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Journal of Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629688/generalized-pustular-psoriasis
#1
Hideyuki Kosumi, Takamasa Ito, Yasuyuki Fujita, Kentaro Izumi, Yuka Maya, Teruki Yanagi, Ken Natsuga, Hideyuki Ujiie, Satoru Shinkuma, Toshifumi Nomura, Naoya Sadanobu, Hiroshi Shimizu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629687/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-empiric-treatment-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#2
Kristen Breslin, Lisa Tuchman, Katie L Hayes, Gia Badolato, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVE: To determine test characteristics of provider judgment for empiric antibiotic provision to patients undergoing testing for a sexually transmitted infection. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional electronic health record review of all patients aged 13-19 years who had Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) testing sent from an urban, academic pediatric emergency department in 2012. We abstracted data, including patient demographics, chief complaint, sexually transmitted infection test results, and treatment...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629686/is-childhood-cardiometabolic-status-a-risk-factor-from-early-infancy-or-toddler-age
#3
LETTER
Osamu Arisaka, Go Ichikawa, Satomi Koyama, Toshimi Sairenchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629685/sudden-death-in-epilepsy-knowledge-among-pediatric-providers
#4
Madison M Berl, Howard P Goodkin, Barbara L Kroner, Adrian Bumbut, Gardiner Lapham, William Davis Gaillard
A survey of 146 pediatric care providers (PCPs) revealed that 75.3% were unaware that children with epilepsy were at risk of death, specifically from sudden unexpected (or unexplained) death in epilepsy (SUDEP). PCPs assume that the treating neurologist discusses these risks. Increasing PCPs' knowledge of SUDEP will help address the care gap related to informing families about SUDEP.
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629684/united-states-medical-licensing-examination-and-american-board-of-pediatrics-certification-examination-results-does-the-residency-program-contribute-to-trainee-achievement
#5
Thomas R Welch, Brad G Olson, Elizabeth Nelsen, Gary L Beck Dallaghan, Gloria A Kennedy, Ann Botash
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether training site or prior examinee performance on the US Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) step 1 and step 2 might predict pass rates on the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) certifying examination. STUDY DESIGN: Data from graduates of pediatric residency programs completing the ABP certifying examination between 2009 and 2013 were obtained. For each, results of the initial ABP certifying examination were obtained, as well as results on National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) step 1 and step 2 examinations...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629683/the-relationship-between-dietary-intake-growth-and-body-composition-in-inborn-errors-of-intermediary-protein-metabolism
#6
Maureen Evans, Helen Truby, Avihu Boneh
OBJECTIVES: To examine relationships between dietary intake, growth and body composition patterns in patients with inborn errors of intermediary protein metabolism and to determine a safe protein:energy ratio (P:E ratio) associated with optimal growth outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal data of growth and dietary intake in patients (n = 75) with isovaleric acidemia (IVA; n = 7), methylmalonic acidemia/propionic acidemia (MMA/PA; n = 14), urea cycle defects (UCD; n = 44), classical maple syrup urine disease (MSUD; n = 10) were collected...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625503/thyroid-hormone-status-in-sitosterolemia-is-modified-by-ezetimibe
#7
Rgia A Othman, Semone B Myrie, David Mymin, Jean-Baptiste Roullet, Andrea E DeBarber, Robert D Steiner, Peter J H Jones
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between biomarkers of thyroid status and 5α-stanols in patients with sitosterolemia treated with ezetimibe (EZE). STUDY DESIGN: Eight patients with sitosterolemia (16-56 years of age) were studied during 14 weeks off EZE therapy and 14 weeks on EZE (10 mg/day). Serum thyroid biomarkers (free triiodothyronine [FT3], free thyroxine [FT4], FT3/FT4 ratio, thyroid-stimulating hormone), 5α-stanols (sitostanol and cholestanol), and cholestanol precursors (total cholesterol and its synthesis marker lathosterol, and 7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one cholestenol) were measured at baseline and during the 14 weeks off EZE and on EZE...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625502/a-computable-phenotype-improves-cohort-ascertainment-in-a-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-registry
#8
Alon Geva, Jessica L Gronsbell, Tianxi Cai, Tianrun Cai, Shawn N Murphy, Jessica C Lyons, Michelle M Heinz, Marc D Natter, Nandan Patibandla, Jonathan Bickel, Mary P Mullen, Kenneth D Mandl
OBJECTIVES: To compare registry and electronic health record (EHR) data mining approaches for cohort ascertainment in patients with pediatric pulmonary hypertension (PH) in an effort to overcome some of the limitations of registry enrollment alone in identifying patients with particular disease phenotypes. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a single-center retrospective analysis of EHR and registry data at Boston Children's Hospital. The local Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside (i2b2) data warehouse was queried for billing codes, prescriptions, and narrative data related to pediatric PH...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625501/hyperkeratosis-and-discoloration-of-the-toenails-in-an-8-year-old
