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Journal of Occupational Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077824/burnout-among-public-servants-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-decomposing-the-construct-aftermath-of-disaster
#1
Yuriko Suzuki, Maiko Fukasawa, Akiko Obara, Yoshiharu Kim
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether disaster-related variables, in addition to known work-related risk factors, influence burnout and its subscales (exhaustion, cynicism, and lack of professional efficacy) among public servants who experienced a major disaster. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies were conducted among public servants of Miyagi prefecture at 2 and 16 months after the Great East Japan Earthquake (n = 3,533, response rate 66.8%); burnout was assessed at 16 months using the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077823/association-of-health-symptoms-with-low-level-exposure-to-organophosphates-dna-damage-ache-activity-and-occupational-knowledge-and-practice-among-rice-corn-and-double-crop-farmers
#2
Surat Hongsibsong, Nalin Sittitoon, Ratana Sapbamrer
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine (1) total dialkylphosphate (ΣDAP) levels, occupational knowledge and practice, DNA damage, AChE activity, and health symptoms in rice, corn, and double-crop farmers; (2) the association of health symptoms with ΣDAP levels, occupational knowledge and practice, DNA damage, and AChE activity in farmers; and (3) the prevalence of health symptoms between farmers and non-farmers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing as well as analyzing urine and blood samples during July to August 2014...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077822/factors-associated-with-work-ability-index-wai-among-intensive-care-units-icus-nurses
#3
Akbar Rostamabadi, Zahra Zamanian, Zahra Sedaghat
: Objectives Work ability is a crucial occupational health issue in health care settings where a high physical and psychosocial work capacity is required and a high risk of disabling injuries and illnesses is predictable. This study aims to examine the association between the work ability index (WAI) and individual characterizations, workload, fatigue, and diseases among intensive care units' (ICUs') nurses. METHODS: The study sample included 214 nurses selected by a random sampling method from a target population consisting of 321 registered nurses working in eight ICUs...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980250/comparison-of-single-or-multiple-intratracheal-administration-for-pulmonary-toxic-responses-of-nickel-oxide-nanoparticles-in-rats
#4
Hideki Senoh, Hirokazu Kano, Masaaki Suzuki, Makoto Ohnishi, Hitomi Kondo, Kenji Takanobu, Yumi Umeda, Shigetoshi Aiso, Shoji Fukushima
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we focused on the qualitative and quantitative differences of the lung lesions induced by single or multiple intratracheal administration of nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiO). METHODS: Male rats were randomized into groups receiving intratracheal administrations in a single dose or two to four divided doses of 2 mg/kg/bw. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) analyses were performed at 3 and 28 d post-dose. Histopathological analyses were performed at 28 and 91 d post-dose...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980249/the-practice-of-active-rest-by-workplace-units-improves-personal-relationships-mental-health-and-physical-activity-among-workers
#5
Ryoma Michishita, Ying Jiang, Daisuke Ariyoshi, Marie Yoshida, Hideko Moriyama, Hiroshi Yamato
AIM: This study was designed to clarify the effects of active rest, with a focus on the practice of short-time group exercise by workplace units, on personal relationships, mental health, physical activity, and work ability among workers. METHODS: Fifty-nine white-collar workers (40 males and 19 females) performed our active rest (short-time exercise) program, which consists of warm-up, cognitive functional training, aerobic exercise, resistance training and cool-down for 10 minutes per day, 3 times per week during their lunch breaks for 10 weeks...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980248/decline-of-the-performance-of-a-portable-axial-flow-fan-due-to-the-friction-and-duct-bending-loss-of-a-connected-flexible-duct
#6
Jun Ojima
OBJECTIVES: In a job site, a portable fan is often used to ventilate a confined space. When a portable fan is applied to such a space, the actual ventilation flow rate must be accurately estimated in advance because the safety level of contaminant and oxygen concentrations in the space will determine the ventilation requirements. When a portable fan is used with a flexible duct, the actual flow rate of the fan decreases due to the friction and duct bending loss of the duct. Intending to show the decline of a fan performance, the author conducted laboratory experiments and reported the quantitative effect of the friction and duct bending loss of a flexible duct to the flow rate of a portable fan...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980247/japanese-workplace-health-management-in-pneumoconiosis-prevention
#7
Naw Awn Jp, Momo Imanaka, Narufumi Suganuma
