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International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017571/the-effect-of-different-dosage-regimens-of-tranexamic-acid-on-blood-loss-in-bimaxillary-osteotomy-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#1
LETTER
B Apipan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017570/psychogenic-coma-after-dental-surgery-under-general-anaesthesia
#2
C W Yong, W H Ng, S H Yap, J D'Souza, A T-C Ow
Delayed awakening after general anaesthesia due to psychogenic coma is a phenomenon that rarely presents to the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. A case of psychogenic coma following general anaesthesia for dental extractions is presented here. It is recommended that patients at risk of conversion disorder should be counselled about the risks of psychogenic coma. Early diagnosis of this condition could lead to better patient management.
July 14, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017569/fixation-methods-in-sagittal-split-ramus-osteotomy-a-systematic-review-on-in-vitro-biomechanical-assessments
#3
REVIEW
K Kuik, M H T De Ruiter, J De Lange, A Hoekema
The aim of this systematic review was to assess the stability of rigid internal fixation (RIF) techniques in sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) based on in vitro biomechanical assessments, with particular interest in large mandibular advancements. In general, RIF methods can be divided into three groups: bicortical screws, miniplates, and a combination of the two. An electronic search of the PubMed, CINAHL, and Embase databases was performed, and studies published between January 2003 and March 2018 were screened for inclusion...
July 14, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017572/coronectomy-of-mandibular-third-molars-a-clinical-and-radiological-study-of-231-cases-with-a-mean-follow-up-period-of-5-7years
#4
M H Pedersen, J Bak, L H Matzen, J Hartlev, J Bindslev, S Schou, S E Nørholt
Coronectomy is a widely accepted treatment for mandibular third molars that are in close relationship to the mandibular canal. However, long-term studies on morbidity following this procedure have not been presented. The aim of this study was to examine the long-term morbidity after coronectomy, with sensory disturbances of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and root migration as the primary outcome variables. A total of 231 mandibular third molar coronectomies were performed in 191 patients with a mean follow-up period of 5...
July 13, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017568/aesthetic-outcomes-and-morphological-changes-in-chin-parameters-after-mandibular-distraction-and-subsequent-advancement-genioplasty-in-patients-with-mandibular-micrognathia
#5
G A Khalifa, F I Mohamed
Despite the wide uses of mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO), no study appears to have evaluated the use of MDO and subsequent advancement genioplasty. This study addressed lower facial third aesthetics in a consecutive series of subjects with micrognathia who underwent MDO and subsequent advancement genioplasty. Standard cephalometric measurements were performed pre-MDO, at the end of consolidation, and at 1 week, 6 months, and 12 months after genioplasty. At the end of follow-up, questionnaires were given to measure patient satisfaction...
July 12, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017567/should-we-use-prophylactic-tranexamic-acid-in-orthognathic-surgery-to-decrease-blood-loss
#6
LETTER
R Tabrizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30007835/condylar-changes-after-orthognathic-surgery-for-class-iii-dentofacial-deformity-a-systematic-review
#7
A-S Vandeput, P-J Verhelst, R Jacobs, E Shaheen, G Swennen, C Politis
After orthognathic surgery for class II dentofacial deformity, remodelling of the mandibular condyle will take place. In a number of cases, this may evolve towards a phenomenon of condylar resorption. Yet, studies on the occurrence of this complication after the correction of a class III deformity are scarce. A systematic review of the literature was performed with the aim of identifying reports on condylar resorption or remodelling after orthognathic surgery for class III dentofacial deformity. A search of the international databases yielded 12 eligible studies...
July 11, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983213/a-modified-approach-for-eminectomy-for-temporomandibular-joint-dislocation-under-local-anaesthesia-report-on-a-series-of-50-patients
#8
N Segami
Conventional eminectomy for habitual dislocation of the temporomandibular joint is usually performed under general anaesthesia. This technique was modified for use under local anaesthesia to treat medically compromised patients. Fifty elderly patients (90 joints) were treated, for whom general anaesthesia was considered a serious risk due to systemic diseases; the dislocation was habitual in 39 and long-standing in 11. Following intravenous sedation and local anaesthesia, a 2-cm superficial vertical skin incision was made directly above the articular eminence...
