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Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661642/an-abstinence-and-safer-sex-intervention-for-adolescents-attending-the-public-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinic-in-singapore
#1
Junice Yi Siu Ng, Roy Kum Wah Chan, Martin Tze-Wei Chio, Raymond Boon Tar Lim, David Koh, Mee Lian Wong
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a behavioral intervention in increasing secondary abstinence and safer sex among heterosexually active adolescents aged 16-19 years. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial conducted at the only national sexually transmitted infection clinic in Singapore. The intervention focused on information giving, motivation, and skills building to abstain or practice safer sex. The outcome measures were self-reported secondary abstinence, consistent condom use, and keeping to one partner in the past 6 months over a 12-month period...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655517/integrating-pregnancy-prevention-into-an-hiv-counseling-and-testing-program-in-pediatric-primary-care
#2
Noah J Wheeler, Krishna K Upadhya, Marie-Sophie Tawe, Kathy Tomaszewski, Renata Arrington-Sanders, Arik V Marcell
PURPOSE: Certified health educator (CHE)-based HIV counseling and testing typically focus on HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention only. A quality improvement initiative examined integrating assessment of reproductive life plans, counseling about pregnancy prevention, and contraception referral into a CHE-based HIV testing program. METHODS: Between February 2014 and January 2017, in one urban pediatric primary care clinic serving patients aged 0-25, CHEs assessed sexual history, HIV risk, short-term (i...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609917/chosen-name-use-is-linked-to-reduced-depressive-symptoms-suicidal-ideation-and-suicidal-behavior-among-transgender-youth
#3
Stephen T Russell, Amanda M Pollitt, Gu Li, Arnold H Grossman
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the relation between chosen name use, as a proxy for youths' gender affirmation in various contexts, and mental health among transgender youth. METHODS: Data come from a community cohort sample of 129 transgender and gender nonconforming youth from three U.S. cities. We assessed chosen name use across multiple contexts and examined its association with depression, suicidal ideation, and suicidal behavior. RESULTS: After adjusting for personal characteristics and social support, chosen name use in more contexts was associated with lower depression, suicidal ideation, and suicidal behavior...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609916/impact-of-marijuana-legalization-in-colorado-on-adolescent-emergency-and-urgent-care-visits
#4
George Sam Wang, Sara Deakyne Davies, Laurie Seidel Halmo, Amy Sass, Rakesh D Mistry
PURPOSE: Approximately 6%-8% of U.S. adolescents are daily/past-month users of marijuana. However, survey data may not reliably reflect the impact of legalization on adolescents. The objective was to evaluate the impact of marijuana legalization on adolescent emergency department and urgent cares visits to a children's hospital in Colorado, a state that has allowed both medical and recreational marijuana. METHODS: Retrospective review of marijuana-related visits by International Classification of Diseases codes and urine drug screens, from 2005 through 2015, for patients ≥ 13 and < 21 years old...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599046/health-care-coverage-and-access-among-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-2010-2016-implications-for-future-health-reforms
#5
Donna L Spencer, Margaret McManus, Kathleen Thiede Call, Joanna Turner, Christopher Harwood, Patience White, Giovann Alarcon
PURPOSE: We examine changes to health insurance coverage and access to health care among children, adolescents, and young adults since the implementation of the Affordable Care Act. METHODS: Using the National Health Interview Survey, bivariate and logistic regression analyses were conducted to compare coverage and access among children, young adolescents, older adolescents, and young adults between 2010 and 2016. RESULTS: We show significant improvements in coverage among children, adolescents, and young adults since 2010...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573883/sexual-violence-on-campus-differences-across-gender-and-sexual-minority-status
#6
Alexa Martin-Storey, Geneviève Paquette, Manon Bergeron, Jacinthe Dion, Isabelle Daigneault, Martine Hébert, Sandrine Ricci
PURPOSE: Sexual violence is a pervasive problem on university campuses. Although previous work has documented greater vulnerability for sexual violence among sexual and gender minority students, little is known about contextual variation in vulnerability to this kind of violence. The goals of the current study were (1) to identify vulnerability among sexual and gender minority students with regard to sexual violence, and (2) to explore if the context of this violence differs across sexual and gender minority status...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551624/assessment-of-tdap-vaccination-effectiveness-in-adolescents-in-integrated-health-care-systems
#7
Elizabeth C Briere, Tracy Pondo, Mark Schmidt, Tami Skoff, Nong Shang, Alison Naleway, Stacey Martin, Michael L Jackson
