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Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522748/transparency-disclosure-of-financial-interests
#1
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
In keeping with the Journal's policies,1 we provide a listing of disclosures for all members of the editorial masthead and the ad hoc editors (marked with an asterisk) as of October 19, 2018. This list, based on annually updated signed statements on file in the editorial office, includes all biomedical financial interests and potential conflicts of interest disclosed for the previous 24 months and the foreseeable future.
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522747/invisible-allies-thanking-our-reviewers
#2
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
Reviewing manuscripts is hard work. We wish to express our heartfelt appreciation to the 575 hard workers listed below, who so diligently served their Journal between July 1, 2017, and June 30, 2018. Our additional gratitude to our eight colleagues (Guido K.W. Frank, James F. Leckman, Christel Middeldorp, Lawrence Scahill, Joel Stoddard, Argyris Stringaris, Peter Szatmari, and Bonnie T. Zima) who served as ad hoc action editors and helped ensure that all manuscripts, our own included, were treated under the same editorial standards...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522746/tread-softly
#3
LETTER
Julie A Chilton
Had I the heaven's embroidered cloths, Enwrought with golden and silver light, The blue and the dim and the dark cloths Of night and light and the half-light; I would spread the cloths under your feet: But I, being poor, have only my dreams; I have spread my dreams under your feet; Tread softly because you tread on my dreams. -W.B. Yeats In Caroline Elton's Also Human: The Inner Lives of Doctors, she references The Cloths of Heaven to evidence her awareness of the responsibility she carries when lecturing hopeful future doctors on the tougher side of medicine...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522745/drs-stepanova-and-findling-reply
#4
LETTER
Ekaterina Stepanova, Robert L Findling
We read with interest the Letter to the Editor1 that was provided to us in response to our Commentary on the workforce shortage.2 We thank Dr. Hoffman, who suggested that we provide concrete steps toward decreasing the workforce shortage and emphasized the importance of child and adolescent psychiatrists (CAPs) providing psychotherapy. The Letter to the Editor prompted us to re-emphasize some key topics that we mentioned previously and to discuss several new points.
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522744/a-proposal-to-address-the-workforce-shortage-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#5
LETTER
Leon Hoffman
Drs. Findling and Stepanova1 end their Commentary on the workforce shortage in child and adolescent psychiatry with the following statement: "We should use our field's rich traditions and unique insights to establish new ways of doing more for the youths we are honored to serve" (p. 301). They rightly state that "we are proud of our field being able to provide a comprehensive family-centered approach to pediatric mental health care, which often requires substantial time and effort" (p. 301)...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522743/physical-and-psychosocial-impact-of-a-university-based-volunteer-student-led-running-program-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
LETTER
Annie Marggraff, John N Constantino
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are frequently excluded from group sports.1 This accentuates the social isolation inherent in their condition, perpetuates cycles of perceived incompetence in physical activity, and increases susceptibility to weight gain influenced by psychotropic medications.2 In a 2015 study of 376 children with ASD, 18.1% of children were overweight and 17% were obese.3 Scarcity of opportunity to participate on athletic teams can contribute to this liability and compound the social isolation inherent in the condition...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522742/networks-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-across-development
#7
Eoin McElroy, Pasco Fearon, Jay Belsky, Peter Fonagy, Praveetha Patalay
OBJECTIVE: Frequent co-occurrence and bidirectional longitudinal associations have led some researchers to question the boundaries between depression and anxiety. A longitudinal investigation of the interconnected symptom structure of these constructs may help determine the extent to which they are distinct, and whether this changes over development. Therefore, the present study used network analysis to examine these symptom-symptom associations developmentally from early childhood to mid-adolescence...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522741/parenting-is-an-environmental-predictor-of-callous-unemotional-traits-and-aggression-a-monozygotic-twin-differences-study
