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Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922309/quantifying-the-physiological-stress-response-to-simulated-maritime-pilotage-tasks-the-influence-of-task-complexity-and-pilot-experience
#1
Luana C Main, Alexander Wolkow, Timothy P Chambers
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the stress associated with performing maritime pilotage tasks in a high-fidelity simulator. METHODS: Eight trainee and 13 maritime pilots completed two simulated pilotage tasks of varying complexity. Salivary cortisol samples were collected pre- and post-simulation for both trials. Heart rate was measured continuously throughout the study. RESULTS: Significant changes in salivary cortisol (P = 0...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902658/occupation-sitting-and-weight-change-in-a-cohort-of-women-employees
#2
Warren G Thompson, Jennifer St Sauver, Darrell Schroeder
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have looked at occupation and weight gain over time. We examined the influence of occupation on sitting and weight change in employed women. METHODS: A total of 228 women working as appointment coordinators or clinical assistants were surveyed regarding sitting and physical activity. Medical records were reviewed to determine changes in weight while employed in that position. Follow-up averaged 6.9 years. RESULTS: Eight hours or more of sitting daily was seen in 74% of appointment coordinators and 38% of clinical assistants (P < 0...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858909/determinants-of-sunburn-and-sun-protection-of-agricultural-workers-during-occupational-and-recreational-activities
#3
Claudine Backes, Antoine Milon, Alice Koechlin, David Vernez, Jean-Luc Bulliard
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify determinants of occupational sunburn in agricultural workers and assess their occupational and recreational sun protection habits. METHODS: Specific surveys of agricultural workers in Switzerland and France were conducted (N = 1538). Multivariate logistic regressions identified occupational sunburn determinants. Occupational and recreational sun protection habits were estimated and correlated. RESULTS: One-year occupational and recreational sunburn prevalences were 19...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857935/post-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-exposure-patterns-among-children-in-mobile-county-alabama
#4
Meghan Tipre, Anne Turner-Henson, Hemant K Tiwari, Julia Gohlke, Ligong Chen, Mark Leader, Nalini Sathiakumar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize environmental exposure from Deepwater Horizon oil spill among pre-K to fourth-grade children from six schools in Mobile County, Alabama. METHODS: A mail-in survey administered 11 months post-oil spill to children's parents/caregivers elicited information on exposure-related activities. Descriptive and multivariable analyses were performed. RESULTS: Overall, 180 children (coastal schools, 90; inland schools, 90) completed the survey...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820863/improvements-in-resilience-stress-and-somatic-symptoms-following-online-resilience-training-a-dose-response-effect
#5
Brad Smith, Andrew Shatté, Adam Perlman, Michael Siers, Wendy D Lynch
OBJECTIVE: To determine if participation in an online resilience program impacts resilience, stress, and somatic symptoms. METHODS: Approximately 600 enrollees in the meQuilibrium resilience program received a series of brief, individually prescribed video, and text training modules in a user-friendly format. Regression models tested how time in the program affected change in resilience from baseline and how changes in resilience affected change in stress and reported symptoms...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820862/shiftwork-and-the-retinal-vasculature-diameters-among-police-officers
#6
Luenda E Charles, Ja K Gu, Claudia C Ma, Lisa M Grady, Anna Mnatsakanova, Michael E Andrew, Desta Fekedulegn, John M Violanti, Ronald Klein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE), a measure of retinal arteriolar width, and central retinal venular equivalents (CRVE), a measure of retinal venular width, with shiftwork in 199 police officers (72.9% men). METHODS: Shiftwork (day, afternoon, night) was assessed using electronic payroll records. Four digital retinal images per officer were taken. Mean diameters of the retinal vasculature were compared across shifts using analysis of variance (ANOVA)/analysis of covariance (ANCOVA)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820861/association-of-poultry-processing-industry-exposures-with-reports-of-occupational-finger-amputations-results-of-an-analysis-of-osha-severe-injury-report-sir-data
#7
Remington L Nevin, Jon Bernt, Michael Hodgson
OBJECTIVE: This analysis was conducted to identify industry exposures strongly associated with reports of finger amputation. METHODS: Reports of severe occupational injuries in the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Severe Injury Report (SIR) database were analyzed in relation to U.S. Census Bureau industry employment data. Industries with significantly elevated reporting odds ratios (RORs) and relative reporting risks (RRRs) were identified. Multiple population association measures including population attributable fraction (PAF) were calculated by industry...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820860/not-extent-of-telecommuting-but-job-characteristics-as-proximal-predictors-of-work-related-well-being
