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Disability and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643571/adaptation-of-the-activity-measure-post-acute-care-am-pac-from-english-to-mandarin-using-the-dual-panel-translation-approach
#1
Feng-Hang Chang, Tsan-Hon Liou, John Brodersen, Jonathan D Comins
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to translate and adapt the Activity Measure Post-Acute Care (AM-PAC) from US English to Mandarin using the dual-panel method, and to assess its psychometric properties in an outpatient rehabilitation setting. METHODS: The AM-PAC outpatient short forms were translated using the dual-panel method. The translated AM-PAC was tested in 550 Chinese-speaking rehabilitation outpatients. Floor and ceiling effects were evaluated and internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha...
June 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641494/behavioural-regulation-in-exercise-questionnaire-in-people-with-schizophrenia-construct-validity-of-the-portuguese-versions
#2
Raquel Costa, Michel Probst, Tânia Bastos, Estela Vilhena, André Seabra, Rui Corredeira
PURPOSE: People with schizophrenia have low physical activity levels that can be explained by the restriction in motivation. The Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2 is a 19-item scale commonly used to assess five different motivational subtypes for physical activity. However, there are limited psychometric analyses of this version in the schizophrenia context. Moreover, there is a lack of information related to the psychometric properties of version 3 of this questionnaire, with 24 items and six different motivational subtypes...
June 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641465/initial-evaluation-of-psychometric-properties-of-a-structured-work-task-application-for-the-assessment-of-work-performance-in-a-constructed-environment
#3
Elin A Karlsson, Gunilla M Liedberg, Jan L Sandqvist
PURPOSE: The Swedish Social Insurance Administration has developed a new assessment tool for sickness insurance. This study is a part of the initial evaluation of the application, called the Assessment of Work Performance, Structured Activities, and focuses on evaluation of the psychometric properties of social validity, content validity, and utility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a qualitative study using semi-structured telephone interviews with occupational therapists...
June 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639482/-always-looking-for-a-new-balance-toward-an-understanding-of-what-it-takes-to-continue-working-while-being-diagnosed-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Hanneke van der Meide, Dennis van Gorp, Karin van der Hiele, Leo Visser
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to gain insight into the meaning of work in the everyday lives of people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, and the barriers and facilitators to staying in work. METHODS: Nineteen employed adults diagnosed with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis participated in narrative interviews. All interviews were transcribed and coded for thematic analysis. RESULTS: For people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, continuing to work was a precarious balancing act...
June 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633545/late-recovery-of-awareness-in-prolonged-disorders-of-consciousness-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#5
Kudret Yelden, Sophie Duport, Leon M James, Agnieszka Kempny, Simon F Farmer, Alex P Leff, E Diane Playford
PURPOSE: To detect any improvement of awareness in prolonged disorders of consciousness in the long term. METHODS: A total of 34 patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (27 vegetative state and seven minimally conscious state; 16 males; aged 21-73) were included in the study. All patients were initially diagnosed with vegetative/minimally conscious state on admission to our specialist neurological rehabilitation unit. Re-assessment was performed 2-16 years later using Coma Recovery Scale-Revised...
June 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633543/staffs-documentation-of-participation-for-adults-with-profound-intellectual-disability-or-profound-intellectual-and-multiple-disabilities
#6
Lena Talman, Christine Gustafsson, Jonas Stier, Jenny Wilder
PURPOSE: This study investigated what areas of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health were documented in implementation plans for adults with profound intellectual disability or profound intellectual and multiple disabilities with focus on participation. METHODS: A document analysis of 17 implementation plans was performed and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health was used as an analytic tool. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-three different codes were identified, especially in the components Activities and participation and Environmental factors...
June 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633542/deciphering-participation-an-interpretive-synthesis-of-its-meaning-and-application-in-rehabilitation
#7
Alison M Cogan, Mike Carlson
PURPOSE: Participation is widely recognized as an important outcome for rehabilitation. However, it lacks a universally accepted definition. The purpose of this review is to synthesize the literature about participation in rehabilitation in order to clarify the term and increase its usefulness for rehabilitation providers and researchers. METHODS: We undertook an interpretive synthesis of the literature, drawing from a broad and varied selection of the vast number of publications on the subject of participation...
