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Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542082/response-letter
#1
David Alain Wohl, Carol E Golin, Kevin Knight, Patrick M Flynn, Sonia Napravnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542081/dapivirine-vaginal-ring-use-does-not-diminish-the-effectiveness-of-hormonal-contraception
#2
Jennifer E Balkus, Thesla Palanee-Phillips, Krishnaveni Reddy, Samantha Siva, Ishana Harkoo, Clemensia Nakabiito, Kenneth Kintu, Gonasangrie Nair, Catherine Chappell, Flavia Matovu Kiweewa, Samuel Kabwigu, Logashvari Naidoo, Nitesha Jeenarain, Mark Marzinke, Lydia Soto-Torres, Elizabeth R Brown, Jared M Baeten
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential for a clinically relevant drug-drug interaction with concomitant use of a dapivirine vaginal ring, a novel antiretroviral-based HIV-1 prevention strategy, and hormonal contraception by examining contraceptive efficacies with and without dapivirine ring use. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of women participating in MTN-020/ASPIRE, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the dapivirine vaginal ring for HIV-1 prevention...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542080/manuscript-title-multidisciplinary-point-of-care-testing-in-south-african-primary-healthcare-clinics-accelerates-hiv-art-initiation-but-does-not-alter-retention-in-care
#3
Wendy S Stevens, Natasha M Gous, William B MacLeod, Lawrence C Long, Ebrahim Variava, Neil A Martinson, Ian Sanne, Regina Osih, Lesley E Scott
BACKGROUND: Lack of accessible laboratory infrastructure limits HIV antiretroviral (ART) treatment initiation, monitoring and retention in many resource-limited settings. Point-of-care testing (POCT) is advocated as a mechanism to overcome these limitations. We executed a pragmatic, prospective, randomized, controlled trial comparing the impact of POCT versus standard-of-care (SOC) on treatment initiation and retention in care. METHOD: Selected POC technologies were embedded at 3 primary health clinics in South Africa...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520619/late-efavirenz-induced-ataxia-and-encephalopathy-a-case-series
#4
Ebrahim Variava, Farai R Sigauke, Jennifer Norman, Modiehi Rakgokong, Petudzai Muchichwa, Andre Mochan, Gary Maartens, Neil A Martinson
BACKGROUND: WHO treatment guidelines recommend efavirenz in first line antiretroviral therapy (ART). Efavirenz commonly causes early transient neuro-psychiatric adverse events. We present 20 cases with severe encephalopathy accompanied by ataxia due to efavirenz toxicity METHODS:: Consecutive HIV-infected adults taking efavirenz-containing ART admitted to Tshepong hospital, Klerksdorp, South Africa with ataxia and encephalopathy were included in this case series. RESULTS: We identified 20 women admitted to hospital with severe ataxia...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520618/defining-a-cut-off-for-atazanavir-in-hair-samples-associated-with-virological-failure-among-adolescents-failing-second-line-antiretroviral-treatment
#5
Tariro Dianah Chawana, Monica Gandhi, Kusum Nathoo, Bernard Ngara, Alexander Louie, Howard Horng, David Katzenstein, John Metcalfe, Charles Fungai Brian Nhachi
BACKGROUND: Adequate antiretroviral exposure is crucial for virological suppression. We assessed the relationship between atazanavir hair levels with self-reported adherence, virological outcomes, and the effect of a home-based adherence intervention in HIV-infected adolescents failing 2-line antiretroviral treatment in Zimbabwe. METHODS: HIV-infected adolescents on atazanavir/ritonavir-based 2-line treatment for ≥6 months with viral load (VL) >1,000 copies/ml were randomised to either standard care (control) or standard care plus modified directly administered antiretroviral therapy (mDAART) (intervention)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520617/statin-prescribing-practices-in-the-comprehensive-care-for-hiv-infected-patients
#6
Sean G Kelly, Karen M Krueger, Jennifer L Grant, Sudhir Penugonda, Matthew J Feinstein, Babafemi O Taiwo, Chad J Achenbach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520616/pediatric-cancer-burden-and-treatment-resources-within-the-pediatric-iedea-consortium
#7
