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Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923873/self-rated-health-and-mental-health-of-lone-fathers-compared-with-lone-mothers-and-partnered-fathers-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Maria Chiu, Farah Rahman, Paul Kurdyak, John Cairney, Nathaniel Jembere, Simone Vigod
BACKGROUND: Lone parenthood is associated with poorer health; however, the vast majority of previous studies have examined lone mothers and only a few have focused on lone fathers. We aimed to examine the self-rated health and mental health status among a large population-based cross-sectional sample of Canadian lone fathers compared with both partnered fathers and lone mothers. METHODS: We investigated differences in self-rated health and mental health among 1058 lone fathers compared with 20 692 partnered fathers and 5725 lone mothers using the Ontario component of the Canadian Community Health Survey (2001-2013)...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913615/urban-rural-differences-in-cancer-directed-surgery-and-survival-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Audrey Alforque Thomas, Alison Pearce, Ciaran O'Neill, Michal Molcho, Linda Sharp
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Clinically appropriate cancer-directed surgery is an influential and significant prognostic factor. In a population-based study, we determined how urban/rural residence was related to surgery receipt for patients with non-small cell lung cancer. We assessed the relationship between relative survival and patients' area of residence, taking into account surgery receipt and area socioeconomic level. METHODS: We extracted data from the National Cancer Registry Ireland on patients with non-small cell lung cancer diagnosed during 1994-2011 and linked to area-level data on socioeconomic indicators and urban/rural categories...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913614/relationship-between-employment-histories-and-frailty-trajectories-in-later-life-evidence-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#3
Wentian Lu, Rebecca Benson, Karen Glaser, Loretta G Platts, Laurie M Corna, Diana Worts, Peggy McDonough, Giorgio Di Gessa, Debora Price, Amanda Sacker
BACKGROUND: Given the acceleration of population ageing and policy changes to extend working lives, evidence is needed on the ability of older adults to work for longer. To understand more about the health impacts of work, this study examined the relationship between employment histories before retirement and trajectories of frailty thereafter. METHODS: The sample comprised 2765 women and 1621 men from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We used gendered typologies of life-time employment and a frailty index (FI)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913613/socioeconomic-differences-in-health-check-ups-and-medically-certified-sickness-absence-a-10-year-follow-up-among-middle-aged-municipal-employees-in-finland
#4
Kustaa Piha, Hilla Sumanen, Eero Lahelma, Ossi Rahkonen
BACKGROUND: There is contradictory evidence on the association between health check-ups and future morbidity. Among the general population, those with high socioeconomic position participate more often in health check-ups. The main aims of this study were to analyse if attendance to health check-ups are socioeconomically patterned and affect sickness absence over a 10-year follow-up. METHODS: This register-based follow-up study included municipal employees of the City of Helsinki...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885050/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-of-neighbourhood-social-environment-and-smoking-behaviour-the-multiethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#5
Stephanie L Mayne, Amy H Auchincloss, Kari A Moore, Yvonne L Michael, Loni Philip Tabb, Sandra E Echeverria, Ana V Diez Roux
BACKGROUND: Social features of neighbourhood environments may influence smoking by creating a stressful environment or by buffering stress through social cohesion. However, the association of the overall neighbourhood social environment (NSE) with smoking, and the association of specific neighbourhood social factors with change in smoking behaviour over time, has rarely been examined. METHODS: This study included 5856 adults aged 45-84 years from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (2000-2012, average follow-up: 7...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885049/residential-segregation-and-mental-health-among-latinos-in-a-nationally-representative-survey
#6
Carrie J Nobles, Sarah E Valentine, E David Zepeda, Ye Wang, Emily M Ahles, Derri L Shtasel, Luana Marques
BACKGROUND: Among Latinos, living in a locality with greater Latino ethnic density may be protective for mental health, although findings vary by Latino subgroup, gender and birthplace. Although little studied, Latino residential segregation may capture different pathways linking risk and protective environmental factors to mental health than local ethnic density. METHODS: This study evaluated the association between residential segregation and mental distress as measured by the Kessler-10 (K10) among Latino participants in the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885048/trends-in-educational-inequalities-in-premature-mortality-in-belgium-between-the-1990s-and-the-2000s-the-contribution-of-specific-causes-of-deaths
