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European Journal of Pain: EJP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641363/a-phase-iii-randomized-controlled-study-on-the-efficacy-and-improved-bowel-function-of-prolonged-release-pr-oxycodone-naloxone-up-to-160-80-mg-daily-vs-oxycodone-pr
#1
D Dupoiron, A Stachowiak, O Loewenstein, A Ellery, W Kremers, B Bosse, M Hopp
BACKGROUND: Oxycodone/naloxone (OXN PR) is a prolonged-release formulation containing oxycodone and naloxone in a 2:1 ratio. This study aimed to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of doses up to OXN160/80 mg PR compared with oxycodone prolonged-release formulation (OxyPR) in a randomised controlled trial. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-three patients were randomised to treatment with OXN PR (n = 123) or OxyPR (n = 120) during the 5-week double-blind study...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639366/visually-induced-analgesia-during-massage-treatment-in-chronic-back-pain-patients
#2
A Löffler, J Trojan, W Zieglgänsberger, M Diers
BACKGROUND: Previous findings suggest that watching sites of experimental and chronic pain can exert an analgesic effect. Our present study investigates whether watching one's back during massage increases the analgesic effect of this treatment in chronic back pain patients. METHODS: Twenty patients with chronic back pain were treated with a conventional massage therapy. During this treatment, patients received a real-time video feedback of their own back. Watching a neutral object, a video of another person of the same sex being massaged, a picture of the own back, and keeping one's eyes closed were used as controls...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573825/clinimetric-properties-of-the-nociception-coma-scale-revised-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
P Vink, C Lucas, J M Maaskant, W S van Erp, R Lindeboom, H Vermeulen
The Nociception Coma Scale is a nociception behaviour observation tool, developed specifically for patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) due to (acquired) brain injury. Over the years, the clinimetric properties of the NCS and its revised version (NCS-R) have been assessed, but no formal summary of these properties has been made. Therefore, we performed a systematic review on the clinimetric properties (i.e. reliability, validity, responsiveness and interpretability) of the NCS(-R). We systematically searched CENTRAL, CINAHL, Embase, PsycInfo and Web of Science until August 2015...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573783/towards-a-science-and-practice-of-resilience-in-the-face-of-pain
#4
REVIEW
L Goubert, H Trompetter
The primary objective of this paper is to discuss how a resilience approach to (chronic) pain may advance our current understanding of (mal)adaptation to pain. Different resilience perspectives are described, and future challenges for research, prevention and treatment of (chronic) pain are discussed. Literature searches were performed in Web of Science and PubMed to identify relevant literature on risk and resilience in the context of pain. Resilience can be best defined as the ability to restore and sustain living a fulfilling life in the presence of pain...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573749/obesity-impedes-functional-improvement-in-youth-with-chronic-pain-an-initial-investigation
#5
A M Stoner, K E Jastrowski Mano, S J Weisman, K R Hainsworth
BACKGROUND: Youth with chronic pain are at higher risk for obesity than the general population. In youth with chronic pain, obesity exacerbates pain-specific activity limitations, and in adults with chronic pain, obesity perpetuates a cycle of disability. The current study examined whether weight status predicts functional disability outcomes over time in youth with chronic pain. METHODS: Data were obtained from a retrospective chart review of patients who consented to participate in a longitudinal outcomes study...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573748/conditioned-pain-modulation-dampens-the-thermal-grill-illusion
#6
D E Harper, M Hollins
BACKGROUND: The thermal grill illusion (TGI) refers to the perception of burning heat and often pain that arises from simultaneous cutaneous application of innocuous warm and cool stimuli. This study utilized conditioned pain modulation (CPM) to help elucidate the TGI's underlying neural mechanisms, including the debated role of ascending nociceptive signals in generating the illusion. METHODS: To trigger CPM, subjects placed the left hand in noxious cold (6 °C) water before placing the right volar forearm onto a thermal grill...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573720/assessment-of-deep-dynamic-mechanical-sensitivity-in-individuals-with-tension-type-headache-the-dynamic-pressure-algometry
#7
