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Journal of Occupational Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885247/effects-of-web-based-stress-and-depression-literacy-intervention-on-improving-work-engagement-among-workers-with-low-work-engagement-an-analysis-of-secondary-outcome-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Kotaro Imamura, Norito Kawakami, Kanami Tsuno, Masao Tsuchiya, Kyoko Shimada, Katsuyuki Namba, Akihito Shimazu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this randomized, controlled trial was to examine the effects of a psychoeducational information website on improving work engagement among individual workers with low work engagement, where work engagement was measured as a secondary outcome. METHODS: Participants were recruited from registered members of a web survey site in Japan. Participants who fulfilled the eligibility criteria were randomly allocated to intervention or control groups...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885246/the-association-between-subjective-socioeconomic-status-and-health-inequity-in-victims-of-occupational-accidents-in-korea
#2
Hongdeok Seok, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jaehoon Roh, Jihyun Kim, Yeong-Kwang Kim, Wanhyung Lee, Jeongbae Rhie, Jong-Uk Won
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the health inequity of victims of occupational accidents through the association between socioeconomic status and unmet healthcare need. METHODS: Data from the first and second Panel Study of Workers' Compensation Insurance were used, which included 1,803 participants. The odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals for the unmet healthcare needs of participants with a lower socioeconomic status and other socioeconomic statuses were investigated using multivariate regression analysis...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885245/personal-lifestyle-as-a-resource-for-work-engagement
#3
Daisuke Nishi, Yuriko Suzuki, Junko Nishida, Kazuo Mishima, Yoshio Yamanouchi
OBJECTIVES: Personal lifestyle, including diet, exercise, and sleep, might have an impact on work engagement, though previous studies have not focused on these relationships. The aim of this study was to examine whether dietary intake of fish, regular exercise, sufficient sleep, abstinence from alcohol, and abstinence from tobacco were positively associated with work engagement. METHODS: We recruited adults aged 40-74 years who attended the health checkups with a particular focus on the metabolic syndrome in central Tokyo...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885244/internal-consistency-convergent-validity-and-structural-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-physical-activity-self-regulation-scale-pasr-12-among-japanese-workers-a-validation-study
#4
Kazuhiro Watanabe, Norito Kawakami, Hidehiko Adachi, Shigeru Inoue, M Renee Umstattd Meyer
Objectives Self-regulation for physical activity is considered as one of the most effective factors in promoting physical activity. However, there is no reliable and valid scale to measure it in Japanese. The purpose of this study was to investigate the internal consistency, convergent validity, and structural validity of the newly developed Japanese version of the 12-item Physical Activity Self-Regulation scale (PASR-12) among Japanese workers.Methods A cross-sectional Internet-based survey recruiting 516 Japanese workers was conducted in Japan...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885243/di-n-butyl-phthalate-induced-hypospadias-relates-to-autophagy-in-genital-tubercle-via-the-pi3k-akt-mtor-pathway
#5
Xiang Li, Jinhao Li, Ya Zhang, Yun Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanisms of hypospadias induced by in utero exposure to din-butyl phthalate (DBP). METHODS: Timed-pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were administered 750 mg/kg of DBP by gavage from GD (gestation days) 13 to GD 18, whereas control group received corn oil. Genital tubercles (GTs) and blood samples were collected from male fetuses on GD 19. The serum testosterone concentration, apoptosis activity, autophagosomes and their related proteins (light chain 3 (LC3-I, LC3-II)), and sequestosomes (SQSTM1/p62) in the GTs were then measured...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885242/occupational-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-auto-part-factory-workers-in-welding-units-in-thailand
#6
Apiradee Sriopas, Robert S Chapman, Saravudh Sutammasa, Wattasit Siriwong
OBJECTIVES: Most workers in auto part factories in Thailand are usually exposed to excessive noise in their workplace. This study aimed to assess the level of occupational noise-induced hearing loss and investigate risk factors causing hearing loss in auto part factory workers in the welding units in Thailand. METHODS: This was a cross- sectional study. One hundred eighty subjects were recruited from 356 workers in the welding unit of three factories. Sixty eligible subjects in each factory were selected by systemic random sampling...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885241/effects-of-coke-oven-emissions-and-benzo-a-pyrene-on-blood-pressure-and-electrocardiogram-in-coke-oven-workers
#7
