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Journal of Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30626484/obesity-in-adolescents-and-youth-the-case-for-and-against-bariatric-surgery
#1
Ahmed Khattab, Mark A Sperling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2019: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30626483/frequency-domain-indices-of-heart-rate-variability-are-useful-for-differentiating-vasovagal-syncope-and-postural-tachycardia-syndrome-in-children
#2
Yuanyuan Wang, Chunyu Zhang, Selena Chen, Xueying Li, Hongfang Jin, Junbao Du
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of frequency domain indices of heart rate variability (HRV) in the differential diagnosis between pediatric vasovagal syncope and postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS). STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-five patients aged 7-16 years with either vasovagal syncope or POTS were enrolled in the experimental group; 18 healthy children served as controls. Holter electrocardiography was used to detect HRV frequency-domain indices in patients with vasovagal syncope, patients with POTS, and control subjects...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30626482/advocating-for-a-cautious-conservative-approach-to-screen-time-guidelines-in-young-children
#3
LETTER
Anthony D Okely, Mark S Tremblay, John J Reilly, Catherine Draper, Thomas N Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2019: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30612815/association-of-home-respiratory-equipment-and-supply-use-with-health-care-resource-utilization-in-children
#4
Jay G Berry, Denise M Goodman, Ryan J Coller, Rishi Agrawal, Dennis Z Kuo, Eyal Cohen, Joanna Thomson, Danielle DeCourcey, Neal DeJong, Anna Agan, Dipika Gaur, Madeline Coquillette, Charis Crofton, Amy Houtrow, Matt Hall
OBJECTIVE: To compare health care use and spending in children using vs not using respiratory medical equipment and supplies (RMES). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study of 20 352 children age 1-18 years continuously enrolled in Medicaid in 2013 from 12 states in the Truven Medicaid MarketScan Database; 7060 children using RMES were propensity score matched with 13 292 without RMES. Home RMES use was identified with Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System and International Classification of Diseases codes...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30612814/social-emotional-functioning-explains-the-effects-of-physical-activity-on-academic-performance-among-chinese-primary-school-students-a-mediation-analysis
#5
Yunting Zhang, Li Niu, Donglan Zhang, Patrick Ip, Frederick Ho, Yanrui Jiang, Wanqi Sun, Qi Zhu, Fan Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the mediating effects of socioemotional and behavioral functioning in the association between physical activity and academic achievement in Chinese children. STUDY DESIGN: Chinese children (n = 17 318; aged 6-11 years) from the Shanghai Children's Health, Education and Lifestyle Evaluation study in 2014 were the source of data. Children reported the time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activities (MVPA) during weekdays and weekends...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30612813/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-pediatric-opioid-exposures-and-poisonings-in-the-united-states
#6
Anisha M Patel, David C Wheeler, S Rutherfoord Rose, Pramit A Nadpara, Amy L Pakyz, Norman V Carroll
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and characteristics of pediatric opioid exposures and poisonings in the US. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis using the National Poison Data System from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014. Records of children aged <18 years with exposure to opioid-containing medications were identified. Standardized prevalence rates were calculated, and the annual trend was examined. Pediatric opioid exposures were characterized descriptively, and logistic regression was performed to estimate the association between various clinical and sociodemographic characteristics and exposures with serious (ie, moderate, major, or death) outcomes...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30612812/black-race-is-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#7
Rita M Ryan, Rui Feng, Catalina Bazacliu, Thomas W Ferkol, Clement L Ren, Thomas J Mariani, Brenda B Poindexter, Fan Wang, Paul E Moore
OBJECTIVE: To use a large current prospective cohort of infants <29 weeks to compare bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) rates in black and white infants. STUDY DESIGN: The Prematurity and Respiratory Outcome Program (PROP) enrolled 835 infants born in 2011-2013 at <29 weeks of gestation; 728 black or white infants survived to 36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA). Logistic regression was used to compare BPD outcomes (defined as supplemental oxygen requirement at 36 weeks PMA) between the races, adjusted for gestational age (GA), antenatal steroid use, intubation at birth, and surfactant use at birth...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30591266/reply
#8
LETTER
Rosemary D Higgins, Alan H Jobe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30587421/contingencies-on-the-workshop-for-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-classification
#9
LETTER
Hany Aly, Mohamed A Mohamed, Jen Tien Wung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30580977/imaging-diagnosis-of-pneumonia-in-children
#10
LETTER
Fernando Maria de Benedictis, Cecilia Lanza, Fabio Midulla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30580976/age-related-changes-in-inferior-vena-cava-dimensions-among-children-and-adolescent-with-syncope
#11
Pushpa Shivaram, Sylvia Angtuaco, Aziez Ahmed, Joshua Daily, Deborah F Grigsby, Ling Li, Mary Craft, David Danford, Shelby Kutty
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that increased venous compliance manifested as inferior vena cava (IVC) dilation is an important substrate for syncope in children. STUDY DESIGN: IVC diameters were measured in 191 children and adolescents with syncope and in 95 controls. Subjects were divided based on age <12 years (younger group) and ≥12 years (older group). IVC measurements at the right atrial junction (IVC-RA), 10 mm below the IVC-RA junction (IVC-RA10), and at the point of maximal diameter (IVCmax) were made...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30580975/surfactant-administration-in-preterm-infants-drug-development-opportunities
#12
