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Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320775/is-it-time-to-reassess-current-safety-standards-for-glyphosate-based-herbicides
#1
REVIEW
Laura N Vandenberg, Bruce Blumberg, Michael N Antoniou, Charles M Benbrook, Lynn Carroll, Theo Colborn, Lorne G Everett, Michael Hansen, Philip J Landrigan, Bruce P Lanphear, Robin Mesnage, Frederick S Vom Saal, Wade V Welshons, John Peterson Myers
Use of glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) increased ∼100-fold from 1974 to 2014. Additional increases are expected due to widespread emergence of glyphosate-resistant weeds, increased application of GBHs, and preharvest uses of GBHs as desiccants. Current safety assessments rely heavily on studies conducted over 30 years ago. We have considered information on GBH use, exposures, mechanisms of action, toxicity and epidemiology. Human exposures to glyphosate are rising, and a number of in vitro and in vivo studies challenge the basis for the current safety assessment of glyphosate and GBHs...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298415/integrated-knowledge-translation-digging-deeper-moving-forward
#2
REVIEW
Anita Kothari, C Nadine Wathen
BACKGROUND: Integrated knowledge translation has risen in popularity as a solution to the underuse of research in policy and practice settings. It engages knowledge users-policymakers, practitioners, patients/consumers or their advocates, and members of the wider public-in mutually beneficial research that can involve the joint development of research questions, data collection, analysis and dissemination of findings. Knowledge that is co-produced has a better chance of being implemented...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298414/insomnia-as-a-predictor-of-job-exit-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-results-from-the-health-and-retirement-study
#3
Liming Dong, Jacqueline Agnew, Ramin Mojtabai, Pamela J Surkan, Adam P Spira
OBJECTIVES: Poor health is a recognised predictor of workforce exit, but little is known about the role of insomnia in workforce exit. We examined the association between insomnia symptoms and subsequent job exit among middle-aged and older adults from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). METHODS: The study sample consisted of 5746 respondents aged between 50 and 70 who were working for pay when interviewed in the HRS 2004 and were followed up in the HRS 2006...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292784/payback-time-influence-of-having-children-on-mortality-in-old-age
#4
K Modig, M Talbäck, J Torssander, A Ahlbom
BACKGROUND: It is known that parents have lower mortality than childless individuals. Support from adult children to ageing parents may be of importance for parental health and longevity. The aim of this study was to estimate the association between having a child and the risk of death, and to examine whether the association increased at older ages when health starts to deteriorate and the need of support from a family member increases. METHODS: In this nationwide study, all men and women (born between 1911 and 1925 and residing in Sweden), as well as their children, were identified in population registers and followed over time...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289039/socioeconomic-gradients-in-all-cause-premature-and-avoidable-mortality-among-immigrants-and-long-term-residents-using-linked-death-records-in-ontario-canada
#5
Anam M Khan, Marcelo Urquia, Kathy Kornas, David Henry, Stephanie Y Cheng, Catherine Bornbaum, Laura C Rosella
BACKGROUND: Immigrants have been shown to possess a health advantage, yet are also more likely to reside in arduous economic conditions. Little is known about if and how the socioeconomic gradient for all-cause, premature and avoidable mortality differs according to immigration status. METHODS: Using several linked population-based vital and demographic databases from Ontario, we examined a cohort of all deaths in the province between 2002 and 2012. We constructed count models, adjusted for relevant covariates, to attain age-adjusted mortality rates and rate ratios for all-cause, premature and avoidable mortality across income quintile in immigrants and long-term residents, stratified by sex...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270504/do-differences-in-religious-affiliation-explain-high-levels-of-excess-mortality-in-the-uk
#6
Kevin Ralston, David Walsh, Zhiqiang Feng, Chris Dibben, Gerry McCartney, Dermot O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: High levels of mortality not explained by differences in socioeconomic status (SES) have been observed for Scotland and its largest city, Glasgow, compared with elsewhere in the UK. Previous cross-sectional research highlighted potentially relevant differences in social capital, including religious social capital (the benefits of social participation in organised religion). The aim of this study was to use longitudinal data to assess whether religious affiliation (as measured in UK censuses) attenuated the high levels of Scottish excess mortality...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270503/age-at-first-birth-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-the-1958-british-birth-cohort
