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Disability and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930890/within-session-responses-to-high-intensity-interval-training-in-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Todd Anthony Astorino, Jacob S Thum
AIM: Completion of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases maximal oxygen uptake and health status, yet its feasibility in persons with spinal cord injury is unknown. PURPOSE: To compare changes in cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables between two interval training regimes and moderate intensity exercise. METHOD: Nine adults with spinal cord injury (duration = 6.8 ± 6.2 year) initially underwent determination of peak oxygen uptake...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930889/equating-activities-of-daily-living-outcome-measures-the-functional-independence-measure-and-the-korean-version-of-modified-barthel-index
#2
Ickpyo Hong, Hee-Soon Woo, Sunhwa Shim, Chih-Ying Li, Lim Yoonjeong, Craig A Velozo
PURPOSE: To create a crosswalk between the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) motor items and the Korean version of the Modified Barthel Index (K-MBI). METHOD: Korean community-dwelling adult patients (n = 276) completed the FIM and K-MBI on the same day in outpatient rehabilitation hospitals. We used a single group design with the Rasch common person equating and conducted a factor analysis of the co-calibrated item pool using the two measures. Rasch analysis was used to investigate the psychometrics of the equated test items in the identified factor structure(s)...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929355/global-physical-activity-levels-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Joseph Firth, Paul Gorczynski, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE: It is unclear how much physical activity people living with HIV (PLWH) engage in. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate physical activity levels and its predictors in PLWH. METHODS: PubMed, PsycARTICLES, and CINAHL Plus were searched by two independent reviewers from inception till 1 April 2016 using the keywords: "HIV" OR "AIDS" AND "physical activity" OR "exercise" OR "sports". A random effects meta-analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Across 24 studies including 34 physical activity levels there were 3780 (2471♂) PLWH (mean age range: 37-58 years)...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927025/-whenever-i-can-i-push-myself-to-go-to-work-a-qualitative-study-of-experiences-of-sickness-presenteeism-among-workers-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Paula Holland, Alison M Collins
PURPOSE: UK government policy emphasizes the importance of continuing to work for recovery from poor health, yet sickness presenteeism (going to work whilst ill) is commonly regarded as having negative consequences for organizations and individuals. Our study explores experiences of working after onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic musculoskeletal disorder characterized by high rates of work disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study consisting of in-depth interviews and six-month follow-up with 11 men and women with RA employed at disease onset...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927036/integrative-group-based-cognitive-rehabilitation-efficacy-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Oiane Rilo, Javier Peña, Natalia Ojeda, Alfredo Rodríguez-Antigüedad, Mar Mendibe-Bilbao, Ainara Gómez-Gastiasoro, John DeLuca, Nancy Chiaravalloti, Naroa Ibarretxe-Bilbao
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of the integrative group-based cognitive rehabilitation programme, REHACOP, on improving cognitive functions in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Fourty-two MS patients were randomized to the treatment programme REHACOP (n = 21) or waiting list control condition (n = 21). The REHACOP group received cognitive rehabilitation in group format for three months focused on attention, processing speed, learning and memory, language, executive functioning, and social cognition...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927034/addressing-challenges-for-youths-with-mobility-devices-in-winter-conditions
#6
Ernesto Morales, Sally Lindsay, Geoffrey Edwards, Lori Howell, Claude Vincent, Nicole Yantzi, Véronique Gauthier
PURPOSE: Winter-related research about the experience of navigating in the urban context has mostly focused on the elderly population with physical disabilities. The aim of this project was to explore potential design solutions to enhance young people's mobility devices and the built environment to improve accessibility and participation in winter. METHODS: A multi-method qualitative design process included the following steps: (1) in-depth interviews; (2) photo elicitation; (3) individual co-design sessions; and (4) group co-design sessions (i...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927033/effects-of-lateral-electrical-surface-stimulation-on-scoliosis-in-children-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#7
