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Disability and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705016/education-and-social-inclusion-of-people-with-disabilities-in-five-countries-in-west-africa-a-literature-review
#1
Emma Jolley, Paul Lynch, Bhavisha Virendrakumar, Stacy Rowe, Elena Schmidt
PURPOSE: An estimated 1 billion people worldwide live with some form of disability. With the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals and the "Leave no one behind" agenda, there is a global momentum to ensure that disadvantaged groups, not least people with disabilities, are included and accounted for, in mainstream development efforts. However, in many low-income settings little is known about disability and the policies and programs in place to improve the lives of those affected...
July 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701083/collaborative-development-of-an-educational-resource-on-rehabilitation-for-people-living-with-hiv
#2
Patricia Solomon, Nancy M Salbach, Kelly K O'Brien, Stephanie Nixon, Catherine Worthington, Larry Baxter, Stephen Tattle, Nicole Gervais
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe the collaborative development of a rehabilitation guide for people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which was adapted from an online resource for clinicians. METHODS: We adapted a comprehensive evidence-informed online clinical resource for people living with HIV using a three-phase participatory process. In Phase 1, we interviewed 26 clinicians and 16 people living with HIV to gather recommendations on how to adapt and format the content to benefit people living with HIV...
July 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697654/acute-effect-of-whole-body-vibration-on-postural-control-in-congenitally-blind-subjects-a-preliminary-evidence
#3
Alessandra di Cagno, Arrigo Giombini, Enzo Iuliano, Stefano Moffa, Tiziana Caliandro, Attilio Parisi, Paolo Borrione, Giuseppe Calcagno, Giovanni Fiorilli
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the acute effects of whole body vibration at optimal frequency, on postural control in blind subjects. METHOD: Twenty-four participants, 12 congenital blind males (Experimental Group), and 12 non-disabled males with no visual impairment (Control Groups) were recruited. The area of the ellipse and the total distance of the center of pressure displacements, as postural control parameters, were evaluated at baseline (T0), immediately after the vibration (T1), after 10 min (T10) and after 20 min (T20)...
July 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697652/ask-the-experts-how-to-treat-individuals-with-spatial-neglect-a-survey-study
#4
Peii Chen, Marco Pitteri, Glen Gillen, Harsha Ayyala
PURPOSE: Spatial neglect (SN) impedes rehabilitation success and leaves long-term consequences. We asked experts to provide their opinions in addressing SN by scenario (ideal vs. reality) and by recovery phase (earliest, acute, subacute, and chronic). Experts were individuals who have assessed or treated patients with SN clinically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using an anonymous survey on the Internet with 189 responders over 3 months. Located in 23 different countries, 127 experts of seven disciplines were included (occupational therapy, physical therapy, nursing, speech and language pathology or therapy, neurology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, and psychology or neuropsychology)...
July 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687062/evaluation-of-hand-orthoses-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#5
Johanna Weichbrodt, Britt-Marie Eriksson, Anna-Karin Kroksmark
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether treatment of boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy using hand orthoses could benefit joint mobility, grip strength, or fine motor function. METHOD: Eight boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy were provided with individually customised rest orthoses. The results were analysed using single-subject design. The study included a baseline and an intervention phase. A follow-up examination was also performed. RESULTS: Boys with less than 50° passive wrist extension mobility were included...
July 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687058/the-participation-scale-psychometric-properties-of-a-south-indian-translation-with-hearing-impaired-respondents
#6
Spoorthi Thammaiah, Vinaya Manchaiah, Vijayalakshmi Easwar, Rajalakshmi Krishna, Bradley McPherson
AIMS: The Participation Scale (P-Scale) is a widely used generic self-report measure designed to assess an individual's participation restriction consequent to any disease condition. The present study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of a south Indian (Kannada language) version of the P-Scale for use with adults with hearing loss. This study is a part of an ongoing research program on the assessment of outcomes of hearing health rehabilitation with hearing aids involving Indian client groups...
