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Journal of Hepatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913223/hepatitis-e-virus-infection-beyond-the-liver
#1
REVIEW
S Pischke, J Hartl, S D Pas, A W Lohse, B C Jacobs, A A van der Eijk
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections are not limited to the liver but may also affect other organs. Several diseases, including Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuralgic amyotrophy, glomerulonephritis, cryoglobulinemia, pancreatitis, lymphoma, thrombopenia, meningitis, thyreoiditis and myocarditis have been observed in the context of hepatitis E. To date the definite pathophysiological links between HEV and extrahepatic manifestations are not yet established. However, it is suggested that HEV-infection might be causative based on serological studies, case series, in vitro data and animal models...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913222/human-liver-regeneration-in-advanced-cirrhosis-is-organized-by-the-portal-tree
#2
Katalin Dezső, András Rókusz, Edina Bugyik, Armanda Szücs, András Szuák, Bence Dorogi, Mátyás Kiss, Ágnes Nemeskéri, Péter Nagy, Sándor Paku
BACKGROUND&AIMS: In advanced cirrhosis new hepatocytic nodules are generated by budding of ductules in areas of parenchymal extinction. However, the vascular alterations in the areas of parenchymal extinction, the blood supply and the structure of the new hepatocytic nodules have not been analyzed in detail. METHODS: Explanted human cirrhotic livers of three different etiologies and two experimental models of cirrhosis in rats were examined thoroughly. 3D reconstruction of the immunohistochemically stained serial sections and casting of human and experimental cirrhotic livers have been used to reveal the structural organization of the regenerative buds...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913221/role-of-the-inflammasome-in-acetaminophen-induced-liver-injury-and-acute-liver-failure
#3
REVIEW
Benjamin L Woolbright, Hartmut Jaeschke
Drug-induced acute liver failure carries a high morbidity and mortality rate. Acetaminophen overdose is the number one cause of acute liver failure and remains a major problem in Western medicine. Administration of N-acetyl cysteine is an effective antidote when given before the initial rise in toxicity; however, many patients present to the hospital after this stage occurs. As such, treatments which can alleviate late-stage acetaminophen-induced acute liver failure are imperative. While the initial mechanisms of toxicity are well described, a debate has occurred recently in the literature over whether or not there exists a second phase of injury, mediated by inflammatory processes...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908802/minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-children-uncommon-or-unrecognised-time-to-act
#4
EDITORIAL
Eirini Kyrana, Anil Dhawan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908801/managing-immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-induced-severe-autoimmune-like-hepatitis-by-liver-directed-topical-steroids
#5
LETTER
Mirjana Ziemer, Eleni Koukoulioti, Susanne Beyer, Jan C Simon, Thomas Berg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899297/validation-of-the-afp-model-as-a-predictor-of-hcc-recurrence-in-patients-with-viral-hepatitis-related-cirrhosis-who-had-received-a-liver-transplant-for-hcc
#6
Andrea Notarpaolo, Richard Layèse, Paolo Magistri, Maria Gambato, Michele Colledan, Giulia Magini, Lucia Miglioresi, Alessandro Vitale, Giovanni Vennarecci, Cecilia D Ambrosio, Patrizia Burra, Fabrizio Di Benedetto, Stefano Fagiuoli, Marco Colasanti, Giuseppe Maria Ettorre, Arnoldo Andreoli, Umberto Cillo, Alexis Laurent, Sandrine Katsahian, Etienne Audureau, Françoise Roudot-Thoraval, Christophe Duvoux
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The AFP model was shown superior to Milan criteria for prediction of HCC recurrence after liver transplantation in a French population. Our aim was to test the AFP model in a non French, post-hepatitic cirrhosis-based population of HCC candidates. METHODS: 574 patients transplanted for HCC in 4 Italian centres were studied. AFP score was assessed at last evaluation before LT. Probabilities of recurrence and survival were estimated by the log rank test or competing risk analysis and compared according to the AFP model...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894795/histological-parameters-and-alcohol-abstinence-determine-long-term-prognosis-in-patients-with-alcoholic-liver-disease
#7
Carolin Lackner, Walter Spindelboeck, Johannes Haybaeck, Philipp Douschan, Florian Rainer, Luigi Terracciano, Josef Haas, Andrea Berghold, Ramon Bataller, Rudolf E Stauber
