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Fertility and Sterility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629584/association-of-vitamin-d-intake-and-serum-levels-with-fertility-results-from-the-lifestyle-and-fertility-study
#1
June L Fung, Terryl J Hartman, Rosemary L Schleicher, Marlene B Goldman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of vitamin D intake and serum levels on conception of clinical pregnancy and live birth. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical centers. PATIENT(S): Healthy, nulliparous women, age 18-39 years, and their male partners. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical pregnancy and live birth were compared between those who did or did not meet the vitamin D estimated average requirement (EAR) intake (10 μg/d) and with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) considered at risk for inadequacy or deficiency (<50 nmol/L) or sufficient (≥50 nmol/L)...
June 16, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629583/ex%C3%A2-vivo-retrieval-and-cryopreservation-of-oocytes-from-oophorectomized-specimens-for-fertility-preservation-in-a-brca1-mutation-carrier-with-ovarian-cancer
#2
Nigel Pereira, Andrea G Hubschmann, Jovana P Lekovich, Glenn L Schattman, Zev Rosenwaks
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of ex vivo oocyte retrieval from oophorectomized specimens in a BRCA1 mutation carrier undergoing surgical staging for ovarian cancer. DESIGN: Video case report and literature review. SETTING: University-affiliated center. PATIENT(S): A 37-year-old single woman, gravida 0, with a known BRCA1 mutation, presented to her oncologist with a complex right ovarian mass and elevated CA-125 level...
June 16, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624115/evaluation-of-amnion-in-creation-of-neovagina-in-women-with-mayer-rokitansky-kuster-hauser-syndrome
#3
Richa Vatsa, Juhi Bharti, Kallol Kumar Roy, Sunesh Kumar, Jai Bhagwan Sharma, Neeta Singh, Seema Singhal, Jyoti Meena
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome of amnion vaginoplasty in cases of vaginal agenesis due to Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome managed at the authors' institution. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. PATIENT(S): Fifty women with MRKH who underwent neovaginoplasty. INTERVENTION(S): Modified McIndoe's vaginoplasty was done in all the patients, using human amnion graft...
June 14, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624114/higher-prevalence-of-chronic-endometritis-in-women-with-endometriosis-a-possible-etiopathogenetic-link
#4
Ettore Cicinelli, Giuseppe Trojano, Marcella Mastromauro, Antonella Vimercati, Marco Marinaccio, Paola Carmela Mitola, Leonardo Resta, Dominique de Ziegler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between endometriosis end chronic endometritis (CE) diagnosed by hysteroscopy, conventional histology, and immunohistochemistry. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Women with and without endometriosis who have undergone hysterectomy. INTERVENTION(S): Retrospective evaluation of 78 women who have undergone hysterectomy and were affected by endometriosis and 78 women without endometriosis...
June 14, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622784/first-trimester-inter-and-intrafetal-size-discrepancies-in-bichorionic-twins-conceived-by-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-can-it-predict-pregnancy-outcome
#5
Ron Bardin, Galia Oron, Yael Levy, Onit Sapir, Israel Meizner, Benjamin Fisch, Arnon Wiznitzer, Eran Hadar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between first-trimester inter- and intrafetal size discrepancies and pregnancy outcome, among bichorionic-biamniotic twins conceived by IVF. DESIGN: A retrospective study design was used. SETTING: Tertiary university-affiliated medical center. PATIENT(S): All women with a viable first-trimester bichorionic-biamniotic twin gestation, who conceived after IVF in 2007-2015. INTERVENTION(S): None...
June 13, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602480/endometrial-microbiota-new-player-in-town
#6
REVIEW
Inmaculada Moreno, Jason M Franasiak
Detection of bacteria with molecular techniques has enabled the study of low biomass microbiomes in tissues and organs previously considered sterile, such as the endometrium. Subsequently, an abnormal endometrial microbiota has been associated with implantation failure, pregnancy loss, and other gynecological and obstetrical conditions. Further investigation of the reproductive tract microbiome will allow for a better understanding of bacterial communities' role in both physiology and pathophysiology, which in turn impacts the ability to achieve pregnancy and maintain a healthy pregnancy...
June 8, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602479/recurrent-implantation-failure-is-a-pathology-with-a-specific-transcriptomic-signature
#7
REVIEW
Nick Macklon
Recurrent implantation failure (RIF) is a source of distress and frustration to both patients and their clinicians. In the absence of clinically useful tests, the therapeutic approach has been largely empirical, with limited efficacy. In recent years, new insights into the role of the endometrium in implantation have emerged, and a number of dysfunctions that may underlie implantation failure have been characterized. These point to the presence, in some patients, of an underlying endometrial pathology. In this article, the case is made that constitutive (rather than maturation) defects underlying RIF can be identified...
