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Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617522/factors-related-to-successful-return-to-work-following-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation
#1
Halimah Awang, Lih Yoong Tan, Norma Mansor, Phattrawan Tongkumchum, Mayuening Eso
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with successful return to work among participants in a Social Security Organisation Return To Work programme. METHODS: Secondary data for 9,850 participants were obtained from the Social Security Organisation Return To Work database. The dependent variable was the Return To Work programme outcome, successful return to employment (same employer or different employer) or unsuccessful return. Logistic regression analysis with weighted sum contrasts was performed to assess the odds ratios with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for successful return to employment across the various subgroups of participants...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597908/chronic-pain-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-mediating-role-of-participation
#2
Rachel Müller, Gunther Landmann, Markus Béchir, Timo Hinrichs, Ursina Arnet, Xavier Jordan, Martin W G Brinkhof
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that: (i) pain is associated with depressive symptoms and quality of life; and (ii) participation restriction, satisfaction, and frequency mediate these relationships. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: Community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury (n = 1,549). METHODS: Hypotheses were tested in individuals with at least moderate chronic pain on the spinal cord injury - Secondary Conditions Scale (n = 834), applying structural equation modelling to data for spinal cord injury subgroups related to lesion severity (paraplegia, tetraplegia, complete, incomplete) and time since injury (≤ 10 vs ≥ 10 years)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597907/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-severely-fatigued-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-waiting-list-controlled-study
#3
Alexandra E W Hoogerwerf, Yvonne Bol, Jill Lobbestael, Raymond Hupperts, Caroline M van Heugten
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is the most common symptom in multiple sclerosis. Evidence-based treatment options are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility and potential effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in severely fatigued multiple sclerosis patients. METHODS: Non-randomized pilot study with a wai-ting list control period including 59 multiple sclerosis patients with severe fatigue. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: fatigue severity subscale of the Checklist Individual Strength-20...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597018/robotic-devices-and-brain-machine-interfaces-for-hand-rehabilitation-post-stroke
#4
Alistair C McConnell, Renan C Moioli, Fabricio L Brasil, Marta Vallejo, David W Corne, Patricia A Vargas, Adam A Stokes
OBJECTIVE: To review the state of the art of robotic-aided hand physiotherapy for post-stroke rehabilitation, including the use of brain-machine interfaces. Each patient has a unique clinical history and, in response to personalized treatment needs, research into individualized and at-home treatment options has expanded rapidly in recent years. This has resulted in the development of many devices and design strategies for use in stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: The development progression of robotic-aided hand physiotherapy devices and brain-machine interface systems is outlined, focussing on those with mechanisms and control strategies designed to improve recovery outcomes of the hand post-stroke...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612077/neuronavigated-high-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-chronic-post-stroke-dysphagia-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Ivy K Y Cheng, Karen M K Chan, Chun-Sing Wong, Leonard S W Li, Karen M Y Chiu, Raymond T F Cheung, Edwin M L Yiu
OBJECTIVE: There are potential benefits of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in improving swallowing functions after stroke; however, few studies have been performed in the chronic stroke population. This study aims to distil the key effects of rTMS on swallowing functions and swallowing-related quality of life. METHODS: Twenty-two participants with chronic post-stroke dysphagia were randomly assigned into active or sham rTMS groups. Seven participants withdrew from the study, thus data from 15 participants (mean age 64...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553677/low-to-moderate-relationships-between-gait-and-postural-responses-in-parkinson-disease
#6
Ellen N Sutter, Katie J Seidler, Ryan P Duncan, Gammon M Earhart, Marie E McNeely
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between spatiotemporal parameters of forward and backward gait and quality of compensatory stepping responses in forward and backward directions in people with Parkinson's disease with and without freezing of gait. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SUBJECTS: A total of 111 individuals with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Forward and backward gait velocity and step length were evaluated using a GAITRite walkway...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537345/epidemiological-study-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-eastern-china
#7
Yu Zheng, Yini Dang, Xiaojun Wu, Yan Yang, Jan D Reinhardt, Chengqi He, Mansang Wong