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few data exist on predictors of long-term prognosis in patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Most studies have only assessed short-term prognosis in patients with advanced ALD. We aimed to assess the prognostic impact of clinical, biochemical and histological parameters on long-term prognosis in patients with early/compensated and decompensated ALD. METHODS: Consecutive patients (n=192) with biopsy-proven liver disease due to alcohol abuse were analyzed retrospectively...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890793/reply-to-comments-by-chan-et-al-on-the-albi-grade-provides-objective-hepatic-reserve-estimation-across-each-bclc-stage-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
LETTER
David J Pinato, Clarence Yen, Rohini Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890792/comments-on-the-albi-grade-provides-objective-hepatic-reserve-estimation-across-each-bclc-stage-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
LETTER
Anthony W H Chan, Howard H W Leung, Charing C N Chong, Stephen L Chan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890791/fecal-microbiota-manipulation-prevents-dysbiosis-and-alcohol-induced-liver-injury-in-mice
#10
Gladys Ferrere, Laura Wrzosek, Frédéric Cailleux, Williams Turpin, Virginie Puchois, Madeleine Spatz, Dragos Ciocan, Dominique Rainteau, Lydie Humbert, Cindy Hugot, Françoise Gaudin, Marie-Louise Noordine, Véronique Robert, Dominique Berrebi, Muriel Thomas, Sylvie Naveau, Gabriel Perlemuter, Anne-Marie Cassard
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a leading cause of liver failure and mortality. In humans, severe alcoholic hepatitis is associated with key changes of intestinal microbiota (IM), which influences individual sensitivity to develop advanced ALD. We used the different susceptibility to ALD observed in two distinct animal facilities to test the efficiency of two complementary strategies (fecal microbiota transplantation and prebiotic treatment) to reverse dysbiosis and prevent ALD...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890790/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-an-ifn-free-regimen-with-dcv-asv-for-elderly-patients-infected-with-hcv-genotype-1b
#11
Hidenori Toyoda, Takashi Kumada, Toshifumi Tada, Noritomo Shimada, Koichi Takaguchi, Tomonori Senoh, Kunihiko Tsuji, Yoshihiko Tachi, Atsushi Hiraoka, Toru Ishikawa, Toshihide Shima, Takeshi Okanoue
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy by interferon (IFN)-free regimen with oral direct-acting antiviral drugs are tolerable in aged patients, with fewer adverse effects than IFN-based therapies. We investigated the efficacy and tolerability of an IFN-free anti-HCV therapy in extremely aged patients, as well as the survival benefit of sustained virologic response (SVR). METHODS: Following IFN-free therapy with daclatasvir and asunaprevir, tolerability and SVR rate were compared between 115 HCV genotype 1-infected patients aged 80 years or older, 151 patients in their seventies (⩾70 and <80 years), and 115 patients under age 70...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890789/cyclosporin-derivatives-inhibit-hepatitis-b-virus-entry-without-interfering-the-ntcp-transporter
#12
Satomi Shimura, Koichi Watashi, Kento Fukano, Michael Peel, Ann Sluder, Fumihiro Kawai, Masashi Iwamoto, Senko Tsukuda, Junko S Takeuchi, Takeshi Miyake, Masaya Sugiyama, Yuki Ogasawara, Sam-Yong Park, Yasuhito Tanaka, Hiroyuki Kusuhara, Masashi Mizokami, Camille Sureau, Takaji Wakita
BACKGROUND&AIMS: Most of the specific inhibitors of hepatitis B virus (HBV) entry, including myrcludex-B and cyclosporin A (CsA), target an HBV entry receptor, sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP). As all these agents have capacities to impair the NTCP transporter activity for bile acid uptake and thus may cause significant adverse effects, we aim to identify small molecules that inhibit HBV entry but least affecting the NTCP transporter function. METHODS: We focused on derivatives of CsA, which originally inhibited both HBV entry and NTCP-mediated bile acid uptake, to analyze the possibility to distinguish these two activities...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884764/targeted-direct-acting-antiviral-treatment-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-financial-reality-or-an-obstacle-to-elimination
#13
EDITORIAL
Margaret Hellard, Alisa Pedrana, Nick Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884763/acox2-deficiency-an-inborn-error-of-bile-acid-synthesis-identified-in-an-adolescent-with-persistent-hypertransaminasemia
