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Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252458/awareness-knowledge-and-practices-regarding-occupational-hazards-among-medical-students-a-longitudinal-study-before-and-after-admission-as-trainees
#1
Lutgart Braeckman, Mathieu Verbrugghe, Heidi Janssens, Rini Verpraet, Luc Cobbaut
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in knowledge, attitude, and preventive practices of students regarding occupational hazards before and after entering clinical training. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was used to follow up a cohort of Belgian medical students in 2014 and 2015. Inquiries about students' characteristics, awareness, knowledge, and practices of protective measures were included. Descriptive and multivariable analyses were performed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244887/the-gig-economy-and-contingent-work-an-occupational-health-assessment
#2
Molly Tran, Rosemary K Sokas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157768/job-demands-job-resources-burnout-work-engagement-and-their-relationships-an-analysis-across-sectors
#3
Anja Van den Broeck, Tinne Vander Elst, Elfi Baillien, Maarten Sercu, Martijn Schouteden, Hans De Witte, Lode Godderis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insight in the importance of job demands and resources and the validity of the Job Demands Resources Model across sectors. METHODS: We used one-way analyses of variance to examine mean differences, and multi-group Structural Equation Modeling analyses to test the strength of the relationships among job demands, resources, burnout, and work engagement across the health care, industry, service, and public sector. RESULTS: The four sectors differed in the experience of job demands, resources, burnout, and work engagement, but they did not vary in how (strongly) job demands and resources associated with burnout and work engagement...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157767/paresthesias-among-community-members-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster
#4
Michael Marmor, Yongzhao Shao, D Harshad Bhatt, Mark M Stecker, Kenneth I Berger, Roberta M Goldring, Rebecca L Rosen, Caralee Caplan-Shaw, Angeliki Kazeros, Deepak Pradhan, Marc Wilkenfeld, Joan Reibman
OBJECTIVE: Paresthesias can result from metabolic disorders, nerve entrapment following repetitive motions, hyperventilation pursuant to anxiety, or exposure to neurotoxins. We analyzed data from community members exposed to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster of September 11, 2001, to evaluate whether exposure to the disaster was associated with paresthesias. METHODS: Analysis of data from 3141 patients of the WTC Environmental Health Center. RESULTS: Fifty-six percent of patients reported paresthesias at enrollment 7 to 15 years following the WTC disaster...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157766/effect-of-interaction-between-noise-and-a1166c-site-of-at1r-gene-polymorphism-on-essential-hypertension-in-an-iron-and-steel-enterprise-workers
#5
Junwang Tong, Ying Wang, Juxiang Yuan, Jingbo Yang, Zhaoyang Wang, Yao Zheng, Feng Chai, Xiangwen Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the interaction of Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene polymorphism and occupational noise on the occurrence of essential hypertension (EH) in steel and iron enterprise men workers. METHODS: A case control study of 935 iron and steel enterprise men workers was conducted, which included 312 cases of hypertension and 623 cases without hypertension. The noise at the workplace was assessed. Polymorphism of AT1R of the workers was examined using polymerase chain reaction - restriction fragment length polymorphism...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157765/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-related-factors-in-korean-career-firefighters-in-comparisons-with-other-occupational-groups
#6
Wongyu Lee, Jaehee Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its relationships with socio-demographic and lifestyle-related factors in firefighters comparing it to general workers. METHODS: Data from 257 Korean men career firefighters and 1064 Korean men workers were analyzed. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the prevalence of MS between firefighters (21.4%) and general workers (25.6%). We found that age and obesity were independent risk factors for MS in both firefighters and general workers...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157764/reanalysis-of-reported-associations-of-beryllium-and-lung-cancer-in-a-large-occupational-cohort
#7
Paul L Mosquin, Kenneth J Rothman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify and extend reported associations of beryllium exposure and lung cancer by reanalyzing data from a large occupational cohort at three beryllium processing plants. METHODS: We used standardization and Poisson regression to evaluate the effect of cumulative and maximum exposure, unlagged, and lagged 10 years, adjusting for plant, employment tenure, and date of hire. Exposure was modeled either categorically or continuously using splines...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146040/hospital-based-case-control-study-of-mds-subtypes-and-benzene-exposure-in-shanghai
#8
G Bruce Copley, A Robert Schnatter, Thomas W Armstrong, Richard D Irons, Min Chen, Xiao Qin Wang, Patrick Kerzic
OBJECTIVE: Due to the sparse data on benzene exposure and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) subtypes, we studied this relationship in patients from 29 hospitals in Shanghai, China. METHODS: We recruited 604 cases of MDS and 1193 controls matched on age, sex, and admission date. We interviewed subjects for information on workplace and lifestyle exposures, and developed semi-quantitative exposure estimates. RESULTS: Benzene exposure showed a direct exposure-response pattern with refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia, a less certain association with refractory cytopenia with unilineage dysplasia, and no association with other MDS subtypes...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267109/mosquito-control-practices-and-zika-knowledge-among-outdoor-construction-workers-in-miami-dade-county-florida
#9
Kevin J Moore, Whitney Qualls, Victoria Brennan, Xuan Yang, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267108/global-trends-in-occupational-medicine-results-of-the-international-occupational-medicine-society-collaborative-survey
#10
Ronald Loeppke, Richard Heron, Theodore Bazas, David Beaumont, Herman Spanjaard, Doris L Konicki, Barry Eisenberg, Hilary Todd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267105/commentary-for-the-then-and-now-forum-the-healthy-worker-effect
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267104/short-term-efficacy-of-a-sit-less-walk-more-workplace-intervention-on-improving-cardiometabolic-health-and-work-productivity-in-office-workers
#12
