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International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836470/maternal-death-surveillance-and-response-systems-in-driving-accountability-and-influencing-change
#1
Sarah Bandali, Camille Thomas, Eleanor Hukin, Zoë Matthews, Matthews Mathai, Thandassery Ramachandran Dilip, Nathalie Roos, Ruth Lawley, Oko Igado, Louise Hulton
Good progress has been made in reducing maternal deaths from 1990-2015 but accelerated progress is needed to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in ending preventable maternal deaths through a renewed focus on accountability and actions. This paper looks at how Maternal Death Surveillance and Response (MDSR) systems are strengthening response and accountability for better health outcomes by analyzing key findings from the WHO and UNFPA Global MDSR Implementation Survey across 62 countries. It examines two concrete examples from Nigeria and Ethiopia to demonstrate how findings can influence systematic changes in policy and practice...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836469/corrigendum-to-a-scoping-review-of-geographic-information-systems-in-maternal-health-int-j-gynecol-obstet-134-2016-13-17
#2
Prestige T Makanga, Nadine Schuurman, Peter von Dadelszen, Tabassum Firoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836468/outcomes-of-in-vitro-fertilization-cycles-among-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-following-ovarian-puncture-for-in-vitro-maturation
#3
Jia Lin, Peiyu Wang, Junzhao Zhao, Shiquan Xiao, Rong Yu, Congcong Jin, Ruru Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of ovarian puncture for in vitro maturation (IVM) on subsequent in vitro fertilization (IVF) embryo transfer cycles in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: A retrospective study included data from patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, China, between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2014. Patients with PCOS undergoing IVF cycles after having been treated with IVM unsuccessfully were included as the study group and an IVF-procedure data-matched control group of patients undergoing their first IVF cycles was included in a 1:4 ratio...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836467/great-moments-in-global-health-and-why-we-are-in-one-now
#4
Herbert B Peterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836466/using-evidence-to-strengthen-accountability-for-health-financing-in-sierra-leone
#5
Sowo A Lebbie, Rosanna Le Voir, Joanna Tom-Kargbo, Mohamed Drissa Yilla, Abu Bakarr Kamara, Sara L Nam
In 2012, the government of Sierra Leone cut the national budget allocation to the health sector. Civil society organizations planned a nationwide health budget advocacy campaign, coinciding with the 2012 general elections, to hold future leaders to account on financing for women's and children's health. As part of the campaign, Evidence for Action produced district health budget tracking scorecards. The scorecards presented Ministry of Finance data on the allocation and disbursement of health funds in each district...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802869/strengthening-accountability-for-improved-maternal-and-newborn-health-a-mapping-of-studies-in-sub-saharan-africa
#6
Adriane Martin Hilber, Carolyn Blake, Leah F Bohle, Sarah Bandali, Esther Agbon, Louise Hulton
OBJECTIVE: To describe the types of maternal and newborn health program accountability mechanisms implemented and evaluated in recent years in Sub-Saharan Africa, how these have been implemented, their effectiveness, and future prospects to improve governance and MNH outcomes. METHOD: A structured review selected 38 peer-reviewed papers between 2006 and 2016 in Sub-Saharan Africa to include in the analysis. RESULTS: Performance accountability in MNH through maternal and perinatal death surveillance was the most common accountability mechanism used...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793334/conservative-treatment-of-placenta-previa-accreta-with-cervical-isthmic-opposition-suturing-followed-by-bilateral-internal-iliac-artery-ligation
#7
Ahmed S El-Agwany
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788922/using-advocacy-and-data-to-strengthen-political-accountability-in-maternal-and-newborn-health-in-africa
#8
Petra Ten Hoope-Bender, Adriane Martin Hilber, Andrea Nove, Sarah Bandali, Sara Nam, Corinne Armstrong, Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed, Mathias G Chatuluka, Moke Magoma, Louise Hulton
