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Journal of Occupational Health

Chieko Matsubara, Kayako Sakisaka, Vanphanom Sychareun, Alongkone Phensavanh, Moazzam Ali
ObjectivesHealth care workers (HCWs) face risks of needle stick and sharp injuries (NSIs). Most NSIs occur in developing countries, however, no epidemiological study on NSIs is publicly available in Lao PDR. The objective of this study is to identify the prevalence and risk factors of NSIs among HCWs in Lao PDR.MethodsThis cross-sectional study was designed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of NSIs among four tertiary hospitals in Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic Republic.ResultsSix months before the survey, 11...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Danying Zhang, Hanlin Huang
OBJECTIVES: The aims of present study were to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) among sonographers in China and to provide evidence for appropriate intervention measures to be taken. METHODS: A self-reported questionnaire was used to screen WRMSDs experienced by sonographers during the past 12 months. This questionnaire survey was created and hosted on the WeChat official account platform for sonographers. RESULTS: In the present study, 567 sonographers from 521 medical institutions completed the questionnaire...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Haruo Hashimoto, Kenichi Yamada, Hajime Hori, Shinji Kumagai, Masaru Murata, Toshio Nagoya, Hirohiko Nakahara, Nobuyuki Mochida
This Document, "Guidelines for personal exposure monitoring of chemicals" ("this Guideline"), has been prepared by "The Committee for Personal Exposure Monitoring" ("the Committee") of the Expert Division of Occupational Hygiene & Ergonomics, Japan Society for Occupational Health.Considering the background of the growing importance of personal exposure monitoring in risk assessment and the need to prepare for the introduction of monitoring using personal samplers from an administrative perspective in recent years, the Committee was organized in November 2012...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Mohamed El-Helaly, Hanan H Balkhy, Laura Vallenius
OBJECTIVES: Work-related carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) has been reported in different occupations, including laboratory technicians, so this study was carried out to determine the prevalence and the associated personal and ergonomic factors for CTS among laboratory technicians.Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 279 laboratory technicians at King Fahd Hospital, Saudi Arabia, who filled in a self-administered questionnaire, including questions regarding their demographic criteria, occupational history, job tasks, workplace tools, ergonomic factors at work, and symptoms suggestive of CTS...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Takeshi Ebara, Ryohei Azuma, Naoto Shoji, Tsuyoshi Matsukawa, Yasuyuki Yamada, Tomohiro Akiyama, Takahiro Kurihara, Shota Yamada
OBJECTIVES: Objective measurements using built-in smartphone sensors that can measure physical activity/inactivity in daily working life have the potential to provide a new approach to assessing workers' health effects. The aim of this study was to elucidate the characteristics and reliability of built-in step counting sensors on smartphones for development of an easy-to-use objective measurement tool that can be applied in ergonomics or epidemiological research. METHODS: To evaluate the reliability of step counting sensors embedded in seven major smartphone models, the 6-minute walk test was conducted and the following analyses of sensor precision and accuracy were performed: 1) relationship between actual step count and step count detected by sensors, 2) reliability between smartphones of the same model, and 3) false detection rates when sitting during office work, while riding the subway, and driving...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Jian Li, Raphael M Herr, Joanne Allen, Christine Stephens, Fiona Alpass