OBJECTIVE: Previous epidemiological studies of adole-scent idiopathic scoliosis in mainland China have had diverse results. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the epidemiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis based on a representative sample city, Wuxi, in eastern China. METHODS: Primary and secondary school students aged 10-16 years were enrolled in the study. Physical examination and Adam's forward bending test, combined with scoliometer measurements were performed at school-based screening...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537344/evaluation-of-the-topic-lists-used-in-two-world-congresses-2015-and-2016-in-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine
#8
Boya Nugraha, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga, Othmar Schuhfried, Gerold Stucki, Franco Franchignoni, Lydia Abdul Latif, Julia Patrick Engkasan, Zaliha Omar, Christoph Gutenbrunner
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the initial list of proposed abstract topics for Congresses of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) was needed in order to ensure its feasibility for use in future congress announcements and invitations for abstract submission. METHODS: The initial proposals were based on 5 main areas of PRM research: biosciences in rehabilitation, biomedical rehabilitation sciences and engineering, clinical PRM sciences, integrative rehabilitation sciences, and human functioning sciences...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537343/practice-patterns-for-spasticity-management-with-phenol-neurolysis
#9
Jay Karri, Manuel F Mas, Gerard E Francisco, Sheng Li
OBJECTIVE: To present practice patterns for phenol neurolysis procedures conducted for spasticity management. DESIGN: A retrospective review of 185 persons with spasticity who underwent phenol neurolysis procedures (n = 293) at an academic rehabilitation hospital and clinic. Patient demographics, concomitant spasticity treatments, and procedure relevant information were collected. RESULTS: The cohort included 71.9% males and 61.6% inpatient procedures...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475196/do-clinical-assessments-steady-state-or-daily-life-gait-characteristics-predict-falls-in-ambulatory-chronic-stroke-survivors
#10
Michiel Punt, Sjoerd M Bruijn, Harriet Wittink, Ingrid G van de Port, Jaap H van Dieën
OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study investigated to what extent gait characteristics and clinical physical therapy assessments predict falls in chronic stroke survivors. DESIGN: Prospective study. SUBJECTS: Chronic fall-prone and non-fall-prone stroke survivors. METHODS: Steady-state gait characteristics were collected from 40 participants while walking on a treadmill with motion capture of spatio-temporal, variability, and stability measures...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480945/aerobic-fitness-in-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-or-chronic-fatigue-parallels-and-mechanisms
#11
Paolo T Pianosi, Eric Emerling, Kristin C Mara, Amy L Weaver, Philip R Fischer
OBJECTIVE: Chronic fatigue and chronic pain both deter people from participating in exercise, even though exercise is often a key component of treatment. While reasons for this may seem obvious, the extent and mechanism(s) of reduced exercise performance among affected individuals, particularly those with chronic pain, are not well described. We hypothesized that patients with chronic fatigue are more deconditioned than those with chronic pain, due to the nature of their illness or disability...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475197/do-postural-changes-affect-balance-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#12
Elif Balevi Batur, Gülçin Kaymak Karataş
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect on balance control of postural changes related to ankylosing spondylitis. DESIGN: Thirty-four subjects with ankylosing spondylitis and 34 healthy individuals were enrolled. Examination of postural alignment was conducted using lumbar Schober, hand to ground distance, tragus to wall distance and occiput to wall distance measurements, and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index. Balance was evaluated by Berg Balance Scale, Functional Reach Test, Lateral Reach Test, and Static Balance Index...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471470/establishing-score-equivalence-of-the-functional-independence-measure-motor-scale-and-the-barthel-index-utilising-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-and-rasch-measurement-theory
#13
Birgit Prodinger, Rory J O'Connor, Gerold Stucki, Alan Tennant
INTRODUCTION: Two widely used outcome measures to assess functioning in neurological rehabilitation are the Functional Independence Measure (FIM™) and the Barthel Index. The current study aims to establish the equivalence of the total score of the FIM™ motor scale and the Barthel Index through the application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and Rasch measurement theory. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a large sample of patients with stroke, spinal cord injury, and multiple sclerosis, undergoing rehabilitation was conducted...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471471/pathophysiology-diagnostic-work-up-and-management-of-balance-impairments-and-falls-in-patients-with-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia
#14
Jorik Nonnekes, Bas van Lith, Bart P van de Warrenburg, Vivian Weerdesteyn, Alexander C H Geurts
