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Journal of Occupational Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701627/impact-of-keyboard-typing-on-the-morphological-changes-of-the-median-nerve
#1
Ping Yeap Loh, Wen Liang Yeoh, Hiroki Nakashima, Satoshi Muraki
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to investigate the effects of continuous typing on median nerve changes at the carpal tunnel region at two different keyboard slopes (0° and 20°). The secondary objective was to investigate the differences in wrist kinematics and wrist anthropometric changes when typing at the two different keyboard slopes. METHODS: Fifteen healthy right-handed young men were recruited. A randomized sequence of the conditions (control, typing I, and typing II) was assigned to the participants...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652547/occupational-exposure-limits-for-ethyleneglycol-monobutyl-ether-isoprene-isopropyl-acetate-and-propyleneimine-and-classifications-on-carcinogenicity-occupational-sensitizer-and-reproductive-toxicant
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638000/effectiveness-of-workplace-exercise-supervised-by-a-physical-therapist-among-nurses-conducting-shift-work-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ryutaro Matsugaki, Satoshi Kuhara, Satoru Saeki, Ying Jiang, Ryoma Michishita, Masanori Ohta, Hiroshi Yamato
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of supervised exercise among nurses conducting shift work for health promotion. METHODS: A total of 30 healthy female nurses conducting shift work participated in this study and they were randomly assigned to one of the following 2 groups: The supervised exercise group (SG; participants exercised under the supervision of a physical therapist (PT)) and the voluntary exercise group (VG; participants exercised without supervision)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592711/occupational-violence-in-pregnant-women-in-brazil-a-sample-of-cases-in-the-labor-court
#4
Bárbara de Oliveira Turatti, Rodrigo Otávio Moretti-Pires
Brazilian women are still a recurring target of discrimination in the workplace, facing violence related to gender relations and moral harassment, especially when they are pregnant. When the worker perceives discriminatory acts and attitudes or any violation of the rights guaranteed by law, she may appeal to the Labor Court to initiate legal action. This in turn exposes the worker to a number of issues, such as workplace persecution and future dismissal. The rights of pregnant women to temporary stability, free time for medical examinations, change of duties and maternity leave contrast with the usurpation of the administration's workforce...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592710/possible-changes-of-new-generation-inflammation-markers-with-occupational-lead-exposure
#5
Hande Sipahi, Gözde Girgin, Saziye Sezin Palabiyik, Engin Tutkun, Ömer Hinc Yilmaz, Terken Baydar
OBJECTIVES: Occupational lead (Pb) exposure is still an important health problem in the world. Long-term Pb exposure causes several adverse effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of inflammation markers with chronic Pb exposure by analyzing neopterin levels and kynurenine (Kyn) to tryptophan (Trp) ratio that reflects indolamine 2,3-dioxygenase activity and to compare with healthy volunteers' parameters. METHODS: Blood lead levels (BLLs) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539535/perceived-employability-trajectories-a-swedish-cohort-study
#6
Kaisa Törnroos Née Kirves, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Constanze Leineweber
OBJECTIVES: This study identified perceived employability trajectories and their associations with sleeping difficulties and depressive symptoms over time. METHODS: The sample was part of the Swedish Longitudinal Survey on Health from 2008 to 2014 (n = 4,583). RESULTS: Two stable trajectories (high and low perceived employability over time) and three trajectories with changes (increasing, decreasing, and V-shaped perceived employability over time) were identified...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539534/influence-of-sulfur-dioxide-on-the-respiratory-system-of-miyakejima-adult-residents-6-years-after-returning-to-the-island
#7
Takeshi Kochi, Satoko Iwasawa, Makiko Nakano, Tazuru Tsuboi, Shigeru Tanaka, Hiroko Kitamura, Donald John Wilson, Toru Takebayashi, Kazuyuki Omae
BACKGROUND: Mount Oyama, on the Japanese island of Miyakejima, began erupting in June 2000, necessitating the evacuation of 3,000 island residents. Volcanic gas emissions, primarily consisting of sulfur dioxide (SO2), gradually decreased and residents returned to the island after the evacuation order was lifted in February 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess the exposure-effect and exposure-response relationships between SO2 exposure and effects on respiratory system in adult Miyakejima residents...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515373/how-accurately-does-the-brief-job-stress-questionnaire-identify-workerswith-or-without-potential-psychological-distress
