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Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335189/reply-to-update-on-aging-statistics-and-geriatrics-development-in-china
#1
LETTER
Xin Li, Li Fan, Sean X Leng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335185/what-is-known-about-preventing-detecting-and-reversing-prescribing-cascades-a-scoping-review
#2
Hana Brath, Nishila Mehta, Rachel D Savage, Sudeep S Gill, Wei Wu, Susan E Bronskill, Lynn Zhu, Jerry H Gurwitz, Paula A Rochon
OBJECTIVES: To systematically describe the resources available on preventing, detecting, and reversing prescribing cascades using a scoping review methodology. MEASUREMENTS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and Sociological Abstracts from inception until July 2017. Other searches (Google Scholar, hand searches) and expert consultations were performed for resources examining how to prevent, detect, or reverse prescribing cascades...
October 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335184/adaptation-and-initial-validation-of-minimum-data-set-mds-mortality-risk-index-to-mds-version-3-0
#3
Joshua D Niznik, Song Zhang, Maria K Mor, Xinhua Zhao, Mary Ersek, Sherrie L Aspinall, Walid F Gellad, Joshua M Thorpe, Joseph T Hanlon, Loren J Schleiden, Sydney Springer, Carolyn T Thorpe
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictive validity of an adapted version of the Minimum Data Set (MDS) Mortality Risk Index-Revised (MMRI-R) based on MDS version 3.0 assessment items (MMRI-v3) and to compare the predictive validity of the MMRI-v3 with that of a single MDS item indicating limited life expectancy (LLE). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study of MDS assessments. Other data sources included the Veterans Affairs (VA) Residential History File and Vital Status File...
October 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30335183/update-on-aging-statistics-and-geriatrics-development-in-china
#4
LETTER
Yiyin Chen, Lin Kang, Xiaohong Liu, Youshuo Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325022/likelihood-of-sustaining-an-injury-in-the-setting-of-multiple-falls
#5
Thomas M Gill, Christianna S Williams
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between number of falls and risk of injury after a specific fall. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Greater New Haven, Connecticut. PARTICIPANTS: Probability sample of 1,103 community-living persons aged 72 and older. MEASUREMENTS: Falls and fall-related injuries were ascertained monthly for 3 years using a fall calendar and follow-up telephone interviews...
October 16, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325014/relationship-between-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-pneumonia-may-be-an-epiphenomenon
#6
LETTER
Richard Schreiber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325013/economic-evaluations-of-falls-prevention-programs-for-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#7
Branko F Olij, Robbin H Ophuis, Suzanne Polinder, Ed F van Beeck, Alex Burdorf, Martien J M Panneman, Carolyn Shanty Sterke
OBJECTIVES: To provide a comprehensive overview of economic evaluations of falls prevention programs and to evaluate the methodology and quality of these studies. DESIGN: Systematic review of economic evaluations on falls prevention programs. SETTING: Studies (N=31) of community-dwelling older adults (n=25), of older adults living in residential care facilities (n=3), and of both populations (n=3) published before May 2017. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 60 and older...
October 16, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325012/physical-activity-and-association-between-frailty-and-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-older-adults-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Sara Higueras-Fresnillo, Verónica Cabanas-Sánchez, Esther Lopez-Garcia, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, José R Banegas, Kabir P Sadarangani, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, David Martinez-Gomez
OBJECTIVES: To examine the separate and joint association between physical activity and frailty and long-term all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in older adults. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Cohort representative of the noninstitutionalized Spanish population. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older (N=3,896) in 2000-01. MEASUREMENTS: Participants reported their physical activity using a validated instrument, and frailty was ascertained using the Fatigue, low Resistance, limitation in Ambulation, Illness and weight Loss (FRAIL) scale...
October 16, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325011/sprint-running-in-the-wrong-direction
#9
LETTER
A Mark Clarfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325009/reply-to-sprint-running-in-the-wrong-direction
#10
LETTER
Michael W Rich, Joseph G Ouslander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325007/reply-to-comments-on-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-long-term-risk-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-older-adults
#11
LETTER
Alessandro Ble, Jan Zirk-Sadowski, Jane A Masoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325006/long-term-use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-and-community-acquired-pneumonia-adverse-effect-or-bias
#12
LETTER
Henok Tadesse Ayele, Colin R Dormuth, Kristian B Filion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325004/national-trends-in-liver-transplantation-in-older-adults
#13
Christine E Haugen, Courtenay M Holscher, Jacqueline Garonzik-Wang, Marcos Pozo, Fatima Warsame, Mara McAdams-DeMarco, Dorry L Segev
OBJECTIVES: To explore trends in liver transplantation (LT) and outcomes for older recipients for evaluation, counseling, and appropriate referral of this vulnerable group of older adults. DESIGN: Prospective national cohort study. SETTING: Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (January 1, 2003-December 31, 2016). PARTICIPANTS: Older (aged ≥ 65) deceased donor liver-only transplant recipients (n=8,627). MEASUREMENTS: We evaluated temporal changes in recipient, donor, and transplant characteristics and post-LT length of stay (LOS), acute rejection, graft loss, and mortality using logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards...
