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Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Judith Pizarro Andersen, Paula Maria Di Nota, Brett Beston, Evelyn Carol Boychuk, Harri Gustafsberg, Steven Poplawski, Joseph Arpaia
OBJECTIVES: To test an intervention modifying officer physiology to reduce lethal force errors and improve health. METHODS: A longitudinal, within-subjects intervention study was conducted with urban front-line police officers (n = 57). The physiological intervention applied an empirically-validated method of enhancing parasympathetic engagement (i.e., heart rate variability biofeedback) during stressful training that required lethal force decision-making. RESULTS: Significant post-intervention reductions in lethal force errors, and in the extent and duration of autonomic arousal, were maintained across 12 months...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Anna Svärd, Hugo Pipping, Jouni Lahti, Minna Mänty, Ossi Rahkonen, Eero Lahelma, Tea Lallukka
OBJECTIVE: We examined the joint association of overweight and CMD (common mental disorders) with diagnosis-specific disability retirement among midlife employees. METHODS: Baseline surveys (n = 8960, response rate 67%) were linked with registers of the Finnish Centre of Pensions. We calculated the hazard ratios (HR) for disability retirement due to any, musculoskeletal and mental diagnoses (ICD-10) with Cox regression analysis (mean follow-up 8.3 years) among normal weight (body mass index 18...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Daanish M Mulla, Emily G Wiebenga, Jaclyn N Chopp-Hurley, Linda Kaip, Robert S Jarvis, Allison Stephens, Peter J Keir, Monica R Maly
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a workplace leg-strengthening program on self-reported function, physical capacity, and work-related outcomes among desk-based workers. METHODS: Forty-three desk-based workers were randomized to a 12-week exercise program or no exercise control. The primary outcome was change in self-reported physical function on the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) from baseline to follow-up. Secondary outcomes were physical capacity (mobility, strength), self-reported outcomes (pain, depressive symptoms), and work-related outcomes (resilience, work ability)...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Nortin M Hadler, Stephen P Carter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Jianjun Xiang, Alana Hansen, Dino Pisaniello, Keith Dear, Peng Bi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the profile of occupational heat-induced illness costs in South Australia and to examine the association with high temperature. METHODS: Workers' compensation claim data were used to quantify the associations between maximum temperature (Tmax) and occupational heat illness (OHI)-related costs, using time-series analysis after controlling for confounding factors. RESULTS: 438 OHI claims in 2000-2014 resulted in total medical costs of AU$6,002,840 and 5,036 work days lost...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Sven Schneider, Katharina Diehl, Laura Schilling, Maria Spengler, Rüdiger Greinert, Tatiana Görig
OBJECTIVE: Aim of the National Cancer Aid Monitoring (NCAM) was to investigate which occupational groups (1) show higher sun exposure time, (2) suffer from sunburn and (3) use recommended protective measures. METHODS: In 2016, a total of 485 individuals were classified as outdoor workers in accordance with ISCO-08 and asked about exposure time, prevalence of sunburn and personal sun-protective measures on a sunny summer day. RESULTS: Outdoor workers were exposed to UV radiation for a mean time of 23...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Rosana Poggio, Santiago Melendi, Laura Gutierrez, Natalia Elorriaga, Vilma Irazola
OBJECTIVE: We explore the association between occupational physical activity (OPA) and cardiovascular risk factors in 4 cities of the Southern Cone. METHODS: Robust multivariable linear regression models were used to examine the associations RESULTS:: The working population was constituted by 1,868 men and 1,672 women. Men performing high levels of OPA showed higher levels of HDL (mean adj. diff. = 2.24 mg/dL; p = 0.004), lower levels of triglycerides (-24...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
P M Genin, P Dessenne, J Finaud, B Pereira, D Thivel, M Duclos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of a 10-month structured physical activity intervention implemented within the workplace on overall health indicators among tertiary (office workers) employees. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 224 employees followed a 10-month worksite physical activity program. Overall health was assessed at baseline, after 5 months and by the end of the intervention. RESULTS: Fat mass percentage decreased significantly...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Velibor Peters, Angelique E de Rijk, Josephine A Engels, Inge Houkes, Jan Joosten, Ijmert Kant
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the role and pathways of psychosocial home demands, psychosocial home resources and psychosocial job resources in relation to sickness absence among nurses working in residential elder care. METHODS: Longitudinal (SEM) analysis with bootstrapping with a one year follow-up among 365 nurses were performed. Survey data and registered sickness absence data were used. RESULTS: A complete mediation model showed the best fit...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kristine Krajnak, Stacy Waugh
