journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800039/the-effect-of-intelligent-physical-exercise-training-on-sickness-presenteeism-and-absenteeism-among-office-workers
#1
Just Bendix Justesen, Karen Søgaard, Tina Dalager, Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen, Gisela Sjøgaard
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of individually tailored intelligent physical exercise training (IPET) on presenteeism and absenteeism among office workers. METHODS: In a 1-year randomized controlled trial (RCT), employees were allocated to a training group TG (N = 193) or control group CG (N = 194). TG received 1-hour high-intensity IPET once a week within working hours, and was recommended to perform 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity (PA) 6 days a week during leisure-time...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795994/potential-and-actual-health-hazards-in-the-dense-urban-operational-environment-critical-gaps-and-solutions-for-military-occupational-health
#2
Steven L Patterson, Blair C R Dancy, Danielle L Ippolito, Jonathan D Stallings
: This paper presents environmental health risks which are prevalent in dense urban environments.We review the current literature and recommendations proposed by environmental medicine experts in a 2-day symposium sponsored by the Department of Defense and supported by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.Key hazards in the dense urban operational environment include toxic industrial chemicals and materials, water pollution and sewage, and air pollution. Four critical gaps in environmental medicine were identified: prioritizing chemical and environmental concerns, developing mobile decision aids, personalized health assessments, and better real-time health biomonitoring...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786856/olfactory-function-in-latino-farmworkers-over-2-years-longitudinal-exploration-of-subclinical-neurological-effects-of-pesticide-exposure
#3
Sara A Quandt, Francis O Walker, Jennifer W Talton, Haiying Chen, Thomas A Arcury
OBJECTIVE: We compared patterns of olfactory function over 2 years in pesticide-exposed male Latino farmworkers and male Latino workers in industries without pesticide exposure. METHODS: At five points over 2 years, workers completed tests of odor threshold (16 concentrations of n-butanol) using a well-established methodology. Tests at two or more time points were completed by 156 farmworkers and 118 non-farmworkers. RESULTS: Farmworkers required significantly higher odorant concentrations at Contact 1 and across the 2-year follow-up to detect the odor...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777201/role-stress-and-emotional-exhaustion-among-health-care-workers-the-buffering-effect-of-supportive-coworker-climate-in-a-multilevel-perspective
#4
Igor Portoghese, Maura Galletta, Alex Burdorf, Pierluigi Cocco, Ernesto D'Aloja, Marcello Campagna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between role stress, emotional exhaustion, and a supportive coworker climate among health care workers, by adopting a multilevel perspective. METHODS: Aggregated data of 738 health care workers nested within 67 teams of three Italian hospitals were collected. Multilevel regression analysis with a random intercept model was used. RESULTS: Hierarchical linear modeling showed that a lack of role clarity was significantly linked to emotional exhaustion at the individual level...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777200/measuring-the-work-impact-of-caregiving-for-individuals-with-schizophrenia-and-or-schizoaffective-disorder-with-the-caregiver-work-limitations-questionnaire-wlq
#5
Debra Lerner, Carmela Benson, Hong Chang, William H Rogers, David Adler, Mercedes C Lyson, Susan K Parsons
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Caregiver Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ) for employed caregivers of individuals with schizophrenia and/or schizoaffective disorder. METHODS: A cross-sectional web-based survey with test/retest and responsiveness test components was administered to informal caregivers. Using data from employed caregivers, psychometric tests were performed of the questionnaire's four at-work limitation scales and work absence score...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763408/cost-and-return-on-investment-of-a-work-family-intervention-in-the-extended-care-industry-evidence-from-the-work-family-and-health-network
#6
William N Dowd, Jeremy W Bray, Carolina Barbosa, Krista Brockwood, David J Kaiser, Michael J Mills, David A Hurtado, Brad Wipfli
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost and return on investment (ROI) of an intervention targeting work-family conflict (WFC) in the extended care industry. METHODS: Costs to deliver the intervention during a group-randomized controlled trial were estimated, and data on organizational costs-presenteeism, health care costs, voluntary termination, and sick time-were collected from interviews and administrative data. Generalized linear models were used to estimate the intervention's impact on organizational costs...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759481/influenza-and-workplace-productivity-loss-in-working-adults
#7
Jeffrey J Van Wormer, Jennifer P King, Anna Gajewski, Huong Q McLean, Edward A Belongia
