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Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665445/medical-rehabilitation-in-disaster-relief-towards-a-new-perspective
#1
Bhasker Amatya, Mary Galea, Jianan Li, Fary Khan
With increasing frequency of natural disasters, there has been greater focus recently on the importance and role of rehabilitation services in disaster management. In past disasters, rehabilitative needs were often neglected, with emphasis on acute response plans focused on saving lives and treating acute injuries. There was a lack of, or inadequate, rehabilitation-inclusive disaster response plans and rehabilitation services in many disaster-prone developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) Emergency Medical Team (EMT) initiative recognizes rehabilitation as an integral part of medical response and patient-centred care in disaster settings...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665444/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-and-its-association-with-dysphagia-in-cancer-patients-who-require-rehabilitation
#2
Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Rimiko Takahashi, Naoko Watanabe, Hideyuki Oritsu, Yoshitaka Shimizu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of sarcopaenia and the association between sarcopaenia, activities of daily living, and dysphagia in cancer patients who require rehabilitation. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 83 consecutive cancer patients referred to the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine. Skeletal muscle index was calculated as total psoas muscle area assessed via abdominal computed tomography divided by height squared. Sarcopaenia was diagnosed using the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664214/assessment-of-upper-limb-spasticity-in-stroke-patients-using-the-robotic-device-reaplan
#3
Stéphanie Dehem, Maxime Gilliaux, Thierry Lejeune, Christine Detrembleur, Daniel Galinski, Julien Sapin, Martin Vanderwegen, Gaëtan Stoquart
OBJECTIVE:  To assess the capacity of the robotic device REAplan to measure overall upper limb peak resistance force, as a reflection of upper limb spasticity. METHODS:  Twelve patients with chronic stroke presenting upper limb spasticity were recruited to the study. Patients underwent musculocutaneous motor nerve block to reduce the spasticity of elbow flexor muscles. Each patient was assessed before and after the motor nerve block. Overall the REAplan measured upper limb resistance force...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661546/skeletal-muscle-metabolism-after-stroke-a-comparative-study-using-treadmill-and-overground-walking-test
#4
Ana Paula Loureiro, Birgitta Langhammer, Terje Gjøvaag, Hege Ihle-Hansen, Luiz César Guarita-Souza
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to investigate muscle metabolism in stroke survivors through measurements of the respiratory exchange ratio and rates of fat and carbohydrate oxidation in relation to total energy expenditure at preferred walking speed during treadmill and overground walking. The secondary objective was to investigate whether the energy source used during walking influences the daily physical activity pattern and fatigue of post-stroke individuals. METHODS: The sample comprised 28 stroke participants and 10 non-disabled, healthy controls...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661545/nonlinear-relationship-between-isokinetic-muscle-strength-and-activity-limitations-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-results-of-the-amsterdam-osteoarthritis-cohort
#5
Lisa M Edelaar, Jaap H van Dieën, Martin van der Esch, Leo D Roorda, Joost Dekker, Willem F Lems, Marike van der Leeden
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether relationships between upper leg muscle strength and activity limitations are non-linear in patients with knee osteoarthritis, and, if so, to determine muscle strength thresholds for limitations in daily activities. DESIGN: Baseline data were used for 562 patients with knee osteoarthritis in the Amsterdam-Osteoarthritis cohort. Upper leg muscle strength (Nm/kg) was measured isokinetically. Activity limitations were measured with the timed Get Up and Go test and timed Stair Climb Test, subdivided into stair-ascent and stair-descent...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657644/communication-in-children-and-adolescents-after-acquired-brain-injury-an-exploratory-study
#6
Åsa Fyrberg, Göran Horneman, Jakob Åsberg Johnels, Gunilla Thunberg, Elisabeth Ahlsén
OBJECTIVE: The usability of the Communicative Effectiveness Index (CETI) in adolescents with acquired brain injury was investigated and compared with linguistic, cognitive and brain injury data. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal, between-group design. SUBJECTS: Thirty participants were divided into 2 subgroups: CETI+ and CETI- groups. METHODS: Parental CETI ratings of daily communication were compared with linguistic data and IQ test results...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657643/principles-of-assessment-of-rehabilitation-services-in-health-systems-learning-from-experiences
#7
Christoph Gutenbrunner, Boya Nugraha
