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Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037471/a-behavioral-economic-approach-to-improving-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#1
Rachel Caskey, E Grace Sherman, Kera Beskin, Rebecca Rapport, Yinglin Xia, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to measure the impact of a behavioral economic intervention on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine initiation and series completion rates for adolescents and to measure the impact of the intervention on the receipt of a nonincentivized influenza vaccine. METHODS: We conducted a quasi-randomized trial to compare the impact of an escalating delayed cash incentive (intervention), compared with usual care (control), on HPV vaccination initiation and series completion rates among adolescents (11-17 years) at an urban medical center...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033160/transgender-youth-fertility-attitudes-questionnaire-measure-development-in-nonautistic-and-autistic-transgender-youth-and-their-parents
#2
John F Strang, Jason Jarin, David Call, Brett Clark, Gregory L Wallace, Laura G Anthony, Lauren Kenworthy, Veronica Gomez-Lobo
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to assess transgender youth and parent attitudes regarding (1) the potential impact of gender-affirming hormone therapy on fertility and (2) fertility preservation (FP) options. METHODS: The Transgender Youth Fertility Attitudes Questionnaire was developed through a multistage participatory process with gender specialists and key stakeholders (transgender youth and their parents, N = 35). As up to 25% of youth gender referrals have co-occurring autism, measure development included a well-characterized supplementary sample of autistic transgender youth to maximize the applicability of the questionnaire...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974359/beyond-the-effects-of-comprehensive-sexuality-education-the-significant-prospective-effects-of-youth-assets-on-contraceptive-behaviors
#3
Jennifer Green, Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Marshall Cheney, Leslie Carroll
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to prospectively determine if youth assets were significantly associated with contraception use after accounting for the effects of youths' exposure to comprehensive sexuality education programming. METHODS: Prospective associations between youth asset scores, comprehensive sexuality education topics received, type of contraceptive used, and consistent contraceptive use were analyzed using multinomial and binomial logistic regression in a sample of 757 sexually active youth...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970063/testing-the-question-behavior-effect-of-self-administered-surveys-measuring-youth-drug-use
#4
John S Briney, Eric C Brown, Margaret R Kuklinski, Sabrina Oesterle, J David Hawkins
PURPOSE: Concern that asking about a specific behavior could elicit that behavior is often cited as a reason that communities and schools should not administer surveys about youth drug use. In this study, we investigated if this question-behavior effect exists related to substance use. We examined if simply asking a student about their current drug use leads to an increase in drug use 1 year later. METHOD: This study tests the validity of the question-behavior effect on youth drug use in a longitudinal panel of 2,002 elementary school students...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970061/health-risk-behavior-profiles-and-reciprocal-relations-with-depressive-symptoms-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#5
Jing Yu, Diane L Putnick, Charlene Hendricks, Marc H Bornstein
PURPOSE: We examined co-occurrences of multiple health-risk behaviors among adolescents in a 5-year longitudinal design as well as their associations with mental health outcomes. METHODS: Latent transition analyses explored subgroups of adolescents (N = 229; 51% males) who engaged in distinct patterns of health-risk behaviors and transitions over time. Moreover, longitudinal relations between risk behavior profiles and depressive symptoms were also explored. RESULTS: We identified four latent profiles based on risk levels of safety and violence, sexual behavior, alcohol use, and marijuana and other drug use at both 18 years and 23 years: low risk, modest risk, medium risk, and high risk...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970062/consistency-and-variation-in-school-level-youth-sports-traumatic-brain-injury-policy-content
#6
Kathryn Coxe, Kelsey Hamilton, Hosea H Harvey, Joe Xiang, Marizen R Ramirez, Jingzhen Yang
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the consistency and variation in content of high school written traumatic brain injury (TBI) policies in relation to the three key tenets of youth sports TBI laws. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted on written TBI policies retrieved from 71 high schools currently participating in High School Reporting Information Online. Each policy was independently analyzed by two trained coders. The number and percent of the policies reflecting the three key tenets of state youth sports TBI laws were described and compared on policy enforcement (i...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967541/minors-and-young-adults-experiences-of-the-research-consent-process-in-a-phase-ii-safety-study-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv
#7
