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Disability and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420297/the-social-trajectory-of-brain-tumor-a-qualitative-metasynthesis
#1
Lee Cubis, Tamara Ownsworth, Mark B Pinkham, Suzanne Chambers
PURPOSE: Research indicates that strong social ties can buffer the adverse effects of chronic illness on psychological well-being. Brain tumor typically leads to serious functional impairments that affect relationships and reduce social participation. This metasynthesis aimed to identify, appraise and integrate the findings of qualitative studies that reveal the impact of brain tumor on social networks. METHODS: Four major databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and PsycINFO) were systematically searched from inception to September 2016 for qualitative studies that reported findings on the impact of primary brain tumor on social networks during adulthood...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420284/a-systematic-review-of-rehabilitation-interventions-to-prevent-and-treat-depression-in-post-stroke-aphasia
#2
Caroline Baker, Linda Worrall, Miranda Rose, Kyla Hudson, Brooke Ryan, Leana O'Byrne
PURPOSE: Stepped psychological care is the delivery of routine assessment and interventions for psychological problems, including depression. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze and synthesize the evidence of rehabilitation interventions to prevent and treat depression in post-stroke aphasia and adapt the best evidence within a stepped psychological care framework. METHOD: Four databases were systematically searched up to March 2017: Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO and The Cochrane Library...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420282/exploring-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-sleep-disturbance-following-acquired-brain-injury
#3
Sylvia Nguyen, Dean McKenzie, Adam McKay, Dana Wong, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Gershon Spitz, Gavin Williams, Darren Mansfield, Jennie Ponsford
PURPOSE: To identify predictors of treatment response to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for sleep disturbance following acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: Classification and regression tree (CART) analysis was conducted on individual patient data from two pilot randomized controlled trials (RCTs): one in traumatic brain injury (TBI), the other in stroke. The combined sample comprised 32 participants; 15 receiving CBT and 17 allocated to treatment as usual (TAU)...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415886/post-operative-delayed-ambulation-after-thymectomy-is-associated-withpre-operative-six-minute-walk-distance
#4
Kazuhiro Hayashi, Koichi Fukumoto, Kohei Yokoi, Motoki Nagaya, Takayuki Inoue, Satoru Ito, Hiroki Nakajima, Keiko Hattori, Izumi Kadono, Yoshihiro Nishida
OBJECTIVE: Delayed post-operative ambulation is a risk of post-operative complications and increases overall healthcare costs. We investigated pre-operative and intraoperative variables associated with delayed ambulation in patients who underwent thymectomy. METHODS: A total of 57 consecutive patients undergoing thymectomy were included in this study. Pre-operative functional exercise capacity was evaluated by six-minute walk distance. Ambulation was considered to be delayed if the patient could not walk the ward on post-operative day 1...
April 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415885/fatigue-and-pain-limit-independent-mobility-and-physiotherapy-after-hip-fracture-surgery
#5
Kristine H Münter, Christopher G Clemmesen, Nicolai B Foss, Henrik Palm, Morten T Kristensen
PURPOSE: The patient's ability to complete their planned physiotherapy session after hip fracture surgery has been proposed as an independent predictor for achieving basic mobility independency upon hospital discharge. However, knowledge of factors limiting mobility is sparse. We therefore examined patient reported factors limiting ability to complete planned physiotherapy sessions as well as limitations for not achieving independency in basic mobility early after hip fracture surgery...
April 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409521/corrigendum
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407728/long-lasting-improvements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-among-women-with-chronic-pain-following-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation
#7
Sigrún Vala Björnsdóttir, Jan Triebel, Margrét Arnljótsdóttir, Gunnar Tómasson, Unnur Anna Valdimarsdóttir
PURPOSE: To determine whether observed health-related quality-of-life improvements after four-week traditional multidisciplinary pain management program and additional neuroscience education and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for chronic pain are sustained at six-month follow-up. METHOD: This observational longitudinal follow-up study, with complete follow-up of 75 women, 61.5% of initial traditional approach group (treated 2001-2005) and 56 (62.2%) receiving the new approach (treated 2006-2009)...
