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Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135840/costs-and-burden-associated-with-loss-of-labor-productivity-in-informal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-results-from-spain
#1
Marta Farré, Belchin Kostov, Josep Maria Haro, Esther Cabrera, Ester Risco, MCarmen Alvira, Susana Miguel, Adelaida Zabalegui
AIMS: We analyzed indirect costs related to loss of labor productivity (LLP) in informal caregivers (ICs) of people with dementia (PwD) and the associated caregiver burden and patients' clinical variables. METHODS: Multicenter cohort study of PwD and their ICs (n = 287) focused on two groups: (1) home care and (2) institutional long-term care. The costs of LLP were assessed using the Resource Utilization Dementia instrument and a human capital approach. RESULTS: The cost for LLP was 378&OV0556;/month or 4...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135839/patterns-of-opioid-prescribing-and-predictors-of-chronic-opioid-use-in-an-industrial-cohort-2003-to-2013
#2
Mellisa A Pensa, Deron H Galusha, Linda F Cantley
OBJECTIVE: To appreciate the impact of the opioid epidemic in workers, we described opioid prescription patterns in a US industrial cohort over a 10-year period and assessed predictors of chronic prescription. METHODS: A multiyear (2003 to 2013) cross-sectional analysis of employer-sponsored health care claims for enrolled workers (N: 21,357 to 44,769) was performed. RESULTS: The proportion of workers prescribed opioids nearly doubled in the 10-year period...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135838/characteristics-of-compensation-claimants-reporting-an-occupational-injury-associated-with-disability-benefits-in-the-subsequent-year-a-follow-up-study
#3
Marianne Rudbeck, Jens Peter Johansen, Øyvind Omland
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of claimants reporting an occupational injury associated with disability benefits for income independently granted by the municipality the subsequent year. METHOD: Multivariate logistic regression was used on self-reported data and register data. Primary outcome was long-term disability benefits. RESULTS: We found that perceived low work ability, high emotional stress, perceived low health, and expected recognition increased the risk of disability benefits...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135837/evaluation-of-the-work-loss-data-institute-s-official-disability-guidelines
#4
Kanaka Shetty, Laura Raaen, Dmitry Khodyakov, Christina Boutsicaris, Teryl K Nuckols
OBJECTIVE: The widely used Official Disability Guidelines (ODG), a utilization review guideline for occupational conditions, has not been independently evaluated recently. METHODS: We applied the appraisal of guidelines for research and evaluation (AGREE II) and modified a measurement tool to assess systematic reviews (AMSTAR) instruments to assess guideline development methods and the quality of supporting systematic reviews. Multidisciplinary experts rated the validity of clinical content for 47 topics...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135836/psychosocial-work-hazards-self-rated-health-and-burnout-a-comparison-study-of-public-and-private-sector-employees
#5
Hsi-Chen Liu, Yawen Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To compare psychosocial work conditions and health status between public and private sector employees and to examine if psychosocial work conditions explained the health differences. METHODS: Two thousand four hundred fourty one public and 15,589 private sector employees participated in a cross-sectional survey. Psychosocial work hazards, self-rated health (SRH), and burnout status were assessed by questionnaire. RESULTS: As compared with private sector employees, public sector employees reported better psychosocial work conditions and better SRH, but higher risk of workplace violence (WPV) and higher levels of client-related burnout...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135835/cardiovascular-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-risk-across-occupational-groups-and-industry-in-a-state-wide-study-of-an-australian-working-population
#6
Helen Louise Kelsall, Palamandadige Harsha Suranga Fernando, Stella May Gwini, Malcolm Ross Sim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prevalence of type 2 diabetes (diabetes) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in occupational and industry groups in a large, diverse working population. METHODS: 500,000 Victorian workers undertook health checks including lifestyle, anthropometric and biomedical cardiovascular risk factor assessment. 5-year diabetes (AUSDRISK) and absolute CVD risk were estimated. RESULTS: High diabetes and CVD risk was increased in many occupational groups and industries relative to managers and Professional/Scientific/Technical Services respectively...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135834/associations-between-fixed-term-employment-and-health-and-behaviors-what-are-the-mechanisms
#7
Dorota Żołnierczyk-Zreda, Sylwia Bedyńska
