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European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery

Aritoshi Hattori, Takeshi Matsunaga, Kazuya Takamochi, Shiaki Oh, Kenji Suzuki
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify the clinicopathological features of loco-regional recurrence after segmentectomy for clinical-T1aN0M0 radiologically invasive non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). METHODS: Between 2008 and 2014, 353 patients underwent pulmonary lobectomy or segmentectomy with nodal dissection for clinical-T1aN0M0 radiologically invasive NSCLC showing 0.5 ≤ consolidation tumour ratio (CTR)≤1.0 on thin-section computed tomography (CT). Radiological invasive NSCLC was divided into two groups, i...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Wen-Bin Ou-Yang, Shou-Zheng Wang, Sheng-Shou Hu, Feng-Wen Zhang, Da-Wei Zhang, Yao Liu, Hong Meng, Kun-Jing Pang, Liu-Kun Meng, Xiang-Bin Pan
OBJECTIVES: To assess safety and effectiveness of symmetric and asymmetric occluders in perventricular device closure without cardiopulmonary bypass of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (pmVSDs). METHODS: The present retrospective study enrolled 581 patients who underwent perventricular device closure of pmVSDs under transoesophageal echocardiography guidance from May 2011 to April 2016, and outpatient electrocardiography and transthoracic echocardiography assessments at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months, and yearly thereafter...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Cecilia Pompili, Galina Velikova, John White, Matthew Callister, Jonathan Robson, Sandra Dixon, Kevin Franks, Alessandro Brunelli
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether quality of life (QOL) was associated with cardiopulmonary complications following pulmonary lobectomy for lung cancer. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 200 consecutive patients who had pulmonary lobectomy for lung cancer (September 2014-October 2015). QOL was assessed by the self-administration of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 questionnaire within 2 weeks before the operation. The individual QOL scales were tested for a possible association with cardiopulmonary complications along with other objective baseline and surgical parameters by univariable and multivariable analyses...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Heinz Jakob, Daniel Dohle, Jaroslav Benedik, Rolf Alexander Jánosi, Thomas Schlosser, Daniel Wendt, Matthias Thielmann, Raimund Erbel, Konstantinos Tsagakis
OBJECTIVES: The E-vita Open hybrid stent graft is intended to achieve one-stage treatment of the proximal and distal thoracic aorta down to the mid-thoracic level in cases of acute (AAD) or chronic (CAD) type I aortic dissection and complex thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA). We report our long-term results up to 10-year experience. METHODS: From February 2005 until March 2015, 178 consecutive patients (mean age 59 ± 11 years) underwent surgery using the E-vita Open hybrid graft for AAD (n = 96), CAD (n = 43) or TAA (n = 39)...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Anders S I Andreasson, Danai M Karamanou, Colin S Gillespie, Faruk Özalp, Tanveer Butt, Paul Hill, Kasim Jiwa, Hannah R Walden, Nicola J Green, Lee A Borthwick, Stephen C Clark, Henning Pauli, Kate F Gould, Paul A Corris, Simi Ali, John H Dark, Andrew J Fisher
OBJECTIVES: Availability of donor lungs suitable for transplant falls short of current demand and contributes to waiting list mortality. Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) offers the opportunity to objectively assess and recondition organs unsuitable for immediate transplant. Identifying robust biomarkers that can stratify donor lungs during EVLP to use or non-use or for specific interventions could further improve its clinical impact. METHODS: In this pilot study, 16 consecutive donor lungs unsuitable for immediate transplant were assessed by EVLP...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Maria Rodriguez, Maria Teresa Gómez-Hernandez, Nuria Novoa, Marcelo F Jiménez, José L Aranda, Gonzalo Varela