Eun Jae Ko, In Young Sung, Gi Jeong Yun, Jung-A Kang, JaYoung Kim, Go Eun Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of lateral electrical surface stimulation (LESS) on scoliosis and trunk balance in children with severe cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Children with severe CP (GMFCS level IV or V) and stationary or progressive scoliosis were enrolled. Children were recommended of two sessions of LESS/day, 1 h/session, for 3 months at home: at 40-80 mA intensity, 200 μs pulse width, 25 Hz frequency, on for 6 s and then off for 6 s on the convex side of the trunk curve...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927031/challenges-for-females-with-high-functioning-autism-in-the-workplace-a-systematic-review
#8
Susan M Hayward, Keith R McVilly, Mark A Stokes
PURPOSE: Individuals with High Functioning Autism (HFA) experience high levels of underemployment and unemployment, resulting in negative economic, social, and health outcomes. Given what is known about labor market participation difficulties experienced by women generally, and the paucity of research concerning women with HFA, this systematic review synthesized what is known about the labor market experiences of women with HFA. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature concerning adult females with HFA in relation to the workplace yielded 1947 results; 11 met inclusion criteria being based on original data, but not necessarily focusing solely on women...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927030/falls-prevention-and-balance-rehabilitation-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-bi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Davide Cattaneo, Kamila Rasova, Elisa Gervasoni, Gabriela Dobrovodská, Angelo Montesano, Johanna Jonsdottir
PURPOSE: People with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) have a high incidence of accidental falls that have a potentially detrimental effect on their daily life participation. The effect of balance specific rehabilitation on clinical balance measures and frequency of falls in PwMS was studied. METHOD: A bi-centre randomised rater-blinded controlled trial. Participants in both groups received 20 treatment sessions. Participants in the intervention group received treatment aimed at improving balance and mobility...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927029/measuring-wearing-time-of-knee-ankle-foot-orthoses-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-comparison-of-parent-report-and-objective-measurement
#10
Josina C Maas, Annet J Dallmeijer, Bodil Y Oudshoorn, Eline A M Bolster, Peter A Huijing, Richard T Jaspers, Jules G Becher
: Purpose state: Orthotic wearing time may be an important confounder in efficacy studies of treatment in children with spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). Most studies measure parent-reported wearing time (WTparent) with questionnaires, but it is questionable whether this yields valid results. This study aims to compare WTparent with objectively measured wearing time (WTobj) in children with SCP receiving orthotic treatment. METHOD: Eight children with SCP participated in this observational study...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927028/understanding-disability-and-the-social-determinants-of-health-how-does-disability-affect-peoples-social-determinants-of-health
#11
Amanda Frier, Fiona Barnett, Sue Devine, Ruth Barker
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate how an individual's social determinants of health are affected by the acquisition of physical disability in adulthood. The secondary aim was to report the described facilitators and barriers to living with a disability. METHOD: This qualitative study used an exploratory, descriptive approach. Nine individuals with a neurologically derived disability were purposively recruited from a rehabilitation center in northern Queensland...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927022/explicit-motor-sequence-learning-with-the-paretic-arm-after-stroke
#12
Melanie K Fleming, Di J Newham, John C Rothwell
PURPOSE: Motor sequence learning is important for stroke recovery, but experimental tasks require dexterous movements, which are impossible for people with upper limb impairment. This makes it difficult to draw conclusions about the impact of stroke on learning motor sequences. We aimed to test a paradigm requiring gross arm movements to determine whether stroke survivors with upper limb impairment were capable of learning a movement sequence as effectively as age-matched controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, 12 stroke survivors (10-138 months post-stroke, mean age 64 years) attempted the task once using their affected arm...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927020/development-of-a-measure-of-therapy-provision-for-spasticity-management-in-the-paretic-lower-limb-the-leg-therapy-recording-schedule-legts
#13
Stephen Ashford, Diana Jackson, Lynne Turner-Stokes
PURPOSE: In rehabilitation studies, it is critical to understand the constituents of interventions. First, to enable replication of the work and second, to identify what treatments work best. The development of a tool to describe and quantify therapy interventions in the context of focal spasticity management is presented. METHODS: Potential intervention categories were identified from: (a) retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from a cohort of patients (n = 62) receiving physical interventions in the context of botulinum toxin (BoNT) injection for leg spasticity and (b) cognitive de-briefing with Patient and Carer Advisory Group (PCAG) of patient and carer dyads (n = 8)...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925475/reorganization-of-the-primary-motor-cortex-following-lower-limb-amputation-for-vascular-disease-a-pre-post-amputation-comparison