#8
Rebecca Waller, Luke W Hyde, Kelly L Klump, S Alexandra Burt
OBJECTIVE: Callous-unemotional (CU) traits increase risk for children to develop severe childhood aggression and conduct disorder. CU traits are typically described as highly heritable, and debate continues about whether the parenting environment matters in their etiology. Strong genetically informed designs are needed to test for the presence of environmental links between parenting practices and CU traits. Our objective was to determine whether parental harshness and parental warmth were related to children's aggression or CU traits when accounting for genetically mediated effects...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522740/mental-health-problems-and-onset-of-tobacco-use-among-12-to-24-year-olds-in-the-path-study
#9
Victoria R Green, Kevin P Conway, Marushka L Silveira, Karin A Kasza, Amy Cohn, K Michael Cummings, Cassandra A Stanton, Priscilla Callahan-Lyon, Wendy Slavit, James D Sargent, Nahla Hilmi, Raymond S Niaura, Chad J Reissig, Elizabeth Lambert, Izabella Zandberg, Mary F Brunette, Susanne E Tanski, Nicolette Borek, Andrew J Hyland, Wilson M Compton
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether mental health problems predict incident use of 12 different tobacco products in a nationally representative sample of youth and young adults. METHOD: This study analyzed Wave (W) 1 and W2 data from 10,533 12- to 24-year-old W1 never tobacco users in the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. Self-reported lifetime internalizing and externalizing symptoms were assessed at W1. Past 12-month use of cigarettes, electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), traditional cigars, cigarillos, filtered cigars, pipe, hookah, snus pouches, other smokeless tobacco, bidis and kreteks (youth only), and dissolvable tobacco was assessed at W2...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522739/effects-of-methylphenidate-during-fear-learning-in-antisocial-adolescents-a-randomized-controlled-fmri-trial
#10
Koen van Lith, Dick Johan Veltman, Moran Daniel Cohn, Louise Else Pape, Marieke Eleonora van den Akker-Nijdam, Amanda Wilhelmina Geertruida van Loon, Pierre Bet, Guido Alexander van Wingen, Wim van den Brink, Theo Doreleijers, Arne Popma
OBJECTIVE: Although the neural underpinnings of antisocial behavior have been studied extensively, research on pharmacologic interventions targeting specific neural mechanisms remains sparse. Hypoactivity of the amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) has been reported in antisocial adolescents, which could account for deficits in fear learning (amygdala) and impairments in decision making (vmPFC), respectively. Limited clinical research suggests positive effects of methylphenidate, a dopamine agonist, on antisocial behavior in adolescents...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522738/a-developmental-twin-study-of-emotion-recognition-and-its-negative-affective-clinical-correlates
#11
Lance M Rappaport, Dever M Carney, Brad Verhulst, Michael C Neale, James Blair, Melissa A Brotman, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft, John M Hettema, Roxann Roberson-Nay
OBJECTIVE: Youth with psychiatric disorders distinguished by irritability, including depression and associated trait neuroticism, show deficits in the ability to recognize facial expressions of emotion, particularly happiness. However, the contribution of genetic and environmental factors to this ability remains unknown. The present study examined this trait in twins to assess the genetic and environmental influences on face-emotion recognition abilities and their association with irritability, neuroticism, and depression...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522737/why-is-maternal-depression-related-to-adolescent-internalizing-problems-a-15-year-population-based-study
#12
Sylvana M Côté, Marilyn N Ahun, Catherine M Herba, Mara Brendgen, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Massimiliano Orri, Xuecheng Liu, Frank Vitaro, Maria Melchior, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to maternal depression during early childhood is a well-documented risk factor for offspring's internalizing problems, but the long-term risk and the psychosocial mechanisms underlying the association remain largely unknown. We examined whether maternal depression during early childhood was associated with offspring internalizing problems in adolescence, and the extent to which negative parenting, peer victimization, and poor friendship quality during middle childhood mediated this association...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522736/zooming-in-and-zooming-out-a-network-perspective-on-the-comorbidity-of-depression-and-anxiety
#13
EDITORIAL
Lynn Boschloo
