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Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228014/corneal-crosslinking-without-epithelial-removal
#1
R Doyle Stulting, William B Trattler, Jonathan M Woolfson, Roy S Rubinfeld
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of riboflavin-ultraviolet (UV)-A corneal crosslinking (CXL) without epithelial removal on ectatic corneal disease. SETTING: Woolfson Eye Institute, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. METHODS: Patients were treated with a new riboflavin formulation without epithelial removal, then exposed to UV light (365 nm) at 4 mW/cm2 with on-off cycling for 30 minutes...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228013/in-vivo-evaluation-of-a-new-hydrophobic-acrylic-intraocular-lens-in-the-rabbit-model
#2
Liliana Werner, Nathan Ellis, Joshua Bo Heczko, Marcia Ong, Rakhi Jain, Patricia Wolfe, Telyn Peterson, Bill Jiang, Nick Mamalis
PURPOSE: To evaluate the uveal and capsular biocompatibility as well as positioning stability of a new hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) in vivo in the rabbit model and compare it with a commercially available IOL. SETTING: John A Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Fifteen New Zealand rabbits had the new test IOL (Clareon CNA0T0) implanted in one eye and a control IOL (Acrysof SN60WF) implanted in the contralateral eye...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228012/saffron-for-staining-the-anterior-lens-capsule
#3
LETTER
Hamid Ahmadieh, Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi, Siamak Moradian, Mohammad Hossein Jabbarpoor Bonyadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219261/intraoperative-optical-coherence-tomography-measurements-of-aphakic-eyes-to-predict-postoperative-position-of-2-intraocular-lens-designs
#4
Nino Hirnschall, Sanaz Farrokhi, Sahand Amir-Asgari, Julius Hienert, Oliver Findl
PURPOSE: To evaluate intraoperative anterior chamber depth (ACD) measurements of the aphakic eye to predict the postoperative ACD and compare 2 intraocular lens (IOL) designs. SETTING: Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria. DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: In this prospective study, patients scheduled for cataract surgery received a plate-haptic IOL (Asphina, Carl Zeiss Meditec AG) or an open-loop haptic IOL (ZCB00, Johnson & Johnson)...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219260/attaining-the-optimal-flange-for-intrascleral-intraocular-lens-fixation
#5
Martin Kronschläger, Stéphane Blouin, Paul Roschger, Ralph Varsits, Oliver Findl
We describe a technique for making an optimal flange in intraocular lenses (IOLs) used for flanged intrascleral IOL fixation. The flange shape varies in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) haptics of different IOLs of different manufacturers. We identified the distance between the forceps grip of the haptic and the end of the haptic during heating with a cauter as a critical factor for the optimal flange shape in 5 PMMA haptics but not in 2 polyvinylidene fluoride haptics.
September 12, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219259/precision-of-intraocular-lens-power-prediction-in-eyes-shorter-than-22-mm-an-analysis-of-6-formulas
#6
Ankur K Shrivastava, Pranayee Behera, Binod Kumar, Siddhartha Nanda
PURPOSE: To analyze the precision of 6 intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation formulas in predicting refractive outcome in eyes with an axial length (AL) less than 22.0 mm. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, India. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: Patients with an AL less than 22.0 mm were included in the study. If both eyes were eligible, a randomly selected eye was chosen...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219258/interface-morphology-and-gas-production-by-a-refractive-347-nm-ultraviolet-femtosecond-laser-comparison-with-established-laser-systems
#7
Christian M Hammer, Kathleen S Kunert, Yao Zhang, Johannes Lörner, Christian Wüllner, Elia L Rothuber, Friedrich Paulsen, Theo Seiler
PURPOSE: To evaluate gas production and interface quality after refractive lenticule creation. A new ultraviolet (UV) 347 nm femtosecond laser was compared with the FS200 and the Visumax lasers. SETTING: Department of Anatomy II, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Refractive lenticules were created in 52 porcine corneas with the UV laser (n = 20), the Visumax laser (n = 20), and a modified FS200 laser (n = 12)...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201130/effect-of-high-vacuum-and-aspiration-on-phacoemulsification-efficiency-and-chatter-using-a-transversal-ultrasound-machine
