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Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916327/does-keeping-adolescent-girls-in-school-protect-against-sexual-violence-quasi-experimental-evidence-from-east-and-southern-africa
#1
Julia Andrea Behrman, Amber Peterman, Tia Palermo
PURPOSE: We examine the relationship between educational attainment in adolescence on young women's lifetime experience of sexual violence in Malawi and Uganda. METHODS: Exposure to Universal Primary Education policies in the mid-1990s serves as a natural experiment to estimate the causal effect of schooling on women's subsequent experience of sexual violence using an instrumented regression discontinuity design and Demographic and Health Survey data. RESULTS: We find a one-year increase in grade attainment leads to a nine-percentage point reduction (p < ...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914972/experience-of-primary-care-services-among-early-adolescents-in-england-and-association-with-health-outcomes
#2
Arrash A Yassaee, Dougal S Hargreaves, Kayleigh Chester, Stephanie Lamb, Ann Hagell, Fiona M Brooks
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate adolescents' (11-15 years) experience of their general practitioner (GP), whether poor reported GP experience was associated with worse physical and mental health measures and whether poor previous GP experience was linked to lower utilization of these services. METHODS: We used logistic regression to analyze data from the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Four aspects of recent care experience were studied: feeling at ease, feeling treated with respect, satisfaction with doctor's explanation, and feeling able to discuss personal matters...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914974/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-opioids-and-heroin-use-among-adolescents-involved-in-competitive-sports
#3
Philip Veliz, Carol J Boyd, Sean Esteban McCabe
PURPOSE: Examine the past-year prevalence of nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NUPOs), heroin use, and the concurrent NUPO and heroin in a sample of 12th graders involved in 16 different sports. METHODS: A secondary analysis of nationally representative data from nine cohorts (2006-2014) of the Monitoring the Future study (n = 21,557). RESULTS: No differences were found between 12th graders who participated in at least one competitive sport and nonparticipants with respect to past-year NUPO, heroin use, and concurrent NUPO and heroin use...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914973/victimization-suicidal-ideation-and-alcohol-use-from-age-13-to-15-years-support-for-the-self-medication-model
#4
Shawn Marschall-Lévesque, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Sophie Parent, Johanne Renaud, Frank Vitaro, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay, Jean R Séguin
PURPOSE: Recent years have seen increased coverage of adolescent victimization and suicide. Both adolescent peer victimization and substance use have been associated with suicidal ideation, with evidence suggesting that all three factors are interrelated. There are at least four models which can explain the associations between these factors (i.e., self-medication, secondary mental disorder, bidirectional, and common factor). However, none of them is being empirically supported as the dominant model because few longitudinal studies have explored the association between these factors...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913114/the-role-of-pharmacists-in-caring-for-young-people-with-chronic-illness
#5
Nicola J Gray, Karen L Shaw, Felicity J Smith, Jonathan Burton, Julie Prescott, Rachel Roberts, David Terry, Janet E McDonagh
PURPOSE: To explore the perceived and potential roles of pharmacists in the care of young people aged 10-24 years with chronic illness, through the exemplar of juvenile arthritis, from the perspectives of UK community and hospital pharmacists, health service commissioners, rheumatology health professionals, and lay advocates. METHODS: A sequential mixed methods study design comprises the following: focus groups with community and hospital pharmacists; telephone interviews with pharmacy and rheumatology stakeholders and commissioners; and multidisciplinary group discussions to prioritize roles generated by the first two qualitative phases...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889404/adolescent-suicidal-ingestion-national-trends-over-a-decade
#6
David C Sheridan, Robert G Hendrickson, Amber L Lin, Rongwei Fu, B Zane Horowitz
PURPOSE: Suicide attempts by adolescents most commonly involve the overdose of medications. To date, there has been little information on the over-the-counter or prescription medicines that adolescents ingest for self-harm. Identification of medications chosen in suicide attempts may help guide anticipatory guidance to parents by primary care providers and Poison Centers in prevention programs. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study using the American Association of Poison Control Center's National Poison Data System...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889403/home-food-rules-in-relation-to-youth-eating-behaviors-body-mass-index-waist-circumference-and-percent-body-fat
#7
Lisa Bailey-Davis, Melissa N Poulsen, Annemarie G Hirsch, Jonathan Pollak, Thomas A Glass, Brian S Schwartz
