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Journal of Occupational Health

Ayse Coskun Beyan, Yucel Demiral, Arif Cimrin
OBJECTIVE: Occupational diseases (OD) are among the most significant issues of work life, with economic, medical, social, and ethical aspects. The majority of studies concerning OD focus on the causes or medical outcomes of OD. There are a limited number of studies investigating the social and economic impacts of being diagnosed with an OD. One of the important social aspects of OD is the employability of workers after an OD diagnosis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes in employment status after the OD diagnosis process...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Toyoaki Sawano, Masaharu Tsubokura, Akihiko Ozaki, Claire Leppold, Shigeaki Kato, Toshiyuki Kambe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Miwa Yamaguchi, Masafumi Eguchi, Shamima Akter, Takeshi Kochi, Huanhuan Hu, Ikuko Kashino, Keisuke Kuwahara, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of work-related stressors and their changes over time with the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) among Japanese manufacturing workers. METHODS: Participants were 1,040 employees aged 19 to 68 years who were free from MetS at baseline and completed the three year-interval follow-up survey. MetS was defined according to the Joint Interim Statement. Work-related stressors (job strain, job demands, job control, and worksite social support) were assessed based on the Job Content Questionnaire and were split into two categories (low and high) by the median value at each survey...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Naoto Ito, Tomohisa Nagata, Masayuki Tatemichi, Toru Takebayashi, Koji Mori
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the priority given to periodical medical examination items among occupational physicians in Japan. METHODS: Sixty-two occupational physicians who participated in this study selected statutory and non-statutory items within two types of budget plans: one lower (8,500 yen) than the total fee of statutory medical examinations (9,250 and 11,290 yen), and the other higher (12,000 yen) than the total fee. Medical fee points were used to set the cost of each medical examination item...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Yathapu Srinivasa Reddy, Sarath Babu Srivalliputturu, Dinesh Kumar Bharatraj
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigated the additive effect of oral lead (Pb) exposure and dietary iron (Fe) deficiency on intestinal lactobacilli, E. coli, and yeast in SD rats. METHODS: Weanling rats were fed on control diet (CD) or iron deficient diet (ID) for 4 weeks, followed by oral Pb exposure for another 4 weeks. Lead exposure was withdrawn for 2 weeks, and then resumed after 2 weeks. Blood samples were collected to determine haemoglobin (Hb), serum iron, blood Pb and δ-Aminolevulenic acid dehydratase (ALAD) activity...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Mieko Nakamura, Ayako Miura, Tomomi Nagahata, Atsushi Toki, Yosuke Shibata, Eisaku Okada, Toshiyuki Ojima
OBJECTIVES: Shift workers are at an increased risk of diet-related chronic conditions. We aimed to investigate dietary intake and dinner timing among shift workers. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was administered to the employees of 43 companies in Japan between December 2013 and February 2014. The dietary intake of workers was assessed through a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Nutrient intake was evaluated by adjusting the total energy intake using a nutrient residual model...
September 3, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Hisashi Eguchi, Koji Wada
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated potential associations between having a person in need of nursing care at home and psychological distress amongst the Japanese working population, using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: We extracted data from the 2013 Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions conducted by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan. The original survey was conducted amongst 295,367 households in 5,530 randomly selected municipalities...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Tomohide Kubo, Shuhei Izawa, Masao Tsuchiya, Hiroki Ikeda, Keiichi Miki, Masaya Takahashi
BACKGROUND: The European Union's Working Time Directive stipulates recovery periods as "Eleven consecutive hour daily rest periods (DRPs) between working days." In Japan, adopting this regulation has been discussed. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between weekday DRPs and recovery from fatigue by conducting a one-month observational study using a fatigue monitoring application (fatigue app) on a smart tablet. METHODS: Fifty-five daytime employees working at an information technology company participated in this study...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Kazuhiro Watanabe, Norito Kawakami, Toru Shiotani, Hidehiko Adachi, Kaori Matsumoto, Kotaro Imamura, Kei Matsumoto, Fumino Yamagami, Ayumi Fusejima, Tomoko Muraoka, Tomomitsu Kagami, Akihito Shimazu, Margaret L Kern
OBJECTIVES: Although well-being at work is important for occupational health, multi-dimensional workplace well-being measures do not exist for Japanese workers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of the Japanese version of the Workplace PERMA-Profiler. METHODS: Japanese workers completed online surveys at baseline (N = 310) and 1 month later (N = 100). The Workplace PERMA-Profiler was translated according to international guidelines. Job and life satisfaction, work engagement, psychological distress, work-related psychosocial factors, and work performance were measured as comparisons for convergent validity...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Anna Machoń-Grecka, Michał Dobrakowski, Aleksandra Kasperczyk, Ewa Birkner, Tomasz Pryzwan, Sławomir Kasperczyk
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to examine blood levels of selected pro-inflammatory cytokines, C reactive protein (CRP), and selected factors that influence angiogenesis in workers exposed to lead for a short period of time. METHODS: The study population consisted of 36 male workers (mean age 41 ± 14 years) exposed to lead for 40 days. RESULTS: The mean blood lead level (BLL) was 10.7 ± 7.67 μg/dl at the beginning of the study, and increased to 49...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Weiming Yuan, Meibian Zhang, Hua Zou, Xiangjing Gao, Yuqing Luan
