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Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240340/improving-activities-of-daily-living-ability-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-an-exploratory-quasi-randomized-phase-two-study-improve-trial
#1
Cecilie von Bülow, Kirstine Amris, Elisabeth Bandak, Bente Danneskiold-Samsøe, Eva Elisabet Wæhrens
OBJECTIVE: To explore and compare the outcomes of adaptation and physical activity programmes regarding activities of daily living (ADL) ability following interdisciplinary rehabilitation in women with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Participants (n = 85) were quasi-randomized to 16-week adaptation (ADAPT) or physical activity (ACTIVE) programmes following 2-week interdisciplinary rehabilitation. Primary outcomes were ADL motor and ADL process ability, measured with the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) at 4-week follow-up...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233013/neurological-dysfunction-due-to-large-skull-defect-implications-for-physiotherapists
#2
Stephen Honeybul
Given the continued use of decompressive craniectomy in the management of neurological emergencies recognition of complications is important in order for patients to gain maximal benefit during rehabilitation. One complication that has received relatively little attention is the neurological dysfunction that can occur due to distortion of the brain under the scalp as cerebral oedema subsides. The neurological deterioration that may occur can take many forms, probably due to a multifactorial pathophysiology...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233011/further-characterization-and-validation-of-the-oxygen-uptake-efficiency-slope-for-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#3
Thomas Edwards, Rachel E Klaren, Robert W Motl, Lara A Pilutti
OBJECTIVE: To further characterize the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) in persons with multiple sclerosis through a direct comparison with matched controls, and by examining differences across the multiple sclerosis disability spectrum. Also, to validate the OUES as an alternative method, which can be derived from submaximal exercise testing, for expressing cardiorespiratory fitness in persons with mild-to-severe multiple sclerosis. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 62 participants (Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) = 1...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233010/efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-baclofen-in-the-management-of-spasticity-a-rationale-for-intrathecal-baclofen
#4
Per Ertzgaard, Claudia Campo, Alessandra Calabrese
Oral baclofen has long been a mainstay in the management of spasticity. This review looks at the clinical evidence for the efficacy and safety of oral baclofen in patients with spasticity of any origin or severity, to determine whether there is a rationale for the use of intrathecal baclofen. Results suggest that oral baclofen may be effective in many patients with spasticity, regardless of the underlying disease or severity, and that it is at least comparable with other antispasmodic agents. However, adverse effects, such as muscle weakness, nausea, somnolence and paraesthesia, are common with oral baclofen, affecting between 25% and 75% of patients, and limiting its usefulness...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233009/effects-of-kinesio-taping-for-stroke-patients-with-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#5
Yen-Chang Huang, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Tsan-Hon Liou, Chau-Wei Cheng, Li-Fong Lin, Shih-Wei Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Kinesio taping for stroke patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain. DESIGN: Double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. SUBJECTS: Twenty-one stroke patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain within 6 months of stroke onset in the rehabilitation ward of a medical university hospital in Taiwan. METHODS: A 3-week intervention involving a conventional rehabilitation protocol and therapeutic Kinesio taping was conducted with an experimental group of 11 stroke patients...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233008/cardiac-rehabilitation-for-women-with-breast-cancer-and-treatment-related-heart-failure-compared-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-retrospective-study
#6
Alis Jean Bonsignore, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
OBJECTIVE: To examine clinical outcomes and completion rates of cardiac rehabilitation in women with breast cancer and treatment-related heart failure. METHODS: Data for women with breast cancer and treatment-related heart failure were compared with those for age-matched women with coronary artery disease. Retrospective data were obtained from the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute database for dates between 1998 and 2011, for cardiopulmonary exercise test results at baseline and 6 months, body composition measures, and cardiac rehabilitation completion rates...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218342/depression-is-an-independent-determinant-of-life-satisfaction-early-after-stroke
#7
Daniëlla M Oosterveer, Radha Rambaran Mishre, Andrea van Oort, Karin Bodde, Leo A Aerden
