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Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719460/the-association-between-perceived-stress-and-low-back-pain-among-eldercare-workers-in-japan
#1
Yamato Tsuboi, Yuya Ueda, Fumihiro Naruse, Rei Ono
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between perceived stress and low back pain (LBP) among Japanese eldercare workers. METHODS: Self-reported questionnaires were completed regarding perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale-14), presence of memorable LBP in the preceding month, and other relevant factors (age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, job demands, job control, and social support) among 954 eldercare workers. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708673/the-association-of-employee-engagement-at-work-with-health-risks-and-presenteeism
#2
Wayne N Burton, Chin-Yu Chen, Xingquan Li, Alyssa B Schultz
INTRODUCTION: Employee engagement is a key factor in work performance and employee retention. The current study seeks to examine the relationship between employee engagement and health risks and productivity. METHODS: In 2012, employees of a global financial services corporation participated in a health risk appraisal (HRA) which measured employee engagement, health risks, and on-the-job productivity loss (presenteeism). Three engagement categories were created...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704227/mortality-among-hardmetal-production-workers-occupational-exposures
#3
Kathleen J Kennedy, Nurtan A Esmen, Jeanine M Buchanich, Sarah Zimmerman, Anne J Sleeuwenhoek, Gary M Marsh
OBJECTIVE: To generate quantitative exposure estimates for use in retrospective occupational cohort mortality studies of the hardmetal industry. METHODS: Job-exposure matrices (JEMs) were constructed for cobalt, tungsten, and nickel over the time period 1952 to 2014. The JEMs consisted of job class categories, based on job titles and processes performed, and exposure estimates calculated from available company industrial hygiene measurements. RESULTS: Exposure intervals of one-half order magnitude were established for all three agents...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697063/disseminating-pesticide-exposure-results-to-farmworker-and-nonfarmworker-families-in-an-agricultural-community-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#4
Beti Thompson, Elizabeth Carosso, William Griffith, Tomomi Workman, Sarah Hohl, Elaine Faustman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a dissemination process to provide individual pesticide results to study participants. METHODS: After working with community members to disseminate data, 37 participants were recontacted via an interview survey to assess the effectiveness of the dissemination process. RESULTS: Almost all participants (97.3%) recalled a home visit from a health promoter; 29 (78.4%) correctly recalled that the health promoter used a thermometer or graphic to explain the results; 26 (70...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697062/morbidity-and-health-risk-factors-among-new-mexico-miners-a-comparison-across-mining-sectors
#5
Alice M Shumate, Kristin Yeoman, Tristan Victoroff, Kandace Evans, Roger Karr, Tami Sanchez, Akshay Sood, Anthony Scott Laney
OBJECTIVE: This study examines differences in chronic health outcomes between coal, uranium, metal, and nonmetal miners. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study using data from a health screening program for current and former New Mexico miners, log-binomial logistic regression models were used to estimate relative risks of respiratory and heart disease, cancer, osteoarthritis, and back pain associated with mining in each sector as compared with coal, adjusting for other relevant risk factors...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697061/elevation-of-circulating-th17-th22-cells-exposed-to-low-level-formaldehyde-and-its-relevance-to-formaldehyde-induced-occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#6
Weihua Mai, Xingwei Liu, Guangxiao Su, Wenying Zhou, Ziping Wen, Dongqing Lu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of formaldehyde exposure on Th17 and Th22 cells and its relevance to human occupational allergic contact dermatitis (OACD). METHODS: Circulating IL17-/IL22-secreting cells and serum IL17/IL22 levels in formaldehyde-exposed workers at Occupational Exposure Limit and nonexposed controls were assessed. RESULTS: The IL17 and IL22 cell population were detected in both CD3CD8 and CD3CD8 cells...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697060/mortality-among-hardmetal-production-workers-uk-cohort-and-nested-case-control-studies
#7
