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Journal of Intensive Care Medicine

Daniel Jimenez, James Antaki, Nader Kamangar
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) is uncommon and can present as a primary disease process or as a result of underlying lung pathology. Several parenchymal lung diseases, such as malignancy, are known to cause SP. One such malignancy, angiosarcoma, has a high propensity to metastasize to the lung and present as cavitary and cystic lesions. CASE: We present a case of a 76-year-old male diagnosed with angiosarcoma of the scalp that was found to have extensive cystic pulmonary metastatic lesions...
May 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Sangeeta Manerikar, Seetharaman Hariharan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Minhyeok Lee, Seulgi Kim, Oh Jung Kwon, Ji Hye Kim, Inbeom Jeong, Ji Woong Son, Moon Jun Na, Yoo Sang Yoon, Hyun Woong Park, Sun Jung Kwon
Adenovirus infections are associated with respiratory (especially upper respiratory) infection and gastrointestinal disease and occur primarily in infants and children. Although rare in adults, severe lower respiratory adenovirus infections including pneumonia are reported in specific populations, such as military recruits and immunocompromised patients. Antiviral treatment is challenging due to limited clinical experience and lack of well-controlled randomized trials. Several previously reported cases of adenoviral pneumonia showed promising efficacy of cidofovir...
March 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Justin K Lui, Lacey J McIntosh, Jorge Escobar Valle, Thomas Stockl, Stephen Summers
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter are atrial tachycardias associated with embolic strokes. To date, there have only been a few reports highlighting the incidence of these atrial tachycardias due to mechanical compression of myocardial structures and the pulmonary vasculature in certain mediastinal masses and cysts. CASE: We present a case of a 75-year-old gentleman who is a nonsmoker with a history of hypertension who presents with an acute embolic stroke due to atrial flutter likely from mechanical compression from an underlying squamous cell carcinoma of the lung...
March 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Elizabeth K Landry, Rodney A Gabriel, Sascha Beutler, Richard P Dutton, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are only a few retrospective, single-institution studies that have addressed the prevalence and risk factors associated with unplanned admissions to the pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) after surgery. Based on the limited amount of studies, it appears that airway and respiratory complications put a child at increased risk for unplanned ICU admission. A more extensive and diverse analysis of unplanned postoperative admissions to the ICU is needed to address risk factors that have yet to be revealed by the current literature...
March 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Christopher R Tainter, Nelson L Wong, Gaston A Cudemus-Deseda, Edward A Bittner
INTRODUCTION: The intensive care unit (ICU) is a dynamic and complex learning environment. The wide range in trainee's experience, specialty training, fluctuations in patient acuity and volume, limitations in trainee duty hours, and additional responsibilities of the faculty contribute to the challenge in providing a consistent experience with traditional educational strategies. The "flipped classroom" is an educational model with the potential to improve the learning environment. In this paradigm, students gain exposure to new material outside class and then use class time to assimilate the knowledge through problem-solving exercises or discussion...
March 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Anne L Dalle Ave, David M Shaw
Controlled donation after circulatory determination of death (cDCDD) concerns donation after withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy (W-LST). We examine the ethical issues raised by W-LST in the cDCDD context in the light of a review of cDCDD protocols and the ethical literature. Our analysis confirms that W-LST procedures vary considerably among cDCDD centers and that despite existing recommendations, the conflict of interest in the W-LST decision and process might be difficult to avoid, the process of W-LST might interfere with usual end-of-life care, and there is a risk of hastening death...
March 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Muhammad Umair Bashir, Anan Tawil, Vishnu R Mani, Umer Farooq, Michael A DeVita
INTRODUCTION: In addition to the fluid intake in the form of intravenous maintenance or boluses in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, there are sources of fluids that may remain unrecognized but contribute significantly to the overall fluid balance. We hypothesized that fluids not ordered as boluses or maintenance infusions-"hidden obligatory fluids"-may contribute more than a liter to the fluid intake of a patient during any random 24 hours of critical care admission. METHODS: Patients admitted to the Harlem Hospital ICU for at least 24 hours were included in this study (N = 98)...
March 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Bram G A D H Heijnen, Angelique M E Spoelstra-de Man, A B Johan Groeneveld
PURPOSE: Intra-abdominal pressure, measured at end expiration, may depend on ventilator settings and transmission of intrathoracic pressure. We determined the transmission of positive intrathoracic pressure during mechanical ventilation at inspiration and expiration into the abdominal compartment. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 9 patients after uncomplicated cardiac surgery and 9 with acute respiratory failure. Intravesical pressures were measured thrice (reproducibility of 1...
