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Fertility and Sterility

Maria Tølbøll Glavind, Axel Forman, Linn Håkonsen Arendt, Karsten Nielsen, Tine Brink Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between endometriosis and risk of pre-eclampsia, cesarean section, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm birth, and small for gestational age (SGA), in a large Danish birth cohort, while taking fertility treatment into account. DESIGN: Population-based study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total population of 82,793 singleton pregnancies from the Aarhus Birth Cohort (1989 through 2013); 1,213 women had a diagnosis of endometriosis, affecting 1,719 pregnancies...
October 12, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Nicole A Huijgen, Maria A J de Ridder, Katia M Verhamme, Gert R Dohle, Ann M Vanrolleghem, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom, Joop S E Laven, Régine P M Steegers-Theunissen
OBJECTIVE: To determine associations between proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) use and semen parameters in young men of couples who are planning pregnancy. DESIGN: Case-control study of a population-based registry. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): General practitioner patients comprising 2,473 men from couples planning pregnancy with a recorded semen analysis: 241 with a low total motile sperm count (TMSC ≤1) and 714 with TMSC >1 as matched controls...
October 12, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Michał Ciebiera, Marta Włodarczyk, Aneta Słabuszewska-Jóźwiak, Grażyna Nowicka, Grzegorz Jakiel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and transforming growth factor β3 (TGF-β3) serum concentrations, weight, and family history on the risk of developing uterine fibroids. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A total of 188 women, including patients admitted for uterine fibroid surgery (n = 105) as the study group and healthy women of similar age (n = 83) as controls...
October 12, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Michael Feichtinger, Elisabeth Wallner, Beda Hartmann, Angelika Reiner, Thomas Philipp
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cytogenetic and embryoscopic characteristics of primary and secondary recurrent pregnancy loss. DESIGN: Clinical prospective descriptive study. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENT(S): Nine hundred and eighty-four women affected by first-trimester pregnancy loss; 145 patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) and 839 patients with nonrecurrent pregnancy loss as controls. INTERVENTION(S): Transcervical embryoscopic examination of the embryo before uterine evacuation, and cytogenetic analysis of the chorionic villi by standard G-banding cytogenetic techniques...
October 12, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Elodie Guesdon, Aurélie Vincent-Rohfritsch, Sarah Bydlowski, Pietro Santulli, François Goffinet, Camille Le Ray
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal, obstetric, and neonatal outcomes between women who underwent oocyte donation at or after age 50 years and from 45 through 49 years. DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Maternity hospital. PATIENT(S): Forty women aged 50 years and older ("older group") and 146 aged 45-49 years ("younger group"). INTERVENTION(S): Comparison between the older and younger groups, globally and after stratification by type of pregnancy (singleton/twin pregnancy)...
October 12, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Jason M Franasiak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Amanda Souza Setti, Rita Cássia Sávio Figueira, Daniela Paes de Almeida Ferreira Braga, Matheus de Castro Azevedo, Assumpto Iaconelli, Edson Borges
OBJECTIVE: To study whether embryos derived from oocytes presenting a smooth endoplasmic reticulum cluster (SERC) are less likely to develop into blastocysts and implant. DESIGN: Transversal study. SETTING: Private university-affiliated in vitro fertilization (IVF) center. PATIENT(S): Total of 7,609 oocytes obtained from 743 intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. INTERVENTION(S): Oocytes split between the SERC-positive cycles (with at least one SERC-positive oocyte) and the SERC-negative cycles (only oocytes free of SERC)...
October 12, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Kurt T Barnhart
The science of contraceptive medicine and reproductive medicine are similar. At present contraceptive medicine has moved beyond understanding the mechanism of action of steroid hormones with the introduction of many safe and effective methods. Long-acting reversible contraceptives are increasing in acceptance and providing very high efficacy. The science has pivoted toward optimization of family planning in selected high-risk populations, such as those with a high-risk of thrombosis, as well as addressing the challenge of obesity...
October 5, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Christiane Pleuger, Daniela Fietz, Katja Hartmann, Wolfgang Weidner, Sabine Kliesch, Moira K O'Bryan, Adriaan Dorresteijn, Martin Bergmann
OBJECTIVE: To define the stage-by-stage expression of KATNB1 during human spermatogenesis. DESIGN: Gene expression analysis, histologic and immunohistochemical evaluation. SETTING: University research laboratories and andrological clinic. PATIENT(S): Eighty human testicular biopsy samples: 43 showing normal spermatogenesis, 9 with maturation arrest at level of spermatocytes, 8 with maturation arrest at level of spermatogonia, and 20 with a Sertoli cell only syndrome...