Damien M McElvenny, Laura A MacCalman, Anne Sleeuwenhoek, Alice Davis, Brian G Miller, Carla Alexander, Hilary Cowie, John W Cherrie, Kathleen J Kennedy, Nurtan A Esmen, Sarah D Zimmerman, Jeanine M Buchanich, Gary M Marsh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize the mortality at two hardmetal production factories in the United Kingdom as part of an international study. METHODS: Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated on the basis of mortality rates for England and Wales, and local rates. A nested case-control study of lung cancer was undertaken. RESULTS: The cohort comprised 1538 workers, with tracing complete for 94.4%. All-cause mortality was statistically significantly low for all cancers and nonmalignant respiratory disease, and for lung cancer was nonsignificantly low...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697059/associations-between-age-psychosocial-work-conditions-occupational-well-being-and-telomere-length-in-geriatric-care-professionals-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
Caroline Chmelar, Rudolf A Jörres, Angelika Kronseder, Andreas Müller, Dennis Nowak, Matthias Weigl
OBJECTIVE: We identified associations between age, psychosocial work characteristics, occupational well-being, and-as a measure of biological age-leukocyte telomere length in geriatric care professionals. METHODS: This is a multisource study of self-reports on psychosocial work characteristics, standardized physician's evaluations of health, and relative telomere length measures of peripheral blood leukocytes. We included 141 geriatric care professionals. Telomere length was assessed by an improved polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697058/accuracy-of-a-single-item-on-mentally-tiring-work-as-proxy-measure-of-job-demands-and-efforts-in-the-gazel-cohort
#9
Alexis Descatha, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Ida E H Madsen, Reiner Rugulies, Paraskevi Peristera, Hugo Westerlund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692610/work-enabling-opioid-management
#10
Robert A Lavin, Nimisha Kalia, Larry Yuspeh, Jill A Barry, Edward J Bernacki, Xuguang Grant Tao
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the relationship between opioid prescribing and ability to work. METHODS: The opioid prescription patterns of 4994 claimants were studied. Three groups were constructed: 1) at least 3 consecutive months prescribed (chronic opioid therapy; COT); 2) less than 3 consecutive months prescribed (acute opioid therapy; AOT); and 3) no opioids prescribed. Variables included sex, age, daily morphine equivalent dose (MED), days opioids were prescribed, temporary total days (TTDs), and medical/indemnity/total costs...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692609/human-semen-quality-sperm-dna-damage-and-the-level-of-reproductive-hormones-in-relation-to-urinary-concentrations-of-parabens
#11
Joanna Jurewicz, Michał Radwan, Bartosz Wielgomas, Emila Dziewirska, Anetta Karwacka, Anna Klimowska, Paweł Kałużny, Paweł Radwan, Michał Bochenek, Wojciech Hanke
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between environmental exposure to parabens and semen quality parameters [main semen parameters, computer-aided semen analysis (CASA parameters], sperm chromatin structure, and the level of reproductive hormones in men [follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone, estradiol]. METHODS: Urine samples collected from 315 men who attended the infertility clinic for diagnostic purposes with normal semen concentration of 15 to 300 mln/mL were analyzed for five parabens concentrations using a validated gas chromatography ion-tap mass spectrometry method...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692608/is-active-commuting-to-work-related-to-work-performance-among-male-office-workers
#12
Yamato Tsuboi, Shunsuke Murata, Rei Ono
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to elucidate the association between active commuting to work (ACW) and work performance among male office workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 331 male office workers (age 44.0 ± 11.5 years), with ACW assessed on a self-reported questionnaire and then categorized into non-ACW (0 to 19 minutes) and ACW (≥20 minutes). Work performance [World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (HPQ)] was categorized as high (≥50) and low (<50)...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692607/exposure-to-work-and-nonwork-stressors-and-the-development-of-heart-disease-among-canadian-workers-aged-40-years-and-older-a-16-year-follow-up-study-1994-to-2010
#13
Alain Marchand, Marie-Eve Blanc, Nancy Beauregard
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of work, nonwork, and individual factors to self-reported heart disease, and to evaluate gender-related differences over a period of 16 years among Canadian workers aged 40 years and more. METHODS: Using the National Population Health Survey (NPHS, 1994 to 2010), we estimated multilevel logistic regression models (N = 2996). RESULTS: Couple-related strains, being a man, age, hypertension, and body mass index, are associated with an increased risk of heart disease...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692606/occupational-health-and-the-performing-arts-an-introduction
#14
David Hinkamp, Jennie Morton, Donna H Krasnow, Mary Virginia Wilmerding, William J Dawson, Michael G Stewart, Herbert Steven Sims, Jan Potter Reed, Katherine Duvall, Michael McCann