June 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631506/the-influence-of-standards-and-clinical-guidelines-on-prosthetic-and-orthotic-service-quality-a-scoping-review
#8
Ebrahim Sadeghi-Demneh, Saeed Forghany, Pornsuree Onmanee, Ursula Trinler, Michael P Dillon, Richard Baker
OBJECTIVES: Standards and guidelines are an integral part of prosthetic and orthotic service delivery in the developed world underpinned by an assumption that they lead to improved services. Implementing them has a cost, however, and that cost needs to be justified, particularly in resource-limited environments. This scoping review thus asks the question, "What is the evidence of the impact of standards and guidelines on service delivery outcomes in prosthetics and orthotics?" MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured search of three electronic databases (Medline, Scopus and Web of Science) followed by manual searching of title, abstract and full text, yielded 29 articles...
June 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631501/ambivalence-in-rehabilitation-thematic-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-lower-limb-amputated-veterans
#9
Jan Christensen, Henning Langberg, Patrick Doherty, Ingrid Egerod
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the organization and factors of importance to rehabilitation of veterans with lower limb amputation is sparse. The aim of this study was, therefore, to improve understanding of the influences of "military identity" on the organization of rehabilitation services and to investigate those factors influential in achieving successful rehabilitation, including interprofessional collaboration between different sectors involved in the rehabilitation of veterans with lower limb amputations...
June 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627938/-i-ve-got-somebody-there-someone-cares-what-support-is-most-valued-following-a-stroke
#10
Sarah Northcott, Katerina Hilari
PURPOSE: There is often a need for increased support following a stroke. This study explored what types of support are provided by different network members and what support functions are most valued. METHODS: Adults with first stroke were recruited from a stroke unit and participated in in-depth interviews 8-15 months poststroke. Framework Analysis was used to build thematic and explanatory accounts of the data. RESULTS: Twenty-nine participants took part...
June 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625084/objectively-assessed-physical-activity-and-associated-factors-of-sedentary-behavior-among-survivors-of-stroke-living-in-cape-town-south-africa
#11
Conran Joseph, David Conradsson, Maria Hagströmer, Isa Lawal, Anthea Rhoda
PURPOSE: To investigate objectively measured physical activity in stroke survivors living in low-income areas of Cape Town, South Africa, specifically to: (a) describe the volume of daily physical activity and time spent in different intensity levels and (b) investigate the association of factors covering the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health with sedentary behavior. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, where forty-five ambulatory community-dwelling stroke survivors participated...
June 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618845/evaluation-of-cognitive-and-social-functioning-in-patients-requiring-long-term-inpatient-psychiatric-care-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-a-large-scale-multi-institutional-observational-study
#12
Hideaki Kawaguchi, Masamoto Taguchi, Masune Sukigara, Shoji Sakuragi, Naoya Sugiyama, Hisomu Chiba, Tatsuhito Kawasaki
PURPOSE: We comprehensively evaluated cognitive and social functioning in patients requiring long-term inpatient psychiatric care using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. METHOD: We surveyed 1967 patients receiving long-term inpatient psychiatric care. Patients were further categorized into an old long-stay group (n = 892, >5 years in hospitals) and a new long-stay group (n = 1075, 1-5 years in hospitals). We obtained responses for all the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health items in domain b (Body Functions) and domain d (Activities and Participation)...
June 15, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614960/requirements-on-a-community-based-intervention-for-stimulating-physical-activity-in-physically-disabled-people-a-focus-group-study-amongst-experts
#13
Leonie A Krops, Doortje H J Hols, Nienke Folkertsma, Pieter U Dijkstra, Jan H B Geertzen, Rienk Dekker
PURPOSE: To explore ideas experts, working in the field of physical activity for people with a disability, pose on a stimulating movement intervention for physically disabled people longer than one year post rehabilitation or not familiar with rehabilitation. METHODS: Four semi-structured focus groups were conducted with experts (n = 28). Transcripts were analysed following thematic analysis, using the integrated physical activity for people with a disability and intervention mapping model...
June 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608776/short-term-effectiveness-of-a-community-implemented-falls-prevention-referral-service
#14
Andrea Christoforou, Marietta L van der Linden, Pelagia Koufaki
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the 16-week evidence-based Steady Steps exercise referral scheme at improving physical function, balance confidence, and quality of life (QoL) of community-dwelling older adults at risk of falling. METHOD: A non-experimental, practice-based study involving a retrospective analysis of participant outcomes. Pre-post comparisons of three performance-based measures of gait and balance and of person-reported outcomes for balance confidence and QoL were performed...