OBJECTIVES: Whether or not smoking increases the risk of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in lung resection patients remains controversial. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether active smoking at the time of surgery increases the risk of PPCs compared to abstention shortly before the procedure. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study on 378 patients who underwent non-extended lobectomy in our institution. Cases were active smokers at the time of surgery, and controls were patients who quit smoking at any time up to 16 weeks before surgery...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Claudia Heilmann, Georg Trummer, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Kerstin Brehm, Michael Berchtold-Herz, Johannes Schelling, Ulrich Geisen, Barbara Zieger
OBJECTIVES: Impaired binding of Von Willebrand factor (VWF) to platelets and to collagen due to acquired Von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is associated with support from a ventricular assist device (VAD) and can contribute to bleeding tendencies in patients with VADs. The onset of AVWS has been shown to occur immediately after VAD implantation. Our aim was to determine long-term data on AVWS in VAD patients. METHODS: We analysed 278 data sets of 74 patients on HeartMate II (HMII) support for 3-80 months after implantation (11...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Tom R Karl, Jeffrey P Jacobs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Koji Yamana, Hajime Sakurai, Toshimichi Nonaka, Takahisa Sakurai
A 14-year-old boy presented to our institution with a diagnosis of acute type A dissection. He was diagnosed with Loeys-Dietz syndrome and underwent aortic valve sparing repair at the age of 9 years. Emergency total arch repair with elephant trunk (ET) was performed successfully; echocardiogram before discharge showed normal left ventricular function and size. However, he was readmitted 1 month after discharge with significant left ventricular dysfunction and dilatation. The small folded ET caused a pressure gradient between the upper and lower body, which might deteriorate left ventricular function...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Paulo Rogério Scordamaglio, Miguel Lia Tedde, Hélio Minamoto, Renato Samy Assad, Paulo Manuel Pêgo Fernandes
OBJECTIVES: Bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is an uncommon complication following a lung resection to address various conditions. BPFs are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. This study evaluated the endoscopic treatment of 'total' BPFs using the Occlutech-Fígulla® cardiac device at a single centre. METHODS: We selected nine patients with chronic and complete BPFs. Under direct bronchoscopic visualization, the BPFs were treated using the Occlutech-Fígulla device...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Muhammad Muzaffar Mahmood, Alex Thompson, Justin M Carter, Enoch Akowuah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Louis-Mathieu Stevens, Nicolas Noiseux, Alvaro Avezum, Dharma Rakshak Ayapati, Xin Chen, Fernando Antonio Lucchese, Horacio Cacheda, Sirish Parvathaneni, Yongning Ou, André Lamy
OBJECTIVES: Emergent and late conversions form OFF-to-ON pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have been associated with worse outcomes, however, it remains unclear as to which risk factors are associated with conversion and how to prevent them. METHODS: Among 4718 patients who randomly underwent off- or on-pump CABG, the incidence of off-pump to on-pump cross-over, or 'OFF-to-ON conversion', was 7.9% (186/2356). The primary outcome was a composite of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, or new renal failure requiring dialysis...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Francesco Nicolini, Tiziano Gherli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Yun Seok Kim, Wookjin Choi, Jaecheol Hwang
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation can be used as a rescue strategy in cases of prolonged cardiac arrest caused by massive pulmonary embolism. We present a case of a male patient who was in prolonged cardiac arrest following massive pulmonary embolism. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was initiated approximately 93 min after prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation. After resuscitation, bedside echocardiography and a chest computed tomography angiogram revealed a massive pulmonary embolism during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support...