OBJECTIVE: Strengthening of health-related rehabilitation services must start from the needs of persons with health conditions experiencing disability and should be implemented within health systems. The implementation of rehabilitation services in health systems should be planned and realized according to the World Health Organization's 6 constituents of health systems (i.e. health service delivery; health workforce; health information systems; essential medicines; financing; and leadership and governance)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657642/are-job-strain-and-sleep-disturbances-prognostic-factors-for-low-back-pain-a-cohort-study-of-a-general-population-of-working-age-in-sweden
#8
Eva Rasmussen-Barr, Wilhelmus J A Grooten, Johan Hallqvist, Lena W Holm, Eva Skillgate
The aim of this study was to determine whether job strain, i.e. a combination of job demands and decision latitude (job control), and sleep disturbances among persons with occasional low-back pain are prognostic factors for developing troublesome low-back pain; and to determine whether sleep disturbances modify the potential association between job strain and troublesome low-back pain. A population-based cohort from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort surveys in 2006 and 2010 (= 25,167) included individuals with occasional low-back pain at baseline 2006 (= 6,413)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657641/life-satisfaction-in-spouses-of-stroke-survivors-and-control-subjects-a-7-year-follow-up-of-participants-in-the-sahlgrenska-academy-study-on-ischaemic-stroke
#9
Tamar Abzhandadze, Gunilla Forsberg-Wärleby, Lukas Holmegaard, Petra Redfors, Christina Jern, Christian Blomstrand, Katarina Jood
OBJECTIVE: To investigate life satisfaction in spouses of middle-aged stroke survivors from the long-term perspective and to identify factors that explain their life satisfaction. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, case-control study. SUBJECTS: Cohabitant spouses of survivors of ischaemic stroke aged < 70 years at stroke onset (n = 248) and spouses of controls (n = 246). METHODS: Assessments were made 7 years after inclusion to the study...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657640/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-reducing-fatigue-in-post-polio-syndrome-and-in-facioscapulohumeral-dystrophy-a-comparison
#10
Fieke S Koopman, Merel A Brehm, Anita Beelen, Nicole Voet, Gijs Bleijenberg, Alexander Geurts, Frans Nollet
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy does not reduce fatigue in post-polio syndrome, but is effective in facioscapulohumeral dystrophy. This difference in efficacy might be explained by a different role of cognitions in these conditions. OBJECTIVE: To compare fatigue-related cognitions between patients with post-polio syndrome and facio-scapulohumeral dystrophy. SUBJECTS: Patients with post-polio syndrome (n = 21) and facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (n = 24) allocated to a cognitive behavioural therapy intervention in 2 identical trials...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597908/chronic-pain-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-mediating-role-of-participation
#11
Rachel Müller, Gunther Landmann, Markus Béchir, Timo Hinrichs, Ursina Arnet, Xavier Jordan, Martin W G Brinkhof
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that: (i) pain is associated with depressive symptoms and quality of life; and (ii) participation restriction, satisfaction, and frequency mediate these relationships. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: Community-dwelling individuals with spinal cord injury (n = 1,549). METHODS: Hypotheses were tested in individuals with at least moderate chronic pain on the spinal cord injury - Secondary Conditions Scale (n = 834), applying structural equation modelling to data for spinal cord injury subgroups related to lesion severity (paraplegia, tetraplegia, complete, incomplete) and time since injury (≤ 10 vs ≥ 10 years)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597018/robotic-devices-and-brain-machine-interfaces-for-hand-rehabilitation-post-stroke
#12
Alistair C McConnell, Renan C Moioli, Fabricio L Brasil, Marta Vallejo, David W Corne, Patricia A Vargas, Adam A Stokes
OBJECTIVE: To review the state of the art of robotic-aided hand physiotherapy for post-stroke rehabilitation, including the use of brain-machine interfaces. Each patient has a unique clinical history and, in response to personalized treatment needs, research into individualized and at-home treatment options has expanded rapidly in recent years. This has resulted in the development of many devices and design strategies for use in stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: The development progression of robotic-aided hand physiotherapy devices and brain-machine interface systems is outlined, focussing on those with mechanisms and control strategies designed to improve recovery outcomes of the hand post-stroke...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612077/neuronavigated-high-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-chronic-post-stroke-dysphagia-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Ivy K Y Cheng, Karen M K Chan, Chun-Sing Wong, Leonard S W Li, Karen M Y Chiu, Raymond T F Cheung, Edwin M L Yiu
OBJECTIVE: There are potential benefits of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in improving swallowing functions after stroke; however, few studies have been performed in the chronic stroke population. This study aims to distil the key effects of rTMS on swallowing functions and swallowing-related quality of life. METHODS: Twenty-two participants with chronic post-stroke dysphagia were randomly assigned into active or sham rTMS groups. Seven participants withdrew from the study, thus data from 15 participants (mean age 64...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553677/low-to-moderate-relationships-between-gait-and-postural-responses-in-parkinson-disease
