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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224465/long-term-outcomes-following-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-tube-placement-for-treatment-of-acute-calculous-cholecystitis
#1
Donna Marie L Alvino, Zhi Ven Fong, Colin J McCarthy, George Velmahos, Keith D Lillemoe, Peter R Mueller, Peter J Fagenholz
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous cholecystostomy tube (PCT) placement is considered a safe alternative to cholecystectomy for the treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis (ACC), but data regarding long-term outcomes following PCT are limited. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our institutional experience of patients undergoing PCT for ACC between 1997 and 2015. Recurrent biliary events were defined as cholecystitis, cholangitis, or gallstone pancreatitis. RESULTS: PCT was placed for 288 patients with ACC...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224464/laparoscopic-gastrojejunostomy-for-patients-with-unresectable-gastric-cancer-with-gastric-outlet-obstruction
#2
Toshiyasu Ojima, Mikihito Nakamori, Masaki Nakamura, Masahiro Katsuda, Keiji Hayata, Hiroki Yamaue
BACKGROUND: There have been no comparative studies of open gastrojejunostomy (OGJ) and laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy (LGJ) in gastric cancer (GC) patients with gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) to explore both short- and long-term outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare the safety and feasibility of short-term oral intake as well as the long-term oncological outcome of OGJ and LGJ. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 53 consecutive unresectable GC patients who underwent GJ for GOO in our institute...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205125/does-hyperbilirubinemia-contribute-to-adverse-patient-outcomes-following-pancreatoduodenectomy
#3
Scott Dolejs, Ben L Zarzaur, Nicholas J Zyromski, Henry A Pitt, Taylor S Riall, Bruce L Hall, Stephen W Behrman
BACKGROUND: Jaundice due to biliary obstruction leads to multiple physiologic derangements and a decline in performance status that may result in unfavorable intra- and postoperative outcomes following a Whipple procedure. While preoperative biliary decompression may improve synthetic function, this strategy has been reported to increase the incidence of infectious complications following surgery. We hypothesized that hyperbilirubinemia at the time of pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) would be a risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality postoperatively...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205124/routine-radiologic-contrast-agent-examination-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-is-not-useful
#4
Benjamin Struecker, Sascha Chopra, Ann-Christin Heilmann, Johanna Spenke, Christian Denecke, Igor M Sauer, Marcus Bahra, Johann Pratschke, Andreas Andreou, Matthias Biebl
Many studies have showed that routine upper gastrointestinal contrast agent examinations (RCE) for testing the patency of the anastomosis after esophagectomy or the stapler line after sleeve gastrectomy cannot be recommended due to low sensitivity. However, the clinical value of RCE after gastrectomy for gastric cancer remains unclear. We have retrospectively analyzed the clinical course of 377 consecutive patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric cancer in our institution between 2005 and 2015. To date, we have performed a RCE on the fifth postoperative day before removal of the nasogastric tube and return to oral intake...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205123/isolated-pancreatic-uncinate-duct-ipmn
#5
Ajay V Maker, Vijay K Maker
The ventral pancreas originally forms as an evagination of the common bile duct at 32 days gestation and its duct, the uncinate duct, eventually rotates with the ventral anlage to join the dorsal pancreas and fuse with the main pancreatic duct. Thus, though often considered a "branch" duct of the pancreas, embryologically, the uncinate duct is the "main" pancreatic duct of the ventral pancreas. This concept is not fully addressed in the current definitions of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMN) where international consensus guidelines consider the main-duct IPMN as high risk for malignancy and most small branch-duct IPMN as low risk for malignancy...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205122/proceedings-of-the-50th-annual-pancreas-club-meeting
#6
Marshall S Baker, Nicholas J Zyromski
The 50th Annual Pancreas Club meeting was held on May 20 and 21, 2016, at the Hyatt Regency Mission Bay in San Diego, CA. Three hundred and three attendees included pancreatologists from 15 countries; one hundred attendees were international. Two hundred ninety-three abstracts were submitted; from these submissions, 64 oral presentations and 194 posters were selected for presentation. The table documents oral abstract titles with institutional affiliation. Full abstracts for all oral presentations and posters are available at the Pancreas Club website, http://pancreasclub...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194616/impact-of-fellow-versus-resident-assistance-on-outcomes-following-pancreatoduodenectomy
#7
Rosalie A Carr, Catherine W Chung, Christian M Schmidt, Andrea Jester, Molly E Kilbane, Michael G House, Nicholas J Zyromski, Attila Nakeeb, C Max Schmidt, Eugene P Ceppa
