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Journal of Pediatric Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30446392/early-first-episode-of-pouchitis-after-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-for-pediatric-ulcerative-colitis-is-a-risk-factor-for-development-of-chronic-pouchitis
#1
Yuhki Koike, Keiichi Uchida, Mikihiro Inoue, Yuka Nagano, Satoru Kondo, Kohei Matsushita, Yoshiki Okita, Yuji Toiyama, Toshimitsu Araki, Masato Kusunoki
BACKGROUND: The predictive factors for chronic pouchitis after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) in pediatric-onset ulcerative colitis (UC) remain unclear. This study evaluated the predictive factors for chronic pouchitis after IPAA in patients with pediatric UC. METHODS: The data from 52 patients with pediatric-onset UC who underwent IPAA in Mie University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. The endoscopy surveillance was performed yearly or at the timing of the symptom...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415957/incidence-severity-and-outcome-of-central-line-related-complications-in-pediatric-oncology-patients-a-single-center-study
#2
Ceder H van den Bosch, J Tjomme van der Bruggen, Florine N J Frakking, Cecilia E J Terwisscha van Scheltinga, Cornelis P van de Ven, Martine van Grotel, Lianne M Wellens, Yvette G T Loeffen, Marta Fiocco, Marc H W A Wijnen
BACKGROUND: Central venous access device (CVAD)-related complications are associated with high morbidity rates. This study was performed to underline the importance of CVAD-complication prevention and treatment. METHODS: An audit of practice of CVAD-related complications in pediatric oncology patients receiving a CVAD between January 2015 and June 2017 was performed. CVADs included were totally implantable venous access ports (TIVAPs), Hickman-Broviac® (HB), nontunneled, and peripherally inserted CVADs...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30442460/laparoscopic-ladd-s-procedure-for-malrotation-in-infants-and-children-is-still-a-controversial-approach
#3
Alexis Pierre Arnaud, Etienne Suply, Simon Eaton, Simon C Blackburn, Stefano Giuliani, Joe Igniatius Curry, Kate M Cross, Paolo De Coppi
BACKGROUND: Open Ladd's procedure is the gold standard for the correction of intestinal malrotation and laparoscopic approach remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate our experience in laparoscopic management of malrotation. METHODS: Single center retrospective study including patients who underwent a laparoscopic assessment of intestinal malrotation with correction if appropriate between 2007 and 2017. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients (median age 7 months) had a laparoscopic assessment with and without correction of malrotation...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415956/meconium-exposure-in-gastroschisis
#4
LETTER
Vadim A Ivanov, Courtney Brooke Atchley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415955/letter-to-the-editor
#5
LETTER
Vvs Chandrasekharam, Ramesh Babu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413273/intestinal-failure-associated-cholestasis-in-surgical-necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-spontaneous-intestinal-perforation
#6
Kristiina Karila, Annaleena Anttila, Tarja Iber, Mikko Pakarinen, Antti Koivusalo
BACKGROUND: Surgery for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) is often complicated by intestinal failure (IF) and intestinal failure associated cholestasis (IFAC). OBJECTIVE: Assessment of incidence, predictors, and mortality associated with IFAC in surgically treated NEC and SIP. METHODS: A retrospective observational study based on hospital records during 1986-2014 in the two largest Finnish neonatal intensive care units was performed...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409478/rubber-tourniquet-technique-a-simple-safe-and-cost-effective-method-of-hepatic-resection-in-neonates-and-infants
#7
Zafar Nazir
BACKGROUND: Despite the improvements in patient care, understanding of surgical anatomy of liver and surgical techniques, liver resection is a high-risk procedure specifically in infants and neonates; whose blood volume is limited (80 ml/kg). This report shares the experience of hepatic resection with "Rubber tourniquet technique" in patients less than 6-months of age. METHODS: Hepatic resection in a 4-month-old pair of Conjoined twins with shared liver and a 3-day old baby with large Congenital Hepatoblastoma was performed using Penrose rubber drain as a tourniquet around the liver parenchyma to reduce blood loss...