#7
Françoise Renard, Sylvie Gadeyne, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Jean Tafforeau, Patrick Deboosere
BACKGROUND: Reducing socioeconomic inequalities in mortality, a key public health objective may be supported by a careful monitoring and assessment of the contributions of specific causes of death to the global inequality. METHODS: The 1991 and 2001 Belgian censuses were linked with cause-of-death data, each yielding a study population of over 5 million individuals aged 25-64, followed up for 5 years. Age-standardised mortality rates (ASMR) were computed by educational level (EL) and cause...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864323/what-is-policy-and-where-do-we-look-for-it-when-we-want-to-research-it
#8
Brad Crammond, Gemma Carey
Public health researchers are increasingly concerned with achieving 'upstream' change to achieve reductions in the global burden of disease and health inequalities. Consequently, understanding policy and how to change it has become a central goal of public health. Yet conceptualisation of what constitutes policy and where it can be found is very limited within this field. Our glossary demonstrates that policy is many headed. It is located in a vast array of documents, discussions dialogues and actions which can be captured variously by formal and informal forms of documentation and observation...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836918/effects-of-estimated-completion-time-and-unconditional-gift-certificates-on-questionnaire-response
#9
LETTER
Marleen M H J van Gelder, Pauline M Geuijen, Jeanne H M de Vries, Nel Roeleveld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836917/sugar-dental-caries-and-the-incidence-of-acute-rheumatic-fever-a-cohort-study-of-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pacific-children
#10
Simon Thornley, Roger J Marshall, Katie Bach, Pauline Koopu, Gary Reynolds, Gerhard Sundborn, Win Le Shwe Sin Ei
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether dental caries, as an indicator of cumulative exposure to sugar, is associated with the incidence of acute rheumatic fever and chronic rheumatic heart disease, in Māori and Pacific children aged 5 and 6 years at their first dental visit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study was undertaken which linked school dental service records of caries with national hospital discharge and mortality records. Cox models were used to investigate the strength of the association between dental caries and rheumatic fever incidence...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834224/be-ing-prepared-guide-and-scout-participation-childhood-social-position-and-mental-health-at-age-50-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#11
Chris Dibben, Chris Playford, Richard Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Mental health is a major concern in many countries. We explore whether youth participation in the Scouts and Guides could protect mental health in later life and in particular whether it might reduce inequalities in mental health associated with early life socioeconomic position. METHODS: Using the 1958 birth cohort National Child Development Study, we tested whether Scouts-Guide attendance was associated with mental health (SF-36, Mental Health Index (MHI-5)) controlling for childhood risk factors and interacted with social class...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834223/social-capital-interventions-targeting-older-people-and-their-impact-on-health-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Laura Coll-Planas, Fredrica Nyqvist, Teresa Puig, Gerard Urrútia, Ivan Solà, Rosa Monteserín
BACKGROUND: Observational studies show that social capital is a protective health factor. Therefore, we aim to assess the currently unclear health impact of social capital interventions targeting older adults. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review based on a logic model. Studies published between January 1980 and July 2015 were retrieved from MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Web of Science. We included randomised controlled trials targeting participants over 60 years old and focused on social capital or its components (eg, social support and social participation)...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831480/impact-of-the-2008-global-financial-crisis-on-the-health-of-canadians-repeated-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-canadian-community-health-survey-2007-2013
#13
Sabrina Nour, Ronald Labonté, Christina Bancej
BACKGROUND: Despite a clear impact on the Canadian economy, little is known about the subsequent health impacts of the 2008 global financial crisis (GFC) in this country. This study fills this gap in knowledge by conducting a repeated cross-sectional analysis of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). METHODS: Data from 7 cycles (2007-2013) of the CCHS were combined to form a large data set representative of the Canadian working-age population (15-64 years) residing in 1 of 10 provinces...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799618/analyses-of-infectious-disease-patterns-and-drivers-largely-lack-insights-from-social-epidemiology-contemporary-patterns-and-future-opportunities