#8
Sami Kabbara, Joshua B Heczko, Ashlie A Bernhisel, William R Barlow, Brian Zaugg, Jeff H Pettey, Randall J Olson
PURPOSE: To examine the role of high vacuum and aspiration settings on efficiency using a transversal ultrasound (US) machine. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center Laboratory, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Porcine lens nuclei were incubated in formalin for 2 hours and then cut into 2.0 mm cubes. Phacoemulsification was performed using the Whitestar Signature machine...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201129/intraoperative-performance-and-ultrastructural-integrity-of-human-capsulotomies-created-by-the-improved-precision-pulse-capsulotomy-device
#9
Joobin Hooshmand, Robin G Abell, Penny Allen, Karsten Goemann, Brendan J Vote
PURPOSE: To investigate the intraoperative performance and the ultrastructural features of anterior capsulotomy performed with the improved Zepto precision pulse capsulotomy (PPC) device. SETTING: Launceston Eye Institute, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive case series. METHODS: Intraoperative observation of performance and complications were made on consecutive eyes having capsulotomies with the improved PPC device...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201128/astigmatic-outcomes-in-myopic-wavefront-guided-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-versus-wavefront-guided-photorefractive-keratectomy-using-vector-analysis
#10
Michele D Lee, Brian C Toy, Edward E Manche
PURPOSE: To compare astigmatic outcomes between eyes having wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and eyes having wavefront-guided photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). SETTING: Byers Eye Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA. DESIGN: Prospective randomized case series. METHODS: Patients had refractive surgery, with one eye treated with LASIK and the other treated with PRK...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201127/intraoperative-complication-rates-in-cataract-surgery-performed-by-ophthalmology-resident-trainees-compared-to-staff-surgeons-in-a-canadian-academic-center
#11
Stephanie A W Low, Rosa Braga-Mele, David B Yan, Sherif El-Defrawy
PURPOSE: To compare the intraoperative complication rates in cataract surgery performed by resident trainees and staff ophthalmologists. SETTING: Kensington Eye Institute, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: This study included 8738 consecutive cases of primary phacoemulsification cataract surgery performed by staff surgeons and resident trainees from January to December 2016...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193927/submicron-loteprednol-etabonate-ophthalmic-gel-0-38-for-the-treatment-of-inflammation-and-pain-after-cataract-surgery
#12
Raymond Fong, Bruce E Silverstein, James H Peace, Jon I Williams, Jason L Vittitow
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of a 0.38% submicron formulation of loteprednol etabonate (LE) gel for the treatment of postoperative inflammation and pain after cataract surgery. SETTING: Forty-five United States ophthalmology practices. DESIGN: Double-masked vehicle-controlled randomized parallel group study. METHODS: Patients 18 years of age or older with anterior chamber cells grade 2 or higher on day 1 after uncomplicated cataract surgery were randomized to 14 days of treatment with LE gel 2 times a day, LE gel 3 times a day, or vehicle...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172569/efficacy-and-safety-of-transepithelial-photorefractive-keratectomy
#13
REVIEW
Soheil Adib-Moghaddam, Saeed Soleyman-Jahi, Ali Sanjari Moghaddam, Niloofar Hoorshad, Ghazale Tefagh, Ali A Haydar, Marjan Razi-Khoshroshahi, Samuel Arba Mosquera
Transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) was introduced to prevent complications from conventional PRK and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). In the 2-step platform, phototherapeutic keratectomy is followed by PRK. It did not show notable safety or efficacy superiorities over conventional PRK. In the conventional single-step transepithelial PRK, ablation of epithelium and stroma occurs in a single continuous session by an Amaris laser. It showed better comparative safety results...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172568/influence-of-the-vitreolenticular-interface-in-pediatric-cataract-surgery
#14
Jan Van Looveren, Arnout Vael, Nick Ideler, Hedwig Sillen, Danny Mathysen, Marie-José Tassignon
