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Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327278/when-long-lasting-food-selectivity-leads-to-an-unusual-genetic-diagnosis-a-case-report
#1
Prisca Da Lozzo, Andrea Magnolato, Irene Del Rizzo, Fabio Sirchia, Irene Bruno, Egidio Barbi
Hereditary fructose intolerance is an autosomal recessive disorder of fructose metabolism caused by catalytic deficiency of aldolase B enzyme [1]. The disease is typically expressed when fructose- and sucrose-containing foods are first introduced in the diet; acute manifestations include nausea, vomiting, abdominal distress, and symptomatic hypoglycemia [1,2]. Chronic fructose ingestion eventually leads to poor feeding, growth retardation and gradual liver and/or renal failure [3,4]. Some patients may remain undiagnosed until adulthood because of a self-protective avoidance of sweet tasting food that prevents the development of acute toxicity from fructose containing food; however, these subjects may suffer intermittent symptoms throughout life, leading to potentially serious misdiagnosis [4]...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327277/acceptability-of-a-pilot-intervention-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-and-hiv-education-for-street-connected-youth-in-western-kenya
#2
Mia Kibel, Pooja Shah, David Ayuku, Dominic Makori, Eunice Kamaara, Emily Choge, Joyce Nyairo, Pamela Abuya, Mary Wahome, Juddy Wachira, Paula Braitstein
PURPOSE: Street-connected youth (SCY) in Kenya and elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa are at high risk of HIV. Voluntary Male Medical Circumcision (VMMC) reduces the risk of female-to-male HIV transmission. Circumcision is also a traditional coming-of-age process in many Kenyan ethnic groups. This paper describes the acceptability of VMMC delivered as part of a ten-day healing, educational, and 'coming-of-age' retreat implemented as a pilot with SCY. METHODS: Male SCY aged between 12 and 24 living on the street for more than 3 months were eligible to participate...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327276/effect-of-childhood-poverty-and-trauma-on-adult-depressive-symptoms-among-young-men-in-peri-urban-south-african-settlements
#3
Abigail M Hatcher, Andrew Gibbs, Rachel Jewkes, Ruari-Santiago McBride, Dean Peacock, Nicola Christofides
PURPOSE: Depressive disorders contribute to health declines among young men, but little is known about how childhood trauma alongside poverty alters depressive symptoms in young adulthood. These life-course dynamics are particularly under-researched in African settings. METHODS: We assessed how childhood trauma and poverty were associated with depressive symptomology among young men (aged 18-30 years). Data were collected through community-based surveys in two peri-urban, South African settlements...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314866/adolescents-and-young-adults-routine-care-use-the-role-of-their-mothers-care-use-behaviors
#4
Madhuli Y Thakkar, Lingxin Hao, Arik V Marcell
PURPOSE: Little is known whether mothers' own care use is differentially associated with their adolescents' routine care use by gender. The main purpose of this study is to examine whether mothers' healthcare use prospectively predicts their adolescents' routine care use stratified by gender, after controlling for predisposing (child's age, race/ethnicity, region of residence, urbanicity, and mother's age at child's birth), enabling (mother's education, adolescent and mother health insurance), and need (child health status) factors...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314865/prevalence-of-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-transgender-individuals-with-eating-disorders-a-national-study
#5
Mary E Duffy, Kristin E Henkel, Thomas E Joiner
PURPOSE: This study examined prevalence of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) in transgender individuals with eating disorders, as compared to cisgender individuals with eating disorders and transgender individuals without eating disorders. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 365,749 individuals (median age 21years, 71.8% White/Caucasian, 34.9% male, 64.9% female, and 0.2% transgender) who participated in American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment, an annual national assessment of college student health, from 2008 to 2011...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314864/a-review-of-systematic-reviews-targeting-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-adolescent-populations
#6
REVIEW
Lisa K Militello, Stephanie Kelly, Bernadette M Melynk, Laureen Smith, Rick Petosa
PURPOSE: Adolescent obesity is a powerful predictor of morbidity and mortality, yet amenable to modifiable behaviors. To accurately summarize the effects of behavioral interventions on changes in adolescent body mass index and/or weight status, we assessed existing systematic reviews for reporting transparency and methodological quality. METHODS: Five databases were searched through September 2017 to identify relevant systematic reviews. Reviews were evaluated for reporting transparency and methodological quality using PRISMA Reporting Checklist and Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews Instrument...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301677/preventative-health-and-risk-behaviors-among-adolescent-girls-with-and-without-family-histories-of-breast-cancer
#7