Accountability mechanisms help governments and development partners fulfill the promises and commitments they make to global initiatives such as the Millennium Development Goals and the Global Strategy on Women's and Children's health, and regional or national strategies such as the Campaign for the Accelerated Reduction in Maternal Mortality in Africa (CARMMA). But without directed pressure, comparative data and tools to provide insight into successes, failures, and overall results, accountability fails. The analysis of accountability mechanisms in five countries supported by the Evidence for Action program shows that accountability is most effective when it is connected across global and national levels; civil society has a central and independent role; proactive, immediate and targeted implementation mechanisms are funded from the start; advocacy for accountability is combined with local outreach activities such as blood drives; local and national champions (Presidents, First Ladies, Ministers) help draw public attention to government performance; scorecards are developed to provide insight into performance and highlight necessary improvements; and politicians at subnational level are supported by national leaders to effect change...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784594/scorecards-and-social-accountability-for-improved-maternal-and-newborn-health-services-a-pilot-in-the-ashanti-and-volta-regions-of-ghana
#9
Carolyn Blake, Nii Ankonu Annorbah-Sarpei, Claire Bailey, Yakubu Ismaila, Sylvia Deganus, Samuel Bosomprah, Francesco Galli, Sarah Clark
BACKGROUND: With the limited availability of quality emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC) in Ghana, and a lack of dialogue on the issue at district level, the Evidence for Action (E4A) program (2011-2015) initiated a pilot intervention using a social accountability approach in two regions of Ghana. OBJECTIVE: Using scorecards to assess and improve maternal and newborn health services, the intervention study evaluated the effectiveness of engaging multiple, health and non-health sector stakeholders at district level to improve the enabling environment for quality EmONC...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780523/editorial-accountability-in-maternal-and-neonatal-health-programs
#10
EDITORIAL
Judith A Fortney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692473/effect-of-combined-spinal-epidural-analgesia-in-labor-on-frequency-of-emergency-cesarean-delivery-among-nulliparous-chinese-women
#11
Fen Wang, Yun-Xia Cao, Shan-Gao Ke, Tao-Hua Zhu, Miao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether combined spinal-epidural analgesia (CSEA) during labor increases the frequency of emergency cesarean delivery among Chinese nulliparous women. METHODS: In a retrospective study, the medical records of nulliparous women with a singleton fetus in cephalic presentation who delivered at term at Tongling Maternity Hospital, China, between January 2012 and December 2014 were reviewed. Information about CSEA, mode of delivery, labor duration, oxytocin augmentation, and neonatal outcome was obtained...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641426/anal-incontinence-and-fecal-urgency-following-vaginal-delivery-with-episiotomy-among-primiparous-patients
#12
Zdenek Rusavy, Jaroslava Karbanova, Magdalena Jansova, Vladimir Kalis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate anal incontinence following mediolateral or lateral episiotomy during a first vaginal delivery. METHODS: The present prospective follow-up study enrolled primiparous patients who underwent vaginal delivery including mediolateral or lateral episiotomy between April 1, 2010 and March 31, 2012. Participants completed interviews before delivery, and were given anal-incontinence questionnaires to be returned for analysis at 3 months and 6 months postpartum...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634053/direct-puncture-embolization-of-the-internal-iliac-artery-during-cesarean-delivery-for-pernicious-placenta-previa-coexisting-with-placenta-accreta
#13
Zhenyu Chen, Ju Li, Jian Shen, Jiaxi Jin, Wei Zhang, Wan Zhong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate direct puncture embolization of the internal iliac artery with hemostatic gelatin sponge particles to treat pernicious placenta previa coexisting with placenta accreta during cesarean delivery. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of data from women with pernicious placenta previa and placenta accreta who underwent direct puncture embolization of the internal iliac artery during cesarean delivery at a center in China between September 1, 2013, and February 28, 2015...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622684/effect-of-high-fidelity-shoulder-dystocia-simulation-on-emergency-obstetric-skills-and-crew-resource-management-skills-among-residents
#14
Paolo Mannella, Giulia Palla, Armando Cuttano, Antonio Boldrini, Tommaso Simoncini
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a simulation training program for residents in obstetrics and gynecology in terms of technical and nontechnical skills for the management of shoulder dystocia. METHODS: A prospective study was performed at a center in Italy in April-May 2015. Thirty-two obstetrics and gynecology residents were divided into two groups. Residents in the control group were immediately exposed to an emergency shoulder dystocia scenario, whereas those in the simulation group completed a 2-hour training session with the simulator before being exposed to the scenario...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614789/intralipid-supplementation-in-women-with-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion-and-elevated-levels-of-natural-killer-cells
