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Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438525/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-trans-female-youth-s-access-to-health-care-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area
#1
Elizabeth A Johns, Harry Jin, Colette L Auerswald, Erin C Wilson
PURPOSE: Trans*female youth (TFY) are an underserved population at risk for a variety of poor health outcomes, in part related to barriers to accessing health and mental health care. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data collected with 250 TFY aged 16-24 years in the San Francisco Bay Area from 2012 to 2014. Logistic regression was used to test associations between sociodemographic variables and barriers to gender identity-based medical and mental health care...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438524/trajectories-of-mental-health-related-service-use-among-adolescents-with-histories-of-early-externalizing-problems
#2
Yuko Okado, Emily Ewing, Christina Rowley, Damon E Jones
PURPOSE: To inform efforts to reduce costly service utilization, the present study examined longitudinal trajectories of mental health-related outpatient and residential service use among at-risk youth with a history of early externalizing problems. METHODS: A cohort of 809 children in the Fast Track Project, a multisite longitudinal study of children at risk for conduct disorder, were followed prospectively from kindergarten through 12th grade. They resided in high-risk areas with high rates of poverty, crime, and violence...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438523/predictors-of-early-childbirth-among-female-adolescents-in-foster-care
#3
Bryn King, Melissa Van Wert
PURPOSE: Placement into foster care is driven by a number of factors, many of which are associated with adolescent childbirth. Yet, there are few studies that identify the experiences and characteristics that predict adolescent childbirth among girls who spend time in foster care. METHODS: A longitudinal, population-based data set was constructed by probabilistically matching California child protective service records for female foster youth to maternal information available on vital birth records for children born between 2001 and 2010...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431973/understanding-the-relationship-of-cigarette-smoking-trajectories-through-adolescence-and-weight-status-in-young-adulthood-in-the-united-states
#4
Minal Patel, Annette Kaufman, Yvonne Hunt, Linda Nebeling
PURPOSE: Adolescent cigarette smoking has steadily declined since 1999, whereas adolescent obesity rates have quadrupled since the 1980s. Few studies address the longitudinal relationship of smoking and weight in youth and young adulthood. This study examines the relationship of smoking trajectories beginning in adolescence on weight status in young adulthood in a nationally representative longitudinal sample. METHODS: The study sample was drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health Waves I-IV (N = 13,361)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391968/bullying-victimization-and-suicide-ideation-and-behavior-among-adolescents-in-europe-a-10-country-study
#5
Shira Barzilay, Anat Brunstein Klomek, Alan Apter, Vladimir Carli, Camilla Wasserman, Gergö Hadlaczky, Christina W Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Judit Balazs, Agnes Kereszteny, Romuald Brunner, Michael Kaess, Julio Bobes, Pilar Saiz, Doina Cosman, Christian Haring, Raphaela Banzer, Paul Corcoran, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Vita Postuvan, Tina Podlogar, Merike Sisask, Airi Varnik, Danuta Wasserman
PURPOSE: To examine risk and protective factors moderating the associations between three types of bullying victimization (physical, verbal, and relational bullying) with suicide ideation/attempts in a large representative sample of European adolescents. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data on 11,110 students (mean age = 14.9, standard deviation = .89) recruited from 168 schools in 10 European Union countries involved in the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe study...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391967/physicians-talking-about-sex-sexuality-and-protection-with-adolescents
#6
REVIEW
Lindsay Fuzzell, Cleveland G Shields, Stewart C Alexander, J Dennis Fortenberry
Adolescent-physician communication about sexual behaviors, sexuality, and protective behaviors is vital for the support of sexual minorities and the prevention of sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancies. The objective of this review is to identify sexual topics that physicians and adolescents discuss during medical encounters and examine the quantity and quality of that communication. We performed a systematic literature review of major databases through May 2016. We identified 33 papers that focused on adolescent-physician communication about three major sexual health topics: coital or noncoital sexual behaviors, sexual orientation or attractions, and sexually protective or preventative behaviors...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391966/educational-attainment-at-age-10-11%C3%A2-years-predicts-health-risk-behaviors-and-injury-risk-during-adolescence
#7
Joanne C Demmler, Rebecca A Hill, Muhammad A Rahman, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, Melanie A Healy, Shantini Paranjothy, Simon Murphy, Adam Fletcher, Gillian Hewitt, Ann John, Ronan A Lyons, Sinead T Brophy