BACKGROUND: Participation by surgical trainees in complex procedures is key to their development as future practicing surgeons. The impact of surgical fellows versus general surgery resident assistance on outcomes in pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) has not been well studied. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in patient outcomes based on level of surgical trainee. METHODS: Consecutive cases of PD (n = 254) were reviewed at a single high-volume institution over a 2-year period (July 2013-June 2015)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181138/endoscopically-guided-laparoscopic-gastrojejunostomy-tube-placement-for-patients-with-distal-esophageal-stents
#8
Marlieke E Nussenbaum, Edward Y Chan, Min P Kim, Puja G Khaitan
Patients with distal esophageal pathology such as perforation, trachea-esophageal fistulae, and/ or obstructing gastroesophageal junction tumor present a challenging situation in terms of feeding access where an esophageal stent is placed across the gastroesophageal junction. In order to allow simultaneous gastric decompression and post-pyloric feeds without significant reflux up through the stent, a gastrojejunostomy (GJ) tube is a viable option. We hereby describe a hybrid approach to placing these GJ tubes in this cohort of patients using simultaneous laparoscopy, endoscopy, and fluoroscopy with minimal manipulation of the stent itself...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181137/portoenterostomy-as-a-salvage-procedure-for-major-biliary-complications-following-hepaticojejunostomy
#9
Amit Sharma, John S Hammond, Emmanouil Psaltis, W Keith Dunn, Dileep N Lobo
Major biliary complications that require surgical intervention after hepaticojejunostomy are rare and technically challenging. While the hepaticojejunostomy can be refashioned in most patients requiring surgical reexploration after anastomotic dehiscence, a selected few may require a portoenterostomy, which involves anastomosis of the jejunum to a decapsulated area of the liver to establish a conduit from the intrahepatic bile ducts to the intestine. Herein, we describe the technique where a portoenterostomy has been used to restore bilioenteric continuity in three patients where reconstruction with a hepaticojejunostomy was not feasible...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168674/clinical-implications-of-biliary-confluence-pattern-for-bismuth-corlette-type-iv-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma-applied-to-hemihepatectomy
#10
Gu-Wei Ji, Fei-Peng Zhu, Ke Wang, Chen-Yu Jiao, Zi-Cheng Shao, Xiang-Cheng Li
BACKGROUND: Since biliary variations are commonly seen, our aims are to clarify these insidious variations and discuss their surgicopathologic implications for Bismuth-Corlette (BC) type IV hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) applied to hemihepatectomy. METHODS: Three-dimensional images of patients with distal bile duct obstruction (n = 97) and advanced HC (n = 79) were reconstructed and analyzed retrospectively. Normal biliary confluence pattern was defined as the peripheral segment IV duct (B4) joining the common trunk of segment II (B2) and segment III (B3) ducts to form the left hepatic duct (LHD) that then joined the right hepatic duct (RHD)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155121/a-modified-liver-hanging-maneuver-in-pure-laparoscopic-left-hemihepatectomy-with-preservation-of-the-middle-hepatic-vein-video-and-technique
#11
Ji Hoon Kim, Jae-Woon Choi
BACKGROUND: The liver hanging maneuver is a novel and useful technique that is widely used in open liver resections. The present study describes the surgical technique and outcomes of a modified liver hanging maneuver for pure laparoscopic left hemihepatectomy. METHOD: The clinical data of patients who underwent laparoscopic left hemihepatectomy using a modified hanging technique were retrospectively reviewed. The upper end of the hanging tape was placed on the lateral side of the left hepatic vein...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138809/determining-the-optimal-quantitative-threshold-for-preoperative-albumin-level-before-elective-colorectal-surgery
#12
Victoria Bendersky, Zhifei Sun, Mohamed A Adam, Christel Rushing, Jina Kim, Linda Youngwirth, Megan Turner, John Migaly, Christopher R Mantyh
BACKGROUND: Hypoalbuminemia is associated with adverse surgical outcomes. A minimum threshold and the impact of incrementally decreasing albumin remain undefined for colorectal surgery patients. STUDY DESIGN: The 2011-2013 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) dataset was queried for patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery. Multivariable regression analyses with restricted cubic splines (RCS) were used to examine the adjusted association between preoperative serum albumin level and the incidence of complications and to establish an optimal threshold...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120276/the-development-application-and-analysis-of-an-enhanced-recovery-programme-for-major-oesophagogastric-resection
#13
Timothy J Underwood, F Noble, N Madhusudan, D Sharland, R Fraser, J Owsley, M Grant, J J Kelly, James P Byrne
