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Journal of Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162346/self-management-measurement-and-prediction-of-clinical-outcomes-in-pediatric-transplant
#1
Rachel A Annunziato, John C Bucuvalas, Wanrong Yin, Ravinder Arnand, Estella M Alonso, George V Mazariegos, Robert S Venick, Margaret L Stuber, Benjamin L Shneider, Eyal Shemesh
OBJECTIVE: To further refine a measure of self-management, the Responsibility and Familiarity with Illness Survey (REFILS), and to determine if this score predicts medication adherence and, thus, fewer instances of allograft rejection among pediatric liver transplant recipients. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were 400 liver transplant recipients and their parents recruited for the Medication Adherence in Children Who Had a Liver Transplant study, from 5 US pediatric transplant centers...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162345/postacute-care-after-pediatric-hospitalizations-for-a-primary-mental-health-condition
#2
James C Gay, Bonnie T Zima, Tumaini R Coker, Stephanie K Doupnik, Matthew Hall, Jonathan Rodean, Margaret O'Neill, Rustin Morse, Kris P Rehm, Jay G Berry, Naomi S Bardach
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of US children hospitalized for a primary mental health condition who are discharged to postacute care (PAC); whether PAC discharge is associated with demographic, clinical, and hospital characteristics; and whether PAC use varies by state. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of a nationally representative sample of US acute care hospitalizations for children ages 2-20 years with a primary mental health diagnosis, using the 2009 and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Databases...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150147/clinic-and-home-based-behavioral-intervention-for-obesity-in-preschoolers-a-randomized-trial
#3
Lori J Stark, Stephanie Spear Filigno, Christopher Bolling, Megan B Ratcliff, Jessica C Kichler, Shannon M Robson, Stacey L Simon, Mary Beth McCullough, Lisa M Clifford, Cathleen Odar Stough, Cynthia Zion, Richard F Ittenbach
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that an innovative skills-based behavioral family clinic and home-based intervention (LAUNCH) would reduce body mass index z score (BMIz) compared with motivational interviewing and to standard care in preschool-aged children with obesity. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with children between the ages of 2 and 5 years above the 95(th) percentile for body mass index for age and sex recruited from 27 pediatrician offices across 10 recruitment cycles between March 12, 2012 and June 8, 2015...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150146/annual-trends-in-follow-up-visits-for-pediatric-concussion-in-emergency-departments-and-physicians-offices
#4
Liraz Fridman, Michal Scolnik, Alison Macpherson, Linda Rothman, Astrid Guttmann, Anne M Grool, Daniel Rodriguez Duque, Roger L Zemek
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether children and youth with concussion receive follow-up visits in accordance with the recommended guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective, population-based study using linked health administrative data from all concussion-related visits to emergency department and physician offices by children aged 5 through 18 years (range, 5.00-18.99) in Ontario between 2003 and 2013. We analyzed the percentage of children and youth seen for follow-up...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132818/bilirubin-albumin-binding-and-unbound-unconjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-in-premature-infants
#5
Sanjiv B Amin, Hongyue Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations between unbound bilirubin (UB) and total serum bilirubin (TSB), bilirubin:albumin molar ratio (BAMR), and bilirubin albumin binding affinity (Ka) as a function of gestational age (GA) in infants born at 24-33 weeks GA. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective observational study, TSB and UB were measured twice daily at least 8 hours apart during the first postnatal week. Serum albumin was measured to calculate BAMR on each day. The highest UB on each day, corresponding TSB, and serum albumin were used to calculate the Ka on each day...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132817/a-national-description-of-treatment-among-united-states-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Melissa L Danielson, Susanna N Visser, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, George J DuPaul
OBJECTIVE: To characterize lifetime and current rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatments among US children and adolescents with current ADHD and describe the association of these treatments with demographic and clinical factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data are from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome, a follow-back survey of parents from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Weighted analyses focused on receipt of ADHD treatment among children aged 4-17 years with current ADHD (n = 2495) by 4 treatment types: medication, school supports, psychosocial interventions, and alternative treatments...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129352/pediatric-cardiovascular-morbidity-of-the-early-term-newborn
