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Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395010/occupational-physical-activity-opposes-obesity-a-cross-sectional-modern-replication-of-the-morris-1953-london-busmen-study
#1
Jennifer L Gay, David M Buchner, Jessalyn Smith
OBJECTIVE: Examine the importance of occupational light-intensity physical activity (PA) and short bouts of moderate-vigorous PA (LSBPA), to opposing obesity, including an approximate replication of the London busmen study comparing waist circumference of workers with high versus low levels of occupational activity. METHODS: Working adults wore an accelerometer, completed anthropometric measurements, and provided work schedules. Participants' (n = 435) activity was classified as either occupational or non-occupational minutes, and by intensity...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395009/the-contributions-made-by-job-satisfaction-and-psychosocial-stress-to-the-development-and-persistence-of-depressive-symptoms-a-1-year-prospective-study
#2
Takashi Tatsuse, Michikazu Sekine, Masaaki Yamada
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that contributed to the development and persistence of depression over the course of 1 year in work environment. METHODS: The subjects were 992 Japanese civil servants aged between 19 and 65 years. Baseline data and linked with data collected at 1-year follow up. RESULTS: After adjusting for baseline depression levels, job satisfaction and work-related psychosocial stress (job control and job demand) were significantly related to depression at 1-year follow up...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395008/effect-of-occupational-exposure-to-cyanuric-chloride-on-respiratory-morbidity-cross-sectional-analyses-of-respiratory-symptoms-and-longitudinal-analyses-of-lung-function-parameters
#3
Peter Morfeld, Mei Yong
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the relationship between occupational exposure to cyanuric chloride and respiratory morbidity. METHODS: The cohort comprises former and active workers at three European production sites. Individual cumulative exposure, exposure duration, and long-term average concentration were estimated. In the longitudinal analyses, generalized equation estimates (GEEs) models were used to estimate the risks. To determine a threshold value for cumulative exposure, hockey-stick models were fitted...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371550/role-of-diabetes-management-in-occupational-health-perceptions-and-practices-of-occupational-and-environmental-medicine-providers
#4
Isaac VanDam, Jessica Dai, Kenneth Rosenman
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes Mellitus is a common and costly disease, affecting millions of working age adults in the United States. While many risk factors for diabetes are well described and manageable, the management of diabetes in the occupational setting is not well defined. METHODS: This study used a 17-item survey to explore the practices and perceptions of occupational medicine providers in Michigan on the management and prevention of diabetes in the workplace. RESULTS: Most providers utilize many strategies to manage diabetes...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358659/improvements-in-an-organization-s-culture-of-health-reduces-workers-health-risk-profile-and-health-care-utilization
#5
Rachel Mosher Henke, Michael A Head, Karen B Kent, Ron Z Goetzel, Enid Chung Roemer, Katherine McCleary
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in internal and external cultures of health scores and relate those changes to employees' health risks, health care utilization, and costs for 21 large employers (N = 641,901). METHODS: We measured the relationship between changes in internal and external culture of health scores and changes in employee health risks, health care utilization, and costs. RESULTS: Improvements in a company's internal culture of health predicted lower levels of obesity, poor diet, and tobacco use but higher stress for employees reporting high baseline risk...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358658/arsenic-exposure-assessment-toxicity-diagnosis-and-management-guidance-for-occupational-and-environmental-physicians
#6
Beth A Baker, Victoria A Cassano, Carolyn Murray
: Arsenic is ubiquitous in the environment and human exposure can occur from multiple possible routes including diet. Occupational medicine physicians asked to evaluate workers with elevated urine arsenic levels may be unaware that many sources of arsenic exposure are not work related. In this paper, we address arsenic exposure sources and pathways, adverse health effects of arsenic exposure and those subpopulations at increased risk, and the evaluation and treatment of those exposed to elevated arsenic levels...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358657/toward-effective-work-accommodations-for-depression-examining-the-relationship-between-different-combinations-of-depression-symptoms-and-work-productivity-losses
