/arginine-dual-roles-as-an-onconutrient-and-immunonutrient
#12
REVIEW
Vance L Albaugh, Carolina Pinzon-Guzman, Adrian Barbul
Arginine is an important player in numerous biologic processes and studies have demonstrated its importance for cellular growth that becomes limiting in states of rapid turnover (e.g., malignancy). Thus, arginine deprivation therapy is being examined as an adjuvant cancer therapy, however, arginine is also necessary for immune destruction of malignant cells. Herein we review the data supporting arginine deprivation or supplementation in cancer treatment and the currently registered trials aimed at understanding these divergent strategies...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861907/factors-predictive-of-failure-to-complete-planned-intraoperative-breast-radiation-using-the-intrabeam%C3%A2-system
#13
Lesly A Dossett, Andrea M Abbott, Weihong Sun, Loretta Loftus, Marie Catherine Lee, Roberto Diaz, Christine Laronga
PURPOSE: Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) is a form of breast irradiation that is delivered in a single session at the time of partial mastectomy. In up to 10% of patients, planned IORT is not completed; this leads to wasted resources and decreased patient satisfaction. Our objective was to evaluate factors associated with failure to complete planned IORT. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An IRB-approved review of planned IORT cases from 2011 to 2015 was conducted...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859270/impact-of-pancreatectomy-on-long-term-patient-reported-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-recurrence-free-survivors-of-pancreatic-and-periampullary-neoplasms
#14
Jordan M Cloyd, Hop S Tran Cao, Maria Q B Petzel, Jason W Denbo, Nathan H Parker, Graciela M Nogueras-González, Joseph S Liles, Michael P Kim, Jeffrey E Lee, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Thomas A Aloia, Jason B Fleming, Matthew H G Katz
BACKGROUND: Long term patient-reported symptoms and quality of life (QOL) are important outcome metrics following cancer operations, but have been poorly described in patients who have previously undergone pancreatectomy. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of recurrence-free survivors of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, periampullary carcinomas, and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors who had undergone prior pancreatectomy. QOL and symptom burden were measured using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Hepatobiliary Questionnaire, and psychosocial distress was measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859261/revisiting-the-gastric-pull-up-for-pharyngoesophageal-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-mortality-and-morbidity
#15
EDITORIAL
Ashok R Shaha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813163/bioimpedance-spectroscopy-does-have-a-valid-and-evidence-based-role-in-detection-and-monitoring-of-lymphoedema
#16
LETTER
Sharon L Kilbreath, Elizabeth C Dylke, Leigh C Ward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813159/a-novel-shrug-technique-for-totally-implantable-venous-access-devices-via-the-external-jugular-vein-a-consecutive-series-of-254-patients
#17
Tetsuya Kagawa, Satoshi Ueyama, Tatsunori Kobayashi, Hiroki Okabayashi, Shinji Kuroda, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: The external jugular vein (EJV) approach for totally implantable venous access devices (TIVADs) is safe. However, the success rate is unsatisfactory because of the difficulty in catheterization due to the acute angle between the EJV and the subclavian vein (SCV). A novel "shrug technique" to overcome this difficulty was developed, and its efficacy was assessed in a consecutive case series. METHODS: TIVAD placement was performed via the EJV cut-down approach...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813103/utilization-of-pre-operative-imaging-for-colon-cancer-a-population-based-study
#18
Matthew D F McInnes, Sulaiman Nanji, William J Mackillop, Jennifer A Flemming, Xuejiao Wei, D Blair Macdonald, Nicola Scheida, Christopher M Booth
OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of pre-operative imaging for colon cancer and to identify factors associated with utilization in routine clinical practice. METHODS: This population-based, retrospective cohort study used a random sample of 25% of colon cancer patients treated with surgery in the province of Ontario (2002-2008). Pre-operative imaging (<16 weeks from surgery) of the chest, abdomen-pelvis was identified. Modified poisson regression was used to analyze factors associated with practice patterns...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813101/gender-as-a-risk-factor-for-adverse-intraoperative-and-postoperative-outcomes-of-elective-pancreatectomy
#19
Aditya Mazmudar, Dominic Vitello, Mackenzie Chapman, James S Tomlinson, David J Bentrem
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patient selection remains paramount when developing and adopting quality-based assessment and reimbursement models, and enhanced recovery protocols. Gender is a patient characteristic known before surgery which can inform risk stratification. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of gender on intraoperative blood transfusions, operative time, length of hospital stay, estimated blood loss (EBL) as well as postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs), and mortality...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813099/in-response-to-letter-to-the-editor-by-kilbreath-et-al
#20
LETTER
Meyha N Swaroop, Cheryl L Brunelle, Maria S Asdourian, Hoda E Sayegh, Melissa N Skolny, Laura Salama, Alphonse G Taghian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
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