Several statistical techniques are available to shed light on the structure of psychopathology, and each is valuable in its own way. It is, however, important to realize that the results of these techniques are substantially influenced by the structure of the studied instrument. Network analyses are no exception and do not perform miracles. However, they are unique in embracing the diversity of psychopathology, as the approach is both specific, by zooming in on individual symptoms, and transdiagnostic, by zooming out on the broad spectrum of psychopathology...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522735/does-methylphenidate-normalize-brain-dysfunction-during-fear-learning-in-adolescents-with-disruptive-behavior-disorders
#14
EDITORIAL
Graeme Fairchild
Conduct disorder (CD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), collectively termed disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs), are a major cause of impairment and suffering in those affected by these conditions and their families and communities. The prevalence of DBDs is estimated at 5-14% in school-aged children,1 and they are costly to society and linked with negative adult outcomes.2 Unfortunately, few effective psychological treatments are available, and there is a lack of evidence-based pharmacological treatments for DBDs...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522734/intellectual-disabilities-in-juvenile-justice-the-case-for-screening
#15
EDITORIAL
Frank Tedeschi, Alexandra Junewicz
Recent efforts to reform and improve the juvenile justice system have overlooked one critically important issue-the widespread failure to routinely screen for intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD) in young offenders. Pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, offenders with I/DD must receive appropriate accommodations. Yet across the country, adolescents and adults with I/DD must engage with the juvenile justice system without appropriate supports and often with their disabilities unknown to corrections staff, lawyers, judges, and other personnel...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522733/clinical-affective-neuroscience
#16
EDITORIAL
Anne E Penner, Joel Stoddard
Affective neuroscience is a promising young field in neuroscience for understanding the basis of many types of psychopathology. It describes the scientific investigation of the neural basis of affect, emotion, and feelings. These phenomena arise from mental processes that are not always directly observable, which complicates discovering their neural basis. Nevertheless, as it has done for other inferred processes, such as memory and language, neuroscience should transform our emotion-based patient formulations and lead to novel, targeted therapeutics for emotional issues...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522732/mobile-health-mhealth-building-the-case-for-adapting-emerging-technologies-for-justice-involved-youth
#17
EDITORIAL
Eraka Bath, Marina Tolou-Shams, David Farabee
The term justice-involved youth encompasses a broad range of youth. It can include youth who have not been detained and have been placed on probation or diversion programs, as well re-entry populations transitioning out of detention facilities or stated custody and placed on probation or parole. There are more than 1.3 million juvenile arrests per year, and on any given day there are 50,821 youth incarcerated in the United States. Of the 716,000 delinquency cases, probation is court-ordered for approximately half...
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522731/study-registration-encouraging-the-practice-of-hypothetical-deductive-research-in-the-journal
#18
EDITORIAL
Douglas K Novins, Robert R Althoff, Mary K Billingsley, Samuele Cortese, Stacy S Drury, Jean A Frazier, Schuyler W Henderson, Elizabeth A McCauley, Tonya J H White
Earlier this year, we shared with you our commitment to supporting the dissemination of research that is well designed, carefully conducted, and properly interpreted, and our belief that authors, reviewers, editors, publishers, and readers should jointly strive to ensure the integrity of the science that we publish.1 Toward this end, we are pleased to announce a new submission type beginning in 2019: Registered Reports.
December 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30392634/corrigendum
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30392633/metamorphosis
#20
LETTER
Craigan Usher
It is little wonder that the ancient Greeks used the same word for butterfly and for soul (ψυχή = psyche), or that our specialty adopted this name. In child and adolescent psychiatry we know well the powerful feeling of seeing a young person truly get their wings. Bursting from that which may have nurtured and encumbered, the chrysalis of unfortunate circumstance or psychiatric disorder, we feel a thrill when our patients fly free. In our field we also know what it is to get "psyched" by something that we read...
November 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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