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Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Roger A Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Eric R Carlson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hao Feng, Shasha Wang, Yan Liu, Xuejuan Liao, Yaling Tang, Xinhua Liang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of microwave ablation as a substitute for surgery in patients with a mucocele of the anterior lingual salivary glands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University (Chengdu, China), 78 patients with a clinical diagnosis of a mucocele of the anterior lingual salivary glands underwent microwave ablation from November 2012 to May 2015...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Min-Hui Hung, Chun-Ta Liao, Chung-Jan Kang, Shiang-Fu Huang
Most parotid tumors grow slowly, and sometimes these patients do not request surgical treatment until the tumors become large and affect their appearance. The surgical treatment of these large tumors is usually accompanied by large skin defects after excision, and it is challenging for surgeons to close the defect primarily. This report describes the case of a 68-year-old man with a left parotid gland tumor (largest dimension, 110 mm) and the case of a 79-year-old man with a left parotid gland tumor measuring approximately 77 mm that had existed for decades...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Jeffrey C Posnick, Elbert Choi, Anish Chavda
PURPOSE: Frequency estimates of surgical site infection (SSI) after orthognathic surgery vary considerably. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and site of SSIs and associated risk factors after bimaxillary orthognathic, osseous genioplasty, and intranasal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors executed a retrospective cohort study of patients with a bimaxillary developmental dentofacial deformity (DFD) and symptomatic chronic obstructive nasal breathing...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Loreto Castellon, Daniel Jerez, Jaime Mayorga, Carlos Fuenzalida
Mandibular tumors are rare in children. Most mandibular tumors in children are benign and locally aggressive, and some might require resection to prevent recurrence. Mandibular reconstruction after tumor resection in children has been less documented in published studies than mandibular reconstruction in adults. In children, age, the growth potential of the mandible, and the donor site are important factors that must be considered. The costochondral graft is an option for reconstruction of the resected portion of the mandible in children, especially when the resection involves the condyle, owing to its biologic and anatomic similarity to the temporomandibular joint and its regenerative and growth potential...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Elisabetta Vignudelli, Giuseppe Monaco, Maria Rosaria Antonella Gatto, Simonetta Franco, Claudio Marchetti, Giuseppe Corinaldesi
PURPOSE: Coronectomy of mandibular third molars is a procedure that still raises a number of questions. The aim of the present study was to answer one unsolved question: the periodontal healing distal to the mandibular second molar after third molar coronectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed of 30 patients treated at the Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Science of the University of Bologna...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Chandrashekhar R Bande, Akshay Mishra, M K Gupta, Manu Goel, Mayur J Gawande
PURPOSE: Resections in the posterior component of the oral cavity usually lead to severe functional compromise and lower quality of life for patients. Notable advances in reconstruction of the posterior part of the mouth and of the oropharynx have occurred in recent decades. The anatomic and physiologic rehabilitation of the defect to a reasonable outcome with low morbidity and mortality remains the founding basis of any surgical reconstruction, which also holds true for oral oropharyngeal and retromaxillary reconstructions...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hirotaka Muraoka, Takashi Kaneda, Yusuke Kawashima, Naohisa Hirahara, Taiga Fukuda, Teruaki Muramatsu, Kotaro Ito
PURPOSE: Lymphadenopathy often occurs in the setting of inflammation, with or without infection. We sought to elucidate any association of parotid lymphadenopathy with joint effusion in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study. We analyzed the magnetic resonance imaging studies of patients with suspected TMJ disorders performed from April 2006 to March 2007. The degree of joint effusion was graded on sagittal T2-weighted spin echo images according to a commonly used system...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Prasad S Varun, P Elavenil, Raja V B Krishnakumar, Gopi Gayathri
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of topical ozone administration on patient comfort after third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial was designed involving patients who required removal of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars. The predictor variable was the postoperative medication used after third molar surgery. Using the split-mouth design, the study group received topical ozone without postoperative systemic antibiotics, whereas the control group did not receive ozone but only systemic antibiotics...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Hianne Miranda de Torres, José Valladares-Neto, Érica Miranda de Torres, Rogério Zambonato Freitas, Maria Alves Garcia Silva
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of genioplasty on the size of the pharyngeal airway space (PAS) in a sample of patients without obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) undergoing maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 52 patients who underwent orthognathic surgery for MMA were obtained before (T1) and after (T2) surgery. The radiographs were digitized and the anteroposterior dimensions of the PAS were measured at the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx levels...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Jeffrey Y Tsai, Barry C Boyd, Ted C Ondracek, Etern S Park
