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Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30640844/integrated-physical-medicine-at-employer-sponsored-health-clinics-improves-quality-of-care-at-reduced-cost
#1
Daniel J Lord, John R Wright, Rebecca Fung, Eric S Lederhaus, Katie Taylor, Sharon A Watts, Heather K Hagg, Dena Bravata
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical and economic outcomes associated with integrating physical medicine in employer-sponsored clinics. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis comparing clinical and economic outcomes of physical medicine services delivered in employer-sponsored clinics with the community. RESULTS: Integrating physical medicine in employer-sponsored clinics decreased wait times to access these services to 7 days (2-4x faster than in the community)...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30640845/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-short-term-particulate-matter-exposure-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-hospitalizations-in-china
#2
Kan Wang, Yanhui Hao, William Au, David C Christiani, Zhao-Lin Xia
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a meta-analysis of short-term PM exposure and COPD hospitalizations in China, included data from two-pollutant model. METHODS: From PubMed and Web of Science, we selected case-crossover or time-series studies conducted in mainland China, Hong Kong, Macao or Taiwan to investigate the association between PM exposure and COPD hospitalizations. The meta-analysis was performed using data from both single-pollutant and two-pollutant model for PM2...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30640843/wildland-firefighting-adverse-influence-on-indices-of-metabolic-and-cardiovascular-health
#3
Robert H Coker, Carl J Murphy, Michelle Johannsen, Grant Galvin, Brent C Ruby
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate pre- and post-season measures of body composition, skeletal muscle, and blood parameters/liver lipid in wildland firefighters (WLFF) over the fire season. METHODS: Alaskan WLFF (N = 27) crews were evaluated pre and post wildfire season, which included 63 ± 10 operational days. Body composition, thigh muscle area and liver lipid were quantified using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and MRI, respectively...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30640842/absenteeism-and-presenteeism-associated-with-common-health-conditions-in-brazilian-workers
#4
Marcos C Baptista, Wayne N Burton, Andressa Kutschenko Nahas, Wang Yuan-Pang, Maria Carmen Viana, Laura Helena Andrade
BACKGROUND: This study describes the effects of common health conditions associated with absenteeism and presenteeism in a population-based sample of workers in Brazil. METHODS: Data were analysed from the cross-sectional São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey on 1,737 employed residents aged >18 years old conducted from 2005 to 2007. RESULTS: Physical diseases and mental disorders are highly prevalent among Brazilian workers. The prevalence of absenteeism was 12...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30614897/a-6-week-worksite-positivity-program-leads-to-greater-life-satisfaction-decreased-inflammation-and-a-greater-number-of-employees-with-a1c-levels-in-range
#5
Darcy Lord, Angela Deem, Polly Pitchford, Eileen Bray-Richardson, Michael Drennon
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a 6-week Positivity Program could impact employee cardiovascular inflammation, blood sugars, cortisol, DHEA and/or life satisfaction. METHODS: Pre- and post-study blood draw and life satisfaction questionnaire tracked changes in 10 cardiovascular and inflammatory biomarkers for sixty-three employees who participated in a 6-week Positivity Program comprised of three interventions: gratitude, HeartMath's Heart Lock-In, and yoga stretches with guided imagery...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30589658/increased-benefit-generosity-and-the-impact-on-workers-compensation-claiming-behaviour-an-interrupted-time-series-study-in-victoria-australia
#6
Tyler J Lane, Shannon E Gray, Luke Sheehan, Alex Collie
OBJECTIVE: To measure the effect of legislation in Victoria, Australia that increased workers' compensation benefits, including a raised wage replacement cap for higher earners, on claiming behaviours. METHODS: Controlled interrupted time series of monthly claiming volumes and median disability duration, focusing on overall effects, impact among higher earners, and by condition type. RESULTS: Overall claiming increased 12%, driven by back/neck (18%) and other musculoskeletal conditions (14%)...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30589657/selective-associations-of-recent-low-concentrations-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-with-liver-function-biomarkers-nhanes-2011-2014-data-on-us-adults-aged-%C3%A2-20-years
#7
Ram B Jain, Alan Ducatman