#14
Brenton Hordacre, Lynley V Bradnam, Maria Crotty
PURPOSE: This study compared bilateral corticomotor and intracortical excitability of the primary motor cortex (M1), pre- and post-unilateral transtibial amputation. METHOD: Three males aged 45, 55, and 48 years respectively who were scheduled for elective amputation and thirteen (10 male, 3 female) healthy control participants aged 58.9 (SD 9.8) were recruited. Transcranial magnetic stimulation assessed corticomotor and intracortical excitability of M1 bilaterally...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917704/parent-child-interaction-in-motor-speech-therapy
#15
Aravind Kumar Namasivayam, Vibhuti Jethava, Margit Pukonen, Anna Huynh, Debra Goshulak, Robert Kroll, Pascal van Lieshout
PURPOSE: This study measures the reliability and sensitivity of a modified Parent-Child Interaction Observation scale (PCIOs) used to monitor the quality of parent-child interaction. The scale is part of a home-training program employed with direct motor speech intervention for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Eighty-four preschool age children with speech sound disorders were provided either high- (2×/week/10 weeks) or low-intensity (1×/week/10 weeks) motor speech intervention...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917691/impact-a-multifaceted-implementation-for-conversation-partner-training-in-aphasia-in-dutch-rehabilitation-settings
#16
Sandra Wielaert, Mieke W M E van de Sandt-Koenderman, Nina Dammers, Karen Sage
PURPOSE: Exploration of the clinical uptake of a novel conversation partner training (CPT) programme in aphasia in 10 Dutch rehabilitation facilities and identification of its perceived facilitators and barriers in service providers, and the evaluation of the implementation methods used. METHOD: Ten rehabilitation centres took part in a multifaceted implementation of CPT over 13 months. Each centre selected two speech and language therapists to act as knowledge brokers whose role was to raise awareness of CPT in the team and to facilitate getting partners of people with aphasia into the programme...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917688/congenital-thumb-anomalies-and-the-consequences-for-daily-life-patients-long-term-experience-after-corrective-surgery-a-qualitative-study
#17
I K Carlsson, L B Dahlin, H-E Rosberg
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to explore patients' long-term experience of a congenital hand problem, and the consequences for daily life. METHOD: Fifteen participants with a median age 24 years (17-55 years), born with thumb hypoplasia/aplasia or thumb duplication were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. The interviews were subjected to qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Although the mobility and strength in the thumb/hand(s) varied within the group, hand function was generally described as good...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917686/physical-activity-promotion-for-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-physiotherapists-beliefs-and-actions
#18
Toni L Williams, Brett Smith, Anthony Papathomas
PURPOSE: It is vital that people with spinal cord injury (SCI) lead a physically active lifestyle to promote long term health and well-being. Yet within rehabilitation and upon discharge into the community, people with SCI are largely inactive. Physiotherapists are well placed to promote a physically active lifestyle and are valued and trusted messengers of physical activity (PA) by people with SCI. Therefore this study aimed to explore the perceptions of physiotherapists in SCI rehabilitation on PA for people with SCI, and what is done to promote PA...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917683/the-role-of-the-physical-environment-in-conversations-between-people-who-are-communication-vulnerable-and-health-care-professionals-a-scoping-review
#19
Steffy E A Stans, Ruth J P Dalemans, Luc P de Witte, Hester W H Smeets, Anna J Beurskens
PURPOSE: The role of the physical environment in communication between health-care professionals and persons with communication problems is a neglected area. This study provides an overview of factors in the physical environment that play a role in communication during conversations between people who are communication vulnerable and health-care professionals. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted using the methodological framework of Arksey and O'Malley. The PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Library databases were screened, and a descriptive and thematic analysis was completed...
December 5, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871192/specialised-dental-care-for-children-with-complex-disabilities-focusing-on-child-s-functioning-and-need-for-general-anaesthesia
#20
Johanna Norderyd, Gunilla Klingberg, Denise Faulks, Mats Granlund
PURPOSE: To describe and analyse dental care and treatment modalities for children with complex disabilities from a biopsychosocial perspective, with special focus on dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) and its relationship to child's functioning. METHOD: An ICF-CY Checklist for Oral Health was completed using structured interview, direct observations, and dental records for patients attending a specialist paediatric dentistry clinic. Descriptive and comparative data analysis was performed...
November 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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