#14
Maria J Monte, Marta Alonso-Peña, Oscar Briz, Elisa Herraez, Carmen Berasain, Josepmaria Argemi, Jesus Prieto, Jose J G Marin
BACKGROUND: Acyl-CoA oxidase (ACOX2) is involved in the shortening of C27 cholesterol derivatives to generate C24 bile acids. Inborn errors affecting the rest of peroxisomal enzymes involved in bile acid biosynthesis have been described. These conditions are usually characterized by serious hepatic and/or neurologic manifestations. AIMS: We have investigated bile acid profile and enzymes involved in their biosynthesis in the first reported case of ACOX2 deficiency identified in an adolescent boy with persistent unexplained hypertransaminasemia and his family...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871879/aging-aggravates-alcoholic-liver-injury-and-fibrosis-in-mice-by-downregulating-sirtuin-1-expression
#15
Teresa Ramirez, Yong-Mei Li, Shi Yin, Ming-Jiang Xu, Dechun Feng, Zhou Zhou, Mengwei Zang, Partha Mukhopadhyay, Zoltan V Varga, Pal Pacher, Bin Gao, Hua Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Aging is known to exacerbate the progression of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), but the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were subjected to short-term (10-days) ethanol-plus-one binge or long-term (8-weeks) ethanol-plus-multiple binges of ethanol. Liver injury and fibrosis were determined. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) were isolated and used in in vitro studies. RESULTS: Compared to young (8-12 weeks) mice, middle-aged (12-14 months) and old (>16 months) mice were more susceptible to liver injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress induced by short-term-plus-one binge or long-term-plus-multiple binges of ethanol feeding...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866920/the-orphan-nuclear-receptor-coup-tfii-coordinates-hypoxia-independent-proangiogenic-responses-in-hepatic-stellate-cells
#16
Elisabetta Ceni, Tommaso Mello, Simone Polvani, Mireille Vasseur-Cognet, Mirko Tarocchi, Sara Tempesti, Duccio Cavalieri, Luca Beltrame, Marroncini Giada, Massimo Pinzani, Stefano Milani, Andrea Galli
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) transdifferentiation into collagen-producing myofibroblasts is a key event in hepatic fibrogenesis, but the transcriptional network that controls the acquisition of the activated phenotype is still poorly understood. In this study, we explored whether the nuclear receptor Chicken Ovalbumin Upstream Promoter-Transcription Factor II (COUP-TFII) is involved in HSC activation and in the multifunctional role of these cells during the response to liver injury...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864004/beta-adrenergic-blockade-and-decompensated-cirrhosis
#17
REVIEW
Thomas Reiberger, Mattias Mandorfer
Non-selective betablockers (NSBBs) remain the cornerstone of medical treatment of portal hypertension. The evidence for their efficacy to prevent variceal bleeding is derived from prospective trials, which largely excluded patients with refractory ascites and renal failure. In parallel to the increasing knowledge on portal hypertension-induced changes in systemic hemodynamics, cardiac function, and renal perfusion, emerging studies have raised concerns about harmful effects of NSBBs. Clinicians are facing an ongoing controversy on the use of NSBBs in patients with advanced cirrhosis...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863814/erratum-to-personalized-peptide-vaccine-induced-immune-response-associated-with-long-term-survival-of-a-metastatic-cholangiocarcinoma-patient
#18
Markus W Löffler, P Anoop Chandran, Karoline Laske, Christopher Schroeder, Irina Bonzheim, Mathias Walzer, Franz J Hilke, Nico Trautwein, Daniel J Kowalewski, Heiko Schuster, Marc Günder, Viviana A Carcamo Yañez, Christopher Mohr, Marc Sturm, Huu-Phuc Nguyen, Olaf Riess, Peter Bauer, Sven Nahnsen, Silvio Nadalin, Derek Zieker, Jörg Glatzle, Karolin Thiel, Nicole Schneiderhan-Marra, Stephan Clasen, Hans Bösmüller, Falko Fend, Oliver Kohlbacher, Cécile Gouttefangeas, Stefan Stevanović, Alfred Königsrainer, Hans-Georg Rammensee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856218/comment-to-easl-easd-easo-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#19
LETTER
Jorge Fonseca, Gonçalo Nunes, Cristina Fonseca, Manuela Canhoto, Ana Teresa Barata, Carla Adriana Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856217/comment-to-easl-easd-easo-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#20
LETTER
Giulio Marchesini, Michael Rhoden, Roberto Vettor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
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