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of educational attainment in primary school on later adolescent health. METHODS: Education data attainments at age 7 and 11 were linked with (1) primary and secondary care injury consultation/admissions and (2) the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey. Cox regression was carried out to examine if attainment in primary school predicts time to injury in adolescence. RESULTS: Pupils that achieve attainment at age 7 but not at age 11 (i...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391965/e-cigarette-use-cigarette-smoking-dual-use-and-problem-behaviors-among-u-s-adolescents-results-from-a-national-survey
#8
Sean Esteban McCabe, Brady T West, Phil Veliz, Carol J Boyd
PURPOSE: There is a need to obtain greater clarity regarding adolescents' e-cigarette use and the associations of use with a wider range of risk behaviors. This study examines the associations among past-month e-cigarette use only, traditional cigarette smoking only, dual use (i.e., concurrent e-cigarette use and cigarette smoking), school-related (i.e., truancy and poor academic performance) risk behaviors, and substance-related (i.e., alcohol use, binge drinking, marijuana use, illicit drug use, and nonmedical prescription drug use) risk behaviors...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391964/associations-between-fathers-and-sons-sexual-risk-in-rural-kenya-the-potential-for-intergenerational-transmission
#9
Ali M Giusto, Eric P Green, Eve S Puffer
PURPOSE: Despite high rates of HIV in areas of Sub-Saharan Africa and men's role in driving the epidemic, little is known about whether or how sexual risk-both behaviors and beliefs-may be passed down through generations of males. This study examined associations between sexual risk behaviors and sex-related beliefs of adolescent males and those of their male caregivers in Kenya, as well as the potential moderating effects of parenting characteristics and father-son relationship quality...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363721/prevalence-of-adolescent-gender-experiences-and-gender-expression-in-germany
#10
Inga Becker, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Veronika Ottová-Jordan, Michael Schulte-Markwort
PURPOSE: Adolescence marks a transition point in the development of gender experience and expression. Although there is growing awareness about various gender identities in health research, only limited data on the prevalence of adolescent gender variance in the general population exist. METHODS: German female and male adolescents (n = 940) aged 10-16 years participating in the nationally representative "Health Behaviour in School-aged Children" Hamburg survey were asked to report their current gender experience (identification as both feminine and masculine) and gender expression (gender role as a girl or boy)...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363720/engagement-with-online-tobacco-marketing-and-associations-with-tobacco-product-use-among-u-s-youth
#11
Samir Soneji, John P Pierce, Kelvin Choi, David B Portnoy, Katherine A Margolis, Cassandra A Stanton, Rhonda J Moore, Maansi Bansal-Travers, Charles Carusi, Andrew Hyland, James Sargent
PURPOSE: Youth who engage with online tobacco marketing may be more susceptible to tobacco use than unengaged youth. This study examines online engagement with tobacco marketing and its association with tobacco use patterns. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of youths aged 12-17 years who participated in wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study (N = 13,651). Engagement with tobacco marketing was based on 10 survey items including signing up for email alerts about tobacco products in the past 6 months...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363719/teen-dating-violence-victimization-trauma-symptoms-and-revictimization-in-early-adulthood
#12
Ernest N Jouriles, Hye Jeong Choi, Caitlin Rancher, Jeff R Temple
PURPOSE: This research examined whether experiencing physical teen dating violence (TDV) relates to trauma symptoms, which in turn, predict future physical dating violence victimization in early adulthood. METHODS: Adolescents (N = 843) recruited from high schools reported on their experiences of physical TDV victimization and trauma symptoms. The sample was followed over a 5-year period to assess for revictimization in early adulthood. RESULTS: Trauma symptoms functioned as a mediator between experiences of physical TDV victimization during adolescence and later revictimization in early adulthood, even in a conservative test of mediation that controlled for baseline trauma symptoms...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363718/adolescent-tobacco-use-in-urban-versus-rural-areas-of-the-united-states-the-influence-of-tobacco-control-policy-environments
#13
Michael F Pesko, Adam M T Robarts
PURPOSE: Adults and adolescents who reside in rural areas of the United States are traditionally more likely to be tobacco users. This urban-rural disparity remains largely unexplained and, more recently, it is unclear what impact the emergence of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has had on adolescent tobacco use in urban and rural areas. Our objective is to evaluate the influence of sociodemographics and tobacco control policy environments on adolescent tobacco use in urban versus rural areas, as well as to identify the effect of e-cigarettes on traditional patterns of urban-rural tobacco use...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363717/prevalence-of-metabolically-healthy-but-overweight-obese-phenotype-and-its-association-with-sedentary-time-physical-activity-and-fitness
#14
Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Jonatan R Ruiz, Idoia Labayen, Inge Huybrechts, Yannis Manios, Marcela González-Gross, Christina Breidenassel, Anthony Kafatos, Stefaan De Henauw, Jeremy Vanhelst, Kurt Widhalm, Denes Molnar, Gloria Bueno, Laura Censi, María Plada, Michael Sjöström, Luis A Moreno, Manuel J Castillo, Francisco B Ortega
