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Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079676/multiple-conditions-increase-preventable-crash-risks-among-truck-drivers-in-a-cohort-study
#1
Matthew S Thiese, Richard J Hanowski, Stefanos N Kales, Richard J Porter, Gary Moffitt, Nan Hu, Kurt T Hegmann
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to quantify the crash risk for truck drivers with multiple comorbid medical conditions, after adjusting for confounders. METHODS: This retrospective cohort of 38,184 drivers evaluated concomitant medical conditions and subsequent crash data between January 1, 2005, and October 31, 2012. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated for any cause and preventable crashes of varying severity. RESULTS: Drivers with three or more medical conditions had a significantly increased risk of preventable Department of Transportation (DOT) reportable crashes (HR = 2...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009612/preventing-sickness-absence-with-career-management-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-field-trial
#2
Salla Toppinen-Tanner, Petri Böckerman, Pertti Mutanen, Kari-Pekka Martimo, Jukka Vuori
This study examined whether a group intervention focusing on building up preparedness for career management can prevent future sickness absence.Register-based data on the number of sickness absence days and sickness absence episodes were examined as outcomes of the intervention among 684 employees in 17 organizations in a randomized controlled trial. Sickness absence data were collected covering a period from 1 year before (baseline) to approximately 2 years after the intervention (follow-up). The data were analyzed using zero-inflated negative binomial models...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002356/association-of-birthweight-with-maternal-trajectories-of-effort-reward-imbalance-and-demand-control-across-pregnancy
#3
John D Meyer, Patricia O'Campo, Nicolas Warren, Carles Muntaner
OBJECTIVES: We assessed longitudinal patterns of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and demand-control (DC) scores in pregnancy, and their association with newborn birthweight (BW). METHODS: Sixty-one women were surveyed four times across pregnancy using the ERI and DC questionnaires. Trajectories of change in ERI and DC scores across pregnancy were constructed using growth mixture modeling, and their associations with BW were examined with generalized linear regression...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002355/honest-labor-bears-a-lovely-face-will-late-life-unemployment-impact-health-and-satisfaction-in-retirement
#4
Maren Wright Voss, Wendy Church Birmingham, Lori Wadsworth, Wei Chen, Jerry Bounsanga, Yushan Gu, Man Hung
OBJECTIVE: Unemployment among older adults during recessionary cycles has been tied to early retirement decisions and negative health outcomes. This study explored episodes of unemployment experienced between age 50 and retirement as predictors of retirement age and health outcomes. METHODS: A total of 1540 participants from the U.S. Health and Retirement Study aged 50 years and older who transitioned from workforce to retirement were analyzed with descriptive statistics and multiple regression controlling for unemployment, demographics, and health status...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002354/association-between-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-cross-sectional-study
#5
Kara Arnold Applegate, Matthew S Thiese, Andrew S Merryweather, Jay Kapellusch, David L Drury, Eric Wood, Richard Kendall, James Foster, Arun Garg, Kurt T Hegmann
OBJECTIVE: Recent evidence has found potential associations between cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and common musculoskeletal disorders. We evaluated possible associations between risk factors and both glenohumeral joint pain and rotator cuff tendinopathy. METHODS: Data from WISTAH hand study participants (n = 1226) were assessed for associations between Framingham Heart Study CVD risk factors and both health outcomes. RESULTS: A strong association was observed between CVD risk scores and both glenohumeral joint pain and rotator cuff tendinopathy...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002353/ambient-pm2-5-aluminum-and-elemental-carbon-and-placental-abruption-morbidity
#6
Boubakari Ibrahimou, Ahmed N Albatineh, Hamisu M Salihu, Janvier Gasana
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess relationship between exposure to particulate matter (PM) chemicals during pregnancy and the odd of having placental abruption. METHODS: The 2004 to 2007 Florida linked birth certificate records and the Environmental Protection Agency PM speciation data were used. We were interested in placental abruption. We computed adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). RESULTS: The odds for placental abruption were increased per interquartile range (IQR) increase in aluminum during the first trimester (OR = 1...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002352/the-positive-effect-of-resilience-on-stress-and-business-outcomes-in-difficult-work-environments
#7
Andrew Shatté, Adam Perlman, Brad Smith, Wendy D Lynch
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether resilience has a protective effect in difficult work environments. METHODS: A survey of 2063 individuals measured individual resilience, stress, burnout, sleep problems, likelihood of depression, job satisfaction, intent to quit, absences, and productivity. It also measured work characteristics: job demands, job influence, and social support. Multivariate and logistic regression models examined the main effects and interactions of resilience and job characteristics...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002351/associations-between-supportive-leadership-behavior-and-the-costs-of-absenteeism-and-presenteeism-an-epidemiological-and-economic-approach
#8
Johannes Albert Schmid, Marc Nicolas Jarczok, Diana Sonntag, Raphael Manfred Herr, Joachim Ernst Fischer, Burkhard Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates associations between supportive leadership behavior (SLB) and presenteeism/absenteeism, and estimates related costs. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from a German industrial sample (n = 17,060) assessing SLB and presenteeism/absenteeism were used. Adjusted interval regressions were performed. The study population was split into tertiles with respect to SLB, and minimum and maximum costs for each tertile were estimated on the basis of national industry averages...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045809/gwilym-hughes-mbbs-frcp-ffom-facoem-1937-2016
#9
Paul W Brandt-Rauf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045808/calendar-of-meetings
