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Journal of Pediatric Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352575/double-plication-for-spring-mediated-intestinal-lengthening-of-a-defunctionalized-roux-limb
#1
Genia Dubrovsky, Nhan Huynh, Anne-Laure Thomas, Shant Shekherdimian, James C Y Dunn
BACKGROUND: Spring-mediated distraction enterogenesis has been shown to increase the length of an intestinal segment. The goal of this study is to use suture plication to confine a spring within an intestinal segment while maintaining luminal patency to the rest of the intestine. METHODS: Juvenile mini-Yucatan pigs underwent placement of nitinol springs within a defunctionalized Roux limb of jejunum. A 20 French catheter was passed temporarily, and sutures were used to plicate the intestinal wall around the catheter at both ends of the encapsulated spring...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338840/hydrogen-sulfide-provides-intestinal-protection-during-a-murine-model-of-experimental-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#2
Natalie A Drucker, Amanda R Jensen, Michael Ferkowicz, Troy A Markel
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) continues to be a morbid surgical condition among preterm infants. Novel therapies for this condition are desperately needed. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an endogenous gasotransmitter that has been found to have beneficial properties. We therefore hypothesized that intraperitoneal injection of various H2S donors would improve clinical outcomes, increase intestinal perfusion, and reduce intestinal injury in an experimental mouse model of necrotizing enterocolitis...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321104/neurectomy-for-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-in-children
#3
Lindsey B Armstrong, Pradeep Dinakar, David P Mooney
INTRODUCTION: Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is an underrecognized etiology of chronic abdominal pain that causes great morbidity to those affected. We sought to determine the outcome of neurectomy for ACNES in children. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data on children who underwent neurectomy for ACNES by a single surgeon from 10/2011 to 01/2017 were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients underwent neurectomy for ACNES...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291893/use-of-quality-improvement-qi-methodology-to-decrease-length-of-stay-los-for-newborns-with-uncomplicated-gastroschisis
#4
Sara A Mansfield, Gregory Ryshen, James Dail, Mary Gossard, Richard McClead, Jennifer H Aldrink
PURPOSE: Gastroschisis is a congenital defect of the abdominal wall leading to considerable morbidity and long hospitalizations. The purpose of this study was to use quality improvement methodology to standardize care in the management of gastroschisis that may contribute to length of stay (LOS). METHODS: A gastroschisis quality improvement team established a best-practice protocol in order to decrease LOS in infants with uncomplicated gastroschisis. The specific aim was to decrease median LOS from a baseline of 34days...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277466/determinants-of-postoperative-morbidity-and-mortality-in-children-managed-for-typhoid-intestinal-perforation-in-kano-nigeria
#5
Lofty-John Anyanwu, Aminu Mohammad, Lawal Abdullahi, Aliyu Farinyaro, Stephen Obaro
BACKGROUND: Intestinal perforation is a serious but poorly understood complication of typhoid fever. This study aims to determine the patient factors associated with postoperative morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all children presenting to our unit with typhoid intestinal perforation (TIP) between March 2009 and December 2013. The patients were grouped based on postoperative outcome status and were compared with respect to patient related variables, using chi square test...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331260/multifaceted-behavior-of-meckel-s-diverticulum-in-children
#6
Qingjiang Chen, Zhigang Gao, Lifeng Zhang, Yuebin Zhang, Tao Pan, Duote Cai, Qixing Xiong, Qiang Shu, Yunzhong Qian
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is one of the most common congenital malformations of gastrointestinal tract in children. However, the nonspecific clinical manifestations of MD often cause a diagnostic as well as therapeutic challenge to pediatric surgeon. This study aimed to review our experience in managing this disease while evaluating the management strategies. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of all patients diagnosed with MD admitted to our center between January 2010 and December 2015...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289343/rates-and-trends-for-inpatient-surgeries-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-in-the-united-states-from-2003-to-2012
#7
Audrey L Stokes, Afif N Kulaylat, Dorothy V Rocourt, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Walter Koltun, Tolulope Falaiye
BACKGROUND: Pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) is increasing in incidence globally. Trends in specific types of inpatient pediatric CD-related surgical procedures have not been widely reported. METHODS: Patients ≤20 years of age with CD were identified in the Kids' Inpatient Database for 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012. Bowel resection, stoma creation, and perianal or percutaneous drainage procedures were identified using ICD-9 procedure codes, and trends were identified...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221637/effect-of-previous-abdominal-surgery-and-gallbladder-appearance-on-biliary-atresia-outcomes
