journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Pediatrics

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784518/impact-of-blood-donor-sex-on-transfusion-related-outcomes-in-preterm-infants
#1
Thomas Murphy, Anju Chawla, Richard Tucker, Betty Vohr
OBJECTIVE: Explore the role of red blood cell donor sex on preterm infant neonatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In a retrospective, exploratory, cohort study, the hospital blood bank database was queried for units of blood released to neonatal intensive care unit patients in 2009-2010. The state blood center provided donor sex, and a department database provided neonatal characteristics and morbidities. Comparisons were made for 2 groups: those who ever received female blood and those who did not...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784517/treprostinil-improves-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-associated-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#2
Kendall M Lawrence, Holly L Hedrick, Heather M Monk, Lisa Herkert, Lindsay N Waqar, Brian D Hanna, William H Peranteau, Natalie E Rintoul, Rachel K Hopper
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of continuous treprostinil in infants with severe pulmonary hypertension associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) on specific markers of pulmonary hypertension severity and to report the safety and tolerability of treprostinil. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of infants with CDH-associated pulmonary hypertension treated with treprostinil from January 2011 to September 2016. Severity of pulmonary hypertension was assessed by echocardiogram and serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) by using time points before initiation and 24 hours, 1 week, and 1 month after treprostinil initiation...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784516/eruptive-xanthomas
#3
Xuan Qi Koh, Nisha Suyien Chandran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784515/maternal-distraction-from-smartphone-use-a-potential-risk-factor-for-sudden-unexpected-postnatal-collapse-of-the-newborn
#4
LETTER
Nancy A Rodriguez, Joseph R Hageman, Matthew Pellerite
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784514/breastfeeding-trends-among-very-low-birth-weight-low-birth-weight-and-normal-birth-weight-infants
#5
Angela G Campbell, Patricia Y Miranda
OBJECTIVE: To examine the change in breastfeeding behaviors over time, among low birth weight (LBW), very low birth weight (VLBW), and normal birth weight (NBW) infants using nationally representative US data. STUDY DESIGN: Univariate statistics and bivariate logistic models were examined using the Early Child Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (2001) and National Study of Children's Health (2007 and 2011/2012). RESULTS: Breastfeeding behaviors improved for infants of all birth weights from 2007 to 2011/2012...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784513/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#6
Karen B Fowler, Shannon A Ross, Masako Shimamura, Amina Ahmed, April L Palmer, Marian G Michaels, David I Bernstein, Pablo J Sánchez, Kristina N Feja, Audra Stewart, Suresh Boppana
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of race and ethnicity upon the prevalence and clinical spectrum of congenital cytomegalovirus infection (cCMV). STUDY DESIGN: From 2007 to 2012, 100 332 infants from 7 medical centers were screened for cCMV while in the hospital. Ethnicity and race were collected and cCMV prevalence rates were calculated. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of cCMV in the cohort was 4.5 per 1000 live births (95% CI, 4.1-4.9)...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784512/epidemiology-and-etiology-of-invasive-bacterial-infection-in-infants-%C3%A2-60-days-old-treated-in-emergency-departments
#7
Christopher Woll, Mark I Neuman, Christopher M Pruitt, Marie E Wang, Eugene D Shapiro, Samir S Shah, Russell J McCulloh, Lise E Nigrovic, Sanyukta Desai, Adrienne G DePorre, Rianna C Leazer, Richard D Marble, Fran Balamuth, Elana A Feldman, Laura F Sartori, Whitney L Browning, Paul L Aronson
OBJECTIVES: To help guide empiric treatment of infants ≤60 days old with suspected invasive bacterial infection by describing pathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibilities. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of infants ≤60 days old with invasive bacterial infection (bacteremia and/or bacterial meningitis) evaluated in the emergency departments of 11 children's hospitals between July 1, 2011 and June 30, 2016. Each site's microbiology laboratory database or electronic medical record system was queried to identify infants from whom a bacterial pathogen was isolated from either blood or cerebrospinal fluid...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784511/accuracy-of-herpes-simplex-virus-polymerase-chain-reaction-testing-of-the-blood-for-central-nervous-system-herpes-simplex-virus-infections-in-infants
#8
Todd W Lyons, Andrea T Cruz, Stephen B Freedman, Lise E Nigrovic
There were 1038 infants with herpes simplex virus polymerase chain reaction testing performed of blood and cerebrospinal fluid specimens. There were 21 (2.0%) with a positive cerebrospinal fluid PCR, of whom 16 also had a positive blood PCR (sensitivity 76%; 95% CI, 53%-92%). Blood PCR cannot exclude herpes simplex virus central nervous system infection.