October 16, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30325003/staffing-and-service-availability-in-assisted-living-the-importance-of-nurse-delegation-policies
#14
Anna Song Beeber, Sheryl Zimmerman, C Madeline Mitchell, David Reed
OBJECTIVES: To examine the health services provided in residential care and assisted living (RC/AL), the staff providing these services, and the degree to which the services relate to state-level nurse delegation policies and other correlates of service provision. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study descriptively examined the relationships among RC/AL characteristics, services, staffing, and nurse delegation regulations/policies. SETTING: RC/AL settings (N=245) in 8 U...
October 16, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320427/relationship-of-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-with-falls-in-alzheimer-s-disease-does-exercise-modify-the-risk
#15
Hanna-Maria Roitto, Hannu Kautiainen, Hannareeta Öhman, Niina Savikko, Timo E Strandberg, Minna Raivio, Marja-Liisa Laakkonen, Kaisu H Pitkälä
OBJECTIVES: To explore how neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) are associated with number of falls and how exercise modifies the risk of falling in community-dwelling people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and NPS. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals with AD (N=210) who completed the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) (N = 179). INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized into 3 groups: group-based exercise (4-hour sessions with approximately 1 hour of training) and tailored home-based exercise (1 hour of training) twice a week for 1 year and a control group receiving usual community care...
October 15, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315745/tools-for-deprescribing-in-frail-older-persons-and-those-with-limited-life-expectancy-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Wade Thompson, Carina Lundby, Trine Graabaek, Dorthe S Nielsen, Jesper Ryg, Jens Søndergaard, Anton Pottegård
OBJECTIVES: To summarize available tools that can assist clinicians in identifying and reducing or stopping (deprescribing) potentially inappropriate medications and that specifically consider frailty or limited life expectancy. DESIGN: Systematic review and narrative synthesis. SETTING: We searched MEDLINE (via Ovid SP), EMBASE (via Ovid SP), and CINAHL from inception to December 2017, along with grey literature. We included articles that described a tool to guide deprescribing of medications...
October 13, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315744/misidentification-of-dementia-in-medicare-claims-and-related-costs
#17
Carolyn W Zhu, Katherine A Ornstein, Stephanie Cosentino, Yian Gu, Howard Andrews, Yaakov Stern
OBJECTIVES: To examine how misidentification of dementia affects estimation of Medicare costs in a largely minority cohort of participants for whom accurate in-person diagnoses are available. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Washington Heights-Inwood Columbia Aging Project, a multiethnic, population-based, prospective study of cognitive aging of Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 and older. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals clinically diagnosed with dementia (n=495) and individuals clinically diagnosed without dementia (n=1,701)...
October 13, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315707/pittsburgh-fatigability-scale-one-page-predictor-of-mobility-decline-in-mobility-intact-older-adults
#18
Eleanor M Simonsick, Jennifer A Schrack, Adam J Santanasto, Stephanie A Studenski, Luigi Ferrucci, Nancy W Glynn
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the Pittsburgh Fatigability Scale (PFS) as a predictor of performance and functional decline in mobility-intact older adults. DESIGN: Longitudinal analysis of Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging data. SETTING: National Institute on Aging, Clinical Research Unit, Baltimore, Maryland. PARTICIPANTS: Mobility-intact men (46.8%) and women aged 60 to 89 with concurrent PFS administration and performance and functional assessment and follow-up assessment within 1 to 4 years (N=579)...
October 13, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312474/cardiovascular-disease-profile-of-the-oldest-adults-in-rural-south-africa-data-from-the-haalsi-study-health-and-aging-in-africa-longitudinal-studies-of-indepth-communities
#19
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Miles D Witham, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Stephen Tollman, Lisa Berkman, Thomas A Gaziano
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the cardiovascular disease (CVD) profile of individuals aged 80 and older in rural South Africa. DESIGN: First wave of population-based longitudinal cohort. SETTING: Agincourt subdistrict (Mpumalanga Province) in rural South Africa. PARTICIPANTS: Adults residents (N = 5,059). MEASUREMENTS: In-person interviews were conducted to obtain social, behavioral, economic, and clinical data...
October 12, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30307031/cognitive-outcomes-after-heart-valve-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Mark A Oldham, Jacqueline Vachon, David Yuh, Hochang B Lee
OBJECTIVES: To summarize evidence on cognitive outcomes after heart valve surgery; secondary aim, to examine whether aortic and mitral valve surgery are associated with different cognitive outcomes. DESIGN: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Cardiac surgery. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals undergoing heart valve surgery. MEASUREMENTS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO for peer-reviewed reports of individuals undergoing heart valve surgery who underwent pre- and postoperative cognitive assessment...
October 11, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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