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Disability and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157019/patients-needs-during-a-surgical-intervention-process-for-dupuytren-s-disease
#1
Christina Turesson, Joanna Kvist, Barbro Krevers
PURPOSE: To explore and describe clients' needs during a surgical intervention process for Dupuytren's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Design: Interview study with 21 men undergoing surgical intervention for Dupuytren's disease. Qualitative content analysis was performed with the model of Patient Evaluation Process as a theoretical framework. RESULTS: The primary reason for seeking medical care was to receive an intervention to improve hand function...
November 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157025/non-pharmacological-rehabilitation-interventions-for-concussion-in-children-a-scoping-review
#2
Danielle M Dobney, Matthew B Miller, Emily Tufts
PURPOSE: To summarise the extent, nature, and quality of current scholarly literature related to non-pharmacological, rehabilitation interventions following concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury in children. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted from 1987 to 24 October 2017. Studies were included if they met the following criteria: (1) full text, peer reviewed, and written in English, (2) original research, (3) diagnosed concussion or mild traumatic brain injury, (4) described the evaluation of an intervention, (5) the outcome was a concussion impairment, and (6) the mean/median age was under 19...
November 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145740/fair-or-square-experiences-of-introducing-a-new-method-for-assessing-general-work-ability-in-a-sickness-insurance-context
#3
Christian Ståhl, Ida Seing, Björn Gerdle, Jan Sandqvist
PURPOSE: To study social validity and perceived fairness of a new method for assessing general work ability in a sickness insurance context. Assessments are based on self-reports, combined with examinations by physicians, and, if needed, occupational therapists, physiotherapists and/or psychologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interviews with 36 insurance officials, 10 physicians, and 36 sick-listed persons, which were analysed through a qualitative content analysis...
November 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145736/longitudinal-study-of-the-activities-of-daily-living-and-quality-of-life-in-japanese-patients-with-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva
#4
Yasuo Nakahara, Hiroshi Kitoh, Yasuharu Nakashima, Junya Toguchida, Nobuhiko Haga
PURPOSE: Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is a rare congenital disorder that causes systemic heterotopic ossification, leading to systemic ankyloses and mobility losses. This study aimed to ascertain the natural history of Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. METHODS: In addition to the medical history questionnaire, patients aged 16 years and older were asked to complete activities of daily living and quality of life surveys using the Barthel Index, MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey, and Health Assessment Questionnaire...
November 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141464/understanding-posttraumatic-growth-of-paratriathletes-with-acquired-disability
#5
Chris Hammer, Leslie Podlog, Ross Wadey, Nick Galli, Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Maria Newton, Morgan Hall, Lindsey Greviskes
PURPOSE: To examine the relevance of key components of Organismic Valuing Theory of Growth through Adversity in understanding posttraumatic growth amongst paratriathletes with acquired disability. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews informed by organismic valuing theory of growth through adversity were conducted with 14 elite paratriathletes (eight male, six female). To increase the likelihood that participants had experienced posttraumatic growth, a short form of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory was completed prior to interview participation...
November 15, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132250/the-influence-of-pilates-exercises-on-body-balance-in-the-standing-position-of-hearing-impaired-people
#6
Jagoda Walowska, Bartosz Bolach, Eugeniusz Bolach
PURPOSE: Hearing impairment may affect the body posture maintenance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of modified Pilates exercise program on the body posture maintenance in hearing impaired people. METHODS: Eighty students (aged 13-24) were enrolled and randomly allocated into two groups: test group (n = 41) which attended an original program based on modified Pilates exercises and control group (n = 39) which attended standard physical education classes...
November 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132222/abandoned-to-the-strains-of-daily-life-a-qualitative-study-of-the-long-term-experiences-in-partners-to-persons-after-a-mild-to-moderate-stroke
#7
Charlotte Ytterberg, Lena von Koch, Anette Erikson
PURPOSE: To describe the experiences of everyday life over 6 years after stroke, from the perspectives of partners to persons after stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi structured individual interviews were conducted with seven partners to persons who had had stroke. The interviews were recorded and then transcribed verbatim. The participants comprised two men and five women aged 60-82 years. The data were collected and analysed using a grounded theory approach. RESULTS: One core category Living in strained everyday circumstances and three categories Feelings of anxiety, Living a demanding day to day life, and Adjusting to a changed role emerged from the analysis...
