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Journal of Pediatrics

Mai Uchida, Maura Fitzgerald, Hilary Woodworth, Nicholas Carrellas, Caroline Kelberman, Joseph Biederman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of assessing subsyndromal symptoms of major depressive disorder in childhood, indexed through the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) anxiety/depression scale, in predicting risk of developing major depressive disorder in adolescent and young adult years. STUDY DESIGN: The sample consisted of 537 children, 6-17 years of age, originally ascertained for a longitudinal family genetic study of youth with and without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and their first-degree relatives who were followed prospectively and blindly for 10 years from childhood into young adult years...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Amy R Goetz, Constance A Mara, Lori J Stark
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether feeding patterns from birth to age 6 months modify the association between birth weight and weight at 7-12 months of age. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal mixed models were used to examine feeding trajectories across categories of birth weight and weight at 7-12 months of age in 1799 mother-infant dyads enrolled in the Infant Feeding Practices Study II. The percentage of breast milk received and the average daily formula consumption were calculated from birth to 6 months of age...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
O Yaw Addo, Kyriakie Sarafoglou, Bradley S Miller
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent to which pubertal timing alters the classification of extremes of attained stature across race-ethnicity groups of youths in the US. STUDY DESIGN: We performed analyses of height and Tanner staging data of 3206 cross-sectional national sample of youths ages 8-18 years (53% male, n = 1606), 72% of whom were non-Hispanic white, 9% Mexican American, and 19% non-Hispanic black . Specialized growth models were used to derive Tanner-stage-age-adjusted z scores (TSAHAZ )...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Nicole R Pouppirt, Rula Nassar, Natalie Napolitano, Ursula Nawab, Akira Nishisaki, Vinay Nadkarni, Anne Ades, Elizabeth E Foglia
The effect of video laryngoscopy on adverse events during neonatal tracheal intubation is unknown. In this single site retrospective cohort study, video laryngoscopy was independently associated with decreased risk for adverse events during neonatal intubation.
July 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Josiane Warszawski, Caroline Thomas, Olivia Dialla, Valérie Garrait, Catherine Dollfus, Veronique Reliquet, Laure Clech, Cécile Dert, Laurent Mandelbrot, Marie Audrain, Stéphane Blanche
Severe combined immunodeficiency screening by measuring T-receptor excision circles at birth allows evaluation of the impact of various maternal conditions on newborn immunity. The slight decrease observed in a French cohort of newborns to HIV-infected mothers can be explained by the confounding factors of prematurity and African descent.
July 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Fabrizio Drago, Camilla Calvieri, Silvia Placidi, Daniela Righi, Simone Paglia, Elisa Del Vecchio, Massimo Stefano Silvetti, Fabrizio Gimigliano, Corrado Di Mambro, Marta Unolt, Ugo Giordano, Umberto Raucci, Massimiliano Raponi
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a dedicated pediatric syncope unit on the diagnostic and therapeutic management of children with suspected syncope. We also evaluated the effectiveness of the pediatric syncope unit model in decreasing unnecessary tests and hospitalizations, minimizing social costs, and improving diagnostic yield. STUDY DESIGN: This single-center cohort observational, prospective study enrolled 2278 consecutive children referred to Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital from 2012 to 2017...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Melissa Bartick, Lori Feldman-Winter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Joel L Bass, Tina Gartley, David Lyczkowski, Ronald Kleinman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Osamu Nomura, Yusuke Okubo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Ben Stenson, Ola Didrik Saugstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Daniel R Duncan, Paul D Mitchell, Kara Larson, Rachel L Rosen
OBJECTIVES: To determine if any presenting symptoms are associated with aspiration risk, and to evaluate the reliability of clinical feeding evaluation (CFE) in diagnosing aspiration compared with videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS). STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed records of children under 2 years of age who had evaluation for oropharyngeal dysphagia by CFE and VFSS at Boston Children's Hospital and compared presenting symptoms, symptom timing, and CFE and VFSS results...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Viviane Klingmann, Hannah Linderskamp, Thomas Meissner, Ertan Mayatepek, Andreas Moeltner, Joerg Breitkreutz, Hans Martin Bosse
OBJECTIVES: To assess the acceptability and swallowability of several minitablets when administered as a unit dose compared with an equivalent dose of syrup in children aged 6 months to 5 years. STUDY DESIGN: The acceptability and swallowability of multiple drug-free minitablets in comparison with glucose syrup was assessed in 372 children of 2 age groups (186 in age group 1 [6-23 months of age] and 186 in age group 2 [2-5 years of age]) in a randomized, 3-way, single administration cross-over study...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Izzuddin M Aris, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Ling-Jun Li, Ken Kleinman, Brent A Coull, Diane R Gold, Marie-France Hivert, Michael S Kramer, Emily Oken