#7
Carolyn S Dewa, Jeffrey S Hoch, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Sagar V Parikh, Judith K Sluiter
OBJECTIVE: Heterogeneity of depression experiences has led to suggestions that interventions focus on depression symptom combinations rather than depression severity alone. Our analyses explores the question, "What is the relationship between different combinations of depression symptoms and work productivity losses?" METHODS: These analyses use a population-based sample of 2,219 working adults. Using the PHQ-8 items, cluster analysis methods were used to identify depression symptom clusters...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339134/independent-medical-evaluation-a-practical-guide
#8
Christopher R Brigham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335679/longitudinal-factors-associated-with-increased-alcohol-and-tobacco-use-in-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-workers-32-months-after-the-nuclear-disaster-the-fukushima-news-project-study
#9
Hazuki Komuro, Jun Shigemura, Sayuri Uchino, Sho Takahashi, Masanori Nagamine, Masaaki Tanichi, Taku Saito, Hiroyuki Toda, Mie Kurosawa, Kazumi Kubota, Toshihiro Misumi, Yoshitomo Takahashi, Satomi Takahashi, Soichiro Nomura, Kunio Shimizu, Aihide Yoshino, Takeshi Tanigawa
OBJECTIVES: To predict increased alcohol and tobacco use in Fukushima nuclear power plant (NPP) workers three years after a nuclear disaster. METHODS: Surveys were conducted in two post-disaster waves (Wave 1: 2-3 months; Wave 2: 32 months). Adjusted risk ratio [aRR] was computed to assess the covariates of increased alcohol and tobacco use in Wave 2. RESULTS: Increased alcohol use was associated with age ≤29 years (aRR [95%CI]: 1.26 [1...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335678/examining-agricultural-workplace-micro-and-macroclimate-data-using-decision-tree-analysis-to-determine-heat-illness-risk
#10
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Vicki Hertzberg, Linda A McCauley
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to examine the associations between regional weather data and agricultural worksite temperatures in Florida. METHODS: Florida farmworkers (n = 105) were each monitored using iButton technology paired with simultaneous data from regional weather stations. Conditional inference tree models were developed for (1) regional environmental temperatures and iButton (worksite) temperatures, and (2) regional heat index (HI) and iButton HI...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335677/greater-odds-for-angina-in-uranium-miners-than-non-uranium-miners-in-new-mexico
#11
Vanessa J M Al Rashida, Xin Wang, Orrin B Myers, Tawny W Boyce, Elizabeth Kocher, Megan Moreno, Roger Karr, Nour Assad, Linda S Cook, Akshay Sood
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that uranium miners in New Mexico (NM) have a greater prevalence of cardiovascular disease than miners who extracted non-uranium ore. METHODS: NM-based current and former uranium miners were compared to non-uranium miners by using cross-sectional standardized questionnaire data from the Mining Dust in the United States (MiDUS) study from 1989 to 2016. RESULTS: Of the 7,215 eligible miners, most were men (96...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335676/effects-of-a-classroom-training-program-for-promoting-health-literacy-among-it-managers-in-the-workplace-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Silja Fiedler, Holger Pfaff, Katja Petrowski, Timo-Kolja Pförtner
OBJECTIVE: IT managers have received limited attention in health literacy research, although they are subject to special professional demands. The aim of this study was to evaluate a training program designed to promote health literacy among managers. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with a sample of 171 industry managers from one IT company was conducted. Effects of classroom training on health literacy, psychological well-being, self-rated health, and cortisol awakening response were investigated using pre- (t0), post- (t1), and follow-up (t2) surveys...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320627/analysis-of-the-full-economic-cost-for-japanese-encephalitis-under-different-risk-scenarios-for-business-travelers-to-asia
#13
William H Rogers, William B Bunn, Debra Lerner
OBJECTIVE: Methods for assessing the costs and benefits of administering vaccines to international business/occupational travelers, assignees and expatriates have neglected the impact of health and treatment on work productivity. The research objective is to evaluate the benefit to cost ratio of the Japanese Encephalitis (JE) vaccine for international business /occupational travelers to Asia and other endemic areas incorporating a health and productivity approach. METHODS: Costs and benefits were estimated using actuarial methods with data obtained from secondary sources describing, prevalence of infection risk and health outcomes, and business traveler demographic and travel characteristics...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312220/a-preliminary-investigation-of-health-and-work-environment-factors-on-presenteeism-in-the-workplace
