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Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588056/mbt-from-a-to-z
#1
LETTER
Julie A Chilton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588055/mirtazapine-and-weight-gain-in-avoidant-and-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#2
LETTER
Emily Gray, Theresa Chen, Jessie Menzel, Terry Schwartz, Walter H Kaye
Avoidant and restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a newly classified disorder in the DSM-5 that describes a pattern of restrictive eating across the lifespan that results in significant weight loss, nutritional deficiency, dependence on enteral feeding or nutritional supplements, or marked interference in psychosocial functioning.1 Currently, there are no evidence-based treatment approaches or medications for this disorder.2 We have administered a range of psychoactive medications to those with ARFID in our treatment program in an attempt to find an effective medication...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588054/prevalence-of-mental-disorder-and-service-use-by-immigrant-generation-and-race-ethnicity-among-u-s-adolescents
#3
Katholiki Georgiades, Diana Paksarian, Kara E Rudolph, Kathleen R Merikangas
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in lifetime prevalence of mental disorder and service use among U.S. adolescents by both immigrant generation and race/ethnicity. METHOD: A total of 6,250 adolescents aged 13 to 18 years in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement were assessed for lifetime prevalence of mood and/or anxiety disorders, behavior disorders, and mental health service use. Twelve groups defined by self-identified race/ethnicity (non-Hispanic white, Hispanic, non-Hispanic black, Asian) and immigrant generation (first, second, third, or more) were compared...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588053/gun-and-non-gun-related-violence-exposure-and-risk-for-subsequent-gun-carrying-among-male-juvenile-offenders
#4
Jordan Beardslee, Edward Mulvey, Carol Schubert, Paul Allison, Arynn Infante, Dustin Pardini
OBJECTIVE: Although studies have found that youth exposed to violence are more likely to carry guns than non-exposed youth, this association could be due to common causal factors or other pre-existing differences between individuals. In this study, within-individual change models were used to determine whether juvenile offenders exhibit an increased propensity to carry a firearm after being exposed to gun violence and/or non-gun violence. The advantage of this approach is all time-invariant factors are eliminated as potential confounders...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588052/suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-first-year-college-students-results-from-the-wmh-ics-project
#5
Philippe Mortier, Randy P Auerbach, Jordi Alonso, Jason Bantjes, Corina Benjet, Pim Cuijpers, David D Ebert, Jennifer Greif Green, Penelope Hasking, Matthew K Nock, Siobhan O'Neill, Stephanie Pinder-Amaker, Nancy A Sampson, Gemma Vilagut, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronny Bruffaerts, Ronald C Kessler
OBJECTIVE: College entrance may be a strategically well-placed "point of capture" for detecting late adolescents with suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB). However, a clear epidemiological picture of STB among incoming college students is lacking. We present the first cross-national data on prevalence as well as socio-demographic and college-related correlates for STB among first-year college students. METHOD: Web-based self-report surveys were obtained from 13,984 first-year students (response rate 45...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588051/data-driven-subtyping-of-executive-function-related-behavioral-problems-in-children
#6
Joe Bathelt, Joni Holmes, Duncan E Astle
OBJECTIVE: Executive functions (EF) are cognitive skills that are important for regulating behavior and for achieving goals. Executive function deficits are common in children who struggle in school and are associated with multiple neurodevelopmental disorders. However, there is also considerable heterogeneity across children, even within diagnostic categories. This study took a data-driven approach to identify distinct clusters of children with common profiles of EF-related difficulties, and then identified patterns of brain organization that distinguish these data-driven groups...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588050/sustained-effects-of-collaborative-school-home-intervention-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-impairment
#7
Linda J Pfiffner, Mary E Rooney, Yuanyuan Jiang, Lauren M Haack, Allyson Beaulieu, Keith McBurnett
OBJECTIVES: The Collaborative Life Skills (CLS) program is a school-home intervention for students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and impairment. CLS integrates school, parent, and student treatments followed by booster sessions during a maintenance period into the subsequent school year. The program is delivered by school-based mental health providers. Beneficial post-treatment effects have been documented. This study evaluated the effects of CLS after the maintenance period in the subsequent school year...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588049/the-impact-of-antidepressant-dose-and-class-on-treatment-response-in-pediatric-anxiety-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#8
Jeffrey R Strawn, Jeffrey A Mills, Beau A Sauley, Jeffrey A Welge
OBJECTIVE: To determine the trajectory and magnitude of antidepressant response as well as the effect of antidepressant class and dose on symptomatic improvement in pediatric anxiety disorders. METHOD: Weekly symptom severity data were extracted from randomized, parallel group, placebo-controlled trials of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) in pediatric anxiety disorders. Treatment response was modeled for the standardized change in continuous measures of anxiety using Bayesian updating...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588048/-communities-of-conditions-novel-methods-for-classifying-psychiatric-disorders
#9
EDITORIAL
David S Hong
In 1798, Philippe Pinel presented one of the first nosologies for psychiatric disorders, "Nosographie philosophique ou la méthode de l'analyse appliquée a la médecine."1 His emphasis on psychological and physical conditions as the basis of mental illness provided a distinct departure from prior reliance on such etiologies such as demonic possession. Establishing classification schema was a much more profound innovation than a simple academic reordering of psychiatric phenomena-under Pinel's leadership at the famed Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital, it also led to a radical reformation of clinical interventions, moving away from pseudoscientific practices toward psychologically based interventions...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588047/promoting-success-across-school-years-for-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-collaborative-school-home-intervention