Kai Yang, Xuejun Jiang, Shuqun Cheng, Chengzhi Chen, Xianqing Cao, Baijie Tu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of occupational exposures to coke oven emissions (COEs) and benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) on the prevalence of hypertension and abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) in coke oven workers. METHODS: We included 880 coke oven workers and 710 oxygen employees in the exposed and control groups, respectively. Blood pressure (BP), ECG, blood lipid levels, and glucose levels of all subjects were measured. COE and B[a]P concentrations at the bottom, side, and top of the oven and control plants were estimated by weighing and high-performance liquid chromatography...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885240/incidence-and-characteristics-of-needlestick-injuries-among-medical-trainees-at-a-community-teaching-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Ben Ouyang, Lucy Dx Li, Joanne Mount, Alainna J Jamal, Lauren Berry, Carmine Simone, Marcus Law, R W Melissa Tai
ObjectivesThis field study aimed to determine the incidence and distribution of needlestick injuries among medical trainees at a community teaching hospital in Toronto, Canada.MethodsThe study was performed during the 2013-2015 academic years at Toronto East General Hospital (TEGH), a University of Toronto-affiliated community-teaching hospital during the 2013-2015 academic years. Eight-hundred and forty trainees, including medical students, residents, and post-graduate fellows, were identified and invited via email to participate in an anonymous online fluidsurveys...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853057/noise-induced-hearing-loss-among-professional-musicians
#9
Pouryaghoub Gholamreza, Ramin Mehrdad, Saeed Pourhosein
OBJECTIVES: After presbycusis, noise exposure is considered the second cause of sensorineural hearing loss. Due to exposure to high-intensity sounds, musicians may be at risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Given the importance of good hearing in music career, this study aimed to investigate the frequency of hearing loss and use of protective measures among Iranian musicians. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 125 musicians, including 21 women (16.8%) and 104 men (83...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853056/an-evaluation-of-the-health-and-wellbeing-needs-of-employees-an-organizational-case-study
#10
Laran Chetty
INTRODUCTION: Workplace health and wellbeing is a major public health issue for employers. Wellbeing health initiatives are known to be cost-effective, especially when the programs are targeted and matched to the health problems of the specific population. The aim of this paper is to gather information about the health and wellbeing needs and resources of employees at one British organization. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out to explore the health and wellbeing needs and resources of employees at one British organization...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853055/health-status-assessment-of-workers-during-construction-phase-of-highway-rehabilitation-projects-around-lahore-pakistan
#11
Amina Abrar, Kausar Jamal Cheema, Samia Saif, Asim Mahmood
OBJECTIVE: The study focused on assessment of the health status of workers during construction phase of highway rehabilitation projects at six selected sites of N5 around Lahore, including Kala Shah Kaku, Muridke, Kamuki, Bhaipheru, Pattoki, and Okara. METHODS: The study was based on multi-methods approach involving hazard identification through survey and checklist as well as a questionnaire for health status assessment and measurements of health parameters including peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and audiometric screening of 300 subjects...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725492/what-is-the-purpose-of-the-stress-check-program
#12
Norio Sugawara, Manabu Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Since December 1, 2015, the Japanese government has required employers to conduct the Stress Check Program. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced that this program should focus on the primary prevention of mental health problems. Although employers are obliged to perform screening for mental health problems and a physician's interview, employees are not mandated to participate in this program. Classical occupational health studies have accumulated evidence indicating that quantitative or qualitative workload is associated with mental health problems...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725491/generation-rate-and-particle-size-distribution-of-wood-dust-by-handheld-sanding-operation
#13
Jun Ojima
OBJECTIVES: The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and Japan Society for Occupational Health (JSOH) classified wood dust as a human carcinogen. Former studies have suggested that sanding with a portable sander is one of the processes that are liable to cause highest exposure to wood dust. However, the wood dust by sanding operation has not been investigated sufficiently. In this study, the generation rate and the particle size distribution of the wood dust produced by handheld sanding operation were observed by laboratory experiments...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725490/pulmonary-responses-in-rat-lungs-after-intratracheal-instillation-of-4-crystal-forms-of-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles
#14
Takami Okada, Akira Ogami, Byeong Woo Lee, Chikara Kadoya, Takako Oyabu, Toshihiko Myojo