OBJECTIVE: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and liver function biomarkers were reexamined for relatively lower serum concentrations of PFAS observed in recent years. METHODS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-14 data were analyzed for obese and nonobese participants for serum perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) as well as four liver function biomarkers in risk-adjusted analysis...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30575696/can-resilience-be-measured-and-used-to-predict-mental-health-symptomology-among-first-responders-exposed-to-repeated-trauma
#8
Sadhbh Joyce, Leona Tan, Fiona Shand, Richard A Bryant, Samuel B Harvey
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether baseline measures of resilience among active first responders predicts future mental health symptomology following trauma exposure. METHODS: Multivariate linear regression examined the associations between baseline resilience and future mental health symptomatology following repeated trauma exposure. Symptomatology at six-month follow-up was the dependent variable. RESULTS: The associations between baseline resilience and future PTSD (p = 0...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30575695/risk-factors-and-mechanisms-underlying-cross-shift-decline-in-kidney-function-in-guatemalan-sugarcane-workers
#9
Cecilia J Sorensen, Jaime Butler-Dawson, Miranda Dally, Lyndsay Krisher, Benjamin R Griffin, Richard J Johnson, Jay Lemery, Claudia Asensio, Liliana Tenney, Lee S Newman
OBJECTIVE: Identify early biomarkers and mechanisms of acute kidney injury in workers at risk of developing chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu). METHODS: We assessed cross-shift changes in kidney function and biomarkers of injury in 105 healthy sugarcane workers. We obtained pre-harvest clinical data as well as daily environmental, clinical, and productivity data for each worker. RESULTS: The average percent decline in cross-shift eGFR was 21...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30557226/who-is-engaged-at-work-a-large-scale-study-in-30-european-countries
#10
Jari J Hakanen, Annina Ropponen, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Hans De Witte
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate differences in the levels of work engagement across demographic and work- and organization-related factors, and their relative importance for work engagement. METHODS: The study was based on a sample of 17 498 male and 17 897 female employees from the sixth European Working Conditions Survey collected in 2015. Linear regression models and dominance analysis were used. RESULTS: Several significant differences between the levels of work engagement in different demographic and work- and organization-related groups...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30557225/mortality-update-of-a-cohort-of-canadian-petroleum-workers
#11
A Robert Schnatter, Nancy C Wojcik, Gail Jorgensen
OBJECTIVE: This study updates the mortality experience of over 25,000 workers in a large Canadian petroleum company through December 31, 2006. METHODS: Standardized Mortality Ratios were generated for all cause and specific cause mortality. RESULTS: All cause and all cancer mortality were favorable compared to the general Canadian population. Cancers of previous interest were largely consistent with expectation. There is a continuing excess of mesothelioma, which is of similar magnitude as the previous update, although based on larger numbers...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30540655/use-of-well-being-in-identification-of-members-with-future-health-risk-factors-and-future-diagnosed-chronic-disease
#12
Brent Hamar, Ashlin Jones, Michael Rickles, Carter Coberley, Elizabeth Y Rula
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if well-being is associated with the development of future health risks or incidence of new chronic disease. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was employed using longitudinal well-being assessment survey data from participants of a Fortune 500 U.S. company wellness program, claims based ICD-9 diagnoses, and Cox proportional hazards models to assess associations between well-being and well-being change with future health risk and chronic disease incidence...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30540654/job-strain-and-long-term-sickness-absence-from-work-a-ten-year-prospective-study-in-german-working-population
#13
Miriam Mutambudzi, Töres Theorell, Jian Li
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prospective associations between baseline job strain and ten-year cumulative incidence of long term sickness absence (LTSA) in the German workforce. METHODS: This study used longitudinal data from the 2001-2010 waves of The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) (n = 9794). Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to examine the prospective association between job strain and incidence of LTSA...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30540653/measuring-work-related-physical-and-mental-health-function-updating-the-work-disability-functional-assessment-battery-wd-fab-using-item-response-theory