November 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130816/the-role-of-perceived-family-social-support-and-parental-solicitous-responses-in-adjustment-to-bothersome-pain-in-young-people-with-physical-disabilities
#8
Jordi Miró, Rocío de la Vega, Kevin J Gertz, Mark P Jensen, Joyce M Engel
PURPOSE: Family social support and parental solicitous responses have been hypothesised to play an important role in paediatric pain. However, research testing the hypothesised associations between these social domains and measures of adjustment to pain in youths with disabilities and chronic pain is non-existent. METHODS: About 111 youths with physical disabilities and bothersome pain were interviewed and asked to complete measures of average pain intensity, pain interference, family social support, parent solicitous responding, and catastrophising...
November 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130771/return-to-work-success-despite-conflicts-an-exploration-of-decision-making-during-a-work-rehabilitation-program
#9
Marie-Michelle Gouin, Marie-France Coutu, Marie-José Durand
PURPOSE: Collective decision-making by stakeholders appears important to return-to-work success, yet few studies have explored the processes involved. This study aims to explore the influence of decision-making on return-to-work for workers with musculoskeletal or common mental disorders. METHOD: This study is a secondary analysis using data from three earlier multiple-case studies that documented decision-making during similar and comparable work rehabilitation programs...
November 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130767/using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-to-identify-outcome-domains-for-a-core-outcome-set-for-aphasia-a-comparison-of-stakeholder-perspectives
#10
Sarah J Wallace, Linda Worrall, Tanya Rose, Guylaine Le Dorze
PURPOSE: This study synthesised the findings of three separate consensus processes exploring the perspectives of key stakeholder groups about important aphasia treatment outcomes. This process was conducted to generate recommendations for outcome domains to be included in a core outcome set for aphasia treatment trials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health codes were examined to identify where the groups of: (1) people with aphasia, (2) family members, (3) aphasia researchers, and (4) aphasia clinicians/managers, demonstrated congruence in their perspectives regarding important treatment outcomes...
November 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126361/a-survey-of-the-current-practice-of-intramuscular-botulinum-toxin-injections-for-hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-in-the-uk
#11
Richard J Holmes, Louise A Connell
PURPOSE: To describe the current UK practice for the use of intramuscular Botulinum Toxin type A injections to treat hemiplegic shoulder pain. METHOD: A UK-based cross-sectional study using an online survey. Participants (n = 68) were medical and non-medical practitioners recruited via the membership of the British Society for Rehabilitation Medicine and the British Neurotoxin Network. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and content analysis. RESULTS: The majority of respondents would consider Botulinum Toxin type A for hemiplegic shoulder pain (86...
November 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125009/exercise-beliefs-and-behaviours-of-individuals-with-joint-hypermobility-syndrome-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type
#12
Jane V Simmonds, Anthony Herbland, Alan Hakim, Nelly Ninis, William Lever, Qasim Aziz, Mindy Cairns
PURPOSE: To explore exercise beliefs and behaviours of individuals with Joint Hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome - hypermobility type and to explore patient experiences of physiotherapy. METHODS: A cross sectional questionnaire survey design was used to collect quantitative and qualitative data from adult members of the Hypermobility Syndromes Association and Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Support UK. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data...
November 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124974/media-portrayal-of-elite-athletes-with-disability-a-systematic-review
#13
Leanne Rees, Priscilla Robinson, Nora Shields
BACKGROUND: The media plays an important role in shaping society's beliefs about disability and sport. The aim of this systematic review is to identify how elite athletes with disability are portrayed in the media. METHOD: Six electronic databases were searched from 2001 to March 2017 for quantitative or qualitative content analysis of media coverage of elite athletes with disability: SportsDiscus, CINAHL, PsychInfo, Medline 1996-, Embase, and Proquest. Quality assessment and data extraction were performed by two independent assessors...
November 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117738/adding-high-frequency-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-to-the-first-phase-of-post-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-rehabilitation-does-not-improve-pain-and-function-in-young-male-athletes-more-than-exercise-alone-a-randomized-single-blind
#14
Bijan Forogh, Hossein Aslanpour, Ehsan Fallah, Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Safoora Ebadi
PURPOSE: Knee ligamentous trauma and the following pain is one of the most prevalent athletic injuries. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is one of the conservative approaches in controlling pain which is low cost, noninvasive, and safe with low complications. Our purpose was to study whether transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) could help athletes perform better during the first phase of rehabilitation (0-4 weeks) after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery and until the follow-up...
