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Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224988/linking-hiv-negative-youth-to-prevention-services-in-12-u-s-cities-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-the-hiv-prevention-continuum
#1
Mimi Doll, J Dennis Fortenberry, Denise Roseland, Kathleen McAuliff, Craig M Wilson, Cherrie B Boyer
PURPOSE: Linkage of HIV-negative youth to prevention services is increasingly important with the development of effective pre-exposure prophylaxis that complements behavioral and other prevention-focused interventions. However, effective infrastructure for delivery of prevention services does not exist, leaving many programs to address HIV prevention without data to guide program development/implementation. The objective of this study was to provide a qualitative description of barriers and facilitators of linkage to prevention services among high-risk, HIV-negative youth...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224987/tobacco-smoke-exposure-association-with-lipid-profiles-and-adiposity-among-u-s-adolescents
#2
Ashley L Merianos, Roman A Jandarov, Jane C Khoury, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
PURPOSE: We investigated the association between tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) as measured by serum cotinine and lipoprotein cholesterols and adiposity in adolescents. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of 1999-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data including participants 12-19 years old. We examined TSE: unexposed (<.05 ng/mL), passively exposed (.05-2.99 ng/mL), and actively exposed (≥3 ng/mL); lipid profiles: total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), non-HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides; and adiposity: body mass index z-score (BMIZ), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223562/can-adolescent-drivers-motor-vehicle-crash-risk-be-reduced-by-pre-licensure-intervention
#3
Jessica H Mirman, Allison E Curry, Michael R Elliott, Leann Long, Melissa R Pfeiffer
PURPOSE: Although motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for adolescents, there is a scarcity of research addressing adolescents' lack of pre-licensure practical driving experience, which is theorized to increase their post-licensure crash risk. METHODS: Utilizing police-reported crashes and survey data from a randomized and quasi-randomized trial (n = 458 adolescents, 16 or 17 years of age at enrollment), the impact of a parent-directed supervised practice driving intervention and a comprehensive on-road driving assessment (ODA) with feedback was evaluated on adolescent drivers' motor vehicle crashes involvement...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223563/sexual-identity-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicidal-behaviors
#4
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Taylor Lensch, Amberlee Baxa, Christopher Gay, Sandra Larson, Wei Yang
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the influence of sexual identity and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on suicidal behaviors in a population-based sample of high school students. METHODS: A two-stage cluster random sampling design was used to recruit 5,108 students from 97 high schools. A total of 4,955 students (97%) provided information that allowed for classification of sexual identity into three groups: (1) lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) (10%); (2) not sure (4...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221610/alcohol-misuse-and-injury-outcomes-in-young-people-aged-10-24
#5
Louise Lester, Ruth Baker, Carol Coupland, Elizabeth Orton
PURPOSE: The burden of alcohol-attributable disease is a global problem. Young people often present to emergency health-care services with alcohol intoxication but little is known about how best to intervene at that point to improve future health outcomes. This study aimed to assess whether young people with an alcohol-specific hospital admission are at increased risk of injury following discharge. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted using a general population of 10- to 24-year-olds identified using primary care medical records with linked hospital admission records between 1998 and 2013...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217214/reducing-physical-violence-toward-primary-school-students-with-disabilities
#6
Karen Devries, Hannah Kuper, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Nambusi Kyegombe, Lena Morgon Banks, Susan Kelly, Dipak Naker
PURPOSE: We tested whether the Good School Toolkit reduces physical violence from peers and school staff toward students with and without disabilities in Ugandan primary schools. METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial, with data collected via cross-sectional surveys in 2012 and 2014. Forty-two primary schools in Luwero District, Uganda, were randomly assigned to receive the Good School Toolkit for 18 months, or to a waitlisted control group...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217212/ovarian-morphology-by-transabdominal-ultrasound-correlates-with-reproductive-and-metabolic-disturbance-in-adolescents-with-pcos
#7
Beth W Rackow, Heidi Vanden Brink, Lynwood Hammers, Clare A Flannery, Marla E Lujan, Tania S Burgert
PURPOSE: To determine whether ovarian morphology imaged using transabdominal ultrasonography reflects clinical and metabolic features in adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: A retrospective pilot study was conducted in 33 adolescents (12-18 years) with PCOS as defined by hyperandrogenism and irregular cycles. Adolescents underwent the following assessments at a random time during the menstrual cycle: transabdominal ultrasonography, physical examination (height, weight, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure), fasting hormonal tests (free, percent free, and total testosterone, androstenedione, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone), and metabolic tests (including an oral glucose tolerance test, fasting and 2-hour insulin and glucose, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and whole-body insulin sensitivity index)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217213/adolescent-sexual-risk-taking-the-distribution-of-youth-behaviors-and-perceived-peer-attitudes-across-neighborhood-contexts