#14
Ellen N Sutter, Katie J Seidler, Ryan P Duncan, Gammon M Earhart, Marie E McNeely
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between spatiotemporal parameters of forward and backward gait and quality of compensatory stepping responses in forward and backward directions in people with Parkinson's disease with and without freezing of gait. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SUBJECTS: A total of 111 individuals with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Forward and backward gait velocity and step length were evaluated using a GAITRite walkway...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537345/epidemiological-study-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-eastern-china
#15
Yu Zheng, Yini Dang, Xiaojun Wu, Yan Yang, Jan D Reinhardt, Chengqi He, Mansang Wong
OBJECTIVE: Previous epidemiological studies of adole-scent idiopathic scoliosis in mainland China have had diverse results. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the epidemiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis based on a representative sample city, Wuxi, in eastern China. METHODS: Primary and secondary school students aged 10-16 years were enrolled in the study. Physical examination and Adam's forward bending test, combined with scoliometer measurements were performed at school-based screening...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537344/evaluation-of-the-topic-lists-used-in-two-world-congresses-2015-and-2016-in-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine
#16
Boya Nugraha, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga, Othmar Schuhfried, Gerold Stucki, Franco Franchignoni, Lydia Abdul Latif, Julia Patrick Engkasan, Zaliha Omar, Christoph Gutenbrunner
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the initial list of proposed abstract topics for Congresses of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) was needed in order to ensure its feasibility for use in future congress announcements and invitations for abstract submission. METHODS: The initial proposals were based on 5 main areas of PRM research: biosciences in rehabilitation, biomedical rehabilitation sciences and engineering, clinical PRM sciences, integrative rehabilitation sciences, and human functioning sciences...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537343/practice-patterns-for-spasticity-management-with-phenol-neurolysis
#17
Jay Karri, Manuel F Mas, Gerard E Francisco, Sheng Li
OBJECTIVE: To present practice patterns for phenol neurolysis procedures conducted for spasticity management. DESIGN: A retrospective review of 185 persons with spasticity who underwent phenol neurolysis procedures (n = 293) at an academic rehabilitation hospital and clinic. Patient demographics, concomitant spasticity treatments, and procedure relevant information were collected. RESULTS: The cohort included 71.9% males and 61.6% inpatient procedures...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475196/do-clinical-assessments-steady-state-or-daily-life-gait-characteristics-predict-falls-in-ambulatory-chronic-stroke-survivors
#18
Michiel Punt, Sjoerd M Bruijn, Harriet Wittink, Ingrid G van de Port, Jaap H van Dieën
OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study investigated to what extent gait characteristics and clinical physical therapy assessments predict falls in chronic stroke survivors. DESIGN: Prospective study. SUBJECTS: Chronic fall-prone and non-fall-prone stroke survivors. METHODS: Steady-state gait characteristics were collected from 40 participants while walking on a treadmill with motion capture of spatio-temporal, variability, and stability measures...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480945/aerobic-fitness-in-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-or-chronic-fatigue-parallels-and-mechanisms
#19
Paolo T Pianosi, Eric Emerling, Kristin C Mara, Amy L Weaver, Philip R Fischer
OBJECTIVE: Chronic fatigue and chronic pain both deter people from participating in exercise, even though exercise is often a key component of treatment. While reasons for this may seem obvious, the extent and mechanism(s) of reduced exercise performance among affected individuals, particularly those with chronic pain, are not well described. We hypothesized that patients with chronic fatigue are more deconditioned than those with chronic pain, due to the nature of their illness or disability...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475197/do-postural-changes-affect-balance-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis
#20
Elif Balevi Batur, Gülçin Kaymak Karataş
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect on balance control of postural changes related to ankylosing spondylitis. DESIGN: Thirty-four subjects with ankylosing spondylitis and 34 healthy individuals were enrolled. Examination of postural alignment was conducted using lumbar Schober, hand to ground distance, tragus to wall distance and occiput to wall distance measurements, and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index. Balance was evaluated by Berg Balance Scale, Functional Reach Test, Lateral Reach Test, and Static Balance Index...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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