November 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117730/difficulty-and-independence-in-shopping-among-older-americans-more-than-just-leaving-the-house
#15
Allison B Brenner, Philippa J Clarke
BACKGROUND: The built, social and economic environments are associated with disability, but knowledge of how these environmental characteristics simultaneously influence older adults' ability to shop independently is limited. OBJECTIVE: We investigated cross-sectional associations between the outdoor home, local neighborhood and macrosocioeconomic levels of the environment and shopping difficulty and interactions between environmental factors and shopping difficulty...
November 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117726/construct-validity-of-the-eating-assessment-tool-eat-10
#16
Janina Wilmskoetter, Heather Bonilha, Ickpyo Hong, R Jordan Hazelwood, Bonnie Martin-Harris, Craig Velozo
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the construct validity of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) by determining its dimensionality, rating scale integrity, item-person match, precision and relationship with the degree of airway invasion and functional oral intake. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients' EAT-10 scores. We used the Rasch rating scale model. We investigated correlations between the EAT-10 and scores on the Penetration-Aspiration Scale (PAS) and Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS)...
November 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111839/the-interpretation-of-physical-activity-exercise-and-sedentary-behaviours-by-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Dominique Kinnett-Hopkins, Yvonne Learmonth, Elizabeth Hubbard, Lara Pilutti, Sarah Roberts, Jason Fanning, Thomas Wójcicki, Edward McAuley, Robert Motl
OBJECTIVES: This study adopted a qualitative research design with directed content analysis and examined the interpretations of physical activity, exercise, and sedentary behaviour by persons with multiple sclerosis. METHODS: Fifty three persons with multiple sclerosis who were enrolled in an exercise trial took part in semi-structured interviews regarding personal interpretations of physical activity, exercise, and sedentary behaviours. RESULTS: Forty three percent of participants indicated a consistent understanding of physical activity, 42% of participants indicated a consistent understanding of exercise, and 83% of participants indicated a consistent understanding of sedentary behaviour with the standard definitions...
November 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111838/exploring-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-clinical-use-of-virtual-reality-for-post-stroke-unilateral-spatial-neglect-assessment
#18
Tatiana Ogourtsova, Philippe S Archambault, Anouk Lamontagne
BACKGROUND: Hemineglect, defined as a failure to attend to the contralesional side of space, is a prevalent and disabling post-stroke deficit. Conventional hemineglect assessments lack sensitivity as they contain mainly non-functional tasks performed in near-extrapersonal space, using static, two-dimensional methods. This is of concern given that hemineglect is a strong predictor for functional deterioration, limited post-stroke recovery, and difficulty in community reintegration. With the emerging field of virtual reality, several virtual tools have been proposed and have reported better sensitivity in neglect-related deficits detection than conventional methods...
November 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110547/robotic-exoskeletons-for-reengaging-in-everyday-activities-promises-pitfalls-and-opportunities
#19
Heather Fritz, Diane Patzer, Sujay S Galen
PURPOSE: Media images and marketing materials suggest a future in which individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) can utilize robotic exoskeletons to reengage in everyday activities, yet these narratives may not align with the current technological realities. The purpose of this paper is to present and describe the current use of robotic exoskeletons in rehabilitation and home settings and discuss the benefits and limitations of the devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We provide an overview of the features and limitations of the four robotic exoskeleton products (EKSO Bionics, ReWalk, Rex Bionics, and Indego) that are currently being used in in the United States in rehabilitation settings...
November 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105516/does-a-cycling-program-combined-with-education-and-followed-by-coaching-promote-physical-activity-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Christel Vanroy, Yves Vanlandewijck, Patrick Cras, Steven Truijen, Dirk Vissers, Anke Swinnen, Matthieu Bosmans, Kristien Wouters, Hilde Feys
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of a three month active cycling program followed by coaching on physical activity in subacute stroke patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 59; mean age =65.4 ± 10.3) aged ≤80 years with first stroke and able to cycle at 50 revolutions/minute enrolled 3-10 weeks post stroke. Patients were randomly allocated to three month active cycling group (n = 33) or to a control group (n = 26), 3 x 30 minutes training/week...
November 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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