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International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106911/positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-imaging-of-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-producing-small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-cervix
#1
Vien X Nguyen, Ba D Nguyen, Dora M Lam-Himlin
Ectopic ACTH-dependent Cushing syndrome-inducing small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix, undiagnosed by computed tomography and whole-body octreotide scintigraphy, was identified using F-18 FDG PET/CT imaging. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093726/a-preoperative-and-intraoperative-scoring-system-to-predict-nodal-metastasis-in-endometrial-cancer
#2
Andressa M S Teixeira, Reitan Ribeiro, Kathleen M Schmeler, Thomas J Herzog, Sergio M Nicolau, Renato M Marques
OBJECTIVE: To develop a scoring system that guides surgical decision-making regarding the need to perform lymphadenectomy. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of patients who underwent complete surgical staging of endometrial cancer between 2003 and 2014 at three centers in Brazil. Preoperative and intraoperative risk factors were used to develop a scoring system to predict lymph node metastasis. RESULTS: Among 329 patients included, 71 (21...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084027/assessing-factors-associated-with-infertility-using-a-couple-based-approach
#3
Aysun Karabulut, Sevgi Özkan, Ömer Demirtaş, Seyhan Sönmez, Nilay Karaca, Soner Gök
Emotional and mind-body FertiQoL scores were higher among male partners in couples experiencing infertility, and among male partners who were employment compared with those not. Infertility is defined as failure to achieve clinical pregnancy after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse [1]. Emotional stress related to infertility has been shown to impair quality of life (QoL) and could play an important role in successful infertility treatment [2]. To understand the burden of emotional stress, the QoL of couples experiencing infertility was examined from a dyadic perspective, and the factors affecting the QoL of men and women were evaluated comparatively...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084010/effect-of-the-degree-of-magnetic-resonance-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation-of-uterine-fibroid-tissue-on-6-month-volume-reduction
#4
Jing Liu, Bilgin Keserci, Rong Rong, Juan Wei, Jianhua Zhang, Xiaoying Wang
Ensuring a non-perfused volume of at least 70% during high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation of hyper-vascular fibroids resulted in improved volume reduction ratios at 6 months. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083962/case-report-of-fatal-post-coital-bleeding-with-systemic-bleeding-diathesis
#5
Asit K Sikary, Rajesh Kumar
A patient presented with post-coital bleeding that resulted in the patient's death within 24 hours owing to systemic bleeding diathesis. A woman aged 22 years experienced continuous bleeding during consensual sexual intercourse; she was admitted to a nearby hospital and underwent conservative management and observation. The source of bleeding was not identified; 24 hours later the patient experienced cardiac arrest and was transferred to the surgical intensive care unit. Following this, the patient experienced three further cardiac arrest episodes and died...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083947/cross-sectional-study-of-fetal-long-bone-length-in-an-iranian-population-at-17-25-weeks-of-gestation
#6
Maryam Kasraeian, Hadi R Shahraki, Nasrin Asadi, Homeira Vafaei, Safoura Sameni
OBJECTIVE: To construct improved reference charts for fetal long bones in an Iranian setting and to compare them with previous studies. METHODS: The present prospective cross-sectional study included singleton fetuses assessed by ultrasonography at 17-25 weeks of gestation at the Comprehensive Medical Genetics Center, Shahid Soltani, Shiraz, Iran between May 1, 2012, and February 28, 2014. Exclusion criteria included conditions that could affect fetal growth. Fetal long bones (femur, humerus, tibia, fibula, ulna, and radius) were measured with ultrasonography and biometric charts were produced...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099750/intrapartum-fetal-head-circumference-and-estimated-fetal-weight-as-predictors-of-operative-delivery
#7
Noha H Rabei, Amr M El-Helaly, Amr H Farag, Ahmed K El-Naggar, Mohamed K Etman, Moataz M El-Moteily
OBJECTIVE: To assess intrapartum sonographic measurements of fetal head circumference (HC) and estimated fetal weight (EFW) to predict operative delivery. METHODS: In a prospective study, 200 spontaneously parturient primiparous women aged 20-30 years were enrolled at a teaching hospital in Cairo, Egypt, between October 2, 2015, and January 28, 2016. HC and EFW were measured by transabdominal ultrasonography. After delivery, the association between type of delivery and ultrasonography findings was assessed...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099751/postoperative-anatomic-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-after-vaginal-sacrocolporectopexy-for-vaginal-vault-prolapse
