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Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859562/corrigendum
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859561/first-love
#2
LETTER
Julie Chilton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859560/office-visits-to-monitor-stimulant-medication-safety-and-efficacy-recommended-care
#3
LETTER
Bonnie T Zima, Grayson S Norquist, Steven I Altchuler, Jacob Behrens, Matthew D Iles-Shih, Yiu Kee Warren Ng, Mary Ann Schaepper
The clinical guidance based on the research article, "Specific Components of Pediatricians' Medication-Related Care Predict Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Improvement," published in the June 2017 issue,1 might be premature. The authors, Epstein et al., suggest that "Physicians do not need to necessarily rely on office visits to monitor medication response and side effects in the week(s) after initially prescribing medication, but instead could use phone calls or email correspondence to check in with the family" (p...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859559/childhood-visual-hallucinations-a-case-report-of-idiopathic-occipital-epilepsy
#4
LETTER
Leila Alba Palé, Amanda Cercós, Berta Samsó, Gisela Sugranyes
Although various types of hallucinations are reported at high rates during childhood, the research focusing on visual hallucinations is relatively scarce.1 Visual hallucinations have often been linked to biological causes and have been considered uncommon in psychiatric samples. However, recent studies suggest that almost 30% of visual hallucinations occur in the context of psychosis.1 The risk of psychopathology is often a cause of concern when children report visual hallucinations, especially when associated with poor functioning...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859558/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-preschoolers-the-accuracy-of-a-short-screener
#5
Kristin Romvig Øvergaard, Beate Oerbeck, Svein Friis, Are Hugo Pripp, Guido Biele, Heidi Aase, Pål Zeiner
OBJECTIVE: Although early and accurate screening is required for the remediation of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), possible gender differences have not been extensively studied. We examined the classification accuracy of the parent and preschool teacher version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) hyperactivity-inattention (HI) subscale in girls and boys. METHOD: The study was part of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859557/defining-treatment-response-and-remission-in-youth-anxiety-a-signal-detection-analysis-with-the-multidimensional-anxiety-scale-for-children
#6
Sophie A Palitz, Nicole E Caporino, Joseph F McGuire, John Piacentini, Anne Marie Albano, Boris Birmaher, John T Walkup, Scott N Compton, Golda S Ginsburg, Philip C Kendall
OBJECTIVE: To determine the percent reduction cutoffs on the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) that optimally predict treatment response and remission in youth with anxiety disorders. METHOD: Youths and their parents completed the MASC-C/P before and after treatment, and the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for DSM-IV-Child and Parent Versions (ADIS-IV-C/P) and the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement Scale (CGI-I) were administered by independent evaluators...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859556/preschool-and-school-age-irritability-predict-reward-related-brain-function
#7
Lea R Dougherty, Karen T G Schwartz, Maria Kryza-Lacombe, Jill Weisberg, Philip A Spechler, Jillian Lee Wiggins
OBJECTIVE: Although chronic irritability in childhood is prevalent, impairing, and predictive of later maladjustment, its pathophysiology is largely unknown. Deficits in reward processing are hypothesized to play a role in irritability. The current study aimed to identify how the developmental timing of irritability during preschool- and school-age relates to reward-related brain function during school-age. METHOD: Children's irritability was assessed during the preschool period (wave 1; ages 3...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859555/development-of-posterior-medial-frontal-cortex-function-in-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#8
Kate Dimond Fitzgerald, Yanni Liu, Timothy D Johnson, Jason S Moser, Rachel Marsh, Gregory L Hanna, Stephan F Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal engagement of the posterior medial frontal cortex (pMFC) occurs during performance monitoring in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), including in pediatric patients. Yet, the development of pMFC function in OCD-affected youth remains poorly understood. METHOD: A total of 69 patients with pediatric OCD and 72 healthy controls (HC), 8 to 19 years of age, were scanned during the Multisource Interference Task (MSIT). The effects of group, age, performance, and interactions on pMFC response to errors and interference were tested in the region of interest [ROI]) and whole-brain analyses...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859554/-p-and-dp-examining-symptom-level-bifactor-models-of-psychopathology-and-dysregulation-in-clinically-referred-children-and-adolescents
#9
John D Haltigan, Madison Aitken, Tracey Skilling, Joanna Henderson, Lisa Hawke, Marco Battaglia, John Strauss, Peter Szatmari, Brendan F Andrade
OBJECTIVE: This study examined cross-informant evidence for a general factor of psychopathology ("P") and a narrower, clinically oriented dysregulation general factor based on the Dysregulation Profile ("DP") in a large clinical sample of children and adolescents. We also compared the magnitude of P and DP general factor associations with self-harm and suicidal ideation as an indicator of criterion validity. METHOD: Itemwise data from the Child Behavior Checklist (N = 2,934; 4-18 years of age) were analyzed using confirmatory bifactor modeling and replicated in a supplementary analysis using Youth Self Report data (N = 2,395)...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859553/criterion-validity-and-utility-of-the-general-factor-of-psychopathology-in-childhood-predictive-associations-with-independently-measured-severe-adverse-mental-health-outcomes-in-adolescence
#10
Erik Pettersson, Benjamin B Lahey, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether a parent-rated general factor of psychopathology in childhood would predict independently measured, severe adverse mental health outcomes in adolescence. METHOD: We used the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden, which targets all twin children in Sweden. Parents rated their children (N = 16,806) on 43 symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, conduct problems, and anxiety/emotionality when the twins turned 9 or 12 years of age...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859552/the-reciprocity-of-brain-and-behavior