July 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687055/psychometric-properties-of-the-swedish-version-of-the-falls-efficacy-scale-international-for-older-adults-with-osteoporosis-self-reported-balance-deficits-and-fear-of-falling
#7
Alexandra Halvarsson, Agneta Ståhle
PURPOSE: Investigate the psychometric properties of the Swedish version of the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I). METHOD: Cross-sectional study. Community-dwelling older adults with self-reported balance deficits and fear of falling were recruited from an ongoing randomised controlled study to evaluate the psychometric properties of the FES-I using Rasch model analysis. RESULTS: The Rasch model analysis revealed good category function, the questionnaire measured one dimension with an explained variance of 68...
July 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687050/do-women-with-fibromyalgia-adhere-to-walking-for-exercise-programs-to-improve-their-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Yolanda Sanz-Baños, María-Ángeles Pastor-Mira, Ana Lledó, Sofía López-Roig, Cecilia Peñacoba, Julio Sánchez-Meca
BACKGROUND: Walking is recommended for fibromyalgia, but the rate of adherence to this exercise is not known. Poor adherence to physical exercise can limit the effectiveness in health benefits. OBJECTIVES: To examine adherence to interventions that include walking for fibromyalgia and to explore its moderators among the characteristics of patients, of the walking prescription and of the interventions. DATA SOURCES: References from 2000 to 2016 have been collected through PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane, and Teseo...
July 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685631/correction-to-breslin-et%C3%A2-al-examining-occupational-health-and-safety-vulnerability-among-canadian-workers-with-disabilities
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683580/use-of-a-mental-health-guideline-by-occupational-physicians-and-associations-with-return-to-work-in-workers-sick-listed-due-to-common-mental-disorders-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Karlijn M van Beurden, Margot C W Joosen, Berend Terluin, Jaap van Weeghel, Jac J L van der Klink, Evelien P M Brouwers
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate (1) whether adherence to the Dutch occupational mental health guideline by occupational physicians was associated with time to return to work in workers sick-listed due to common mental disorders; and (2) whether adherence to specific guideline items was associated with time to return to work. METHODS: Twelve performance indicators were developed to assess occupational physicians' guideline adherence. Medical records of 114 sick-listed workers were audited...
July 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661189/transdiagnostic-group-based-occupational-rehabilitation-for-participants-with-chronic-pain-chronic-fatigue-and-common-mental-disorders-a-feasibility-study
#11
Karen Walseth Hara, Petter Christian Borchgrevink, Henrik Børsting Jacobsen, Marius Steiro Fimland, Marit By Rise, Sigmund Gismervik, Astrid Woodhouse
PURPOSE: The aim was to investigate the feasibility of introducing a novel transdiagnostic occupational rehabilitation program delivered in groups mixing participants with chronic pain, chronic fatigue and common mental disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational data on group climate and individual participation were triangulated with qualitative data from focus group interviews on the participants' experiences with transdiagnostic groups. RESULTS: The study included 222 participants receiving a temporary work disability benefit...
June 29, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657351/world-health-organization-disability-assessment-schedule-2-0-as-an-objective-assessment-tool-for-predicting-return-to-work-after-a-stroke
#12
Shih-Wei Huang, Wen-Chou Chi, Kwang-Hwa Chang, Chia-Feng Yen, Hua-Fang Liao, Reuben Escorpizo, Tsan-Hon Liou
PURPOSE: To analyze whether World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 can be used as an objective assessment tool for predicting the return-to-work status of working-age patients with stroke. METHOD: We obtained the data on 2963 patients disabled by stroke (age <60 years) from the Taiwan Data Bank of Persons with Disability for the July 2012-January 2014 period. Of these patients, 119 could return to work, whereas 2844 could not. Demographic data and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
June 28, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643571/adaptation-of-the-activity-measure-post-acute-care-am-pac-from-english-to-mandarin-using-the-dual-panel-translation-approach
#13
Feng-Hang Chang, Tsan-Hon Liou, John Brodersen, Jonathan D Comins
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to translate and adapt the Activity Measure Post-Acute Care (AM-PAC) from US English to Mandarin using the dual-panel method, and to assess its psychometric properties in an outpatient rehabilitation setting. METHODS: The AM-PAC outpatient short forms were translated using the dual-panel method. The translated AM-PAC was tested in 550 Chinese-speaking rehabilitation outpatients. Floor and ceiling effects were evaluated and internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha...
