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International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426129/case-review-and-outcomes-of-prenatally-diagnosed-amniotic-sheets
#1
Assaad Kesrouani, Bernard Nasr, Habib Atallah, Samer Maalouf, Elie Chalhoub
The present study recorded a case series of 11 patients diagnosed with amniotic sheets at an outpatient obstetric clinic affiliated to Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon, between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2013. Of these patients, nine were diagnosed during routine obstetric ultrasonography examination and two patients were referred from other centers. All patients included in the case series had singleton pregnancies and the mean length of pregnancy at diagnosis was 17 weeks (range 13-22). This article is protected by copyright...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407245/transvaginal-primary-layered-repair-of-iatrogenic-vesicovaginal-fistula
#2
Rodolfo Milani, Matteo Frigerio, Stefano Manodoro
Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) is a direct communication between the bladder and vagina. In high-income countries, VVF is associated with malignancy, radiation, and pelvic surgery [1]. Classical VVF presentation includes urinary leakage from the vagina, vulvovaginal irritation, and recurrent infections. The diagnosis of VVF is based on the observation of urinary leakage from the vagina, potentially after filling the bladder with dyed solution. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397981/a-randomized-trial-of-local-endometrial-injury-during-ovulation-induction-cycles
#3
Medhat E E Helmy, Mohammad A Maher, Nabih I Elkhouly, Mahmoud Ramzy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of endometrial injury on pregnancy outcomes among infertile women taking clomifene citrate. METHODS: A prospective randomized trial was undertaken at an Egyptian hospital between January 26, 2015, and July 17, 2016. Eligible women (≥1 year primary/secondary/unexplained infertility, aged 20-35 years, day-2 follicle-stimulating hormone <12 IU/L, normal prolactin/thyroid function/uterine cavity, ≥1 patent tube, male partner with normal semen count and motility, 3 cycles of clomifene citrate without success) were randomly allocated (1:1) using computer-generated numbers into intervention (received endometrial injury on cycle day 15-24) or control groups (sham procedure)...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391635/prevalence-and-vertical-transmission-of-human-pegivirus-among-pregnant-women-infected-with-hiv
#4
Lucas M Santos, Rubens C Lobato, Maria Fernanda M Barral, Carla V Gonçalves, Vanusa P da Hora, Ana Maria B Martinez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of human pegivirus (HPgV) and factors associated with vertical transmission among pregnant women infected with HIV. METHOD: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women treated at an HIV reference service in Rio Grande, Brazil, between January 1, 2010, and January 1, 2015. The polymerase chain reaction was used to diagnose HPgV infection among the women and their neonates. Clinical, obstetric, and neonatal data were obtained from medical records...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391628/acceptance-of-peer-navigators-to-reduce-barriers-to-cervical-cancer-screening-and-treatment-among-women-with-hiv-infection-in-tanzania
#5
Alaya Koneru, Pauline E Jolly, Shaundra Blakemore, Renicha McCree, Nedra F Lisovicz, Eric A Aris, Thereza Mtesigwa, Safina Yuma, Julius D Mwaiselage
OBJECTIVE: To identify barriers to cervical cancer screening and treatment, and determine acceptance toward peer navigators (PNs) to reduce barriers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among women with HIV infection aged 19 years or older attending HIV clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, between May and August 2012. Data for sociodemographic characteristics, barriers, knowledge and attitude toward cervical cancer screening and treatment, and PNs were collected by questionnaire...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391625/fetal-foot-length-at-delivery-as-a-tool-for-determining-gestation-length-in-non-macerated-stillbirths
#6
Elaine Geldenhuys, Jean Coldrey, Colleen Wright, Daan Nel, Drucilla Roberts, Theonia K Boyd, Hein Odendaal
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether fetal foot length at autopsy could reliably indicate gestational duration at stillbirth and the effects of maceration on this method. METHODS: The present cross-sectional secondary analysis was part of the Safe Passage Study; all Safe Passage Study participants who experienced a stillbirth at Tygerberg Academic Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, between August 1, 2007, and January 31, 2015, were eligible to participate. After providing written informed consent for autopsy, the duration of gestation calculated using early ultrasonography and fetal foot length were compared...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391614/a-mixed-methods-study-of-maternal-near-miss-and-death-after-emergency-cesarean-delivery-at-a-referral-hospital-in-somaliland