PURPOSE: Childhood obesity is one of the major concerns in the last years due to the association with future health problems and all-cause mortality. However, there is a subset of adolescents with overweight/obesity who present a metabolic healthy profile. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolically healthy but overweight/obese adolescents and whether sedentary time, physical activity, and fitness differ between metabolically healthy and nonmetabolically healthy phenotypes...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363716/fertility-preservation-for-transgender-adolescents
#15
Diane Chen, Lisa Simons, Emilie K Johnson, Barbara A Lockart, Courtney Finlayson
PURPOSE: To describe fertility preservation (FP) utilization by transgender adolescents within a pediatric gender clinic between July 2013 and July 2016. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to abstract demographic and clinical information among adolescents initiating gender-affirming hormones, including patient age at initial FP consultation, birth-assigned sex, race/ethnicity, and outcome of FP consultation. RESULTS: In our sample of 105 transgender adolescents, a total of 13 (seven transgender men and six transgender women) between the age of 14...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363715/why-are-orphaned-adolescents-more-likely-to-be-hiv-positive-distinguishing-between-maternal-and-sexual-hiv-transmission-using-17%C3%A2-nationally-representative-data-sets-in-africa
#16
Rachel Kidman, Philip Anglewicz
PURPOSE: Why do orphans have higher rates of HIV infection than nonorphaned peers? Research consistently assumes that orphans acquire HIV primarily through sexual behavior, but infections may instead be due to maternal transmission. Although these two pathways have very different implications for HIV programs and policies, their relative contribution has not been previously examined. In this research, we compare the contribution of maternal and sexual transmission to HIV infection among orphans in Africa...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363714/the-effects-of-requiring-parental-consent-for-research-on-adolescents-risk-behaviors-a-meta-analysis
#17
Chao Liu, Ronald B Cox, Isaac J Washburn, Julie M Croff, Hugh C Crethar
PURPOSE: Requiring parental consent may result in sampling biases that confound scientific conclusions and stifle the representation of children most at risk for adverse outcomes. This study aims to investigate whether active parental consent, compared with passive parental consent, creates a bias in response rate, demographic makeup, and adverse outcomes in adolescent samples. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed on peer-reviewed articles and unpublished dissertations from 1975 to 2016 in five computerized databases ERIC, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, PubMed and ProQuest...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359735/the-influence-of-deferred-action-for-childhood-arrivals-on-undocumented-asian-and-pacific-islander-young-adults-through-a-social-determinants-of-health-lens
#18
May Sudhinaraset, Tu My To, Irving Ling, Jason Melo, Josue Chavarin
PURPOSE: There is an urgent need to provide evidence-based policies to address the health of the 11.7 million undocumented immigrants in the United States. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) offers temporary relief to qualified undocumented immigrants. Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs), in particular, are the fastest growing immigrant population; yet, little is known about their health challenges. This article examines the influence of DACA on the health of API undocumented young adults...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389062/sex-differences-in-quality-of-life-impairment-associated-with-body-dissatisfaction-in-adolescents
#19
Scott Griffiths, Stuart B Murray, Caroline Bentley, Kassandra Gratwick-Sarll, Carmel Harrison, Jonathan M Mond
PURPOSE: Body dissatisfaction is strongly associated with quality of life impairment among both male and female adults, and the strength of this relationship is comparable between the sexes. Whether this is the case among adolescents, however, is unclear. METHODS: Adolescent girls (n = 1,135) and boys (n = 531) aged 12-18 years were recruited from secondary schools located in the Australian Capital Territory, Australia. Students completed a survey that included measures of body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, and psychosocial health- and physical health-related quality of life...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343759/incidence-of-postsuppression-virologic-rebound-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-asian-adolescents-on-stable-combination-antiretroviral-therapy
#20
Tavitiya Sudjaritruk, Linda Aurpibul, Penh Sun Ly, Thoa Phan Kim Le, Torsak Bunupuradah, Rawiwan Hansudewechakul, Pagakrong Lumbiganon, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit, Nik Khairulddin Nik Yusoff, Lam Van Nguyen, Kamarul Azahar Mohd Razali, Moy Siew Fong, Revathy A Nallusamy, Nia Kurniati, Viet Chau Do, David C Boettiger, Annette H Sohn, Azar Kariminia
PURPOSE: To assess the incidence and predictors of postsuppression virologic rebound (VR) among adolescents on stable combination antiretroviral therapy in Asia. METHODS: Perinatally HIV-infected Asian adolescents (10-19 years) with documented virologic suppression (two consecutive viral loads [VLs] <400 copies/mL ≥6 months apart) were included. Baseline was the date of the first VL <400 copies/mL at age ≥10 years or the 10th birthday for those with prior suppression...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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