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to validate a short version of the Effort-Reward-Imbalance (ERI) questionnaire in the context of New Zealand among older full-time and part-time employees. METHODS: Data were collected from 1694 adults aged 48-83 years (mean 60 years, 53% female) who reported being in full- or part-time paid employment in the 2010 wave of the New Zealand Health, Work and Retirement study. Scale reliability was evaluated by item-total correlations and Cronbach's alpha...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, employers of all private and public enterprises have a legal obligation to protect their employers by all the different types of workplace hazards to the safety and health of workers. The most important methods developed for the work-related stress risk assessment are based on the Cox's research commissioned by European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and are the Management Standard HSE for work-related stress in United Kingdom, the START method in Germany, the Screening, Observation, Analysis, Expertise (SOBANE) in Belgium, and the National Institute for Prevention and Safety at Work (INAIL-ISPESL) model in Italy, the latter based on the British Management Standard...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Norihiro Kobayashi, Hiroto Izumi, Yasuo Morimoto
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed studies on pulmonary, reproductive, and developmental toxicity caused by carbon nanotubes (CNTs). In paricular, we analyzed how CNT exposure affects the several processes of pulmonary toxicity, including inflammation, injury, fibrosis, and pulmonary tumors. METHODS: In pulmonary toxicity, there are various processes, including inflammation, injury, fibrosis, respiratory tumor in the lungs, and biopersistence of CNTs and genotoxicity as tumor-related factors, to develop the respiratory tumor...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Shota Endo, Takeyasu Kakamu, Sei Sato, Tomoo Hidaka, Tomohiro Kumagai, Shinichi Nakano, Kikuo Koyama, Tetsuhito Fukushima
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to reveal the current state of preventive measures and lifestyle habits against heat illness in radiation decontamination workers and to examine whether young radiation decontamination workers take less preventive measures and have worse lifestyle habits than the elder workers. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Self-administered questionnaires were sent to 1,505 radiation decontamination workers in Fukushima, Japan...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Sandra Moreira, Lia Vasconcelos, Carlos Silva Santos
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a methodological tool to analyze and monitor the green jobs in the context of Occupational Health and Safety. METHODS: A literature review in combination with an investigation of Occupational Health Indicators was performed. The resulting tool of Occupational Health Indicators was based on the existing information of "Single Report" and was validated by national's experts. RESULTS: The tool brings together 40 Occupational Health Indicators in four key fields established by World Health Organization in their conceptual framework "Health indicators of sustainable jobs...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Liying Pei, Satoshi Toyokawa, Yasuki Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: There is limited evidence on the relationship between labor factors and the decision to refrain from seeking medical services. This study aimed to examine how labor factors are related to medical service access among male and female workers in Tokyo and surrounding areas. METHODS: We used data from 4,385 respondents to the survey in the Japanese Study on Stratification, Health, Income, and Neighborhood (J-SHINE), an ongoing epidemiologic household panel study...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Ping Yeap Loh, Wen Liang Yeoh, Hiroki Nakashima, Satoshi Muraki
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to investigate the effects of continuous typing on median nerve changes at the carpal tunnel region at two different keyboard slopes (0° and 20°). The secondary objective was to investigate the differences in wrist kinematics and wrist anthropometric changes when typing at the two different keyboard slopes. METHODS: Fifteen healthy right-handed young men were recruited. A randomized sequence of the conditions (control, typing I, and typing II) was assigned to the participants...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Kenichi Azuma, Ginji Endo, Yoko Endo, Tetsuhito Fukushima, Kunio Hara, Hajime Hori, Seichi Horie, Hyogo Horiguchi, Masayoshi Ichiba, Gaku Ichihara, Masayuki Ikeda, Tatsuya Ishitake, Akiyoshi Ito, Yuki Ito, Satoko Iwasawa, Michihiro Kamijima, Kanae Karita, Takahiko Katoh, Toshio Kawai, Toshihiro Kawamoto, Reiko Kishi, Shinji Kumagai, Yukinori Kusaka, Akiko Matsumoto, Muneyuki Miyagawa, Hiroyuki Miyauchi, Yasuo Morimoto, Kasuke Nagano, Hisao Naito, Tamie Nakajima, Tetsuo Nomiyama, Hirokazu Okuda, Kazuyuki Omae, Haruhiko Sakurai, Kazuhiro Sato, Tomotaka Sobue, Yasushi Suwazono, Toru Takebayashi, Tatsuya Takeshita, Akito Takeuchi, Ayano Takeuchi, Masatoshi Tanaka, Shigeru Tanaka, Teruomi Tsukahara, Masashi Tsunoda, Susumu Ueno, Jun Ueyama, Yumi Umeda, Yuko Yamano, Takenori Yamauchi, Eiji Yano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Ryutaro Matsugaki, Satoshi Kuhara, Satoru Saeki, Ying Jiang, Ryoma Michishita, Masanori Ohta, Hiroshi Yamato