#14
Alisha McGregor, Fred Ashbury, Peter Caputi, Donald Iverson
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the health and work-environment factors that are associated with presenteeism. METHOD: A self-report survey which measured presenteeism, 13 health conditions (e.g., stress and allergies) and nine work-environment factors (e.g., job strain and leadership) was completed by 229 workers. RESULTS: The most common health condition was stress, while the most common work-environment factor was job strain. Allergies, asthma and high blood pressure along with work-life imbalance, poor leadership and a lack of development opportunities were associated with presenteeism...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312219/paid-sick-leave-benefits-and-adherence-to-recommended-screening-tests-among-male-labor-workers-in-the-u-s
#15
Bart Hammig, Brooke Bouza
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between availability of paid sick leave and health care utilization and screenings in male labor workers in the U.S., and hypothesize that workers with paid sick leave benefits would be more likely to utilize health services. METHODS: Using the 2013-2016 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), labor workers (n = 8,553), aged 18-64 years were examined. Logistic regression analyses assessed the association between availability of paid sick leave and the use of preventive services...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308625/60-years-of-joem-and-counting
#16
Paul W Brandt-Rauf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308624/extracellular-histones-promote-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-patients-with-coal-workers-pneumoconiosis
#17
Yanlin Zhang, Li Guan, Yimu Zheng, Lijun Mao, Shuqiang Li, Jinyuan Zhao
OBJECTIVE: This investigation assessed the pro-fibrotic role that extracellular histones play in the pathogenesis of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). METHODS: The correlation of extracellular histones with small opacity profusion (SOP) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) was analyzed. The stimulating effect of extracellular histones on pulmonary fibroblast was assessed in vitro. RESULTS: The levels of extracellular histones in plasma were positively correlated with SOP and TGF-β in the coal miners investigated...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308623/occupational-safety-and-health-of-foreign-born-latinx-dairy-workers-in-colorado
#18
Lauren M Menger-Ogle, Florencia Pezzutti, Andrew Menger-Ogle, Lorann Stallones, John Rosecrance
OBJECTIVE: The US dairy industry, which employs foreign-born, primarily Latinx workers, has a two-fold higher injury rate compared to the national average. Little research has been conducted to understand the factors associated with the occupational safety and health (OSH) among foreign-born, Latinx dairy workers. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted with 55 workers to assess a variety of OSH variables, including training experiences, health outcomes, and the psychosocial environment of the dairy...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308622/device-measured-sedentary-behaviour-patterns-in-office-based-university-employees
#19
Millie K Keown, C Murray Skeaff, Tracy L Perry, Jillian J Haszard, Meredith C Peddie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe device-measured patterns of sedentary behavior in self-identified sedentary university employees. METHODS: Participants (n = 78) wore the ActiGraph GT3X+ and the activPAL3 for 7 days. Data from the ActiGraph were used to identify time in sedentary behavior, light-intensity, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Data from the activPAL identified time sitting/lying, standing, and stepping. Breaks in sedentary time and prolonged sedentary bouts were described...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308621/occupation-and-risk-of-kidney-cancer-in-nordic-countries
#20
Irmina Maria Michalek, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Elisabete Weiderpass, Kristina Kjaerheim, Elsebeth Lynge, Pär Sparen, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Eero Pukkala
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the occupational variation in the incidence of kidney cancer in the Nordic population. METHODS: The population comprised of 14.9 million individuals included in censuses between 1960-1990. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated for each occupational group. RESULTS: Significantly increased SIRs were observed in welders (1.24, 95% CI 1.14-1.35), public safety workers (1.16, 95% CI 1...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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