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Disability and Rehabilitation

Atli Ágústsson, Thorarinn Sveinsson, Pauline Pope, Elisabet Rodby-Bousquet
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the association of scoliosis and windswept hips with immobility, lying position, and time in lying, in adults with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 830 adults (469 males and 361 females) with a diagnosis of CP, 16-73 years, and classified at levels I-V according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). Subjects' Gross motor function classification system level, presence and severity of scoliosis, hip and knee joint range of movement, lying position, postural ability in lying, and time in lying were used to identify connections between them...
July 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Petra von Heideken Wågert, Susanne Nygård, Sara Cederbom
PURPOSE: To explore how older men living alone, describe their everyday activities and their abilities as well as how they could be helped in everyday life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were analysed with inductive content analysis. Eight men aged 65+ years were included. They were all living alone, albeit with home help services. They were able to walk and had sufficient cognitive ability. RESULTS: The analysis resulted in one theme "A driving force of managing activities and overcome hindering factors requires a broad spectrum of prerequisites for participating in everyday life" with the following four categories: Importance of everyday activities; individual prerequisites enabling everyday activities; body and mind inhibit, and react to the decreased, abilities; and importance of the environment...
July 16, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Chenying Fu, Haiming Wang, Quan Wei, Chengqi He, Chi Zhang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of rehabilitation exercise on coronary artery of the patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL databases, ISI Web of Science databases, Chinese Biological Medicine Data Base, Chinese knowledge resources, and Wan Fang database. Two researchers independently screened the literature databases, and assessed methodological qualities using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale and extracted data...
July 10, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Benoît Jutras, Lyne Lafontaine, Marie-Pier East, Marjorie Noël
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of auditory training in noise on auditory behaviors and life habits in children with auditory processing disorder. METHODS: Ten children with auditory processing disorder underwent an auditory training program in noise and six children with auditory processing disorder comprised a control group. Before and after training, participants were tested on sentence identification in noise and auditory evoked late latency responses...
July 10, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Andrea Morris, Christine Imms, Claire Kerr, Brooke Adair
PURPOSE: Short-term physical activity programs may encourage adolescents with cerebral palsy to participate in physical activity but how to sustain their involvement is not well known. This qualitative study aimed to identify facilitators that successfully sustain physical activity participation by adolescents with cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adolescents (12-18 years) with cerebral palsy [Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-V, without moderate-severe intellectual disability] who participated in regular physical activity were eligible, as well as one parent and an individual who facilitated their physical activity...
July 10, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Aura Cecilia Jimenez-Moreno, Sarah J Charman, Nikoletta Nikolenko, Maxwell Larweh, Chris Turner, Grainne Gorman, Hanns Lochmüller, Michael Catt
BACKGROUND: Accelerometers are accurate tools to assess movement and physical activity. However, interpreting standardly used outputs is not straightforward for populations with impaired mobility. METHODS: The applicability of GENEActiv was explored in a group of 30 participants with myotonic dystrophy and compared to a group of 14 healthy-controls. All participants performed a set of tests while wearing four different accelerometers (wrists and ankles): [1] standing still; [2] ten-meters walk test; [3] six-minutes walking test; and, [4] ten-meters walk/run test...
July 10, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Harvi F Hart, Stephanie R Filbay, Sally Coburn, Jesse M Charlton, Prasanna Sritharan, Kay M Crossley
PURPOSE: To determine if quality of life is reduced in individuals with patellofemoral osteoarthritis, whether it can be improved with treatment, and potential factors associated with quality of life in individuals with patellofemoral osteoarthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Published articles were identified by using electronic and manual searches. Studies reporting quality of life in individuals with patellofemoral osteoarthritis relative to a comparator group (e...
July 10, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Emma Tyerman, Fiona J R Eccles, Victoria Gray, Craig D Murray
PRIMARY PURPOSE: Child acquired brain injury has significant impact on the family, including siblings. This study aimed to explore siblings' experiences of their relationship with their brother or sister with acquired brain injury in order to make recommendations for health professionals working with this population. RESEARCH DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five siblings of children with acquired brain injury aged between 9 and 12 years and analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
July 10, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Jussi P Repo, Erkki J Tukiainen, Risto P Roine, Mika Sampo, Henrik Sandelin, Arja H Häkkinen
PURPOSE: The Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS) is a widely used 20-item patient-reported outcome instrument with five response categories. We investigated the measurement properties of the Finnish version of the LEFS among foot and ankle patients to refine the scale to measure more accurately what is relevant for patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from 182 patients who had undergone foot and ankle surgery for various reasons. The Rasch Measurement Theory and Cronbach's alpha were employed for analyses of model and item fit, response category thresholds, targeting, person separation index, and internal consistency...
July 10, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Mónica Silveira-Maia, Pedro Lopes-Dos-Santos, Manuela Sanches-Ferreira, Sílvia Alves, Carla Silveira-Maia
PURPOSE: Evaluating the influence of person-environment interactions on students' performance is a fundamental requirement for planning individualized educational interventions. Such understanding grounded the use of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health as a reference framework to support special needs assessment in the Portuguese educational system. This study sought to investigate the extent to which special education teams reported relationships between Body Functions, Activities and Participation, and Environmental Factors in Individualized Education Programmes for students with additional support needs and what types of relations were mostly described...