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of supervised exercise among nurses conducting shift work for health promotion. METHODS: A total of 30 healthy female nurses conducting shift work participated in this study and they were randomly assigned to one of the following 2 groups: The supervised exercise group (SG; participants exercised under the supervision of a physical therapist (PT)) and the voluntary exercise group (VG; participants exercised without supervision)...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Bárbara de Oliveira Turatti, Rodrigo Otávio Moretti-Pires
Brazilian women are still a recurring target of discrimination in the workplace, facing violence related to gender relations and moral harassment, especially when they are pregnant. When the worker perceives discriminatory acts and attitudes or any violation of the rights guaranteed by law, she may appeal to the Labor Court to initiate legal action. This in turn exposes the worker to a number of issues, such as workplace persecution and future dismissal. The rights of pregnant women to temporary stability, free time for medical examinations, change of duties and maternity leave contrast with the usurpation of the administration's workforce...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Hande Sipahi, Gozde Girgin, Saziye Sezin Palabiyik, Engin Tutkun, Omer Hinc Yilmaz, Terken Baydar
OBJECTIVES: Occupational lead (Pb) exposure is still an important health problem in the world. Long-term Pb exposure causes several adverse effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of inflammation markers with chronic Pb exposure by analyzing neopterin levels and kynurenine (Kyn) to tryptophan (Trp) ratio that reflects indolamine 2,3-dioxygenase activity and to compare with healthy volunteers' parameters. METHODS: Blood lead levels (BLLs) were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Kaisa Törnroos Née Kirves, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Constanze Leineweber
OBJECTIVES: This study identified perceived employability trajectories and their associations with sleeping difficulties and depressive symptoms over time. METHODS: The sample was part of the Swedish Longitudinal Survey on Health from 2008 to 2014 (n=4,583). RESULTS: Two stable trajectories (high and low perceived employability over time) and three trajectories with changes (increasing, decreasing, and V-shaped perceived employability over time) were identified...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Takeshi Kochi, Satoko Iwasawa, Makiko Nakano, Tazuru Tsuboi, Shigeru Tanaka, Hiroko Kitamura, Donald John Wilson, Toru Takebayashi, Kazuyuki Omae
BACKGROUND: Mount Oyama, on the Japanese island of Miyakejima, began erupting in June 2000, necessitating the evacuation of 3,000 island residents. Volcanic gas emissions, primarily consisting of sulfur dioxide (SO2), gradually decreased and residents returned to the island after the evacuation order was lifted in February 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess the exposure-effect and exposure-response relationships between SO2 exposure and effects on respiratory system in adult Miyakejima residents...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akiomi Inoue, Hisashi Eguchi
OBJECTIVES: The manual for the Japanese Stress Check Program recommends use of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ) from among the program's instruments and proposes criteria for defining "high-stress" workers. This study aimed to examine how accurately the BJSQ identifies workers with or without potential psychological distress. METHODS: We used an online survey to administer the BJSQ with a psychological distress scale (K6) to randomly selected workers (n=1,650)...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
Hilla Sumanen, Olli Pietiläinen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
OBJECTIVES: Mental disorders are a key cause of sickness absence (SA) and challenge prolonging working careers. Thus, evidence on the development of SA trends is needed. In this study, educational differences in long SAs due to mental disorders were examined in two age groups among employees of the City of Helsinki from 2004 to 2013. METHODS: All permanently and temporarily employed staff aged 18-34 and 35-49 were included in the analyses (n=~27800 per year). SA spells of ≥14 days due to mental disorders were examined annually...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
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