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Journal of Anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791477/electroencephalographic-effect-of-age-adjusted-1-mac-desflurane-and-sevoflurane-in-young-middle-aged-and-elderly-patients
#1
Shinya Kanazawa, Yutaka Oda, Chika Maeda, Ryu Okutani
PURPOSE: We examined the hypothesis that 1 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of desflurane and sevoflurane provides different depth of anesthesia. METHODS: One hundred and twenty young (20-30 years), middle-aged (31-65 years), and elderly (66-80 years) patients were randomly allocated to receive either desflurane or sevoflurane (n = 20, each group). General anesthesia was induced with propofol 2 mg/kg bolus and remifentanil 0.25 µg/kg/min, which was stopped after tracheal intubation...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780596/pre-eclampsia-and-acute-pulmonary-embolism-the-importance-of-making-a-differential-diagnosis-a-case-report
#2
R Suthar, S Abdelfattah, H Goldman, G Garcia, D Romero-Fischmann, M Escobar, V Behrens
We describe the case of a 41-year-old pregnant patient who presented at 38 weeks of gestation for an urgent cesarean section, with new onset of pre-eclampsia as the initial diagnosis. The intraoperative course was complicated by seizures and hemodynamic collapse. Initially, the presentation of seizure pointed to pre-eclampsia/eclampsia; however, with careful consideration of each event as it occurred, the correct diagnosis was later determined to be pulmonary embolism and stroke. This case illustrates the importance of considering multiple possible etiologies, even when a particular diagnosis seems obvious...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780595/preventive-effect-of-a-vapocoolant-spray-on-propofol-induced-pain-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-study
#3
Young Eun Moon, Michael Y Lee, Dong Hyun Kim
PURPOSE: Propofol causes injection pain. Although lidocaine pre-treatment via venous occlusion is known to be the most effective way, it still has some inconvenience. We implemented this study to compare the effect of a vapocoolant spray with lidocaine pre-treatment. METHODS: Participants (n = 90) were randomized to one of three groups. Group V: after placebo injection and tourniquet, the vapocoolant spray was applied; group L: after lidocaine injection and tourniquet, the placebo spray was applied; group C: after placebo injection and tourniquet, the placebo spray was applied...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766021/acute-kidney-injury-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-incidence-risk-factors-and-association-with-outcome
#4
Miho Hamada, Shino Matsukawa, Satoshi Shimizu, Shinichi Kai, Toshiyuki Mizota
PURPOSE: Data on the incidence of, risk factors for, and association with outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) after pediatric liver transplantation are scarce. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to determine the incidence of AKI after pediatric liver transplantation. In addition, we examined risk factors for AKI and association of AKI with outcomes. METHODS: This study included 156 children aged between 3 months and 18 years undergoing liver transplantation at Kyoto University Hospital...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766020/prognostic-factors-in-critically-ill-patients-with-hematological-malignancy-admitted-to-the-general-intensive-care-unit-a-single-center-experience-in-japan
#5
Hiromasa Irie, Takanao Otake, Keiko Kawai, Masaaki Hino, Ayano Namazu, Yasutaka Shinjo, Shigeki Yamashita
PURPOSE: This study aims to identify prognostic factors related to short-term and long-term outcomes of patients with hematological malignancy (HM) admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in Japan during ICU stay and after discharge from ICU. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational study of 169 patients with HM admitted to the general ICU from January 2009 to December 2016. We examined prognostic factors affecting outcome during ICU stay and at 180 days after ICU discharge using logistic regression analysis...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756495/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-using-the-etview-tracheoscopic-ventilation-tube-%C3%A2-a-teaching-course-in-a-pig-model
#6
Alfonso Fiorelli, Fausto Ferraro, Elisabetta Frongillo, Pierluigi Fusco, Matteo Pierdiluca, Francesca Nagar, Angela Iuorio, Mario Santini
OBJECTIVE: We planned a training course for trainees of different specialties with the aim of teaching the skills of a new procedure for performing percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) with an ETView tracheoscopic ventilation tube instead of standard bronchoscopy in an ex vivo pig model. METHODS: The endotracheal tube, with a camera-embedded tip, was used as an alternative to standard bronchoscopy for visualization of patient airways. The procedure was performed on a home-made animal model...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752432/beta-blockers-and-perioperative-outcomes-in-vascular-surgery
