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International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159943/retrospective-multicenter-study-of-leaving-the-placenta-in-situ-for-patients-with-placenta-previa-on-a-cesarean-scar
#1
Kei Miyakoshi, Toshimitsu Otani, Eiji Kondoh, Shintaro Makino, Mamoru Tanaka, Satoru Takeda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate maternal outcomes after leaving the placenta in situ for placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders in patients with placenta previa on a cesarean delivery scar. METHODS: The present retrospective study reviewed medical records from women with placenta previa on a cesarean scar underwent perinatal care at secondary- or tertiary-level perinatal centers in Japan between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014. Perinatal management was conducted based on each leading obstetrician's discretion...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159927/hormonal-contraceptive-use-and-vitamin-a-deficiency-among-women-in-tanzania
#2
Zelalem T Haile, Asli K Teweldeberhan, Bhakti Chavan, John Francescon
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between hormonal contraceptive use and vitamin A deficiency among women in Tanzania. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from 8231 women who participated in the 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey. Both descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: Overall, 1291 (weight percentage 17.8%) women reported a history of hormonal contraceptive use. The weighted prevalence of vitamin A deficiency was 36...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154410/predicting-success-of-methotrexate-treatment-by-pretreatment-hcg-level-and-24-hour-hcg-increment
#3
Gabriel Levin, Narjes A Saleh, Rani Haj-Yahya, Liat S Matan, Avi Benshushan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) level and its 24-hour increment as predictors of successful methotrexate treatment for ectopic pregnancy. METHODS: Data were retrospectively reviewed from women with ectopic pregnancy who were treated by single-dose methotrexate (50 mg/m(2) ) at a university hospital in Jerusalem, Israel, between January 1, 2000, and June 30, 2015. Serum β-HCG before treatment and its percentage increment in the 24 hours before treatment were compared between treatment success and failure groups...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149541/diagnostic-accuracy-of-serum-mir-122-and-mir-199a-in-women-with-endometriosis
#4
Ahmed M Maged, Wesam S Deeb, Azza El Amir, Sherif S Zaki, Heba El Sawah, Maged Al Mohamady, Ahmed A Metwally, Maha A Katta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of serum microRNA-122 (miR-122) and miR-199a as reliable noninvasive biomarkers in the diagnosis of endometriosis. METHODS: During 2015-2016, at a teaching hospital in Egypt, a prospective cohort study was conducted on 45 women with pelvic endometriosis and 35 women who underwent laparoscopy for pelvic pain but were not diagnosed with endometriosis. Blood and peritoneal fluid (PF) samples were collected; interleukin-6 (IL-6) was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and miR-122 and miR-199a expression was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149538/psychologic-intimate-partner-violence-and-the-risk-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-rio-de-janeiro
#5
Gustavo Lobato, Michael E Reichenheim, Claudia L Moraes, Fernando M Peixoto-Filho, Lívia S Migowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether psychologic intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is a risk factor for intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: The cross-sectional study enrolled 810 randomly selected mothers of infants younger than 5 months attending basic health services in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from January to July 2007. Psychologic and physical IPV were evaluated by the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale; IUGR was defined as below the 10th percentile of the Alexander curve...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149524/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-fetal-outcomes-following-the-administration-of-influenza-a-h1n1-vaccination-during-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Chuan Zhang, Xiaodong Wang, Dan Liu, Lingli Zhang, Xin Sun
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women were identified as a population of priority for vaccination during the H1N1 influenza pandemic breaking out in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess adverse fetal outcomes following the administration of H1N1 pandemic vaccination during pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched up to January 2017. SELECTION CRITERIA: Cohort studies investigating fetal outcomes after H1N1 influenza vaccination during pregnancy were eligible...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149470/international-survey-of-practices-used-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-placenta-accreta-spectrum-disorders
#7
Margarida Cal, Diogo Ayres-de-Campos, Eric Jauniaux
