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Journal of Occupational Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202894/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-among-health-care-workers-in-tuberculosis-specialized-hospitals-in-china
#1
Jian Du, Yu Pang, Yan Ma, Fengling Mi, Yuhong Liu, Liang Li
OBJECTIVES: Tuberculosis (TB) specialized hospitals are playing an increasingly important role in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with TB in China. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of TB among health care workers (HCWs) in TB specialized hospitals in China. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey to collect longitudinal information on the number of HCWs and patients with TB from HCWs among 203 TB hospitals in China. RESULTS: Overall, these 186 TB cases accounted for the incidence of 985 per 100,000 population...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163282/potential-objective-biomarkers-for-fatigue-among-working-women
#2
Chie Ebata, Hitomi Tatsuta, Masayuki Tatmeichi
OBJECTIVE: The prediction of health impairment due to work overload is subjectively assessed based on recognized symptoms; however, objective evaluation is primarily ideal in the field of occupational health. Recently, some biomarkers of autonomic function and/or oxidative stress were reported to be associated with fatigue. This study aimed to preliminarily investigate whether these biomarkers could be objective indicators for fatigue and stress among working women. METHOD: Participants included 118 full-time female workers (mean age 37...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163281/job-strain-and-binge-eating-among-brazilian-workers-participating-in-the-elsa-brasil-study-does-bmi-matter
#3
Ana Paula Bruno Pena Gralle, Arlinda Barbosa Moreno, Leidjaira Lopes Juvanhol, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Enirtes Caetano Prates Melo, Maria Angélica Antunes Nunes, Susanna Toivanen, Rosane Härter Griep
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between job strain and binge eating as well as the effect-modifying influence of body mass index (BMI) on this association. METHODS: A total of 11,951 active civil servants from the multicenter Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) was included in this cross-sectional analysis. Job strain was assessed using the Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire. Binge eating was defined as eating a large amount of food with a sense of lack of control over what and how much is eaten in less than 2 hours at least twice a week...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132972/a-new-desorption-method-for-removing-organic-solvents-from-activated-carbon-using-surfactant
#4
Mitsuo Hinoue, Sumiyo Ishimatsu, Yukiko Fueta, Hajime Hori
OBJECTIVES: A new desorption method was investigated, which does not require toxic organic solvents. Efficient desorption of organic solvents from activated carbon was achieved with an ananionic surfactant solution, focusing on its washing and emulsion action. METHODS: Isopropyl alcohol (IPA) and methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) were used as test solvents. Lauryl benzene sulfonic acid sodium salt (LAS) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) were used as the surfactant. Activated carbon (100 mg) was placed in a vial and a predetermined amount of organic solvent was added...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132971/effects-of-a-wearable-type-lumbosacral-support-for-low-back-pain-among-hospital-workers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Yutaka Yabe, Hiroyuki Yamada, Takashi Watanabe, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Takuya Sekiguchi, Hirokazu Hatano, Eiji Itoi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of a new wearable type of lumbosacral support on low back pain. METHODS: A total of 121 healthcare workers participated in this study. They were randomly allocated into the experimental and control groups and the former wore the support with signals of compression on the back by poor posture for the first 3 months. The control group remained on a waiting list for the first 3 months. Medical history, musculoskeletal symptoms, feeling in good posture, sleep habits, psychological distress, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS) were evaluated...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132970/allyl-nitrile-toxicity-and-health-effects
#6
Hideji Tanii
OBJECTIVES: Allyl nitrile (3-butenenitrile) occurs naturally in the environment, in particular, in cruciferous vegetables, indicating a possible daily intake of the compound. There is no report on actual health effects of allyl nitrile in humans, although it is possible that individuals in the environment are at a risk of exposure to allyl nitrile. However, little is known about its quantitative assessment for the environment and bioactivity in the body. This study provides a review of previous accumulated studies on allyl nitrile...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132969/health-related-behaviors-associated-with-subjective-sleep-insufficiency-in-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Makoto Kageyama, Keiichi Odagiri, Isagi Mizuta, Makoto Yamamoto, Keiko Yamaga, Takako Hirano, Kazue Onoue, Akihiko Uehara