#8
Ayman Goneidy, Evelyn Geok Peng Ong
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia (BA) is typically treated by Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE), and there is a relationship between age at surgery and outcome. We hypothesize that previous abdominal surgery (PAS) for associated congenital intestinal conditions could be used to identify BA earlier, perhaps improving prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was performed of all BA patients at a single centre from 1999 to 2016. Demographics and clinical outcome data were collected...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274787/expert-surgical-consensus-for-prenatal-counseling-using-the-delphi-method
#9
Loren Berman, Jordan Jackson, Kristen Miller, Rebecca Kowalski, Paul Kolm, Francois I Luks
BACKGROUND: Pediatric surgeons frequently offer prenatal consultation for congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH); however, there is no evidence-based consensus to guide prenatal decision making and counseling for these conditions. Eliciting feedback from experts is integral to defining best practice regarding prenatal counseling and intervention. METHODS: A Delphi consensus process was undertaken using a panel of pediatric surgeons identified as experts in fetal therapy to address current limitations...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273218/clinical-predictors-and-prevalence-of-receiving-special-preschool-school-support-in-children-with-repaired-esophageal-atresia
#10
Michaela Dellenmark-Blom, Linus Jönsson, Vladimir Gatzinsky, Kate Abrahamsson
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In a sparsely investigated field, we aimed to evaluate the use of special preschool/school support among children with repaired esophageal atresia (EA) and/or tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF), the predicting clinical factors for this support, and level of school absence. METHODS: Data on 119 EA/TEF children 2-17years old were collected through medical records and questionnaires (response rate 95%). Logistical regression analysis identified clinical predictors of special preschool/school support in the population without genetic disorders (n=105)...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254846/laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-in-children-a-25-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Zafer Dokumcu, Emre Divarci, Yesim Ertan, Ahmet Celik
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) is the gold standard and is widely performed in adults, but its use in children is relatively new. We aim to present our experience in twenty-five children with diverse adrenal pathologies and to discuss an extensive review of pediatric LA in English literature. METHODS: Medical records of children with adrenal tumors admitted to a tertiary center and treated with LA were reviewed. Characteristics and outcome of patients were compared with results of a systematic Pubmed/Medline literature review...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29269095/a-critical-review-of-recent-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-management-of-cryptorchidism
#12
REVIEW
Jin K Kim, Michael E Chua, Jessica M Ming, Joana Dos Santos, Elke Zani-Ruttenstock, Alanna Marson, Mark Bayley, Martin A Koyle
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Limited efforts have been made in assessing the qualities of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) on cryptorchidism (UDT). This appraisal aims to determine the quality of recent CPGs on the management of UDT. METHODS: After systematic literature search, all English-based CPGs providing recommendations for the management of UDT from 2012 to 2017 were reviewed. Using the AGREE II (Appraisal of Guidelines and Research Evaluation) instrument, eligible CPGs were independently appraised by 5 reviewers...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277465/optimal-timing-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-primary-spontaneous-pneumothorax-in-children
#13
Kibileri Williams, Timothy B Lautz, Astrid H Leon, Tolulope A Oyetunji
PURPOSE: There is no consensus in the pediatric surgical community about when to recommend video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). We aimed to identify factors that predict the likelihood of requiring VATS, and to compare recurrence rates and healthcare utilization among different management approaches to PSP. METHODS: A retrospective chart review and a telephone survey were conducted on all patients 12-21years who were diagnosed with PSP from 2007 to 2015...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249456/the-rate-of-pd-catheter-complication-does-not-increase-with-simultaneous-abdominal-surgery
#14
Shin Miyata, Jamie Golden, Olga Lebedevskiy, David W Bliss
INTRODUCTION: Children with kidney failure requiring PD catheter placement often require additional intraabdominal surgery. However, the risk of complication related to simultaneous abdominal surgery at time of catheter placement is unknown. METHODS: Patients (0-18years) who underwent PD catheter placement (2012-2015) in the NSQIP-P database were reviewed. Complication rates between patients who underwent additional abdominal surgery at the time of PD catheter placement and those that did not were evaluated...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248164/deficiency-of-receptor-interacting-protein-kinase-3-ripk3-attenuates-inflammation-and-organ-injury-in-neonatal-sepsis