#8
Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akiomi Inoue, Hisashi Eguchi
OBJECTIVES: The manual for the Japanese Stress Check Program recommends use of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ) from among the program's instruments and proposes criteria for defining "high-stress" workers. This study aimed to examine how accurately the BJSQ identifies workers with or without potential psychological distress. METHODS: We used an online survey to administer the BJSQ with a psychological distress scale (K6) to randomly selected workers (n=1,650)...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496028/10-year-trends-of-educational-differences-in-long-sickness-absence-due-to-mental-disorders
#9
Hilla Sumanen, Olli Pietiläinen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
OBJECTIVES: Mental disorders are a key cause of sickness absence (SA) and challenge prolonging working careers. Thus, evidence on the development of SA trends is needed. In this study, educational differences in long SAs due to mental disorders were examined in two age groups among employees of the City of Helsinki from 2004 to 2013. METHODS: All permanently and temporarily employed staff aged 18-34 and 35-49 were included in the analyses (n = ~27800 per year). SA spells of ≥14 days due to mental disorders were examined annually...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381816/a-consensus-for-occupational-health-management-of-healthcare-workers-infected-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hepatitis-b-virus-and-or-hepatitis-c-virus
#10
Tomohiro Ishimaru, Koji Wada, Derek R Smith
Occupational health management plays an important role in the prevention of provider-to-patient transmission in healthcare workers infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV). Therefore, the Japan Society for Occupational Health's Research Group on Occupational Health for Health Care Workers has proposed a consensus for the management of healthcare workers infected with HIV, HBV, and/or HCV based on recent evidence for each concerned group. The consensus recommends that: (1) employers in medical institutions should establish a policy of respecting the human rights of healthcare workers, management strategies for occupational blood exposure, and occupational health consultation; (2) occupational health staff should appropriately assess the risk of provider-to-patient transmission of HIV, HBV, and/or HCV infection and rearrange their tasks if necessary...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381815/underlying-spirituality-and-mental-health-the-role-of-burnout
#11
Olivia Marie Jacob, Puneet Misra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381814/economic-evaluation-of-an-intervention-program-with-the-aim-to-improve-at-work-productivity-for-workers-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#12
Cindy Noben, Myrthe van Vilsteren, Cécile Boot, Romy Steenbeek, Dirkjan van Schaardenburg, Johannes R Anema, Silvia Evers, Frans Nijhuis, Angelique de Rijk
OBJECTIVES: Evaluating the cost effectiveness and cost utility of an integrated care intervention and participatory workplace intervention for workers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to improve their work productivity. METHODS: Twelve month follow-up economic evaluation alongside a randomized controlled trial (RCT) within specialized rheumatology treatment centers. Adults diagnosed with RA between 18-64 years, in a paid job for at least eight hours per week, experiencing minor difficulties in work functioning were randomized to the intervention (n = 75) or the care-as-usual (CAU) group (n = 75)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367874/relationship-between-amount-of-overtime-work-and-untreated-decayed-teeth-in-male-financial-workers-in-japan
#13
Koichi Yoshino, Seitaro Suzuki, Yoichi Ishizuka, Atsushi Takayanagi, Naoki Sugihara, Hideyuki Kamijyo
OBJECTIVE: Continuous or frequent overtime work has been shown to have harmful effects on human health. Meanwhile, one of the main reasons for tooth loss is caries. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between overtime work and untreated decayed teeth in male financial workers. METHODS: The participants were recruited by applying screening procedures to a pool of Japanese registrants in an online database. Participants filled out a questionnaire about their oral health, behavior, and working conditions...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320979/exposure-to-4-4-methylene-bis-2-chloroaniline-mboca-in-new-south-wales-australia
#14
Kiran Shankar, Vivian Fung, Mahinda Seneviratne, Gregory E O'Donnell
