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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733044/management-of-displaced-inferior-patellar-pole-fractures-with-modified-tension-band-technique-combined-with-cable-cerclage-using-cable-grip-system
#1
Xu Yang, Qinfen Wu, Chin-Hui Lai, Xin Wang
INTRODUCTION: We present a modified tension band technique combined with cable cerclage using Cable Grip System for the treatment of displaced inferior patellar pole fractures and report the knee functional outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients who had had operative treatment of a displaced inferior patellar pole fracture (AO/OTA 34-A1) between December 2013 and December 2015 were studied retrospectively. Eleven consecutive patients had had open reduction and internal fixation with the modified technique using Cable Grip System, of whom, five males and six females with an average age of 60...
July 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729007/the-feasibility-of-point-of-care-ankle-ultrasound-examination-in-patients-with-recurrent-ankle-sprain-and-chronic-ankle-instability-comparison-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Sun Hwa Lee, Seong Jong Yun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of point-of-care ankle ultrasound compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing major ligaments and Achilles tendon injuries in patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability, and to evaluate inter-observer reliability between an emergency physician and a musculoskeletal radiology fellow. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in an emergency department. Patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability were recruited...
July 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736126/outcomes-following-osteosynthesis-of-periprosthetic-hip-fractures-around-cemented-tapered-polished-stems
#3
S T Goudie, S Patil, J T Patton, J F Keating
We retrospectively reviewed outcomes of 79 patients with periprosthetic hip fractures around cemented tapered polished stem (CTPS) implants treated with osteosynthesis between January 1997 and July 2011. All patients underwent open reduction and fixation using a broad dynamic compression plate (DCP). Seventy two (91%) of fractures united. There were seven (9%) non-unions with failure of metal work, three (4%) as a result of infection and four (5%) due to mechanical failure. Significant subsidence (>5mm) of the implant was seen in seven (9%) of cases...
July 12, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736125/minimally-invasive-treatment-of-displaced-femoral-shaft-fractures-with-a-teleoperated-robot-assisted-surgical-system
#4
Qing Zhu, Bin Liang, Xingsong Wang, Xiaogang Sun, Liming Wang
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgical operation of intramedullary (IM) nailing is a standard technique for treating diaphyseal fractures. However, in addition to its advantages, there are some drawbacks such as the frequent occurrence of malalignment, physical fatigue and high radiation exposure to medical staff. The use of robotic and navigation techniques is promising treatments for femoral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper presents a novel robot-assisted manipulator for femoral shaft fracture reduction with indirect contact with the femur...
July 12, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734494/bone-transport-versus-acute-shortening-for-the-management-of-infected-tibial-non-unions-with-bone-defects
#5
Kevin Tetsworth, Cengiz Sen, John E Herzenberg, Matthew Jaffe, Dean C Maar, Vaida Glatt, Dror Paley, Erik Hohmann
INTRODUCTION: This study compared bone transport to acute shortening/lengthening in a series of infected tibial segmental defects for infected tibial non-union. METHODS: In a retrospective comparative study 42 patients treated for infected tibial non-union with segmental bone loss measuring between 3 and 10cm were included. Group A was treated with bone transport and Group B with acute shortening/lengthening. All patients were treated by Ilizarov methods for gradual correction as bi-focal or tri-focal treatment; the treating surgeon selected either transport or acute shortening based on clinical considerations...
July 12, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733042/complications-and-unplanned-outcomes-following-operative-treatment-of-tibial-plateau-fractures
#6
David Kugelman, Abdullah Qatu, Jack Haglin, Phillip Leucht, Sanjit Konda, Kenneth Egol
INTRODUCTION: The operative management of tibial plateau fractures is challenging and post-operative complications do occur. The purpose of this study was three-fold. 1). To report complications and unplanned outcomes in patients who had sustained tibial plateau fractures and were operatively managed 2). To report predictors of these post-operative events 3). To report if differences in clinical outcomes exist in patients who sustained a post-operative event. METHODS: Over 11 years, all tibial plateau fractures were prospectively followed...
July 12, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736124/implications-of-three-dimensional-modeling-of-the-proximal-femur-for-cephalomedullary-nailing-an-asian-cadaver-study
#7
Chang-Soo Chon, Bokku Kang, Han Sung Kim, Gu-Hee Jung
PURPOSE: To determine the variability in the ideal entry point of cephalomedullary (CM) nail around the greater trochanter (GT) and the consequent conformity with the proximal femur by analyzing three-dimensional (3D) modeling and virtual implantation MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 105 cadaveric femurs (50 males and 55 females) underwent continuous 1.0mm slice computed tomography (CT) scans. CT images imported into Mimics(®) software to reconstruct the 3D model of the proximal femur and medullary canal...
