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Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933513/effect-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-for-pain-control-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Yongjun Zhu, Yuxing Feng, Lihua Peng
INTRODUCTION: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is a possible adjunctive therapy to pharmacological treatment for controlling pain after total knee arthroplasty. However, the results are controversial. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to explore the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on patients with total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane Library databases were searched systematically...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929170/comparison-of-two-6-minute-walk-tests-to-assess-walking-capacity-in-polio-survivors
#2
Merel-Anne Brehm, Suzan Verduijn, Jurgen Bon, Nicoline Bredt, Frans Nollet
OBJECTIVE: To compare walking dynamics and test-retest reliability for 2 frequently applied walk tests in polio survivors: the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) to walk as far as possible; and the 6-minute walking energy cost test (WECT) at comfortable speed. DESIGN: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three polio survivors, able to walk ≥ 150 m. METHODS: On the same day participants performed a 6MWT and a WECT, which were repeated 1-3 weeks later...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929167/frequency-of-venous-thromboembolism-events-during-acute-inpatient-rehabilitation-in-a-comprehensive-cancer-centre
#3
Amy H Ng, Liat Goldman, Jack B Fu, Thein H Oo, Gary B Chisholm, Diane D Liu, Anuja Bedi, Eduardo Bruera
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of venous thromboembolism, possible predictors, and the association between venous thromboembolism and Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores and length of stay among cancer patients admitted to the inpatient rehabilitation unit at a cancer centre. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patients admitted to acute inpatient rehabilitation from September 2011 to June 2013. Subject/patients: Cancer patients in the acute inpatient rehabilitation unit within a tertiary cancer centre...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929165/proprioception-mediates-the-association-between-systemic-inflammation-and-muscle-weakness-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-results-from-the-amsterdam-osteoarthritis-cohort
#4
Tomasz Cudejko, Martin van der Esch, Marike van der Leeden, Jasmijn Holla, Leo D Roorda, Willem Lems, Joost Dekker
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether systemic inflammation is associated with poor proprioception; to confirm that systemic inflammation is associated with muscle weakness; and to determine whether poor proprioception mediates the association between systemic inflammation and muscle weakness in knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 689 participants with knee osteoarthritis from the Amsterdam Osteoarthritis (AMS-OA) cohort...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862711/influence-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-spasticity-balance-and-walking-speed-in-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Shuqin Lin, Qi Sun, Haifeng Wang, Guomin Xie
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in patients with stroke through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane Library databases were searched systematically. Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation vs placebo transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on stroke were included. Two investigators independently searched articles, extracted data, and assessed the quality of included studies...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862316/reliability-and-concurrent-validity-of-standardized-walking-obstacle-course-test-in-people-with-stroke
#6
Shamay S M Ng, Sunny C L Chan, Alexis K Y Chan, Hephzibah H Y Chung, Navis K W Lee, Anson T S Ngan, Mimi M Y Tse
OBJECTIVES: To investigate: (i) the intra-rater, inter-rater and test-retest reliabilities of completion times and step counts on the Standardized Walking Obstacle Course test (SWOC); (ii) correlations between SWOC scores and stroke-specific impairments; (iii) the cut-off SWOC completion times and step counts for distinguishing differences in obstacle negotiation ability in people with chronic stroke and healthy older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University-based rehabilitation centre...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862315/effectiveness-of-postoperative-home-exercise-compared-with-usual-care-on-kinesiophobia-and-physical-activity-in-spondylolisthesis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Outi Ilves, Arja Häkkinen, Joost Dekker, Marko Wahlman, Sami Tarnanen, Liisa Pekkanen, Jari Ylinen, Hannu Kautiainen, Marko Neva
OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of a 12-month exercise therapy on kinesiophobia and physical activity in patients with spondylolisthesis after lumbar spine fusion. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: Patients (n = 98) with spondylolisthesis who had undergone lumbar spine fusion. METHODS: All patients (mean age 59 years) had received lumbar spine fusion surgery and identical postoperative instructions...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862314/working-capacity-after-a-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-a-six-year-follow-up
