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Journal of Pediatrics

Luke Arthur, Kirsty Keen, Madeleine Verriotis, Judy Peters, Alison Kelly, Richard F Howard, Sulayman D Dib-Hajj, Stephen G Waxman, Suellen M Walker
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical features of erythromelalgia in childhood associated with gain-of-function SCN9A mutations that increase activity of the Nav 1.7 voltage-gated sodium channel, we conducted a systematic review of pediatric presentations of erythromelalgia related to SCN9A mutations, and compared pediatric clinical presentations of symptomatic erythromelalgia, with or without SCN9A mutations. STUDY DESIGN: PubMed, Embase, and PsycINFO Databases were searched for reports of inherited erythromelalgia in childhood...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Jakob Usemann, Andrea Suter, Emanuela Zannin, Elena Proietti, Sotirios Fouzas, Sven Schulzke, Philipp Latzin, Urs Frey
OBJECTIVE: To test whether low variability of tidal volume (VT ) and capnographic indices are predictive of subsequent respiratory morbidity in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: In a birth cohort of 133 preterm infants, lung function was performed at 44 weeks postmenstrual age. Associations between the coefficient of variation (CV) of VT (CVVT ) and of expired CO2 volume per breath (CVVE,CO2 ) with rehospitalization, wheeze, and inhalation therapy during infancy were assessed using logistic regression...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Michele L Shaffer, Olivier Baud, Thierry Lacaze-Masmonteil, Outi M Peltoniemi, Francesco Bonsante, Kristi L Watterberg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of prophylaxis for early adrenal insufficiency using low-dose hydrocortisone on survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very preterm infants using an individual patient data meta-analysis. STUDY DESIGN: All existing randomized controlled trials testing the efficacy of the prophylaxis of early adrenal insufficiency using low-dose hydrocortisone on survival without BPD were considered for inclusion when data were available...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Ines M Mürner-Lavanchy, Hiroyuki Kidokoro, Deanne K Thompson, Lex W Doyle, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Rod W Hunt, Terrie E Inder, Peter J Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between white matter diffuse excessive high signal intensity (DEHSI) on neonatal magnetic resonance imaging in very preterm infants and neurobehavioral outcomes at the age of 13 years. STUDY DESIGN: Magnetic resonance images of very preterm children (<30 weeks gestational age or <1250 g birth weight) were evaluated at term-equivalent age with DEHSI classified into 5 grades. Additionally, visibility of the posterior periventricular crossroads was assessed...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
José Castro-Piñero, Alejandro Perez-Bey, Magdalena Cuenca-Garcia, Verónica Cabanas-Sanchez, Sonia Gómez-Martínez, Oscar L Veiga, Ascensión Marcos, Jonatan R Ruiz
OBJECTIVES: To study the cross-sectional and longitudinal (2-year follow-up) association between muscle fitness and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in youth; whether there are muscle fitness cut points associated with CVD risk (cross-sectional); and whether the health-related muscle fitness cut points identified at baseline are associated with CVD risk 2 years later. STUDY DESIGN: In total, 237 children (110 girls) aged 6-10 years and 274 adolescents (131 girls) aged 12-16 years with complete data were included in the study (10...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Kristen Suhrie, Nathan M Pajor, Shawn K Ahlfeld, D Brian Dawson, Kevin R Dufendach, Joseph A Kitzmiller, Daniel Leino, Rachel C Lombardo, Teresa A Smolarek, Pamela A Rathbun, Jeffrey A Whitsett, Christopher Towe, Kathryn A Wikenheiser-Brokamp
Variable lung disease was documented in 2 infants with heterozygous TBX4 mutations; their clinical presentations, pathology, and outcomes were distinct. These findings demonstrate that TBX4 gene mutations are associated with neonatal respiratory failure and highlight the wide spectrum of clinicopathological outcomes that have implications for patient diagnosis and management.
November 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Jason T Carbone, Katherine J Holzer, Michael G Vaughn
OBJECTIVES: To examine the trends associated with child and adolescent suicidal ideation and suicide attempts and to compare these trends to those among the adult population. STUDY DESIGN: A nationally representative sample of administrative billing data was used for the analysis, which included descriptive statistics, trend data, and logistic regression. RESULTS: There were 874 872 (95% CI, 810 574-939 169) children and adolescents and 5 561 197 (95% CI, 5 271 426-5 850 968) adults admitted to an emergency department who experienced suicidal ideation or suicide attempts between 2010 and 2014, representing 1...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Mitsuru Tsuge, Akira I Hida, Toshio Minematsu, Naotoshi Honda, Yumi Oshiro, Mikifumi Yokoyama, Yoichi Kondo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prospectively the prevalence of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and the pathologic features of the placenta in cases of fetal growth restriction (FGR). STUDY DESIGN: Forty-eight pregnant women who were diagnosed with FGR during pregnancy were enrolled for 15 months. Maternal CMV serologic tests, pathologic examinations of the placenta, and newborn urinary CMV-DNA polymerase chain reaction tests were performed in all the cases...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Minghua Tang, Vivianne Andersen, Audrey E Hendricks, Nancy F Krebs
OBJECTIVE: To test the long-term effect on growth status at 24 months of age in formula-fed infants who were randomized to consume a meat- or dairy-based complementary diet from 5 to 12 months of age. STUDY DESIGN: Observational assessments, including anthropometric, dietary, and blood biomarkers, were conducted at 24 months of age, 1 year after the intervention ended. RESULTS: The retention rate at 24 months of age was 84% for the meat group and 81% for the dairy group...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Kevin L Schwartz, Susan E Richardson, Daune MacGregor, Sanjay Mahant, Kamini Raghuram, Ari Bitnun
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the spectrum and salient clinical features of adenovirus-associated neurologic disease in immunocompetent children. STUDY DESIGN: Previously healthy children (aged 1 month-18 years) with central nervous system (CNS) disease associated with adenovirus infection were identified via the Encephalitis Registry (1996-2016) and Microbiology Database (2000-2016) at The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, and by systematic review of the literature...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Jin-Shei Lai, Sally E Jensen, Joel Charrow, Robert Listernick
