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International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524326/family-planning-knowledge-and-use-among-women-in-camps-for-internally-displaced-people-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#1
Rogatien M Kisindja, Christophe Kimona, Modestine Etoy, Florby Dorme, Nerys Benfield
OBJECTIVE: To describe family planning awareness and needs among internally displaced women residing in the Mugunga camps in North Kivu, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of women aged 14-45 years residing in the Mugunga camps was conducted during March 2014. The verbally administered survey assessed participants' obstetric history and their family planning knowledge, interest, and use. Descriptive statistics were obtained...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513837/maternal-near-miss-in-low-resource-areas
#2
Robert L Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Sumera Ali, Janet L Moore, Adrien Lokangako, Antoinette Tshefu, Musaku Mwenechanya, Elwyn Chomba, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad Goudar, Bhalachandra Kodkany, Archana Patel, Fabian Esamai, Paul Nsyonge, Margo S Harrison, Melissa Bauserman, Carl L Bose, Nancy F Krebs, K Michael Hambidge, Richard J Derman, Patricia L Hibberd, Edward A Liechty, Dennis D Wallace, Jose M Belizan, Menachem Miodovnik, Marion Koso-Thomas, Waldemar A Carlo, Alan H Jobe, Elizabeth M McClure
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Global Network Near-Miss Maternal Mortality System and its application in seven sites. METHODS: In a population-based study, pregnant women eligible for enrollment in the Maternal and Newborn Health Registry at seven sites (Democratic Republic of the Congo; Guatemala; Belagavi and Nagpur, India; Kenya; Pakistan; and Zambia) between January 2014 and April 2016 were screened to identify those likely to have a near-miss event. The WHO maternal near-miss criteria were modified for low-resource settings...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513833/potential-role-and-prognostic-importance-of-dishevelled-2-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#3
Rong Liu, Jialin Cheng, Yannan Chen, Wei Wang, Jie Chen, Guoxin Mao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role and prognostic importance of Dvl2 in human epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS: A multimethod study was undertaken including patients with pathologically confirmed non-metastatic EOC who underwent surgery for maximum tumor resection at a center in China. Dvl2 expression was assessed by western blot using fresh EOC tissues and normal ovarian tissues obtained between June 2014 and January 2015. Additionally, retrospective data were obtained for patients treated between April 2004 and September 2009...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512918/postpartum-contraceptive-choices-among-women-attending-a-well-baby-clinic-in-ghana
#4
Emmanuel S K Morhe, Frank Ankobea, Gerald O Asubonteng, Baafuor Opoku, Cornelius A Turpin, Vanessa K Dalton
OBJECTIVE: To assess postpartum contraceptive choices among women attending a well-baby clinic in Ghana. METHODS: From April 1 to May 31, 2011, a descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among women who attended the well-baby clinic of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, at 6-24 months after delivery. Participants were consecutively recruited and interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires. Data were collected on demographics, exposure to family planning counseling, message content, and postpartum contraceptive choices...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504849/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cervical-papillary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-unknown-depth-of-stromal-invasion
#5
Xuyin Zhang, Jingxin Ding, Xiang Tao, Huijun Qian, Keqin Hua
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnosis and treatment of papillary squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) of the uterine cervix with unknown depth of stromal invasion. METHODS: In a retrospective study, the diagnostic and treatment strategies after colposcopy-guided biopsy sampling were assessed among patients seen at a university hospital in Shanghai, China, in 2008-2015. RESULTS: Among 55 patients, 29 with clinically visible lesions underwent radical hysterectomy; the final pathologic diagnosis was invasive squamous cell carcinoma in all patients...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504833/the-role-of-men-in-pregnancy-decision-making-in-an-urban-area-of-the-philippines
#6
Alanna E Hirz, Josephine L Avila, Jessica D Gipson
OBJECTIVE: To understand the beliefs of men in the Philippines surrounding unintended pregnancy and induced abortion, and perceptions of their roles in pregnancy decision making. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected during in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with men in an urban area of the Philippines between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2008. Interview participants were purposively after having reported being "afraid or troubled" or "afraid and [planning] to terminate" in response to a recent pregnancy...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504829/prediction-of-thrombophilia-in-patients-with-unexplained-recurrent-pregnancy-loss-using-a-statistical-model
#7