#7
Rebecca E Lacey, Meena Kumari, Amanda Sacker, Anne McMunn
BACKGROUND: To assess relationships between age at first birth and cardiovascular risk factors in a large longitudinal study of men and women. By assessing associations for both genders, we were able to investigate biological versus social and behavioural explanations from early life through to adulthood. METHODS: Multiply-imputed data on more than 7600 men and women of a British birth cohort study (National Child Development Study, 1958 British birth cohort) were used...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270502/can-environmental-improvement-change-the-population-distribution-of-walking
#8
Jenna Panter, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Few studies have explored the impact of environmental change on walking using controlled comparisons. Even fewer have examined whose behaviour changes and how. In a natural experimental study of new walking and cycling infrastructure, we explored changes in walking, identified groups who changed in similar ways and assessed whether exposure to the infrastructure was associated with trajectories of walking. METHODS: 1257 adults completed annual surveys assessing walking, sociodemographic and health characteristics and use of the infrastructure (2010-2012)...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270501/association-between-income-trajectories-in-childhood-and-psychiatric-disorder-a-swedish-population-based-study
#9
Emma Björkenstam, Siwei Cheng, Bo Burström, Anne R Pebley, Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou
BACKGROUND: Childhood family income variation is an understudied aspect of households' economic context that may have distinct consequences for children. We identified trajectories of childhood family income over a 12-year period, and examined associations between these trajectories and later psychiatric disorders, among individuals born in Sweden between 1987 and 1991 (n=534 294). METHODS: We used annual income data between the ages of 3-14 years and identified 5 trajectories (2 high-income upward, 1 downward and 2 low-income upward trajectories)...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264882/dismissing-manufactured-uncertainties-limitations-and-competing-interpretations-about-chemical-exposures-and-diabetes
#10
LETTER
Leonardo Trasande, P Monica Lind, Erik Lampa, Lars Lind
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264881/limitations-uncertainties-and-competing-interpretations-regarding-chemical-exposures-and-diabetes
#11
LETTER
Gregory G Bond, Daniel R Dietrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249990/inequalities-in-tobacco-outlet-density-by-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-2012-usa-results-from-the-aspire-study
#12
Joseph G L Lee, Dennis L Sun, Nina M Schleicher, Kurt M Ribisl, Douglas A Luke, Lisa Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Evidence of racial/ethnic inequalities in tobacco outlet density is limited by: (1) reliance on studies from single counties or states, (2) limited attention to spatial dependence, and (3) an unclear theory-based relationship between neighbourhood composition and tobacco outlet density. METHODS: In 97 counties from the contiguous USA, we calculated the 2012 density of likely tobacco outlets (N=90 407), defined as tobacco outlets per 1000 population in census tracts (n=17 667)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249989/associations-between-specific-autoimmune-diseases-and-subsequent-dementia-retrospective-record-linkage-cohort-study-uk
#13
Clare J Wotton, Michael J Goldacre
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hospital admission for autoimmune disease is associated with an elevated risk of future admission for dementia. METHODS: Retrospective, record-linkage cohort study using national hospital care and mortality administrative data, 1999-2012. Cohorts of people admitted to hospital with a range of autoimmune diseases were constructed, along with a control cohort, and followed forward in time to see if they developed dementia. 1 833 827 people were admitted to hospital with an autoimmune disease; the number of people in cohorts for each autoimmune disease ranged from 1019 people in the Goodpasture's syndrome cohort, to 316 043 people in the rheumatoid arthritis cohort...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235820/workplace-social-capital-and-the-onset-of-major-depressive-episode-among-workers-in-japan-a-3-year-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Asuka Sakuraya, Kotaro Imamura, Akiomi Inoue, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akihito Shimazu, Masaya Takahashi, Takafumi Totsuzaki, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: This study examined the prospective association of workplace social capital (WSC) with major depressive episode (MDE) among Japanese employees. METHODS: A 3-year prospective cohort study was conducted among 1058 employees from a private think-tank company who participated in a baseline survey; after excluding those with MDE in the past 12 months, 929 were followed up. WSC at baseline was measured using a 3-item scale. MDE was assessed at baseline and at follow-up every year, by using a web-based, self-administered version of the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WHO-CIDI) 3...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235819/does-the-risk-of-hospitalisation-for-ischaemic-heart-disease-rise-already-before-widowhood
