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Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807844/an-unusual-gastric-antral-mass
#1
Angad S Uberoi, Brian D Badgwell, Manoop S Bhutani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807843/unusual-cause-of-elevated-liver-enzymes-in-a-female-patient
#2
Ruhail Kohli, Hubert H Fenton, Lisa Forman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807842/a-rare-complication-of-infliximab
#3
Linda S Yang, Damian Dowling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807841/racial-disparity-in-gastrointestinal-cancer-risk
#4
REVIEW
Hassan Ashktorab, Sonia S Kupfer, Hassan Brim, John M Carethers
Cancer from the gastrointestinal tract and its associated excretory organs will occur in over 300,000 Americans in 2017, with colorectal cancer responsible for over forty percent of that burden; there will be over 150,000 deaths from this group of cancers in the same time period. Disparities among subgroups related to these cancers' incidence and mortality exist. The epidemiology and risk factors associated with each cancer bear out differences for racial groups in the United States. Esophageal adenocarcinoma is more frequent in Non-Hispanic Whites, whereas esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with risk factors of tobacco and alcohol is more frequent among Blacks...
August 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803946/a-refractory-disease-with-recurrent-profuse-watery-diarrhea
#5
Abhijeet Yadav, Joseph D Feuerstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803945/an-unusual-cause-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#6
Yang-Yuan Chen, Shu-Xiang Wang, Cheng-Che Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803944/a-peculiar-cause-of-rectal-prolapse
#7
Anh D Nguyen, Abrar Ahmed, Rajeev Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803943/-an-uncommon-cause-of-feverish-swelling-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease
#8
Antoine Debourdeau, Anne Bozon, Romain Altwegg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802566/alcohol-use-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#9
Lisa B VanWagner, Hongyan Ning, Norrina B Allen, Veeral Ajmera, Cora E Lewis, John Jeffrey Carr, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Norah A Terrault, Juned Siddique
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Moderate drinking (vs abstinence) is associated with lower risk of CVD in the general population. We assessed whether alcohol use is associated with CVD risk in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: We analyzed data from participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults longitudinal cohort study of 5115 black and white young adults, 18-30 years old, recruited from 4 cities in the United States from 1985 through 1986...
August 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802565/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-an-alcohol-free-pancreatic-cyst-ablation-protocol
#10
Matthew T Moyer, Setareh Sharzehi, Abraham Mathew, John M Levenick, Brandy D Headlee, Jonathan T Blandford, Heather D Heisey, James H Birkholz, Brooke B Ancrile, Jennifer L Maranki, Niraj J Gusani, Thomas J McGarrity, Charles E Dye
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided chemoablation with ethanol lavage followed by infusion of paclitaxel, is effective for the treatment of mucinous pancreatic cysts. However, complications arise in 3%-10% of patients, presumably linked to the inflammatory effects of ethanol. We aimed to determine whether alcohol is required for effective pancreatic cyst ablation, if removing alcohol from the ablation process would improve complication rates, and whether a multi-agent chemotherapeutic cocktail could increase the rate of complete cyst resolution compared to the findings reported from previous trials using alcohol followed by paclitaxel alone...
August 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802564/interactions-between-platelets-and-inflammatory-monocytes-affect-sickness-behavior-in-mice-with-liver-inflammation
#11
Charlotte D'Mello, Wagdi Almishri, Hongqun Liu, Mark Gordon Swain
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with inflammatory liver disease commonly develop debilitating symptoms, called sickness behaviors, which arise via changes in brain function. Monocytes that produce tumor necrosis factor (TNF) interact with cerebral endothelial cells to activate microglial cells and promote sickness behavior. Platelets regulate inflammation, and aggregates of monocytes and platelets are increased in the circulation of patients with liver disease. We investigated the role of platelets in inducing inflammatory features of circulating monocytes and promoting sickness behaviors in mice with cholestatic liver injury...
August 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802563/metabolic-circuit-involving-free-fatty-acids-microrna-122-and-triglyceride-synthesis-in-liver-and-muscle-tissues
#12
Chofit Chai, Mila Rivkin, Liav Berkovits, Alina Simerzin, Elina Zorde-Khvalevsky, Nofar Rosenberg, Shiri Klein, Dayana Yaish, Ronen Durst, Shoshana Shpitzen, Shiran Udi, Joseph Tam, Joerg Heeren, Anna Worthmann, Christoph Schramm, Johannes Kluwe, Revital Ravid, Eran Hornstein, Hilla Giladi, Eithan Galun
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Effective treatments are needed for hepatic steatosis characterized by accumulation of triglycerides in hepatocytes, which leads to hepatocellular carcinoma. MicroRNA 122 (MIR122) is expressed only in the liver, where it regulates lipid metabolism. We investigated the mechanism by which free fatty acids (FFAs) regulate MIR122 expression and the effect of MIR122 on triglyceride synthesis. METHODS: We analyzed MIR122 promoter activity and validated its target mRNAs by transfection of luciferase reporter plasmids into Huh7, BNL-1ME, and HEK293 cultured cell lines...
August 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797639/the-irony-of-long-term-acid-suppression
#13
EDITORIAL
Paul C Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782508/circulating-and-tissue-resident-cd4-t-cells-with-reactivity-to-intestinal-microbiota-are-abundant-in-healthy-individuals-and-function-is-altered-during-inflammation
#14
Ahmed N Hegazy, Nathaniel R West, Michael J T Stubbington, Emily Wendt, Kim I M Suijker, Angeliki Datsi, Sebastien This, Camille Danne, Suzanne Campion, Sylvia H Duncan, Benjamin M J Owens, Holm H Uhlig, Andrew McMichael, Andreas Bergthaler, Sarah A Teichmann, Satish Keshav, Fiona Powrie
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Interactions between commensal microbes and the immune system are tightly regulated and maintain intestinal homeostasis, but little is known about these interactions in humans. We investigated responses of human CD4(+) T cells to the intestinal microbiota. We measured the abundance of T cells in circulation and intestinal tissues that respond to intestinal microbes and determined their clonal diversity. We also assessed their functional phenotypes and effects on intestinal resident cell populations, and studied alterations in microbe-reactive T cells in patients with chronic intestinal inflammation...
August 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781227/the-use-of-doppler-endoscopic-probe-in-hemostasis-of-nonvariceal-gastrointestinal-bleeding-to-increase-efficacy-or-to-increase-work-load
#15
LETTER
Gin-Ho Lo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781226/a-huge-mass-in-the-upper-esophagus
#16
Chuncheng Wu, Qiongying Zhang, Bing Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781225/a-case-report-of-a-child-with-purpura-severe-abdominal-pain-and-hematochezia
#17
Werner Keenswijk, Katrien Van Renterghem, JohanVande Walle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781224/transplant-free-survival-rates-after-covered-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt
#18
LETTER
Daniel Schmidt-Martin, Matt J Armstrong, Ian A Rowe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781223/resistance-associated-substitutions-in-short-duration-of-interferon-free-direct-acting-antivirals-for-hepatitis-c
#19
LETTER
Ming-Lung Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781222/reply
#20
LETTER
Dennis M Jensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
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