#15
Dina M R Dakhly, Yomna A Bayoumi, Mohamed Sharkawy, Sherine H Gad Allah, Mohamed A Hassan, Hisham M Gouda, Ahmed T Hashem, Dina L Hatem, Mona F Ahmed, Waleed El-Khayat
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of intralipid supplementation in women with recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and elevated natural killer cell activity undergoing in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection. METHODS: Between February 10, 2013, and April 30, 2015, a double-blind randomized controlled study was conducted at a center in Egypt. Women with unexplained secondary infertility, RSA, and elevated levels of natural killer cells (>12%) were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive intralipid (2mL diluted at 20% in 250mL saline) or saline (250mL) infusion on the day of oocyte retrieval using random numbers and sealed envelopes...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614788/evaluation-of-a-simulation-based-curriculum-for-implementing-a-new-clinical-protocol
#16
David Marzano, Roger Smith, Jill M Mhyre, F Jacob Seagull, Diana Curran, Sydney Behrmann, Kristina Priessnitz, Maya Hammoud
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of a new clinical protocol utilizing on-unit simulation for team training. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed at the obstetrics unit of Von Voightlander Women's Hospital, Michigan, USA, between October 1, 2012 to April 30, 2013. All members of the labor and delivery team were eligible for participation. Traditional education methods and in-situ multi-disciplinary simulations were used to educate labor and delivery staff...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614787/evaluation-of-a-ketamine-based-anesthesia-package-for-use-in-emergency-cesarean-delivery-or-emergency-laparotomy-when-no-anesthetist-is-available
#17
Thomas F Burke, Brett D Nelson, Taylor Kandler, Zaid Altawil, Khama Rogo, Javan Imbamba, Stella Odenyo, Leeya Pinder, Svjetlana Lozo, Moytrayee Guha, Melody J Eckardt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety of a ketamine-based rescue anesthesia package to support emergency cesarean delivery and emergency laparotomy when no anesthetist was available. METHODS: A prospective case-series study was conducted at seven sub-county hospitals in western Kenya between December 10, 2013, and January 20, 2016. Non-anesthetist clinicians underwent 5days of training in the Every Second Matters-Ketamine (ESM-Ketamine) program. A database captured preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative details of all surgeries in which ESM-Ketamine was used...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612532/helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-pre-eclampsia-in-a-romanian-study-group
#18
Carmen Rădulescu, Anca Bacârea, Adina Huţanu, Nina Şincu, Simona Băţagă
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612531/prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-according-to-iadpsg-and-nice-criteria
#19
Josip Djelmis, Mato Pavić, Vjosa Mulliqi Kotori, Ivana Pavlić Renar, Marina Ivanisevic, Slavko Oreskovic
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of the International Association of Diabetic Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) diagnostic criteria on the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and overt diabetes as compared with the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) criteria, and to evaluate the prevalence of maternal and perinatal outcomes among pregnant women with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels of 5.1-5.5 mmol/L. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken of data for women who underwent a 2-hour 75-g oral glucose tolerance test at 24-32 weeks of a singleton pregnancy at a center in Croatia between January 2012 and December 2014...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612530/the-bakri-tamponade-balloon-as-an-adjunct-treatment-for-refractory-postpartum-hemorrhage
#20
Haywood Brown, Stephen Okeyo, Hillary Mabeya, Jeffrey Wilkinson, John Schmitt
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Bakri tamponade balloon as an adjunct treatment for refractory postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: A prospective observational intervention study was conducted between January 1, 2013, and May 31, 2015, at Great Lakes Hospital and Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital in Kenya. Eligible participants were diagnosed with PPH (blood loss >500mL after vaginal or >1000mL after cesarean delivery, and/or hemodynamic changes suggestive of excessive blood loss) unresponsive to standard intervention and were treated using the Bakri balloon...
December 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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