We present a case of a parapharyngeal schwannoma of the mandibular nerve with intraosseous extension into the mandible. The initial symptoms included decreased auditory acuity, with subsequent magnetic resonance imaging findings suggestive of Eustachian tube obstruction. This represents a rare symptom of schwannomas of the mandibular nerve. Owing to the degree of bony expansion and cortical thinning of the adjacent mandibular ramus, concern existed for a pathologic fracture. Treatment involved complete excision of the lesion using hemimandibulectomy with second stage reconstruction...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Peter S Han, Yohanan Kim, Timothy S Yoo, Steve Lee, Jared C Inman
PURPOSE: We reviewed a patient cohort receiving sialodochoplasty with or without salivary stent placement. We propose the Firlit-Kluge pediatric urinary catheter (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN) as an advantageous alternative stent because of our duct patency results with stenting, considering the advantages and disadvantages of specific stents. We also provide a simple cost summary of commonly used stents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of a case series of patients undergoing sialodochoplasty or salivary duct surgery from 2012 to 2015 was undertaken at a tertiary care center...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Feiyu Wang, Yuhuan Sun, Dongmei He, Lizhen Wang
PURPOSE: To explore the potential use of concentrated growth factor (CGF) in the treatment of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgical defects were created bilaterally on the condylar cartilage and bone to induce TMJ-OA in goats. CGF was applied to the right joints (CGF group) and physiologic saline was applied to the left joints (unrepaired group). There was a 1-month period of observation after the operation. These joint specimens were evaluated and compared based on gross appearance and histopathologic observations with hematoxylin and eosin (HE)...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Claudia Atala-Acevedo, Jaime Abarca, María José Martínez-Zapata, Jaime Díaz, Sergio Olate, Carlos Zaror
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to determine the success rate of autotransplanted permanent teeth with an open apex and to identify the most influential prognostic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, and SciELO databases was conducted for January 1990 to August 2015. The study eligibility criteria were primary studies that had evaluated patients with autotransplantation with an open apex, with or without preparation of the socket, and a minimum of 12 months of follow-up...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Tommy Wilkman, Satu Apajalahti, Erika Wilkman, Jyrki Törnwall, Patrik Lassus
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to compare the resorption of the bone in the free scapular, free iliac crest, and free fibular microvascular flaps in mandibular reconstruction over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the present retrospective study, we analyzed 186 consecutive patients with scapular, fibular, or deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA) osseous free microvascular flaps in mandibular reconstruction. We followed up the patients clinically and using multislice computed tomography (MSCT) with volume analyses of the bone...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Andre V Guerrero, Jeffrey A Elo, Ho-Hyun Brian Sun, Alan S Herford
PURPOSE: To determine whether changing "oral and maxillofacial surgeon" (OMS) to "oral and facial surgeon" would improve the perception and awareness of the OMS's role and surgical scope of practice in undergraduate biomedical and dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study requested undergraduate and dental students to select 1 of 5 specialists to treat 21 conditions. Two different surveys were presented: 1 designating specialists as "oral and maxillofacial surgeons" and 1 designating specialists as "oral and facial surgeons...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Douglas Rangel Goulart, Pablo Muñoz, Mario Gonzalo Cantín López, Márcio de Moraes, Sergio Olate
PURPOSE: To compare the condylar volume of patients with unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH) with that of patients with a Class III skeletal relation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty cone-beam computed tomograms of patients were analyzed. Images were divided into 2 groups: 10 from patients with transverse asymmetry of the face and 10 from patients with a Class III facial deformity. Patients' ages ranged from 15 to 30 years. Volumetric data were reconstructed using Dolphin 3D software (Dolphin Imaging & Management Solutions, Chatsworth, CA)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Elie M Ferneini, Daniel Beauvais, Steven I Aronin
Soft tissue fillers have become popular in facial cosmetic surgery. Although most of these minimally invasive procedures are safe with minimal adverse events, the increase in the number of procedures has seen the concurrent increase in the number of complications. Among these is the rare, yet potentially serious, incidence of infection. This article reviews the types of infections associated with specific soft tissue fillers. Management and prevention of these adverse events also are discussed.
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Eugene Poh Hze-Khoong, Li-Qun Xu, Xue-Lai Yin, Shu-Kun Shen
PURPOSE: Drawbacks of the conventional supraclavicular overlay of the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMF) include the resultant unesthetic cervical bulge and the limited cephalad extension that limits its use to mandibular or cervical defects. This study discusses the technique and comparative advantages of a more esthetic subclavicular route through the clavipectoral fascia that allows an increased arc of rotation to reconstruct orofacial defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with orofacial defects that were reconstructed with a PMMF through the modified subclavicular route were included in this retrospective cohort study, which aimed to compare the gain in extension accorded through the modified subclavicular tunnel over an initial conventional supraclavicular overlay...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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