Amelia S Knopf, Mary A Ott, Nancy Liu, Bill G Kapogiannis, Gregory D Zimet, J Dennis Fortenberry, Sybil G Hosek
PURPOSE: There is a persistent HIV epidemic among sexual and gender minority adolescents in the U.S. Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an efficacious prevention strategy, but not yet approved for minors. Minors' access to biomedical HIV prevention technologies is impeded by the ethical and legal complexities of consent to research participation. We explore autonomous consent and study experiences among minor and adult participants in Project PrEPare, a Phase II safety study of PrEP for HIV prevention...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967540/the-association-of-harsh-parenting-parent-child-communication-and-parental-alcohol-use-with-male-alcohol-use-into-emerging-adulthood
#8
Olivia N Diggs, Tricia K Neppl, Shinyoung Jeon, Brenda J Lohman
PURPOSE: This study investigates the association between mother and father harsh parenting, and parent-child communication, and parental alcohol use on males' alcohol use from early adolescence into emerging adulthood. METHODS: Data come from the Iowa Youth and Families Project, a prospective 28-year longitudinal study of rural Midwestern youth and their families. Mother and father harsh parenting, parent-child communication, and alcohol use were assessed at time 1 when males were in early adolescence (13 years old, n = 215)...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951134/implications-of-pubertal-timing-for-romantic-relationship-quality-among-heterosexual-and-sexual-minority-young-adults
#9
Bianka M Reese, Sarah L Trinh, Carolyn T Halpern
PURPOSE: Relative to on-time or late-maturing peers, girls who begin puberty early typically begin romantic and sexual experiences earlier; however, advanced pubertal status does not necessarily coincide with commensurate interpersonal skills necessary for healthy romantic relationships. Research is limited on the long-term implications of early puberty for relationship quality, and virtually nothing is known about the social implications of early timing for sexual minority females. METHODS: Using linear regression, we examine longitudinal associations between two measures of girls' pubertal timing (self-perceived timing and menarcheal age) and romantic relationship quality in young adulthood, stratified by sexual orientation, among 5,568 females in waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947348/transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-by-young-adults-with-chronic-granulomatous-disease-the-patient-s-viewpoint
#10
Rachel Margolis, Lori Wiener, Maryland Pao, Harry L Malech, Steven M Holland, Patricia Driscoll
PURPOSE: Children with chronic illnesses are living longer, prompting health care provider attention to the transition from pediatric to adult care. Transition of care is successful when youth are independent in managing their health. The aims of this study were to identify the strengths and barriers to transition from pediatric to adult care and to determine strategies that could enhance the transition process. METHODS: A survey was administered via a structured interview to 33 young adult participants (19-27 years of age), living with chronic granulomatous disease all of whom transitioned from pediatric to adult care...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947347/youth-s-daily-activities-and-situational-triggers-of-gunshot-assault-in-urban-environments
#11
Beidi Dong, Charles C Branas, Therese S Richmond, Christopher N Morrison, Douglas J Wiebe
PURPOSE: Although previous research has made progress in identifying individuals predicted to face an elevated risk of being shot, it is not clear how that risk varies within individuals based on the contexts they encounter as they navigate daily life. The current study examines how the convergence of individual risk activity and neighborhood disadvantage and disorder triggers the risk of being shot. METHODS: Using a novel geographic information system application, 123 male gunshot assault victims between 10 and 24 years old in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, described their minute-by-minute movements over the course of the day of the gunshot assault...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943332/associations-of-metabolic-syndrome-elevated-c-reactive-protein-and-physical-activity-in-u-s-adolescents
#12
Bethany D Williams, Michael R Richardson, Tammie M Johnson, James R Churilla
PURPOSE: The aim was to estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) criteria, elevated C-reactive protein (CRP), and physical activity (PA) as well as the odds of MetS criteria in those active versus inactive utilizing a representative sample of U.S. adolescents. METHODS: The study sample (n = 676) included male and female adolescent (12-17 years) participants in the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The criteria analyzed were based on a modified definition of MetS using the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942238/transgender-youth-substance-use-disparities-results-from-a-population-based-sample
#13
Jack K Day, Jessica N Fish, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Stephen T Russell
