journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235820/workplace-social-capital-and-the-onset-of-major-depressive-episode-among-workers-in-japan-a-3-year-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Asuka Sakuraya, Kotaro Imamura, Akiomi Inoue, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akihito Shimazu, Masaya Takahashi, Takafumi Totsuzaki, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: This study examined the prospective association of workplace social capital (WSC) with major depressive episode (MDE) among Japanese employees. METHODS: A 3-year prospective cohort study was conducted among 1058 employees from a private think-tank company who participated in a baseline survey; after excluding those with MDE in the past 12 months, 929 were followed up. WSC at baseline was measured using a 3-item scale. MDE was assessed at baseline and at follow-up every year, by using a web-based, self-administered version of the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WHO-CIDI) 3...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235819/does-the-risk-of-hospitalisation-for-ischaemic-heart-disease-rise-already-before-widowhood
#2
Elina Einiö, Heta Moustgaard, Pekka Martikainen, Taina Leinonen
BACKGROUND: The death of a spouse has been shown to increase mortality from various causes, including ischaemic heart disease. It is unclear, however, whether cardiac problems are already on the rise before widowhood. METHODS: Using longitudinal register data of Finnish widows-to-be aged 65 and over at baseline (N=19 185), we assessed the risk of hospitalisation for ischaemic heart disease 18 months before and after widowhood. Hospital admissions were derived from national hospital discharge registers between 1996 and 2002...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228466/health-and-social-exclusion-in-older-age-evidence-from-understanding-society-the-uk-household-longitudinal-study
#3
Amanda Sacker, Andy Ross, Catherine A MacLeod, Gopal Netuveli, Gill Windle
BACKGROUND: Social exclusion of the elderly is a key policy focus but evidence on the processes linking health and social exclusion is hampered by the variety of ways that health is used in social exclusion research. We investigated longitudinal associations between health and social exclusion using an analytical framework that did not conflate them. METHODS: Data employed in this study came from 4 waves of Understanding Society, the UK Household Longitudinal Study 2009-2013...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219896/parallel-contagion-phenomenon-of-concordant-mental-disorders-among-married-couples-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#4
Jong-Yi Wang, Ming-Hong Hsieh, Pei-Ching Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Jen-De Chen
BACKGROUND: The aggregation of mental disorders in couples, as reported by prior research, indicates the effect of familial environments and warrants attention. However, the concordant categories of mental disorders in couples remain unclear. This study investigated spousal concordance for the category of mental disorders among couples throughout Taiwan by using factors associated with such disorders. METHODS: 5643 couples in the 2002-2013 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database were analysed and compared with propensity-matched 5643 non-couples...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167642/what-can-large-population-based-birth-cohort-study-ask-about-past-present-and-future-of-children-with-disorders-of-development-learning-and-behaviour
#5
Slavica K Katusic, Robert C Colligan, Scott M Myers, Robert G Voigt, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Ruth E Stoeckel, Amy L Weaver
A large cohort consisting of all children born to mothers from community provides 'natural' selection into different exposures and is a powerful resource for epidemiological research. A large population-based birth cohort with detailed systematic information already recorded, as part of longitudinal medical care, historical and current school data, detailed birth certificate data and all three resources available for every member of the birth cohort, are extremely rare. Our population-based birth cohort consists of all children born between 1976 and 2000 to mothers residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, at the time of child's birth (N=39 890)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159758/longitudinal-study-of-weight-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-change-across-two-decades-in-older-scottish-women
#6
Tiffany C Yang, Anna A Gryka, Lorna S Aucott, Garry G Duthie, Helen M Macdonald
BACKGROUND: The perimenopausal and postmenopausal periods are times of pronounced physiological change in body mass index (BMI), physical activity and energy intake. Understanding these changes in middle age could contribute to formation of potential public health targets. METHOD: A longitudinal cohort of 5119 perimenopausal women from the Aberdeen Prospective Osteoporosis Screening Study (APOSS) recruited between 1990 and 1994, with follow-up visits at 1997-1999 and 2009-2011...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148552/walk-on-the-wild-side-the-complexity-of-free-living-mobility-assessment
#7
LETTER
Aodhán Hickey, Sam Stuart, Karol O'Donovan, Alan Godfrey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130392/are-the-poverty-histories-of-neighbourhoods-associated-with-psychosocial-well-being-among-a-representative-sample-of-california-mothers-an-observational-study
#8
Katrina M Walsemann, Stephanie Child, Katherine Heck, Claire Margerison-Zilko, Paula Braveman, Kristen Marchi, Catherine Cubbin
BACKGROUND: We examine the association between the poverty histories of neighbourhoods and three indicators of psychosocial well-being-depressive symptoms, sense of control and number of stressors-in an observational study of mothers of young children in California. We also consider if length of residence in a neighbourhood moderates the association between neighbourhood poverty history and psychosocial well-being. METHODS: Data come from the Geographic Research on Well-being (GROW) Study, a subsample of mothers who completed the population-based California Maternal and Infant Health Assessment in 2003-2007 and were reinterviewed in 2012-2013...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130391/levels-and-sociodemographic-correlates-of-accelerometer-based-physical-activity-in-irish-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Xia Li, Patricia M Kearney, Eimear Keane, Janas M Harrington, Anthony P Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore levels and sociodemographic correlates of physical activity (PA) over 1 week using accelerometer data. METHODS: Accelerometer data was collected over 1 week from 1075 8-11-year-old children in the cross-sectional Cork Children's Lifestyle Study. Threshold values were used to categorise activity intensity as sedentary, light, moderate or vigorous. Questionnaires collected data on demographic factors. Smoothed curves were used to display minute by minute variations...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093451/-are-fluoride-levels-in-drinking-water-associated-with-hypothyroidism-prevalence-in-england-a-large-observational-study-of-gp-practice-data-and-fluoride-levels-in-drinking-water-comments-on-the-authors-response-to-earlier-criticism