OBJECTIVE: To identify geographic differences in diagnostic and treatment practices during the perinatal management of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders. METHODS: An online survey was conducted from May 1 to August 1, 2017. The 18-item questionnaire was emailed to all members of the expert panel for the 2018 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics consensus guidelines on PAS (n=34), as well as international experts who had contributed to the content of these guidelines (n=16)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143329/matsubara-takahashi-cervix-holding-technique-for-massive-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-patients-with-placenta-previa-with-or-without-placenta-accreta-spectrum-disorders
#8
Hironori Takahashi, Akihide Ohkuchi, Rie Usui, Hirotada Suzuki, Yosuke Baba, Shigeki Matsubara
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of the Matsubara-Takahashi cervix-holding technique (MT-holding) for achieving hemostasis for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: The present retrospective observational study included data from deliveries that occurred between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2014, at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan. Deliveries were included where patients experienced blood loss greater than 2500 mL and MT-holding was used...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143321/interobserver-agreement-on-standardized-ultrasound-and-histopathologic-signs-for-the-prenatal-diagnosis-of-placenta-accreta-spectrum-disorder
#9
Nurit Zosmer, Eric Jauniaux, Catey Bunce, Jenie Panaiotova, Hizbullah Shaikh, Kypros H Nicholaides
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate interobserver agreement in assessment of ultrasound signs and histopathologic findings associated with placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using data for patients prenatally diagnosed with PAS disorders at a UK hospital between January 31, 2012, and March 30, 2017. Ultrasound images (including gray-scale and color Doppler imaging [CDI] parameters) and histopathologic slides were reviewed by two observers; the level of agreement was calculated...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139556/delivery-outcomes-of-large-for-gestational-age-newborns-stratified-by-the-presence-or-absence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Hadar Rosen, Anat Shmueli, Eran Ashwal, Liran Hiersch, Yariv Yogev, Amir Aviram
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate separate and combined contributions of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and large-for-gestational age (LGA) on delivery outcomes. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study of term singleton deliveries between 2007 and 2014 in Tel Aviv, Israel, outcomes were compared between non-GDM/AGA pregnancies (reference) and three study groups: non-GDM/LGA, GDM/appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and GDM/LGA. RESULTS: Overall, there were 62 102 deliveries, of which 53 201 (85...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139552/critical-evaluation-of-the-palm-coein-classification-system-among-women-with-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-in-low-resource-settings
#11
Divya Shubham, Anjali S Kawthalkar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of the PALM-COEIN system for the classification of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) in low-resource settings and to suggest modifications. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted among women with AUB who were admitted to the gynecology ward of a tertiary care hospital and research center in central India between November 2014 and October 2016. All patients were managed as per department protocols. The causes of AUB were classified before treatment using the PALM-COEIN system (classification I) and on the basis of the histopathology reports of the hysterectomy specimens (classification II); the results were compared using classification II as the gold standard...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119546/a-systematic-review-of-ectopic-pregnancy-after-hysterectomy
#12
REVIEW
Emily X Shao, Kendra Hopper, Matthew McKnoulty, Alka Kothari
BACKGROUND: An ectopic pregnancy after hysterectomy is a rare but potentially life-threatening event. Women with this condition might not be appropriately investigated, resulting in delays in diagnosis and treatment. OBJECTIVES: To characterize cases of ectopic pregnancy occurring after hysterectomy. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched using the terms "pregnancy, abdominal" or "pregnancy, tubal" or "pregnancy, ectopic" and "hysterectomy" or "post-hysterectomy" or "post hysterectomy...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110299/long-non-coding-rna-malat1-expression-in-patients-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Yisheng Zhang, Hangyu Wu, Fuyan Wang, Mei Ye, Hong Zhu, Shizhong Bu
OBJECTIVE: To monitor expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and changes in metabolic profiles among patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted using data for women treated at a hospital in China between October 8, 2014, and April 15, 2015. The cases were women diagnosed with GDM using an oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks of pregnancy (n=50). The controls comprised pregnant women without GDM (n=47)...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095487/the-prognostic-value-of-perioperative-pre-systemic-therapy-ca125-levels-in-patients-with-high-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer
