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Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology

Doris Weiss, Michaela Schaschinger, Robin Ristl, Robert Gruber, Tamara Kopp, Georg Stingl, Christine Bangert
BACKGROUND: It has recently been suggested that patients with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (AD) may profit from anti-interleukin (IL)-12/-23 p40 therapy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the immunologic effects of ustekinumab treatment on AD skin and to correlate them with the clinical efficacy of this drug. METHODS: We investigated the course of 3 patients with severe AD who were administered 45 mg of subcutaneous ustekinumab over a period of 16 weeks...
October 13, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Benjamin Farahnik, Collin M Blattner, Michael B Mortazie, Benjamin M Perry, William Lear, Dirk M Elston
Hailey-Hailey disease or familial benign chronic pemphigus is a rare blistering dermatosis that is characterized by recurrent erythematous plaques with a predilection for the skin folds. For extensive Hailey-Hailey disease that is recalcitrant to conventional therapy, laser ablation, photodynamic therapy, electron beam radiotherapy, botulinum toxin type A, dermabrasion, glycopyrrolate, and afamelanotide have been reported as useful treatments, but comparative trials are lacking. This review discusses the various treatment modalities for Hailey-Hailey disease and a summary of the evidence for the most recommended treatments...
October 13, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Lisa Altieri, Michael K Wong, David H Peng, Myles Cockburn
BACKGROUND: Mucosal melanomas are rare, poorly understood neoplasms without a consensus standard of care. OBJECTIVE: We sought to define mucosal melanoma tumor characteristics and the racial/ethnic attributes of patients with mucosal melanomas. METHODS: We analyzed 130,920 cutaneous melanomas and 1919 mucosal melanomas recorded in the population-based California Cancer Registry from 1988 to 2013. RESULTS: Although only 1% of melanomas occurring in nonHispanic whites were mucosal, other racial/ethnic groups had a higher proportion of mucosal melanomas (15% for Asian/Pacific Islanders, 9% for nonHispanic blacks, and 4% for Hispanics)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Kabeer K Shah, Julia S Lehman, Lawrence E Gibson, Christine M Lohse, Nneka I Comfere, Carilyn N Wieland
BACKGROUND: Teledermatopathology has evolved from static images to whole slide imaging (WSI), which allows for remote viewing and manipulation of tissue sections. Previous studies of WSI in teledermatopathology predated College of American Pathologists (CAP) telepathology validation guidelines. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a comprehensive retrospective WSI validation study of routine dermatopathology cases, adhering to CAP guidelines. METHOD: In all, 181 consecutive cases arranged into 3 categories (inflammatory, melanocytic, nonmelanocytic proliferations) were reviewed by 3 board-certified dermatopathologists via traditional microscopy (TM) and WSI...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Alexander H Fischer, Alessandra Haskin, Ginette A Okoye
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic therapy is commonly used to treat hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). Although concern for antibiotic resistance exists, data examining the association between antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance in HS lesions are limited. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the frequency of antimicrobial resistance in HS lesions from patients on antibiotic therapy. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted on 239 patients with HS seen at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions from 2010 through 2015...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Didier Bessis, Michèle Bigorre, Nausicaa Malissen, Guillaume Captier, Christine Chiaverini, Claire Abasq, Sébastien Barbarot, Olivia Boccara, Emmanuelle Bourrat, Hassan El Fertit, Catherine Eschard, Thomas Hubiche, Jean-Philippe Lacour, Nicolas Leboucq, Emmanuel Mahé, Stéphanie Mallet, Myriam Marque, Ludovic Martin, Juliette Mazereeuw-Hautier, Nathalie Milla, Alice Phan, Patrice Plantin, Marie-Christine Picot, Eve Puzenat, Valérie Rigau, Pierre Vabres, Sylvie Fraitag, Franck Boralevi
BACKGROUND: Hair collar sign (HCS) and hair tuft of the scalp (HTS) are cutaneous signs of an underlying neuroectodermal defect, but most available data are based on case reports. OBJECTIVE: We sought to define the clinical spectrum of HCS and HTS, clarify the risk for underlying neurovascular anomalies, and provide imaging recommendations. METHODS: A 10-year multicenter retrospective and prospective analysis of clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic features of HCS and HTS in pediatric patients was performed...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Yuki M F Andersen, Alexander Egeberg, Gunnar H Gislason, Lone Skov, Jacob P Thyssen
BACKGROUND: An increased susceptibility to autoimmune disease has been shown in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), but data remain scarce and inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: We examined the co-occurrence of selected autoimmune diseases in adult patients with AD. METHODS: Nationwide health registers were used. Adult patients with a hospital diagnosis of AD in Denmark between 1997 and 2012 were included as cases (n = 8112) and matched with controls (n = 40,560)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Benjamin H Kaffenberger, David Shetlar, Scott Norton, Misha Rosenbach
Global temperatures continue to rise, reaching new records almost every year this decade. Although the causes are debated, climate change is a reality. Consequences of climate change include melting of the arctic ice cap, rising of sea levels, changes in precipitation patterns, and increased severe weather events. This article updates dermatologists about the effects of climate change on the epidemiology and geographic ranges of selected skin diseases in North America. Although globalization, travel, and trade are also important to changing disease and vector patterns, climate change creates favorable habitats and expanded access to immunologically naïve hosts...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Alexander Egeberg, Lone Skov, Yuki M F Andersen, Lotus Mallbris, Gunnar H Gislason, Jonathan I Silverberg, Jashin J Wu, Jacob P Thyssen