#14
Elizabeth E Marfeo, Christine McDonough, Pengsheng Ni, Kara Peterik, Julia Porcino, Mark Meterko, Elizabeth Rasch, Lewis Kazis, Leighton Chan
OBJECTIVE: To further improve measurement of work-related physical and mental health by updating the Work Disability Assessment Battery (WD-FAB). METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 1024 disability claimants and 1000 working age (21-66 years) adults in the United States. Developed new items to replenish the WD-FAB and analyzed using factor analysis and item response theory (IRT). Computer adaptive testing (CAT) simulations evaluated the psychometric properties of the original vs...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30540652/how-does-a-changing-climate-impact-the-health-of-workers-part-5-vectorborne-disease
#15
Margaret Cook-Shimanek, Sara Paull, Mellisa A Pensa, Tee Guidotti, William B Perkison, Ismail Nabeel, Paul Papanek, Pounè Saberi, Ronda McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30540651/associations-between-job-strain-physical-activity-health-status-and-sleep-quality-among-swedish-municipality-workers
#16
Naimi Leitaru, Stef Kremers, Jan Hagberg, Christina Björklund, Lydia Kwak
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between work-stress and physical activity (PA) with sleep quality while controlling for covariates, including social support. METHODS: A cross-sectional study among employees of a municipality (n = 2765). Data from respondents (n = 1973) with good/poor sleep quality were included. Prevalence ratios (PR) were estimated using modified Poisson Regression analyses. RESULTS: A significant interaction was observed between job-strain and self-reported health in the explanation of sleep quality...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531375/patterns-of-heat-strain-among-a-sample-of-u-s-underground-miners
#17
Kristin Yeoman, Weston DuBose, Timothy Bauerle, Tristan Victoroff, Seth Finley, Gerald Poplin
OBJECTIVE: This study characterizes physiological measures of heat exposure among U.S. underground miners. METHODS: Core body temperature measured by using ingestible sensors during subjects' normal work shifts was categorized into four temperature zones: <37.5°C, 37.5°C to <38°C, 38°C to <38.5°C, and ≥38.5°C. RESULTS: On average, subjects changed temperature zones 13.8 times per shift. Temperatures increased above the recommended limit of 38°C nearly 5 times per shift for an average of 26 minutes each episode...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531374/differences-in-robbery-prevention-strategies-across-retail-business-types
#18
Jonathan Davis, Carri Casteel, Maryalice Nocera, Robert Summers, Corinne Peek-Asa
OBJECTIVE: To compare implementation of robbery prevention strategies between gas station/convenience stores with liquor stores/grocery stores/pharmacies, restaurants/bars, and other retail businesses. METHODS: 149 retail businesses were evaluated by police personnel across four police departments for adherence to robbery prevention strategies. Assessment of these strategies occurred between November 2012 and October 2014. Implementation of these strategies were compared across business types using logistic regression...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531373/association-between-somatotype-profile-and-health-related-physical-fitness-in-special-police-unit
#19
Alfredo Oliveira Araújo, José Maria Cancela, Sílvia Rocha-Rodrigues, Luís Paulo Rodrigues
OBJECTIVES: To characterize somatotype profile and analyse the association between somatotype components, physical and physiological variables in Special Police Unit (SPU) officers. METHODS: 108 male SPU officers, aged 42.5 ± 4.1 years. Somatotype profile, predicted maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) and physical performance tests were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean somatotypes were 4.04-6.38-1.22. All values clustered amongst the endo-mesomorphism (86%) while mesomorphy was the dominant component (98%)...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30516552/quickscan-assesses-risk-of-long-term-sickness-absence-a-cross-sectional-validation-study
#20
Kaat Goorts, Sofie Vandenbroeck, Tinne Vander Elst, Dorina Rusu, Marc Du Bois, Lode Godderis
OBJECTIVE: Increasing long-term sickness absence in many countries asks for specific measures regarding return-to work. METHODS: The risk of long-term sickness absence was assessed using a questionnaire containing work-related, function-related, stressful life-events -related and person-related factors. Additionally, workers' occupational health physician estimated the worker's chances for work resumption. Reliability, construct and criterion validity of the questionnaire were measured...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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