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Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596103/training-general-practitioners-to-detect-probable-mental-disorders-in-young-people-during-health-risk-screening
#1
Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin, Christiaan P Otjes, George C Patton, Susan M Sawyer, Sharmala Thuraisingam, Dallas R English, Dagmar M Haller, Lena A Sanci
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to investigate whether a training intervention increases general practitioners' (GPs) detection sensitivity for probable mental disorders in young people. METHODS: Forty general practices were randomized to an intervention (29 GPs) or comparison arm (49 GPs). Intervention GPs participated in 9 hours of interactive training on youth-friendly care, psychosocial health risk screening, and responding to risk-taking behavior with motivational interviewing approaches, followed by practice visits assisting with integration of screening processes and tools...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587796/effect-of-hospitalization-on-percent-median-body-mass-index-at-one%C3%A2-year-in-underweight-youth-with-restrictive-eating-disorders
#2
Cynthia J Kapphahn, Dionne A Graham, Elizabeth R Woods, Rebecca Hehn, Kathleen A Mammel, Sara F Forman, Martin Fisher, Kelly A Robinson, Ellen S Rome, Albert Hergenroeder, Neville H Golden
PURPOSE: Data from low-weight patients with restrictive eating disorders (EDs) treated in outpatient adolescent medicine-based ED treatment programs were analyzed to determine whether there was an association between hospitalization and gain to at least 90% median body mass index (mBMI) at 1-year follow-up. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected for 322 low-weight (<85% mBMI at intake) patients aged 9-21 years, who presented with restrictive EDs to 14 adolescent medicine-based ED programs in 2010...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587795/bullying-social-support-and-psychological-distress-findings-from-relachs-cohorts-of-east-london-s-white-british-and-bangladeshi-adolescents
#3
Kamaldeep Bhui, Maria Joao Silva, Seeromanie Harding, Stephen Stansfeld
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to test whether bullying in adolescents relates to poor mental health and whether social support mitigated this effect. METHODS: In 2001, 28 schools in East London were randomly selected for surveys of two representative mixed ability classes: year 7 (11-12 years) and year 9 (13-14 years). Repeated measures were obtained from the same pupils 2 years later, using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (total difficulties score [TDS]) as a measure of psychological distress...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549595/mental-health-service-utilization-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-questioning-or-queer-college-students
#4
Michael S Dunbar, Lisa Sontag-Padilla, Rajeev Ramchand, Rachana Seelam, Bradley D Stein
PURPOSE: College students are at high risk for mental health problems, yet many do not receive treatment even when services are available. Treatment needs may be even higher among sexual minority students, but little is known about how these students differ from heterosexual peers in terms of mental health needs and service utilization. METHODS: A total of 33,220 California college students completed an online survey on mental health needs (e.g., current serious psychological distress and mental health-related academic impairment) and service utilization...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532895/motivational-interviewing-to-promote-oral-health-in-adolescents
#5
Lingli Wu, Xiaoli Gao, Edward C M Lo, Samuel M Y Ho, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
PURPOSE: Motivational interviewing (MI) is a counseling strategy to help people change their behaviors. This single-blinded randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of MI in improving adolescents' oral health. METHODS: Fifteen secondary schools were randomly assigned to three groups: (I) prevailing health education, (II) MI, and (III) MI coupled with interactive dental caries risk assessment (MI + RA). Adolescents (n = 512) with unfavorable oral health behaviors (infrequent toothbrushing and/or frequent snacking) were recruited; 161, 163, and 188 in groups I-III, respectively...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528209/parental-monitoring-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-associations-with-sexual-activity-and-hiv-related-sexual-risk-behaviors
#6
Brian C Thoma
PURPOSE: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at disproportionate risk for HIV infection. Parental monitoring is protective against adolescent sexual risk behavior among heterosexual adolescents, yet it is unclear whether these findings generalize to YMSM. YMSM experience unique family dynamics during adolescence, including coming out to parents and parental rejection of sexual orientation. The present study examined how theoretically derived parental monitoring constructs were associated with sexual activity and sexual risk behaviors among YMSM...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528208/mentoring-interventions-and-the-impact-of-protective-assets-on-the-reproductive-health-of-adolescent-girls-and-young-women
#7
REVIEW