Yun-Ping Lin, Chiu-Chu Lin, Meei-Maan Chen, Kwo-Chen Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the short-term efficacy of the Sit Less, Walk More (SLWM) workplace intervention. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental design. A total of 99 office workers from two workplaces participated in this study. The 12-week intervention included five components: monthly newsletters, motivational tools, pedometer challenge, environmental prompts, and walking route. The comparison group received monthly newsletters only. RESULTS: Generalized estimating equation analyses showed that the intervention group demonstrated significant improvements in weight (P = 0...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267103/psychosocial-factors-related-to-functional-restoration-treatment-completion-and-return-to-function-for-patients-with-chronic-disabling-occupational-musculoskeletal-disorders
#13
Krista J Howard, Ricardo A Castaneda, Avia L Gray, Kelly B Haskard-Zolnierek, Krista Jordan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify demographic and psychosocial variables associated with successful completion of a functional restoration program and return-to-function within 3 months of treatment completion. METHODS: Three hundred seven patients admitted to the functional restoration program were evaluated for completion status and 200 patients with valid data were assessed for 3-month return-to-function status following completion. Psychosocial and functional status was assessed at baseline...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267102/association-between-costs-related-to-productivity-loss-and-modified-risk-factors-among-users-of-the-brazilian-national-health-system
#14
Monique Yndawe Castanho Araujo, Flávia Mori Sarti, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Henrique Luiz Monteiro, Bruna Camilo Turi, Nana Anokye, Jamile Sanches Codogno
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between costs related to productivity losses and its risk factors among users of the Brazilian National Health System. METHODS: The public cost associated with productivity losses of 342 adults has been estimated, taking into account a period of 18 months. Costs related to productivity loss were estimate using data provided by the Brazilian National Health System (disability retirements) and absenteeism...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267101/improvement-of-the-work-environment-and-work-related-stress-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-study-of-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-japanese-workers
#15
Kazuhiro Watanabe, Takahiro Tabuchi, Norito Kawakami
OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional multilevel study aimed to investigate the relationship between improvement of the work environment and work-related stress in a nationally representative sample in Japan. METHODS: The study was based on a national survey that randomly sampled 1745 worksites and 17,500 nested employees. The survey asked the worksites whether improvements of the work environment were conducted; and it asked the employees to report the number of work-related stresses they experienced...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267100/key-organizational-characteristics-for-integrated-approaches-to-protect-and-promote-worker-health-in-smaller-enterprises
#16
Deborah L McLellan, Jessica A Williams, Jeffrey N Katz, Nicolaas P Pronk, Gregory R Wagner, Alberto J Cabán-Martinez, Candace C Nelson, Glorian Sorensen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate relationships between worksite organizational characteristics (size, industrial sector, leadership commitment, and organizational supports) and integrated approaches to protecting and promoting worker health implemented in smaller enterprises. METHODS: We analyzed web-based survey data of Human Resource Managers at 114 smaller enterprises (<750 employees) to identify organizational factors associated with levels of integrated approaches among their worksites...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267099/work-related-burn-injuries-hospitalized-in-us-burn-centers-2002-to-2011
#17
Zhenna Huang, Lee S Friedman
OBJECTIVE: To develop a comprehensive definition to identify work-related burns in the National Burn Repository (NBR) based on multiple fields and describes injuries by occupation. METHODS: The NBR, which is an inpatient dataset, was used to compare type and severity of burn injuries by occupation. RESULTS: Using the definition developed for this analysis, 22,969 burn injuries were identified as work-related. In contrast, the single work-related field intended to capture occupational injuries only captured 4696 cases...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267098/it-comes-with-the-job-work-organizational-job-design-and-self-regulatory-barriers-to-improving-the-health-status-of-train-drivers
#18
Anjum Naweed, Janine Chapman, Matthew Allan, Joshua Trigg
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the impacts of key barriers to improving the occupational health status of Australian train drivers. METHODS: From May to June, 2015, five semi-structured qualitative focus groups were conducted with 29 train drivers from South Australian, Victorian, and New South Wales-based rail organizations in Australia. RESULTS: Occupational health was impeded by multiple barriers regarding sleep (patterns/fatigue), diet (planning/context), mental health (occupational stress), rostering (low autonomy), sedentary time, low fitness motivation, and family/social life conflicts...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267097/employer-and-employee-opinions-about-workplace-health-promotion-wellness-programs-results-of-the-2015-harris-poll-nielsen-survey
#19
Katherine McCleary, Ron Z Goetzel, Enid Chung Roemer, Jeff Berko, Karen Kent, Hector De La Torre
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide a current picture of the state of workplace health promotion (wellness) programs in the U.S. from both employer and employee perspectives. METHODS: We analyzed data from two independent surveys of employers (N = 1500) and the general population (N = 4611). RESULTS: Employers reported offering wellness programs at almost twice the rate of employees who reported having these programs available to them...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267096/carrots-not-sticks-adverse-impact-and-wellness-programs
#20
Fred S Switzer, Janelle H Cheung, Deanna K Burns, Robert R Sinclair, Philip L Roth, Peggy Tyler, James McCubbin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if wellness programs are likely to produce an adverse impact in various protected groups and to determine what features of the program may contribute to adverse impact. METHODS: Using a nationally representative sample of US adults, we examined the proportions of protected groups that would be expected to encounter adverse impact using various health factors such as weight, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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