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Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

Meilin Xu, Hao Li, Zhengen Zhao, Youping Yang, Zengchun Sun, Haijun Han, Xu Zhang, Jan D Reinhardt
OBJECTIVE: To examine environmental barriers, func-tioning, and quality of life in Wenchuan earthquake survivors with spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Thirty-two adult Wenchuan earthquake survivors with spinal cord injury. METHODS: Data were collected on environmental factors with the Nottwil Environmental Factors Inventory Short Form (NEFI-SF), physical and mental functioning with the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and quality of life with the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF)...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Anestis Divanoglou, Marika Augutis, Thórarinn Sveinsson, Claes Hultling, Richard Levi
OBJECTIVE: To explore self-reported health problems and functional goals in community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury in Sweden. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study that used a survey designed by an experienced peer mentor with spinal cord injury. SUBJECTS: Community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury from Sweden. METHODS: The survey was distributed online by the community peer-based organization RG Active Rehabilitation...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Chang-Yong Kim, Hyeong-Dong Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of crossed-education, using task-related training on a tilt table, on upper extremity function and grip strength in subjects with post-stroke hemiplegia. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized controlled, pilot study. PATIENTS: A total of 45 patients between 6 and 12 months post-stroke. METHODS: Subjects were randomly allocated to the control group, or experimental group I or II. All subjects received conventional upper limb training for 30 min, 3 times a week for 6 weeks, and training on 3 different tilt table applications for 20 min a day...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Lena Rafsten, Anna Danielsson, Katharina S Sunnerhagen
OBJECTIVE: To update the evidence surrounding the presence of anxiety after stroke. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted in EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, AMED and CINAHL in May 2015 and repeated in April 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Clinical diagnosis of stroke and assessed for anxiety symptoms on a rating scale in the first year after stroke. DATA EXTRACTION: One reviewer screened and identified studies against the inclusion criteria...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Sungju Jee, Min Kyun Sohn, Jongmin Lee, Deog Young Kim, Sam-Gyu Lee, Yong-Il Shin, Gyung-Jae Oh, Yang-Soo Lee, Min Cheol Joo, Eun Young Han, Yun-Hee Kim
OBJECTIVE: To identify contributing factors that can be used to predict which patients with first-ever stroke will return to driving during 1 year after stroke. DESIGN: Multicentre cohort study. SUBJECTS: A total of 620 first-ever stroke patients who drove before stroke. METHODS: The Stroke Cohort for Functioning and Rehabilitation is a large, multicentre, prospective cohort study of all patients with acute first-ever stroke admitted to participating hospitals in 9 areas of Korea...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Carsten Bach Baunsgaard, Ulla Vig Nissen, Anne Katrin Brust, Angela Frotzler, Cornelia Ribeill, Yorck-Bernhard Kalke, Natacha León, Belén Gómez, Kersti Samuelsson, Wolfram Antepohl, Ulrika Holmström, Niklas Marklund, Thomas Glott, Arve Opheim, Jesus Benito Penalva, Narda Murillo, Janneke Nachtegaal, Willemijn Faber, Fin Biering-Sørensen
OBJECTIVE: To explore changes in pain, spasticity, range of motion, activities of daily living, bowel and lower urinary tract function and quality of life of individuals with spinal cord injury following robotic exoskeleton gait training. DESIGN: Prospective, observational, open-label multicentre study. METHODS: Three training sessions per week for 8 weeks using an Ekso™ GT robotic exoskeleton (EKSO Bionics). Included were individuals with recent (<1 year) or chronic (>1 year) injury, paraplegia and tetraplegia, complete and incomplete injury, men and women...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Lyan J M Blikman, Jetty van Meeteren, Dimitris Rizopoulos, Vincent de Groot, Heleen Beckerman, Henk J Stam, Johannes B J Bussmann
BACKGROUND: Fatigue affects 80% of persons with multiple sclerosis and is associated with daily physical functioning. Both fatigue and physical behaviour are multidimensional concepts. OBJECTIVE: To study the association between the dimensions of physical behaviour and multiple sclerosis-related fatigue. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 212 persons with multiple sclerosis. Participants were severely fatigued, with a Fatigue Severity Scale median (interquartile range): 5...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Shouguo Liu, Sha Zhou, Xiao Lu, Hongxing Wang, Jianan Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between electrical current and nerve-needle distance for localization of target nerves in peripheral nerve block, and the effects of injection speed, concentration, and injectate volume on alcohol dispersion using an animal model. METHODS: Rabbit tibial nerves were selected for localization. Nerve-needle distance was ascertained using a manipulator. The minimum current eliciting motor responses was recorded at nerve-needle distances of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 mm...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Elisabeth Ekstrand, Jan Lexell, Christina Brogårdh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the test-retest reliability and variability of the Participation domain of the Stroke Impact Scale (SIS Participation) in persons with stroke as it is widely used to assess perceived participation in rehabilitation after stroke. DESIGN: A test-retest design. SUBJECTS: Forty-five persons (mean age 65 years) with mild to moderate disability at least 6 months post-stroke. METHODS: The SIS Participation domain was rated on 2 occasions, 1 week apart...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Elena Dragioti, Evangelos Evangelou, Britt Larsson, Björn Gerdle
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the strength of the evidence for multimodal/multidisciplinary rehabilitation programmes (MMRPs) for common pain outcomes. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, PsychInfo, PEDro and Cochrane Library were searched from inception to August 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials or controlled clinical trials and qualitative systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials and non-randomized controlled trials were considered eligible...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Hiu Kwan Lo, Venerina Johnston, Maria Landén Ludvigsson, Gunnel Peterson, Thomas Overmeer, Michael David, Anneli Peolsson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of exercise interventions and factors associated with changes in work ability for people with chronic whiplash-associated disorders. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a single-blind, randomized multi-centre controlled trial. SETTING: Interventions were conducted in Swedish primary care settings. PATIENTS: A total of 165 individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorders grade II-III...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Shengai Li, Argyrios Stampas, Joel Frontera, Matthew Davis, Sheng Li
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether transcranial direct current stimulation augments the analgesic effect of breathing-controlled electrical stimulation in patients with spinal cord injury who have chronic neuropathic pain. DESIGN: Sham-controlled, single-blinded, single-centre, cross-over study of 12 participants with incomplete spinal cord injury. The treatment protocol included a 20-min transcranial direct current stimulation (sham or active), followed by a 20-min breathing-controlled electrical stimulation to the median nerve on the dominant side...