July 5, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980321/short-implants-%C3%A2-8mm-compared-to-standard-length-implants-8mm-in-conjunction-with-maxillary-sinus-floor-augmentation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
H B Nielsen, S Schou, F Isidor, A-E Christensen, T Starch-Jensen
The objective was to test the hypothesis of no difference in the treatment outcome after the installation of short implants (≤8mm) in the posterior part of the maxilla compared to standard length implants (>8mm) in conjunction with maxillary sinus floor augmentation (MSFA) using the lateral window technique, after an observation period of ≥3years. A search of the MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases, in combination with a hand-search of relevant journals, was conducted. The search yielded 1102 titles...
July 3, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970290/complete-spontaneous-regression-of-a-metastatic-melanoma-of-the-mandible-a-case-report-and-follow-up-recommendations
#10
J Schlabe, K A Shah, F Sheerin, M J Payne, A A Fasanmade
Regression of metastatic melanoma is very rare and occurs in only 0.23% of cases. Metastasis to the oral cavity is particularly uncommon and accounts for only 1-3% of all oral malignancies. This report presents a case of spontaneous and complete regression of a metastatic melanoma in the mandibular ramus. The patient remains asymptomatic more than 2 years after diagnosis. The patient was followed up regularly. It is recommended that further surveillance imaging be performed in asymptomatic patients following discussion with the surgical and oncological teams...
June 30, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29960838/costochondral-grafting-for-paediatric-temporomandibular-joint-reconstruction-10-year-outcomes-in-55-cases
#11
D H Awal, M Jaffer, G Charan, R E Ball, G Kennedy, S Thomas, S A Farook, C Mills, P Ayliffe
Costochondral grafting (CCG) can be used for the reconstruction of ankylotic, hypoplastic, and resected temporomandibular joint (TMJ) defects. CCGs have previously been considered the gold standard in children due to their growth potential and autogenous origin, but the disadvantages are unpredictable growth and joint ankylosis. This was a retrospective study of all children who received CCGs for TMJ reconstruction from 1985 to 2004, to allow a 10-year follow-up. Fifty-five patients were included in this study, with 74 grafts being placed; their mean age was 7...
June 27, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29954643/alterations-of-mandibular-movement-patterns-after-total-joint-replacement-a-case-series-of-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-total-alloplastic-temporomandibular-joint-reconstructions
#12
A Wojczyńska, L M Gallo, M Bredell, C S Leiggener
According to recognized guidelines, a total alloplastic replacement may be indicated to resolve temporomandibular pain and functional limitations in cases where conservative and less aggressive surgical management strategies have failed. It is broadly believed that, as a result of the surgical procedure, the function of the lateral pterygoid muscle is lost and so are the laterotrusive and protrusive jaw movements. Furthermore, the joint prosthesis design may not be conducive to lateral and protrusive movements...
June 25, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29945819/orofacial-cleft-management-by-short-term-surgical-missions-in-south-america-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
D L Best, T L Gauger, J M Dolan, L A Donnelly, K Ranganathan, C Ulloa-Marin, H H Sung-Hsieh
There is a growing demand for surgical care in South America, particularly for patients with congenital orofacial clefts (OFCs). Short-term surgical missions (STSMs) have emerged as a means to deliver surgical expertise and alleviate this demand. The aim of this study was to review the quantity and quality of peer-reviewed reports on OFC repairs performed by STSMs in South America. A literature search was conducted using the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and SciELO databases. The search was limited to articles published in English and Spanish...
June 23, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941229/efficacy-of-corticosteroids-versus-placebo-in-impacted-third-molar-surgery-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
R de A C Almeida, C A A Lemos, S L D de Moraes, E P Pellizzer, B C Vasconcelos
The aim of this systematic review was to identify randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials investigating the effectiveness of corticosteroids in the control of pain, oedema, and trismus following third molar surgery, and to analyse the effects of the type of drug administered and the time and route of drug administration on the outcomes of interest. Searches were performed in the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases. This review was structured according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses...