OBJECTIVE: The Japanese government established the Pneumoconiosis Law in 1960 to protect health and promote the welfare of workers engaged in dust-exposed works. This article describes Japanese practice in workplace health management as regulated by the Pneumoconiosis Law to reduce pneumoconiosis in Japan. METHODS: We collected information addressing pneumoconiosis and the health care of dust-exposed workers. We included all types of scientific papers found through a PubMed search as well as official reports, guidelines, and relevant laws published by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) of Japan and other academic institutions...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916763/demographic-and-occupational-determinants-of-the-work-ability-of-firemen
#8
Marjan Firoozeh, Mahnaz Saremi, Amir Kavousi, Azam Maleki
OBJECTIVES: Firefighters tackle various stressors that affect their health and job performance; therefore, assessment of their work ability is necessary. This study aimed to investigate the demographic and occupational determinants of the work ability of firemen. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 375 firemen working in Tehran Fire Department were randomly selected. Demographic, occupational, and work ability index (WAI) questionnaires were applied as research tools...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885247/effects-of-web-based-stress-and-depression-literacy-intervention-on-improving-work-engagement-among-workers-with-low-work-engagement-an-analysis-of-secondary-outcome-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Kotaro Imamura, Norito Kawakami, Kanami Tsuno, Masao Tsuchiya, Kyoko Shimada, Katsuyuki Namba, Akihito Shimazu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this randomized, controlled trial was to examine the effects of a psychoeducational information website on improving work engagement among individual workers with low work engagement, where work engagement was measured as a secondary outcome. METHODS: Participants were recruited from registered members of a web survey site in Japan. Participants who fulfilled the eligibility criteria were randomly allocated to intervention or control groups...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885246/the-association-between-subjective-socioeconomic-status-and-health-inequity-in-victims-of-occupational-accidents-in-korea
#10
Hongdeok Seok, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jaehoon Roh, Jihyun Kim, Yeong-Kwang Kim, Wanhyung Lee, Jeongbae Rhie, Jong-Uk Won
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the health inequity of victims of occupational accidents through the association between socioeconomic status and unmet healthcare need. METHODS: Data from the first and second Panel Study of Workers' Compensation Insurance were used, which included 1,803 participants. The odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals for the unmet healthcare needs of participants with a lower socioeconomic status and other socioeconomic statuses were investigated using multivariate regression analysis...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885245/personal-lifestyle-as-a-resource-for-work-engagement
#11
Daisuke Nishi, Yuriko Suzuki, Junko Nishida, Kazuo Mishima, Yoshio Yamanouchi
OBJECTIVES: Personal lifestyle, including diet, exercise, and sleep, might have an impact on work engagement, though previous studies have not focused on these relationships. The aim of this study was to examine whether dietary intake of fish, regular exercise, sufficient sleep, abstinence from alcohol, and abstinence from tobacco were positively associated with work engagement. METHODS: We recruited adults aged 40-74 years who attended the health checkups with a particular focus on the metabolic syndrome in central Tokyo...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885244/internal-consistency-convergent-validity-and-structural-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-physical-activity-self-regulation-scale-pasr-12-among-japanese-workers-a-validation-study
#12
Kazuhiro Watanabe, Norito Kawakami, Hidehiko Adachi, Shigeru Inoue, M Renee Umstattd Meyer
Objectives Self-regulation for physical activity is considered as one of the most effective factors in promoting physical activity. However, there is no reliable and valid scale to measure it in Japanese. The purpose of this study was to investigate the internal consistency, convergent validity, and structural validity of the newly developed Japanese version of the 12-item Physical Activity Self-Regulation scale (PASR-12) among Japanese workers.Methods A cross-sectional Internet-based survey recruiting 516 Japanese workers was conducted in Japan...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885243/di-n-butyl-phthalate-induced-hypospadias-relates-to-autophagy-in-genital-tubercle-via-the-pi3k-akt-mtor-pathway
#13
Xiang Li, Jinhao Li, Ya Zhang, Yun Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanisms of hypospadias induced by in utero exposure to din-butyl phthalate (DBP). METHODS: Timed-pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were administered 750 mg/kg of DBP by gavage from GD (gestation days) 13 to GD 18, whereas control group received corn oil. Genital tubercles (GTs) and blood samples were collected from male fetuses on GD 19. The serum testosterone concentration, apoptosis activity, autophagosomes and their related proteins (light chain 3 (LC3-I, LC3-II)), and sequestosomes (SQSTM1/p62) in the GTs were then measured...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885242/occupational-noise-induced-hearing-loss-in-auto-part-factory-workers-in-welding-units-in-thailand
#14