#10
LETTER
John N Newton, Julia Verne, Mark Dancox, Nicholas Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093450/editorial-note-peckham-versus-newton
#11
Martin Bobak, James R Dunn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093449/response-to-grimes-and-newton-et-al
#12
S Peckham, D Lowery, S Spencer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087813/ethnic-differences-in-anthropometric-measures-and-abdominal-fat-distribution-a-cross-sectional-pooled-study-in-inuit-africans-and-europeans
#13
Pernille F Rønn, Gregers S Andersen, Torsten Lauritzen, Dirk L Christensen, Mette Aadahl, Bendix Carstensen, Marit E Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Ethnic variation in abdominal fat distribution may explain differences in cardiometabolic risk between populations. However, the ability of anthropometric measures to quantify abdominal fat is not clearly understood across ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between anthropometric measures and visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAT) in Inuit, Africans and Europeans. METHODS: We combined cross-sectional data from 3 studies conducted in Greenland, Kenya and Denmark using similar methodology...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087812/long-term-effects-of-youth-unemployment-on-mental-health-does-an-economic-crisis-make-a-difference
#14
Emelie Thern, Jeroen de Munter, Tomas Hemmingsson, Finn Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Ill health is a risk factor and a consequence of unemployment, which might vary depending on the national rate of unemployment. We investigated the long-term effect of youth unemployment on mental health and explored the possible interaction during periods of high (economic crisis) and low (non-crisis) unemployment rates. METHODS: A register-linked population-based cohort study was conducted including individuals aged 17-24 years. The crisis cohort (n=6410) took part in the Labour Force Survey during the economic crisis (1991-1994) in Sweden and the non-crisis cohort (n=8162) took part in the same survey before the crisis (1983-1986)...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087811/twenty-years-of-social-capital-and-health-research-a-glossary
#15
S Moore, I Kawachi
Research on social capital in public health is approaching its 20th anniversary. Over this period, there have been rich and productive debates on the definition, measurement and importance of social capital for public health research and practice. As a result, the concepts and measures characterising social capital and health research have also evolved, often drawing from research in the social, political and behavioural sciences. The multidisciplinary adaptation of social capital-related concepts to study health has made it challenging for researchers to reach consensus on a common theoretical approach...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077602/diagnoses-of-sexual-abuse-and-their-common-registered-comorbidities-in-the-total-population-of-stockholm
#16
Gita Rajan, Gunnar Ljunggren, Per Wändell, Lars Wahlström, Carl-Göran Svedin, Axel C Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Prior research based on self-reports has proven sexual abuse to be a risk factor for pain and psychiatric disorders. However, less is known about how this is reflected within the healthcare system. The aim of this study was to study the 2-year prevalence of diagnosis of sexual abuse and concomitant conditions. METHODS: Using data from VAL, the study population included all living persons in Stockholm County, Sweden, between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2014 (N=2 549 496)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062643/visualising-and-quantifying-excess-deaths-in-scotland-compared-with-the-rest-of-the-uk-and-the-rest-of-western-europe
#17
Jon Minton, Richard Shaw, Mark A Green, Laura Vanderbloemen, Frank Popham, Gerry McCartney
BACKGROUND: Scotland has higher mortality rates than the rest of Western Europe (rWE), with more cardiovascular disease and cancer among older adults; and alcohol-related and drug-related deaths, suicide and violence among younger adults. METHODS: We obtained sex, age-specific and year-specific all-cause mortality rates for Scotland and other populations, and explored differences in mortality both visually and numerically. RESULTS: Scotland's age-specific mortality was higher than the rest of the UK (rUK) since 1950, and has increased...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062642/income-and-functional-limitations-among-the-aged-in-europe-a-trend-analysis-in-16-countries
#18
Olaf von dem Knesebeck, Nico Vonneilich, Daniel Lüdecke
BACKGROUND: Analyses are focused on 3 research questions: (1) Are there absolute and relative income-related inequalities in functional limitations among the aged in Europe? (2) Did the absolute and relative income-related inequalities in functional limitations among the aged change between 2002 and 2014? (3) Are there differences in the changes of income-related inequalities between European countries? METHODS: Data stem from 7 waves (2002-2014) of the European Social Survey...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053188/association-of-cannabis-use-with-the-development-of-elevated-anxiety-symptoms-in-the-general-population-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Conal D Twomey
BACKGROUND: The directionality and magnitude of the association of cannabis use with elevated anxiety symptoms in the general population is unclear. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the association of cannabis use with the development of elevated anxiety symptoms in the general population. METHODS: A 'random effects' meta-analysis of prospective longitudinal studies was undertaken in line with Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043996/minority-stress-factors-as-mediators-of-sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mental-health-treatment-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#20
Richard Bränström
BACKGROUND: Substantial mental health disparities between lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) individuals compared with heterosexuals have been identified. The aim was to examine potential sexual orientation-based disparities in mental health treatment in a prospectively analysed population-based sample in Sweden and to explore potential moderators and mediators. METHOD: 30 730 individuals from the Stockholm Public Health Cohort were followed up with questionnaires and registry-based health record data on psychiatric healthcare visits and prescription drug use between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2011...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
journal
journal
20149
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"