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Injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912931/consensus-statement-surgical-stabilization-of-rib-fractures-rib-fracture-colloquium-clinical-practice-guidelines
#1
Fredric M Pieracci, Sarah Majercik, Francis Ali-Osman, Darwin Ang, Andrew Doben, John G Edwards, Bruce French, Mario Gasparri, Silvana Marasco, Christian Minshall, Babak Sarani, William Tisol, Don H VanBoerum, Thomas W White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908493/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-kampala-trauma-score-using-estimated-abbreviated-injury-scale-scores-and-physician-opinion
#2
Andrew Gardner, Paa Kobina Forson, George Oduro, Barclay Stewart, Nkechi Dike, Paul Glover, Ronald F Maio
BACKGROUND: The Kampala Trauma Score (KTS) has been proposed as a triage tool for use in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study aimed to examine the diagnostic accuracy of KTS in predicting emergency department outcomes using timely injury estimation with Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) score and physician opinion to calculate KTS scores. METHODS: This was a diagnostic accuracy study of KTS among injured patients presenting to Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital A&E, Ghana...
November 21, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894591/prehospital-fast-track-care-for-patients-with-hip-fracture-impact-on-time-to-surgery-hospital-stay-post-operative-complications-and-mortality-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
LETTER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889112/risk-factors-for-cut-out-of-double-lag-screw-fixation-in-proximal-femoral-fractures
#4
Kadir Buyukdogan, Omur Caglar, Samet Isik, Mazhar Tokgozoglu, Bulent Atilla
OBJECTIVE: We assessed factors associated with cut-out after internal fixation of proximal femoral fractures using double lag screw nails. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A university hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with non-pathological intertrochanteric femur fractures and a minumum 90days follow-up who underwent internal fixation with dual lag screw nails were included. Potential risk factors for lag screw cut-out investigated by our study were: age, gender, body mass index, comorbidities (American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA] classification), type of fracture (AO/OTA classification), fracture stability, side, operation time, implant length, reduction quality, tip-apex distance (TAD), and lag screw configuration...
November 19, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889109/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-impact-of-physiotherapy-and-self-directed-exercise-on-the-functional-outcome-of-internally-fixed-isolated-unimalleolar-weber-b-ankle-fractures
#5
E Karam, F S Shivji, A Bhattacharya, D J Bryson, D P Forward, B E Scammell, B J Ollivere
This study aimed to measure the functional outcome and quality of life in a group of patients with the same fracture type (unimalleolar Weber B ankle fractures) treated operatively at various time points and to explore the determinants of such outcomes. A cross-sectional retrospective population study was conducted. Validated Patient Related Outcome Measures (PROMs) and patient interviews were used. Fifty-one patients were included with a mean age of 54.9 years. Mean follow-up was 25 months (range 4-46 months)...
November 19, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912932/trauma-surgery-by-general-surgeons-still-an-option-for-proximal-femoral-fractures
#6
Kaij Treskes, Stijn C Voeten, Maria C J M Tol, Wietse P Zuidema, Jefrey Vermeulen, J Carel Goslings, Niels W L Schep
INTRODUCTION: Surgery for proximal femoral fractures in the Netherlands is performed by trauma surgeons, general surgeons and orthopaedic surgeons. The aim of this study was to assess whether there is a difference in outcome for patients with proximal femoral fractures operated by trauma surgeons versus general surgeons. Secondly, the relation between hospital and surgeon volume and postoperative complications was explored. METHODS: Patients of 18 years and older were included if operated for a proximal femoral fracture by a trauma surgeon or a general surgeon in two academic, eight teaching and two non-teaching hospitals in the Netherlands from January 2010 until December 2013...
November 18, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890336/complications-and-revision-amputation-following-trauma-related-lower-limb-loss
#7
Eric Edison Low, Elizabeth Inkellis, Saam Morshed
INTRODUCTION: Trauma-related amputations are a common cause of limb loss in the United States. Despite the military and public health impact of trauma-related amputations, distributions of various lower limb amputations and the relative frequency of complications and revision amputations have not been well described. We used the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) in order to investigate the epidemiology of trauma-related lower extremity amputations among civilians in U.S. trauma centers...
