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Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501823/cerebellar-atrophy-in-neurodegeneration-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Helena M Gellersen, Christine C Guo, Claire O'Callaghan, Rachel H Tan, Saber Sami, Michael Hornberger
INTRODUCTION: The cerebellum has strong cortical and subcortical connectivity, but is rarely taken into account for clinical diagnosis in many neurodegenerative conditions, particularly in the absence of clinical ataxia. The current meta-analysis aims to assess patterns of cerebellar grey matter atrophy in seven neurodegenerative conditions (Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's disease (HD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple system atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (MSP))...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501822/structural-mri-correlates-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-progression
#2
Joe Senda, Naoki Atsuta, Hirohisa Watanabe, Epifanio Bagarinao, Kazunori Imai, Daichi Yokoi, Yuichi Riku, Michihito Masuda, Ryoichi Nakamura, Hazuki Watanabe, Mizuki Ito, Masahisa Katsuno, Shinji Naganawa, Gen Sobue
PURPOSE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) presents with varying degrees of brain degeneration that can extend beyond the corticospinal tract (CST). Furthermore, the clinical course and progression of ALS varies widely. Brain degeneration detected using structural MRI could reflect disease progression. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: On study registration, 3-Tesla volumetric MRI and diffusion tensor imaging scans were obtained at baseline in 38 healthy controls and 67 patients with sporadic ALS...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501821/genetic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-nefl-related-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#3
Alejandro Horga, Matilde Laurà, Zane Jaunmuktane, Nivedita U Jerath, Michael A Gonzalez, James M Polke, Roy Poh, Julian C Blake, Yo-Tsen Liu, Sarah Wiethoff, Conceição Bettencourt, Michael Pt Lunn, Hadi Manji, Michael G Hanna, Henry Houlden, Sebastian Brandner, Stephan Züchner, Michael Shy, Mary M Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To analyse and describe the clinical and genetic spectrum of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) caused by mutations in the neurofilament light polypeptide gene (NEFL). METHODS: Combined analysis of newly identified patients with NEFL-related CMT and all previously reported cases from the literature. RESULTS: Five new unrelated patients with CMT carrying the NEFL mutations P8R and N98S and the novel variant L311P were identified...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501820/igm-mgus-and-waldenstrom-associated-anti-mag-neuropathies-display-similar-response-to-rituximab-therapy
#4
LETTER
Marta Campagnolo, Renato Zambello, Eduardo Nobile-Orazio, Luana Benedetti, Girolama Alessandra Marfia, Nilo Riva, Francesca Castellani, Mariangela Bianco, Alessandro Salvalaggio, Martina Garnero, Marta Ruiz, Giorgia Mataluni, Raffaella Fazio, Mario Ermani, Chiara Briani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501819/six-issues-in-muscle-disease
#5
Michael Swash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490505/application-of-the-csf-jcv-antibody-index-to-early-natalizumab-associated-progressive-multifocal-leukoencephalopathy
#6
LETTER
Clemens Warnke, Martijn T Wijburg, Hans-Peter Hartung, Joep Killestein, Ortwin Adams, Mike P Wattjes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490504/fasciculation-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-origin-and-pathophysiological-relevance
#7
REVIEW
Mamede de Carvalho, Matthew C Kiernan, Michael Swash
This review considers the origin and significance of fasciculations in neurological practice, with an emphasis on fasciculations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and in benign fasciculation syndromes. Fasciculation represents a brief spontaneous contraction that affects a small number of muscle fibres, causing a flicker of movement under the skin. While an understanding of the role of fasciculation in ALS remains incomplete, fasciculations derive from ectopic activity generated in the motor system. A proximal origin seems likely to contribute to the generation of fasciculation in the early stages of ALS, while distal sites of origin become more prominent later in the disease, associated with distal motor axonal sprouting as part of the reinnervation response that develops secondary to loss of motor neurons...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483797/left-hemispheric-status-epilepticus-with-crossed-cerebellar-diaschisis
#8
Michela Ada Noris Ferilli, Valerio Brunetti, Emanuele Maria Costantini, Giacomo Della Marca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473626/patterns-of-atrophy-in-pathologically-confirmed-dementias-a-voxelwise-analysis
#9
Lorna Harper, Femke Bouwman, Emma J Burton, Frederik Barkhof, Philip Scheltens, John T O'Brien, Nick C Fox, Gerard R Ridgway, Jonathan M Schott