June 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641494/behavioural-regulation-in-exercise-questionnaire-in-people-with-schizophrenia-construct-validity-of-the-portuguese-versions
#14
Raquel Costa, Michel Probst, Tânia Bastos, Estela Vilhena, André Seabra, Rui Corredeira
PURPOSE: People with schizophrenia have low physical activity levels that can be explained by the restriction in motivation. The Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2 is a 19-item scale commonly used to assess five different motivational subtypes for physical activity. However, there are limited psychometric analyses of this version in the schizophrenia context. Moreover, there is a lack of information related to the psychometric properties of version 3 of this questionnaire, with 24 items and six different motivational subtypes...
June 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641465/initial-evaluation-of-psychometric-properties-of-a-structured-work-task-application-for-the-assessment-of-work-performance-in-a-constructed-environment
#15
Elin A Karlsson, Gunilla M Liedberg, Jan L Sandqvist
PURPOSE: The Swedish Social Insurance Administration has developed a new assessment tool for sickness insurance. This study is a part of the initial evaluation of the application, called the Assessment of Work Performance, Structured Activities, and focuses on evaluation of the psychometric properties of social validity, content validity, and utility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a qualitative study using semi-structured telephone interviews with occupational therapists...
June 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639482/-always-looking-for-a-new-balance-toward-an-understanding-of-what-it-takes-to-continue-working-while-being-diagnosed-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Hanneke van der Meide, Dennis van Gorp, Karin van der Hiele, Leo Visser
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to gain insight into the meaning of work in the everyday lives of people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, and the barriers and facilitators to staying in work. METHODS: Nineteen employed adults diagnosed with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis participated in narrative interviews. All interviews were transcribed and coded for thematic analysis. RESULTS: For people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, continuing to work was a precarious balancing act...
June 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633545/late-recovery-of-awareness-in-prolonged-disorders-of-consciousness-a-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#17
Kudret Yelden, Sophie Duport, Leon M James, Agnieszka Kempny, Simon F Farmer, Alex P Leff, E Diane Playford
PURPOSE: To detect any improvement of awareness in prolonged disorders of consciousness in the long term. METHODS: A total of 34 patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness (27 vegetative state and seven minimally conscious state; 16 males; aged 21-73) were included in the study. All patients were initially diagnosed with vegetative/minimally conscious state on admission to our specialist neurological rehabilitation unit. Re-assessment was performed 2-16 years later using Coma Recovery Scale-Revised...
June 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633543/staffs-documentation-of-participation-for-adults-with-profound-intellectual-disability-or-profound-intellectual-and-multiple-disabilities
#18
Lena Talman, Christine Gustafsson, Jonas Stier, Jenny Wilder
PURPOSE: This study investigated what areas of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health were documented in implementation plans for adults with profound intellectual disability or profound intellectual and multiple disabilities with focus on participation. METHODS: A document analysis of 17 implementation plans was performed and International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health was used as an analytic tool. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-three different codes were identified, especially in the components Activities and participation and Environmental factors...
June 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633542/deciphering-participation-an-interpretive-synthesis-of-its-meaning-and-application-in-rehabilitation
#19
Alison M Cogan, Mike Carlson
PURPOSE: Participation is widely recognized as an important outcome for rehabilitation. However, it lacks a universally accepted definition. The purpose of this review is to synthesize the literature about participation in rehabilitation in order to clarify the term and increase its usefulness for rehabilitation providers and researchers. METHODS: We undertook an interpretive synthesis of the literature, drawing from a broad and varied selection of the vast number of publications on the subject of participation...
June 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631506/the-influence-of-standards-and-clinical-guidelines-on-prosthetic-and-orthotic-service-quality-a-scoping-review
#20
Ebrahim Sadeghi-Demneh, Saeed Forghany, Pornsuree Onmanee, Ursula Trinler, Michael P Dillon, Richard Baker
OBJECTIVES: Standards and guidelines are an integral part of prosthetic and orthotic service delivery in the developed world underpinned by an assumption that they lead to improved services. Implementing them has a cost, however, and that cost needs to be justified, particularly in resource-limited environments. This scoping review thus asks the question, "What is the evidence of the impact of standards and guidelines on service delivery outcomes in prosthetics and orthotics?" MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured search of three electronic databases (Medline, Scopus and Web of Science) followed by manual searching of title, abstract and full text, yielded 29 articles...
June 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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