Kate F Plourde, Nicole B Ippoliti, Geeta Nanda, Donna R McCarraher
Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS and other negative reproductive health (RH) outcomes. Emerging evidence suggests that programs to build AGYW's assets can help reduce their vulnerability to poor RH. Mentoring interventions have demonstrated a positive impact on a variety of youth development outcomes, including the protective assets needed to circumvent poor RH outcomes. The purpose of this review was to understand the types of mentoring programs for AGYW that have demonstrated effectiveness in improving protective assets, and/or, RH knowledge, intentions, behaviors, or outcomes themselves...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528207/interventions-to-increase-male-attendance-and-testing-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-at-publicly-funded-family-planning-clinics
#8
David Fine, Lee Warner, Sarah Salomon, David M Johnson
PURPOSE: We assessed the impact of staff, clinic, and community interventions on male and female family planning client visit volume and sexually transmitted infection testing at a multisite community-based health care agency. METHODS: Staff training, clinic environmental changes, in-reach/outreach, and efficiency assessments were implemented in two Family Health Center (San Diego, CA) family planning clinics during 2010-2012; five Family Health Center family planning programs were identified as comparison clinics...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526372/the-impact-of-drinking-age-laws-on-perpetration-of-sexual-assault-crimes-in-canada-2009-2013
#9
Jodi M Gatley, Marcos Sanches, Claire Benny, Samantha Wells, Russell C Callaghan
PURPOSE: Sexual-assault crimes, primarily perpetrated by males against female victims, impose a substantial burden on societies worldwide, especially on youth. Given that approximately half of all sexual assaults involve alcohol consumption by the perpetrator or victim, it is reasonable to expect that minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) restrictions might have an effect on sexual-assault patterns. Canadian MLDA laws are 18 years in Quebec, Alberta, and Manitoba (MLDA-18), and 19 years in the rest of the country (MLDA-19)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526371/the-psychosocial-needs-of-adolescent-males-following-interpersonal-assault
#10
Rachel K Myers, Laura Vega, Alison J Culyba, Joel A Fein
PURPOSE: We examined the self-identified, postassault psychosocial needs of male adolescents to guide recovery and healing after being seen in an emergency department (ED) for a violence-related injury. METHODS: We analyzed deidentified data from 49 adolescent male adolescents who participated in a postdischarge case management program following a violence-related injury. Descriptive statistics summarized youths' demographic characteristics and self-identified needs and goals for postassault recovery...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483299/intergenerational-associations-in-sexual-onset-mediating-influences-of-parental-and-peer-sexual-teasing-and-youth-substance-use
#11
Deborah M Capaldi, David C R Kerr, Lee D Owen, Stacey S Tiberio
PURPOSE: The prospective intergenerational association between fathers' age of onset of sexual intercourse and their son's or daughter's age of onset of oral sex or intercourse up to 30 years later was examined using survival analyses across child ages 11-12 years to 17-18 years. In addition, novel constructs of parental and peer sexual teasing (at ages 11-12 years) and general risk factors of child substance use onset (alcohol and marijuana) before or concurrent with sexual onset were assessed as predictors of children's sexual onset and mediators of intergenerational associations...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483298/using-hospitalization-and-mortality-data-to-identify-areas-at-risk-for-adolescent-suicide
#12
Kun Chen, Robert H Aseltine
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to use statewide data on inpatient hospitalizations for suicide attempts and suicide mortality to identify communities and school districts at risk for adolescent suicide. METHODS: Five years of data (2010-2014) from the Office of the Connecticut Medical Examiner and the Connecticut Hospital Inpatient Discharge Database were analyzed. A mixed-effects Poisson regression model was used to assess whether suicide attempt/mortality rates in the state's 119 school districts were significantly better or worse than expected after adjusting for 10 community-level characteristics...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476283/variable-school-start-times-and-middle-school-student-s-sleep-health-and-academic-performance
#13
Daniel S Lewin, Guanghai Wang, Yao I Chen, Elizabeth Skora, Jessica Hoehn, Allison Baylor, Jichuan Wang
PURPOSE: Improving sleep health among adolescents is a national health priority and implementing healthy school start times (SSTs) is an important strategy to achieve these goals. This study leveraged the differences in middle school SST in a large district to evaluate associations between SST, sleep health, and academic performance. METHODS: This cross-sectional study draws data from a county-wide surveillance survey. Participants were three cohorts of eighth graders (n = 26,440)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457687/sex-differences-in-the-impact-of-thinness-overweight-obesity-and-parental-height-on-adolescent-height