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine rates of substance use between transgender and nontransgender youth using a representative population-based sample and to examine mediating risk factors. METHODS: A statewide cross-sectional sample of California middle and high schools collected between 2013 and 2015. This representative sample of students in California included 335 transgender and 31,737 nontransgender youth. Using multivariate linear and logistic regression, we assessed differences between transgender and nontransgender youth in substance use behaviors related to alcohol, cigarette, marijuana, other illicit drugs, polysubstance use, and heavy episodic drinking...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935389/mitochondrial-neurogastrointestinal-encephalomyopathy-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-eating-disorders
#14
LETTER
Jason M Nagata, Sara M Buckelew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935388/%C3%AE-cell-function-over-time-in-adolescents-with-new-type-2-diabetes-and-obese-adolescents-without-diabetes
#15
Deborah A Elder, Lindsey N Hornung, Jane C Khoury, David A D'Alessio
PURPOSE: The progression of β-cell function in newly diagnosed adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is not well documented. We hypothesized that at the time of diagnosis with T2DM, adolescents would have impaired β-cell function as demonstrated by the disposition index (calculated as: insulin secretion adjusted for insulin sensitivity), and this would be followed by a rapid decline of function despite standard medical management. METHODS: Thirty-nine adolescents with recently diagnosed T2DM and 32 obese adolescent controls with normal glucose tolerance had acute insulin response to glucose, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and disposition index measured serially over 2 years...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935387/attitudes-and-beliefs-pertaining-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-among-unmarried-female-bhutanese-refugee-youth-in-philadelphia
#16
Cherie Priya Dhar, Dilu Kaflay, Nadia Dowshen, Victoria A Miller, Kenneth R Ginsburg, Frances K Barg, Katherine Yun
PURPOSE: We explored attitudes and beliefs pertaining to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among unmarried, female, resettled Bhutanese refugees 16-20 years. METHODS: Fourteen interviews were analyzed using the constant comparison method, and major themes were identified. RESULTS: SRH was stigmatized for unmarried youth, making seeking information about SRH or accessing family planning difficult. There were many misconceptions about access to SRH...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935386/diurnal-cortisol-interacts-with-stressful-events-to-prospectively-predict-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescent-girls
#17
Keke L Schuler, Camilo J Ruggero, Brandon L Goldstein, Greg Perlman, Daniel N Klein, Roman Kotov
PURPOSE: The aim of present study was to test the diathesis-stress model of depression using baseline cortisol, prospective assessment of depression symptoms, and stressful life events. METHODS: The sample consisted of 527 adolescent girls aged 13.5-15.5 years without major depressive disorder. At baseline, saliva samples were collected at waking, 30 minutes after waking, and 8 p.m. on 3 consecutive days. Diurnal cortisol was indexed by cortisol awakening response (CAR) and area under the curve with respect to ground (AUCg)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935385/digital-self-harm-among-adolescents
#18
Justin W Patchin, Sameer Hinduja
PURPOSE: Despite increased media and scholarly attention to digital forms of aggression directed toward adolescents by their peers (e.g., cyberbullying), very little research has explored digital aggression directed toward oneself. "Digital self-harm" is the anonymous online posting, sending, or otherwise sharing of hurtful content about oneself. The current study examined the extent of digital self-harm among adolescents. METHODS: Survey data were obtained in 2016 from a nationally representative sample of 5,593 American middle and high school students (12-17 years old)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935384/disparities-in-body-mass-index-trajectories-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-for-sexual-minority-women
#19
Sarah M Wood, Whitney Schott, Michael P Marshal, Aletha Y Akers
PURPOSE: We aimed to estimate group-based trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in a longitudinal cohort of young women and determine the association between sexual identity and BMI trajectory group, adjusting for obesity risk factors. METHODS: We analyzed data from females in waves I-IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Sexual identity was categorized as heterosexual, mostly heterosexual, bisexual, or lesbian (homosexual/mostly homosexual)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917444/developing-a-hospital-wide-fertility-preservation-service-for-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients
#20
Claire A Carlson, Thomas F Kolon, Peter Mattei, Wendy Hobbie, Clarisa R Gracia, Sue Ogle, Jill P Ginsberg
PURPOSE: Gonadal damage is a common consequence of treatment for pediatric malignancies. Nononcologic conditions may also utilize treatments with potential impact on fertility. Models for oncology fertility preservation programs have emerged and demonstrate that a multidisciplinary team approach can have a positive impact on referral patterns, appropriate risk counseling, and access to fertility preservation options. Expansion of programmatic breadth is needed, providing improved care to nonmalignant conditions where the disease itself may impact reproductive health or treatment modalities...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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