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Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211575/infrequent-use-of-isolation-precautions-in-nursing-homes-implications-for-an-evolving-population
#1
EDITORIAL
Lona Mody, Mary-Claire Roghmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211567/isolation-precautions-use-for-multidrug-resistant-organism-infection-in-nursing-homes
#2
Catherine C Cohen, Andrew Dick, Patricia W Stone
OBJECTIVES: To examine factors associated with isolation precaution use in nursing home (NH) residents with multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) infection. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional analysis. SETTING: Nursing homes with Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' certification from October 2010 to December 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly, long-stay NH residents with positive MDRO infection assessments. MEASUREMENTS: Data were obtained from the Minimum Data Set (MDS) 3...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205243/the-effect-of-treatment-of-anemia-with-blood-transfusion-on-delirium-a-systematic-review
#3
Vera van der Zanden, Sara J Beishuizen, Lieke M Swart, Sophia E de Rooij, Barbara C van Munster
OBJECTIVES: Treating the precipitating factors of delirium is the mainstay of the prevention and treatment of delirium. We aim to investigate the role of anemia and blood transfusion within the multicomponent prevention and treatment strategy of delirium. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: We included cohort studies or Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) that considered blood transfusion as treatment for delirium or risk factor, and had delirium as outcome...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205215/multicenter-validation-of-an-mmse-moca-conversion-table
#4
David Bergeron, Kelsey Flynn, Louis Verret, Stéphane Poulin, Rémi W Bouchard, Christian Bocti, Tamàs Fülöp, Guy Lacombe, Serge Gauthier, Ziad Nasreddine, Robert Jr Laforce
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence points to the superiority of the MoCA over the MMSE as a cognitive screening tool. To facilitate the transition from the MMSE to the MoCA in clinical and research settings, authors have developed MMSE-MoCA conversion tables. However, it is unknown whether a conversion table generated from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients would apply to patients with other dementia subtypes like vascular dementia or frontotemporal dementia. Furthermore, the reliability and accuracy of MMSE-MoCA conversion tables has not been properly evaluated...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205206/apples-and-oranges-four-definitions-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-and-their-relationship-to-30-day-hospital-readmission
#5
Melissa Dattalo, Eva DuGoff, Katie Ronk, Korey Kennelty, Andrea Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Amy J Kind
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent of agreement between four commonly used definitions of multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) and compare each definition's ability to predict 30-day hospital readmissions. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: National Medicare claims data. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of Medicare beneficiaries discharged from the hospital from 2005 to 2009 (n = 710,609). MEASUREMENTS: Baseline chronic conditions were determined for each participant using four definitions of MCC...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205203/effects-of-different-types-of-exercise-on-body-composition-muscle-strength-and-igf-1-in-the-elderly-with-sarcopenic-obesity
#6
Hung-Ting Chen, Yu-Chun Chung, Yu-Jen Chen, Sung-Yen Ho, Huey-June Wu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of resistance training (RT), aerobic training (AT), or combination training (CT) interventions on the body composition, muscle strength performance, and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) of patients with sarcopenic obesity. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community center and research center. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty men and women aged 65-75 with sarcopenic obesity...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186624/adverse-events-associated-with-antipsychotic-use-in-hospitalized-older-adults-after-cardiac-surgery
#7
Dae H Kim, Krista F Huybrechts, Elisabetta Patorno, Edward R Marcantonio, Yoonyoung Park, Raisa Levin, Abdurrahman Abdurrob, Brian T Bateman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in-hospital adverse events associated with typical and atypical antipsychotic medications (APMs) after cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Nationwide inpatient database, 2003 to 14. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals (mean age 70) newly treated with oral atypical (n = 2,580) or typical (n = 1,126 APMs) after coronary artery bypass grafting or valve surgery (N = 3,706). MEASUREMENTS: In-hospital mortality, arrhythmia, pneumonia, use of brain imaging (surrogate for oversedation and neurological events), and length of stay after drug initiation RESULTS: In the propensity score-matched cohort, median treatment duration was 3 days (interquartile range (IQR) 1-6 days) for atypical APMs and 2 days (IQR 1-3 days) for typical APMs...