OBJECTIVE: Workplace hazards in the performing arts cause injuries, disabilities, and deaths every year. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these hazards and are particularly qualified to contribute to efforts to reduce them. This article reviews current health issues in the performing arts and highlights opportunities for occupational health contributions. METHODS: Recognized experts in performing arts medicine were consulted and articles illustrating performing arts health issues were reviewed...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692605/examining-the-relationship-between-symptomatic-burden-and-self-reported-productivity-losses-among-patients-with-uterine-fibroids-in-the-united-states
#15
Ahmed M Soliman, Savita Bakhshi Anand, Karin S Coyne, Jane Castelli-Haley, Michael Snabes, Charlotte D Owens
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of uterine fibroid symptoms on employment and household productivity. METHODS: An online survey of US women between 18 and 54 was conducted. Productivity was assessed using the health related productivity questionnaire (HRPQ). Descriptive statistics and logistic multivariable regressions examined the relationship between uterine fibroids (UF) symptom experience and employment and household productivity. RESULTS: Of 1365 eligible women, 873 (64...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692017/perceived-barriers-to-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-among-participants-in-a-workplace-obesity-intervention
#16
Kayla Stankevitz, John Dement, Ashley Schoenfisch, Julie Joyner, Shayna M Clancy, Marissa Stroo, Truls Østbye
OBJECTIVE: To characterize barriers to healthy eating (BHE) and physical activity (BPA) among participants in a workplace weight management intervention. METHODS: Steps to health participants completed a questionnaire to ascertain barriers to physical activity and healthy eating faced. Exploratory factor analysis was used to determine the factor structure for BPA and BHE. The relationships of these factors with accelerometer data and dietary behaviors were assessed using linear regression...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692016/time-well-spent-patient-industry-and-occupation-data-collection-in-emergency-departments
#17
Jennifer A Taylor, Shannon A Widman, Samantha J James, Judith Green-McKenzie, Cydney McGuire, Erica J Harris
OBJECTIVE: No comprehensive national system tracking work-related diseases and injuries exists in the United States. Industry and occupation (I/O) are the missing data elements that would make existing healthcare data useful for occupational health. The authors previously petitioned the National Uniform Billing Committee (NUBC) to adopt I/O standards for states to consider during their healthcare data rulemaking processes. METHODS: The NUBC asked for a pilot study to ascertain the potential burden...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692015/the-association-between-particulate-matter-air-pollution-and-respiratory-health-in-elderly-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Yanhui Hao, Jing Zhao, Kan Wang, Nannan Feng, Pin Sun, Renjie Chen, Bin Han, Zhipeng Bai, Yiliang Zhu, Ying Gao, Zhao-Lin Xia
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between respiratory health and particulate matter (PM) air pollution in elderly type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) pre-, during, and post-the Chinese Lunar New Year (CLNY) holiday in Shanghai, China. METHODS: We conducted repeated measurements of lung function and inflammation biomarker in a cohort consisted of 60 participants with T2DM. RESULTS: Decreased PM2.5 exposure had an effect on respiratory health by increasing in forced expiratory flow in 1 second (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692014/effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-training-on-health-care-worker-safety-a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial
#19
Morgan Anne Valley, Lorann Stallones
OBJECTIVE: The study assessed the impact of mindfulness training on occupational safety of hospital health care workers. METHODS: The study used a randomized waitlist-controlled trial design to test the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course on self-reported health care worker safety outcomes, measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months later. RESULTS: Twenty-three hospital health care workers participated in the study (11 in immediate intervention group; 12 in waitlist control group)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692013/multimorbidity-and-health-care-service-utilization-in-the-australian-workforce-findings-from-the-national-health-survey
#20
Lili Wang, Andrew J Palmer, Petr Otahal, Fiona Cocker, Kristy Sanderson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to understand the patterns of health care service utilization in employees with multimorbidity. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2011 to 2012 cross-sectional Australian National Health Survey. Past-month health care service utilization was collected for each chronic condition from a pre-specified list. Descriptive, logistic, and Poisson regression analyses were used. The data were weighted to produce nationally representative estimates...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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