#7
LETTER
Shahab Hajibandeh, Shahin Hajibandeh, George A Antoniou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752431/effects-of-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-on-systemic-inflammation-induced-cognitive-dysfunction-in-aged-rats
#8
Daiki Yamanaka, Takashi Kawano, Atsushi Nishigaki, Bun Aoyama, Hiroki Tateiwa, Marie Shigematsu-Locatelli, Fabricio M Locatelli, Masataka Yokoyama
PURPOSE: In this study, we examined the effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a green tea polyphenol, on sepsis-induced neurocognitive abnormity in aged rats. METHODS: Aged rats received an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of 5.0 mg/kg lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or saline. Animals were further divided into three groups: control, low-dose EGCG (4.0 mg/kg), and high-dose EGCG (20 mg/kg). EGCG was i.p. injected at the same time, 24 and 48 h after LPS administration...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741217/effects-of-non-invasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure-excluding-post-extubation-respiratory-failure-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-and-exacerbation-of-copd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Yutaka Kondo, Junji Kumasawa, Atsushi Kawaguchi, Ryutaro Seo, Eishu Nango, Satoru Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis compared the effects of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) with invasive mechanical ventilation (InMV) and standard oxygen (O2) therapy on mortality and rate of tracheal intubation in patients presenting acute respiratory failure (ARF). METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of clinical trials databases between 1949 and May 2015 to identify randomized trials of NIV for ARF. We excluded the ARF caused by extubation, cardiogenic pulmonary edema, and COPD...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730315/comparison-of-nellcor%C3%A2-pm1000n-and-masimo-radical-7-%C3%A2-for-detecting-apnea-in-volunteers
#10
Chanatthee Kitsiripant, Tomoko Fukada, Hiroko Iwakiri, Yuri Tsuchiya, Makoto Ozaki, Minoru Nomura
PURPOSE: Although capnography is considered the gold standard for monitoring of ventilation, it may not work accurately in some situations. We compared the performance of two non-invasive continuous respiratory rate (RR) monitors that are alternatives for the detection of respiratory depression. METHODS: Fifty healthy volunteers ≥20 years old were enrolled in this study. After monitoring of the volunteers was started by the Masimo Radical-7(®) and Nellcor™ PM1000N, they breathed at the rate of 12 breaths/min for 3 min and then stopped breathing...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726012/acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery-a-preventable-event
#11
EDITORIAL
Kenta Kubota, Moritoki Egi, Satoshi Mizobuchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721558/effect-of-swallowing-maneuver-on-fentanyl-induced-coughing
#12
LETTER
Chun-Ning Ho, Kuo-Chuan Hung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707021/the-response-to-trendelenburg-position-is-minimally-affected-by-underlying-hemodynamic-conditions-in-patients-with-aortic-stenosis
#13
Abraham Sonny, Daniel I Sessler, Jing You, Babak Kateby Kashy, Sheryar Sarwar, Akhil K Singh, Shiva Sale, Andrej Alfirevic, Andra E Duncan
PURPOSE: Trendelenburg positioning is commonly used to temporarily treat intraoperative hypotension. The Trendelenburg position improves cardiac output in normovolemic or anesthetized patients, but not hypovolemic or non-anesthetized patients. Therefore, the response to Trendelenburg positioning may vary depending on patient population or hemodynamic conditions. We thus tested the hypothesis that the effectiveness of the Trendelenburg position, as indicated by an increase in cardiac output, improves after replacement of a stenotic aortic valve...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638973/a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study-investigating-the-association-between-acute-kidney-injury-and-all-cause-mortality-among-patients-undergoing-endovascular-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#14
Kimito Minami, Yoko Sugiyama, Hiroki Iida
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been found to be associated with short- and long-term mortality and morbidity in various clinical settings. However, it is unknown whether AKI after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR) is associated with postoperative mortality. METHODS: This observational study analyzed patients who underwent EVAR. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. The outcomes of patients with and without postoperative AKI were compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634641/a-novel-technique-for-ultrasound-guided-central-venous-catheterization-under-short-axis-out-of-plane-approach-stepwise-flashing-with-triangulation