July 11, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729006/a-representative-assessment-of-the-management-of-open-fractures-of-the-lower-limb-within-uk-orthoplastic-centres-a-two-centre-audit-of-compliance-with-national-standards
#8
B Rymer, E O F Dimovska, D T S Chou, R Choa, B Davis, S Huq
BACKGROUND: Open fractures of the lower limb represent a complex and varied array of injuries. The BOAST 4 document produced by BAPRAS and the BOA provides standards on how to manage these patients, and NICE have recently produced additional guidance. We aimed to assess concordance with these standards in a large cohort representative of UK orthoplastic centres. METHODS: Patients admitted to the orthoplastic units at Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital and Royal Stoke University Hospital with open lower limb fractures between 2009 and 2014 were included...
July 11, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734495/clinical-experiences-in-the-use-of-a-gentamicin-coated-titanium-nail-in-tibia-fractures-and-revisions
#9
G Schmidmaier, M Kerstan, P Schwabe, N Südkamp, M Raschke
Despite the improvement of surgical techniques surgical site infections (SSIs) still remain a significant clinical burden in high risk patients undergoing osteosynthesis for tibia fractures. The use of an antibiotic coated implant might reduce the adhesion of bacteria on the implant surface and could therefore reduce the rate of implant-related infection or osteomyelitis. In this prospective multicenter study the use of a gentamicin-coated tibia nail for the treatment of open and closed tibia fractures and non-union revision cases was evaluated in 100 patients (99 treated) followed for 18 months...
July 10, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736123/analysis-of-two-treatment-modalities-for-the-prevention-of-vomiting-after-trauma-orogastric-tube-or-anti-emetics
#10
H D Vermeijden, L P H Leenen, M van Polen, M G W Dijkgraaf, F Hietbrink
INTRODUCTION: Vomiting in the emergency department after trauma occurs frequently and might lead to aspiration of gastric content. An orogastric tube (OGT) is a way to prevent emesis. However, this is an inconvenient procedure and may actually trigger vomiting. Therefore, a change in policy was applied from preferably an OGT to the administration of anti-emetics in a selected population. The aim of this study was to analyse the prevention of vomiting in trauma patients after OGT or anti-emetics...
July 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716210/exploring-injury-severity-measures-and-in-hospital-mortality-a-multi-hospital-study-in-kenya
#11
Yuen W Hung, Huan He, Amber Mehmood, Isaac Botchey, Hassan Saidi, Adnan A Hyder, Abdulgafoor M Bachani
INTRODUCTION: Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have a disproportionately high burden of injuries. Most injury severity measures were developed in high-income settings and there have been limited studies on their application and validity in low-resource settings. In this study, we compared the performance of seven injury severity measures: estimated Injury Severity Score (eISS), Glasgow Coma Score (GCS), Mechanism, GCS, Age, Pressure score (MGAP), GCS, Age, Pressure score (GAP), Revised Trauma Score (RTS), Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) and Kampala Trauma Score (KTS), in predicting in-hospital mortality in a multi-hospital cohort of adult patients in Kenya...
July 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711170/early-selenium-treatment-for-traumatic-brain-injury-does-it-improve-survival-and-functional-outcome
#12
Hosseinali Khalili, Rebecka Ahl, Yang Cao, Shahram Paydar, Gabriel Sjölin, Amin Niakan, Gholamreza Dabiri, Shahin Mohseni
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and debility following trauma. The initial brain tissue insult is worsened by secondary reactive responses including oxidative stress reactions, inflammatory changes and subsequent permanent neurologic deficits. Effective agents to improve functional outcome and survival following TBI are scarce. Selenium is an antioxidant which has shown to reduce oxidative stress. This study examines the effect of intravenous selenium (Selenase(®)) treatment in patients with severe TBI on functional outcome and survival in a prospective study design...
July 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701282/risk-factors-for-myocardial-dysfunction-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-one-year-follow-up-study
#13
Kang Lu, Cheng-Loong Liang, Ping-Chia Li, Po-Chou Liliang, Chih-Yuan Huang, Yi-Che Lee, Kuo-Wei Wang, San-Nan Yang, Yuan-Ting Sun, Hao-Kuang Wang
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury has been associated with an increased risk of myocardial dysfunction. Common abnormalities accompanying this pathology include electrocardiographic abnormalities, elevated creatine kinase levels, arrhythmias, and pathologic changes of the myocardium. The aim of this study was to determine if TBI patients have a higher risk of myocardial dysfunction than the general population and to identify the risk factors of myocardial dysfunction in TBI patients...