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784510/reply
#9
LETTER
David Brumbaugh, Edwin de Zoeten, Samuel Dominguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779619/immunoassay-helps-limit-overdiagnosis-of-clostridium-difficile-infection
#10
LETTER
Jay Hochman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773306/factors-associated-with-timing-and-adverse-outcomes-in-patients-with-biliary-atresia-undergoing-kasai-hepatoportoenterostomy
#11
Michael Ross Townsend, Adeeb Jaber, Hanina Abi Nader, Shaker M Eid, Kathleen Schwarz
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with timing of hepatoportoenterostomy (HPE) and adverse perioperative outcomes in patients with biliary atresia in the US. STUDY DESIGN: We examined hospitalizations in infants aged <1 year using the National Inpatient Sample database for 2000-2011. We identified cases using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes for biliary atresia and HPE. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine association between select factors and age at HPE, as well as adverse perioperative outcomes...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773305/prediction-of-maximal-oxygen-uptake-by-six-minute-walk-test-and-body-mass-index-in-healthy-boys
#12
Majid Jalili, Farzad Nazem, Akbar Sazvar, Kamal Ranjbar
OBJECTIVE: To develop an equation to predict maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) based on the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and body composition in healthy boys. STUDY DESIGN: Direct VO2max, 6-minute walk distance, and anthropometric characteristics were measured in 349 healthy boys (12.49 ± 2.72 years). Multiple regression analysis was used to generate VO2max prediction equations. Cross-validation of the VO2max prediction equations was assessed with predicted residual sum of squares statistics...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759851/the-role-of-adiposity-in-the-association-between-muscular-fitness-and-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Alejandro Pérez-Bey, Víctor Segura-Jiménez, Jorge Del Rosario Fernández-Santos, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Oscar L Veiga, Ascensión Marcos, José Castro-Piñero
OBJECTIVES: To test the associations of muscular fitness and body mass index (BMI), individually and combined, with clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors in children and adolescents and to analyze the mediator role of BMI in the association between muscular fitness and clustered cardiovascular disease risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 239 children (113 girls) and 270 adolescents (128 girls) participated in this cross-sectional study. Height and weight were assessed, and BMI was calculated...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759850/differences-in-prehospital-patient-assessments-for-pediatric-versus-adult-patients
#14
Sriram Ramgopal, Jonathan Elmer, Jeremiah Escajeda, Christian Martin-Gill
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether completion of vital signs assessments in pediatric transports by emergency medical services (EMS) differs by patient age. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed records by 20 agencies in a regional EMS system in Southwestern Pennsylvania between April 1, 2013 and December 31, 2016. We abstracted demographics, vital signs (systolic blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate), clinical, and transport characteristics. We categorized age as neonates (≤30 days), infants (1 month to <1 year), toddler (1 to <2 years), early childhood (2 to <6 years), middle childhood (6 to <12 years), adolescent (12 to <18 years), and adult (≥18 years)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759849/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-the-effects-are-more-than-skin-deep
#15
Carol E Muenks, Whitney C Sewell, Patrick G Hogan, Ryley M Thompson, David G Ross, Jeffrey W Wang, John J Morelli, Sarah J Gehlert, Stephanie A Fritz
OBJECTIVES: To assess the psychosocial effects of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) diagnosis on the households of children with MRSA skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI). STUDY DESIGN: We constructed and administered an interview to the primary caregiver within the home of a child with a history of MRSA SSTI. RESULTS: Seventy-six households were enrolled. Survey responses were analyzed and grouped into 4 themes: health behavior changes, disclosure, social interactions, and knowledge/awareness...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754869/adolescent-health-confidentiality-in-healthcare-and-communication-with-parents
#16
EDITORIAL
Abigail English, Carol A Ford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754868/attitudes-surrounding-the-management-of-neonates-with-severe-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#17
Gillian C Pet, Ryan M McAdams, Lilah Melzer, Assaf P Oron, Simon P Horslen, Adam Goldin, Patrick J Javid
OBJECTIVES: To assess providers' recommendations as to comfort care versus medical and surgical management in clinical scenarios of newborns with severe bowel loss and to assess how a variety of factors influence providers' decision making. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a survey of pediatric surgeons and neonatologists via the American Pediatric Surgical Association and American Academy of Pediatrics Section of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. We examined how respondents' recommendations were affected by a variety of patient and provider factors...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754867/assessing-ethics-knowledge-development-of-a-test-of-ethics-knowledge-in-neonatology
#18
Christy L Cummings, Gina M Geis, Henry A Feldman, Elisa R Berson, Jennifer C Kesselheim
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the Test of Ethics Knowledge in Neonatology (TEK-Neo) with good internal consistency reliability, item performance, and construct validity that reliably assesses interprofessional staff and trainee knowledge of neonatal ethics. STUDY DESIGN: We adapted a published test of ethics knowledge for use in neonatology. The novel instrument had 46 true/false questions distributed among 7 domains of neonatal ethics: ethical principles, professionalism, genetic testing, beginning of life/viability, end of life, informed permission/decision making, and research ethics...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754865/incidence-trends-and-risk-factor-variation-in-severe-intraventricular-hemorrhage-across-a-population-based-cohort
#19
Sara C Handley, Molly Passarella, Henry C Lee, Scott A Lorch
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the current burden of severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), describe time trends in severe IVH, identify IVH-associated risk factors, and determine the contribution of mediating factors. STUDY DESIGN: The retrospective cohort included infants 220/7 -316/7 weeks of gestation without severe congenital anomalies, born at hospitals in the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative between 2005 and 2015. The primary study outcome was severe (grade III or IV) IVH...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754864/adherence-to-polyethylene-glycol-treatment-in-children-with-functional-constipation-is-associated-with-parental-illness-perceptions-satisfaction-with-treatment-and-perceived-treatment-convenience
#20
Ilan Jasper Nader Koppen, Elsa A van Wassenaer, Rinse W Barendsen, Paul L Brand, Marc A Benninga
OBJECTIVES: To assess treatment adherence in children with functional constipation and to evaluate the association with parental beliefs about medication, illness perceptions, treatment satisfaction, and satisfaction with information about medication. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was administered among parents of children with functional constipation treated with polyethylene glycol. Adherence was measured via the Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS-5, score 5-25), with greater scores indicating better adherence (scores ≥23 were defined as adherent)...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
journal
journal
20171
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"