Lisa A Schwartz, Dare Henry-Moss, Brian Egleston, Linda Patrick-Miller, Elisabeth Markman, Mary Daly, Lisa Tuchman, Cynthia Moore, Paula K Rauch, Kelsey Karpink, Colleen Burke Sands, Susan M Domchek, Angela R Bradbury
PURPOSE: To compare health behaviors (smoking, alcohol use, fruit and vegetable intake, and exercise frequency) and breast self-exam (BSE) between girls with breast cancer family history (BCFH+) and without (BCFH-) and assess associates of behaviors across all girls. METHODS: A total of 208 BCFH+ girls (11-19years old), with first- or second-degree relatives with breast cancer or a mother with a BRCA1/2 mutation, and 112 BCFH- peers reported their health behaviors, beliefs, and psychosocial function...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293863/negative-consequences-associated-with-witnessing-severe-violent-events-the-role-of-control-related-beliefs
#8
Rashelle J Musci, Amie F Bettencourt, Jill Rabinowitz, Nicholas S Ialongo, Sharon F Lambert
PURPOSE: Control-related beliefs are defined as beliefs in one's ability to cause an effect in one's environment. With recent increases in violence in some cities, understanding the impact of exposure to violence on these beliefs is important. The present study examined whether witnessing severe community violence during early adolescence was associated with trajectories of control-related beliefs, and whether these trajectories were associated with mental and behavioral health outcomes in early adulthood...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293862/electronic-cigarette-use-and-attempts-to-quit-smoking-cigarettes-among-adolescents-in-taiwan
#9
Pei-Ching Chen, Li-Chuan Chang, Chieh Hsu, Yue-Chune Lee
PURPOSE: This study assessed the relationship between electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and attempts to quit smoking cigarettes by adolescent smokers in Taiwan. METHODS: Data were obtained from the cross-sectional Taiwan Global Youth Tobacco Survey conducted annually between 2014 and 2016, which included adolescents aged 12-18years. The independent variable was e-cigarette use in the previous 30days. The outcome variable was attempts to quit cigarette smoking during the previous 12 months...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293861/implementation-of-an-alcohol-medical-amnesty-policy-at-an-urban-university-with-a-collegiate-based-emergency-medical-services-agency
#10
Brian V Monahan, Jose V Nable, Vince WinklerPrins
PURPOSE: Medical amnesty policies (MAPs) at universities attemptto encourage students to seek emergency medical care by reducing disciplinary sanctions. This study analyzed how a MAP affected requests for emergency medical help to a collegiate-based emergency medical services (CBEMS) agency for alcohol-related issues. METHODS: This before-and-after study analyzed CBEMS call data for the 6 semesters prior to and after MAP implementation. Extracted data included patient demographics, dispatch time, and requests for advanced life support (ALS) resources...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293860/evaluation-of-a-tool-to-identify-child-sex-trafficking-victims-in-multiple-healthcare-settings
#11
V Jordan Greenbaum, Michelle S Livings, Betty S Lai, Laurel Edinburgh, Peggy Baikie, Sophia R Grant, Jamie Kondis, Hillary W Petska, Mary Jo Bowman, Lori Legano, Oriaku Kas-Osoka, Shannon Self-Brown
PURPOSE: Estimate the prevalence of child sex trafficking (CST) among patients seeking care in multiple healthcare settings; evaluate a short screening tool to identify victims in a healthcare setting. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study involved patients from 16 sites throughout the U.S.: five pediatric emergency departments, six child advocacy centers, and five teen clinics. Participants included English-speaking youth ages 11-17years. For emergency department sites, inclusion criteria included a chief complaint of sexual violence...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30292649/sexual-health-education-for-adolescent-males-who-are-interested-in-sex-with-males-an-investigation-of-experiences-preferences-and-needs
#12
Kimberly M Nelson, David W Pantalone, Michael P Carey
PURPOSE: There is a dearth of research to inform sexual education programs to address sexual health disparities experienced by adolescent males who are interested in sex with males (AMSM). The current study sought to determine where AMSM receive sexual health information, clarify their preferences, and explore relations with sexual behavior. METHODS: AMSM (N = 207; ages 14-17) in the United States completed an online sexual health survey. Bivariate associations between sexual education exposure/preferences by sexual behavior were assessed using Fisher's exact tests and one-way analyses of variance...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30290980/missed-opportunities-for-hiv-screening-among-a-cohort-of-adolescents-with-recently-diagnosed-hiv-infection-in-a-large-pediatric-hospital-care-network
#13
Nellie Riendeau Lazar, Caroline Salas-Humara, Sarah M Wood, Cynthia J Mollen, Nadia Dowshen
PURPOSE: Routine human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening reduces HIV progression and transmission. Our aims were to determine prevalence and factors associated with prior HIV screening among a cohort of youth living with HIV. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of youth living with HIV aged 14-26 at an HIV clinic comparing characteristics between those with and without HIV screening within the year prior to diagnosis RESULTS: Subjects (n = 301) were male (85%), African-American (87%), and men who have sex with men (84%)...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30287133/reciprocal-associations-between-adolescent-girls-chronic-interpersonal-stress-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-multi-wave-prospective-investigation