#7
Hamda A Abdillahi, Khadra A Hassan, Jonah Kiruja, Fatumo Osman, Jama A Egal, Marie Klingberg-Allvin, Kerstin Erlandsson
OBJECTIVE: To explore maternal near miss and death after emergency cesarean delivery in Somaliland, including the impact of the prerequisite for family consent. METHODS: A facility-based, mixed-methods study was conducted to assess all maternal near misses and deaths recorded at a referral hospital that provided services to women from all regions of Somaliland. The data sources comprised a quantitative prospective cross-sectional study using the WHO near-miss tool (performed from August 1 to December 31, 2015) and qualitative interviews with 17 healthcare providers working at the referral hospital who were in direct contact with the women in labor (performed from January 15 to March 15, 2015)...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388825/observational-study-of-associations-between-gestational-weight-gain-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-dichorionic-twin-pregnancies
#8
Katarzyna Kosinska-Kaczynska, Iwona Szymusik, Bartosz Kaczynski, Miroslaw Wielgos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate relationships between gestational weight gain (GWG) and adverse events during pregnancy among patients of normal weight with twin pregnancies. METHODS: The present observational study included patients with dichorionic twin pregnancies with a pre-gravid body mass index of 18.5-24.99 kg/m(2) who underwent delivery at no earlier than 22 weeks of pregnancy between January 1, 2007, and June 30, 2016, at the Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388819/retrospective-study-of-the-influence-of-hpv-persistence-on-outcomes-among-women-with-high-risk-hpv-infections-and-negative-cytology
#9
Giorgio Bogani, Francesca Taverna, Claudia Lombardo, Chiara Borghi, Fabio Martinelli, Mauro Signorelli, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Valentina Chiappa, Cono Scaffa, Antonino Ditto, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of women diagnosed with high-risk HPV without cytology evidence of cervical dysplasia. METHODS: The present retrospective observational study enrolled consecutive women aged at least 18 years diagnosed with high-risk HPV types with negative cytology results at the National Cancer Institute, Milan, Italy, between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2015. The development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) was assessed. RESULTS: There were 212 patients with high-risk HPV infections with negative cytology included in the analysis...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387948/correlations-between-intimate-partner-violence-and-spontaneous-abortion-stillbirth-and-neonatal-death-in-rural-malawi
#10
Nisha Rao, Abigail Turner, Bryna Harrington, Patrick Nampandeni, Venson Banda, Alison Norris
OBJECTIVE: To characterize associations between intimate partner violence (IPV) and adverse delivery outcomes among married Malawian women. METHODS: In the present secondary analysis of an ongoing project investigating sexual and reproductive health decision making in rural, Lilongwe District, Malawi, married women who had experienced at least one pregnancy were interviewed between July 15, 2014, and February 25, 2015. Associations between physical IPV experienced with participants' current partners and history of adverse delivery outcomes (spontaneous abortions, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths) were examined using log-binomial regression...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387945/obstetrician-perceptions-of-the-causes-of-high-cesarean-delivery-rates-in-turkey
#11
Mert Küçük
OBJECTIVE: To assess obstetricians' perceptions surrounding cesarean delivery rates in Turkey. METHODS: The present cross-sectional descriptive study was performed between May 1 and June 30, 2016. Practicing obstetricians with contact details known by the researchers and those attending a conference in Turkey were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire that collected demographic data and information on participants' opinions, beliefs, knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to cesarean delivery...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380246/matched-cohort-study-of-external-cephalic-version-in-women-with-previous-cesarean-delivery
#12
Anish Keepanasseril, Keerthana Anand, S Soundara Raghavan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of external cephalic version (ECV) among women with previous cesarean delivery. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using data for women with previous cesarean delivery and breech presentation who underwent ECV at or after 36 weeks of pregnancy during 2011-2016. For every case, two multiparous women without previous cesarean delivery who underwent ECV and were matched for age and pregnancy duration were included...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378899/publication-ethics-submissions-to-ijgo-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