#15
Toshinori Horiuchi, Chie Okuda, Naoko Kurita, Ayako Yamaguchi, Kazuhiko Kitagawa, Masafumi Takeda, Keiichi Sha, Toshihiro Nagahata
In ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization, there is no standard technique either for the needle tip visualization or for the adequate needle angle and entry to the skin with short-axis view under out-of-plane technique. In the present study, we propose a novel technique named "stepwise flashing with triangulation", and the efficacy of this technique is assessed. Before and after a didactic session in which the technique was explained, 12 novice residents were asked to position the needle tip on or into the imitation vessels and to avoid deeper penetration by using an agar tissue phantom with ultrasound guidance...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616651/comparison-of-efficacy-of-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-and-iliohypogastric-ilioinguinal-nerve-block-for-postoperative-pain-management-in-patients-undergoing-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-with-spinal-anesthesia-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-open-label-study
#16
Onur Okur, Zeki Tuncel Tekgul, Nazif Erkan
PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of lateral abdominal transversus abdominis plane block (TAP block) and iliohypogastric/ilioinguinal nerve block (IHINB) under ultrasound guidance for postoperative pain management of inguinal hernia repair. Secondary purposes were to compare the complication rates of the two techniques and to examine the effects of TAP block and IHINB on chronic postoperative pain. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized controlled open-label study...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608253/femoral-nerve-block-with-propofol-sedation-versus-general-anesthesia-in-patients-with-severe-cardiac-dysfunction-undergoing-autologous-myoblast-sheet-transplantation
#17
Kenta Okitsu, Takeshi Iritakenishi, Akira Iura, Michioki Kuri, Yuji Fujino
PURPOSE: Regional anesthesia is more favorable than general anesthesia in patients with severe comorbidity; however, data on the superiority of peripheral nerve blocks over general anesthesia in patients with severe cardiac dysfunction are lacking. We aimed to demonstrate that peripheral nerve blocks reduce perioperative analgesic requirements and promote faster recovery compared to general anesthesia. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated intraoperative blood pressure, perioperative medications, and postoperative recovery in patients who underwent skeletal muscle harvesting for autologous myoblast sheet transplantation...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585095/a-clinical-review-of-inhalation-anesthesia-with-sevoflurane-from-early-research-to-emerging-topics
#18
Jorge D Brioni, Shane Varughese, Raza Ahmed, Berthold Bein
A large number of studies during the past two decades have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of sevoflurane across patient populations. Clinical researchers have also investigated the effects of sevoflurane, its hemodynamic characteristics, its potential protective effects on several organ systems, and the incidence of delirium and cognitive deficiency. This review examines the clinical profiles of sevoflurane and other anesthetic agents, and focuses upon emerging topics such as organ protection, postoperative cognitive deficiency and delirium, and novel ways to improve postanesthesia outcomes...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577169/anesthesia-research-in-japan-seeds-of-recovery-and-the-role-of-the-journal-of-anesthesia
#19
EDITORIAL
Kazuyoshi Hirota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540529/the-preventive-effects-of-dexmedetomidine-on-endotoxin-induced-exacerbated-post-incisional-pain-in-rats
#20
Daiki Yamanaka, Takashi Kawano, Atsushi Nishigaki, Bun Aoyama, Hiroki Tateiwa, Marie Shigematsu-Locatelli, Fabricio M Locatelli, Masataka Yokoyama
PURPOSE: Low-grade endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS) exposure may contribute to the development of exaggerated acute postoperative pain. In the present study, we investigated the possible impact of intraoperative administration of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on LPS-induced postoperative hyperalgesia in a rat incisional pain model. METHODS: The surgical and sham-surgical animals were randomly divided into saline-treated control, 5.0 mg/kg LPS-treated, 10 µg/kg DEX-treated, and 5...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
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