OBJECTIVE: Life satisfaction is reduced in stroke patients. However, as a rule, rehabilitation goals are not aimed at life satisfaction, but at activities and participation. In order to optimize life satisfaction in stroke patients, rehabilitation should take into account the determinants of life satisfaction. The aim of this study was therefore to determine what factors are independent determinants of life satisfaction in a large group of patients early after stroke. METHODS: Stroke-surviving patients were examined by a specialized nurse 6 weeks after discharge from hospital or rehabilitation setting...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218337/long-term-outcome-after-reperfusion-treated-stroke
#8
Oscar Mühr, Hanna C Persson, Katharina S Sunnerhagen
OBJECTIVE: To explore motor function, health-related quality of life and impact on activities of daily living 5 and 6 years after reperfusion treatment in patients with stroke. METHODS: A total of 75 patients with first-time stroke received either thrombectomy or thrombolytic treatment at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg during an 18-month period in 2009-2010. Follow-up involved questionnaires and clinical examinations, 5 and 6 years post-stroke...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218343/immediate-affective-responses-of-gait-training-in-neurological-rehabilitation-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#9
Martin Niedermeier, Larissa Ledochowski, Andreas Mayr, Leopold Saltuari, Martin Kopp
OBJECTIVE: To examine the immediate effects of physical therapy and robotic-assisted gait training on affective responses of gait training in neurological rehabilitation. DESIGN: Randomized crossover trial with blinded observers. PATIENTS: Sixteen patients with neurological disorders (stroke, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis). METHODS: All patients underwent 2 single treatment sessions: physical therapy and robotic-assisted gait training...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218341/influence-of-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-on-dynamic-postural-control-parameters-among-older-fallers
#10
Sumaiyah Mat, Chin Teck Ng, Maw Pin Tan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the relationship between postural control and knee and hip osteoarthritis in older adults with and without a history of falls. METHODS: Fallers were those with ≥ 2 falls or 1 injurious fall over 12 months. Non-fallers were volunteers with no falls in the past year. Radiological evidence of osteoarthritis with no reported symptoms was considered "asymptomatic osteoarthritis", while "symptomatic osteoarthritis" was defined as radiographic osteoarthritis with pain or stiffness...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218340/world-health-organization-global-disability-action-plan-the-mongolian-perspective
#11
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Baljnnyam Avirmed, Yoon Kyoung Yi, Batchimeg Shirmen, Geoff Abbott, Mary P Galea
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on disability and rehabilitation in Mongolia, and to identify potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP). METHODS: A 4-member rehabilitation team from the Royal Melbourne Hospital conducted an intensive 6-day workshop at the Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, for local healthcare professionals (n = 77) from medical rehabilitation facilities (urban/rural, public/private) and non-governmental organizations...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218336/vision-related-fitness-to-drive-mobility-scooters-a-practical-driving-test
#12
Christina Cordes, Joost Heutink, Oliver M Tucha, Karel A Brookhuis, Wiebo H Brouwer, Bart J M Melis-Dankers
OBJECTIVE: To investigate practical fitness to drive mobility scooters, comparing visually impaired participants with healthy controls. DESIGN: Between-subjects design. SUBJECTS: Forty-six visually impaired (13 with very low visual acuity, 10 with low visual acuity, 11 with peripheral field defects, 12 with multiple visual impairment) and 35 normal-sighted controls. METHODS: Participants completed a practical mobility scooter test-drive, which was recorded on video...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218334/early-clinical-predictors-of-motor-function-in-the-upper-extremity-one-month-post-stroke
#13
Jenny Snickars, Hanna C Persson, Katharina S Sunnerhagen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors within 3 days post-stroke that could predict severe impairment in motor function in the upper extremity at one month post-stroke. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 104 patients with first-ever stroke and impaired motor function in the upper extremity. Initial impairment in motor function, demographic data, type of stroke and stroke risk factors were chosen as possible predictors. Severe impairment in motor function was defined as ≤ 31p according to the Fugl-Meyer Assessment for Upper Extremity (FMA-UE)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218333/effects-of-exercise-therapy-on-polymyositis-complicated-by-post-myocarditis-cardiomyopathy-a-case-report
#14
Hidetoshi Yanagi, Naohisa Shindo