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery programmes improve outcomes in surgery, but their implementation after upper gastrointestinal resection has been limited. The aim of this study was to compare short-term outcomes for patients undergoing oesophagogastric surgery in an enhanced recovery programme (EROS). METHODS: EROS was developed after a multidisciplinary meeting by multiple rounds of revision. EROS was applied to all patients undergoing major upper GI resection at a university teaching hospital in the UK from 20/9/13, with data reviewed at 18/09/15...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120275/predictive-factors-for-lymph-node-metastasis-in-undifferentiated-early-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Xudong Zhao, Aizhen Cai, Hongqing Xi, Lin Chen, Zheng Peng, Peiyu Li, Na Liu, Jianxin Cui, Hua Li
OBJECTIVES: Less invasive surgery is gaining popularity for the treatment of early gastric cancer (EGC), but there are no definitive guidelines for the use of less invasive surgery for the treatment of undifferentiated EGC. The aims of this meta-analysis were to identify potential predictive factors for lymph node metastasis (LNM) in undifferentiated EGC and to guide the personalized therapeutic modality for patients with undifferentiated EGC. METHODS: An extensive search of the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases was performed to identify relevant articles involving undifferentiated EGC and LNM...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120274/advanced-gi-surgery-training-a-roadmap-for-the-future-the-white-paper-from-the-ssat-task-force-on-advanced-gi-surgery-training
#15
Matthew M Hutter, Kevin E Behrns, Nathaniel J Soper, Fabrizio Michelassi
There is the need for well-trained advanced GI surgeons. The super specialization seen in academic and large community centers may not be applicable for surgeons practicing in other settings. The pendulum that has been swinging toward narrow specialization is swinging the other way, as many trained subspecialists are having a harder time finding positions after fellowship, and if they do find a position, the majority of their practice can actually be advanced GI surgery and not exclusively their area of focused expertise...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116666/distal-pancreatectomy-with-celiac-axis-resection-combined-with-reconstruction-of-the-left-gastric-artery
#16
Takafumi Sato, Yosuke Inoue, Yu Takahashi, Yoshihiro Mise, Takeaki Ishizawa, Kenta Tanakura, Hiromichi Ito, Akio Saiura
Distal pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection is one of the most aggressive approaches for the treatment of locally advanced pancreatic cancer with common hepatic artery and/or celiac axis invasion. However, ischemic complications such as ischemic gastropathy and liver failure are problematic. To avoid these complications, we developed left gastric artery-reconstructing distal pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection. We used the middle colic artery for reconstruction. We performed this procedure in 10 patients, using the middle colic artery in three different ways: left branch reconstruction, right branch reconstruction, and reverse reconstruction...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116665/abdominal-cocoon-syndrome-a-rare-cause-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain
#17
Dzmitry Fursevich, Jeremy Burt
Abdominal cocoon syndrome, or sclerosing peritonitis, is a rare condition characterized by encasement of small bowel loops by a thick fibrous scar. It most commonly presents as nonspecific vague chronic abdominal pain and weight loss, and is difficult to recognize clinically until the patient develops symptoms of bowel obstruction. We present a case of abdominal cocoon syndrome in a 65-year-old female and describe its clinical, imaging, and pathologic features.
January 23, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108932/patient-centered-outcomes-in-surgical-research-and-practice
#18
Blake Fernandez, Livingstone Dore, Vic Velanovich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108931/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-surgicaltreatment-of-non-zenker-s-oesophageal-diverticula
#19
David S Y Chan, Antonio Foliaki, Wyn G Lewis, Geoffrey W B Clark, Guy R J C Blackshaw
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal diverticula are rare outpouchings of the oesophagus which may be classified anatomically as pharyngeal (Zenker's), mid-oesophageal and epiphrenic. While surgery is indicated for symptomatic patients, no consensus exists regarding the optimum technique for non-Zenker's oesophageal diverticula. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of surgery in patients with non-Zenker's oesophageal diverticula. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library (January 1990 to January 2016) were searched for studies which reported outcomes of surgery in patients with non-Zenker's oesophageal diverticula...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101722/the-effect-of-antibiotic-coated-sutures-on-the-incidence-of-surgical-site-infections-in-abdominal-closures-a-meta-analysis
#20
Basheer Elsolh, Lisa Zhang, Sunil V Patel
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aims to determine if antibiotic-impregnated sutures for abdominal fascial closure prevent postoperative surgical site infections (SSIs), hernias, and/or dehiscence. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE databases (1946-2016) were searched. Randomized controlled trials comparing antibiotic-impregnated sutures to standard sutures for abdominal closure were eligible. Risk of bias was evaluated using the Cochrane Handbooks definitions. RESULTS: Four-hundred fifty articles were reviewed; five eligible studies (N = 3117) were identified...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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