Steven A Brown, Salma Abbas, Mary-Ann Davies, Torsak Bunupuradah, Annette H Sohn, Karl-Günter Technau, Lorna Renner, Valériane Leroy, Andrew Edmonds, Marcel Yotebieng, Catherine C McGowan, Stephany N Duda, Lynne Mofenson, Beverly Musick, Kara Wools-Kaloustian
INTRODUCTION: The incidence and treatment of cancer in HIV-infected children from resource-limited settings has not been extensively studied. OBJECTIVES: Develop and implement a cross-sectional survey to evaluate pediatric cancer burden, diagnostic modalities in use, and treatment availability as perceived by HIV clinic staff at regional International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) sites. METHODS: IeDEA regional investigators developed a cross-sectional clinical site survey which included questions on the numbers and types of pediatric cancers observed, modalities used to treat identified cancers and treatment options available at individual sites in the Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Central Africa, East Africa, West Africa, and Southern Africa regions...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520615/increased-risk-of-myocardial-infarction-in-hiv-infected-individuals-in-north-america-compared-to-the-general-population
#8
Daniel R Drozd, Mari M Kitahata, Keri N Althoff, Jinbing Zhang, Stephen J Gange, Sonia Napravnik, Greer A Burkholder, William C Mathews, Michael J Silverberg, Timothy R Sterling, Susan R Heckbert, Matthew J Budoff, Stephen Van Rompaey, Joseph A C Delaney, Cherise Wong, Weiqun Tong, Frank J Palella, Richard A Elion, Jeffrey N Martin, John T Brooks, Lisa P Jacobson, Joseph J Eron, Amy C Justice, Matthew S Freiberg, Daniel B Klein, Wendy S Post, Michael S Saag, Richard D Moore, Heidi M Crane
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among HIV-infected individuals have been limited by the inability to validate and differentiate atherosclerotic type 1 myocardial infarctions (T1MIs) from other events. We sought to define the incidence of T1MIs and risk attributable to traditional and HIV-specific factors among participants in the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design (NA-ACCORD), and compare adjusted incidence rates to the general population Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520614/incidence-of-neurological-disorders-among-hiv-infected-individuals-with-universal-health-care-in-taiwan-2000-through-2010
#9
Yi-Tseng Tsai, Yen-Chin Chen, Chen-Yang Hsieh, Wen-Chien Ko, Nai-Ying Ko
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of and factors associated with neurological disorders in a large Taiwanese cohort of HIV-infected persons with free access to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). DESIGN: A retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted using the National Health Insurance Research Database for the years 2000-2010. METHODS: We identified 13,316 HIV-positive persons from 2000 through 2010. We used direct standardization to calculate age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates based on the 2000 World Health Organization world standard population...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489732/assessment-of-nevirapine-prophylactic-and-therapeutic-dosing-regimens-for-neonates
#10
Tim R Cressey, Baralee Punyawudho, Sophie Le Coeur, Gonzague Jourdain, Chalermpong Saenjum, Edmund Capparelli, Kanokwan Jittayanun, Siriluk Phanomcheong, Anita Luvira, Thitiporn Borkird, Achara Puangsombat, Leon Aarons, Pra-Ornsuda Sukrakanchana, Saik Urien, Marc Lallemant
BACKGROUND: Nevirapine (NVP) is a key component of antiretroviral prophylaxis and treatment for neonates. We evaluated current WHO weight-band NVP prophylactic dosing recommendations and investigated optimal therapeutic NVP dosing for neonates. METHODS: The PHPT-5 study in Thailand assessed the efficacy of 'Perinatal Antiretroviral Intensification' to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV in women with <8 weeks of antiretroviral treatment before delivery (NCT01511237)...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481785/cyp2b6-516g-t-minor-allele-protective-of-late-virologic-failure-in-efavirenz-treated-hiv-infected-patients-in-botswana
#11
Marijana Vujkovic, Scarlett L Bellamy, Athena F Zuppa, Marc Gastonguay, Ganesh S Moorthy, Bakgaki R Ratshaa, Xiaoyan Han, Andrew P Steenhoff, Mosepele Mosepele, Brian L Strom, Richard Aplenc, Gregory P Bisson, Robert Gross