Tongfei Wang, Xiaomin Kang, Liying He, Zhilan Liu, Haijing Xu, Aimin Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To establish a statistical model to predict thrombophilia in patients with unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss (URPL). METHODS: A retrospective case-control study was conducted at Ren Ji Hospital, Shanghai, China, from March 2014 to October 2016. The levels of D-dimer (DD), fibrinogen degradation products (FDP), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time (TT), fibrinogen (Fg), and platelet aggregation in response to arachidonic acid (AA) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) were collected...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504820/using-propensity-score-matching-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-complementary-medicine-on-clinical-and-embryologic-outcomes-of-in-vitro-fertilization
#8
Anat Porat-Katz, Talia Eldar-Geva, Arik Kahane, Ora Paltiel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between using complementary medical therapies (CMTs) and embryologic and clinical outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: The present prospective questionnaire-based cohort study enrolled women aged 18-44 years undergoing their first, second, or third IVF cycle using their own oocytes at a large IVF clinic in Israel between February 1, 2013, and July 31, 2015. Clinical and embryologic data were obtained from patient records and patients completed a self-administered questionnaire that included details of any CMTs used to treat infertility...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504819/population-based-cohort-study-of-the-effect-of-endometrial-cancer-classification-and-treatment-criteria-on-long-term-survival
#9
Teresia Svanvik, Karin Sundfeldt, Ulf Strömberg, Erik Holmberg, Janusz Marcickiewicz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if increased individualization in endometrial cancer classification/treatment affected relative survival. METHODS: The present retrospective register-based population study included data from all women in the western Swedish healthcare region who were treated for endometrial cancer between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2011. Outcomes and prognostic data were retrieved from the western Swedish healthcare region's cancer and clinical endometrial cancer registries...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502115/use-of-the-10-group-classification-system-to-analyze-how-the-population-control-policy-change-in-china-has-affected-cesarean-delivery
#10
Yihui Zhang, Ning Gu, Zhiqun Wang, Mingming Zheng, Yali Hu, Yimin Dai
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the initial effect following the relaxation of China's population control policy on the cesarean delivery (CD) rate using the 10-Group Classification System (TGCS). METHODS: A retrospective study included all deliveries at a center in Nanjing, China, during 2014-2015. The deliveries were classified using the TGCS. The obstetric populations and the CD rates in each group were compared between 2014 and 2015. RESULTS: Overall, 11 006 deliveries were analyzed...
May 14, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500780/prognostic-factors-of-maternal-near-miss-events-and-maternal-deaths-in-a-tertiary-healthcare-facility-in-india
#11
Tabassum Khan, Poonam Laul, Anish Laul, Mohammed Ramzan
OBJECTIVE: To study maternal near miss (MNM) and maternal mortality to identify rectifiable risk factors. METHODS: The present cross-sectional retrospective study included pregnant women who experienced acute life-threatening pregnancy-related adverse events at Deen Dayal Upadhyay hospital, New Delhi, India, between September 1, 2009, and August 31, 2011. Patient data were analyzed to investigate factors associated with MNM events and maternal deaths. RESULTS: There were 369 patients included, and 302 MNM events and 67 maternal deaths were recorded...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500757/meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-the-maternal-vitamin-d-level-on-the-risk-of-spontaneous-pregnancy-loss
#12
REVIEW
Heng Zhang, Zhaohui Huang, Limin Xiao, Xinye Jiang, Daozhen Chen, Yarong Wei
BACKGROUND: The association between vitamin D deficiency and early spontaneous pregnancy loss (SPL) is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and SPL. SEARCH STRATEGY: Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science were searched for relevant papers published before February 20, 2016, using search terms including "vitamin D" and "pregnancy loss." SELECTION CRITERIA: Case-control and cohort studies investigating the relationship of maternal serum 25(OH)D and SPL were included...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494111/evaluation-of-indicated-non-cosmetic-panniculectomy-at-time-of-gynecologic-surgery
#13
Ryan W Rasmussen, Jay R Patibandla, Michael P Hopkins
OBJECTIVE: To report postoperative outcomes among patients undergoing indicated non-cosmetic panniculectomy at the time of gynecologic surgery. METHODS: Medical charts were retrospectively reviewed for patients who underwent panniculectomy coupled with gynecologic surgery at a university-affiliated hospital in the USA in 1990-2014. The data reviewed included age, body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters), surgical procedure, estimated blood loss, pathology, wound complication, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, and readmission rate...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494104/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-association-with-lifestyle-and-cardiovascular-biomarkers-among-postmenopausal-women-in-western-algeria