April 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407725/experiences-of-hospital-readmission-and-receiving-formal-carer-services-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study-to-identify-needs
#8
Sandra C Braaf, Alyse Lennox, Andrew Nunn, Belinda J Gabbe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore the needs of people living with spinal cord injury, receiving formal carer and hospital services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study was undertaken with people living with spinal cord injury in metropolitan or regional Victoria. Participants were recruited through the Australian Quadriplegic Association. Twenty-two in-depth interviews were conducted between September and October 2015. Participants were purposely selected based on their age, gender, level of injury, and compensation status...
April 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407720/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-knee-outcome-survey-activities-for-daily-living-scale
#9
Fawzi F Bouzubar, Sameera H Aljadi, Naser M Alotaibi, James J Irrgang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to cross-culturally adapt the Knee Outcome Survey-Activities of Daily Living Scale into Arabic and to assess its psychometric properties (internal consistency, reliability, validity, and responsiveness) in patients with knee disorders. METHODS: The cross-cultural adaptation process for the Knee Outcome Survey-Activities of Daily Living Scale into Arabic was performed consistent with the published guidelines. The psychometric properties of this Arabic version were then evaluated...
April 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407718/perspectives-on-tactile-intervention-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-framework-to-guide-clinical-reasoning-and-future-research
#10
Megan L Auld, Leanne M Johnston
PURPOSE: Many children with cerebral palsy (CP) are known to experience tactile impairments. Research evaluating specific interventions to manage this is, however, minimal. This paper seeks to consolidate current literature and provide a framework to help clinicians and researchers think strategically about tactile treatment selection and future research planning. METHOD: The framework is described via a novel analogy - "The Apartment Block Theory". The theory describes the relative effectiveness of three intervention strategies aimed at overcoming a poorly responsive tactile system: (1) Pressing the buzzer - providing repeated passive tactile stimulation at the periphery; (2) Sneaking in the door - providing active tactile-enhanced motor training that capitalises on the opportunity to provide high-dose tactile input during motor interventions; and (3) Connecting another way - providing visually enhanced touch strategies with the aim of enhancing tactile function, which can be compared to phoning the apartment as an alternative to using the buzzer...
April 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399662/corrigendum
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399720/-there-is-nothing-wrong-with-me-disability-invisibility-in-a-rural-south-african-town
#12
Surona Visagie, Leslie Swartz
BACKGROUND: At a political and academic level, South Africa propagates a rights-based approach to disability. The aim of this paper is to explore how disability is conceptualized by persons with disabilities living in a rural area of South Africa. METHODS: In keeping with explorative studies, the study utilized a qualitative design in the form of eight case studies. Case study participants were sampled purposively and data were collected through semi-structured interviews...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395536/conceptualizing-the-driving-forces-for-successful-rehabilitation-back-to-work
#13
Bodil J Landstad, Yvonne Åhrberg
BACKGROUND: An earlier study states that the terms of desire, longing, and vanity carry with them ideas, emotions, and values that influence how individuals perceive themselves and their rehabilitation process. Our aim was (1) to use concept analysis to explore the meaning of the terms desire, longing, and vanity and (2) to investigate the potential role of these concepts in successful rehabilitation back to work. METHODS: To achieve these two objectives, we used a model of concept analysis...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395535/the-experience-of-attempting-to-return-to-work-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review-of-the-qualitative-literature
#14
Gillean Hilton, Carolyn Unsworth, Gregory Murphy
PURPOSE: This review sought to answer the question "What are the barriers and facilitators influencing people's experience of return to work following spinal cord injury?" METHODS: Studies that met the selection criteria were identified, presented and critically appraised using National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines. Thematic synthesis was completed with studies possessing strong methodological rigor. Synthesis and interpretation involved three stages; coding of primary data; development of descriptive themes reflective of the primary data; and establishment of analytical themes to answer the review question...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395534/application-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-system-to-symptoms-of-the-duchenne-and-becker-muscular-dystrophies
#15
Kristin M Conway, Emma Ciafaloni, Dennis Matthews, Chris Westfield, Kathy James, Pangaja Paramsothy, Paul A Romitti
