journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343297/pulmonary-valve-replacement-after-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-reconstruction-with-homograft-vs-contegra%C3%A2-a-case-control-comparison-of-mortality-and-morbidity
#1
Nicolas Poinot, Jean-Francois Fils, Hélène Demanet, Hugues Dessy, Dominique Biarent, Pierre Wauthy
BACKGROUND: Repair of congenital heart defects involving the right ventricular outflow tract may require the implantation of a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit. This conduit is likely to be replaced during childhood. This study compares the operative outcomes of the replacement procedure of Contegra® and homografts in pulmonary position. METHODS: From 1999 to 2016, 82 children underwent 87 right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit replacements (60 Contegra® and 27 homografts)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343294/effect-of-glycaemic-control-on-complications-following-cardiac-surgery-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
M Navaratnarajah, R Rea, R Evans, F Gibson, C Antoniades, A Keiralla, M Demosthenous, G Kassimis, G Krasopoulos
INTRODUCTION: No uniform consensus in the UK or Europe exists, for glycaemic management of patients with Diabetes or pre-diabetes undergoing cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: [i] Determine the relationship between glycaemic control and cardiac surgical outcomes; [ii] Compare current vs gold standard management of patients with Diabetes or pre-diabetes undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Searches of MEDLINE, NHS Evidence and Web of Science databases were completed...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343293/identification-of-preoperative-prediction-factors-of-tumor-subtypes-for-patients-with-solitary-ground-glass-opacity-pulmonary-nodules
#3
Meishuang Li, Yanan Wang, Yulong Chen, Zhenfa Zhang
BACKGROUND: Recent wide spread use of low-dose helical computed tomography for the screening of lung cancer have led to an increase in the detection rate of very faint and smaller lesions known as ground-glass opacity nodules. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical factors of lung cancer patients with solitary ground-glass opacity pulmonary nodules on computed tomography. METHODS: A total of 423 resected solitary ground-glass opacity nodules were retrospectively evaluated...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334980/reoperation-for-a-giant-arch-anastomotic-pseudoaneurysm-eleven-years-after-total-arch-replacement-with-island-reconstruction
#4
Ryohei Matsuura, Yasushi Tsutsumi, Osamu Monta, Hisazumi Uenaka, Kenji Tanaka, Takaaki Samura, Hirokazu Ohashi
BACKGROUND: The long-term effects of some surgical treatment procedures of arch replacement for aortic dissection or aortic aneurysm are unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: The present study reports the case of a 68-year-old man admitted to our hospital for aortic arch anastomotic pseudoaneurysm with concomitant aortic root enlargement and coronary artery stenosis. Eleven years ago, at the age of 56 years, he underwent total arch replacement with island reconstruction for chronic aortic dissection...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334967/risk-factors-and-treatment-of-pneumothorax-secondary-to-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-clinical-analysis-of-25-cases
#5
REVIEW
Xuhua Shi, Yongfeng Zhang, Yuewu Lu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risk factors and treatment strategies for pneumothorax secondary to granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). METHOD: Retrospective analysis of cases with pneumothorax secondary to GPA from our own practice and published on literature. RESULTS: A total of 25 patients, 18 males and 7 females, mean age 44 ± 15.7 years, were analyzed. Diagnosis included pneumothorax (11 cases), hydropneumothorax (n = 5), empyema (n = 8) and hemopneumothorax (n = 1)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329549/near-infrared-dye-marking-for-thoracoscopic-resection-of-small-sized-pulmonary-nodules-comparison-of-percutaneous-and-bronchoscopic-injection-techniques
#6
Takashi Anayama, Kentaro Hirohashi, Ryohei Miyazaki, Hironobu Okada, Nobutaka Kawamoto, Marino Yamamoto, Takayuki Sato, Kazumasa Orihashi
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for small-sized pulmonary nodules is challenging, and image-guided preoperative localisation is required. Near-infrared indocyanine green fluorescence is capable of deep tissue penetration and can be distinguished regardless of the background colour of the lung; thus, indocyanine green has great potential for use as a near-infrared fluorescent marker in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with small-sized pulmonary nodules, who were scheduled to undergo video-assisted thoracoscopic wedge resection, were enrolled in this study...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310677/chest-wall-reconstruction-with-a-customized-titanium-alloy-prosthesis-fabricated-by-3d-printing-and-rapid-prototyping
#7
Xiaopeng Wen, Shan Gao, Jinteng Feng, Shuo Li, Rui Gao, Guangjian Zhang
BACKGROUND: As 3D printing technology emerge, there is increasing demand for a more customizable implant in the repair of chest-wall bony defects. This article aims to present a custom design and fabrication method for repairing bony defects of the chest wall following tumour resection, which utilizes three-dimensional (3D) printing and rapid-prototyping technology. METHODS: A 3D model of the bony defect was generated after acquiring helical CT data. A customized prosthesis was then designed using computer-aided design (CAD) and mirroring technology, and fabricated using titanium-alloy powder...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304874/total-arterial-revascularization-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-feasibility-and-outcomes