#10
EDITORIAL
George J DuPaul
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) typically experience significant difficulties in school, including academic underachievement and impairment in social relationships, such that they are at higher than average risk for special education placement, grade retention, school dropout, and lower lifetime educational attainment.1 The chronicity of ADHD symptoms and associated impairments requires proactive maintenance of treatment components across school years if amelioration of deleterious long-term outcomes is to be realized...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588046/meta-analyses-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-getting-closer-to-clinical-practice
#11
EDITORIAL
Samuele Cortese
Rigorously conducted meta-analyses provide evidence synthesis that has the potential to inform daily clinical decision making and development of clinical guidelines. In the past decade, there has been an increasing number of studies on pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatments for childhood and adolescent psychiatric disorders. Given this large body of research, busy clinicians might tend to rely on meta-analyses, rather than individual trials, to keep abreast of the evidence base supporting intervention strategies in child and adolescent psychiatry...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588045/when-teachers-are-discovered-to-have-sexually-abused-students-the-role-of-child-psychiatric-consultation
#12
EDITORIAL
Michael S Jellinek
Tragically, investigations have shown many cases of teachers in private schools sexually abusing students.1 Most cases occurred from the 1960s through the 1990s and involved eccentric, creative, highly valued, and long-serving teachers. Some were indiscriminate predators who abused many children, others abused one or a few students, and some "groomed" students by developing a special emotional relationship during high school and then initiating a sexual relationship after graduation. Often, abusers and victims were vulnerable because of low self-esteem, depression, divorce, or substance use...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496133/corrigendum
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496132/corrigendum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496131/tools-for-teaching-room-for-debate-the-dsm-5
#15
LETTER
Craigan Usher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496130/mental-health-in-syrian-refugee-children-resettling-in-the-united-states-war-trauma-migration-and-the-role-of-parental-stress
#16
LETTER
Arash Javanbakht, David Rosenberg, Luay Haddad, Cynthia L Arfken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496129/effect-of-time-dependent-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-antidepressants-during-pregnancy-on-behavioral-emotional-and-social-development-in-preschool-aged-children
#17
Angela Lupattelli, Mollie Wood, Eivind Ystrom, Svetlana Skurtveit, Marte Handal, Hedvig Nordeng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on children's behavioral, emotional, and social development by age 5 years, and over time since age 1.5 years. METHOD: The prospective Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study was linked to the Medical Birth Registry of Norway. We included women who reported depressive/anxiety disorders before and/or during pregnancy. Children born to women who used SSRIs in early (weeks 0-16), mid- (weeks 17-28), or late (> week 29) pregnancy were compared to those who were unexposed...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496128/identifying-clinically-significant-irritability-in-early-childhood
#18
Jillian Lee Wiggins, Margaret J Briggs-Gowan, Ryne Estabrook, Melissa A Brotman, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft, Lauren S Wakschlag
OBJECTIVE: Advances in developmentally sensitive measurement have enabled differentiation of normative versus clinically salient irritability in early childhood. However, clinical application of these measures is still nascent. The authors developed an optimized model of clinically salient irritable behaviors at preschool age. Based on this model, the authors derived an empirically based cutoff in relation to concurrent DSM-5 irritability-related disorders (i.e., oppositional defiant disorder, disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, other depressive disorders) and used longitudinal models to test the predictive validity of the cutoff for impairment and irritability trajectories and later DSM disorders...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496127/early-childhood-adverse-experiences-inferior-frontal-gyrus-connectivity-and-the-trajectory-of-externalizing-psychopathology
#19
Deanna M Barch, Andy C Belden, Rebecca Tillman, Diana Whalen, Joan L Luby
OBJECTIVE: Early adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked to the development of both internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. In our prior work, we found that ACEs predicted reductions in the volume of the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), a brain region important for impulse control and emotion regulation. Here we tested the hypothesis that ACEs might influence child behavioral outcomes through an impact on IFG functional connectivity, which may influence impulsive or risk-taking behavior...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496126/working-memory-and-vigilance-as-multivariate-endophenotypes-related-to-common-genetic-risk-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Joel T Nigg, Hanna C Gustafsson, Sarah L Karalunas, Peter Ryabinin, Shannon K McWeeney, Stephen V Faraone, Michael A Mooney, Damien A Fair, Beth Wilmot
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the role of endophenotypes is essential for process models of psychopathology. This study examined which candidate cognitive endophenotypes statistically mediate common variant genetic risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: A case-control design using community-recruited volunteer children 7 to 11 years of age (n = 656, n = 435 ADHD), of whom 514 were of homogenous European ancestry for the primary models (n = 337 ADHD, 177 non-ADHD)...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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