#8
Tinne Vander Elst, Ronny Verhoogen, Maarten Sercu, Anja Van den Broeck, Elfi Baillien, Lode Godderis
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the curvilinear relationship between extent of telecommuting and work-related well-being (ie, burnout, work engagement, and cognitive stress complaints), as well as to test whether job characteristics act as explanatory mechanisms underlying this relationship. METHODS: A sample of 878 employees from an international telecommunication company with a long history of telecommuting participated in a survey on psychosocial risk factors and well-being at work...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820859/-it-s-not-an-obvious-issue-is-it-office-based-employees-perceptions-of-prolonged-sitting-at-work-a-qualitative-study
#9
Stuart William Flint, Helen Crank, Garry Tew, Simon Till
OBJECTIVE: Current UK workplace health promotion guidance recommends that employers minimize sedentary behaviors, but understanding the issues relating to prolonged workplace sitting has received little empirical attention. This study aimed to explore employees' perceptions of sitting time. METHODS: Participants at a small to medium-sized UK company were invited to join one of five focus groups. A framework analysis approach was used. RESULTS: Self-reported mean estimate of occupational sitting time was 6...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816735/effects-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-sitting-at-work-on-arousal-fatigue-and-mood-among-sedentary-female-employees-a-parallel-group-randomized-trial
#10
Emily L Mailey, Sara K Rosenkranz, Elizabeth Ablah, Aaron Swank, Kelsey Casey
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether individuals who participated in an intervention to reduce sitting at work would report changes in arousal, fatigue, and mood. METHODS: Inactive females with full-time sedentary occupations (N = 49) were randomly assigned to take short, frequent breaks (SBs) or longer, planned breaks (LBs) from sitting each workday for 8 weeks. At baseline and postintervention, participants completed measures of arousal, fatigue, and mood...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816734/the-introduction-of-an-active-rest-program-by-workplace-units-improved-the-workplace-vigor-and-presenteeism-among-workers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Ryoma Michishita, Ying Jiang, Daisuke Ariyoshi, Marie Yoshida, Hideko Moriyama, Yasuko Obata, Masako Nagata, Tomohisa Nagata, Koji Mori, Hiroshi Yamato
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to examine the effects of active rest by workplace units on not only workers' individual vigor but also workplace vigor and presenteeism. METHODS: A total of 130 workers performed our active rest (short-time exercise) program for 10 minutes per day during their lunch breaks, three to four times per week for 8 weeks. Subjects from a workplace unit were randomly allocated to the intervention (n = 66) or control (n = 64) groups...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816733/on-duty-nonfatal-injury-that-lead-to-work-absences-among-police-officers-and-level-of-perceived-stress
#12
Christine West, Desta Fekedulegn, Michael Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel, Siobán Harlow, C Raymond Bingham, Marjorie McCullagh, Sung Kyun Park, John Violanti
OBJECTIVE: We examined prevalence, frequency, duration, and recency of injury leave and the association of duty-related injury with perceived stress in U.S. police officers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study contained 422 active duty police officers from a mid-sized urban police department. For each participating officer, work history records were used to assess on-duty injuries that lead to work absences. Linear regression analyses were used for analyses. RESULTS: Most participants had experienced at least one injury (62%), and among those injured, 67% experienced more than one duty-related injury...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800039/the-effect-of-intelligent-physical-exercise-training-on-sickness-presenteeism-and-absenteeism-among-office-workers
#13
Just Bendix Justesen, Karen Søgaard, Tina Dalager, Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen, Gisela Sjøgaard
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of individually tailored intelligent physical exercise training (IPET) on presenteeism and absenteeism among office workers. METHODS: In a 1-year randomized controlled trial (RCT), employees were allocated to a training group TG (N = 193) or control group CG (N = 194). TG received 1-hour high-intensity IPET once a week within working hours, and was recommended to perform 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity (PA) 6 days a week during leisure-time...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795994/potential-and-actual-health-hazards-in-the-dense-urban-operational-environment-critical-gaps-and-solutions-for-military-occupational-health
#14
Steven L Patterson, Blair C R Dancy, Danielle L Ippolito, Jonathan D Stallings