EDITORIAL
Richard M K Adanu, Clare Addington, Abi Cantor, Timothy R B Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378402/the-expansion-of-the-global-gag-rule-under-the-trump-administration
#14
Sarah Rominski, Scott Greer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378361/misoprostol-use-for-second-trimester-termination-of-pregnancy-among-women-with-one-or-more-previous-cesarean-deliveries
#15
Martin Cuellar Torriente, Wilhelm J Steinberg, Gina Joubert
OBJECTIVE: To establish the safety and efficacy of misoprostol for second-trimester termination of pregnancy among women with one or more previous cesarean deliveries. METHODS: In a retrospective study, data were reviewed from women attending a reproductive health clinic in Bloemfontein, South Africa, for second-trimester termination between 2010 and 2013. The study group, comprising women with one or more previous cesareans, was compared with a control group, comprising women with no previous cesarean or uterine scarring...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378324/review-of-clinical-indicators-including-serum-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-for-identification-of-women-who-should-consider-egg-freezing
#16
Fiona Martyn, Yvonne O'Brien, Mary Wingfield
OBJECTIVE: To identify women, on the basis of clinical history and serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels, who are at risk of premature ovarian insufficiency and thereby guide appropriate early referral for egg freezing. METHODS: In a retrospective study, data were reviewed from women attending two fertility clinics in Dublin, Ireland, between August 2011 and December 2012. Case histories of women aged 35 years or younger were assessed to identify risk factors for reduced ovarian reserve, including endometriosis, ovarian surgery, and family history of premature ovarian failure (POF)...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369911/trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-delivery-for-pregnancies-complicated-by-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Hadas Ganer Herman, Zviya Kogan, Jacob Bar, Michal Kovo
OBJECTIVE: To assess rates of, and factors associated with, trial of labor and vaginal delivery among pregnancies complicated by both gestational diabetes (GDM) and a previous cesarean delivery. METHODS: In a retrospective study of singleton deliveries at a university hospital in Israel between 2009 and 2015, women with one previous cesarean delivery and GDM were matched to those without GDM by past cesarean delivery indication: non-favorable (non-progressive labor or failed induction) or favorable (all other indications)...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369905/contemporary-issues-in-women-s-health
#18
Vincent Boama, Valerie T Guinto, Claudio G Sosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369876/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-hypocalciuria-in-pre-eclampsia
#19
REVIEW
Kristen M McMaster, Andrew M Kaunitz, Prardhana Burbano de Lara, Luis Sanchez-Ramos
BACKGROUND: Small observational studies have demonstrated that hypocalciuria is associated with pre-eclampsia. OBJECTIVES: To compare urinary calcium excretion in pre-eclampsia, gestational hypertension, and chronic hypertension with that in normotensive pregnancies. SEARCH STRATEGY: Online databases were searched through February 2016 using medical subject headings "calcium homeostasis," "calcium excretion," "hypocalciuria," and "pre-eclampsia...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369874/meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-comparing-17%C3%AE-hydroxyprogesterone-caproate-and-vaginal-progesterone-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-spontaneous-preterm-delivery
#20
REVIEW
Elizabeth Oler, Ahizechukwu C Eke, Ashley Hesson
BACKGROUND: Vaginal progesterone and 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17α-OHP) are both used to prevent preterm delivery in women who have experienced spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD) previously. Randomized trial data of the comparative effectiveness of these interventions have been mixed. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of intramuscular 17α-OHP and vaginal progesterone in the prevention of recurrent SPTD. SEARCH STRATEGY: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, African Journals Online, Embase, Google Scholar, ISI Web of Science, LILACS, CINAHL, PubMed, and registers of ongoing trials were searched using keywords related to 17α-OHP, vaginal progesterone, and preterm delivery...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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