PURPOSE: Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies, collectively referred to as dystrophinopathies, are X-linked recessive diseases that affect dystrophin production resulting in compromised muscle function across multiple systems. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health provides a systematic classification scheme from which body functions affected by a dystrophinopathy can be identified and used to examine functional health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The infrastructure of the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance, Tracking, and Research Network was used to identify commonly affected body functions and link selected functions to clinical surveillance data collected through medical record abstraction...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395531/a-transactional-framework-for-pediatric-rehabilitation-shifting-the-focus-to-situated-contexts-transactional-processes-and-adaptive-developmental-outcomes
#16
Gillian King, Christine Imms, Debra Stewart, Matt Freeman, Tram Nguyen
PURPOSE: A paradigm shift is taking place in pediatric rehabilitation research, practice, and policy - a shift towards the real-life contexts of clients rather than requiring clients to navigate the world of pediatric rehabilitation. This article proposes a conceptual framework to bring about a broader awareness of clients' lives and transactional processes of change over the life course. METHOD: The framework draws attention to transactional processes by which individuals, situated in life contexts, change and adapt over the life course and, in turn, influence their contextual settings and broader environments...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395530/being-just-normal-a-grounded-theory-of-prosthesis-use
#17
Philip Jefferies, Pamela Gallagher, Mark Philbin
PURPOSE: Whilst research tells us about the benefits and challenges of using prostheses, little attempt has been made to account for and provide explanations for the differing experiences of prosthesis users. In this study, a core concern shared by prosthesis users and an account of how this concern is managed are explored. METHOD: Data were collected and analysed according to Grounded Theory procedures, involving interviews with 24 participants, 17 weblogs, 17 autobiographical texts, and posts from 4 online forums...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395527/assessing-cognitive-related-disability-in-schizophrenia-reliability-validity-and-underlying-factors-of-the-evaluation-of-cognitive-processes-involved-in-disability-in-schizophrenia-scale
#18
Christine Passerieux, Virginie Bulot, Marie-Christine Hardy-Baylé, Paul Roux
PURPOSE: We have developed a new scale that assesses disability caused by cognitive impairments in schizophrenia, in order to evaluate the functional impact of schizophrenia and help the prescription of rehabilitation interventions. The aim of the study was to assess its psychometrical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mental healthcare professionals and relatives of individuals with schizophrenia developed and rated the evaluation of cognitive processes involved in disability in schizophrenia scale, which included 13 items...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395524/performance-and-capacity-based-measures-of-locomotion-compared-to-impairment-based-measures-best-predicted-participation-in-individuals-with-hemiparesis-due-to-stroke
#19
Iza Faria-Fortini, Marluce L Basílio, Aline A Scianni, Christina D C M Faria, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela
PURPOSE: To determine the potential predictors of participation of individuals with post-stroke hemiparesis, taking into account modifiable variables of impairments, activity limitations, and environmental factors. METHODS: One hundred and nine individuals (58 ± 12 years; 64 men) participated in this study. Outcomes included measures of impairments (depressive symptoms: Geriatric Depression Scale and motor-based impairments: finger-to-nose test, lower extremity (LE) motor coordination test, and handgrip strength, isometric strength of the LE muscles), activity (capacity: 10-meter walking speed test and Test d'Évaluation des Membres Supérieurs de Personnes Agées; performance: locomotion and manual abilities; environmental factors (Measure of the Quality of the Environment); and participation: Assessment of Life Habits (LIFE-H 3...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394185/physical-activity-and-exercise-priorities-in-community-dwelling-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-delphi-study
#20
Andrea Stennett, Lorraine De Souza, Meriel Norris
AIMS: Exercise and physical activity have been found to be beneficial in managing disabilities caused by multiple sclerosis. Despite the known benefits, many people with multiple sclerosis are inactive. This study aimed to identify the prioritised exercise and physical activity practices of people with multiple sclerosis living in the community and the reasons why they are engaged in these activities. METHODS: A four Round Delphi questionnaire scoped and determined consensus of priorities for the top 10 exercise and physical activities and the reasons why people with multiple sclerosis (n = 101) are engaged in these activities...
April 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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