October 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30429066/polyurethane-scaffolds-seeded-with-autologous-cells-can-regenerate-long-esophageal-gaps-an-esophageal-atresia-treatment-model
#8
Todd Jensen, Heather Wanczyk, Ishna Sharma, Adam Mitchell, Wael N Sayej, Christine Finck
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients suffering from long gap esophageal defects or injuries are in desperate need of innovative treatment options. Our study demonstrates that two different cell sources can adhere to and proliferate on a retrievable synthetic scaffold. In feasibility testing of translational applicability, these cell seeded scaffolds were implanted into piglets and demonstrated esophageal regeneration. METHODS: Either porcine esophageal epithelial cells or porcine amniotic fluid was obtained and cultured in 3 dimensions on a polyurethane scaffold (Biostage)...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30420172/functional-outcome-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-sacrococcygeal-teratoma-a-swedish-multicenter-study
#9
Mette Hambraeus, Ammar Al-Mashhadi, Tomas Wester, Pär-Johan Svensson, Pernilla Stenström, Helene Engstrand Lilja
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to evaluate bowel and urinary tract function, to identify predictors for dysfunctional outcome and to evaluate health-related quality-of life (QoL) in patients treated for sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCT). METHODS: Medical records of patients with SCT born between 1985 and 2015 treated at three Swedish pediatric surgical centers were reviewed. Questionnaires regarding urinary tract function, bowel function and QoL were sent to patients and parents...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30414693/the-protective-effects-of-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-in-an-experimental-model-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#10
Christian Prado, Monique Michels, Pricila Ávila, Henrique Burger, Maria Vitória Meller Milioli, Felipe Dal-Pizzol
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious disease that affects premature neonates, causing high mortality. In the search for new options of treatment it was investigated whether fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) decreased the inflammatory response during NEC development in experimental model. METHODS: Wistar rats were used and divided as follows: naïve, control (NEC induction), FMT-before (transplantation of microbiota before insult) and FMT-after (microbiota transplantation after insult)...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30414691/outcomes-following-two-stage-surgical-approaches-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-ulcerative-colitis
#11
N Bismar, J L Knod, A S Patel, David T Schindel
INTRODUCTION: Surgery for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) can be performed in one-, two-, or three-stage procedures [1]. The more traditional approach is a total proctocolectomy and creation of an ileo pouch-anal anastomosis and diverting stoma at the initial operation, followed by ileostomy closure several weeks later (TIPPA) [1]. An alternative is an initial subtotal colectomy and end ileostomy [2]. In this alternative approach (NIPAA), a completion proctectomy and definitive ileo pouch-anal anastomosis can be performed without a diverting stoma...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30414690/pediatric-firearm-injuries-in-los-angeles-county-younger-children-are-more-likely-to-be-the-victims-of-unintentional-firearm-injury
#12
Wesley E Barry, Erica Barin, Cory M McLaughlin, Aaron Strumwasser, Shant Shekherdimian, Helen Arbogast, Jeffrey S Upperman, Aaron R Jensen
BACKGROUND: Firearm injuries are now the third leading cause of death in children. Understanding the circumstances surrounding pediatric firearm injuries will allow for targeted injury prevention efforts. We hypothesized that younger children are more likely to be victims of unintentional firearm injury. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective review of patients <18 years old who sustained firearm injuries in Los Angeles County from 2006 to 2015 was performed...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30414688/outcomes-in-omphalocele-correlate-with-size-of-defect
#13
Steven L Raymond, Cynthia D Downard, Shawn D St Peter, Joanne Baerg, Faisal G Qureshi, Steven W Bruch, Paul D Danielson, Elizabeth Renaud, Saleem Islam