August 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Louise Mortensen, Jeppe Schultz, Anton Elsner, Stig S Jakobsen, Kjeld Søballe, Julie S Jacobsen, Signe Kierkegaard, Ulrik Dalgas, Inger Mechlenburg
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether progressive resistance training is feasible in patients with symptomatic hip dysplasia scheduled for periacetabular osteotomy. A secondary objective was to investigate patient-reported outcomes, functional performance and hip muscle strength. DESIGN: Feasibility study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients (median age 28 years, range 22-40 years) performed 8 weeks (20 sessions) of supervised sessions of progressive resistance training...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Vegard Moe Iversen, Ottar Vasseljen, Paul Jarle Mork, Marius Steiro Fimland
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether progressive resistance training using elastic resistance bands improves neck-related disability more than general physical exercise in multidisciplinary rehabilitation of chronic neck pain. DESIGN: Researcher-blinded, randomized controlled trial. METHODS: A total of 59 patients with non-specific, chronic neck pain (mean age 46 years, disability (Neck Disability Index 0-100): 35.4, worst neck pain last 2 weeks (numerical pain rating scale 0-10): 6...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Elisabeth Ekstrand, Jan Lexell, Christina Brogårdh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the test-retest reliability of the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LiSat-11) and the association between items in individuals with chronic stroke. DESIGN: Test-retest design. SUBJECTS: Forty-five individuals (mean age 65 years) with mild to moderate disability at least 6 months post-stroke. METHODS: LiSat-11, which includes 1 global item "Life as a whole" and 10 domain-specific items, was rated on 2 occasions, one week apart...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Fabienne Schasfoort, Robert Pangalila, Emiel M Sneekes, Coriene Catsman, Jules Becher, Herwin Horemans, Henk J Stam, Annet J Dallmeijer, Johannes B J Bussmann
OBJECTIVE: Botulinum toxin (BoNT-A) is widely used in combined treatment for spastic cerebral palsy, but its added value preceding comprehensive rehabilitation for motor impairments, gait, and goal attainment has not been studied. DESIGN: A comparative multi-centre trial, in which two groups underwent comprehensive rehabilitation (i.e. high-intensive functional physiotherapy, and indicated casting/orthoses). One group received intramuscular BoNT-A prior to rehabilitation, and the other group did not receive BoNT-A...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Vera Joskova, Anna Patkova, Eduard Havel, Simona Najpaverova, Daniela Uramova, Miroslav Kovarik, Zdenek Zadak, Miloslav Hronek
OBJECTIVE: Loss of muscle mass in critically ill patients is associated with serious consequences, such as prolonged mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit confinement, and higher mortality. Thus, monitoring muscle mass, and especially its decline, should provide a useful indicator of morbidity and mortality. Performing evaluations according only to body mass index is imperfect, therefore the aim of this article was to evaluate appropriate methods for muscle mass loss determination in ICU patients...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Andre Nyberg, Didier Saey, Mickaël Martin, François Maltais
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the interday test-retest reliability of volitional and non-volitional measurements of isometric quadriceps strength using a strain-gauge in people with severe to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Volitional quadriceps measurements consisted of isometric maximal voluntary contractions. Non-volitional measurements were obtained during magnetic potentiated twitch stimulations of the femoral nerve...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Anna Holmqvist, Märta Berthold Lindstedt, Marika C Möller
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue after acquired brain injury may be related to the subcortico-frontal attention network. Depression is also strongly related to fatigue. This study investigates whether injury localization, diagnosis and depression are related to self-rated mental fatigue in patients with an acquired brain injury. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional cohort study. SUBJECTS: Sixty-one patients diagnosed with stroke, subarachnoidal haemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, or brain tumour were included in the study...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Rajiv Singh, Ayşe A Küçükdeveci, Klemen Grabljevec, Alan Gray
The increasing complexity of healthcare provision and medical interventions requires collaboration between large numbers of health professionals. The nature of the interactions between team members determines whether the pattern of working is described as multi-, inter- or trans-disciplinary. Such team-working is an important part of the specialty of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. Grounded in group behaviour theory, team-working demonstrates that joint aims, trust and willingness to share knowledge, can improve patient outcomes, including mortality...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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