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis and atopic dermatitis (AD) are chronic inflammatory skin disorders. Mortality is increased in psoriasis, yet no studies on mortality in AD are currently available. OBJECTIVE: We investigated 10-year mortality after hospitalization for AD compared with psoriasis and the general population. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2002 all Danes aged 18 years or older with a first-time hospitalization as a result of AD or psoriasis and AD-matched healthy control subjects were examined in nationwide registers...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Sally R Wilkes, Hywel C Williams, Anthony D Ormerod, Fiona E Craig, Nicola Greenlaw, John Norrie, Eleanor J Mitchell, James M Mason, Kim S Thomas
BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare inflammatory skin condition. Two prospective studies have evaluated treatments for pyoderma gangrenosum using a primary outcome of healing speed at 6 weeks. OBJECTIVE: Using data from both studies we assessed the predictive value of 3 early predictors for healing at 6 months: speed of healing, Investigator Global Assessment (IGA), and resolution of inflammation, recorded at 2 and 6 weeks. METHODS: Logistic regression models were applied and the effectiveness of the 3 measures was assessed through estimating the positive and negative predictive values and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Aaron S Farberg, Darrell S Rigel
BACKGROUND: Guidelines exist for the management of cutaneous malignant melanoma, but their adoption, prevalence, and impact have not yet been determined. OBJECTIVE: To determine current melanoma clinical management practices of US dermatologists and the variance from guidelines that might exist. METHODS: A cross-sectional e-mail survey study assessing preferred biopsy methods for lesions suspicious for melanoma, margins used for excision, and recommended follow-up intervals were sent to 6177 US dermatologists (540 responding)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Raghav Tripathi, Zhengyi Chen, Li Li, Jeremy S Bordeaux
BACKGROUND: Information on risk factors, epidemiology, and clinical characteristics of sebaceous carcinoma (SC) is limited. OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyze trends in SC in the United States from 2000 through 2012. METHODS: We used data from the 18 registries of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program from 2000 to 2012 to calculate the cause of death, relative frequencies/incidences, 5-/10-year Kaplan-Meier survival, hazard ratios, and incidence rates for SC...
October 6, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Gabrielle Brown, Eva Wang, Argentina Leon, Monica Huynh, Mackenzie Wehner, Rebecca Matro, Eleni Linos, Wilson Liao, Anna Haemel
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitors have been reported to induce new-onset psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: To better define the demographic, clinical features, and treatment approach of TNF-α inhibitor-induced psoriasis. METHODS: Systematic review of published cases of TNF-α inhibitor-induced psoriasis. RESULTS: We identified 88 articles with 216 cases of new-onset TNF-α inhibitor-induced psoriasis. The mean age at psoriasis onset was 38...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Janny E Lommerts, Hansje-Eva Teulings, Khaled Ezzedine, Nanja van Geel, Anke Hartmann, Reinhart Speeckaert, Phyllis I Spuls, Albert Wolkerstorfer, Rosalie M Luiten, Marcel W Bekkenk
BACKGROUND: Melanoma-associated leukoderma (MAL) is a depigmenting disorder that can occur spontaneously in patients with melanoma. The differences in clinical presentation between MAL and vitiligo are not well defined. This may lead to misdiagnosing MAL as vitiligo, resulting in delayed detection of melanoma. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess whether experts in the field can distinguish between MAL and vitiligo, and to assess if discriminative features can be identified...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Haur Yueh Lee, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Hong Yi Koh, Tharmotharampillai Thirumoorthy, Shiu Ming Pang
BACKGROUND: Treatment of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the impact of cyclosporine on hospital mortality in patients with SJS/TEN. METHODS: All patients with SJS and TEN admitted to our center from 2011 to 2014 were treated under a standardized protocol that allowed for cyclosporine therapy if the inclusion and exclusion criteria were met. Clinical data were reviewed retrospectively...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Brittany Oliver, Manfred Boehm, Douglas R Rosing, Lee S Shapiro, Daniel T Dempsey, Peter A Merkel, Chyi-Chia Richard Lee, Edward W Cowen
October 4, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Emily Stamell Ruiz, Pritesh S Karia, Frederick C Morgan, Chrysalyne D Schmults
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the utility of radiologic imaging for prognostic staging of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC). OBJECTIVE: Review utilization of radiologic imaging of high-stage CSCCs to evaluate whether imaging impacted management and outcomes. METHODS: Tumors classified as Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) tumor (T) stage T2B or T3 over a 13-year period were reviewed to identify whether imaging was performed and whether results affected treatment...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Alice Gottlieb, John Sullivan, Martijn van Doorn, Alexey Kubanov, Ruquan You, Anne Parneix, Sophie Hugot, Marina Milutinovic
BACKGROUND: Plaque psoriasis affecting palms and soles is disabling and often resistant to treatment. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of secukinumab, an anti-interleukin 17A antibody, in subjects with palmoplantar psoriasis. METHODS: In this double-blinded, randomized controlled trial, 205 subjects were randomized 1:1:1 to secukinumab 300 mg, 150 mg, or placebo. The primary endpoint was Palmoplantar Investigator's Global Assessment (ppIGA) 0 (clear) or 1 (almost clear/minimal) response at week 16...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Harrison P Nguyen, John S Barbieri, Howard P Forman, Jean L Bolognia, Marta J VanBeek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Alicia Brunssen, Annika Waldmann, Nora Eisemann, Alexander Katalinic
BACKGROUND: Benefits of skin cancer screening remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: We sought to update evidence on the impact of skin cancer screening and secondary prevention campaigns on skin cancer incidence, mortality, stage-specific incidence, and interval cancers after negative screening. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for studies published in English or German between January 1, 2005, and February 4, 2015. Two reviewers independently performed study selection, data extraction, and critical appraisal...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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