March 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Mohammed Abdul Moety Al-Biltagi, Ahmed Abd ElBasset Abo-Elezz, Maher Ahmed Abd-Elhafez, Maaly Mohamed Mabrouk, Ghada Abudelmomen Suliman
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate the benefits of supplementing enteral feeding with omega-3 fatty acids in children with mild to moderate sepsis and its effects on acute-phase reactants and interleukin 6 (IL-6) level. METHODS: The study was a prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study from January 2012 to June 2014, which included 2 groups of children with mild to moderate sepsis tolerating enteral feeding. Group A included 60 children supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids, whereas group B included 60 children who received enteral feeding without omega-3 supplementation...
March 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Amélie Bernier-Jean, Martin Albert, Ariel L Shiloh, Lewis A Eisen, David Williamson, Yanick Beaulieu
PURPOSE: In light of point-of-care ultrasonography's (POCUS) recent rise in popularity, assessment of its impact on diagnosis and treatment in the intensive care unit (ICU) is of key importance. METHODS: Ultrasound examinations were collected through an ultrasound reporting software in 6 multidisciplinary ICU units from 3 university hospitals in Canada and the United States. This database included a self-reporting questionnaire to assess the impact of the ultrasound findings on diagnosis and treatment...
March 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Brian Gilbert, James R Morales, Randi J Searcy, Donald W Johnson, Jason A Ferreira
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with inappropriate continuation of neuroleptics postdischarge from the intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed including all patients greater than 18 years of age who received neuroleptic medications in an ICU. RESULTS: One hundred sixty-one patients were included during the 12- month study period. There were 85 (53%) patients discharged from the ICU with inappropriate continuation of a neuroleptic medication...
February 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Abhay Kumar, Rajat Dhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Susan R Wilcox, Michael Ries, Ted A Bouthiller, E Dean Berry, Travis L Dowdy, Sharon DeGrace
Critical care transport (CCT) teams are specialized transport services, comprised of highly trained paramedics, nurses, and occasionally respiratory therapists, offering an expanded scope of practice beyond advanced life support (ALS) emergency medical service teams. We report 4 cases of patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome from influenza in need of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation evaluation at a tertiary care center, transported by ground. Our medical center did not previously have a ground CCT service, and therefore, in these cases, a physician and/or a respiratory therapist was sent with the paramedic team...
February 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Kevin Meier, Kiwon Lee
Fever is a relatively common occurrence among patients in the intensive care setting. Although the most obvious and concerning etiology is sepsis, drug reactions, venous thromboembolism, and postsurgical fevers are all on the differential diagnosis. There is abundant evidence that fever is detrimental in acute neurologic injury. Worse outcomes are reported in acute stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and traumatic brain injury. In addition to the various etiologies of fever in the intensive care setting, neurologic illness is a risk factor for neurogenic fevers...
February 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Andrew L Lin, Edward K Avila
Neurologic complications of cancer are common and are frequently life-threatening events. Certain neurologic emergencies occur more frequently in the cancer population, specifically elevated intracranial pressure, epidural cord compression, status epilepticus, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, central nervous system infection, and treatment-associated neurologic dysfunction. These emergencies require early diagnosis and prompt treatment to ensure the best possible outcome and are best managed in the intensive care unit...
February 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Kavitha Selvan, Hawa Edriss, Mark Sigler, Kenneth M Nugent
INTRODUCTION: Evolving strategies for ventilator management could reduce the frequency of complications, but there is limited information about complications in contemporary intensive care units. METHODS: We retrospectively collected information about patient demographics, chest x-ray abnormalities, complications, including pneumothoraces, ventilator-associated events, self-extubation, and resource utilization in 174 patients who required mechanical ventilation in 2013...
February 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Frederick A Zeiler, Eva Akoth, Lawrence M Gillman, Michael West
BACKGROUND: The goal of our study was to perform a systematic review of the literature to determine the effect that burst suppression has on intracranial pressure (ICP) control. METHODS: All articles from MEDLINE, BIOSIS, EMBASE, Global Health, Scopus, Cochrane Library, the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (inception to January 2015), reference lists of relevant articles, and gray literature were searched. The strength of evidence was adjudicated using both the Oxford and the Grading of Recommendation Assessment Development and Education (GRADE) methodology...
February 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Hua-Wei Huang, Xiu-Mei Sun, Zhong-Hua Shi, Guang-Qiang Chen, Lu Chen, Jan O Friedrich, Jian-Xin Zhou
PURPOSE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effect of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) on reintubation in adult patients. PROCEDURES: Ovid Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched up to November 1, 2016, for RCTs comparing HFNC versus conventional oxygen therapy (COT) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in adult patients after extubation. The primary outcome was reintubation rate, and the secondary outcomes included complications, tolerance and comfort, time to reintubation, length of stay, and mortality...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
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