M Palacios-Ceña, K Wang, M Castaldo, Á Guerrero-Peral, A B Caminero, C Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, L Arendt-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: To explore the validity of dynamic pressure algometry for evaluating deep dynamic mechanical sensitivity by assessing its association with headache features and widespread pressure sensitivity in tension-type headache (TTH). METHODS: One hundred and eighty-eight subjects with TTH (70% women) participated. Deep dynamic sensitivity was assessed with a dynamic pressure algometry set (Aalborg University, Denmark(©) ) consisting of 11 different rollers including fixed levels from 500 g to 5300 g...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573716/painful-decisions-how-classifying-sensations-can-change-the-experience-of-pain
#8
M A van der Meulen, F Anton, S Petersen
BACKGROUND: Categorizing perceptual stimuli is a mechanism for facilitating the processing of sensory input from our environment. This facilitation of perception is achieved through generalization (assimilation) of stimulus characteristics within categories and accentuation between categories. These categorization processes have been demonstrated in visual, auditory, tactile and social perception, but never in pain perception. METHOD: We presented participants with six thermal noxious stimuli, increasing in steps of 0...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573699/painful-swelling-after-a-noxious-event-and-the-development-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-1-a-one-year-prospective-study
#9
F Brunner, L M Bachmann, R S G M Perez, J Marinus, M M Wertli
BACKGROUND: The timing of diagnosis of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) 1 remains a challenge due to the large heterogeneity of clinical presentations. We describe the distribution and differences in outcomes and clinical manifestations between time points and patient groups with and without CRPS 1 following an initiating event. METHODS: Prospective cohort study with a consecutive registration of patients presenting with painful swelling of the affected extremity after an initiating event and follow-up visits after 3, 6 and 12 months...
June 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573676/combined-cerebral-and-peripheral-treatments-for-pain-a-commentary-on-hazime-et%C3%A2-al
#10
B M Fitzgibbon, D C de Andrade, S M Schabrun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557178/impact-of-etiology-and-duration-of-pain-on-pharmacological-treatment-effects-in-painful-polyneuropathy
#11
S H Sindrup, J Holbech, D Demant, N B Finnerup, F W Bach, T S Jensen
BACKGROUND: The pharmacological treatments for painful polyneuropathy have not changed much for more than a decade, and less than half of the patients obtain adequate pain relief with first line treatments. Therefore, patient-specific factors which could predict drug response are searched for. METHODS: We analysed data from four published, randomized, controlled trials of drugs in painful polyneuropathy to see if diabetic etiology and duration of neuropathic pain had an impact on drug efficacy...
May 30, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557130/female-sexual-pain-epidemiology-and-genetic-overlap-with-chronic-widespread-pain
#12
A Burri, S Ogata, F Williams
BACKGROUND: Increased tender spots and lowered general pain thresholds have been observed in patients with dyspareunia. Based on this, the aim of the study was to compare the co-occurrence of female sexual pain across various pain populations and to further explore the aetiological structure underlying sexual pain by dissecting the genetic and environmental covariation among sexual pain, chronic widespread pain (CWP) and the previously reported psychological correlates of anxiety sensitivity and depression...
May 30, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544029/learned-control-over-spinal-nociception-in-patients-with-chronic-back-pain
#13
S Krafft, H-D Göhmann, J Sommer, A Straube, R Ruscheweyh
BACKGROUND: Descending pain inhibition suppresses spinal nociception, reducing nociceptive input to the brain. It is modulated by cognitive and emotional processes. In subjects with chronic pain, it is impaired, possibly contributing to pain persistence. A previously developed feedback method trains subjects to activate their descending inhibition. Participants are trained to use cognitive-emotional strategies to reduce their spinal nociception, as quantified by the nociceptive flexor reflex (RIII reflex), under visual feedback about their RIII reflex size...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543929/prevalence-and-impact-of-childhood-adversities-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-and%C3%A2-chronic-widespread-pain
#14
E Coppens, P Van Wambeke, B Morlion, N Weltens, H Giao Ly, J Tack, P Luyten, L Van Oudenhove
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the prevalence of different types of childhood adversities (CA) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in female patients with Fibromyalgia or Chronic Widespread Pain (FM/CWP) compared to patients with Functional Dyspepsia (FD) and achalasia. In FM/CWP, we also investigated the association between CA and PTSD on the one hand and pain severity on the other. METHODS: Patient samples consisted of 154 female FM/CWP, 83 female FD and 53 female achalasia patients consecutively recruited from a tertiary care hospital...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544180/a-cognitive-behavioral-program-for-parents-of-children-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-feasibility-study