October 4, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Ieva Masliukaite, Julie M Hagen, Kirsi Jahnukainen, Jan-Bernd Stukenborg, Sjoerd Repping, Fulco van der Veen, Madelon van Wely, Ans M M van Pelt
OBJECTIVE: To collect published data on spermatogonial quantity in the testes of healthy children and calculate the reference values of spermatogonial quantities throughout prepuberty. DESIGN: Systematic literature search in PubMed and EMBASE focusing on the number of spermatogonia per transverse tubular cross section (S/T) and spermatogonial density per cubic centimeter (cm(3)) of testicular volume (S/V) throughout prepuberty. SETTING: None...
October 4, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Meryam El Issaoui, Veronica Giorgione, Linn S Mamsen, Catherine Rechnitzer, Niels Birkebæk, Niels Clausen, Thomas W Kelsey, Claus Yding Andersen
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of first-line antineoplastic treatment on ovarian reserve in young girls returning for ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC) in connection with a relapse. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: University hospitals. PATIENT(S): Sixty-three girls under the age of 18 years who underwent OTC before (group 1: 31 patients) and after (group 2: 32 patients) their initial cancer treatment...
October 4, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
David K Turok, Lori M Gawron, Samantha Lawson
After decades of having the developed world's highest rates of unintended pregnancy, the United States finally shows signs of improvement. This progress is likely due in large part to increased use of highly effective long-acting reversible methods of contraception. These methods can be placed and do not require any maintenance to provide years of contraception as effective as sterilization. Upon removal, fertility returns to baseline rates. This article addresses advances in both software-improved use and elimination of barriers to provide these methods; and hardware-novel delivery systems and devices...
October 4, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Tasuku Harada, Mikio Momoeda
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of an ultra-low-dose oral contraceptive (NPC-01; 0.02 mg ethinyl estradiol and 1 mg norethisterone) in subjects with dysmenorrhea. DESIGN: Placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized trial. SETTING: Clinical trial sites. PATIENT(S): Two hundred fifteen subjects with dysmenorrhea. INTERVENTION(S): Subjects were randomly assigned to receive NPC-01, placebo, or IKH-01 (0...
October 4, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Atefeh Najafi, Ebrahim Asadi, Adel R Moawad, Saideh Mikaeili, Fardin Amidi, Emmanuel Adutwum, Majid Safa, Ali Gholi Sobhani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) supplementation to freezing and thawing media on frozen-thawed human sperm parameters. DESIGN: Laboratory study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Semen samples from 21 healthy fertile men. INTERVENTION(S): We measured reactive oxygen species (ROS) by flow cytometry using the probes dichlorofluorescin diacetate for intracellular hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and dihydroethidium for intracellular superoxide anion (O2(-•)), sperm plasma membrane integrity by flow cytometry, caspase-3 activity using ELISA, and AKT phosphorylation status using Western blot in sperm that was cryopreserved and thawed in media either supplemented with BDNF or without BDNF supplementation (control)...
October 4, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Susan M Maxwell, Pere Colls, Brooke Hodes-Wertz, David H McCulloh, Caroline McCaffrey, Dagan Wells, Santiago Munné, James A Grifo
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether undetected aneuploidy contributes to pregnancy loss after transfer of euploid embryos that have undergone array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH). DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: University-based fertility center. PATIENT(S): Cases included 38 patients who underwent frozen euploid ET as determined by aCGH, resulting in miscarriage. Controls included 38 patients who underwent frozen euploid ET as determined by aCGH, resulting in a live birth...
September 27, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Teddy Tadros, Bruno Tarasconi, Jean Nassar, Jean-Luc Benhaim, Joëlle Taieb, Renato Fanchin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the strength of the relationship between antral follicle count (AFC) and serum antimüllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations obtained with two automated and one manual AMH assays in three different AFC populations. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University-affiliated IVF-ET center. PATIENT(S): Frozen-thawed serum samples of 211 assisted conception candidates, aged 24-43 years. INTERVENTION(S): Serum AMH was measured using one manual (AMH Gen II) and two fully automated (Access AMH and Elecsys AMH) assays...
September 27, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Ronit Haimov-Kochman, Laurence S Shore, Neri Laufer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Joseph Hasson, Togas Tulandi, Weon-Yong Son, Na'ama Al Ma'mari, Ahmad Badeghiesh, Sammer Tannus, Janet Takefman, Tal Shavit
OBJECTIVE: Oocyte donation (OD) from a family member may be more available to patients. Our objective was to compare reproductive outcomes of familial OD with those of unrelated OD. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study in a single university-affiliated center. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Four hundred thirty OD cycles performed from 2010 to 2014: 124 from family members and 306 from unrelated donors. INTERVENTION(S): None...
September 24, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Eve C Feinberg
The good physician treats the disease; the great physician treats the patient who has the disease. -William Osler.
September 24, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
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