journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Anesthesia

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936612/endotracheal-intubation-ultrasound-guided-versus-fiberscope-in-patients-with-cervical-spine-immobilization
#1
Moustafa Abdelaziz Moustafa, Emad A Arida, Ola M Zanaty, Sameh Fathy El-Tamboly
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound has growing applications in airway management during anesthesia. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of real-time ultrasound-guided tracheal intubation in patients with cervical spine immobilization relative to fiberscope-guided tracheal intubation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled study was carried out on 266 adult patients who have a rigid neck collar in place for cervical spine immobilization and were randomly allocated into two equal groups...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936554/preoperative-flurbiprofen-axetil-administration-for-acute-postoperative-pain-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Ke Wang, Jun Luo, Limin Zheng, Tao Luo
OBJECTIVE: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been shown to effectively decrease postoperative pain and reduce opioid requirements. Flurbiprofen axetil is an injectable non-selective cyclooxygenase inhibitor that has a high affinity for inflammatory tissues to achieve targeted drug therapy and prolonged duration of action. This meta-analysis examined the use of preoperative flurbiprofen axetil and its impact on postoperative analgesia. METHODS: An electronic literature search of the Library of PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL, and EMBASE databases was conducted in Feb 2016...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918556/effects-of-pregabalin-on-postoperative-pain-after-hysterectomy-under-spinal-anesthesia-with-intrathecal-morphine-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Taniga Kiatchai, Vimolluck Sanansilp, Namtip Triyasunant, Sasithorn Saengprateep, Paksiree Changkittirat, Vuthinun Achariyapota
PURPOSE: To determine if preoperative pregabalin could decrease 24-h postoperative morphine consumption after spinal anesthesia with intrathecal morphine compared with placebo. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was performed in the tertiary care center. Patients aged between 18 and 65 years who were American Society of Anesthesiologists class I-II and scheduled for abdominal hysterectomy with or without salpingo-oophorectomy were randomly allocated to a placebo or a pregabalin group...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914365/effect-of-swallowing-maneuver-on-fentanyl-induced-coughing
#4
LETTER
Masanori Tsukamoto, Takeshi Yokoyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914361/in-reply-sevoflurane-in-patients-at-risk-of-ventricular-dysrhythmias
#5
LETTER
Yoshiaki Terao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913662/effects-of-short-term-exposure-to-sevoflurane-on-the-survival-proliferation-apoptosis-and-differentiation-of-neural-precursor-cells-derived-from-human-embryonic-stem-cells
#6
Jin-Woo Park, Mi-Sun Lim, So Yeon Ji, Myung Soo Cho, Seong-Joo Park, Sung-Hee Han, Jin-Hee Kim
PURPOSE: Data from animal experiments suggest that exposure to general anesthetics in early life inhibits neurogenesis and causes long-term memory deficit. Considering short operating times and the popularity of sevoflurane in pediatric anesthesia, it is important to verify the effects of short-period exposure to sevoflurane on the developing brain. METHODS: We measured the effects of short-term exposure (2 h) to 3%, 6%, or 8% sevoflurane, the most commonly used anesthetic, on neural precursor cells derived from human embryonic stem cells, SNUhES32...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856511/local-infiltration-analgesia-a-2-year-follow-up-of-patients-undergoing-total-hip-arthroplasty
#7
Ján Kuchálik, Anders Magnuson, Anders Lundin, Anil Gupta
PURPOSE: Local infiltration analgesia (LIA) is commonly used for postoperative pain management following total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the long-term effects of the component drugs are unclear. The aim of our study was to investigate functional outcome, quality of life, chronic post-surgical pain, and adverse events in patients within 2 years of undergoing THA. METHODS: The study was a secondary analysis of data from a previous larger study. Eighty patients were randomized to receive either intrathecal morphine (Group ITM) or local infiltration analgesia (Group LIA) for pain management in a double-blind study...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849288/amp-activated-protein-kinase-and-camp-response-element-binding-protein-activity-are-associated-with-distinct-postoperative-behavioral-changes-in-rats
