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Disability and Rehabilitation

Katie Mah, Andrea Hickling, Nick Reed
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to synthesise the scholarly literature related to perceptions of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and health outcomes in an adult population. METHODS: A scoping review was undertaken. An electronic search of seven databases was conducted. Studies were included if (1) they related to perceptions of mild traumatic brain injury, (2) the population was adults with mild traumatic brain injury, and (3) health outcomes were reported...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Emily Galassi Sullivan, Ann Guernon, Brett Blabas, Amy A Herrold, Theresa L-B Pape
PURPOSE: The evaluation and treatment for patients with prolonged periods of seriously impaired consciousness following traumatic brain injury (TBI), such as a vegetative or minimally conscious state, poses considerable challenges, particularly in the chronic phases of recovery. METHOD: This blinded crossover study explored the effects of familiar auditory sensory training (FAST) compared with a sham stimulation in a patient seven years post severe TBI. Baseline data were collected over 4 weeks to account for variability in status with neurobehavioral measures, including the Disorders of Consciousness scale (DOCS), Coma Near Coma scale (CNC), and Consciousness Screening Algorithm...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Christian Ståhl, Katia Costa-Black, Patrick Loisel
PURPOSE: This article explores and applies theories for analyzing socio-political aspects of implementation of work disability prevention (WDP) strategies. METHOD: For the analysis, theories from political science are explained and discussed in relation to case examples from three jurisdictions (Sweden, Brazil and Québec). RESULTS: Implementation of WDP strategies may be studied through a conceptual framework that targets: (1) the institutional system in which policy-makers and other stakeholders reside; (2) the ambiguity and conflicts regarding what to do and how to do it; (3) the bounded rationality, path dependency and social systems of different stakeholders; and (4) coalitions formed by different stakeholders and power relations between them...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Makamas Kumprou, Pipatana Amatachaya, Thanat Sooknuan, Thiwabhorn Thaweewannakij, Sugalya Amatachaya
PURPOSE: To assess and compare the levels of walking symmetry in ambulatory participants with spinal cord injury (SCI) who had different degrees of lesion severity, levels of walking ability, and fall history. In addition, the study explored the relationship between the levels of walking symmetry and variables related to the ability of well-controlled walking of the participants. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Sixty-six eligible participants were assessed and interviewed for levels of walking symmetry, walking speed, functional endurance, symmetrical lower limb support ability, balance control, and fall history over the last 6 months...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Filipa Kendall, José Oliveira, Bárbara Peleteiro, Paulo Pinho, Pedro Teixeira Bastos
PURPOSE: This study systematically review and meta-analyse the effectiveness of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) and length of hospital stay (LOS), both in the preoperative and/or postoperative periods of cardiac, pulmonary, and abdominal surgical patients. Sensitive analysis was performed to examine which patients benefit more from IMT according to methodological features (quality of studies and sample size), patient's characteristics (pulmonary risk stratification, age, and body mass index), type of surgery, period of training, and training protocols (training doses and level of supervision)...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Emine Eda Kurt, Buket Büyükturan, Öznur Büyükturan, Hatice Rana Erdem, Figen Tuncay
PURPOSE: In this study, we aimed to investigate effects of Ai Chi on balance, functional mobility, health-related quality of life, and motor impairment in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHOD: This study was conducted as an open-label randomized controlled trial (ISRCTN26292510) with repeated measures. Forty patients with Parkinson's disease stages 2 to 3 according to the Hoehn and Yahr Scale were randomly allocated to either an Ai Chi exercise group or a land-based exercise control group for 5 weeks...
January 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Hardeep Singh, Meeral Shah, Heather M Flett, B Catherine Craven, Mary C Verrier, Kristin E Musselman
PURPOSE: Locomotor training after incomplete spinal cord injury can improve walking function, and cardiovascular and muscle health. Participants' perspectives about locomotor training, however, have not been extensively studied. This study describes the experiences of individuals with sub-acute incomplete spinal cord injury who completed personalized adapted locomotor training; a locomotor-focused rehabilitation tailored to individual goals. Specifically, we examined how participation in this training impacted their lives and what challenges they encountered...
January 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Gunnhild Berdal, Anne-Lene Sand-Svartrud, Ingvild Bø, Turid N Dager, Anne Dingsør, Siv G Eppeland, Jon Hagfors, Bente Hamnes, Merete Nielsen, Bente Slungaard, Sigrid H Wigers, Kåre Birger Hagen, Hanne S Dagfinrud, Ingvild Kjeken
PURPOSE: To explore and describe rehabilitation goals of patients with rheumatic diseases during rehabilitation stays, and examine whether goal content changed from admission to discharge. METHOD: Fifty-two participants were recruited from six rehabilitation centers in Norway. Goals were formulated by the participants during semi-structured goal-setting conversations with health professionals trained in motivational interviewing. An inductive qualitative content analysis was conducted to classify and quantify the expressed goals...
January 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Mariska M H P Janssen, Alexander C H Geurts, Imelda J M de Groot
PURPOSE: Duchenne muscular dystrophy can lead to upper extremity limitations, pain and stiffness. In a previous study, these domains have been investigated using extensive questionnaires, which are too time-consuming for clinical practice. This study aimed at gaining insight into the underlying dimensions of these questionnaires, and to construct a short questionnaire that can be used for clinical assessment. METHODS: Exploratory factor analysis was performed on the responses of 213 participants to a web-based survey to find the underlying dimensions in the Capabilities of Upper Extremity questionnaire, the ABILHAND questionnaire, and questionnaires regarding pain and stiffness...