#8
Emma Westerlind, Hanna C Persson, Katharina S Sunnerhagen
OBJECTIVE: Subarachnoid haemorrhage can lead to long-term disabilities. It is a major health issue for the patient and can affect work capacity. The aim of this study was to investigate working capacity after subarachnoid haemorrhage from a long-term perspective, using data from national sick leave records. In addition, factors associated with working capacity were analysed. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: A consecutive total sample of 38 working-age participants with first-ever subarachnoid haemorrhage was included...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862313/measurement-properties-of-maximal-cardiopulmonary-exercise-tests-protocols-in-persons-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#9
Harriet Wittink, Olaf Verschuren, Caroline Terwee, Janke de Groot, Gert Kwakkel, Ingrid van de Port
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review and critically appraise the literature on measurement properties of cardiopulmonary exercise test protocols for measuring aerobic capacity, VO2max, in persons after stroke. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase and Cinahl were searched from inception up to 15 June 2016. A total of 9 studies were identified reporting on 9 different cardiopulmonary exercise test protocols. STUDY SELECTION: VO2max measured with cardiopulmonary exercise test and open spirometry was the construct of interest...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661546/skeletal-muscle-metabolism-after-stroke-a-comparative-study-using-treadmill-and-overground-walking-test
#10
Ana Paula Loureiro, Birgitta Langhammer, Terje Gjøvaag, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Luiz César Guarita-Souza
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate muscle metabolism in stroke survivors through measurements of the respiratory exchange ratio and rates of fat and carbohydrate oxidation in relation to total energy expenditure at preferred walking speed during treadmill and overground walking. The secondary objective was to investigate whether the energy source used during walking influences the daily physical activity pattern and fatigue of post-stroke individuals. METHODS: The sample comprised 28 stroke participants and 10 non-disabled, healthy controls...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661545/nonlinear-relationship-between-isokinetic-muscle-strength-and-activity-limitations-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-results-of-the-amsterdam-osteoarthritis-cohort
#11
Lisa M Edelaar, Jaap H van Dieën, Martin van der Esch, Leo D Roorda, Joost Dekker, Willem F Lems, Marike van der Leeden
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether relationships between upper leg muscle strength and activity limitations are non-linear in patients with knee osteoarthritis, and, if so, to determine muscle strength thresholds for limitations in daily activities. DESIGN: Baseline data were used for 562 patients with knee osteoarthritis in the Amsterdam-Osteoarthritis cohort. Upper leg muscle strength (Nm/kg) was measured isokinetically. Activity limitations were measured with the timed Get Up and Go test and timed Stair Climb Test, subdivided into stair-ascent and stair-descent...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805237/adult-spasticity-international-registry-study-methodology-and-baseline-patient-healthcare-provider-and-caregiver-characteristics
#12
Gerard E Francisco, Daniel S Bandari, Ganesh Bavikatte, Wolfgang H Jost, Aubrey Manack Adams, Joan Largent, Alberto Esquenazi
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to determine the utilization patterns and effectiveness of onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox®) for treatment of spasticity in clinical practice. DESIGN: An international, multicentre, prospective, observational study at selected sites in North America, Europe, and Asia. PATIENTS: Adult patients with newly diagnosed or established focal spasticity, including those who had previously received treatment with onabotulinum-toxin A...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795185/bio-psychosocial-factors-are-associated-with-pain-intensity-physical-functioning-and-ability-to-work-in-female-healthcare-personnel-with-recurrent-low-back-pain
#13
Annika Taulaniemi, Lotta Kuusinen, Kari Tokola, Markku Kankaanpää, Jaana H Suni
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of various bio-psychosocial factors with bodily pain, physical func-tioning, and ability to work in low back pain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 219 female healthcare workers with recurrent non-specific low back pain. METHODS: Associations between several physical and psychosocial factors and: (i) bodily pain, (ii) physical functioning and (iii) ability to work were studied...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792587/electromyographic-bridge-for-promoting-the-recovery-of-hand-movements-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Yu-Xuan Zhou, Yang Xia, Jia Huang, Hai-Peng Wang, Xue-Liang Bao, Zheng-Yang Bi, Xiao-Bing Chen, Yu-Jie Gao, Xiao-Ying Lü, Zhi-Gong Wang