#8
Dan Li, Feng Ye, Wen Ouyang, Yi Wang
PURPOSE: To explore the association of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) activity with distinct postoperative behavioral changes in rats. METHODS: We performed partial hepatolobectomy in adult rats and aged rats. The learning and memory ability of rats was evaluated by the Barnes maze test on postoperative days 1-4. The expressions of AMPK and phosphorylated CREB (p-CREB) in the CA1 and DG regions of the hippocampus were detected by immunohistochemical assay at 3, 6, 12 and 24 h postoperatively...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836009/contralateral-cerebral-hemoglobin-oxygen-saturation-changes-in-patients-undergoing-thoracotomy-with-general-anesthesia-with-or-without-paravertebral-block-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Keika Mukaihara, Maiko Hasegawa-Moriyama, Yuichi Kanmura
PURPOSE: Perioperative analgesia during thoracotomy is often achieved by combining paravertebral block (PVB) with general anesthesia (GA). Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can detect changes in cerebral oxygenation resulting from nociceptive stimuli in the awake state or under sedation. We used NIRS to measure changes in cerebral blood flow provoked by thoracotomy incision made under GA and determine how these changes were influenced by supplementation of GA with PVB. METHODS: Thirty-four patients undergoing elective thoracotomy were enrolled...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831619/important-role-of-calcium-chloride-in-preventing-carbon-monoxide-generation-during-desflurane-degradation-with-alkali-hydroxide-free-carbon-dioxide-absorbents
#10
Takahiro Ando, Atsushi Mori, Rie Ito, Kimitoshi Nishiwaki
We investigated whether calcium chloride (CaCl2), a supplementary additive in carbon dioxide (CO2) absorbents, could affect carbon monoxide (CO) production caused by desflurane degradation, using a Japanese alkali-free CO2 absorbent Yabashi Lime(®)-f (YL-f), its CaCl2-free and 1% CaCl2-added derivatives, and other commercially available alkali-free absorbents with or without CaCl2. The reaction between 1 L of desflurane gas (3-10%) and 20 g of desiccated specimen was performed in an artificial closed-circuit anesthesia system for 3 min at 20 or 40 °C...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831585/association-between-aki-and-all-cause-mortality-after-evar
#11
LETTER
Min Hur, Won Ho Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828750/rocuronium-bromide-clinical-application-of-single-dose-pharmacokinetic-models-to-continuous-infusion
#12
EDITORIAL
Yutaka Oda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828532/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamics-of-intravenous-dexmedetomidine-in-morbidly-obese-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-surgery
#13
Bo Xu, Dongxu Zhou, Li Ren, Steven Shulman, Xingan Zhang, Ming Xiong
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dexmedetomidine in morbidly obese patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. METHODS: Morbidly obese (body mass index ≥40 kg/m(2)) and normal weight patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic surgery were included (n = 8, each group). After baseline hemodynamic measurement, dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg was administered over 10 min. General anesthesia was induced with propofol 1...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823090/epidural-patch-with-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-a-novel-approach
#14
Berrin Gunaydin, Muberra Acar, Gokcen Emmez, Didem Akcali, Nil Tokgoz
We aimed to perform an epidural patch using platelet rich plasma (PRP), which has the potential to regenerate and heal tissues via degranulation of platelets, in a 34-year-old parturient suffering from persistent post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) after failed epidural blood patch (EBP). After her admission to our unit, we reconfirmed the clinical and radiologic diagnosis of PDPH. Cranial MRI with contrast showed diffuse pachymeningeal thickening and contrast enhancement with enlarged pituitary consistent with intracranial hypotension...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791477/electroencephalographic-effect-of-age-adjusted-1-mac-desflurane-and-sevoflurane-in-young-middle-aged-and-elderly-patients
#15
Shinya Kanazawa, Yutaka Oda, Chika Maeda, Ryu Okutani