January 10, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Herko Grubitzsch, Sebastian Zobel, Torsten Christ, Sebastian Holinski, Karl Stangl, Sascha Treskatsch, Volkmar Falk, Michael Laule
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates reinterventions for degenerated stentless aortic xenografts. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2015, 52 consecutive patients (age 72.3 ± 9.7 years, EuroSCORE II 11.1 ± 8.9%) underwent reintervention for failed stentless aortic valves (60% porcine, 40% pericardial, 87% sub-coronary, 81% isolated/combined regurgitation). RESULTS: Based on age, EuroSCORE II, the presence of pulmonary hypertension, renal failure, a patent internal mammary artery graft and required concomitant procedures, the heart team assigned 25 patients to reoperation and 27 to valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation (ViV-TAVI)...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Peter Matt, Prerana Banerjee, Martin Grapow, Florian Rueter, Ulrich Schurr, Martin Siegemund, Jens Fassl, Oliver Reuthebuch, Friedrich Eckstein
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that antegrade open stent graft implantation in the descending aorta during acute type A aortic dissection surgery is safe and improves patient outcome compared with the standard repair technique. METHODS: Hundred and forty-one consecutive patients underwent surgery for acute type A aortic dissection at our institution from 2010 to 2016. Of those, 104 patients underwent ascending aorta and hemiarch repair under hypothermic circulatory arrest with antegrade cerebral perfusion (standard group)...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Cecile Martin, Frederic Thony, Mathieu Rodiere, Pierre Bouzat, Pierre Lavagne, Michel Durand, Olivier Chavanon
OBJECTIVES: Endovascular repair of traumatic injury of the aortic isthmus is a safe technique that has shown good short-term results. However, the future of these stent grafts remains unexamined, especially in relation to young patients. METHOD: Between January 2000 and December 2014, 60 patients were treated with endovascular aortic stent graft for injury of the aortic isthmus. Follow-up was done by computed tomography scans with intravenous contrast or magnetic resonance imaging associated with a chest X-ray in order to control the stent graft...
January 2, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Masaaki Sato, Taiji Kuwata, Keiji Yamanashi, Atsushi Kitamura, Kenji Misawa, Kota Imashimizu, Masashi Kobayashi, Masaki Ikeda, Terumoto Koike, Shinji Kosaka, Ryuta Fukai, Yasuo Sekine, Noritaka Isowa, Shin Hirayama, Hiroaki Sakai, Fumiaki Watanabe, Kazuhiro Nagayama, Akihiro Aoyama, Hiroshi Date, Jun Nakajima
OBJECTIVES: Virtual-assisted lung mapping (VAL-MAP) is a preoperative bronchoscopic multispot dye-marking technique using virtual images. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety, efficacy and reproducibility of VAL-MAP among multiple centres. METHODS: Selection criteria included patients with pulmonary lesions anticipated to be difficult to identify at thoracoscopy and/or those undergoing sub-lobar lung resections requiring careful determination of resection margins...
January 2, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Thomas Eller, Tobias Flieder, Vanessa Fox, Tatjana Gripp, Marcus Dittrich, Joachim Kuhn, Susanne Alban, Cornelius Knabbe, Ingvild Birschmann
OBJECTIVES: The three direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) dabigatran, apixaban and rivaroxaban are now widely used in clinical practice. For patients requiring perioperative interruption of DOACs, heparin bridging is still under discussion. Here we show, for the first time, the influence of concomitantly used DOACs and heparins on laboratory assays. METHODS: For spiking experiments, 10 healthy donors and nine patients treated with DOACs were investigated. The measurement of DOACs and heparins was performed with routine methods on the ACL TOP [HEMOCLOT(®) direct thrombin inhibitor (CoaChrom Diagnostica, Austria), COAMATIC(®) Heparin (Chromogenix, USA) calibrated with rivaroxaban, apixaban, unfractionated heparin (UFH) and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), additionally PT reagent RecombiPlasTin 2G and aPTT reagent SynthASil (Instrumentation Laboratory, Germany)] and the DOACs were additionally quantified with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry...
January 2, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Makoto Hashimoto, Hirosato Doi, Ryuji Koshima, Satoshi Sumino
Sinus of Valsalva aneurysms are rare cardiac abnormalities that may be congenital or acquired. Patch closure or direct closure of the aneurysm orifice is a frequently performed surgical repair strategy. In this report, we present a rare case of an isolated giant right sinus of Valsalva aneurysm with aortic insufficiency and right coronary artery obstruction. We treated this patient by a valve-sparing aortic root remodelling procedure with partial preservation of the intact Valsalva sinuses and coronary artery bypass grafting with a favourable outcome...
January 2, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
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