OBJECTIVE: The electromyographic bridge (EMGB) detects surface electromyographic signals from a non-paretic limb. It then generates electric pulse trains according to the electromyographic time domain features, which can be used to stimulate a paralysed or paretic limb in real time. This strategy can be used for the contralateral control of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) to improve motor function after stroke. The aim of this study was to compare the treat-ment effects of EMGB vs cyclic NMES on wrist and finger impairments in subacute stroke patients...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792586/experiences-of-falls-and-strategies-to-manage-the-consequences-of-falls-in-persons-with-late-effects-of-polio-a-qualitative-study
#15
Christina Brogårdh, Jan Lexell, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund
OBJECTIVE: To explore how persons with late effects of polio experience falls and what strategies they use to manage the consequences of falls. DESIGN: A qualitative study with face-to-face interviews. Data were analysed by systematic text condensation. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen ambulatory persons (7 women; mean age 70 years) with late effects of polio. RESULTS: Analysis resulted in one main theme, "Everyday life is a challenge to avoid the consequences of falls", and 3 categories with 7 subcategories...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792585/centrally-mediated-late-motor-recovery-after-botulinum-toxin-injection-case-reports-and-a-review-of-current-evidence
#16
Manuel F Mas, Sheng Li, Gerard E Francisco
OBJECTIVE: Botulinum neurotoxin is commonly utilized in neurorehabilitation as a treatment for focal spasticity. Clinical experience has yielded observations of late motor recovery after intramuscular injection of botulinum neurotoxin, that are not readily explained by the classical mechanism of action of the neurotoxin in controlling spasticity. These findings have triggered speculation regarding a botulinum neurotoxin mediated effect at the central level after peripheral intervention...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792584/reproducibility-of-clinician-friendly-physical-performance-measures-in-individuals-with-obesity
#17
Nicola A Maffiuletti, Gabriela Tringali, Alessandra Patrizi, Fiorenza Agosti, Alessandro Sartorio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reproducibility (reliability and agreement) of different physical performance measures in individuals with obesity. METHODS: Forty subjects (20 men, 20 women), mean age 29 years, mean body mass index (BMI) 42 kg/m2 completed several clinician-friendly performance-based tests (walking, stair-climbing, sit-to-stand, static balance, flexibility and strength) on 2 different occasions (test-retest design). Intraclass correlation coefficients (reliability) and smallest detectable changes (agreement) were calculated for each outcome measure...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792583/perceived-impact-of-stroke-six-years-after-onset-and-changes-in-impact-between-one-and-six-years
#18
Charlotte Ytterberg, Malin Dybäck, Aileen Bergström, Susanne Guidetti, Gunilla Eriksson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the perceived impact of stroke between 1 and 6 years after stroke using the Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 (SIS). DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study. METHODS: A total of 100 individuals were assessed using the SIS 3.0 at 1 and 6 years after onset of stroke and clinically meaningful changes were explored. Changes in domain scores were calculated over time in relation to age, sex and stroke severity. RESULTS: The most impacted SIS domains after 6 years were Participation, Strength, Hand function, and Stroke recovery...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762446/depressive-symptoms-among-older-adults-with-long-term-spinal-cord-injury-associations-with-secondary-health-conditions-sense-of-coherence-coping-strategies-and-physical-activity
#19
Sophie Jörgensen, Kathleen A Ginis, Susanne Iwarsson, Jan Lexell
OBJECTIVES: To assess the presence of depressive symptoms among older adults with long-term spinal cord injury and investigate the association with sociodemographic and injury characteristics; and to determine how potentially modifiable factors, i.e. secondary health conditions, sense of coherence, coping strategies and leisure-time physical activity, are associated with depressive symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 122 individuals (70% men, injury levels C1-L5, American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale A-D), mean age 63 years, mean time since injury 24 years...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665445/medical-rehabilitation-in-disaster-relief-towards-a-new-perspective
#20
Bhasker Amatya, Mary Galea, Jianan Li, Fary Khan
With increasing frequency of natural disasters, there has been greater focus recently on the importance and role of rehabilitation services in disaster management. In past disasters, rehabilitative needs were often neglected, with emphasis on acute response plans focused on saving lives and treating acute injuries. There was a lack of, or inadequate, rehabilitation-inclusive disaster response plans and rehabilitation services in many disaster-prone developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) Emergency Medical Team (EMT) initiative recognizes rehabilitation as an integral part of medical response and patient-centred care in disaster settings...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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