PURPOSE: We examined the hypothesis that 1 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of desflurane and sevoflurane provides different depth of anesthesia. METHODS: One hundred and twenty young (20-30 years), middle-aged (31-65 years), and elderly (66-80 years) patients were randomly allocated to receive either desflurane or sevoflurane (n = 20, each group). General anesthesia was induced with propofol 2 mg/kg bolus and remifentanil 0.25 µg/kg/min, which was stopped after tracheal intubation...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780596/pre-eclampsia-and-acute-pulmonary-embolism-the-importance-of-making-a-differential-diagnosis-a-case-report
#16
R Suthar, S Abdelfattah, H Goldman, G Garcia, D Romero-Fischmann, M Escobar, V Behrens
We describe the case of a 41-year-old pregnant patient who presented at 38 weeks of gestation for an urgent cesarean section, with new onset of pre-eclampsia as the initial diagnosis. The intraoperative course was complicated by seizures and hemodynamic collapse. Initially, the presentation of seizure pointed to pre-eclampsia/eclampsia; however, with careful consideration of each event as it occurred, the correct diagnosis was later determined to be pulmonary embolism and stroke. This case illustrates the importance of considering multiple possible etiologies, even when a particular diagnosis seems obvious...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780595/preventive-effect-of-a-vapocoolant-spray-on-propofol-induced-pain-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-study
#17
Young Eun Moon, Michael Y Lee, Dong Hyun Kim
PURPOSE: Propofol causes injection pain. Although lidocaine pre-treatment via venous occlusion is known to be the most effective way, it still has some inconvenience. We implemented this study to compare the effect of a vapocoolant spray with lidocaine pre-treatment. METHODS: Participants (n = 90) were randomized to one of three groups. Group V: after placebo injection and tourniquet, the vapocoolant spray was applied; group L: after lidocaine injection and tourniquet, the placebo spray was applied; group C: after placebo injection and tourniquet, the placebo spray was applied...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766021/acute-kidney-injury-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-incidence-risk-factors-and-association-with-outcome
#18
Miho Hamada, Shino Matsukawa, Satoshi Shimizu, Shinichi Kai, Toshiyuki Mizota
PURPOSE: Data on the incidence of, risk factors for, and association with outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) after pediatric liver transplantation are scarce. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to determine the incidence of AKI after pediatric liver transplantation. In addition, we examined risk factors for AKI and association of AKI with outcomes. METHODS: This study included 156 children aged between 3 months and 18 years undergoing liver transplantation at Kyoto University Hospital...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766020/prognostic-factors-in-critically-ill-patients-with-hematological-malignancy-admitted-to-the-general-intensive-care-unit-a-single-center-experience-in-japan
#19
Hiromasa Irie, Takanao Otake, Keiko Kawai, Masaaki Hino, Ayano Namazu, Yasutaka Shinjo, Shigeki Yamashita
PURPOSE: This study aims to identify prognostic factors related to short-term and long-term outcomes of patients with hematological malignancy (HM) admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in Japan during ICU stay and after discharge from ICU. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, observational study of 169 patients with HM admitted to the general ICU from January 2009 to December 2016. We examined prognostic factors affecting outcome during ICU stay and at 180 days after ICU discharge using logistic regression analysis...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756495/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-using-the-etview-tracheoscopic-ventilation-tube-%C3%A2-a-teaching-course-in-a-pig-model
#20
Alfonso Fiorelli, Fausto Ferraro, Elisabetta Frongillo, Pierluigi Fusco, Matteo Pierdiluca, Francesca Nagar, Angela Iuorio, Mario Santini
OBJECTIVE: We planned a training course for trainees of different specialties with the aim of teaching the skills of a new procedure for performing percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) with an ETView tracheoscopic ventilation tube instead of standard bronchoscopy in an ex vivo pig model. METHODS: The endotracheal tube, with a camera-embedded tip, was used as an alternative to standard bronchoscopy for visualization of patient airways. The procedure was performed on a home-made animal model...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
journal
journal
20138
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"