#8
Rüdiger Klapdor, Jolanda Grosse, Bettina Hertel, Peter Hillemanns, Hermann Hertel
OBJECTIVE: To assess anatomic outcome and quality of life (QOL) after vaginal sacrocolporectopexy among patients with pelvic organ prolapse. METHODS: A noncomparative observational study was conducted at Hanover Medical School, Germany, among patients who underwent vaginal sacrocolporectopexy for uterine or vaginal vault prolapse between May 1, 2006, and October 31, 2012. A validated German version of the Prolapse QOL (P-QOL) questionnaire was sent to eligible patients; respondents were invited for follow-up examination...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099749/a-systematic-review-of-maternal-near-miss-and-mortality-due-to-postpartum-hemorrhage
#9
REVIEW
Salome Maswime, Eckhart Buchmann
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the principal direct cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Analysis of maternal near miss could increase understanding of survival among women with life-threatening PPH. OBJECTIVES: To determine the near-miss ratio and maternal mortality index for PPH globally. SEARCH STRATEGY: A prevalence systematic review was conducted of English-language articles published from 1995 to 2014. Suitable articles were identified from the Scopus, PubMed, Embase, and Grey Literature databases...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099748/medium-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy-or-sacrohysteropexy-versus-vaginal-sacrospinous-ligament-fixation-for-middle-compartment-prolapse
#10
Chen Yisong, Hua Keqin
OBJECTIVE: To compare laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) or sacrohysteropexy (LSH) with vaginal sacrospinous ligament fixation (VSSLF) for middle compartment pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: Data were retrospectively reviewed from patients with POP (stage 3 or worse) who underwent LSC, LSH, or VSSLF at a center in Shanghai between January 2009 and March 2014. POP quantification (POP-Q) and Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory scores were compared at the 2-year follow-up...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099763/the-effectiveness-of-a-multidisciplinary-team-based-approach-to-cesarean-hysterectomy-in-modern-obstetric-practice
#11
Caitlin Gillespie, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Uma Munnur, Maya S Suresh, Harold Miller, Shannon M Hawkins
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary, team-based approach to management of cesarean hysterectomy. METHODS: In a retrospective chart review, data were analyzed from a quality assurance database of hysterectomies performed after cesarean delivery at one institution in the USA. Patients were identified through billing codes for cesarean delivery, cross-referenced to codes for hysterectomy. Demographic, reproductive, and outcome data were compared before (2000-2005) and after (2011-2013) implementation of a multidisciplinary team-based protocol...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099759/usefulness-of-the-who-c-model-to-optimize-the-cesarean-delivery-rate-in-a-tertiary-hospital-setting
#12
Hany Abdel-Aleem, Atef Darwish, Ahmad A Abdelaleem, Manal Mansur
OBJECTIVE: To assess use of the C-Model in a tertiary hospital setting in terms of its validity and utility for optimizing the cesarean delivery (CD) rate. METHODS: A prospective observational study included women admitted for delivery at a university teaching hospital in Assiut, Egypt, in 2015. The women were asked about the demographic and obstetric information needed to calculate the probability of CD using the WHO C-Model. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve comparing the predicted and observed CD rates was constructed...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099753/correlation-between-rapid-hiv-testing-and-fourth-generation-elisa-results-for-hiv-detection-among-pregnant-patients-in-the-delivery-room
#13
Alejandro G Almaguer, Lidia Mendoza-Flores, Luis A Sánchez-López, Laura A Palau-Dávila, Magaly Padilla-Orozco, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the usefulness of rapid HIV testing in pregnant patients in the delivery room. METHODS: This prospective study compared a rapid test and a fourth-generation enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) for HIV screening among pregnant patients admitted in labor with an unknown HIV status at a university hospital in Mexico between July 2015 and February 2016. Pearson correlation analysis was performed, and the diagnostic accuracy of the two tests was assessed with HIV RNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) as the reference method...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099752/association-between-timing-of-elective-cesarean-delivery-and-adverse-outcomes-among-women-with-at-least-two-previous-cesareans
#14