November 18, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889111/minimally-invasive-fixation-in-tibial-plateau-fractures-using-an-pre-operative-and-intra-operative-real-size-3d-printing
#8
Silvio Giannetti, Nicola Bizzotto, Andrea Stancati, Attilio Santucci
The purpose of our study was to compare the outcome after minimally invasive reconstruction and internal fixation with and without the use of pre- and intra-operative real size 3D printing for patients with displaced tibial plateau fractures (TPFs). We prospectively followed up 40 consecutive adult patients with closed TPF who underwent surgical treatment of reconstruction of the tibial plateau with the use of minimally invasive fixation. Sixteen patients (group 1) were operated using a pre-operative and intra-operative real size 3D-model, while 24 patients (group 2) were operated without 3D-model printing, but using only pre-operative and intra-operative 3D Tc-scan images...
November 18, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889110/psychological-distress-and-physical-disability-in-patients-sustaining-severe-injuries-in-road-traffic-crashes-results-from-a-one-year-cohort-study-from-three-european-countries
#9
Maria Papadakaki, Eleonora Ferraro Ottavia, Chiara Orsi, Dietmar Otte, Georgia Tzamalouka, Marco von-der-Geest, Timo Lajunen, Türker Özkan, Anna Morandi, Markos Sarris, George Pierrakos, Joannes Chliaoutakis
The current study aimed to follow-up a group of road crash survivors for one year and assesses the impact of injury on their psychological and physical condition. All crash survivors that were admitted to the intensive or sub-intensive care units of selected hospitals in Greece, Germany and Italy over one year period (2013-2014), were invited to participate in the study and were interviewed at three different time-points as follows: (a) at one month (baseline data), (b) at six months, and (c) at twelve months...
November 18, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887702/wiring-technique-for-lesser-trochanter-fixation-in-proximal-im-nailing-of-unstable-intertrochanteric-fractures-a-modified-candy-package-wiring-technique
#10
Gyeong Min Kim, Kwang Woo Nam, Kyu-Bum Seo, Chaemoon Lim, Jiyun Kim, Yong-Geun Park
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to introduce a new surgical technique, that involves modified Candy-package wiring followed by IM nailing fixation and to determine the clinical and radiological results obtained in patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures with a lesser trochanter fragment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 22 patients who were undergone proximal IM nailing with lesser trochanter wiring between January 2014 to June 2015...
November 18, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908492/fragility-fractures-of-the-ankle-in-the-elderly-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-versus-tibio-talo-calcaneal-nailing-short-term-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#11
D Georgiannos, V Lampridis, I Bisbinas
INTRODUCTION: The management of ankle fractures in the elderly remains unpredictable, secondary to their various co-morbidities. Although tibiotalocalcaneal (TTC) nailing has been an effective option for ankle arthrodesis due to ankle arthritis or Charcot arthropathy there are few reports regarding the use of TTC nail for the treatment of ankle fractures. PURPOSE: Aim of this study was to compare the results of ORIF versus TTC nailing for the treatment of unstable ankle fractures in the elderly...
November 17, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903406/morphology-of-the-posteromedial-fragment-in-pertrochanteric-fractures-a-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-analysis
#12
Gaurav Sharma, Kiran Kumar Gn, Kavin Khatri, Ravijot Singh, Shivanand Gamanagatti, Vijay Sharma
BACKGROUND: In this study we describe the morphology of the posteromedial fragment in pertrochanteric fractures using 3D CT scans and answer two questions 1) Do differences exist between the 3D CT appearances of posteromedial fragments and the depictions made in the AO classification 2) Does the posteromedial fragment affect stability in pertrochanteric fractures, in terms of fracture collapse? METHODS: Preoperative CT scans of eight 31-A1 and fifty 31-A2 fractures were analysed...
November 17, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890337/a-double-button-adjustable-loop-device-is-biomechanically-equivalent-to-tension-band-wire-in-the-fixation-of-transverse-patellar-fractures-a-cadaveric-study
#13
Fucai Han, Christopher Jon Pearce, David Q K Ng, Amit K Ramruttun, Desmond Y R Chong, Diarmuid Murphy, Chin Tat Lim, Bernard C S Lee
INTRODUCTION: Tension-band wire fixation of patellar fractures is associated with significant hardware-related complications and infection. Braided polyester suture fixation is an alternative option. However, these suture fixations have higher failure rates due to the difficulty in achieving rigid suture knot fixation. The Arthrex syndesmotic TightRope, which is a double-button adjustable loop fixation device utilizing a 4-point locking system using FibreWire, may not only offer stiff rigid fixation using a knotless system, but may also obviate the need for implant removal due to hardware related problems...