#8
Tara D Warner
PURPOSE: Sexual activity is a normative part of adolescent development, yet early sexual debut and sex with multiple partners undermine health and well-being. Both structural (e.g., poverty) and social (e.g., norms) characteristics of neighborhoods shape sexual risk taking, yet scholarship remains focused on urban areas. Thus, this study explores sexually permissive attitudes and sexual risk taking across a wider expanse of neighborhood types. METHODS: Among 8,337 nonsexually active respondents in Wave I (1994-1995 [ages 11-18]) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a hierarchical linear model and a hierarchical generalized linear model were used to estimate the effect of neighborhood type and permissive sexual climate on youths' sexual debut, age at debut, and lifetime number of sexual partners by Wave III (2001-2002 [ages 18-26]), controlling for individual, familial, and peer factors...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212599/depressive-symptoms-at-critical-times-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-following-type-1-diabetes-diagnosis-and-insulin-pump-initiation
#9
Dayna E McGill, Lisa K Volkening, David M Pober, Andrew B Muir, Deborah L Young-Hyman, Lori M Laffel
PURPOSE: Depressive symptoms occur at various times during the life cycle in persons with type 1 diabetes. We investigated depressive symptoms prospectively in youth with new-onset type 1 diabetes and in those beginning pump therapy. METHODS: Youth with type 1 diabetes (N = 96), ages 10-17 years, completed the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) at baseline and at 1, 6, and 12 months after diabetes onset or pump start; scores ≥13 indicated clinical elevation...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203357/the-health-correlates-of-culture-examining-the-association-between-ethnic-racial-identity-and-diurnal-cortisol-slopes
#10
Katharine H Zeiders, José M Causadias, Rebecca M B White
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the link between ethnic-racial identity (ERI) components (exploration, resolution, and affirmation) and youths' diurnal cortisol slopes. METHODS: A sample of 103 U.S.-Mexican adolescents (Mage = 15.29 years) living in the Southwest participated in an in-home interview and 3-day salivary sampling protocol. RESULTS: ERI affirmation, but not exploration or resolution, was related to steeper diurnal slopes (greater declines in cortisol from waking to bedtime) after controlling for adolescents' life stressors, acculturation level, ethnic-racial discrimination, and daily behaviors (i...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198773/sex-and-age-dependent-differences-in-autonomic-nervous-system-functioning-in-adolescents
#11
Massimiliano de Zambotti, Harold Javitz, Peter L Franzen, Ty Brumback, Duncan B Clark, Ian M Colrain, Fiona C Baker
PURPOSE: We assessed sex- and age-dependent differences in a cross-sectional analysis of cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) regulation during sleep in adolescents. METHODS: Nocturnal heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) metrics, reflecting ANS functioning, were analyzed across the night and within undisturbed rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM sleep in 149 healthy adolescents (12-22 years; 67 female) from the National Consortium on Alcohol and Neurodevelopment in Adolescence...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198772/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-related-risk-perceptions-do-not-predict-sexual-initiation-among-young-women-over-30-months-following-vaccination
#12
Tanya L Kowalczyk Mullins, Susan L Rosenthal, Gregory D Zimet, Lili Ding, Charlene Morrow, Bin Huang, Jessica A Kahn
PURPOSE: We examined longitudinally the relationship between human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine-related risk perceptions and initiation of sexual activity among adolescent women over 30 months after HPV vaccination. METHODS: Participants included 91 sexually inexperienced women aged 13-21 years receiving the HPV vaccine who completed at least three of five study visits. At every visit, participants completed surveys assessing HPV vaccine-related risk perceptions (perceived risk of sexually transmitted infections [STIs] other than HPV, perceived need for safer sexual behaviors), and sexual initiation...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195762/institutionalizing-sex-education-in-diverse-u-s-school-districts
#13
Rebekah Saul Butler, Danene Sorace, Kathleen Hentz Beach
PURPOSE: This paper describes the Working to Institutionalize Sex Education (WISE) Initiative, a privately funded effort to support ready public school districts to advance and sustain comprehensive sexuality programs, and examines the degree to which WISE has been successful in increasing access to sex education, removing barriers, and highlighting best practices. METHODS: The data for this study come from a set of performance indicators, guidance documents, and tools designed for the WISE Initiative to capture changes in sex education institutionalization at WISE school districts...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195764/suicide-screening-in-primary-care-use-of-an-electronic-screener-to-assess-suicidality-and-improve-provider-follow-up-for-adolescents
#14