ObjectivesSleep disturbances are related to somatic and mental disorders, industrial accidents, absenteeism, and retirement because of disability. We aimed to identify health-related behaviors associated with subjective sleep insufficiency in Japanese workers.MethodsThis cross-sectional study included 5,297 employees (mean age: 43.6 ± 11.3 years; 4,039 men). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify health-related behaviors associated with subjective sleep insufficiency.ResultsOverall, 28...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111416/changes-of-median-nerve-conduction-velocity-in-rayon-manufacturing-workers-a-6-year-cohort-study
#8
Noriyuki Yoshioka, Toru Takebayashi, Yuji Nishiwaki, Tetsuo Nomiyama, Satoko Iwasawa, Haruhiko Sakurai, And Kazuyuki Omae
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a 6-year cohort study to evaluate the relationship between carbon disulfide (CS2) exposure and reductions in the motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity (MCV and SCV) of the median nerve. METHODS: Study subjects at baseline included 432 exposed workers and 402 unexposed workers. Among the exposed workers, 145 workers terminated CS2 exposure during the follow-up period (ex-exposed workers). MCV and SCV were measured at baseline and followed up...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111415/permeation-of-limonene-through-disposable-nitrile-gloves-using-a-dextrous-robot-hand
#9
Sean Banaee, Shane S Que Hee
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the permeation of the low-volatile solvent limonene through different disposable, unlined, unsupported, nitrile exam whole gloves (blue, purple, sterling, and lavender, from Kimberly-Clark). METHODS: This study utilized a moving and static dextrous robot hand as part of a novel dynamic permeation system that allowed sampling at specific times. Quantitation of limonene in samples was based on capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and the internal standard method (4-bromophenol)...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111414/relationship-between-non-standard-work-arrangements-and-work-related-accident-absence-in-belgium
#10
Hanan Alali, Lutgart Braeckman, Tanja Van Hecke, Bart De Clercq, Heidi Janssens, Magd Abdel Wahab
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study is to examine the relationship between indicators of non-standard work arrangements, including precarious contract, long working hours, multiple jobs, shift work, and work-related accident absence, using a representative Belgian sample and considering several socio-demographic and work characteristics. METHODS: This study was based on the data of the fifth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS). For the analysis, the sample was restricted to 3343 respondents from Belgium who were all employed workers...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077824/burnout-among-public-servants-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-decomposing-the-construct-aftermath-of-disaster
#11
Yuriko Suzuki, Maiko Fukasawa, Akiko Obara, Yoshiharu Kim
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether disaster-related variables, in addition to known work-related risk factors, influence burnout and its subscales (exhaustion, cynicism, and lack of professional efficacy) among public servants who experienced a major disaster. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies were conducted among public servants of Miyagi prefecture at 2 and 16 months after the Great East Japan Earthquake (n = 3,533, response rate 66.8%); burnout was assessed at 16 months using the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077823/association-of-health-symptoms-with-low-level-exposure-to-organophosphates-dna-damage-ache-activity-and-occupational-knowledge-and-practice-among-rice-corn-and-double-crop-farmers
#12
Surat Hongsibsong, Nalin Sittitoon, Ratana Sapbamrer
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine (1) total dialkylphosphate (ΣDAP) levels, occupational knowledge and practice, DNA damage, AChE activity, and health symptoms in rice, corn, and double-crop farmers; (2) the association of health symptoms with ΣDAP levels, occupational knowledge and practice, DNA damage, and AChE activity in farmers; and (3) the prevalence of health symptoms between farmers and non-farmers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing as well as analyzing urine and blood samples during July to August 2014...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077822/factors-associated-with-work-ability-index-wai-among-intensive-care-units-icus-nurses
#13
Akbar Rostamabadi, Zahra Zamanian, Zahra Sedaghat
: Objectives Work ability is a crucial occupational health issue in health care settings where a high physical and psychosocial work capacity is required and a high risk of disabling injuries and illnesses is predictable. This study aims to examine the association between the work ability index (WAI) and individual characterizations, workload, fatigue, and diseases among intensive care units' (ICUs') nurses. METHODS: The study sample included 214 nurses selected by a random sampling method from a target population consisting of 321 registered nurses working in eight ICUs...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980250/comparison-of-single-or-multiple-intratracheal-administration-for-pulmonary-toxic-responses-of-nickel-oxide-nanoparticles-in-rats
#14
Hideki Senoh, Hirokazu Kano, Masaaki Suzuki, Makoto Ohnishi, Hitomi Kondo, Kenji Takanobu, Yumi Umeda, Shigetoshi Aiso, Shoji Fukushima