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the associations between fixed-term employment and health (work ability and mental health) and behaviors (engagement and performance). Psychological contract fulfilment (PCF) and breach (PCB) are investigated as potential mediators of these associations. METHODS: Seven hundred workers employed on fixed-term contracts from a broad range of organizations participated in the study. The Structural Equation Model was performed to analyze the data...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135833/occupational-noise-exposure-bilateral-high-frequency-hearing-loss-and-blood-pressure
#8
Wen Qi Gan, David M Mannino
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between occupational noise exposure and blood pressure using self-reported occupational exposure and bilateral high-frequency hearing loss. METHODS: This study included 4548 participants aged 20 to 69 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999 to 2004. On the basis of self-reported exposure status, participants were divided into the current, former, or never exposed groups...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820863/improvements-in-resilience-stress-and-somatic-symptoms-following-online-resilience-training-a-dose-response-effect
#9
Brad Smith, Andrew Shatté, Adam Perlman, Michael Siers, Wendy D Lynch
OBJECTIVE: To determine if participation in an online resilience program impacts resilience, stress, and somatic symptoms. METHODS: Approximately 600 enrollees in the meQuilibrium resilience program received a series of brief, individually prescribed video, and text training modules in a user-friendly format. Regression models tested how time in the program affected change in resilience from baseline and how changes in resilience affected change in stress and reported symptoms...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112631/economic-evaluation-of-occupational-safety-and-health-interventions-from-the-employer-perspective-a-systematic-review
#10
Aikaterini Grimani, Gunnar Bergström, Martha Isabel Riaño Casallas, Emmanuel Aboagye, Irene Jensen, Malin Lohela-Karlsson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of occupational safety and health interventions from the employer perspective. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search (2005-2016) in five electronic databases was conducted. Pre-2005 studies were identified from the reference lists of previous studies and systematic reviews, which have similar objective to those of this search. RESULTS: A total of nineteen RCT and quasi-experimental studies were included, targeting diverse health problems in a number of settings...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112630/a-measure-of-team-resilience-developing-the-resilience-at-work-team-scale
#11
Kathryn McEwen, Carolyn M Boyd
OBJECTIVE: This study develops, and initial evaluates, a new measure of team-based resilience for use in research and practice. METHODS: We conducted preliminary analyses, based on a cross-sectional sample of 344 employees nested within 31 teams. RESULTS: Seven dimensions were identified through exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. The measure had high reliability and significant discrimination to indicate the presence of a unique team-based aspect of resilience that contributed to higher work engagement and higher self-rated team performance, over and above the effects of individual resilience...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023339/managerial-quality-and-risk-of-depressive-disorders-among-danish-eldercare-workers-a-multi-level-cohort-study
#12
Reiner Rugulies, Louise M Jakobsen, Ida E H Madsen, Vilhelm Borg, Isabella G Carneiro, Birgit Aust
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether low managerial quality predicts risk of depressive disorders. METHODS: Using multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression analyses we examined the prospective association of individual-level and workplace-mean managerial quality with onset of depressive disorders among 5,244 eldercare workers from 274 workplaces during 20 months follow-up. RESULTS: Low managerial quality predicted onset of depressive disorders in both the individual-level (OR = 1...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111991/multiple-chemical-sensitivity-review-of-the-state-of-the-art-in-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-future-perspectives
#13
Sabrina Rossi, Alessio Pitidis
OBJECTIVE: Systematic bibliography analysis of about the last 17 years on multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) was carried out in order to detect new diagnostic and epidemiological evidence. The MCS is a complex syndrome that manifests as a result of exposure to a low level of various common contaminants. The etiology, diagnosis, and treatment are still debated among researchers. METHOD: Querying PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane library, both using some specific MESH terms combined with MESH subheadings and through free search, even by Google...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111990/cancer-risk-associated-with-exposure-to-bitumen-and-bitumen-fumes-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Kenneth A Mundt, Linda D Dell, Lori Crawford, Sonja N Sax, Paolo Boffetta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether cancer risks are increased among bitumen (asphalt) workers. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of cancer risks (lung, upper aerodigestive tract (UADT), esophagus, bladder, kidney, stomach, and skin) and bitumen exposure. Certainty in the epidemiological evidence that bitumen-exposed workers experience increased cancer risks was rated using GRADE criteria. RESULTS: After excluding lower quality studies, lung cancer risks were not increased among bitumen-exposed workers (meta-RR 0...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111989/improvements-in-psychological-health-following-a-residential-yoga-based-program-for-frontline-professionals