June 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604165/reduction-of-cervical-and-respiratory-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-neck-pain-and-having-moderate-to-severe-disability
#15
Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, Ernesto Sollano-Vallez, Tamara Del Corral
PURPOSE: To investigate whether patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain and having moderate to severe disability have a greater cervical motor function impairment and respiratory disturbances compared with patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain having mild disability and asymptomatic subjects; and the association between these outcomes in patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain and healthy controls. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, 44 patients with chronic nonspecific neck pain and 31 healthy subjects participated...
June 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602137/immediate-and-short-term-effects-of-phototherapy-on-pain-muscle-activity-and-joint-mobility-in-women-with-temporomandibular-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Carolina Marciela Herpich, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Cid Andre Fidelis de Paula Gomes, Igor Phillip Dos Santos Gloria, Ana Paula Amaral, Maitê de Freitas de Rocha Souza Amaral, Fabiano Politti, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the immediate and short-term effects of phototherapy on pain intensity, the pressure pain threshold (PPT), maximum vertical mandibular movement, and the electrical activity of the masseter and temporal muscles in women with temporomandibular disorder (TMD). METHODS: Sixty women were randomly allocated to four different groups and submitted to phototherapy with a combination of super-pulsed laser (905 nm), red (640 nm), and infrared (875 nm) light emitting diodes in the same equipment on the masseter (three points) and temporal (two points) muscles bilaterally in a single session...
June 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602116/rehabilitation-goal-setting-with-community-dwelling-adults-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-theoretical-framework-derived-from-clinicians-reflections-on-practice
#17
Sarah Prescott, Jennifer Fleming, Emmah Doig
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore clinicians' experiences of implementing goal setting with community dwelling clients with acquired brain injury, to develop a goal setting practice framework. METHOD: Grounded theory methodology was employed. Clinicians, representing six disciplines across seven services, were recruited and interviewed until theoretical saturation was achieved. A total of 22 clinicians were interviewed. RESULTS: A theoretical framework was developed to explain how clinicians support clients to actively engage in goal setting in routine practice...
June 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602106/a-comparison-of-performance-on-the-keitel-functional-test-by-persons-with-systemic-sclerosis-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Janet L Poole, Amy New, Christina Garcia
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare lower extremity impairments in persons with systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and healthy controls. METHODS: The participants were a convenience sample of 64 persons with systemic sclerosis, 58 persons with rheumatoid arthritis, and 30 healthy controls. The Keitel Functional Test was used to assess lower extremity joint motion and strength. Demographic information on age, disease duration, employment, and perceived overall health was also collected...
June 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597729/effects-of-high-and-low-energy-radial-shock-waves-therapy-combined-with-physiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-a-retrospective-study
#19
Xiangzheng Su, Zhongli Li, Zhengsheng Liu, Teng Shi, Chao Xue
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of high- and low-energy radial shock waves combined with physiotherapy for rotator cuff tendinopathy patients. METHODS: Data from rotator cuff tendinopathy patients received high- or low-energy radial shock waves combined with physiotherapy or physiotherapy alone were collected. The Constant and Murley score and visual analog scale score were collected to assess the effectiveness of treatment in three groups at 4, 8, 12, and 24 weeks...
June 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597709/philippine-academy-of-rehabilitation-medicine-emergency-basic-relief-and-medical-aid-mission-project-november-2013-february-2014-the-role-of-physiatrists-in-super-typhoon-haiyan
#20
Filipinas Ganchoon, Rommel Bugho, Liezel Calina, Rochelle Dy, James Gosney
BACKGROUND: Physiatrists have provided humanitarian assistance in recent large-scale global natural disasters. Super Typhoon Haiyan, the deadliest and most costly typhoon in modern Philippine history, made landfall on 8 November 2013 resulting in significant humanitarian needs. METHODS: Philippine Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine physiatrists conducted a project of 23 emergency basic relief and medical aid missions in response to Super Typhoon Haiyan from November 2013 to February 2014...
June 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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