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Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

Gerhard Müller, Manuela Pfinder, Michael Clement, Andreas Kaiserauer, Guido Deis, Timm Waber, Stefanie Rieger, Dana Schwarz, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrunner, Michael Straif, Klaus Bös, Thomas Kohlmann
To compare the cost-effectiveness of a multimodal back exercise programme for non-specific back pain with that of standard treatment. Medical costs were measured in euros (EUR) and effectiveness was measured using Graded Chronic Pain Status (GCPS). A controlled multicentre study (39 sites) with a 6-month intervention phase and follow-up at 6, 12 and 18 months. The study included 1,829 participants in an intervention group and 495 individuals in a control group. The multimodal back exercise programme comprises 36 exercise sessions for optimizing the spine stabilizing muscles and everyday motor func-tions...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Yosuke Kimura, Minoru Yamada, Daisuke Ishiyama, Naohito Nishio, Yota Kunieda, Shingo Koyama, Atsushi Sato, Yuhei Otobe, Shunsuke Ohji, Mizue Szuki, Hideyuki Ogawa, Daisuke Ito, Takeo Ichikawa, Koji Hamanaka, Naoki Tanaka, Yasushi Muroh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of unilateral spatial neglect with or without other cognitive impairments on recovery of independent gait in stroke survivors. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: Ninety-four stroke survivors in an inpatient rehabilitation ward. METHODS: The presence of unilateral spatial neglect was assessed by the visuospatial perception score of the Stroke Impairment Assessment Set, and other cognitive impairments were assessed by Mini-Mental State Examination...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Kazunori Akizuki, Yuki Echizenya, Tatsuya Kaneno, Yukari Ohashi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of an un-stable board balance test in identifying a fall history among high-functioning community-dwelling elderly individuals. DESIGN: Case-control study. SUBJECTS: Sixty-one community-dwelling elderly aged ≥ 65 years and having the capacity to walk independently without an assistive device. METHODS: Subjects completed 3 balance performance tests: the Unstable Board Balance Test, Functional Reach Test, and Timed Up and Go...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Sinikka Tarvonen-Schröder, Anne Kaljonen, Katri Laimi
OBJECTIVE: To compare easy-to-use International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)-based measures of functioning with the level and severity of spinal cord injury. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Patients (n = 142) and their significant others completed the 12-item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) questionnaire. A physician at the university hospital outpatient clinic assessed functioning with the 7-item World Health Organization (WHO) minimal generic set...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Corien Nikamp, Jaap Buurke, Leendert Schaake, Job van der Palen, Johan Rietman, Hermie Hermens
OBJECTIVE: To determine: (i) whether the use of ankle-foot orthoses over a period of 26 weeks affects tibialis anterior muscle activity; (ii) whether the timing of provision of ankle-foot orthoses (early or delayed) affects the results; (iii) whether the provision of ankle-foot orthoses affects tibialis anterior muscle activity within a single measurement. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: Unilateral hemiparetic subjects, a maximum of 6 weeks post-stroke...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Melloney L M Wijenberg, Caroline M van Heugten, Maria L van Mierlo, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Marcel W M Post
OBJECTIVE: Psychological factors influence stroke outcomes, such as participation and quality of life. Although important for clinical practice, not much is known about the temporal stability of these factors. This study explored whether psychological factors are stable post-stroke. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. The following psychological factors were assessed using self-report questionnaires at 2 months and at 2 years post-stroke: proactive coping, self-efficacy, extraversion, optimism, passive coping, neuroticism and pessimism...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Naoki Maki, Harumi Sakamoto, Yu Takata, Naohiro Kobayashi, Shinji Kikuchi, Yukinobu Goto, Hideo Ichimura, Yukio Sato, Hisako Yanagi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of respiratory rehabilitation on respiratory function, swallowing in community-dwelling frail older patients with musculoskeletal disorders. DESIGN: Randomized open-label controlled trial. SETTING: Day-care facility in a rehabilitation hospital in Japan. SUBJECTS: A total of 63 participants with musculoskeletal disorders (intervention group: n = 31; control group: n = 32) completed the randomized controlled trial...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Chien-Yi Chuang, Mei-Yun Liaw, Lin-Yi Wang, Yu-Chi Huang, Ya-Ping Pong, Chien-Wei Chen, Re-Wen Wu, Yiu-Chung Lau
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships among spino-pelvic parameters, trunk balance and functional disability in patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. DESIGN:  Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Forty-five patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis and 32 patients without degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. METHODS: Spino-pelvic parameters (pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, sacral slope, lumbar lordosis) and pain severity were evaluated...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Junying Yuan, Jun Wang, Jieqiong Ma, Dengna Zhu, Zhenhuan Zhang, Jianan Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of, and risk factors for, cerebral palsy in Henan province, China. METHODS: The prevalence of cerebral palsy in children aged 0-6 years between September 2011 and September 2012 was investigated using a stratified-clustered-random sampling method. An age-, sex- , and residence-matched control group of typically developing children was recruited. Univariate analysis and multinomial logistic regression analysis were used to identify risk factors associated with cerebral palsy...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Antti Malmivaara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Thijs Lutjeboer, Jaap J van Netten, Klaas Postema, Juha M Hijmans