#7
Gil Gutvirtz, Tamar Wainstock, Eyal Sheiner, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether early term delivery (at 37(0/7)-38(6/7) weeks of gestation) is associated with long-term pediatric cardiovascular morbidity of the offspring. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cohort analysis was performed including all term deliveries occurring between 1991 and 2014 at a single tertiary medical center. Gestational age at delivery was subdivided into early term (37(0/7)-38(6/7)), full term (39(0/7)-40(6/7)), late term (41(0/7)-41(6/7)) and post term (≥42(0/7)) delivery...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129351/is-serum-methylmalonic-acid-a-reliable-biomarker-of-vitamin-b12-status-in-children-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-case-series
#8
Lissette Jimenez, Danielle A Stamm, Brittany Depaula, Christopher P Duggan
We describe 3 patients with short bowel syndrome who had persistently elevated serum methylmalonic acid (MMA) levels while being treated for vitamin B12 deficiency. Following treatment for presumed small bowel bacterial overgrowth, MMA levels normalized. Among patients with short bowel syndrome, MMA levels may have limited specificity for vitamin B12 deficiency.
November 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128117/cardiac-rhabdomyomas-in-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#9
Javier Castro-Monsalve, Jorge L Alvarado-Socarras, Karen A Mantilla, Laura Forero, Andres Moreno, Carlos E Prada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126596/underuse-versus-overuse-of-neonatal-intensive-care-what-is-the-right-amount
#10
EDITORIAL
Stephanie L Bourque, Sunah S Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092752/catch-up-growth-and-neurobehavioral-development-among-full-term-small-for-gestational-age-children-a-nationwide-japanese-population-based-study
#11
Akihito Takeuchi, Takashi Yorifuji, Kazue Nakamura, Kei Tamai, Shigehiro Mori, Makoto Nakamura, Misao Kageyama, Toshihide Kubo, Tatsuya Ogino, Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Doi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between catch-up growth of full-term, small for gestational age (SGA) children and their neurobehavioral development. STUDY DESIGN: Data were obtained from a population-based nationwide Japanese longitudinal survey that started in 2001. Study participants were full-term children with information on height at 2 years of age (n = 32 533). Catch-up growth for SGA infants was defined as achieving a height at 2 years of age of more than -2...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092751/a-time-based-analysis-of-inflammation-in-infants-at-risk-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#12
Sandrine Leroy, Elsa Caumette, Chandra Waddington, Audrey Hébert, Rollin Brant, Pascal M Lavoie
OBJECTIVE: To precisely delineate the timing and contribution of inflammation to bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants during the neonatal period. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study of blood inflammatory biomarkers (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-8, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) measured between birth and 42 days of age, at high temporal (daily) resolution, in infants born at or below 30 weeks of gestation. Cytokine predictors of BPD at 36 weeks postmenstrual age were adjusted for infant-specific and time-dependent factors, using hierarchical mixed effects regressions models...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106927/desquamating-rash-in-a-patient-with-undiagnosed-netherton-syndrome
#13
Matthew A De Niear, Joseph Gigante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106926/increasing-prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-among-hospitalized-children-is-associated-with-an-increase-in-substance-abuse
#14
A Sidney Barritt, Brian Lee, Thomas Runge, Monica Schmidt, Ravi Jhaveri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of substance abuse on pediatric hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence, we examined geographic and demographic data on inpatient hospitalizations in children with HCV. STUDY DESIGN: We examined hospitalizations in children using the Kids' Inpatient Database, a part of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. We identified cases using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition, codes for HCV infection during 2006, 2009, and 2012...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106925/nosocomial-transmission-and-genetic-diversity-of-rhinovirus-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
Débora Natalia Marcone, Guadalupe Carballal, Mariela Irañeta, Yamile Rubies, Santiago M Vidaurreta, Marcela Echavarría
Rhinoviruses were detected as sole pathogens in 6 preterm infants who developed severe respiratory infections while hospitalized in a neonatal intensive care unit. We confirmed 2 nosocomial rhinovirus transmission episodes and describe the genetic diversity of rhinovirus strains that circulated simultaneously during a winter season.