July 8, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693816/anterior-pedicle-spreader-reduction-for-unilateral-cervical-facet-dislocation
#14
Zhengfeng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The anterior only surgical procedure including discectomy, open reduction and fusion is used as a recommended approach in the treatment of unilateral cervical facet dislocations, but is difficult to achieve satisfactory anterior open reduction by vertebra distractor to spread the facet joints, especially for delayed management of unilateral cervical facet dislocation (7-21days). The goal of this study was to report an anterior pedicle spreader technique to distract directly the facet joint for anterior reduction and the results of 4 patients with successful application and describe safety...
July 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689808/effectiveness-of-sonography-assisted-minimal-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-mipo-compare-with-fluoroscope-assisted-in-femoral-shaft-fracture-a-cadaveric-study
#15
Jirawat Saengsin, Tanawat Vaseenon, Nuttaya Pattamapaspong, Apipop Kritsaneephaiboon
INTRODUCTION: A minimal invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) has an advantage of biological soft tissue preservation that consists of preserving bony blood supply, fracture hematoma and less soft tissue damage which leads to decreasing of infection rate and rapid bone healing. However, the radiation exposure is still a disadvantage of this technique. A sonography that provides dynamic real time imaging may be used as an alternative technique for assisting MIPO. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of MIPO in femoral shaft fracture between the sonography assisted and the fluoroscopy assisted...
July 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693815/comorbid-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-increases-pain-symptoms-in-patients-suffering-from-an-isolated-limb-fracture
#16
Marianne Jodoin, Dominique M Rouleau, Nadia Gosselin, Benoit Benoit, Stéphane Leduc, Yves Laflamme, Camille Larson-Dupuis, Louis De Beaumont
OBJECTIVES: This study seeks to evaluate the effects of a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) on pain in patients with an isolated limb fracture (ILF) when compared to a matched cohort group with no mTBI (control group). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All subjects included in this observational study suffered from an ILF. Groups were matched according to the type of injury, sex, age, and time since the accident. Main outcome measurements were: Standardized semi-structured interviews at follow-up of a Level I Trauma Center, and a questionnaire on fracture-related pain symptoms...
July 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689807/rewriting-the-tip-apex-distance-for-the-proximal-femoral-nail-anti-rotation
#17
Michael Yam, Anuj Chawla, Ernest Kwek
INTRODUCTION: The proximal femur nail anti-rotation (PFNA-II) (Synthes GmbH, Oberdorf, Switzerland) is the most commonly used implant for intramedullary nailing of unstable intertrochanteric fractures in our centre. However, mechanical failure of the bone with respect to the implant is a cause of concern due to its significant morbidity especially in the elderly. To date, factors for fixation failures are not well defined in the literature. This study aims to evaluate the factors that predispose to cut out of the PFNA implant and to provide a guide for surgical fixation...
July 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711169/the-risk-of-suprascapular-and-axillary-nerve-injury-in-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-an-anatomic-study
#18
Tim Leschinger, Michael Hackl, Eduard Buess, Sebastian Lappen, Martin Scaal, Lars Peter Müller, Kilian Wegmann
PURPOSE: Implantation of a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) places the axillary and suprascapular nerves at risk. The aim of this anatomic study was to digitally analyse the location of these nerves in relation to bony landmarks in order to predict their path and thereby help to reduce the risk of neurological complications during the procedure. METHODS: A total of 22 human cadaveric shoulder specimens were used in this study. The axillary and suprascapular nerves were dissected, and radiopaque threads were sutured onto the nerves without mobilizing the nerves from their native paths...
June 28, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711171/the-pivotal-role-of-the-coronal-fracture-line-for-a-new-three-dimensional-ct-based-fracture-classification-of-bicondylar-proximal-tibial-fractures
#19
Robert Pätzold, Jan Friederichs, Christian von Rüden, Stephanie Panzer, Volker Bühren, Peter Augat
INTRODUCTION: Classical fracture classifications (AO/OTA, Schatzker) are commonly used to characterize bicondylar proximal tibial fractures. However, none of these classifications allows for a treatment algorithm. The aim of our study was to use 3D appearance of these fractures in CT imaging to improve the clinical value of the classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3D appearance of 81 CT scans of bicondylar proximal tibial fractures were systematically analyzed and were classified in 3 subtypes, based on the fracture lines orientation...
June 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733043/perioperative-hypotension-and-discharge-outcomes-in-non-critically-injured-trauma-patients-a-single-centre-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Nadav Sheffy, Itay Bentov, Brianna Mills, Bala G Nair, G Alec Rooke, Monica S Vavilala
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on the effect of age on perioperative care and outcomes after minor trauma in the elderly. We examined the association between perioperative hypotension and discharge outcome among non-critically injured adult patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of non-critically ill patients (ISS <9 or discharged within less than 24h) who received anaesthesia care for surgery and Recovery Room care at a level-1 trauma centre between 5/1/2012 and 11/30/2013...
June 24, 2017: Injury
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