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Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514653/salivary-pubertal-hormones-sleep-disturbance-and-an-evening-circadian-preference-in-adolescents-risk-across-health-domains
#1
Michael R Dolsen, Julianna Deardorff, Allison G Harvey
PURPOSE: Puberty influences biological and psychological development during adolescence. This includes a shift toward an evening circadian preference, which is characterized by greater physical and mental activity at night compared to the morning. This study examines how pubertal hormones are related to risk across key health domains among adolescents with an evening circadian preference. METHODS: Participants were adolescents with an evening circadian preference (n = 165, 96 female and 69 male, mean age = 14...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514652/efficacy-of-a-family-based-intervention-on-parent-adolescent-discrepancies-in-positive-parenting-and-substance-use-among-hispanic-youth
#2
Tae Kyoung Lee, Yannine Estrada, Mary H Soares, Marcelo Sánchez Ahumada, María Correa Molina, Monica M Bahamon, Guillermo Prado
PURPOSE: The research literature shows that discrepancies in positive parenting between parent and adolescent represents maladaptive parent-adolescent relationships, which are in turn positively linked to later substance use in Hispanic youth. However, questions remain about for whom interventions work and by what mechanisms they work to prevent discrepancies in positive parenting. The current study investigated the moderating and mediating roles of positive parenting discrepancy trajectories on the association between condition effect (i...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30514651/intergenerational-associations-between-parental-incarceration-and-children-s-sexual-risk-taking-in-young-adulthood
#3
Gianna T Le, Julianna Deardorff, Maureen Lahiff, Kim G Harley
PURPOSE: Research on parental incarceration and the health of offspring is relatively scarce despite studies linking childhood adverse experiences to a range of physical and mental health conditions. This study aimed to estimate the associations between parental incarceration and sexual risk outcomes (early sexual onset, inconsistent condom use, and sexually transmitted infections [STIs]) in young adulthood. METHODS: We used logistic regression to estimate associations of sexual risk taking behaviors with parental incarceration during childhood in a sample of 3,972 participants in The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) between 2001 and 2009...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509769/exploring-identities-and-preferences-for-intervention-among-lgbtq-young-adult-smokers-through-online-focus-groups
#4
Danielle E Ramo, Meredith Meacham, Johannes Thrul, Alina Belohlavek, Urmimala Sarkar, Gary Humfleet
PURPOSE: LGBTQ+ young adults are disproportionately affected by tobacco use and associated health conditions. A culturally tailored intervention may improve smoking cessation with this priority population. We conducted focus groups to inform development of a social media intervention to help LGBTQ+ young adults quit smoking. METHODS: We conducted two focus groups with LGBTQ+ young adults (N = 27) throughout the United States in a Facebook secret group online setting...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509768/effectiveness-evaluation-of-it-s-your-game-keep-it-real-a-middle-school-hiv-sexually-transmitted-infection-pregnancy-prevention-program
#5
Louise A Rohrbach, Robin A Donatello, Bret D Moulton, Abdelmonem A Afifi, Kristin I Meyer, Christine J De Rosa
PURPOSE: This study assessed the effectiveness of the HIV/sexually transmitted infection/pregnancy prevention program, It's Your Game: Keep It Real (IYG). METHODS: IYG was implemented by classroom teachers in 24 urban middle schools from 2012 to 2015. Using a quasi-experimental design, each year we surveyed ninth-grade students in 10 high schools that were selected based on feeder patterns from project middle schools. We compared two groups of students (n = 4,562): (1) students whose middle school grade cohorts did not receive IYG ("No-IYG"), and (2) students whose middle school grade cohorts received IYG ("IYG")...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509767/implementing-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-clinical-best-practice-in-the-bronx-new-york
#6
Madeline Travers, Deborah O'Uhuru, Trisha Mueller, Jane Bedell
PURPOSE: Inequitable access to quality adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) care may contribute to the high rate of teen pregnancy in the Bronx, New York. Bronx Teens Connection (BxTC), a community-wide intervention, sought to increase the number of ASRH best practices implemented and the number of females 12-19 years old receiving services by health centers in the Bronx. METHODS: To promote best practices, BxTC provided training and technical assistance to partnering health centers from 2011 to 2014...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509766/the-course-of-eating-disorders-involving-bingeing-and-purging-among-adolescent-girls-prevalence-stability-and-transitions
#7
Kimberly B Glazer, Kendrin R Sonneville, Nadia Micali, Sonja A Swanson, Ross Crosby, Nicholas J Horton, Kamryn T Eddy, Alison E Field