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined how acute respiratory illnesses (ARI) influence workplace productivity. We examined the association between laboratory-confirmed influenza and combined absenteeism/presenteeism. METHODS: Linear regression was used to model the association between influenza (by seasonal vaccine status) and productivity loss over 7 to 17 days following symptom onset in 1278 employed adults in an influenza vaccine effectiveness study during the 2012 to 2013 through 2015 to 2016 seasons...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759480/metal-exposure-in-veterans-with-embedded-fragments-from-war-related-injuries-early-findings-from-surveillance-efforts
#8
Joanna M Gaitens, Marian Condon, Katherine S Squibb, Jose A Centeno, Melissa A McDiarmid
OBJECTIVE: To characterize systemic metal exposures from retained fragments in a cohort of war-injured US Veterans enrolled in the Department of Veterans Affairs' Embedded Fragment Registry. METHODS: Five hundred seventy nine registry-enrolled Veterans submitted an exposure questionnaire and urine sample for analyses of 14 metals often found in fragments. Urine metal results were compared with reference values of unexposed populations to identify elevations. RESULTS: 55% of Veterans had normal urine metal values...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753135/personalizing-environmental-health-at-the-intersection-of-precision-medicine-and-occupational-health-in-the-military
#9
Christopher Bradburne, John A Lewis
: Recent efforts in precision medicine present unique opportunities for military environmental and occupational health. Risk assessments can be refined by individualized risk factors such as genomics, and health status can be monitored and informed using mobile health (mHealth) devices. The military currently monitors exposures with service-wide databases and has one of the world's largest biobanks of serum samples available for health surveillance. New approaches are being developed for risk assessment, novel exposure-based biomarkers, and mobile applications to combine the facile collection of exposure data with tracking and planning utility...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742767/sedentary-occupation-workers-who-meet-the-physical-activity-recommendations-have-a-reduced-risk-for-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, Luiz Fernando Farias-Junior, Yuri Alberto Freire, Daniel Schwade, Geovani de Araújo Dantas de Macêdo, Vilma Bayma Montenegro, Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Filipe Fernandes Oliveira Dantas, Eduardo Caldas Costa
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that sedentary occupation workers who meet the physical activity recommendations present a lower risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS) than their nonactive counterparts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 502 sedentary occupation workers. Physical activity level was self-reported. MetS was defined by International Diabetes Federation criteria. RESULTS: The active group showed lower odds for MetS [odds ratio (OR) 0...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742766/exploration-into-the-business-priorities-related-to-corporate-engagement-in-community-health-improvement-partnerships
#11
Nicolaas P Pronk, Catherine Baase, Jeanette May, Paul Terry, Karen Moseley
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors that matter to business in making decisions regarding engagement in community health improvement efforts. METHODS: Using qualitative methods, domains of interest were identified through literature reviews and expert interviews. Relevance of the domains in terms of potential priorities for action was tested through employer and community stakeholder interviews. RESULTS: Factors that employers considered important to sustained community collaboration as a business priority included (1) credibility of the convener, (2) broad representation of the community, (3) strong mission and goals, (4) individual commitment to health, (5) organizational commitment to health, and (6) demonstrated commitment from leadership...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742765/on-the-job-productivity-losses-among-employees-with-health-problems-the-role-of-work-accommodations
#12
Brian Gifford, Yang Zong
OBJECTIVES: Debates about the productivity impact of work accommodations typically focus on employment and labor force participation outcomes. This study considers whether accommodations mediate on-the-job productivity losses among employees who report health problems. METHODS: The study uses ordered logistic regression to predict employees' self-reported productivity losses as a function of health problems and experiences with needed work accommodations. RESULTS: On average, the odds that an employee who did not get a needed accommodation reported higher levels of lost productivity are 5...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742764/linking-compensation-and-health-surveillance-data-sets-to-improve-knowledge-of-us-coal-miners-health
#13
Kirsten S Almberg, Robert A Cohen, David J Blackley, Anthony S Laney, Eileen Storey, Cara N Halldin
OBJECTIVE: Increase knowledge of US coal miners' respiratory health by linking data from the black lung benefits program (BLBP) and the coal workers' health surveillance program (CWHSP). METHODS: BLBP claims data from 2000 through 2013 was linked to CWHSP data from 1970 through 2016. RESULTS: Overall, 273,644 miners participated in CWHSP, 37,548 in BLBP, and 22,903 in both programs. Median age of miners at their time of first/only participation in CWHSP was 28 and 32 years, respectively...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742763/implementation-of-a-national-workplace-wellness-program-for-health-workers-in-botswana
#14