PURPOSE: To investigate agreement and associations between parent and youth acknowledgment of home food rules, youth eating behaviors, and measures of body composition and excess weight. METHODS: Parent-youth dyads (N = 413) completed the "rules for eating at home" scale (Active Where Survey) and reported dietary intake. Trained research staff obtained anthropometric data. Linear regression analyses separately evaluated relationships between youth and parent acknowledgment of rules and youth-reported eating behaviors and anthropometric outcomes...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889402/the-inter-relationship-of-adolescent-unhappiness-and-parental-mental-distress
#8
Elizabeth Webb, Lidia Panico, Laia Bécares, Anne McMunn, Yvonne Kelly, Amanda Sacker
PURPOSE: Substantial evidence supports the hypothesis that parental well-being impacts upon child well-being and that this relationship is bidirectional. Here we explore how, in a large, nationally representative sample, both parents' mental distress relates over time to each other's mental distress and to their adolescent child's unhappiness, and vice versa. METHODS: Analyses were conducted using data from waves one to five (2009/10-2014/15) of Understanding Society, the UK Household Longitudinal Study...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889401/clinical-and-psychosocial-outcomes-of-a-structured-transition-program-among-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#9
Elizabeth A Pyatak, Paola A Sequeira, Cheryl L P Vigen, Marc J Weigensberg, Jamie R Wood, Lucy Montoya, Valerie Ruelas, Anne L Peters
PURPOSE: We identified and treated young adults with type 1 diabetes who had been lost to follow-up during their transfer from pediatric to adult care, comparing their clinical, psychosocial, and health care utilization outcomes to participants receiving continuous care (CC) throughout the transition to adult care. METHODS: Individuals in their last year of pediatric care (CC group, n = 51) and individuals lost to follow-up in the transfer to adult care ("lapsed care" [LC] group, n = 24) were followed prospectively for 12 months...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889400/facilitators-and-barriers-to-implementing-church-based-adolescent-sexual-health-programs-in-baltimore-city
#10
Terrinieka W Powell, Fiona H Weeks, Samantha Illangasekare, Eric Rice, James Wilson, Debra Hickman, Robert W Blum
PURPOSE: Black churches are an important community resource and a potentially powerful actor in adolescent health promotion. However, limited research exists describing the factors that may influence the successful implementation of evidence-based adolescent sexual health programs in churches. In the present study, a multi-informant approach was used to identify facilitators and barriers to implementing adolescent sexual health programs in black churches. METHODS: Nine Black churches located in Baltimore, MD, were recruited to participate in this study...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876269/a-social-ecology-analysis-of-childbirth-among-females-emancipating-from-foster-care
#11
Svetlana Shpiegel, Michele Cascardi, Michael Dineen
PURPOSE: No research has examined childbirth from a national perspective among females emancipating from foster care. The present study fills this gap by: (1) documenting the rates of initial and repeat births among females ages 17 and 19 in a national prospective study and (2) identifying risk and protective factors at age 17 that predict childbirth between ages 17 and 19. METHODS: This study used data from the National Youth in Transition Database and Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System to identify risk and protective factors associated with childbirth in a national sample of transition-age female youth (N = 3,474)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838236/gender-identity-and-eating-disorders-the-need-to-delineate-novel-pathways-for-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#12
EDITORIAL
Stuart B Murray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838235/intergenerational-continuity-in-cannabis-use-the-role-of-parent-s-early-onset-and-lifetime-disorder-on-child-s-early-onset
#13
Kimberly L Henry, Megan B Augustyn
PURPOSE: Children's early onset of cannabis use was examined as a function of their parent's early onset of cannabis and subsequent incidence of a lifetime cannabis abuse or dependence disorder. METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal data from the Rochester Youth Development Study and the Rochester Intergenerational Study for 442 parent-child dyads (274 father-child, 168 mother-child) were used. The children were evenly split by sex. Logistic regression models and a path analysis were estimated to assess the effect of parent's cannabis use on child's onset of cannabis by age 15...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836534/the-use-and-out-of-pocket-cost-of-urgent-care-clinics-and-retail-based-clinics-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-compared-with-children
#14
Charlene A Wong, Alexander Bain, Daniel Polsky, Raina M Merchant, Yaa Akosa Antwi, Gail Slap, David Rubin, Carol A Ford