PURPOSE: To quantify eating disorder (ED) stability and diagnostic transition among a community-based sample of adolescents and young adult females in the United States. METHODS: Using 11 prospective assessments from 9,031 U.S. females ages 9-15 years at baseline of the Growing Up Today Study, we classified cases of the following EDs involving bingeing and purging: bulimia nervosa (BN), binge ED, purging disorder (PD), and subthreshold variants defined by less frequent (monthly vs...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30502117/the-development-and-feasibility-outcomes-of-a-youth-suicide-prevention-intensive-outpatient-program
#8
Betsy Kennard, Taryn Mayes, Jessica King, Alexandra Moorehead, Kristin Wolfe, Jennifer Hughes, Brooke Castillo, Mikah Smith, Jacquelyn Matney, Brandon Oscarson, Sunita Stewart, Paul Nakonezny, Aleksandra Foxwell, Graham Emslie
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a leading cause of death in adolescents worldwide. There is an absence of effective and low cost treatment strategies for this growing public health problem. Current practice consists of brief hospitalization of acutely suicidal youth, but many get inadequate follow-up treatment. There are few alternatives to individual outpatient services offered at too low an intensity for an acutely distressed population. This paper describes the development, feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary clinical outcomes of an intensive outpatient program (IOP) for suicidal adolescents over a two-year period...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30471871/can-high-schools-be-an-effective-setting-to-promote-healthy-lifestyles-effects-of-a-multiple-behavior-change-intervention-in-adolescents
#9
Javier Sevil, Luis García-González, Ángel Abós, Eduardo Generelo, Alberto Aibar
PURPOSE: The main aim was to examine the effects of a school-based intervention on multiple health behaviors in adolescents, such as 24-hour movement behaviors (i.e., physical activity, sedentary time, and sleep duration), diet, and substance consumption (i.e., alcohol and tobacco). Another aim was to examine intragender differences in the effectiveness of the programme. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was carried out in two secondary schools throughout one academic year...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30471870/coming-of-age-in-the-shadow-of-the-taliban-education-child-marriage-and-the-future-of-afghanistan-from-the-perspectives-of-adolescents-and-their-parents
#10
Robert Wm Blum, Mengmeng Li, Omrana Pasha, Chandra Rao, Kayhan Natiq
OBJECTIVE: To understand adolescent and parental attitudes toward education, child marriage, and the changes in matriculation for boys and girls over one generation. METHODS: Two-staged household sampling method was used in six provinces with low educational enrollment in Afghanistan during 2016. Final sample included 910 adolescents aged 12-15 years and 454 parents. Data analysis included k-Nearest Neighbour imputation for missing values. Response percentages were compared by two-tail proportional z-test for two-sample comparison or Chi-squared test for multiple groups comparison with adjusted p values...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30455035/relationship-between-recency-and-frequency-of-youth-cannabis-use-on-other-substance-use
#11
Christopher M Jones, Elinore F McCance-Katz
PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between lifetime, past-year, and frequent past-year cannabis use on use of other substances among youth in order to inform prevention initiatives. METHODS: Data are from 27,900 youth aged 12-17 participating in the 2015-2016 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. Multivariable multinomial logistic regression assessed the relationship between levels of youth cannabis use and past-year use of other substances compared to youth with no lifetime cannabis use...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30455034/longitudinal-heterogeneity-in-handgun-carrying-behavior-among-urban-american-youth-intervention-priorities-at-different-life-stages
#12
Beidi Dong, Sara F Jacoby, Christopher N Morrison, Douglas J Wiebe
PURPOSE: To determine longitudinal patterns of handgun-carrying behavior among urban American youth and identify modifiable risk factors associated with distinct carrying patterns that should be targeted at different life stages. METHODS: Using panel data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, we estimated longitudinal trajectories of handgun carrying among urban Americans, who carried a handgun at least once between 1997 and 2011 (N = 1,574). Multinomial logistic regression analyses examined risk factors associated with handgun-carrying trajectory groups during late adolescence (ages 16-20), emerging adulthood (ages 20-24), and young established adulthood (ages 24-28)...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30447953/identifying-syndemics-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states-a-latent-class-analysis
#13
Ashley V Hill, Natacha M De Genna, Maria J Perez-Patron, Tamika D Gilreath, Carmen Tekwe, Brandie DePaoli Taylor
PURPOSE: Syndemic theory suggests that the convergence of social, environmental, and ecological factors can interact to exacerbate behavioral health problems and are often intensified by social conditions and disparities. This study used latent class analysis (LCA) to determine gender and racial/ethnic specific classes for sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk. METHODS: LCA included 18 measured socioeconomic, depression, substance use, and sexual behavioral variables from 1,664 young adults ages 18-25 in the NHANES...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30447952/prevalences-of-stages-of-change-for-smoking-cessation-in-adolescents-and-associated-factors-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Leonardo Essado Rios, Álex Moreira Herval, Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Maria do Carmo Matias Freire