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106924/a-randomized-trial-of-conditioned-or-unconditioned-gases-for-stabilizing-preterm-infants-at-birth
#16
Lorraine McGrory, Louise S Owen, Marta Thio, Jennifer A Dawson, Anthony R Rafferty, Atul Malhotra, Peter G Davis, C Omar F Kamlin
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of heated-humidified gases for respiratory support during the stabilization of infants <30 weeks of gestational age (GA) in the delivery room reduces rates of hypothermia on admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter, unblinded, randomized trial was conducted in Melbourne, Australia, between February 2013 and June 2015. Infants <30 weeks of GA were randomly assigned to receive either heated-humidified gases or unconditioned gases during stabilization in the delivery room and during transport to NICU...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106923/impact-of-objective-echocardiographic-criteria-for-timing-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-repair
#17
Scott Deeney, Lisa W Howley, Maggie Hodges, Kenneth W Liechty, Ahmed I Marwan, Jason Gien, John P Kinsella, Timothy M Crombleholme
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of specific echocardiographic criteria for timing of congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair on the incidence of acute postoperative clinical decompensation from pulmonary hypertensive crisis and/or acute respiratory decompensation, with secondary outcomes including survival to discharge, duration of ventilator support, and length of hospitalization. STUDY DESIGN: The multidisciplinary congenital diaphragmatic hernia management team instituted a protocol in 2012 requiring the specific criterion of echocardiogram-estimated pulmonary artery pressure ≤80% systemic blood pressure before repairing congenital diaphragmatic hernias...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106922/measuring-anatomic-severity-in-pediatric-appendicitis-validation-of-the-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-appendicitis-severity-grade
#18
Matthew C Hernandez, Stephanie F Polites, Johnathon M Aho, Nadeem N Haddad, Victor Y Kong, Humza Saleem, John L Bruce, Grant L Laing, Damian L Clarke, Martin D Zielinski
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) grading system accurately corresponds with appendicitis outcomes in a US pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: This single-institution retrospective review included patients <18 years of age (n = 331) who underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis from 2008 to 2012. Demographic, clinical, procedural, and follow-up data (primary outcome was measured as Clavien-Dindo grade of complication severity) were abstracted...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102046/shared-decision-making-among-children-with-medical-complexity-results-from-a-population-based-survey
#19
Jody L Lin, Eyal Cohen, Lee M Sanders
OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of shared decision making (SDM) reported by parents of children with medical complexity (CMC) with the rates of SDM reported by parents of noncomplex children with special health care needs (CSHCN). STUDY DESIGN: We examined the 2009-2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, a representative survey of 40 242 parents of CSHCN. CMC was defined as needing or using more medical care than usual, seeing 2 or more subspecialists, and positive response on at least 3 other items on the CSHCN screener...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050752/maternal-substance-use-disorders-and-infant-outcomes-in-the-first-year-of-life-among-massachusetts-singletons-2003-2010
#20
Sunah S Hwang, Hafsatou Diop, Chia-Ling Liu, Qi Yu, Hermik Babakhanlou-Chase, Xiaohui Cui, Milton Kotelchuck
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of maternal substance use disorders (SUDs) during pregnancy with adverse neonatal outcomes and infant hospital re-admissions, observational stays, and emergency department utilization in the first year of life. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed 2 linked statewide datasets from 2002 to 2010: the Massachusetts Pregnancy to Early Life Longitudinal data system and the Massachusetts Bureau of Substance Abuse Services Management Information System...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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