#8
Philippe Grieshaber, Lukas Oster, Tobias Schneider, Victoria Johnson, Coskun Orhan, Peter Roth, Bernd Niemann, Andreas Böning
BACKGROUND: In acute situations such as acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with indication for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), total arterial revascularization (TAR) is often rejected in favour of saphenous vein (SV) grafting, which is assumed to allow for quicker vessel harvesting, a simpler anastomosis technique, and thus quicker revascularization and fewer bleeding complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether reluctance to apply TAR in AMI is still justified from a technical point of view in the current era and whether superiority of TAR results is also evident in emergency patients with AMI undergoing CABG...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304832/dalbavancin-treatment-in-a-deep-sternal-wound-mrsa-infection-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-case-report
#9
Aneta Guzek, Grzegorz Suwalski, Dariusz Tomaszewski, Zbigniew Rybicki
BACKGROUND: A deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) can become a severe complication after cardiac surgery, with in-hospital mortality rates reaching up to 35%. Staphylococci, particularly methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), play important roles in its etiology. CASE PRESENTATION: This case report presents a patient who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery, and suffered postoperatively from a DSWI caused by MRSA. The pathogen was susceptible to vancomycin and rifampicin in vitro; however, this therapy was clinically ineffective...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301583/which-factor-is-the-most-effective-one-in-metabolic-sydrome-on-the-outcomes-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-cohort-study-of-5%C3%A2-years
#10
Lijuan Wang, Xiangyang Qian, Mingya Wang, Xinran Tang, Hushan Ao
BACKGROUND: Metabolic Syndrome and diabetes mellitus are risk factors for cardiovascular disease. However, the effects of Metabolic Syndrome with or without diabetes on perioperative and long-term morbidity and mortality after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft remain unclear. METHODS: An retrospective study was performed on 1166 patients who received isolated primary Coronary Artery Bypass Graft in Fuwai hospital. They were divided into three groups: control, Metabolic Syndrome of three factors together with diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome of three factors without diabetes (n = 868, 76 and 222 respectively)...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284532/abnormal-elevation-of-myocardial-necrosis-biomarkers-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-without-established-myocardial-infarction-assessed-by-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#11
Fernando Teiichi Costa Oikawa, Whady Hueb, Cesar Higa Nomura, Alexandre Ciappina Hueb, Alexandre Volney Villa, Leandro Menezes Alves da Costa, Rodrigo Morel Vieira de Melo, Paulo Cury Rezende, Carlos Alexandre Wainrober Segre, Cibele Larrosa Garzillo, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Jose Antonio Franchini Ramires, Roberto Kalil Filho
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of peri-procedural myocardial infarction is complex, especially after the emergence of high-sensitivity markers of myocardial necrosis. METHODS: In this study, patients with normal baseline cardiac biomarkers and formal indication for elective on-pump coronary bypass surgery were evaluated. Electrocardiograms, cardiac biomarkers, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with late gadolinium enhancement were performed before and after procedures...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284509/should-high-risk-patients-with-concomitant-severe-aortic-stenosis-and-mitral-valve-disease-undergo-double-valve-surgery-in-the-tavr-era
#12
Pey-Jen Yu, Allan Mattia, Hugh A Cassiere, Rick Esposito, Frank Manetta, Nina Kohn, Alan R Hartman
BACKGROUND: Significant mitral regurgitation in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is associated with increased mortality. The aim of this study is to determine if surgical correction of both aortic and mitral valves in high risk patients with concomitant valvular disease would offer patients better outcomes than TAVR alone. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 43 high-risk patients who underwent concomitant surgical aortic valve replacement and mitral valve surgery from 2008 to 2012 was performed...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284512/quantifying-the-learning-curve-for-pulmonary-thromboendarterectomy
#13
Smita Sihag, Bao Le, Alison S Witkin, Josanna M Rodriguez-Lopez, Mauricio A Villavicencio, Gus J Vlahakes, Richard N Channick, Cameron D Wright
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) is an effective treatment for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), but is a technically challenging operation for cardiothoracic surgeons. Starting a new program allows an opportunity to define a learning curve for PTE. METHODS: A retrospective case review was performed of 134 consecutive PTEs performed from 1998 to 2016 at a single institution. Outcomes were compared using either a two-tailed t-test for continuous variables or a chi-squared test for categorical variables according to experience of the program by terciles (T)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282097/the-correlation-between-the-coaptation%C3%A2-height-of-mitral-valve-and-mitral-regurgitation-after-mitral-valve-repair