PURPOSE: To synthesize evidence on the prevalences of stages of change (Transtheoretical Model) for smoking cessation in adolescents and associated factors. METHODS: A systematic search of Web of Science (Thomson Reuters), SCOPUS (Elsevier), MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL (EBSCO) and PsycINFO (APA) was conducted to identify eligible studies. Two calibrated reviewers selected studies independently, extracted data, and appraised studies. A qualitative synthesis of the findings and meta-analysis of the prevalences of the stages of change for smoking cessation were carried out...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30415987/long-term-trends-in-reproductive-behavior-among-young-women-in-four-countries-1995-2009
#15
Saverio Bellizzi, Mohamed M Ali, John Cleland
PURPOSE: Identification of trends in the ability of young single women to protect themselves from unwelcome pregnancy is essential for evaluation and development of policies and programs. We document trends over a 15-year period in sexual activity, contraceptive use, and reproductive outcomes in four countries for single women aged 15-24 years. METHODS: Using retrospective month-by-month reproductive and contraceptive calendars, we constructed annual sexual, contraceptive, and reproductive profiles...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30413294/first-time-cannabis-use-and-sexual-debut-in-u-s-high-school-adolescents
#16
Mohamed El-Menshawi, Grettel Castro, Pura Rodriguez de la Vega, Juan Gabriel Ruiz Peláez, Noël C Barengo
PURPOSE: Use of illicit drugs by adolescents might facilitate or trigger other risky behaviors, including early sexual initiation (ESI), multiple partners, and unprotected sex. This study examines whether the age at which adolescents initiate cannabis use is associated with the age of their first sexual intercourse in the U.S. in 2015. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey, a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey, was conducted (n = 7,664)...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409754/health-effects-reported-by-adolescent-water-pipe-and-or-cigarette-smokers-compared-to-nonsmokers
#17
Virginia Hill Rice, Thomas N Templin, Janet K Harden, Elizabeth S Jenuwine, Ibrahim Abdulhamid, Adnan Hammad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of respiratory and/or physical fitness health problems in adolescent (ages 18-21) water pipe (WP) smokers (with or without cigarette smoking), cigarette-only smokers, and nonsmokers. METHODS: A comparative four-group study design was used to recruit a non-probability sample of 153 WP smokers only, 103 cigarette smokers only, and 102 cigarette+WP smokers along with 296 nonsmokers. Our hypothesis was that youth who smoked WPs and/or cigarettes would report more respiratory problems and/or poorer physical fitness than those who did not smoke...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409753/trends-in-physical-fitness-among-12-year-old-children-in-urban-and-rural-areas-during-the-social-transformation-period-in-china
#18
Deng Ao, Fei Wu, Chun-Feng Yun, Xiao-Ying Zheng
AIMS: To investigate the 29-year (1985-2014) trends in body dimensions and physical fitness test performances among 12-year-old Chinese children living in urban and rural areas. METHODS: The data were from the findings of seven cross-sectional surveys from the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health. In the seven surveys, there were 34,238; 11,664; 17,485; 18,057; 19,254; 17,962; and 17,906 children, respectively. Anthropometric measurements and physical fitness performances of 12-year-old Chinese children living in rural and urban areas were analyzed...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409752/racial-discrimination-and-acute-physiological-responses-among-black-young-adults-the-role-of-racial-identity
#19
Vanessa V Volpe, Daniel B Lee, Lori S Hoggard, Danny Rahal
PURPOSE: Racial discrimination has long-term consequences for cardiovascular health, potentially by dysregulating acute physiological responses. However, the role of psychological factors that may be protective or increase vulnerability for dysregulated responses, such as racial identity, remains unclear. This study examines the association between racial discrimination and acute parasympathetic responses, and the role of racial centrality, private regard, and public regard in this association...
November 6, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409751/smartphone-based-healthy-weight-management-intervention-for-chinese-american-adolescents-short-term-efficacy-and-factors-associated-with-decreased-weight
#20
Jyu-Lin Chen, Claudia Maria Guedes, Audrey E Lung
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the short-term efficacy of a smartphone-based intervention for Chinese American adolescents who are overweight or obese and to explore factors associated with decreased body mass index (BMI). METHODS: A randomized controlled study design was used. Intervention group received culturally appropriate and tailored educational program for weight management while control group received general health information. Anthropometrics, blood pressure, levels of physical and sedentary activity, diet, self-efficacy, and quality of life were assessed at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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