February 10, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186618/study-of-individualization-and-bias-in-nursing-home-fall-prevention-practices
#8
Cathleen S Colón-Emeric, Kirsten Corazzini, Eleanor McConnell, Wei Pan, Mark Toles, Rasheeda Hall, Melissa Batchelor-Murphy, Tracey L Yap, Amber L Anderson, Andrew Burd, Ruth A Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about how nursing home staff use resident characteristics to individualize care delivery or whether care is affected by implicit bias. DESIGN: Randomized factorial clinical vignette survey. SETTING: Sixteen nursing homes in North Carolina. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing, rehabilitation, and social services staff (n = 433). MEASUREMENTS: Vignettes describing hypothetical residents were generated from a matrix of clinical and demographic characteristics...
February 10, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182265/long-term-metformin-therapy-and-monitoring-for-vitamin-b12-deficiency-among-older-veterans
#9
Vijaya Kancherla, John L Elliott, Birju B Patel, N Wilson Holland, Theodore M Johnson, Anjali Khakharia, Lawrence S Phillips, Godfrey P Oakley, Camille P Vaughan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between long-term metformin therapy and serum vitamin B12 monitoring. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A single Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC), 2002-2012. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans 50 years or older with either type 2 diabetes and long-term metformin therapy (n = 3,687) or without diabetes and no prescription for metformin (n = 13,258). MEASUREMENTS: We determined diabetes status from outpatient visits, and defined long-term metformin therapy as a prescription ≥500 mg/d for at least six consecutive months...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182262/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-the-care-of-older-persons-with-aortic-stenosis
#10
EDITORIAL
Catherine Talbot-Hamon, Jonathan Afilalo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182261/improving-the-electronic-capture-of-advance-care-directives-in-a-healthcare-delivery-system
#11
Norifumi Kamo, Barbara L Williams, Donna L Smith, C Craig Blackmore
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of a multifaceted quality improvement intervention in outpatient clinics at an integrated healthcare delivery system on capture rate of advance directives (ADs) in the electronic medical record (EMR). DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis with control groups between January 2010 and June 2015. SETTING: Oncology, nephrology, and primary care outpatient clinics in an integrated healthcare delivery system...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177525/the-future-role-of-geriatrics-building-local-coalitions-to-demonstrate-value
#12
Christopher M Callahan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177517/geriatricians-the-super-specialists
#13
John E Morley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177516/response-to-john-e-morley-about-the-future-role-of-geriatrics
#14
Christopher M Callahan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176306/cognitive-differences-between-men-and-women-who-fracture-their-hip-and-impact-on-six-month-survival
#15
Ann L Gruber-Baldini, Mina Hosseini, Denise Orwig, Lynn Grattan, Nancy Chiles Shaffer, Marc Hochberg, Jay Magaziner
OBJECTIVES: There is limited research in cognition and its relationship to mortality after hip fracture among men compared to women. Therefore, the goals of this study were to: (1) compare men and women who fractured their hip on cognition after hospital discharge, and (2) examine the impact of cognition on the differential risk of 6-month mortality between men and women post fracture. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Eight hospitals in Baltimore, Maryland...
February 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176304/natriuretic-peptides-in-older-patients-with-heart-failure-a-look-into-the-seeds-of-time
#16
EDITORIAL
Abhinav Sharma, Karen P Alexander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176300/aging-in-sub-saharan-africa-sub-par
#17
EDITORIAL
A Mark Clarfield, Anat Rosenthal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176297/ptsd-psychotropic-medication-use-and-the-risk-of-dementia-among-us-veterans-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Francis Mawanda, Robert B Wallace, Kimberly McCoy, Thad E Abrams
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between PTSD, psychotropic medication use, and the risk for dementia. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. PARTICIPANTS: Nationwide sample of US veterans (N = 417,172) aged ≥56 years during fiscal year (FY) 2003 without a diagnosis of dementia or mild cognitive impairment at baseline (FY02-03) and ≥1 clinical encounter every 2 years during follow-up (FY04-12). MEASURES: Demographic characteristics; diagnosis of PTSD, dementia, and medical and psychiatric comorbidity (defined by ICD-9 codes); and psychotropic medication use including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRI), novel antidepressants (NA), benzodiazepines (BZA), and atypical antipsychotics (AA)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170087/response-to-christopher-callahan-about-geriatricians-more-than-superspecialists
#19
John E Morley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170085/guarding-against-overtesting-overdiagnosis-and-overtreatment-of-older-adults-thinking-beyond-imaging-and-injuries-to-weigh-harms-and-benefits
#20
EDITORIAL
Jerome R Hoffman, Christopher R Carpenter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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