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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321709/intra-operative-amylase-concentration-in-peri-pancreatic-fluid-predicts-pancreatic-fistula-after-distal-pancreatectomy
#1
Christopher B Nahm, Philip R de Reuver, Thomas J Hugh, Andrew Pearson, Anthony J Gill, Jaswinder S Samra, Anubhav Mittal
Post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a potentially severe complication following distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of intra-operative amylase concentration (IOAC) in peri-pancreatic fluid after distal pancreatectomy for the diagnosis of POPF. Consecutive patients who underwent a distal pancreatectomy between November 2014 and September 2016 were included in the analysis. IOAC was measured, followed by drain fluid analysis for amylase on post-operative days (PODs) 1, 3, and 5...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321708/biliary-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-the-thread-sign
#2
Andrea Peloso, Lorenzo Cobianchi, Tommaso Dominioni, Jacopo Viganò, Anna Gallotti, Alessandro Vanoli, Marcello Maestri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321707/the-mucocele-of-the-gallbladder
#3
Gennaro Clemente, Valeria Fico, Davide De Sio, Agostino Maria De Rose
The gallbladder polyps are a common finding during ultrasonography but only in rare cases they may be a cancer. When a polyp is greater than 1 cm, the cholecystectomy is usually performed. In these images, a polyp of 4 cm corresponding to a collection of mucus (mucocele) is reported. This unusual polyp of the gallbladder was caused by heterotopic intestinal mucosa.
March 20, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315151/peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-type-iii-achalasia-of-chicago-classification-outcomes-with-a-minimum-follow-up-of-24%C3%A2-months
#4
Wengang Zhang, En-Qiang Linghu
INTRODUCTION: There are only few studies about the outcomes of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for type III achalasia in a relatively large population to date. The purpose of this study was to explore the long-term efficacy of POEM for patients with type III achalasia. METHODS: There were a total of 32 consecutive patients with type III achalasia undergoing POEM in our hospital from July 2012 to October 2014. Clinical date of general characteristics, procedure-related parameters and adverse events, symptom relief, and the high-resolution manometry outcomes before and during the periodic follow-up were retrospectively collected and analyzed...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299620/patient-acuity-and-operative-technique-associated-with-post-colectomy-mortality-across-new-york-state-an-analysis-of-160-792-patients-over-20%C3%A2-years
#5
Ryan Lamm, Steven N Mathews, Jie Yang, Jihye Park, Mark Talamini, Aurora D Pryor, Dana Telem
This study sought to characterize in-hospital post-colectomy mortality in New York State. One hundred sixty thousand seven hundred ninety-two patients who underwent colectomy from 1995 to 2014 were analyzed from the all-payer New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database. Linear trends of in-hospital mortality rate over 20 years were calculated using log-linear regression models. Chi-square tests were used to compare categorical variables between patients. Multivariable regression models were further used to calculate risk of in-hospital mortality associated with specific demographics, co-morbidities, and perioperative complications...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299619/double-and-triple-positive-tumor-markers-predict-early-recurrence-and-poor-survival-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-within-the-milan-criteria-and-child-pugh-class-a
#6
Tomoki Ryu, Yuko Takami, Yoshiyuki Wada, Masaki Tateishi, Hajime Matsushima, Kazuhiro Mikagi, Hideki Saitsu
The prognostic implications of the expression patterns of three tumor markers, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), the Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of AFP (AFP-L3) and des-γ-carboxy prothrombin (DCP), have been evaluated in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). From January 1994 to December 2014, 1182 consecutive patients underwent hepatic resection and surgical microwave ablation for HCC at our institution. This study analyzed 475 patients within the Milan criteria and Child-Pugh class A. Cumulative overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were analyzed relative to the number of positive tumor markers...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299618/the-association-of-computed-tomography-assessed-body-composition-with-mortality-in-patients-with-necrotizing-pancreatitis
#7
Janneke van Grinsven, Jeroen L A van Vugt, Arvind Gharbharan, Thomas L Bollen, Marc G Besselink, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Casper H J van Eijck, Djamila Boerma
BACKGROUND: Identification of patients with necrotizing pancreatitis at high risk for a complicated course could facilitate clinical decision-making. In multiple diseases, several parameters of body composition are associated with impaired outcome, but studies in necrotizing pancreatitis are lacking. METHODS: A post hoc analysis was performed in a national prospective cohort of 639 patients with necrotizing pancreatitis. Skeletal muscle mass, skeletal muscle density, and visceral adipose tissue were measured at the third lumbar vertebra level (L3) on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) within 10 days after initial admission and 1 month thereafter...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290141/incorporation-of-cea-improves-risk-stratification-in-stage-ii-colon-cancer
#8
Blake A Spindler, John R Bergquist, Cornelius A Thiels, Elizabeth B Habermann, Scott R Kelley, David W Larson, Kellie L Mathis