#14
Ali Khalfa, Amina Tiali, Lakhdar Zemour, Azzedine Fatah, Khedidja Mekki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), its components, and their relationship with lifestyle, inflammation, and oxidative stress among postmenopausal Algerian women. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional survey was conducted among postmenopausal women at a clinic in Oran, Algeria, from March 1 to June 28, 2015. A diagnosis of MetS was made using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines. Demographic, clinical, metabolic, inflammatory, dietary, and energy variables were assessed...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494099/prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-evaluated-by-universal-screening-with-a-75-g-2-hour-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-and-iadpsg-criteria
#15
Deniz Karcaaltincaba, Pinar Calis, Nagehan Ocal, Aykut Ozek, Melis Altug Inan, Merih Bayram
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and its association with maternal age among Turkish women diagnosed by International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013-2015 among non-diabetic pregnant women aged 18-49 years who were universally screened for GDM by IADPSG criteria. The percentage of women meeting each diagnostic threshold and the prevalence of GDM by age group were calculated...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485838/involvement-and-comfort-of-gynecologic-oncologists-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-with-gynecologic-malignancies
#16
Ira Winer, Divya Patel, Vanessa Dalton, Carolyn Johnston, Elisabeth H Quint, Melissa Zochowski, Adnan Munkarah, Robert Morris, Hope Haefner
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the provision of care for pediatric and adolescent patients by gynecologic oncologists. METHODS: The present prospective cross-sectional study enrolled attending physicians and fellows specializing in gynecologic oncology from the USA during December 2012 and January 2013. A 33-question survey collecting demographic data and details of participant opinions on existing practices was distributed to potential respondents. Survey responses were aggregated and descriptive analyses were performed...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485834/profile-and-outcomes-of-women-with-pregnancy-related-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-dialysis-at-a-center-in-ethiopia
#17
Delayehu Bekele, Momina Ahmed, Ahmed Ibrahim, Seman Kedir, Grace Chan
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical profile and outcomes of women with pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (AKI) undergoing dialysis at Saint Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, where the first publicly funded large-scale dialysis service in Ethiopia was established. METHODS: In a hospital-based retrospective study, clinical records were reviewed for all women with pregnancy-related AKI attending the hemodialysis unit at the study center between August 2013 and July 2015...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485828/randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effect-of-amniotomy-on-the-duration-of-spontaneous-labor
#18
Malarvizhi Vadivelu, Swati Rathore, Santosh J Benjamin, Anuja Abraham, Belavendra Antonisamy, Jiji E Mathews
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of amniotomy on the duration of spontaneous labor. METHODS: In the present randomized controlled trial, women in spontaneous labor with singleton pregnancies presenting at a tertiary teaching hospital in South India between August 1, 2014, and October 31, 2015, were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to undergo amniotomy or conservative management. The primary outcome was the duration of labor. Per-protocol analyses were performed and the duration of labor was compared between the groups of patients...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485827/correlation-between-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-and-maternal-visceral-adiposity-with-fetal-biometry-during-the-second-trimester
#19
Karina Rm Lopes, Alex Sandro R Souza, José N Figueiroa, João Guilherme B Alves
OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and maternal visceral adiposity with fetal biometry during the second trimester. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted among pregnant women who received prenatal care at a center in Recife, Brazil, between October 3, 2011, and September 27, 2013. Pre-pregnancy BMI was determined at the first prenatal care visit. Maternal visceral adiposity and fetal biometry were measured at the same ultrasonography session...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475249/primary-chylous-vaginal-discharge-demonstrated-with-noncontrast-magnetic-resonance-lymphography
#20
Mariam Soumah, Sanaâ El Mouhadi, Corinne Becker, Lionel Arrivé
Primary chylous vaginal discharge is rare. It can be associated with lower limb, pelvic, or vulvar lymphedema or cutaneous vesicles in the perineum, labia, or legs. An analysis of vaginal discharge is helpful to reveal milky fluid with chylomicrons and a triglyceride rate greater than 11 mL/L [1]. In the present case, chylous vaginal discharge was due to a hyperplasia-dysplasia of lymphatics in the pelvis abutting the uterus, cervix, and vagina. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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