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to determine the level of exposure of 4,4'-methylene bis (2-chloroaniline) (MbOCA) in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. METHODS: An integrated occupational hygiene and biological monitoring program were used to assess the workers' exposure to MbOCA via inhalation, ingestion and dermal contact. This was conducted by personal air monitoring, static air monitoring and surface contamination monitoring of the work environment and biological monitoring of the workers' exposure to MbOCA at nine workplaces in NSW...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320978/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effect-of-participatory-ergonomic-low-back-pain-training-on-workplace-improvement
#15
Shigeyuki Kajiki, Hiroyuki Izumi, Kenshi Hayashida, Akira Kusumoto, Tomohisa Nagata, Koji Mori
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effects of participatory workplace improvement (PWI) -based provision of ergonomic training and ergonomic action checklists (ACLs) to on-site managers on workplace improvement activities for low back pain (LBP). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at a manufacturing company in Japan. Teams entered in the study were randomly assigned to a control and an intervention group. A total of three interventional training sessions on methods of ergonomics were provided to on-site managers in the intervention group, with 1-month intervals between sessions...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320977/web-based-interventions-for-the-management-of-stress-in-the-workplace-focus-form-and-efficacy
#16
Cathal Ryan, Michael Bergin, Trudie Chalder, John Sg Wells
OBJECTIVES: This review sought to determine what is currently known about the focus, form, and efficacy of web-based interventions that aim to support the well-being of workers and enable them to manage their work-related stress. METHOD: A scoping review of the literature as this relates to web-based interventions for the management of work-related stress and supporting the psychological well-being of workers was conducted. RESULTS: Forty-eight web-based interventions were identified and reviewed, the majority of which (n = 37) were "individual" -focused and utilized cognitive-behavioral techniques, relaxation exercises, mindfulness, or cognitive behavior therapy...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302927/workplace-incivility-in-japan-reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-modified-work-incivility-scale
#17
Kanami Tsuno, Norito Kawakami, Akihito Shimazu, Kyoko Shimada, Akiomi Inoue, Michael P Leiter
OBJECTIVES: Although incivility is a common interpersonal mistreatment and associated with poor mental health, there are few studies about it in Asian countries. The aim of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the modified Work Incivility Scale (J-MWIS), investigate its reliability and validity, and reveal the prevalence of incivility among Japanese employees in comparison with data on Canadian employees. METHODS: A total of 2,191 Japanese and 1,071 Canadian employees were surveyed, using either the J-MWIS or MWIS...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260737/is-the-risk-of-developing-atopic-sensitization-and-bronchial-asthma-in-animal-laboratory-workers-preventable-in-well-defined-susceptible-individuals
#18
Gennaro Liccardi, Luigino Calzetta, Annapina Barrile, Federica Maria Giorgino, Carmine Sapio, Paola Rogliani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202894/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-among-health-care-workers-in-tuberculosis-specialized-hospitals-in-china
#19
Jian Du, Yu Pang, Yan Ma, Fengling Mi, Yuhong Liu, Liang Li
OBJECTIVES: Tuberculosis (TB) specialized hospitals are playing an increasingly important role in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with TB in China. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of TB among health care workers (HCWs) in TB specialized hospitals in China. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey to collect longitudinal information on the number of HCWs and patients with TB from HCWs among 203 TB hospitals in China. RESULTS: Overall, these 186 TB cases accounted for the incidence of 985 per 100,000 population...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163282/potential-objective-biomarkers-for-fatigue-among-working-women
#20
Chie Ebata, Hitomi Tatsuta, Masayuki Tatemichi
OBJECTIVE: The prediction of health impairment due to work overload is subjectively assessed based on recognized symptoms; however, objective evaluation is primarily ideal in the field of occupational health. Recently, some biomarkers of autonomic function and/or oxidative stress were reported to be associated with fatigue. This study aimed to preliminarily investigate whether these biomarkers could be objective indicators for fatigue and stress among working women. METHOD: Participants included 118 full-time female workers (mean age 37...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
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