Jehan Hamadneh, Haifaa Alchalabi, Shereen Hamadneh, Zouhair Amarin, Yousef S Khader, Manal Kassab, Mahmoud Bani-Hani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of delivery at 37 weeks of pregnancy versus 38 weeks or later on maternal and neonatal outcomes among women with multiple previous cesareans. METHODS: In a retrospective study, data were assessed from women with at least two previous cesareans who delivered by cesarean at 37 weeks of pregnancy or later at a tertiary referral hospital in Jordan between January 2013 and November 2015. RESULTS: Among 886 eligible women, 505 (57...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098341/retrospective-cohort-study-of-prophylactic-intraoperative-uterine-artery-embolization-for-abnormally-invasive-placenta
#15
Yi Pan, Xin Zhou, Zhengqiang Yang, Shudong Cui, Wei De, Lizhou Sun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of prophylactic intraoperative uterine artery embolization (UAE) during cesarean delivery as conservative treatment for patients with abnormally invasive placenta. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study enrolled patients surgically diagnosed with abnormally invasive placenta who underwent cesarean delivery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China, between February 1, 2012, and February 28, 2015...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099747/observational-study-comparing-the-performance-of-first-trimester-screening-protocols-for-detecting-trisomy-21-in-a-north-indian-population
#16
Anita Kaul, Chanchal Singh, Rachna Gupta, Nidhi Arora, Abha Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate first-trimester screening protocols for detecting trisomy 21 in an Indian population. METHODS: The present prospective study collected data from women with singleton pregnancies and a crown-to-rump length of 45-84 mm who presented at the fetal medicine unit of a tertiary care center in North India between June 1, 2006, and December 31, 2015, for combined first-trimester screening. Maternal age, nuchal translucency, nasal bone, and maternal serum levels of free beta human chorionic gonadotropin and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A were assessed for calculating the risk of trisomy 21...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099720/birth-characteristics-of-syrian-refugees-and-turkish-citizens-in-turkey-in-2015
#17
Hakan Demirci, Nevruz Yildirim Topak, Gokhan Ocakoglu, Mehtap Karakulak Gomleksiz, Emin Ustunyurt, Ayse Ulku Turker
OBJECTIVE: To compare the birth characteristics of Syrian refugees with those of Turkish citizens. METHODS: In a retrospective study, data were obtained for singleton live births that occurred at a hospital in Bursa, Turkey, between June 1 and December 31, 2015. All Syrian refugees were eligible for inclusion; one Turkish citizen was included for each refugee. RESULTS: Overall, 545 Syrian refugees and 545 Turkish citizens were included. Cesarean delivery was undertaken for 176 (32...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099692/a-hospital-based-study-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy
#18
Sandhya Jain, Khushboo Varshney, Neelam B Vaid, Kiran Guleria, Keya Vaid, Neha Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, factors linked with IPV, and effects of IPV on maternal-fetal outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective observational study at a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India, 400 women at 20-28 weeks of pregnancy were screened for IPV between December 2013 and April 2015. The women completed a detailed questionnaire and were followed up until delivery. RESULTS: Overall, 49 (12...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093731/sexual-activity-among-nigerian-women-following-successful-obstetric-fistula-repair
#19
Stephen A Anzaku, Sunday J Lengmang, Samaila Mikah, Steven N Shephard, Bassey E Edem
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate post-operative sexual activity among women who have undergone obstetric fistula repair. METHODS: The present descriptive cross-sectional study recruited married women who had undergone successful obstetric fistula repair who were attending reunion activities at Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria, between March 13 and March 15, 2014. Participants were interviewed regarding penetrative vaginal intercourse after surgery, and any changes in sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, sexual satisfaction, and the presence of coital pain compared with before they experienced obstetric fistula...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092096/associations-between-pre-eclampsia-and-protein-c-and-protein%C3%A2-s-levels-among-pregnant-nigerian-women
#20
Helen C Okoye, Lisa I Eweputanna, Anthony O U Okpani, Oseikhuemen A Ejele
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate levels of protein C and free protein S among women with pre-eclampsia, and determine whether there is a relationship between deficiencies and pre-eclampsia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a hospital in Nigeria from July 2013 to March 2014 among 90 pregnant women with pre-eclampsia (blood pressure ≥140/90 mm Hg, proteinuria ≥300 mg in 24 hours) and 90 normotensive pregnant women (control group). Plasma levels of protein C and free protein S were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and protein C activity by a chromogenic method...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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