OBJECTIVE: To assess associations of pre-, perinatal, and parental factors with age and magnitude at body mass index (BMI) peak and rebound. STUDY DESIGN: Among 1681 children with BMI data from birth to mid-childhood in Project Viva, we fitted individual BMI trajectories using mixed-effect models with natural cubic spline functions and estimated age and magnitude at peak in infancy and rebound in early childhood. We used stepwise multivariable regression to identify predictors of peak and rebound in the 1354 (63...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Olivia Linthavong, T Michael O'Shea, Elizabeth Allred, Eliana Perrin, Melissa Bauserman, Robert M Joseph, Alan Leviton, Timothy C Heeren, Karl C K Kuban
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between overweight (body mass index [BMI] percentile ≥85 and <95) and obesity (BMI ≥95 percentile) and developmental and health outcomes at 10 years of age in a cohort of individuals born extremely preterm. STUDY DESIGN: This was an observational cohort study of children born extremely preterm and then assessed at age 10 years for neurocognitive function and parent-reported behavior and health outcomes. Participants included 871 children aged 10 years...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Katharina Stock, Anna Schmid, Elke Griesmaier, Nina Gande, Christoph Hochmayr, Michael Knoflach, Ursula Kiechl-Kohlendorfer
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of being born preterm or small for gestational age (SGA) on early vascular aging (EVA) in a cohort of healthy Tyrolean adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: This study is part of an ongoing clinical trial, EVA Tyrol, a regional cohort study being conducted in western Austria. EVA was assessed in adolescents (mean age, 16 years) by means of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), and blood pressure measurements...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Amy Feldman Lewanda, Margo Faust Gallegos, Marshall Summar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of dietary supplement use for children with Down syndrome, and to obtain additional descriptive data regarding the age of initial treatment, cost, perceived benefits, and disclosure of use to the pediatrician. STUDY DESIGN: An anonymous questionnaire in English and Spanish was created for parents of children under age 18 years with Down syndrome. Surveys were completed in our clinic, or accessed on a number of Down syndrome-related websites...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Kosuke Kawai, Eelam A Adil, Devon Barrett, Juliana Manganella, Margaret A Kenna
OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term trend of otitis media (OM)-associated ambulatory visits from 1997 to 2014 and to evaluate the impact of 7-valent and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV7 and PCV13) on OM ambulatory visits. STUDY DESIGN: We examined OM-associated ambulatory visits in children, using the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. RESULTS: A total of 24 148 OM-related visits were identified from 363 240 ambulatory visits...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Christian Matterberger, Nariae Baik-Schneditz, Bernhard Schwaberger, Georg M Schmölzer, Lukas Mileder, Elisabeth Pichler-Stachl, Berndt Urlesberger, Gerhard Pichler
OBJECTIVE: To assess a possible association of blood glucose concentration with cerebral regional oxygen saturation (crSO2 ) and cerebral fractional tissue oxygen extraction (cFTOE) in neonates born at term and preterm 15 minutes after birth. STUDY DESIGN: A post-hoc analysis of secondary outcome measures of 2 prospective observational studies was performed. Neonates born at term and preterm via cesarean delivery were included if cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy measurements were performed during the immediate transition after birth and blood glucose concentrations were measured at 15-20 minutes after birth...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Amaryllis Ferrand, Andreea Gorgos, Nabeel Ali, Antoine Payot
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of resiliency and stress on parental perspectives of the future quality of life (QOL) of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) newborns at high risk of neurodevelopmental disability. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective multicenter questionnaire study. Perspectives from parents of newborns at high risk of disability as per neonatal follow-up criteria were compared with a low-risk group consisting of parents of all other NICU newborns...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Kirsten Ritchie, Samudragupta Bora, Lianne J Woodward
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the friendship networks, peer relationships, and bullying experiences of 12-year-old children born extremely preterm (EPT; 23-27 weeks of gestation), very preterm (VPT; 28-32 weeks of gestation), and full term (FT; 38-41 weeks of gestation), and to identify child characteristics placing children at risk of peer problems. STUDY DESIGN: A regional cohort of 44 EPT, 60 VPT, and 109 FT born children were followed prospectively to 12 years of age...
June 26, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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