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045807/news-highlights
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045806/commentary-for-joem-forum-then-and-now
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045805/predictors-of-depression-and-musculoskeletal-disorder-related-work-disability-among-young-middle-aged-and-aging-employees
#13
Jenni Ervasti, Pauliina Mattila-Holappa, Matti Joensuu, Jaana Pentti, Tea Lallukka, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Marianna Virtanen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the level and predictors of work disability in different age groups. METHODS: We followed young (18 to 34 years), middle-aged (35 to 50 years), and aging (>50 years) employees (n = 70,417) for 7 years (2005 to 2011) for all-cause and cause-specific work disability (sickness absence and disability pension). Using negative binomial regression, we obtained both relative risk estimates and absolute rates, that is, days of work disability per person-year...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045804/prevalence-of-hazardous-occupational-noise-exposure-hearing-loss-and-hearing-protection-usage-among-a-representative-sample-of-working-canadians
#14
Katya Feder, David Michaud, James McNamee, Elizabeth Fitzpatrick, Hugh Davies, Tony Leroux
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss (HL), self-reported occupational noise exposure, and hearing protection usage among Canadians. METHODS: In-person household interviews were conducted with 3666 participants, aged 16 to 79 years (1811 males) with 94% completing audiometry and distortion-product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) evaluations. Occupational noise exposure was defined as hazardous when communicating with coworkers at an arm's length distance required speaking in a raised voice...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045803/the-employer-perspective-on-sustainable-employability-in-the-construction-industry
#15
Susanne C Tonnon, Rozan van der Veen, Marjan J Westerman, Suzan J W Robroek, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Allard J van der Beek, Karin I Proper
OBJECTIVE: To determine the measures employers in the construction industry take to promote sustainable employability, the barriers and facilitators that influence implementation and employer needs. METHODS: Questionnaire among 499 employers and interviews with 17 employers. RESULTS: Employers expressed a need for alternative jobs for workers who can no longer perform physically demanding tasks, as well as means to stimulate proactive employee behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045802/comorbidity-and-multimorbidity-of-asthma-and-allergy-and-intolerance-to-chemicals-and-certain-buildings
#16
Nina Lind, Anna Söderholm, Eva Palmquist, Linus Andersson, Eva Millqvist, Steven Nordin
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis of high comorbidity between asthma/allergy and chemical intolerance (CI) and between asthma/allergy and building intolerance (BI), and high multimorbidity between asthma/allergy, CI, and BI. METHODS: Population-based questionnaire data were used from 530 participants with asthma/allergy (allergic asthma, nonallergic asthma, allergic rhinitis, and/or atopic dermatitis), 414 with self-reported and 112 with physician-diagnosed CI, and 165 with self-reported and 47 with physician-diagnosed BI...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045801/physical-employment-standards-for-uk-firefighters-minimum-muscular-strength-and-endurance-requirements
#17
Richard D M Stevenson, Andrew G Siddall, Philip F J Turner, James L J Bilzon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess sensitivity and specificity of surrogate physical ability tests as predictors of criterion firefighting task performance and to identify corresponding minimum muscular strength and endurance standards. METHODS: Fifty-one (26 male; 25 female) participants completed three criterion tasks (ladder lift, ladder lower, ladder extension) and three corresponding surrogate tests [one-repetition maximum (1RM) seated shoulder press; 1RM seated rope pull-down; repeated 28 kg seated rope pull-down]...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045800/impact-of-secondary-prevention-in-an-occupational-high-risk-group
#18
Laura S Welch, John Dement, Knut Ringen, Kim Cranford, Patricia S Quinn
BACKGROUND: A study of medical outcomes among 6857 elderly construction workers who received an initial and at least one periodic follow-up examination as a result of participating in a medical screening program was undertaken. METHODS: We compared results from the initial examination to follow-up examinations delivered at least 3 years after the initial examination for the following outcomes: body mass index (BMI); total serum cholesterol; nonhigh-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) cholesterol; hemoglobin A1c, hypertension; current cigarette smoking; and 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk scores...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045799/effects-of-brief-communication-skills-training-for-workers-based-on-the-principles-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Norio Sasaki, Hironori Somemura, Saki Nakamura, Megumi Yamamoto, Manabu Isojima, Issei Shinmei, Masaru Horikoshi, Katsutoshi Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: Stimulating communication is an important workplace issue. We investigated the effects of a brief communication skills training (CST) program based on the principles of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 206 white-collar workers. The intervention group underwent a 2-hour CST group training conducted by an occupational physician. RESULT: The results of the intention-to-treat analysis using a mixed-effects model showed that there was a significant interaction between group and time observed for the item "thinking together to solve problems and issues" (P = 0...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045798/the-association-between-toxic-exposures-and-chronic-multisymptom-illness-in-veterans-of-the-wars-of-iraq-and-afghanistan
#20
Bryann B DeBeer, Dena Davidson, Eric C Meyer, Nathan A Kimbrel, Suzy B Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if post-9/11 veterans deployed to the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts experienced toxic exposures and whether they are related to symptoms of chronic multisymptom illness (CMI). METHODS: Data from 224 post-9/11 veterans who self-reported exposure to hazards in theater were analyzed using hierarchical regression. RESULTS: Of the sample, 97.2% endorsed experiencing one or more potentially toxic exposure...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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