#14
Adam Bryant Miller, Katherine P Linthicum, Sarah W Helms, Matteo Giletta, Karen D Rudolph, Paul D Hastings, Matthew K Nock, Mitchell J Prinstein
PURPOSE: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is associated with increased risk of suicide attempts. Theories of NSSI assert interpersonal stress as a common risk factor for, and perhaps consequence of, NSSI. Prior research has not examined reciprocal associations between chronic interpersonal stress and NSSI. This study used a multiwave, prospective design to address this gap in a sample of adolescent girls, a group with elevated risk for both chronic interpersonal stress and NSSI. Pubertal development was examined as a moderator of the reciprocal associations...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30287132/social-support-and-its-effects-on-adolescent-sexual-risk-taking-a-look-at-vulnerable-populations-in-baltimore-and-johannesburg
#15
Aimee Bruederle, Sinéad Delany-Moretlwe, Kristin Mmari, Heena Brahmbhatt
INTRODUCTION: We seek to understand whether and how much social support affects adolescent sexual risk-taking in disadvantaged urban environments. METHODS: Secondary analyses were conducted on data from the global Wellbeing of Adolescents (15-19years old) in Vulnerable Environments study. The outcomes of interest were sexual experience, age at sexual debut, number of lifetime sexual partners, and condom use at last sex. Social support scales measuring support at home, at school, and from peers were created, as well as a measure about who raised them...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30279105/longitudinal-change-in-parent-adolescent-communication-about-sexuality
#16
Laura M Padilla-Walker
PURPOSE: Research suggests that parents can be important sources of sex education for their children, but we know little about how this type of communication changes developmentally. Thus, the current study explored longitudinal change in child-, mother-, and father-reports of parent-child communication about sexuality, and how change might be associated with behaviors indicative of sexual risk. METHODS: The sample included 468 adolescents (52% female, 67% white) who participated every year from age 14 to 18, and their mother and father...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30279104/somatic-symptom-disorders-in-adolescent-inpatients
#17
Xue Gao, Phillipa McSwiney, Andrew Court, Aaron Wiggins, Susan M Sawyer
PURPOSE: There are only a few reports of adolescents with somatic disorders (SDs) whose symptoms are sufficiently severe to require hospital admission. The aim of this study was to describe the symptom profile, health service utilization, and outcome of adolescents with SDs admitted to a tertiary children's hospital. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all adolescents admitted to the Adolescent Medicine Unit of a tertiary children's hospital was undertaken from July 2013 to June 2014...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30279103/the-effect-of-surgical-treatment-for-gynecomastia-on-quality-of-life-in-adolescents
#18
Laura C Nuzzi, Joseph M Firriolo, Carolyn M Pike, Felecia E Cerrato, Amy D DiVasta, Brian I Labow
PURPOSE: Despite the psychosocial deficits associated with gynecomastia, surgical treatment of adolescent gynecomastia remains controversial. This longitudinal cohort study measures changes in health-related quality of life following surgical treatment of gynecomastia in adolescents. METHODS: The following surveys were administered to adolescents with gynecomastia and male controls, aged 12-21 years: Short-Form 36v2 (SF-36), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and Eating-Attitudes Test-26...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30269908/the-protective-effects-of-school-connectedness-on-substance-use-and-physical-activity
#19
Katie A Weatherson, Meghan O'Neill, Erica Y Lau, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale, Guy E J Faulkner
PURPOSE: Cross-sectional evidence suggests that school connectedness is an important correlate of health-related behaviors among adolescents, but prospective studies are needed to strengthen the case for a causal relationship. This study investigated the prospective relationship between school connectedness and four health-related behaviors: cigarette smoking, marijuana use, binge drinking, and physical activity. METHODS: We analyzed 4 years of data from the COMPASS study...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266568/personality-functioning-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
Jessica Rassart, Leen Oris, Sofie Prikken, Ilse Weets, Philip Moons, Koen Luyckx
PURPOSE: Although prior research has stressed the role of personality in adjusting to type 1 diabetes, longitudinal research is lacking. The objectives of the present study were twofold: (1) to chart the development of patients' personality over a 2-year period; and (2) to examine prospective associations among personality, treatment adherence, glycemic control, and diabetes-specific distress. METHODS: Adolescents and emerging adults with type 1 diabetes, aged 14-25 years (Mage  = 18...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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