#14
Grace A Noppert, John T Kubale, Mark L Wilson
BACKGROUND: Infectious disease epidemiologists have long recognised the importance of social variables as drivers of epidemics and disease risk, yet few apply analytic approaches from social epidemiology. We quantified and evaluated the extent to which recent infectious disease research is employing the perspectives and methods of social epidemiology by replicating the methodology used by Cohen et al in a 2007 study. METHODS: 2 search strategies were used to identify and review articles published from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2013...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789757/population-attributable-risks-and-costs-of-diabetogenic-chemical-exposures-in-the-elderly
#15
Leonardo Trasande, Erik Lampa, Lars Lind, P Monica Lind
BACKGROUND: A previous analysis examined the contribution of endocrine disruptor exposures (endocrine-disrupting chemicals, EDCs) to adult diabetes, but was limited to effects of phthalates in middle-aged women and did not simultaneously examine multiple EDCs which are known to coexist in the environment. We therefore endeavoured to quantify potential reductions in diabetes and disease costs that could result from reducing synthetic chemical diabetogenic exposures in the elderly in Europe...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789756/alcohol-advertising-and-public-health-systems-perspectives-versus-narrow-perspectives
#16
M Petticrew, I Shemilt, T Lorenc, T M Marteau, G J Melendez-Torres, A O'Mara-Eves, K Stautz, J Thomas
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is influenced by a complex causal system of interconnected psychological, behavioural, social, economic, legal and environmental factors. These factors are shaped by governments (eg, licensing laws and taxation), by consumers (eg, patterns of alcohol consumption drive demand) and by alcohol industry practices, such as advertising. The marketing and advertising of alcoholic products contributes to an 'alcogenic environment' and is a modifiable influence on alcohol consumption and harm...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777265/prenatal-sex-selection-and-female-infant-mortality-are-more-common-in-india-after-firstborn-and-second-born-daughters
#17
Corry Gellatly, Marion Petrie
BACKGROUND: The Indian sex ratio has become highly male-biased in recent decades. This may be attributed to prenatal sex selection (PSS) and excess female infant mortality. However, the question of whether these factors are related has not been adequately studied. Here we examine whether increased use of PSS may offset excess female infant mortality, by reducing the number of 'unwanted' daughters being born. METHODS: We analyse the National Family Health Survey (NHFS) data sets for India, which contain nationally representative samples of birth histories for women aged 15-49, interviewed in 1992-1993, 1998-1999 and 2005-2006...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754858/commentary-on-liu-et-al-prevalence-and-patterns-of-tobacco-smoking-among-chinese-adult-men-and-women-findings-of-2010-national-smoking-survey
#18
Steven D Stellman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754857/functional-disability-and-social-participation-restriction-associated-with-chronic-conditions-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#19
Lauren E Griffith, Parminder Raina, Mélanie Levasseur, Nazmul Sohel, Hélène Payette, Holly Tuokko, Edwin van den Heuvel, Andrew Wister, Anne Gilsing, Christopher Patterson
BACKGROUND: We examine the population impact on functional disability and social participation of physical and mental chronic conditions individually and in combination. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based data from community-dwelling people aged 45 years and over living in the 10 Canadian provinces in 2008-2009 were used to estimate the population attributable risk (PAR) for functional disability in basic (ADL) and instrumental (IADL) activities of daily living and social participation restrictions for individual and combinations of chronic conditions, stratified by age and gender, after adjusting for confounding variables...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742743/unintentional-injury-in-england-an-analysis-of-the-emergency-care-data-set-pilot-in-oxfordshire-from-2012-to-2014
#20
Graham Kirkwood, Thomas C Hughes, Allyson M Pollock
BACKGROUND: A pilot injury data collection exercise at the emergency departments (EDs) of Oxford University Hospitals National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust (OUH) ran from 2012 to 2014 to inform the current development of the new NHS England emergency care data set. METHODS: Data collected at the EDs of OUH 1 January 2012 to 30 March 2014 analysed for Oxford City and Cherwell District Council areas. Data completeness and quality checked against Hospital Episode Statistic (HES) returns...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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