INTRODUCTION: Balance impairments are common in patients with hereditary spastic paraplegia and are among the most debilitating symptoms, as they frequently result in falls and fall-related injuries. Several features of hereditary spastic paraplegia contribute to balance impairments and multiple treatment options exist. However, an overview of these underlying mechanisms and their treatment is currently lacking. METHODS: This paper reviews the pathophysiology, diagnostic workup, and management of balance impairments in hereditary spastic paraplegia...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471469/influence-of-physician-empathy-on-the-outcome-of-botulinum-toxin-treatment-for-upper-limb-spasticity-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-a-cohort-study
#15
Alessandro Picelli, Gabriella Vallies, Elena Chemello, Alessandro Gavras, Paola Castellazzi, Andrea Meschieri, Anna Serina, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Alessio Baricich, Andrea Santamato, Carlo Cisari, Nicola Smania
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between patient-rated physician empathy and outcome of botulinum toxin treatment for post-stroke upper limb spasticity. DESIGN: Cohort study. SUBJECTS: Twenty chronic stroke patients with upper limb spasticity. METHODS: All patients received incobotulinumtoxinA injection in at least one muscle for each of the following patterns: flexed elbow, flexed wrist and clenched fist. Each treatment was performed by 1 of 5 physiatrists with equivalent clinical experience...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451697/assessment-and-treatment-of-spastic-equinovarus-foot-after-stroke-guidance-from-the-mont-godinne-interdisciplinary-group
#16
Thierry Deltombe, Delphine Wautier, Philippe De Cloedt, Michèle Fostier, Thierry Gustin
OBJECTIVE: To present interdisciplinary practical guidance for the assessment and treatment of spastic equinovarus foot after stroke. RESULTS: Clinical examination and diagnostic nerve block with anaesthetics determine the relative role of the factors leading to spastic equinovarus foot after stroke: calf spasticity, triceps surae - Achilles tendon complex shortening and dorsiflexor muscles weakness and/or imbalance. Diagnostic nerve block is a mandatory step in determining the cause(s) of, and the most appropriate treatment(s) for, spastic equinovarus foot...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451696/incidence-aetiology-and-injury-characteristics-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-stockholm-sweden-a-prospective-population-based-update
#17
Conran Joseph, Nina Andersson, Sapko Bjelak, Kajsa Giesecke, Claes Hultling, Lena Nilsson Wikmar, Julie Phillips, Åke Seiger, Vasilios Stenimahitis, Katarzyna Trok, Elisabet Åkesson, Kerstin Wahman
OBJECTIVES: To update the incidence rate, aetiology and injury characteristics of acutely-injured adults with traumatic spinal cord injury in Stockholm, Sweden, using international standards of reporting. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, (regional) population-based observation. SUBJECTS: Forty-nine consecutively enrolled individuals. METHODS: A surveillance system of newly-injured adults with traumatic spinal cord injury was implemented for an 18-month period...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440841/rehabilitation-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-survey-in-70-european-neurotrauma-centers-participating-in-the-center-tbi-study
#18
Maryse C Cnossen, Hester F Lingsma, Olli Tenovuo, Andrew I R Maas, David Menon, Ewout W Steyerberg, Gerard M Ribbers, Suzanne Polinder
OBJECTIVE: To describe variation in structural and process characteristics of acute in-hospital rehabilitation and referral to post-acute care for patients with traumatic brain injury across Europe. DESIGN: Survey study, of neurotrauma centres. METHODS: A 14-item survey about in-hospital rehabilitation and referral to post-acute care was sent to 71 neurotrauma centres participating in a European multicentre study (CENTER-TBI). The questionnaire was developed based on literature and expert opinion and was pilot-tested before sending out to the centres...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440840/professionals-perceptions-of-factors-affecting-implementation-and-continuation-of-a-physical-activity-promotion-programme-in-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#19
Femke Hoekstra, Florentina J Hettinga, Marjolein den Breejen, Marjo Duijf, Lucas H V van der Woude, Rienk Dekker, Cees P van der Schans
OBJECTIVE: To describe professionals' perceptions of factors that facilitate or hamper the implementation and continuation of a physical activity promotion programme in rehabilitation. DESIGN: This study used a qualitative design. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews (n = 22) were conducted with rehabilitation professionals (n = 28) involved in the implementation of a physical activity promotion programme. Two additional interviews were conducted with the programme coordinators (n = 2)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440839/refugee-health-and-rehabilitation-challenges-and-response
#20
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya
BACKGROUND: The current global refugee crisis poses major challenges in providing effective healthcare to refugees, particularly for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) management and disability. This article provides an overview of refugee health and potential challenges from the rehabilitation perspective. METHODS: A literature search (both academic and grey literature) was conducted using medical and health science electronic databases and internet search engines (2001-2016)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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