BACKGROUND: A 42-year-old woman with chronic polymyositis complicated by post-myocarditis cardiomyopathy underwent supervised and unsupervised exercise therapy with staged increases in intensity. METHODS: Supervised exercise therapy, which included adopted standards for patients with heart failure, was performed for 6 months. After one month, unsupervised exercise therapy was commenced, in the form of 15 min walking, the duration of which was increased to 30 min after 2 months...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150856/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-a-community-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-programme-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Edwin K Luk, Alexandra Gorelik, Louis Irving, Fary Khan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the use of cognitive behavioural therapy in pulmonary rehabilitation addresses the depression and anxiety burden and thereby improves rehabilitation outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective controlled clinical trial. PATIENTS: A total of 70 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who were referred to a community centre for pulmonary rehabilitation. METHODS: Patients were allocated to either the control group, consisting of pulmonary rehabilitation alone, or to the treatment group, receiving pulmonary rehabilitation and an additional 6 sessions of group-based cognitive behavioural therapy...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140419/rehabilitation-the-health-strategy-of-the-21st-century
#16
Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach, Christoph Gutenbrunner, John Melvin
There is strong evidence that population ageing and the epidemiological transition to a higher incidence of chronic, non-communicable diseases will continue to profoundly impact societies worldwide, putting more pressure on healthcare systems to respond to the needs of the people they serve. These trends argue for the need to address what matters to people about their health: limitations in their functioning that affect their day-to-day actions and goals in life. From its inception, rehabilitation, 1 of the 4 health strategies identified in the Declaration of Alma Ata in 1978, has had functioning as its outcome of interest...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233012/effect-of-therapeutic-exercises-on-pregnancy-related-low-back-pain-and-pelvic-girdle-pain-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Iva Sklempe Kokic, Marina Ivanisevic, Melita Uremovic, Tomislav Kokic, Rado Pisot, Bostjan Simunic
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a supervised, structured exercise programme on the occurrence and severity of pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: A total of 45 pregnant women were randomly assigned to 2 groups: an experimental group (n = 20; mean age 32.8 (standard deviation (SD) 3.6) years) and a control group (n = 22; mean age 32.2 years (SD 4.9)). METHODS: Exercise intervention for the experimental group consisted of aerobic and resistance exercises performed bi-weekly from the date of inclusion into the study until the end of pregnancy, together with at least 30 min of brisk daily walks...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150857/long-term-mental-fatigue-after-traumatic-brain-injury-and-impact-on-employment-status
#18
Samuel Palm, Lars Rönnbäck, Birgitta Johansson
OBJECTIVE: Long-term mental fatigue following traumatic brain injury is endorsed as one of the most distressing symptoms, interfering considerably with return to work and social life. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to estimate the prevalence of long-term mental fatigue after traumatic brain injury and to evaluate its association with employment status. METHODS: All patients (age range 19-65 years) diagnosed with traumatic brain injury irrespective of severity at Kungälv Hospital, Kungälv, Sweden, over a period of 5 years (n = 613) were invited by post to respond to questions about their injury, employment status and complete a questionnaire about mental fatigue, the Mental Fatigue Scale (MFS)...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121336/reduction-in-retained-activity-participation-is-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-3-months-after-mild-stroke-an-observational-cohort-study
#19
Tamara Tse, Jacinta Douglas, Primrose Lentin, Thomas Lindén, Leonid Churilov, Henry Ma, Stephen Davis, Geoffrey Donnan, Leeanne M Carey
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the association of depressive symptoms with retained activity participation 3 months post-stroke, after adjusting for neurological stroke severity and age. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study of retained activity participation and depressive symptoms in stroke survivors with ischaemic stroke. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred stroke survivors with mild neurological stroke severity. METHODS: One hundred stroke survivors were recruited from 5 metropolitan hospitals and reviewed at 3 months post-stroke using measures of activity participation, Activity Card Sort-Australia, and depressive symptoms, Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale Structured Interview Guide (MADRS-SIGMA)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112356/effectiveness-of-technology-based-distance-interventions-promoting-physical-activity-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#20
REVIEW
Sanna Hakala, Aki Rintala, Jaakko Immonen, Juha Karvanen, Ari Heinonen, Tuulikki Sjögren
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of technology-based distance interventions for promoting physical activity, using systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A literature search of studies published between 2000 and 2015 was conducted in the following databases: CENTRAL, EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, OTseeker, WOS and PEDro. Studies were selected according to the PICOS framework, as follows: P (population): adults; I (intervention): technology-based distance intervention for promoting physical activity; C (comparison) similar distance intervention without technology, O (outcomes) physical activity; S (study design) randomized controlled trial...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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