#15
Natalie Trent, Mindy Miraglia, Jeffery Dusek, Edi Pasalis, Sat Bir Singh Khalsa
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effects of a residential yoga-based program on psychological health and health behaviors in frontline professionals. METHODS: Frontline professionals from education, health care, human services, and corrections participated in the RISE (Resilience, Integration, Self-awareness, Engagement) program and completed questionnaires at baseline, post-program, and 2 months following RISE. RESULTS: Paired samples t tests revealed improvements in mindfulness, stress, resilience, affect, and sleep quality from baseline to post-program (all Ps < 0...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111988/letter-on-mortality-of-talc-miners-and-millers-from-val-chisone-northern-italy
#16
Dario Mirabelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111987/does-workplace-bullying-affect-long-term-sickness-absence-among-co-workers
#17
Åse Marie Hansen, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Jens Peter Bonde, Paul Maurice Conway, Anne Helene Garde, Linda Kaerlev, Henrik A Kolstad, Sigurd Mikkelsen, Reiner Rugulies, Jane Frølund Thomsen, Morten Willert, Annie Hogh
AIM: To examine if non-bullied employees at work units (WUs) with workplace bullying have more long-term sickness absence (LTSA) than employees in non-bullying WUs. METHODS: We included 7229 public health employees from 302 WUs and 3158 responders to a questionnaire on working conditions and health in 2007. WUs were classified into three categories of WUs; 1) no bullying (0% bullied); 2) moderate prevalence of bullying (<10% bullied); and 3) high prevalence of bullying (≥10% bullied)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111986/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-among-noise-exposed-workers-within-the-healthcare-and-social-assistance-sector-2003-2012
#18
Elizabeth A Masterson, Christa L Themann, Geoffrey M Calvert
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss for noise-exposed U.S. workers within the Healthcare and Social Assistance (HSA) sector. METHODS: Audiograms for 1.4 million workers (8,702 within HSA) from 2003-2012 were examined. Prevalences and adjusted risks for hearing loss as compared with a reference industry were estimated for the HSA sector and all industries combined. RESULTS: While the overall HSA sector prevalence for hearing loss was 19%, the prevalences in the Medical Laboratories sub-sector and the Offices of All Other Miscellaneous Health Practitioners sub-sector were 31% and 24%, respectively...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111985/occupational-uv-exposure-is-a-major-risk-factor-for-basal-cell-carcinoma-results-of-the-population-based-case-control-study-fb-181
#19
Jochen Schmitt, Eva Haufe, Freya Trautmann, Hans-Joachim Schulze, Peter Elsner, Hans Drexler, Andrea Bauer, Stephan Letzel, Swen Malte John, Manigé Fartasch, Thomas Brüning, Andreas Seidler, Susanne Dugas-Breit, Michal Gina, Wobbeke Weistenhöfer, Klaus Bachmann, Ilka Bruhn, Berenice Mareen Lang, Sonja Bonness, Jean Pierre Allam, William Grobe, Thoralf Stange, Stephan Westerhausen, Peter Knuschke, Marc Wittlich, Thomas Ludwig Diepgen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate to role of occupational and non-occupational UV-exposure concerning the development of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). METHODS: We undertook a population-based multi-center case-control study. Patients with first incident BCC (n = 836) were propensity score matched by age and sex to controls without skin cancer (n = 836). Sociodemographic characteristics, clinical characteristics and lifetime UV-exposure were assessed by trained investigators...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111984/asbestos-exposures-mesothelioma-incidence-and-mortality-and-awareness-by-general-practitioners-in-the-molise-region-central-italy
#20
Giancarlo Ripabelli, Manuela Tamburro, Domiziana Di Tella, Francesco Carrozza, Michela Lucia Sammarco
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate environmental asbestos sources, mesothelioma incidence and mortality, awareness on asbestos-related diseases (ARD) by general practitioners (GPs) in Molise Region. METHODS: The contaminated sites in three towns were identified by census; mesothelioma incidence (2000-2012) and mortality (2003-2013) was achieved from local registries; GPs were interviewed on practiced population's exposures and ARD diagnosis. RESULTS: 54...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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