June 22, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935790/morbidity-of-anterior-iliac-crest-and-calvarial-bone-donor-graft-sites-a-1-year-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
T F Putters, D E Wortmann, J Schortinghuis, B van Minnen, G C Boven, A Vissink, G M Raghoebar
Autogenous bone graft harvesting is still commonly considered the gold standard for the reconstruction of a severely resorbed maxillary alveolar ridge; however, the preferred donor site remains a subject of debate. This study compared the morbidity of calvarial and iliac crest donor sites after harvesting. Twenty edentulous patients with an insufficient volume of maxillary bone for reliable implant placement were assigned randomly to either calvarial (n=10) or anterior iliac crest (n=10) bone harvesting groups...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933911/assessing-the-outcome-of-orthognathic-surgery-by-three-dimensional-soft-tissue-analysis
#16
L Vittert, S Katina, A Ayoub, B Khambay, A W Bowman
Studies of orthognathic surgery often focus on pre-surgical versus post-surgical changes in facial shape. In contrast, this study provides an innovative comparison between post-surgical and control shape. Forty orthognathic surgery patients were included, who underwent three different types of surgical correction: Le Fort I maxillary advancement, bilateral sagittal split mandibular advancement, and bimaxillary advancement surgery. Control facial images were captured from volunteers from local communities in Glasgow, with patterns of age, sex, and ethnic background that matched those of the surgical patients...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909084/clinical-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-unilateral-condylar-fractures-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
A V J Rozeboom, L T Klumpert, M Koutris, L Dubois, C M Speksnijder, F Lobbezoo, J de Lange
The treatment of mandibular condyle fractures has been the subject of considerable discussion, especially whether open or closed treatment should be used. There is a need for practical,evidence-based guidelines, and both objective and subjective parameters should be measured. To date, fewstudies have considered clinically relevant subjective parameters. This study was performed to evaluate the outcomes of the treatment of condylar fractures using the Mandibular Function Impairment Questionnaire (MFIQ) and the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD) and to compare the outcomes of open and the closed treatment...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907265/soft-tissue-assessment-before-and-after-mandibular-advancement-or-setback-surgery-using-three-dimensional-images-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
C O Lisboa, M M Martins, A C O Ruellas, D M T P Ferreira, L C Maia, C T Mattos
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of mandibular advancement or setback surgery on the facial soft tissue assessed using three-dimensional images. An electronic search was performed in the MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Virtual Health Library (VHL), Web of Science, and OpenGrey databases. Inclusion criteria comprised studies that evaluated the soft tissues of adult patients before and after mandibular advancement or setback surgery using computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887510/use-of-a-folded-extended-vertical-lower-trapezius-island-myocutaneous-flap-to-repair-large-pharyngocutaneous-fistulae-developing-after-salvage-total-laryngectomy
#19
Z-Q Huang, B Zhou, W-L Chen, J-L Zhong, Y Wang
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of surgery involving the use of folded trapezius flaps to repair large pharyngocutaneous fistulae (PCFs) developing after salvage total laryngectomy. Folded extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flaps (TIMFs) were created to repair large PCFs that developed after salvage total laryngectomy in eight patients. The maximum fistula dimension was 4.5×3.0cm and the minimum was 2.0×1.8cm. The skin paddle of the extended vertical TIMF ranged from 5cm to 9cm in width and 10cm to 23cm in length...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884428/assessment-modalities-of-non-ionizing-three-dimensional-images-for-the-quantification-of-facial-morphology-symmetry-and-appearance-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
L A M Thierens, N M C De Roo, G A M De Pauw, N Brusselaers
The use non-ionizing three-dimensional (3D) imaging in cleft lip and palate is an emerging field, but properly designed methods for the assessment of these images are not well established. Therefore, the aim of this study was to review the current literature on the modalities of assessment of non-ionizing 3D images for the quantification of facial morphology, symmetry, and appearance in cleft lip and palate, and to assess the method error of these modalities. A systematic literature search was conducted using MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, and Embase...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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