BACKGROUND: CYPB2B6 polymorphisms that affect efavirenz (EFV) concentrations are common, but the effect of this polymorphism on HIV virologic failure in clinical practice settings has not fully been elucidated. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between the CYPB2B6 516G>T genotype and late virologic failure in patients treated with EFV in Gaborone, Botswana. SETTING: We performed a case-control study that included 1,338 HIV-infected black Batswana on EFV-based antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481784/distribution-of-behavioral-patterns-prior-to-infection-among-san-francisco-men-who-have-sex-with-men-newly-infected-with-hiv-in-2014
#12
Yea-Hung Chen, Willi McFarland, H Fisher Raymond, Hyman M Scott, Eric Vittinghoff, Travis C Porco
BACKGROUND: Despite continued reductions in the number of HIV cases reported among San Francisco men who have sex with men (MSM) and the HIV-prevention potential offered by pharmaceutical tools such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), there are uncertainties, particularly given reported decreases in consistent condom use. A key uncertainty is what groups of MSM should be targeted. The present study estimates the distribution of behavioral patterns prior to infection among San Francisco MSM newly infected with HIV in 2014...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481783/impact-of-perinatally-acquired-hiv-disease-upon-longitudinal-changes-in-memory-and-executive-functioning
#13
Kathleen M Malee, Miriam C Chernoff, Patricia A Sirois, Paige L Williams, Patricia A Garvie, Betsy L Kammerer, Lynnette L Harris, Molly L Nozyce, Cenk Yildirim, Sharon L Nichols
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding effects of perinatally-acquired HIV infection (PHIV) on longitudinal change in memory and executive functioning (EF) during adolescence, despite the importance of these skills for independence in adulthood. METHODS: PHIV (n=144) and perinatally HIV-exposed uninfected youth (PHEU, n=79), ages 12-17, completed standardized tests of memory and EF at baseline and two years later. Changes from baseline for each memory and EF outcome were compared between PHEU and PHIV youth with (PHIV/C, n=39) and without (PHIV/non-C, n=105) history of CDC Class C (AIDS-defining) diagnoses...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490044/dual-infection-contributes-to-rapid-disease-progression-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#14
Hong Luan, Xiaoxu Han, Xiaoou Yu, Minghui An, Hui Zhang, Bin Zhao, Junjie Xu, Zhenxing Chu, Hong Shang
BACKGROUND: Considerable numbers of HIV-1 infected men who have sex with men (MSM) show a relatively rapid disease progression in China; however, the cause remains elusive. HIV-1 dual infection was reported to occur commonly among the MSM population, and its contribution to clinical prognosis remains controversial. We investigated the occurrence and impact on disease progression of dual infection in a prospective MSM cohort in China. METHODS: Sixty-four HIV-1 early infected participants were longitudinally followed up for 2 years...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471838/risk-of-colorectal-cancer-and-associated-mortality-in-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Tyler J O'Neill, Joseph Djiometio Nguemo, Anne-Marie Tynan, Ann N Burchell, Tony Antoniou
BACKGROUND: As people with HIV live longer, the numbers of colorectal cancer cases are expected to increase. We sought to compare colorectal cancer incidence and cause-specific mortality among people living with and without HIV. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases to 28 June 2016 for primary studies reporting standardized incidence ratios (SIR), standardized mortality ratios (SMR)/hazard ratios or data sufficient for estimating these summary measures...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471841/a-flow-based-model-of-the-hiv-care-continuum-in-the-united-states
#16