PURPOSE: To report the status of Berger space in pediatric cataract cases and the influence of anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis during primary posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (PCCC). SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: The study comprised consecutive pediatric cataract cases planned for bag-in-the-lens intraocular lens (BIL IOL) implantation...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172567/prophylactic-exposure-of-human-corneal-endothelial-cells-to-rho-associated-kinase-inhibitor-reduced-apoptosis-rate-after-phacoemulsification-ex-vivo-study
#15
Asaf Achiron, Anna Feldman, Lily Karmona, Haggay Avizemer, Irina S Barequet, Mordechai Rosner, Boris Knyazer, Elisha Bartov, Zvia Burgansky, Vicktoria Vishnevskia-Dai
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether prophylactic exposure of corneal endothelial cells (CECs) to a selective Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) inhibitor will inhibit CEC apoptosis after phacoemulsification. SETTING: Laboratory evaluations at the Edith Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel and the Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Ramat-Gan, Israel and the Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Ramat-Gan, Israel. DESIGN: Experimental study. METHOD: Human donor corneolimbal rings were divided into fragments that were stored in commercial storage media with or without the addition of 10 mM ROCK inhibitor for 1 week and were then exposed to phacoemulsification energy...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172566/anatomy-of-the-ciliary-sulcus-and-the-optimum-site-of-needle-passage-for-intraocular-lens-suture-fixation-in-the-living-eye
#16
Takeshi Sugiura, Yuichi Kaji, Yoshikazu Tanaka
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship of the anatomic position of tissue surrounding the ciliary sulcus using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) for measurement of ciliary sulcus parameters and the surrounding tissue after intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE) and determine the correct suture site for intraocular lens (IOL) suture fixation. SETTING: Sugiura Eye Clinic, Asahi General Hospital, Shizouka-ken, Japan. DESIGN: Prospective case series...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139638/safety-of-ibi-10090-for-inflammation-associated-with-cataract-surgery-phase-3-multicenter-study
#17
Eric D Donnenfeld, Kerry D Solomon, Cynthia Matossian
PURPOSE: To compare the safety and efficacy of IBI-10090 anterior chamber intracameral dexamethasone drug-delivery suspension (Dexycu) with those of prednisolone acetate 1.0% ophthalmic drops in treating inflammation after cataract surgery. SETTING: Eleven centers in the United States. DESIGN: Prospective randomized open-label multicenter trial. METHODS: Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive a 5 μL injection of 517 μg IBI-10090 in the anterior eye chamber or topical prednisolone 1...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30139637/application-of-thermoreversible-hydrogel-poloxamer-407-to-protect-the-corneal-endothelium-during-phacoemulsification-in-porcine-and-rabbit-eyes
#18
Jung Yeol Choi, Chong-Su Cho, Young Keun Han
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of thermoreversible (poloxamer) hydrogels as a substitute for ophthalmic viscosurgical devices (OVDs) during phacoemulsification in porcine and rabbit eyes and compare their endothelial protective effect with that of hyaluronic acid-based OVDs. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea. DESIGN: Experimental study...
August 20, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122353/wang-koch-axial-length-adjustment-for-the-holladay-2-formula-in-long-eyes
#19
LETTER
Li Wang, Jack T Holladay, Douglas D Koch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122352/iris-claw-intraocular-lens-implantation-efficiency-and-safety-according-to-technique
#20
Adrián Hernández Martínez, Carmen Victoria Almeida González
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, refractive and visual results of an iris-claw intraocular lens for aphakia (Artisan) according to the technique used. SETTING: Ophthalmology Department, Valme University Hospital and Oftalvist Clinic, Seville, Spain. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: This study evaluated the outcomes of iris-claw IOL implantations performed by the same surgeon between 2011 and 2017. The results were analyzed by the incision type (corneal versus scleral tunnel) and lens position (prepupillary versus retropupillary)...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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