#14
Orit Pinhas-Hamiel, Brian Reichman, Avi Shina, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Dror Yifrach, Itay Wiser, Arnon Afek, Ari Shamis, Amir Tirosh, Gilad Twig
PURPOSE: The secular trend of increasing weight may lead to a decline in height gain compared with the genetic height potential. The impact of weight on height in healthy male and female adolescents compared with their genetic height was assessed. METHODS: Height and weight were measured in Israeli adolescent military recrutees aged 16-19 years between 1967 and 2013. The study population comprised 355,229 recrutees for whom parental height measurements were documented...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457686/preference-for-solitude-social-isolation-suicidal-ideation-and-self-harm-in-adolescents
#15
Kaori Endo, Shuntaro Ando, Shinji Shimodera, Syudo Yamasaki, Satoshi Usami, Yuji Okazaki, Tsukasa Sasaki, Marcus Richards, Stephani Hatch, Atsushi Nishida
PURPOSE: Social isolation is associated with suicidal ideation (SI) and self-harm (SH) among adolescents. However, the association between preference for solitude (PfS), SI, and SH is unknown. The prevalence of adolescents who have both of PfS and social isolation and the risks for SI and SH among them are also unknown. METHODS: Information on PfS, social isolation, SI, and SH was collected in a large-scale school-based survey on adolescents, using a self-report questionnaire...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457685/school-district-variation-in-parental-influence-on-underage-drinking-behaviors
#16
Fang-Yi Tseng, Kuang-Hung Chen, Chieh-Yu Liu, Wei J Chen, Chuan-Yu Chen
PURPOSE: We examined the relationship between alcohol-specific and nonalcohol-specific parental characteristics with occasional alcohol drinking in early adolescence and probed potential school district variation. METHODS: A total of 1,581 fourth and sixth graders (age range: 10-12 years) were ascertained from 17 elementary schools in a cohort study conducted in northern Taiwan in 2006, with three waves of follow-up between 2007 and 2009. Information on alcohol-specific and nonalcohol-specific parental attributes was obtained from the first two waves of self-administered paper-and-pencil questionnaires; occasional drinking, defined by having drunk on three or more occasions in the past year, was assessed at fourth wave...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455130/a-nonsurgical-approach-to-adolescent-breast-asymmetry-using-external-prostheses
#17
Carolyn M Pike, Joseph M Firriolo, Nicole C Ontiveros, Sarada P Kuchibhotla, Olivia K Oppel, Lauren C Monoxelos, Arin K Greene, Brian I Labow
PURPOSE: Currently, there are few nonsurgical treatment options for pediatric patients with developmental breast asymmetry. Our group established a partnership with a prosthetic unit within a local oncology center to provide custom-fit breast prostheses for young women with breast asymmetry. The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of this experience on patients' self-esteem and body image. METHODS: Patients were administered an anonymous satisfaction survey at least 1 month after their first fitting at the prosthetic unit...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462786/improving-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-use-in-an-integrated-health-system-impact-of-a-provider-and-staff-intervention
#18
Huong Q McLean, Jeffrey J VanWormer, Brian D W Chow, Becky Birchmeier, Elizabeth Vickers, Edna DeVries, James Meyer, Jeffrey Moore, Michael M McNeil, Shannon Stokley, Julianne Gee, Edward A Belongia
PURPOSE: Acceptance and coverage of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in the United States has been suboptimal. We implemented a multifaceted provider and staff intervention over a 1-year period to promote HPV vaccination in a regional health care system. METHODS: The intervention was conducted in nine clinical departments from February 2015 to March 2016; 34 other departments served as controls. The intervention included in-person provider and staff education, quarterly feedback of vaccine coverage, and system-wide changes to patient reminder and recall notifications...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479092/the-road-to-tolerance-and-understanding
#19
Peter G Szilagyi, Benard P Dreyer, Elena Fuentes-Afflick, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Lewis First
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438525/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-trans-female-youth-s-access-to-health-care-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area
#20
Elizabeth A Johns, Harry Jin, Colette L Auerswald, Erin C Wilson
PURPOSE: Trans*female youth (TFY) are an underserved population at risk for a variety of poor health outcomes, in part related to barriers to accessing health and mental health care. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data collected with 250 TFY aged 16-24 years in the San Francisco Bay Area from 2012 to 2014. Logistic regression was used to test associations between sociodemographic variables and barriers to gender identity-based medical and mental health care...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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