OBJECTIVES: Human brucellosis, as a zoonosis, is a serious public health problem in many developing countries, including China. To date, there has been no case report on occupational brucellosis and the emergency response in the pharmaceutical manufacturing industry. The aim of this report is to describe an emergency brucellosis outbreak in this unusual setting and the associated treatment methods from an occupational health perspective. METHODS: The emergency response included a field epidemiological investigation, a hierarchy of control strategy, and validation of control measures...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Tomoo Hidaka, Takeyasu Kakamu, Shota Endo, Sei Sato, Yusuke Masuishi, Tomohiro Kumagai, Shinichi Nakano, Kikuo Koyama, Tetsuhito Fukushima
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to obtain knowledge for improvement of the housing and life among radiation decontamination workers by examining the effect of housing type on anxiety over lack of privacy. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 544 male radiation decontamination workers in Fukushima Prefecture who anonymously answered self-administered questionnaires in 2013, including measurement of privacy anxiety, housing type, career change, social support, and sociodemographics...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Nomfundo Moroe, Katijah Khoza-Shangase
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to explore the scope of practice for occupational audiologists in the mining industry and the audiologists' involvement in hearing conservation programmes in South African mines. Additionally, this study investigated the mining industry's role in the audiologists' involvement, and assessed the audiologists' levels of preparedness for working in occupational audiology. METHODS: In-depth, qualitative telephone and face-to face interviews were conducted with seven occupational audiologists involved in the management of occupational, noise-induced hearing loss (ONIHL) in the South African mining sector...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Danny Maupin, Jeremy Robinson, Thomas Wills, Shane Irving, Ben Schram, Robin Orr
OBJECTIVES: Fitness is essential to specialist police forces, who have higher occupational demands than general police, and vital to performance and mission success. However, little research has been done profiling the metabolic fitness of these units and how they compare to other populations. The objective of this study was to profile the aerobic fitness of a specialist police unit. METHODS: Body weight was measured to account for any impact on metabolic fitness, while VO2 max was estimated via number of shuttles completed on the 20 m Progressive Shuttle Run Test (PSRT) (n=47) on two dates one calendar year apart...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Fang Tian, Meibian Zhang, Lifang Zhou, Hua Zou, Aihong Wang, Mo Hao
OBJECTIVE: The differences in the methodologies of various occupational health risk assessment (OHRA) models have not been extensively reported. We aimed to understand the qualitative and quantitative differences between common OHRA models in typical industries. METHODS: The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Australian, Romanian, Singaporean, International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM), and the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) models were evaluated, and a theoretical framework was established for a comparative study...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Kantheera Areerak, Allard J van der Beek, Prawit Janwantanakul
OBJECTIVE: One effective strategy for management of musculoskeletal disorders is self-management based on the biopsychosocial model. Self-management requires patients to have adequate health literacy, defined as the individual's ability to seek, understand, and utilize health information. Recently, the neck pain-specific health behavior for office workers (NHBOW) questionnaire was developed based upon a conceptual framework of health literacy. The content in the NHBOW relates to the work and exercise behaviors of office workers...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Jindarat Chaiard, Jirawan Deeluea, Benjamas Suksatit, Wanpen Songkham, Nonglak Inta
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to: 1) describe sleep duration, fatigue, daytime sleepiness, and occupational errors among Thai nurses and 2) explore the influence of sleep duration on fatigue, daytime sleepiness, and occupational errors. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was implemented. A convenience sample of 233 full-time nurses with at least one year of work experience was recruited to participate in the study. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires and 1-week sleep diaries...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Go J Yoshida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Show-Yi Yang, Jia-Ming Lin, Wan-Yu Lin, Ching-Wen Chang
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the cancer risks resulting from the exposure to chromium, hexavalent chromium (Cr (VI)), oxidic nickel (Ni), and soluble Ni in welding fumes during pipeline and shipyard construction and pressure container manufacturing in Taiwan. We also determined the roles of welding performance and demographic characteristics during the exposure to Cr and Ni. METHODS: Personal air samples were collected for the analysis of Cr and Ni, and the concentrations of Cr (VI), oxidic Ni, and soluble Ni were quantified...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
Toshio Kawai, Haruhiko Sakurai, Masayuki Ikeda
OBJECTIVES: To test the reliability of the procedures (described in a previous article) for estimation of biological occupational exposure limits (BOELs). METHODS: Data on four organic solvents (styrene, ethyl benzene, isopropyl alcohol and tetrachloroethylene) were obtained from recent publications and added to previously cited data for 10 organic solvents. Regression analysis was used for statistical evaluation. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The previously reported results obtained using 10 solvents were reproduced by the analysis with 14 solvents...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
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