PURPOSE: Despite high national vaccination coverage with tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines among U.S. adolescents, rates of adolescent pertussis disease are increasing. We estimated the duration of protection after Tdap vaccination and the possible effects of the change from whole-cell to acellular childhood pertussis vaccines in the United States during the 1990s. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis among 11- to 18-year-olds enrolled in two integrated health-care delivery systems during 2005-2012...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550154/playing-it-safe-legal-and-clandestine-abortions-among-adolescents-in-ethiopia
#8
Elizabeth Sully, Yohannes Dibaba, Tamara Fetters, Nakeisha Blades, Akinrinola Bankole
PURPOSE: The 2005 expansion of the Ethiopian abortion law provided minors access to legal abortions, yet little is known about abortion among adolescents. This paper estimates the incidence of legal and clandestine abortions and the severity of abortion-related complications among adolescent and nonadolescent women in Ethiopia in 2014. METHODS: This paper uses data from three surveys: a Health Facility Survey (n = 822) to collect data on legal abortions and postabortion complications, a Health Professionals Survey (n = 82) to estimate the share of clandestine abortions that resulted in treated complications, and a Prospective Data Survey (n = 5,604) to collect data on abortion care clients...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525290/sex-as-a-moderator-of-adolescents-weight-loss-treatment-outcomes
#9
Diana Rancourt, David H Barker, Elissa Jelalian
PURPOSE: Weight loss treatments targeting adolescents often occur in mixed-sex contexts and produce variable outcomes. Sex considerations may be of particular importance, especially given differences in social relating. This study aggregated data from two randomized controlled trials of a peer-enhanced intervention compared with a standard cognitive-behavioral weight loss intervention to test the hypothesis that adolescent girls may demonstrate greater benefit than boys from a peer-enhanced weight loss intervention...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525289/the-stability-of-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood-in-sexual-minorities
#10
Ryan C Shorey, Paula J Fite, Joseph R Cohen, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the stability of physical and sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration from adolescence to emerging adulthood among sexual minorities. METHODS: Adolescents who identified as a sexual minority (N = 135; 71.1% female; mean age = 15.02, standard deviation=.77; 34.1% African-American/black, 26.7% white, 22.2% Hispanic) from southeast Texas were assessed annually for 6 years on their IPV perpetration...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503033/impacts-of-immigration-actions-and-news-and-the-psychological-distress-of-u-s-latino-parents-raising-adolescents
#11
Kathleen M Roche, Elizabeth Vaquera, Rebecca M B White, Maria Ivonne Rivera
PURPOSE: U.S. Latino parents of adolescents face unprecedented threats to family stability and well-being due to rapid and far-reaching transformations in U.S. immigration policy. METHODS: Two hundred thirteen Latino parents of adolescents were recruited from community settings in a suburb of a large mid-Atlantic city to complete surveys assessing parents' psychological distress and responses to immigration actions and news. Univariate and bivariate analyses were conducted to describe the prevalence of parents' responses to immigration news and actions across diverse residency statuses...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503032/the-use-of-sexually-explicit-material-and-its-relationship-to-adolescent-sexual-activity
#12
Teo Matković, Nicole Cohen, Aleksandar Štulhofer
PURPOSE: There is growing concern that sexually explicit material (SEM) may influence young people's sexual activity. The present study aimed to assess the longitudinal association between frequency of SEM use and adolescent sexual debut. METHOD: The present study used two independent panel samples of Croatian adolescents (with four and five data collection waves, respectively). We employed discrete-time event history approach and propensity matching score analysis to explore the target association...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503031/attitudes-toward-fertility-and-reproductive-health-among-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-adolescents
#13
Diane Chen, Margaret Matson, Kathryn Macapagal, Emilie K Johnson, Ilina Rosoklija, Courtney Finlayson, Celia B Fisher, Brian Mustanski
PURPOSE: Little is known about the reproductive desires of transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) adolescents who may seek gender-affirming medical care that leads to infertility. The current study addressed this gap by examining attitudes toward fertility and family formation in a diverse sample of TGNC youth. METHOD: An online survey about sexual/reproductive health in sexual and gender minority (SGM) adolescents ages 14-17 years was conducted from September to October 2016...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501281/harm-perceptions-of-intermittent-tobacco-product-use-among-u-s-youth-2016
#14
Teresa W Wang, Katrina F Trivers, Kristy L Marynak, Erin Keely O'Brien, Alexander Persoskie, Sherry T Liu, Brian A King
