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Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

Andre Nyberg, Didier Saey, Mickaël Martin, François Maltais
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the interday test-retest reliability of volitional and non-volitional measurements of isometric quadriceps strength using a strain-gauge in people with severe to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Volitional quadriceps measurements consisted of isometric maximal voluntary contractions. Non-volitional measurements were obtained during magnetic potentiated twitch stimulations of the femoral nerve...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Per-Ola Rike, Line Aksdal Eriksen, Anne-Kristine Schanke
OBJECTIVES: To investigate self and informant ratings of everyday executive functions and their correlation with driving behaviour after acquired brain injury. METHODS: A 1-year follow-up study of 24 adults with stroke and 10 adults with traumatic brain injury deemed fit to drive after a multidisciplinary driving assessment. Baseline measures included neuropsychological tests and self and informant reports of everyday executive function (Behavior Rating of Executive Function; BRIEF-A)...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Bob Radder, Gerdienke Prange-Lasonder, Anke I Kottink, Alejandro Melendez-Calderon, Jaap H Buurke, Johan S Rietman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of a wear-able, soft-robotic glove system developed to combine assistive support in daily life with performing therapeutic exercises on a computer at home (the HandinMind system). DESIGN: Feasibility study. PATIENTS: Five chronic stroke patients with limitations in activities of daily living due to impaired hand function. METHODS: Participants performed a usability test and several functional tasks with the HandinMind system across 2 sessions...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Anna Holmqvist, Märta Berthold Lindstedt, Marika C Möller
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue after acquired brain injury may be related to the subcortico-frontal attention network. Depression is also strongly related to fatigue. This study investigates whether injury localization, diagnosis and depression are related to self-rated mental fatigue in patients with an acquired brain injury. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional cohort study. SUBJECTS: Sixty-one patients diagnosed with stroke, subarachnoidal haemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, or brain tumour were included in the study...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Piotr Tederko, Marek Krasuski, Marek Łyp, Anna Cabak, Dariusz Białoszewski, Iwona Stanisławska, Beata Tarnacka
OBJECTIVE: To determine how the role of physical and rehabilitation medicine specialists in healthcare is perceived by physiotherapy students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SUBJECTS: A total of 677 physiotherapy students and 519 final year medical students at the largest university-level educational institutions in Warsaw, Poland. METHODS: Questionnaire about knowledge of the role of physical and rehabilitation medicine specialists in the healthcare system...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Gi-Wook Kim, Yu Hui Won, Jeong-Hwan Seo, Myoung-Hwan Ko
OBJECTIVE: Robot-assisted rehabilitation therapy of the upper extremity after stroke has been studied widely; however, robotic devices remain expensive and bulky. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a newly developed, compact upper extremity training system (Neuro-X®) in patients with chronic stroke. DESIGN: Pilot study. SUBJECTS: Fifteen patients with hemiplegia. METHODS: Chronic patients with stroke underwent upper extremity training using a newly developed upper extremity training system (Neuro-X®; Apsun Inc...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Rajiv Singh, Ayşe A Küçükdeveci, Klemen Grabljevec, Alan Gray
The increasing complexity of healthcare provision and medical interventions requires collaboration between large numbers of health professionals. The nature of the interactions between team members determines whether the pattern of working is described as multi-, inter- or trans-disciplinary. Such team-working is an important part of the specialty of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. Grounded in group behaviour theory, team-working demonstrates that joint aims, trust and willingness to share knowledge, can improve patient outcomes, including mortality...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Malou H J Fanchamps, Ruud W Selles, Henk J Stam, Johannes B J Bussmann
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a clinically applicable and easy-to-use accelerometry-based device to measure arm use in people after stroke; the Activ8 arm use monitor (Activ8-AUM). DESIGN: Development and validation study. PATIENTS: A total of 25 people at different stages of rehabilitation after stroke were included in this study. METHODS: The Activ8-AUM consists of 3 single-sensor Activ8s: one on the unaffected thigh and one on each wrist...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Martin J Tenniglo, Jaap H Buurke, Erik C Prinsen, Anke I Kottink, Anand V Nene, Johan S Rietman
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether functional electrical stimulation of the hamstrings results in improved knee kinematics in chronic stroke survivors walking with a stiff knee gait. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental. SUBJECTS: Sixteen adult chronic stroke survivors. METHODS: Survivors received functional electrical stimulation of the hamstrings, 3 times a week for 1 h during a period of 5 weeks. 3D kinematics was calculated before the training period and after 5 weeks of training...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Dominique van de Velde, Marieke Coussens, Stijn De Baets, Lode Sabbe, Guy Vanderstraeten, Peter Vlerick, Lien van Malderen, Ellen Gorus, Patricia De Vriendt