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we focused on the qualitative and quantitative differences of the lung lesions induced by single or multiple intratracheal administration of nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiO). METHODS: Male rats were randomized into groups receiving intratracheal administrations in a single dose or two to four divided doses of 2 mg/kg/bw. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) analyses were performed at 3 and 28 d post-dose. Histopathological analyses were performed at 28 and 91 d post-dose...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980249/the-practice-of-active-rest-by-workplace-units-improves-personal-relationships-mental-health-and-physical-activity-among-workers
#15
Ryoma Michishita, Ying Jiang, Daisuke Ariyoshi, Marie Yoshida, Hideko Moriyama, Hiroshi Yamato
AIM: This study was designed to clarify the effects of active rest, with a focus on the practice of short-time group exercise by workplace units, on personal relationships, mental health, physical activity, and work ability among workers. METHODS: Fifty-nine white-collar workers (40 males and 19 females) performed our active rest (short-time exercise) program, which consists of warm-up, cognitive functional training, aerobic exercise, resistance training and cool-down for 10 minutes per day, 3 times per week during their lunch breaks for 10 weeks...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980248/decline-of-the-performance-of-a-portable-axial-flow-fan-due-to-the-friction-and-duct-bending-loss-of-a-connected-flexible-duct
#16
Jun Ojima
OBJECTIVES: In a job site, a portable fan is often used to ventilate a confined space. When a portable fan is applied to such a space, the actual ventilation flow rate must be accurately estimated in advance because the safety level of contaminant and oxygen concentrations in the space will determine the ventilation requirements. When a portable fan is used with a flexible duct, the actual flow rate of the fan decreases due to the friction and duct bending loss of the duct. Intending to show the decline of a fan performance, the author conducted laboratory experiments and reported the quantitative effect of the friction and duct bending loss of a flexible duct to the flow rate of a portable fan...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980247/japanese-workplace-health-management-in-pneumoconiosis-prevention
#17
Naw Awn Jp, Momo Imanaka, Narufumi Suganuma
OBJECTIVE: The Japanese government established the Pneumoconiosis Law in 1960 to protect health and promote the welfare of workers engaged in dust-exposed works. This article describes Japanese practice in workplace health management as regulated by the Pneumoconiosis Law to reduce pneumoconiosis in Japan. METHODS: We collected information addressing pneumoconiosis and the health care of dust-exposed workers. We included all types of scientific papers found through a PubMed search as well as official reports, guidelines, and relevant laws published by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) of Japan and other academic institutions...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916763/demographic-and-occupational-determinants-of-the-work-ability-of-firemen
#18
Marjan Firoozeh, Mahnaz Saremi, Amir Kavousi, Azam Maleki
OBJECTIVES: Firefighters tackle various stressors that affect their health and job performance; therefore, assessment of their work ability is necessary. This study aimed to investigate the demographic and occupational determinants of the work ability of firemen. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 375 firemen working in Tehran Fire Department were randomly selected. Demographic, occupational, and work ability index (WAI) questionnaires were applied as research tools...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725492/what-is-the-purpose-of-the-stress-check-program
#19
Norio Sugawara, Manabu Saito, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Since December 1, 2015, the Japanese government has required employers to conduct the Stress Check Program. The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare announced that this program should focus on the primary prevention of mental health problems. Although employers are obliged to perform screening for mental health problems and a physician's interview, employees are not mandated to participate in this program. Classical occupational health studies have accumulated evidence indicating that quantitative or qualitative workload is associated with mental health problems...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725491/generation-rate-and-particle-size-distribution-of-wood-dust-by-handheld-sanding-operation
#20
Jun Ojima
OBJECTIVES: The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and Japan Society for Occupational Health (JSOH) classified wood dust as a human carcinogen. Former studies have suggested that sanding with a portable sander is one of the processes that are liable to cause highest exposure to wood dust. However, the wood dust by sanding operation has not been investigated sufficiently. In this study, the generation rate and the particle size distribution of the wood dust produced by handheld sanding operation were observed by laboratory experiments...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health
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