OBJECTIVE: To assess the health-related quality of life of children with neurofibromatosis type 1-related plexiform neurofibromas (pNF) using a battery of patient-reported outcome measures selected based on a conceptual framework derived from input by patients, parents, and clinicians regarding the most important pNF symptoms and concerns. STUDY DESIGN: There were 140 children with pNF ages 8-17 years who completed the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (including domains anxiety, depressive symptom, psychosocial stress experiences, fatigue, pain interference, meaning and purpose, positive affect, peer relationships, physical function-mobility) and Quality of Life in Neurological Disorders measurement system (stigma) via an online platform...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Min-Ju Chan, Hsuan-Chieh Liao, Michael H Gelb, Chih-Kuang Chuang, Mei-Ying Liu, Hsiao-Jan Chen, Shu-Min Kao, Hsiang-Yu Lin, You-Hsin Huang, Arun Babu Kumar, Naveen Kumar Chennamaneni, Nagendar Pendem, Shuan-Pei Lin, Chuan-Chi Chiang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the initial cutoff values, rates of screen positives, and genotypes for the large-scale newborn screening program for multiple mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) in Taiwan. STUDY DESIGN: More than 100 000 dried blood spots were collected consecutively as part of the national Taiwan newborn screening programs. Enzyme activities were measured by tandem mass spectrometry from dried blood spot punches. Genotypes were obtained when a second newborn screening specimen again had a decreased enzyme activity...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Wissam Shalish, Lara Kanbar, Lajos Kovacs, Sanjay Chawla, Martin Keszler, Smita Rao, Bogdan Panaitescu, Alyse Laliberte, Doina Precup, Karen Brown, Robert E Kearney, Guilherme M Sant'Anna
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relation between time to reintubation and death or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in extremely preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: This was a subanalysis from an ongoing multicenter observational study. Infants with birth weight ≤1250 g, requiring mechanical ventilation, and undergoing their first elective extubation were prospectively followed throughout hospitalization. Time to reintubation was defined as the time interval between first elective extubation and reintubation...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Andrew M South, Patricia A Nixon, Mark C Chappell, Debra I Diz, Gregory B Russell, Hossam A Shaltout, T Michael O'Shea, Lisa K Washburn
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if obesity is associated with increased angiotensin II (Ang II) and decreased angiotensin-(1-7) or Ang-(1-7) in the circulation and urine among adolescents born prematurely. STUDY DESIGN: In a cross-sectional analysis of 175 14-year-olds born preterm with very low birth weight, we quantified plasma and urinary Ang II and Ang-(1-7) and compared their levels between subjects with overweight/obesity (body mass index ≥85th percentile, n = 61) and those with body mass index <85th percentile (n = 114) using generalized linear models, adjusted for race and antenatal corticosteroid exposure...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Jennifer M Brady, Huayan Zhang, Haresh Kirpalani, Sara B DeMauro
OBJECTIVE: To assess parents' views of their children's health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the association between neonatal morbidities and HRQoL in children with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) who survived to 18-36 months of corrected age. STUDY DESIGN: Study population included infants born <32 weeks of gestational age with severe BPD. At 18-36 months of corrected age, parents of children with severe BPD completed age appropriate validated Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory assessing parental views of their child's physical (PHY-QoL) and psychosocial HRQoL (PS-QoL)...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Jennifer L Cohen, Shannon N Nees, Gerson A Valencia, Erika B Rosenzweig, Usha S Krishnan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the demographics, treatment algorithm, and outcomes in a large cohort of children treated with sildenafil. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of children with pulmonary hypertension (PH) treated with sildenafil at a single institution between 2004 and 2015. Baseline and follow-up data collected by chart review. RESULTS: There were 269 children included in this study: 47 with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, 53 with congenital heart disease, 135 with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, 24 with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, and 7 with other causes...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Judith A Owens, Tracy Dearth-Wesley, Allison N Herman, Robert C Whitaker
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether self-reported drowsy driving was associated with an evening chronotype, a biologically-based difference in circadian sleep-wake timing, and shorter school-night sleep duration in a sample of high school drivers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational data were obtained from an online survey in spring 2015 of 431 drivers, age 15.5-18.7 years, attending Fairfax County (Virginia) Public schools. Drowsy driving was defined as having ever "driven a car or motor vehicle while feeling drowsy" in the last year...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Mike A Gardiner, Matthew H Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of a breath-enhanced and a conventional jet nebulizer in the treatment of children with moderate to severe acute asthma. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled subjects between 6 and 18 years of age presenting to the emergency department (ED) with acute asthma and an initial forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ) <70% of predicted. We excluded patients with chronic disease, who required immediate resuscitation, or failed spirometry...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Henry T Puls, Jessica L Bettenhausen, Jessica L Markham, Jacqueline M Walker, Brett Drake, Kathryn E Kyler, Mary Ann Queen, Matthew Hall
OBJECTIVE: To determine if child physical abuse hospitalization rates vary across urban-rural regions overall and after accounting for race/ethnicity and poverty demographics. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of black, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white children <5 years of age living in all US counties. US counties were classified as central metro, fringe/small metro, and rural. Incidence rates were calculated using child physical abuse hospitalization counts from the 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database and population statistics from the 2012 American Community Survey...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Sumeet R Dhawan, Indar Kumar Sharawat, Arushi Gahlot Saini, Renu Suthar, Savita Verma Attri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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