June 8, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602478/short-term-copper-intrauterine-device-placement-improves-the-implantation-and-pregnancy-rates-in-women-with-repeated-implantation-failure
#8
Xiaoyan Mao, Jie Zhang, Qiuju Chen, Yanping Kuang, Shaozhen Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study if hysteroscopy and short-term copper intrauterine device placement (Cu-IUD) improves the pregnancy rates of women with repeated implantation failure (RIF) undergoing frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Medical university hospital. PATIENT(S): Infertile women with at least two implantation failures with the use of at least one good-quality embryo. INTERVENTION(S): All patients received operative hysteroscopy in the follicular cycle, and if endometrial polyps, polypoid endometrium, or intrauterine adhesions were found they were removed...
June 8, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602477/endometrial-receptivity-in-the-eutopic-endometrium-of-women-with-endometriosis-it-is-affected-let-me-show-you-why
#9
REVIEW
Bruce A Lessey, J Julie Kim
The endometrium maintains complex controls on proliferation and apoptosis as part of repetitive menstrual cycles that prepare the endometrium for the window of implantation and pregnancy. The reliance on inflammatory mechanisms for both implantation and menstruation creates the opportunity in the setting of endometriosis for establishment of chronic inflammation that is disruptive to endometrial receptivity, causing both infertility and abnormal bleeding. Clinically, there can be little doubt that the endometrium of women with endometriosis is less receptive to embryo implantation, and strong evidence exists to suggest that endometrial changes are associated with decreased cycle fecundity as a result of this disease...
June 8, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602476/comparison-of-ectopic-pregnancy-risk-among-transfers-of-embryos-vitrified-on-day-3-day-5-and-day-6
#10
Tong Du, Hong Chen, Rong Fu, Qiuju Chen, Yun Wang, Ben W Mol, Yanping Kuang, Qifeng Lyu
OBJECTIVE: To compare ectopic pregnancy risk among transfers of embryos vitrified on day 3, day 5, and day 6. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic tertiary-care medical center. PATIENT(S): A total of 10,736 pregnancies after 23,730 frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles of in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection from March 2003 to May 2015. INTERVENTION(S): The ectopic pregnancy rate was compared among pregnancies resulting from transfers of embryos vitrified on day 3, day 5, and day 6...
June 8, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602475/novel-approach-to-recurrent-implantation-failure-short-term-copper-iud-placement
#11
EDITORIAL
Linnea R Goodman, Jason M Franasiak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601410/total-number-of-oocytes-and-zygotes-are-predictive-of-live-birth-pregnancy-in-fresh-donor-oocyte-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-cycles
#12
Eduardo Hariton, Keewan Kim, Sunni L Mumford, Marissa Palmor, Pietro Bortoletto, Eden R Cardozo, Anatte E Karmon, Mary E Sabatini, Aaron K Styer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of oocyte donor-recipient characteristics, oocyte donor response, and live birth pregnancy rate following fresh donor oocyte IVF-ET. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic reproductive medicine practice. PATIENT(S): Two hundred thirty-seven consecutive fresh donor oocyte IVF-ET cycles from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2013 at the Massachusetts General Hospital Fertility Center...
June 7, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601409/endometrial-function-facts-urban-legends-and-an-eye-to-the-future
#13
Diana Valbuena, Cecilia T Valdes, Carlos Simon
The embryo alone, though very important, is not sufficient to explain successful or failed implantation. Human embryonic implantation is less efficient than in nonmenstruating species. The main difference lies in the decidual control of early implantation events and the subsequent course of pregnancy versus embryo control in nonmenstruating species. In this article, we introduce the facts behind the low efficiency of this crucial process, address urban legends routinely considered without high clinical quality evidence, and provide a vision of how the endometrial field will develop in the near future...
June 7, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601408/expression-of-ciliated-bronchial-epithelium-1-during-human-spermatogenesis
#14
Christiane Pleuger, Daniela Fietz, Katja Hartmann, Hans-Christian Schuppe, Wolfgang Weidner, Sabine Kliesch, Mark Baker, Moira K O'Bryan, Martin Bergmann
OBJECTIVE: To define the precise cellular localization of ciliated bronchial epithelium 1 (CBE1) in the human testis and test its relationship to impaired spermatogenesis. DESIGN: Gene expression analysis, and histologic and immunohistochemical evaluation. SETTING: University research laboratories and andrologic outpatient clinic. PATIENT(S): Forty-three human testicular biopsies: 12 biopsies showing normal spermatogenesis (NSP), 8 with maturation arrest at level of spermatocytes (STA), 8 with maturation arrest at level of spermatids (SDA), 4 with scattered elongating spermatids, and 12 with Sertoli cell-only syndrome, with an additional 5 semen samples from healthy donors...