Apiradee Sriopas, Robert S Chapman, Saravudh Sutammasa, Wattasit Siriwong
OBJECTIVES: Most workers in auto part factories in Thailand are usually exposed to excessive noise in their workplace. This study aimed to assess the level of occupational noise-induced hearing loss and investigate risk factors causing hearing loss in auto part factory workers in the welding units in Thailand. METHODS: This was a cross- sectional study. One hundred eighty subjects were recruited from 356 workers in the welding unit of three factories. Sixty eligible subjects in each factory were selected by systemic random sampling...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885241/effects-of-coke-oven-emissions-and-benzo-a-pyrene-on-blood-pressure-and-electrocardiogram-in-coke-oven-workers
#15
Kai Yang, Xuejun Jiang, Shuqun Cheng, Chengzhi Chen, Xianqing Cao, Baijie Tu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of occupational exposures to coke oven emissions (COEs) and benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) on the prevalence of hypertension and abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) in coke oven workers. METHODS: We included 880 coke oven workers and 710 oxygen employees in the exposed and control groups, respectively. Blood pressure (BP), ECG, blood lipid levels, and glucose levels of all subjects were measured. COE and B[a]P concentrations at the bottom, side, and top of the oven and control plants were estimated by weighing and high-performance liquid chromatography...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885240/incidence-and-characteristics-of-needlestick-injuries-among-medical-trainees-at-a-community-teaching-hospital-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Ben Ouyang, Lucy Dx Li, Joanne Mount, Alainna J Jamal, Lauren Berry, Carmine Simone, Marcus Law, R W Melissa Tai
ObjectivesThis field study aimed to determine the incidence and distribution of needlestick injuries among medical trainees at a community teaching hospital in Toronto, Canada.MethodsThe study was performed during the 2013-2015 academic years at Toronto East General Hospital (TEGH), a University of Toronto-affiliated community-teaching hospital during the 2013-2015 academic years. Eight-hundred and forty trainees, including medical students, residents, and post-graduate fellows, were identified and invited via email to participate in an anonymous online fluidsurveys...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853057/noise-induced-hearing-loss-among-professional-musicians
#17
Pouryaghoub Gholamreza, Ramin Mehrdad, Saeed Pourhosein
OBJECTIVES: After presbycusis, noise exposure is considered the second cause of sensorineural hearing loss. Due to exposure to high-intensity sounds, musicians may be at risk of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Given the importance of good hearing in music career, this study aimed to investigate the frequency of hearing loss and use of protective measures among Iranian musicians. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 125 musicians, including 21 women (16.8%) and 104 men (83...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853056/an-evaluation-of-the-health-and-wellbeing-needs-of-employees-an-organizational-case-study
#18
Laran Chetty
INTRODUCTION: Workplace health and wellbeing is a major public health issue for employers. Wellbeing health initiatives are known to be cost-effective, especially when the programs are targeted and matched to the health problems of the specific population. The aim of this paper is to gather information about the health and wellbeing needs and resources of employees at one British organization. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out to explore the health and wellbeing needs and resources of employees at one British organization...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853055/health-status-assessment-of-workers-during-construction-phase-of-highway-rehabilitation-projects-around-lahore-pakistan
#19
Amina Abrar, Kausar Jamal Cheema, Samia Saif, Asim Mahmood
OBJECTIVE: The study focused on assessment of the health status of workers during construction phase of highway rehabilitation projects at six selected sites of N5 around Lahore, including Kala Shah Kaku, Muridke, Kamuki, Bhaipheru, Pattoki, and Okara. METHODS: The study was based on multi-methods approach involving hazard identification through survey and checklist as well as a questionnaire for health status assessment and measurements of health parameters including peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and audiometric screening of 300 subjects...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725492/what-is-the-purpose-of-the-stress-check-program
#20
Norio Sugawara, Manabu Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Since December 1, 2015, the Japanese government has required employers to conduct the Stress Check Program. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced that this program should focus on the primary prevention of mental health problems. Although employers are obliged to perform screening for mental health problems and a physician's interview, employees are not mandated to participate in this program. Classical occupational health studies have accumulated evidence indicating that quantitative or qualitative workload is associated with mental health problems...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
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