#9
Karlyn Pollack, Barrett Zlotoff, Barbara Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625500/short-medium-and-long-term-assessment-of-pulmonary-dysfunction-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-neonates
#10
LETTER
Sascha Meyer, Axel R Franz, Johannes Bay, Ludwig Gortner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625499/reply
#11
LETTER
Roberta L Keller, Roberta A Ballard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625498/the-impact-of-routine-evaluation-of-gastric-residual-volumes-on-the-time-to-achieve-full-enteral-feeding-in-preterm-infants
#12
Arieh Riskin, Keren Cohen, Amir Kugelman, Arina Toropine, Waseem Said, David Bader
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the time to full enteral feedings in preterm infants after a practice change from routine evaluation of gastric residual volume before each feeding to selective evaluation of gastric residual volume , and to evaluate the impact of this change on the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). STUDY DESIGN: Data were collected on all gavage-fed infants born at ≤34 weeks gestational age (GA) for 2 years before (n = 239) and 2 years after the change (n = 233)...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624098/utility-of-neurovascular-imaging-in-acute-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#13
Ishita Siddiq, Derek Armstrong, Ann-Marie Surmava, Nomazulu Dlamini, Daune MacGregor, Mahendranath Moharir, Rand Askalan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) findings and clinically characterize neonates with arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) who have abnormal or variable vasculature. STUDY DESIGN: This was a single-center, retrospective study of patients with neonatal stroke from 1991 to 2012. We reviewed charts and neuroimaging, including MRA, in neonates with AIS. Clinical data of patients with MRA findings were compared with the control group of neonates with AIS and a normal MRA...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624097/serum-zonulin-gut-permeability-and-the-pathogenesis-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-cause-effect-or-an-epiphenomenon
#14
EDITORIAL
Alessio Fasano, Ivor Hill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622957/real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-based-detection-of-bordetella-pertussis-in-mexican-infants-and-their-contacts-a-3-year-multicenter-study
#15
Alejandra Aquino-Andrade, Gabriel Martínez-Leyva, Jocelin Mérida-Vieyra, Patricia Saltigeral, Antonino Lara, Wendy Domínguez, Silvestre García de la Puente, Agustín De Colsa
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usefulness of real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) as a diagnostic method for the detection of Bordetella pertussis in hospitalized patients aged <1 year with a clinical diagnosis of whooping cough, as well as to identify the role of household contacts as a source of infection. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, multicenter study of infants aged <1 year who were hospitalized with symptoms suggestive of whooping cough...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622956/obesity-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-cognitive-function-in-childhood
#16
Lauren B Raine, Naiman A Khan, Eric S Drollette, Matthew B Pontifex, Arthur F Kramer, Charles H Hillman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a 9-month physical activity intervention on changes in adiposity and cognitive control based on pretrial weight status (ie, healthy weight vs obese) in children. STUDY DESIGN: Participants included obese (n = 77) and matched healthy-weight (n = 77) preadolescents (8-9 years) who participated in a 9-month physical activity randomized controlled trial. Cognitive function was assessed with an inhibitory control task (modified flanker task)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619520/cardiac-complications-earlier-treatment-and-initial-disease-severity-in-kawasaki-disease
#17
Joseph Y Abrams, Ermias D Belay, Ritei Uehara, Ryan A Maddox, Lawrence B Schonberger, Yosikazu Nakamura
OBJECTIVES: To assess if observed higher observed risks of cardiac complications for patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) treated earlier may reflect bias due to confounding from initial disease severity, as opposed to any negative effect of earlier treatment. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from Japanese nationwide KD surveys from 1997 to 2004. Receipt of additional intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) (data available all years) or any additional treatment (available for 2003-2004) were assessed as proxies for initial disease severity...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619519/a-diagnostic-challenge-focal-fatty-liver-or-metastasis
#18
Berhan Pirimoglu, Recep Sade, Mecit Kantarci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606374/how-do-we-regard-the-preemie-at-the-margins-of-viability
#19
EDITORIAL
Brian S Carter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606373/marcus-gunn-phenomenon
#20
Inês Falcão, Filipa Almeida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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