#11
EDITORIAL
Joan L Luby
The rise of neuroscience in our field has raised legitimate questions about the relative value of brain versus behavioral data to inform our understanding of the etiology and treatment of childhood mental disorders. There is no doubt that data on brain function and structure have wielded unique power and influence in mental health research during the past two decades. This could be based in part on its inherent objective and quantitative features in a field that has searched for, and thus far has generally failed to find, clearly measurable markers of psychopathology for clinical use...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859551/medial-frontal-hyperactivation-in-the-developing-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-brain-an-adaptive-response-rescued-by-medication-related-reduction-of-limbic-interference
#12
EDITORIAL
Odile A van den Heuvel, Stella J de Wit
The capacity to control emotion and behavior is an important human adaptation. The development of cognitive control strategies is a critical aspect of children's social development and protects against psychopathology. Dysfunctions in inhibitory control play an important role in the development of neurodevelopmental disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and Tourette's disorder. Inhibitory control is not a unitary construct and consists of motor response inhibition (i...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859550/empirical-psychopathology-classification-and-the-importance-of-trans-diagnostic-dimensional-factors
#13
EDITORIAL
Robert F Krueger
Assessment and diagnosis of psychopathology is clearly one of the most important pursuits in mental health research and practice. It also is one of the most controversial activities in the current zeitgeist. Classically, psychopathology has been described using hundreds of putatively discrete categories delineated based on expert clinical experience and consensus. The ability to assess and study classic psychopathology categories was a critical development in the history of psychiatry, closely linked to the development of the DSM-III...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859549/pediatric-depression-when-does-parental-refusal-for-treatment-constitute-medical-neglect
#14
EDITORIAL
Michael Shapiro
Depression is a common disorder in youth, and 10% to 15% of individuals have a lifetime prevalence by 18 years of age. Youth who receive treatment typically have a positive outcome, but many remain undiagnosed and untreated.1 There is a dearth of literature on parental refusal to consent to treatment for pediatric depression and the circumstances under which such refusal could be considered medical neglect. In general, it appears that mental health diagnoses are rarely reported in cases of medical neglect.2 ...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706168/march-april-maybe-a-video-game-or-two
#15
LETTER
Craigan Usher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706167/clinical-relevance-versus-statistical-significance-delbello-and-colleagues-respond-to-editorial
#16
LETTER
Melissa P DelBello, Robert Goldman, Antony Loebel
We would like to respond to some concerns raised by Dr. McClellan in his editorial comment1 on our article that reported the results of a placebo-controlled study of lurasidone for the treatment of children and adolescents with bipolar I depression.2 .
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706166/clinical-relevance-versus-statistical-significance-aman-and-colleagues-respond-to-editorial
#17
LETTER
Michael G Aman, L Eugene Arnold, Justin A Barterian
We would like to respond to the thought-provoking editorial by Dr. Jon McClellan1 regarding our article "Clinical Implications from the Treatment of Severe Childhood Aggression (TOSCA) Study: A Re-Analysis and Integration of Findings," published in the December 2017 issue of JAACAP.2 We address some issues on which we partially disagree, and comment on convergence of opinion.
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706165/what-happens-to-children-whose-parents-commit-suicide
#18
LETTER
Magdalena Romanowicz, Alastair J McKean, Jennifer L Vande Voort
Suicide remains one of the leading causes of death among 25- to 49-year-olds in the United States, and each year roughly 30,000 children are victims of parental suicide in the United States (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2005).1 We report a case of a young child who lost both of his parents to suicide.
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706164/has-the-prevalence-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-disorders-in-australia-changed-between-1998-and-2013-to-2014
#19
Michael G Sawyer, Christy E Reece, Alyssa C P Sawyer, Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether the 12-month prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and conduct disorder (CD) among 6- to 17-year-olds in Australia changed between 1998 and 2013 to 2014. It also investigated whether changes in the prevalence of disorders over this time varied for children living in families containing 2 parents versus single parents, and families with high versus low income. METHOD: The study used data from national surveys conducted in Australia in 1998 (N = 3,597) and 2013 to 2014 (N = 5,359)...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706163/irritability-trajectories-cortical-thickness-and-clinical-outcomes-in-a-sample-enriched-for-preschool-depression
#20
David Pagliaccio, Daniel S Pine, Deanna M Barch, Joan L Luby, Ellen Leibenluft
OBJECTIVE: Cross-sectional, longitudinal, and genetic associations exist between irritability and depression. Prior studies have examined developmental trajectories of irritability, clinical outcomes, and associations with child and familial depression. However, studies have not integrated neurobiological measures. The present study examined developmental trajectories of irritability, clinical outcomes, and cortical structure among preschoolers oversampled for depressive symptoms. METHOD: Beginning at 3 to 5 years old, a sample of 271 children enriched for early depressive symptoms were assessed longitudinally by clinical interview...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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