#14
Taymaa May, Jocelyn M Stewart, Marcus Q Bernardini, Sarah E Ferguson, Stephane Laframboise, Haiyan Jiang, Barry Rosen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of preoperative CA125 and post-surgical CA125 changes to predict outcomes among patients with high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC). METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study included patients with HGSC who underwent surgery between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2011 at Princess Margaret Cancer Center, Toronto, ON, Canada. CA125 was measured at diagnosis and following surgery, and the CA125 ratio was calculated (preoperative CA125/postoperative CA125)...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094754/the-obstetrician-gynecologist-and-the-sustainable-development-goals
#15
EDITORIAL
Richard M K Adanu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094370/post-ebola-situational-assessment-of-opportunities-for-capacity-building-at-the-national-obstetrics-and-gynecology-referral-hospital-in-sierra-leone
#16
Rachel Chan Seay, Alimamy P Koroma, Jenell Coleman, John Sampson, Lucy Koroma, Emmanuel A Ugwa, Jean Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To describe a site assessment of the Princess Christian Maternity Hospital (PCMH; Freetown, Sierra Leone), the national referral center for reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (RMNCAH) services and logical site for focused efforts to train and expand the RMNCAH workforce in Sierra Leone. METHODS: In April 2016, a mixed-methods assessment approach was used involving facility observation and staff interviews using the WHO's Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) tool...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094357/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-performance-of-second-trimester-screening-for-prenatal-detection-of-congenital-heart-defects
#17
Christine L van Velzen, Johannes C F Ket, Peter M van de Ven, Nico A Blom, Monique C Haak
BACKGROUND: The prenatal detection rate of congenital heart defects (CHDs) is increasing, but reported rates vary. OBJECTIVE: To determine the performance of the second-trimester anomaly scan to detect CHD. SEARCH STRATEGY: PubMed and Embase were searched for relevant studies in any language from inception to February 3, 2017. The search terms included "prenatal diagnosis" or "pregnancy," "cardiovascular diseases" or "cardiac defects," "congenital," and "specificity," or "sensitivity," or "cohort study...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094354/meta-analysis-of-associations-between-maternal-breast-cancer-and-the-risk-of-adverse-delivery-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Chenyu Sun, Xiuxiu Ding, Yile Wu, Liqi Yang
BACKGROUND: Research into the effects of breast cancer on delivery outcomes has generated inconsistent findings. OBJECTIVES: To pool data from existing observational studies of the effect of breast cancer on preterm delivery and low delivery weight. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic literature search of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases using keywords including, "breast cancer" and "birth outcome" up to March 7, 2017, was performed...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094345/cesarean-rates-and-severe-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-according-to-the-robson-10-group-classification-system-in-khon-kaen-province-thailand
#19
Natthapong Kankoon, Pisake Lumbiganon, Chumnan Kietpeerakool, Ussanee Sangkomkamhang, Ana P Betrán, Michael Robson
OBJECTIVE: To assess cesarean rates and maternal and neonatal outcomes in each group in the Robson 10-Group Classification System (TGCS). METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, data were reviewed from all pregnant women who delivered at 24 government hospitals in Khon Kaen Province, Thailand, in 2014. Delivery and perinatal outcomes were recorded. RESULTS: Of 18 043 deliveries, 5666 (31.4%) were by cesarean. Women in group 5 (previous cesarean) accounted for the most cesareans (1472, 26...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29086915/the-importance-of-bladder-volume-in-the-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-placenta-accreta-spectrum-disorders
#20
Henry Maynard, Stacy Zamudio, Eric Jauniaux, Sally L Collins
OBJECTIVE: To assess how a quantifiable measure of vascularity-i.e. abnormal confluence (Acon ) in the subplacental myometrium observed by three-dimensional power-Doppler ultrasonography-changes with different bladder volumes. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, women referred to a tertiary UK center with suspected PAS disorders were recruited between August 2015 and May 2017. The largest area of confluent three-dimensional power-Doppler signal (Acon ) at the uteroplacental interface was estimated under two bladder volumes differing by at least 200 mL...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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