BACKGROUND: Omphaloceles can be some of the more challenging cases managed by pediatric surgeons. Single center studies have not been meaningful in delineating outcomes due to the length of time required to accumulate a large enough series with historical changes in management negating the results. The purpose of this study was to evaluate factors impacting the morbidity and mortality of neonates with omphaloceles. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective observational study was performed for live born neonates with omphalocele between 2005 and 2013 at nine centers in the United States...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409476/transverse-testicular-ectopia-discovered-following-reduction-of-an-inguinal-hernia
#14
Thomas A Boyle, Eduardo A Perez, Ricardo Diez, Juan E Sola, Eva E Sanz, Ana Garcia, Ennio J Fuentes
Transverse testicular ectopia is a rare condition in which both testicles occupy a single hemiscrotum. The aberrant positioning may lead to vascular compromise or impaired temperature regulation, which elevate the risks for torsion, infertility and testicular cancer. Definitive therapy consists of orchiectomy or orchiopexy. We report a case of a 10-month-old boy with an incarcerated inguinal hernia who was discovered to have transverse testicular ectopia following hernia reduction. The patient was treated with herniorrhaphy and open transseptal orchiopexy...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391152/corruption-of-neuroblastoma-patient-derived-xenografts-with-human-t-cell-lymphoma
#15
Adele P Williams, Jerry E Stewart, Laura L Stafman, Jamie M Aye, Elizabeth Mroczek-Musulman, Changchun Ren, Karina Yoon, Kimberly Whelan, Elizabeth A Beierle
BACKGROUND: Patient derived xenografts (PDXs) provide a unique opportunity for investigators to study tumor cell activity, response to therapeutics, and resistance patterns without exposing the human patient to experimental compounds, and thereby play a crucial role in pre-clinical evaluation of new therapies. It has been reported that PDXs may undergo a transformation to lymphoma, most commonly associated with Epstein Barr virus (EBV). If the character of a xenograft becomes compromised and remains undetected, it could have a detrimental impact on the research community as a whole...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30446393/children-after-motor-vehicle-crashes-restraint-utilization-and-injury-severity
#16
Bridget Lang Findlay, Alexa Melucci, Viktor Dombrovskiy, Joelle Pierre, Yi-Horng Lee
BACKGROUND: Although injury patterns after motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) are well documented, association between adequate restraint and injury severity is unclear. We aimed to determine if improper restraint affects injury rates and severity. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 477 children hospitalized in Pediatric Trauma Center after MVC was performed. Injuries in various age groups (0-7, 8-12, 13-16, 17-18 years) with different restraint quality measures (proper [PR] and improper/unrestrained [IUR]) as well as injury severity score (ISS: mild [1-9], moderate [10-15], severe [16-25], and profound [>25]) were evaluated and compared...
October 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30414694/open-tunneled-central-line-insertion-in-children-external-or-internal-jugular-vein
#17
LETTER
Abdulrahman Alshafei, Farhan Tareen, Nomsa Maphango, David White, Brendan R O'Connor, Thambipillai Sri Paran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30442462/hepatoportoenterostomy-surgery-technique
#18
Nubyhélia Maria Negreiro de Carvalho, Sarah Monte Torres, Joyce Carolle Bezerra Cavalcante, Ana Clemilda Marques Ximenes, Jose Albuquerque Landim Junior, Sérgio Oceliano da Silveira Moreira
Biliary atresia (BA) is a pathology that causes jaundice in children because of an obstruction of the biliary tract and, despite being considerate a rare disease, the incidence can reach 1/2400 live births on the Pacific region. The etiology is unknown until these days. If untreated, the progress of this condition leads to cirrhosis and death. The hepatoportoenterostomy associated with the liver transplant has completely changed the natural history of this disorder. The early operation (within 60 days after birth) is the most important prognostic factor of the Kasai portoenterostomy surgery...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30401498/attempting-to-trace-the-origins-of-circumcision
#19
LETTER
Stephen Moreton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30391150/reply-to-letter-to-the-editor-tracing-the-origins-of-circumcision
#20
LETTER
V Raveenthiran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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