OBJECTIVE: Adherence is a prerequisite for the effectiveness of orthopaedic footwear. The aim of this study is to assess the validity of a new temperature sensor for objective assessment of footwear use and non-use. DESIGN: Observational study. METHODS: The validity of a temperature sensor (Orthotimer, Balingen, Germany) to discriminate between time periods of use and non-use of footwear over a period of 48 h was assessed using 3 algorithms, in 10 healthy participants (mean age 32...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Dongjun Shen, Maoxi Chen, Kai Chen, Tao Wang, Laijin Lu, Xingguang Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of hyaluronic acid on functional recovery and pain control in patients following knee arthroscopy. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to explore the efficacy of hyaluronic acid following knee arthroscopy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of hyaluronic acid in knee arthroscopy were included. A meta-analysis was performed using the random-effect model...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Patrick G McPhee, Matthew Wong-Pack, Joyce Obeid, Maureen J MacDonald, Brian W Timmons, Jan Willem Gorter
OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiovascular health variables and physical activity levels of adolescents and adults with cerebral palsy who are Gross Motor Func-tion Classification System (GMFCS) levels I and II. METHODS: Eleven adolescents (mean age 13.1 (standard deviation (SD) 2.1) years) and 14 adults (mean age 31.7 (SD 10.4) years)) with cerebral palsy were included, grouped by their GMFCS level (level I (n = 12); level II (n = 13)). Assessments of cardiovascular health, body composition and physical activity levels were performed...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Irene L B Oude Lansink, Patrick G McPhee, Laura Kristine Brunton, Jan Willem Gorter
OBJECTIVES: To describe the course of fatigue over a 3-year follow-up period in adults with cerebral palsy and to investigate the association of known determinants of fatigue (i.e. demographic characteristics and/or body composition) with change in fatigue. METHODS: Forty-one adults with cerebral palsy from a previous study of fatigue were invited to participate in a follow-up study. Twenty-three adults with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-V; mean age 38 years 2 months, standard deviation (SD) 14 years 1 month)) agreed to participate (convenience sample)...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Vera P M Schepers, Sanne van der Vossen, Jan Willem Berkelbach van der Sprenkel, Johanna M A Visser-Meily, Marcel W M Post
OBJECTIVES: To examine participation restrictions in patients after surgery for cerebral meningioma and to explore possible determinants of participation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PATIENTS: Patients who had surgery for cerebral meningioma at the University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands, between 2007 and 2009. METHODS: Clinical data were retrieved from medical files, and patients completed a postal questionnaire...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Jie Xiang, Wei Wang, Weifeng Jiang, Qiuchen Qian
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether extracorporeal shock wave therapy significantly improves spasticity in post-stroke patients. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO, Web of Science, Cochrane CENTRAL electronic databases. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on post-stroke patients with spasticity were selected for inclusion...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Asuka Sakamoto, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Hitoshi Nakagawa, Kazuyoshi Gamada
BACKGROUND: To determine the effects of a pelvic realignment device-aided exercise programme after childbirth. Postpartum low-back pain and pelvic girdle pain often occur due to pregnancy and childbirth. Pelvic stabilization exercises are considered effective for reducing these symptoms. However, such exercise might be more effective if the sacro-iliac joints were held in optimal conformity. There is no published evidence regarding the use of a pelvic realignment device during stabilization exercises...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Meilin Xu, Hao Li, Zhengen Zhao, Youping Yang, Zengchun Sun, Haijun Han, Xu Zhang, Jan D Reinhardt
OBJECTIVE: To examine environmental barriers, func-tioning, and quality of life in Wenchuan earthquake survivors with spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Thirty-two adult Wenchuan earthquake survivors with spinal cord injury. METHODS: Data were collected on environmental factors with the Nottwil Environmental Factors Inventory Short Form (NEFI-SF), physical and mental functioning with the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and quality of life with the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF)...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Anestis Divanoglou, Marika Augutis, Thórarinn Sveinsson, Claes Hultling, Richard Levi
OBJECTIVE: To explore self-reported health problems and functional goals in community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury in Sweden. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study that used a survey designed by an experienced peer mentor with spinal cord injury. SUBJECTS: Community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury from Sweden. METHODS: The survey was distributed online by the community peer-based organization RG Active Rehabilitation...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Chang-Yong Kim, Hyeong-Dong Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of crossed-education, using task-related training on a tilt table, on upper extremity function and grip strength in subjects with post-stroke hemiplegia. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized controlled, pilot study. PATIENTS: A total of 45 patients between 6 and 12 months post-stroke. METHODS: Subjects were randomly allocated to the control group, or experimental group I or II. All subjects received conventional upper limb training for 30 min, 3 times a week for 6 weeks, and training on 3 different tilt table applications for 20 min a day...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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