Jenny H Ledikwe, Bazghina-Werq Semo, Miram Sebego, Maureen Mpho, Heather Mothibedi, Shreshth Mawandia, Gabrielle O'Malley
: The Botswana workplace wellness program (WWP) for health care workers (HCWs) was initiated in 2007. WWP implementation was assessed using a sequential, explanatory, mixed methods design including a national implementation assessment (27 health districts) and in-depth interviews (n = 38). Level of implementation varied across districts with health screening, therapeutic recreation, and health promotion implemented more frequently than occupational health activities and psychosocial services. Facilitators to WWP implementation included establishment of a dedicated, diverse WWP committee; provision of administrative support, and integration of activities into organizational culture...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727667/sleep-apnea-screening-practices-during-department-of-transportation-medical-examinations
#15
Marten R Hawkins, Rasheed Durowoju, Daniel Havlichek, Kenneth D Rosenman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the practices of Michigan Occupational and Environmental Medicine Association (MOEMA) members regarding screening for sleep apnea during required driver medical examinations. METHODS: A 13-question survey on sleep apnea screening practices was emailed to the MOEMA member. Nonresponders received additional E-mails and calls. RESULTS: The survey response rate was 66%. Fifty-five percent of respondents performed driver examinations and 94% screened for sleep apnea...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708673/the-association-of-employee-engagement-at-work-with-health-risks-and-presenteeism
#16
Wayne N Burton, Chin-Yu Chen, Xingquan Li, Alyssa B Schultz
INTRODUCTION: Employee engagement is a key factor in work performance and employee retention. The current study seeks to examine the relationship between employee engagement and health risks and productivity. METHODS: In 2012, employees of a global financial services corporation participated in a health risk appraisal (HRA) which measured employee engagement, health risks, and on-the-job productivity loss (presenteeism). Three engagement categories were created...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704227/mortality-among-hardmetal-production-workers-occupational-exposures
#17
Kathleen J Kennedy, Nurtan A Esmen, Jeanine M Buchanich, Sarah Zimmerman, Anne J Sleeuwenhoek, Gary M Marsh
OBJECTIVE: To generate quantitative exposure estimates for use in retrospective occupational cohort mortality studies of the hardmetal industry. METHODS: Job-exposure matrices (JEMs) were constructed for cobalt, tungsten, and nickel over the time period 1952 to 2014. The JEMs consisted of job class categories, based on job titles and processes performed, and exposure estimates calculated from available company industrial hygiene measurements. RESULTS: Exposure intervals of one-half order magnitude were established for all three agents...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697063/disseminating-pesticide-exposure-results-to-farmworker-and-nonfarmworker-families-in-an-agricultural-community-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#18
Beti Thompson, Elizabeth Carosso, William Griffith, Tomomi Workman, Sarah Hohl, Elaine Faustman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a dissemination process to provide individual pesticide results to study participants. METHODS: After working with community members to disseminate data, 37 participants were recontacted via an interview survey to assess the effectiveness of the dissemination process. RESULTS: Almost all participants (97.3%) recalled a home visit from a health promoter; 29 (78.4%) correctly recalled that the health promoter used a thermometer or graphic to explain the results; 26 (70...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697061/elevation-of-circulating-th17-th22-cells-exposed-to-low-level-formaldehyde-and-its-relevance-to-formaldehyde-induced-occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#19
Weihua Mai, Xingwei Liu, Guangxiao Su, Wenying Zhou, Ziping Wen, Dongqing Lu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of formaldehyde exposure on Th17 and Th22 cells and its relevance to human occupational allergic contact dermatitis (OACD). METHODS: Circulating IL17-/IL22-secreting cells and serum IL17/IL22 levels in formaldehyde-exposed workers at Occupational Exposure Limit and nonexposed controls were assessed. RESULTS: The IL17 and IL22 cell population were detected in both CD3CD8 and CD3CD8 cells...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697060/mortality-among-hardmetal-production-workers-uk-cohort-and-nested-case-control-studies
#20
Damien M McElvenny, Laura A MacCalman, Anne Sleeuwenhoek, Alice Davis, Brian G Miller, Carla Alexander, Hilary Cowie, John W Cherrie, Kathleen J Kennedy, Nurtan A Esmen, Sarah D Zimmerman, Jeanine M Buchanich, Gary M Marsh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize the mortality at two hardmetal production factories in the United Kingdom as part of an international study. METHODS: Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated on the basis of mortality rates for England and Wales, and local rates. A nested case-control study of lung cancer was undertaken. RESULTS: The cohort comprised 1538 workers, with tracing complete for 94.4%. All-cause mortality was statistically significantly low for all cancers and nonmalignant respiratory disease, and for lung cancer was nonsignificantly low...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
journal
journal
20165
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"