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation services are increasingly targeting involvement in daily life. In the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health this is referred to as "participation". How-ever, questions have arisen regarding the conceptualization of participation, and consensus is lacking. METHODS: The first phase of this study is a critical review of the literature to detect recurring conceptual problems in the application of participation and how researchers deal with these...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Fu-Jun Luan, Jun Zhang, Hai-Qiang Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Krystal Song, Bhasker Amatya, Fary Khan
OBJECTIVE: To identify implementation and process issues that influence the implementation of an advance care planning (ACP) programme in rehabilitation settings. METHODS: An ACP programme was established in an inpatient tertiary rehabilitation setting in Victoria, Australia. Rehabilitation patients with chronic illnesses were recruited and the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework used. Pre-implementation measures included: patient medical record audit of ACP discussions; and barriers and facilitators analyses...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Fred A de Laat, Pieter U Dijkstra, Gerardus M Rommers, Jan H B Geertzen, Leo D Roorda
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of comorbidity and its relationship with demographic and clinical characteristics in persons wearing a prosthesis after lower-limb amputation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: Persons wearing a prosthesis after lower-limb amputation (n = 171; mean age 65 years (standard deviation 12); 72% men) at the end of outpatient rehabilitation treatment. METHODS: Comorbidity was assessed with the Functional Comorbidity Index: a list of 18 items addressing the presence of specific comorbid conditions impacting on functional status...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Eun Sun Yoon, Kevin S Heffernan, Sae Young Jae, Hyun Jeong Kim, Kanokwan Bunsawat, Bo Fernhall
OBJECTIVE: Despite preserved metabolic function, metabolically healthy obesity may increase the risk of subclinical atherosclerosis. Given the high prevalence of cardiometabolic diseases in individuals with spinal cord injury, the aim of this study was to investigate the association of insulin resistance, systemic low-grade inflammation, and markers of subclinical atherosclerosis with metabolically healthy obesity in individuals with spinal cord injury. METHODS: Insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, carotid artery intima-media thickness and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity were measured in individuals with spinal cord injury classified with metabolically healthy obesity (n = 12), metabolically unhealthy obesity (n = 8), or metabolically healthy normal-weight (n = 18)...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Linda Spinord, Ann-Charlotte Kassberg, Gunilla Stenberg, Robert Lundqvist, Britt-Marie Stålnacke
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient-reported outcome measures in 2 different multimodal pain rehabilitation programmes and to determine whether outcomes are related to sex or age at 1-year follow-up. DESIGN: Longitudinal retrospective study. SUBJECTS: Patients who had participated in 1 of 2 multimodal pain rehabilitation programmes at 2 rehabilitation centres. A total of 356 women and 83 men, divided into 3 age groups. METHODS: Data from the Swedish Quality Registry for Pain Rehabilitation regarding activity and physical functions, pain intensity, health status and emotional functions analysed with descriptive statistics...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Elisabeth Brodin, Emina Hadzibajramovic, Fariba Baghaei, Katharina Stibrandt Sunnerhagen, Åsa Lundgren-Nilsson
OBJECTIVES: To describe self-reported activity using the Haemophilia Activity List (HAL) for Swedish adults with haemophilia and to detect any changes over time. METHOD: The HAL was sent to the adult population with haemophilia A and B, moderate and severe form, living in Sweden (n = 260). Participants completed the HAL and a questionnaire on sociodemographic and medical information. From a previous study cohort, 61 persons had responded twice to the HAL. The investigated group was divided into early and later treatment onset groups with regard to access to medication...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Xin Zhou, Hui Deng, Xiaoping Shen, Zingliang Lei
BACKGROUND: Balance training may be beneficial for patients with osteoporosis, although current results are inconclusive. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to explore the effect of balance training on falls in patients with osteoporosis. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of balance training vs usual activities on falls in patients with osteoporosis were included...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Joanna M Charles, Jessica L Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Nefyn H Williams, Seow Tien Yeo, Rhiannon T Edwards
OBJECTIVE: As part of a wider feasibility study, the feasibility of gaining older patients' views for hip fracture rehabilitation services was tested using a discrete choice experiment in a UK context. DESIGN: Discrete choice experiment is a method used for eliciting individuals' preferences about goods and services. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: The discrete choice experiment was administered to 41 participants who had experienced hip fracture (mean age 79...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Gai Yan Li, Wei Wang, Gong Liang Liu, Ying Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of tai chi on balance and gait in stroke survivors. METHODS: A systematic meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on the effects of tai chi on balance and gait in stroke survivors. RESULTS: Five randomized controlled trials, with a total of 346 patients, were included in the meta-analysis. All of these studies had a high bias based on the Cochrane Collaboration recommendation, and a relatively small sample size...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Lizette Heine, Fabien Perrin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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