PURPOSE: We aimed to describe U.S. youth harm perceptions of intermittent tobacco use. METHODS: Using data from the 2016 National Youth Tobacco Survey of U.S. students (grades 6-12; N = 20,675), we examined prevalence and correlates of all respondents' perceived harm of using four different tobacco products on "some days but not every day." Associations between current (past 30-day) use and harm perceptions were assessed using multivariable regression...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501280/patterns-of-partner-and-nonpartner-violence-among-high-risk-youth
#15
Justin E Heinze, Patrick M Carter, Quyen Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Maureen A Walton, Rebecca M Cunningham
PURPOSE: Perpetration of violent behavior begins to increase in adolescence and peaks in young adulthood (e.g., age 18-29) before decreasing by the early 30s. Considerable variability in reported perpetration, targets, and severity of violence suggests youth may change their violent behavior patterns over time. METHODS: We use latent transition analysis to describe profiles of violent behavior against partners and nonpartners in an at-risk sample of young adults (N = 599; 59% male; 61% African-American) over a period of 2 years...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478720/cellphone-legislation-and-self-reported-behaviors-among-subgroups-of-adolescent-u-s-drivers
#16
Toni M Rudisill, Gordon Smith, Haitao Chu, Motao Zhu
PURPOSE: The relationship between cellphone use while driving legislation and self-reported adolescent driver behavior is poorly understood, especially across demographic subgroups. This study investigated the relationship between statewide cellphone legislation and cellphone use behaviors across adolescent driver subgroups, including age (16/17 vs. 18), sex, race/ethnicity (white non-Hispanic and others), and rurality (urban or rural). METHODS: Data from the 2011-2014 Traffic Safety Culture Index Surveys were combined with state legislation...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478719/social-and-individual-influences-on-tractor-operating-practices-of-young-adult-agricultural-workers
#17
Josie M Rudolphi, Shelly Campo, Fred Gerr, Diane S Rohlman
PURPOSE: Tractor-related incidents are the leading cause of agricultural-related fatalities in the United States. Injuries from rollovers can be prevented by equipping tractors with rollover protective structures (ROPS, an engineering approach) and by using seatbelts (a behavior-based approach). While adult farmers report low seatbelt use and frequent use of tractors without ROPS, it is unknown whether the young adult population has adopted similar tractor driving practices. This study was designed to identify tractor operating practices among young adult agricultural workers and the influence of supervisors, peers, and parents on their safety behaviors...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499983/the-association-between-smoking-and-electronic-cigarette-use-in-a-cohort-of-young-people
#18
Katherine East, Sara C Hitchman, Ioannis Bakolis, Sarah Williams, Hazel Cheeseman, Deborah Arnott, Ann McNeill
PURPOSE: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is associated with smoking initiation among young people; however, it is also possible that smoking is associated with e-cigarette initiation. This study explores these associations among young people in Great Britain. METHODS: A longitudinal survey of 1,152 11- to 18-year-olds was conducted with baseline in April 2016 and follow-up between August and October 2016. Logistic regression models and causal mediation analyses assessed whether (1) ever e-cigarette use and escalation were associated with smoking initiation (ever smoking at follow-up) among baseline never smokers (n = 923), and (2) ever smoking and escalation were associated with e-cigarette initiation (ever e-cigarette use at follow-up) among baseline never e-cigarette users (n = 1,020)...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477492/clustering-of-health-behaviors-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-among-u-s-adolescents
#19
Jacob Hartz, Leah Yingling, Colby Ayers, Joel Adu-Brimpong, Joshua Rivers, Chaarushi Ahuja, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
PURPOSE: Decreased cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, little is known how the interaction of diet, physical activity (PA), and sedentary time (ST) affects CRF among adolescents. By using a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents, we used cluster analysis to investigate the interactions of these behaviors with CRF. We hypothesized that distinct clustering patterns exist and that less healthy clusters are associated with lower CRF...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475729/evaluating-community-pharmacy-responses-about-levonorgestrel-emergency-contraception-by-mystery-caller-characteristics
#20
Tracey A Wilkinson, Sally Rafie, Porsche D Clark, Aaron E Carroll, Elizabeth Miller
PURPOSE: Since restrictions on nonprescription sales were removed in 2013, levonorgestrel emergency contraception (EC) should be available without a prescription at pharmacies for consumers of all genders and ages. Using mystery callers, we assessed variations in availability of and access to EC. METHODS: In 2015-2016, three sets of mystery callers (two female physicians, two adolescent females, and two adolescent males) each called all licensed retail pharmacies in five U...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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