OBJECTIVE: Titanium dioxide nanoparticles are widely used as UV filters in cosmetics and as a photocatalyst. We evaluated pulmonary responses to different crystal forms of TiO2 nanoparticles. METHODS: We used 4 different TiO2 samples with similar specific surface areas (anatase, rutile, amorphous, and P25). Each sample was suspended in distilled water and intratracheally instilled to male Wister rats at the dose of 1 mg per rat. Five rats per group were sacrificed at 3 days, 1 month, and 6 months after instillation, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected from the right lung to determine the total cell count and polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) counts...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725489/noise-and-low-frequency-sound-levels-due-to-aerial-fireworks-and-prediction-of-the-occupational-exposure-of-pyrotechnicians-to-noise
#15
Tagayasu Tanaka, Ryoichi Inaba, Atsuhito Aoyama
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the actual situation of noise and low-frequency sounds in firework events and their impact on pyrotechnicians. METHODS: Data on firework noise and low-frequency sounds were obtained at a point located approximately 100 m away from the launch site of a firework display held in "A" City in 2013. We obtained the data by continuously measuring and analyzing the equivalent continuous sound level (Leq) and the one-third octave band of the noise and low-frequency sounds emanating from the major firework detonations, and predicted sound levels at the original launch site...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725488/changes-in-the-psychosocial-work-characteristics-and-insulin-resistance-among-japanese-male-workers-a-three-year-follow-up-study
#16
Ayako Hino, Akiomi Inoue, Kosuke Mafune, Toru Nakagawa, Takeshi Hayashi, Hisanori Hiro
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the impact of changes in psychosocial work characteristics on insulin resistance (IR) among Japanese male workers. METHODS: Subjects were 1,815 male workers who received a comprehensive health examination and requested measurement of their serum insulin level in Fiscal Years (FY) 2008 and 2011. Psychosocial work characteristics, including job demands, job control, and workplace social support (from supervisors and coworkers), were assessed in each of the job demands-control and demand-control-support models...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725487/risk-assessment-of-fall-related-occupational-accidents-in-the-workplace
#17
Tsukimi Tsukada, Hisataka Sakakibara
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine effective assessment methods of falls in the workplace. METHODS: There were 436 employees (305 males and 131 females) of electrical appliance manufacturers included in this study. In 2014, a baseline survey was conducted using the fall scores questionnaire and the self-check risk assessment of falls and other accidents in the workplace (physical function measurement and questionnaire). In 2015, the occurrence of falls in the past year was investigated...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725486/the-prevalence-of-low-back-pain-and-its-associated-factors-in-thai-rubber-farmers
#18
Chadayu Udom, Prawit Janwantanakul, Rotsalai Kanlayanaphotporn
OBJECTIVES: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders in the general population, especially among manual laborers. Moreover, it often brings about lost wages and additional medical expenses. However, the potential risk factors for LBP are unknown. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of LBP and to determine the individual, occupational, and psychosocial factors associated with LBP among rubber farmers. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 450 Thai rubber farmers using cluster random sampling...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725485/does-pain-deteriorate-working-life-expectancy-in-aging-workers
#19
Wanhyung Lee, Kwanyoung Hong, Sung-Shil Lim, Jin-Ha Yoon
OBJECTIVES: Many aging workers wish to continue working as long as they can for a better life in the future. However, symptoms of pain are a key obstacle in the continuation of work among older workers. The impact of pain on work is understudied. Thus, we investigated the relationship between pain characteristics (total site and severity) and aging workers' working life expectancy scale (WoLES) in Korea. METHODS: We included 1,979 participants (1,175 men and 804 women) from a well-established survey of a nationally representative population: the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725484/development-of-the-career-anchors-scale-among-occupational-health-nurses-in-japan
#20
Yoshiko Kubo, Yoko Hatono, Tomohide Kubo, Satoko Shimamoto, Junko Nakatani, Barbara J Burgel
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop the Career Anchors Scale among Occupational Health Nurses (CASOHN) and evaluate its reliability and validity. METHODS: Scale items were developed through a qualitative inductive analysis of interview data, and items were revised following an examination of content validity by experts and occupational health nurses (OHNs), resulting in a provisional scale of 41 items. A total of 745 OHNs (response rate 45.2%) affiliated with the Japan Society for Occupational Health participated in the self-administered questionnaire survey...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
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