High-risk features are used to direct adjuvant therapy for stage II colon cancer. Currently, high-risk features are identified postoperatively, limiting preoperative risk stratification. We hypothesized carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) can improve preoperative risk stratification for stage II colon cancer. The National Cancer Database (NCDB 2004-2009) was reviewed for stage II colon adenocarcinoma patients undergoing curative intent resection. A novel risk stratification including both traditional high-risk features (T4 lesion, <12 lymph nodes sampled, and poor differentiation) and elevated CEA was developed...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290140/preoperative-cholangitis-affects-survival-outcome-in-patients-with-extrahepatic-bile-duct-cancer
#9
Masayuki Akita, Tetsuo Ajiki, Taku Matsumoto, Kenta Shinozaki, Tadahiro Goto, Sadaki Asari, Hirochika Toyama, Masahiro Kido, Takumi Fukumoto, Yonson Ku
BACKGROUND: It remains controversial whether preoperative cholangitis affects long-term outcomes after resection in patients with extrahepatic bile duct cancer. METHODS: A total of 107 patients with extrahepatic bile duct cancer who underwent resection with curative intent from 2008 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were categorized into two groups according to the presence or absence of preoperative cholangitis. Clinicopathological variables and long-term outcomes were compared in the two groups...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283924/dynamic-evaluation-of-liver-volume-and-function-in-associating-liver-partition-and-portal-vein-ligation-for-staged-hepatectomy
#10
Ernesto Sparrelid, Eduard Jonas, Antonios Tzortzakakis, Ulrika Dahlén, Gustav Murquist, Torkel Brismar, Rimma Axelsson, Bengt Isaksson
BACKGROUND: Despite a fast and potent growth of the future liver remnant (FLR), patients operated with associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) are at risk of developing posthepatectomy liver failure. In this study, the relation between liver volume and function in ALPPS was studied using a multimodal assessment. METHODS: Nine patients with colorectal liver metastases treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and operated with ALPPS were studied with hepatobiliary scintigraphy, computed tomography, indocyanine green clearance test, and serum liver function tests...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275959/clinicopathological-and-prognostic-analysis-of-primary-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-presenting-with-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#11
Zhijie Yin, Jinbo Gao, Weizhen Liu, Cheng Huang, Xiaoming Shuai, Guobin Wang, Kaixiong Tao, Peng Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this paper were to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic factors of GI-bleeding GIST patients and explore whether GI bleeding is a risk factor for GIST relapse. METHODS: Primary GIST patients with initial symptoms of GI bleeding or no GI bleeding were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: Up to 178 GI-bleeding GIST patients including 108 (60.7%) males and 70 (39.3%) females were evaluated for the clinicopathological characteristics...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265844/frailty-as-a-risk-predictor-of-morbidity-and-mortality-following-liver-surgery
#12
Faiz Gani, Marcelo Cerullo, Neda Amini, Stefan Buettner, Georgios A Margonis, Kazunari Sasaki, Yuhree Kim, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Given the increasing number of elderly and comorbid patients undergoing surgery, there is increased interest in preoperatively identifying patients at high risk of morbidity and mortality following liver resection. We sought to develop and validate the use of a frailty index (FI) to predict poor postoperative outcomes following liver surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing a liver resection were identified using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Hepatectomy-targeted database for 2014 and randomized into a training or validation cohort...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255853/pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-pannets-analysis-of-overall-survival-of-nonsurgical-management-versus-surgical-resection
#13
Paige Finkelstein, Rishika Sharma, Omar Picado, Rahul Gadde, Heather Stuart, Caroline Ripat, Alan S Livingstone, Danny Sleeman, Nipun Merchant, Danny Yakoub
BACKGROUND: Outcomes of patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (panNETs) undergoing surgical or nonsurgical management and outcomes of enucleation versus standard resection were compared. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane were queried (2000 to present). All studies comparing patients undergoing surgical versus nonsurgical treatments, or enucleation versus standard resection, were included. Pooled risk ratios and 95% CI for survival were calculated...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251467/lymph-node-ratio-as-a-risk-factor-for-recurrence-after-adjuvant-chemotherapy-in-stage-iii-colorectal-cancer
#14
Akira Ooki, Kiwamu Akagi, Toshimasa Yatsuoka, Masako Asayama, Hiroki Hara, Yoji Nishimura, Hiroshi Katoh, Keishi Yamashita, Masahiko Watanabe, Kensei Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: Although several markers, including the lymph node ratio (LNR), have been proposed as a clinically prognostic tool for colorectal cancer (CRC), it remains unclear which markers have the most relevance in determining recurrence following adjuvant chemotherapy for stage III CRC. METHODS: Independent risk factors for recurrence-free survival (RFS) were retrospectively determined using the Cox proportional hazard model in 360 stage III CRC patients and validated using an independent cohort comprising 172 stage III CRC patients...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243981/advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-barrett-s-esophagus-and-early-esophageal-cancer-summary-of-the-kelly-and-carlos-pellegrini-ssat-sages-luncheon-symposium