#15
Laura W Hansen, Asha Jacob, Weng Lang Yang, Alexandra C Bolognese, Jose Prince, Jeffrey M Nicastro, Gene F Coppa, Ping Wang
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is the third leading cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates. Sepsis in neonates is characterized as the systemic inflammation owing to infection within the first 28days after birth. The molecular mechanism causing the exaggerated inflammation phenotype in neonates has not been completely elucidated. Receptor interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3) is a protein identified as a mediator in programmed necrosis or necroptosis. We hypothesize that RIPK3 could be responsible for the inflammatory response in neonates and that deficiency in the RIPK3 protein attenuates inflammation and organ injury in neonatal sepsis...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241961/management-of-neonates-with-right-sided-aortic-arch-and-esophageal-atresia-international-survey-on-ipeg-and-espes-members%C3%A2-experience
#16
REVIEW
Monserrat Aguilera-Pujabet, Jose Andres Molino Gahete, Gabriela Guillén, Sergio López-Fernández, Marta Patricia Martin-Giménez, Josep Lloret, Manuel López
AIM: The optimum surgical approach of neonates with right-sided aortic arch (RAA) and esophageal atresia (EA)/tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is still an unsolved question. In order to propose an operative algorithm in the era of endoscopic surgery, we performed an international survey to know the current practice between pediatric endoscopic surgeons. Two of the most important societies in endoscopic pediatric surgery were queried: the International Pediatric Endosurgery Group (IPEG) and the European Society of Paediatric Endoscopic Surgeons (ESPES)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241960/trends-in-common-surgical-procedures-at-children-s-and-nonchildren-s-hospitals-between-2000-and-2009
#17
Heather L Short, Samir Sarda, Curtis Travers, Jason M Hockenberry, Ian McCarthy, Mehul V Raval
PURPOSE: Though growth in children's surgical expenditures has been documented, procedure-specific differences in volume and costs at children's hospitals (CH) and non-hildren's hospitals (NCH) have not been explored. Our purpose was to compare trends in volume and costs of common pediatric surgical procedures between CH and NCH. METHODS: We performed a review of the 2000-2009 Kids' Inpatient Database identifying all cases of appendectomy for uncomplicated appendicitis (AP), tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (TA), fundoplication (FP), humeral fracture repair (HFR), pyloromyotomy (PYL), and cholecystectomy (CHOLE)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174177/long-term-outcomes-of-six-patients-after-partial-internal-biliary-diversion-for-progressive-familial-intrahepatic-cholestasis
#18
Basak Erginel, Feryal Gun Soysal, Ozlem Durmaz, Alaattin Celik, Tansu Salman
BACKGROUND: Partial internal biliary diversion (PIBD) is an alternative approach for the treatment of devastating pruritus in patients with progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC). In these patients quality of life can be improved and progression of liver disease can be delayed while waiting for liver transplantation. The aim of our study was to evaluate six patients with PFIC who have undergone PIBD in long-term follow-up. METHODS: Retrospective review of the records of six patients who underwent PIBD for PFIC between 2008 and 2010 was conducted to evaluate age, growth, clinical and laboratory studies for long-term outcome...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246399/differentiating-abdominal-procedures-in-pediatric-surgery-the-inadequacy-of-current-procedural-terminology-codes
#19
Yiping Li, Donald B Shaul, Roman M Sydorak
INTRODUCTION: The ability to use detailed, accurate current procedural terminology (CPT) codes is a key component of effective research. We examined the effectiveness of CPT codes to accurately reflect care in patients undergoing surgery for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). METHODS: A multicenter retrospective analysis of operations on patients with NEC was conducted across 4 institutions between 2011 and 2016. Correlation between operative dictation and CPT coding was analyzed...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173778/assessing-the-long-term-manometric-outcomes-in-patients-with-previous-laparoscopic-anorectoplasty-larp-and-posterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty-psarp
#20
Patrick Ho Yu Chung, Carol Wing Yan Wong, Kenneth Kak Yuen Wong, Paul Kwong Hang Tam
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to compare the long term manometric outcomes in patients with previous laparoscopic anorectoplasty (LARP) and posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP). METHODS: This is a single-centered retrospective study and the participants were born with various types of anorectal malformation. Manometric assessment was carried out with high-resolution anorectomanometry performed as a day procedure. In addition, a seven-itemed bowel function score (BFS) was utilized to assess the functional outcomes...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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