June 7, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600106/genetic-analysis-of-mayer-rokitansky-kuster-hauser-syndrome-in-a-large-cohort-of-families
#15
Lacey S Williams, Durkadin Demir Eksi, Yiping Shen, Amy C Lossie, Lynn P Chorich, Megan E Sullivan, John A Phillips, Munire Erman, Hyung-Goo Kim, Ozgul M Alper, Lawrence C Layman
OBJECTIVE: To study the genetic cause of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome (MRKH). Although a few candidate genes and genomic domains for have been reported for MRKH, the genetic underpinnings remain largely unknown. Some of the top candidate genes are WNT4, HNF1B, and LHX1. The goals of this study were to: 1) determine the prevalence of WNT4, HNF1B, and LHX1 point mutations, as well as new copy number variants (CNVs) in people with MRKH; and 2) identify and characterize MRKH cohorts...
June 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600105/ovarian-stimulation-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-in-swedish-women
#16
Frida E Lundberg, Anastasia N Iliadou, Kenny Rodriguez-Wallberg, Christina Bergh, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Anna L V Johansson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether ovarian stimulation for treating infertility is associated with the risk of breast cancer. DESIGN: Nationwide register-based cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): In a cohort of 1,340,211 women who gave birth 1982-2012, we investigated the relationship between assisted reproductive technology (ART) and incidence of breast cancer. Associations between any ovarian stimulation since 2005 and breast cancer incidence were studied in a separate cohort of 1,877,140 women born 1960-92...
June 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600104/polarization-microscopy-imaging-for-the-identification-of-unfertilized-oocytes-after-short-term-insemination
#17
Yi Guo, Wenqiang Liu, Yu Wang, Jiaping Pan, Shanshan Liang, Jingling Ruan, Xiaoming Teng
OBJECTIVE: To develop a unique approach using polarization microscopy (PM) to determine whether the presence of a spindle can be used as an indicator associated with fertilization failure 5 hours after short-term insemination. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Assisted reproduction center. PATIENT(S): Eighty-five patients undergoing short-term insemination. INTERVENTION(S): Oocytes imaged via PM at 4, 5, and 6 hours after standard insemination...
June 6, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583664/urinary-triclosan-concentrations-and-diminished-ovarian-reserve-among-women-undergoing-treatment-in-a-fertility-clinic
#18
Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Georgios Christou, Carmen Messerlian, Paige L Williams, Courtney C Carignan, Irene Souter, Jennifer B Ford, Antonia M Calafat, Russ Hauser
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between urinary triclosan concentrations and antral follicle count (AFC), a well-accepted marker of ovarian reserve, among women from a fertility center. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital fertility center. PATIENT(S): A total of 109 women. INTERVENTION(S): Urinary triclosan concentrations quantified by online solid phase extraction-high performance liquid chromatography-isotope dilution tandem mass spectrometry...
June 2, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579417/lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-content-on-reproductive-endocrinology-and-infertility-clinic-websites
#19
Harold Y Wu, Ophelia Yin, Brent Monseur, Jessica Selter, Lillian J Collins, Brandyn D Lau, Mindy S Christianson
OBJECTIVE: To assess geographical distribution and practice characteristics of fertility clinics inclusive of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): None. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Prevalence and geographical distribution of fertility clinic websites with LGBT-specific content, indicated by keywords and home page cues specific to the LGBT patient population...
June 1, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579416/psychological-and-emotional-concomitants-of-infertility-diagnosis-in-women-with-diminished-ovarian-reserve-or-anatomical-cause-of-infertility
#20
Jennifer M Nicoloro-SantaBarbara, Marci Lobel, Silvina Bocca, James R Stelling, Lisa M Pastore
OBJECTIVE: To examine the magnitude and predictors of emotional reactions to an infertility diagnosis in two groups of women: those with diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), and those clinically diagnosed with an anatomical cause of infertility (ACI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Academic and private fertility clinics. PATIENT(S): Women diagnosed with DOR (n = 51) and women diagnosed with ACI (n = 51). INTERVENTION(S): Not applicable...
June 1, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
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