Gregg S Gonsalves, A David Paltiel, Paul D Cleary, Michael John Gill, Mari M Kitahata, Peter F Rebeiro, Michael J Silverberg, Michael Horberg, Alison G Abraham, Keri N Althoff, Richard Moore, Ronald J Bosch, H Irene Hall, Edward H Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Understanding the flow of patients through the continuum of HIV care is critical to determine how best to intervene so that the proportion of HIV-infected persons who are on antiretroviral treatment and virally suppressed is as large as possible. METHODS: Using immunological and virological data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design from 2009-2012, we estimated the distribution of time spent in and dropout probability from each stage in the continuum of HIV care...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471840/strategies-to-accelerate-hiv-care-and-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-following-hiv-diagnosis-a-randomized-trial
#17
Christopher J Hoffmann, Tonderai Mabuto, Sibuse Ginindza, Katherine L Fielding, Griffths Kubeka, David W Dowdy, Gavin J Churchyard, Salome Charalambous
OBJECTIVE: Determine the effectiveness of strategies to increase linkage to care following testing HIV positive at mobile HIV testing in South Africa. DESIGN: Unmasked randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Recruitment of adults testing HIV-positive and not currently in HIV care occurred at seven mobile HCT units in urban, peri-urban, and rural South Africa with those consenting randomized 1:1:1:1 into one of four arms. Three strategies were compared to standard of care (SOC): point-of-care CD4 count testing (POC CD4), POC CD4 plus longitudinal strengths-based counselling (care facilitation; CF), and POC CD4 plus transport reimbursement (transport)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471839/impact-of-early-antiretroviral-therapy-on-the-performance-of-hiv-rapid-tests-and-hiv-incidence-assays
#18
Jessica M Fogel, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Barbara Debevec, Tamara Walsky, Katherine Schlusser, Oliver Laeyendecker, Ethan A Wilson, Marybeth McCauley, Theresa Gamble, Gerald Tegha, MTech Biomed, Dean Soko, Johnstone Kumwenda, Mina C Hosseinipour, Ying Q Chen, Myron S Cohen, Susan H Eshleman
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) can down-regulate antibody responses to HIV infection. We evaluated the impact of early vs. delayed ART on the performance of HIV diagnostic and incidence assays. METHODS: Samples were obtained from 207 participants in the HPTN 052 trial who were stably suppressed on ART for ≥4 years (Malawi sites; pre-ART CD4 cell count 350-550 cells/mm [early ART arm, N=180] or <250 cells/mm or an AIDS-defining illness [delayed ART arm, N=27])...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471837/changing-dynamics-of-hiv-transmission-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-modeling-who-acquired-and-transmitted-infections-and-estimating-the-impact-of-past-hiv-interventions-1976-2015
#19
Mathieu Maheu-Giroux, Juan F Vesga, Souleymane Diabaté, Michel Alary, Stefan Baral, Daouda Diouf, Kouamé Abo, Marie-Claude Boily
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the impact of past interventions and how it affected transmission dynamics is key to guiding prevention efforts. We estimated the population-level impact of condom, antiretroviral therapy (ART), and prevention of mother-to-child transmission activities on HIV transmission and the contribution of key risk factors on HIV acquisition and transmission. METHODS: An age stratified dynamical model of sexual and vertical HIV transmission among the general population, female sex workers (FSW), and men who have sex with men (MSM) was calibrated to detailed prevalence and intervention data...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452911/the-effect-of-hiv-centered-obstetric-care-on-perinatal-outcomes-among-a-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv
#20
Anna M Powell, Julia M DeVita, Amartha Ogburu-Ogbonnaya, Andrea Peterson, Gweneth B Lazenby
BACKGROUND: Elimination of perinatal transmission is possible but limited by missed care opportunities. Our objective was to investigate the effects of HIV-centered obstetric care (HCC) on missed care opportunities and perinatal HIV transmission in two obstetric cohorts at our institution from 2000-2014. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of HIV-exposed mother-infant pairs delivering from 2000-2014, analyzed according to SQUIRE 2.0 (Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence) guidelines...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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