November 17, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866648/extracorporeal-life-support-is-safe-in-trauma-patients
#14
Christopher R Burke, Angelena Crown, Titus Chan, D Michael McMullan
INTRODUCTION: The role of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in the critically ill trauma patient is poorly defined, possibly leading to the underutilization of this lifesaving therapy in this population. This study examined survival rates and risk factors for death in trauma patients who received ECLS. METHODS: Data from the National Trauma Data Bank was retrospectively reviewed to identify trauma patients who received ECLS from January 2012 to December 2014. Clinical outcomes and risk factors for death were examined in these patients...
November 11, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887703/the-delphi-method-a-tool-to-support-injury-control-and-trauma-care-policy
#15
EDITORIAL
Ed van Beeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871770/ptsd-in-those-who-care-for-the-injured
#16
Kevin Luftman, Jayson Aydelotte, Kevin Rix, Sadia Ali, Katherine Houck, Thomas B Coopwood, Pedro Teixeira, Alex Eastman, Brian Eastridge, Carlos V R Brown, Matthew Davis
BACKGROUND: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has become a focus for the care of trauma victims, but the incidence of PTSD in those who care for injured patients has not been well studied. Our hypothesis was that a significant proportion of health care providers involved with trauma care are at risk of developing PTSD. METHODS: A system-wide survey was applied using a modified version of the Primary Care PTSD Screen [PC-PTSD], a validated PTSD screening tool currently being used by the VA to screen veterans for PTSD...
November 10, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863697/a-new-model-for-the-study-of-neuropathic-pain-after-brachial-plexus-injury
#17
Yuzhou Liu, Le Wang, Chong Meng, Yingjie Zhou, Jie Lao, Xin Zhao
The study was to introduce a new and reliable behavioral model of upper trunk of brachial plexus avulsion for the study of persistent neuropathic pain. 60 rats were divided into three groups randomly: upper trunk of brachial plexus avulsion (UTBPA) group (20), global brachial plexus avulsion (GBPA) group (20), and sham- operated group (20). The animals were tested for behavioral responsiveness before surgeries and 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 56, 84days after surgeries. The injured level of spinal cord was resected and the sections were processed for GFAP (astrocyte) and Iba1 (microglia) immunohistochemistry 3 weeks after surgeries...
November 9, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866649/management-of-paediatric-splenic-injury-in-the-new-south-wales-trauma-system
#18
Susan E Adams, Andrew Holland, Julie Brown
: Since the 1980's, paediatric surgeons have increasingly managed blunt splenic injury (BSI) in children non-operatively. However, studies in North America have shown higher operation rates in non-paediatric centres and by adult surgeons. This association has not been examined elsewhere. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the management of BSI in New South Wales (NSW) children, to determine the patient and hospital factors related to the odds of operation. Secondarily, to investigate whether the likelihood of operation varied by year...
November 8, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839794/hospital-length-of-stay-following-admission-for-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-canadian-integrated-trauma-system-a-retrospective-multicenter-cohort-study
#19
Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Lynne Moore, Amélie Boutin, Philippe Dufresne, Madiba Omar, Gilles Bourgeois, Paule Lessard Bonaventure, Brice Lionel Batomen Kuimi, Alexis F Turgeon
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of disability in children and young adults and costs CAD$3 billion annually in Canada. Stakeholders have expressed the urgent need to obtain information on resource use for TBI to improve the quality and efficiency of acute care in this patient population. We aimed to assess the components and determinants of hospital and ICU LOS for TBI admissions. METHODS: We performed a retrospective multicenter cohort study on 11,199 adults admitted for TBI between 2007 and 2012 in an inclusive Canadian trauma system...
November 6, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836253/bi-manual-proximal-external-aortic-compression-after-major-abdominal-pelvic-trauma-and-during-ambulance-transfer-a-simulation-study
#20
M J Douma, D O'Dochartaigh, P G Brindley
BACKGROUND: Applying manual pressure after hemorrhage is intuitive, cost-free, and logistically-simple. When direct abdominal-pelvic compression fails, clinicians can attempt indirect proximal-external-aortic-compression (PEAC), while expediting transfer and definitive rescue. This study quantifies the sustainability of simulated bi-manual PEAC both immediately on scene and during subsequent ambulance transfer. The goal is to understand when bi-manual PEAC might be clinically-useful, and when to prioritize compression-devices or endovascular-occlusion...
November 5, 2016: Injury
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