#15
C Wiertz, M Goossens, E M Spek, J A Verbunt
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the feasibility of a newly developed parent program for parents of children with non-specific chronic musculoskeletal pain. This program is part of the child's interdisciplinary outpatient pain rehabilitation treatment. The goal of the parent program is to change parent's thoughts/behaviour regarding pain with the ultimate intention to further improve their child's functioning. There were two main objectives in the study: First, to evaluate the feasibility of the parent program...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508514/migraine-prevalence-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-a%C3%A2-tertiary-care-centre-cross-sectional-study
#16
X Moisset, G Bommelaer, M Boube, L Ouchchane, M Goutte, M Dapoigny, R Dallel, A Guttmann, P Clavelou, A Buisson
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are systemic, chronic inflammatory conditions that predominately affect the gastrointestinal tract and can induce abdominal pain. Besides, many IBD patients complain about headaches in daily practice. The objective was to assess the prevalence of headaches, including migraines and pain with neuropathic characteristics (NC), in IBD patients compared to historical controls from the general population. METHODS: Overall, 203 consecutive tertiary-care centre patients completed validated self-administered questionnaires and benefitted from a clinical evaluation performed by an IBD physician at the same time...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497895/in-the-face-of-pain-the-choice-of-visual-cues-in-pain-conditioning-matters
#17
N Egorova, J Park, J Kong
BACKGROUND: Visual cue conditioning is a valuable experimental paradigm to investigate placebo and nocebo effects in pain. However, little attention has been paid to the cues themselves and potential variability of effects (their quantity and quality) stemming from the choice of stimuli. Yet, this seemingly methodological question has important implications for the interpretation of experimental findings in terms of their significance for clinical practice. METHODS: We investigated the effect of heat pain conditioning using different types of visual cues (abstract images, faces and pseudo-words) in a group of 22 healthy volunteers...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493529/pain-in-knee-osteoarthritis-is-associated-with-variation-in-the-neurokinin-1-substance-p-receptor-tacr1-gene
#18
S C Warner, D A Walsh, L L Laslett, R A Maciewicz, A Soni, D J Hart, W Zhang, K R Muir, E M Dennison, P Leaverton, E Rampersaud, C Cooper, T D Spector, F M Cicuttini, N K Arden, G Jones, M Doherty, A M Valdes
BACKGROUND: Substance P (SP) is a pain- and inflammation-related neuropeptide which preferentially binds to the neurokinin receptor 1 (NK1 ). SP and NK1 receptors have been implicated in joint pain, inflammation and damage in animal models and human studies of osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to test if genetic variation at the neurokinin 1 receptor gene (TACR1) is associated with pain in individuals with radiographic knee OA. METHODS: Participants from the Genetics of OA and Lifestyle study were used for the discovery group (n = 1615)...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493519/neurotransmitters-behind-pain-relief-with-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-positron-emission-tomography-evidence-for-release-of-endogenous-opioids
#19
S Lamusuo, J Hirvonen, P Lindholm, I K Martikainen, N Hagelberg, R Parkkola, T Taiminen, J Hietala, S Helin, A Virtanen, A Pertovaara, S K Jääskeläinen
BACKGROUND: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) at M1/S1 cortex has been shown to alleviate neuropathic pain. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the possible neurobiological correlates of cortical neurostimulation for the pain relief. METHODS: We studied the effects of M1/S1 rTMS on nociception, brain dopamine D2 and μ-opioid receptors using a randomized, sham-controlled, double-blinded crossover study design and 3D-positron emission tomography (PET)...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493479/expectancies-mediate-the-relationship-between-perceived-injustice-and-return-to-work-following-whiplash-injury-a-1-year-prospective-study
#20
J S Carriere, P Thibault, H Adams, M Milioto, B Ditto, M J L Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that perceived injustice is a risk factor for work disability in individuals with whiplash injury. At present, however, little is known about the processes by which perceived injustice impacts on return to work. The purpose of this study was to examine whether expectancies mediated the relationship between perceived injustice and return to work in patients with whiplash injury. METHOD: One hundred and fifty-two individuals (81 men, 71 women) with a primary diagnosis of whiplash injury completed self-report measures of pain intensity, perceived injustice and return-to-work expectancies following admission to a rehabilitation programme...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
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