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiology suggests that occupational exposure to hand-transmitted (segmental) vibration has local and systemic effects. This study used an animal model of segmental vibration to characterize the systemic effects of vibration. METHODS: Male Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to tail vibration for 10 days. Genes indicative of inflammation, oxidative stress, and cell cycle, along were measured in the heart, kidney, prostate and liver. RESULTS: Vibration increased oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory gene expression, and decreased anti-oxidant enzymes in heart tissue...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Heidi M Olsen, Wendy J Brown, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Nicola W Burton
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in employees' sedentary behaviour following a brief self-directed intervention in a flexible workplace. METHODS: 30 employees (69% female; 39.5 ± 9 years) completed an online questionnaire before and after a six-week intervention. The intervention comprised one group-based action planning session, using a smart activity tracker for self-monitoring, weekly email reminders and a healthy living seminar. RESULTS: Total self-reported sitting time (including occupational and non-occupational sitting) decreased non-significantly on days when working at the office (MΔ = -56mins/day, 95% CI -128...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Andrew Pattison, Alistair Cook, Mahendra Singh, Lakshmy Nandakumar, Aravind Ravi Kumar, David Fielding
OBJECTIVES: To describe the cytological features of patients with significant occupational dust exposure presenting with benign bilateral mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy (BHL). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study including patients undergoing EBUS-TBNA for investigation of benign BHL. Patient characteristics, dust exposure history, radiology and cytology samples from EBUS-TBNA were assessed. RESULTS: EBUS-TBNA cytology in patients with exposure showed a significant increase in the presence of birefringent fibers (60...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Katherine A Zeratsky, M Molly McMahon, Sarah M Jenkins, Matthew M Clark
OBJECTIVE: Many adults struggle with eating healthfully. To address this problem, dietitians and a physician at a worksite wellness center designed and implemented a healthy eating program to identify and reduce barriers and to improve nutrition knowledge, confidence, and eating habits. METHODS: A single cohort study design of members of a worksite wellness center who attended the program. RESULTS: Eight-six participants demonstrated significant improvement in reducing perceived barriers (p < 0...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Valentina Mascaro, Maria Leonetti, Carmelo Giuseppe Angelo Nobile, Pamela Barbadoro, Elisa Ponzio, Claudia Recanatini, Emilia Prospero, Maria Pavia
OBJECTIVE: We measured the prevalence of livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in swine livestock workers, examined LA-MRSA resistance profile and associated carriage with the working activities. METHODS: Information was collected on demographics and occupational history. Swabs were collected and tested for the isolation of S. aureus, examined for antimicrobial susceptibility and all MRSA underwent ST398qPCR assay. RESULTS: LA-MRSA was isolated in 7...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
William S Shaw, Candace C Nelson, Mary Jane Woiszwillo, Brittany Gaines, Susan E Peters
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect on health outcomes of an early or immediate return-to-work (RTW) after acute low back pain (LBP). METHODS: A longitudinal cohort of workers (N = 557) consulting for uncomplicated LBP were assessed on demographic, pain, occupational, and psychosocial variables. Pain and function were assessed at 3-months post pain onset. We tested the longitudinal effects of an early RTW on 3-month outcomes. RESULTS: Pain and function improved more rapidly for workers with an immediate (30...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Leah Weber, Kevin Song, Terry Boyle, Éric Gaudreau, Agnes Lai, Heather J Sutherland, Alain Leblanc, John J Spinelli
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS: The risk of MM from organochlorine compounds was examined in a population-based case-control study in British Columbia, Canada. Congeners of PCBs and pesticides or pesticide metabolites were measured in plasma of 325 cases and 327 controls. RESULTS: Most organochlorine analytes showed a significant association with MM...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Judith M Graber, Connie T Chuang, Carolyn L Ward, Kathleen Black, Iris G Udasin
OBJECTIVE: To report on cases of head and neck cancer (HNC) among World Trade Center (WTC) responders participating in the WTC Health Program and seen at Rutgers WTC Center of Clinical Excellence. METHODS: Medical records were abstracted by two clinical reviewers and discrepancies resolved. Cases were defined as WTC responders diagnosed with HNC between 9/12/2005 and 12/31/2016. RESULTS: Sixteen HNC patients met the case definition, most (13) arrived at the WTC location on 9/11 or within the following 2 days and half worked in law enforcement during the 9/1 response...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kenneth Scott, Gwenith G Fisher, Anna E Barón, Emile Tompa, Lorann Stallones, Carolyn DiGuiseppi
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether falls are associated with the subsequent ability to work among workers 65 years and older. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study followed older workers enrolled in the Health and Retirement Study. Outcomes included time to health-related work limitation and to labor force exit. RESULTS: After adjustment multiple falls with or without a medically-treated injury were associated with time to limitation (HR = 1...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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