July 10, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Somayeh Mohamadi, Mehdi Dadgoo, Ismail Ebrahimi, Mahyar Salavati, Ahmad Saeedi, Bijan Valiollahi
PURPOSE: To cross-culturally translate the Identification of Functional Ankle Instability (IdFAI) questionnaire into Persian and to assess its psychometric properties and factor structure. METHODS: The Persian version of IdFAI questionnaire was prepared after a forward-backward translation and cultural adaptation process. One hundred and twenty patients with a history of lateral ankle sprain completed the Persian version of this questionnaire and the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure, Foot and Ankle Outcome Score, Fear Avoidance Belief questionnaire and the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia in the first test session...
July 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Paola Bozzatello, Silvio Bellino, Giampiero De Marzi, Antonio Macrì, Rosellina Piterà, Cristiana Montemagni, Paola Rocca
PURPOSE: Data of investigations suggested that psychosocial interventions are required to provide a more complete and effective treatment of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. In particular, art therapy was found an effective psychosocial intervention in SSD. Moreover, some authors reported that Befriending was as effective as cognitive behavior therapy in the treatment of schizophrenic patients. The aim of this study is to test Befriending in comparison with Group Art Therapy in patients with SSD, in order to identify differences of effects between treatments...
July 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Anna Maxwell, Katrina Tsoutsoulis, Aparna Menon Tarur Padinjareveettil, Frank Zivkovic, Jeffrey M Rogers
PURPOSE: With appropriate mental health rehabilitation, schizophrenia is increasingly associated with reports of recovery and stability. However, there is little empirical evidence evaluating the efficacy of services delivering this care. This study evaluated the effectiveness of rehabilitation for improving psychosocial function in consumers with schizophrenia. METHODS: An electronic database of standardized assessment instruments mandated and maintained by the health service was retrospectively reviewed to extract ratings of psychosocial function, daily living skills, and mood state from consecutive admissions to an inpatient rehabilitation service...
July 6, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Ana Maria Rodriguez, Alyssa Komar, Jolie Ringash, Catherine Chan, Aileen M Davis, Jennifer Jones, Rosemary Martino, Sara McEwen
PURPOSE: The objectives of this scoping review were to summarize, understand, and disseminate findings from a broad body of literature on rehabilitation interventions used with survivors of head and neck cancer. METHOD: Searches were conducted in six databases. Inclusion criteria were studies of adult head and neck cancer survivors with a predefined primary rehabilitation outcome as a result of an intervention. Excluded were studies not written in English, opinion papers, or studies where the intervention was not carried out by a rehabilitation healthcare service...
July 6, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Brian R Grossman
PURPOSE: This paper addresses how Medicaid personal care attendant (PCA) service users with physical disabilities experience barriers to cross-state movement arising from the interstate variation in these programs. Using the Moves in Context model, this analysis focuses on the structural-level influences on individual cross-state move trajectories. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 Medicaid PCA service users who were considering or pursuing cross-state moves motivated by opportunity...
July 2, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Maria Ranner, Susanne Guidetti, Lena von Koch, Kerstin Tham
BACKGROUND: This qualitative study was conducted in the context of a client-centred activities of daily living (CADL) intervention aiming to enable agency in daily activities and participation in everyday life after stroke. The intervention was based on the principles of client-centred occupational therapy and then further developed based on empirical research findings. OBJECTIVE: To identify what from the clients' perspective characterises the lived experience and meaning of participating in a CADL intervention after stroke...
July 1, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Lena Strindlund, Madeleine Abrandt-Dahlgren, Christian Ståhl
PURPOSE: This study aims to increase our understanding of employers' views on the employability of people with disabilities. Despite employers' significant role in labor market inclusion for people with disabilities, research is scarce on how employers view employability for this group. METHODS: This was a qualitative empirical study with a phenomenographic approach using semi-structured interviews with 27 Swedish employers from a variety of settings and with varied experience of working with people with disabilities...
June 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Joke Spildooren, Cathérine Vinken, Laura Van Baekel, Alice Nieuwboer
OBJECTIVE: To understand the differences of step and turn parameters between freezers and non-freezers during turning and determine the influence of turn angle and turn characteristics on freezing of gait. DATA SOURCES: PubMed and Web of Science were searched from the earliest data available to August 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Case-control studies that examined the differences in turning while walking between freezers and non-freezers were included...
June 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Lisa M K Chin, Leighton Chan, Bart Drinkard, Randall E Keyser
OBJECTIVE: The high prevalence of fatigue among persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be related to poor cardiorespiratory fitness observed in this population. Oxygen uptake on-kinetics is a method of assessing cardiorespiratory fitness and may be used to examine performance fatigability (decline in performance during a given activity) in persons with TBI. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of aerobic exercise training on oxygen uptake on-kinetics during treadmill walking in individuals with TBI...
June 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Takaaki Fujita, Atsushi Sato, Kazuaki Iokawa, Kazuhiro Yamane, Yuichi Yamamoto, Kenji Tsuchiya, Yoko Ohira, Koji Otsuki
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to clarify the relationships between various types of functions and grooming performance and describe their hierarchical structure in survivors of stroke. METHOD: This was a retrospective observational study on 75 individuals with first stroke. A hypothetical path model, created based on previous studies, was examined for goodness of fit between the data and the model using path analysis. We hypothesized that in survivors of stroke, grooming performance is influenced by age, motor and sensory functions of the affected limbs, trunk function, grip and knee extensor strength, visuospatial perception, intellectual function, motivation, affected and unaffected upper limb function, and balance...
June 30, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
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