OBJECTIVE: Imaging is recommended to support the clinical diagnoses of dementias, yet imaging research studies rarely have pathological confirmation of disease. This study aims to characterise patterns of brain volume loss in six primary pathologies compared with controls and to each other. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-six patients with a clinical diagnosis of dementia and histopathological confirmation of underlying pathology, and 73 healthy controls were included in this study...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473625/a-novel-homozygous-change-of-clcn2-p-his590pro-is-associated-with-a-subclinical-form-of-leukoencephalopathy-with-ataxia-lkpat
#10
LETTER
Elisa Giorgio, Giovanna Vaula, Paolo Benna, Nicola Lo Buono, Chiara Maria Eandi, Daniele Dino, Cecilia Mancini, Simona Cavalieri, Eleonora Di Gregorio, Elisa Pozzi, Marta Ferrero, Maria Teresa Giordana, Christel Depienne, Alfredo Brusco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455428/mortality-studies-for-multiple-sclerosis-still-a-useful-tool-to-analyse-long-term-outcome
#11
EDITORIAL
Paolo Ragonese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446603/levels-of-nitric-oxide-metabolites-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-correlate-with-cognitive-impairment-in-early-stage-multiple-sclerosis
#12
LETTER
Kazumasa Okada, Masako Kobata, Yusuke Sennari, Yukio Iwanaka, Tomoyo Hashimoto, Keiko Ohnari, Masayuki Tahara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446602/the-tmem106b-risk-allele-is-associated-with-lower-cortical-volumes-in-a-clinically-diagnosed-frontotemporal-dementia-cohort
#13
LETTER
Sophie R Harding, Martina Bocchetta, Elizabeth Gordon, David M Cash, M Jorge Cardoso, Ron Druyeh, Sebastian Ourselin, Jason D Warren, Simon Mead, Jonathan D Rohrer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438790/psychiatric-associations-of-adult-onset-focal-dystonia-phenotypes
#14
Brian D Berman, Johanna Junker, Erika Shelton, Stefan H Sillau, H A Jinnah, Joel S Perlmutter, Alberto J Espay, Joseph Jankovic, Marie Vidailhet, Cecilia Bonnet, William Ondo, Irene A Malaty, Ramón Rodríguez, William M McDonald, Laura Marsh, Mateusz Zurowski, Tobias Bäumer, Norbert Brüggemann
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety frequently accompany the motor manifestations of isolated adult-onset focal dystonias. Whether the body region affected when this type of dystonia first presents is associated with the severity of these neuropsychiatric symptoms is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether depression, anxiety and social anxiety vary by dystonia onset site and evaluate whether pain and dystonia severity account for any differences...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416565/cingulo-insular-structural-alterations-associated-with-psychogenic-symptoms-childhood-abuse-and-ptsd-in-functional-neurological-disorders
#15
David L Perez, Nassim Matin, Arthur Barsky, Victor Costumero-Ramos, Sara J Makaretz, Sigrid S Young, Jorge Sepulcre, W Curt LaFrance, Matcheri S Keshavan, Bradford C Dickerson
OBJECTIVE: Adverse early-life events are predisposing factors for functional neurological disorder (FND) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cingulo-insular regions are implicated in the biology of both conditions and are sites of stress-mediated neuroplasticity. We hypothesised that functional neurological symptoms and the magnitude of childhood abuse would be associated with overlapping anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and insular volumetric reductions, and that FND and PTSD symptoms would map onto distinct cingulo-insular areas...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416564/the-london-contribution-to-neurology-and-psychiatry-the-second-british-symposium-on-the-history-of-neurology-and-psychiatry
#16
Edward H Reynolds
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416563/home-based-therapy-for-chronic-wernicke-s-aphasia
#17
EDITORIAL
Leonardo Bonilha, Julius Fridriksson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416562/henry-head-herpes-zoster-and-the-graphic-development-of-his-scheme-of-the-dermatomes-in-man
#18
G D Schott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396361/cognitive-and-psychosocial-function-in-retired-professional-hockey-players
#19
Carrie Esopenko, Tiffany W Chow, Maria Carmela Tartaglia, Agnes Bacopulos, Priya Kumar, Malcolm A Binns, James L Kennedy, Daniel J Müller, Brian Levine
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between repeated concussions and neurodegenerative disease has received significant attention, particularly research in postmortem samples. Our objective was to characterise retired professional ice hockey players' cognitive and psychosocial functioning in relation to concussion exposure and apolipoprotein ε4 status. METHODS: Alumni athletes (N=33, aged 34-71 years) and an age-matched sample of comparison participants (N=18) were administered measures of cognitive function and questionnaires concerning psychosocial and psychiatric functioning...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396360/concussion-dementia-and-cte-are-we-getting-it-very-wrong
#20
EDITORIAL
Alan Carson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
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