Genevieve Taylor, Wesley Jackson, Christoph P Hornik, Alec Koss, Sreekar Mantena, Kenya Homsley, Blair Gattis, Menefese Kudumu-Clavell, Reese Clark, P Brian Smith, Matthew M Laughon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how frequently surfactant is used off-label in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of prospectively collected administrative data for 2005-2015 from 348 neonatal intensive care units in the US. We quantified off-label administration of poractant alfa, calfactant, or beractant in inborn infants born at <37 weeks of gestational age (GA). Off-label surfactant administration was defined according to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) label...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30580974/effects-of-daily-zinc-daily-multiple-micronutrient-powder-or-therapeutic-zinc-supplementation-for-diarrhea-prevention-on-physical-growth-anemia-and-micronutrient-status-in-rural-laotian-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Maxwell A Barffour, Guy-Marino Hinnouho, Sengchanh Kounnavong, K Ryan Wessells, Kethmany Ratsavong, Bangone Bounheuang, Bigphone Chanhthavong, Dalaphone Sitthideth, Khanpaseuth Sengnam, Charles D Arnold, Kenneth H Brown, Sonja Y Hess
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the optimal zinc supplementation strategy for improving growth and hematologic and micronutrient status in young Laotian children. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 3407 children aged 6-23 months were randomized to receive either daily preventive zinc tablets (7 mg/d), high-zinc, low-iron micronutrient powder (10 mg/d zinc, 6 mg/d iron, and 13 other micronutrients), therapeutic zinc supplementation for diarrhea (20 mg/d for 10 days per episode), or daily placebo powder; all were followed for ~9 months...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30580973/the-association-of-hydrocortisone-dosage-on-mortality-in-infants-born-extremely-premature
#14
Veeral N Tolia, Timothy M Bahr, Monica M Bennett, Gregory Martin, Rachel G Greenberg, Matthew M Laughon, Reese H Clark
OBJECTIVE: To characterize common dosing strategies and to investigate the association between hydrocortisone dosage and in-hospital mortality in infants born extremely premature. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective review of a cohort of infants born ≤30 weeks' gestational age from 2010 to 2016 from the Pediatrix Clinical Data Warehouse who received hydrocortisone in the first 14 postnatal days. Infants were divided by initial hydrocortisone dosage (high: >2 mg/kg/d vs low: ≤2 mg/kg/d)...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30630632/higher-body-mass-index-is-associated-with-iron-deficiency-in-children-1-to-3-years-of-age
#15
Emma E Sypes, Patricia C Parkin, Catherine S Birken, Sarah Carsley, Colin MacArthur, Jonathon L Maguire, Cornelia M Borkhoff
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and iron deficiency in early childhood, while considering the influence of low-grade systemic inflammation. STUDY DESIGN: Healthy children ages 1-3 years were included in a cross-sectional analysis. Age- and sex-standardized World Health Organization BMI z score (zBMI) was calculated using height/length and weight measurements; iron status was assessed by serum ferritin; inflammation was assessed by C-reactive protein (CRP)...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30579587/type-2-congenital-generalized-lipodystrophy-the-diagnosis-is-in-your-hands
#16
Renan Magalhães Montenegro, Virgínia Oliveira Fernandes, Jaquellyne Gurgel Penaforte Saboia, Ana Paula Dias Rangel Montenegro, Josivan Gomes Lima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30579586/furosemide-exposure-and-prevention-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-premature-infants
#17
Rachel G Greenberg, Sreepriya Gayam, Destiny Savage, Andrew Tong, Daniel Gorham, Ari Sholomon, Reese H Clark, Daniel K Benjamin, Matthew Laughon, P Brian Smith
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between furosemide exposure and risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included infants (2004-2015) born at 23-29 weeks gestational age and 501-1249 g birth weight. We compared the demographic and clinical characteristics of infants exposed and not exposed to furosemide between postnatal day 7 and 36 weeks postmenstrual age. We examined the association between furosemide exposure and 2 outcomes: BPD and BPD or death...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30579585/increased-congenital-hypothyroidism-detection-in-preterm-infants-with-serial-newborn-screening
#18
Dinushan C Kaluarachchi, David B Allen, Jens C Eickhoff, Sandra J Dawe, Mei W Baker
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of congenital hypothyroidism in preterm infants and to identify associated risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cohort study was performed in preterm infants born at <32 weeks of gestational age between 2012 and 2016 in Wisconsin. Newborn screening (NBS) results and demographic data were obtained from the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene. Congenital hypothyroidism was subdivided to early TSH elevation (eTSH) and delayed TSH elevation (dTSH)...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30579583/early-indicators-of-creatine-transporter-deficiency
#19
Judith S Miller, Rebecca P Thomas, Amanda Bennett, Simona Bianconi, Aleksandra Bruchey, Robert J Davis, Can Ficicioglu, Whitney Guthrie, Forbes D Porter, Audrey Thurm
Early identification is a goal for creatine transporter deficiency and will be critical for future treatment. Before their first birthday, one-half of this sample showed both a significant feeding/weight gain issue and delayed sitting or crawling. Combined, these early indicators could have alerted providers to conduct a urine screen.
December 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30579582/worse-metabolic-control-and-dynamics-of-weight-status-in-adolescent-girls-point-to-eating-disorders-in-the-first-years-after-manifestation-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-findings-from-the-diabetes-patienten-verlaufsdokumentation-registry
#20
Thomas Reinehr, Barbara Dieris, Angela Galler, Martin Teufel, Gabriele Berger, Rainer Stachow, Sven Golembowski, Ute Ohlenschläger, Martin Holder, Michael Hummel, Reinhard W Holl, Nicole Prinz
OBJECTIVE: To assess indications of eating disorders in girls with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). STUDY DESIGN: In total 31 556 girls aged >6 months and <23 years of age with T1DM from the Diabetes Patienten Verlaufsdokumentation (DPV) cohort were analyzed including 155 (0.49%) girls with anorexia nervosa, 85 (0.27%) girls with bulimia nervosa, 45 (0.14%) girls with binge eating disorder, and 229 (0.73%) girls with eating disorders not otherwise specified...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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