#15
Elina Einiö, Heta Moustgaard, Pekka Martikainen, Taina Leinonen
BACKGROUND: The death of a spouse has been shown to increase mortality from various causes, including ischaemic heart disease. It is unclear, however, whether cardiac problems are already on the rise before widowhood. METHODS: Using longitudinal register data of Finnish widows-to-be aged 65 and over at baseline (N=19 185), we assessed the risk of hospitalisation for ischaemic heart disease 18 months before and after widowhood. Hospital admissions were derived from national hospital discharge registers between 1996 and 2002...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228466/health-and-social-exclusion-in-older-age-evidence-from-understanding-society-the-uk-household-longitudinal-study
#16
Amanda Sacker, Andy Ross, Catherine A MacLeod, Gopal Netuveli, Gill Windle
BACKGROUND: Social exclusion of the elderly is a key policy focus but evidence on the processes linking health and social exclusion is hampered by the variety of ways that health is used in social exclusion research. We investigated longitudinal associations between health and social exclusion using an analytical framework that did not conflate them. METHODS: Data employed in this study came from 4 waves of Understanding Society, the UK Household Longitudinal Study 2009-2013...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219896/parallel-contagion-phenomenon-of-concordant-mental-disorders-among-married-couples-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#17
Jong-Yi Wang, Ming-Hong Hsieh, Pei-Ching Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Jen-De Chen
BACKGROUND: The aggregation of mental disorders in couples, as reported by prior research, indicates the effect of familial environments and warrants attention. However, the concordant categories of mental disorders in couples remain unclear. This study investigated spousal concordance for the category of mental disorders among couples throughout Taiwan by using factors associated with such disorders. METHODS: 5643 couples in the 2002-2013 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database were analysed and compared with propensity-matched 5643 non-couples...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167642/what-can-large-population-based-birth-cohort-study-ask-about-past-present-and-future-of-children-with-disorders-of-development-learning-and-behaviour
#18
Slavica K Katusic, Robert C Colligan, Scott M Myers, Robert G Voigt, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Ruth E Stoeckel, Amy L Weaver
A large cohort consisting of all children born to mothers from community provides 'natural' selection into different exposures and is a powerful resource for epidemiological research. A large population-based birth cohort with detailed systematic information already recorded, as part of longitudinal medical care, historical and current school data, detailed birth certificate data and all three resources available for every member of the birth cohort, are extremely rare. Our population-based birth cohort consists of all children born between 1976 and 2000 to mothers residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, at the time of child's birth (N=39 890)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159758/longitudinal-study-of-weight-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-change-across-two-decades-in-older-scottish-women
#19
Tiffany C Yang, Anna A Gryka, Lorna S Aucott, Garry G Duthie, Helen M Macdonald
BACKGROUND: The perimenopausal and postmenopausal periods are times of pronounced physiological change in body mass index (BMI), physical activity and energy intake. Understanding these changes in middle age could contribute to formation of potential public health targets. METHOD: A longitudinal cohort of 5119 perimenopausal women from the Aberdeen Prospective Osteoporosis Screening Study (APOSS) recruited between 1990 and 1994, with follow-up visits at 1997-1999 and 2009-2011...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148552/walk-on-the-wild-side-the-complexity-of-free-living-mobility-assessment
#20
LETTER
Aodhán Hickey, Sam Stuart, Karol O'Donovan, Alan Godfrey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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