PURPOSE: We describe the use and out-of-pocket cost of urgent care clinics (UCCs) and retail-based clinics (RBCs) as ambulatory care alternatives to physician offices among children, adolescents, and young adults, and examine differences in use by age. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis describing diagnoses and out-of-pocket costs for 8.9 million UCC, RBC, and physician office encounters by privately insured child (aged <11 years), adolescent (aged 11-18 years), and young adult (aged 19-30 years) beneficiaries in a U...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836533/effects-of-phone-and-text-message-reminders-on-completion-of-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-series
#15
Cynthia M Rand, Phyllis Vincelli, Nicolas P N Goldstein, Aaron Blumkin, Peter G Szilagyi
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of phone or text message reminders to parents of adolescents on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series completion in Rochester, NY. METHODS: We performed parallel randomized controlled trials of phone and text reminders for HPV vaccine for parents of 11- to 17-year olds in three urban primary care clinics. The main outcome measures were time to receipt of the third dose of HPV vaccine and HPV vaccination rates. RESULTS: We enrolled 178 phone intervention (180 control) and 191 text intervention (200 control) participants...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836532/controlled-pilot-study-of-high-impact-low-frequency-exercise-on-bone-loss-and-vital-sign-stabilization-in-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#16
Susanne P K Martin, Laura K Bachrach, Neville H Golden
PURPOSE: Adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) face an increased lifetime risk of bone fragility. This randomized controlled study examined the efficacy and safety of a high-impact activity program on markers of bone turnover and stabilization of vital signs (VSS). METHODS: Forty-one hospitalized adolescents with AN were randomly assigned to routine care or routine care plus 20 jumps twice daily. Bone markers were measured at baseline days 1-3 (T1), days 4-6 (T2), and days 7-9 (T3)...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836531/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-early-timing-of-puberty
#17
Jennie G Noll, Penelope K Trickett, Jeffrey D Long, Sonya Negriff, Elizabeth J Susman, Idan Shalev, Jacinda C Li, Frank W Putnam
PURPOSE: The purpose was to examine whether the timing of puberty, indexed by breast development and pubic hair development, was earlier for sexually abused females compared with a matched comparison group of nonabused females, controlling for key alternative confounds. METHODS: A cohort of sexually abused females and matched comparisons was followed longitudinally at mean ages 11 through 20 years. Sexually abused participants (N = 84) were referred by protective services...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836530/the-effect-of-state-competitive-food-and-beverage-regulations-on-childhood-overweight-and-obesity
#18
Ashlesha Datar, Nancy Nicosia
PURPOSE: Policy efforts for combating childhood obesity have sought stronger state policies for regulating competitive foods and beverages (CF&Bs) available in schools. However, the evidence linking state policies to children's overall diet and body weight outcomes is limited and mixed, and experts have called for more rigorous studies that are able to address concerns about selection bias. The present study leverages a rare natural experiment where children in military families are "assigned" to different state policies, due to their military parent's periodic relocation, to examine whether state CF&B policies were associated with children's body mass index (BMI) and overweight or obesity...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863929/global-trends-in-adolescent-fertility-1990-2012-in-relation-to-national-wealth-income-inequalities-and-educational-expenditures
#19
John S Santelli, Xiaoyu Song, Samantha Garbers, Vinit Sharma, Russell M Viner
PURPOSE: National wealth, income inequalities, and expenditures on education can profoundly influence the health of a nation's women, children, and adolescents. We explored the association of trends in national socioeconomic status (SES) indicators with trends in adolescent birth rates (ABRs), by nation and region. METHODS: An ecologic research design was employed using national-level data from the World Bank on birth rates per 1,000 women aged 15-19 years, national wealth (per capita gross domestic product or GDP), income inequality (Gini index), and expenditures on education as a percentage of GDP (EduExp)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793729/pathways-from-family-disadvantage-via-abusive-parenting-and-caregiver-mental-health-to-adolescent-health-risks-in-south-africa
#20
Franziska Meinck, Lucie Dale Cluver, Frederick Mark Orkin, Caroline Kuo, Amogh Dhar Sharma, Imca Sifra Hensels, Lorraine Sherr
PURPOSE: Adolescent health is a major concern in low- and middle-income countries, but little is known about its predictors. Family disadvantage and abusive parenting may be important factors associated with adolescent psychological, behavioral, and physical health outcomes. This study, based in South Africa, aimed to develop an empirically based theoretical model of relationships between family factors such as deprivation, illness, parenting, and adolescent health outcomes. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected in 2009-2010 from 2,477 adolescents (aged 10-17) and their caregivers using stratified random sampling in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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