#14
Dan Wei, Jie Han, Haibo Zhang, Yan Li, Chunlei Xu, Xu Meng
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between the coaptation height of mitral valve and mitral regurgitation after mitral valve repair. METHODS: From Sep 2014 to Jun 2015, 20 patients underwent mitral valve valvuloplasty for mitral regurgitation were included. Ring annuloplasty was performed in all cases. Mitral valve short-axis dimension (MVd), coaptation height (CH), Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were measured by the transesophageal echocardiography before the operation in operation room and 3 months and 12 months after the operation by the transthoracic echocardiography...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262833/the-role-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-the-post-lung-transplantation-bronchiolitis-obliterans
#15
Chong Zhang, Yuequn Niu, Li Yu, Wang Lv, Haichao Xu, Abudumailamu Abuduwufuer, Jinlin Cao, Jian Hu
BACKGROUND: Many patients who receive lung transplantation (LT) operations develop varying degrees of bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) after the surgeries. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is considered to be related to the process of bronchiolitis obliterans. In this study we simulated the pathological process of post-lung transplantation bronchiolitis obliterans, and explored the correlation between BO and EMT of small airway epithelial cells. METHODS: We transplanted the left lungs of F344 rats to Lewis rats by the Tri-cuff anastomosis and established the allogeneic rat left lung orthotopic transplantation model...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258620/refractory-ventricular-fibrillations-after-surgical-repair-of-atrial-septal-defects-in-a-patient-with-cacna1c-gene-mutation-case-report
#16
Ai Kojima, Fumiaki Shikata, Toru Okamura, Takashi Higaki, Seiko Ohno, Minoru Horie, Shunji Uchita, Yujiro Kawanishi, Kenji Namiguchi, Takumi Yasugi, Hironori Izutani
BACKGROUND: Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) can cause ventricular arrhythmic events with syncope and sudden death resulting from malignant torsades de pointes (TdP) followed by ventricular fibrillations (VFs). However, the syndrome is often overlooked prior to the development of arrhythmic events in patients with congenital heart diseases demonstrating right bundle branch block on electrocardiogram (ECG). We present a case of an adult patient with congenital heart disease who developed VFs postoperatively, potentially due to his mutation in a LQTS related gene, which was not identified on preoperative assessment due to incomplete evaluation of his family history...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258529/postcardiotomy-va-ecmo-for-refractory-cardiogenic-shock
#17
LETTER
Michael Charlesworth, Rajamiyer Venkateswaran, Julian M Barker, Lee Feddy
Postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock (PCCS) is a rare but catastrophic syndrome that can occur following separation from cardiopulmonary bypass or at any time during the immediate postoperative course. The management of PCCS varies between clinicians, institutions and countries. The available evidence to guide this practice is limited. In their systematic review and meta-analysis, Khorsandi and colleagues report a synthesis of case-series pertinent to the use of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) for PCCS...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258527/case-report-osteogenesis-imperfecta-internal-mammary-artery-graft-nitinol-clips
#18
Ludovic Melly, Anne-Sophie Dincq, Claude Hanet, Benoît Rondelet
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta is a genetic disorder of connective tissue causing mostly left-sided heart valves and aortic root pathologies, but a coronary artery involvement reflecting an increased sensitivity to cardiovascular risk factors is also suspected in this patient population. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 38-year-old patient with an osteogenesis imperfecta and a typical presentation of an acute myocardial infarction. The coronary angiogram showed a coronary 3-vessel disease...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246240/myocardial-inflammation-injury-and-infarction-during-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#19
Shirjel R Alam, Colin Stirrat, Nick Spath, Vipin Zamvar, Renzo Pessotto, Marc R Dweck, Colin Moore, Scott Semple, Ahmed El-Medany, Divya Manoharan, Nicholas L Mills, Anoop Shah, Saeed Mirsadraee, David E Newby, Peter A Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Myocardial inflammation and injury occur during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. We aimed to characterise these processes during routine CABG surgery to inform the diagnosis of type 5 myocardial infarction. METHODS: We assessed 87 patients with stable coronary artery disease who underwent elective CABG surgery. Myocardial inflammation, injury and infarction were assessed using plasma inflammatory biomarkers, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) using both late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO)...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237501/emergency-transapical-mitral-valve-in-valve-implantation-for-bioprosthesis-failure-transapical-implantation-of-an-edwards-sapien-xt-in-a-dysfunctional-mitral-bioprosthesis-in-a-critical-patient
#20
Marco Zanobini, Sabrina Manganiello, Giorgia Bonalumi, Raoul Biondi, Marco Russo, Massimo Mapelli, Francesco Alamanni, Matteo Saccocci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
journal
journal
20142
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"