#15
Jon C Gould, Mark R Wendling, Brant K Oeschlager, Sumeet K Mittal, Srinadh Komanduri, Kyle A Perry, Sean Cleary, Susan Galandiuk, Daniel J Scott, P Marco Fisichella, Nicholas J Shaheen, Kelly R Haisley, John G Hunter
BACKGROUND: Patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) are at increased risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). The incidence of EAC is rising faster than any other cancer. DISCUSSION: Patients with BE have a 30- to 40-fold increased risk of EAC. In the past 20 years, there have been dramatic advances in our understanding of the incidence and natural history of BE. Endoscopic treatment of BE is evolving. Even early EAC has been treated without esophagectomy and good oncologic results in the modern era...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243980/early-detection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-with-hepatocirrhosis-by-soluble-b7-h3
#16
Long Zhao, Chao Xie, Danqing Liu, Tong Li, Yu Zhang, Chidan Wan
Increasing evidence has demonstrated an association between increased soluble B7-H3 (sB7-H3) levels and unfavorable progression in patients with malignant tumors. In the present study, we detected sB7-H3 levels in serum to investigate the value of sB7-H3 as a tool for differential diagnosis of cirrhotic patients with or without early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (ESHCC). We also assessed the diagnostic value of sB7-H3regarding the prediction of overall survival (OS) of cirrhotic patients with ESHCC. sB7-H3 expression was measured in 91 healthy volunteers, 149 cirrhotic patients with ESHCC, and 87 cirrhotic patients by ELISA, and correlations between DCP1a level and clinical characteristics were analyzed...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243979/delayed-presentation-of-acute-cholecystitis-comparative-outcomes-of-same-admission-versus-delayed-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#17
Jarrod K H Tan, Joel C I Goh, Janice W L Lim, Iyer G Shridhar, Krishnakumar Madhavan, Alfred W C Kow
INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown that same-admission laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SALC) is superior to delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy (DLC) for acute cholecystitis (AC). However, no studies have compared both modalities in patients with delayed presentation. The aim of the study was to compare outcomes between SALC and DLC in AC patients with more than 7-day symptom duration. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 83 AC patients who underwent LC after presenting with >7 days of symptoms from June 2010 to June 2015 was performed...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224465/long-term-outcomes-following-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-tube-placement-for-treatment-of-acute-calculous-cholecystitis
#18
Donna Marie L Alvino, Zhi Ven Fong, Colin J McCarthy, George Velmahos, Keith D Lillemoe, Peter R Mueller, Peter J Fagenholz
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous cholecystostomy tube (PCT) placement is considered a safe alternative to cholecystectomy for the treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis (ACC), but data regarding long-term outcomes following PCT are limited. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our institutional experience of patients undergoing PCT for ACC between 1997 and 2015. Recurrent biliary events were defined as cholecystitis, cholangitis, or gallstone pancreatitis. RESULTS: PCT was placed for 288 patients with ACC...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224464/laparoscopic-gastrojejunostomy-for-patients-with-unresectable-gastric-cancer-with-gastric-outlet-obstruction
#19
Toshiyasu Ojima, Mikihito Nakamori, Masaki Nakamura, Masahiro Katsuda, Keiji Hayata, Hiroki Yamaue
BACKGROUND: There have been no comparative studies of open gastrojejunostomy (OGJ) and laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy (LGJ) in gastric cancer (GC) patients with gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) to explore both short- and long-term outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare the safety and feasibility of short-term oral intake as well as the long-term oncological outcome of OGJ and LGJ. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 53 consecutive unresectable GC patients who underwent GJ for GOO in our institute...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205124/routine-radiologic-contrast-agent-examination-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-is-not-useful
#20
Benjamin Struecker, Sascha Chopra, Ann-Christin Heilmann, Johanna Spenke, Christian Denecke, Igor M Sauer, Marcus Bahra, Johann Pratschke, Andreas Andreou, Matthias Biebl
Many studies have showed that routine upper gastrointestinal contrast agent examinations (RCE) for testing the patency of the anastomosis after esophagectomy or the stapler line after sleeve gastrectomy cannot be recommended due to low sensitivity. However, the clinical value of RCE after gastrectomy for gastric cancer remains unclear. We have retrospectively analyzed the clinical course of 377 consecutive patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer in our institution between 2005 and 2015. To date, we have performed a RCE on the fifth postoperative day before removal of the nasogastric tube and return to oral intake...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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