January 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Dave P Thompson, Steve R Woby
PURPOSE: To establish whether different processes underpin changes in disability in people with neck pain who underwent two types of active physiotherapy intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a sub-analysis of a randomized controlled trial assessing whether the addition of Interactive Behavioral Modification Therapy (a cognitively informed physiotherapy treatment) to a Progressive Neck Exercise Program improved outcome in patients with chronic neck pain...
January 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Bechir Frih, Wajdi Mkacher, Hamdi Jaafar, Ameur Frih, Zohra Ben Salah, Mezry El May, Mohamed Hammami
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 6 months of specific balance training included in endurance-resistance program on postural balance in haemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: Forty-nine male patients undergoing HD were randomly assigned to an intervention group (balance training included in an endurance-resistance training, n = 26) or a control group (resistance-endurance training only, n = 23). Postural control was assessed using six clinical tests; Timed Up and Go test, Tinetti Mobility Test, Berg Balance Scale, Unipodal Stance test, Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test and Activities Balance Confidence scale...
January 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Fransiska M Bossuyt, Ursina Arnet, Martin W G Brinkhof, Inge Eriks-Hoogland, Veronika Lay, Rachel Müller, Mikael Sunnåker, Timo Hinrichs
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of shoulder pain and to identify factors associated with shoulder pain in a nationwide survey of individuals living with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Switzerland. METHODS: Data was collected through the 2012 community survey of the Swiss SCI Cohort Study (SwiSCI) (N = 1549; age 52.3 ± 14.8; 29% female). Sociodemographic and socioeconomic circumstances, SCI characteristics, health conditions as well as mobility independence and sporting activities were evaluated as predictor variables...
January 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Massimiliano Pau, Federica Corona, Giancarlo Coghe, Elisabetta Marongiu, Andrea Loi, Antonio Crisafulli, Alberto Concu, Manuela Galli, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Eleonora Cocco
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to quantitatively assess the effect of 6 months of supervised adapted physical activity (APA i.e. physical activity designed for people with special needs) on spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters of gait in persons with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS). METHODS: Twenty-two pwMS with Expanded Disability Status Scale scores ranging from 1.5 to 5.5 were randomly assigned either to the intervention group (APA, n = 11) or the control group (CG, n = 11)...
January 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Riet Pieters, Harald Kedde, Jim Bender
BACKGROUND: Sexual health problems are more prevalent among people with a chronic illness or physical disability than among the general population. Although sexual health care in the rehabilitation setting in the Netherlands is a growing field of interest, integrating sexual health in the overall care for rehabilitation patients has proven to be a challenge. METHODS: This article describes a training designed for rehabilitation professionals working in operational multidisciplinary teams...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Lex D de Jong, Annemiek van Meeteren, Cornelis H Emmelot, Nanne E Land, Pieter U Dijkstra
PURPOSE: To determine reliability of the ABILHAND-Kids, explore sources of variation associated with these measurement results, and generate repeatability coefficients. METHOD: A reliability study with a repeated measures design was performed in an ambulatory rehabilitation care department from a rehabilitation center, and a center for special education. A physician, an occupational therapist, and parents of 27 children with spastic cerebral palsy independently rated the children's manual capacity when performing 21 standardized tasks of the ABILHAND-Kids from video recordings twice with a three week time interval (27 first-, and 25 second video recordings available)...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Susan E Sienko
BACKGROUND: For young adults with cerebral palsy, changes in psychological and social development, in conjunction with the progression of musculoskeletal deformities and the onset of secondary conditions, make the transition to adulthood a difficult developmental phase. Preliminary evidence shows that many of the physical impairments reported in adults with cerebral palsy begin during late adolescence; however, there is little information about prevalence of impairments and the combined role impairments, psychological and social factors have on the health and well-being of young adults with cerebral palsy...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Olga Karagiorgou, Jonathan J Evans, Breda Cullen
PURPOSE: Post-traumatic growth (PTG) can occur following acquired brain injury (ABI). It has been proposed that people experiencing psychological distress following ABI may benefit from a positive psychotherapy intervention (PPT) aimed at increasing well-being; PPT may also influence PTG. We aimed to investigate PTG experiences in participants of a positive psychotherapy pilot trial. METHODS: ABI survivors who had received PPT or treatment as usual (TAU) were interviewed individually after the end of the trial...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Joris A de Graaf, Maria L van Mierlo, Marcel W M Post, Wilco P Achterberg, L Jaap Kappelle, Johanna M A Visser-Meily
PURPOSE: This study aims to (1) assess differences in participation restrictions between stroke survivors aged under and over 70 years and (2) identify predictors associated with favorable and unfavorable long-term participation in both age groups. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in which 326 patients were assessed at stroke onset, two months and one year after stroke. The Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (USER-Participation) was used to measure participation restrictions one year after stroke...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Yi-Jing Lue, Jyh-Jong Chang, Yuh-Yih Wu, Rong-Fong Lin, Yen-Mou Lu
PURPOSE: Neck pain is a common cause of disability. This study investigated the psychometric properties of the cervical nonorganic signs (CNOS), a tool for assessing abnormal illness behaviors in patients with neck pain. METHODS: The CNOS was administered on patients with neck pain. Reliability and validity analyses were used to evaluate the psychometric properties. Exploratory factor analysis was used to investigate the dimensionality. Correlations with the Short Form-36 were used to investigate the convergent validity...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Valentina Buscemi, Elizabeth Cassidy, Cherry Kilbride, Frances Ann Reynolds
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to understand how people with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Italy experienced and managed chronic neuropathic pain (CNP), and their perspectives of Italian healthcare services. METHOD: Nine people with SCI participated. Two focus groups (three and four individuals) and one semi-structured interview were audio-recorded and transcribed. One "virtual interview" was conducted via e-mail. A qualitative thematic analysis was undertaken...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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