Dillon J Etter, Allison McCord, Fangqian Ouyang, Amy Lewis Gilbert, Rebekah L Williams, James A Hall, Wanzhu Tu, Stephen M Downs, Matthew C Aalsma
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of using an existing computer decision support system to screen adolescent patients for suicidality and provide follow-up guidance to clinicians in a primary care setting. Predictors of patient endorsement of suicidality and provider documentation of follow-up were examined. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted to examine the implementation of a CDSS that screened adolescent patients for suicidality and provided follow-up recommendations to providers...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195763/revisiting-the-link-between-depression-symptoms-and-high-school-dropout-timing-of-exposure-matters
#15
Véronique Dupéré, Eric Dion, Frédéric Nault-Brière, Isabelle Archambault, Tama Leventhal, Alain Lesage
PURPOSE: Recent reviews concluded that past depression symptoms are not independently associated with high school dropout, a conclusion that could induce schools with high dropout rates and limited resources to consider depression screening, prevention, and treatment as low-priority. Even if past symptoms are not associated with dropout, however, it is possible that recent symptoms are. The goal of this study was to examine this hypothesis. METHODS: In 12 disadvantaged high schools in Montreal (Canada), all students at least 14 years of age were first screened between 2012 and 2015 (Nscreened = 6,773)...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174939/physician-intervention-to-positive-depression-screens-among-adolescents-in-primary-care
#16
Matthew C Aalsma, Ashley M Zerr, Dillon J Etter, Fangqian Ouyang, Amy Lewis Gilbert, Rebekah L Williams, James A Hall, Stephen M Downs
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of computer-based screening and physician feedback to guide adolescent depression management within primary care. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study within two clinics of the computer-based depression screening and physician feedback algorithm among youth aged 12-20 years between October 2014 and October 2015 in Marion County (Indianapolis), Indiana. RESULTS: Our sample included 2,038 youth (51% female; 60% black; mean age = 14...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174876/ability-of-nontraditional-risk-factors-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-for-cardiovascular-disease-to-identify-high-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adolescents-results-from-the-labmed-physical-activity-study
#17
César Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jonatan R Ruiz, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Luís Lopes, José Oliveira-Santos, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos
PURPOSE: Then objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of several nontraditional cardiometabolic and inflammatory biomarkers in identifying high cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 529 Portuguese adolescents (267 girls) aged 14.3 ± 1.7 years. A clustered cardiometabolic risk score (body fat percentage, systolic blood pressure, ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and negative values of cardiorespiratory fitness) was computed...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174875/insights-into-aspects-behind-internet-related-disorders-in-adolescents-the-interplay-of-personality-and-symptoms-of-adjustment-disorders
#18
Kai W Müller, Klaus Wölfling, Manfred E Beutel, Birgit Stark, Oliver Quiring, Stefan Aufenanger, Christian Schemer, Mathias Weber, Leonard Reinecke
PURPOSE: Problematic Internet use (PIU) that has recently been referred to as Internet-related disorder is a growing health concern. Yet, it is unclear why some adolescents are developing problematic use, whereas others sustain control. Based on previous research, we hypothesize that personality traits (low conscientiousness and high neuroticism) act as predispositions for PIU. We further hypothesize that PIU can be understood as a maladaptive reaction toward critical life events and that these maladaptive reactions are exacerbated by dysfunctional personality traits...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174874/cervical-cancer-screening-and-follow-up-procedures-in-women-age-21-years-following-new-screening-guidelines
#19
Alexandra M Foxx, Yuwei Zhu, Edward Mitchel, Sayeh Nikpay, Dineo Khabele, Marie R Griffin
PURPOSE: The 2009 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists guidelines recommended no cervical cancer screening before age 21 years. We examined changes in screening, diagnostic, and treatment procedures for cervical dysplasia after guideline introduction, and cost implications. METHODS: We studied Davidson County women aged 18-20 years, enrolled in Tennessee Medicaid, 2006-2014. We identified those with at least one Papanicolaou (Pap) test, human papillomavirus detection test, colposcopy, or excisional dysplasia treatment annually via Current Procedural Terminology coding...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174873/oral-sex-and-condom-use-in-a-u-s-national-sample-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#20
Giuseppina Valle Holway, Stephanie M Hernandez
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine correlates associated with condom use at the last oral sex, as well as oral sex behavior, among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) aged 15-24 years in the U.S. METHODS: Descriptive statistics, logistic regression, and multinomial logistic regression were conducted using data collected from 3,816 females and 3,520 males in the 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth. RESULTS: More than half of AYAs had engaged in oral sex with an opposite-sex partner...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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