: This paper presents environmental health risks which are prevalent in dense urban environments.We review the current literature and recommendations proposed by environmental medicine experts in a 2-day symposium sponsored by the Department of Defense and supported by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.Key hazards in the dense urban operational environment include toxic industrial chemicals and materials, water pollution and sewage, and air pollution. Four critical gaps in environmental medicine were identified: prioritizing chemical and environmental concerns, developing mobile decision aids, personalized health assessments, and better real-time health biomonitoring...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786856/olfactory-function-in-latino-farmworkers-over-2-years-longitudinal-exploration-of-subclinical-neurological-effects-of-pesticide-exposure
#15
Sara A Quandt, Francis O Walker, Jennifer W Talton, Haiying Chen, Thomas A Arcury
OBJECTIVE: We compared patterns of olfactory function over 2 years in pesticide-exposed male Latino farmworkers and male Latino workers in industries without pesticide exposure. METHODS: At five points over 2 years, workers completed tests of odor threshold (16 concentrations of n-butanol) using a well-established methodology. Tests at two or more time points were completed by 156 farmworkers and 118 non-farmworkers. RESULTS: Farmworkers required significantly higher odorant concentrations at Contact 1 and across the 2-year follow-up to detect the odor...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777201/role-stress-and-emotional-exhaustion-among-health-care-workers-the-buffering-effect-of-supportive-coworker-climate-in-a-multilevel-perspective
#16
Igor Portoghese, Maura Galletta, Alex Burdorf, Pierluigi Cocco, Ernesto D'Aloja, Marcello Campagna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between role stress, emotional exhaustion, and a supportive coworker climate among health care workers, by adopting a multilevel perspective. METHODS: Aggregated data of 738 health care workers nested within 67 teams of three Italian hospitals were collected. Multilevel regression analysis with a random intercept model was used. RESULTS: Hierarchical linear modeling showed that a lack of role clarity was significantly linked to emotional exhaustion at the individual level...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777200/measuring-the-work-impact-of-caregiving-for-individuals-with-schizophrenia-and-or-schizoaffective-disorder-with-the-caregiver-work-limitations-questionnaire-wlq
#17
Debra Lerner, Carmela Benson, Hong Chang, William H Rogers, David Adler, Mercedes C Lyson, Susan K Parsons
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the Caregiver Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ) for employed caregivers of individuals with schizophrenia and/or schizoaffective disorder. METHODS: A cross-sectional web-based survey with test/retest and responsiveness test components was administered to informal caregivers. Using data from employed caregivers, psychometric tests were performed of the questionnaire's four at-work limitation scales and work absence score...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763408/cost-and-return-on-investment-of-a-work-family-intervention-in-the-extended-care-industry-evidence-from-the-work-family-and-health-network
#18
William N Dowd, Jeremy W Bray, Carolina Barbosa, Krista Brockwood, David J Kaiser, Michael J Mills, David A Hurtado, Brad Wipfli
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost and return on investment (ROI) of an intervention targeting work-family conflict (WFC) in the extended care industry. METHODS: Costs to deliver the intervention during a group-randomized controlled trial were estimated, and data on organizational costs-presenteeism, health care costs, voluntary termination, and sick time-were collected from interviews and administrative data. Generalized linear models were used to estimate the intervention's impact on organizational costs...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759481/influenza-and-workplace-productivity-loss-in-working-adults
#19
Jeffrey J Van Wormer, Jennifer P King, Anna Gajewski, Huong Q McLean, Edward A Belongia
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined how acute respiratory illnesses (ARI) influence workplace productivity. We examined the association between laboratory-confirmed influenza and combined absenteeism/presenteeism. METHODS: Linear regression was used to model the association between influenza (by seasonal vaccine status) and productivity loss over 7 to 17 days following symptom onset in 1278 employed adults in an influenza vaccine effectiveness study during the 2012 to 2013 through 2015 to 2016 seasons...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759480/metal-exposure-in-veterans-with-embedded-fragments-from-war-related-injuries-early-findings-from-surveillance-efforts
#20
Joanna M Gaitens, Marian Condon, Katherine S Squibb, Jose A Centeno, Melissa A McDiarmid
OBJECTIVE: To characterize systemic metal exposures from retained fragments in a cohort of war-injured US Veterans enrolled in the Department of Veterans Affairs' Embedded Fragment Registry. METHODS: Five hundred seventy nine registry-enrolled Veterans submitted an exposure questionnaire and urine sample for analyses of 14 metals often found in fragments. Urine metal results were compared with reference values of unexposed populations to identify elevations. RESULTS: 55% of Veterans had normal urine metal values...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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